"Family / Dating / Marriage" Essays

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Marriage: This I Call Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (580 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


My definition of my abstract topic, marriage, is "an agreement between two individuals to share their emotional feelings." However, this definition cannot be accurate for some people because of the words "individuals," and "feelings." Why? Because first, some people misunderstand the actual meaning of the word "individuals." Second, some will think of marriage as a sexual exchange not an emotional exchange.

First, those who do not understand "individuals" are perhaps sharing their feelings with someone rather than their husband or wife. Thus according to my definition of marriage, they are in fact married with an "entity" that they are sharing their feeling with. For instance, I found some people talk to non-human objects such as pet about their problems and their emotions. Therefore, according to my definition, these people are married with these so called "entities," because they share emotions with them. That is the reason that I think some people misunderstand the actual meaning of the word "individuals." They do not understand the bond that marriage brings to two "individuals" to become one, with one purpose. A person can share their feeling with many people, and they can feel close emotional bonds with some people, but the bond of marriage is the strongest bond of love and trust. Individuals are two living things, and a person can share some things with just about any entity, but with their spouse, they share their love, passion, and sex. The people who do not understand this do not understand the true definition of marriage. For example, sisters share most of their innermost feelings, and have strong emotional bonds with each other, and twins share even more of a bond. However, these people are not married, and there are some things they… [read more]

Marriage in Greek Myth Term Paper

Term Paper  |  7 pages (2,302 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Additionally, many other unions and marriages, like that of Ares and Aphrodite have at least one common parent.

Fourth of all, marriage has nothing of the smooth, calm nature that is presented in the Odyssey, for example. If we draw a parallel between the two, in the Odyssey, husband and wife have an exemplary marriage, with a total consensus overall.… [read more]

American Family in Today's High Term Paper

Term Paper  |  8 pages (2,530 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


If answers are to be found they might possibly be hidden in the pre and post role model the father did and does portray.

Role Function

Prior to Drake's incarceration both he and Emily were not only positive role models for their three children but mentors as well. Both parents shared the responsibility of working, meal preparation, making sure all… [read more]

George Washington's Marriage Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (992 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


americaslibrary.gov/cgi-bin/page.cgi/aa/leaders/wash/martha_1).Martha enjoyed the private life she shared with George at Mt. Vernon and although they were often separated, she was "...still determined to be cheerful and happy in whatever situation I may be, for I have also learned from experience that the greater part of our happiness or misery depends upon our dispositions, and not upon our circumstances" (http://www.americaslibrary.gov/cgi-bin/page.cgi/aa/leaders/wash/martha_1).

Of George's life at Mt. Vernon, he once wrote, "it is honorable, it is amusing, and with superior judgement, it is profitable" (((http://www.americaslibrary.gov/cgi-bin/page.cgi/aa/leaders/wash/martha_1).

However, Martha did not find being First Lady as comfortable as life at Mr. Vernon, writing to a niece, "I think I am more like a state prisoner than anything else, there is certain bounds set for me which I much not depart from...many younger and gayer women would be extremely pleased" but she would have "much rather be at home" (http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/firstladies/mw1.html).Although always warm and gracious, "she took little satisfaction in 'formal compliments and empty ceremonies...I am fond of only what comes from the heart'" (http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/firstladies/mw1.html).

As the first president's wife, Martha had no traditions to follow and used her common sense and sound social training to guide her and although always cheerful and happy "she felt she led an extremely dull life in New York City and was much more content when the capital was moved to Philadelphia in 1790 (http://www.gi.grolier.com/presidents/ea/first/01pw.html).

No one living today will ever know whether George's relationship with Sally was more involved than a deep friendship. One thing is for certain and that is that by choosing Martha he gained a stable and loving wife to whom he remained truly devoted to until his death.

Works Cited

Eady, Brenda. "Did they or didn't they?" People Weekly. January 23, 1984.

George Washington." The SAR Magazine. Winter 1999 Vol. XCIII. No. 3. http://www.sar.org/sarmag/GW.htm.(accessed 12-03-2003).

George Washington the Husband." http://www.americaslibrary.gov/cgi-bin/page.cgi/aa/leaders/wash/martha_1 accessed 12-03-2003).

Martha Dandridge Custis Washington." http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/firstladies/mw1.html accessed 12-03-2003).

Martha Washington." http://www.gi.grolier.com/presidents/ea/first/01pw.html accessed 12-03-2003).… [read more]

Kung San Trial Marriages Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,383 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Nevertheless, "!Kung adults are cooperative, generous and hardworking" (Shostak, 2000:45) and sometimes these equalities are not always found within American society -regardless of if they are men or women.

There are many exterior influences that have come into play for the modern American man and woman - like greed, money, fame, and materialism. These factors play a role in our development from an early age as we progress more and more away from the simple pleasures and into a more technological ego-filled world.!Kung adolescents grow up in an environment that is not hindered by materialism and possessiveness, rather they must rely on each other for their survival, and co-exist dependant on each other to do their part within the tribe.

If 'trial marriages' were taken to the same level within American society as they are in the!Kung San, it's quite possible that they could have an effect on divorce rates, though probably not as much as we would like.

People are still people, and with the influences in modern society that also have roles in high divorce rates (drugs, crime, poverty, infidelity) it would be unrealistic to imagine that trial marriages could have such an adverse affect. Even in multi-cultural societies where trial and arranged marriages are still common practice, divorce rates are still somewhat higher than in originating countries. Perhaps it is because of the freedoms enjoyed by Americans that give them the impression that they are more entitled to file for divorce, and find love somewhere else, while in countries like India, Pakistan and China, where arranged marriages still take place, these freedoms aren't so easily expressed.

In the!Kung, children are almost promoted into looking after themselves at an early age. Their dependency on their parents becomes less from the moment they are encouraged to walk long distances on their own. In American society it is not unusual for adult children to live with their parents or for older teenagers to still be supported by their parents - usually monetarily.

Maybe it is this early independence, that allow boys and girl of the!Kung to grow into respectable adults- generous and hardworking - and this propagates into their social aspects of marriage, child-care and survival. It is interesting to note that this!Kung independence does not have them filing for divorce whenever something goes wrong, like their American counterparts - but then how many independent American men and women would consider polygamy? This almost seems to be the!Kung answer to divorce - have co-wives so everyone is happy.

While divorce rates within the U.S. are high, and it seems that the!Kung live in a 'utopian' world, it is important to consider the social and economic factors that affect the divorce rates in the U.S., if not around the world. We live in a world where money means more than how well you can gather food (it goes hand in hand) and child custody isn't nearly as persuaded by traditional roles as we have seen in the past.

The!Kung use trial… [read more]

Toulmin Argument on American Families Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (986 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Support #4 follows - By depriving children of the support of a stable family, no fault divorce laws have indirectly contributed to a host of other social ills.

Through her long-term research, Wallerstein showed how the lingering effects of divorce could have a negative impact on a person's physical and mental health. As they grow to adulthood, these children are more likely to suffer from diseases like depression and learning disabilities. As teens, they are also more likely to be involved in delinquent behavior and engage in sexual activity at an earlier age. Many also address their pain through drugs and alcohol (Goldberg).

Backing follows - Americans have traditionally held that the nuclear family forms the basic unit of American society, the vehicle through which we teach our culture and values to the next generation.

But the advent of no-fault divorce laws has made the dissolution of marriages and families easy. The loss of its basic unit has thus irrevocable changed American society as a whole. The rise in the number of children who have grown up with stability and love has caused much erosion in the values that American society used to uphold.

Support #5 follows - The no-fault divorce laws continue to chop away at the traditional American family.

The intact family structure is now becoming increasingly rare. Now that they have grown up, many children of divorce avoid relationships and marriage altogether. Many of those who do risk matrimony are prone to ending their marriages prematurely (Goldberg).

Many other divorced children who get married decide not to have children, to avoid putting other kids through the pain that they themselves have suffered (Miller).

There are cases, of course, where divorce would be the only option for marriages that are no longer working. However, no-fault divorce laws have made the termination of marriages easy and increasingly commonplace. These laws have caused irreparable harm to many children, who are forced to grow up without the love and support afforded by an intact family structure.

Divorce also has a ripple effect, contributing to social ills like drug and alcohol abuse, as well as continuing the cycle of divorce.

Since their inception, the no-fault divorce laws have had a detrimental effect on individual citizens, their families and American society as a whole. Thus, the laws allowing no-fault divorces must be repealed.

Works Cited

Connelly, Erin. "Like a stone is tossed in water, there's a ripple effect." The Atlanta Journal Constitution. October 29, 2000. Proquest Database.

Goldberg, David. "Haunted by divorce." The Atlanta Journal Constitution. October 15, 2000. Proquest Database.

Miller, Toby. "30-year-old still feels 7-year-old's anguish." The Atlanta Journal Constitution. October 29, 2000. Proquest Database.

Nakonezny, P.A., Shull, R.D., & Rodgers, J.L. "The effect of no-fault divorce law on the divorce rate across the 50 states and its relation to income, education, and religiosity." Journal of Marriage and the Family, 1995: 57. Proquest Database.

Roszler, Lisa.…… [read more]

Plural Marriages From the Standpoint Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,362 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


It was also a period when women's rights were being opened up more, and it was a time of great threat to established systems. And the Mormons, the Shakers, the Oneidas were all seeking alternative family structures. They all had different systems, but they were seeking stability. And the early Latter-Day Saints chose polygamy as a family structure that they felt would provide stability. So that was a time of great experiment in American history (Nearly, 2000). "

Even given the allowance by the Mormon Church for having multiple wives it was not a common occurrence. Records indicate that it was a rare event to take more than one wife. "Among the early pioneer Mormons at the turn of the century, it was common for no more than 15 to 25% of families to be so-called plural families. Also, another misconception is that it involves large numbers of women around a particular man, and the fact is that of the small proportion of people who practiced polygamy among Mormons in the 19th century, two-thirds of them only involved two wives, so that the idea of many women being involved and large numbers of family is really fallacious (Nearly, 2000)."


Currently the Mormon Church condemns any practice of polygamy and has done so for more than 100 years. Those who say they are committing polygamy in the name of their faith, The Church of Latter Day Saints are also shunned and condemned by the church which banned the practice in 1890.

It's an embarrassing part of Mormonism's past. Utah would not have become a state had the Mormon Church not abandoned polygamy. The Supreme Court ruled that polygamy was not protected by the Constitution as a religious practice in response to a case involving a Mormon from Utah (Nearly, 2000). "

In current history several men have been charged criminally with having plural wives and those men have received no support from the Mormon Church for their actions (Edwards, 2001).

