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Alcohol Tobacco and Other Drug Usage Among Youths

Alcohol, Tobacco & Drug Use by Adolescents The use of drugs, alcohol and tobacco by adolescents in the United States has been a concern of parents, teachers, administrators and community leaders for many years and in many contexts. The purpose of this proposal for a dissertation is to embrace a number of research studies and scholarly articles that bring a…

Pages: 5  |  Research Proposal  |  Style: APA  |  Sources: 10


Drug Alcohol Abuse

Drug/Alcohol Abuse Drug and alcohol abuse has been a growing problem across the world especially in young adults. In U.S. alone, alcohol is the most often used substance. Almost 90% of adults state some experience with alcohol consumption. Alcohol is a depressant that impairs the nervous system activity. Besides, it can also affect judgment, mental state, agility, physical coordination and…

Pages: 5  |  Term Paper  |  Style: MLA  |  Sources: 5


Drugs and Alcohol's Influence on

Drugs are also tied to crime as well. The same study showed that 45.8% of inmates surveyed had used illicit rugs within a month of being arrested. Additionally, 19% of Canadian inmates studied in this survey had used drugs daily prior to their arrest, with an astounding 34% of inmates having used drugs at least once a week before they were apprehended (Brochu et al. 1999). The drug most used on the day the crime was committed was cocaine, according to (Brochu et al. 1999). Moreover, the research shows that the type of drug used is often associated with particular types of crimes. For example, use of cocaine and its derivatives is mostly associated with the crimes of theft and robbery, while marijuana use was tied mostly to break ins (Brochu et al. 1999). Therefore, the literature does show a common relationship between drugs / alcohol and crime. I personally believe that an internship experience would only further validate the issues raised in the current body of literature. Actually being able to experience dealing with people under the influence of drugs and alcohol would help show their increased erratic behaviors. More importantly, having a such a close relationship with people who abuse drugs and alcohol might help allow me to ask in-depth questions regarding the nature of their behavior. I believe that upon asking why crimes were committed, alcohol and drugs would have a large role to play in a number of cases. Essentially, the close proximity to those who abuse drugs and alcohol would only confirm the close relationship presented in the research between drugs / alcohol and crime. References Brochu, S.; Cournoyer, L.G.; Motiuk, L.; & Pernanen, K. (1999). Drugs, alcohol and crime: Patterns among Canadian federal inmates. Bulletin on Narcotics, L1(1). Web. http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/data-and-analysis/bulletin/bulletin_1999-01-01_1_page006.html Hart, Timothy C. & Rennison, Callie. (2003). Reporting crime to the police, 1992-2000. Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report. U.S. Department of Justice. Web. http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/rcp00.pdf Parker, Robert Nash & Auerhahn, Kathleen. (1998). Alcohol, drugs, and violence. Annual Review of Sociology,……

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Alcohol, Tobacco, and Marijuana: The Argument for

Alcohol, Tobacco, And Marijuana: The Argument for Unifying Vice Enforcement Legislation Argument - Unified Paternalism Government paternalism refers to the governmental exercise of legislative or regulatory authority over the individual for his benefit rather than for the benefit of others in society (Taylor, 1982). In a sense, much of governmental legislation includes paternalistic components, but in general principle, the essential…

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Contingency Management Alcohol Marijuana Studies

Contingency Management ALCOHOL & MARIJUANA STUDIES The purposes of this review are to gain an understanding of the controlled studies using contingency management (CM) in the substance abuse field, and where applicable emphasize those studies that incorporate CM with community reinforcement approach (CRA). This paper should offer a critical review of the literature with an eye toward identifying important and…

Pages: 41  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Drug Survey

Drug Survey The National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) is a yearly survey conducted by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration of the Department of Health and Human Services. The NSDUH aims to determine the incidence of drug, alcohol, tobacco, and substance abuse, prevention, and treatment each year. For this analysis, the 2007 NSDUH report is used, reported last year, in September 2008. The NSDUH provides interesting information for end-users like researchers, health practitioners, and policy makers, mainly because of the rich information it contains, detailing the yearly trend for different types of illegal abuses, and providing a profile of users and abusers for each type of illegal abuse. The report stated that among the illicit drugs, marijuana was the most common type of illicit drug abused by individuals aged 12 years old or older in 2007. Meanwhile, past month nonmedical use of psychotherapeutic drugs (12 years or older) was lower in 2007 compared to 2006. Pain relievers are the most common type……

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Substance Abuse Introduction to the

In short, "certain drugs have served as a proxy for racial and ethnic bias," and this has been true throughout American history (Wilson and Kolander, p. 8). Environmental, social and individual on influences all contribute to drug use, including parents, peers, and the community combined with genetic predisposition, personality traits and individual attitudes and beliefs. Youthful experimentation and rebelliousness are…

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Counseling Assessment Candy Barr Client ID Number:

Counseling Assessment Candy Barr Client ID Number: 55555 Gender: Female Date of Birth: 05-05-1974 Client's age -2006 Time of Assessment: 2:30 P.M. Time Spent: 1.30 hours Identifying Information: Ms. Barr is a 28-year-old Caucasian referred by her human resource representative for depression. This writer by observation would assess if Ms. Barr's body weight appear to be average for her height…

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Criminal Justice System Most Important

Third, these decisions should be used to design effective System-wide: alternative programs for dealing with addiction; screening and assessment in order to decide which people should be merely prosecuted and which people need alternatives such as substance abuse treatment. Fourth, the System needs to empower and encourage all members of the Criminal Justice System to use effective alternatives to sentencing. Fifth, the System needs to empower and encourage all members of the Criminal Justice System to supervise people being helped by those alternatives, using the power of their positions to encourage each person's cooperation. By adopting a System-wide approach to substance abuse, the Criminal Justice System can more effectively and ultimately inexpensively deal with our rampant drug/alcohol-related criminal problems. In closing, I want to thank the Department again for allowing me to explain my life, goals and opinion of the most important change needed in the Criminal Justice System. I also want to extend my offer of any additional information or documentation the Department may need in order to make its decision about my qualifications. I look forward to your decision and sincerely hope that I will be given the opportunity to learn and contribute as a member of the Masters of Criminal Justice Program.…

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Drug Policy American Drug Policy:

The United States has spent a great deal of money on all phases of the "war" to try and make sure that drugs do not come into the county, or, at least, that they do not come into the country in the amounts that they have. Douglas Husak offers some figures associated with the war on drugs. In 2000 the…

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College Students and Alcohol Use

College Students and Alcohol Use THE CONNECTION AND THE SOLUTION International Perspective Findings of studies conducted in 13 countries found that college students are at a high risk for heavy drinking with serious immediate health consequences (Karam, Kypri & Salamoun, 2007). These consequences included drink-driving and other substance use and longer-term consequences, such as alcoholism. Perilous drinking appears more prevalent…

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Issues of Drug and Alcohol Abuse

Drug and Alcohol Abuse Over the last several decades, the issues of drug and alcohol abuse have been increasingly brought to the forefront. This is because there has been an effort on the federal and state levels to increase awareness. As the problem has continued to become worse, despite the tremendous amounts of resources that are spent on these programs.…

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Alcohol, Drugs, and Domestic Violence

However, they conclude, animal studies "Have failed...to produce the anticipated clear-cut results." Why? The list of possible variables which may have been miscalculated is lengthy. But their research does show that when Siamese fighting fish (Betta splendens), when a low concentration of alcohol is placed in their tank, did indeed show an "aggressive response" in a rather bizarre experiment, beyond…

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Effects of Drug and Alcohol Addicts on Our Society Specifically Economically and Socially

Drug and Alcohol The effects of drug and alcohol addicts on our society, specifically economically and socially The effects of drug and alcohol addicts on our society The effects of drug and alcohol addicts on our society There is little doubt that drug and alcohol addiction has become a pervasive part of our modern society. The increasing number of especially…

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Social Problem Drug Abuse

Social Problem - Drug Abuse Drug Abuse Drug abuse refers to excessive use of drugs with an intention of altering one's mood, emotion or state of consciousness. Buddy T. (2011) further indicates that drug abuse is "the use of illicit drugs or the abuse of prescription or over-the-counter drugs for purposes other than those for which they are indicated or…

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History of American Drug Policies

Drug Policies MAJOR POLICIES History of American Drug Policies This paper is about the history of the non-medical use of drugs. It is interesting to note than in the early 1900s there were far more people addicted to drugs in this country than there are today (Whitebread, 1999). Estimations reveal that between two and five percent of the entire adult…

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Drug Abuse Prevention or Treatment Strategy

Drug Abuse Prevention or Treatment Strategy Every Government reserves the right to fight against the use and the abuse of illicit drugs, like for example, prescribed drugs like psycho stimulants, and the use of other drugs like tobacco and of alcohol. The Australian government has launched the National Illicit Drug Strategy entitled the 'Tough on Drugs' campaign in the year…

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Effects of Drugs and Alcohol on the Individual and Damages They Cause

Substance Abuse and Society Substance abuse represents one of the most pervasive problems in the United States. It is a problem that affects all levels and segments of the society. In terms of their effects on individuals and on society, all forms of substance abuse, whether it is alcohol or drugs has a similar affect on society and on the…

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Mexican Drug War

Mexican Drug War Mexico is waging a hard battle against the drug cartels. Widespread corruption, threats and intimidation by the drug lords have resulted in a crisis situation. There is every hope that the positive initiatives undertaken by the Mexican president, the anti-corruption task force and the military intervention will help crack down the drug mafias. It is in the…

Pages: 7  |  Thesis  |  Style: MLA  |  Sources: 10


Legalizing Marijuana Will Boost the Economy

Marijuana The Practical and Economic Benefits of Decriminalizing Marijuana The United States is in a state of serious recession. States, municipalities and the nation as a whole are struggling with diminished revenue, loss of jobs and a decline in productivity. As the federal government resorts to expensive bailouts, our budgetary scenario remains frighteningly precarious. Simultaneously, the United States has dedicated…

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Reefer Madness Sex Drugs and Cheap Labor in the American Black Market

Reefer Madness Sex, Drugs, And Cheap Labor in the American Black Market Schlosser, Eric. Reefer Madness Sex, Drugs, and Cheap Labor in the American Black Market. New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2003. The black market is America's 'hidden' economy. Pornography, drug use, and illegal labors are some of its prime 'commodities.' In his book entitled Reefer Madness Sex, Drugs, and Cheap Labor, muckraking journalist Eric Schlosser examines the impact of these clandestine markets on our daily lives, and the often futile and hypocritical efforts of legislators to regulate them. Of course the hypocrisy of the American public is partially to blame: while electing moralistic legislators, we are also avid consumers of these illegal industries. Black market profits total an estimated $1.5 trillion dollars in unreported income (Schlosser, 2003, p.5). Illegal labor keeps luxury costs low of everything from eating out (illegal laborers act as dishwashers and process our meat) to lawn services, even while people profess horror at the threat illegal immigrants pose to 'American jobs.' Schlosser's section on the drug trade points out how America is supposedly waging an official 'war on drugs' while Washington is dominated by the powerful lobbies of alcohol and drug companies. One of the profiles in Schlosser's book, Mark Young, was given a life sentence for selling marijuana, a harsher sentence than he would have received for committing rape (Schlosser, 2003, p.8). Instead of treating drug addiction as a crime, Schlosser advocates treating it like an illness: decriminalizing simple possession of marijuana and repealing mandatory and 'three strikes you're out' sentencing guidelines would free more funds for drug treatment. Also, much of current legislation is patently unjust: individuals who are merely friends and family members of drug traffickers may have their assets seized. It is a lie that socially acceptable drugs like tobacco are less harmful than illegal drugs like cannabis: the black market and notions of drug illegality rest on vague, emotional notions of what drugs are 'worse' rather than objective, scientific facts. Attitudes about sexuality are even more hypocritical. For example, the United States has some of the strictest rules……

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Drug Usage as a Multicultural Issue

Drug Abuse The subject of drug usage is an issue that has plagued people all over the world for many years. Indeed, the issue of drug usage is multicultural and pervades many different people groups. The purpose of this discussion is to focus on the drug usage as a multicultural issue. This discussion will focus on a report published by…

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Official Legal Definition of Contradiction Is That

¶ … official legal definition of contradiction is that there exists between two ideas an incompatibility and evident opposition of two idea which share the subject of one and the same proposition. In simpler words, this means that when a party who is accused of a crime contradicts himself, it is presumes that he is guilty, since by definition truth…

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Final Response Drug Culture

Drug Culture Final The second half of this course has both reinforced my previous definitions of drug culture in film and has also introduced me into the different aspects thereof. Additionally, the films that were watched during the second half of the course complement the films that were watched during the first half of the course, and in some ways,…

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Drug Problem in America

Drug Abuse Estimates on the cost of substance abuse in the United States are staggering. The total cost of substance abuse in the United States including the costs of estimated lost productivity, medical bills, and loss of life are estimated to exceed 560 billion dollars per year (National Institute on Drug Abuse [NIDA], 2008). This alone suggests that the drug problem in the United States is a significant problem that needs attention. Typically people think of substance abuse costs being associated with illicit drug use; however, this issue is not limited to just illicit drugs but legal substances as well such as tobacco and alcohol (which together account for nearly 380 billion dollars of the total costs per year; NIDA, 2008). However, historically certain factions in the U.S. such as politically motivated interest groups have historically picked what drugs are designated as "evil" and what drugs are acceptable. For instance, the prohibition of alcohol in the early 1900s, a terrible failure, was motivated by political aspirations of those tied to the early the temperance movement (Brown, 1981). Tobacco, while certainly as dangerous, was never banned as it played an important role in American economy. Likewise, the creation of the American Medical Association in concert with the federal government guidelines/sanctions on certain drugs has resulted in the sanctioning of certain drugs for dispersion by physicians and the banning of certain drugs that essentially have the same pharmacological properties and effects. For instance cocaine (a banned drug) and Ritalin have nearly identical pharmacological properties and effects (so much so that users and scientists blind to the drug cannot tell them apart; DeGrandpre, 2006). Essentially, the use of substances to alter mood and emotional states has a long history in American society and in all cultures worldwide for the Eskimos of Alaska (Brown, 1981; DeGrandpre, 2006). In essence the use of substances like alcohol, tobacco, cocaine etc. And the subsequent demonizing of some and acceptance of others has been politically motivated. Moreover, with the advent of big pharmacological corporations certain types of addictions and abuses are encouraged (e.g., caffeine, sugar, fast food, pain killers, antidepressant medications, sleeping aids, etc.; DeGrandpre, 2006). The major issue here is that of a drug culture in a country that fails to recognize it. This attitude towards drug use starts early. The transmission of parental values or tendencies would most likely be an important factor in contributing to…

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Drug Education the Dare Program,

There is no rationale to suppose that students will robotically make sound options when they employ in values clarification gatherings. It is fairly likely that when students are supported to increase plain and reliable values, they will choose those that center on material possessions, power, authority and self-indulgence (3). Misgivings By the Parents In spite of its reputation, in latest…

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Drugs How Poverty Contributes to

