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Information Systems and Technology Involved

" (The Globalist, 2010) Leading the world in energy production in 2005 was Germany with total installed photovoltaic capacity of 17.32 watts per capital." (The Globalist, 2010) Coming in second was Japan with 11.13 watts per person followed by Switzerland (3.66), the Netherlands (3.12), Australia (2.97) and Austria (2.93). (The Globalist, 2010) It is reported that China "claims 30 million solar households -- or nearly 60% of the solar capacity installed in the world. (The Globalist, 2010) It is reported that the hurdles that the solar industry faces in its expansion is specifically due to a "chronic shortage of silicon -- the basic material used to convert the sun's rays into electricity." (The Globalist, 2010) Rapier (2010) writes in the work entitled "Cleantech, Globalization and Energy Independence" that many private investors and financial institutions "are betting on who will win the green race, but contrary to how our national leaders and media outlets make things appear, they are not wagering on countries…"It is necessary that one "…recognize that companies win in the market place, not nations or their people; (2) accept that despite a local company's best efforts to develop its own technology, it must integrate core technology and components into its final product from diverse foreign partners due to the cutting-edge complexity of green energy; (3) See that this systems integration-requirement spawns transnational partnerships and joint-ventures (JV), which reduces national borders and accelerates global financial and production-network integration; and (4) Awaken to a reality where global economic connectedness binds economies into one unit, thus creating a single common energy security fate for every country regardless of their national energy mix: making self-reliance impossible without returning to the stone age. (Rapier, 2010) References Rapier, R. (2010) Cleantech, Globalization and Energy Independence. R Squared Energy. 12 Nov 2010. Retrieved from: http://www.consumerenergyreport.com/2010/11/12/cleantech-globalization-energy-independence/ Expanding with Green Technology (2010) Bosch. Retrieved from: http://www.bosch.com/content/language2/html/4445.htm Solar Power and Globalization (2010) The Globalist Syndication Services. Retrieved from: http://www.theglobalist.com/rawmaterials/syndication/sample.htm SPI Message: The Solar Industry if Ready to Fight (2010) Solar Feeds News and Commentary 12 Oct 2010 Climate Progress. Retrieved from: http://www.solarfeeds.com/climate-progress/14647-spi-message-the-solar-industry-is-ready-to-fight. Palmer, Brian (2010) Solar Energy……

Pages: 2  |  Research Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Saving Energy in Ad Hoc Wireless Networks

Saving Energy in Ad Hoc Wireless Networks The objective of this study is to compare a research paper titled "Span: An energy-efficient coordination algorithm for topology maintenance in ad hoc wireless networks" (Chen et al. 2001) with a paper titled "Geography informed Energy Conservation for Ad Hoc Routing" (Xu et al., 2001). The study also compares other paper titled "Adaptive…

Pages: 5  |  Article Review  |  Style: MLA  |  Sources: 5


Tree Wind Power Generator Currently,

sciencedaily.com: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/05/100517152532.htm Clabby, C. (2011, October). Analyzing Swimming Schools of Fish Inspired a California Biophysicist to try to Improve the Performance of Wind Turbines. Retrieved October 29, 2012, from www.americanscientist.org: http://www.americanscientist.org/issues/pub/a-fish-of-an-idea/1 Eco20-20.com . (2012). Harnessing Tree Power. Retrieved October 29, 2012, from www.eco20-20.com: http://www.eco20-20.com/Harnessing-Tree-Power.html Eriksson, S., Bernhoff, H., & Leijon, M. (2008). Evaluation of Different Turbine Concepts for Wind Power." Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 12 (5), 1419-1434. Eshi Internatioan Pte Ltd. (2011, April 25). Artificial Trees Pave New Future for Energy and Cleaner Environment. Retrieved October 29, 2012, from www.ecofriend.com: http://www.ecofriend.com/artificial-trees-pave-new-future-for-energy-and-cleaner-environment.html Hadhazy, A. (2009, May 20). Power Plants: Artificial Trees that Harvest Sun and Wind to Generate Electricity. Retrieved October 29, 2012, from www.scientificamerican.com: http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=artificial-trees-harvest-sun-and-wind-energy Hinrichsen, D. (1981). Blowing with the Wind. Ambio Vol.10, No.5, 246-247. Hobbs, W.B., & Hu, D.L. (2011). Tree Inspired Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting. Journal of Fluids and Structures, 1-12. Inhabitat.com. (2012). Power Flower Wind Turbine Trees could Domesticate Wind Energy. Retrieved October 29, 2012, from www.inhabitat.com: http://inhabitat.com/power-flower-wind-turbine-trees-could-domesticate-wind-energy/power-flowers-2/?extend=1 Markham, D. (2012, August 3). New Bladeless Wind Turbine Claimed to be Twice as Efficient as Conventional Designs. Retrieved October 29, 2012, from www.treehugger.com: http://www.treehugger.com/wind-technology/new-bladeless-wind-turbine-claimed-be-twice-efficient-conventional-designs.html Moyer, M. (2010). Know the Flow. Scientific American 303 Vol. 30, 10-30. Pasqualetti, M.J. (2000). Morality, Space, and the Power of Wind-Energy Landscapes. Geographical Review Vol. 90, No. 3, 381-394. Pritchard, H. (2011, August 8). Schools of Fish help Squeeze more Power from Wind Farms. Retrieved October 29, 2012, from www.bbc.co.uk: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-14452133 Righter, R.W. (1996). Reaping the Wind: The Jacobs Brothers, Montana's Pioneer 'Windsmiths'. Montana: The Magazine of Western History Vol. 46, No. 4, 38-49. Sorensen, J.N. (2011). Aerodynamic Aspects of Wind Energy Conversion. Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics Vol.43, 427-448.…

