"Computers / IT / Internet" Essays

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Computer Ethics: Internet Privacy Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (1,058 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3

SAMPLE TEXT:

Computer Ethics: Internet Privacy

One of the more interesting aspects of privacy in general is how people from different countries view the need. In the highly individualized United States, many people cherish their privacy as a legacy of their Fourth Amendment rights and this expectation of privacy extends into virtually all aspects of their lives, including the Internet. By sharp contrast, people in other countries such as China or India where the good of the group is paramount, expectations of privacy are less pronounced. Irrespective of such individual expectations of privacy, though, consumer behaviors in every society today are in fact being increasingly scrutinized and their privacy eroded through sophisticated software applications that track every move and record every purchase for analysis. In this environment, identifying risks to Internet privacy, digital images on the Internet, privacy considerations within social networking sites and the laws that cover Internet privacy has assumed new relevance and importance and these issues are discussed further below, followed by a summary of the research in the conclusion..

Risk to Internet Privacy

In today's technological world, millions of individuals are subject to privacy threats (Bamberger & Mulligan, 2011). For instance, according to Buchholz and Rosenthal (2006), professors of ethics and philosophy, respectively, "The Internet is a relatively new phenomenon, and with all the advantages it brings, it has also spawned new concerns about privacy. New technology has not only increased the amount of information circulating about individuals, but also the ease of retrieving virtually anything one wants to know about someone." (p. 35). In many cases, consumers are unaware of the amount and type of personal information being collected online, making the process especially insidious (Bucholz & Rosenthal, 2006).

In response to increasing concerns by consumers over Internet privacy issues, privacy measures are provided on several social networking sites to try to provide their users with protection for their personal information. Social media networks are defined by Hensel and Dies (2010) as "a type of online media that expedites conversation as opposed to traditional media, which delivers content but doesn't allow readers/viewers/listeners to participate in the creation or development of the content" (p. 88). These emerging social media networks are a veritable gold mine of personal information, of course, and Facebook executives and marketers alike have been quick to recognize the value of this data.

In late 2007, Facebook launched the Beacon program where user rental records were released on the public for friends to see. This initiative was cancelled, though, following a lawsuit from a nonprofit foundation that challenged Facebook's right to aggregate and disseminate personal information in this fashion (Brodkin, 2009). Although Facebook never admitted any wrongdoing at the time, the case was settled with a $9.5 million fund that is intended to support future Internet privacy projects (Brodkin, 2009).

Photographs on the internet

Today many people have digital cameras and post their photos online. These trends have created an entirely new set of expectations for privacy, especially when people are in public places. Although… [read more]


Computer IT Security Implementation Term Paper

Term Paper  |  10 pages (3,195 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 0

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The project entails relying on the Open Systems Interconnect (OSI) Model defined by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). The goals and objectives are to first create a Baseline Security Level and also to manage to Real-Time Security Metrics. This goal entails the objectives of defining an executive and corporate wide audit of the existing data security process and evaluating… [read more]


Computer History Research Paper

Research Paper  |  5 pages (1,593 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5

SAMPLE TEXT:

Computer History

It is said that before 1935, a computer was a person who was performing arithmetic calculations. During 1935 and 1945, a computer was referred to as a machine but not a person. Its definition as a modern machine tends to be based on von Neuman's concepts: a device that is capable of accepting input, processing data, storing data… [read more]


Internet on Life Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,731 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4

SAMPLE TEXT:

The Internet has also brought together more people for greater levels of communication and collaboration then ever before, creating an exceptional level of advertising, e-commerce and services performance. All of these factors are together showing the world that it is much more connected and interdependent than many may have ever considered before. With this recognition comes the responsibility to provide an exceptionally high level of performance in business, education and the arts on a consistent base to add value to the global communities of interest.

Works Cited

Bassamboo, Achal, Sunil Kumar, and Ramandeep S. Randhawa. "Dynamics of New Product Introduction in Closed Rental Systems." Operations research 57.6 (2009): 1347,1359,1532-1534.

Bernoff, Josh, and Charlene Li. "Harnessing the Power of the Oh-so-Social Web." MIT Sloan Management Review 49.3 (2008): 36-42.

Dyer, Jeffrey H., and Kentaro Nobeoka. "Creating and Managing a High-Performance Knowledge-Sharing Network: The Toyota Case." Strategic Management Journal 21.3 (2000): 345-67.

Henry, Paul. "E-Learning Technology, Content and Services." Education & Training 43.4 (2001): 249-55.

Markides, Costas, and Daniel Oyon. "What to do Against Disruptive Business Models (when and how to Play Two Games at Once)." MIT Sloan Management Review 51.4 (2010): 25-32.…… [read more]


Computers Internet Computer Technology Term Paper

Term Paper  |  15 pages (5,406 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

Internet

Business

Proposal & Implementation Plan

For Refurbishment of Former Factory Building

Proposal & Implementation Plan

For Refurbishment of Former Factory Building

As part of the proposed refurbishment of the former factory building, this proposal addresses the potential networking and Voice over Internet (VoIP) requirements for up to 50 apartments, 30 small retail stores, 2 or more full-service restaurants, a… [read more]


Internet Abuse in Universities Case Study

Case Study  |  5 pages (1,663 words)
Bibliography Sources: 7

SAMPLE TEXT:

Internet Abuse in Universities

Why do you think universities may be reluctant to allow this type of research to be undertaken by students?

In the last decade or so, the Internet has had a tremendous impact on the arena of psychological research with lots of focus on interpersonal interactions and communication among other topics of focus (Niemz et al., 2005).… [read more]


Computers and the Internet Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (694 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 3

SAMPLE TEXT:

How do we solve this problem? Some people might think that pouring money into education for underdeveloped countries is one solution, or developing more foreign-language translation resources here, that can easily adapt to translating foreign Web sites for individual, corporate and government use. Another solution is developing Information and Communications Networks (ICN) in these countries, to bring the technology to the people and train them how to use it, giving them many more opportunities for advancement, education, and eventual mastery of the computer and their futures. Another writer notes, "The United Nations and other organisations have embarked on several projects aimed at bringing ICT to citizens of developing countries" (Boakye-Akyeampong, 2009). This would benefit the communities, it could help keep people in their communities instead of fleeing to the cities for work, and it could develop more African computer users ready to develop more information in their own languages, making it available to others around the world. While that would add to the proliferation of language problems facing the Internet in the future, it would better lives.

In conclusion, language, and lack of language skills, is a major problem facing the computers and Internet of the future. How language is translated could become a huge issue, and how users gain information could become a problem. Even larger is the idea of information being posted online that could be damaging or dangerous, and controlling that information in foreign countries. The Internet faces challenges ahead, and how we solve them is extremely important.

References

Boakye-Akyeampong, K. (2009). Community networks for developing countries. Retrieved 7 Nov. 2009 from the Public Sphere Project Web site: http://www.publicsphereproject.org/patterns/pattern.pl/public-pattern_id=12.

Osborn, D.Z. (2006). Selected proceedings of the 35th annual conference on African linguistics, ed. John Mugane et al. Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Proceedings Project, p. 86-93.

Rasmus, D. (2009). The future of information. Retrieved 7 Nov. 2009 from the Windows Live Web site: http://future-of-work.spaces.live.com/?_c11_BlogPart_BlogPart=blogview&_c=BlogPart&partqs=cat%3DComputers%2520and%2520Internet>… [read more]


Applying Troubleshooting Methodologies Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (1,783 words)
Bibliography Sources: 6

SAMPLE TEXT:

Applying Troubleshooting Methodologies

Component #1 - Identifying Tools and Techniques

Knowledgebase Problem 1: Computer will not power on Methodology to isolate:

To isolate the issue by verifying that the power source is actually functional. Plug something else into the outlet and ensure it turns on. Try to turn on the computer again once you know the power source is functional.… [read more]


Mozilla Firefox and With Internet Explorer Research Paper

Research Paper  |  2 pages (599 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2

SAMPLE TEXT:

¶ … Mozilla Firefox and with Internet Explorer.

Internet Explorer was the first one I was familiar with. It served me well until I thought my computer was crashing down and I tried all things to make it faster. I would withdraw books from the library, laboriously read manuals, download instructions on how to make the computer faster, delete as many programs as I could, insert new programs to 'clean' the computer, and, in short, tediously and persistently attempt to create faster downloading time of search engine.

I then started experiencing another problem: I was often told that Google or Yahoo had stopped working and that the page could not recover the website. Sometimes, the computer froze for long periods of time, other times it haphazardly took me to a previous page; almost always the search was slow with search frequently freezing in the middle.

Frustrated, I turned to other computers.

That was when I realized that it may have been the browser rather than the computer since Internet Explorer gave me these and similar problems regardless of computer that I was one. These same challenges occurred in the library too.

A technician recommended that I turn to Firefox. A friend encouraged me to the same. Both told me that Firefox was the fastest, most reliable search-browser I was yet to find and that Internet Explorer was painfully slow.

I turned to Mozilla Firefox and use it religiously since then. I have had no problems.

I must amend that statement. Sometimes I do find -- and this is particularly so on the library's computer which I still have to understand why -- that the page does not load instantly and sometimes fails to load altogether. This situation, however, does no happen on my computer and indeed only occurs on…… [read more]


Ethics and the Internet Term Paper

Term Paper  |  9 pages (3,424 words)
Style: Harvard  |  Bibliography Sources: 15

SAMPLE TEXT:

Ethics and the Internet

Use of the internet has improved immensely in the recent past. However, this improvement has brought an increase in the ethical issues. In this research paper, there is the determination of some of the ethical issues that arise from the internet. These include the issue of privacy to individuals who use social media such as Face… [read more]


Small Computer Systems Term Paper

Term Paper  |  15 pages (4,808 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0

SAMPLE TEXT:

Small Computer Systems

Proposed Research Plan: Current and Future Trends in Small, Communicating Computer Systems

The topic or problem to be addressed.

Computers continue to get smaller and the evolution of processing speeds is following Moore's Law. It is reasonable to assume that at some point in the foreseeable future, the desktop computer may simply become a thing of the… [read more]


Internet Censorship Essay

Essay  |  10 pages (2,943 words)
Bibliography Sources: 20

SAMPLE TEXT:

Many countries like the United States treat people participating in such activities with an entirely different rule book and set of standards and practices than people who commit perceived lesser crimes. Freedom of association is generally held to be a positive but when people are conversing with the outwardly stated purpose of overthrowing government and/or committing mass murder in all… [read more]


Semantic Web Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (797 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 2

SAMPLE TEXT:

Computer Science MS Degree Application

In 1999, WWW.inventorTim Berners-Lee wrote in his book, Weaving the Web:

I have a dream for the Web...Machines become capable of analyzing all the data on the Web - the content, links, and transactions between people and computers. A "Semantic Web," which should make this possible, has yet to emerge, but when it does, the day-to-day mechanisms of trade, bureaucracy, and our daily lives will be handled by machines talking to machines, leaving humans to provide the inspiration and intuition.

