"Family / Dating / Marriage" Essays

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Family Law and Gay Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (1,845 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


His wife claimed that this finding resulted in an inequitable distribution of assets since it lowered the value of the marital interest in the home. The court of appeals found that the evidence did not support the presumed gift by the parents to the husband alone. In the state of Missouri, where the case took place, a gift to both spouses was presumed to be marital property.


The argument for allowing gay marriage may at first seem to rest upon issues of choice and a lack of state interest in intruding into individual's personal privacy decisions. There seems to be little evidence that gay marriage is substantially detrimental to the psychological health or social development of individuals beyond the difficulties of interracial marriage and other unions that occasionally meet with societal disapproval. The state's right to regulate gay unions seems to fly in the face of the same equal protection clause, as essentially gay partners are discriminated against and deprived of benefits because they are of a particular gender, or cannot have children (although the latter fact is not universally true of gay unions.) Certain religions allow gay marriage, and to not allow individuals to practice their religions, if it is not detrimental to others, violates the first amendment.

Moreover, the state's interest in intervening in family privacy seems only augmented by formalized unions, in terms of fairly allocating property during a divorce, when gay unions exist, or of ensuring that families treat their children appropriately in the context of the home environment. If the importance of the social institution of the married family is so beneficial and if the only reason that gays are prohibited from their union is because of their same-sex gender, both the private values as well as the societal values that validate the marital union seem to suggest that allowing gay marriage is both useful and necessary.

Works Cited

Areen, Judith. Cases & Materials. Fourth Edition. New York: Foundation Press,…… [read more]

Social History in Perspective: Family Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (985 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Rather, it views marriage from the legal viewpoint of the period, and delves into why people chose to get married in medieval times, and what early cultures and laws helped contribute to medieval ideas of marriage and consent. (They were Roman, Jewish-Christian, and German.)

The "Family Life" section of the book may come closest to portraying day-to-day life in a medieval household, but its main focus is still the societal and outside forces on the members of the family. He does discuss the importance of affection and sexual relations in a marriage, and even what happens to a widow or widower. It is clear Fleming's main interest and concern throughout the book is how laws and society affected the family, rather than how individual members reacted to those laws and societal pressures.

The final section, titled "The Dissolution of Marriage and its Consequences," is perhaps one of the most disappointing in the book, because it leaves so many unanswered questions. It deals mainly with widows rather than widowers, with more heavy emphasis on how the law deals with the property left behind in broken marriages.

A gained many insights and information on the medieval family's relationship to law and church doctrine by reading this book, but it was not what I expected when I picked it up. I expected to be reading more of how people lived in a family, with specific details that would aid someone perhaps researching medieval times for a novel or report on the actual day-to-day lives of families. Instead, the book dealt with law and society, and while it was at times interesting, it was not what I expected, and so was a let down in other areas. I grew tired of reading about the laws and their relationship to family activities. I wanted to know more about the people themselves.

It seems simple to tell the book was written by a man, for it concentrates on more "masculine" issues of law in society, rather than the more "feminine" actual details of the household and family life of medieval times. This might only make a difference to a reader who was expecting a book that was more about how people lived as a family rather than why they lived as a family. At the end of the book, Fleming says to those "attempting to write the history of family relations, approaching the most private and intangible of human experiences" to "always remember that what they are working with are the shadows left by real flesh and blood human beings" (Fleming, 2001, p. 127). Yet, his study of medieval English family life seems to lack some of that "real flesh and blood." It is so concerned with the how's and why's of the family, that it forgot to look deeply into the members themselves, and this seems a major oversight in such a family oriented book.

Works Cited

Fleming, Peter. (2001). Social history…… [read more]

Family Theoretical Perspective Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (932 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


The author also states that the diversity of family multigenerational relations is increasing due to various reasons such as; changes in the structure of the family which involves stepfamily relationships and divorce, an increase in the longevity of kin, and an increased diversity of the types of intergenerational relationships (Vem, 2014).

Therefore I have learnt that there is an increase in multigenerational relationships and nuclear family setups are now decreasing. People are increasingly moving towards other family structures as opposed to the usual biological parents and children structure. People are becoming keen on working and living together as a family. Therefore, I agree wit the author that there is an increase in multigenerational relationship bonds.

There are several theories that can be used to explain this shift from nuclear family structure to the increase in multigenerational bonds in families. One of these theories is structural functionalism theory that is a framework for building theory that sees any society as a complex system that has parts working together so as to promote solidarity and stability. The key insight of the structural functionalism theory when it comes to the family centers on tasks that are performed with this unit. The family operates as a backbone to any society. According to the theory, family structures are shifting towards multigenerational relations in order to promote solidarity and stability. With increased multigenerational bonds the family institution is becoming more strong and solid. The solution to this issue is to continue encouraging multigenerational relations since they are leading to societies that are more strong due top strong family relations.

The social exchange theory proposes that social behavior is caused by an exchange process. The purpose of the exchange is so as to maximize the benefits can get and minimize t6heir costs. According to this theory people weigh the benefits and risks that can come from social relationships, when risks are more than the benefits then they abandon the relationship. According to this theory family structures are changing from nuclear families to multigenerational relations due to the benefits that these relations bring. In these relations there is a lot of economic security and people work together so as to achieve goals. The reason behind this shift is that people have examined the benefits that they can get from building strong multigenerational bonds and clearly they have seen that these benefits outweigh any risks.

The structural functionalism theory is the most useful theory between this two. This is because, the structural functionalism theory revolves around creating a solid society through the family. Therefore through stronger multigenerational bonds the family is going to be a strong institution that will eventually lead to a strong society.


Vem, B. (2014). Beyond the nuclear family: The increasing importance of multigenerational…… [read more]

Family Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (662 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Even with the shifts above, there has been a lot of controversy and toiling about what defines a family and what does not. For example, some may hold that the aforementioned lesbians parenting a child is not acceptable and is not a "real" family. However, functionalism would hold that it is so long as the core functions are operating and functioning nonetheless. Factors that influence these directions and perceptions are internal feelings and desires but they are also influenced by society, race, biological gender and ethnicity. Even if a person feels that they are part of a family, this does not mean that the wider society feels this is the case. However, many changes have occurred in the last thirty years including the idea that gay or lesbian couples can adopt kids or be foster parents and people much more commonly having children out of wedlock. Some decry this to be the case but it is happening a lot more nonetheless and society is not wilting as a result (Jayson, 2010).


While there will always be religious and other cultural forces that will "push back" on what it means to be a family, it is undeniable that there has been a paradigm shift on what defines family and what does not. What has not changed is the core functions of the family and even non-traditional iterations of family in the United States and other countries manifest in the form of family even if the forms themselves are controversial to some. These shifts will no doubt continue to become more common and society will probably eventually become more accepting.


Jayson, S. (2010, November 25). What does a 'family' look like nowadays? - USATODAY.com. What does a 'family' look like nowadays? - USATODAY.com. Retrieved August 12, 2014, from http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/yourlife/sex-relationships/marriage/2010-11-18-pew18_ST_N.htm

Levin, J. (2004, August 24). Functionalism. Stanford University. Retrieved August 9, 2014, from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/functionalism/… [read more]

Austen, Eliot, Besant, Browning: 19Th Century Views of Marriage and Property Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,588 words)
Bibliography Sources: 6


¶ … Marriage in 19th c English lit

To a certain extent, England owes its national identity in the modern period to issues of marriage: it was over marriage policy that Henry VIII would break with Rome and establish his own church in the sixteenth century, and the Church of England's denial of sacramental status to marriage led to a… [read more]

Nursing Care and the Modern Family Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (1,789 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


These arrangements leave the nuclear family intact and living separately from members of their extended family or living in intergenerational situations under one roof. As a result, many of the caregiving, advisory, or economic arrangements of intergenerational living are lost, a phenomenon that places a larger responsibility for the healthcare of families is placed in the hands of the family-community nurse. Traditional healthcare practices -- based on conventional wisdom or folk medicine -- give way to scientific healthcare practices provided by a trained nurse.


Bialek, R., Duffy, G.L., & Moran, J.W. (2009). The Public Health Quality Improvement Handbook . Milwaukee: American Society for Quality, Quality Press.

Davidson, K.A. (2013, August 29). The most efficient health care systems in the world. The Huffington Post. Retrieved Edelman, C. And Mandle, C.L. (2010). Health promotion throughout the lifespan (7th ed.). St. Louis. MO: Mosby Co. And Rowe.

Kaakinen, J. Gedaly-Duff, V., Padgett-Coehlo, D., & Hanson, S.M., (2010) Family health care nursing: Theory practice & research (4th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis ISBN 978-0-8036-2166-4.

Mui, Y.Q. (2012, June 11). Americans saw wealth plummet 40% from 2007 to 2010, Federal Reserve says. The Washington Post. Retrieved http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/fed-americans-wealth-dropped-40-percent/2012/06/11/gJQAlIsCVV_story.html

Rosenthal, E. (December 21, 2013). News analysis: health care's road to ruin, New York Times. Retrieved ____. American Medical Student Association Foundation (AMSAF). Breaking Barriers. Promoting, Reinforcing and Improving Medical Education (PRIME). Retreived


____. (2011). Office of Minority Health. Health and Human Services. Retreived http://www.minorityhealth.hhs.gov/templates/browse.aspx?lvl=1&lvlid=46#stha h.qv8rre6w.dpuf

____. (2013). Public health nurses change lives -- today and tomorrow. Nurse-Family Partnership. Retrieved http://www.nursefamilypartnership.org/Nurses… [read more]

"Family to Family" by Pipes and Lee Book Report

Book Report  |  6 pages (1,611 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


The model created by Pipes and Lee is depicted by an image of concentric circles which spread outward, with the "self" remaining at the center and each circle expanding to eventually cover "person X," or a stranger you have yet to meet.6

5. Ibid, p. 71-73.

6. Ibid, p. 58.

I hope to open myself up to these daily opportunities for evangelical teaching, searching for people in my academic, professional or personal lives who may benefit from exposure to biblical teachings. Remaining mindful of the views held by others must be paramount, however, because in my mind many chances for genuine conversion are lost due to the overzealous overtures made by overeager Christians bursting with enthusiasm as they try to spread the Good Word.

The final action step I will attempt to integrate into my routine involves the Mission Statement advocated by Pipes and Lee in the book's second chapter,7 as I firmly believe the structure provided by a tangible document such as this is integral to the pursuit of lasting change on a personal level. By creating separate Mission Statements -- one for my own life here at school and another for my life at home with my family -- I hope to organize my spiritual development according to a preset plan, with certain benchmarks set along the way to serve as motivation for continued growth and development. Combined with my first action step (returning home more often to engage in ministry and spiritual expansion alongside my family), I am convinced that the use of a clearly defined mission statement will strengthen our collective commitment to Christian teachings, as well as my own pledge to pursue a more spiritual lifestyle.

7. Ibid,…… [read more]

Family Assessment Description Research Paper

Research Paper  |  20 pages (5,904 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


"Health is the absence of incurable issues - such as physical, mental and emotional problems." Queried individually, each member agreed with this explanation. Seeking further clarification, I asked Mrs. T to explain what they meant by 'incurable issues'. Her replay was "some physical ailments can be treated and cured such as ear infections that doctors treat with antibiotics. In other… [read more]

Marriage: A Still-Evolving Concept Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (935 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


The second wave of feminism was touched off by the publication of the Feminine Mystique by Betty Friedan. Friedan chronicled the unhappiness of women who were bored with little to do during the day, even though they were supposedly living the 'dream' of being an idle housewife. As a result of activists like Friedan, more and more women lobbied to enter the workforce again, demanding their legal right to equal employment prospects on par with their male counterparts. Thanks to the legislation enacted as the result of second wave feminism, women could no longer be refused jobs because of their gender or paid less for the same work. Women gained new economic power within marriage as a result, since they no longer had to feel pressured to remain with a man for fear of being able to find work outside of the marital construct.

However, many women today feel that social inequalities within marriage still persist, that they are forced to do just as much of the housework as before, yet are expected to work as hard as a man outside the home. A study of husbands and wives found "82.5% of women versus 65% of men were engaged in household activities and 41.6% of women versus 30.4% of men were engaged in caring for and helping household and non-household members" (York 1). While few women would likely want to go back to the 'bad old days' in which women had no legal rights and felt pressured to stay with unfeeling, unfaithful, or even abusive spouses for economic reasons, the expectations of the correct duties of a wife have not yet readjusted to reflect the fewer hours of the day women have to engage in homemaking activities. The recession changed this to some degree -- there are more stay-at-home dads than ever before -- but while "the number of stay-at-home dads has more than doubled over the last decade and a half, from about 76,000 in 1994 to 189,000 as of last year…women in dual earner households spend 12 hours a week on childcare on average, compared to just 7 for men," indicating that in most settings, old gender stereotypes still persist and place an undue burden on women (Weissman 1). As marriage changed in the past it must continue to change in the future.