Pages: 4  |  Research Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 20


Offshore Wind Energy Wind Energy

371-372). 2. Wind Power: "air that is in motion in relation to the earth's surface, especially in a horizontal direction." 3. Wind Energy: "the energy contained in the movement of air masses; in human energy use traditionally captured by means of the sails of a ship or the vanes of a windmill, and currently by mechanical blades similar to air…

Pages: 20  |  "Introduction" Chapter  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 15


Land Use and Finance Sustainable Local Development

Land Use Sustainable Energy This annotated bibliography will look at current research on the production, distribution and use of renewable energy technologies in the U.S. The work stresses the breadth of such research as well as the breadth and scale of its real implementation and potential implementation. This researcher tried to seek out renewable technologies and issues that demonstrate the…

Pages: 12  |  Annotated Bibliography  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 12


Resources and the Environment

¶ … Environment Pros and Cons of Solar Power The United States currently depends overwhelmingly on coal, oil, and natural gas -- fossil fuels -- to supply its energy needs, which are massive. All of these fuels are not found in quantities that allow them to continue forever. They are nonrenewable. When they are gone, they are gone. It would…

Pages: 9  |  Research Proposal  |  Style: MLA  |  Sources: 7


Enron Was a Big Energy Company in

ENRON was a big energy company in the U.S. that attempted to transform itself into the largest energy trader in the world. It rose as high as the seventh largest company in the U.S. In terms of stock value, which was believed to be due to the dynamism and political connection of its Chairman Kenneth Lay. Its share prices nose-dived when it became apparent that the company had been hiding losses by forming shell companies. Quite a few of its executives reaped large benefits by disposing their stock options for cash when the share prices were high. The employees were the losers as they put all their pension money in Enron shares and lost it all when the firm went bankrupt. (ENRON: Who's who?) Enron was the largest trader of natural gas in the U.S. In 1999 its revenues were $40 billion make it the eighteenth biggest company in the U.S. The business activities of Enron were not restricted to the U.S. alone, but rather were spread all around the world and included activities in countries like Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, China India, Indonesia, Mozambique and the Philippines. Enron also diversified its product range and expanded on to the Internet trading in a wide range of products from pulp and paper to petrochemicals and plastics. It also traded in esoteric products such as clean air credits that are made use of in utilities to keep within emission limits. (Meet Enron, Bush's Biggest Contributor) Enron came into existence by the merger of Houston Natural gas Company of Houston, Texas and the natural gas company based in Omaha Nebraska called InterNorth, in 1985. To start with Enron operated interstate gas pipelines. In 1989 Enron diversified into trading energy related products. In the fleeting time of a few years Enron wore the mantle of the largest trader of energy in the United States and the United Kingdom. By 1994 Enron grew to be the largest seller of electric power in the U.S. In 1997 Enron implemented its plans to reshape its corporate image to appear as a new, more modern, stylish in appearance and environment conscious company. It brought in a new company logo and went on to acquire Zond Corporation a leading developer in the field of wind energy power. This led to the formation of Enron Renewable Energy Corporation. In August 1997 Enron made public that it was entering the market place…

Pages: 3  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Canada's Environmental Wellbeing

Canada In his book Tar Sands: Dirty Oil and the Future of a Continent, Andrew Nikiforuk outlines his "12 steps to energy sanity." These are Admit the magnitude and complexity of the energy crisis Slow down tar sands development and cap production at two million barrels a day Establish a national energy strategy for energy security and innovation Impose a carbon tax with a 100% dividend Challenge the first law of petropolitics Challenge continental energy integration Relocalize food production Abandon economic dead-end activities such as carbon capture and storage Orient all rural and urban planning to renewable energy Pick the lowest-hanging fruit first Don't wait for government Renegotiate NAFTA Of these twelve steps, the most important for Canada's environmental well-being is to orient all rural and urban planning to renewable energy. This step works best in conjunction with steps 10 and 11, but this essay will show that this one step alone will have a substantial impact on our environmental well-being. The first reason that orienting all rural and urban planning to renewable energy is the most important is because so many of our energy problems revolve around our lifestyle choices. Nikiforuk notes that the Japanese use one-third the energy of Canadians per capita and Europeans one-half. Even when we set aside climate differences -- we need more fuel for winter heating than do most countries -- Canada has still made very poor choices with respect to urban and rural planning. Our cities are predominantly comprised of suburban sprawl. The sprawl pattern is incredibly energy inefficient in a number of ways. Houses are far larger than the occupants truly need, and the amount of paved roadway needed to make suburbs work properly is exceptional. Urban planners have emphasizes the hub-and-spoke planning model where people are essentially forced to live far from where they work, necessitating long commutes. Local governments are responsible for zoning, and make this choice deliberately because in many cases they earn more revenue from residential development than commercial or industrial. Provincial governments also contribute to this problem by developing transportation strategy that emphasizes the automobile. BC's new Port Mann Bridge is a good example of such a project, as this will only encourage further suburban sprawl in the Fraser Valley. The current approach can be replaced by energy efficient approaches used in Europe and Japan. Their cities emphasize density, public transportation and bicycle lanes. With a history…

