"Communication / Speech" Essays

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Monological Model Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,519 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


¶ … Jabri, Adrain, and Boje (2008) on alternatives to the monological model is fascinating in that it causes us not only to think about communication in an alternate way but also reverses paradigms in other factors too. Jabri, Adrain, and Boje (2008) submit that Western culture emphasizes the monological model due to its tendency of viewing the recipient of… [read more]

Enhance Satellite Communication Research Paper

Research Paper  |  13 pages (3,595 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Components of Satellite Communications

Use of Satellite Communications

Advantages of Satellite Communications

Disadvantages of Satellite Communications

How Satellites Work

Enhancing Satellite Communication

Satellite Communication:

Satellite communication can be described as the use of artificial satellites to offer communication connections in different points on Earth. This type of communication plays a crucial role in the telecommunications systems across the globe since… [read more]

Effective Communication Essay

Essay  |  5 pages (1,835 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 6


Body Language and Paramedics

Among the various way humans communicate -- through the use of the voice, the written word, sign language (for the hearing impaired) or through body language -- the one communication style that is perhaps least recognized by the layperson is body language. Body language is also likely the least understood, albeit scholars and researchers assert that… [read more]

Communication Experiences Nonverbal vs. Verbal Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (1,001 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Communication Experiences: Nonverbal vs. Verbal

Can See What You're Thinking

Role as Employee

The communicative situation entails that I entered my employer's office in my capacity as employee. In terms of space, the office was arranged in a fixed manner, with the employer's desk and chair close to the far wall, and the visitor's chairs at a fixed distance from the desk. When I entered, the employer made eye contact with me, and both of us maintained this more or less during the whole meeting. This inspired confidence in me, and thus I spoke in an even, confident voice throughout, which in turn resulted in my employer giving me his undivided attention by listening actively. The between channel redundancy (BCR) was thus complete for both of us. The result was that the employer negotiated a raise that was slightly lower than I requested, but nonetheless satisfactory to me. The communication was thus successful, as both my employer and I as employee demonstrated a correlation between our verbal and nonverbal communication, in a situation where nonverbal cues are of utmost importance.

Another situation in my workplace, where I found the communication less than satisfactory, occurred between a coworker and myself. The colleague in question was in the habit of keeping me from my work by visiting and chatting to me frequently. This would occur during work hours, and at times when my workload was particularly heavy. I tried talking to the person about this, but she refused to change this habit. I thus decided to take the problem to management. When I entered the office, I was in an agitated state. This was communicated to my employer by my tendency to avoid his eyes, rapid breathing, as well as my generally agitated posture. I however tried to convey the message of the problem in a calm, clear manner. My BCR was therefore incomplete, since my posture and my words conveyed conflicting messages. This conflict was communicated to my employer, whose willingness to listen met with a barrier. Because of my incomplete BCR, my employer was feeling defensive, and thus unwilling to listen. While he did attempt to help me, his unwillingness in turn communicated itself to me in his repeated glances at his watch. The way in which he questioned me did not convey that he took the complaint in an entirely serious manner. The outcome was unsatisfactory: My employer recommended that I repeat my request for an end to this behavior to my coworker, and to return to him if the request was not met. I found this frustrating, since I have already asked the colleague to stop her behavior, with no result.

Role as Customer

As a customer, I visited a car dealer in order to acquire a new car. When I entered, I was immediately approached by a salesman, who briefly but firmly shook my hand and retreated to a social distance. This behavior made me feel at ease, and I felt free to describe exactly the kind…… [read more]

Personal Communication Skills, as Exemplified Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (706 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


He has had cameo appearances in a number of movies, including the Contender, Ghostbusters, and America's sweethearts (CNN.com).

Today, personal communication skills are more valuable than ever. We live in a world that depends upon effective communication economically, politically, personally, socially, and at almost every other way imaginable. We are connected by communications technologies that include traditional telephone lines, the Internet, fax machines, traditional one-on-one communication, radio, TV, cellular telephones.

As an individual, personal communication skills are necessary to navigate our interconnected and often complex society. Personally, we must use communication effectively to establish meaningful interpersonal relationships. Similarly, we must use our personal communication skills to build effective and profitable business relationships. These skills can help us find a position, excel in that position, and meet our personal goals and the goals of our employers.

It is through the examples of outstanding personal communicators like Larry King that we can gain insight into the most essential in effective communication skills. In King's book, How to Talk to Anyone, Anytime, Anywhere, he notes that practice is an important component of successful verbal communication. This is true, he notes, even for those with a gift for gab. It is practice, argues King, that turns a natural talent into a useful and potentially marketable skill.

Further, King notes that there are four important basics to successful conversation. These are: honesty, a good attitude, interest in another person, and openness about yourself (King). Without these skills, notes King, it will be difficult to connect in a meaningful way to your audience.

In conclusion, personal communication skills are a valuable commodity in today's connected world. Larry King provides a shining example of the effectiveness of such skills in a professional level. His example can provide us with an understanding of communication skills that are essential for both are professional and personal success.

Works Cited

CNN.com. Larry King. 11 October 2004.


King, Larry. How to Talk to Anyone, Anytime, Anywhere: The Secrets of Good

Communication. Three Rivers Press, 1995.… [read more]

Effective Communication Skills in Resolving Emotional Conflicts Term Paper

Term Paper  |  7 pages (2,401 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Effective Communication Skills in Resolving Emotional Conflicts

Effective communication is very important in today's society and nowhere is this more true than in the area of resolving emotional conflicts. Is very important to develop strong communication skills in conflict management and by utilizing them correctly people can collaborate very effectively. Being able to collaborate is a very important value not… [read more]

Nonverbal Communication in 1969 Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (2,332 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Words together with action can be coordinated from person-to-person. These researchers state that coordination takes place with respect to the other person's speech duration and speech rate. In brief, if somebody is speaking loud and using their hands, this is a non-verbal sign to do the identical thing. One does not use this reason to fit in, but does it… [read more]

Organizational Behavior - Communication Term Paper

Term Paper  |  7 pages (2,944 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


When a choice is given, many employees worldwide would preferably talk to their computer than to their supervisor. The impersonal character of e-mail communication permits for the employees to suggest his or her opinion without instantaneous consequences like inquisitive questions or fury from the superior. It is difficult to shout through e-mail. (Business Across Cultures: E-mail's Influence) Assistants can thus… [read more]

Role of Communication in Cross Term Paper

Term Paper  |  8 pages (3,272 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Instead the cross cultural communication is fostered through the promising vocalization with due emphasis on encouragement, affirmation, acknowledgement and phrasing requests clearly or advancing opinions thoughtfully. The effective cross cultural communication depends upon the elasticity, malleability and liberalism. The awareness, acceptance and dealing with cross cultural differences results in the overcoming the cultural barriers that give rise to the better… [read more]

Communication Effective Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (503 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


However, Fayol's statement is still applicable in the present state of business communications. In fact, his call for effective oral communication is more vital than ever, since business communications nowadays has become the core of conducting business, with the proliferation of information -- and service-oriented businesses. Despite the convenience of communication technologies, there are still important features of oral communication that makes it an imperative in business communications.

Kreitner (1995) takes into account two (2) important features of oral communication that is not sufficiently accomplished through e-mail, instant messaging, and other forms of communication technology. He considers "personal barriers" such as non-verbal communication as an important feature to consider when conducting business with other people. The lack of physical interaction between two people or among members of the organization results to inefficient communication and decision-making, primarily because people cannot "see the expressed idea and attitude from the other person's point-of-view, to sense how it feels to him, to achieve his frame of reference in regard to the thing he is talking about" (389).

Another important feature of oral communication that cannot be effectively substituted by communication technology is semantics -- that is, the degree of understanding that the communicator has in deciphering the message given him/her by another communicator. Semantic meaning becomes complicated when messages are sent through e-mail, since communication in this medium is asynchronous, and instant messaging, wherein there is not enough interaction to make meaningful understanding of message.

Work cited:

Kreitner, R. (1995). Organizational Behavior. Chicago: Richard D.…… [read more]

Personal Statement in Communication Studies Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (933 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Personal Statement

Describe the communication theories, philosophies, and research areas you find compelling. What is it about these ideas that you find most interesting?

Imagine this scenario: a competent, intelligent and forcefully speaking woman stands in the hallway, engaged in a professional debate with a male colleague. This woman has learned, through the process of her undergraduate education and from various assertiveness training courses, how to comport herself in an articulate fashion, using direct statements of address, and never apologizing for her expressed opinions. She speaks, she hopes, not like a man but to a man in a way that he will take her opinions seriously. She hopes she still retains her identity as a woman without compromising her professional ethics. Yet she is filled with a creeping awareness that her colleague is not listening to her and does not take her seriously in this interpersonal scenario -- but she does not know why?

Imagine another situation. A Japanese and a Lebanese businessman are engaged in a discussion over the boardroom table during a complex series of negotiations. Their translators are competent, and the Lebanese man has been warned beforehand that quite often a Japanese 'maybe' is an emphatic 'no,' and the Japanese man has been told that quite often his Arab friend will say 'no' when he means 'yes,' as a way of traditional bargaining common to Middle Eastern and Mediterranean society. In fact, the Lebanese man may argue, even in agreement, simply as a cultural style and method of expression.

Yet despite their mutual awareness of their cultural differences, both men walk away from the table feeling dissatisfied with what has just transpired. The Lebanese man feels as if the discussion was circuitous, the Japanese man feels bombarded and imposed upon by the way that his colleague expressed himself during this round of negotiations. He was prepared to be disappointed, but not quite this bruised and battered, in terms of his ego.

These puzzles in communication show that current research regarding gender and cultural differences in communication, including different gender styles and cultural styles of expression, while compelling, leaves out a fundamental element. That element is nonverbal communication. Nonverbal communication is often giving a passing reference in texts, perhaps because it is so difficult to quantify and address in print. But in modern life, conversationally and professionally, much takes place on a sub-textual level, rather than an overt, denotative, level, and what gives modern dialogue its most profound subtext is body language.

Because body language is so little regarded in academic settings and writings, and even in many verbal 'empowerment' courses, an individual can be well versed in talking the talk of the other gender or culture he or she is interacting with, but not walking the walk, so to speak.

The woman cited…… [read more]

Communication Letters Are Historically the Standard Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (745 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0



Letters are historically the standard way for businesses to communicate, along with internal memos. Letters can be carefully written, with every word chosen. The information can be re-written and organize it in exactly the way the writer wants to communicate. However, they are slow, taking several days to reach their destinations through the Post Office, and for a large mailing are expensive because of stationery, envelope, production and postage costs.

Phone calls work well to communicate because the phone call takes place in real time. Both parties can contribute to the conversation, and any misunderstandings can be cleared up immediately. However, the caller can't maintain control of the message as he or she can with a letter, and often the person you want to talk to isn't available to come to the phone when you call. Sometimes it can take a couple of days for both people to be available at the same time. Conference calls can include more than one other person but must be scheduled to ensure that everyone will be available.

Email can be an efficient way to contact other people because the sender can choose the time to write and send it, while the recipient can choose the time to read and respond to it. Email provides nearly instant delivery. However, email often isn't written as carefully as letters are, and misunderstandings can occur because of that. In addition, while some people use email extensively, others may not read their email promptly. Security may be a problem for sensitive matters depending on how each person's computer system is configured.

Online meetings can be an effective way to bring people together when they are separated geographically. When a video feed is included, the communicants get most of the benefits of face-to-face meetings, as they can see facial expression and body language as well as the actual words. Individuals can use graphics, such as charts, to communicate their points. However, at the present time such communication systems are expensive, and setting such a meeting up requires coordination of all participants' schedules, because it takes place in real time.

Face-to-face meetings are useful for discussing delicate matters in private. They are also suitable for meetings when all the people involved…… [read more]

Importance of Nonverbal Communication in Management Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (2,095 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


¶ … Nonverbal Communication in Management

The passing on of information from one person to other is called communication. About 75% of our hours where we are awake is used up in conveying our knowledge, feelings and dreams with others. but, most of us forget to realize that a great amount of our communication is of a non-verbal type as… [read more]

Non-Verbal Communication Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (544 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Communication between persons located in distant places can also happen like a normal "face-to-face" conversation via video cameras that can send live video feed of people online.

Aside from the material things that provide means of non-verbal form of communication, we ourselves can communicate non-verbally even without the computer or anything. Perhaps the most common form of non-verbal communication in our selves is our facial expressions, body language and gestures, and emotion. An online source indicates that 55% of communication is done through facial expressions. Everything2 online further indicates that

The face can be used very successfully to display six basic emotions: anger, fear, happiness, sadness, surprise, and disgust. When photographs are taken of people showing these expressions in their faces, experiments have shown that the emotions represented by those expressions can be easily identified by Westerners. Further research has shown that these expressions appear to apply similarly to many different culture around the world, and the emotions can be as easily identified by individuals from those cultures.