Works Cited

Coontz, Stephanie. "The radical idea of marrying for love." From Marriage: A History.

Evergreen State College. 2005. [13 Oct 2013] http://www.stephaniecoontz.com/books/marriage/chapter1.htm

Friedan, Betty. The Feminine Mystique. New York: Laurel, 1923.

Offen, K. "A brief history of marriage." Economica. [13 Oct 2013]


Weissman, Jordan. "The over-hyped rise of the stay-at-home dad." The Atlantic. 3 Sept 2013.

[13 Oct 2013] http://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2013/09/the-overhyped-rise-of-stay-at-home-dads/279279/

York, Anne. "Why men should share equally in housework." CNN. 8 Apr 2013.

[13 Oct 2013] http://www.cnn.com/2013/04/08/opinion/york-equal-housework/index.html… [read more]

Institution of Marriage Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,210 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


" (Chopin, p. 1)

In this description, we can see that it is not the nature of her marriage but the nature of marriage itself that she had objected to. Further, we can presume that she did not recognize this objection in herself until the moment she was informed of her husband's passing. That the report was incorrect is rather irrelevant in the moment of realization given the rapid sequence that takes the women from grief to internal celebration. What is far more relevant is the emergent understanding the most women in this era complied with the pressure to become married and to live in compliment to another individual's desires and expectations even if this did not strike one as the most desirable or fitting course of life.

In this regard, Louise strikes the reader as a woman who feels that she has been given her own life back. With the death of her husband, she experienced a sense of the entitlement for self-determination. Even before marriage, the understanding that marriage was inherently necessary would have presented this character with an already defined future. Based on the societal pressure for women to ultimately become married and have children, and based on the understanding that a woman lacked the right to extricate herself from a marriage through divorce during that time, death would truly be the only key to extrication from a binding union such as this. As such, even before her betrothal to the man believed to be dead, Louise will have had a future entirely laid out before her, predictable and routine to its core.

In those moments following the proclamation of her husband's death, the character experiences a sense that she had perhaps never felt. It was a feeling of excitement at the unknown, the unpredictable and the things that she would yet see, feel and experience. According to Chopin, the death of her husband did not put an end to her future but stimulating a whole new imagination regarding what this future could be. Chopin tells that "her fancy was running riot along those days ahead of her. Spring days, and summer days, and all sorts of days that would be her own. She breathed a quick prayer that life might be long. It was only yesterday she had thought with a shudder that life might be long."

With each bit of subtext, the author reveals yet a bit further just how unhappy and trapped this young woman must have felt in her marriage. The text by Toth goes on to suggest, the author's own personal experiences would inform the text. Her household was defined by the death of her father and by, according to Toth, the strong women that would ultimately raise her. (p. 11) This context would give Chopin an especially useful perspective on the patriarchy that she observed around her.


Ultimately, what stands out about the author's personal orientation, and that of the Louise character, is the view that a woman left to… [read more]

Life in a Family Essay

Essay  |  7 pages (1,964 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


For Lee's mother, however, she is a woman, whose life is guided by the love of her children,

Many of her decisions are being made on the basis of how it would affect her children. For example, the writer says that it was only six weeks later when his parents came to visit him at school that he realized he had started growing distant with his mother. This, when put in the context that it was his mother who let him go to boarding school in the first place, shows that his mother sacrificed her relationship with Lee so he could get educated.

On the other hand, Didian does not exude characteristics of sacrifice, but she is protective of her child, she fears that the world she knew will not be the same for her daughter. She views her child as fragile and untested; however, she would offer her daughter a little of life as she describes the child as open and trusting a child who is unaccustomed to the surprises of life. The writer views her child as unable to face the various 'ambushes' of life and, therefore, needs protection. She is willing to sacrifice for her child as she says, "I would like to give her more." She looks then ready and willing to sacrifice and make sure that her daughter gets the best life (Lee 1-6).

In Coming Home again, Lee's mother is portrayed as the dedicated person in the family. In days before she became sick, she was a dedicated wife and mother, she used to prepare dinner for the family and manage the entire household. In fact, the writer says that her mother was in the traditional sense, the launderer, maid, driver, disciplinarian, accountant and the cook. Lee's mother undertakes numerous roles and responsibilities around the house. This is contrasted in On Going Home where the writer, Didion comes across as a somewhat lazy mother. She easily slips into a life of complacency, doing nothing the whole day and does not like being told to do anything (Lee 1-6). This is evident when the writer tells that she came to fear the evening calls her husband made to her, not because of the remote stories he would give but because he would chastise her to do something or go somewhere. The writer has no apparent will to do anything and is seemingly lazy. The two stories bring into focus the various issues surrounding how the various family members interact as a unit. The lives of the players revolve mainly around the unit of family and family life and activities.

Works Cited

Lee, Chang-rae. "Coming home again." What a son remembers when all that is left are memories, (2006): 1-6. Print

Didion, Joan. "On Going Home." Beacon Book…… [read more]

Depiction of Marriage in Films Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (970 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Marriage in Movies

Marriage in the Movies

In Jean Luc Godard's Contempt, marriage is depicted as a relationship in which all sense of meaning and purpose has been emptied out. Brigitte Bardot plays Camille, wife of Paul, a playwright. Though they still converse and live together, an estrangement has crept into their marriage. They no longer seem to know one another or really care for the other.

Meanwhile, Paul's producer Prokosch, played by Jack Palance, takes an interest in Camille and goes out of his way to be alone with her. When Paul does not try to assert his rights, Camille takes offense. She clearly wants to be fought for -- but Paul is so dejected by the environment in which he finds himself that it is impossible for him to really fight for anything, especially a wife who fails to inspire him.

The emotional vulnerabilities of marriage as depicted in the film are clear: husband and wife drift apart into meaninglessness; they have no higher vision; they are trapped in a menial existence in which sensuality and materialism are everything. The economic vulnerabilities are less clear but are hinted at: Paul must earn his wages somehow, and if he must write tedious work for the movies, then so be it: but the work does not truly stimulate him and his marriage may suffer for it as a result. The social vulnerabilities are evident in the fatalism which the film projects: any joy that the married couple may have had is never to return; the society around them is crippling force and they are speeding towards death on an unstoppable course.

Marriage in Contempt is not ridiculed. Far from it -- what is inspected is the state of married life in the modern world; there is little sense of its true meaning and purpose, and therefore little hope of marital success.

In Derek Cianfrance's Blue Valentine, marriage is depicted in a similar way. There is little sense in the film of any meaning or purpose. There is, instead, a clear longing on the part of the main characters, Dean (played by Ryan Gosling) and Cindy (played by Michelle Williams). Both characters long for love and support, but they rush into marriage because Cindy is pregnant and Dean wants to help support her.

However, Dean tends to drink and Cindy wants him to have more ambition. He is happy painting houses and doesn't want to do anything else. All he asks for is a little consideration. When he doesn't get it, he becomes angry -- to the point of causing a scene at her work, which causes her to lose her job.

The emotional vulnerabilities of the marriage in this film center on the unstable nature of the relationship. Neither Dean nor Cindy really connect with one another. They met at a time when both were in a state of emotional need. They fulfilled that need…… [read more]

Is Marriage Beneficial to People's Lives? Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (909 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Marriage Happiness

Is Marriage Beneficial to People's Lives?

Are married people happier than unmarried people? Discuss the research on this, and whether the data show that getting married can increase happiness levels in the short or long-term.

The effect of marriage on an individual's happiness is difficult to study. It is not sufficient simply to compare people who are married to people who are not. If the currently-married people differ from the other people -- in happiness, for example -- we cannot conclude that they are different because they are married; people who are married and people who are not married may differ in all sorts of other ways (such as financial resources or experiences of stigma -- getting stereotyped, excluded, or discriminated against), and it may be those ways, rather than marriage, that accounts for any differences in happiness (DePaulo, 2013). Furthermore, some studies have tried to compare samples that were married with others that were never married, which is problematic as well.

Most of the research tends to agree that there is a period in which married people are clearly happier which is the honeymoon period or the short period just after the couple exchanges vows (Conger, N.d.). However this seems to be the least debatable phenomenon in the relationship while other periods of marriage have mixed research results. Some studies seem to suggest that marriage stabilize happiness in the long-term, others show no correlation between marriage and happiness, and still others suggest that married people are generally less happy which is represented by the high divorce rate.

2. Does marriage impact men and women differently in terms of various measures of well-being (e.g., happiness, economic security, health outcomes)? Discuss some of the research findings on this, and the implications of these findings.

Marriage does have different implications for men and women in regard to different measures of well-being. For example, women who marry later are less likely to get divorced and earn more, on average, than their earlier-marrying counterparts (Matthews, 2013). Furthermore, women who are married seem to earn more than women who are unwed on average; however this trend is more significant with women who have gone further with their education. However, marriage does not seem to have a correlation with men and their earning potential throughout their careers. In general, married people are healthier than those who are not married across a wide array of health outcomes however the existence of an association between marriage and health does not necessarily imply that marriage causes better outcomes because people who marry may already be healthier than those who do not, and this may be the reason for the better health of married adults (Wood, Goesling, & Avellar, 2007).

The implications…… [read more]

Marriage and Courtship in Modern Essay

Essay  |  8 pages (2,652 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


In this story, Mr. Fan is representative of all males in Asian countries, China in particular. The women are so determined to have any suitable person marry their daughters that they literally offer up one and then the other when the first one is not accepted by the man in question (Chang 123). Because he has the money and because… [read more]

Family Health History Essay

Essay  |  8 pages (2,560 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


Family Health History

It is important to note from the onset that although I came to the U.S. approximately 17 years ago, my parents have been residing in this country for over 35 years. Being of African descent, the West African country of Ghana is my country of birth. My immediate family has 7 members (I included). Known across the… [read more]

Family Therapy Term Paper

Term Paper  |  17 pages (4,825 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


¶ … Parent Trap 1 and 2" is a movie that depicts a family that would benefit from family counseling. Using Bowen's Family Systems Therapy and McGoldric's Ethnicity and Family Therapy, the following essay outlines the cultural and social contributors to this family's issues. Drawing on the theoretical approaches covered in this course, the following is a 15-page analysis of… [read more]

Family I Grew Up Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (697 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


I could never put my parents in a nursing home where strangers took care of them.

I am a single woman now, but I have been married before. Even though the first marriage did not work out, I hope to meet a person that makes a good partner for me during my life. My upbringing taught me to be strong within myself, and not rely on a man for anything. However, I also have traditional values in the sense of wanting a happy family and home life. I intend to have my own children one day, and will pass on the healthy values that I learned from my parents. My mother was a good role model for someone who can balance a good career with a happy family life.

My parents taught my sister and me that gender does not present any significant limitations. The society might treat women differently from men, but that does not mean women cannot serve as professionals in the same capacity as men. I was surrounded by powerful women during my childhood, including my mother, my aunt, and my grandmother. My mother and father both enjoyed equal success in their careers.

Our culture teaches that working hard is the key to success, and achievement comes from personal responsibility and sacrifice. We learn to respect those who are our superiors, because they have experience and wisdom that we want to achieve. It is important to have patience, because no one achieves their dreams overnight. As I pursue my career, I remember what I learned during my childhood. The lessons related to teamwork and collaboration within the community showed me that I want to contribute to the world rather than achieve goals for selfish reasons. Being a nurse means that I need to balance my personal and professional lives, as I will be taking care of other people. Taking care of myself at the same time can be a challenge, but I have had a strong family background and upbringing that have taught me the lessons I need to know to achieve success.… [read more]

Family Therapy Term Paper

Term Paper  |  16 pages (4,841 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Family Therapy

Family establishment and sustainability are a multifaceted endeavour that has immense explanations and perceptions in the world. Many families in the society have diversity in management, care, materialization of existence, and continuum of productivity and success. The existence of different approaches of building families has led to diverse methods of encouraging and sustaining families and family relations. As… [read more]

Family Traditions Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (1,051 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


" This voice is reflecting back on the people who came before her and in comparing herself to those ancestors she finds herself lacking. Her grandmothers were able to use their muscles and work in the land. They were physically strong and by extension mentally strong because they were able to perform these labors in order to support their families without giving way to despair over their own retarded ambitions. Unlike her grandmothers, this narrator does not believe she is living wholly. The scents and sounds she equates with the grandmothers indicate lives that were fully lived. She however, laments that she is not strong like her grandmothers. It is unclear if she is despairing because she has not lived up to her potential, or if she is emotionally weak, but she looks upon herself as less than those who came before. This can be an important part of familial custom and tradition because it is common that if someone in your family was powerful or had achieved some level of success either in the home or in the larger world, the pressure will be upon you to match their success or indeed surpass them. It is clear that this narrator does not believe herself capable of this and has given up.