Recently a man who had 25 children by five wives was put on trial in Provo, Utah. The Mormon Church was very vocal in the denouncement of this man who claimed he was following the beliefs of the Mormon faith.

Though polygamy is denounced in several passages of the Book of Mormon a reading of the old testament provides ample evidence that it was acceptable in ancient Israel (Waggoner, 1992)."

The practice was adopted by the faith in keeping with the Christian bible but was modified to suit the Mormon faith over the years. There were several reasons for its practice (Waggoner, 1992). One reason dealt with the economic need of the families involved. With additional wives there were additional workers to help with the fields or the family business. In addition the use of many wives proved to produce many children and the children could help work on the farm or in the family business. Procreation was a major factor in the decision to have more than one… [read more]

Popular Entertainment Venues Family Obligations Term Paper

Term Paper  |  8 pages (2,731 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


How people spend their leisure time is something akin to how the inside of their medicine cabinet looks, it can be a tell tale way to understand who they really are. In these three works, City Lights, Seinfeld and Sex and the City the characters spend their leisure time trying to feel that they belong to a position that they… [read more]

Strong Families One Question Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,565 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


" (Lisa, age 15)

Everybody listens to each other instead of yelling or screaming." (Samuel, age 14) like it when my mommy brushes my hair for a long time and sings songs to me right before bed." (Beth, age 4)

Strong families have several important aspects that make them strong. They have parents with healthy relationships to each other, who set standards for themselves, and who seek outside support. They openly express their love and affection for each other, make time for each other, communicate regularly, and enjoy each other's company. Siblings in a strong family are close and maintain a close relationship throughout their lives. Children in strong families express contentment and happiness at being part of the family. Strong families, then, are not born, but made through the careful attention of loving parents who put the family first and let their children know it. Without any one of these elements, a family may survive, but not thrive. Put them all together, however, and a family is created that is strong for life.


Building Strong Families." Search Institute. 2002. http://www.search-institute.org/families/highlights.pdf

DeFrain, John. "Creating Strong Families: Qualities of Strong Families." NebFacts.

2000. http://www.ianr.unl/edu/pubs/family/nf446.htm.

DelCampo, Diana S. "Creating Strong Families." College of Agriculture and Home

Economics. 1998. http://www.cahe.nmsu.edu/pubs/_f/f-120.html.

Shriner, Joyce A. "Adult Sibling Relationships." Ohio State University Extension. http://www.ohioline.osu.edu/flm99/fs06.html.

Stewart, Patrice. "Close-Knit Clan: Eight Siblings Still Live in Same Area on Land

Purchased by Their Parents." The Decatur Daily. 2001. http://www/decaturdaily.

A com/decaturdaily/livingtoday/010810/family.shtml>.… [read more]

Family Life and Divorce Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (2,005 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Web sites such as divorcesource.com and divorce.com have information and resources about divorce, including information on both sides of the issue. Some information and resources is based on helping people divorce, while other information is based on preventing people from divorcing. This could have two different effects, depending on the individual. The woman unhappy in her relationship could find the strength to divorce her husband or the woman unhappy in her relationship could find the information that helps her decide that divorce is not the best option. Overall, the result is that all individuals are capable of making more informed decisions. Just as divorce is easier, finding out about divorce is also easier. This allows people the opportunity to really look into their options and make the right decision. In addition, the resources and information provided helps people cope with divorce when it happens. This includes adapting to a single parent lifestyle and raising children either alone or with a stepparent.

Overall, Internet technology may be one way that society begins to adapt to the reality of the changing family, with the Internet providing the resources and support single parents, stepparents and children need to cope with their new family situation.


The family of the 1940's and the 1990's have now been compared with it seen that one of the major changes occurring in the period is an increase in the divorce rate. This change began in the environment of post World War II where society's values began to change. This trend continued up to the present where divorce is increasingly common and families are increasingly complex because of this. There is no doubt that the family has changed and that this has caused problems for parents and their children. However, despite these problems it must be accepted that divorce is a reality of modern life. Rather than hope for a return to a traditional family, society needs to change to support the new family structures that are emerging. The ideal family of the early 1940's was one based on the father working and the mother looking after the house and children. Arguing that it should return to this state is pointless, whether or not it is a good or a bad thing. The reality is that society has changed and that divorce is one of the results. What is needed now is acceptance of the reality and changes to support this reality.

Works Cited

Bessant, J., & Watts, R. Sociology. Sydney: Allen & Unwin, 2001.

Clarke, S.C. "Advance Report of Final Divorce Statistics, 1989 and 1990." Monthly Vital Statistics Report 43.9. Hyattsville, Maryland: National Center for Health Statistics, 1995.

Coontz, S. The Way We Really Are: Coming to Terms with America's Changing Families. New York: Basic Books, 1997.

Miller, M. "Couples Can Untie the Knot Online; Divorce is a mouse click away, but not for everyone." Los Angeles Times. Nov 19, 2001.

Phillips, R. Putting Asunder: A History of Divorce in Western Society. New York: Cambridge University…… [read more]

Sex and Marriage as Found Term Paper

Term Paper  |  7 pages (2,319 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1



Within the Franklins' Tale we see the attitude of the narrator as he thus speaks:.".. freendes everych oother moot obeye.... Thus hath she take hir servant and hir lord, -- Servant in love, and lord in mariage.

Thanne was he bothe in lordshipe and servage. Servage? nay, but in lordshipe above, Sith he hath bothe his lady and his… [read more]

What Constitutes a Marriage According to the Bible? Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (905 words)
Style: Turabian  |  Bibliography Sources: 1


¶ … reason why there are limitations and guidelines on marriage, it is important to remember that marriage is between a man and a woman, and that oftentimes (especially in the Old Testament) there were requirements that the marriage be within the respective Tribe of Israel as well. Although there were often marriages outside of a specific tribe, of more concern was when an Israelite married outside of the Jewish faith. There are plenty of examples of outside marriages taking place, but the primary purpose behind such requirements was the fear of dilution of the Hebrew race, and maybe even more importantly, dilution of the faith and traditions of the Jewish community. As the text shows; "purity of the faith was paramount regardless of the destruction of homes and families" (pp. 740-741). In today's more modern society, such requirements are not observed in as stringent a manner. One of the requirements that is espoused in the old and new testaments is the virginity of the couple, as well as the monogamy and long-lasting endurance of the marriage. Virginity in the Bible is looked upon as a choice to stay pure and a choice that is pleasing to God. Additionally, marriage is an exclusive relationship between husband and wife, and marriage is "to endure for the lifetime of the two partners" (p. 743). When considering marriage, Tom and Jane should both consider the fact that biblical teachings present them with a strength to endure all things in a marriage as long as they are committed to the relationship. In the Old Testament, a couple was deemed to be married after seven days had passed. A prime example of the seven day grace period was Samson -- who put aside his wife before the seven day period had ended at which time the marriage contract became null and void (p.742). An additional consideration was the betrothal which took place approximately one year before the marriage.

With a betrothal, the couple were considered married yet until the bride price was paid and the marriage ceremony taken place, they marriage was not entirely legal. This is different than today's more modern interpretation of being married as upon the invocation by the minister declaring the couple 'man and wife." That the marriage was special to God is also quite evident throughout scripture, and both Tom and Jane should realize the importance of maintaining a loving relationship that can only come through marriage. God has defined marriage as an agreement between a man and women to be married and live as a couple -- as husband and wife. Divorce is man's way of freeing himself from the marriage obligations, but God still considers the couple married except in…… [read more]

Health-Related Family Interview Research Paper

Research Paper  |  4 pages (1,211 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Family Health Assesment

Family Health Assessment

Family health assessment questions and answers

For this family health assessment I interviewed a family of four made up of a husband and wife with two children ages nine and twelve. Almost immediately, I noticed a discrepancy between health self-perceptions and health actions: the wife identified the family as being very healthy but noted that the husband smoked although he was "trying to stop." Although the fact that he is trying to stop and the family is supporting him in this goal is heartening, it should be noted that smoking cessation is extremely difficult. If the husband continues smoking, this risks modeling unhealthy behaviors for the young children in the family as well as exposing all family members to second-hand smoke. Smoking places the father at risk for heart disease, lung cancer, and general ill health. However, the family showed a discrepancy between the actual behaviors in the household vs. their perceptions of themselves as "basically healthy people."

The wife also said that nutrition was important to the family but admitted that they did not eat very healthfully, often relying upon fast food, hot dogs, and chicken nuggets in a fairly monotonous eating pattern. She did not seem to have a good sense of what constituted a healthy diet, although she did vaguely have a sense that she did not eat healthfully. In terms of nutrition, the family could be identified as at risk for nutritional deficiencies although none were overweight. The family was active, working out at least five times a week and regularly went to a gym. The children were physically active through sports and in school. The caloric intake via fast food was thus somewhat counterbalanced by activity expenditure but may have exhibited nutritional deficiencies in terms of vegetable and fruit intake, fiber, and other important nutrients for growing (and middle-aged) bodies. There also seemed to be a notable gap in terms of self-perception (the family self-described as healthy eaters) versus actual actions. It is unlikely that the family will change at this point, given that their eating habits do not seem to cause them undue concern and they expressed no particular anxiety over their reliance upon fast food and processed foods. The fact that they are very physically active is a good foundation for health.

A similar discrepancy was noted regarding sleep: although the wife stated that the family "slept pretty well" she said the couple averaged six hours a night, well below the recommended 7-8 and that her husband had sleep apnea (for which he was also receiving treatment). The wife did not note why six hours of sleep was the norm for the family: if could be linked to too much television, computer, and/or stress-related issues could eat into family rest time. The lack of concern about the couple's sleep pattern, like the lack of concern about family eating habits seems to indicate an unwillingness to change or a lack of awareness as to what constituted a healthy… [read more]

Bible, Marriage and Divorce Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (734 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


During this process, neither person should cheat on their partner and protect this covenant at all costs. Instead, they should have a sense of respect and honor for their bodies. Evidence of this can be seen in 1 Corinthians 6: 18 -- 20 which says, "Flee from sexual immorality. All other sins a person commits are outside the body, but whoever sins sexually, sins against their own body. Do you not know that your bodies are temples of the Holy Spirit, who is in you, whom you have received from God? You are not your own; you were bought at a price. Therefore honor God with your bodies." (Holly Bible New International Version, 2007) This is illustrating how the individual must not engage in abusive practices with their body. Adultery is something which destroys it and the character of the person.