From the observations mentioned in this paper, I have learned that communication is a process that can be done in diverse formats. The important thing to consider is not on how the communication process is done but on how information can be conveyed. Either verbally or non-verbally, the information that communication contains needs to be delivered in a way that the receiving party must fully understand, and there are diverse methods of communication that I have found to attain this.


Nonverbal Communication.

Web site: http://lynn_meade.tripod.com/id56.htm

Nonverbal Communication.

Web site: http://www.everything2.com/index.pl-node_id=484303… [read more]

Bridging the Gap (Between Communication Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,591 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Despite the fact that women's opportunities for education, training, and advancement have opened up in recent years, women still retain their feminine communication style. It shows no signs of going away. While men in Mexico will eventually learn the American way of business, their feminine communication style is not apt to disappear either, since it, too, is based on the underlying value they place on human relationships and family, rather than on profit and materialism. As Kraus points out, American business men in Mexico can offer training courses and workshops that will help Mexicans to develop business management skills, particular practical applications and problem-solving. American businessmen can learn tact and to avoid hurt feelings. They can refrain from openly criticizing employees in front of others and allow them to save face whenever possible. They can reap the benefits of Mexican trustworthiness, loyalty, and reliability. Recognizing that family and relationships are important, they can inquire about the health and well-being of the family and take an interest. These are not such difficult things to do, merely modifications in communication style. Likewise, Mexicans can modify their communication habits too. They can learn to politely disagree with superiors, for example, and to give bad news where necessary. Although long-term planning is very difficult for Mexicans because of unstable economic and political conditions, they can learn to more accurately estimate the time when a job will be complete taking into account events that might slow things down. With understanding and effort on both sides, trust (and bigger profits) can develop between the two cultures.


Kras, E.S. (1995). Management in two cultures: Bridging the gap between U.S. And Mexican managers. Yarmouth, ME: Intercultural Press.

Tannen, D. (1995).…… [read more]

Communication Non-Verbal Communication the Show Was CSI Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (742 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0



Non-Verbal Communication

The show was CSI: Miami, an episode featuring the shooting of a rap artist's security guard. The communication between characters in this show, both verbal and non-verbal is largely based on the job, and on the seriousness of the job. There is little banter or personal discussion between the characters; it is all based on looking for criminals and searching for clues. Some of the non-verbal situations included questioning a suspect, where the main character (David Caruso) did not even look at the suspect but instead stood with his back to him looking out a window as he asked the questions. At first, this character was quite glib and nonchalant about his involvement in the shooting, but as the questions got more probing, his face changed and he became more serious. At first, he was smiling, showing his teeth a lot, grinning, and his eyes were big, and he used his hands as he talked. When he got frightened, his manner changed, it was even more obvious when watching the show with no sound.

During this scene, it was clear how his manner changed as the questioning intensified. His eyes narrowed, he did not smile or grin, and he seemed to get "smaller" in the chair. He seemed to disappear inside himself, somewhat. It was clear he was frightened. Through it all, the two detectives doing the questioning remained impassive and direct - to the point. They did narrow in on the suspect when his manner changed, but their manner did not change that much. They seemed like one-dimensional characters that existed only to solve crimes. Their lack of interaction with each other except about the case made them uninteresting, and made most of their communication styles the same. In fact, they seemed bored or boring at times, and if they had been through so many murders, they were jaded by the entire experience. There were looks of boredom or disinterest on their faces, and they had little facial or body movement to show great interest or great involvement. They seemed stiff and wooden somehow, and their non-verbal body language, what there was of it, helped to convey this message.

The second scene involved two investigators gathering up…… [read more]

Verbal and Non-Verbal Communication in Austria Interoffice Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (646 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Verbal and Non-Verbal Communication in Austria


This short memo gives a brief overview of challenges to effective verbal and nonverbal communication in Austria. This understanding of potential challenges is important in enhancing communication with Austrians.

With the advent of globalization, the world is becoming increasingly interconnected. People often interact with individuals from other countries in the course of their business and personal lives. As such, the issues that foster and can cause problems with communication between cultures become increasingly important (Countrywatch).

Verbal and nonverbal communication in Austria, as in most other countries, relies on a complex set of interactions. There are five main obstacles to intercultural communication and understanding in Austria. These are language, non-verbal cues, preconceptions and stereotypes, a tendency to evaluate or judge, and anxiety or stress (Countrywatch).

Language is the most obvious potential stumbling block for communication in Austria. The Austrian language, obviously, is much different from that of English. However, variations in connotation and context can be especially problematic, even when the dictionary meaning of a word is understood (Countrywatch).

Non-verbal cues also play an important role in potential communication difficulties. "People from different cultures inhabit non-verbal sensory world" (Countrywatch), as they interpret information in the framework of their own culture (Countrywatch). Non-verbal communications like gestures, postures, and vocalizations are often easy to learn, while status, time and spatial relations, and forms of respect are much more difficult to recognize for those outside Austrian society (Countrywatch).

Preconceptions and stereotypes about Austrian society can also be a barrier to communication (Countrywatch). For example, outsiders often equate Austrian culture with German cultural stereotypes of racism, stubbornness, and intolerance.

Similarly, the outsider's tendency to evaluate or judge, coupled with anxiety about uncertainties can trouble communication attempts (Countrywatch). To the outsider, their mother culture is correct and natural, while Austrian culture can seem foreign. Often, this leads to a tendency to judge the actions and feelings of Austrians, rather than attempting…… [read more]

Communication the Application Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,724 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


At the same time, if people shared no common features, they would not be capable of communicating at all. In this theory, the purpose of communication is to increase identification with one another.

To consider this theory in practice, one can consider two individuals from different cultural backgrounds trying to resolve their difference. In this case, both language and their present place are common. That is, the two people both live in the same society at the same time. The difference between the two people is that their backgrounds have given them different cultural beliefs. The communication or rhetoric is designed to allow both people to understand the other and their differences. If this can be achieved, the two people will identify with each other more.

This concludes the consideration of the five communication theories. By showing practical examples of each theory, it has been seen that each one can be applied to real situations in everyday life. In this way, communication theories are able to increase our understanding of the processes that make up our lives.

Works Cited

Dow, B.J. & Tonn, M.B. "Feminine Style and Political Judgment in the Rhetoric of Ann Richards." Quarterly Journal of Speech, 79(1993), 286-302.

McLuhan, M. Understanding Media: The Extensions of Men. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1964.… [read more]

Interpersonal Communication Here Culture Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,514 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Interpersonal Communication


Culture in interpersonal communication

Interpersonal communication lies at the junction of our cultural understanding and construction and consequently, each of these components influences one another in more ways we can imagine. Language is perhaps the most pertinent tool in communications but this is neither the only nor the foremost element of importance in communication.

Each person's cultural… [read more]

Communication Skills Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (615 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


¶ … Communications Skills for Students

As college students, we must be able to communicate effectively at various different levels and via numerous different formats and media. Naturally, success in higher education depends substantially on the ability to communicate ideas in formal writing. In college, the primary value of good written communications skills is that they enable us to demonstrate our understanding of substantive course material on examinations and in written assignments. In that respect, there is an element of good academic performance that is very directly a function of communications. In the longer term, the writing skills that we develop as college students are essential to our ability to produce various types of written reports and both internal and external communications in the ordinary course of business. Typically, our ability to express ideas effectively in writing also becomes a factor in establishing the first impression that we hope to make on others.

College also allows us to practice our verbal communications skills, particularly in connection with speaking in public and speaking in front of large audiences. Just as writing skills play an important role in our ability to express ideas clearly in formal communications, our verbal communications skills determine how well we express ourselves in real time and in impromptu situations. In college, fluency of verbal expression is important in classroom discussion situations. In the longer term, it allows us to develop the necessary skills to communicate effectively with coworkers, business associates, customers, and with a wide range of individuals in the normal course of professional and commercial business relationships.

Useful Sources of Information

One useful source of advice about communications skills is an online article titled "Troubleshooting Human Communications Tips" authored by information technology (it) professional, Lenny Zeltser (2012). The author provides helpful strategies and tools for improving the ability of technical experts to communicate…… [read more]

Communication Competency Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (626 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Higher SPCC scores generally refer to a higher level of self-perceived communication competence in a range of settings and with a range of receivers: for example, people with high communication competency scores are able to communicate effectively with both friends and complete strangers.

My personal score for the Communication Competence Scale ranged at just around a 72, which I feel was accurate. I have a high level of communication competence with friends and acquaintances, but with strangers, my level of effectiveness and comfort when communicating can truly vary. I believe it's this lack of consistency which lowered more score. I think the respondents could also tell that when talking to strangers I have a markedly lower level of comfort and ease, something which no doubt was reflected in my score.

However, a colleague of mine score near 98 on the communication competence scale, and this colleague is nearly famous for his ability to communicate not just with friends, coworkers, bosses and superiors, but with foreigners, the elderly, children of all ages -- even reticent teenagers. This particular colleague of mine has a remarkably strong knack for communicating and it's one that is strongly envied by all of our friends and co-workers. There is no situation that makes him uncomfortable -- at least he doesn't display any of the signs that people typically display when they're uncomfortable. He has an innate warmth for people, that even strangers comment on and attributes his knack for communication to his Canadian upbringing. The intriguing aspect about this colleague's style of communication is that he has no apparent weaknesses; all the people who engage with him in conversation alike find his style of dialogue and relaying information to be extremely charming and lucid.


DeFleur, M., Kearney, P., Plax, T., & DeFleur, M. (2004). Fundamentals of Human

Communication. Columbus: McGraw Hill.

McCroskey, J. (1988). Self-Perceived Communication…… [read more]

Communication: Arguments Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (964 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


S. based on their community values, usages, and the way the community perceives communication in the U.S. Thus communities develop languages based on their levels of growth. The important fact is that while the U.S. is a developed economy, Brazil is yet a developing unstable nation. (Bailey, 1996)

One of the most important factor is the method of communication, inside the community and with another community that may or may not share the same language, and we can see the dichotomy if the colonial languages are analyzed. It can be seen that the language development is based on change. Even old English was created by the merger of French and many other languages. Languages often give way to new words, languages and usages partly because of absorption, political and historical changes and changes in the social context. In some cases the persons of a region may not be able to learn multiple languages may develop new vocabularies and communication. (Bailey, 1996)

This often differentiates communication. Official and business communication of ten tends to be more direct and thus the greater state of education and cultural integration of Brazil changes the communication paradigm. A research by Nelson, et al. (2010) shows that there is no traditional employment that has caused a vacuum in the organizational cultures of the Brazilian industry. Industries also produce certain subcultures based on work with relations and these are quite different in their base from the U.S. industries and the varying organizational cultures can affect understanding, communication and the way industries react in the international economy. (Nelson, et al., 2010) There are thus various aspects to the communication problem.


Primarily communication is based on culture and messages will be interpreted as per the recipient's orientation. Thus communication development as seen from the U.S. angle may not match those that are at the receiving end in Brazil. Secondly the undeveloped nature of Brazil which largely depends on the radio and TV restricts the effective communication to these media. The problem of communication is accentuated on account of the language barrier and the ensuing cultural differences and understanding. The custom of Brazil thus creates a barrier even in visual and oral communication for American along with the different nonverbal communication and poor communication strategies between the groups.


Bailey, James N. (1996) "Essays on Time-Based Linguistic Analysis." Clarendon Press:


Nelson, Reed E; Vasconcellos, Eduardo; Ponc, Vera M. L; Pasqualini, Dinei A. (2010) "A

Subcultural Analysis of the Brazilian Knowledge Industry: When Nation, Industry, and Organizational Cultures Collide" Latin American Business Review, vol. 11, no. 1, pp: 317 -- 337.

Palka, Liz. (2006) "Cultural Differences Between Brazil and the United States" Brazil

Magazine, p. 7-9.

Portch, Stephen R. (1985) "Literature's Silent Language: Nonverbal Communication." Peter

Lang: New York.

Pretto, Nelson De Luca; Bailey, Lga Guedes. (2010) "Digital culture in Brazil: Building

'peeracy'?" International Journal of…… [read more]

Life in College Throws Communication Challenges Essay

Essay  |  5 pages (1,849 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


Life in college throws communication challenges in my face the whole time. I have to learn how to deal with my classmates -- and some of them are a mixed bag. I have to learn how to communicate with my parents, particularly when topics become sticky; and I have to learn how to effectively communicate with my teachers so as… [read more]

Communication Apprehension Some People Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (668 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Since I really try to avoid public speaking and talking in groups, I expected to see these kinds of numbers. Actually, I was a bit surprised that these were not higher, because there have been so many times where I have been fearful. These problems are most obvious during public speaking, where I have stammered, blushed, panicked, dropped note cards, and actually had to leave the room once. Naturally, this is not a healthy way to handle things and I realize that work needs to be done in order to help me be more successful at public speaking instead of being so afraid of the issue. Many people speak in public and survive without a problem, so there is no reason that I cannot use information found in the writings of DeFleur, Kearney, Plax, & DeFleur (2005) in order to make my life more comfortable and learn to speak bravely in public.