It is hard to believe that Berners-Lee said this just a mere eight years ago, and so much has changed since then. Surely even such an outstanding innovator could not have imagined that his dream would materialize so quickly. As a result, as his quote states, "now it is up to the humans to provide the inspiration and intuition." It is great to know that I have the opportunity of being one of these individuals.

With my education and work experience thus far, I am on my way to making the Internet my full-time career. In December 2005 I graduated from (name of school) with a Bachelor of Science in Computer Science. This experience was everything I hoped it would be, since it more than confirmed that I had the ability and interest in this field. In order to move ahead, I am now applying to (name of school) as a candidate for the Master's in Information Systems program.

After graduating high school and attending the university, I held the positions of Web Applications Developer and Internet Marketing Specialist. At (name of company), I had the opportunity to work with an experienced team as lead developer on Web-based training courses. My varied responsibilities included helping end users acquire their knowledge needs, providing technical assistance and evaluation of proposed plans, and assisting in the design and delivery of the Web infrastructure. In marketing, I saw the Internet from the flipside of the business perspective, as I maintained the website and listserv, monitored the in-house servers, resolved DNS issues and networked printer problems, and operated the Active Director on the exchange server. This rounded out my understanding of the impact the Internet has on the entire organization. Most important, I gained hands-on experience with the intricacies of the WWW.andnetwork architecture. Now, as a web developer at (type of company), I am using my varied talents…… [read more]


Computer Monopoly Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (1,032 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4

SAMPLE TEXT:

Computers/Internet

What is particularly interesting about the Microsoft Monopoly trial is the fact that much was said about Microsoft's alleged attempt to completely monopolize a market that should be open to competitors as well. However, Microsoft's supporters hold that the trial has been unfair to the company's right to compete to the best of its ability. It is precisely this ability to compete that brought the company to the witness chair to defend its position. Another interesting aspect of the trial is to examine the statements of the various stakeholders. When examined closely, these statements are often revealing with regard to the views that computer business moguls hold regarding the roles and definitions of computer applications, as opposed to those held by the general public. Indeed, trials such as the one examined here become so public that some influence on the public view must be assumed. In particular, some statements by Bill Gates in the transcripts of his video depositions are examined as they relate to popular views of the public relating to the same issues. It is important to keep in mind that these statements and definitions might be viewed from a variety of positions, as such acquiring a different meaning depending upon the speaker/hearer.

A document released by the Microsoft Company reads, "Our industry is always looking for the next 'Killer Application' - for a category of software that, by its utility and intelligent design, becomes indispensable to millions of people...." "The latest confirmed 'Killer App' is the web browser." When asked what Bill Gates himself meant by defining a web browser as a "Killer Application," he claims to have meant that browsing would be simply "very popular." Upon this response, The Microsoft Computer Dictionary is used to provide two definitions of the term "Killer App": 1) An application of such popularity and widespread standardization that it fuels sales of the hardware platform or operating system for which it was writing (in this case Windows); and 2) An application that supplants its competition. The latter is something that Microsoft's browser has certainly managed to do.

In the light of the written documents, it is clear that Bill Gates is being somewhat evasive in his statement, as he has reportedly been throughout the trial. He appears not to reveal the true level of competition that he has envisioned with his Windows and web browser products. However, this paradigm is abundantly clear from all written evidence submitted to the court. The Microsoft Web Browser is admitted to be a Killer Application. Microsoft admits a Killer Application to be one that is focused specifically upon 1) user utility and 2) eradicating competition. What is interesting here is the apparent discrepancy between Gates's statement and the written evidence. Gates, as mentioned above, admits user utility, but not the competitive paradigm.

The competitive paradigm, as stated by Microsoft supporters, is part and parcel of the business world, especially for giants such as the Microsoft Corporation. Indeed, from a business point-of-view, it is essential… [read more]


Computer Is Too Slow Application Essay

Application Essay  |  2 pages (650 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4

SAMPLE TEXT:

It also advised me to automate Windows Update by allowing Windows to install the latest updates, which will improve the computer's performance.

Finally, Microsoft urged me to remove spy ware and to install an anti- virus-protection program on the computer. Spy ware and malware can slow down the system, and the site was most helpful in referring me to a free program that would provide automatic updates to help keep the system running more efficiently.

Conclusion

Through turning to various sites, I discovered that the more technical the site, the more complex the information and, the more laborious to understand. In time, I realized that by turning to those sites most instantly connected to computer (such as Microsoft), the information was not only simple (i.e. geared to computer dummies such as I), but also explained why the problem occurred in the first place as well as practically leading me through the steps and showing me where the essential tool may be found.

I had, at one time, consulted tomes and diverse books and manuals in the effort to improve computer performance. I gave up: their instruction was too abstruse. In one site and with only a few paragraphs, Microsoft not only provided reasons for the problem, but also directed me to aid that can eliminate it and very simply and succinctly led me through the steps whereby I can induce more rapid performance. The Internet, I discovered, can be a problem solving as opposed to a problem-generating system, as long as one knows which sites to access. I've learned that oftentimes sites that are most intimately involved with production and performance of the product can best help you. Perhaps because they know more about it and are better paid to know more about their job than others are

Reference

Microsoft at home. Slow PC? Optimize your computer for peak performance www.microsoft.com/athome/setup/optimize.aspx… [read more]


Computer / How Soon Till IT's Outdated Term Paper

Term Paper  |  8 pages (3,095 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

¶ … computer / How soon till it's outdated

The study informs that selecting a computer system to buy is an individual choice, which will differ from person to person. Due to the high rate of technological obsolescence, the value of the computer bought today goes down remarkably in a very limited duration of time period. Therefore the purchase of… [read more]


Internet the Great Worm Term Paper

Term Paper  |  7 pages (2,580 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

Just like today when the majority of machines use Windows, at that time a huge number of machines met these specifications and carried the programs that were susceptible." [cue line 2] "The worm transmitted itself through the Sendmail service, which is notoriously buggy, and accepted the worms request to use it. Many administrators' first line of defense was to shut… [read more]


Internet Security Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,386 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

Such a loss would be devastating. Other tools like Telnet and FTP are also important and its use cannot be eliminated. Username and passwords are sent in clear text by telnet and FTP and any outside intervention can cause the loss of privacy. However improved versions with secure authentication methods are being developed that do not undergo clear text transmission and thus organizations should update their systems to use those.

Tools that scan for and detect security holes within the network should be adhered to by organizations. These tools would scan for any vulnerability that could be exploited by hackers. This would be a preemptive step in the security measures that an organization would take and high risk vulnerabilities can be addressed as a priority before any incident of unauthorized access can occur thus keeping safe critical data. Moreover benchmarks should be used to keep the security up-to-date. "Benchmarks are complex documents and most system administrators and security practitioners have neither the time nor the breadth of expertise to test every aspect man-ually. Automated testing makes that job easy and reliable" (Alan Paller). The U.S. government has also been stepping up its fight for a better internet security for organizations. "The Energy Department, along with four other federal agencies and the Center for Internet Security (CIS), today announced the release of a security configuration benchmark for Oracle Database Versions 8i and 9i running on Windows and Unix" (Grant Gross). Extensible Authentication Protocol Over Ethernet is a very important tool for security. It is used for wireless and wired protocols.

Internet has opened doors to hackers and other mischievous people to cause disruptions and loss to individuals as well as organizations. Many competitor organizations also make use of these unfair means to tap into vital data to gain an insight on the plans of their competitors. Such unethical means although wrong are on the rise and they will never end. Newer ways will be developed by people for such unfair means and indeed newer ways will be developed by others to ensure top notch security. The advantages of internet cannot be overlooked and it has served to be a vital ingredient in ecommerce. People access it from their PCs and cell phones while organizations need it for their own benefits. Thus it is important for organizations to use security tools in order to prevent any misfortune. Organizations normally have employee data, customer data and other critical data which could be easily misused if gone in the wrong hands. Hence it is important for them to protect it with all means possible. Firewalls, anti-viruses, spam protection are all tools that would save a company from monetary losses. Benchmarks should also be used by companies to detect and be informed of any security loopholes that its network might have. Some services that are potentially dangerous like email, remote login etc. are also important to use and their use cannot be omitted. Therefore organizations should use protective measures against these to minimize or eliminate… [read more]


Computers Think Computers Are Programmed Research Paper

Research Paper  |  6 pages (1,688 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0

SAMPLE TEXT:

A computer would not consider human emotions into its analysis, which means that it has no emotions or self-awareness. These two are part of what forms intelligence and is necessary for processing thoughts. Self-awareness would allow the computer to approach the situation with other and itself in mind. Taking others into consideration is not capable for computers unless there is data input by a user to suggest this consideration.

The lack of consciousness limits indicates computers cannot think as conscious allows a person to differentiate good from bad. The differentiation is different for two people based on their prevailing environment, cultural beliefs, and religion. Since a computer does not have a conscious it would only operate within the requirements of the law and will not consider any of the prevailing circumstances. This demonstrates that the computer cannot think on its own. It would require human input or interaction for the computer to change its way of functioning. Input is a requirement for both computers and humans, but humans can determine by themselves that there is some information missing, which computers are not able to do. A computer is also not capable of getting information on its own. If not user inputs the information the computer will do nothing and it will also not make any request for the information. This definitely does prove that a computer cannot think or does not have any reasoning power.

Using human conscious a person is able to determine a situation is unsafe and they would move from the location for their own safety. A computer does not have the ability of using its conscious as it does not have one, which means that it will require some input from external sources (user) in order for it to know what is really happening and predict the outcome. Once it has determined the outcome, it will not move from the area as it does not have any feelings or emotions. The lack of these limits the computer's ability to correctly be thought of as a capable of thinking. This analysis is based on how humans react to situations. Humans have different inputs, and the computer relies only on two inputs (Keyboard and Mouse) for capturing any data. This limited ability makes computers unable to capture all the information by itself and without requiring…… [read more]


Benchmarking Keyloggers for Gathering Digital Multiple Chapters

Multiple Chapters  |  18 pages (8,600 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

Diverse cases and media may call for different techniques of evaluation. Persons assessing digital evidence require exceptional training for this objective.

Documenting and Reporting: The examiner is accountable for accurate reporting the results and the outcomes of the evaluation of the digital examination. Documentation is a continuous activity throughout the evaluation. It is significant to monitor the steps taken during… [read more]


Personal Computer While Personal Computers Application Essay

Application Essay  |  2 pages (700 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2

SAMPLE TEXT:

In fact, the house might not be in an area where there is reliable Internet access, which means the student cannot use the computer as an effective research tool like her 'connected' peers. And not having a computer which is a 'fun' toy to play on, even for personal Internet use, may mean that poorer students lack full comfort and familiarity with many of its potential uses.