Paul believed that anyone who breaks this covenant with God must become born again. This is when they will have to admit their sins to God and ask for forgiveness. In these situations, those who are able to do this will become closer to God and preserve the strength of the relationship. A good example of this can be seen in 1 Corinthian 7:12 -- 15 which says, "To the rest I say this (I, not the Lord): If any brother has a wife who is not a believer and she is willing to live with him, he must not divorce her. And if a woman has a husband who is not a believer and he is willing to live with her, she must not divorce him. For the unbelieving husband has been sanctified through his wife, and the unbelieving wife has been sanctified through her believing husband. Otherwise your children would be unclean, but as it is, they are holy. But if the unbeliever leaves, let it be so. The brother or the sister is not bound in such circumstances." (Holly Bible New International Version, 2007) In this case, a person can become born again if they are married to a non-believer who leaves them. This is achieved by asking for forgiveness and living a life in accordance…… [read more]

Matchmaking Meets Marketing New Company Book Report

Book Report  |  2 pages (518 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Eli Simone employees combine innovative matchmaking with life/relationship coaching that not only seeks to find the right match, but teaches clients how to date with purpose. Eli Simone LLC has experience with professional matchmaking with its Founder and CEO Julie featured on WPEG, WGIV, WBTV News, WCCB News, and Madame Noire. From Julie's own words: "Matchmaking isn't just about finding someone a date, it's about building successful relationships to last."

Julie Wadley believes Eli Simone LLC's approach to matchmaking will reduce the time it takes to find a successful partnership. Even if matches don't end up in marriage, the client will have a deeper understanding of who they are, what type of relationship works for them, and what type of person they work best with. It's simple, Eli Simone LLC knows what clients need.

Clients need events! Eli Simone holds a monthly social event called ICE BREAKERS designed to remove the awkward, "get to know you" phase by creating fun, competitive events that bring out the attendees full personalities. The company also provides a free 5-day e-Course on "How to Find a Love that Lasts" for anyone who would like to get a taste of what the "Purposeful Dating" coaching program is all about. You can sign up for the e-Course or find more information about the company by going to www.elisimone.com.

Name of Media Contact

Company Name: Eli Simone LLC

Contact Phone Number

Contact E-mail

Website URL: www.elisimone.com… [read more]

Family Relationships: Social Science Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (580 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


" (Mintz 1989) Ideas present in the American society had practically pervaded family life and influenced people to put across a certain type of attitudes toward other family members, as they interpreted this as being the 'right' kind of behavior.

Field studies and reports were among the principal mediums through which social scientists would conduct their research in the past. By examining the way that family members in certain areas behaved with regard to each-other, experts would be better acquainted with these structures and would thus have the ability to reach important conclusions concerning family relationships.

More recent accounts of social scientists examining family relationships have entailed more complex methods of studying families. Social history saw a significant rise in popularity during the second half of the twentieth century. If I were to be provided with the chance to study family structures from the perspective of a social scientist, I would focus on micro studies rather than the typical macro strategies that experts take on in such cases. While it would be safe to say that one can consider a general perspective when discussing family relationships, it would also be important for society to have access to information allowing it to understand more intricate cases - instances that cannot simply be addressed from a general point-of-view.

Works cited:

Mintz, S. (1989). "Domestic Revolutions: A Social History Of American Family Life." Simon and Schuster.

Committee on Basic Research in the Behavioral and Social Sciences, Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, National Research Council. (1982). "Behavioral and Social Science Research: A…… [read more]

Work First Family Assistance Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  8 pages (3,410 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


This is because the aim is to encourage citizens to get knowledge and learn (SFA Awarded Scholarships, 2013). The citizens will not be asked to repay the amount since it is not loan. After the scholarship aid, the state should ensure that the student completes the educational qualification. The recipient of the funds should be encouraged to maintain a certain… [read more]

Family Systems Theory and Farewell Research Paper

Research Paper  |  2 pages (679 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 2


"The cultural variations in the family life cycle are great" (Family Systems Theory, 2007, Child Welfare Manual). "Ideas about when and under what circumstances young people leave home are different from middle class Anglo-American ideas" (Family Systems Theory, 2007, Child Welfare Manual). Ethnicity has a clear impact upon the Wakatsuki family, first and foremost because they are singled out for detention because of their ethnicity. Within the internal organization of the family, the assumed dominance of males within the family structure has clear links to the gender-based assumptions Ko brings to his idea of parental authority. Rather than a dynamic system in which ideas are exchanged, the father is assumed to be wiser and better able to govern than either his children or his wife.

As the family interacts more and more with others, this shifts. Even in the camps, when interacting with other Japanese families, close-knit dynamic begins to unravel. When Ko breaks under the stresses of the arrest, he is no longer in his children's eyes the unquestioned authority who can demand absolute obedience. Jeanne later on becomes more exposed to different constructions of what it means to be feminine rather than the conservative, demure ideal upheld within her family.

Political systems (the U.S. government) and social systems (the school environment) clearly have an impact upon Jeanne's relationship with her family. For Woody, the U.S. military is another social institution that has a profound impact upon how he views himself: although detained for his race, he is also able to 'prove' himself to be an American fighting against the Japanese in the war. The ideals of the Japanese anthem of forbearance that Woody once sung with his father are now translated and filtered through other institutional ideals.


Family Systems Theory. (2007). Child Welfare Manual. Retrieved:


Houston, J. (2013). Farewell to Manzanar. Ember.… [read more]

Health and Reproductive Rights Research Paper

Research Paper  |  3 pages (1,281 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


While I had been aware of the barriers that women faced when trying to access abortions, the attendant problems, such as the risk of being raped by the abortionist, had simply never occurred to me. As a result, I found the personal story to be very compelling. The main weakness in this lesson, to me, was a lack of exploration of the concept of divorce in America. The authors did mention that the U.S. had the highest divorce rate in the world and that people who divorce frequently remarry (Shaw & Lee, 2009). However, there was little discussion of the reasons for high divorce rates. I would have been interested in a discussion tying together health concerns, for example the health impact of domestic violence, with divorce rates.

I think it is important to keep in mind that female health and family systems and structures cannot really be separated. Family structures, which have traditionally been dominated by a heteronormative male-headed family dynamic, have helped create modern attitudes towards women's health issues. It is impossible to ignore the hypocrisy in modern American politics when examining this issue. Politicians will campaign on the dual premise of morality and being pro-life in order to enact legislation that restricts women's reproductive rights, while, at the same time, engaging in highly immoral personal behavior and, politically, failing to advocate on behalf of programs that would assist children once they were born. The current shutdown had an immediate impact on the WIC program, which directly provides nutrition aid to pregnant women and young babies. Reading these two chapters together as a single lesson made me far more aware of the relationship between women's health and established family systems than I had previously been.

I think that the two questions I would ask in a class discussion would be based largely on personal feelings, because I think that many people believe that their personal preferences should dictate the rights of others. The first question would be, "Do you believe that heterosexual marriages should be invalidated if the husband and wife engage in sexual acts that are outside of the realm of what has been defined as normal behavior?" The second question would be directed at finding out norms about women who opt out of work. "Do you feel like women who choose to be stay-at-home mothers are wasting time, money, and other resources to obtain college and professional degrees?"


Bruggink, H. (2009). Don't give up your day job: Leslie Bennetts on the feminine mistake. In Shaw, S. & Lee, J. (Eds.) Women's voices, feminist visions: Classic and contemporary readings (4th ed.). pp. 404-407, New York: McGraw-Hill.

Cooney, E. (2009). The way it was. In Shaw, S. & Lee, J. (Eds.) Women's voices, feminist visions: Classic and contemporary readings (4th ed.). pp. 369-375, New York: McGraw-Hill.

Goldman, E. (1910). Marriage and love. In Shaw, S. & Lee, J. (Eds.) Women's voices, feminist visions: Classic and contemporary readings (4th ed.). pp. 396-397, New York: McGraw-Hill.

Gomes, C. (2009).… [read more]

Family Narrative Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (619 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


It also helped demonstrate that our communication difficulties are not due to a lack of willingness to communicate, since everyone completed this survey, but perhaps to a lack of communication skills. I was somewhat surprised to find that some of my family members saw my family as spiritual because we do not engage in regular religious practices. It made me view some of them differently. My family is supportive, so I assumed that people would complete the survey. I was surprised to find that some of the family members felt like the family needed work in more areas than I had assumed.

Articulate Learning

I learned that my family is supportive but that all of my family members have concerns about our communication and the fact that we do not spend sufficient time together. I learned this by asking them to complete a survey; however, the fact that they all happily completed the survey for me demonstrated their supportive nature. I think it was important for me to discover that almost everyone in my family had concerns about how we communicate, because I think it indicates that they would be receptive to techniques and interventions aimed at improving our communication style. I also found it important to note that the family wants to spend more time together; we simply need to plan more events together. This learning is important because we have a strong family, but it could be stronger. Therefore, outside of this assignment, I intend to ask my family to complete the goal-setting portion of the survey and figure out, as a family, how to achieve those goals.


Duncan, S. & McLane, K. (Unk.). Family strengths: Identifying your family's strengths.

Retrieved September 29, 2013 from Forever Families website: http://foreverfamilies.byu.edu/Article.aspx?a=126… [read more]

Positive Psychology / Positive Relationships Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,563 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


In the first place a happy marriage means a that positive self-image has been created for both partners; secondly, the right balance between intimacy, passion, and making decisions based on commitment should in many cases help the marriage and lead the partners to a satisfied life. By first understanding how attachment theories apply to children and adults -- and having the goal of making one's marriage flourish -- the person engaged to be married has a head start towards satisfaction and well being.

Works Cited

Cherry, K. (2010). Attachment Styles. About.com. Retrieved August 24, 2013, from http://psychology.about.com.

Cohen, O., Geron, Y., and Farchi, A. (2009). Marital Quality and Global Well-Being Among

Older Adult Israeli Couples in Enduring Marriages. The American Journal of Family

Therapy, Vol. 37, 299-317.

Compton, W.C., and Hoffman, E. (2012). Positive Psychology: The Science of Happiness and Flourishing, 2nd Edition. Stamford, CT: Cengage Learning.

Dummies.com. (2012). Marriage Means Communication (Verbal and Non-Verbal). Retrieved

August 24, 2013, from http://www.dummies.com.

Fraley, C. (2008). A Brief Overview of Adult Attachment Theory and Research. University of Illinois. Retrieved August 24, 2013, from http://internal.psychology.Illinois.edu.