Meetings are also a problem, but they are not as much of an issue as being in front of a group of people. At least in meetings I am more likely to be able to hide away and not say as much, and all eyes are not on me. During times where everyone has given me their full attention during a meeting, I have had the same kind of issue arise as I have when I must speak in public in front of a group. I generally find a quick way to deflect the attention, but this does not always prove to be effective. When it is not effective, it becomes more awkward. Now that I am aware of the fact that my communication apprehension has been confirmed, I can focus on ways it can be lessened.


DeFleur, M.H., Kearney P., Plax, T., & DeFleur, M.L. (2005). Fundamentals of human communication (3rd ed). NY: McGraw-Hill.

McCroskey, J.C. (1982). An introduction to rhetorical…… [read more]

Communication Mental Health Nursing Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (709 words)
Style: Harvard  |  Bibliography Sources: 2


For instance, a nurse should communicate with the patient in a way that he will feel being valued by her.


It refers to an act by a person of being kind.

For instance, doctors should communicate with their patients in a way that reflects their kindness.


Prejudice refers to a judgment made in advance without having complete knowledge. Such type of judgments can easily be removed through communication.


It refers to a feeling of being sensitive or a situation when decisions need to be made carefully because people may react emotionally due to the results.

In communication, it is essential to consider the sensitivity of the situation in order to achieve the final goal.

Social exclusion:

This term refers to detaching the individuals of a society from their rights. For instance, education, housing, employment opportunities, training etc.


It refers to developing a prejudice due to a particular characteristic of a person, without having complete knowledge. This occurs when a person puts the other person in some category due to the common characteristic.

Nonverbal and verbal communication:

It is a type of communication in which words are not used as a tool for communication. Instead of this, nonverbal tools are used such as body language, gestures and postures, eye contact etc. In contrast to this, verbal communication refers to the use of language and sounds for communicating (Grimshaw & Hussain, pg. 101, 1997)

Para verbal communication:

Use of pitch and tone is referred as Para verbal communication. For example stressing on one specific word to clarify the meaning.


It refers to the difference in characteristics such as race, color, religion etc.

Managing to communicate with sensitivity and accuracy is not difficult and it can be done if a person understands the receiver from every perspective and then develops his idea of delivering the message accordingly. Communicating the right thing at the right time may also result in communicating with sensitivity (Grimshaw & Hussain, pg. 106, 1997).


Grimshaw, C., & Hussain, I. 1997. Communication. Chicago: World Book in association…… [read more]

Non-Verbal Communication Term Paper

Term Paper  |  8 pages (2,536 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


¶ … non-verbal communication, which is one of the fields of social psychology. Social psychology is the branch of psychology that deals with the human behavior and actions in a social situation. However, nonverbal communication facilitates the experts of the field to better understand the human behavior and nature when interacting socially. The dissertation has included aspects on a broad… [read more]

Reading Analysis Communication Assessment

Assessment  |  3 pages (1,149 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


¶ … Communication

The author defines communication as "the transmission of meaningful information from on person or group of persons to another person or group of persons." These messages generate "shared attitudes, values, beliefs, feelings, or behaviors between the sender and recipient" (p.8). The main strength of this definition is that it creates a very clear definition of a concept that can have very wide implications. This kind of focus, however, can also be a weakness. I think that claiming communication to be exclusively "personal," i.e. relating only to people, is somewhat narrow. Animals also communicate, both among themselves and with human beings. I do, however, agree that there needs to be both a sender and receiver for communication to occur.


I once had a communication breakdown with a South African friend on Facebook. She told me that she would be "holding thumbs" for me. I did not understand why she would want to do that, but ignored it and carried on with the conversation. She cut off the conversation a little more quickly than I would have expected, and even seemed a little angry. When we connected next, I asked her if I had done something to offend her, and she explained that she was a little hurt that I simply ignored her wishing me luck. As it happened, "holding thumbs" in South African English is an idiomatic expression to wish a person the best or good luck on a venture.


I must agree with the author on his assessment of the statement that "no people can see the same thing." The global nature of the statement makes it impossible to prove in any way. However, I also agree with the author that, even within a common understanding of a concept, idea, or vision, there are many different perspectives. So, if the statement were modified a little to acknowledge the existence of some commonality among human beings, it would not only be far more palatable, but also more realistic. In one sense, I agree that no two people see things in precisely the same way. However, meaningful and coherent communication would have been impossible without at least a few main common concepts.



Words are powerful indeed. We see this in both the grand scales of politics and the economy as well as in smaller-scale personal life. In politics, for example, a lie by a president can sweep an entire country into war in which millions die, many of whom are women and children. A lie by an investor can cause thousands of people to lose millions of dollars. In my own personal life, I have experienced the power of words in both positive and negative ways. A friend who says something simple like "you look nice today" elevated my mood for that entire day. On the other hand, hearing the word "unfortunately" at the start of any conversation makes me feel cold and anxious all over. James is right, although many do not seem… [read more]

Talking Styles Article Critique

Article Critique  |  3 pages (820 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


Albeit, in that context, you are likely listening so intently to the conversation in order to hear things you disagree with so that you have more ammunition to fight against their verbal opponent.

On the "Language Style Matching" website, the report retrieved indicates that there is indeed a correlation between the level of language similarity of individuals and the quality and potential success of their relationship (Pennebaker). A lasting romantic relationship is indicated by the following characteristics: matching conversational style, emotional tone, and the pitch of voice and speech used within conversations with that person. Although my own relationships may not be of the same epic quality as the ones listed in the article, Elizabeth and Robert Browning and Sylvia Plath and Ted Hughes, but the same principles underscore my relationships. If we do agree that language style matching is an important property of relationships, then it can be stated that language style matching is a way to predict the quality of interpersonal communication between those two individuals.

There are couples who find that it is of the utmost importance to communicate with one another and these pairings are the ones which will likely indicate stronger relationships. For a long time, psychologists and sociologists have determined that communication is the key to a successful relationship. In a romantic pairing, communication usually begins when a man and a woman share time together. Many things will initially attract a male and female, such as appearance, personality, or charisma. For example, when I first met my husband, we were immediately attracted to one another. Our attraction preceded our first conversation; it played a highly influential role in our eventual coupling. As we progressed in our relationship, I found out that we had a communication problem as many couples do.

Historically, "Language-style matching diminished as each relationship soured" (Bower 2010). When relationships disintegrate, so does their level of communication. Instead of comprehensive discourse on a variety of issues, the conversations usually involve a range of topics limited to the ways in which the two parties disagree. Conversely, when people have proper communication skills, there is a greater likelihood that they can overcome the issues which present themselves in any relationship.

Works Cited

Bower, B. (2010). Shared talking styles herald new and lasting romance. Science News.

Pennebaker. (n.d.). Retrieved from…… [read more]

Addressing Barriers to Effective Communication Research Paper

Research Paper  |  2 pages (521 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


¶ … ineffective communication within a specific health care organization in order to identify barriers and challenges that contributed to the incident. This essay will describe an incident where a mistake was made due to faulty communication practices.

Recently I accompanied my friend to the emergency room at the local hospital after he had accidently cut most of his thumb off while preparing a salad for dinner. After registering with the nurse at the ER we were told to wait in a screening room until the doctor could examine my friend. My friend was bleeding pretty bad and was quite scared even though this injury was not life threatening and would most likely heal without any problem.

As time went by waiting we soon began to realize that some sort of miscommunication had occurred because it had been nearly one hour and no doctor had come to visit. The room itself was out of the main hallway and was hidden out of sight. At this time I had gone back to the front desk and a new nurse was there as a new shift had begun. I had asked her when my friend would receive some treatment and this nurse did not know what I was talking about. After several minutes of discussion we both realized that the nurse who had just got off shift did not communicate to her our situation.

While this incident is minor, it demonstrates the importance of communication. While me friend only had cut off part of his thumb, no one in the ER knew…… [read more]

Communication Personal Account Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (631 words)
Style: Harvard  |  Bibliography Sources: 2


Regular staff meetings and really, constant daily communication among the staff is a great way to locate barriers in communication. It is additionally important to check for communication barriers between nursing home staff and the residents. Productivity is a usual demonstration that communication is working and there are few barriers. A pleasant work atmosphere is also a demonstration that communication is working. It is not that there will not be problems or that work will be perfect, but it will be better than average and there will be clear structures in place to support strong, clear communication.

Confidentiality is basically not revealing personal information to irrelevant parties. There is sensitive information that nursing staff come across and must know in order to do their jobs well. This is the kind of information that could put the residents at risk for credit fraud and other dangers. Confidentiality includes understanding what information is sensitive and private, in addition to having the respect and self-discipline to not disclose confidential information to parties that truly do not need to know. For me, I immediately think of drugs that nursing residents take and what procedures to take when they fall ill (who has power of attorney, do not resuscitate, etc.)


Colon-Emeric, C.S., Ammarell, N., Bailey, D., Corazzini, K., Lekan-Rutledge, D., Piven, M.L., Utley-Smith, Q., & Anderson, R.A. Patterns of Medical and Nursing Staff Communication in Nursing Homes: Implications and Insights From Complexity Science. Qualitative Health Research, 16(2), 173 -- 188, 2006.

Pillember, PhD, K., Suitor, PhD, J., Henderson, Jr., C.R., Meador, R., Schultz, L., Robison, PhD, J., & Hegeman, C. A Cooperative Communication Intervention for Nursing Home Staff and Family Members of Residents. The Gerontologist, 43, Special Issue II,…… [read more]

Communication Competency Analysis Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (628 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


The scale consists of 36 items to which the individual rates on a scale of 1-5, ranging from strong disagreement to strong agreement. The "possible range of scores for the CCS [is]: 36 to 180...The absolute mean is 108" (Reis n.d). Items include "3. I treat people as individuals" and "10. I won't argue with someone just to prove I am right." However, just to ensure that the test taker does not automatically check of strong agreement with all of the statements, items 4, 8, 11, 12, and 28 indicate bad communication behaviors, such as "28. I don't follow the conversation very well" (Reis n.d). These responses are scored separately and are subtracted from the points accumulated from the good conversational behaviors.

Overall, my score was 112, slightly above the mean. This indicates that I am a good communicator, although I still have room to improve. "Individuals high in CCS (above 108) are generally more sensitive, flexible and assertive communicators than those lower in CCS" (Reis n.d). I scored high, I believe, because of my strong agreement with such statements as "22. I am supportive of others" and "24. I can easily put myself in another person's shoes

(Reis n.d). I believe I am an empathetic person, and this is an asset to me as a communicator even though I do not consider myself to be a charismatic speaker. When I showed my score to a friend of mine, he said he was not surprised. I am the 'go to' person in my group of friends when people have problems. I speak my mind, but I am also willing to what other people have to say and I genuinely care about other people's issues.


Lane, Derek R. (2000). Communication competence defined. Communication Capstone.

Retrieved: http://www.uky.edu/~drlane/capstone/commcomp.htm

Reis, Jane Lister. (n.d.). Communication Competence Scale. CMN 150. Retrieved:

http://facweb.northseattle.edu/jreis/cmn165/communication_competence_scale.htm… [read more]

Communications an Interesting Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (831 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


The problems created by the President's message included the fact that he acknowledged the company was undergoing some difficult times. Instead of calming employee nerves, his message seemed to exacerbate the situation. Now the rumors are more substantiated based upon the President's message, so further rumors sprang up overnight. Needless to say, rumors fueled more rumors which continually fed even more rumors. Morale sagged for almost all employees which also affected the company's productivity levels.

Improvements in the communication process could begin right at the top. The President's message was delivered in a concise posted message that detailed only the bare minimum of facts. He could have been much more upbeat, offered much more in the way of details and been much more forthright in possible ramifications. Additional communications could have also offered a lot more in the way of a calming and dispelling influence.

3. In a specific situation that I recall when I failed to communicate effectively, I now realize that I was saying one thing verbally and another thing altogether in a non-verbal manner.

From the stance of my body, to the shaking of my head in a classic 'no' manner, to the folded arms, everything about my physical persona radiated negativity, whereas the language I was using was comprised of some of the most positive wording and phrases I could create.

I was trying to communicate the idea that the club that we owned was going to move to a bigger, better and more affluent area of town in order to provide amenities that were not currently being offered. The verbal communications included rosy projections for the future, and positive growth ideas for the club. In retrospect, my body language (much like my personal beliefs) portrayed the idea that the club was in deep financial trouble and that if we were extremely lucky in gathering additional investors we might have the opportunity to bring to fruition some of the ideas that might save the club.