Unlike the other two narratives which deal with the pain of differentiating between traditional family customs and the individual, Heaney's work is focused on the happy combination of tradition and ambition. Seamus Heaney's poem "Digging" has a narrator who is watching his father from his window where he is writing while his father performs manual labor in the garden. The narrator's father gardens with his spade just as other members of their family did before them. They are a family of diggers, of men who work with their hands, until the narrator who is different. This narrator realizes that he is different from the men in his family in that he writes rather than labors manually, but he also relates to them because he says that he will use his pen to dig; that is to say, he will do his work with his pen but with the same skill and dedication as his forefathers. He shows that you can respect the traditions of his kinsmen without following directly in their footsteps. The narrator honors his family tradition by working hard rather than by doing precisely as they did.

The three different works show different perspectives on the conflict of heritage and individuality. The stronger a person's familial culture, the more pressure is upon the individual to agree with that culture and take part of it. Alice and Margaret Walker seem to think that the customs of the family must be taken up or else a person risks isolating themselves from the family. Heaney on the other hand believes that a person can embrace the virtues of the family while still obtaining their own individual identity.

Works Cited:

James, Missy & Alan P. Merickel. Reading Literature and Writing… [read more]

Sociology Families Are the Basic Social Groups Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,264 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+



Families are the basic social groups and central institutions that are united through bonds of kingship or marriage and are present in all societies. In other words a family is a group of people who are affiliated by affinity, consanguinity or co-residence .The family provides its members with protection, companionship, security and socialization. Since it is a unit of socialization the family is an object of analysis for sociologists of the family. In every society there is a difference of how the family is structured and the needs of the family. The main unit in some societies is a nuclear family with two adults and their children while in other units it is a subordinate part of an extended family lastly a third unit is a single parent family where children live with just one parent who is either unmarried, divorced, widowed and can be a mother or father. Over time the family has been argued as the basic building block of society. Just like other institutions in the dynamic world it has been faced with challenges; it is hence vulnerable and susceptible to change that is incited by internal and external factors. These changes can occur slowly or quickly and they affect the dynamics of a family and hence it should be explored in a more holistic approach and not a single discipline approach. The family like other institutions has its own sets of values, statuses, roles and remains a principal environment where an initial form of socialization takes place (Naveed, 2009).Many sociologists rely on different perspectives and theoretical models that explain social interactions and the way humans behave. Sociologists analyze social phenomena at different levels and different perspectives. There are three dominant modes used by sociologists and these are functionalist perspective, conflict perspective and symbolic interaction perspective.

This paper will look at my family within the aspect of sociology putting into focus various concepts and theories in sociology. First when we look at my family on a symbolic interaction aspect we will consider some symbols that are portrayed in daily life upon which all human interaction and all human relationships are based on. First I come from a single-parent family raised by a mother who is divorced. From this perspective it is indicated that people behave differently according to how they interpret the meaning of the world. This interpretation however is dependent on how they perceive the different symbols and details of daily lives. It can be said that language is symbolic since they do not summon forth meaning on their own but symbolize what meaning is inferred. According to the symbolic interaction perspective relationship are built on symbolic interaction. People communicate through language which is a shared system of symbolic interaction. All social and cultural interactions are symbolic. Marriage is facilitated by symbolic interaction between persons. It is said that people with strong marriage are those with similar interpretations of symbolic interactions. It can be said that my mother and father read the world in an… [read more]

Religion and Same Sex Marriage Abortion Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  2 pages (679 words)
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Same Sex Marriage

The topic under investigation will be same-sex marriage. The idea of marriage is both a social and religious contract that is sanctioned by society as a valid contract and event. Depending on the particular society and culture, marriage combines the institution of family with intimate and sexual relationships, and the idea of the unit growing from this union. Traditionally, marriage has been with a man and a woman with the potential of having children, thus creating kinship ties to extend families. Historically, this was also an economic unit; families joined forces with land or property, or even joined nations together. In modern society, marriage signifies a commitment, even though the marriage rate has dropped 17% in the last decade, while the divorce rate prior to 5 years has dropped to 10% (Regnerus, 2012).

Part 2 -- Significance -- for centuries, marriage was both the main social and economic institution of American family life. Over the past few decades, though, marriage has weakened as the prime social institution of family life. There are a number of trends contributing to this: Americans are delaying marriage, living together prior to marriage or consistently, marrying at a much older age, or not at all, and even raising children in divergent environments. These trends in America have been going on in Europe for much longer, caused many say because of a cultural move away from conservative religion and faith-based ways of thinking (Popenoe, 2010).

The significance of allowing same-sex marriage is similar to that of the Civil Rights movement. For years, laws were in place with racial restrictions, now found unconstitutional and unnecessary. If the necessity of marriage no longer focuses on child bearing and rearing, then it becomes more of a civil issue that allows for stability and legal protection under the law. The definition of family is also evolving, as is the family structure itself, and clearly, many heterosexuals are opting not to have children, but to focus on their career and relationships. Opponents of same-sex marriage believe that…… [read more]

Television's Depiction of American Family Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,500 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


Being the years following the WWII and the cold war period, the television portrayed the American families as it did in a direct reflection of the political and cultural tempers of the time.

The trauma of the WWII and the harsh economic realities of the cold war encouraged the utopia that surrounded the television entertainment. This meant that programmers had to look for the least objectionable programming to help the viewers forget the harsh realities that surrounded them on the daily life and not necessarily reflect the reality in the society. The program sponsors were not much interested in the urban unrest, the Vietnam War, rebellious college generation and volatile community; hence the programmers pretended that nothing was going on until the 1970 where the ratings were geared more toward the new cultural tempers.


Ella Taylor, Prime-time Families: Television Culture in Postwar America (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1989).

Jenkins H, (n.d:27). The politics and Pleasure of Popular Culture.

George Lipsitz, 1990: Pp44). Time Passages: Colective Memory and American Popular Culture.

Taylor Ella, (1989). Prime Time families: Television Culture in Postwar America.…… [read more]

American Family in Television Entertainment Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,416 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


In The Beverly Hillbillies, for example, a backwoods, low-income family ended up striking it rich on oil and moving to a posh mansion in an expensive part of the country. They did not fit in with the culture, of course, and that was the main premise of the show. Green Acres took a citified, high class woman and moved her… [read more]

Same Sex Marriage the Debate Case Study

Case Study  |  4 pages (1,034 words)
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Advocates of some sex marriage argue that all of us should admit or agree that marriage is an intimate relationship between two people and to act in a manner to exclude those who believe in this that is same sex -- couples amounts to discrimination for this I can agree that they are correct if marriage purposefully is a union to protect an intimate pair-bond.

But they are surely wrong if and when the purpose of marriage is to protect, the inherently procreative relationship of opposite pair-bonding with purpose of procreation.

Therefore to include same sex couples as a marriage union it waters down the symbolism and protection of procreative relationship ruled out by marriage the pair bonding of opposite sex.Same sex -- marriage advocates may also argue that restricting marriage to opposite sex couples who do not or do not want to have children are to be excluded from marriage or to the worst .extend only couples who are fertile should be allowed to marry.

My argument however is that a union of people of opposite sex symbolizes the reproductive potential that exists at a general level between a man and a woman, even though this people don't get advocate for child bearing, their marriage does not go contrary to the general symbolism of marriage since the reproductive capacity of a man and a woman is assumed at a general level rather than in individual cases since the privacy of every individual must and should be respected.

All of us should recognize that the fundamental purpose of marriage is for the purpose of respect to the transmission of human life, the exclusion of same sex-couples from the institution of marriage is not related to the individual s sexuality (homosexual orientation ), or to them as individuals or their relationship s this exclusion is related to the fact that their union is not inherently procreative and if we join institulization and symbolism of marriage as a union that transmits life, therefore to do this we will eliminate this function as marriage.

All of us deserve to respect, exclusion of same sex couple really matters, if our primary goal of denying same sex- marriage is because we do not respect peoples sexuality is wrong, then this exclusion in my view from the perspective and respect for homosexuals and their relationship s is ethically wrong and amounts to discrimination.

But if the reason of exclusion is to keep the very natures, essence to protect the inherently procreative relationship then this exclusion is ethically acceptable and the refusal of such a kind is not discrimination...

In conclusion therefore our society needs to establish a cultural meaning to marriage, which symbolizes the moral values around the inherent procreative relationship between members of the opposite sex, because from this relationship is where children emanate for us to want to redefine marriage to include same sex couples we will not only affect the cultural meaning and function of marriage but damage the ability of this old… [read more]

Gender Roles Austen Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,057 words)
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All his wishes centered in domestic comfort and the quiet of private life" (Sense and Sensibility 14).


When Jane Austen was writing, marriage was much more than a contract between two people who love each other enough to want to spend their lives together. In fact, love neither might nor even have been a consideration. For women, marriage provided the only way of financial security.

Legally, married women had nothing to own, property and money belonged to their husbands. In families with sons, there was little complication about who inherited the wealth - the eldest son. Daughters had to be allocated a portion of the family's wealth (a dowry) but this was really for use as bargaining power in the marriage marketplace.

During Jane Austen's short life (she was born in 1775 and died in 1817), there were many important events and changes in society. The most obvious point to make about her life is that it bridged the 18th and the 19th centuries. As far as literary history is concerned, there was a gradual change in attitudes and philosophy which also spanned the two centuries, so that it is possible to recognize typical 18th century views reflected in books written in that century as well as views typical of the 19th century. Broadly speaking, the 18th century has been called 'The Age of Reason' - the age of sense when there was a belief in a 'right way' for the universe to work and in 'true' human behavior. The 19th century saw a gradual move away from 'reason' towards human instinct and feeling, so that it became known as 'The Age of Romanticism' with the emphasis on sensibility. The influence of this transition was broad-reaching affecting attitudes to art, architecture, music, philosophy as well as literature.

As you can see, in one very short scene the extremes of emotion are shown. Often these novels presented natural, unspoilt behavior against an ideal rural setting such as a very 'pretty' country cottage or a picturesque scene of pastures and trees. The novels were guilty of relying upon romantic cliches such as 'love at first sight' and quite unrealistic coincidences. Poverty was also admired as it brought people closer to their natural, uncorrupted origins. It would be difficult to justify such romantic views to the people who actually suffered genuine rural squalor during the reign of George III!

Jane Austen is obviously attacking the conventions of these novels - not so much as a comment upon the society of the time but for the dangerous emotional imbalance it encouraged. In a novel entitled Love and Friendship written several years earlier than Sense and Sensibility, Jane Austen clearly attack the cult of sentimentalism? On the surface, the characters in this earlier novel behave according to the sentimental formula - at one point the heroine Laura and her friend Sophie take turns to faint! However, the novel is clearly meant to be - -poking fun at the cult of sensibility and actually shows… [read more]

Structural Family Therapy Individuals Chapter Writing

Chapter Writing  |  3 pages (1,071 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


The relationships themselves may need to be redefined, and sources of controversy explored and discussed: "Frozen conflicts have to be acknowledged and dealt with so that they can be solved -- and the natural road to growth reopened" (Colapinto 1982).

Colapinto's approach is divided into two parts. The first, described as the introduction of "joining techniques," might be described as the relationship between the therapist and the family (or couple). Much importance is placed on the strength of the therapeutic alliance, which is something the therapist must not only focus on in the initial stages of therapy, but throughout the therapeutic relationship. The more encompassing part of the approach is what Colapinto refers to as "techniques for disequilibration," which are the techniques that will be used in the process of effecting change. Enactment, boundary-making, reframing, and punctuation are all methods that can be used by the therapist who is working with adult children of alcoholics in helping them to change their perceptions of past relationship models to healthier, more positive paradigms on which to build the future.


Working with adult children of divorce presents definite challenges. Within the framework of structural family therapy, the approach is to see the ways in which social rules and regulations are transmitted from adults to children, who then grow up and carry on what they have seen modeled. If the blueprints for future relationships are flawed, the blueprints can be adjusted. As Minuchin et al. explained as early as 1967, "the family system is at a crossroads between society and the individual, transmitting social rules and regulations to the growing child and providing blueprints for his cognitive and emotional development."

