Study "Energy / Power" Essays 56-110

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Siemens Case Study

… Should Siemens invest in a number of alternative energy technologies to ensure it has its hand in which ever one proves itself as most successful? This may seem like the best strategy because the market environment is so uncertain. However, this is not the case for Siemens. The company just underwent a major restructuring in 2008, "consolidating the number of sectors from more than one dozen down to just three -- Industry, Energy, and Healthcare" (Rothaermel & Hoepfer, 2010, p 283). It would be a step backwards to just undo all the work that was so recently done in order to restructure again with a model that obviously was not working for the company previously.

Instead, Siemens should focus on a more narrow net and invest into one particular field. This would allow the company to maximize the ROE on its investments made. Currently, the largest market share of alternative energy is biomass, which made up about 6% of the global energy sold in 2008 (Rothaermel & Hoepfer, 2010). However, there are more lucrative potential markets for Siemens, which has already begun the process of investing in wind energy technologies.

Wind turbine power is a source of energy that has been undergoing some major changes recently. According to the research, "modern windmills are high-tech devices capable of producing several megawatts of energy each, enough for one turbine to supply electricity to an entire small village" (Rothaermel & Hoepfer, 2010, p 288). They are extremely efficient at producing renewable power when used in the correct environment or circumstances. There have been major wind plant construction projects recently, showing proof of the energy source's success. As such, "wind power is deemed to have immense upward potential for at least the nest two decades" (Rothaermel & Hoepfer, 2010, p 288). It is thus a sound investment because of its high potential in the years to come. Therefore, "it is the fastest growing energy alternative sector, a trend that is predicted to continue" (Rothaermel & Hoepfer, 2010, p 289). Yet, wind power is extremely expensive to get started in, with high barrier entries (Rothaermel & Hoepfer, 2010). This would also justify the concept of Siemens investing heavily into only one technology, as it could not feasibly try to enter the wind power industry only partially.

Another reason why wind power would be the best choice for investments is because the company is already in a strong position in the market. Siemens has experience already, and so it can maximize its early start in the field to become one of the dominant players in the market environment. Here, "Siemens Energy builds wind turbines, claiming to have globally 1,800 megawatts of offshore wind capacity installed or on order as of late 2008. One major project off of Denmark's seacoast was its 2008 Rodsand II wind farm contract with E.ON to manufacture 90 wind turbines" (Stanat, 2010). Today, there are very few competitors in place already in the market, making Siemens' poised for market entry in a… [read more]


Energy Sources Essay

… Newly developed mining techniques for this resource such as fracking have demonstrated that this resource may not be as viable as it once was however.

Battery power is very prevalent energy source that I use on a very consistent basis. This renewable source allows my smartphone to work. The battery is ultimately charged with electricity that comes from the power plant nearly my home which is powered by a combination of sources including nuclear power. Nuclear energy is very powerful but very dirty and many risks are involved with this power source as demonstrated by recent power plant meltdowns in Japan and Russia.

To reduce the strain on the environment and maximize my personal energy consumption changes are necessary. Swanson (2005) wrote "many of the appliances in our homes are extremely inefficient and antiquated. If we simply take a little time to look at our habitats of energy use and make a few changes, we can have a dramatic effect on our personal energy consumption. " She is basically suggesting that individual responsibility is necessary in order for any significant improvement can be made on a larger scale. It all begins with the individual's choice of becoming more efficient.

There are many tools that can help track, and then eventually identify opportunities for savings. Monitoring devices and energy trackers can help produce information that will lead us t make more effective decisions regarding this problem. Hertzog (2011) seemed to agree with this approach: "The benefits of a new value model for energy consumption data can directly accrue to individuals, communities, businesses, and achieve environmental and energy security objectives too. "

To conclude, there are three ways in which I can begin to make a difference:

1. Understand exactly how much energy I am using.

2. Detect ways in which the energy can be saved.

3. Implement and consistently employ these practices.

References

Hertzog, C (2011). Should we Monetize Personal Energy Consumption Data? Smart Greid Library 4 July 2011. Retrieved from http://www.smartgridlibrary.com/2011/07/04/should-we-monetize-personal-energy-consumption-data/

Swanson, K. (2005). Taking Charge of Your Personal Energy Use. Alternative Energy Magazine, December 2005. Retrieved from http://www.altenergymag.com/emagazine.php?issue_number=05.12.01&article=monitor… [read more]


Nuclear Power. Need Write Assessment Essay

… When considering nuclear power and reasons why it would be wrong for society to consider it a viable alternative to fossil fuels and to all other kinds of energy, most people are probable to think about nuclear accidents that occurred throughout history and claimed numerous lives. The 1986 Chernobyl nuclear power plant explosion and emission of radioactive material into the environment is certainly one of the most catastrophic nuclear events throughout history. This incident enabled people to understand that it was wrong for them to underestimate the potential harm that nuclear energy can cause. The more recent Fukushima power plant incident further contributed to emphasizing the fact that nuclear energy was very unstable and that it is very dangerous to use it. The event involved a tsunami causing a power plant to malfunction and for the area in the plant's vicinity to become polluted with radioactive energy, thus causing individuals there to have to be relocated to safer territories. Among other problems with nuclear accidents, one of the most important issues is that they rendered a place inhospitable for numerous years after they actually occur (Mcleish 7).

People are virtually presented with an ethical dilemma when having to choose whether they consider nuclear energy to be good or bad. Even though it has caused catastrophic accidents throughout history, nuclear power has a very good safety record. One of the best methods to deal with nuclear energy would be to invest large amounts of finances in testing strategies that would make power plants safer, as these respective finances would most certainly be compensated by the series of gains associated with nuclear energy.

Works cited:

Elliot, David, "Fukushima: Impacts and Implications," (Palgrave Macmillan, 30.10.2012)

McLeish, Ewan, "Nuclear Power: The Pros…… [read more]


Analyzing Energy Research Paper

… ¶ … Energy Sources

There have been a lot of efforts directed towards taping of the green or renewable sources of energy with the aim of maximizing the natural resources within the environment as well as saving the ozone from the continued depletion. However this has been elusive for long hence many resorts have been made to the primary sources in general. Primary energy sources targeted are the sun, water, wind fossil fuels and radioactive minerals. From these primary sources comes generation of secondary sources of energy like electricity which can be used in the day-to-day lives.

Of interest within the scope of this paper are the nuclear power as well as the coal energy sources. Nuclear power production is achieved through a process known as nuclear fission that generates heat. Continuous nuclear fission results in a chain of reaction that in turn releases heat. The released heat is then used for turning water into steam which in turn spins turbines and generating electricity. Uranium is mined in many parts of the world and is used to generate nuclear energy.

Coal is composed mainly of carbon and hydrocarbons and is an abundant fossil fuel used in energy production. The energy from coal comes as a result of stored energy from plants that lived millions of years ago. Over time, the dead plants are covered in layers and trap energy found within the dead plants. Pressure and heat on the top part turns the plant remains into coal. Coal that is mined is taken to coal-fired plants for power production and consequent electricity generation. Coal undergoes combustion so that it can boil water for steam production which in turn operates steam turbines that produce electricity.

Purpose of research

The research aims at determining the human sustainability of major primary sources of energy. The primary energy sources that will be on focus are nuclear power and coal. It will determine between the two energy sources coal and nuclear power which is better for human sustainability, giving the salient reasons as to the environmental as well as economical aspect of the source of energy.

Hypothesis

Taking into account the rate of depletion and the economic input vs. The economic output, coal has proven to be a fast disappearing source of energy which proves to be expensive to gather and process usable energy from it, let alone the limited energy levels it produces. This therefore means the reliable primary source with an ourput worth the input is nuclear energy.