Because of the fact that my body portrayed my true beliefs about the situation, not one single prospective investor took the plunge to invest in the club. Without the additional investors, the club failed. Changing my body language at that presentation could have garnered much different results. I could have opened my arms, looked potential investors in the eye, walked around the room to be closer to the investors, and nodded my head up and down to make positive contact rather…… [read more]

Nonverbal Communication: Journal Entry Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (742 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


For some of my friends, standing close to someone is a sign of friendship, while when someone stands extremely close to me, I tend to feel intimidated by, rather than befriended by the person looming near me. Even when taking public transportation, I may feel as if my territory is being invaded when someone sits next to me in an otherwise empty bus or subway car. I think I may be overly sensitive in this regard, although I have noticed that some people will use their 'territory' to mark out their dominance over me by encroaching upon my personal space. But perhaps the most sensitive issue is one of time -- my friends who are European often say they are on 'European time,' which they use as an excuse for being late, versus 'English time,' which means that a person should come 'on time,' as agreed-upon beforehand.

Perhaps nothing is more context-dependent than paralanguage, or subtle, nonverbal communication. Paralanguage (pitch, intonation, and other aspects of vocal language that add subtlety to meaning) is very important when I am talking to people, particularly my friends. I often find that when I am talking to strangers and they do not seem to 'get' my sense of humor; it is partially because they do not understand my subtle paralanguage which indicates when I am joking or not joking.

In all, I would consider myself to be 'average' as a nonverbal communicator. For my task, I admit that I was not very daring when I selected to 'violate' a taboo -- I decided to wear a very nice interview suit to one of my classes, versus the acceptable uniform of a t-shirt, jeans, and hoodie. The response of my classmates was mainly positive -- they asked me where I was going after class, or if I had plans with someone. This confirms my suspicion that often 'dressing up,' even when slightly inappropriate, is viewed in a more positive light than dressing down. I considered myself to be violating a rule, given that I had 'learned' from many years in school to dress in a similarly formal or informal manner as my classmates.… [read more]

Integrated Corporate Communication (ICC) Chapter Writing

Chapter Writing  |  25 pages (7,925 words)
Style: Harvard  |  Bibliography Sources: 25


Those ways could be (Gray and Balmer, 1998):

Cognitive: it means to request for more information than required.

Affective: it means to inspect the message with comprehension point-of-view.

Behavioural: it means to determine that how far the collected data is true or not with every subjective point-of-view (Gray and Balmer, 1998).

Outer, Inner along with Co-Maker stakeholders

Corporations are comprised… [read more]

Interpersonal Communication the Art Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (801 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


When listening it is important to pay attention and provide feedback to ensure the person who is talking that you are listening. Before learning the importance of mindful listening, I was sometimes quick to cut someone off when I disagreed with what they were saying. But after learning the importance and the positive impact that it can have, I started being a mindful listener and have realized that is helps in communicating. When everyone gets a turn to say what is on their mind, healthy communication is established and similar to being a clear and accurate communicator, being a mindful listener also helps in building a strong interpersonal relationship with others.

Finally, another aspect of the interpersonal communication class that helped me grow as a person includes learning how to communicate effectively in a conflict situation. Often times, arguments can get heated and when conflict arises, both parties are on the defence; but, this does not help communication or the conflict to diffuse. I learned from this class how to effectively communicate in a conflict situation- calmly, using words and language that will not further add fuel to the fire so to speak and speak constructively not harshly or critically. All of these different components will help diffuse situations before it escalates to a point that it can no longer be diffused. Learning this type of communication is extremely important because of the different people and thing that people, including myself, come in conflict with. Conflict is inevitable but how one deal with it is absolutely up to us.

Over the course of the semester, I have learned a lot of things that have truly helped me appreciate the value of effective interpersonal communication. I hope to utilize the lessons learned and the wisdom that has been imparted on me by this education immediately and hope that it will facilitate the growth of strong interpersonal relationships with my friends and family. Eventually, when I graduate, these skills will help me be an effective member of the workforce. The skills learned here have the ability to help me live a happier, calmer and healthier life and help grow closer to people instead of more distant.

Works Cited

Trauernicht, Nathan. "The Importance of Interpersonal Communication." Firehouse.com, 14 Jun 2007. Web. 11 Aug 2011. .… [read more]

Learning About Empathic Communication Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (626 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


And appropriately, the medical profession is acknowledging how a failure to diagnose then prescribe affects their profession. Dr. Hardee argues that empathetic communication is a teachable, learnable skill that benefits both the clinician and patient. As he summarizes it, "Appropriate use of empathy as a communication tool facilitates the clinical interview, increases the efficiency of gathering information, and honors the patient." (2003).

I found Covey's discussion regarding the Greek philosophy of ethos, pathos, and logos enlightening. As he explains, the three words contain the essence of seeking first to understand before moving on to make effective presentations. Ethos represents one's character, pathos one's relationships, and logos the reasoning component of a presentation.

I am pleased to report that I did grasp the connection between character and communication prior to reading Covey's discussion, and it has shaped my communication skills. Because listening can sometimes turn manipulative, I have known that it was important for the other person to believe they can trust me and open up. If my character does not radiate trust and honesty, it follows that my co-workers, friends and family will not feel safe enough to open up and expose their feelings to me.

When I consider the rest of my managerial team, I find we all typically suffer from the same shortcomings when it comes to effective communication. But now that I understand what it means to listen with empathy, I can model the behavior we all need to get better at. By practicing empathic listening, we can change our interactions from being merely transactional to being transformational.


Covey, S. (2004). The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People: Powerful Lessons in Personal Change (2nd ed.). New York: Simon and Schuster.

Hardee, J.T. MD. (2003). An Overview of Empathy. The Permanente Journal, 7(4). Retrieved from http://xnet.kp.org/permanentejournal/fall03/cpc.html… [read more]

Group Communication Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (487 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Power is the ability to influence others, and there several different kids. Two major different types are power over and power to: "power over" is the ability to help or harm someone else, whereas "power to" helps other people in meeting their own goals. The power structure itself refers to the distribution of power in the group, which affects how people communicate with each other as well.

I notice power structure coming into play in my communication with my nuclear family. We have a hierarchical power structure, with my father wielding the most power, and my mother having more hidden kinds of power, and often the grown children will act sycophantic in order to gain power from them. It is not necessarily done obviously or consciously, but we are all vying for his approval.

In conclusion, close monitoring of my own communication has yielded the realization that I too fit into patterns described by these theories. However, awareness does help me to have insight into why people are saying different things in groups. In time, I think I could even use these insights to my advantage, by, for example, emphasizing cohesion in a group where I notice that it is falling apart, or suggesting a more equal power structure if I think that is damaging the group.


Myers, Scott A., & Anderson, Carolyn M. Fundamentals of Group Communication. New York: Sage, 2008. Print.

Wood, Julia. Communication in Our Lives. Beverly, MA:…… [read more]

Communication Process and Provide Examples Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (905 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Speaker-related is where we take a look at idiom obstacle occurring between the orator and the receiver, poor training ways and minimal understanding within the organization. Lastly we get to Interior receiver related whereby issues like minimal ability of the receiver and predetermined thoughts of the receiver.

Planning for any communication is therefore important and these is uncomplicated procedure that can help one overcome these obstacles and be sure that proficient and efficient communication will be in the organization.

Many People every now and then be unsuccessful in sharing information and this is because they don't have a clear understanding on how the information will be of help to others when in real sense it can. Engagement and motivation factors appear to be of importance as lack of these can makes them not to listen to others. Feedback is very important and many tend to ignore them not knowing that they affect their communication


There is a need for employees to be trained on communication for it is important and it involves illumination or clearly making employees understand what is expected of them, hence going extra mile to solving communication tribulations among them. On the other hand, employees should be inspired as this will always boost there moral and will effect communication, because lack of inspiration will jeopardize the attempt to communicate appropriately. Where such cases, arise it is therefore significant to embark upon organization self-esteem issues. As we all know that not all know that all people are not the same in that others are just naturaly poor in communication and nothing can change there ability to do this, hence it is of great impotence to test peoples ability before hiring them. Angelene O'Reilley (2011)

Work cired

Angelene O'Reilley: (2011) Poor Communication: How It Affects Your Business, Inc.

Debbie Zmorenski closeAuthor: Debbie Zmorenski Name: Debbie Zmorenski


Site: http://www.globallsa.com

About: Deborah K. Zmorenski, MBA, is the co-owner and senior partner of Leader's Strategic Advantage Inc., an Orlando, Fla.-based consulting firm. During her 34-year career with the Walt Disney World Company, Debbie held leadership positions in restaurant management, human resources, training and development, customer service, production manufacturing and resort operations. She is a recipient of "Partners In Excellence," Disney's most prestigious corporate award. For more than five years, she was a senior facilitator and content specialist with the Disney Institute. Today, with LSA, she travels the globe providing executive coaching and strategic partnering, enabling organizations to implement and maintain organizational change.See Authors Posts (23)(2009) Effective communication: Turn this weakness into a strength, Inc.… [read more]

Interpersonal Communication Skills Essay

Essay  |  9 pages (2,258 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Gender-based differences

Males and females, of all ages, communicate in fundamentally, and at times, frustratingly different, ways. Interestingly, men and women even listen differently (Hybels & Weaver, 2007). Also, gender influences the language style men and women utilize. As Hybels & Weaver (2007, pg. 124) note "Men are more likely to use report-talk, a language that maintains their status, demonstrates… [read more]

Slang and Communication in Clueless Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (792 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


The use and interplay of these terms allows the adolescents to feel that they are a special group; and using these terms means that often they are able to converse without their parents and teachers having any idea about the entire meaning of the conversation. For example, the language is not always debased and sometimes even has roots in a classical education, yet it is shortened and has deeper meanings for the teens:

Tai: Do you think she's pretty?

Cher: No, she's a full-on Monet.

Tai: What's a monet?

Cher: It's like a painting, see? From far away, it's OK, but up close, it's a big old mess. Let's ask a guy. Christian, what do you think of Amber?

Christian: Hagsville.

Cher: See? (Quotes from Clueless, 1995)

This discussion essentially brings up the idea of the famous French Impressionist Monet, who worked in dabs of color that when viewed from a distance established a beautiful sense of imagery, but when viewed close up -- in other words when one gets to know the person, it is like a television screen -- pixilated and not understandable. The term hagsville refers to the crone or hag term of a very old, ugly woman, sometimes even in Shakespearean terms, a witch.

This small scene gives us a great deal of information about the speakers -- they at least know something about French impressionism, even if it is but a name; and they are able to extrapolate means in metaphors and similes, higher level thinking. This exchange would not be appropriate outside their age or clique, and separates them much like ethnic terms separate racial identity. The only way these types of terms could be used in formal or public speaking would be to illustrate slang or speaking because they are specific to a group; and public or formal speaking must be more elevated in order to establish credibility.

Works Cited

Chandler, D. (2010, June). The Transmission Model of Communication. Retrieved September 2013, from aber.ac.uk: http://www.aber.ac.uk/media/Documents/short/trans.html

Patel, A. (2012, December 19). Slang Words: What Are Young People Saying These Days. Retrieved September 30, 2013, from The Huffington Post: http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/2012/12/19/slang-words-2012_n_2322664.html

Quotes from Cluless. (1995, April). Retrieved September 2013, from IMDb: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0112697/quotes… [read more]

Communication Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (1,063 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


76). For instance, in the workplace, an employee pondering of a problem might cause a boss to say, "You do not look busy." Upon hearing this, the employee may interpret this to mean he/she is not working hard enough and get upset. This is a misconception of non-verbal messages. As a result of this, people need to watch not only the words and phrases they use, but also the tone of their voice.. An employee should consider the tone of their message, whether depending on who they are speaking to and when.. Tone is present in all communication activities. Ultimately, the tone of a message is a reflection of the speaker and it does affect how the listener will perceive the message. Tone can sometimes be difficult to consider when it is presented over a technological medium. Unarguably, however, tone can be presented via writing an e-mail message, over the phone, or through a video conference. It is still possible to express tone while using a form of technology.

Alongside tone, word choice also indicates how a message will be translated. In the working world, word choice has two objectives:

Communicating clearly and completely the specific goal of the message

Projecting the goodwill aspect of the speaker through the tone and phrasing of the chosen words

Care in word choice helps us adapt the message to the listerner and reduces the chance of miscommunication. Imporper word choice will lead to the unfornate opposite result -- miscommunication and problems within the conversation, and probably within the company itself.

Word choice can also come through when using technology. Word choice also affects writing, as well as speaking. Diction, we call it when using the written word, comes through strongly depending on what words the author uses. Hence, technology can also be used in this accoung. (http://carerrs.usatoday.com/service/usa/national/conetent/exper/dailygrind/2002-03-18-ge).

The way a listener percieves language can often depend on the listener's own previous experiences, as well as the way the speaker presents himself or herself. The listener percieves the speaker by examining word choice, verbal communication, and tone, and comes to conlcusions about the speaker and about the speaker's comments as they flow. The way in which tone, verbal communication, and word choice are presented often affect whether or not the message motivates or creates a negative message. If, for example, the speaker uses a negative tone and a pessimistic word choice, chances are that his or her message will not motivate. On the other hand, if the speaker uses a more upbeat word choice alonside an upbeat tone, he or she will be more likely to motivate. If motivation is the key goal, then one must choose his or her communication style very carefully. One ill-fated expression of tone is enough to unmotivate almost any individual.