If the road to healthy relationships seems daunting for adult children of divorce, there is some solace to be taken in the potential for success: family members working proactively to avoid mistakes of the past by revisiting them for the purpose of preparing themselves for different versions of these relationships in their own futures. Colapinto, in his own work with family structure, has commented that family therapy "presents some unique characteristics that make it a comparatively accessible and rewarding field of application" (1982). Intensity of emotion and the stress of dealing with negative feelings associated with dysfunctional events of the past may be a strong deterrent to successful therapy among other groups. For family members, however, these challenges are undertaken with more positive attitudes and a sense of commitment and continuity. To work with members of a new couple, there must be a focus on developing healthy and productive patterns to replace the learned patterns that they know to be flawed.


Colapinto, J. Structural family therapy. (1982). In A.M. Horne and M.M. Ohlsen (Eds.),

Family counseling and Therapy. Itasca, Illinois: F .E .Peacock.

Lappin, J. (1988). Family therapy: A structural approach. In R. Dorfman (Ed.), Paradigms of Clinical Social Work. New York: Brunner Mazel.

Minuchin, S. Structural family therapy. (1972). In G. Caplan (Ed.), American handbook of psy chiatry (Vol. 2). New… [read more]

Happy Family Happy Families Research Paper

Research Paper  |  5 pages (1,648 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


The first and the foremost important thing in this regard is the planning of actions that are to be taken in a particular situation. In any unfavorable situation, family members should sit together and plan for their future with mutual understanding and beliefs.

If one family member is in trouble, all others should give him hope and confidence. To be a happy family, the problem of one member should be the problem of all. It reduces the worries of that member and gives him encouragement to fight against the bitter circumstances. All family members should learn from the hard times they face in their life. It helps them become stronger and more vigilant than before (Vowell, 2000).

Factors that spoil the Family Happiness:

The most significant factors which spoil the happiness in a family are the lack of respect, care, and compromise. Family members should live together as one Unit where there is no hatred or mistrust for each other. The family happiness is also spoiled when its members tell a lie or try to deceive other people in the family. Moreover, making strong arguments to win against others' point-of-view or criticizing their actions is also dangerous for family happiness. Some families also lost happiness when their members fail to resolve their issues and conflicts in a polite and friendly manner (Ricker, Calmes, & Sneyd, 2006).


Banks, R. (1986). My Mother's Memoirs, My Father's Lie, and Other True Stories. In M. Krasny and M.E. Sokolik (Eds.) Sound Ideas (pp. 173-179). New York: McGraw-Hill.

Haltzman, S. & DiGeronimo, T.F. (2009). The Secrets of Happy Families: Eight Keys to Building a Lifetime of Connection and Contentment. 1st Edition. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Ricker, A., Calmes, R.E., & Sneyd, L.W. (2006). How Happy Families Happen: Six Steps to Bringing Emotional and Spiritual Health into Your Home. 1st Edition. Center City, Minn.: Hazelden.

Rodriguez, R. (1992). Nothing Last a Hundred Years. In M. Krasny and M.E. Sokolik (Eds.)

Sound Ideas (pp. 122-133). New York: McGraw-Hill

Vowell, S. (2000). Shooting Dad. In M.…… [read more]

Added for a Few Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,933 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


That means a lot about what might happen in the future as we hear of other successes. But it also cannot be forgotten that even in the most repressive of societies, gays and lesbians have reappeared after campaigns were waged to eliminate them (Hunter, 1994). This resiliency has the potential to be a very loud voice in its own right and will likely be heard more across the world as men and women are able to be freer in our interconnected world.

There are going to be some very intense public fights about whether one type of relationship should exist or not. There are likely also going to be a number of other debates as well about what types of parents are better than others, including whether biological parents are superior to artificially conceived or even socially selected families -- but it will have to be remember that the underlying fact will remain that these combinations will no longer be tied to whether people are heterosexual or not. These discussions and the scientific findings that will underlie them are going to be helpful to those looking to support families that come together through marriage (Random History, 2011). As a society we will be able to use technology to learn more about ourselves, but that does not necessarily mean that we will have to use that knowledge to undercut one type of family over another.

People who find comfort in their religious understandings may find this period of adjustment difficult. They will continue to try to ground their assumptions and values in what their god says or what they are told those sayings mean, but it is most likely going to be the case that greater sexual and gender equality is coming on many fronts. With large debates about income inequality and riots in many countries over economic unfairness, family injustices like being prejudice against gay and lesbian families will likely fall to the wayside. We know already that the freedom to be who one wants to be in this regard has not hurt our military and thus it likely will not hurt other assumptions or values either, including those about which type of marriage, gay or straight, is best.


Frank, N. (2010). What Does the Empirical Research Say about the Impact of Openly Gay Service on the Military? Palm Center. Retrievable from http://www.palmcenter.org/publications/dadt/what_does_empirical_research_say_about_impact_openly_gay_service_military.

Hunter, P. (1994). Homosexuality: The paradox of evolution. Retrievable at http://www.adherents.com/misc/paradoxEvolution.html.

Random History (2011). Same-Sex Unions throughout Time: A History of Gay Marriage. RandomHistory.com. Retrievable at http://www.randomhistory.com/history-of-gay-marriage.html.… [read more]

Marriage Contract Division of Household Labor Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,235 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


Marriage Contract

Division of Household Labor

It is hereby agreed by the parties that each will contribute an equal share toward household labor and related responsibilities. In that regard, those respective responsibilities shall be reduced (or increased, as the case may be) in proportionate relation to the financial contribution to the household financial support. More specifically, the degree to which each partner's household labor responsibilities is reduced by virtue of disproportionately higher financial contribution, the amount of time and effort required to earn that money will also be factored in so as not to deprive either party of appropriate benefit of contribution efforts in connection with longer hours at a lower paying job. Further, in assigning respective responsibilities, the parties shall first identify their respective most preferred and least preferred methods of contribution so that each can contribute as much as possible with as little inconvenience as possible.

Expectations for Paid Employment and Workload

The respective obligations of each partner to earn a financial wage will be determined by their relative abilities in that regard as well as by the financial needs of the household. If the circumstances cause the parties to agree that only one will earn an income, the other will assume full responsibility for other household obligations. In the event that the income from one partner is insufficient to support the household, the other partner will make a conscientious effort to find the highest paying work possible to contribute. In the event the financial contribution is unequal thereafter, the party contributing less shall be responsible for a proportionately higher share of other responsibilities pursuant to the preceding clause.

Sexual Responsibilities

It is hereby stipulated that neither party shall ever use sex for manipulative purposes, such as by withholding it strategically. Conversely, it is also hereby stipulated that neither party shall ever demand sex if the other partner indicates lack of current interest. Neither party will ever react in anger to polite rejection in recognition of the fact that their respective desires may not always coincide. Both partners are equally free to indulge in self-sex by any means desired provided it does not involve any other person. In that regard, it is hereby stipulated that self-sex is a normal healthy practice and is never to be taken as a rejection or shamed or discouraged.

Contraception Responsibilities

It is hereby stipulated that neither party will make any effort to conceive or not to conceive outside of the express understanding of the parties with respect to whether or not they desire to conceive at any particular time. The parties shall communicate their individual desires and come to a mutual agreement with respect to conception after which each party may choose the method of birth control desired provided it is one that is agreed to by the parties. In the event either party wishes the freedom not to be responsible for contraception, the parties shall take turns for that responsibility for different periods of time and shall adhere to whatever method… [read more]

Family Social Policy Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (634 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 2


What is wrong with Canada's family policy? One issue that is brought up by Susan McDaniel is that Canada has a "long-standing tendency to account for social problems in the manner least costly to the society" (McDaniel, 286). In other words, the problem is the family, not historical changes in Canada, or government policies, McDaniel believes, and so with that approach, Canada can pass the responsibility on to the family. Also, Canada's policies toward families are often based on "biases, myths, and misconceptions" about what a family really is or what it should be. A great deal of family research is conducted by men, which McDaniel asserts "…results in an incomplete picture of family"; and moreover, the research men conduct is on "traditional" families which implies that "non-traditional families are deficient, deviant, abnormal, or in the process of becoming traditional" (288-89).

As a social worker, one thing that concerns me is the obvious bias shown by the Director of Child Welfare when he reports that his department won't place a child with a "practicing gay or lesbian" (McDaniel, 289). A practicing gay or lesbian family? How condescending. Also, I am concerned with Canada's insistence on making the nuclear family (with the man as breadwinner) the "model"; that shows bias against female-headed households, which is quite common in African-American homes and in Aboriginal homes as well.

Works Cited

McDaniel, Susan A. (2007). Families, Feminism, and the State. In Power and Resistance.

Nova Scotia: Fernwood Publishing.…… [read more]

Seven Habits of Highly Effective Families Book Review

Book Review  |  4 pages (1,206 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


¶ … Habits of Highly Effective Families

It is a well-known fact that today; no family is free from everyday challenges. It therefore follows that there is an existing need for families to have a framework that applies self-evident and universal principles designed to enable members of the family to not only share their problems freely but to also resolve such problems amicably. The Seven Habits of Highly Effective Families, by Steven R. Covey is a timeless classic that seeks to offer precious lessons to families navigating these turbulent times.

This time round, Covey, with the same wisdom, precision and practicability that guided his international bestseller, The Seven Habits of Highly Effective People, trains his sights on one of society's main concern today- the family. By highlighting the well formulated seven habits, Covey is able to demonstrate that it is possible for families to have a creative mind-set that is well suited to approach challenges from a different angle. It can be noted that the habits Covey presents in The Seven Habits of Highly Effective Families are essentially re-interpreted from The Seven Habits of Highly Effective People. However, in this case, Covey seeks to make these habits applicable to both family-life and parenting issues. In his submission, Covey is of the opinion that each family should have a mission statement. Further, he goes ahead to suggest that to effectively deal with every day challenges affecting the family, regular meetings between family members should be encouraged. But his most important proposal remains that individual family members should discard the "me" mentality and instead embrace the more inclusive "we" mentality. This in my own opinion remains one of the best ways of unifying a family in a way that promotes not only togetherness but also effectiveness.

One of the key themes of The Seven Habits of Highly Effective Families remains building a beautiful or wonderful family culture. To further highlight this theme, Covey uses an airplane metaphor where he argues that for any family experiencing major setbacks, problems or even difficulties; the key to recovering its bearing remains finding a "destination, a flight plan, and a compass" (Covey 10). Covey notes that in a way, for a family that is experiencing significant challenges, the idea of building a beautiful family culture can seem to be quite remote. To drive the point home, Covey has in mind a family that is economically constrained and which has members who "just pass one another like ships in the night" (Covey 11). However, according to the author, regardless of what a given family is going through, it is still possible for it to build a beautiful or wonderful family culture.

The Basic Concepts Highlighted in the Book

In one way or the other, the message Covey seeks to pass on in The Seven Habits of Highly Effective Families in not new in its entirety. However, though some of the concepts discussed in this book have been discussed in other forums, Covey's approach to the same remains… [read more]

Recent Socio Demographic Family Change Reaction Paper

Reaction Paper  |  3 pages (1,003 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


¶ … Socio-Economic Changes in the Institution of Marriage

Because marriage touches upon so many emotional issues on a personal level, it is a particularly 'hot' topic of social controversy. However, much as it is tempting to believe that marriage as we know it has always existed in its current form, this is not the case. Cohabitation, according to Kathleen Kieman's study of European marital and cohabitation habits, is a fairly long-standing institution and has existed covertly or overtly for centuries. Often, working-class couples would have what might today be called 'common law' marriages, or marriages in which they would live together as man and wife, but not be formally united (Kieman 2004: 67). Rates of cohabitation are difficult to measure in the past, given the social stigma attached to open, middle-class 'living together' during the first half of the 20th century. However, it is clear that amongst younger women and men, admitted cohabitation is on the rise, and has become a de facto gateway to marriage for many young people in Europe and the Americas. This new trend towards open, as opposed to covert cohabitation, is changing the way that courtship, coupledom, and child-bearing are viewed across the world.

Views of cohabitation still do vary considerably from culture to culture -- in Southern Europe, marriage is the preferred route of entry into partnership, while in the U.S. And Northern Europe, cohabitation is more common (Kieman 2004: 67). In Denmark, Sweden, and the Netherlands, cohabitation is even more common than in the Unites States; in Greece and Portugal, marriage is more common than in Italy and Spain (Kieman 2004: 73). However, some trends are cross-cultural -- Greece was the only nation with an out-of-wedlock birth rate of less than 10%, given the extent to which the practice of cohabitation has become normalized.

Along the same lines of Kieman's, Judith Seltzer's study of cohabitation in the modern world likewise stresses how socially 'shaped' and contextual perspectives upon the practice have changed over time, gradually normalizing how cohabitation is viewed. She too sees a trend towards acceptance, although not a universally welcoming one. For example, within Latin America, cohabitating couples and out-of-wedlock births have formal, legal rights, while in the U.S., legal structures still show a strong preference for marriage. But even when there is less social and legal approval, overall, internationally, there is a trend in favor of the escalation of out-of-wedlock births. These behaviors are less and less considered 'deviant' trends and it is accepted that not every couple will naturally proceed from their parent's homes to marriage, with no experimentation.