Sustainability of coal vs. nuclear power

Most of the electrical power is generated from either uranium or coal. Each of these has a long history of electricity production in power…… [read more]


Why the World Should Use More Nuclear Energy Term Paper

… ¶ … Nuclear Energy

Why the World Should Use More Nuclear Energy

Capacity to Provide Energy

The G8 and Other Developed Countries

Environment

Cost of Waste Treatment

Risks

Measures Required

Small and Advanced Nuclear Power Generation Plants

The Waste Management

The world energy requirements are souring with the passing days. The requirements are increasing in a multiplying manner as more and more populations are gaining access to developed facilities. The changing life styles and increased usage of urbanized amenities plays a vital role in increasing energy demands. The major developed countries and developing nations across the globe keep energy as their central focus to maintain the levels of growth they have already attained. Furthermore they aim to provide uninterrupted and economically viable energy for their citizens. All these factors combined require diligent planning and a long-term assessment for various sources to provide energy.

Capacity to Provide Energy:

The availability of various sources regarding provision can be related to the capacity and capability of the source to provide reliable energy. Numerous options provide various advantages and disadvantages. These advantages are in terms of the cost verses the benefits of the source. A long-term view also requires understanding the availability, viability, and usability of the energy source. The traditional sources of energy are oil, coal, wood, natural gas, and renewable energy. The technological developments have enabled energy sourcing thorough nuclear power generation plants. It is a highly technological yet economical and long-term source with reliable results (Goudie and David).

The G8 and Other Developed Countries:

The industrially developed countries enjoy a significant contribution of nuclear energy in fulfilling their requirements. The G8 are regarded as most advanced and developed nations in world. The reliance on nuclear energy in terms of their capacity and usage is as following. United States fulfills 20% of its total energy requirements through nuclear. France generates 80% of its energy form nuclear sources. Japan is also among notable countries utilizing nuclear energy. Russia has 31 nuclear reactors providing 16% of its total energy. United Kingdom generates 205 of its electricity from nuclear reactors. Canada is also among countries relying on nuclear to contribute for its national requirements of energy. China and India are also among countries relying on nuclear energy. The G8 leaders have also agreed to develop safe and secure technologies in nuclear energy filed as the capability of fulfilling energy requirements is reliable (Goudie and David).

Environment:

Environmentalists and peace protestors around the globe react to the global efforts for increased usage of nuclear energy. The basic argument is based on the safety of nuclear reactors, contaminated waste production, and accidents in nuclear reactors. All these arguments cannot undermine the capacity and cost of producing energy through nuclear sources. These arguments can be addressed through various technological and safety protocol enhancements. The nuclear energy is infect an environmentally safe source of energy production given the waste produced is treated and reused to produce energy. The emissions of fuel and gas energy are most dangerous for environment.… [read more]


Earthquake in Japan, Nuclear Power and Fusion Term Paper

… ¶ … earthquake in Japan, nuclear power and fusion have become much more controversial in terms of providing the world with power than the case have been in the past. While many still contend that this form of power and energy is the safest, cleanest, and most abundant that an increasingly needy world could hope for, others warn that the path towards nuclear power and fusion is a dangerous, murky one, filled with difficult moral and ethical issues. Today, many critics have begun to examine the issue with a much more critical eye than before, and not without good reason. Indeed, it does seem that there is reason for concern. Nuclear fusion is not only dangerous. It also seems that the government and proponents of this form of power are treading some murky ethical grounds by failing to be entirely honest with the public regarding its potential dangers.

Providing the world with energy from fusion is one of the listed Grand Challenges of it engineering. However, doing so without the necessary ethical considerations is irresponsible. Before it engineers meet this Grand Challenge, it is therefore necessary to familiarize themselves with the various ethical issues behind this form of power.

Today, as mentioned, many engineers view fusion as the solution to all the energy problems that society may face. And indeed, the abundant sources of elements required to provide such energy seems to be a dream come true. Sea water, for example contains all the hydrogen nuclei a scientist can dream of to provide this energy source. An ordinary power station of 600 MW would need a daily input of a mere 15 tonnes of ordinary water, for example, to provide its daily quota of power to the world. Furthermore, the potential for environmental problems from providing this power source appears minimal. The temptation to regard this as a near perfect form of power to the world is therefore great. However, many warn that it is not this simple, and that engineers should tread carefully.

One potential problem is created by the very high temperatures required for the fusion process. Indeed, the temperature required is as high as 50,000,000 degrees Celsius. Pressures also need to be sustained for long periods. There is, as yet, no existing material to withstand the extreme conditions that the process would create. This in itself should serve as a warning sign that the process may not be as safe as its proponents claim. One breakdown of materials, even should it be successfully created, could result in a highly toxic environment that would remain that way for tens, or even hundreds, of years.

Another potential challenge is that the energy required for nuclear plants will have to be laboriously created. This means that a large amount of energy will be required to create this apparently limitless source of energy. Most of this energy will still be required from fossil fuel…… [read more]


Macroeconomics My Energy Use Term Paper

… If my heating oil or coal came from Russia, I doubt I would see much difference as a consumer. The price of this fuel might be higher, as the cost of importing it would rise, but otherwise it burns the same. The price might be more volatile as well, if the fuel was sourced from overseas. The utility might also prefer to use different types of fuel. If coal came from Russia, the utility might choose to build a wind farm or a nuclear power plant in order to reduce dependence on an uncertain supply.

One environmental bill that I am in favor of is California AB32. This bill, known as the Climate Change Scoping Plan contains the following initiatives: expanding energy efficiency programs, improving statewide renewable energy, developing a cap-and-trade system, establishing targets for greenhouse gas emissions and bringing about new standards for clean cars. Bills like this work well because they address environmental issues on a number of fronts simultaneously. This bill represents a comprehensive package of environmental measures that when taken as a sum will make a difference. The bill also represents a commitment on the part of the State of California to build on the progress the state has already made, and to continue improving its environmental legislation. The state plays a leadership role in this type of legislation so it is good to see that it is proposing to improve its implementation of environmental measures.

Appendix: Energy Usage

Energy Use

Home Gas

Electrical

Solar

Auto Gas

Mon

x xxx x xxx

Tue

x xxxx x xxx

Wed

x xxx x xxx

Thu

xx xxx xxxx x xxxx xxx

Sat

xx xxxxx xxx

Sun

xx xxxx x x

Mon

xxx xxxx xxx

Tue

x xxx x xxx

Wed

x xxxx x xxxx

Thu

x xxxx x xxx

Sat

xx xxxxx xx

Sun

one usage

Home gas =

heating

Electrical =

appliances

Solar =

some localized heating

Auto gas =

Trips in car

References:

EDF (2011). California's global warming solutions act. Environmental Defense Fund. Retrieved October 31, 2011…… [read more]


Energy Economics Types of Energy/Fuel Term Paper

… Similarly, I have determined that an uncomplicated way for me to become more efficient in my energy use would be to carpool with friends more often in order to save gasoline and reduce harmful emissions. Additionally, I have recently begun replacing the light bulbs in my home with more energy efficient fluorescent light bulbs. This is an extremely simple way for me to increase my energy efficiency by more than 50%. Furthermore, if some change were to occur in my current energy supply system and my energy were to be sourced from Russia, I would certainly expect a much higher price on my bills. Even though Russia has a substantially larger supply of many fuel sources as compared to my local supplier, transportation and distribution costs typically represent a very large percentage of overall energy costs. Therefore, knowing that Russia would have to invest much more in distribution and transportation infrastructures I would expect such costs to be reflected in their pricing model.

Finally, the recent legislative debate concerning oil drilling, especially in deep-sea locations, is extremely interesting and stimulating to me. I believe that these tactics are extremely detrimental to our natural environment (as evident from the BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico) and should be prohibited. And while I understand that there is a short-term need for these facilities and the energy and jobs they currently provide, I definitely think that our country (along with the rest of the world) should discourage these practices and wean our way off these risky fuel sources. With the modern advancements in clean, safe and sustainable fuel and energy sources, there should be no need for these environmentally harmful methodologies in the future.… [read more]


Sayano-Shushenskaya Hydro Power Plant Disaster Research Paper

… 24th February 2010

Turbine 5 was made under installation

22 March 2010

Turbine 4 successfully unloaded

4th August 2010

Turbine 2 construction was finished

All the turbines in operation

2014

The cost estimated during the re-construction of the power plant… [read more]


International Energy Law Essay

… State authorities sat in front of formal and proper arbitral tribunals and were assisted by foreign counsel, the result of which were important, fair, and legally balanced cases (Kosheri, n.d.).