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Speech on How to Save

, n.d., Eco Mall). Using a programmable thermostat so the temperature of the house can drop during the nighttime or when no one is at home, yet rise in time for daybreak or when people are scheduled to return from work and school can make saving money on heating bills easy -- and try not to overheat or overcool the house even when in use (Orloff 2013). In terms of transportation, walking or biking when feasible saves money as well as offers a good source of exercise (20 things you can do to save energy., n.d., Eco Mall). Being outside will help you appreciate the environment! Car pooling and using public transportation also can help you save on the cost of gas. Of course, it is not financially feasible for most people to immediately replace all of their ones appliances with energy-efficient ones and to get energy-efficient windows, siding and doors for every room of their home. However, they can be mindful of doing so as they plan for renovations over time (Orloff 2013). Switching to energy-efficient appliances and home fixtures can result in savings on electricity, heating and cooling bills. Buying a more gas-efficient car likewise will cut down your weekly fuel bill and improve the health of the planet (20 things you can do to save energy, n.d., Eco Mall.). All of these examples show how saving energy is a win-win equation for both the consumer and the planet. The consumer saves money while sparing the environment unnecessary strain. Conserving energy requires a series of small, painless steps -- and even those which require some sacrifices, like buying a new car or refrigerator, can be undertaken when a replacement is required. The idea that helping the environment must come at the expense of humankind is misguided -- and after all, humans are still part of the environment! References 20 things you can do to save energy. (n.d.) Eco Mall. Retrieved: http://www.ecomall.com/greenshopping/20things.htm Orloff, Jeffrey. (2013). Ten tips for saving energy right now. About.com. Retrieved: http://saveenergy.about.com/od/energyefficientappliances/tp/SaveNow.htm…

Pages: 2  |  Essay  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 2


Electrical Grids

Florida Electrical Power Grid Florida's Electrical Power Grid Electrical power is the most reliable and available source of power used worldwide. It is produced from two broad categories of energy resources, renewable and non-renewable sources. Non-renewable sources are fossils fuels and nuclear fuel while renewable sources include wind, solar, geothermal and hydroelectric power. For the production of electricity, these sources…

Pages: 4  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Quantum Technologies: A Non-Financial Analysis Non-Financial Analysis

Quantum Technologies: A Non-Financial Analysis Non-Financial Analysis Despite losses in market share and revenue over the past several years, quantum Technologies remains a leading innovator of alternative energy power trains for automobiles, carbon composite fuel storage vessels and other efficiency-enhancing features of motor vehicles, solar panels for use in stationary electricity production, and a host of other renewable energy technologies (Quantum 2011). The company has struggled under rising costs and a lack of demand for its products that require greater up-front expenditures from consumers during the recent economic recession, and the past three years have shown very poor performance in terms of market reach and sales numbers for the company (Fool.com 2011; Yahoo 2011; Google 2011). Throughout this period, however, the company continued to research and develop new products that keep the company a competitive choice. At present, an exclusive contract with luxury electric and hybrid car manufacturer Fisker to produce solar panels for its Karma series promises to revitalize Quantum and place it back at the forefront of the alternative energy industry (Fool.com 2011; Quantum 2011). Continued diversification of the product offerings and research areas that Quantum Technologies remains involved in presents many opportunities for future growth as well as the ability to create effective branding, establishing the company as the source for alternative energy technologies Quantum 2011). Government subsidies for the adoption of renewable energy technologies and long-term savings as well as ethical incentives are expected to increase the market size and Quantum's market share as the global economy recovers (Google 2011; Yahoo 2011). Quantum faces competition in several sectors, but does not really have a perfect competitor operating in all of the same industries and product lines that Quantum offers (Google 2011; Yahoo 2011). Primary competitors include BorgWarner, Inc., one of the leading manufacturers of drive-train and power-train components for traditional motor vehicles as well as industrial and agricultural vehicles; with no specialization in renewable energies, this company does not exactly compete directly with Quantum, but when energy source is considered optional BorgWarner's products can absolutely be produced cheaper than Quantum's, and are found in many vehicles (Yahoo 2011). At the other end of the spectrum, SatCon Technology Corp. creates utility-grade renewable energy sources for business; more direct competition is experienced with various products produced by this company, and in recent years SatCon has been more effective at securing industrial contracts (Google 2011). Market trends are clearly…