The 'digital divide' may also exhibit itself in a general lack of computer awareness amongst students. Students at wealthy and prestigious science high schools may learn coding, how to construct web pages, and how to edit video content on a computer, substantially adding to their marketability as future employees. Poorer students may lack access to these higher level skills: there may not be enough sophisticated equipment at their school to learn more than word processing. This can also manifest itself as a 'digital divide.'

Finally, the data supporting enhanced use of computers is solely based upon students. Although students are an important demographic group, they are not the only ones who can benefit from having and knowing how to use computers. There is no evidence that computer ownership is growing amongst the populace as a whole. People with limited access to computers and the Internet will have more difficulty job-searching (since most applications are available online).

The paragraph does not examine additional sources beyond the Businessweek article, including current research which indicates that fewer persons in specific demographic groups may be using computers to do routine digital tasks at all, and what the educational and vocational implications are of this phenomenon. A recent study by the independent Pew Research Center found that only "fifty one percent of black adults access the Internet at home via desktop compared to 65% of white adults. The lower cost of accessing the Internet on the mobile web has changed the landscape of the digital division" (Sanders 2012).

Reference

Sanders, J. Victoria. (2012). The participation divide: Separate and unequal in digital media?

The Texas Observer. Retrieved from the Pew Research Center at:…… [read more]


Computers and Culture Research Paper

Research Paper  |  7 pages (2,023 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

This is not to say that the computer is a blight on the symbolic landscape; only that, like medical technology, it has usurped powers and enforced mind-sets that a fully attentive culture might have wished to deny it (Postman 107).

Thus, the computer has created great changes and advances in our lives, but ultimately it has also greatly changed our culture. As one historian notes, "This is obvious if we think about the building blocks of a culture: language, custom, ritual, myth, religion, law, art, and so on" (Shapiro 117). Many of these building blocks are slowly eroding as computers edge their way further and further into our culture. Postman notes, "A new technology does not add or subtract something. It changes everything. In the year 1500, fifty years after the printing press was invented, we did not have old Europe plus the printing press. We had a different Europe" (Postman 18). Computers have changed our lives for the better in many, many ways. However, they have created a reliance on machines and technology that has become a Technopoly, and our society suffers from this reliance, as Postman states about the computer, "it is the dominant metaphor or our age; it defines our age by suggesting a new relationship to information, to work, to power, and to nature itself" (Postman 111). Language, custom, ritual, myth, art, religion, and law have all evolved as technology grows. Today, our culture is riddled with machines, and some of the niceties of life, from the ritual of the family dinner, to the fine art of conversation, are rapidly disappearing. So is the custom of reading books, and spending time studying the foundations of culture. Postman continues, "Who knows what schools will be like twenty-five years from now? Or fifty? In time, the type of student who is currently a failure may be considered a success" (Postman 17). Computers are marvelous inventions, but to allow them to take over our society, as we have done, has made drastic changes in how we live, work, and relate to each other. As Postman eloquently reminds us, "Technopoly also encourages insensitivity to what skills may be lost in the acquisition of new ones. It is important to remember what can be done without computers, and it is also important to remind ourselves of what may be lost when we do use them" (Postman 120). We are losing ourselves to the wonders of Technopoly, and that is a tragedy.

Bibliography

Berg, R. Dreyer. "Our Computational Culture: From Descartes to the Computer." ETC.: A Review of General Semantics 51.2 (1994): 123+.

Marsha Kinder, ed. Kids' Media Culture. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1999.

Perrolle, Judith A. "Information, Technology, and Culture." The Relevance of Culture. Ed. Morris Freilich. New York: Bergin & Garvey Publishers, 1989. 98-114.

Postman, Neil. Technopoly: The Surrender of Culture to Technology. New York, Vintage Books, 1992.

Shapiro, Andrew L. The Control Revolution: How the Internet is Putting Individuals in Charge and Changing the World We Know. New… [read more]


Internet Fraud the Slashing Term Paper

Term Paper  |  12 pages (4,362 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

The "identity theft" literally refers to the resulting crimes by acquiring illegally others personal data like, name, date of birth, driving license number, financial identity, and using of the same wrongfully for their own goals. The personal data cannot be compared with the unique fingerprints that cannot be easily given to or stolen by some one else for their own… [read more]


Advanced Persistent Threat Research Paper

Research Paper  |  20 pages (5,786 words)
Bibliography Sources: 20

SAMPLE TEXT:

¶ … Persistent Threat

Historical Background of APT

Today, APT, or Advanced Persistent Threat, describes cyber attacks, which are produced by organized teams of individuals, whom have extremely in-depth resources. These teams of individuals have highly advanced technological and database penetration skills and they target specific profiles. Attack tactics are very precise and deliberate and they remain consistent in their… [read more]


Browser Comparison Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,415 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2

SAMPLE TEXT:

Internet

Browser Comparison

People use the internet everyday. It has gone from being an innovation into a requirement for the majority of people. A good number office jobs these days necessitate some contact to the internet in order to do research, send exchanges, or authenticate inventories. The assortment of things that can be done over the internet is extremely extensive… [read more]


Computer Technology Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (965 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 3

SAMPLE TEXT:

Computer Technology and Daily Life

One of the hallmarks of the Computer Age and computer technology -- and truly of all technology -- is the increased ease and speed of communication and trade. Basically, every technological innovation from the wheel to the airplane, and the telegraph to the Internet, has allowed human beings to connect with other individuals for both social and economic benefit. Computers and their accompanying technologies are no exception to this generalization, but are rather simply the latest and arguably the most efficient manifestations of humanities inherent sociability. The Internet is, of course, the most clear example of this technological trend when it comes to computers. Using the Internet and the multitude of specific software programs and websites that have been developed in the decade or so of its true spread and cultural ingraining, people today are able to see what a friend is doing and even talk to them, find businesses and products with pricing information and consumer reviews, and access almost the entire store of human knowledge -- and all of this almost instantly, with a few keystrokes.

Computers and the Internet share another similarity with other technologies -- they quickly insinuate themselves into essential positions within a culture. Twenty years ago, very few people had cell phones, even though they existed. Technology improved and cheapened, and now it is almost impossible to imagine getting by without one. The same is true of email; most businesses and learning institutions assign employees/students email addresses that are used for necessary communications, and such options are generally available for most financial institutions as well. Email is already pretty much mandatory for conducting business in the modern age, and the Internet in general is following along the same path. In the coming decade, the instant communication of the Internet will have a huge effect on our daily lives.

Academia is one area where the Internet will continue to make a large and controversial impact. Having access to such enormous quantities of information means that there are at least as many false or misleading websites as there are reliable ones. According to one study, however, seventy-three percent of college students use the Internet more than a library to conduct research for their courses (Causey 2005). This has led many to fear the increased dumbing-down of the student body, and a decreased ability to tell reliable information from claptrap. Similar fears arose surrounding the printing press, however; when information becomes cheap to disseminate, more and more people will have their say (Causey 2005). In the coming years, not only will Internet control via legislation become more prominent, but skills will develop in the population that enable a greater ability to discern good information.

This will be increasingly necessary, as well, as the coming decade will bring faster and even more capable mobile devices and networks that enable Internet access almost anywhere, anytime. Even…… [read more]


Internet Addiction Thesis

Thesis  |  7 pages (1,895 words)
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SAMPLE TEXT:

Internet Addiction

From education to entertainment and business to communication, the Internet has touched upon every aspect of our lives. Paradoxical as it might seem, the Internet, which is widely touted as a broad socializing medium is silently causing social isolation among some of the users. The explosive growth of the Internet makes it a high priority to intervene appropriately… [read more]


E-Communities' Impact the Impact of E-Communities Table Term Paper

Term Paper  |  18 pages (4,918 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 35

SAMPLE TEXT:

E-communities' Impact

The Impact of E-communities

Table of Contents ( 35 ref - 45 p, -- MLA)

E-community Characteristics

"Being a Member" Benefits

Etiquette Examples.

Danger and miscommunication from E-communities.

Summary of evidence supporting the Hypothesis

Explanation of methodological approach of investigation.

i? Conclusion: further thinking or the term, egoboo.

The Impact of E-communities

E-community Characteristics

The "sayings" of a… [read more]


Effort to Build E-Government and an Information Society Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (795 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 5

SAMPLE TEXT:

¶ … Society

Information is the Power for the Future

Technology is a two-edged sword and civilization is the hostage. Information gives us the ability to control technology and use it for the good of mankind, but information is only as good as its source. The Internet is a huge network of computers controlled by human beings, all of them fallible. The sheer power of the information readily available on the Internet is awesome, but it is like alphabet soup, and the information which is usable may only be the cupful of letter shaped noodles in that huge cauldron. The key to using the information available is sifting out the sand leaving only the gold nuggets of truth.

Access to information is the key to government by the people and for the people. The invention of the movable type printing press began the process of creating a literate world, and the Internet offers the most powerful tool ever created towards that end. Human beings can now add immense resources to their own brain power in the form of documents which store information we would otherwise forget.(Hayakawa, Dr. S.I. 1935) In addition, the processing power of computers offers the advantage of being able to analyze data in every way imaginable.

In order to really create the new information society, the government must make as much information as possible available publicly on the net. It also need to be searchable and well organized by tasks. The communication needs to be two way for it to provide the best possible benefits. In this way, the public can stay informed on all aspects which interest them. Government programs can become more successful with higher participation due to the availability of information.

In addition to this, information technology can provide us with better protection for life and property. It is also, perhaps, the only way to combat the possibilities of terrorism, which is much more dangerous with the technology for mass murder so readily available. The Patriot Act may take things a little too far, but some loss of personal privacy is a small price to pay for relative safety. This technology provides so many benefits to society that it should actually be protected. The availability of the Internet prevented a coup in Russia in 1991 (Peters, Katherine McIntyre 1999) and helped to bring down the Berlin Wall. So many vital services…… [read more]


Policy Analysis: IT Policy Thailand Advancement Essay

Essay  |  13 pages (4,154 words)
Bibliography Sources: 13

SAMPLE TEXT:

Policy Analysis: IT Policy Thailand

Advancement in science and technology in articulation in the field of information and communication technology (ICT) has a very important role all through the world. Currently science and technology are being applied in every sector that include education, health, industry, politics, society and military etc. (Petrides, 2000) Some important and significant developments in ICT were… [read more]


Security Policy Dr. Fossett's Dental Office Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (1,254 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0

SAMPLE TEXT:

Security Policy of a Dental Office

Information Technology Security for XYZ's Dental Office will be achieved by implementing these controls, policies, procedures and standards. This approved Security policy reflects the rapidly changing technologies within the dental office and aims ensure that the facility is properly protected and all security objectives are met. This security policy provides clear direction and support for security. XYZ is the owner of this policy and is therefore responsible for the review and enforcing of controls authorized by the policy.