The International Energy Sector Landscape: In the 1980s

During this… [read more]


Alternate Energy in Daily Life Research Paper

… Students and others living in apartments or other rentals, especially those living in old rental units, would probably not have enough power for an entire day and would likely be part of the class of have-not Americans who had to… [read more]


Energy Planning Assessment

… Energy Planning -- Main Goals

"We are addicted to foreign oil and we have to wean ourselves off it."

Over the last twenty years or more, the American public has heard a similar refrain about energy use issues from just… [read more]


Nuclear Energy Chernobyl Incidents and Japan Term Paper

… Nuclear Power Issues and Concerns

What is nuclear energy?

Nuclear energy is the process of using the natural decay of certain elements to produce heat that can be converted into usable mechanical energy.

Why is nuclear energy often used instead of traditional fossil fuel burning plants?

Traditional energy production processes and methods of burning fossil fuel plants are limited by the natural reserves of those resources. Fossil fuels are, as the name suggests, a product of the fossilization process that converts organic matter such as prehistoric plants and vegetation into hydrocarbons. That process requires millions of years to occur; unfortunately, that means that the available reserves are finite and not capable of being increased. In addition, burning fossil fuels produces pollutants that can negatively affect the environment and seriously endanger life on earth. Conversely, nuclear energy is not dependent on scarce resources and does not generate pollution.

What are the pros of nuclear energy? Cons?

The most substantial benefits of nuclear energy are that it does contribute directly to polluting the environment and that it eliminates any reliance on foreign nations for their oil. The most substantial risks associated with nuclear energy were recently illustrated by in Japan: when nuclear reactors in nuclear energy plants break down, they may threaten human life and welfare in their vicinity by releasing radioactive materials into the environment.

4. Where should nuclear plants be located?

Nuclear plants should, ideally, be located far away from population centers, and should never be located anywhere near earthquake fault lines or other known threats to their ability to operate safely.

5. What natural features that would be handy to have around a nuclear reactor?

Space between nuclear reactor and human populations would be the most important natural feature to have around a nuclear reactor to minimize threats to human beings in the event of emergencies. Likewise, proximity to large bodies of water would also be handy because they provide a source of water to combat the types of situations currently…… [read more]


Strategy of Renewables Energy in UK Research Proposal

… Strategy of Renewable Energy in UK

Strategies of Renewable Energy in UK

Energy resources are one of the most important natural resource for any economy around the world. This is because the energy is an essential and integral part of… [read more]


Environmental Issues and Nuclear Power Essay

… Environmental Issues and Nuclear Power

The consensus among scientists is that there is an ongoing environmental crisis a large part of which is associated with Global Warming (Poiman & Poiman, 2007). Another very significant part of the environmental issues facing… [read more]


Renewable Energy Resources and Investment Essay

… At least 20 countries in the Middle East, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa have active renewable energy markets. Outside of Europe and the United States, other developed countries like Australia, Canada, and Japan are seeing recent gains and broader technology diversification. The increasing geographic diversity is boosting confidence that renewable are less vulnerable to policy or market dislocations in any specific country. (Sawin and Martinot 9)

This global trend creates a situation where less developed nations as well as developed nations may have less reason to seek outside sources, reducing cost of transport of renewable energy sources. Seeking energy independence, by any nation or entity necessarily allows that entity the freedom to function without the added burden of energy procurement and costs.

These two works are invaluable in developing a clear picture of the renewable energy trends across the world as they both seek to illuminate the strengths and foreseeable weaknesses in renewable energy markets. The only failure of these two documents is that they do not clearly illuminate the limited nature of the renewable energy market, i.e. offer a comparison between non-renewable energy production and use and renewable energy production and use. In other words they, by their very nature limit the scope of the picture, stressing the growth of renewable energy without stressing the height of the mountain it needs to climb to realize sustainable energy systems in any given nation and across the globe.

Works Cited

Sawin, Janet L. And Eric Martinot. "Renewables 2010: Global…… [read more]


Transition to Renewable Energy Since the Industrial Term Paper

… ¶ … Transition to Renewable Energy

Since the Industrial Revolution, modern society has been dependent on fossil fuels and petroleum products for energy to power the many inventions and technological developments that have made life so much easier in the developed world. However, the planet does not have unlimited supplies of natural energy-producing resources. The oil that we have been mining from deep underneath the ground for approximately two centuries cannot be replenished by the natural processes that accounted for its formation originally. That is because petroleum is a natural byproduct of the decaying vegetations and biological life that lived on the planet millions of years ago.

The gasoline that powers today's automobiles literally comes from the bodies of dinosaurs and other living creatures that lived long before the emergence of Homo Sapiens roughly one million years ago. The tremendous rate of technological growth, especially in the United States since the 19th century has already used up the largest available portion of the planet's entire oil reserves. At the current rate of consumption, the world will likely completely run out of fossil fuel-based energy source before the end of this century. Moreover, the use of fossil fuels for energy generates large amounts of airborne carbon and myriad other byproducts, some of which are toxic. These carbon emissions are believed by most scientists to be a principal cause of environmental damage as well as global warming.

In addition to the problems caused by oil shortages, there are very dangerous geopolitical consequences of the fact that oil reserves are not distributed uniformly throughout the world. Instead, they are concentrated in the Middle East where they have made several nations that are otherwise largely backward socially to become tremendously wealthy and influential on a global scale. Throughout the 20th century, much of American foreign policy was a reflection of the need to maintain favorable relations with the Arab oil kingdoms. Today, when radical Islamic factions are engaged in worldwide terrorism against American and Western interests, the continued dependence on their crude oil products are capable of being used as a weapon against us. The…… [read more]


Engineering and Sustainability Term Paper

… ¶ … bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/Nature/8127177.stm

Wind has the potential of reforming UK's electricity requirements. According to a study presented by Poyry analysis, the wind power systems in the UK can be revamped significantly by 2030 without hampering the national grid or causing any energy shortages. The electric charges would be decided by the customer usage rather than wind speed. A study conducted over the National Grid, Centrica incorporated around 2.5 million weather reports recorded hourly which recorded the wind speeds in the different parts of the UK. According to the "Renewable Obligations Certificates," the study came to the conclusion that strong winds could lower electricity costs significantly. They are capable of overloading a wind turbine which are hardly ever used more that 33% of their potential. According to the situation forecasted for 2030, around 40% of the operational energy will come from renewable sources. The study stated that manageable levels of wind would allow their development to be secure yet affordable. While Dr. Phil Hare (a Poyry analyst) did believe that cheap green power is a myth, the results from the study emphasized how the use of wind power would not imply a heavy expenditure on gas or coal-based power plants to back up their progress.

Article - http://www.nytimes.com/2010/07/28/business/energy-environment/28storage.html?_r=2

The growing use of wind farms has brought forth the problem of synchronizing the power supply with the periods of peak energy needs. Hawaii has been facing the problem of importing or exporting power to the companies nearby, which is a problem with regards to its aim of having 70% of its demands met by renewable sources. Storage batteries have been decided as the most efficient solution. They would allow harnessing energy at some of the windiest locations in Hawaii. A 30-megawatt wind farm is being planned in association with the Texas-based company, Xtreme Power. A 15-megawatt battery will be installed and controlled by…… [read more]


Obama Energy Policy Term Paper

… The plan seeks to limit and reduce the amount carbon that polluters are allowed to pump into the atmosphere.

President Obama proposals are very ambitious indeed and they need and demand an altogether effort and partnership between the private sectors,… [read more]


Energy Sources of the Future Essay

… Energy Sources of the Future

One of the key changes of the late 20th century, certainly enhanced in the early 21st, is that of the economic, political, and cultural movements that broadly speaking, move the various countries of the world closer together. This idea, called globalism, refers to a number of theories that see the complexities of modern life such that events and actions are tied together, regardless of the geographic location of a specific country (political unit). The idea of globalism has become popular in economic and cultural terms with the advent of a number of macro-trade agreements combined with the ease of communication brought about with the Internet and cellular communication.

The Environment as a Global Issue - the rapid growth of the global economy profoundly effects modern economic development and stability, labor, and, most especially, the environment. In combination with the Earth's natural geologic functions, the process of human globalization radically transforms local issues into national and international problems, heightening very serious challenges, such as pollution, global warming, and overpopulation (Levin Institute). Pollution is not a new global issue, nor is it strictly manmade. Since the Earth's very formation, contaminants were introduced into the atmosphere, water, or soil, having a detrimental effect. From prehistoric fires and trash dumps, to the blatant release of tons of toxic chemicals into the air and water following the Industrial Revolution, the various problems associated with humanity's excess wastes, however, have increased man's negative environmental impact (Markham, 34-82). After World War II, modern factories produced non-biodegradable plastics like PCBs and inorganic pesticides like DDT; these types of materials are not only toxic, but being non-biodegradable, accumulate in the environment. Over time this accumulation causes increased rates of cancers, birth defects, health problems,…… [read more]


Economic and Environmental Effect of Solar Energy Term Paper

… Solar Energy With Respect to Its Environmental and Economic Benefits

Solar energy is one of the most promising energy alternatives currently available to those individuals, businesses, and communities that are aiming to gather their power from a more sustainable source.… [read more]


1979 Energy Crisis Case Study

… the 1979 Energy Crisis' Impact on U.S. Foreign and Domestic Policies

The 1979 Energy Crisis was a major international turning point in energy policy and had far reaching political and economic ramifications. The crisis created a raised awareness of the interconnected nature of the world energy markets, specifically the oil markets and gave citizens in the U.S. specifically, a new perspective on oil consumption. During the crisis, products like oil and gasoline were rationed and prices went sky high, creating a financial as well as logistics nightmare for many people. There were some positive ramifications that came from the crisis however, namely some modification to socially acceptable gas mileage requirements and the overarching realization that the U.S. was extremely dependent on foreign oil, and therefore had a major infrastructure and civilization related vulnerability.

The major cause of the 1979 energy crisis was the Iranian Revolution which after the Shah of Iran left the country, and protests and oil production slowed, gave rise to a newly created Iranian government and foreign policy measures. This disrupted and later decreased oil production created a landscape of gas rationing and general panic over the lowered supply of petroleum products. Really for the first time, the U.S. began to realize that its dependency on foreign oil for its transportation and security needs was a potential security issue. Then President Jimmy Carter referred to the crisis in one of his most famous speeches as, "The moral equivalent of war." Eventually, Saudi Arabia and other OPEC nations were able to increase their oil production to make up for the decrease in Iranian output, effectively ending the crisis.

In the U.S., Plans were made to begin to move away from…… [read more]


Alternative Energy Conservation Planning Research Paper

… ¶ … energy industry is heavily dependent on fossil fuel production, consumption, and technology. In order to better understand a more sustainable, environmentally friendly way forward, it is necessary to examine some of the more conventional alternative energy technologies available… [read more]


Environmental Issue Energy Research Proposal

… Wind Energy

Proposal for research project

First Segment

I first became interested in the energy of the wind as a young girl flying kites. At that time I didn't think about wind as an practical source in the sense of… [read more]


Unlike Energy Production From Coal Essay

… Unlike energy production from coal and other fossil fuels, nuclear power does not lead to the emission of greenhouse gases. Therefore, nuclear power is often included in the arsenal of options for environmentally sound power generation. Including nuclear power in a progressive energy protocol is a sensible option for the future; at least until a major breakthrough in power generation occurs.

Nuclear power is not without its problems, though. One of its gravest problems from an environmental standpoint is the toxic waste produced by the nuclear fission process. Most nuclear waste is radioactive and cannot be disposed of in unequivocally safe ways, although proponents of the technology downplay the dangers of radioactive waste disposal ("Nuclear Power Now" nd; Till nd). The Chernobyl accident sounded an alarm about the severe short-term and long-term consequences of nuclear power. Human error can lead to human fatalities and multi-generational issues such as genetic mutations (Till nd).

In spite of the concerns and genuine dangers of nuclear power production, it remains an integral and essential part of the…… [read more]


Wasted Energy Resources Essay

… Energy

The Waste of Energy Resources

In the race through the industrialization process -- which actually took close to two hundred years for the developed world -- enormous amounts of fossil fuels have been burned that could have been used more sparingly and efficiently (WRI 2009). It is not clear, however, whether the same achievements in the growth of wealth and the (supposedly) higher quality of life enjoyed by citizens in the developed world could have been brought into existence if not for this rampant use of energy. It has also been argued that without the extensive and inefficient use of energy of the past centuries, we would not have arrived at a point where energy had the capability of being so efficiently produced and used as it can be today.

This last argument is either taking a naive view of history or is being deliberately disingenuous. Before the advent of fossil fuels, energy was incredibly efficient -- all of it was supplied wither directly by man or by the forces of nature (mostly wind and gravity). Without the use of any electricity or fossil fuels, the Romans were able to transport water throughout much of their empire and merchants were able to trade goods across vast distances for only the cost of feeding their crew. The voyages took longer and goods were more expensive because of it, it is…… [read more]


Energy Supply Systems Infrastructure -- Identify Key Thesis

… Energy Supply Systems Infrastructure -- Identify Key Considerations When Assessing the Vulnerability of the Following Energy Supply Systems:

Electric power supply and distribution

The Bowling County EMT and its healthcare facilities do not specifically state in their manual that they have backup generators at the main hospital facility. Backup generators would be necessary to give assistance to patients that need constant, critical care in the form of electrically-powered devices such as ventilators. The EMT crew would need to know what nearby hospitals had generators to provide additional services in an emergency situation, should there be a power outage and the normal point-of-contact hospital was not operational.

For example, during Hurricane Katrina, flood waters rendered the city hospital's normal generators nonfunctional, causing excessively high indoor temperatures (Curiel 2006). Floodwaters disabled even wheeled generators which could only offer minimal power for hospital equipment, anyway (Bovender & Carey 2006). In New Orleans, patients died because they could not be transported from the ravaged city hospitals.

There should be backup access to medical records, either through paper files or battery-operated laptops to give necessary information about patients during transfers. Radio communication between EMT personnel is currently available and exists as an alternative to cell phone contact, should there be a disruption in service. Coordinating a response with hospitals far enough away from disaster areas, in light of Katrina-like situations, would enable helicopters to transport high-risk patients away from catastrophic situations.…… [read more]


Solution to a Misuse of Energy Thesis

… ¶ … solar energy in this country, and provide solutions to those problems. Solar energy is one way to solve the world's dependence on non-renewable fossil fuels. It is not the only solution, and it is not feasible in every location, but it can be a good solution to the overuse of fossil fuels in many areas.

Solar energy is one way the world can rid itself of its growing dependence on fossil fuels like oil, coal, and gas. Two writers note, "Solar energy technologies represent one of the least carbon-intensive means of electricity generation. Solar power produces no emissions during generation itself, and life-cycle assessments clearly demonstrate that it has a smaller carbon footprint from 'cradle-to-grave' than fossil fuels" (Resch, and Kaye). The rays of the sun are abundant in many areas of the world, which is a necessity for solar power, and there are many different forms of solar energy in development and already developed that can meet the electrical power needs of millions of homes. A solar energy Web site notes these types "include concentrating solar power systems, passive solar heating and daylighting, photovoltaic systems, solar hot water, and solar process heat and space heating and cooling" (Editors). These technologies can be used in small-scale systems on homes and offices, and in large-scale applications for industry and creating power for communities.

There are several problems with solar energy that must be addressed before its use becomes more widespread. The major problem associated with solar energy are the high costs to build and maintain a solar system, whether it is residential or commercial. It is more expensive to create solar energy than it is to create the same amount of fossil fuel energy in almost every case, and this means that development of solar energy plants lags far behind what could be developed. Another writer notes, "The system does have several disadvantages, such as the high expenses of building a solar power station and the unreliable nature of sunlight" (Woloski). This high cost is prohibitive for homeowners, too, because a solar system can cost thousands of dollars, and they will not see the return on their investment for decades. Photovoltaic systems (PV) are the most popular of the residential systems today, but they are expensive, although "The PV industry is striving to reduce system costs by 50 per cent by 2015, at which point PV will be cost-competitive with retail electricity costs in most of the United States and other developed countries" (Resch, and Kaye). That is one solution to the problem; reduce costs so solar energy systems are more affordable for residential and commercial use. If initial installation and production costs were reduced, more people could afford the systems, even on existing homes and businesses, and in the end, the solar energy companies would sell more systems, creating a profit while enhancing the environment at the same time.

Another solution is for utility companies and governments to provide assistance or rebates when consumers and businesses install solar… [read more]


Wind Power, Farms, and Turbines Thesis

… Wind Power

Wind Farms and Wind Turbines: An Examination of Their Role as a Sustainable Alternative Energy Source

Wind Farm in Boulder County, Wyoming

Wind Turbines at Burbo Bank in the Mouth of the River Mersey

Respective Percentage of U.S.… [read more]


Energy Conservation Plan Term Paper

… Energy Conservation Plan

Energy conservation has become a matter of extreme interest at global level, but at individual level as well, given the fact that energy consumption has its repercussions on all of us. The effects that energy consumption has… [read more]


Risks and Benefits of Nuclear Power Energy Term Paper

… Risks and Benefits of Nuclear Power Energy

When Albert Einstein introduced his Special Theory of Relativity in 1905, he revolutionized the future of man on Earth. One of the implications of Einstein's theory, represented by the infamous equation E = mc2 was the equivalence of mass and energy.

This equivalence meant that very small amounts of energy represented tremendous amounts of energy, which could be released through nuclear fission (Rennie, 2003).

Nuclear fission, when it occurs instantaneously, releases vast amounts of destructive energy; it is the basis for nuclear weapons. When it occurs much more gradually, it releases the same energy, but in ways that can be harnessed and controlled, for several beneficial purposes: it is the basis for advanced medical imaging technology and is instrumental in many cancer treatments, among many other industrial applications.

Fossil fuel supplies are finite, and quickly being depleted at a rate that guarantees need for alternate energy sources; our current dependence on OPAC oil and geopolitical issues in the Middle East further complicates the situation; and global warming is a consequence of the byproducts of generating energy from fossil fuels. Therefore, one of the most important uses of nuclear energy is its ability to be generated in ways that can be converted to electrical energy, for an efficient man-made source of unlimited usable energy in civilian nuclear reactors (Gundersen, 1999).

The dramatic use of two atomic bombs to end World War II in 1945 forever associated nuclear technology with its potential destructive power. Likewise, the fact that radioactive isotopes release radiation that is harmful to human health, (even deadly in high doses), is always a concern in any use of nuclear energy. Several operational catastrophes in functioning reactors in the first two decades of their use heightened those concerns. To many people, nuclear energy is another potential danger of irresponsible applications of human technology; to others, it represents the most economical alternative to fossil fuels and other sources of energy that are dependent on natural resources.

Because nuclear energy has such potential for destruction, and because even its beneficial uses are potentially so dangerous, it is an issue that requires a complete analysis that addresses the concerns expressed in both positions from the emotional perspective, the logical perspective, and the ethical perspective.

Emotional Perspective:

The emotional perspective is very easy to understand. The first demonstrated use of any type of nuclear energy was the instantaneous incineration of approximately

100,000 civilians in Hiroshima on August 9, 1945, followed three days later by a similar detonation of another atomic bomb over Nagasaki. Approximately three decades later, human error in responding to an equipment malfunction nearly resulted in a catastrophe at the Three Mile Island nuclear power plant in Pennsylvania. Only a few years after a reactor meltdown was narrowly averted at Three Mile Island, a Soviet reactor did meltdown and the resulting explosion contaminated the entire city of Chernobyl, and eventually killed thousands who died from the medical consequences of radiation exposure (Gundersen, 1999).

Logical Perspective:… [read more]


Energy Efficiency Term Paper

… Energy Efficiency

Energy conservation has become such a hackneyed topic that it has completely lost its shock and awe effect. Government's numerous energy conservation programs were certainly developed with best interests of the public at heart but over the years, their inability to penetrate public's consciousness have turned them into fatuous exercises. However energy conservation is not something that can be easily overlooked because lack of efficiency in the utilization of energy is costing the country dearly.

We must first understand what is meant by energy efficiency. Energy comes from host of sources- some of which are more vulnerable to depletion than others. In order to protect these sources from complete dissipation, we need to lessen our dependence on them and thus turn to more enduring sources of energy. In layman terms, there are renewable and non-renewable sources of energy. As their tags indicate, renewable sources are those that are continuously being replenished such as energy coming from sun and wind. On the other hand, non-replenished sources include coal, which is vulnerable to depletion because coal takes years to form and its consumption is higher than its production.

Our country's biggest challenge is the prodigious use of energy, which has only increased, in the last decade with greater technology and heavier dependence on foreign sources of energy. In the last decade, Americans used 17% more energy than they did in the decade before. By the year 2020, it is likely to grow by 32%, which will only further increase our dependence on quick but rapidly depleting sources of energy including foreign sources. At home, production of energy has increased by…… [read more]


Energy Crisis of 1973 in 1973, OPEC Term Paper

… Energy Crisis of 1973

In 1973, OPEC, the cartel of the most oil-rich Middle-Eastern countries responsible for producing the majority of the world's crude oil, cut off exports of petroleum to Western nations in reaction to what they saw as the Israeli bias of the United States in recent Arab-Israeli conflicts. "Although the oil embargo would not ordinarily have made a tremendous impact on the U.S., panicking investors and oil companies caused a gigantic surge in oil prices. The situation, caused more by fear and irrationality than any firm economic basis, turned out to be one of the most memorable of the 1970s. Those who can remember the so-called 'Mideast oil crisis' also remember long lines at the gas pump due to petroleum shortages and high gasoline prices" ("The Mideast Oil Crisis," Energy Through History, 2007).

A realist international relations theorist would have stressed a 'power politics' solution to the crisis, such as pressuring OPEC member nations to release their supplies of crude. This might be accomplished levying economic sanctions against the Arab members and by forcing U.S. investors and oil companies to keep their prices down…… [read more]


Potential Use of Renewable Energy Technologies in the Buildings of Arabian Gulf Countries Term Paper

… ¶ … renewable energy technologies in the buildings of Arabian Gulf Countries

In the literature regarding the Middle East and the utilization of renewable energy there is a great deal of evidence of interest and even application. This is despite… [read more]


Wind Power in 1987 Term Paper

… Another environmental problem is that in the past, birds have tended to fly into them, and some of these birds are endangered or otherwise important to the environment. However, recent technological improvements have significantly reduced this problem (Ottinger & Williams, 2002).

Thus, the primary objection to the use of wind power is an esthetic one: windmills, even the modern ones, far more unobtrusive than the first wooden windmills used to move water and grind grain, often mar an otherwise pristine landscape. Proponents argue that appropriate landscaping can diminish the effects and possibly even enhance the area where the windmills might be placed, but environmentalists see this as yet another manmade intrusion (Pasqualetti, 2000). While the environmentalists make an important point, it seems possible that the long-term benefits to the environment from wind power might well outweigh any changes in the environment where the windmills would be located.

A more serious problem reflects funding shifts over time. Today we have a variety of innovative technologies for producing electricity, including such things as solar energy as well as wind power. The development of this technology was funded with large grants from the government starting about 25 years ago (U of Tenn, 2000). That federal funding has begun to dry up, and it is left to individual states and private industry to close the gap. Some researchers feel that this approach will be too piecemeal and disjointed and advocate for a national fund that could receive its monies from private industry but that would have national direction and focus (U of Tenn, 2000). This might or might not work as experts note that funding from private industry is decreasing as well (U of Tenn, 2000).

The federal government is still working on energy problems, but currently it is focusing on the use of superconductors to improve transmission and storage (U of Tenn, 2000). This would also have benefits for wind power but does not directly fund its use or development.

The United States, and indeed the entire world, needs to stay focused on solving its growing energy needs. Modern society needs reliable sources of power, and dependable transmission of that power from the source of generation to the site of use. Carbon dioxide production must be reduced (U of Tenn, 2000). Wind power can help with all these issues. While predicting the future can be difficult, Renner and Renner (1987) were correct when they said we would again face a fuel shortage. Wind power can reduce our dependence on petroleum by lessening its use to generate a growing demand for electricity.

SOURCES

Ottinger, Richard L., and Williams, Rebecca. 2002. "Renewable Energy Sources for Development." Environmental Law, 32:2.

Pasqualetti, Martin J. 2000. "Morality, Space and the Power of Wind-Energy Landscapes." The Geographical Review, 90:3.

Renner, Michael G., and…… [read more]


Globalization and the Demand for Energy in the 21st Century Term Paper

… Globalization and Energy Demands in the 21st Century

According to a May 2004 report from Deloitte Research, supplying enough energy on a reliable basis at prices that will not cripple the global economic growth has become a challenge with consequences… [read more]


Energy Term Paper

… The DOE or the U.S. Department of Energy is in fact presently engaged in developing the infrastructure that is necessary to protect the energy of the nation. (Energy Sources, U.S. Department of Energy)

It is a fact that the average American family ends up spending about $1,300 a year on the utility bills in their homes, and it is also a fact that a large amount of this energy ends up being wasted completely. If, for example, the basic insulation on the doors and the windows of homes were to be made more efficient, it would save a huge amount of energy. A 'whole house energy efficiency plan' would sort out this problem to a certain extent, and it can be said that conservation starts at home, and when there is more energy conserved at home, then in the larger picture, it would be more beneficial to the entire nation. (Energy Savers: Introduction)

This article is important because it would help those people who are interested in the benefits of saving and conserving energy to persevere in their efforts to do so, thereby bringing a large amount of gain to the whole nation.

References

Energy Savers: Introduction. Office of energy efficiency and renewable energy. Retrieved From http://www.eere.energy.gov/consumerinfo/energy_savers/intro.html Accessed on 12 January, 2005

Energy Sources, U.S. Department of Energy. Retrieved From

http://www.energy.gov/engine/content.do-BT_CODE=ENERGYSOURCES Accessed on 12 January, 2005… [read more]


Renewable Energy Development Term Paper

… Biomass, which uses forest and agricultural residues, is used around the world, and the use geothermal energy is growing slowly. All of these forms of energy need to be fully explored to gain more usage and recognition.

Another viable renewable… [read more]


Geothermal Energy the Earth Formed Term Paper

… Aside from volcanic eruptions and plate tectonics, there is another way to witness and to use the thermal energy generated in the interior of our planet: geysers and hot springs. As aforementioned, magma rising towards the crust can heat natural water reservoirs. "Some of this hot geothermal water travels back up through faults and cracks and reaches the earth's surface as hot springs or geysers, but most of it stays deep underground, trapped in cracks and porous rock. This natural collection of hot water is called a geothermal reservoir." (Geothermal Education Office).

Humans have used this natural form of energy since before the dawn of civilization. The Romans used geothermal water for medical purposes, and for heating homes in some cities. American Indians, for perhaps as long as ten thousand years, have also made use of hot springs for medicine as well as for cooking (Geothermal Education Office).

Today, much more advanced and efficient techniques are employed to take advantage of this free form of energy. Geologists work to locate possible geothermal reservoirs, and then drill into them to release their steam. This rapid escape of steam can be used to turn turbine generators and transform what was once thermal energy into forms that can be much more useful and mobile -- like electricity. Presently, humans employ three different types of geothermal power plants: dry steam power plants, flash power plants, and binary power plants (Geothermal Education Office). The general difference between the three being the temperature of the water, and subsequently, the amount of steam that is generated.

There are many advantages to using geothermal rather than coal, oil, or nuclear generated energy. First, it is almost pollutant free. Second, by all human purposes, it is inexhaustible. Because of the convective nature of the earth's interior, our planet will continue to generate geothermal energy for billions of years to come. Other sources of energy like coal and oil are finite resources and will eventually run out. Third, Geothermal energy is quite reliable, and can be altered to the specific needs of a society. Finally, it requires less land area to build and maintain a geothermal power plant than any of the United State's other major sources of energy (Geothermal Education Office).

Unfortunately, geothermal energy cannot be trusted to supply all of the world's energy needs -- there are simply not enough geothermal reservoirs near the surface of the earth. However, some geologists are optimistic and believe that as drilling technology improves, humans will be able to reach enough geothermal reservoirs to accommodate a large percentage of the world's energy demands.

Bibliography

Gallant, Roy A. Geysers: When Earth Roars. New York: Franklin Watts, 1997.

Geothermal Energy Facts." Geothermal Education Office. December 23, 2000. Retrieved…… [read more]


Atomic Bomb and Nuclear Power Term Paper

… "Even when the planned cleanup has been carried out, billions of dollars and many years will be needed to address areas that are not in the cleanup plan." (Unavailable, 2000)

And the military was still up to their dirty work… [read more]


Energy Conservation Essay

… This will also help in the recycling of material from the kitchen and the farm instead of disposing off such.

The other source of power that can sustain the homestead is the harnessing of wind through installation of a windmill that will help in generating power from the little wind available. This is viable since the demands of the homestead will not be heavy as to need a large grid for the power. The installations will also not required external services hence can be expensive at installation but cheap in the long run due to eliminated running costs.

There will also be need for harvesting rain water into tanks such that the home will be supplied with water that comes from nature instead of the conventional supplied water that will require use of fossil fuel to be pumped to various destinations. The sewerage system should also be designed such that there is a septic tank underground with efficient compartments that will ensure the biodegradation of the sewer without use of public service system which will still use external fossil fuel to run the engines.

The insulated double wall can also be structured in a manner that the vacuum is connected to the fire furnace in the house such that in extremely cold weather there can be heating of the house through using dried firewood that might have been found rotting in the woods.

There is a possibility of building a house that is independent of the fossil fuel services hence helping in environmental conservation and it is possible to run such houses on the above suggested sources of energy.… [read more]


Economics of Oil and Gas Research Paper

… The critical thing is the difference between annual additions to the capacity of oil production and the annual rate of decline of the production from the wells that are in existence.

Since OPEC was formed in 1960, it has never been shy when it comes to flexing its energy fuelled power over the west. OPEC is likely to loose its market share in the years to come as their days of dominance in the oil industry are soon coming to an end. When bluntly put we can say that OPEC's power has been well and significantly reduced. Its decline has been fueled by U.S. And Israeli's gas as well as oil revolutions. Oil depletion is also not making it easy for the survival of OPEC. Its power is decreasing and in the next few years it will be completely powerless (Flynn, 20130.

It is beyond any doubt that Saudi has enormous oil reserves, for a long time now the country has been a world leader in the production of oil. However the development of U.S. shale has outplayed the oil production of Saudi Arabia and now all signs show that Saudi is desperate to keep their number one ranking in the world as leaders in oil production. Furthermore the meteoric rise in U.S. production is linked with technological developments which Saudi can not keep up with. Therefore even though Saudi Arabia has enormous reserves it is not expected that it will significantly expand its oil production capacity.