Pages: 4  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 4


Future Usages Replacing Oil-Based Fuels and Their Usage Trends

Alternative Fuels Future Usages - replacing oil-based fuels and their usage trends Replacing oil with alternative fuels: Future outlook Replacing oil with alternative fuels: Future outlook Electricity One of the reasons for the unprecedented dependence of Americans upon fossil fuels is America's love affair with the automobile. However, hybrid vehicles have exploded in popularity. Particularly after the spike in energy prices, hybrid vehicles such as the Prius began to dominate the roadways. Some areas began to offer special incentives to drivers of hybrid cars, such as the ability to drive in carpooling lanes alone. And the scope of the ambition regarding electric vehicles has grown: A coalition of auto makers, battery manufacturers, utility operators and shipping companies wants the U.S. To offer tax credits for buying all-electric plug-in vehicles as part of a $128 billion program to get seven million such cars on the road by 2018"(Burns 2009). This would follow the lead of Japanese and European nations that already have made heavy investments in electric cars. Electric cars are now much more expensive than conventional vehicles, but they cost only 2.5 cents per mile traveled, compared with 12 cents per mile for a gas-powered car, advocates say. "Electric cars already have a long-enough range for most Americans, who typically drive no more than 40 miles a day…Vehicle owners would be able to fully charge them at night in their own garages, using an ordinary electric plug…fast chargers, operating at 480 volts, available at public facilities, would allow drivers to charge vehicles on the go, removing the anxiety about the limited range of today's battery-powered cars" (Burns 2009). Electrically powered lawn mowers and other types of equipment, such as leaf blowers, that are traditionally powered by gas have now been phased into common use. Wind energy Like battery and outlet-powered electricity, wind energy is a naturally renewable source of power. Humankind has been using the wind as a source of power for hundreds of years, as manifested in the presence of windmills across Europe before the use of fossil fuels. Wind turbines create electricity through rotating blades: "When the wind blows, a pocket of low-pressure air forms on the downwind side of the blade. The low-pressure air pocket then pulls the blade toward it, causing the rotor to turn. This is called lift. The force of the lift is actually much stronger than the wind's force against the front side…

Pages: 2  |  Thesis  |  Style: APA  |  Sources: 5


Dubai Building Tomorrow's City Today

Dubai There certainly seems to be a pattern within human civilization that encourages each society to attempt to make their mark upon the world. Through the ages, such marks have come in many forms; the Great Pyramids of Egypt, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, the Colossus of Rhodes, and the Eiffel Tower of Paris have all represented something more significant…

Pages: 12  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Environmental Science Nuclear Power Technical Summary to

Environmental Science Nuclear Power Technical Summary To eventually produce electricity with nuclear energy, a mining company must first find, purify, supplement, and make fuel-grade uranium pellets. Uranium is an element that exists in somewhat different forms in nature. All uranium atoms have the same number of protons, but not all uranium atoms have the same number of neutrons. The heat…

Pages: 12  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 4


Is Wind Power Green?

¶ … moves in energy prices are showing how the world is at or near peak oil production. This is troubling, as it means that developed and emerging economies must find alternate sources. One possible resource is wind energy. This is a renewable reserve that is using the power of the wind to generate electricity without polluting the atmosphere. However, renewable energy is often seen as expensive and unreliable. As there are variety of organizations and individuals, who have a stake in maintaining fossil fuel-based reserves. To make matters worse, any attempt to move the world away from this source is often seen as anti-competitive. This is because these firms are interested in increasing their bottom results (so that the price of their stock will rise). As a result, these companies and organizations have no interest in promoting renewable resources. In this paper, we will prove that the use of alternative sources can address the world's current and future energy needs. All that is required is the commitment towards making these resources mainstream. This is when the costs will decrease (allowing this source to become more practical). What is Wind Power? Wind power is when a large generator is connected to a turbine. As the wind is blowing its blades will turn, producing electricity. In the last several years, worldwide generating capacity has increased by an average of 25% a year. Moreover, the costs (for this technology) have come down with oil prices remaining at around $80.00 per barrel. This has led to renewed calls for expanding this resource in order to address the world's energy needs. However, there are also many skeptics who believe that this is not efficient and are calling for the development of other sources (such as: natural gas and coal). This has caused some programs to face challenges from these individuals (who are spreading half-truths or outright lies). ("Fossil Fuels and Minerals," n.d., 173 -- 215) Drawbacks of Wind Power There are several drawbacks associated with wind power to include: the costs and the impact that it is having on the landscape. In the case of costs, many opponents will argue that wind does not produce enough electricity to justify the expenses. For example, to power an entire community will requires having acres of wind farms. This will cost tens of millions of dollars and it cannot produce the same kind of results as natural…

Pages: 3  |  Research Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 3


Centralized Versus Decentralized Energy

¶ … Centralized and Decentralized Power Generation As the date for peak oil looms large in the future, traditional methods of power generation are being reevaluated to determine if they are the optimal approach. Innovations in technology have introduced improved micro-sized wind turbines and more efficient solar photovoltaics and in a growing number of cases, the centralized generation of power…

Pages: 4  |  Essay  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 10


Capturing and Storing Energy: From

"Single small turbines, below 100 kilowatts, are used for homes, telecommunications dishes, or water pumping. Small turbines are sometimes used in connection with diesel generators, batteries, and photovoltaic systems. These systems are called hybrid wind systems and are typically used in remote, off-grid locations, where a connection to the utility grid is not available" (U.S. Department of Energy, 2014). The…

Pages: 8  |  Research Proposal  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 3


Nuclear Power for Energy and Its Impact to the Environment

Nuclear Power for Energy and Its Impact to the Environment Louis Daleandro History of use of nuclear energy Production of nuclear power has a rich history of competing with various other energy-related technological sciences to rule the market. Technology of light water reactor (LWR) finally topped this struggle, which started right after the Second World War. This LWR technology is…