Access Privileges will be unique for each user and determined by the system administrators; Account refers to access privileges assigned to a user; E-mail is the electronic mail and exchange of information; Data Ownership is any data stored on the office's computers - it is owned by XYZ's office; Web Server is the web server operated by to office to access the internet and external data sources; Information Security represents the attempt to preserve confidentiality, integrity and availability of data Policy Owner is XYZ who is responsible for policy maintenance and review

SYSTEM - This policy covers all freestanding computers, networked computers, timeshared computers, servers or terminals owned, leased or operated by XYZ's Dental Office. This also entails any network or networked component that links the before mentioned devices with any external network or network component including all peripherals, software, data and media associated with these devices; telephones, modems, fax machines, recording devices or other devices forming part of the office's voice network. Users cannot attempt to circumvent any system security, network security or any protection or resource restrictions placed on their account. The users must not attempt to capture or decode passwords or access codes, read or capture any data without authority or attempt to create or install any form of malicious software (for example worms, viruses, sniffers) which may affect computing or network equipment, software or data. User must not attach any unauthorised device or signal to the system or connect any equipment providing external access to the system (for example, a modem) without the proper authorization.

GENERAL - XYZ's system provide support the office's medical research, community service and administrative work and should not be used for any other purpose. No person will utilize the system for private purpose, including private commercial, political or religious purposes. It is acknowledged that there will be some use of communications for personal purposes, but this must clearly not interfere with obligations owed by the office or third parties or otherwise breach any part of this policy.

ACCESS - Access to the system is controlled by the formal user registration process and includes using unique user-ids which represent that any user can be linked and made responsible for their actions; users must have authorization from the system owner; users must sign a statement indicating that they have been informed and that they understand this policy; when in breach of these policies, users can be immediately removed or have their access rights amended as needed.

USER PASSWORD Management… [read more]


Design a Network Term Paper

Term Paper  |  11 pages (3,241 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

¶ … Network

Structure and functions of networks nodes

Physical and channel levels

Protocol and applied level of network

Splitting network on subnets

Installation of DHCP server

Installation of DNS, WINS, IIS servers

Local network of an enterprise covers 120 personal computers of users and 15 servers on the base of PC Intel platform, which are situated on the four… [read more]


Proposal on the Relationship Between Deep Vein Thrombosis Dvt and Internet Cafe Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,410 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

¶ … Vein Thrombosis (DVT) and Internet cafe

DVT and Internet Users: proposal

Recent studies have positively associated DVT or deep vein thrombosis with Internet usage, gaming and Internet cafes.

Medical research indicates that there might be severe risks associated with extended computer use without exercise. A study by the Medical Research Institute of New Zealand (MRINZ) was initiated a… [read more]


Computer Careers Nature and Background of Work Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,300 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0

SAMPLE TEXT:

Computer Careers

Nature and Background of Work

Job Opportunities within the Computer Profession

Working Conditions

Advancement Opportunities

Compensation

Educational and Other Requirements

Future Opportunities

Conclusion career in computers is perceived today to be one of the most high-paying and respected opportunities for the new millennium. Obviously rapid technological advancements in both the workplace and in society in general make computers a huge market of opportunities. Specialization in computers will then provide the computer professional with a myriad opportunities to advance his or her own knowledge as well as helping businesses remain at the cutting edge of technology and competition.

The profession itself evolves according to new technological advances, and even occupational titles within the computer profession change according to these advancements. Current titles that could be held include systems analysts, database administrators and computer scientists. Changes in technology are then also coupled with changes in preferences and practices of employers, thus necessitating the dynamic nature of a career in computers. It is therefore a career with a large number of opportunities not only in terms of financial gain, but also in terms of professional growth.

Systems analysts for example serve the business community through ensuring the smooth operation of computer systems, as well as implementing new systems according to the specific needs of an organization. Current systems may be upgraded and developed, while new systems are also created. According to these functions, some professionals are named systems developers or architects, according to their creative function.

Database administrators then work with databases incorporated within the systems created and installed by analysts. Communication needs and the rapid expansion of information systems such as the Internet are often handled by both database administrators and systems analysts. Often these two areas are handled by a single person or group of computer experts (Wiliams, Pers. Comm.). Networking between computers within an office or among various offices are then also handled by these experts.

Computer professionals can then be involved in both of the above areas, while also acting as experts in the implementation and expansion of the Internet. Several new professions have also been created as a result of the Internet and its popularization. The design and maintenance of Web sites for example are part of the duties handled by Internet developers or Web designers. The technical aspects such as speed and performance issues are generally known as Webmasters.

Computer scientists on the other hand work at the highest level of specialized and technical theory relating to the profession. Opportunities in computer science range from academic institutions to computer laboratories, where some are self-employed innovators and programmers. The design and evolution of information technology, computer programs, artificial intelligence and computer games (Bureau of Labor Statistics).

It is therefore clear that a career in computers offers a wide range of opportunities and directions of specialization. Accordingly, it is also a career where the benefits include a wide range of compensation possibilities with mostly excellent working conditions. The latter usually entails offices or laboratories. The hours range… [read more]


History of Computers, While Relatively Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,536 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0

SAMPLE TEXT:

Some are designed to be lighter and smaller than even the average notebook, possessing comparable power to a desktop or desktop replacement but in a significantly smaller package, some as small as a sheet of paper.

The advantages of laptop computers are obvious -- they are portable, allowing increased productivity and connectivity. They are comparable if not equal or superior to desktops in their processing capacities. The essential drawback to laptops is that they are slightly more expensive than a desktop unit with the same capabilities. Powerful batteries and A/C adapter options make the laptop a portable computer that is competitive with desktop processing capabilities.

From units weighing over one ton to portable computers that are powerful enough to run a business from and small enough to fit in a briefcase, processing units have evolved incredibly quickly over the past half-century. The decline of minicomputers, replaced by more powerful microcomputers and notebooks, was mirrored by the resurgence of mainframes for large processing jobs and supercomputers for cutting-edge capabilities. Computers evolve and improve every day, and the user -- whether it is an individual college student or a multi-national corporation tracking financial transactions -- will only benefit from these changes.

Works Consulted

-- all information was accessed from online encyclopedia www.wikipedia.com

Wikipedia pages:

mainframes minicomputers microcomputers laptops supercomputers the history…… [read more]


Computer IBM, Entered the Computer Field Term Paper

Term Paper  |  20 pages (8,433 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

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COMPUTER

IBM, entered the computer field during the 1960's, into a market where Apple Computer Inc. And Tandy Corporation's Radio Shack Division had been dominating until then with one of its initial attempts to make a 'mini super computer'. The IBM machine came to be known for its technological impressiveness, and this impressiveness stemmed not from any one single breakthrough,… [read more]


Digitization Is Removing Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (735 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

One example of this is the Internet. Every user of the Internet is in fact inter-connected with each other. Hence with the Internet, users can pass any kind of information with each other.

Knowledge capture or "information flow co-ordination" needs to become a central, driving core competence.

I also agree in this statement. Knowledge capture or "information flow co-ordination" is important because information is the major aspect of computing. If information flow is not organized, the use of computing technologies will just be useless. The essence of information flow co-ordination can also be derived from the term Information Technology. From this term itself, information is the core element hence efficiency and core competence should focus on "information flow co-ordination." In fact, computing technologies were developed to improve information storage, access, communication, and transmission. Computing is all about information and the improvement of the many needs and processes involving information. The following statement, as suggested by Sahin and Robinson in their research, indicates how lack of "information flow co-ordination" creates a problem.

Advances in information technology, particularly in the e-business arena, are enabling firms to rethink their supply chain strategies and explore new avenues for inter-organizational cooperation. However, an incomplete understanding of the value of information sharing and physical flow coordination hinder these efforts.

E-business Issues that Impact Organization

Because information technology is very important in almost any business these days, it is critical that organizations should keep themselves updated with technological developments. In fact, it is almost because of the information technology that keeps organizations stay in the business track that they are in. For those that do not make use of the advantages of information technology, chances are that they will not afford to stay in the competing arena of business and industries where e-business is already the leading technique to success.

References

IOmega. Definition of Virtualization.

https://iomega-eu-en.custhelp.com/cgi-bin/iomega_eu_en.cfg/php/enduser/std_adp.php

Sahin, Funda, Robinson E., Powell. Flow Coordination and Information Sharing in Supply Chains: Review, Implications, and Directions for Future Research.

Decision Sciences. 2002.

http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3713/is_200210/ai_n9129335… [read more]


Computer What Is Going to Be Next Term Paper

Term Paper  |  10 pages (4,223 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

¶ … Computer: What is going to be next?

The development of computers is a process that has been going on for the last 70 years or so. The nature of development has been different over the years and the changes have come due to the realization of mankind of the possible utilities of computers also. The first attempts were… [read more]


Internet Communication the Face Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (705 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

Instant messages (often called "IM's") are literally instant communication between two people who happen to be online at the same time. They occur in real time. They put more pressure on a person's ability to write and spell adequately because it is difficult to use tools such as spell-checkers with them. Email and IM's have changed the face of warfare in one significant way: soldiers in Iraq have at least occasional access to computers, and the ability to email and sometimes IM loved ones at home (4).

One of the most interesting developments in computer communication might be weblogs, or "blogs." A combination of the words "web" and "log," a blog is an online personal journal that the writer makes available to others who can read and then comment on the contents (5). This form of computer communication may be the closest to traditional written expression, as the writer of the blog often takes the time to revise what he or she has said and actively seeks for the personal writing to have some kind of impact on the reader.

All of these newer forms of communication have changed how we write and increased emphasis on the need to be able to write easily and effectively. It places new demands on what it means to be literate, or able to read and write for the purposes of everyday activities.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Author not given. 2005. "Join Newsgroups: All About Newsgroups." Accessed via the Internet 10/8/05.

Heller, Steven. 2004. "Blog me, blog me not: design blogs offer stimulating idea forums, along with rambling, self-indulgent rants." Print, May 12.

Huang, Josie. 2004. "Instant message, instant relief; E-mails ease families' fears about Maine Guardsmen attacked in Iraq." Portland Press Herald (Maine), April 21.

Pillemer, Jack. No date given. "E-mail as a teaching tool." In ETAI Summer 1997. Accessed via the Internet 10/8/05.