Merriam-Webster. (2013). Flourish. Retrieved August 24, 2013, from http://www.merriam-webster.com.

Markman, H.J., Stanley, S.M., and Blumberg, S.L. (2010). Fighting for Your Marriage: A

Deluxe Revised Edition of the Classic Best-Seller for Enhancing Marriage and Preventing

Divorce. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.

Seligman, M.E.P. (2002). Authentic Happiness: Using the New Positive Psychology to Realize

Your Potential for Lasting Fulfillment. New York: Simon and Schuster.

Seligman, M.E.P. (2011). Flourish. New York: Free Press.…… [read more]

Family Dynamics Family Therapy Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,572 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


¶ … Miss Sunshine Analysis

"Even though families are far from perfect, hope lies in the willingness, grace, courage, optimism, and selflessness to learn from adversity, grow together, and be authentic" (Rubin, 2009, p 130). In Little Miss Sunshine, the Hoovers slowly go from a family that was pretending to be ok, to actually being ok. Their outward journey across… [read more]

Marriage in the News Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (595 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


¶ … Stand by Forbidden Love" by Tristana Moore, we learn of a marriage between a brother and a sister in Germany, where incest is a crime. On the surface, such a marriage would be considered taboo all across the West. But this one is different. While Patrick and Susan are biological siblings, they did not grow up together and, in fact, did not even meet until they were adults.

Raised separately, but products of a broken family, they instantly developed a rapport which quickly grew into love. On an emotional level, their story is one that urges sympathy: rejected by society, despised by the law, their children taken and removed to foster homes -- the couple is struggling to overcome all odds in order to make their union work. On a social level, however, their union raises some uneasy questions: why is incest criminalized? Does the fact that they did not know one another until well into maturity make a difference? Who should decide such matters? If they are happy, would it be well to leave them alone? Does taking their children away harm them? These are issues that affect all society, not just this couple, because bringing new life into the world is a social act -- and blocking that act or disturbing it, as is obviously the case here, has ramifications for all. Who is guilty?

This story does not have much to do with economic vulnerabilities. It is not a story about a husband and a wife struggling to make ends meet by working two jobs. It is a story about a husband and a wife (who also happen to be brother and sister) struggling to cope with a social order that condemns their lifestyle. One's heart goes out to Susan, especially, who…… [read more]

Evolution and Future of Marriage Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (855 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Society has reached a stage where people actually consider that marrying a robot is not as controversial as it might have seemed once. The fact that science has experienced great progress in recent years and that robots can currently be programmed to act in accordance with what people want from them further contributes to the idea that a robot can actually be everything that a person wants from his or her loved-one. While some might believe that it would be wrong to get involved in other people's lives and to decide whether or not they should be provided with the chance to do as they please, the reality is that technology sometimes interferes with people's understanding of the world and is even probable to make it difficult for them to acknowledge that they are human.

David Levy's understanding of the institution of marriage is certainly intriguing and it is remarkable that he is a part of a community that has enabled the world to have access to impressive technological devices. However, it would be wrong for someone to believe that technology can replace feelings. There is a great deal of individuals who are unable to find love and who would want to start a relationship with someone or something that is everything they want from life. However, the reality is that robots are not capable of true feelings and that accepting the idea that it would be normal for people to marry them is basically dehumanizing for society as a whole. Accepting the marriage between a robot and a human being would mean that society supports marriages that happen on interest rather than on love and true feelings.

Many scientists promote the belief that society needs to provide people with the ability to choose and that robots can represent ideal partners in many cases. "Shy people who are uncomfortable meeting others could potentially benefit from marriage to a robot. So, too, could the mentally ill and people who "have unpleasant personalities" (Clark).

Marriage has evolved greatly during recent years and it has come to be much more complex than it was once. Numerous individuals in the contemporary society fear that marriage lost significant ground during the last few years and they lobby with regard to how society needs to reinstall some of the institution's values. In order to be able to understand how marriage has evolved and what its purpose actually is, one would have to concentrate on trying to find ways of gaining a more complex understanding of why people want to marry in the first…… [read more]

Marriage Counseling Book Review

Book Review  |  4 pages (1,215 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


¶ … Secrets of a Great Marriage

In the last few decades, there has been seen a constant decrease in the rate of people who are getting married. This shows that people are therefore waiting longer to get married. Many would wonder what the reason for this is. There is a lot of doubt and confusion regarding what is right and what is wrong. The major confusion is that whether I will or will not be compatible with the person that I am marrying. In a nut shell, no two people are compatible with each other. Every relationship, whether it is with a friend, parent, sibling or spouse requires compromise and understanding. It should also be noted that the divorce rates have increased. However, marriage is a respectful bond that binds the couple in a relationship for life.


Dr. Henry Cloud and Dr. John Townsend, in their book titled "Simple Secrets of a Great Marriage" offer about 21 elements that you can use in order to achieve the relationship that you desire with your partner. This book reveals how one can get the most mileage out of their marriage by following few simple steps. In the beginning, the authors talk about the term humility and how a couple may be able to build good and healthy humility in their relationship in order to keep their conflicts constructive. Towards the end of every chapter engaging questions are asked such as; think about it, talk about it, live it. In order to truly love your partner and for the love to grow, the key is to understand self-denial. When the couple is able to learn how to deny themselves, then they can experience a delightful and divine mystery of love. In short, this book basically compasses the different components of a healthy marriage. For instance, it talks about little things like building trust. This is something that almost everyone knows yet there are people who break the rule. Cloud and Townsend (2008) emphasize how important this feeling is and the ways in which a couple can ensure marked trust between each other. This book basically provides the different situations that a person or a married couple can be in. The book goes on to cover the expectations or the feelings that a person enters a marriage with and the author tells the differences between perception and reality. The chapters about fights and type of fights cover a wide array of arguments that could occur in married life. In conclusion, this book touches upon and then goes on to advice on how to deal with certain problems that come up.

Concrete Responses

In this book, the art of learning self-denial has been discussed which in real relates to my marriage as well. My husband and I have been happily married for a year now. However, there are times when I feel that his X-box and football is more important. In a relationship self-denial is the key to success as at times it… [read more]

Laws and Marriage Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (609 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Laws and Marriage

Legal marriage reform is essential to the social advancement of historically oppressed groups such as African-Americans, women, the lgbt community, religious minorities -- Mormons and Muslims. Different theorists have argued in support of reforms in the marriage of historically oppressed groups and minorities. One view is that historically oppressed groups have been in unjust and oppressed marriage hence the need for legal reforms. Because marriage has been essentially defined based on ethics, religion and legal perspectives, then it would be necessary to legalize marriage reforms for the neutrality of freedom. Different reforms can be legalized to conform to the establishment of marriage among historically oppressed groups.

Marital contractualization has been proposed as the first reform proposal. According to this provision, the institution of marriage would be left in the hands of private organizations and churches. These institutions would relegate agreements between spouses to comply with the law. This would help to eradicate any form of special legal marriage right or status. This state regulation of marriage contracts and marriage administration must be legalized among historically oppressed groups. Therefore, marriage must be based on informed consent, efficiency, diversity, and equality. Excess distribution of taxpayer money among historically oppressed groups has not been adequately justified. Similarly, there is no financial justification of sustaining stigma among minority groups through legal marriage.

However, new reforms should not eliminate marriage rights through private contracts. This includes privileges for immigration. A second reform proposal argues that the state should not replace domestic partnership or civil union with/or identifying others secular status. This will serve as a ground for identifying others for entitlement of benefits such as visiting rights. In addition, this would allow for equal treatment in marriage and reduce non-neutrality. Therefore, legal reforms would resolve the controversies surrounding marriages among historically oppressed groups. Because religious groups…… [read more]

Will Divorce Rates Decrease With Stricter Divorce Laws Research Paper

Research Paper  |  5 pages (1,847 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


Divorce Rates and Strict Divorce Laws

Will Divorce Rates Decrease With Stricter Divorce Laws?

Marriage is the social and legal communion between two spouses that publically declare their love and loyalty to one another till the end of their live. However, the duration of these life-long vows to honor and love each other are normally cut short by divorce. Divorce… [read more]

Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (1,372 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen is a book that details the lives of married couples. It is a novel that describes the life and times of people in an era where marriage was a central part of society. Although this rings true even today, it was very important to women of that time. For them, marriage was a way to sustain one's self financially and socially. It was a way to reach independence away from one's parents and a way to reach adulthood.

To marry a person for the wrong reasons meant leading an unfufilled and miserable life. Marrying someone for the right reasons, being prudent when choosing a spouse, meant leading a life worth living. The novel in many ways discusses how and what comes across when entering a marriage. It also discusses, through examples, what becomes of a person after he/she is married.

The three couples that provide these examples are Elizabeth and Mr. Darcy (who represent a couple possessing mutual respect and esteem), Jane and Mr. Bingley (who possess a mutual ove and friendship ) and Lydia and Mr. Wickham (who represent the negative side of marriage through eloping). In this essay their relationships will be analyzed in order to understand what it is marriage meant to Austen and how Austen viewed marriage in general. Austen believed in the importance of marriage, but herself did not fancy the idea of marriage and certainly did not see it a gateway to bliss. Marriage in many ways for women of her time was a means to stability.

It was emphasized early on for women to marry young and bare children young. Austen mentions in the book the importance of choosing the right person not just for herself but for her family to keep up reputation and sustain a high position in society. She also discusses the idea that marriage is how families moved up or maintained status, that a man was in one way or another the key to a woman's "freedom." In chapter 1 she mentions this directly: "It is a truth universally acknowledged, that a single man in possession of a good fortune, must be in want of a wife. However little known the feelings or views of such a man may be on his first entering a neighbourhood, this truth is so well fixed in the minds of the surrounding families, that he is considered the rightful property of some one or other of their daughters." (Austen 2)"Although Jane felt the need to show love as a proper means of marriage, she also understood the reality of marriage and its meaning. The meaning was that marriage was a necessity, not just a romantic whim.

Along with relationships Jane Austen used characters to say what she thought of marriage. She thought it as a duty more so than a way of creating joy. In chapter 6, she uses Charlotte Lucas and Lizzy to discuss her thoughts on happiness in marriage. "Happiness in marriage is entirely a… [read more]

Decision-Making by Caregivers of Family Article Review

Article Review  |  2 pages (958 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Eighty-four dyads, that is pairs of caregiver and patient, actually completed the study.

2. How was the sample selected? What are the strengths and weaknesses of this sampling strategy?

The sample was chosen of patients with heart failure and then randomly divided into two groups following their being discharged from the hospital.