In the modern world, marriage itself is not seen as a permanent institution, as the ability to sever it through legal means -- divorce -- is no longer seen as a shameful practice to be avoided, but something undertaken when necessary, simply when a couple does not get along (Seltzer 2000: 1249). Younger adults frequently say that they would advise cohabitation as a practice to a friend contemplating marriage,… [read more]

Emma the Marriages Book Report

Book Report  |  3 pages (821 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Frank Churchill and Jane Fairfax

Frank and Jane's marriage is again one of mixed social standing. Frank must keep his engagement to the orphan Jane Fairfax secret because his wealthy aunt would disapprove. Jane, in the absence of a good match, is forced to consider taking the position of a governess. Frank could not announce his intentions until after his aunt, who had raised him as a son had passed away because he the loss of his inheritance. When Frank is called back Enscombe because his aunt is ill, Emma experiences "This sensation of listlessness, weariness, stupidity, this disinclination to sit down and employ myself, this feeling of everything's being dull and insipid about the house! I must be in love" (230). But Frank is not in love with her.

His marriage to Jane is based on reciprocal feelings, and though they were forces to hide their true feelings in the end they came together.

George Knightley and Emma Woodhouse

The match between Emma and George is a good one from the stand point that not only are they well matched in temperament but also they are well matched in social class. There love grew out of friendship. Upon reflection "She saw that there had never been a time when she did not consider Mr. Knightley infinitely superior, or when his regard for her had not been infinitely most dear" (363).

Of all the unions examined we are allowed to see their affection grow and the degree of emotional attachment and love is strongest.


This novel revolves around a number of marriages and in each case the participants are identified by social status. At the time this novel was written social status was determined by a number of factors including family background, reputation, and wealth. Marriage was a method of raising ones social status.

The degree of emotional attachment and love varies with each union in the novel. In the marriage of Mr. And Mrs. Elton he married to raise his social status. In the marriage of Harriet and Robert both were from a lower social status, while in the case of Frank and Jane the marriage raised her social status. Given the different motives and circumstances that drove each couple together only adds more meaning to Emma's observation that "I suppose there must be a hundred ways of being in love" (43).

Works Cited

Austen,…… [read more]

Marriage - After the Ritual Research Paper

Research Paper  |  6 pages (2,155 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


Overall, marriage is something that can be far different depending on culture, religious beliefs, age, ethnicity, intelligence and education levels, and upbringing (Edge & Corrywright, 2011). Each person who is part of a couple that is married or that is considering marriage will generally find that there are differences of opinion between he or she and his or her partner. There are also differences between that person and other people who are in relationships. No two people are alike, even if they share many common traits. Beliefs about marriage can be related to many factors, and that is important to note. The reason that it is so significant is that there is not only one reason why individuals have problems in their marriages. The 11 reasons that were provided by Gornbein (2011) are all important concerns, but they are statements on which to expand, as well.

With both weddings and divorces becoming easier to get in many countries, individuals who want to get married can do so with very little fuss and bother. For example, in the United States it is possible to fly to Las Vegas, Nevada, go to a drive-thru chapel, and come away married. As long as you have valid identification and the money to pay for the license and the ceremony, as well as time to fill out the marriage license with the courthouse, you can have a wedding. That may be fun for couples to do, but what does it say about the sanctity of marriage? How does it encourage couples who are about to be married to take their vows as the serious, for-life event that they are supposed to be?

Barring people like Beck (2011), who have addiction problems that cause them to seek out relationship after relationship in unhealthy ways, it may be possible to restore the sanctity of marriage and the seriousness of the marriage vows in the hearts and minds of people who are already married or who are thinking about getting married. If couples take their vows and their wedding as seriously as they should, they will be more likely to remain married and work through any problems that they face instead of simply getting divorced. Currently, it seems as though more and more couples are getting married with the idea that they can simply get divorced if the marriage does not work out. That is, clearly, the wrong mindset for people to have when they are embarking on a journey and a partnership that is allegedly supposed to last for their entire lives.

While it is not possible to force people to take marriage more seriously, it is possible for society to move toward showcasing the seriousness and importance of marriage. The institution of marriage is taken very lightly in the movies and on TV shows, and also in Hollywood itself, where many people are married for only a year or two - sometimes less. They did not make a serious, deep-down commitment to one another if they… [read more]

Pro Nuclear Family Getting Started Many People Research Paper

Research Paper  |  2 pages (524 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Pro Nuclear Family

Getting Started

Many people have strongly-held opinions about the importance of the traditional family model. Some point to the myriad social problems currently observed in the United States and cite the breakdown of the family as the root cause. It is as if one could magically turn back the clock back to the 1950s, when the family structure was solid and family values were strong. Others argue that the 1950s were not the ideal time that everyone likes to remember through the mists of nostalgia. There existed many social problems then, too, and many families that were far from Leave-It-To-Beaver perfection. There are non-traditional family models that are as strong, or even stronger, than what has long been considered the traditional model of father in the role of breadwinner, mother as a stay-at-home worker in charge of child-rearing and housekeeping.

In developing an argument in favor of non-traditional families, there are two strategies that can be taken from "Finding Arguments: Thinking Like a Writer." The first is freewriting, which goes beyond brainstorming and involves "writing freely, and without stopping, whatever thoughts and ideas you have about your subject" (Goshgarian, Krueger and Minc 68). As opposed to brainstorming, when one just writes words or phrases, freewriting allows the writer to develop a line of reasoning without the constraints of grammar and spelling. Without worrying about the end product, the writer can be fully engaged in the process of developing ideas. Freewriting can be done with paper and pencil, of course, but today's technology makes freewriting even easier. One can type…… [read more]

Stacy Unhitched Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (1,993 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Stacey, Judith. Unhitched: Love, Marriage, and Family Values from West Hollywood to Western

China. New York: NYU Press, 2011.

Sociologist and NYU professor Judith Stacey's 2011 book Unhitched: Love, Marriage, and Family Values from West Hollywood to Western China is the result of ten years of exhaustive research on the part of the author regarding the subject of changing family… [read more]

Changing Family Form Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,493 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


¶ … Changing Family Form


Popenoe (1993:529) argues that the American family, which he defines as "a relatively small domestic group of kin…consisting of at least one adult and one dependent person" has been in decline since the 1960s. According to Popenoe (1993) the family serves societal needs or functions which include: procreation and the socialization of… [read more]

Personality Matching on Online Dating Websites Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (819 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


Personality Matching on Online Dating Websites

Colloquial wisdom suggests that when it comes to mating "birds of a feather flock together"; however, common wisdom also suggests that "opposites attract." Which is it? Are people more likely to select romantic partners who are similar to them, or are more likely to select partners who are different, or complementary, personality traits?

Although many people like to think that their matches "are made in heaven," the harsh reality of meeting someone who is sufficiently compatible for a long-term relationship is far more complex. In some cases, opposites do in fact attract while in others, people with complementary personality traits may be more suited to each others. The key is what type of differences and similarities are involved. For instance, a nonsmoker may completely rule out a potential mate who smokes (or does drugs or drinks), and people of one faith may be disinclined to seek out a potential mate of another faith (Fox, 2009) just as some people of one race will not consider a potential mate from another race (Tsunokai, Kposowa & Adams, 2009). When the chemistry is right, though, even these major differences may be overcome by the power of love.


Provide a brief overview of scientific research on online dating websites. Be sure to address each of the following questions:


Are online dating profiles accurate? Or do people try to self-enhance? Just as many people seek to exaggerate their qualifications on resumes, it is reasonable to assume that many would-be suitors try to enhance their dating profiles on the personality tests that are used by online dating services such as eHarmony's so-called "29 Dimensions of Compatibility" which are grouped into four primary categories: (a) "Character and Constitution" (e.g., intellect and industry); (b) "Emotional Makeup and Skills" (e.g., communication and kindness); (c) "Personality" (e.g., sense of humor and energy); and (d) "Family and Values" (e.g., spirituality and feelings about children) (McDermott, 2005).


What is the relationship between self-presentation (trying to impress) and online dating? In reality, many people who tend to exaggerate their qualifications in these categories may truthfully believe they are providing accurate information on these questionnaires. After all, everyone would like to think they are "special" and this is likely reflected in the answers to the personality tests used by online match-making services. In some cases, people may feel they are placing themselves at a competitive disadvantage if they do not exaggerate their attributes. In…… [read more]

Generational Differences in Family Formation and Behavior Interview

Interview  |  6 pages (1,821 words)
Bibliography Sources: 6


Generational Differences in Family Formation and Behavior

Family formation and attitudes toward it have, over generations, evolved to include historical, technological, cultural or structural changes that have occurred in these years. It is inevitable, then, that generational differences in terms of viewing the concept of "family" have emerged and continue to emerge as each generation experiences a 'universal' change that… [read more]

Family Intervention Essay

Essay  |  7 pages (2,452 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


¶ … United States is characterized as a nation of immigrants. Culturally, the United States is in somewhat of a conundrum regarding immigration. As a nation, we know that the types of jobs many immigrants take (cooking or dish washing in food service, hotel and janitorial work, agricultural work), are those that most Americans would not choose -- therefore we… [read more]

Non-Traditional Families Gay Couples Grandparents Raising Children Adoptive Thesis

Thesis  |  2 pages (554 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Non-Traditional Family Structure

So-called "non-traditional" families are more common in contemporary American society than so-called "traditional" families, making them the new traditional family. Since most American marriages end in divorce, there is no reason to presume that the traditional family structure is necessarily more beneficial to children. The health, stability, and absence of dysfunction and emotional trauma in the family is much more important in that regard than the superficial structure or makeup of the family.

Prior to the late 20th century, the predominant family structure in the United States was a nuclear family consisting of a married husband and wife and their children (Healey, 2008; Macionis, 2007). Married women rarely worked outside the home, especially before World War II, and divorce was not an option for many women in unhappy marriages. During the last quarter of the 20th century, women became a much more important part of the American workforce and much more independent in general. Nowadays, approximately sixty percent of American marriages end in divorce; gay marriage is on the verge of social acceptance; and single parenthood is no longer the exception but the rule. As a result, more American families are one-parent families or same-sex couple families than the traditional nuclear family consisting of a married mother and father and their children (Healey, 2008; Henslin, 2005).

There may be good reason to expect that children living in non-traditional families may be happier and healthier in some respects than children living in many traditional families. That would likely be true with respect to those traditional families in which unhappily married parents remain together instead of getting a divorce. This issue is potentially significant precisely because…… [read more]

Shawl by Louise Erdrich Marriages Research Paper

Research Paper  |  5 pages (1,518 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


¶ … SHAWL by Louise Erdrich

Marriages over the years have come to be defined as a union between a man and woman. Similarly based on this definition, we have a sense of family, endorsed by the society in general. According to this view, a family is where a married couple with their children lives under one roof. But it… [read more]

How to Build a Successful Relationship and Marriage Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (606 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


¶ … Build a Successful Relationship and Marriage

Every relationship, whether it is a marriage or just a friendship, can at one point in time or another develop conflict. Workshops and practical exercises are good way for people to build more successful relationships in spite of the conflict. The workshop enables one to rapidly appreciate how their relationship works, and offers them with the tools they need to fix relationship conflict. People often find their marriage relationship improved and strengthened if they persist to work on their communication skills through courses and workshops. There are many occasions for married couples to improve their marriage relationship through marriage retreats, workshops, and other educational programs.

Research has shown that on average, couples wait almost six years from the first signs of trouble before they get help. Marriage workshops are intended to strengthen a marriage or relationship. If a couple already has a strong relationship, these workshops can provide them with approaches and tools in order to make it a great one. If one's relationship is troubled, these workshops provide a road map for repair.

As marriage problems cultivate, communication and cooperation breakdown. Sustaining a supportive marriage partnership requires advanced skills. No matter how much two people love each other and how well matched they may be the scheme of living life as a married couple can be demanding. Hard shared decisions, stresses, and aggravated concerns in a marriage can steadily decay a couple's original love. Without adequate communication and conflict resolution abilities, couples end up squabbling, fighting, or giving up to keep the peace.