Works Cited

Alder, J (1999). Work and Communication. New York: NYU Press 2000.

A http://carerrs.usatoday.com/service/usa/national/conetent/exper/dailygrind/2002-03-18-ge http://cicero.com.alma.edu/communication/303wi99/students/novak/anfp2.htm… [read more]

Nonverbal Communication Interpersonal Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,289 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


There is evidence that overweight people have less of a chance of success than thinner people, who are perceived as more attractive.

According to Borrell (2003), studies suggest that colleges discriminate against overweight people. Obese high school students are less likely to be accepted into a prestigious college than normal weight students of equal intelligence. In addition, overweight people may be discriminated against on the job. In a recent study, employers rated obese employees as less desirable when compared to normal weight employees of equal ability.

Obese job applicants are often perceived as having poorer work habits, higher absences, and more likely to get ill than thinner applicants (Borrell, 2003). After watching videotaped job interviews of several applicants with equal qualifications, people rated obese applicants as: less qualified; less likely to be hired; having poorer work habits; more likely to fake an illness and stay home from work; more likely to have emotional problems; and more likely to have problems with coworkers.

According to Borrell, "44% of employers said they would not hire an obese person under some circumstances; another 16% said they would not hire an obese person under any circumstance."

The nonverbal implications associated with overweight people extend to social settings, as well as business ones. There is a discrimination against overweight people when it comes to finding a suitable husband or wife. Studies show that obese women in their 20's are 20% less likely to be married than normal weight women. Obese men of the same age were 11% less likely to be married. According to Borrell, "college students would rather marry a cocaine user, a shoplifter, and a communist before they would marry an obese person."

Due to the fact that many overweight people suffer from low self-esteem and poor body image, their body language can work against them. Body language can "speak" volumes and potentially lead to miscommunication in both social and business settings. For example, a person who is ashamed of their physical appearance may have poor posture and slouch during a job interview. This may lead potential employers to believe that the person lacks self-confidence.

Ineffective nonverbal communication presents challenges in all areas of life. After obtaining a job, overweight people who have nonverbal communication may have difficulties following instructions, staying on task, accepting feedback, planning ahead, and demonstrating socially acceptable work behaviors due to others' perceptions of them.

In addition, obese people must worry about another potent form of human nonverbal communication -- smell. Obese people may be more likely to perspire or develop foul odors, which will undoubtedly cause harm to their social and professional lives.


The human body involved in nearly all methods of communication. The body has symbolic meaning to the owners and to others who observe it. When developing body image, people create meanings for their bodies as part of the way they experience the world. People evaluate their bodies, thinking of them as obese or thin, pretty or ugly, and more. Psychological, social and cultural meanings… [read more]

Communication Transactional Analysis Model Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (743 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Management must try not to evoke the controlling parent or adaptive child side of their employees' in order to keep communication channel opens and to avoid conflicts.


Verbal and nonverbal communication both form important parts of overall effective communication. While we are familiar with what is meant by verbal communication, it is the nonverbal communication that puzzles us since it can be ambiguous in nature causing conflict and confusion. Verbal communication refers to communication that makes use of a language that two people understand. Nonverbal on the other hand refers to cues, symbols and signals that people may make use of in place of verbal communication but mostly to augment verbal messages. LAUREL J. DUNN (1998) defines as the "mode for conveying messages without the use of verbal language. It may enhance or detract from a verbal communication. It regulates relationships by affecting the likelihood of introduction and continued interaction. We are able to infer emotion through nonverbal communication and influence other's perception of our competence, power and vulnerability. It also plays a role in the perception of the actual message we are trying to convey."

Verbal messages can be enhanced or made more effective with the help of nonverbal communication. For example when an employee does his work well and requires positive reinforcement, it is important to mix verbal message with some nonverbal signal such as a pat on the shoulder or a thumbs-up. This gesture strengthens verbal message and makes it more effective. However when not used properly, nonverbal communication can contradict a verbal message instead of reinforcing it. These messages are usually interpreted in relation to verbal ones. In short, both verbal and nonverbal communication play important role in making organization communication effective. If we want to avoid organizational conflicts that arise from misunderstanding and misinterpreting different messages, it is important to understand the significance of both verbal and nonverbal communication and the effect one has on the other.


James, Muriel: Transactional Analysis for Moms and Dads. Addison-Wesley. Reading, 1974

Laurel J. Dunn Communication: Information Conveyed Through The Use Of Body Language, Department Of Psychology, Missouri Western…… [read more]

Communication Discussion Discuss One Principle Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (666 words)
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Explain what difference, if any, the practice of that principle has made for you? For anyone else?

For myself, respecting the differences of others has been a crucial advance in my hopefully life-long communication education. I am less apt to take diverse viewpoints as gestures of negativity than I was before. It is tempting, in a self-centered fashion, to assume because another person has a different point-of-view, or even a different lifestyle than you, that this is somehow a threat or a challenge to one's own set of core values. I have come to realize, slowly, through more effective communication, that even in a state of disagreement, I can still hold my own points-of-view without having to directly challenge or change the views of the other individual I am discussing them with.

Sometimes, the most effective way to truly change someone's mind is simply an exchange, rather than contention. The practice of respecting the diversity of viewpoints can be seen, when practiced in a positive light, to be an instrument of tolerance and peace, as is evidenced by its potential to be used during conflict mediation sessions between warring peoples during treaty negotiations, as well as negotiating on a personal level, between spouses, significant others, and friends and housemates, about issues of conflict around the world and around the home.

If you could change one piece of your communication personality, what would it be?

I think I have grown more aware of the importance of learning through diversity. However, on matters of personal excellence, I admit it is difficult to avoid being thin-skinned. Sometimes it is easier to debate an objective issue of politics or values, than to receive criticism about one's writing or one's academic performance. I wish, emotionally, I were less thin-skinned. Also, although criticism can be helpful, and remains a vital tool of learning, it can be difficult not to interpret fellow classmates feedback as negative responses.… [read more]

Interpersonal Non-Verbal Communication Observation Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,600 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


One woman, for example, came striding out of the arrival gate and without a break in her stride headed for the nearest exit, indicating that this was a familiar routine. In stark contrast, an old couple came out and immediately looked around as if they were expecting someone to meet them. Sure enough, a young woman soon came running up, waving to attract their attention. On spotting the young woman, the old couple's faces immediately lit up, wreathed in smiles, which indicated that this was a meeting of close relatives. But perhaps the most interesting observation was to watch a middle aged woman who came out and began looking around. Her face wore an obviously anxious expression and soon, it was obvious that she wasn't expecting to be met but instead was studying the signs to determine her next moves. She also kept glancing down at a piece of paper in her hand, which seemed to contain some instructions. Finally, she stopped a passerby and spoke to him, nodding every now and then at whatever he was saying, post which she began finally moving towards one of the exits.

In conclusion, undertaking the exercise of observing non-verbal communication at the airport was highly valuable as it helped raised one's consciousness of the world of expression inherent in people's body language and facial expressions.

Works Cited

Collier, G & DiCarlo, D. "Emotional Expression." Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum

Associates, 1985.

Dunn, L.J. "Nonverbal Communication: Information Conveyed Through the Use of Body language." Missouri Western State College. Accessed Apr. 29, 2004: http://clearinghouse.mwsc.edu/manuscripts/70.asp

Harris, T.E. "Applied Organizational Communication: Perspectives,

Principles, and Pragmatics." Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1993.

Mortensen, C.D. & Sereno, K.K. "Foundations of Communication Theory." New York: Harper & Row, 1970.… [read more]

Communication and Interaction Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (575 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Almost all of the doctors, nurses, assistants, and other medical staffs have shown respect to each other. They demonstrated the capability of dealing with each other courteously and professionally. Despite of the differences in their work positions and status, most of them regard each other as colleagues who have the right to be heard and respected. By carrying out an effective communication style in dealing with each other, it is obvious in the work process and work flow of the hospital that its staffs work harmoniously with each other. Thus, providing an effective performance of their respective responsibilities and delivering a valuable service to their patients.

Some regarded that to be able to communicate effectively, the ability to persuade must come with communication. Moreover, anyone who has the ability to persuade others through communication has the gift of becoming a leader. Persuasive communication must be tied with leadership to allow a leader guide and lead his members with full cooperation from them. Without persuasive communication, a leader may not be able to lead this organization into the right potential that he might have in mind. Dr. Michael Cozzens, in his Persuasive Communication for Leaders, explains this further, stating that Effective Leaders must be effective communicators. Most communication in organizational settings involves persuasion. Thus, to reach your full leadership potential in an organization you must understand and effectively engage in persuasive communication.


Clark, D. 2000. Leadership - Communication.

Retrieved on 19 October 2004, from NWLINK.COM.

Web site: http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/leader/leadcom.html

Cozzens, M. Persuasive Communication for Leaders.

Retrieved on 19 October 2004, from Biola.Edu. Web site: http://www.biola.edu/academics/scs/leadership/downloads/CSOL615SyllabusFa04.pdf… [read more]

Channel Signaling Systems Are Communications Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,217 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


However, the systems only function when terminal equipment and applications are connected properly, which is a relatively complex process to achieve.

Voice Processing Systems for Businesses:

The modern business environment is communication intensive to an extent that businesses are increasingly facing the need for a reliable strategy for managing communication issues. Today's businesses require dependable systems and means of handling messages and meeting the demands of customers for readily available information. This need has contributed to the development of a wide range of reliable voice processing systems and solutions that businesses can choose from. Some of the major examples of voice processing systems for businesses include Toshiba Stratagy family of voice processing systems and Panasonic voice processing systems.

Toshiba Stratagy family of voice processing systems range from voice mail to unified messaging in attempts to match the varying needs and budgets of voice processing in small and medium-sized businesses ("Stratagy Voice Processing," 2002). These voice processing system models or designs enable businesses to add voice processing applications as needs change without major hardware upgrades. The ability to add voice processing applications when necessary is a major advantage of this set of voice processing systems. Secondly, the use of Stratagy component in these voice processing systems makes them one of the most flexible business telephone systems. The other advantages of these systems is that they promote enhanced efficiency in internal and external communications, management of calls, and service to customers while improving the business' bottom line. While these systems provide numerous advantages to businesses with regards to improved productivity and efficiency, they contain relatively expensive hardware and software requirements. During the installation of the systems, a business may be required to buy costly hardware and software, which is a major disadvantage.

Similar to Toshiba Stratagy family of voice processing systems, Panasonic provide a set of voice processing systems that support more than voice mail and computerized attendant service. Panasonic KX-TVA voice processing systems are suitable for businesses because they contain various features including bilingual capability and email integration. The bilingual capability implies that the systems can be tailor-made to meet the specific needs of the business ("Voice Processing Systems," n.d.). One of the advantages of these systems is that they are designed to handle all calls in an efficient and courteous way by allowing businesses to add an important human voice touch when responding to customer calls. Secondly, these systems are flexible, versatile, provide affordable voice messaging, and offer automated attendant service. Their disadvantage is that they require combination with other Panasonic voice processing systems to support digital integration.


Voice communication and processing is generally a multi-faceted process that requires appropriate systems to handle. Generally, these processes require channel signaling systems for transmission of voice frequency and voice processing systems to handle some communication needs. In the past few years, several channel signaling systems and voice processing systems have been developed to help meet communication needs. Each of these systems has advantages and disadvantages that determine their effectiveness in today's… [read more]

Free Speech and Sexual Harassment Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,436 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


Sexual Harassment and Freedom of Speech

The freedom of speech is considered, by many, to be the most fundamental freedoms. Without free speech it is impossible to transmit ideas, to learn, to educate. In fact, in many ways speech that is regulated impairs the functioning of a democracy by impairing the open exchange of ideas. However, the fact that speech… [read more]

Communication Skills Are Critical in Any Business Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (640 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Communication skills are critical in any business or profession. However, the type of communication skills necessary will depend on the organizational culture, the job description and roles, and other contextual factors. Some jobs will require greater written communication skills than others; and some jobs demand astute oral or verbal communications skills. When analyzing my own communications skills, it may be helpful to review both the Baack (2012) text as well as scholarly resources. Without scholarly resources, I may not be able to assess my communication skills effectively enough. This paper will describe the assessment methods that I used to analyze my own communication skills. Then, I will discuss the observed or measured gaps in communication skills and identify training that can be used to address those gaps. Finally, I will discuss how I can improve my current communication skills to prepare me for advancement in my profession.