3. Were the subjects in this study vulnerable? Were there any risks for them as the result of participation in the research study?

There were definitely certain risks for those who were involved in the study. Patients were being tested to see if telemonitoring of symptoms by a nurse could prevent or deter readmissions, costs, and emergency room visits. Whether overt or implied, patients would be encouraged to not seek medical attention save through the telemonitoring by the practicing nurse which is a significant medical risk for those patients.

4. Are there any HIPPA concerns that are evident in this study?

There are certain HIPPA concerns presented in this study. Again, patients with heart failure had to be determined. In addition, information regarding readmissions to the hospital, emergency room visits, costs of treatment, and dates all were gathered by researchers. It would have been necessary to obtain permission from both the patient and the caregiver in the pairing at each stage of the investigation which could be an abused privilege.

5. What methods were put in place to ensure that the subjects were giving true informed consent?

To ensure that subjects were giving true advised consent, both the patients themselves and the people who took care of them were involved in the experimentation with the telemonitoring. Doubling the number of people involved doubles the likelihood that at least one member of the pair will understand what they are agreeing to as a complete unit.

6. What was the setting for the study?

The setting for this experiment was the hospital and also the homes of the patients communicating with nurses via telemonitoring.

7. Was the sample adequate for the research design that was selected?

Although a large number of people were initially involved in the research, only approximately 80% of the initial sample completed the experiment. Therefore researchers had a smaller sample size to answer the questions of their experiment. Given that their results were inconclusive and that telemonitoring seemed to have little effect in readmission, it seems that their sample was not adequate and a larger sample might have altered the results of their findings.

Works Cited

Sanford, J., Townsend-Rocchicciolli, J., Horigan, A., & Hall, P. (2011). A process of decision-

making by caregivers of family members with heart failure. Research & Theory for Nursing Practice. 25(1). 55-70.

Schwartz, K., Mion, P., Huddock, D., & Litman, G. (2008). Telemonitoring…… [read more]

Counseling Why Do You Think Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (623 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


4.Describe the premise of family therapy from a psychodynamic perspective? Include techniques and role of therapist.

Rather than focus on a specific person, family therapy involves the group as a whole and tries to change the environment in which each individual exists to benefit the entire family unit. This means that understanding and communication between the individual members must be improved upon to keep the family from using one particular member as a scapegoat for the entire family's problems. Usually the problems are seen to derive from issues with a previous generation within the family. One of the most important tools a therapist has is transferential interpretation made among family members that can help to understand problems that are intergenerational.

5.Describe the premise of Bowen Family therapy approach? Include techniques and role of the therapist.

Bowen believed that patterns developed in families to alleviate anxiety, usually from either too much closeness or too much distance in relationships. A state of chronic anxiety can develop when members of the family cannot think through their responses to relationship problems. The therapist must defuse anxiety by making the family aware of how the emotional system functions and increasing levels of differentiation, including changing the self as opposed to trying to change others.

6.How are psychodynamic and Bowen family therapy similar and different?

Both psychodynamic and Bowen family therapy recognize that problems within families usually emanate from a problem with the entire family unit rather than an individual within the family. Both also believe that problems within the family lead to more problems that increase the level of anxiety and must be dealt with. However, while Bowen family therapy stresses being aware of family emotions and working to change the self, psychodynamic theory instead looks for a source of problems in previous generations instead of just the current family unit.… [read more]

Infidelity Amongst the Military Research Paper

Research Paper  |  5 pages (1,659 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


To be cheated by a loved one means the death of the connection with that person as well as the total destruction of everything dependable and revered. Such an emotional shock may leave a person shocked and shattered emotionally as his/her feelings are hurt to an extent that is unimaginable. In addition to all the psychological and mental turmoil, the infidelity may cause economic disadvantages as well for the reason that when a couple decides to separate; they have to spend their time and money in pungent divorce trials and battles for children custody.

In some cases, it has been observed that the incidence of infidelity brought positive outcomes for the family in general and couples in particular. Infidelity may sometimes compel the individuals to assess their personalities and relationships. It may even facilitate them to recognize and understand their problems and eventually take professional help to get them solved. By seeking professional help, a lot of military couples have reported that tit helped them to rejuvenate their relationships to make the bond of marriage even stronger.

To cut a long story short, I think that it is an unacceptable behavior to involve oneself in adultery and become disloyal to a spouse or sexual partner. However, this is a bitter truth that such incidences frequently occur in the society, especially within military premises. In case if a person is guilty of adultery, it is highly advised that such couples take professional help to get out of the stress caused by infidelity.


Daily Herald. "The Toll on Military Families." Daily Herald [Arlington Heights] 20 July 2008: 15. Web. 25 Feb. 2013. .

Powell, J., and A. Kennedy. "Infidelity: The War Waiting At Home." AAMFT. N.p., 3 Apr. 2009. Web. 25 Feb. 2013. .

Snyder, D.K., C. Balderrama-Durbin, and C.L. Fiissette. "Treating In-delity and Comorbid Depression: A Case Study Involving Military Deployment." Couple and Family Psychology: Research and Practice 1.3 (2012): 213-225. American Psychological Association. Web. 25 Feb. 2013. < http://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/features/cfp-1-3-213.pdf>.… [read more]

Singlehood Childlessness and Aging Siblings in Later Life Reaction Paper

Reaction Paper  |  4 pages (1,346 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Singlehood, Childlessness, and Aging Siblings in Later Life.

Despite its well-earned status as cliche, the phrase "change is the only constant" is no more true than for human beings. From birth to day, nearly constant change remains a fact of life. This is also true of people who age, as well as the relationships they experience. Many older people rely on their adult children or other family members for the help they need to live out their lives comfortably, with the assistance and physical resources they need. Indeed, even the dynamics of this process is changing as those born into the "baby boomer" generation age and become elderly. Complicating the issue regarding the elderly and how their care should be handled is the many different kinds of family situations that play a role. Many do have children who are able to help them with their basic needs, such as driving to a store or having their hair cut. Others, however, may have chosen to remain single or married and childless in the interest of their professional and career pursuits. Whatever these family circumstances are, they are bound to have a significant effect on the way in which we are able to live our lives in old age.

One of the most common factors affecting human life is relationships. Indeed, most people engage in at least one romantic-type relationship during their lifetime. Not all of these culminate marriage, and not all marriages include the decision and/or ability to have children. In later life, once professional and career goals are met, many choose to enter marriage only then, one of the benefits of which is companionship, which will likely last into old age. Many consider their sense of quality of life to be tied to relationships and their needs. Statistics show a tendency for men to experience better physical health, while women experience better mental health when they are married (Hollis-Sawyer, personal communication, 2013).

This, however, is not true in all cases. Since gaining equal rights to men in the workplace, women often exercise the choice to establish a professional career before indulging in marriage and family. This has a significant effect on later-life comfort. Snyderman (2007) cites the example of Barbara Meltzer, who has chosen a professional career. While she enjoys both her career and her life as a single woman, she is also involved in care giving activities for her 90-year-old mother. The fact that Barbara herself has no offspring herself to take care of her in the same way that she is doing for her own mother is creating considerable mental distress for her, even though she is aware of other support systems she will be able to make use of. Snyderman goes on to make the point that Barbara's situation is by no means unusual, as many of the baby boomer generation has made a similar decision; to remain childless throughout life or at least until later in life.

Hence, the situation that people entering old age today… [read more]

Marriage Must Always Precede Ordination Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,062 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Surprisingly, a practice that is clearly disallowed by the Scriptures and successive decrees, not only for priests, but for ordinary individuals as well, is tolerated in Romania (likely in other Orthodox countries as well, at the time). At the same time, a practice that could have been more easily to accept, in a logical argumentation, namely to allow widowed priests to marry, was not allowed until 1923, when a Pan-Orthodox Congress had to convene in order to solve this issue. It seems like a logical argument that you would want to renounce a tolerated, but wrong practice and replace it with something that could actually have comparatively more acceptance for the Scriptures.

After all, the main argument against marriage of widowed priests and deacons is, mainly, that in the successive interpretations, starting with St. Paul's, this type of marriage is seen as a form of polygamy. It is difficult to decide where to start a proper argumentation against this fact, perhaps by pointing out that polygamy is a situation where the wives are alive. Nevertheless, the spiritual argument could be acceptable: in the eyes of God, the priests would be seen as still married.

The more rational argumentation in favor of widowed priests and deacons remarrying came from the participants who were rejecting this idea as being against canonical law, but being willing to accept it as a necessity in the new global environment. In a wider context, it seems a logical and wise step to try and adapt the Church to these changes. The world had produced incredible changes, including through the apparition of the Communist regime in Russia that threatened the Orthodox Church there. It made thus much more sense to allow a more flexibility approach on issues that were not of vital importance to the Church, including an issue such as the relationship between ordination and marriage and the degree to which one was more important than the other.

Agreeably, whether priests would be allowed to remarry or not was not an issue on which the very life of the Church depended on (and this would become increasingly true after the Second World War, when Communist regimes were forcefully introduced in all the countries of Central and Eastern Europe). What the Church depended on was to provide the appropriate environment in which the priests could activate and fight for the Orthodox creed in every possible way.

Both of these issues are, in many ways, both similar and different. On one hand, one of these issues is supported in change by the Scriptures, while in the other case, the dogma seems to support the contrary. However, both were logical necessities: remaining fixated in a reality that was no longer actually could help the Church in its internal reform, or in the competition it had with other religions for members. The decisions for reform were really a requisite in the new environment in which the Church operated.


1. Viscuso, Patrick. A Quest…… [read more]

Miss Sunshine, Olive Emerges Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,573 words)
Bibliography Sources: 6


Rather than treat each member of the family in isolation, the theory encourages an overview of the system as a whole. The relationships between different individual members of the family, plus their ability to weather stress, are all taken into account. As White & Klein (2008) point out, family systems theory also encourages a view of the family as a product of prevailing cultural norms and institutions. In Little Miss Sunshine, Frank's sexual orientation is a non-issue because the social norms within the family unit are not necessarily what they might be outside the family unit. Likewise, the grandfather's heroin addiction must be viewed from a family systems theory, which would accept the individual factors causing an old man to seek solace in a numbing drug. The addiction is depicted in the film as an expression of his individuality and identity, rather than as a social problem deserving of derision or stigma. The individuals in Little Miss Sunshine demonstrate their unique identities within the framework of the family and social institutions.


Beavers, W.R. & Voeller, M.N. (2004). Family Models: Comparing and Contrasting the Olson Circumplex Model with the Beavers Systems Model. Family Process 22(1): 85-97

Black, K. & Lobo, M. (2008). A Conceptual Review of Family Resilience Factors. Journal of Family Nursing 14(1): 33-55.