Marriage is often very tough. Two people, joined together, but from time to time feeling like enemies. Many times, couples find themselves frequently hurting each other, missing each other needs, and leaving each other annoyed, angry, and weary, unfilled, worn out,…… [read more]

Problems With Modern Marriage With Adult Children of Divorce Introduction Chapter

Introduction Chapter  |  5 pages (1,600 words)
Bibliography Sources: 7


¶ … Marriage With Adult Children of Divorce

Divorce refers to the legal dissolution of a marital bond between two individuals based on a variety of reasons. The husband and wife are free from any obligations over each other following a divorce agreement. It is associated with additional issues such as the allocation of property, separation of debt obligations, decisions… [read more]

Growth Behind Online Dating Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  20 pages (5,133 words)
Bibliography Sources: 20


Growth Behind Online Dating

Team Building Case Study

The Online Dating Industry Growth

The following pages focus on designing a research proposal that intends to address the subject of the online dating industry growth. The importance of the subject is derived from the fact that this online sector has significantly developed, creating a profitable environment for both large players in… [read more]

Development of the Marital Relationship Research Paper

Research Paper  |  8 pages (3,842 words)
Bibliography Sources: 6


¶ … Marital Relationship

Throughout the development of the marital relationship, a couple is poised to experience numerous changes, stresses, and stages as they journey through life together. From the time the first glance is given, to the time the last breath is taken, a marriage can bring the best of what life has to offer, but also the worst… [read more]

Families, Delinquency &amp Crime Term Paper

Term Paper  |  8 pages (2,311 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 5


With Germany, the economic constraints do not exist, and this has allowed, among other things, the development of less traditional forms of family, including those of gay and lesbians. Without the economic constraints, the family can develop into different directions and assume new identities.

4. One of the problems that children around the world may face as caused by globalization… [read more]

Families in a Global Context: Australia Thesis

Thesis  |  7 pages (3,276 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


Families in a Global Context: Australia and Swaziland

The modern family is in a process of change and transition, with some experts predicting the demise of the traditional family structure. Globalization and the economic interconnectedness of all countries are exerting unique pressures for change in the modern family. Developed counties like Australia and the United States have been involved in… [read more]

Families in a Global Context Women Term Paper

Term Paper  |  7 pages (2,322 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 6


Families in a Global Context

Women as the Architects of Family Life in Sudan and the United Kingdom

In today's globalized world, far more than just politics and economics shapes the international community. Instead, society is made up of families, and families are, in a sense, what control the actions of that society. Because family life is among the top… [read more]

Ethnic Families I Interviewed Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (758 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 4


Her mother wanted her to have more, and still asks her for more grandchildren. My subject is raising her children as "American," and is not sharing much of their cultural heritage with them, largely because that is how she grew up. She was not very interested in her mother's tales of the "old country," and she wanted to fit in and act as American as possible, especially in her early educational years. She does recognize that she has missed out on some of the things that are extremely important to her mother and her mother's friends, and as she gets older, she has begun to question her mother more about her memories and traditions, and may begin to pass at least some of those on to her own children. She considers herself an American first, but is becoming more interested in learning more about her culture and heritage.

My own cultural background is far different. Growing up in a white household, I did not face many of the things that my subject faced, and I just took being American for granted. My parents did not have any cultural heritage to pass down to me, and I did not think of myself as anything other than a "regular" kid, just like almost all the others. I did not know what it was to be different or unusual. I think that growing up in an ethnic family makes the entire experience different and more challenging, and my interview showed me that it made life a lot more difficult. It also made me a bit sad that my subject was not more interested in her own culture, and that it did not seem that important to her. Some of my questions seemed to make her stop and think, and I think she may have had a different idea about some of her thoughts on culture and heritage after we talked together.


Barefoot, J.A. (2001). Melting pot or salad bowl? ABA Banking Journal, 93(9), 85.

Herr, R.S. (2004). A third world feminist defense of multiculturalism. Social Theory and Practice, 30(1), 73+.

Meyers, M.K., & Jordan, L.P. (2006). Choice and accommodation in parental child care decisions. Community Development: Journal of…… [read more]

How to Make a Marriage Work Essay

Essay  |  10 pages (2,926 words)
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¶ … Marriage Work

According to commonly cited statistics, at least half of all marriages end in divorce in the U.S., the average length of marriage is approximately 7-8 years, and sexual infidelity issues affect more marriages than not. Even if the definition of success in marriage is no more than duration and fidelity, more marriages are unsuccessful than successful.… [read more]

Marriage Fail for Lack of Communication Thesis

Thesis  |  9 pages (2,476 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 9


Gay/Lesbian Studies - Marriage Issues


Characterization of the issue

Outline of the research area

Outline of the expected research findings

History, Background Information, and Definitions

Background of prior research

Definitions of key concepts and distinctions

Detailed discussion of various issues in divorce and marital unhappiness

Distinction between various marital problems and their respective… [read more]

Non-Traditional Families in the United States Thesis

Thesis  |  8 pages (2,581 words)
Bibliography Sources: 6



Family Relations: The Role of Non-Traditional Families

The family is central to human culture, yet the family, like so much else in modern society is changing. In times past, the family could be easily defined. It consisted of a married father, mother, and their children. Sometimes the definition allowed for the remnants of that same grouping - a widow… [read more]

Family Dynamics Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  5 pages (1,431 words)
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Family Values in Antigone, And Oedipus, The Aeneid

Ancient literature often provides an insightful glimpse into life that gives a description about mankind. Many times that story is not far from the stories we experience today. We hear the phrase that some things never change and this might be more true than we would like to believe, especially three primordial… [read more]

Dating Before and After the Internet Thesis

Thesis  |  20 pages (6,545 words)
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Online Dating


There are two sides to every coin, and likewise, synonymous to a coin with two sides, online dating has its pros and cons. The question therefore, which weigh more, the advantages or the disadvantages. Let us probe deeper. Today's fast paced lifestyle, where career has taken its toil, has left millions of people single; but with the… [read more]

Cross Border Marriage Term Paper

Term Paper  |  10 pages (3,062 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 4



The following study will research and examine cross-border marriages in the country of China to mainland Hong Kong, which will be a study of the direction of the migration, flows involving women leaving poorer regions to go to richer… [read more]

Dissolution of Marriage in "The Awakening" Marriages Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,105 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


¶ … Dissolution of Marriage in "The Awakening"

Marriages fall apart for thousands of reasons. In Kate Chopin's story, "The Awakening," we see some very basic reasons for why marriages break down. Edna becomes an individual that women from around the world can learn from because she represents the independet woman in search of herself. There ae several forces at work that add to the breakdown of Edna's marriage. Edna's husband and their marriage itself are partially responsible for the dissolution of the marriage. Edna was simply not the marrying type. Edna's family and the pressure they place upon her is also a cause in the ending of her marriage. Other factors are the relationship that Edna has with other men while she is married. Edna's state of mind is perhaps the largest contributor to her marriage failing. Edna has too many negative forces encroaching on her and, with no way out, her marriage fails completely.

The first and foremost reason that Edna's marriage falls apart is the marriage itself. Mr. Pontellier is an abrasive and unsympathetic man. Instead of seeing her saddened state as one in which he could help Edna, he makes her feel worse than she already does. For example, he reproaches Edna for her "habitual neglect" (Chopin 7) of their children. He would rather make her feel inadequate than offer a helping hand and he belittles her when he asks, "If it was not a mother's place to look after children, whose on earth was it?" (Chopin 7). We know that such remarks are not out of the ordinary when we read, "Such experiences as the foregoing were not uncommon in her married life" (8). In addition, Mr. Pontellier does not like Edna having relationships outside their marriage. Edna's unhappy martial state forces her into a depression that cannot be overlooked as Edna feels an "indescribable oppression" that "filled her whole being with anguish" (8). Even if Edna was not discontent before, a husband such as Mr. Pontellier would certainly make her that way before too long.

The state of Edna's marriage is significant for two reasons. First, she is married to a horrible man. Second, it would make no difference to whom Edna was married because she would never have been satisfied with the kind of life that society told her was rght for her. As a result, we cannot place the blame entirely on Mr. Pontellier. Some of the blame must go to the society in which Edna lived. Edna was not free in any respect and the expectations placed upon her were great considering that she was not the paternal type. Motherhood offers Edna nothing in the way of staisfaction. It is important to note this fact because even at the end of the story, Edna cannot stop herself with even the thought of her children. In fact, her children occur to her as "antagonists who had overcome her; who had overpowered and sought to drag her into the soul's slavery for the… [read more]

Inequality in Marriage in English Research Paper

Research Paper  |  12 pages (4,250 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 5


The general expectations of women in a society was that they should be submissive and have only weak opinions, that they would not attempt to impose on the others: "Women were expected to have weak opinions; but the great safeguard of society and of domestic life was, that opinions were not acted on. Sane people did what their neighbors did,… [read more]

Divorce in Minority Families Term Paper

Term Paper  |  7 pages (2,846 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 15


Divorce in Minority Families

Divorce has been a hot topic as well as the effects that divorce has in various family dynamics especially across ethnic boundaries. However, Studies of divorce among ethnically heterogeneous couples was rare in 1996. (Jones, 1996) a longitudinal study of marriages in Hawaii showed that the divorce rate was higher among ethnically mixed marriages compared with… [read more]

Marriage Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,570 words)
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Marriage is arguably one of the most poignant themes at the core of Jane Austen's novels. The plots of her most famous books generally revolve around the subject of marriage and lay emphasis especially on its tremendous importance in the lives of the nineteen century women. In Jane Austen's time, marriage often took the form of a social contract between… [read more]

Fighting for Your Marriage There Are Times Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,386 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Fighting for Your Marriage

There are times in which a marriage is visibly struggling. Two married people can begin to diverge from each other and, subsequently, find that they no longer feel the depth of connection and commitment to each other that is necessary to maintaining a successful marriage. For many, as is clearly reflected in the divorce statistics of the past fifty years, the pressure to perform within a marriage, to compromise and to both lead and follow within the set structure of the bond is superceded by other influences. People feel less pressure overall, internally and externally, to stay with anything that is perceived as too challenging - careers change an average of 5 times over the course of the average working person's life, divorces happen with nearly 50% of all marriages, an increasing number of children are born to single mothers, and our general lack of commitment to anything is reflected in the ADD style (and success of) marketing that is so integral to our commercial culture. In short, loyalty is no longer touted as a virtue outside of strongly religious communities (who definitely have their own share of hypocrisy when it comes to that as well). What this all comes down to is a situation in which our very popular culture is fairly baiting us to be actively disloyal - it's cool to rebel. For authors Markman, Stanley and Blumberg, this situation is not one that should provoke despair, but one that requires an active fight. Fighting for your Marriage: Positive Steps for Preventing Divorce and Preserving a Lasting Love, is one of the many self-help books available and, on the surface, appears to be little different than its cousins at your local Borders. but, in this case, the difference is found rather quickly within: one, this is not a "fixit" book, it is a preventive; two, it focuses on the construction of the relationship in order to help it weather storms; three, it offers uncomplicated and relevant information that, upon reading, seems like obvious truisms but are ones that many couples fail utterly to live up to. This book is a strong reminder that there are people out there genuinely concerned about the problem of divorce and attempting to take a non-theistic approach to this seeming epidemic.

The book is divided into three sections: Handling Conflict, Dealing With Core Issues, and Enhancement. The authors, all Ph.D.'s, and all in the field of family therapy, psychology, and marital studies, have constructed each of these sections to assist a couple who is already doing well, or who is at least in the early enough stages of their marriage that creating patterns of behavior is relatively easier. "If you're currently happy together, you can use the PREP {Prevention and Relationship Enhancement Program} approach to prevent [problematic] patterns from developing in the first place," (13). but, this begs the question - if this manual is aimed at helping already healthy couples prevent problems...what couple anticipates the problems that are… [read more]

Traditional Nuclear Family Has Transformed Profoundly Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (591 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 1


¶ … traditional nuclear family has transformed profoundly in the past two decades. Increased access for women in the workplace has created a "dual-earner" family setting with both parents earning a steady income. As a result of the diversification of wage earners within the family, the question of how the traditional division of responsibilities has changed is a relevant area of study. The following analysis will examine precisely what has occurred within the traditional nuclear family.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, in 1960 forty five percent of American homes had married parents with children the age of eighteen and one primary wage earner. The same Census study in 2000 showed that this figure has dropped to fewer than twenty five percent. The dual earner mentality within most families means that the dynamics of household responsibilities have changed. Women, who were the traditional guardians of the home, do not have as much time to devote to maintaining family as previous generations. As a result, the responsibilities of household chores, care-taking of children, and other such responsibilities are duly split between both husband and wife. However, this division is not equal; the majority of household chores and domestic responsibilities are still considered the responsibility of women. Dr. Misrak Elias explains, "The responsibility of women has only increased due to increased work opportunities. Now they must find the time to balance both the responsibilities of nurturing family and maintaining career." (Liazos, npg). The traditional attitude towards family responsibilities has not changed as much as one would think with the dual-earner nature of most families. This change is not realized because women now have the double burden of trying to manage their public and private lives at the same time. A recent United Nations study on family responsibilities…… [read more]

Family Ecology Term Paper

Term Paper  |  8 pages (2,218 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 13


Family Ecology

The family is considered the basic unit of the society. It is where a person acquires his/her basic characteristics and habits. They say that the personality of an individual is very much affected by the family background. Since ancient times, the family has been an important organization in the society. The family, among the oldest and most fundamental… [read more]

Traditional Family Models Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,221 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 1


¶ … Family Crisis," Stephanie Cootz asserts, "If it is hard to find a satisfactory model of the traditional family, it is also hard to make global judgments about how families have changed and whether they are getting better or worse." (14) Yet, her work doesn't support this statement very well. Cootz provides an historical perspective of the family, making negative value judgments throughout her recounts of many earlier times. Yet, when she gets to the modern-day family of the late twentieth century her criticisms are few. She spends most of her time describing why things are just as good, if not better now, than they were in the 1950's. Most damningly, near the end of the chapter, she makes a recommendation for a problem of the twentieth century family that she had claimed just pages earlier didn't really exist. Still, her work is valuable because it does an excellent job of convincing the reader that there are a lot of myths about the traditional family, both historically and today, that simply aren't true. If Cootz had stuck to her initial statement that it's hard to compare the family at different times in history because of complex contextual factors, her work would have been more objective and, therefore, valuable.

