"Education / Teaching / Learning" Essays

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Avoiding Bias in Special Education Classroom Assessments Essay

Essay  |  1 pages (357 words)
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Avoiding Bias in Special Education Classroom Assessments

The principal way of avoiding biases in the administration of assessments is for the special education teacher to develop a comprehensive awareness of the nature of different types of disabilities and their relationship to cognitive capacity and disability. Special education students possess varying degrees of cognitive, social, and developmental abilities and struggle with a wide range of disabilities in those different realms (FDDS, 2002). Consequently, it is crucial for the needs assessment process to be accurate for the benefit of special education students as well as for the benefit of their classmates. In that regard, avoiding bias requires a fundamental appreciation on the part of the educator of the specific nature of different elements of learning (and other types of) disabilities.

The principal difficulty in conducting accurate assessments is the degree to which cognitive, learning, behavioral, developmental, and social impairments can co-exist or exist in relative isolation from one another (Polloway, Patton, Smith, et al., 1997). Moreover, where apparent disabilities unrelated to learning capacity are misunderstood by educators responsible for conducting…… [read more]

Successful Steps to Transition Through Self-Advocacy and Self-Determination Thesis

Thesis  |  10 pages (2,911 words)
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Steps to Successful Transition Through Self-Advocacy Towards Self-Determination

The inclusion of disabled individuals in the general social, educational and occupational contexts which are welcoming to mainstream populations is a goal which appears to parallel the progressive orientation of our culture. Modern education shows evidence of the trend toward change, facilitating the increasing integration of individuals who are physically, emotionally… [read more]

E-Learning Impact of Information Technology on Education Research Paper

Research Paper  |  20 pages (5,767 words)
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The Impact of E-Learning on Education at All Levels

The traditional geographical, linguistic, cultural and spatial parameters shaping education are being altered today by patterns of technological innovation. The face of education has changed at every level due to the availability of new computing and telecommunication opportunities that are quite literally removing the boundaries of the classroom. Those conditions… [read more]

Middle School Grades 6-9 Field Experience Thesis

Thesis  |  10 pages (3,493 words)
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Teaching as a Profession

How I Perceived Classroom Experience vs. How It Really Turns Out to Be

While in college I had originally hoped to become a guidance counselor, or perhaps a social worker in the school system on Long Island. But I could see that jobs in counseling were few and far between, and so I planned to become… [read more]

Michael Gurian's Book Boys and Girls Learn Book Report

Book Report  |  2 pages (678 words)
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¶ … Michael Gurian's book Boys and Girls Learn Differently

Gurian, Michael. (2001). Boys and girls learn differently. New York: Jossey-Bass.

According to Michael Gurian's 2001 book Boys and girls learn differently because of the way that the male and female brains are structured from a young age, girls and boys learn in fundamentally different ways. Gurian's thesis is similar to that of Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences, namely that different students learn in different ways, and excel in different areas. For the classroom environment to be optimized for learning, it must be tailored to suit each student's particular needs. However, Gurian structures his book along the lines of gender divisions, rather than the innate talents particular students may possess. According to Gurian, sitting still and learning things in a verbal manner comes more easily to girls than boys. But boys are taught, often by women in the lower grades, and are locked in a system where these sorts of behaviors are prized to the exclusion of other gifts.

This is why many boys struggle, particularly in subject areas where the male brain is less quick to develop than the female brain, like reading. Difficulties at home and difficulties at school place many young boys under near-constant stress, which further interferes with their learning. Although Gurian does admit that girls can be 'stressed' as well, he is particularly concerned about boys who are quick to anger and have little channel for their frustrations in a school environment. Boys are also less apt to be verbal as soon as girls, have more trouble dealing with their emotions, and less support in finding ways to channel their anger. They are also more likely to experience language delays.

Even if an educator disagrees with the degree to which Gurian emphasizes differences between the sexes, he offers helpful suggestions for more diversified learning strategies. Incorporating more hands-on activities stimulates the learning process of less verbal children. Involving parents in the school environment is a source of additional input for different children's unique needs.…… [read more]

Different Learning Styles Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,697 words)
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Learning Styles

In essence, learning styles are theoretical and practical constructs and guidelines that are in effect different approaches or ways of learning. Learning styles are important to success because they provide the individual with strategies and techniques on how to learn a particular subject.

Each individual has a preferred learning style and this style or combination of styles is… [read more]

Gutek's Theory of Education Thesis

Thesis  |  3 pages (857 words)
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Gutek's Theory Of Education

Education is one of the basic needs that must be addressed in our present time. The realization of this need is premised on the ability of teachers to be innovative in their teaching strategies and more importantly, their commitment in their profession. This essay explores Gerald Gutek's theory of education pertaining to authentic assessments, excellence in education, no child left behind, educating the whole child and education that makes a difference.

Gutek suggests that authentic assessment refers to the applicability of learning to real life situations. The teacher and student have different contexts that they are coming from, a careful consideration of these contexts is essential in assessing learning (Gutek 2004). These assessments can include assessments through their written and oral examinations. One instance is when students are able to operationalize concepts and theories they have learned in lecture discussions by their ability to relate it to actual events. Theories of individuals practicing rational choice are manifested when students answer that people premised their decisions on the benefits that can be derived for their personal gain. For instance, individuals who choose to elect a president of their organization based their decision which is rational on their perspective primarily because the leader would give them something in return in the form of material gain for their support.

Excellence in education is grounded on the idea that students should rediscover perfect ideas and that everyone has the right to access education. Mastery of the subject matter is a manifestation of excellence of education. Gutek contends that there is a hierarchy of subjects and this includes most general disciplines, philosophy, theology, mathematics and languages. Gutek stated that it is important to recognize the relationships of this subjects and a process of integration must then follow (Gutek 1997).

This in my view is the synergy of the various disciplines which is vital because there are certain common grounds of different disciplines that must be considered. For example, when we talk about human behavior, it is important to consider several perspectives of a number social science disciplines. Political science deals with human behavior concerning voting, advocacy and specific stands on political issues. Such behaviors are however based on the individual's family background and social standing through which the disciplines of sociology and economics would come into play. Another form excellence in education is manifested in the approach of modeling. Students learn more from imitation. This is one of the critical roles that teachers play; they should always serve as good epitomes of values that their students can emulate. They…… [read more]

Political Education Thesis

Thesis  |  1 pages (346 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Political Education

What role, if any, will distance education have in the future of American political education? Distance learning, in its best form, should be learner-centered and learner-focused.

The tool of social networking technology shapes education towards this contention for a variety of domains, but it even more relevant to political education

Referring to social networking technology, Ewan McIntosh, National Adviser on Learning and Technology Futures for Learning and Teaching, Scotland states, "It's more about helping learners become more world-aware, more communicative, learning from each other and understanding first-hand what makes the world go round." (Economist debate series, 2008)

One of the greatest strengths of online education is its ability to facilitate discussion. Building of community through discussions occurs by presenting learners with the opportunity to explore diverse perspectives and build tolerance for ambiguity and complex ideas. This is reflective of what we are seeing occur in online social networking and is highly applicable to political education where the open-minded pursuit of truth is enhanced by engaging students with different ideas in active…… [read more]

Peter Dirr Thesis

Thesis  |  3 pages (868 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Peter Dirr

How can the quality of distance education be measured reliably and validly?

According to Dirr, the quality issues in distance education are addressed in a variety of ways. Some of these issues relate to the differences between online and classroom education. Such issues then for example relate to the "quality of instruction and the amount of interaction between the instructor and student.

In order to reliably and validly measure the quality of distance education, it is best to consider the outcomes of the instruction. Students can for example be tested against a control group of classroom students for the same material. A favorable result would then be one in which students obtain similar results.

According to Dirr, there is indeed a body of evidence towards highlighting the qualitative effect of e-learning on the student experience. Despite a lack of gestures and other subtle clues that are present only in the classroom, online instruction has the advantage of developing higher level thinking skills. The cited experience of both faculty and students, according to the author is that online communication allows clearer thought processes by means of revision, resulting in higher level thinking, interaction, and understanding.

What criteria are appropriate for assessing the quality of distance education? Are those same criteria appropriate for assessing the quality of classroom-based education?

Because the instruction environments differ so completely, the same criteria cannot be applied to measuring the quality of both. Dirr cites Charles Cook's view of the matter: "...assumptions of what happens in a traditional classroom cannot be made about an online course." Indeed, according to Cook, more explicit and detailed criteria would be applicable to the latter for a variety of reasons. Not least of these is the fact that online education has not been part of any curriculum for a long time. Many new issues are at stake, including the quality of instruction and time spent during interaction. Furthermore, teacher training is also an essential element in this; online communication between instructor and student have particular elements that differ from classroom interaction. Although some critics have projected that more stringent criteria would ultimately elevate the standard of classroom instruction as well, the likelihood of this has been debated.

The most important issue to understand is that criteria have to be standardized and applied in a uniform way across all online instruction settings. Communication among tertiary education institutions and relevant education professionals as well as academics is essential.

2.Do tertiary institutions have clear policies about distance education course in program quality?

While considerable research has been aimed at the issue, not all tertiary institutions have…… [read more]

Adult Education Annotated Bibliography Beach, Dennis Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  2 pages (667 words)
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Adult Education

Annotated Bibliography

Beach, Dennis and Carlson, Marie (2004) Adult Education Goes to Market: An Ethnographic Case Study of the Restructuring and Reculturing of Adult Education. European Educational Research Journal, Vol. 3, No. 3, 2004. Online available at http://www.wwwords.co.uk/pdf/validate.asp?j=eerj&vol=3&issue=3&year=2004&article=9_Beach_EERJ_3_3_web

The work of Dennis Beach and Marie Carlson relates restructuring of adult education in Goteborg and states it was "first initiated experimentally with respect only to SFI education (an education in beginning Swedish for ethnic minorities living in Sweden)." This study was completed in alignment with the Goteborg Municipal Council decisions in 1999 however "restructuring came into full force for all municipal adult education in the Gteborg municipality later in 2002, after the completion of the National Adult Education Initiative (AEI)." (2004) Beach and Carlson relate that the process of restructuring "followed guidelines for franchise in the public sector as per the 1992 Purchasing Act and had consequences for all education suppliers" (2004)

2) Gustafsson, Uwe (1991) Can Literacy Lead to Development?: A Case Study in Literacy, Adult Education, and Economic Development in India. Summer Institute of Linguistics, Inc. University of Texas at Arlington.