Dayton, J. & Faris, V. (2006). Little Miss Sunshine. [Feature Film].

Farrell, M.P. & Barnes, G.M. (1993). Family systems and social support. Journal of Marriage and Family 55(1): 119-132.

Langford, C.P.H., Bowsher, J. Maloney, J. & Lillis, P.P. (2008). Social support: A conceptual analysis. Journal of Advanced Nursing 25(1): 95-100.…… [read more]

Transition Into Late Adulthood Research Paper

Research Paper  |  10 pages (2,818 words)
Bibliography Sources: 8


Bad health adversely affects the personal control of old adults. Such a condition is also a major reason for the depression observed during the late adulthood. Physical health and isolation greatly contribute to the depressed moods of elderly people. This in turn results in the high suicide rate often seen to revolve around old adults. For this reason, it is… [read more]

Is Marriage Out of Date for Today Society? Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (714 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


¶ … Marriage Still Relevant Today?

Divorces, marital instability, and extramarital affairs have become commonplace in today's society. Many individuals are also electing to either remain single or engage in cohabitation. With this in mind, can marriage still be regarded important in today's society? Has marriage gone out of fashion? In my opinion, marriage is still as relevant today as it was five or six decades ago.

Is Marriage Still Relevant Today?

In the words of Lamanna and Riedmann, "socially accepted alternatives to permanent marriage-being divorced, cohabitating, and permanent singlehood-have indeed emerged" (241). In the opinion of the authors, a number of things have contributed towards the emergence of these alternatives. These include but they are not limited to low-sex ratio in which case the number of women exceeds that of men, changing attitudes toward singlehood and marriage in which case remaining single is now regarded a choice rather than an act of deviance, decreasing attractiveness of marriage as a result of enhanced lifestyle and job opportunities, etc. (Lamanna and Riedmann 262). Regardless of these factors, the relevance of marriage cannot be overstated.

It is important to note from the onset that the reasons for marriage have not changed. We have. To begin with, based on the role it plays in the creation of "stable relationships between men and women that regulate sexual mating and reproduction," marriage still matters (Ferraro and Andreatta 210). In the opinion of the authors, given the sexually receptive nature of human beings, there is a need to have a socially approved manner of regulating mating, reproduction as well as child-rearing. This important function of marriage further enhances its relevance today. Secondly, the other important and critical role marriage still plays today has got to do with the facilitation of division of roles. As Ferraro and Andreatta point out, men and women, for some cultural or even biological reasons, tend to perform different tasks (210). This exchange in the opinion of the authors enhances changes of survival. According to Ferraro and Andreatta, this exchange is facilitated by the domestic relationship created by marriage (210).

Next, the recent downturn in economic activity was a…… [read more]

Yellow Wallpaper and Paul's Case Essay

Essay  |  6 pages (1,722 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


As she waits for her friend to join her in the coffee shop, she reflects on her past life and future prospects. Nonetheless, she is skeptical about love. The fact that her friends have deserted her instills in her the view that love is unable to surpass human's "inborn, primitive timidity of death" and more so in her country where religion gives a different perspective of death. She also fears that her fate will be similar to her Aunt Yifan who lost the man she loved because of the type of work she did. The narrator hides behind her profession to escape the realities of life. She seems to be interested in the dead bodies than those who are alive. She had no friends and resorted to making friends with the dead that she decorated. When she is around the dead corpses, they don't laugh at her; she does not need to be concerned about being the "laughing stock in the eyes of others." She is unable to have friends because her job frightens them, but a dead one cannot talk or express their feelings. She believes death put an end to the theatrics of the world where one is unable to pretend.

Works Cited

Cather, Willa. Paul's Case .…… [read more]

Grandmother Responsible for Her Family Death Essay

Essay  |  1 pages (343 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Grandmother Responsible for Her Family Death

The unnamed mother in Flannery O'Connor's short story "A Good Man Is Hard to Find" virtually ignores the attitudes present in society and believes that doing things in accordance with her personal beliefs is likely to generate positive results for her and for her family as a whole. In spite of the fact that she is continuously bombarded with evidence proving otherwise, she concentrates on listening to her heart and even goes as far as to try to impose her point-of-view in front of a ruthless killer that is clearly not interested in her thinking.

One of the worst things about this grandmother is that she is addicted to manipulating people. She does not want to go to Florida, she wants to detour her family, and she even fakes an internal injury at the time when the group has an accident. The Misfit is probably one of the only individuals capable of proving her wrong. The only problem with this is that he is a…… [read more]

Media Representations of Marriage Coaching Movie Review

Movie Review  |  2 pages (944 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Are you using this scene to make an emotional, cognitive, or spiritual connection? What is your rationale for choosing this scene?

There are a few coaching practices that prove valuable in the film. Separating the couples by gender in their sleeping quarters as well as in their therapy sessions is a smart move. Dr. Sullivan is an acute listener and asks direct, yet simple questions. Dr. Sullivan does not tell the couples what their problems are, he does not tell them how to fix their problems; he listens, reflects and asks questions that push the couples to reflect and come upon important epiphanies on their own, within themselves. Thus, one of primary techniques that stands out in the film is empathetic listening. Another compelling technique in the film is honest, direct dialogue, specifically between the Sullivans (the couple that runs the retreat). They have the most honest communication of all the couples and it helps the wives when they overhear and observe them in the woods by the fire, for example. It changes how they communicate in the future.

Personal/Professional Implications

Films about relationships in trouble have the potential to be kitschy and melodramatic, but this film was cute. I was surprised at the production value put into this film, especially since there were not any A-list actors in the film. I did think the movie film kind of slowly and there could have been more ethnic diversity among the cast. There was a level of realism to the film. Certainly films like this have precedent and reason to exist as the divorce rates in America are staggering and have been so for decades. Clearly, marriage, the approach to marriage, and self knowledge are issues of significance in American culture. The film confirms that people in trouble marriages are tough to counsel. It confirms my perceptions that when there is a problem in a relationship, people are more likely to point fingers at others rather that personally reflect and take responsibility. The film also confirms my thoughts that taking people out of their element can shake them up and/or force them to evaluate their lives. I really appreciate the scene with the Sullivans around the fire because they are the strongest couple in the film, yet they have their own troubles to work through, and they do with honest communication and empathetic listening. They also managed to keep from getting angry while they discussed their problems, which is not to say they do not get emotional. I thought the character of James was the most unrealistic. The scene where the couples fight while the canoe is in the lake was well structured and funny.… [read more]

Marriage Coaching Movie Review

Movie Review  |  2 pages (770 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Marriage Coaching

The movie Not Easily Broken is a master piece in the art of marriage counseling. The movie is based on young couples who love each other at the start and even conduct a church wedding and at the initial time, all they wanted to see is the mate. This however changes when other commitments like the job schedule for the wife and the sports training schedule for the man (David Johnson) fail to give each of them time to be with each other, even though they both want to be with each other. Things get worse when Mrs. Johnson breaks a leg in an accident occasioned by their very arguments and her mother moves into their home to take care of her. The mother-in-law becomes the biggest barrier to the communication between the man and wife hence driving them further apart. The situation depreciates so badly that at last the man seems to find consolation from another single woman and the sports he is a coach at and not the wife. Eventually he is evicted from the house under the influence of the mother-in-law. Mrs. Johnson at last decides to salvage her marriage and realizing that her mother was a bad influence, she relieves her off their home and decides to call back the husband, and the situation turns around totally.

Anyone who has not seen the movie will definitely have to look for the clues on the importance of understanding the interpersonal communication in a marriage as well as the non-verbal cues that partners could be using for communication yet largely ignored for instance Mrs. Johnson stopping his husband from kissing him because she just had some makeup. There will also be need to look out for the external interference in a marriage and how such interference is capable of having a negative impact on the stability of a marriage. These are the two aspects that need further reflection as well for anyone in a marriage union or are aspiring to get to the institution of marriage with success.

There are various therapeutic values that are observed and are worth learning in the movies. There are several scenes of emotional outburst that becomes therapeutic to the characters and makes them think seriously about their next step after the outburst. For instance after…… [read more]

Person Whom I Spoke Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,583 words)
Bibliography Sources: 6


¶ … person whom I spoke to is approximately 30 years older than I. She was describing her childhood experiences when her parents were divorced and the fact that she had to grow up in as conflicting family.

Firstly, she described to me at length how she felt that her mother was often frustrated that she had to be a… [read more]

Family Life of the Group Research Paper

Research Paper  |  2 pages (817 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


The boys remain with their parents for the rest of their lifetime. Family values are transferred to the next generation through patriarchal lineage. In the United States, children leave home as soon as they turn 18. In addition, it is against the law to marry more than one wife and the economic situation cannot allow anyone to have children at will.

Family Roles

In the Luo culture, the head of the family is the man and he is revered. His word is the law and he can bless his children or curse them. He offers advice to his family on crucial matters and settles family disputes. He provides for his family since he is the landowner. A Luo homestead must have animals such as cattle, goats, sheep, donkeys as well as chicken. The women engage in raising the children as well as engaging in farm activities and preparation of meals (Ayodo, 1996, p. 55). In a polygamous family, all the women present food in the first wife's house for the head of the family. Boys are responsible for feeding the animals, they take the animals on a daily free range feeding spree, known as "kwath" The girls remain at home to help their mothers in house hold activities. In the United States of America, this is unheard of and not practical, the set up of the society, the economic activities as well as family structure and relationships cannot allow such. A first generation Immigrant automatically slips into a culture shock, as everything is different.

Age Relationships

In addition, In the U.S., everyone is free to speak their mind including children. Two colleagues at work would share a lot regardless of their age difference. In the Luo culture, age groups are valued (Otieno, 2007, para. 5). One cannot interact with someone his father's age as though he was his age mate (Ayodo, 1996, p. 20). The relationships between age groups are guarded, as the older one is the more respect they get.


Ayodo, A. (1996). The heritage library of African peoples. The Rosen Publishing Group.

Okuche, J.M. (2012, March 22). Question. Brothers And Sisters From The Lake Region.