Cootz states that people believe the appropriate function of today's family has somehow broken down and many desire a return to times long gone when they believe family values were much stronger. but, she believes that people's notions of earlier times are based on myths and that the true realities of these times wouldn't be as appealing. For example, some may see the strict patriarchal authority of colonial days as preferable to today's more egalitarian environments. but, they would be shocked to discover the sexual morality of that time was actually much more liberal than today's practices. Instead, one might lament that the Victorian era of the 1830's and 1840's is the better time for the family because this is when middle-class women were freed from time-consuming chores by the spread of textile mills. but, admirers might think twice when they learn that this freedom came at the expense of slaves and child laborers.

By the end of the nineteenth century, "Reformers advocated adoption of a "true American" family -- a restricted, exclusive nuclear unit in which women and children were divorced from the world of work." (13). In the 1920s and early 1930's, the independence and isolation of the nuclear family became a concern, but was later seen as resolved by the hardships of the Great Depress and the Second World War that ushered in a new kind of family ideal that took root in the 1950's. According to Coot, this ideal wasn't really better than any other time for the family throughout history.

Next, Cootz dispels myths about the family in the late twentieth century. Even though this is a time we are experiencing, we appear to be just as subject to embracing fallacies and myths about our present… [read more]

Decline in the American Family Values Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (1,140 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 2


Decline in the American Family Values

The decline of American family values

There are many studies which assert that there has been a strong and even radical decline in American family values since the 1950's. The following extract clearly outlines this concern.

Throughout most of Western history, until the 20th century, society as a whole strongly supported the family institution. It was the family's duty to instruct children in moral values, but it derived those values from church, from philosophers, from social traditions. Now most of these supports are weakened, or gone.

The American Family: Future Uncertain)

There are also many studies which attempt to find reasons for this situation. For example, the American Family Association (AFA) believes that one of the central factors in the decline of family values is the media and the entertainment industry. This point-of-view claims that the entertainment industry has "....has played a major role in the decline of those values on which our country was founded and which keep a society and its families strong and healthy." (the American Family Association). One aspect of this is, according to the article, the normalization and even endorsement of premarital sex during the last 25 years. This decline in values has led to "... A dramatic increase in teen pregnancies, sexually transmitted diseases such as AIDS and abortion as a means of birth control." (the American Family Association)

The ideal of the American family as a close-knit and caring unit comprising father, mother and children was one of the positive social entities that emerged in the prosperous years after the Second World War. Many studies however suggest that there has been a subsequent and accelerating decline in the American family.

One of the main aspects leading to this decline is that the centrality and importance of marriage in society has also suffered a steady decline since the 1950's. "While still a central institution in American society, marriage plays a less dominant role than it once did." (the Emerging 21st Century American Family) This is supported by statistics which show that the proportion of adults who have never been married rose from 15% to 23% between 1972 and 1998. (the Emerging 21st Century American Family) There has also been a concomitant increase in the divorce rate. These aspects have all contributed to the changing values in the family.

For example, the values associated with different gender roles have changed as a result of the changes in the nature and structure of the family. The value system in the traditional nuclear family was dependent on gender role differentiation and responsibilities. These roles, which created certain values and norms associate with the sexes, were disturbed by social events such as the increasing participation of women in the workforce since 1950. This altered the responsibility structures and values attached to the concept of the mother as the 'homemaker'.

A traditional perspective in which women were occupied in the private sphere of life centering around running a home and raising a family… [read more]

Family Reaction Paper

Reaction Paper  |  3 pages (943 words)
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¶ … Family

Prior to the introduction of the television show All in the Family in 1971, television was primarily just another form of entertainment that shied away from the real-world issues that might possibly offend viewers. All in the Family radically transformed the role of television to a form of study on society's views of race, ethnicity, gender and social class as well as a host of other previously taboo political issues such as gun control, homosexuality and rape. Even so, some debate whether or not the show really fostered a more positive view of diversity and multiculturalism. While some believe that comedy was not an appropriate means for addressing serious issues such as prejudice, All in the Family at least brought these issues out into the open for the very first time and paved the way for the future use of television to deal with the harsh realities of issues confronting society.

All in the Family's lead character was Archie Bunker, an uneducated blue-collar dock worker and an open racist who disliked virtually every minority group imaginable. He left practically no negative stereoptype unturned, referring to blacks as "jungle bunnies," "spades," or "niggers," Puerto Ricans as "spics," Chinese as "chinks," Jews as "hebes," Polish as "polacks" and homosexuals as "fags." To Archie, people who defended these minorities such as his daughter Gloria and his liberal son-in-law Michael was an outright "pinko," a derogatory term for a Communist sympathizer. In Archie's world, women were to be seen, not heard. As a response to his wife's opinions, Archie would frequently say, "Stifle yourself, you dingbat!" (Cited in St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture on All in the Family). Archie was not one to flaunt conservative social traditions. He frequently derided his daughter for marrying a "polack" and for supporting her unemployed husband while he attended school.

The Bunker's neighbors were George and Louise Jefferson and their son Lionel. George was just as much a racist and a bigot as Archie, illustrating that these characteristics are not just confined to the white community. George popularized the disparaging term "honky" for a white person. The son Lionel and his friends Gloria and Michael frequently railed against social injustice to the dismay and contempt of their fathers. Most of show centered on arguments between the younger members and Archie. These generational differences in opinions showed how the passage of time was beginning to transform society with younger people becoming more accepting of minority groups and developing different ideals for social roles. However, older Americans were having a hard time adapting to these new realities.

This very transformation was what was motivating Archie cling to the stereotypes that he believed defined certain social groups. Archie simply couldn't hide from the transformation of society that he feared and detested and he longed for a time past…… [read more]

Sociology and the Family Specific Topic Question Term Paper

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¶ … Sociology and the family [...] specific topic question regarding a family with a gay son. The sociological issues facing the family are many and varied, just as the sociological issues of modern families are varied and always changing. The family faces social issues such as condemnation from the religious and political communities, possible sanctions from the school district… [read more]

Marriage Contract Term Paper

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Marriage Contract

Attitudes toward marriage in the younger generation have definitely changed over the last few decades. Though many young people are stating that marriage is important to them and that they will most likely choose at some point in their lifetime to get married, their hopes for these marriages to last a lifetime are very small. Mostly they feel that, even though the idea of lifelong commitment is ideal, it is a very difficult goal that very few will actually reach. The esteem they hold for couples who have remained together for lengthy periods of time is high, but they feel they are rare and that the chances of actually being one of those couples themselves is slim. Along with this sentiment is the growing acceptance of bearing children out of wedlock and the general opinion that single-parent households are just as acceptable as a traditional family. Trends also seem to indicate that most young people feel that divorce is quite easy in today's social and legal climate, and that there is likely little fight or effort to save a marriage, and far less agonizing over the social stigmas of divorce. Also, there is a growing sentiment that cohabitation before marriage, or instead of, marriage is not only acceptable but often the preferred course of events to insure that the marriage would be a happy one if the couple decided to move in that direction (Whitehead & Popenoe, 1999).

All of these opinions are in rather stark contrast to the opinions of the older generations. Not only were older generations expected and expecting to marry, but it was generally accepted that they would remain married for the course of their lives. This does not necessarily mean that they expected to be happy within those marriages, however, they simply believed very strongly in the vows they took during the wedding ceremony and there was simply no question whether they would or wouldn't weather the rough times with the good -- they simply stuck it out. Long courtships structured with extreme amounts of etiquette were observed and most of the older generation dated only a few people within their close community of church, school, neighborhood, and parents' friends' children. These long courtships did not include the option of cohabitation as it was viewed as very distasteful -- likely because of the strict opinions held about pre-marital sex. Also, many of the older generation still held strong traditional beliefs on securing parental approval prior to any engagement, and pregnancy out of wedlock was absolutely shameful. Single-parenting carried with it a heavy stigma that is born out of that same shame. Of course, single mothers were often nearly desperate to find a man to marry since working outside of the home was almost as bad as being a single mother in the first place.

As far as love itself goes, the most interesting thing to note about generational attitudes towards love is that very little has changed in the perception of love over… [read more]

Mate When Selecting Term Paper

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If Claire makes the immediate decision to marry Jim, she would probably be making a large mistake. She has been dating two people for almost a year's time, which indicates that she is not truly ready to make a commitment to either one. Therefore, what Claire should do is stop seeing Sam and continue to date Jim, in order to determine whether or not she and Jim have the wherewithal necessary to sustain a serious relationship. If she does so, she will be better able to make a serious and responsible choice about marriage. In that way, in five years, Claire could be celebrating a third anniversary and have a child with Jim. Although Claire's earning capacity is not shown, responsible financial planning should allow her some flexibility in her work situation. Together she and Jim will be able to expose their child to their shared interests and to provide their child with a warm and loving…… [read more]

Spousal Abuse and Its Impact on Family Members Term Paper

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¶ … Spousal Abuse on Family Members

Spousal abuse or violence is a hidden but widespread phenomenon in society. Certain theories have attempted to explain it, its origin, how it occurs, its victim and its consequences. Several studies confirm that children and other family members who witness spousal abuse develop negative behavior and grow up to repeat and perpetuate the… [read more]

Marriages Arranged Term Paper

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On the other hand, most arranged marriages start off with fewer expectations which make it easier to build a relationship. It is also true that most people in arranged marriages do eventually fall in love as couples from those countries would testify. With love marriages the problem starts with each person wanting to stay in love as passionately throughout their time together. This is close to impossible because while love may stay and even grow stronger, it changes form. While it was once highly passionate and all about public displays, it may take a less aggressive form with the passage of time- and the couple might start doubting their feelings. However the truth of the matter is that even in this age or time, one can stay in love with one person for good provided both are willing to accept the fact that love will not always be about giving gifts, remembering each other's birthdays and kissing for no reason in a theme park.


1. Robert Epstein, Editor as a Guinea Pig: Psychology Today, http://cms.psychologytoday.com/articles/index.php?term=pto-20

2. PT Staff, The Love Project. Psychology Today, http://cms.psychologytoday.com/articles/pto-20.html… [read more]

Same Sex Marriage Haven Term Paper

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Alice S. Rossi describes that a shift has been seen in the societal opinion as far as family is concerned. This is seen to be true when one reads the "Australian De Facto Relationships Law" where it is observed that the Act includes property and inheritance laws of same sex couples. The New South Wales Act is aimed at going to extents where same sex couples can claim for financial maintenance and the dividing up of property. Although marriage law in Australia states that it is the "voluntary union of one man and one woman to the exclusion of all others," this seems very closely related to the heterosexual marriage and in an indirect way it attests and recognizes the same sex couple as being in a bond of marriage. Thus Alice S. Rossi rightfully states that previously what was always referred to being deviant is today recognized and accepted as a variant. Herma Hill Kay, in her article "Private Choices and Public Policy: Confronting the Limitations of Marriage" states in clear expressive terms that man has tried to give himself all the rights and secure his concerns, thinking himself to be superior to the females. Alice however points out that the earlier Darwin theory of sexual selection had such an impact on the male population where they felt that "superiority evolved in the male line only." In essence her assessment is true and it can be seen from Herma Hill Kay's article that men try to talk and implement what they feel is beneficial to them and fail to understand the other's point-of-view. Antionette Blackwell has been referred to by Alice where she explains that Darwin and Spencer both were in error because "characteristics are transmitted equally to all descendants" whether it is a male or a female. However towards the end of her article, Alice explained that later views regarding the superiority of the white race were rejected and this can be seen where Herma Hill Kay states that America at once used to prohibit mixed racial marriages but today such laws have been abolished. Thus Alice is correct in her observation that ideas of white superiority have been abolished.