Pages: 10  |  Research Paper  |  Style: MLA  |  Sources: 10


Mechanical Engineering

¶ … shaping the future of energy production today, including the push for more environmentally friendly alternatives as well as the most cost effective approaches. In this environment, liquefied natural gas has emerged as a viable interim solution to many of the challenges involved in the transition from a fossil-fuel-based global infrastructure to one where a blend of energy-production approaches…

Pages: 23  |  Dissertation  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 70


Solar Energy

Solar Energy The threats posed by our relationship to energy has given rise to some devastating results on a global and a personal scale like human-induced climate change, famine, poverty and cycles of deforestation; all these while on our overzealous appetite search for energy. Global economic, environmental and social pressures are driving the human race to search for a better…

Pages: 10  |  Essay  |  Style: Harvard  |  Sources: 7


Solar Energy

Solar Energy As typical hydrocarbon materials are significantly challenging and costly to draw out, energy businesses need to alter their approach in order to fulfil the needs of an expanding populace progressively depending on power. Renewable resource has actually become the focus for numerous energy businesses as they look to a 'greener' future. Whether this enhancing dedication has actually come…

Pages: 10  |  Essay  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 6


Hydroelectric Power: The Renewable Energy

S. Department of Energy Hydropower Program, 2001. p. 5). China also has moved on with the newest project of the Three Gorges Dam. The dam would be taking 400 miles for the reservoir only (Ordal, 2002). However this technology sometimes does not work under specific circumstances. Norway, for example, ranked the sixth from the top hydroelectric generating countries in 1998. The country depends much on the hydroelectric stations that provide it economical source of electricity for its people. Once the government realized that they had trouble during the dry year, the electricity cost had increased to 400%. The prolonged dry season had left the dams empty that only limited sources of stored energy left, causing extreme hikes on electricity cost. It might cost 2-3 times higher than usual for the people to keep their houses warm and businesses to stay open. Although reported to be efficient and satisfying, the development of large dams and utilization of powerful turbines have created superfluous effects that have traumatized the adjacent environment. (U.S. Department of Energy Hydropower Program, 2001. p. 7). The main consideration is, such huge construction and landscape alteration required to build a dam will affect the organisms living in the streams and the natural platform of the neighboring areas. Dam construction will at least destroy the farms and villages, forcing the inhabitants to relocate; which costs very high. The other obvious concern is about the threatened fish lifecycle in the river. The powerful movement of the water into the penstock and the turbine rotation has been proven of killing fishes in the rivers. The gravitation force draw fishes into the penstock, and the sharp blades of the turbine instantly bash them into pieces or leave them injured. In North America, the dam operation is reported in endangering young fishes life, as the fishes are sucked into the pipes and smashed onto the wall, while others are killed for increasing water pressure inside the unit (Stoner, 2002. par. 7). Moreover, it is important to consider that the barrier effect of the dam building most likely blockade the natural salmon journey to the spawning site. Some dams have implemented ladder structures for the salmons to make their way through their home, however this method has been reported ineffective. The U.S. Department of Energy recently introduced the new Advanced Turbine Technology to reduce the violent effect of the hydropower plant to the fishes. The…

Pages: 4  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Dod: Pursuing Alternative Energy Conservation

The Navy has indeed been long leading the way in the regard, by engaging in proactive testing of biofuels and demonstrating that there is absolutely no reason that the future of the Department of Defense has to include a dependence on foreign fuels. The Navy was the branch of the DOD which engaged in the testing and certification of 50-50 blends of advanced hydrotreated biofuel and aviation gas as a means of testing, evaluating and demonstrating the wide-range utility and functionality of advanced biofuels in an operational setting. "The military's ability to use fuels other than petroleum reduces vulnerability to rapid and unforeseen changes in the price of oil that can negatively impact readiness, while also increasing energy security….Kaiser delivered 700,000 gallons of hydro-treated renewable diesel fuel, or HRD76, to three ships of the strike group. Kaiser also delivered 200,000 gallons of hydro-treated renewable aviation fuel, or HRJ5, to Nimitz. Both fuels are a 50-50 blend of traditional petroleum-based fuel and biofuel comprised of a mix of waste cooking oil and algae oil." This is quite so promising because it demonstrates the grand potential of biofuels. Biofuels offer up the possibility to offer affordable, renewable sources of energy for the future, without forcing this on-going situation of dependence on foreign fuel sources -- something which has been repeated far too often in the last few decades. The dependence on foreign fuel is akin to a reliance on a backwards and outdated form of technology -- it's as if the military had become dependent on an old-fashioned technology: using foreign fuels is like still being dependent on typewriters or muskrat rifles. Technology is evolving and the DOD has a strong obligation to apply this evolution to the arena of fuels and alternative energy sources. The proof of this viability is in the progress that has already been made: in the beginning the overall objective of the BioFuels program was to develop an affordable alternative production process that will accomplish 60% of conversion efficiency by energy content of crop oil to military aviation fuel and elucidate a path to 90% conversion. With each year, the military comes even closer to meeting that goal in a strong fashion and in a manner which relies on the strengths and abilities of various disciplines: chemistry, engineering, material engineering, biotechnology and propulsion system engineering. Thus, this paper has attempted to demonstrate that the future of energy…