Retrieved March 31, 2012, from www.kenyanlist.com: http://www.kenyanlist.com/kls-listing-show.php?id=82781

Otieno, E.O. (2007, April 26). Luo Culture: Their habits and behaviors. Retrieved March 31,

2012, from http://www.tigweb.org/youth-media/panorama/article.html?ContentID=12819

Pabaris Paradise. (2012). Sights in Kisumu. Retrieved March 31, 2012, from www.pabariparadise.com: http://www.pabarisparadise.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=24&Itemid… [read more]

Anthropology Marriage and Divorce Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (624 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Marriage and Divorce

In Matthew 19:1-16, Jesus began by referring the Pharisees back to the Book of Genesis where God at the beginning made them male and female ("Matthew 19: Divorce,," ). This was to bring out God's original intent, which is one man and one woman as one couple for a lifetime. This is the ideal of God and the way things really should be. In Matthew 19:5 it states "And [Jesus] said, for this cause shall a man leave [his] father and mother, and shall cleave [be united] to his wife: and they twain [two] shall be one flesh? (ibid.)

The basic doctrine that Jesus set down in Mat 19:6 Wherefore they [a man and his wife] are no more twain [two], but one flesh. What therefore God hath joined together [in marriage], let not man put asunder [put away, take apart, divide, separate] (ibid.). Divorce is therefore frowned upon in Christianity in the strongest fashion and equated with fornication and adultery that took Israel away from God's original ideal of marriage to one partner for good.

While the law made allowance for a man to give a bill of divorce, Jesus made the divorce strictures more strict. As Jesus says "Mat 19:9 and I [Jesus] say unto you, Whosoever shall put away [divorce] his wife, except it be for fornication, and shall marry another, committeth adultery: and whoso marrieth her which is put away [divorced] doth commit adultery (ibid.)." If there are objections, this author will point to the Lord Jesus' teachings and mention that this is the higher moral manifestation of marriage and it must be followed even while it may be inconvenient and not politically expedient. As the antecedent to Moses, he has the right to make something stricter or less strict as the case may be.

As set out in Matthew 19:9, fornication is the only…… [read more]

King Arthur Is an Epic Hero Essay

Essay  |  5 pages (1,560 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


King Arthur is an epic hero and few before him could match that description. Beowulf, Gilgamesh, and Achilles were all ancient heros that can be comparable to King Arthur. Their royal family line, their weaknesses, and their iconic deaths forever link them as well as distinguish them from one another. Given these particular characteristics, all these idols were made iconic… [read more]

Immigration the Target Family Immigrated Research Paper

Research Paper  |  3 pages (1,023 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


Back in Kenya, they spoke mostly Luo and a little bit of Swahili and a few English words. Here in the U.S., it was all different; the children spoke and even dressed differently. Things got even worse in school, the other children made fun of them because they could not communicate well in class.

For Oyot and his wife, things were not any different; Oyot worked as a waiter in a local restaurant and went to college on part-time basis. At work, he encountered communication difficulties especially with the African-Americans who spoke Ebonics (Clegg, 1997). He could not understand the language neither could he fit in among them, they wore designer cloths and looked trimmed all the time, some of them even plated their hair. In Kenya, only women do "cornrows" (Suwarnaadi, 2011) this was new. In addition, Oyot did not understand designer clothes, besides he could not afford them. Back in Kenya, especially in Nyanza, men trim their hair only when necessary and he had brought this habit to the U.S.A., he looked odd. In addition, he could not talk as the Americans did neither did he know much of American culture and/or products. His wife on the other hand stayed at home waiting for the rest of the family to return. She had never stayed in one place watching Television all day alone. She had never learnt how to drive and she did not know what to buy because she never understood American products. The biggest barrier was language, she could not communicate fluently in English, she had to be taken to the store by someone who understood the products. In Kenya, her daily activities were farm activity and washing family cloths, here she had little knowledge of how to operate the laundry machines.

Despite having problems adjusting to life in the United States, the family enjoyed the benefits of living here. Oyot developed acquaintance with one of his classmates in college. This relationship exposed him and his family to new horizons. This was a Caucasian part-time student who also worked as a manager in a mobile telephone company. Oyot and his classmate Matt became closer when their families met. Matt and his family enjoyed the loving nature of Oyot's family and their African cuisines while Oyot's family in turn got to learn more of the American culture. It appears that Oyot's family got the feel of inclusion in their new environment and this greatly helped them in the assimilation process.


Clegg, L.H. (1997, January). EBONICS:A Serious Analysis of African-American Speech

Patterns. MAAT News .

Kenya and the National Assembly . (2008, Oct 16). Kenya National Assembly Official Record

(Hansard). SACCO in Kenya .

Kenya-Advisor. (2007). The Facts About Corruption In Kenya. Retrieved March 15, 2012, from www.kenya-advisor.com: http://www.kenya-advisor.com/corruption-in-kenya.html

Pabaris Paradise. (2012). Sights in Kisumu. Retrieved March 15, 2012, from www.pabarisparadise.com: http://www.pabarisparadise.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=24&Itemid=13

Sobania, N.W. (2003). Culture and customs of Kenya. Greenwood Publishing Group.… [read more]

Factors Predicting Marital Success or Failure Research Paper

Research Paper  |  10 pages (2,817 words)
Bibliography Sources: 7


¶ … Predicting Marital Success or Failure

Marriage and marital success is an issue that has dominated debate in the counseling and research field for quite a long period of time. For a while now, researchers and counselors have sought answers to questions that seek to establish the reason why some marriages are successful while others are not. In that… [read more]

Taking Care of the Elderly Term Paper

Term Paper  |  7 pages (2,500 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


¶ … Care of the Elderly: The Responsibility of Family

It is a fact of life that people are living longer lives than ever before in human history. Because of advances made in medicine and knowledge about lifestyle choices, the older population is growing and living to increasingly older ages. With this, some unfortunate effects are following, including the economic… [read more]

Distance Relationships Are Leading Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,251 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


They have determined that the separation does not necessarily cause fractures in relationships, but travelling apart does worsen marital problems. "The situation can be likened to water pressing against a ship's hull. Although the water doesn't cause the holes in the hull, it does find them and seep inside" (Experiencing 2011). It is easier to find fault with someone and to blame a person for unhappiness if they are not present to create a counterargument.

Musicians and professional athletes likewise spend long periods away from home. Their jobs require them to perform in different cities around the United States, or even around the world. For these types of unions, separation leads to anxiety. There is the stereotype of the musician and the large amount of groupies who are just waiting around for the chance to throw themselves at band members. There is also the worry that if the spouse believes their husband or wife is cheating on them, then there is no reason for them to remain loyal to that person (Glass 2003,-page 72). Suspicion and doubt breed disharmony and lack of contact adds to those concerns.

Soldiers and men or women who are in branches of the military have to be away from their families. Even though the partner left at home knows that the job their spouse is performing is a noble one, the strain of living alone can bring about some of the same results as the people who stay away from home for less honorable reasons. Having said that, the divorce rate among military personal is very low compared to the rest of the nation, about 3.4%, which is still above the number seen just a few years before (Military 2007). Before 2005, only around 2% of military unions ended in divorce.

The key problem in all of these situations is a lack of communication or lack of interaction with the partners. When two people exist in a world where their partner is more or less a peripheral part of their life, it can be extremely hard to maintain the level of communication and direct interaction necessary to keep a relationship intact. If a married couple is either forced or elects to live apart from one another or have to be apart for long periods of time, then finding the time or energy to build up the necessary strength of communication can be difficult. According to Andrea Scott (2002), "Combined with the longer hours and the household maintenance required by each, the time needed to sustain connection leads to a more hectic schedule" (page 29). Far more effort is needed to sustain the communication in a distance relationship than would be required if the couple had constant interaction.

When couples do not have a daily impact on one another, they can grow apart. Different experiences, different perceptions, different viewpoints on the world can be what brought them together, but as a couple, they are supposed to experience the world as a team. If you are separated… [read more]

Assessment Tool Assessment

Assessment  |  8 pages (2,197 words)
Bibliography Sources: 8


¶ … road is not just the road; the road is the way that you walk it." -- Juan Ramon Jimenez

Because not all changes affect all family members, and alterations in one individual are not going to influence the rest of a person's family, it seems families can use whatsoever techniques to ease smooth performance. Then, what is the… [read more]

Marital Intimacy Skills Research Paper

Research Paper  |  11 pages (3,174 words)
Bibliography Sources: 11


" (Boa, nd)

Phileo is a type of love that can "..can degenerate into the sharing of secret evils and hatreds; it can lead to a we-versus-they mentality that excludes outsiders." (Boa, nd)

VI. Emotional Skillfulness in Marriage

The work of Cordova, Gee and Warren (2005) entitled "Emotional Skillfulness in Marriage: Intimacy As A Mediator of the Relationship Between Emotional… [read more]

Family Assessment Oral Case Presentation Assessment

Assessment  |  3 pages (1,039 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


This affects the comfort that Jackie has in the environment.

Family Strengths, Resiliency, Conflicts, and Problems: The family is having a difficult time with relatives who are not happy with the divorce or the living situation. They have some strong ties in the community, but those can offer only moral support and very little financial assistance. The conflicts between the two women revolve around the money situation and Jackie's discipline.

Family's Culture, Rituals, and Beliefs: Since this is such a new family grouping, they have not had the time to establish norms in this area.

Individual Strengths and Problems: Katie is a strong individual who seems to want the best for everyone involved, but she also admits that she may be out of her depth. Liz seems to be on edge most of the time, and Jackie is trying to make sense of the whole life change she has just experienced.

Other Areas of Assessment

The legal issues revolve around the father and his rights and Katie's rights as concerns Jackie. Legally, Katie has no rights whatsoever, but she is having problems with the lack of discipline from Liz toward Jackie. For the social worker, it seems like there could be abuse issues present because of the original report and the assessment. As a social worker, if abuse is indicated, there is a need to take action. However, there is also a need to show caution because these could be normal family issues that occur for blended families and following a divorce.


The family is having problems that are common to this situation. Jackie is not receiving the attention she needs because of the mother's depression. Liz and Katie are having issues because of the divorce and Katie's difficulty in knowing what to do for Jackie. It seems to be a systems problem (Morgaine, 2001).


Find some support groups that will help Liz deal with the divorce. Discover different counseling centers that help with the issues presented.


The primary intervention this family needs is different levels of counseling. Jackie needs to understand what she is feeling and be given the ability to move to the next developmental stage in her life. Liz needs to have someone to talk to about her depression. The whole family needs to have family counseling so that they can discuss the problems they have with a third party. Finally, Katie needs to talk to someone about how blended families can be successful, and her role in the family. Liz could use a support group to help with her grief over her divorce.


There need to be follow up visits, and discussions with the various therapists about the progress the three are making. Also monitor how Jackie is progressing in daycare.


Cherry, K. (2008). Erikson's psychosocial stages summary chart. Retrieved from http://psychology.about.com/library/bl_psychosocial_summary.htm

Good Therapy. (2011). Blended family issues. Retrieved from http://www.goodtherapy.org/therapy-for-blended-family-issues.html

Morgaine, C. (2001). Family systems theory. Retrieved from http://web.pdx.edu/~cbcm/CFS410U/FamilySystemsTheory.pdf… [read more]

Challenges of the Marriage Market for Women in Pride and Prejudice Essay

Essay  |  5 pages (1,562 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Pride and Prejudice

All women love "Pride and Prejudice." And really, why shouldn't they? The story of the intrepid and, at times, impertinent Elizabeth Bennet is an alluring one. It's a story of a comely young women looking for her prince charming, it's a story of an iconoclast challenging antiquated social conventions, it's a story that juxtaposes bourgeois pride against… [read more]

Unemployment Emotional Distresses Which Arise From Loss Research Paper

Research Paper  |  4 pages (1,265 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4



Emotional distresses which arise from loss of job usually have effect on the loser of the job and the rest of the family members. This analysis covers the issue of unemployment and assesses its effect on auto workers in Detroit and their families. It was found that financial hardship which comes as a result of unemployment directly affects the relationship of the family.

From the year 1979 to 1984, there has been loss of jobs to more than 11.5 million by workers as a result of plant closing within industries. Though manufacturing industries offers 20% of the employment in the nation, it has undergone tremendous cut down and closing, (Bluestone & Harrison, 1982). A number of issues that leads to plant closing has come up like, ill-founded federal policy, poor corporate planning, capital flight, pursuit of lower labor costs and decreasing profit rate. The effect of these on workers as well as their families tends to be severe.

The above situation is being experienced by Whelchel's family who are living on a side of street just near the automobile plant. This was after the shut down of Chevrolet plant in Atlanta due to strike and the Whelchel's family is trying to make end meet. Their house is brown framed with seven rooms-seven rooms. The lot is narrow though deep, stretching almost two hundred feet back which forms a pasture for the cow that is providing the family with milk. Houses that are around Whechel's are the same in size and style, all of them having frame structures, with grasses planted at the small front yards.

The jobs that Whelchel is doing is refinishing furniture for the Western Union Telegraph Company, being a shipping clerk and as well being a lineman for the Bell Telephone and Telegraph Company. Currently he is on the unloading platform of the Chevrolet Company whereas a month ago he was a buffer. On the unloading platform he works for forty hours a week making just eighty cents for an hour.

About 40% of the entire U.S. auto employment tends to be situated in Michigan. From 1980s recession in the auto industry, the economy of the Michigan has suffered considerably. Detroit area economy was largely hurt by decline in industries. Annual rates of employment in this area were as high as 16% in 1982, whereas in January 1988 the rate was still far above the national average of 5.8%-10.3% within Detroit.

Skills that are required in jobs as well as training like the ones needed within automotive industry are becoming scarce increasingly. Even though the service industry within the sector of the service industry goes on to enlarge in the 1980s and 1990s, most of the jobs which are available are paying low with low skill requirement as also realized from the work that Whechel is doing. Therefore, plant shutdown mean the worker will get lower pay (in any case work is found), quite long periods of unemployment, and at the end there is possibility of… [read more]

Marriage Work Is a New Book Review

Book Review  |  4 pages (1,128 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


For example, if a relationship has excessive patterns of criticism, contempt, defensiveness, or stonewalling, couples are likely to indentify the patterns and may replace them with alternative behaviors. A partner who tends to be overly critical may begin to see that her husband's defensive reactions are directly linked to her criticism, and as she makes efforts to control her own comments she'll likely see that her husband's behavior also shifts (Gottman, J. And Silver, N., 2000).

Using This Book As A Couple

Gottman's book is an excellent resource for couples struggling with general issues such as household responsibilities or decision-making. For instance, if a couple generally has a strong sense of friendship and positive rapport they can use exercises in this book to overcome minor difficulties or clashes and build a sense of closeness. Gottman's concept of gridlock and coping skills are very useful for what he describes as "solvable" problems because these issues are concrete and couples can reach a point of compromise. For example, a married couple may use this book if they are having a pattern of disagreements regarding household duties. Responsibilities such as cleaning, paying bills, or budgeting are very concrete and spouses can use tools from the book to negotiate fair and reasonable agreements. Likewise couples that have a sense they are growing apart due to busy schedules may enjoy using this book to reconnect in a positive manner. It is not uncommon for married couples to go through periods in which they grow as individuals, and staying in communication with a partner by actively working on the relationship can keep spouses from losing touch or "growing apart" (Gottman, J. And Silver, N., 2000).

Couples working through more abstract problems, such as sexual issues or serious marital dissatisfaction may not find this book helpful. Likewise, Gottman's principles of renewing or revisiting positive experiences and shared meaning may not be as workable if the central issue between the couple is more serious, such as issues of infidelity, dishonesty, or sexual incompatibility. These issues often make it very difficult for couples to engage in productive dialogue due to feelings of contempt, resentment, or distance in the relationship (Gottman, J. And Silver, N., 2000).

Overall, Gottman's book is a manual aimed a strengthening relationships with difficulties or negative patterns, but this book is not intended, nor would it be entirely useful, for a couple with major martial discord because few couples with serious resentments enjoy sitting down and sharing their dreams or find memories. In fact, Gottman's research shows that highly conflictive styles of relating combined with low abilities to self-sooth or accept "repair attempts" are very high indicators for divorce.

A couple can come together and use a book like this to work through minor problems before they develop into serious resentments. This book is a very effective tool for couples that want to push their relationship in a positive direction or safeguard themselves against negative habits. At the same time, to be successful, couples must start… [read more]

Family Therapy Models, Diagnosis Research Paper

Research Paper  |  9 pages (3,411 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


These patterns of interaction are necessary for the regular functioning of the family, even though the members do not realize they are part of this structure. Another key component in the Minuchin's model is the notion of subsystems. Families can be differentiated into subsystems based on generation, gender, and function, which are demarcated by interpersonal boundaries. When a therapist observes… [read more]

Marital Vows Relevance Research Paper

Research Paper  |  3 pages (909 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


Marriage ceremonies indicate that two or more people have come together to create a family. That they do so through the public declaration of a wedding rather than simply living together (for example) means that there are public aspects of the relationship that is defined at least in part by the wedding vows. This is why vows remain relevant, because they remind both those who are marrying as well as the members of the wider communities in which they live that they are (usually literally) signing up for a particular type of relationship (Bell, 1997).

For example, the marital vows associated with many of the world's established religions emphasize the importance of creating a family for the purpose of producing children. Some marriage vows remind the couple that their religion admonishes that women be subordinate. Other traditional marriage vows touch on the importance of fidelity or honor. By incorporating these concepts into the marriage vows, the community (from whose history the marriage vows will have originally derived and been modified over time) is making its expectations clear with each new marriage.

The above description of marriage vows should make it clear why they should remain relevant in our modern age, especially within the context of traditional marriages. But it is also the case that marital vows remain highly relevant for those in untraditional marriages. The following is a portion of a wedding between two women:

You are my best friend. I feel so fortunate to have found such a wonderful person to share my life with.

You make me laugh and you add so much light to my life.

I promise to keep you laughing, to take care of you when you are sick and to support you with any decisions you make.

I look forward to growing with you in mind and spirit. I will always be honest and open to you.

I adore & love you and will continue to cherish you throughout our lives together. (Belge, 2011)

What is most striking about the above vow is how traditional it is in terms of the values that it encodes and expresses. This is intentional: For those who enter into marriage in a form that many in our society consider to be illegitimate there is all the more reason to make a clear statement in their vows that in terms of love (as institutionalized in marriage) we are all the same (Bell, 1997).


A two-year marriage bill was proposed by Mexican politician, http://www.ecuadortimes.net/2011/09/28/a-two-year-marriage-bill-was-proposed-by-mexican-politician/

Belge, K. (2011). Sample Lesbian Wedding Vows, http://lesbianlife.about.com/od/weddingplanning/a/PamVickyVows.htm

Bell, Duran (1997). Defining Marriage and Legitimacy. Current Anthropology 38(2): 237 -- 254.

Benokraitis, N. (2010). Marriages and Families: Changes, Choices and Constraints (7th ed.) New York: Prentice Hall.… [read more]

Work Family and Gender Reaction Paper

Reaction Paper  |  4 pages (1,151 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Work, Family and Gender

In the book, The Second Shift: Working Parents and The Revolution at Home, by Arlie Hochschild gives a lot of detailed information as well as additional tactics through which men and women in two career marriages manage the burdens of work and family desires. During the early and mid-eighties, Hochschild and her investigation acquaintances talk to fifty married couples at boundless lengths. Furthermore, Hochschild viewed the lives of families in a twelve homes. At the center of the book are the accounts of eleven pairs. Everyone but two are associates of the middle and upper-middle class. With that said, I believe and support Hochschild's purpose for writing this book. In my opinion, it was to bring to society's awareness the necessity for change in how accommodating communities are to women giving another income and the majority of the "second shift in their household.

I did not have a hard time at all agreeing with the author regarding the struggle between husband and wife. I concur with Hochschild concerning the point that it is not just the conflict between the husband and wife about partaking in household duties and childcare obligations, but the basis behind the strain and the fact that it is not easy to resolute plummets on the shoulders of our culture and anticipated and learned gender beliefs (Hochschild 16 ) Through the reading, I was not surprised to learn that throughout her study Hochschild concluded that the majority of marriages that did not collapse or that did not last with an endless fight and emotional stress on the husband and wife, were the marriages where both couples shared the task of the "second shift (Hochschild 215). I agree with her quote: "In my investigation the men who took on the second shift had a happier family life (Hochschild 216). I can compare this with society today because men that step up and help in the partnership, take a load off the female and bring balance to the marriage since I think it takes two to make it work.

I felt that in supporting her argument about the second shift, Hochschild revealed three main points that were from her standpoint. I can agree with her first point regarding that society depicts the woman that works as busy, entertaining, and to her daughter, a positive role model. Basically, she is seen as a woman that is able to do everything. I was astonished regarding her passion for this point, especially when she went so far to support this with an article from the New York Times Magazine. On the front page of this article, it depicted a working mother strolling home, holding the hand of her daughter. I felt that this article was a great example in supporting her point. According to Hochschild, "The Times article portrays the image that the woman who works is doing a good job because she is individually skilled, not because she has a good social plan. