Study "Engineering / Mechanics" Essays 221-232

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Verizon Corporation Was Formed in 2000 Term Paper

… ¶ … Verizon Corporation was formed in 2000 when Bell Atlantic bought GTE, since that time, Verizon has become the top U.S. telecom services provider for two years running. Its three major divisions have each made substantial gains and profits… [read more]

Terrorists of Al Qaeda Planned Their Attacks Term Paper

… ¶ … terrorists of Al Qaeda planned their attacks on September 11th, they did not use the traditional mix of secret signals and special couriers. Instead they had a far more powerful and cryptic tool at their hands, the internet.… [read more]

Disruptive Technology Term Paper

… Disruptive Technology

Focus on how a company might use the knowledge that there is a disruptive technology out there.

If a company knew of the existence of a potentially disruptive technology to their current market position, the company could attempt to circumvent the potential encroachment by addressing the needs the new technology focused upon, but with the aim of making their existing technology cheaper, faster, or better, yet still addressing the same needs targeted by the disruptive technology. Also, as disruptive technologies tend to be initially inferior in quality, such as the early, inefficient automobiles that replaced horses and buggies, a company could attempt to focus on improving the quality of its existing product so the disruptive technology would appear even more inferior in relation to the existing product.

How would a company organize so that they would have a good chance of knowing about the technology?

Often, it does not 'pay' in the short-term… [read more]

Technology Forecasting and Business Model Assessment Term Paper

… Technology Forecasting and Business Model Assessment

What is technology forecasting?

The entire subject of technology forecasting consists of predictions about the technological capabilities, attributes and parameters that will come up in the future. It is a method of looking through… [read more]

Inventions of Modern Times Alexander Term Paper

… Two individuals, out of earshot of each other, could speak as though they were standing next to one other.

As Alexander Graham Bell's telephone became widely available it brought about many unforeseen changes in the world in which we live. The telephone made it possible for a company to conduct business without all its employees beyond concentrated in one place. As well, the telephone eliminated the long delays previously demanded by the sending and receiving of written messages. Perhaps even more importantly, families and friends could keep in touch even though they might live in different parts of the country or the world. In the case of an emergency, individuals could instantly get in touch with distant authorities. A storeowner could call the police if he had been robbed. A mother could call a doctor if her child was sick. Alexander Graham Bell's invention made the world a smaller place -- the telephone brought humanity together as… [read more]

Alexander Graham Bell in 1847 Term Paper

… Watson, come here. I want you." Watson, in another part of the house, heard his voice come over the transmitter! Bell was so excited that his transmitter had worked, he forgot all about the acid that had ruined his clothes. The next year, in 1877, came the first Bell Telephone Company.

After he invented the telephone, Bell continued to invent things. He invented the photo-phone where sound was carried on a beam of light (forerunner of fiber optics). He improved the phonograph. He invented the hearing aid and ways for teaching deaf people to speak. When an assassin shot President Garfield with a gun, doctors needed to find the bullet quickly so they could take it out of his body. Alexander Graham Bell quickly invented a metal detector to find the bullet. He also worked on airplanes and hydrofoil boats and helped found the magazine Science. Bell died in 1922 in Nova Scotia.

Bibliography "Alexander Graham Bell: Biography and Much More":

Wikipedia "Alexander Graham Bell":

'Alexander Graham Bell -- Scottish Inventor": [read more]

Scientific Method Tyson, Neil Term Paper

… "When making multiple measurements, scientists occasionally discard values that deviate strongly from their expectations." (Tyson, 1998, p.1) In the social sciences, public opinion polls are accompanied by "margins of error." (Tyson, 1998, p.1) But in science experiments as well, "some measurements will come out above the true value, while some will come out below. These are ordinary fluctuations: a chart of all the data points would look like the statistician's beloved bell curve. The history of science has shown that if an experiment is well designed, then most of the data will cluster around some value, presumably the right one." (Tyson, 1998, p.1)

But the bias of the scientist in question in favor of his or her original hypothesis can also skew the perceptions of the final results.Does this mean that all scientfic finds according to the scientific method are potentially biased? Not necessarily, only that scientists are human beings, however objective the scientific method may seem. "In courts of law, yes/no questions and multiple-choice questions are common. But science does not lend itself to such responses without incurring major misrepresentations of reality," thus scientists must be particularly rigorous in their own self-scrutiny about their biases in favor of one hypothesis over another. (Tyson, 1998, p.2) [read more]

Technology, Technique, and the Body Term Paper

… Although some critics of technology assume that technology can be unhealthy for the human body or for human society, Tanner believes that technology involves creativity and innovation and that technology results in positive changes. Technology can even change the ways we use our bodies: technology alters technique. For example, Tanner points to two sports to show how the human body and our techniques change in response to new technology. Baseball pitching has changed dramatically over the years, as has bowling.

Human beings learn to use their bodies differently to respond to technology. If a person wants to become good at sports or at playing a musical instrument, he or she must practice. Practice demands forcing the body into uncomfortable positions and even enduring pain. Techniques improve with practice, and therefore human cultures evolve in response to their technologies. Technology also improves with practice, as engineers will design better products to respond to the needs of the… [read more]

Technological Progress Ever Overcome Scarcity? Term Paper

… ¶ … technological progress ever overcome scarcity?