Smart Libary. 2005. "Scholars Identify Cultural Forces that are Shaping Literacy," in Smart Library on Literacy and Technology. Accessed via the Internet 10/8/05. read more-->[read more]


Malware Since the Earliest Days of Humankind Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (1,957 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

Malware

Since the earliest days of humankind, inventions from the wheel to nanotechnology have been used and abused for unethical or illegal purposes. Why would it be any different for computer and Internet technology? In fact, the proliferation of computer exploitation necessitated an entirely new language. Overall, "malware" is software designed to infiltrate or damage a computer system, without the… [read more]


Theoretical Future Direction Term Paper

Term Paper  |  15 pages (4,349 words)
Bibliography Sources: 10

SAMPLE TEXT:

¶ … Literacy

The topic of information literacy has become very prominent and entrenched in the United States, and the nursing industry is no exception. The importance of having strong literacy in how to collect and decipher information, including the computer literacy that is often necessary to facilitate this collection, is extremely important in so many facets of life and… [read more]


Free Speech and Content Controls in Cyber Space Research Paper

Research Paper  |  3 pages (933 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0

SAMPLE TEXT:

Free Speech and Cyber Space

Annotated Bibliography

Carr, J. & Hilton, Z. (2009). Child protection and self-regulation in the internet industry: the UK

experience. Children & Society. National Children's Bureau. 23. 303-308. The UK has been successful in apprehending child predators because of restricting access on the internet. Internet providers have done little to stop the spread and sharing of sexual images of children online. Self-regulation has been the most successful tool in the fight against online predators and needs to be continued and furthered.

Frechette, J. (2005, Spring). Cyber-democracy or cyber-hegemony? Exploring the political and economic structures of the internet as an alternative source of information. Library Trends. In this article, the author finds that the internet has the power to provide information, but also do harm as in cases where children have been targeted by predators. The best way to protect children is through filtering systems which block content from every being shown to children. That being said, there is a line to be drawn when it comes to government involvement in limitation of access online as some argue it becomes an issue of free speech and of hindering the free market economy.

Gyorgy, P. (2002). The tale of cookies (Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde). Social Research. 69(1). 239-

245. Online people have a level of anonymity that they do not possess in reality. This has benefits and detriments as it leads people to behaviors that they might not commit if there were consequences. Given privacy for their online activities leads people to look up things or become involved in things which they know are not actually acceptable.

Part 2: Reflective Diary -- Free Speech and Content Controls in Cyber Space

There are positives and negatives to almost any situation and a person or group of people have to decide if the good outweighs the potential dangers of a course of action or object before making a decision. With regard to the internet, there is no doubt that its invention has changed the way of life for all people on the planet who have access to it. People can literally be online twenty-four hours a day if they choose. They can go on their computers, on their phones, on tablets, and even on their glasses. Every western life for the most part includes the internet in some way, either for work or social interaction or research or pleasure. Few people go a full day or even a few hours without logging on and going on some website or the other either to progress or learn or simply to goof off.

There are many positives associated with the Internet. Information which in the past could only be ascertained by mulling through moldy books for hours or days on end can be gotten in the click…… [read more]


Internet Access to Students Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (1,781 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

99 each - $2,400.51

Patch Cables: 80 @ $6.99 $559.20 port Hubs - 6 @ $39.95 $239.70

24 port switched Hubs -- $1,999.80

Router - 1 - $2,750 $2,750.00

Cable $400.00

Miscellaneous Parts $550.00

Hardware Total: $8,899.21

Internet Connectivity year service $6,600.00

Technician Service days @ $600 a day $3,000.00

Training days @ $1,000 a day $2,000.00

TOTAL PROJECTED COST OF PROJECT: $20,499.20

The budget is based upon probable bids from area vendors. It is possible the bids could come in slightly lower than projected. Because of the competitive bid process, and a general economic slowdown in the area, it is believed the local vendors may be willing to offer a lower price in the hopes of landing this contract.

Appendices:

The following appendices are offered as part of this proposal:

Local vendor lists (this listing includes information about their general services, staff, and hardware sales).

General information about networking and Internet connectivity - provided by several hardware and software manufacturers.

T1 availability information from Verizon - the local telephone service provider for the area where the Martin school is located.

Letter of support from the Parent Teachers Association, including their commitment to provide volunteer labor for the running of the long cable wire required to connect all desired rooms.

Letter of support from the school principal and assistant principal for the project.

Bibliography

National Center for Education Statistics. This document is available online at http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2002/internet/4.asp

Riley, R., Holleman, F., and Roberts, L. 2000. eLearning: Putting a World-Class Education at the Fingertips of All Children.U.S. Department of Education, Office of Educational Technology. This document is available online (http://www.ed.gov/Technology/elearning/e-learning.pdf).

U.S. Department of Education, Office of Educational Research…… [read more]


Depression and Internet Usage Term Paper

Term Paper  |  9 pages (2,784 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

Internet Usage, Depression, and Addiction

No responsible treatment of the cause and effect dynamic of depression through Internet usage would eliminate the relationship between Internet addiction and depression.

Previous research has identified the existence of addictive Internet usage and has been able to indisputably link this activity with "significant social, psychological, and occupational impairment." The studies have demonstrated that 'average'… [read more]


Wireless Clients Offsite Secure Hosting Services Fiber Book Report

Book Report  |  8 pages (2,316 words)
Bibliography Sources: 15

SAMPLE TEXT:

Wireless Clients

Offsite secure hosting services

Fiber Optic connectivity

Risk Assessment

The Assessment of the Wireless LAN infrastructure

VoIP risk assessment

This report discusses the risk and specifications for a logistics company, CyberTrans Ltd. The company offers next day delivery services in the entire U.K region for packages weighing up to 50 kg. They also offer a 3-day shipping service… [read more]


Impact of Social Networking on Our Life Essay

Essay  |  7 pages (1,953 words)
Style: Harvard  |  Bibliography Sources: 6

SAMPLE TEXT:

¶ … Societal Impact of Internet-Based Digital Media

Background and History of Digital Technology

The Origins of Digital Technology

Although the history of mechanical computational tools dates back thousands of years and multiple ancient cultures, the first digital systems were those developed during the World War II era, initially, in connection with the cryptography, ballistic computations of multiple variables during… [read more]


Identity Theft Using the Knowledge of Computer Thesis

Thesis  |  8 pages (2,712 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 8

SAMPLE TEXT:

Identity Theft

Using the knowledge of computer technology to commit various illegal acts has risen over the years. Earlier, computer crime was just a white-collar crime committed by insiders in a computer system. However, with the advances in telecommunications and information technology, the range and extent of such crimes has also advanced. Nowadays, computer crime encompasses any kind of offense… [read more]


Is Google Making Us Stupid? Thesis

Thesis  |  3 pages (849 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 2

SAMPLE TEXT:

¶ … Google

IS GOOGLE MAKING U.S. STUPID?

The Internet and the other inventions of the digital age have revolutionized modern life. To a large extent, those changes have been extremely beneficial because they streamline communications and many business applications. In academia, computers and the Internet have become essential tools even at the primary and secondary school level (Carr, 2008). However, concerns have been raised about the over- reliance on Internet search engines like Google, particularly among students. Likewise, educators have noticed a marked increase in plagiarism attributable to such easy availability of online information sources and the availability of copying mechanisms included in standard personal computers (Girard, 2009).

Beneficial Uses and Detrimental Influences of Internet Resources:

Without question, digital technology, computers, and the Internet have become essential research tools as well as providing an entirely new medium for communication among students and between students and instructors; they have also greatly improved the efficiency of remote learning systems. Whereas previous generations of students relied on the availability of library facilities to conduct even the most basic academic research, contemporary students have millions of volumes of references and periodicals, literally, at their fingertips.

Furthermore, the introduction of search engines and the expansion of Google and Wikipedia have greatly simplified the process of academic research. Similarly, computers are an invaluable help to writers at every level, because they permit instantaneous corrections that required retyping hard copies or correction fluid in previous generations, in addition to providing virtually unlimited data storage capabilities.

However, as pointed out by Nicholas Carr in his article Is Google Making Us Stupid? (Atlantic, 2008), the Internet revolution also presents potential obstacles to academic progress. By reducing academic research to a single automated electronic process that requires no more intellectual effort than a few computer keystrokes, superficial information portals like Google and Wikipedia may completely replace more thorough research methods to the detriment of students and academic institutions.

Typically, academic searches at the high school and undergraduate level no longer differ substantially, either from one another, or even from those conducted by middle school students, now consisting of little more than typing in a few keywords into the exact same search fields. In most cases, students conduct no further research beyond the first few websites that return information that looks credible at a glance (Carr, 2008).

Even worse, educators have documented tremendous increases in the incidence of academic dishonesty that are directly attributable to the digital age, computers, and catch-all internet information portals like Google.

The Internet and Academic Integrity:

Academic dishonesty existed…… [read more]


Joy of Technology Shapes Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (657 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 3

SAMPLE TEXT:

¶ … Joy of Technology

Technology shapes every aspect of daily life so much that living without it for even a short time is difficult and can cause complications. While we can live with this knowledge and plan for it in cases of vacations, it is quite different when our technology is taken from us unexpectedly and for a considerable amount of time. I learned that technology is woven deep into our lives and just a little time without it is nearly impossible in this day and age. Technology is not something that enhances our lives, it is an integral part of our lives and without it, society would eventually grind to a halt, throwing everyone in shock.

Technology is essential in the twenty-first century. Everyone carries a cell phone and almost everyone has access to a computer. If we do not have a computer, we have access to one. The National School Boards Association notes that in 1996, computer use is ranked third after English and math as important to students in school. (NSBA.org) if this is not enough, we have articles boasting about the skills that playing computer games can enhance. CNET.com reports that "gaming and community helps kids become more civic minded, encourages interest in charity and politics, and increases socialization" (CNET). With this news, we should embrace our addiction to technology instead of beat ourselves up over it. We need to see technology as something from which all individuals can benefit.

It is the unexpected loss of technology is practically debilitating. Planning for a lack of technology is not stressful. When I go camping, I am prepared to spend time away from my computer. I know I will not have electricity and I know that I will be around others and we plan things to do that do not involve too much technology. When technology is taken away suddenly for an unknown amount of time, it can leave one feeling almost hopeless. I learned…… [read more]


Internet Marketing in Saudi Arabia Term Paper

Term Paper  |  28 pages (7,754 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5

SAMPLE TEXT:

Internet Marketing in Saudi Arabia

Today, Saudi Arabia is one of the most affluent nations on earth and enjoys a large percentage of the world's known petroleum reserves. In addition, the number of Internet users and providers continue to increase regularly. In this environment, Internet marketing appears to represent a potential marketplace for virtually any export-minded enterprise anywhere in the… [read more]


Computer Hacker Term Paper

Term Paper  |  35 pages (9,646 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 10

SAMPLE TEXT:

Computer Hacker

Nefarious Notions

III Prevention

Cost to Companies

Concluding Considerations

COMPUTER HACKER

Nefarious Notions

"The Hacker Ethic: Access to computers and anything which might teach you something about the way the world works - should be unlimited and total.

Always yield to the Hands-on Imperative!

All information should be free.

Mistrust authority -- promote decentralization.

Hackers should be judged… [read more]


Internet Vulnerability in Today's Fast Paced Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,376 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 4

SAMPLE TEXT:

Internet Vulnerability

In today's fast paced Internet society, there is great risk for consumers in terms of the loss of their personal identity, their loss of privacy, and fraud. With each online transaction, email, blog posting, and online search for information, consumers open themselves for a variety of criminal action against them, often unwittingly. In addition to the criminal activities practiced online, there are several legal, yet questionable activities by a variety of companies and even the government that can endanger one's privacy and identity (Rheingold, 186). While the Internet certainly introduces several privacy and identity theft issues, however, informed consumers can protect themselves against such losses.

This paper discusses the vulnerability of citizens and consumers in terms of Internet transactions, examining both criminal activities as well as legitimate, yet privacy endangering activities. In addition, this paper will discuss ways in which consumers can protect themselves against such activities. Through this examination, this discussion can assist consumers in avoiding the possible problems related to Internet communications.

One major problem in relation to internet usage is identity theft. According to the U.S. Department of Justice, identity theft can be thought of as "all types of crime in which someone wrongfully obtains and uses another person's personal data in some way that involves fraud or deception, typically for economic gain" (USDOJ, online). Identity theft can often involve the theft of one's bank account, credit card, telephone calling card, and social security numbers, as well as other identifying data. This theft can result in unauthorized bank withdrawals, credit transactions, and even loans, vehicle purchases, and other high priced debts that the consumer is unaware are being created. Ultimately, these types of identity theft issues result in large out-of-pocket expenses, not only to pay off unauthorized debt, but also in legal fees, fines, late fees, and other associated payments (USDOJ, online).

In the current era, the Internet has become a primary area of concern in relation to identity theft. For criminals looking to gain personal information, the Internet provides a wealth of opportunity through online shopping, stored personal information, online banking, and even through chat rooms and other forms of interactive communication. Often, unknowing consumers provide information directly to criminals without even being aware.

One technique criminals use involves a form of fraudulent email called 'phishing'. Phishing, also called carding or brand spoofing, uses fake emails claiming to come from legitimate companies and banking institutions, such as Citibank, eBay, PayPal, Best Buy, and other companies. The message often includes company logos, standard formatting, and disclaimers. Often, the emails include a link to a website, and ask the recipient to log into the website and 'confirm' personal information such as account numbers, passwords, and credit card numbers. However, the link provided in the email takes consumers to a fraudulent website, where tracking programs log information entered by consumers, and send the information to the criminal individuals (Bielski, 9).

Another method of identity theft involves hacking, or the illegal breach of a company's database information to… [read more]


Mental and Physical Health Effects of Internet Use Among Young Adults Term Paper

Term Paper  |  7 pages (2,208 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 6

SAMPLE TEXT:

Mental and Phsyical Health Effects of Internet Use Among Young Adults

In the modern era of overeating, processed foods and an alarming level of obesity, that is quickly becoming a problem among the youth of the world; it is a wonder that there is not a more boisterous outcry in relation to the sedentary determinism that is created by the… [read more]


Statistics and Analyzing Term Paper

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Over the course of time, this has created situations where an individual would rather stay on the computer vs. conducting some kind of face-to-face communication. Instead, most people have begun to use social networking, texting, email and instant messaging to speak with one another. This is point that a person will feel a sense of disconnect from society, as they will use computers to take them to an alternate reality. Once this occurs, is when consumers will begin to spend larger amounts of time on their computers in comparison with other activities.

The Use of Computer by Businesses, Governments and other Organizations

Over the decades, there has also been a shift in the kinds of organizations that are utilizing computers to achieve a host of objectives. The reason why, is because they have been shown to lower costs and increase productivity. For businesses, governments, schools and nonprofits this has become a vital tool that they are using to achieve a host of objectives.

Evidence of this can be seen with a study that was conducted by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. They found that nearly 77% of employees are using computers at some point during the working day (which is 55.5% of labor force). The below table is illustrating the total amount of computers that are being used in the workplace based on age demographics. ("Computer and Internet use at Work," 2009)

Use of Computers in the American Workplace (in millions)

Demographic

Total Labor Force

Number using Computers

Percentage of Employed

16 and over

137,050

73,055

53.3%

16 -- 24

19,901

6,994

35.1%

25-34

30,487

17,561

56.9%

35 -- 44

35,699

20,700

58.0%

45-54

31,205

18,260

58.5%

55 to 64

14,916

8,023

53.8%

64 and over

4,511

1,757

33.6%

("Computer and Internet use at Work," 2009)

These figures are important, because they are showing how a large number of employers will have their staff spending most of their time utilizing computers. The reason why, is due to the fact that these machines have become a vital part of their organization. As a result, this has allowed them to increase productivity and maximize their profits. However, if there are any kind of issues (such as a security breach) the odds increase that an entity will have to spend billions of dollars addressing them and they could see damage to their reputation. This is significant, because it is showing how many firms have become increasingly reliant on computers to perform a wide variety of tasks and reach out to customers.

Conclusion

Clearly, society has become too dependent upon computers to perform a variety of tasks. The reason why, is because there has been a focus on using these machines to improve productivity and increase the underlying profit margins for businesses. While consumers are utilizing these devices to be entertained, shop and stay informed. This is troubling, because it means that in the future there is the possibility that everyone will be exposed to a potential breach (i.e. identify theft or having organizational… [read more]


Assurance Program Why/How to Create Case Study

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Information Security

Several international organizations have written lots of white papers on how and why information should be made secured. Several laws have been promulgated by governments and agencies of governments and the countries and agencies involved in this explain how important it is to have information security. Bodies like the COMMISSION OF EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES (ECMA); the Organization for Economic… [read more]


Bluetoothtm Is a Low Cost Term Paper

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The Figure-1 shows the core Bluetooth™ specification:

Figure-1: The Bluetooth™ Protocol Stack

A

T

C

m m a n d

The Bluetooth™ specification encompasses more than just the core specification. There are profiles, which give details of how applications should use the Bluetooth™ protocol stack, and a brand book explains how the Bluetooth™ brand should be used. The Bluetooth™ profiles… [read more]


Internet Privacy for High School Term Paper

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This approach also erected on the special qualities of the Internet. The global attribute of the Internet and its decentralized nature confine the effectiveness of conventional government control. And the capability of interactivity of Internet permits the consumers to empanel their ideas instantly and precisely, radically enhancing the likelihood that the marketplace will search the optimal balance between data safeguard… [read more]


PC and Machine's World Term Paper

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PC and machine's world computer is a mere data processor. It is designed to accept input i.e. data and instructions, remember the data by holding it in memory cells, process the stored information by doing various calculations and by making logical comparisons, and it can output information through devices known as interfaces.

To put is simply, computers are machines designed… [read more]


SPAM Filtering Term Paper

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¶ … spam filtering solution available and tries to analyze and compare the best way to fight email spam and come up with new ideas and approaches to decrease the amount of email spam received by the organizations. This is important because e-mail spam is causing the it industry billions of dollars annually and it is also interfering with legitimate… [read more]


Apple Computer Term Paper

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Apple Computer

About the Company

Apple Computer, Inc. is a Silicon Valley company based in Cupertino, California, whose core business is computer technologies. Apple helped start the personal computer revolution in the 1970s with its Apple II and shaped it in the 1980s and since with the Macintosh. Apple is known for innovative software and hardware, such as the iMac… [read more]


History of Apple Computers Term Paper

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History Of Apple Computer

Apple Computer was in the forefront of the personal computer revolution in the 1970s and 1980s. In the period, Apple introduced the first integrated personal computer named Apple I, and other successful modes such as Apple II and Mac that set the standards of user-friendliness in PCs. Since that time, the company has seen a number of ups and downs. It has made several wrong turns, lost a significant share of the PC market, and gone into red for long periods of its operation. Apple, has, however been down but never out. It has bounced back from the brink several times by introducing innovative products such as the stylish iMac computer, the iTunes music store, and the market-leading iPod line of portable music players. Today, Apple Computer has the unique distinction of being the only surviving company from the early days of PCs. In this paper I shall trace the fascinating history of Apple Computers starting with the beginning, the introduction of Apple II, Lisa and Macintosh, Job's departure from Apple, Apple's slump, the return of Jobs and Apple's revival, and finally Apple's success in the digital music market.

The Beginning

The Apple Computer Company came about as a result of collaboration between two exceptionally talented and innovative young men, Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs. Both were college drop-outs who had take up jobs with Hewlett Packard and Atari respectively in the mid seventies. The two Steves had been friends since they met in 1971 and both were computer hobbyists in their spare time. At the time, computers meant bulky and expensive mainframes that were used for handling statistical data and for solving some financial and engineering problems. It required trained computer operators for running the computer, as it only "understood" special computer language such as COBOL and FORTRON. ("History of..." Wikipedia)

In 1975, Jobs and Wozniak realized that there was a vast market for a compact and inexpensive computer. Legend has it that they sold their prized possessions to raise $1,300 to assemble the first prototype Apple I in Jobs' garage. The pair quit their jobs and launched Apple Computers on April 1, 1976 with the unveiling of the prototype Apple I at a meeting of a computer hobbyist group in Palo Alto, California. ("Steve Wozniak" Wikipedia) The computer, mounted on plywood with all the components visible, was the first single circuit board computer and came with a video interface, 8k of RAM and a keyboard. It incorporated inexpensive components such as the 6502 processor and a dynamic RAM. A local computer dealer called "The Byte Shop" saw the product and ordered 50 units for $500 each, providing the computers were delivered in an assembled form within one month. Wozniak and Jobs took up the challenge and delivered the computers in time. They then went on to build and sell 200 Apple Is over a ten-month period, for the price of $666.66 each. (Bellis, para 4 & 5).

Apple II

Apple Computer was incorporated in… [read more]


Networking Solution Term Paper

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Networking Solution

Many different technologies are suitable for networking home computers, and the same problems can be solved effectively many different ways. In this case, the goal is to provide a reasonably secure home network consisting of a desktop PC, three laptop computers and two printers with the ability to share an Internet connection between all of the computers, share files, access the printers and access the desktop PC remotely. Being connected to the public Internet, this network must employ security precautions to prevent unauthorized access by arbitrary remote users. Since detailed descriptions of the equipment in question were not provided, it is necessary to make some assumptions about the hardware and software environment. The desktop PC will be a home-built unit using high-quality components. The laptops will be recent-model IBM Thinkpads and the Internet connection will be a cable modem with an Ethernet connection. For simplicity, all the computers will run the same operating system: Ubuntu Linux 6.06.

The cable modem will be connected directly to the Ethernet port of the desktop PC. The PC will be configured to obtain an Internet Protocol (IP) address from the Internet Service Provider (ISP) using the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP). The desktop PC will have an 802.11g wireless card installed and configured to act as a wireless access point. The wireless network will use WiFi Protected Access (WPA) to prevent unauthorized users from connecting to the network or intercepting communications. The laptop computers will all be configured to use static IP addresses, and will all have identical hosts files mapping easily remembered names to those addresses. The desktop computer will also allow users of the wireless network who have been authenticated…… [read more]


Information Systems Integration of Emerging Computer Term Paper

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Information Systems

Integration of Emerging Computer and Internet Technologies: The Information Systems of Today's Virtual Organizations

Today's leading business organizations are characterized by, primarily, their flexibility to provide products and services through their brick-and-mortar and virtual stores/offices. That is, a business's survival depends mainly on the accessibility of the products or service that it offers, and this only becomes possible when the business is able to reach its consumers through the traditional media and/or the Internet. Indeed, Internet and technologies related to it have become rampant and necessary, that the creation and development of further technologies is encouraged, to widen the scope of accessibility and reach to the business's target market.

Because of the increased use of Internet- and computer-mediated technologies, information systems in business organizations are now developed to center on two important requirements: that technologies must be consumer-oriented, and that these technologies can be integrated -- that is, technologies that complement each other to make the information system more efficient.

This paper discusses recent technologies that have been developed in the past year, which demonstrates the consumer-centric and integrated systems approach adapted by virtual organizations today. The choice for these five (5) emerging technologies/technological ideas is based on these two criteria (i.e., consumer-centric and integrative with other technologies), and are enumerated as follows: (1) the technological idea of co-opetition; (2) it intelligence 'correlative' to customer service; (3) integrated client management systems; (4) identity management; and (5) anti-phishing service.

The first technology discussed is actually a technological idea, an idea that has influenced the integrative nature of emergent technologies developed today. Termed as "co-opetition," this technological idea is coined by Adam Brandenburger and Barry Nalebuff, referring to the creation and development of technologies that, instead of competing with each other, are actually complements of each other. Using the simple hardware-software complement as an example, Brandenburger and Nalebuff explicated that co-opetition is when "[a] complement to one product or service is any other product or service that makes the first one more attractive."

Discussing first the idea of co-opetition is essential, since the remaining four technologies discussed in this paper actually embody the thought expressed by the idea of co-opetition. Co-opetition is more than just a relational description between products or services; it extends towards one-to-one relationship to include other relations or many-to-one relations among products or services, until these products or services create an integrated system that makes work and operations easier, faster, more productive, and more efficient.

Co-opetition, despite its being a technological idea and not technology per se, is considered one of the most important developments in virtual organizations, business or otherwise. Further development of co-opetition primarily resulted to integrated systems technology, benefiting both the organization and its end-users (usually the consumers).

Tracing its development from the concept of co-opetition, the development of contact center applications and management is the result of the increasing complexity that organizations encounter as they seek to improve and provide excellent 24-hour customer service. Contact or call centers have become a requirement… [read more]


Strategic Plan for Technology Driven Organization Term Paper

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Strategic Plan for a Technology Driven Organization:

Apple Computer

Strategic Plan for a Technologically-Driven Organization:

Apple Computer

The intent of this analysis is to provide a strategic plan framework for Apple Computer, focusing first on strategy, followed by core competencies, an assessment of key external and internal forces, and technology sourcing and internal innovation. Also analyzed are product development strategies,… [read more]


Laptops Technology Is the In-Thing Research Paper

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From the 1990s and thereafter, there have been several developments of the laptop designs and incorporation of advanced software.

The technology incorporated in the manufacture of the laptops is quite complicated. This is due to their small size and light weight requirements; hence, there is a lot of integration applied in the system. The motherboard consists of the processor, the… [read more]


Security an Institution of Higher Term Paper

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The way that the government has handled this problem in the past is to write a broad body of law, such as the Americans with Disabilities Act, and then allow court cases to work out the specifics.

To that end, there have been three Acts from which the largest body of cyber-security comes. The first is called the Health Insurance… [read more]


Internet Started Way Back Term Paper

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Due to the availability of such materials, some individuals download them without recognizing the danger in such action. Several accounts of becoming 'accidentally' involved in child pornography have

Internet Addiction 7

been reported. Perhaps more dangerous is the actual acting out of pedophiliac fantasies via the Internet. Several known cases of pedophiliacs meeting children in online chat rooms and luring… [read more]


Macs and PC Term Paper

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Easier to upgrade.

OS X is based on Unix and is more stable than Windows.

Mac is a powerful editing suite that can rival expensive professional editing suites.

FireWire rocks with its true plug and play capacity.

QUESTIONNAIRE FOR STUDENTS

If possible, have a select group of students use the Apple Computer and then use a PC with windows program. Have the students do the following exercises.

Have the students turn on both computers.

Give them directions to turn the computer on the Internet.

Have the students find a selected topic.

Have the students copy the information that was found.

Have the students sign off the Internet.

Direct the students to go to one of the available games on the computer.

Have students close the computer.

Once the students have done this with both computers, ask the students the following questions.

Which computer was easier to turn on: the Mac or the PC?

Which computer was easier to connect to the Internet?

Which computer was easier to find the topic information?

Which computer was easier to follow directions and play games?

Which computer was easier to sign off?

RECOMMENDATION

There are many pros and cons of the Mac and the PC. Both have their pros and cons. However, one serious side of the recommendation must be made with future students and teachers that will be using the programs at home and eventually at college. It is for this reason that I would recommend the PC. It has more programs and will be used more at Universities and Colleges. Many of the parents of the students have PCs.

Both the Mac and PC may be equal, but in all seriousness price is an important factor, too. The PCs are cheaper with cheaper software.

The third factor in the recommendation is that of training. Most PCs are already being used in the classroom and there would not have to be much more training offered to the teachers or students.

Therefore, I recommend the PC.

References

Choi, Hahn and Larson, Brett. "Judgment Call: Mac vs. PC" http://techtv.com/news/

Introduction to Computers" http://www.hitmill.com/computers/intro.html

Lycos Help & How to - The Two Personal Computing Camps" http://howto.lycos.com/lycos/step

Rhodus, Tim Dr. "CyberGuide" http://www.hcs.ohio-state.edu/hcs/EM/docs/aug5.html… [read more]


Macromedia's Beginning Can Be Found Term Paper

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Innovation

Macromedia has been quite innovative, as it has developed several kinds of flash and shockware that are used by different institutions and small businesses for enhancing their customer experiences. Recently, it has developed a high-performance multimedia experiences for kiosks and the web. In recent years, it is releasing several new products such as ColdFusion MX 6.1. This latest version… [read more]


Wireless Broadband Technology Term Paper

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All the communication is done using a series of radio signals or radio specifications, the frequency of the signals being that of a low 2.4 GHz and the data speeds are up to a range of 721 Kbps. There is no one direction in which this technology can be used; it is omni directional. The distance that it can cover… [read more]


Forecasting Future Trrends in Digital Case Study

Case Study  |  5 pages (1,572 words)
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Taylor, 2011). Technology is altering radically, until it's hard to keep up with the difficulties that seem to continue on an ordinary foundation.

Digital crime will keep developing for the reason of technology. Research makes the point that the more technology comes out the worse digital crime is going to get. It is to the point now you can use your cellphone to finish up transactions that are illegal (Eijkman, 2013). They are even making tools that are years in advance in fax machines, scanners, copiers, and printers. Everything is turning out to be more and well-organized for behavior that is considered to be criminal. These kinds of things criminals utilize in order to access whatever information or to finish a job that is documented as illegal. Persons say that going online shopping is far better than going to the store but then again, many people's opinion is neither one of them are suitable.

References:

Ahmad, R. & . (2012). A dynamic cyber terrorism framework. International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,, 10(2), 149-158.

Eijkman, Q. (2013). Digital security governance and accountability in europe: Ethical dilemmas in terrorism risk management. Journal of Politics and Law,, 6(4), 35-45.

Grabosky, P. (2007). The internet, technology, and organized crime. Asian Journal of Criminology, 2(2), 145-161.

Robert W. Taylor, E.J. (2011). Digital Crime, Digital Terrorism, . Prentice Hall.

Stohl, M. (2006). Cyber terrorism: A clear and present danger, the sum of all fears, breaking point or patriot games? Crime, Law and Social Change, 4(5), 223-238.…… [read more]


Voice Over Internet Protocol Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,290 words)
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In some cases, a user would simply need Ethernet connection or to connect T-1 in order to make a call for free. Portability is a major advantage of the protocol unlike the legacy phone system where the user cannot move his/her phone to another location and use the same phone number assigned to his/her dedicated line.

Third, VoIP systems are attractive because they support easy integration with other solutions that contribute to efficient communications and enhanced collaboration. Many companies are using the protocol to enhance the efficiency of their communication systems and collaboration. VoIP is collaborative with various systems such as legacy equipment, unified communications systems, and proprietary collaborative solutions. The other advantage of the protocol is that it supports rich media communications, which has become a huge demand by users in today's society. Rich media service is achieved through easy integration with other applications and protocols that provide users with several alternatives and generates new markets in the communications industry.

Disadvantages of Using VoIP:

Since Voice over Internet Protocol is still an emerging technology, it is characterized by some disadvantages that hinder its complete effectiveness. Nonetheless, the technology becomes increasingly reliable and generates more acceptance as standards are developed. One of the disadvantages of VoIP is the lack of continuous service during a power outage. Unlike regular phones, IP phone calls are relatively impossible when power goes out. This implies that VoIP phone service is only available when there is uninterruptible power supply or the use of battery backups or power generators ("The Advantages and Disadvantages of VoIP," n.d.).

Secondly, the protocol's phone service cannot be used for emergency calls because of difficulties in determining the origin of the call. It is not easy to determine the location of an individual making IP phone calls and therefore challenging to provide emergency service like emergency 911 calls. Despite of various initiatives undertaken to address the issue such as e911, inability to provide emergency service remains a major disadvantage of VoIP systems.

The third disadvantage is the voice quality of the protocol with regards to the quality and reliability of sound. In most cases, data transmitted via the Internet including voice data usually arrives at the specific destination in a scrambled form. While this may not be a significant issue for e-mail or documents, it is a major disadvantage for voice data. The scrambled order of voice data affects the real-time nature of VoIP since some packets may be dropped if they do not arrive in time. Voice quality of VoIP systems is also affected because it is dependent on broadband connection, type of service from the service provider, hardware, and call destination. The quality and reliability of a user's broadband Internet service and limitations of the computer determine the quality of voice data in these systems.