The work of Gustafsson (1991) reports a case study that describes a literacy and community development project in India that was successful in its attempt and serves as a "model for linguistics and literacy planners involved with adult literacy, functional education and development..." (Gustafsson, 1991)

3) Principles in Practice: Assessing Adult Learning Focused Institutions (2005) Adult Learning Focused Institution of Higher Education. Case Studies. Council for Adult and Experiential Learning (CAEL) 2005.

The Council for Adult and Experiential Learning reports that a presecondary degree or credential "is increasingly important in the U.S. economy, both for new entrants into the labor force and those already employed." (2005) the National Center for Education Statistics relates that adult students often: (1) have delayed enrollment into postsecondary education; (2) attend part-time; (3) are financially independent of their parents; (4) work full-time while enrolled; (5) Have dependents other than a spouse; (6) are a…… [read more]

Hal Beder Thesis

Thesis  |  2 pages (705 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


¶ … represents several different paradigms. The way that individuals learn is a very important issue, but how they are taught is a different thing. In other words, the paradigm of adult learning is not always addressed appropriately. People learn in different ways, and the article looks at adult learners who are addressing the issue of literacy. There are many illiterate adults in this country today, and they are not getting the help that they need. The article represents the illiteracy paradigm that adults must be taught to read in the same way that children are. This was the expectation of thinking in the past, and it appears to be continuing toward the future. However, there is somewhat of a paradigm shift that is being looked for by people like Beder who are trying to show that the old ways might not always be the best ways. Cognitive issues were the most closely addressed in the past, and because of that there were a lot of people who did not get what they needed from their adult learning opportunities. Some of them remained illiterate - not because they could not learn but because they were not taught in a way that they could understand and they became frustrated.

All teachers who teach adults have to be able to teach kindergarten through twelfth grade and they have to be certified to do that. It is important that all teachers know how to do their job correctly, but it is equally important that teachers are aware of the fact that adults and children do not learn in the same way. If one has a group of twelve-year-olds and a group of thirty-year-olds, they are going to have different goals, agendas, and thought processes. With that being the case, teachers need to acknowledge the fact that there is a paradigm shift away from the older models of traditional learning and toward the newer models of learning that are more flexible and more closely oriented to the student.

2.What characteristics helped you identify the paradigms?

These paradigms and how they are changing and evolving can be…… [read more]

Constructivists Don't Blame the Tools Thesis

Thesis  |  2 pages (582 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Constructivists Don't Blame the Tools

In "Constructivists: Don't blame the tools," Moore (2004) argues that constructivist learning experience in distance education has had little to do with the communication tools, but has been directly relative to the structure of the courses and the dialog the instructor has been able to set up and then facilitate. Moore believes that emphasis on communications technology will lead to "an industrial form of teaching that emphasizes packaged information and authoritarian teacher ownership of knowledge." After dismissing communications technology, he then shares his views on how to best set up a constructivist learning environment.

For Moore, the basis for creating a constructivist learning environment is finding the right balance between structure and dialogue. He states that the correct ratio depends on the sophistication of the students and the area of study. When unsure what the right balance should be, Moore advises to err on the side of structure because too much structure is much easier to correct than too little structure. He also suggests establishing the minimum, relating that creativity in formulating question for discussion and for individual group research is important.

Moore believes that creating a learning community is necessary to achieve constructivist learning and that the sense of community will determine the quality of knowledge that is generated. For this reason, Moore makes sure that he defines a learning community for the students and what he expects of them and why it is important. In this community, students are supposed to build knowledge together and support each other emotionally and in practical ways. The professor can help make these things happen, according to Moore, by being respectful, by assuring individual learners and the group of their progress, by monitoring the content and the tone…… [read more]

Gibson See as Some of the Unanswered Thesis

Thesis  |  2 pages (589 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


¶ … Gibson see as some of the unanswered questions related to distance education?

Gibson wonders how distance education can become part of what the author proposes as emancipatory pedagogy: education for total liberation. One of the main unanswered questions related to distance education is how it is actually increasing access to learning opportunities. If distance education is increasing access -- which is questionable -- then why aren't more universities actually participating in the distance learning revolution? Gibson claims that Northeastern schools and smaller universities are developing the fewest distance learning programs. Funding may be part of the reason why distance learning is not more ubiquitous. Distance learning is one of the only ways to make education truly universal, and a true force for positive change. Corporations, the military, and government are digitizing their training courses. Distance learning eliminates geographic bias, class bias, and a number of other impediments to an emancipatory pedagogy.

Gibson also brings up the Raising Responsible Teens program at the University of Wisconsin extension. The Raising Responsible Teens program uses technology not just as a pedagogical tool for traditional classroom environments but also as a medium for broader social change. For example, the program allows at-risk youth to discuss controversial issues in an open but anonymous forum to foster dialogue between parents and teens, between policy officials and the youth they serve, and also for research. Gibson asks how more programs can serve whole communities by incorporating the principles and technologies used in distance learning to more progressive settings.

The author critiques attempts to transfer traditional models of pedagogy into a distance learning setting. For instance, the "talking head" in a teleconference or "hairy arm" of an impersonal lecturer are unlikely to evoke any substantive change in students or the…… [read more]

Comparison of Learning Between USA and France Term Paper

Term Paper  |  25 pages (7,981 words)
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¶ … Adult Learning Styles in the United States and France

Today, the United States and France enjoy a longstanding relationship based on many of the same fundamental principles of democratic thought and pluralism, and both countries are among the leading economies of the world. There are some distinct differences involved in how educational services are delivered and received between… [read more]

Montessori Method of Teaching Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (978 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


¶ … Montessori style education for young children. The Montessori style of education has been in existence since 1907, and today there are Montessori-based schools around the world. The educational method is based on the methods of Dr. Maria Montessori, who created a new environment for learning and teaching, based on her own observations of children and how they learn. The Montessori educational method has many distinct advantages over traditional educational methods for a wide variety of reasons.

At the turn of the 20th century, just when Dr. Montessori was creating and perfecting her educational methods, most schools were viewed as factories, with the schools viewed as "plants," the children viewed as "raw materials" and the teachers as "mid-level managers." They were also commonly ranked at how efficient they were at moving children up through the grades (Lillard 7). Clearly, this is a very different view of education than Montessori's nurturing and choosing process. The Montessori Web site notes, "Montessori emphasizes learning through all five senses, not just through listening, watching, or reading. Children in Montessori classes learn at their own, individual pace and according to their own choice of activities from hundreds of possibilities" (Editors).

Montessori also places children of different age groups together, which has distinct advantages over the traditional educational methods. Children, even if they are the same age, learn at different levels, and they have different styles of learning, as well. By observing the children and their learning styles, and placing like children together in three-year age groups (for example, three to six, six to nine, and so on), they will learn more efficiently, and more rapidly, and this is an advantage over traditional classroom models. The older children also tend to pass on their knowledge to the younger ones, and the learning is made attractive and fun, rather than a chore and boring (Lillard 192).

Another advantage is the student to teacher ratio in Montessori schools. There is one teacher and one non-teaching aide per every 30 students, which gives the teacher the time to work one-on-one with each student, and to get to know the students. Students learn in three-hour sessions, and they are free to move around their classroom and stop at different work centers that interest them. The teacher also creates individual projects for each child based on their learning style, interests, and educational needs. The motto of Montessori teachers is "Teach by teaching, not by correcting" (Editors). Thus, they monitor each child and adjust their goals and objectives accordingly. This takes the student into consideration, rather than simply following a set, standard educational model for all students, no matter what, and that makes it another distinct advantage over traditional schools.

In addition, children are educated in the ideals of character, giving them skills they can use throughout their lives. The Web site continues, "Education of character is considered equally with academic education, children learning to take care of themselves, their…… [read more]

Elementary Measurement, (Area, Perimeter, Volume) Term Paper

Term Paper  |  18 pages (4,943 words)
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Elementary Measurement, (area, perimeter, volume)

Elementary Measurement: Area, Perimeter, Volume

In an era of increased demands for teacher and student accountability, identifying better ways of delivering educational services represents a timely and worthwhile endeavor. There are some significant constraints involved in teaching young learners about mathematics concepts, though, that must be taken into account in devising such approaches. Nevertheless, the… [read more]

Educational Goals Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (1,817 words)
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Educational Goals

First Statement

As a result of my teaching, my students will become life-long learners, and use the learning skills I teach them in higher education and in their professional lives. Many educators and researchers note continuing education is an important element of success; nearly all professional and executive candidates engage in some level of continuing education (Olson &… [read more]

Multi Cultural Issues in Deaf Education Term Paper

Term Paper  |  20 pages (5,726 words)
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Multi-Cultural Issues in Deaf Education

Review of Multicultural Issues in Deaf Education

The United States has long ceased being a "melting pot" and has emerged in the 21st century as more of a "salad bowl" that is characterized by increasing multiculturalism in society and the nation's classrooms. In this changing environment, understanding how deaf students from different cultural backgrounds might… [read more]

Visual Literacy in Higher Education Term Paper

Term Paper  |  9 pages (3,931 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 12


Visual Literacy in Higher Education

The contemporary learning and experiential environment is highly visual. Students are exposed to Web sites, television and a plethora of other sources of image and visual data. This increase in the pervasiveness of the visual aspect in our daily lives has also changed the meaning of being literate. As Ron Bleed states in an article… [read more]

Lack of Collaboration Between Special Education and General Education Teachers Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (718 words)
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¶ … collaboration between special education teachers.

Many people would assume that the difficulties that arise from teaching in the special education arena arise solely from the obvious difficulty that is associated with dealing with the needs of children many consider to be inherently difficult to manage. This is a very narrow view, as for many special education teachers the challenge of these students is the main reason why they enter into the specialty and remain there. The real difficulties, or those which could potentially create a disconnect between the special education educator and the field, are far deeper and more important than managing learning disabilities and possibly behavior problems in children.

The hours are extreme, as many work overtime, on salary to help meet the needs of a varied and individual group of students with special needs. The environment can be challenging, as allocated resources rarely if ever meet the structural or educational resource needs in special education. Pay can be challenging to accept in an environment where inflation is far outstripping the average salary and benefits are getting leaner and all of these things contribute to the shortage of special education teachers, another obstacle for those in the field as well as for all schools, (Billingsley, 2004, p. 39) but this is not the core problem. The core problem is empowerment and isolation. Special education teachers by virtue of work load and the diversity of curriculum and schedule often work in isolation of other teachers and staff, and this feeling of being out there on the fringes of the school and the system is unsettling and destructive to moral and is one of the main reasons why special education teachers leave or never enter the profession. Just like the children they teach have lived in relative isolation from society for most of history, teachers live in elative isolation in the work place. (Armstrong, 2004, p. 10)

Support has been shown to be critical to teacher retention, particularly administrative support. However, the relationship between collaboration and attrition has received only scant attention in the attrition literature. Given the different cultures in general and special education (Pugach, 1992) and…… [read more]

Learning Styles and Student Achievement Term Paper

Term Paper  |  35 pages (9,900 words)
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Learning Styles and Student Achievement

According to William Watson Purkey and John M. Novak, in order to teach a student, you have to be able to reach the student. They do not mean 'reach' in the physical sense, as in touching the student, but rather making a mental or emotional connection between the teacher and the student (Purkey, 1984).

Opening… [read more]

Teaching Special Needs Students John Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (2,296 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 6


Teaching Special Needs Students

John S.)

Teaching Special Needs

It is not uncommon today for a teacher to have special needs children in his or her classroom. There is a widespread notion that all students learn betting in an inclusive classroom setting that does not only include children of special needs, but multi-cultural differences as well. When it comes to… [read more]

Curriculum Implementation Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (586 words)
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Curriculum Implementation

An implementation of a new curriculum in school is difficult, especially within a group of educators who are used to the old method of teaching-learning process, thus afraid of trying out new strategies and techniques that would further improve the learning process of the students. Jesup High School Principal Roark Horn admits this fact however found what he thought would be an appropriate strategy in addressing this issue. Horn, encourages the students to learn through teaching and "move beyond just telling what happened." The students' responses were great such that they have engaged themselves into self-evaluation and exercising their critical thinking skills. (Franklin, 2002)

Technological innovations have made tremendous changes even across educational systems and policies. There had been learning programs or soft wares that had been developed in order to facilitate and enhance the learning process as well as ease the teachers from the arduous tasks of preparing supplementary learning materials for children.

One aspect of computers that is now being implemented in some schools such as the Web-based learning has started a revolution in instructional design that is providing new opportunities for education. Instructional design for educational purposes is the systematic design of teaching and learning environments as well as instructional systems (Shu-Sheng, 2004). The proper integration of which may however, be found too difficult due to some of the teachers' bigoted opinions regarding change.

Nevertheless, as a school principal, it is necessary to create a planned strategy in order to make the integration successful. Some forms of resistance that may be encountered would be the non-readiness of the teachers in implementing the computer software.

In order to successfully implement a computer software program in math, engaging the teachers into learning the technology is deemed necessary as the initial…… [read more]

Personal Initial Teaching Philosophy Assessment

Assessment  |  2 pages (796 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Personal Teaching Philosophy

When most people think of a personal teaching philosophy, they will often assume that it has something to do with the way that an educator is effectively reaching out to their students. While this is true, there is much more to how these kind ideas are developed and the way that it is utilized to create a sense of passion and excitement about learning. To fully understand the approach that is being taken requires conducting an assessment of: who you are as a person, the way that you will reach out to learners, the role of the educator and how effective collaboration will take place. This is the point, that a teacher will have a basic approach that will effectively reach the student in an entertaining fashion. Once this occurs, they will have a sense of enthusiasm about the material that is being presented and they can be able to build off of these ideas throughout the course of their lives. ("Getting Started on Your Personal Teaching Philosophy," 2011)

Regardless of the subject matter that is being taught, there are a number of critical elements that must be taken into account. The most notable include: the ends, the degrees that various concepts are being applied and why understanding this material is important. The ends is when you are clearly stating to the student the overall goals and concepts that they will learn during the class itself. This is significant, because when you are applying these basic ideas you are giving the student a direction to go in for: understanding a host of different concepts that are being presented in class. The way that this will apply to self-reflection is to use these ideas to instill a sense of anticipation about: what will be covered and how it will have an impact on the lives of students. This will help the individual to understand the most significant concepts that they that need to remember. At which point, they will have a greater comprehension of these ideas. For the educator, they are playing a dual role in teaching them these basic concepts and collaborating with everyone to have a better understanding of what is taking place. This is the point that they can be able to more effectively reach out to the student, in a way that will give them sense of accomplishment about the information that…… [read more]

Education for Economy Theory Term Paper

Term Paper  |  12 pages (4,049 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 5


An anticipatory focus on adult education in fact saves governments capital by decreasing societal healthcare, public assistance, and incarceration expenses. Adult education also advances and enlarges the countries' accessible pool of human capital by aiding motivated but under educated people attains profitable employment in today's more and more high-tech and international job market, and at a far lower price per… [read more]

Education - Theory Adult Term Paper

Term Paper  |  10 pages (3,103 words)
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On the other hand, it is irrefutable that individual is a starting point of everything. The association between individual and social concerns in Humanist's view is adult education will become an agency of development if its short-time goal of self-improvement can be made companionable with a long-time, experimental but determined policy of altering the social order. It does not matter… [read more]

Faculty Student Interaction in Online Learning Environment Literature Review Chapter

Literature Review Chapter  |  15 pages (3,854 words)
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Student engagement is important when teaching any class. It is especially significant when faculty teach in the online learning environment where students are not only isolated from their instructor but from fellow students. Advances in online technologies are creating exciting opportunities for learning in the virtual space. Benefits of online learning are well-known, but online learning also has its disadvantages… [read more]

Professional Development Plan the Design Essay

Essay  |  8 pages (2,986 words)
Bibliography Sources: 8


¶ … Professional Development Plan

The design of professional development should be a result of a district's professional development planning process. It is best done as part of a comprehensive district plan in which the planning process includes, at a minimum, a collection of needs assessment data, i.e. student and teaching staff needs; root cause identification; proposed activities; identification of… [read more]

Sequencing Literacy Activities Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,341 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Sequencing Lit Activities

Sequencing Literacy Activities teacher is about to start on a unit of work on the environment. Her ultimate aim is for her students to be able to comprehend and produce written factual descriptive texts on the subject using technical vocabulary and a scientific register as described in the syllabus.

This step of pre-planning highlights how, before even dealing with the class, the teacher sets forth what she wishes to accomplish with her lesson.

She knows this might be ahead of where the students are 'at' but she is determined to help them acquire the necessary literacy skills for more academically orientated work.

This teacher sets ambitious goals for her students, which means that the lesson is likely to be valuable for them on many levels.

The first thing the teacher does is to inform the students as to what the series of lessons is going to be about by giving the students the program and discussing the relevant syllabus outcomes.

This is the first step the teaches deploys before the classroom, not only because it has 'first' as a guideline, but because a teacher, no matter what the lesson, must make the class cognizant of the syllabus overview, and give the students an idea of where they will be 'going' as a class and as individual learners over the next few weeks.

She relates these concepts to the students' own writing and the notion of text and context in general.

The teacher makes her lesson aims clear to the students, not just the content of the subject overall.

The teacher then outlines the assessment procedures of the whole unit, which incorporate some negotiable aspects like due dates, length and mark weighting.

Students are given a map of where the lesson plan will be going in the next few weeks.

She doesn't know how much background they have in the area, so she produces stimulus pictures of polluted environments, dividing the students into small groups and asking them to brainstorm possible words and phrases associated with the stimulus pictures.

The students are going to be doing more intensive group work later on, so this familiarizes them with one another as learners and barnstormers, as well as the general topic. From the beginning, the "learning cycle" is honored so, students can "make their own discoveries, stressing the process of science as a way of learning." (Reinhardt, 2004)

The teacher distributes some pollution case studies and proceeds to read them with the students following. Questions and discussion follow.

In this case, the lesson plan is about pollution. So the students have an idea of what the topic area is, they read about the effects of the phenomenon in the world outside the classroom, from objective sources.

The teacher then produces a model text on a related but different pollution topic, which incorporates some of the desirable features of technical description.