Pages: 4  |  Essay  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 4


Alternative Energy Source or Technology

Alternative Energy Sources United States consumes about 3.8 trillion kWh per year. About 87% of this power is derived from fossil fuel power resources. With the increasing global population the power demand is sky rocketing. In the recent years power plants have been increasing their production capacities to carter for the ever increasing demand, this has led to the increases…

Pages: 3  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 5


Renewable Energy Marketing Bill Bryson Described Australia

Renewable Energy Marketing Bill Bryson described Australia as the "Sunburned Country," which would imply that there is potential for a strong solar panel industry. However, whereas decidedly cloudier countries such as Germany have used strong government incentives to create a burgeoning market for solar panels, the same cannot be said for Australia. When the Rudd government cancelled the rebate for…

Pages: 10  |  Essay  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 7


Augmenting Traditional Electric Power With Solar Power Is a Wise Investment in South Florida

Science Augmenting Traditional Electric Power with Solar Power is a Wise Investment in South Florida Solar is a powerful source of energy that can be utilized to heat, cool, and light homes and businesses. This is for the reason that more energy from the sun falls on the earth in one hour than is utilized by everybody in the world…

Pages: 5  |  Research Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 10


Human Powered Electronics

¶ … Marketing a Human-Powered Electricity Generating Device Given the pending power doom, there aren't nearly as many mad scientists out there figuring out alternatives to the battery as one would wish. -- Steve Morgensterndan Clinton and Suzanne Kantrakirschner, 2004 The proliferation of electronic-powered mobile devices such as cell phones, personal digital assistants, and iPods continues to increase and current…

Pages: 20  |  Thesis  |  Style: APA  |  Sources: 15


Renewable Energy Alternatives, Including Wind Power, Biomass,

¶ … renewable energy alternatives, including wind power, biomass, and solar power. An analysis of the potential for solar energy applications in Greece is followed by an assessment of the impact of the current economic crisis taking place in Greece on solar energy initiatives today and in the future. A summary of the literature review concludes this chapter. Overview of…

Pages: 20  |  "Literature Review" Chapter  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 37


Leibstadt Nuclear Power Plant as of 2007,

Leibstadt Nuclear Power Plant As of 2007, the last year for which complete and reliable data is available, approximately fourteen percent of the world's electricity was produced in nuclear power plants. Though they are still controversial, given fears of reactor meltdowns, general hazards of radioactivity, and the issue of the disposal of nuclear waste, interest in nuclear power is surging…

Pages: 6  |  Research Proposal  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 1


Nuclear Power Has Long Been One of

Nuclear power has long been one of the world's major sources of energy, especially electricity. Touted as a viable alternative to fossil fuels, nuclear energy does create waste but its waste is not carbon-based and therefore not a greenhouse gas. Fossil fuel energy production, on the other hand, is a culprit in global warming and climate change as well as…

Pages: 4  |  Thesis  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 12


Energy Audit

Home Energy Audit Energy Sources: _X_ Electrical _X_ Gas Location of the power plant: The power plant is located at Benning Road, Washington, D.C., along the Potomac River Capacity of the power plant: The plant currently supplies electricity to more than 750,000 homes and businesses in D.C. And Maryland suburbs Type of power plant: Regulated electricity utility that operates only during times of peak demand Fuel source of the power plant: Fuel oil Amount of fuel the plant uses per day: 27,000 barrels of fuel oil How old is the plant? The plant has been in operation since 1906 What pollutants are emitted by the plant? sulphur dioxide, nitrous oxides, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, VOCs, sulphuric acid What health effects do these pollutants have? Sulphur dioxide is harmful to health and in cases of high exposure may be life-threatening, although this would have to be at the level of 100 ppm in the air. It can create a burning sensation in the nose and throat and may also lead to breathing difficulties. It is also believed that exposure to lower levels of sulphur dioxide over the long-term may create lung problems, although the amounts present in the air from the power plant are still not likely to be at the levels required for this type of effects. Asthma sufferers are however likely to be more sensitive to the health effects of sulphur dioxide. At low levels of exposure over the long-term, nitrous oxide may be associated with damage to the central nervous system, cardiovascular system, hepatic system, haemopoetic system, and reproductive system. In particular there have been shown to be increased risks of spontaneous abortion and infertility in those exposed to low levels on a consistent basis. Carbon monoxide affects the transport of oxygen around the body, and at high levels is deadly. It may also affect the amount of oxygen in the cardiovascular system and the heart in particular. This means that it may create greater health problems in those who already have heart conditions, as they may be more sensitive to small changes. The main problems associated with carbon dioxide on the other hand are environmental rather than health impacts. It is however possible that global warming may indirectly impact on health due to the changing climatic conditions which it brings. What does the plant do with the "spent" fuel and any other bi-products? There is no official…

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Why Clean Renewable Energy Is Imperative to Our Future

Renewable Energy The United States is facing a seminal moment in terms of energy policy. Since 1970, the percentage of our oil that has been imported has increased from 24% to 70% (Pickens, 2008). While some of this oil comes from close allies such as Canada, Mexico, and the United Kingdom the majority of it comes from producers with whom…