Conclusion:

Voice over Internet Protocol is a revolutionary emerging technology that is gradually transforming the world's phone system and communications industry. This transformation is attributed to the ability to transmit voice data through Internet… [read more]


Marketing Research: Apples' Products and Brands Case Study

Case Study  |  5 pages (1,611 words)
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The threat to restricting customer options is that it could jeopardize if this technique carries on too long. Therefore, Apple Company could possibly box itself into a corner if they modify strategy too late to match clients (Deidu, 2012).

Conclusion

Apple Company is a relative newbie in the electronic consumables industry. Nevertheless, via advancement and courageous experimentation, they have completely changed the field. They still appear to be somewhat established in their old strategy as a PC hardware and software producer and also appear to be somewhat hesitant to modify their business methods, this could be a prospective drawback. This technique has so far been effective in the last several years as their consumer electronics have grown, but as technology continues modifying, they could easily be remaining behind by the next new items. Furthermore, they seem to be doing the same compatibility errors as they attempt to serve as a firm that engages everything, yet they are hesitant to give up control. Competitors should prevent their errors by opening up to cooperation and by collaborating with other high technical firms.

References

Bradley, T. (2013). Android Dominates Market Share, But Apple Makes all the Money. Forbes. Retrieved from: http://www.forbes.com/sites/tonybradley/2013/11/15/android-dominates-market-share-but-apple-makes-all-the-money/

Deidu, H. (2012). The Value of the OS X Monopoly. Asymco. Retrieved from: http://www.asymco.com/2012/02/28/the-value-of-the-os-x-monopoly/

Linzmayer, O. (2004). Apple Confidential 2.0. San Francisco, CA: No Starch Press

Satell, G. (2013). Why Apple's Future is Uncertain. Forbes. Retrieved from: http://www.forbes.com/sites/gregsatell/2013/04/24/why-apples-future-is-uncertain/

Apple Signs Deal to Open Connection between iPhones and China Mobile. (2013, December). The Guardian. Retrieved from: http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2013/dec/22/apple-iPhone-china-mobile-deal?CMP=EMCNEWEML6619I2

7 Key Strategies That You Must Learn From Apple's Marketing. (2009). Retrieved from: http://blog.kissmetrics.com/7-strategies-apple-marketing/… [read more]


Will Tablet Devices Replace the Laptop Computer Dissertation

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¶ … Tablet Devices Replace the Latop Computer

Tablet Computers: Will They Forever Change the Way We Interact with Information?

In a dynamic world, technology is the key to evolution. Despite the creation of numerous gadgets, the computer remains the most popular device due to its role and functionality in both professional as well as leisure activities. Computers have suffered… [read more]


Effects of Heavy Computer Use Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (973 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3

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¶ … Computers

The effects of heavy computer use

Computer usage has become commonplace. The home, school and the work place are inundated with computers and there is little thought as to how they are used. It is almost inconceivable to imagine the modern life without computers. This widespread infiltration however is a double-edged sword. The use of computers comes with a cluster of benefits and deleterious effects. Whether the computer is beneficial or deleterious depends on the level of use. The inordinate use of the computer results in multiple debilitating effects on the individual and ultimately on society.

An immediate drawback of immoderate computer use is the atrophy of critical social skills, Staples (2004) notes that modern teenagers are "more cut off from the social encounters that have historically prepared for the move into adult life." (70) This childhood social deficit is not easily overcome as an adult. The individual is therefore, ill prepared for the complex social interactions that comprise the adult experience. This lack of preparation becomes a hedge that delays the movement into adult behavior. This results in a number of persons who may engage in adult economic behavior but socially they are children. Additionally greater usage increases the potential for isolation. Not only is the individual cut off from social encounters but they are also ensconced in a world of their own creation. Goldsborough citing Dr. Johnson further comments "that if you replace important social, occupational, educational or recreational activities by sitting in front of your computer, you've gone too far " (304). This latter situation is potentially more destabilizing than simply having poor social skills. The avenue to develop better skills through the socialization with family members is nonexistent because of time spent in chat rooms and other virtual experiences. This time cannot be regained and the opportunities to engage in meaningful dialogue and interaction with the family are lost. Tragically, much of this occurs without the teen giving thought to what is happening or believing that online experiences can compensate for a failure to interact in a face-to-face manner, it cannot.

There is also an insidious and unnoticed problem developing with online use and it is the devolution of civility and courtesy. Coffee (2002) pointedly addresses the issue when he posits, "using computers deconditions our habits and practices of courtesy" (302).Engagement with other humans forces the consideration of feelings and thoughts, before and while action occurs. This interaction is governed by norms that have become second nature by virtue of social conditioning. As interaction with the inanimate computer increases, individuals gradually become deconditioned. The appropriate responses to social stimuli move to the recesses of the mind and require deliberation to engage them. Thus, the constant interface with the computer places this social norm in jeopardy. Further to that, there is the development of a demand perspective. The demand perspective is developed as the individual continuously receives what they demand…… [read more]


Information Technology Holds Great Promise Term Paper

Term Paper  |  12 pages (3,297 words)
Style: Harvard  |  Bibliography Sources: 20

SAMPLE TEXT:

Some citizens may also have file-sharing software which may prove fatal if vital information is shared. This happens when one allows a file-sharing software access to the hard drive, thus sharing almost everything that is stored including tax returns files that easily attract a fraudster's attention. The citizens must therefore be advised appropriately on the dangerous of using such file… [read more]


Telecommunications Management What Did Mark Weiser Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,092 words)
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Telecommunications Management

What did Mark Weiser mean by "Ubiquitous Computing?"

For Weiser, ubiquitous computing occurs when technologies weave themselves into the fabric of everyday life until they are indistinguishable from it. Technologies become invisible as they are embedded in our environment to help users do the tasks they are trying to accomplish.

What is the difference between an Intranet and an Extranet?

The difference between an Intranet and an Extranet is accessibility. An intranet is a set of content shared within a single organization while an extranet is a set of content shared by a group that crosses enterprise boundaries.

What is the IETF and what does it do?

The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) develops and promotes Internet standards, cooperating closely with the W3C and ISO/IEC standard bodies and dealing in particular with standards of Internet operating protocols such as TCP/IP and Internet protocol suite. The IETF's mission is simply to make the Internet work better.

4. What is "convergence?"

Convergence is the tendency for different technological systems to evolve towards performing similar tasks. In communications, it can refer to previously separate technologies such as voice (and telephony features), data (and productivity applications) and video that now share resources and interact with each other, synergistically creating new efficiencies.

5. Give an example of technological convergence?

6. An everyday example of convergence is that cable companies are now offering Internet access, landline service and wireless service in addition to selling video.

7. What is the difference between SMTP and MIME?

SMTP and MIME are both email protocols. SMTP is a transport protocol used for sending email. MIME, on the other hand, is a specification for formatting the email message itself, not for transporting the message.

8. What is the difference between a Webcast and a Videoconference?

A videoconference is a live connection between people in separate locations for the purpose of communication, usually involving audio and often text as well as video.

Videoconferencing is an interactive solution for two or more locations to be seen and heard. Each node must have a camera and a microphone so that all participants can take part in the meeting. With webcasting, only one person presents while others view and listen to the presentation. A Webcast use streamlining media to distribute content and is therefore, better suited for delivery to a large audience if there are no requirements for interactivity.

9. Give two problems with Host-based Architectures?

Because all processing is done by the host, this can severely limit network performance. Upgrades become expensive because of the large expenses to scale processing and memory to keep up with increasing demand.

10. Give two problems with Client-based Architectures?

Because data must travel back and forth between server and client, poor network performance can be a problem. In addition, the security of the clients can be difficult to ensure.

11. What is Middleware?

Middleware is computer software that connects software components or applications. The software consists of a set of services that allows multiple processes running… [read more]


Privacy and Technology Thesis

Thesis  |  6 pages (2,213 words)
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Privacy and Technology

Technology has experienced a constant advance ever since the beginning of time and mankind has certainly benefited from the occurrence, as the civilized world could not have existed without it. In spite of generally being regarded as being favorable for people, technology has also brought drawbacks in certain domains. The concept of privacy has changed a great… [read more]


Apple's iPhone the Apple Company Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,346 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 15

SAMPLE TEXT:

Apple's iPhone

The Apple Company is the path finder of the technological era, which is currently focused onto new technological gadgets, in the detriment of personal computers. "Computers are still an important part of its mix, but these days music-related products are at the top of Apple's playlist. The company scored a runaway hit with its digital music players (iPod) and online music store (iTunes)"

After the success registered with the iPod, the organization proves its worth and status by launching the iPhone. The iPhone incorporates a wide series of operations and you need not be a software engineer to operate it. "It's the most advanced phone ever made; and easy to use. It is not just a phone, it is a computer [...] it is the best iPod ever made."

Aside from the conventional features of a telephone, the iPhone can also handle a new series of operations. "Sweet, glorious specs of the 11.6 millimeter device include a 3.5-inch 480 x 320 touchscreen display with multi-touch support and a proximity sensor to turn off the screen when it's close to your face, 2 megapixel cam, 4GB or 8 GB of storage, Bluetooth 2.0 with EDR and A2DP, WiFi that automatically engages when in range, and quad-band GSM radio with EDGE. Perhaps most amazingly, though, it somehow runs OS X with support for Widgets, Google Maps, and Safari, and iTunes with CoverFlow out of the gate."

The iPhone covers five series of traditional and new technologies:

Phone: calls, SMS, voicemail, photos, ringtones iPod: music, software, Wi-Fi store

Internet: Safari (browser), mail, maps, widgets, You Tube

High technology: multi-touch, OS X, wireless, accelerometer, proximity sensor"

The iPhone's capability to detect motion is revealed by its turning the photograph and repositioning it according to the position of the gadget. For instance, if the user views a photograph while holding the iPhone in a vertical position, when turning the phone to a horizontal position, the photograph will also turn and be displayed horizontally.

The launch of the iPhone was expected ever since the rumors first began to circulate in 2004, when the partnership between Apple and Motorola was initiated for the production of the gadget. However considered a real success, the iPhone has also been criticized for a series of limitations, such as:

No possibility to cut and paste

No A2DP support

Impossibility to use music, even simple mp3 formats, as ringtones

Impossibility to edit files, only read them No MMS and no voice dialing capabilities

Aside from these, the iPhone was built on rather limited platforms, and leaves little room for the creativity of buyers. To better explain, the iPhone basically addresses young and wealthy consumers, and the major segments are the adolescents and the it "geeks." The market segment of the hardware and software engineers could easily be widened if the company decided to incorporate new platforms, more common platforms, which could be used by buyers to customize their iPhones.

Currently, the Apple Company is trying to implement SDK - software… [read more]

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