Reference

Campbell, C. (1998) Peak Oil: A Turning for Mankind. Retrieved April 14, 2014 from http://www.greatchange.org/ov-campbell,peakoil_turning_for_mankind.html

. Campbell J. & Laherrere J., (1998). The end of cheap oil. Retrieved April 14,2014 from http://dieoff.org/page140.htm

Jamail D., (2011).The Scourge of 'peak oil.' Retrieved April 14,2014 from http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/2011/07/201172081613634207.html

Flynn P., (2013). OPEC shudders as shale revolution could spell demise

Retrieved April 14, 2014 from http://www.futuresmag.com/2013/03/14/opec-shudders-as-shale-revolution-could-spell-demi… [read more]


Future of Natural Gas Term Paper

… Shale Gas

As the world, and the billions of people it supports, continues to evolve, new and important ways of delivering energy are needed to keep up with these changes and provide a safe and secure environment. Technology, reason and… [read more]


H2 O2 Fuel Cell Term Paper

… ¶ … Fuel Cell

The study focuses on the hydrogen-oxygen fuel cell technology. The fuel cell is an energy delivered technology that combines hydrogen, oxygen and other oxidizing agents to produce energy. The paper discusses different types of fuel cell… [read more]


Non-Intrusive Monitoring Research Paper

… Non-intrusive monitoring, developed by George Hart, Ed Kern and Fred Schweppe in the 1980s at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. It is commonly used in terms of non-intrusive load monitoring, a means of monitoring an electrical circuit which encompasses a… [read more]


Alberta Tar Sands Issues Research Paper

… What happens next is the solvent condenses on the "cold walls of the vapor chamber and dissolves the bitumen"; in turn, the bitumen "drains with the solvent down to a production well" and next a surface facility does the separating… [read more]


Speech for How Solar Energy Essay

… For example, the governments of Germany and Japan have offered incentives for researching solar energy to scientists and to businesses and consumers for using it. "In 2009 alone, Germany installed 3,806 megawatts (MW) of PV solar energy capacity" more than eight times that of the United States (Top 10 countries using solar power, 2013, One Block Off The Grid). Germany has been particularly successful due to a "combination of a proven feed-in-tariff (FiT) scheme, good financing opportunities, a large availability of skilled PV companies, and a good public awareness of the PV technology" (Top 10 countries using solar power, 2013, One Block Off The Grid). But knowledge of the value of solar power has even spread to smaller countries: in Israel and Cyprus, more homes have solar water heaters than do not because of new building requirements (How solar energy works, 2012, Union of Concerned Scientists).

However the United States, despite its technical sophistication and wealth, lags behind. During the late 1970s and 1980s during the energy crisis, there was a rise in interest in solar power, particularly in warmer weather areas. But as fuel costs declined and tax credits expired, so did the desire to implement the technology (How solar energy works, 2012, Union of Concerned Scientists). But this is changing due to changes in government policies. "The cap on the federal solar tax credit was lifted in 2009, promoting growth in this industry. Despite the recent recession, the U.S. market for residential solar panels doubled in 2009, and increased 37% from 2008" (Top 10 countries using solar power, 2013, One Block Off The Grid).

It remains to be seen if the change in U.S. consumption habits regarding solar power is a fad or a true shift in how solar power is viewed. Regardless, there is little question that increased use of solar energy is safer and less damaging to the environment than using non-renewable fossil fuels, and cheaper once the initial investment in the technology is made. Hopefully, we will come full circle as a society and someday be able to use the form of energy that heated and lit our ancestor's homes…only in a way that will still support our modern, technological lifestyles.

References

How solar energy works. (2012). Union of Concerned Scientists. Retrieved:

http://www.ucsusa.org/clean_energy/our-energy-choices/renewable-energy/how-solar-energy-works.html

Top 10 countries using solar power. (2013).…… [read more]


Regulating Oil and Gas Drilling Research Paper

… The OPA also expanded the role and breadth of the "National Oil and Hazardous Substances Pollution Contingency Plan" (NCP), establishing a multi-layered "planning and response system" in order to improve the preparedness and responses to any spill that occurs in… [read more]


Hydraulic Fracturing ("Fracking") the Legal Research Paper

… Law School Student Willie -- Let States Regulate Fracking

Matt Willie takes a position similar to Spence; at the same time he admits that the debate over the potential negative environmental effects of fracking has caused "an outright firestorm" in… [read more]


Integrating Schooling Fish Movement Research Paper

… Vertical axis wind generators tend to be perfect for the process, since they may be positioned near to each other and may seize wind power coming from all directions -- even from over and above. By getting each and every… [read more]


Solar Is the Solution Essay

… First, Heckeroth states that biomass takes viable land away from agriculture, thereby contributing to the problem of poverty. Poverty is a gross social injustice. Therefore, biomass is bad.

Hydrogen fuel cells are "no more efficient than biofuels," and inefficient energy sources are bad. Therefore, hydrogen fuel cells are bad. Heckeroth also points out, "96% of all hydrogen is currently extracted from fossil fuels." If this premise is true (which is unclear because Heckeroth does not cite his sources) then the conclusion that is drawn is that hydrogen fuel cells present the same environmental problems as fossil fuels do because they are the same basic source.

To substantiate the claim that solar energy is a good option that should be taken immediately, Heckeroth also uses a series of logical statements. Some of what Heckeroth states is unsubstantiated statistics such as: "simply incorporating passive solar design strategies…energy efficiency, conservation and other active solar heating strategies in the construction of buildings can save up to 95% of the energy used in conventional buildings," (p. 3).

Heckeroth states that "Energy from the sun can be used to power our vehicles," and therefore solar energy is highly efficient and should be used. When electric vehicles are charged with solar power, emissions are reduced "altogether," (p. 3). Even when using traditional power sources, an electric vehicle is more efficient than a standard internal combustion engine. Therefore, electric cars should replace standard vehicles If the goal is reducing emissions.

The author also picks apart logical fallacies in his detractors' arguments. For example, when discussing electric vehicles, Heckeroth claims that the opponents state that batteries are not well developed enough to be viable. Heckeroth claims that cellular phone batteries started out inefficient and then became better once consumer demand for the products increased. If consumer demand for electric cars increase, then the same will happen for electric car batteries.

Finally, the author presents a series of steps for making new homes more efficient. If new homes are designed to use less energy, overall energy consumption among new home dwellers will be considerably less. Less energy use equals fewer emissions; and fewer emissions means a cleaner environment. Similarly, less energy consumption leads to reduced green house gases and reduced impact of climate change. The central premise is that climate change itself is bad, as evidenced by the rising sea levels that made Hurricane Sandy so devastating. Although Heckeroth's argument is not air-tight in terms of his not backing up some of his core facts, the author does not use any logical fallacies. Unless some of his facts are proven wrong, the logical case for solar energy is a good one.

Work Cited

Heckeroth, Steve. "Solar is the Solution." Dec-Jan 2008. Retrieved online: http://www.motherearthnews.com/Renewable-Energy/2007-12-01/Solar-is-the-Solution.aspx?page=6… [read more]


Chernobyl Disaster Term Paper

… " ("Health Impacts") From the years 1992-2000, about 4000 cases of thyroid cancer were found with the exposed population, with three-quarters, close to 3000 individuals, being children and adolescents between the years 1-18. ("Health Impacts")

In the aftermath of the world's greatest nuclear disaster Chernobyl has caused a major shift in views toward nuclear power and its safety. Chernobyl has created a fear within the minds of the general population that nuclear power plants are an accident waiting to happen, and as a result "the expansion of nuclear capacity came to a near standstill." (El Baradei) In effect, the world said that it no longer wanted nuclear power plants built anywhere near them or their families. However, in the decades that have passed since the disaster's initial impact, the world has learned a number of lessons. First of all is the fact that a "nuclear accident anywhere is a nuclear accident everywhere." (El Baradei) Therefore nuclear safety is an international concern and requires international cooperation. The IAEA has set international rules for nuclear energy involving "peer reviews, safety upgrades, and multilateral assistance efforts, safety conventions, and the body of globally recognized IAEA standards." (EL Baradei)