Pages: 8  |  Thesis  |  Style: MLA  |  Sources: 10


Trends in U.S. Nuclear Energy Policy

¶ … U.S. NUCLEAR ENERGY POLICY In the research initiative to more fully understand the policy stance of the United States on nuclear and energy policy, one quickly gains an understanding that there are several different dimensions to U.S. nuclear and nuclear energy policy matters. Declaratory policy many times fails to "correspond closely" with arms control and nonproliferation policy, which also should but does not always appear to be highly correlated with either targeting and employment policy and/or R&D policy." (Potter, 2005) POLICY TYPES RELATING to NUCLEAR ENERGY The work of William C. Potter (2005) entitled: "Trends in U.S. Nuclear Policy" states that it is well-known that in the first part of 2002 "the U.S. Department of Defense released to Congress the findings of its Nuclear Posture Review (NPR)." This 'comprehensive review' was a Congress mandate calling for a review of the "policy, strategy, plans, stockpile, and infrastructure for U.S. nuclear forces." (Potter, 2005) the NPR central findings states that there is a need for what is termed a "New Triad" of: Offensive strike systems (nuclear and non-nuclear); Defenses (both active and passive); and a Revitalized defense infrastructure to provide new capabilities in a timely fashion to meet emerging threats. (Potter, 2005) The report by the NPR states that the New Triad would not only bring about a reduction in the dependence of the United States on nuclear weapon but would also bring about an improvement in the capability of deterring attack in a time when weapons of mass destruction are proliferating and that this would be accomplished by two means as follows: The addition of defenses to reinforce deterrence; and the addition of non-nuclear strike forces. (Potter, 2005) II. The POSITION of the PRESENT WASHINGTON ADMINISTRATION The position of the Bush administration has been one that "is widely associated with the view that negotiated, legally-binding arms control accords unduly constrain U.S. flexibility and force requirements." (Potter, 2005) Potter holds that while this position does not rule out great nuclear forces reduction, it emphasizes the freedom of the U.S. To "maneuver and reverse reductions" if the nuclear arsenal of the U.S. has a need to be quickly reconstituted. In alignment with this belief, the U.S. has failed to take advantage of opportunities "to constrain Russian nuclear forces if such action would also impeded U.S. freedom of action." (Potter, 2005) the U.S. military, according to the report of Potter states that…

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Energy and the 21st Century

¶ … energy" is hard to define, because the concept of energy is embedded in the infrastructure of our daily lives. In the natural sciences, energy can be loosely defined as the capacity of a system to do work. In this case, work is the result of application of a force through distance. Since there exists many different types of…

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Nuclear Power Nuclear Energy: The

On the other hand, fossil fuels remain the only viable alternative energy source for powering the world's industry and travel. In fact, researchers have found that oil price increases have had a directly positive impact on nuclear energy consumption, as nuclear energy is cheaper to produce for a variety of reasons than many energy production methods that utilize oil-derived fuels (Lee & Chiu 2011). This means that in order to provide a real incentive to eliminate nuclear energy, there would either need to be a massive reduction in the cost of extracting, transporting, and refining oil, or a development of power plants and infrastructures that operate on entirely different fuel sources and mechanisms (e.g. solar, wind, or hydroelectric generation). Economically speaking, nuclear energy still makes more sense for most developed countries than expanding more traditional fossil fuel energy sources or moving to other alternatives, even with increased safety costs (Lee & Chiu 2011). There are many other facets to the nuclear energy debate besides safety and cost, including both direct and indirect environmental concerns of both nuclear and fossil fuel plants, capacity and demand issues, and other concerns. All of these add to the complexity of the issue, and make it impossible to come to a simple conclusion regarding whether or not nuclear energy sources should continue to be utilized. As energy needs grow and fossil fuel supplies diminish, however, this question becomes ever more pressing. References Bommer, J., Papaspiliou, M. & Price, W. (2011). Earthquake response spectra for seismic design of nuclear power plants in the UK. Nuclear Engineering and Design 241(3): 968-77. Lee, C. & Chiu, Y. (2011). Oil prices, nuclear energy consumption, and economic growth: New evidence using a heterogeneous……

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Nuclear Power the Pros and Cons of

Nuclear Power The Pros and Cons of Nuclear Power There are positives and negatives with any energy source that humankind chooses to utilize. Coal, for example, emits pollutants that contribute to climate change, whereas hydropower can disrupt river flows and place man-made obstacles in the way of river life. However, nuclear energy, claimed by some to be the most dangerous energy source, can cause irreversible damage, if not properly handled. In fact, nuclear power is the only energy source that has the capability of killing so indiscriminately, and so powerfully, that a whole area of the world could be uninhabitable for centuries. This paper will aim to address some of the pros and cons of nuclear energy, and how it can be utilized for the benefit, not harm, of humankind. In order to begin to build slowly and see how nuclear power might be beneficial, one must begin by analyzing its dangers. These were well-shown in two disasters that happened in our lifetime: Chernobyl and Fukushima. The Chernobyl disaster occurred in the mid-1980's in the Ukraine, when a nuclear reactor exploded and spread radioactive materials throughout the Western part of the country and into continental Eastern Europe. Chernobyl has been so devastating that there are still no people living in the area, which is truly a completely desolate ghost town. In a town nearby, Pripyat, which has been analyzed by experts, it is predicted that due to contaminants from the Chernobyl disaster, the town will continue to be uninhabitable for centuries to come. Thus, one of the important cons is that nuclear reactors can suffer meltdowns, and they will cause severe damage not only to humans, but also to the physical environment which may surround them. Another similar incident to the one described above, and more recent, is the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster. Much like Chernobyl, at Fukushima reactors melted down, leading to widespread radiation danger. Unlike Chernobyl, however, the Fukushima catastrophe was more complex, as it was provoked by a magnitude 9.0 earthquake and further damaged by a tsunami that followed it and that broke through many of the protections which Fukushima engineers had……