Alice explains in her article the importance of a bond between the mother and her child however in today's society, as Herma Hill Kay explains that today people are not concerned and they aim to legalize same sex marriages. Homosexual marriage between two males would have to do without a mother-child bond incase they do adopt. There little remains to the importance of the mother-child bond that Alice stresses upon. Similarly where Alice explains that in the past, mothers had an inclination towards their child and described the emotional conditions and feelings that a mother goes through when she takes a look at her baby are really dying out in today's society. Today where women are working to get a better economical standing, and fighting for same sex marriages, such emotional feelings are… [read more]

Marriage Implies Different Meanings Term Paper

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The wedding commonly takes place in the parish church of the bride's family. When a marriage is to take place between two Catholics having mixed rites, it will be the rite of the groom that decides the type of service to be used. The power to reassign rites from the groom's church to that of the bride stays with the Church. (Roman Catholic Traditions)

A Catholic annulment refers to the declaration of truth that a valid marriage never exists. Thus, it will not be considered as a Catholic divorce, because divorce considers at the moment that the relation broke down and comments that there was some relationship which existed and now we are putting a stop to it. As per the annulment process, from the initial start there was nothing which existed to consider this relationship as a marriage. The annulment does not denote that no love existed in the relationship and does not invalidate civil contract. On the other hand, the annulment process takes a spiritual view. As per Catholic Church, marriage is everlasting and is between one man and one woman. Hence, according to Catholic Church, law or civil government cannot break marriage. Hence, if a person wants to remarry, his previous marriage cannot be broken by a civil divorce. In this case, the Catholic Church examines, by means of the annulment process, whether an actual marriage, as defined by the Church, came into being. If they conclude, by examining the facts offered to the Tribunal, that no marriage came into being, then the parties are free to enter into marriage with any other person. (What is a Catholic annulment & why do I need one?)

A Catholic Church ceremony is carried out in two processes: the first part of the process being the main marriage ceremony wherein a religious union of husband and wife with readings, hymns, prayer and the legal and civil responsibilities are performed and the second part of the process involves sharing of Holy Communion wherein if both bride and groom are practicing Catholics. Usually, the priest's time is not charged in the Catholic Church. However, a cover of a small donation is frequently provided to the priest after the service. The flowers used to beautify the church are also left as a symbol of gratitude. (The Ceremony)


A Compilation of Customs and Traditions regarding Marriage. Retrieved from http://www.limarriages.com/customs.html Accessed on 30 July 2005

Before you marry. Retrieved from http://www.stjudeparish.com/growth/prep/marriage/default.asp Accessed on 30 July 2005

Marriage. Retrieved from http://www.vexen.co.uk/human/marriage.html

Accessed on 30 July 2005

Roman Catholic Traditions. Retrieved from http://www.weddingdetails.com/lore/catholic.cfm

Accessed on 30 July 2005

The Ceremony. Retrieved from http://www.countybride-bath.co.uk/etiquette/ceremony.php

Accessed on 30 July 2005

What is a Catholic annulment & why do I need one? Retrieved from http://www.ultimatewedding.com/articles/get.php?action=getarticle& articleid=571 Accessed on 30 July 2005… [read more]

Drama the Family Drama All Families Term Paper

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The Family Drama

All families are dysfunctional, one might say, after a cursory glance at most of the husband-wife couples and extended families of Western drama -- only some are more dysfunctional than others. The Helmers of "A Doll's House," and the Wrights of "Trifles" illustrate the dark side of the husband-wife dynamic, whereby two people joined in matrimony can live side by side in a perpetual state of mutual misunderstanding. Children are incidental to this state of misunderstanding. Rather the well-intentioned crime of fraud that is perpetuated by Nora in Ibsen's drama, and the frustration-propelled murder of the husband in "Trifles" are both the realistic result of the man's refusal to acknowledge the contribution of what his wife has given up for him in the context of her marriage.

Yet even the happier, more fully fleshed out family of the Wrights, of "Our Town" suggest that Emily, who dies young, might have been happier had she spread her wings more and left her town and the offered prospect of the marriage that results in her death from childbirth. The play's climax reveals how much families interact as a part of…… [read more]

Isolated Life of the Old Term Paper

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Most marriages were arranged, and by the Second Century, divorce was a legal practice. Girls were legally marred at twelve, and, as a wife, served a central role in the social life of the household. Motherhood was centered to the moral guidance of her children, and with a declining birthrate, the Roman government also instituted laws requiring parents to increase the number of their offspring. Because of the great infrastructure of the Roman Empire, and the collective urban life that defined most families, education consisted of less agricultural knowledge and more academic and political. Families were the basic unit of society, and not only important for maintaining the education value, they were the backbone of this most advanced political state.

In its reclamation of the old Roman ideas and similar life expectancy, it is not surprising that most states in Renaissance Europe allowed for the girl's legal marrying age to be twelve; her male counterpart could be married at ten. Regardless, Thomas Moore recommended that girls married at eighteen and boys four years later to ensure the adulthood and readiness of those future spouses. A contract between the families would solidify a marriage, and an exchange of dowry and jointure (cash settlement) was expected. Marriage was largely a perfunctory means of power acquisition or stability, ideally shown by the marriage of the royals, like Lord Darnly and Mary Queen of Scotts.

Children were viewed as property, and could be given to another master -- for example, they could be apprenticed to a professional and he, then, would be their owner. Wives too were property; society did not favorably allow for their trade. While Anglican England and other Protestant groups allowed for divorce, it was still viewed with question. A child born out of a family (as defined by having a father), legally called a bastard, was not entitled to own property at any point in time, marry, or hold offices, publicly or ecclesiastically. Children were expected to mimic their parents and learn not only useful skills and trades, but also the manners with which a civilized person would expect a young adult to be equipped; this included saying prayers, giving the presence of a devout lifestyle, rising early, and working hard. Family life was focused not only on the transmission of good morals and proper social norms from one adult to its offspring, but also harkened back to the Mesopotamian insistence on learning useful skills, in this case, the trades that would lead to the rapidly approaching…… [read more]

Marriage in Eastern and Western Term Paper

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In Malaysian societies, marriage is exclusively tied with the society's culture, specifically, religion. Weddings are conducted in order " ... To monitor the genealogical appropriateness of the marital pair ... thanks moyang (ancestors) for the past good year and ask for a good year to come" (Nowak, 2000). Inevitably, marriage is tied with mysticism and religious rituals, an activity that is devoid of any political influence. What makes Malaysian wedding rituals different from the American society's is that the latter conduct weddings not to focus on the celebrants or the bride and the groom, but on the ritual itself. This contradicts the American experience, wherein the bride and the groom (or the celebrants) are given central roles in the said activity, thereby resulting to a social activity borne out of the beliefs of people or individuals rather than social actors (people) emerging out of a social activity (wedding).

While American weddings reflect the dynamic process that marriage and domestic partnership undergo, and Malaysian societies demonstrate exclusivity in celebrating weddings in the context of the society's culture, Japanese wedding rituals are mainly identified as a hybrid form of modern and traditional cultures of the country. Japanese wedding rituals are also characterized as having a dynamic or ever-changing process of creating and developing marriage beliefs as well as the reinforcement of traditional practices and usage of material essentials needed in conducting weddings.

Japanese society is portrayed as a hybrid form of culture when it comes to marriage rituals because it has the character of both traditional and modern practices. Traditional practices often conducted are the usage of the traditional wedding attire, called "ju nihitoe" and setting up weddings in Shinto shrines (Goldstein-Gidoni, 2000:45; Coeyman, 2002). However, the prevalence of modern ideas on marriage is illustrated in the Japanese couples' practice of recognizing same-sex marriages, as well as acknowledgment of the fact that people can live together without going through the tedious process of arranging marriages according to tradition. At present, however, Western influence on marriage practices has a more powerful effect on the nature of Japanese weddings. Not only do weddings become modernized or 'Westernized,' they have also assumed the appearance of completely commercialized and practical marriages (Goldstein-Gidoni, 2000:50).

Given these nature of each society in the Asian and North American regions, it can be said that wedding rituals across Eastern and Western cultures have dynamicity. This ever-changing nature includes the continued development of new ideas and beliefs on marriage and domestic partnership, accompanied by an active advocacy among other cultures to preserve and perpetuate traditional wedding rituals. This active advocacy, as seen in Malaysian wedding practices, is considered as subsistence to exclusivity and traditional culture. The ever-changing nature of marriage practices, meanwhile, are apparent among the Americans and Japanese, wherein a fusion of ideas on new and old marriage beliefs integrate and persist themselves in the society, respectively. Thus, marriage assumes numerous facets that involve with it political and cultural norms established within a particular society.


Coeyman, M. (2002). "Western… [read more]

Rachel Year-Old Jewish Girl, Rachel Was Admitted Term Paper

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year-old Jewish girl, Rachel was admitted to the ward after having a dosage of 10 panadol tablets last night. She told the a&E department that she wanted to be lonely and she wanted to die. Rachel was brought in by her sister who disclosed that Rachel had a big fight with her father for having a date with the… [read more]

Family Crucible Oftentimes, When Spouses Reaction Paper

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Problems are treated by changing the way the system works rather than trying to "fix" a specific member.

The most important aspect of this book is something that the late Whitaker stressed throughout his work. When families begin therapy, each of the members -- as human nature is inclined -- blames another. The family does not work as a unit or a system, but rather as separate entities like two sides of a magnet repelling each other. The therapy, through the therapist's interventions, encourages these separate beings to see themselves as part of a whole that will either support each other or bring everything tumbling down. At the beginning, each person has a specific role. Yet, as therapy moves forward, even the roles become fluid and interchangeable. Whitaker believes that as the family becomes healthier, the roles begin to be more flexible. People take turns acting as scapegoat, "mother," "father," "child," and so on. In addition, the level of involvement of each family member in the family becomes more flexible. Members become free to make distance when they choose, but without catastrophizing, so they are free to connect more deeply when they are ready.

The therapist is all important in this development. he/she must be involved enough to become "part of the family" so to speak, but still keep a distance. It is not something that every therapist is able to do. As he says:

The therapist must develop the kind of power necessary to invade the family and do battle with them. Simultaneously, he must develop the courage to be himself, and to share his own irrelevancies and free associations. He must expand his own person, thus modeling for the family their own growth.

For Whitaker, theory always had to take a back seat to the intuitions and personal strengths of the therapist him/herself: One must "care enough to get in and get involved, while retaining enough love of self to withstand the cultural mandate of sacrificing yourself to save the family." He always believed that remaining "tough" in the face of family pressures for him to join in their view of the world was as important as caring; he joked that therapists who got overly enmeshed in their clients' worldviews "needed a life."… [read more]

Arranged Marriages in India Term Paper

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With involvement of the society and the entire extended family, couples are under greater obligation to make their marriage work. Divorce is usually considered the last resort and is presented as an option only when they become unbearable and there appears no possibility of reconciliation. Unlike traditional American marriage, an arranged union in India has greater chance of surviving the trial and tribulations of early years of marriage because of the support of both families, and the entire social system, which is conducive to marriage than divorce.


1) Vijay Gupta, Consensual Marriage: The Indian system of marriage has a superior India Currents; 2/28/1994;

2) Diwan, Paras. Family Law: Law of Marriage and Divorce in India. New Delhi: Sterling Publishers Private Limited, 1983.

3) Prakasa, Rao. Marriage, The Family and Women in India. Printox: South Asia Books,1982.

4) Shuraydi, Muhammad Perceptions of arranged marriages by young Pakistani Muslim women living in a Western society *. Journal of Comparative Family Studies; 9/22/2002;

5) Kurian, George Cross-Cultural Perspectives of Mate-Selection and Marriage. Connecticut: Greenwood Press.…… [read more]

Shape of Marriage Term Paper

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Success in marriage means going through any obstacles smoothly. This depends on the two persons' responsibility to make a marriage work, and not just on 'love' as many may have perceived.

In the instances within the story, the gender role is constructed based on the cultural heritage of the characters. Like Mala, women in India are supposed to serve their husband and take care of their home and family. The cultural norms in the story, on the other hand, despite of living in another land, depend on the family heritage of the couple. This was apparent on the marriage of the couple that continued and lasted even though they already live in America where divorce is legal.


Lahiri, Jhumpa. The Third and Final Continent.

Dequinix.Com. 17 Nov. 2004.

http://www.dequinix.com/a/continent.php… [read more]

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