To assess my communications skills, I used a combination of methods. As Arnold & Boggs (2013) point out, assessments can be both subjective and objective in nature, as well as qualitative or quantitative. In this case, I used a subjective and qualitative assessment measure based on self-reports. Self-reports are not the most reliable types of assessment methods because of the probability of bias. Therefore, I also included an assessment method that was objective in nature, but also qualitative. This involved interviewing my supervisor at work about my communication skills. To include a quantitative assessment measure to bolster the efficacy of my analysis, I prepared a survey for my coworkers too. This survey included several questions related to my communications skills, and I asked my colleagues to fill out the form. Using these three methods, my communications skills assessment was nearly infallible.

My assessment results revealed some critical information. My core strengths include listening skills, empathy, and affability. I have what Burns (2002) calls an "other-oriented approach," which was described as "good" by my…… [read more]

Process Communication Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (840 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


For example the same word said in different tones may be interpreted to mean different moods or intentions (Rosengren, 1999). Cultures can also impact on the meaning of words, likewise with physical gesture; the OK sign in U.S. culture is an insult in Italian culture. Body language and non-verbal clues need to match with the message, if they appear to create a conflict the recipient is likely to pick up on the conflict, and the message will be undermined, creating cognitive dissonance, and loss credibility (Rosengren, 1999).

The second stage is the sending of the message; this may be though different mediums, such as verbally face-to-face, over the telephone, or television (Thompson, 2011). Another common medium is the written medium which may include letter emails, printed adverts, books and manuals. The mediums may also be used to send a message on a one to one, many to one, or one to many basis, and may be sent vertically, such as from a superior to a subordinate, horizontally between peers, it can also be undertaken formally though official channels, such as an employee memos, or informally, such as through gossip (Thompson, 2011). The choice of an appropriate channel is essential to meeting the communication aims; mass marketing would be ineffective if undertaken on a many to one basis, or on a face-to-face basis, the use of a mass communication medium that reaches many people is likely to be more cost effective (Rosengren, 1999). Another example may be the communications of technical information, which may be best communicated in writing in a memo or manual, rather than verbally, where information may be lost (Rosengren, 1999).

The last stage of the communication process is the decoding of the message, the receipt, hears or sees the message and then interprets it according to the different influences, such as the recipients own interpretation of the word, their own values and experiences (Thompson, 2011). Influence that impact on the reception may also include the credibility of the sender and the message, the higher the level of credibility, the greater the potential influence (Thompson, 2011).

Effective communication requires careful consideration of all these elements, including what is to be achieved, how the message may be formed, sent and received, and the influences that impact on the interpretation of that message.


Rosengren, Karl…… [read more]

Ethical Interpersonal Communication Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,242 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Moreover, each one of them should take the advantages of the opportunity when each one of them appears to open up a dialogue relationship. Both parties should indulge in the following communication competencies to develop a productive communication:


Effective listening,


Emotional intelligence,

Trust building, and Moral argument.

Both Reid and Boeher should indulge the concept of mindfulness in the communication. The mindfulness involves in simultaneously indulging in a complete attention by focusing on our thought as well as the thought of the opposing party. Moreover, a mindfulness is the process of devoting a complete attention to issue at hand. The benefit of mindfulness is that both parties are likely to experience positive mood during a communication process, and less likely to suffer from anxiety and depression. More importantly, mindfulness will promote relationships between both parties, because a mindful communication assists a partner in the argument to welcome new information from the other partner while focusing on his behavior during the communication process. Moreover, mindfulness relationship will assist the partners to allow a room for different point-of-view.

Johnson, (2012) argues that listening is key aspect of dialogue. Essentially, both Reid and Boeher should understand each other perspective in other to arrive at a shared solution. Both the Reid and Boeher should adopt the HURIER model in the communication strategy. The HURIER model consists of:





Evaluating, and Responding.

Both Reid and Boeher should integrate the model to develop effective listening skills. For example, each of them should have patient to listen to the message of the other partner. When the other partner is putting forward his own argument, the other partner should take a note of the important points for further understanding. The strategy will assist each one of them to remember, interpret and evaluate the information received. The information collected will assist each one of them to deliver appropriate response to convince the other party on the appropriate course of action.

Developing an emotional intelligence skill is another strategy in achieving a productive communication. Both the Reid and Boeher should employ emotional intelligence technique in the communication system. Johnson, (2012) argues that "emotional sensitive individual get along better with people in general" (p 127). "Emotional intelligence is the capacity to identify and influence the emotion in the other and in the self." (Johnson 2012, p 128). In other word, emotional intelligence is the strategy by which an individual process information. Typically, emotional intelligence assists in processing sophisticated information of others and one owns.

Reid or Boeher should identify the emotion of the other party during the communication process by recognize their feelings. Each of them should be able to pick up a clue of the other emotion through the body language, voice, and facial expression. They should be able to capitalize on the emotion of the other party during the argument. Moreover, all of them should avoid engaging in argument when they are in negative mood. They should only engage in argument when they are… [read more]

Deaf Culture and Communities Research Paper

Research Paper  |  8 pages (3,960 words)
Bibliography Sources: 7


Deaf Cultures and Communities

Many people are unaware of how deaf culture can be complex. There are a number of things that make deaf culture what it is. Deaf culture is a culture that is unique to the deaf or people who are hard of hearing. They produce plays, books, artwork, magazines and movies that are targeted at the deaf… [read more]

Australia vs. US Business Culture Essay

Essay  |  6 pages (1,879 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


Australia vs. U.S. Business Culture

Discuss the differences in verbal communication between Australia and the U.S.

and Australia are similar in that both speak English as the common form of language. This may seem like both countries would have close cultural ties because of the common language that they share. Yet, when you look a little closer, it is clear… [read more]

Non-Verbal Listening Behavior Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,353 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Non-Verbal Listening Behavior

Two interpersonal interactions: Friend vs. supervisor

Analyzing my personal and professional nonverbal interactions can enhance my ability to effectively transmit my message in a variety of contexts. When I recently met with my friend, A, I wanted to show my sense of sympathy with her, and to demonstrate the depth of my empathy for her romantic plight. In the case of my work colleague, Supervisor B, I wished to maintain a cordial relationship with him, yet still voice my concerns about the behavior of certain individuals within my department. There is always a certain amount of tension in any interaction between superiors and subordinates: a bad performance review from Supervisor B. could mean a loss of my job or other negative consequences, so I always must be careful in terms of how I present myself. The problem is that with people with whom I am friends I take it for granted that my nonverbal communication says what I want it to say, while with work superiors, I am often inhibited and uncomfortable, and do not adequately advance my interests and position.


I spoke to my friend A recently, after she broke up with her boyfriend of more than a year. The two of us went to an evening movie, then out for coffee afterwards. When we were having coffee, A did not make much eye contact with me and tended to play with her coffee creamers and sugar packets. She talked about her boyfriend, and how sorry she was the relationship had ended. I alternated between looking at A, often at the top of her head, and looking away, either at another table or at the ground. When someone does not make eye contact with you, there is always a great deal of uncertainty as where to focus your own eye gaze, especially if the topic is emotional in nature. At the beginning and at the end of our meeting I gave her a hug, to show her how I much I cared about her as a friend. However, other than the hug, I did not sit too close to her, because she seemed somewhat reserved and not desirous of seeking out greater physical intimacy.

In the case of Supervisor B, I had to address some complaints about the behavior of some of the workers at the office. Some people were coming in late and not pulling their weight on various work projects. This was an uncomfortable subject. I did not want to seem as if I was being a 'tattletale' about my colleague's behavior. At times, I found myself avoiding eye contact with B, shifting my weight, and wanting to have something to do with my hands. Because this meeting took place in Supervisor B's closed office in the early morning before many people had arrived in the office, there were few distractions other than our one-on-one interaction. This heightened the intensity of our communication, and I wanted to have something to do to break… [read more]

Call of the Wild Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (609 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


¶ … Wild -- Vocabulary Exercise

Context Clue Passage -- Gaunt

The patient looked much sicker than he had the week before. He was so gaunt that his shoulder blades poked through his pajama top like two sharp mounds sticking out of his back. His cheeks were equally gaunt leaving a sharp outline showing his entire jaw line that made him look like a living skeleton. We were concerned that he could not possibly live much longer in that condition.

Personal Identification Passage -- Eloquent

I have always greatly admired people who are eloquent speakers and writers for several reasons. First, eloquent speakers are often better received by their audiences simply because they sound more credible in their delivery. More specifically, speaking grammatically correct English and constructing clear sentences increase the speaker's ability to connect with an audience. Second, eloquent speeches are better remembered by their audience. Eloquent speech has the ability to become memorable for its melody (so to speak) as well as for its lyrics. Third, eloquent writing can be the most effective method of formal communication and greatly enhance the ability of the writer to establish a positive rapport in business matters. Eloquent writing sets a tone of respect and high expectations. Because I consider eloquent communication to be so important, I try to emphasize the improvement of my written and spoken English at every opportunity.

Personification Passage -- Peril

Charles once had a very routine situation suddenly turn potentially deadly. Luckily, he did not panic and he took the best possible course of action under the circumstances. Nevertheless, a look at his face during the event would have left no doubt how much danger his friends and he were in. From his perspective, Charles was so scared that he had something like tunnel vision about not making a mistake; at…… [read more]

Communication for Managers Essay

Essay  |  6 pages (1,716 words)
Style: Harvard  |  Bibliography Sources: 1+


¶ … business abroad, there is significant risk of miscommunication or communication breakdown as the result of intercultural differences. Managers traveling abroad must not only be aware of this risk, but they must also take steps to reduce this risk. Three strategies that can be used to reduce the risk of miscommunication in an intercultural business setting are to gather… [read more]

Small Group Communication Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  10 pages (3,392 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 4


Small Group Communication

The issue of group interaction and dynamics is one that has many variables and depends on the particular situation and stresses and strains that the group experiences. The study of group behavior is also a subject that has become the focus of contemporary socio-psychological theory. The trajectory in modern theory is to find ways to improve and… [read more]

Interpersonal Communication Non-Verbal Communication in Social Interactions Thesis

Thesis  |  2 pages (697 words)
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Interpersonal Communication

Non-Verbal Communication in Social Interactions

The first interaction among couples I encountered was between a receptionist and patient in a dental clinic. As the man approached the receptionist's desk, she smiled at him with a smile that did not reach her eyes and said "Good morning! How can I help you?" In a monotonous, almost robotic, tone. In this scenario, verbal and non-verbal communication is not consistent with each other. While she was saying "Good morning!," which usually indicates pleasantries, the tone she used and the manner in which she said it indicated that she was bored and uninterested. He then said "I'm here for my 10 am appointment with Dr. Lopez." with an expressionless face. Because she greeted him the way she did, he responded by also being unengaged in the conversation. It could have been different had she used a different tone. "Kindly sign this form and wait over there." she answered as she reached for the form and passed it without looking at him. He said "Thank you." while examining the form and quickly moved away. That ended the interaction between these two complete strangers. The tones that they used seemed to be the main factor that defined the conversation.

The second is between a man and woman, seemingly on their mid-twenties, who appear to be on a date in a coffee shop. The man entered the shop and when he saw the woman he was meeting with, his face lit up into a wide smile as he approached her. She smiled, stood up and touched cheeks with the man as an initial greeting. He then touched her on the elbow as they both sat down. "So, how long have you been here?" he said, still wearing a wide smile. "Oh, I just got here." The woman said shrugging her shoulders "Let's go grab something?" she offered still smiling with a quick point of her thumb and jerk of her head towards the counter. He just nodded his head and they both stood up. Here, the non-verbals strongly indicated that these two people…… [read more]

Individual and Group Skills Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (966 words)
Style: Harvard  |  Bibliography Sources: 6



Individual and Group Skills

Nonverbal communication involves those nonverbal things that are in a communication setting that are generated by both the source- the speaker and his or her use of the environment and that have potential message value for the source or receiver -the listener. Basically it consists of sending and receiving messages in a variety of ways without the use of verbal words. It can be both intentional and unintentional (Non-Verbal Communication Modes n.d).

Two aspects that are included in nonverbal communication are eye contact and posture. In the U.S.A., eye contact indicates: a degree of attention or interest, influences attitude change or persuasion, regulates interaction, communicates emotion, defines power and status, and has a central role in managing impressions of others.

Western cultures see direct eye-to-eye contact as a positive thing; while within the U.S. African-Americans often use more eye contact when talking and less when listening with reverse true for Anglo Americans. This is often thought of as a possible cause for some sense of unease between races in U.S.

Arabic cultures make prolonged eye-contact because they believe it shows interest and helps them understand truthfulness of the other person.

Japan, Africa, Latin American, and Caribbean cultures avoid eye contact to show respect (Non-Verbal Communication Modes n.d).

When talking about posture or how a person holds themselves it is important to consider the following things while taking into account cultural differences. Bowing while not done and even criticized in the U.S., shows rank in Japan. Slouching is considered rude in most Northern European countries. Placing ones hands in their pockets is seen as disrespectful in Turkey. Sitting with ones legs crossed is considered offensive in Ghana and Turkey while showing the soles of ones feet is offensive in Thailand and Saudi Arabia (Non-Verbal Communication Modes n.d).