Because drugs make them feel better, these people may come to depend on them, both physically and emotionally. Mental illness and drug dependence show the difficulties of distinguishing between poverty's causes and its effects. Mentally ill and drug-dependent people often have trouble holding steady jobs and maintaining relationships, causing them to fall into poverty. They may also have trouble getting out of poverty. Similarly, poverty itself appears to contribute to mental illness and drug dependence. Studies show that drug addiction in the United States is disproportionately concentrated among the unemployed and undereducated. Alcohol and drug use is strongly related to difficulties in gaining and retaining employment. It is an ongoing cycle, as people who have had long-term alcohol and drug problems tend to have difficulty in entering or re-entering the employment market. Alcohol and drug use can also be associated with problems in finishing school or acquiring any type of qualifications. The absence of further qualifications can significantly reduce an individual's ability to gain employment, or adequately paid secure employment. According to Massing (1999): " To maintain that we must end poverty and discrimination in order to combat drug abuse seems a prescription for paralysis. The key is to find a strategy that is humane, affordable and sellable-to find a strategy, in short, that could actually work." Conclusion In conclusion, rather than trying to eliminate poverty -- a doomed mission -- leaders should attempt to deal with the problem in another way. Adequate employment programs for people who have alcohol and drug problems are needed to diminish this link between alcohol and drug use and poverty. In addition, providing support for people experiencing drug and alcohol problems and the educational institutions they attend can help keep people with alcohol and drug problems at school while they are seeking treatment for their alcohol and drug problem. These efforts may reduce the link between poverty and drug abuse. Bibliography IREX. (2003). Poverty. International Research & Exchanges Board Newsletter. Massing, Michael. (September 20, 1999). A forum -- Beyond legalization: New ideas for ending the war on drugs. The Nation; Volume: 269; Issue: 8; p.……

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Smoking After a While, I

Smoking After a while, I learned to get used to it. The common disappearances my Dad would make, usually for 30 minutes at a time, to take a drive or take a walk. His quick retreat into the shower when he returned. The faint aroma of tobacco, lingering on his person, in his car, in his jackets and hats. But I never gave these glimpses, these hints, very much thought until I reached middle school. He was my Dad, after all. The man who had taught me right from wrong. The one who said that alcohol, drugs, and tobacco use was wrong, and was best to be avoided. Even worse, he was a doctor. Of all people, he alone should know just how detrimental cigarette smoke is for a person. How it can erode one's health, and slowly become the most dominant factor in such a person's life, coming between love, and joy and all the specialness of familial ties. Still, I never said anything. I couldn't. I had never actually see him do it and, despite the obvious signs, it was somehow easier to pretend. To believe the fantasies, that he was all a man could be and that I was his daughter, and that our lives were above and beyond common addiction and his repeated failed attempts to quit. So I never asked him about it, never brought up the subject even though it was always around up. I was scared of the truth. Then one dya the truth came and wrenched me from my fantasy. My friend called and told me, "I ran into you Dad while he was lighting up. Didn't know he smoked." I was crushed. I couldn't believe I could be so disappointed. I felt so many different things, pity for my father, anxiety about his health, embarrassment at having learned in such a manner, and a little angry at his having kept such a vital part of his life from me. I was finally confronted with the ugly truth, and it was painful. The rest of that summer I just stewed, silently, not saying anything. I avoided my Dad whenever I could. During the drive back to school to begin my sophomore year in college in 1998, I couldn't get away from him -- nor from the burden that had kept us apart. It was just he and I alone in the car,…

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Domestic Marijuana Production and Regulation Marijuana Leaf

Domestic Marijuana Production and Regulation Marijuana leaf or "cannabis" is a cultivatable herb capable of producing a euphoric psychological change in users, roughly comparable in its degree (if not in its specific effects) to the effects of drinking alcohol (Gerrig & Zimbardo, 2005). It alters various aspects of mood and focus and has been used for thousands of years in…

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Alcohol and Alcoholism by Definition, Alcohol "Is

Alcohol and Alcoholism By definition, alcohol "is a legal depressant... obtained by the fermentation of carbohydrates by yeast or distillation. There are many different types of alcohol, but ethanol (ethyl alcohol) is the type that is generally used to make alcoholic beverages," such as wine, beer and whiskey ("Alcohol," Internet). In chemistry terms, alcohol, in this instance ethyl alcohol, is a compound "derived from a hydrocarbon by replacing one or more hydrogen atoms with an equal number of hydroxyl radicals" and is classified as either monohydric, dihydric or trihydric (Glanze, 2003, p. 39). It should be pointed out that most alcoholic beverages like wine and beer usually contain less than 15% alcohol, while beverages like whiskey, gin and vodka generally contain more than 40% alcohol. ALCOHOL and the HUMAN BODY: Much like any other drug, alcohol affects the human body in many different ways. The most frequent medical consequences related to the consumption of alcohol includes damage to the central nervous system and what is known as cirrhosis of the liver, "a chronic degenerative disease in which the lobes of the liver are covered with fibrous tissue, thus leading to the excessive buildup of fat" (Glanze, 2003, p. 262). Also, as a result of consuming too much alcohol, the vital functions of the liver, such as vitamin absorption, gastro-intestinal function and hormonal metabolism, deteriorate. In the late stages of alcoholism, the human body experiences other medical conditions which hold the potential to lead to a premature death. These include pancreatitus, "an inflammatory condition of the pancreas which results in damage to the biliary tract," gastritis, "an inflammation of the lining of the stomach which is either acute or chronic," anemia, cardiomyopathy (heart disease), malnutrition, ulcers and gastro-intestinal bleeding ("Alcohol," 2008, Internet). ALCOHOL and the HUMAN BRAIN: Three of the most common conditions related to consuming alcohol and the human brain are Korsakoff's dementia, Wernicke's encephalopathy and central pontine myelinolysis. With the first condition, this is a form of amnesia often found in chronic alcoholics and is characterized by a loss of short-term memory and the inability to learn new skills. The causes of this condition can often be traced to degenerative changes in the thalamus as a result of a deficiency of B. complex vitamins, especially thiamin and B12 (Jefferson, 2004, p. 216). With the second condition which is similar to Korsakoff's dementia, the human brain experiences inflammation and degenerative…

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Drug Testing in High School Not Just Dealing With Drug Testing Athletes but All Students

Drug Testing in High School The objective of this work is to examine the issue of drug testing in high school and not just in terms of drug testing athletes but of all students and the explain why drug testing in high schools is an important policy issue and the direct impact on education that drug testing of all students…

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Drug Enforcement Strategies Supply Reduction vs. Demand Reduction

Drug Enforcement Strategies There are several different tactics that Police Drug enforcement Divisions use to reduce supplies of drugs on the streets. Five strategies are listed below. The writer will use the Orlando, Florida Police Department as an example of how a typical Police Drug Enforcement Division goes about utilizing all of these strategies. Then a strategy will be chosen…