While some hope that eventually, technology will be so advanced, it will be able to provide everyone on earth with everything needed, it is unlikely that will happen. There has always been technology,… [read more]

Scientific Method Is the Collection Term Paper

… I will ask him directly for his lawn maintenance schedule, and also monitor his actions to ensure that they coincide with the information he gives. There are several areas that could be attributed to his superior looking lawn.

Although our lawns receive the same amount of natural rainfall, it is possible that his lawn is getting more water than mine. I do not supplement the watering of my lawn and perhaps he is watering his lawn in addition to rainfall. If so, the amount of water, and the timing of the water application will need to be noted.

Also, noting the length difference of the two lawns, perhaps he is not cutting his lawn as often, or is maintaining it at a longer length then I maintain mine at. His mowing schedule will be notated, as will the length of the grass after it is cut.

The one last obvious area of difference may be in fertilization of the lawns. Currently, I do not fertilize my lawn at all. Perhaps my green thumbed neighbor has been using some mix of fertilizer that has been very effective in growing his lush, green lawn.

Once this data is collected, I will experiment utilizing his methods to see which works best. Various combinations of extra watering, frequency of mowing and length of lawn, as well as fertilization will be tested in specified sectors of my lawn. In addition, one sector, the control sector, will be treated as I normally treat my lawn, and one sector will be treated exactly as my neighbor treats his lawn, utilizing all three variables.

I will monitor the sectors and determine which are positively responding. It is anticipated that some sectors will respond less favorably then my neighbor's lawn, the sector following his exact regimen should respond equally as favorably, and some sectors may respond better than my neighbors. If the sectors respond positively to the enhanced maintenance, then my hypothesis will be proven true, however, if there is little to no change, than there must be another underlying cause to the lawn differences that I did not anticipate.


Schafersman, S.D. (Jan 1994). Scientific thinking and the scientific method. Retrieved November 10, 2004, from

Scientific method. (9 Nov 2004). Retrieved November 10, 2004, from… [read more]

Diffusion of Innovation Theory Consists Term Paper

… Diffusion theory pays much attention to the earliest adopters, less to later adopters, and very little at all to non-adopters. From an institutional perspective, however, non-adoption is of considerable interest.

There is a distinction between the last of the followers and the non-adopters that is at least as substantial as that between the innovative adopters and the followers, perhaps more substantial. The later followers are in conformity with the mainstream of society but non-adopters, at some point in time, are increasingly set apart from the majority.

The instances of non-adoption can be involuntary as well as voluntary. For example, the poor are less well positioned to adopt innovations, which might benefit them economically and socially. Concerns about the "digital divide" are not about a temporary falling behind but about a permanent and possibly widening disparity along income and ethnic lines. Voluntary non-adopters are those people who must essentially have reflected on the broader meanings and ramifications of individual adoption. Continued resistance to an innovation that has gained wide acceptance because people feel that its use will destroy important values. Since members of the social body do not simultaneously embrace change, because individuals differ with respect to perceived risk/reward of adoption, the timing of individual adoption decisions. A relatively small proportion of the population is innovative adopters who act independently of others. The majority are followers, who wait until observation of previous adopters has lessened the uncertainties, which have delayed their adoption. A minority are voluntary non-adopters whose resistance to the innovation is based on values.


Bell, Daniel (1968). Toward the Year 2000: Work in Progress. Boston: Beacon Press.

Brown, Laurence (1981). Innovation Diffusion: A New; Perspective. London: Methven.

Rogers,… [read more]

Technology Implementation Term Paper

… The school made major purchases of computers (over 200 computers, and networked them, using state reimbursement for new funding. The implementation of the new technology would have been much more difficult if the state had not provided funding. The improved computer availability and networking has dramatically changed instructional delivery, and it can be said that, in this case, improved funding made the implementation of technology successful.

In summary technology implementation is a complex process. Technology implementation can be defined as the introduction of new technologies to either an existing organization, or to a larger community, such as a type of business. The processes that underlie technology implementation can be complex, and require several stages. Further, there are a wide variety of potential problems that can occur during the processes of technology implementation within an organization.

Works Cited

Bradley, K.R. Slavery and Rebellion in the Roman World. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana

University Press, 1989.

Drucker, P.F. The Discipline of Innovation, in Harvard Business Review, May-June 1985,

Revised November-December, 1998.

Glaser, E.M. et al. (1983). Putting knowledge to use: Facilitating the diffusion of knowledge and the implementation of planned change. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1983.

Marcus, A.I. And Segal, H.P. Technology in America: A brief history. San Diego California:

Harcort Bruce Jovanovich, 1989.

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th edition, 1993.

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Technology/Economy Program.

Technology in a changing world.

Purcell, C.W., Jr. Technology in America: A history of individuals and ideas. 2nd ed.

Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1990.

Sahal, D. The transfer and utilization of technical knowledge. Lexington, Mass.: Lexington Books,


Samli, A.C. Technology transfer: geographic, economic, cultural, and technical dimensions.

Westport, Connecticut: Quorum Books, 1985.

The Switched-On Classroomtm. Massachusetts Software Council, Inc. Copyright 1994 by the Massachusetts Software Council, Inc. 24 February 2002.… [read more]

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