Now, the learning and lesson plan model the students will be actually dealing with is presented, along with a more… [read more]

Characteristics That an Educated Person Should Possess Essay

Essay  |  5 pages (1,530 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


Educated person should possess the general knowledge needed for making informed rational decisions and inferences in their personal and intellectual life. One of the problems with this definition of an "educated person" is that it is extremely vague and open to interpretation. While it seems to provide a rather specific definition, it contains terms such as "informed rational decision," and… [read more]

What Is Special Education? Term Paper

Term Paper  |  8 pages (3,509 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Special Education

What is Special Education? Special Education is explained as certain specialized learning activities that have been designed for those students who are generally known as 'exceptional' in any particular field of education, meaning that their innate cognitive abilities may be at fault, or they may be slow learners or students with some sort of learning or understanding disabilities.… [read more]

Incidence, Diagnoses, Characteristics and Safety Term Paper

Term Paper  |  10 pages (4,103 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Diagnosis and Incidence of Mental Retardation with Autism. The incidence of mental retardation has been estimated at 3% for the general population (MacMillan et al. 1996); however, as noted above, because definitions of mental retardation with or without autism vary and the syndrome can be easily confused with similar conditions, depending on what criteria are used, slightly more or slightly… [read more]

Computer Mediated Education Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (602 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


As educators refine their philosophy of distance learning, they are concerned about sustaining interactivity in their educational process. Today's adult learning theories are built upon the premise that teachers will assist their students to become self-directed and independent. Learners must assume responsibility for their educational experiences, but independent study has natural limitations. Without adequate teacher feedback and reinforcement, students may not know whether they possess an accurate knowledge of their subject matter. Distance learning products must be carefully designed activities that guide students and promote personal acquisition of knowledge simultaneously with independence.

This requires planning creative online instructional assignments that intellectually stretch students but do not confuse or overwhelm them (Muirhead, 2001). Distance educators view computer-mediated education as an excellent format to encourage a variety of adult learning styles while serving an ethnically diverse student population. A recent successful implementation of distance learning is Tsinghua University in Beijing, China, where Professor Yuanchun Shi's "smart classroom" displays photos of students at other universities across China who have logged in (Huang, 2004). Shi poses a question and calls on a remote student by shining a laser pointer on his photo. The student's picture switches to live video and audio as he answers. Shi writes on a digital whiteboard that transmits her handwriting to the students' computers, complementing audio and visual feeds from cameras and microphones (Huang, 2004). Changes such as these can be made to implement the computer-mediated module as a distance learning product, for the successful "new education" of the future.


Huang, G.T. (2004). China's Clever Classroom. Technology Review, 26.

Muirhead, B. (2001). Practical Strategies for Teaching Computer-Mediated Classes.

Retrieved March 15, 2005, from Ed at a Distance Web site:

http://www.usdla.org/html/journal/may01_Issue/article02.html…… [read more]

Teacher Workshop Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,333 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Teacher Workshop

Teacher's Workshop is devoted to raise the opportunities for the progress of the practical staff. These opportunities come directly to a school by means of the speaker's office or to the school and to the teachers by special conference events at great places. (the Teacher's Workshop) Bilingual education in essence is an education in which a student is taught to use two different languages with equal capability, about half his schoolwork being done in each. Bilingual education can be classified into three basic programs. These programs are inclusive of local English speakers who are studying a second language which encompass the majority students, students who talk a foreign language and are learning English which encompass the minority students and a two-way bilingual program, which includes both the majority and minority students in a single classroom. In the first two programs, the children are trained in one language, but are aspiring for full bilingualism in both languages. When children learn school subjects in a second language, it is called immersion education. The language of teaching is national language for the minority students and a second language for language majority students in two-way immersion program. (Cargas; Ryan, 2002)

The native students are studying and improving their native language and slowly learning English, while the majority students are studying a second language. Concurrently the students are studying the second language with the topics covered in their classes. This is an instance of why bilingual education is more valuable than monolingual education. In bilingual education the student is studying their basic subject matter and only getting more knowledge through a second language. In our present day is a second language essential? Of late this is the hot topic. Do parents need to force their child to learn two languages in elementary school? It is almost essential to know two languages, if we live in multicultural locality, deal with the global marketplace and need to use all the resources available which relate to technology. Multilingual people and society seem to have an advantage over monolingual competition. This gives people of all ages a motivation to study a second language. Teachers have an intense, daily challenge in front of them, though the Two-way education program - TWI program seems astonishing. For instance, when an English speaker is studying Spanish the teacher must ensure that the child is recognizing the Spanish instruction, as well as trying to understand the lessons and encourage the native Spanish-speaking children. Practical activities are very much applied to motivate children's participation. Teachers must make sure that students take part in educational environments. (Cargas; Ryan, 2002)

Historically, the subject of bilingual education in the modern world can be drawn to the colonial period. When the Spaniards first came to this continent, they came across a number of Indian tribes who did not know Spanish. Fray Pedro de Gante set up the first bilingual school in the new continent in 1521 by means of the local language of the Aztecs to change… [read more]

Martin Luther and My Interpretations Term Paper

Term Paper  |  7 pages (2,009 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


" (Faber, 1998)

Today, research covering the effects of diversity in the classroom show how and why effective teaching can be linked to the ability of instructors to incorporate diversity into their classrooms. These studies repeatedly show that there is a direct correlation between a child's attitude towards his or her race and ethnic grouping and other cultural groups from as early as the preschool years. In other words, young children develop their stereotypes in the classroom or in the home environment at very early ages.

Teachers can therefore help reduce or hopefully even eliminate negative stereotypes by being diversity conscious themselves. Through the use of culturally sensitive class initiatives for example, teachers have an opportunity to establish more positive examples for their students. "Researchers agree that new models of professional development are needed, and that such models must include a focus on the development of local cultures of interest if they are to be sustainable." (Swan, Vargas, & Holmes, 2004)


In conclusion, this paper was on Martin Luther and also my interpretations of his views on the treatise of scholarship and education. From Luther's point-of-view, this report attempted to propose possible reforms in the area of curriculum. The report was formatted in the form of an action plan that articulated my personal philosophies of teaching and identified with Martin Luther as my selected scholar. Issues addressed were the educational and conceptual frameworks of collaboration, social justice, diversity and critical self-reflection. Obviously Martin Luther appreciated the structured approach of schools since one of his first official acts as a reformer was to convert existing monasteries into schools. This may even be the underlying foundation of all modern public schools systems around the world. Who could be a better scholar for this particular project. "There is no denying the huge gap between the sixteenth century and the twenty-first. Luther's Germany was overwhelmingly Christian; he could look to the state to further the agenda of Christian education, although he insisted that the responsibility for education was not solely, or even primarily, the responsibility of government. We live in a very different world from that of Luther. The United States is rich in cultural and religious diversity, and, from an early age, children experience that diversity and multiplicity of religious traditions and values in school and community." (Harran, 2004)


Faber, Dr. R. (1998). Martin Luther on Reformed Education (from Clarion Vol. 47, No. 16). Retrieved on May 3, 2005, from Spindle Works Web Site at http://spindleworks.com/library/rfaber/luther_edu.htm

Harran, Marilyn J. (2004). Reflections on Martin Luther and Childhood Education. Journal of Lutheran Ethics, Volume 4, Issue 1. Retrieved on May 3, 2005, from ELCA.Org Web Site at http://www.elca.org/scriptlib/dcs/jle/article.asp?aid=202

National Research Council (1989). Everybody Counts: A Report to the Nation on the Future of Mathematics Education. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Swan, Karen, Vargas, Juan D., & Holmes, Aliya (n.a.). Situated Professional Development and Technology Integration: The CATIE Mentoring Program. Ellen Meier; Center for Technology and School Change, Teachers College. Retrieved on May…… [read more]

Adapted Physical Education Personnel Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (870 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


(Physical Education) It is clear that physical education is still an important part of teaching.

2) What is the role of the Adapted Physical Education Specialist in the creation of a "community of learners" within a school district?

The concept of committee of learners itself is a new concept and the concept itself is being used for different purposes. Let us take the example of a Ph D. student from Birmingham, Gavin Brown who won a Distinguished Dissertation Award this year. The award is given to the student who presented the best thesis in Computer Sciences during the current year. His thesis stated that sometimes a committee of learners can perform better if they disagreed with one another. (No Frozen Carrot as Jasper Sparkles at Shackleton Launch) Let us look at another case of the Learners' Advisory Network from Canada and that is made up of learners from all the provinces and territories in Canada. This calls itself a committee of learners and "offers a unique perspective on literacy issues affecting all Canadians." (From the Editor's Desk)

It claims it is doing practical research. Providing advice and advocating the use of network and thus help adult learners all over Canada. The result is expected to be of help to the learners in using clear language and thus help the adult literacy programs gain support. Well one does not know that if literacy was so simple what are the old times teachers doing? Another group is using committee of learners through the use of active learners. In this the question to be asked, which is generally dependent some independent factors is now to be decided on the decisions by the students. This is expected to make the questions more intelligent and thus of relevance. This is the form of questions like which query strategy does the learner follow, what is the role of the training algorithm, how many members should there be in a committee, and whether there is any difference in groups of learners. (Active Sample Selection for Supervised Learning)

This sounds very good but one of the fundamental theories in the subject that this person is referring to is called GIGO and that means garbage in, garbage out. Just getting information is not the point, one has to be sure that it has some relevance or meaning. Similarly it would be quite easy to set up a committee of learners among a group of adapted physical educators, but the point is that one has to first fix up the objective of this group before it is fixed. If it… [read more]

Cooperative Learning Advantages and Disadvantages Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,361 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Cooperative Learning

Advantages and Disadvantages of Cooperative Learning

Through the years, the educational system has developed innovations and teaching models that aimed to develop holistic learning among students. As changes in educational philosophy took place in the 21st century, particularly after the proliferation of critical theories of education, learning models have been developed as a response to these critical theories.

Among these critical theories are Paulo Freire's 'banking concept of education,' wherein learning is merely transmitted from teacher to student, when learning should be experiential and the student must be able to understand information s/he receives from the teacher from its social context or environment. Thus, as a response to the critical assessment of teaching and learning, cooperative learning aims to let the student experience learning not only with the teacher, but with other students as well.