Task 2

Humans have evolved to fear anything that's different from them. Without this fear, there would be no instinct to run, hide, guard or fight. Unfortunately, this evolution went awry somewhere along the way. Not only do most humans have an innate aversion or fear of wild animals, but also of their own species. This is why, say evolutionary biologists, racism is so prevalent. The inborn drive to stick with those who look just like you take over, and the primitive response of distancing one's self from that which looks different, often overrides reasoning and logic (Horton 2008).

A lot of the social analysis that focuses on the injustices and inequalities in U.S. has been influenced by the theory of Karl Marx and the Marxist tradition. Vital to Marxism is the understanding that capitalism is an economic system with two major classes. The capitalist class is known to own and control the means of production, capital, and is always trying to increase its profits. The working class, which is the biggest part of the population, sells their labor power, their capacity…… [read more]

Stuttering Is an Impaired Condition Affecting Speech Thesis

Thesis  |  7 pages (2,583 words)
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Stuttering is an impaired condition affecting speech fluency. The definition given by WHO is "impairment of the rhythm of speech wherein the person is exactly aware what is required to be said but 'suffers' from a problem in spelling it out due to an involuntary repetition, prolongation and abrupt stoppage of sound." (Lawrence; Barclay, 1998) Stuttering may be classified into… [read more]

Speech Effective Business Thesis

Thesis  |  2 pages (694 words)
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Effective business is not something you are born with - you must work at mastering each of the characteristics. There are many facets of effective speaking and the best speakers are expert in all them. The characteristics of an effective business speaker can be broken down by category. There are key written elements and then there are key vocal elements. There is also body language, which we will address as part of the vocal elements because it is incorporated with the physical act of speaking. An effective business speaker will master all of these traits. For evidence, we shall analyze the Inauguration Speech by President Barack Obama.

In terms of the written speech, it must have a strong introduction that immediately engages the audience. It must be written with a keen understanding of the audience so that the speaker can better relate to their needs and concerns. The speech should incorporate clear, unequivocal wording. The message should be made relevant to the audience. Lastly, the speech should have a strong conclusion that ties together and reinforces the salient points.

In terms of the speaking, there are several elements to master. Eye contact must be held with the audience at all times. Work your eyes around the room, to engage all of the audience members. The speech should exude confidence. This will flow in part from having strong written material, but a great speaker can make weak material sound strong simply with confidence and diction.

The speech should have steady, even pacing. Make judicious use of vocal inflection. Flatness is never recommended, but fire and brimstone theatrics are often equally undesirable. The speaker should control the mood of the room. If the topic demands cool confidence, the speaker should display that; if the topic demands anger and a call to action, the speaker should reflect that fire in their body language and diction.

Lastly - and it is often overlooked - do not forget to stand up straight and tall. Posture is important!

When we analyze the Inauguration speech of President Barack Obama, we can see how…… [read more]

Effective Personal Skills in Business and Professional Communication Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  7 pages (1,957 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 3


¶ … Personal Skills in Business and Professional Communication

The objective of this work is to demonstrate an understanding of communication at work and interpersonal skills and to integrate both of these and demonstrate how they are applicable to both the personal and organizational life. Finally this work will show how the concepts described can be effectively applied in the… [read more]

How to Better Communicator as a Leader Essay

Essay  |  5 pages (1,336 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


Leadership Communication

Leadership doesn't just depend on communication; leadership is communication. The essence of leadership is transmitting knowledge, information, ideas, and emotions to others. Any leader in the workforce, no matter what industry or department, must practice effective communication skills. Communication is "exchange and flow," meaning that leaders need to develop listening skills as sound as their speaking skills. Effective communication prevents and resolves conflict by bringing underlying concerns to the surface and nipping problems in the bud. Communication also helps coworkers work together harmoniously and therefore increases productivity immensely. Leaders communicate not just with language but also with their behaviors. Therefore, leaders must continually set an example of ethical behavior and ethical verbal communication for all members of the organization.

Strategies of communication range from those that transmit knowledge and power to those that promote camaraderie and creativity. The best way to maximize communication skills is to first understand the needs of the organization: its mission, its philosophy, and its goals. Second, leaders need to adapt their communications skills to serve the needs of the specific team and project. Third, leaders can practice effective communication by drawing upon simple truths including honesty, openness, and good listening skills.

Effective communication breeds productivity and increases organizational health. Blalock (2006) notes that effective communication is essential for a company's fiscal health. Miscommunication, on the other hand, creates costly conflict in any organization. Effective communication helps leaders solve problems quickly by drawing on the knowledge and insight of all members of the team. Being a good communicator benefits a leader's organization by improving productivity and workplace morale.

The Benefits of Being an Effective Communicator

Leaders benefit by being effective communicator in the following ways. First, they set an example and help other members of the team or organization to communicate more effectively too. Thus, leaders who communicate effectively increase morale among team members and create a more harmonious workplace environment. Second, being an effective communicator increases productivity in the workplace by minimizing costly conflict and confusion. Finally, good communications skills means leaders can represent their organization effectively to outside parties including clients, stakeholders, the public, and the media.

Leaders act as trendsetters in their organization, and their behavior and communication style is a model for coworkers. Communication is not just about words but also about body language, eye contact, and composure. Therefore, leaders benefit the future of the organization by introducing the importance of communication in fostering a healthy workplace environment.

Especially in a diverse workplace environment, leaders must mediate conflicts that arose because of miscommunications. Cultural differences and gender differences, as well as other issues related to individuals' backgrounds all affect communication styles. Leaders are responsible for understanding a diversity of communication styles so that each member of the organization is able to communicate effectively. The leader therefore becomes the role model for the rest of the team. If necessary, leaders can hold informal seminars with a group to introduce core concepts of communication, foster amicable relations among coworkers, and minimize confusion.… [read more]

Mental Health Issues for the Deaf Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  5 pages (1,636 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 5


Mental Health Issues for the Deaf

Trapped: A Review of Problems Among the Deaf Needing Psychological Intervention and Solutions

Victor and Helen: Synthesizing Disabilities

In both the world and the United States, the history of care for the deaf, mentally handicapped, and those suffering from psychological maladies have been remarkably similar. A montage of confusion and misunderstanding, institutions and education,… [read more]

Body Language: Nonverbal Communication Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,194 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 4


Body Language as Nonverbal Human Communication

Like other animals, human beings have evolved patterns of body language to help them communicate with others. Because we rely so heavily on verbal communication, we tend not to notice it as consciously as spoken language except in more extreme circumstances such as fear or outright aggression. Nevertheless, human body language and other forms of nonverbal communication patterns provide considerable amounts of information about others (Gerrig & Zimbardo 2005).

Many aspects of human body language are universal in different cultures and easily recognizable to others from any other society. Other parts of human body language are unique to specific cultures and less recognizable to those outside their culture of origin (Hogg & Reid 2006). In addition to communicating information, human body language is also a means of evaluating the intentions and honesty of other people because it often provides clues to dishonesty and concealed intentions.

Similarly, human body language also provides important clues about relationships, such as who is the most dominant person within a group of people and what their relative rank is to others within their group. This type of communication actually transmits information across distances too great to communicate via verbal language and may have evolved when the earliest human ancestors needed to size up other clans from across the distance (Poole 2007). Finally, human body language is also a very important part of social courting behavior between available single individuals socializing for the purpose of finding a potential mate.

Universal Human Body Language:

Many parts of human body language are so common that people from very distant cultures recognize their meaning from a very early age. The most common elements of human body language have to do with strong reactions or emotions such as fear, anger, and disgust. Even very young children are able to look at cartoon drawings of common facial expressions and identify figures who are "afraid" or "angry." Likewise, many human gestures are also very common to all human cultures, such as a fist raised up in anger or open hands facing up in front to communicate confusion (Poole 2007).

Other evidence that human body language evolved during the pre-human period comes from the similarity between so much of human body language and certain types of nonverbal communication used by the other higher primate species. A visitor to any zoo will recognize some body language and nonverbal communication used by chimpanzees, for example, that is similar to certain parts of human body language.

Male chimpanzees who want to communicate to everyone around them that they are dominant typically make a lot of noise and move (or throw) things around while "claiming" the space around them. They may also make mock attacks (and sometimes real ones) on other members of the group, especially other less dominant males (Poole 2007). Whether in the United States or other parts of the world, human males often show very similar behavior, such as by the way they are purposely loud in groups… [read more]

Public Speaking Term Paper

Term Paper  |  7 pages (1,861 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 3


Public Speaking

The objective of this work is to discuss public speaking including the purpose of the speech, the use of audience analysis including how to perform such analyses in various venues and how this information affects the speaker's preparation and methods. Further examined will be the methods of collection and organization of the material effectively including effective speech structure,… [read more]

Corporate Risk Management Emergency and Contingency Planning Communication Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (626 words)
Style: Harvard  |  Bibliography Sources: 0


Corporate Risk Management: Emergency & Contingency Planning

Communication is one of the most important elements of running a business. It plays a crucial role in daily operations and teamwork, while also being of utmost importance during unusual circumstances such as times of emergency and crisis. In fact, it is particularly during emergency and crisis situations that communication plays an especially important role. Regular communication establishes interpersonal trust. This trust is vital during all stages of a crisis situation, including contingency planning prior to the event, the event itself, and the recovery period after the crisis event. It is only by establishing trust that crises can be handled, mitigated and planned for with optimal success.

Specifically, pre-crisis communication entails not only spoken, but also written language. Risks are identified, analyzed and controlled first by means of oral communication. The culmination of such planning is then to create written contingency plans. Each personnel members should be fully versed in these prior to any crisis incidents. The establishment of a contingency plan and its importance in the minds of employees depends upon the quality of communication used to establish this.

Once a crisis situation does occur, communication is of even greater importance. Once again, both written and oral communication occur. Personnel are expected to act according to the established contingency plan. To do this, they need to be organized according to the written contingency plan. This needs to occur firstly by oral communication. In order to achieve optimal results, persons in leadership positions should be in charge of such an operation. These persons should handle communication with a calm air in order to inspire confidence in their followers during the crisis situation.

During a crisis situation, it is unlikely that personnel members will take the time to read through a written contingency plan. It is therefore imperative that personnel be encouraged and trained in familiarizing themselves…… [read more]

Nonverbal Communication Last Saturday I Met Term Paper

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Nonverbal Communication

Last Saturday I met with my sister Bob and the following day I met with my good friend Karen. I am close with both Bob and Karen, who I have known since elementary school. Bob and I met for lunch at her house, where we talked at length for about an hour after eating Karen and I went shopping together, spending several hours together that Sunday. I told both Bob and Karen that I was learning about nonverbal communication but I don't think that influenced what we talked about or how they conducted themselves. Both conversations varied and we did not focus on one specific subject. However, Bob and I spoke at some length about her boyfriend and our brother. Karen and I spoke a lot about our career goals.

I have always felt comfortable talking to my sister. When I listen to her I tend to offer a lot of reassurances like nodding or saying "uh-huh" or "I understand." Sometimes I would punctuate the conversation by saying things like "Really?" Or "My god, that's awful," or "That's great!" I usually maintain eye contact with my sister when she speaks because I believe eye contact is the most significant sign that a person is listening. When my sister talks I sometimes touch her for extra reassurance if she shares some sensitive information. I will lean in to let her know I am listening and try my best to remain attentive and to not get distracted by any other thoughts or what is going on in the environment. To let my sister enjoy center-stage when she talked I also made sure not to interrupt her or to speak low so that I wasn't trying to compete with what she was trying to tell me. Similarly, if Bob were letting me talk or was asking me questions she would maintain eye contact and not raise her voice over mine. In general our communication styles are similar and work well because we have had so many years of experience listening to one another.

Conversations with Karen follow similar patterns of mutual respect. In the mall setting, however, our conversation was less private than the one I had with my sister Bob. Karen and I walked while we talked for half the afternoon…… [read more]

Gender Communications Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,198 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 1


Gender Communications

For many years there have studies on how men and women communicate. There is always the question of why he/she doesn't listen or doesn't understand what the other is saying. Research is always trying to find way to bridge that gender gap.

In most cases it is said that the way men and women communicate so differently from one another that they must come from another planet.

Even though the communication styles are so different and the barrier seems quite large, both genders are sentimental, caring, aggressive, they think, they have emotions and intellect, they are after all human.

One of the most important factors is based on the way men and women perceive the same message to have a different meaning.

Women are known to be more sensitive to the meanings and they "read between the lines." (Gender Issues: Communication Differences in Interpersonal Relationships)

This often makes women responsible for initiating intimacy or how close they will allow a person to become to them. For this reason it is argued that women pay more attention as to what men are saying and what is being implied. Women tend to focus on the similarities among themselves and others and try to make everyone happy. Women are more in tune to relationships and being in touch with their emotions and the emotions of others making them more consensus. They are the "rapport talkers," which refers to the types of communications that build, maintain and strengthen relationships. (Gender

Issues: Communication Differences in Interpersonal Relationships) This type of "rapport talk" reflects the skills of talking, nurturing, empathy and support. When making decisions women tend to look at all the options, weighing the pros and the cons of the situation before acting.