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Implementation of Solar Power

Government Policies and Solar Power Systems Government regulations and policies affect renewable power generation a great deal, as is revealed through a brief review of the history of governmental policy in regards to power generation. Federal, state, and local governments support solar power creation, progress and improvement through a broad assortment of strategy and regulatory instruments. As the cost of…

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Environmental Economic Policy Proposal for New York State on Sustainable Energy

Environmental Economic Policy Proposal Energy Sustainability in New York State Environmental Economic Policy Proposal for New York State on Sustainable Energy Environmental Economic Policy Proposal for New York State on Sustainable Energy Energy use is inevitable, for any State like New York, carrying out activities, which are industrial. To another extent, New York State also contains a proportionally high population…

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Spray-On Solar Power Cells a

This breakthrough could have far reaching effects of how we generate energy. Bibliography Brautigam, Tara. "Canadian Professor Develops Plastic that More Efficiently Converts Solar Energy." Canadian Press. January 10, 2005. July 1, 2005. < http://www.mindfully.org/Technology/2005/Infrared-Sensitive-Plastic10jan05.htm>. Conan-Davies, Richard. "Spray on solar cells." January 12, 2005. July 1, 2005. http://clearlyexplained.com/news/nature/2005/jan/1N1201_2005.html. Hines, M.A. And G.D. Scholes. Advanced Materials (2003) 15, 1845. Hutcheson, G. Dan. "The First Nanochips." Scientific American. April 2004. July 1, 2005. < http://www.sciam.com/article.cfm?chanID=sa002& articleID=000CE8C4-DC31-1055-973683414B7F0000>. L'Abbe, Sonnet. "Infrared-sensitive material could lead to better use of solar spectrum." January 10, 2005. July 1, 2005. < http://www.news.utoronto.ca/bin6/050110-832.asp>. Lovgren, Stefan. "Spray-On Solar-Power Cells Are True Breakthrough." National Geographic News. January 14, 2005. July 1, 2005. . "New plastic can better convert solar energy." Canadian Press. Jan 9, 2005. July 1, 2005. . "Nano paint could boost antiterrorism, rescue efforts." February 2, 2005. July 1, 2005. . Porod, Wolfgang. "Nanotechnology is getting real: after years of hype, it is entering the market." The Chief Executive. March 2005. July 1, 2005. . "Spray-On Solar Cells." January 17, 2005. July 1, 2005. . Wolfgang Porod "Nanotechnology is getting real: after years of hype, it is entering the market." The Chief Executive. March 2005. July 1, 2005. . Lovgren, Stefan. "Spray-On Solar-Power Cells Are True Breakthrough." National Geographic News. January 14, 2005. July 1, 2005. . Tara Brautigam. "Canadian Professor Develops Plastic that More Efficiently Converts Solar Energy." Canadian Press. January 10, 2005. July 1, 2005. < http://www.mindfully.org/Technology/2005/Infrared-Sensitive-Plastic10jan05.htm>. L'Abbe, Sonnet. "Infrared-sensitive material could lead to better use of solar spectrum." January 10, 2005. July 1, 2005. < http://www.news.utoronto.ca/bin6/050110-832.asp>.…

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Consequences of Developing Nuclear Power Nuclear Power

Consequences of Developing Nuclear Power Nuclear Power Using sustained nuclear fission of uranium in the generation of electricity and heat is referred to as a nuclear power source. For the nuclear generated electricity in the world, France, U.S., and Japan account for 50% generation together. Nuclear power reduces the carbon emissions and provides for sustainable energy sources Levendis, Block, & Morrel, 2006. The main factor against nuclear power is the threat is posses to the environment and people in case of a disaster. Compared to the other energy technologies, the safety of nuclear power is much better, and there is continued research in improving the safety of nuclear power, and this would allow for its use in the future. Negative ramifications of hydropower Using hydropower alters the natural river flow, and may affect the habitat and ecology of the region. These changes may affect aquatic life. Fish being cold blooded need cold water to regulate their metabolism rate. The dam water since it is not freely moving tends to warm up which affects the body temperature regulation of the fish. There is a likelihood for a dam to break and this would result in a flood disaster that would affect the people who live near the dam. Case in point is the Johnstown flood in 1889. Flora around the dam is affected negatively because of large carbon amounts which cause crops to rot due to lack of enough oxygen. Creating dams affects travel routes for humans and animals and may affect wildlife nourishment areas. Consequences of developing nuclear power Nuclear power does not affect the environment during its production and does not alter the natural flow of nature. Production of nuclear power uses little energy and the quantity produced is enormous. This compared to the amount produced by hydropower is quite huge. Nuclear power production is purely dependent on availability of Uranium, and this is not affected by weather patterns like lack of rainfall. Hydropower is dependent on rainfall and drought seasons could lead to the dams drying. Nuclear power produces far less greenhouse emissions as compared to other fossil fuels, and……

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