Defined as an "instructional method in which students work in small groups to accomplish a common learning goal under the guidance of the teacher," cooperative learning has been applied to educational institutions for its advantages, such as increased interaction among students, collaborative learning, and development of students' interpersonal and group skills as they accomplish a particular task or activity (Lin, 2006:34-5). In the texts that follow, the researcher provides an in-depth discussion and analysis of the advantages and disadvantages that cooperative learning has with regards to student learning and as a teaching method.

One of the distinct characteristics of cooperative learning is that it promotes shared responsibility as the sharing of ideas begins in the learning process. In Lin's (2006) analysis of cooperative learning in the science classroom setting, shared responsibility through sharing of ideas are promoted the concept of "rewarding positive interdependence and individual accountability" (38). This concept illustrates how, despite working in a group, each student working collaboratively with a team of students learns how to be dependent with other people while at the same, inculcate the attitude of independence in learning. The individual, through dependence with his/her team, learns how to share responsibility when accomplishing a task or activity. However, cooperative learning also promotes independence because the student, as a member of the group, must assume a role or position wherein s/he must be able to accomplish so that the group will be successful with the task they are working on.

A second advantage of cooperative learning is that it develops the individual's communication skills at all levels (intrapersonal, interpersonal, and group communication). Bandiera (2006) noted in her study of cooperative learning in the classroom that students become more articulate of their learning in the classroom when cooperative learning was applied. That is, students showed "greater involvement...were demonstrated by students in discussions..." (132). In fact, the author noted that students' participation and involvement were overwhelmingly positive that, and ultimately led to a "positive evaluation of the teaching activity." More importantly, however, is that this finding shows teachers and education practitioners that communication and articulation of thoughts is developed and enhanced as students are engaged in a highly interactive and collaborative… [read more]

Gaming as an Instructional Strategy in Nursing Education Term Paper

Term Paper  |  35 pages (10,150 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Gaming as an Instructional Strategy to Enhance Baccalaureate Nursing Students' Learning

Nurse educators play a key role in preparing a future workforce of nurses to provide quality care that meets the health care needs of the population (the National League of Nursing [NLN], 2002). Nurse educators are responsible for facilitating student learning and evaluating outcomes. In 2003, the NLN stated… [read more]

Transformative Learning Theory in the Practice Article Review

Article Review  |  2 pages (600 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Transformative Learning Theory in the Practice of Adult Education:

One of the most powerful tools that have developed in the adult education field in understanding how adults learn is transformative learning. This aspect has attracted both researchers and practitioners from various theoretical persuasions and practice settings. Nonetheless, transformative learning is a complicated concept that provides significant hypothetical, practical, and moral challenges. According to an individual's theoretical perspective, the meaning of transformative learning and how it's effectively promoted within formal learning settings differs considerably. Educators of transformative learning are not necessarily involved in teaching content that is considerably different from increased instrumentally-oriented educators.

Since adult education is geared towards promoting critical consciousness among people and groups, the learning process helps adults to cultivate an increased understanding of the means with which social structures impact their beliefs and thoughts about themselves and the world. Therefore, the process is made up of action and reflection that are in dialectical or transactional relationship with one another (Dirkx, 1998). Consequently, education should promote freedom among learners through providing ways for these people to not only reflect on the world but also change it. As transformative learning enables adults to name the world and develop personal meaning of it, it's liberating at the individual and social level.

In consideration of adult learning as likely transformative, the process promotes the establishment and integration of learning content and processes within the lives of people involved in an educative capacity and social-cultural context where lives are rooted. As transformational learning is eternal, adult learning can be considered as transformational.


In explaining how adult learning is transformational, the author has divided the paper into various sections beginning with a discussion of what transformative learning is. The main sections are transformation as consciousness-raising, transformation as critical reflection, transformation as development,…… [read more]

PSI System and Other Educational Methods Personal Term Paper

Term Paper  |  20 pages (5,885 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


¶ … PSI System and Other Educational Methods

Personal Statement

The Keller/PSI Concept

The Educational Benefits of Keller/PSI

The Problems Associated with Keller/PSI

Computer-assisted Personal System of Instruction (CAPSI)

Multiple Intelligences Theory

Hands-on, Inquiry-based Active Learning

Kolb's Learning Style Inventory

Conclusion and Implications for Future Avenues of Empirical Study

The Keller Personal System of Instruction (PSI) in education (also known… [read more]

Goal of Indiana Students Reading Proficiently Term Paper

Term Paper  |  13 pages (3,549 words)
Bibliography Sources: 9


¶ … goal of Indiana students reading proficiently by the end of 3rd grade for special Ed students, we will have to strengthen the initial program in reading. That basis must allow students to not only become skilled, but to display mastery during K-3 schooling. With that said,

Standards, instruction and assessment will have to be precisely aligned;

Statistics on… [read more]

Faculty Support and Development in Curriculum Essay

Essay  |  5 pages (1,364 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 5


Nursing Curriculum Development

Curriculum Development:

The first required step before initiating an RN-to-BSN degree completion program is determining the need for such a curricular change. Indeed, this will ultimately call for application to accredited in this area. Therefore, the demanding process of change must be warranted within the community. This means that the initial step would be to explore the apparent need for professional development in the research and academic capacities of nursing. If it can be determined that adding the Bachelor's program to the community's offerings would substantially address the demand in the field for nurses who are thusly educated, it would be appropriate to proceed with the new curriculum development.

Resources required for making this a reality would include the funding for achieving accreditation, the support of faculty for developing a proper course of education and the means for preparing the faculty that would ultimately be required to administer to newly advanced path of learning. It is expected that it would require roughly two years of application and development before a new curriculum could be put into place.

Once done, the positive offshoot would be a more attractive range of course offerings for prospective students and a better set of presenting skills for graduates entering the job market. The only negative consequence anticipated would be the demand to bring new and differently skilled personnel onboard. With an adjustment period, this negative could be quickly erased.

Case #1:


The most immediately pressing factor for Meadowvale is the apparent lack of applicability of current curriculum to the professional standards reflected on the National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses. A 20% failure rate, combined with a generally voiced discontent among the school's graduates, suggests that the current curriculum has become outdated relative to the demands and expectations of actual professional development. Therefore, Meadowvale is propelled by its declining performance to bring major change to a long-standing curricular orientation.


The primary sources of support will be those personnel with whom Dr. Lopez has established a strong and positive working relationship. According to the case history, Lopez benefits specifically from a successful working relationship with faculty members, university administrators, and clinical and professional colleagues. This gives her a great opportunity to make inroads into development by selecting key members of the faculty to help drive the new curriculum home with colleagues. According to the Keating (2011) text, supportive faculty will be the most important source in both developing curriculum and working against the inevitable resistance that is likely to arise. Keating tells that "in a study of faculty perceptions of implementation of curriculum change, Powell-Cope, Hughes, Sedlak, and Nelson (2008) found that administrators, other faculty, and students who were 'champions for curricular change' were also identified as facilitators of successful implementation of the new curriculum." (Keating, p. 34)

This is especially true in a case where change has been necessitated by a 15-year curricular holding pattern. Many faculty professionals who have become too comfortable with the current system may prove… [read more]

Different Preferences in Learning Between American and French Learners in a Multinational Corporate Setting Dissertation

Dissertation  |  65 pages (23,082 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 65


¶ … Preferences in Learning between American and French Learners in a Multinational Corporate Setting

The way training is delivered in a corporate environment has a tremendous effect on results. This study investigates the role of culture in the learning styles of adult French and American students enrolled in online training programs at an international university. Using Kolb's learning style… [read more]

Students With Disabilities Who Did Not Complete Dissertation

Dissertation  |  60 pages (17,241 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


¶ … Students With Disabilities Who Did Not Complete High School

Richard Wieringo

This case study explores the experiences of students with disabilities who have dropped out of high school, so as to identify related factors that led to their decisions. Participants will include both males and females who were designated as students with disabilities at Ridgeville High School (pseudonym… [read more]

Curriculum Laws and Gifted Education Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,402 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


Curriculum Development

What historical or political occurrences do you think have most influenced current curriculum design?

The social and political history of the United States has always had an influence on schools and the curricula schools devise for their students. An article in New Straits Times (2005) reflects the fact that "…mounting levels of obesity" has raised concerns about schools… [read more]

IEP Project Term Paper

Term Paper  |  13 pages (3,679 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Individualized Education Program - Shawn


Individualized Education Program -- Shawn

Individualized Education Plan -- Shawn


Educational Assessment

Shawn Date of Birth: 5/22/2000 Age

Ellicott Mills Middle Assessment Date: 11/23/12 Evaluator: R

Grade/Program: Remedial & Special Education w/Resource Room Report Date: 4/11/13

Reason for Referral: Shawn receives a referral for an evaluation for multiple reasons. He experiences orthopedic impairments… [read more]

Wright State University Website Review Web Content

Web Content  |  4 pages (1,157 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


Library Resources

The University Libraries, consisting of the Paul Laurence Dunbar Library and the Fordham Health Sciences Library, are linked through the OhioLINK system and Internet to holdings of other major academic libraries in Ohio and to a wide range of databases for electronic research. The Department of Archives and Special Collections includes an African-American collection, as well as sections on the Wright brothers and early aviation history, local history, children's literature, and university history. In line with this, the university's electronic resources include more than 200 research databases, 8,000 electronic journals, and 22,000 e-books. This wide range of resources makes the search easier for e-learning materials. This makes it easier for students to search for books either alphabetically or by typing the author's name.

Critique Summary

The current website tends to render the student a passive viewer of the sparse material, rather than inviting them to be engaged participants. The Wright State University library website has many elements that need to be addressed to become an interactive and engaging proponent of the institution's mission. Therefore, there are several recommendations given essential for the reformation of the website to be fully efficient in tackling students' interactivity and accessibility of the e-learning resources.


It is important that the website entirely focuses on learning material for the students' by providing convenient access to information that links students to college resources thus promoting their development. Therefore, the site should target development of the whole person by providing opportunities that address the Social, Physical, Intellectual, Career, Emotional, and Spiritual (SPICES) aspects of student life. Despite students being the primary targeted audience, the site can serve as a resource for the campus community by providing information on the developmental tasks of students and the services available to address those tasks.

How website technology is coordinated in an institution is of prime concern. Collaborative opportunities are necessary to achieve coordinated information in development of web-based support services (Barratt, 2001). In line with this, student affairs professionals must provide leadership to help institutions respond to the changing needs of students. Inclusion of departments, divisions, and students as stakeholders in website development ensures consistency of college mission.

In order to implement online student services, ongoing evaluation of web-based support services, technical support, staff proficiency, and technological training are necessary to support all activities within the organization, increase effectiveness and productivity, and improve delivery service while providing flexibility for future change.

Student affairs-based websites do serve as a form of marketing. The focus of a student-centered website is to ensure that each student's first connection with the institution meets the quality, accuracy, and responsiveness expectations of today's students; the institution's customers. Student affairs websites can provide opportunity for a student to feel connected to the institution and its resources after they begin classes.


Barratt, W. (2001). Managing information technology in student affairs: A report on policies, practices, staff, and technology. Student Affairs Online, 2 .

Benedict, L.G. (1996). Technology and information systems. In S.R. Komives, D.B. Woodard… [read more]

Lives on the Boundary Research Paper

Research Paper  |  6 pages (1,707 words)
Bibliography Sources: 6


This is shown by the fact that, although started as an under prepared student, he eventually becomes a leading teacher and educator.


Rose Mike, 1990, Lives on the Boundary: A Moving Account of the Struggles and Achievements of America's Educationally Underprepared, Penguin Books publishers.

INGLEBY, E., JOYCE, D., & POWELL, S. (2010).Learning to teach in the lifelong learning sector. New York, NY, Continuum International Pub. Group pp 7-15

FRANCIS, M., & GOULD, J. (2009). Achieving your PTTLS award: a practical guide to successful teaching in the lifelong learning sector. Thousand Oaks, CA, SAGE Publications. Pp 5-25

AVIS, J., FISHER, R., & THOMPSON, R. (2010).Teaching in Lifelong Learning: A Guide to Theory and Practice. Milton Keynes, Open University Press. P 21

FAIRCLOUGH, M. (2008). Supporting learners in the lifelong learning sector. Maidenhead, Open University Press. Pp 167-173

CONTINUING PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT AWARD SCHEME. (1999). CPD: continuing professional development award. Manchester, CPDA Office.

STEWARD, A. (2009). Continuing your professional development in lifelong learning. London [u.a.], Continuum International Pub. Group. http://www.ebrary.com. Pp 56-67.

GREAT BRITAIN. (2010). Training of teachers: fourth report of session 2009-10. Vol. II, Oral…… [read more]

Distance Learning Research Paper

Research Paper  |  4 pages (1,103 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


Students will reap the benefits of this if they become a strong independent learner and become confident and positive about their own abilities to investigate and understand the world at large.

There are also disadvantages to distance learning that will impact the learning and ultimate principles of education if they are not properly understood and addressed. The availability of certain courses and the availability of certain programs are not as widespread as some may like. Certain universities and educational institutions do not offer distance learning programs for all of their offered curriculum. For younger students, availability of quality programs are hard to qualify due to the lack of regulations and standards available. Having a wide variety of courses available for students to select from or having a variety of elementary and secondary school distance learning programs will help eliminate this disadvantage when more programs are available for this type of method.

The quality of distance learning programs are often put into question. Bronack noted that "the explicitly social nature of our virtual world process more often and be more opportunities for the students to take their own path through these resources and activities together" (230). Living in a virtual world does not provide the same physical and emotional qualities that human interaction provides. Distance learning may have a negative impact on students getting along with each other in larger and more social situations. Too much time in a virtual world can tempt young students to become despondent and not interested in other important aspects of life. This disadvantage in distance learning needs to be taken into account if proper and suitable courses are to be used effectively within our society today.

This problem is further compounded when students fail to learn how to communicate orally with others. Distance learning programs provide the opportunity for students to communicate in written words, but as a disadvantage, oral communication skills and abilities may diminish. The ability to communicate with one another is very important in today's world and an education system that does not provide a useful set of these pertaining skills is not very valuable. Explaining and understanding what we have learned to others is the essence of an education and the ability for both students and teachers to become too isolated and too drawn off from society becomes a risk to a solid and whole education if this promise not understood and address properly.

Overall, distance learning education has both positive and negative impacts. Once understanding the definitions behind distance learning and putting these definitions through a logical examination it is evident there are many learning opportunities contained in this particular subject. Weighing both pros and cons is important and mandatory if one is to determine what is the best and the most logical way to address this idea. This consistently changing method of educating our citizens significantly affects our social communities and children in the future

Works Cited

Bronack, Stephen, Riedl, Richard, Tashner, John. "Learning in the Zone: A social… [read more]

Cyborged: Hybrid Pedagogy and Student Research Paper

Research Paper  |  4 pages (1,286 words)
Bibliography Sources: 6


The distinction, however, makes us keenly aware that information is not knowledge per se, yet pedagogical theories are seeking accommodation in the hybrid 'mind' of mediated learning as many students have become so difficult to engender with the expected knowledge where performance is concerned. Assistance by way of instructional learning technologies and internet-based tools is increasingly proven to circumvent continued problems in test scores, for example.

Where is the evidence that hybrid or online learning promotes other best practices core competencies such as 'learner centered' facilitation? In Developing Outcomes Based Assessment: for learner centered education, Driscoll and Wood (2007), OBE decision making has led to the convergence of institutional approaches to standardized curricula, student competency, and continuity in innovation. Education practice setting research shows ample proof that educators stand to benefit from the ready facilitation technological tools in the extended classroom where outcomes-based education (OBE) is monitored. Evidence-based practices derived from findings to the plethora of investigation that has culminated as a viable platform for recommended practice in education, is largely the result of an earlier shift just prior to the hybrid revolution, stemming from impacts to episteme on democratic education, and the elimination of older, authoritarian approaches to proscriptive learning. Where teacher centered has been replaced by learner centered methodologies, renewed emphasis on classical models of Socratic praxis permeate both spheres of dialectic engagement.

Baseline praxis to learner centered formats certainly fosters the iterative structure of new alternatives in instructional learning technologies, as students find positive resource in the evaluative methodologies of proto score mechanisms. Faculty perception of OBE, argue Driscoll and Wood, also supports this idea, where student outcomes proffer investigative findings respective to contemporary educator questions on the utility of those resources. The network aspect of the knowledge sharing phenomenon is also made more complete, where professional dialogue is informed by student participation and grounded research is put at the center of the OBE model. Pedagogical transformations, then, are reliant upon the hybrid rather than comparative approach as provision to the construction of better learner centered applications.

As professional educators are contracted into online dialogue in emails, chat rooms and website experience engagements of their own, the 'use value' of online learning is made apparent through the demands of everyday life. It is not surprising that the hybrid model of learner centered facilitation in the practice setting of the academic classroom as segue to life-long career success. The growth of multi-media options in educational sphere in the last twenty years has been exceptional in terms of the history of classical thought, and our ability to share in dialogue within the amorphous realm called 'information' has inevitably led to lightning speed capacity in the development of new fields of knowledge as we engage in a multitude of ideas.

Exponential knowledge production is the new name of the game. Standardization in the classroom is so distant from the radical influx of information society that testing on curricula-based topics appears as detour from the broader 'priority' areas of knowledge evolving… [read more]

CEC Website Review Founded Research Paper

Research Paper  |  6 pages (1,722 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


b) Children with gifted minds or creative capabilities require special schools in order to fully develop their advanced capabilities.

c) A toddler under 3 years of age risks experiencing a substantial developmental delay if early intervention services are not provided.

Teachers of grades 1-12 can inform themselves of these exceptional conditions and help raise awareness in schools so that the relevant children of the society get the treatment and education they truly deserve.


The CEC website is an education portal which hits on all fronts of the relevant subjects in the area of special education. The website design takes good care of the fact that audiences with disabilities may use the site and thus ensures a perfectly legible, clutter-free experience to the user. The website features its own store and community which makes it a complete portal for anyone seeking information about special education.

URL: https://www.cec.sped.org/


Council for Exceptional Children (CEC) (n.d.). Special Edition Topics.

Retrieved October 22, 2013, from Council for Exceptional Children web site: http://www.cec.sped.org/Special-Ed-Topics

Chrysan (2012, May 7). How to Review A Website.

Retrieved October 22, 2013, from Hub pages web site: http://chrysan.hubpages.com/hub/How-to-Review-a-Website

Rand Fishkin (2011, October 27). A Framework for Site Reviews (with Examples).

Retrieved October 22, 2013, from Moz web site: http://moz.com/blog/a-framework-for-site-reviews… [read more]

Teaching as a Career Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (529 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


It also required social skills, self-motivation and the ability to enjoy working with people from varying backgrounds. Between 1999 and 2000, I worked 900 hours as a substitute Educational Assistant for all grade levels in Special Education. In this position I worked with mildly to severely mentally challenged students. In 2000, I was hired full time as an Educational Assistant in the Resource Center, and am currently still employed in this position. I tutor multiple subjects, science, consumer math, algebra, social studies, and English, to special educational students. These students are mainstreamed into regular educational classes, however, still need tutoring. I have approximately 700 hours in this position.

As a wife and mother, I have devoted my life to my family and was always involved with my children and their activities. I have raised two sons, both graduated college. I have an Associate of Arts degree and will be returning to college to work towards a degree in education, with a teaching certificate and an endorsement in Special Education.

The years that I spent working as a substitute, and now full time as an Educational Assistant has given me the opportunity to understand and fully appreciate this field of study. I feel my diverse working background and life experience gives me the foundation for dedication in this area. I enjoy teaching and working with the students is very rewarding for me. I am confident that I have chosen the right career to move into at this time in my life and feel comfortable that I…… [read more]

Special Education Term Paper

Term Paper  |  40 pages (10,876 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


McConnell (2000) confirms that early childhood special education and early intervention can greatly improve the academic careers of students with learning disabilities. McConnell asserts that early childhood intervention is designed to improve competencies, skills and to aid children and their families in making the proper educational adjustments. (McConnell 2000)

McConnell writes that many early childhood education assessment practices have been… [read more]

Special Education Has Changed Term Paper

Term Paper  |  22 pages (5,921 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Fold paper or draw lines on paper to assist the student with spacing. This is particularly useful in math.

Use different color chalks and felt pens to emphasize different points, and to make it easier for the student to find his place on the board or paper.

Use highly contrasting colors.

Enlarge the print.

Glue steps of a math operation… [read more]

Inclusion Special Education Term Paper

Term Paper  |  10 pages (2,695 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


The overall findings though leads to a much less clear cut answer and that is that the LRE for each student is different and can fluctuate with success and failure in each option at any given time individually. (p.4)

Some arguments of full inclusion site studies that suggest that the comparative model of mainstreaming introduces an inherent flaw that causes… [read more]

Community College Students Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (739 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


It is extremely surprising to me that readers today might find this article to be new or innovative, and in fact I found it to be almost humorous and absurd how these everyday technologies were being treated like alien concepts -- it almost read like satire. By 1999 when this article was written, use of computers and the Internet in an education setting should have already been the standard. Even in the 1980's, many classrooms found it to be standard to have access to at least one computer for student use. By the 1990's, The Internet was well established and part of mainstream culture. Today, it is considered to be the norm to have access to e-mail, Instant Messenger, and the Web -- many people don't even know their own phone number because they only communicate online. It is pathetic when, to this day, teachers will tell students not to use Internet sources, even when most journals and newspapers can now be found archived online, and these sources are just as "real" as ones printed on paper. It is also ridiculous that some teachers still tell students not to turn in typed papers because they may have cheated and used spell-check. Computers, The Internet, and technology are here to stay, and they should be integrated in every way with the educational experience immediately and fully.

Personally, as an instructor, I would make full use of any technology the school fit deem to provide. I would also constantly be petitioning the school to provide more funds for technology. While administrators may be spending money on paper, pens, postage, phone bills, text books, and other vital classroom supplies, all of these can be replaced by use of technology, which will save money in the long run after the initial investment. I would hope that every student would leave my class having full knowledge of how to use The Internet, E-mail, Word Processors, and Multimedia presentation software, and that their learning experience would be greatly heightened and made more enjoyable by use of these tools. Students are more than ready for technology, and it is only fair that the teachers and…… [read more]

Special Education Term Paper

Term Paper  |  10 pages (4,234 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


' This condition has multiplied three fold from a figure of 1.8% of the student population in the year 1976-77 to 6% in the year 1998-99. Studies have indicated that all other classifications of special education which are mental retardation, serious emotional disturbance, deafness, blindness, autism and head injury, have actually decreased from 6.5% to 5.8% of the total student… [read more]

Classroom Atmosphere Which Encourages Term Paper

Term Paper  |  9 pages (2,695 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


To do so, they must learn the what, the how, and the why before they have the tools to make unique distinctions of their own. When an educational system insists on teaching children to obtain mastery of a specific body of knowledge, then the system also has the opportunity to teach a student how tho use that data as building… [read more]

Leadership Skills Impact International Education Term Paper

Term Paper  |  108 pages (29,649 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


However, many people do not understand what leadership is and how it applies to the school environment. In their 1997 study of visionary companies, James Collins and Jerry Porras define leaders as people who "displayed high levels of persistence, overcame significant obstacles, attracted dedicated people, influenced groups of people toward the achievement of goals, and played key roles in guiding… [read more]

Educational Challenges Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,178 words)
Bibliography Sources: 8


Moving to what it is and what it isn't, the resource clearly mentions that differentiated instruction includes instruments such as multiple assignments that fit the needs of all the students in the classroom, creative learning centers and giving options to students so that they may turn their attention towards those areas of study that are of most interest to them.

It is very important, and this resource emphasizes this, to understand what differentiated instruction is not, among these overburdening high achieving students or focusing on weaknesses.

Classroom space

Instructional goals and classroom space (http://www.learnnc.org/lp/pages/738?ref=search)

This resource is associated to the Lean NC program, which is a program with the University of North Carolina that aims to identify good educational practices and make them available to teachers and professors throughout North Carolina (since this is a website, one can assume that the goal is to popularize these notions to the greatest degree possible).

This article is particularly interesting because it tells the purpose and role of the classroom space from the very beginning. The role is to arrange the classroom to "meet your pedagogical goals." Based on this overarching concept, the author makes several recommendations about what makes a good educational environment from a space perspective. This includes flexible spaces, giving the students the possibility of moving around the classroom and even of rearranging the space, particularly for different activities.

It is also interesting how the classroom space is intrinsically linked to cultural diversity in the classroom. One recommendation is to group students in the classroom according to different cultural backgrounds. This is a point that works well when referring to cultural diversity too. It encourages students to be open and communicative with people who are different than them and, in the entire educational process, it also increases the value of the individual, as he gains more knowledge about groups different from his own.

So, classroom space should take into consideration a wider spectrum of elements, including the educational aspect, cultural diversity, communication issues/elements or particular deficiencies of the students (students with visual deficiencies, for example, should sit in the front).

Project Para -- Paraeducator Self-Study Program-lesson 1 (http://para.unl.edu/legacy/Organization/lesson1.php)

This project helps schools with online training and lessons for paraeducators. There are several topics, one of which, discussed in lesson 1, is the organization of the classroom, namely managing classroom space and materials. As the lesson points out from the very beginning, in line with what was discussed in the previous resource, the best option for the classroom space is one that "promotes efficient learning and minimize behavior problems."

The educator aims to have an environment that encourages the student in the learning process, supports his creativity and social skills and helps him develop. At the same time, the educator aims to reduce potential risks to the educational environment, namely to reduce threats that would cause different behavioral problems, including conflicts between students.

The online lesson presents several suggestions for the arrangement of the classroom. Some of them are extremely useful,… [read more]

Co-Teaching Strategy Best for Learning Thesis

Thesis  |  13 pages (4,433 words)
Bibliography Sources: 11


Co-Teaching Strategies

Which Co-teaching Strategies is the Best for High School

Since the U.S. government has enacted the NCLB (No Child Left Behind) Act in 2001, schools in the United States have been searching for a quality educational delivery option that will provide highly quality instructions. Co-teaching has been identified as an effective teaching delivery model that will deliver student… [read more]

Learning Organization on Leadership and Management Essay

Essay  |  15 pages (4,434 words)
Bibliography Sources: 25


¶ … Learning Organizations

Leadership and Learning Organizations

Developing a Learning Organization through Informed Leadership

The ability to learn faster than your competitors may be the only sustainable advantage. -- Cliff Purington, Chris Butler and Sarah Fister Gale, 2003

The epigraph above is reflective of the ongoing need for organizations to use information and knowledge to its best advantage in… [read more]

Learning Communities Research Paper

Research Paper  |  5 pages (1,651 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


Creating Thriving Learning Communities for Our Future

There is nothing that brings communities together more than the hope for a brighter future. When improving education is involved, people tend to band together and work toward a common goal, even if they have disagreed on just about every conceivable issue in the past. When it comes to the future of the… [read more]

Pendulum Swings the Debate Over the Effectiveness of Inclusion Mainstreaming in Special Education Essay

Essay  |  9 pages (2,832 words)
Bibliography Sources: 8



Over the past few decades, a movement has existed for students with disabilities to be included in the general education classroom. Though the terminology has changed over time, from mainstreaming, to integration, and finally to inclusion, the debate has remained the same. Would students with disabilities receive a better education inside a special education classroom, or should they be… [read more]

Reforms and Initiatives That Have Been Designed Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  28 pages (7,819 words)
Bibliography Sources: 100


¶ … reforms and initiatives that have been designed to improve the quality of further education colleges and teachers in England. The government has invested billions of pounds in these efforts to date, but the desired outcomes of promoting a professionalized cadre of teaching staff for further education institutions have remained elusive. There has been a groundswell of efforts as… [read more]

Politics a Policy Issue in Education Term Paper

Term Paper  |  8 pages (2,723 words)
Bibliography Sources: 8



A Policy Issue in Education: No Child Left Behind

Political Influences that Helped to Determine the NCLB Act

The publication of a Nation at Risk Report in 1983, put education into the political ring as the Reagan Administration determined that the state of education was a national security risk (Reutzel, 2009). This report caused the public and politicians everywhere… [read more]

Inclusion Education Thesis

Thesis  |  7 pages (2,268 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 10


¶ … Inclusion

Those in favor of inclusion claim that the process benefits the special needs children, the mainstream children, the teachers and society as a whole. Those who are against inclusion use a variety of arguments that range from disruptions to the mainstream students to accusations of budget greed. This paper examines the issue of inclusion from both sides,… [read more]

Principal Interview Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (526 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 2


School Profile

The technological advances and equipment of the ACE Academy in Jefferson County, Tennessee, allow for a variety of instructional delivery mechanisms. In addition to the traditional instruction in basic academic subjects -- math, reading, language arts, and social studies -- that is provided to all students, the computer center and available laptops allow for somewhat more independent instruction and multimedia engagement. Both knowledge and increasing self-confidence and independence are primary goals of the ACE Academy, and these two primary delivery methods are meant to encourage growth in both of these areas (Jett, personal interview, February 11, 2010). The advanced technology center also provides a definite boost in real-world skills and information accessibility that is not as easily incorporated into the more traditional instruction, almost by definition.

Overall, the facilities at the ACE Academy are severely under par. The technology center and equipment that the school possesses is new and definitely sets a high standard for the school, but this standard is not borne out by the rest of the school's facilities. The main concern is that the Academy's buildings are simply too small; space is at a premium here, and the school is without a gymnasium or any sports equipment (ACE currently has no physical education program whatsoever). The school's supplies are all more than adequate, with prompt assistance from the zoned schools in the area when necessary, and again the technological equipment that the school possesses is far ahead of many other schools in the area (Jett 2010). The sheer size of the school, however, is simply too small.

In…… [read more]

Grading Methods Special Education Thesis

Thesis  |  1 pages (328 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Alternative Grading Methods Guidelines

The relative 'fairness' of grading special education students with end-of-unit and quarterly assessments that are similar to those given to 'regular' students obviously depends on the level of disability of the student. However, for most special education students more frequent assessment reports are required, to ensure that the student's progress and needs are being adequately charted, monitored, and addressed. Quite often, even high-functioning special needs students have problems with focusing and setting goals. This is why frequent reports are helpful for both the student and the student's teachers and support staff.

Assessments often must be more tailored to special education student's individual needs than the general types of assessments given to mainstream students. For example, students with dyslexia or even students with concentrating and processing disorders like attention-deficit disorder (ADD) may benefit from having an oral component to their assessment, where they listen to a story, and then write answers to questions on paper. Students with -deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)…… [read more]

Social and Academic Culture at Your Current Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  2 pages (622 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


¶ … social and academic culture at your current school. What positives and negatives do you see? What changes would you recommend to make it a healthier place for all students?

When reading about a typical 'day in the life' of a student at the Thatcher School, I was immediately struck at how the school strives to give every student a complete education. Students learn how to ride horses, muck out stalls, and actively debate intellectual concepts in their academic classes. Alas, my educational world in Taiwan is very different. While my school has given me a strong base of knowledge in the sciences and mathematics, which I would strive to use to make a contribution to my classes at Thatcher, too much of the educational system in Taiwan is focused on memorization and following the rules set by the teacher. Furthermore, when studying advanced math, the teacher pays little attention to the concepts behind the problem, and often reduces solving the equation to mere mechanics.

I have long craved an American educational environment, where I would be free to ask 'why.' Even in literature and social studies, in Taiwan we are taught there is only one way of interpreting literature, one way to understand history. In science, we are taught about nature, but never have the opportunity to do hands-on experiments. I wish to learn to apply what I have learned. I believe this is the type of education necessary to excel in the global workforce when I become a professional: but more importantly, it is the type of approach to learning that I crave, emotionally and spiritually.

Thatcher's emphasis on learning through extracurricular activities is another aspect of the school that attracts me. At my current school, I have few opportunities to engage in the pastimes that make my life meaningful: I learn so much from my hours practicing…… [read more]

University as the Spearhead of Globalization Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  3 pages (823 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 1


Higher education & Globalization

The University as the Spearhead of Globalization

At present, higher education is increasingly becoming competitive globally. The increasingly competitive environment existing among higher education institutions was predicted by Harman (as cited in Bradmore & Smyrnios, 2009, p. 497) to potentially cause the closure of some universities or the merging of universities with others. Bradmore and Smyrnios (2009) believe that there is a need for Australian universities to become more competitive since "there is still considerable doubt in the minds of many about the capacity of all Australian universities to maintain their market positions" (p. 497). It for this reason that Bradmore and Smyrnios (2009) decided to conduct a study and look into the level of concern that Australian public universities have regarding the competition in the global higher education environment that is recently rapidly intensifying. The study also aimed to know the extent Australian public universities are responding to the increasing competition. In order to answer these objectives, the published strategic plans of Australian public universities in the years 2005-2007 were gathered and analyzed through content analysis.

Results of the research showed that Australian public universities do not pay enough attention to the threats brought about by the rapidly intensifying competition in the higher education environment globally as far as strategic planning practices and processes are concerned. Furthermore, results showed that Australian public universities are, to a certain degree, also conscious of the threats brought about by the rapidly intensifying competition. They are employing strategies to protect their market share and position by focusing on concepts of students, research, teaching, learning, education, staff, and region. This study has an implication in as far as determining if Australian public universities pay sufficient attention to the rapid intensification of local and global competition; strategies that have been implemented and are currently being implemented to appropriately address the increasing competition; and the other possible courses of action that can be undertaken in order to develop better models that will serve as guide to competitive behavior.

This study utilized content analysis in order to answer the research objectives. Published strategic plans of 34 Australian public universities were gathered. Published strategic plans are strategic plans that are freely available. These are published plans that are made available to all parties. These published strategic plans do not contain other pertinent information that is considered classified. The study made use of a list of 37 Australian public universities, which was obtained in 2001 from…… [read more]

Why the Divide Thesis

Thesis  |  1 pages (300 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 1



Breaching the Student Affairs-Faculty Divide

According to Magdola (1999), active learning is one of the more important institutions in a college education. Active learning means that students are able to bring together the aspects of their personal and academic lives. Magdola (1999) writes, "To make effective arguments, decisions, and judgments, a student must reflect on her own and others' views and integrate them into informed perspectives and understandings" (pg. 23). Thus, it is the job of the student affairs personnel to engage in a discourse with teaching faculty regarding active learning. However, Magdola (1999) also writes that entering such a discussion can be challenging. Indeed, the divide between teaching faculty and student affairs personnel is something of popular lore. While this divide exists, addressing why it is there and what can be done about it is up to speculation.

Although Dalton (1999) writes that "recent national reports on education…… [read more]

Resources and Conditions Necessary for Design and Development of Workforce Initiatives in Higher Education Research Paper

Research Paper  |  2 pages (689 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


¶ … Conditions necessary for design and development of workforce initiatives in Higher Education

Experiential learning: What are the resources and conditions necessary for program design and development?

Most adult learners approach the pedagogical process in a practical fashion -- very often they decide to go back to school to enhance their professional capabilities. In both undergraduate and graduate programs with a technical emphasis, hands-on, applied, experiential learning is usually deemed to be a vital part of becoming an experienced and competent practitioner: "Disciplines in the professional and technical disciplines including education and the health careers and social work are using experiential learning instructional techniques to provide students with the competencies necessary to pursue successful careers upon graduation" (Cantor 1995). Few patients would want to be treated by a doctor who had never had any interaction with a live patient, a social worker and a teacher could not be competent only dealing with human beings in 'theory' rather than in the messiness of practice.

However, for many other majors, knowing and doing are separated. David Kolb has described learning as a four-step process: 1) watching, (2) thinking, (3) feeling, and (4) doing (Connor 2007). Too often for university students, the crucial fourth (and sometimes third) step is ignored. But just as someone would never think he or she only needed to know how to ride a bicycle in theory to be competent, rather than how to do it in practice, all learning must be reinforced with experiences. Why are learning applied skills less valuable to less vocationally-oriented professions? An economics major can benefit from seeing the ramifications of public policy decisions regarding finance, an English major must learn how to communicate in other written ways than scholarly essays to 'make it' in the real world. Jeffrey Cantor says in his essay on "Delivering instruction to adult learners:" that learning should not take place in an ivory 'bubble,' rather learning how to apply what one learns, however abstract, to the real world is essential: "the need to provide college students with opportunities to reinforce social…… [read more]

How Technology Benefits the Deaf and Hard of Hearing Student Thesis

Thesis  |  5 pages (1,432 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 1+


¶ … Technolgy Benefits the Deaf and Hard of Hearing Student in K12 Grades

The objective of this study is to explore how video and caption, FM transmitters and hand gesture recognition benefit the deaf and hard of hearing students in K12 classrooms as well as to examine the benefits and challenges of each technology and whom the technology benefits… [read more]

Higher Education Organizational Models Thesis

Thesis  |  5 pages (1,589 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 3


Higher Education Models

Higher education has seen significant revolutions over the course of the decades since the popularization of communication media such as the Internet. This has resulted in the demand for a much more flexible learning institution in terms of self-directed and adult education. Furthermore, these changes have also incorporated changes in how education and its institutions are now… [read more]

Learning Disability Students Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  10 pages (2,883 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 10


Inclusion for Children With Autism: Both Sides of the Story

For the past several decades, full classroom inclusion has been the standard for the education of children with learning disabilities. This practice is based on the belief that inclusion in the regular classroom setting will automatically result in positive outcomes for the learning disabled student, as they will seek to… [read more]

Designing a Specific Educational Program Adult Literacy Thesis

Thesis  |  14 pages (3,982 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 12


Adult Literacy Educational Program Design

Nature And Extent Of The Problem

institutional and personal context for the program












Language Acquisition Thesis

Thesis  |  10 pages (3,409 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 10


¶ … Second Language Acquisition

Metacognitive Listening Strategies

The objective of this work is to answer the question of whether metacognitive learning strategies assist in the SLA of listening comprehension. Metacognitive listening strategies have been a source of recent discussion, although this has been historically noted there is a large gap in the research that focuses on the success of… [read more]

Hal Beder Is Interested Thesis

Thesis  |  1 pages (326 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


¶ … Hal Beder

Beder is interested in looking at adult literacy education and what contextual factors shape the engagement of learners in those types of classes. In order for Beder to make a determination and draw conclusions for this issue he studied six adult literacy classes at an adult learning center within an urban area. There were several sources of data that Beder used for this study including traditional observation from an ethnographic standpoint, recall interviews, open interviews, and video. The findings that Beder was looking for focused on the teachers and how they shaped the way that the students learned, as well as how engaged those students were in the learning process. Engagement was defined as the way that students worked at learning. Did they work hard to learn new things? Did they show a mental effort that was focused on the instructional tasks that they were given? These were the types of questions that Beder assessed in order to draw…… [read more]

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