In a nonverbal sense women tend to use body language and "read" body language to show that they are listening and acknowledging what is being said. During verbal conversations women will maintain eye contact to create a connection to whomever they are talking to. Women will also approach a man from the front, walking or talking directly in front of them and is the same gesture when they sit or stand while talking to another.

In the differences with communications between men and women, men tend to be more "status bound." Men are more "who's who by society" or " I am man" (Gender

Issues: Communication Differences in Interpersonal Relationships). Instead of "reading between the lines" as women do, men are "between the lines meaning." Men expect relationships to be based on independence and competition. Men will focus on the difference between themselves and others and make their decisions on their needs and desires. Men see themselves as tasks specialists. (Gender Issues: Communication

Differences in Interpersonal Relationships)

Men are more focused on accomplishing tasks and addressing questions about facts. They are "report talkers," unlike women when stated earlier, being "rapport talkers." Report talk refers to the types of communication that analyzes the issues and solves problems. Report talk reflects skills… [read more]

Smiling (Non-Verbal Communication) Study of Relevant Literature Term Paper

Term Paper  |  8 pages (2,007 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 8


Smiling (Non-Verbal communication)

Study of Relevant Literature on Smiling as a Non-Verbal Form of Communication: Typologies, Comparisons, and Situations

Among the various forms of non-verbal communication extant and utilized, it is the smile or the act of smiling that is considered universal and used by all communicating individuals, whatever social context or cultural background they have been exposed to. Smile… [read more]

Gender Issue in Communication Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (861 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Gender-Based Communication Differences

In her article,"Talk in the Intimate Relationship: His and Hers," Deborah Tannen argues that men and women have fundamentally different approaches to interpersonal communication. According to Tannen, women use conversational communication primarily to establish intimacy and interpersonal interconnectedness whereas men typically use conversation mainly to establish status in relation to others. The author details the ways that gender-based socialization differences account for the fact that men rely on verbal conversation to communicate information while women emphasize the more subtle elements of interpersonal communication, such as indirect "metamessages" that consist of a much wider range of non-verbal signals in addition to the informational content of conversations. Tannen presents a very cohesive explanation that does seem to account very well for the communications mannerisms and habits typically exhibited by the respective genders.


Virtually any observation of members of the respective genders in public seems to corroborate Tanner's characterizations. First, when males enter a public place, they most often stake out a piece of territory that is in the direct view of others and they position themselves toward others. Females are more likely to seek the least conspicuous territory and to face one another directly when they talk. Males also tend to maintain much louder conversations than women in public. Whereas men generally project their voices so that others in their vicinity can hear their conversations, women usually do the exact opposite, keeping their voices low and also shielding their conversation with body language and deliberate use of their hands to cover their mouths. Meanwhile, men often seem to be talking more for the benefit of others around them, especially to the extent the content of their conversation is flattering to them in their minds. Likewise, whereas women are usually largely oblivious to who else might be around them, men seem to be constantly looking around while they are talking. Two women engaged in conversation in public are most likely to be very surprised if someone walks up to them and interrupts with a question or to introduce himself to them, precisely because the women focus so directly on their private conversation. By contrast, if the same person were to approach two men engaged in conversation in identical circumstances, chances are that both men would be aware of the individual's presence in advance because men seem to notice everybody else in the room even during one-on-one conversations.

In terms of the substantive content of conversations, Tannen's observations would seem to be equally accurate. Typically, men focus on communicating facts and other types of objective information about things. Most commonly,…… [read more]

Corporations Send Out Messages Dissertation

Dissertation  |  38 pages (10,552 words)
Bibliography Sources: 42


Corporations send out messages constantly -- through ads, commercials, websites, quarterly and annual reports, job postings on Monster.com, memos tacked up on lunchroom bulletin boards. The audiences for these different messages are different from each other, which is one of the major reasons that traditionally companies have not worried about whether they are presenting a consistent message on all of… [read more]

Business Communications Term Paper

Term Paper  |  8 pages (2,529 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 4


Once the meeting is over, is when they will go back to doing things individually. This is problematic, because it means that the team could have trouble maintaining and building any kind of momentum in achieving its different objectives. Once this takes place, it means that the odds will increase that there is the possibility that the team will only… [read more]

Women Want Is an American Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (1,651 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 2


A second personal space violation between Alex and Nick occurred when Alex was dumped by her boyfriend at the prom. Although she invited her father to 'rescue' her while she was in the bathroom crying, she protested when he wanted to see her in the stall. She willingly invited him into the girls bathroom, which for many would be a societal violation of personal space; however, she reasserted the need for personal space when he attempted to enter the stall she was in.


As evidenced by the aforementioned the interpersonal communication characteristics of relational development, self-disclosure and personal space have been examined as they relate to the movie "What Women Want." Although the movie was a romantic comedy, the interactions between males and females and the use of humor provide some insight into human relations. The uncertainties that exist upon initial meeting as evidenced particularly by the relationship between Nick and Darcy, and articulated by the uncertainty response theory bespeak the initial impressions and assumptions made when strangers meet. The power of first impressions can truly determine if a relationship will ensue and both parties can participate in the determination of that relationship. Secondly, self-disclosure is a powerful interpersonal communication tool and reveals the most about the individual only in as much as the individual is willing to personally share in the present. Lastly, personal space in interpersonal communication is a societal determinant that provides general guidelines as to how communication between individuals should transpire. It is important to note, however, that rules regarding personal space can and do fluctuate and are contingent about the situational variables that can and do affect it.


Baxter, J. (1970). Interpersonal spacing in natural settings. Sociometry, 33, 444-456.

Berger, C., & Calabrese, R. (1975). Some exploration in initial interaction and beyond: toward a development theory of communication. Human Communication Research, 1, 99-112.

Felipe, N., & Sommer, R. (1966). Invasions of personal space. Social Problems, 14, 206-

Griffin, E. (2009). A first look at communication theory. 7th ed. New…… [read more]

Interpersonal Communication the Relationship Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (689 words)
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Interpersonal Communication

The relationship that I am going to discuss is my relationship with my romantic partner. We are in a long-term romantic relationship, past the first stages of falling in love, and while our relationship is, at times, intensely private, it is, at other times, somewhat akin to a business partnership. How we interact when we are with each other impact our interactions with the public at large. As a result, while I would primarily characterize our relationship as a private one, it certainly has public functions.

For example, on many levels I feel as if my partner is irreplaceable. I have never in my life met someone with the same set of characteristics who was able to consistently illicit the same feelings from me. However, that feeling has certainly fluctuated over time. I began the relationship thinking that my partner was interchangeable, not with just any substitute person, but with the attitude that there were plenty of fish in the sea if our relationship did not flourish. Moreover, having observed some serious relationship problems in the past, there are still parts of me that know my partner is, in many ways, replaceable. If we break up, I will be heartbroken, but I will find love again. That new partner will not be the same as my current partner, but I will not be alone forever. One of the skills that I have learned in my relationship is that I can appropriately value my partner as a unique human being whom I appreciate having in my life without taking the fatalistic approach that love would end without him.

In my relationship, we are both interdependent and fiercely autonomous. For example, our daily lives are very interdependent. We eat meals together and I am the cook; I fear he would starve if I were to refuse to cook for him. He changes the light bulbs, and I literally rattle around in a dark room and wait for him to change the light bulb rather than do it myself. On the other hand, both of…… [read more]

Managing Conflict Through Communication Why Is Creativity Discussion and Results Chapter

Discussion and Results Chapter  |  1 pages (348 words)
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Managing Conflict Through Communication

Why is Creativity Important in Conflict Management?

Creativity is important in conflict management for a variety of reasons. The most important of these reasons is that it helps conflicts come to equitable, mutually beneficial conclusions much more quickly when creativity is used. Most of us are conditioned to go on the defensive when handling conflicts. This always puts us in an adversarial position to the other person and them to us. If both parties in a conflict are in adversarial positions, they will have a hard time coming to a pleasant conclusion to the conflict. Each will be pushing the other to give in, which will only create feelings of resentment on both sides. Either one party will give in and feel angry about it, or neither will give in and the relationship between the two parties will be damaged or broken. Neither is a good outcome.

However, if creativity is used in conflict management, things can be much different. A creative person will look at all possible angles of…… [read more]

Team Norms, Author Karten ) Case Study

Case Study  |  4 pages (1,096 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


These communication norms will respond to the need of team members to not feel detached and isolated from their own team, considering the nature of virtual teams (Kirkman, 2002:par. 25). Technology must be optimized to include applications that would make interactions among the members of the virtual team more interactive and real-life. Managers or leaders of these virtual teams must use efficiently simulated technologies to facilitate the smooth transmission and enactment of these communication norms. Without an efficient technology running among virtual teams, communication norms that seek to recognize the team members, their performance, and their issues will be rendered weak or at times, meaningless.

Task norms must be implemented as well as a complement to the communication norms of virtual teams. Not unlike communication norms, the task norms must also mimic naturally-occurring interactions and transactions that take place in "real life." Task norms to be established should be the following: (1) taking ownership of one's role and responsibilities; (2) exertion of effort in performing one's role in the team; (3) person-job and person-team fit; (4) flexibility; and (5) sensitivity to the needs of other team members.

The first and second task norms, taking ownership and exertion of effort in job performance are norms that are commonly implemented in all organized teams, whether these teams are virtual or not virtual. Third to fifth task norms, meanwhile, are especially important in virtual team management because of their specificity to the nature of interaction among members. In a virtual team, the member's fit to the job is not the only determinant in promoting team norms; more importantly, the person's fit to the team is sometimes the major and only determinant that will help the successful establishment of a team's norms. Further, team members must exercise flexibility because of the varying nature of communication that occurs in online interaction: textual only, audio-visual, or a combination of textual-audio-visual. Lastly, sensitivity to the needs of other members is a required norm because virtual teams have a "low-touch" interaction level, therefore there is a constant need to affirm and re-affirm to the virtual team a member's feelings and issues.

Given these proposed communication and task norms in virtual teams, there is a need to develop an action plan to effectively implement these norms. It is suggested that communication norms be developed as a "credo" that members must adhere to. Similarly, task norms must be the team's work ethic principles that they must know and imbibe as they go through their daily work and interactions as virtual teams. Both strategies will help institutionalize these norms. To further encourage institutionalization of these norms, members must take part in memorizing and constantly reminding each other about these communication and task norms as part of their daily work, especially when interacting or engaging with other virtual teams.


Karten, N. (2003). "Creating team norms." StickyMinds Website. Available at: http://www.stickyminds.com/sitewide.asp?Function=edetail&ObjectType=COL&ObjectId=6736

Kirkman, B. (2002). "Five challenges to virtual team success: Lessons from Sabre, Inc." Academy of Management Executive, Vol. 16, Issue 3.… [read more]

Personal Statement "Daddy's Home Admission Essay

Admission Essay  |  2 pages (584 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Developmental delays in speech often have a combined physical and cognitive component, and a delicate balance of hands-on therapy and speech adjustment must be struck, on an individual basis with every child, for the therapy to be completely effective. It is this level of individual attention lavished upon every child that attracts me to the field of speech pathology. I hope to eventually deploy a similarly individualized approach in my own practice.

One autistic child who I met at the beginning of the summer could initially communicate only through sign language. She was, as a result of the efforts of this trained professional, and also, I hope, some of my aid as well, able to sing "Old McDonald had a Farm," by the end of the program. I never knew such a simple, silly song could sound so beautiful to my ears.

I cannot provide answers to the greater questions of life and death. But sometimes that is not necessary. Sometimes a song or a sign is all that is needed to convey love and convey meaning. The gift of communication, to express one's self in one's own unique terms, I believe is the greatest gift, perhaps as great as life itself, that one can convey to another human being. I cannot hope to speak for Justin and the special kind of grief he feels at the death of his father. I am glad of that -- I do not wish to speak for any of the future students I envision myself aiding in my future practice. I merely hope to give them the ability to speak and to give their own answers, to life's great questions.… [read more]

Yes Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (2,177 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


¶ … Yes

Do you agree with the process outlined in the text? If so, why?

Regarding the text "Getting to Yes" I must say that I do agree with many of the plans and principles put forward about styles and factors to do with negotiation. The text gives a step-by-step method for formulating and carrying through on negotiation tactics.… [read more]

Color of Power Term Paper

Term Paper  |  15 pages (3,939 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


¶ … Color Semiotics of Power

Communication is the most studied science in the world. Whether through writing, speaking, presenting, sign language, music, painting, sculpture and even synchronized swimming, communication is the one science necessary for the comprehension of all other sciences. For instance, what good is Einstein's theory of photoelectricity if it is not communicated properly? Surely, he does… [read more]

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