Pages: 9  |  Term Paper  |  Style: MLA  |  Sources: 6


Drugs and Crime Zabransky, T. (2007). Methamphetamine

Drugs and Crime Zabransky, T. (2007). Methamphetamine in the Czech Republic. Journal of Drug Issues. 37, 156-180. Retrieved from http://www2.criminology.fsu.edu/%7Ejdi/samples/zabransky.pdf This journal entry details the lengthy history of methamphetamine in the Czech Republic by evaluating factors such as drug use estimates, treatment demands, and mortality rates associated with this problem, which are then related to criminal activities. The article provides a comprehensive overview of the historical development of this narcotic in the Czech Republic, and how it has influenced crime there. It was written by PHD and MD Tomas Zabransky, who consults with drug policy providers for the European Union and the United Nations, for the purpose of providing a foundation for further research on this subject. "This paper attempts to provide as complex a picture of this phenomenon as possible by analyzing what is known about the Czech methamphetamine situation through scientific monitoring and research (Zabransky, 2007)."The historical narration of the problem of methamphetamine in this country is valuable since it can be used as a model for future drug related research for other countries. Cardoso, F.H. Gaviria, C. Zedillo, Ernesto. (2009, February 23). The War on Drugs is a Failure. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved from http://online.wsj.com/article/SB123535114271444981.html This article details the failure to prevent large amounts of violence and narcotics trafficking, primarily in Latin American countries such as Mexico, Columbia and Brazil. It offers recommendations for refocusing the efforts of the War on Drugs to ameliorating the conditions and harm of drug users and also suggests targeting the organized crime structures which propagate drug use. This source is based upon findings in the Latin Amrican Commission on Drugs and Democracy, and is intended to persuade governmental officials to shift their drug policies away from prohibition and criminalization of narcotics. The story was written by former presidents of Brazil, Columbia, and Mexico, respectively, and is valuable to future research in this are by presenting an insider's view of the political machines that have targeted civilians in the war on Drugs. "Both the U.S. And the EU share responsibility for the problems faced by our countries, since their domestic markets are the main consumers of the drugs produced in Latin America (Cardos, Gaviria, Zedillo, 2009)." Abt Associates Inc. (2009). 2008 ADAM II Report. Retrieved from http://www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov/publications/pdf/adam2008.pdf The 2008 Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring report was prepared for the Office of National Drug Control Policy, which is an Executive Office of the…

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Economic Effect of Legalizing

The report puts that as the foremost health problem in the nation; substance abuse puts a huge load on the health care system of the country and plays a part in the increased expenses of health care. Indeed, substance abuse -- the challenging consumption of alcohol, illegal drugs and tobacco puts huge burden on the American people in totality. The…

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Natural Remission Has Had on

In the first instance the subjects are "told that they must enter treatment to recover." However in the traditional 12 step-based treatment patients are informed that they will never fully recover. "This duality seems to be therapeutically unproductive, and largely unnecessary." ( ibid) Nelson also states that there is ample evidence from various studies that reveal that "... successful natural…

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Adolescent Substance Use Screening Instruments:

" (Zoccolillo et al., 1999) Thus, the AAOD student is at a clear disadvantage in terms of successfully completing a high-school diploma and moving on to a career-oriented post-secondary education. Additionally, high school is generally also a milieu in which the adolescent learns other non-academic life skills, including mature means of relating to peers and supervisors, responsible treatment of deadlines…

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Genetics and Drug Abuse

" (Volkow, nd, p. 1) Because of the chronic nature of the disease, relapse to abuse of the individual's drug of choice is considered to be "not only possible but likely, with relapse rates similar to those for other well-characterized chronic medical illnesses such as diabetes, hypertension, and asthma." (Volkow, nd, p.1) Treatment involves the change of behaviors that are…

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Anabolic Steroids. This Drug Has an Effect

¶ … anabolic steroids. This drug has an effect of the dihydrotestosterone or the testosterones on the body and is more commonly known as the "steroids" and the technical term used for them is "anabolic-androgen steroids (AAS)." The word anabolic has been derived from the Greek word " " anabole which means "something which is thrown up" and androgenic is…

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Substance Abuse in Young Adults

Substance Abuse in Young Adults: Issues to be Addressed by a Nurse Practitioner in Primary Care Settings Young adulthood can be a turbulent period in many people's lives when new roles are assumed, careers and started and relationships forged. For instance, according to Mcconaughy and Wadsworth, "The transition from adolescence to adulthood usually involves many lifestyle changes, including moving out…

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Use of Military Force in Mexico

¶ … Military Forces in Mexico American Military in Mexico Mexico is embroiled in a drug war and a prolonged battle with the drug cartels. The country is the largest producer and the biggest supplier of marijuana, cocaine and met amphetamines to the U.S. Statistics show that 90% of these drugs are supplied to the U.S. from Mexico. [Colleen W.…

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