The world has also come to recognize that despite the best efforts of international authorities, nuclear accidents, while unthinkable, may still happen and the world needs to be prepared for them. The recent tsunami and resulting accident in Japan is a perfect example of how, no matter how safe one thinks a nuclear plant is built, nature can still cause unexpected problems. Because of this possibility, the IAEA, along with other international organizations, have begun to plan for nuclear accident responses. Chernobyl has taught the lesson that increased international coordination is necessary in the aftermath of any potential nuclear disaster. Most of all the international assistance from individual governments, international relief organizations, and other groups needs to be coordinated in an overall strategy. There also has to be plans in place to deal with the potential masses of people who would need to be relocated, either temporarily or permanently. But most of all, the Chernobyl accident has taught international authorities that facts are the most important weapon in response to a nuclear accident. There were numerous cases of preciously needed resources being wasted on unnecessary resettlements, economic disruption from panicked people, and a "widespread distrust of 'official' information & #8230;." (El Baradei)

The nuclear accident at Chernobyl was the worst in the history of mankind, causing nuclear fallout to cover large areas, contaminating hundreds of thousands, killing thousands, either immediately or slowly over years, and panicking millions. The efforts to help and send aid were sporadic and uncoordinated, resulting in waste and suffering. But the world has learned from this disaster and now international cooperation and standards are the way to ensure that disasters like Chernobyl are avoided. International organizations have also learned to respond better to nuclear disasters and coordinate relief aid more effectively. Most of all they have learned that accurate information can… [read more]


Canada's Environmental Wellbeing Term Paper

… Canada's Environmental Well-Being and Reducing Dependence on Oil

Canada's current environmental state is in danger. The rich natural resources of this vast land are being sacrificed to feed an ongoing dependence on oil and petroleum products. There is no denying that the current state of the country is heavily impacted by energy strategies to extract various fossil fuels from the resource-rich landscape. In order to avoid future damage to Canada's rich environment, Andrew Nikiforuk provides what he calls "12 Steps to Energy Sanity," one of which prove the most important to protect Canada's environmental well being: the implementation of a carbon tax to help wean Canadians off their dangerous addiction to oil and thus protect the natural resources of the region for future generations to enjoy as we do today.

Oil sand drilling has a devastating impact on the natural resources of the country. Mining for bitumen is a huge source of deforestation in some of Canada's most rich forested areas. The huge land portion of 3,000 square km that has been allocated to oil sand mining is in direct danger of being devastated. Forrest areas will be wiped out, leaving open the potential for local wildlife in the region to also be affected. Essentially, this is securing a very bleak future for Canada's diverse array of wildlife in the region, one that may have a lasting impact on the natural resources of the country for generations to come, long after the mining has actually stopped. The use of extreme measures, like sandblasting, solvent injection, and firefloods are detrimental to the surrounding landscape and will prove unable to correct in future years as the devastation continues to show itself in future generations.

Moreover, there are issues with how drilling deals with Canada's limited fresh water and air supply. The Athabasca River has seen much lower than normal water flows in the last few decades. Yet, Canadian mining operations are still allowed to funnel larger portions of its fresh water out for the purpose of extracting bitumen. This has had a devastation of fish populations and habitats, as they are being restricted more and more each year from their natural feeding and breeding grounds the less and less water there is in each season. Without regulations to stop companies from taking too much valuable water when levels are at their lowest, there can only be more damage caused then money raised in the bitumen being mined. Water is an important step in the extraction of oil from sand material. As such, it has become a primary resource for oil drillers to utilize and harness to their advantage. Yet, with water levels so dangerously low, allowing more oil drilling to further seize Canada's fresh water supplies will only further continue to place local wildlife in danger due to extreme restrictions in water size and habitat. Unfortunately, water needs to be discarded after it has been used to help extract the oil rich material from sands. Canadian oil drillers have simply displaced the… [read more]


Competition in Energy Drinks Sports Drinks and Vitamin Enhanced Beverages Case Study

… Beverage Company Analysis

What are the strategically relevant components of the global and U.S. beverage industry macro-environment? How do the economic characteristics of the alternative beverage segment of the industry differ from that of other beverage categories? Explain.

The most strategically relevant components of the global and U.S. industry microenvironment include the annual per capita drink consumption of consumers, the demand for food services at drinking and entertainment establishments, and the demand for beverages from grocery stores and other retail outlets. Additional relevant components include the price of each ingredient that goes into the beverage, with sugar being one of the most pervasive and dependent on outside markets. While the overall beverage industry continues to consolidate and shows signs of being in a rapidly declining phase of its lifecycle, the alternative beverage industry is growing rapidly as consumers look for healthy, high energy alternatives to traditional forms of caffeinated beverages. The alternative energy segment is quickly capitalizing on this trend, using advanced forms of branding and marketing to underscore the unique value of these drinks and the healthy, high energy benefits to consumers. The combination of healthy attributes and exceptionally good marketing is leading to a growing, highly profitable market.

2. What is competition like in the alternative beverage industry? Which of the five competitive forces is strongest? Which is weakest? What competitive forces seem to have the greatest effect on industry attractiveness and the potential profitability of new entrants? Analyze all five forces.

The competition in the alternative beverage market is intensifying rapidly, as each of the five forces that comprise the Porter Model are undergoing significant transformation in this market. Figure 1 shows the Porter Five Forces Model. The strongest of the five forces in the market is Buyer Power today, hence the very aggressive marketing going on across all competitors in this market. The Threat of New Entry is also exceptionally high right now, yet the Buyers are actually driving even greater change overall. The Threat of New Entry is seeing barriers to the production fo new drinks becoming more expensive to overcome. Supplier Power initially was very strong in this market as there were differentiated, and often highly customized ingredients. Over time this specific force has become more dependent on Buyer Power to drive profitability. The fourth factor, Threat of Substitution, is ever-present across the many substituted energy-inducing beverages consumers can purchase. It is more at a steady-state however; it will never be as strong as Buyer Power for example. Finally, the fifth factor is Competitive Rivalry, and that will continue to accelerate and gain momentum over time in the beverage market. None will emerge however as strong as Buyer Power over time.

3. How is the market for energy drinks, sports drinks and vitamin-enhanced beverages changing? What are the underlying drivers of change and how might those forces individually or collectively make the…… [read more]


International Business and Politics Research Paper

… International Business and Politics

In the last several years, outsourcing has become an integral part for helping a firm to decrease their costs and improve productivity. However, depending upon the region, this could have an adverse effect on their bottom line results. In the case of the GE plant, there is intense competition between the Philippines and the Ukraine. To fully understand the benefits that the Ukraine has to offer requires focusing on: the business environment and actual firms that are located in the country. Together, these different elements will highlight the strengths of the Ukraine for foreign direct investors.

The Ukraine's Business Environment

The Ukraine is focused on energy imports to meet the demand of businesses and households. In 2009, a dispute over the price of energy resulted in a temporary embargo from Russia. However, the country was able to resolve these disputes and now has a ten-year agreement in place. At the same time, the economy is vulnerable to shocks from the global economy. This is because the nation has tremendous amounts of natural resources that are used in the production of steel, manufactured goods and agriculture. Evidence of this can be seen with the overall rates of GDP growth from 2009 to 2011 (which is illustrated in the below table). ("Ukraine")

Ukraine's GDP Growth from 2009 to 2011

Year

Rate of Growth

2009

-14.8%

2010

4.1%

2011

5.1%

("Ukraine")

These figures are showing how the Ukraine's economy is dependent upon changes that are occurring inside the global marketplace.

Moreover, the Ukraine has eliminated all imports / exports and business related taxes. This is designed to help fuel foreign direct investment. This means that firms that are looking to relocate to the region can reduce their costs of importing critical materials. The combination of these factors makes the country a popular location for many companies that are seeking to reduce their costs. ("Ukraine")

Examples of Firms that have located to the Ukraine

The plant the GE is planning on opening is going to concentrate on alternative forms of energy. The Ukraine is good location because of the low costs, favorable tax structure and other players who have been establishing operations. As far as foreign direct investment is concerned, the country is currently home to the largest alternate energy related power plant in all of Europe (which is owned by Activ Solar). Moreover,…… [read more]

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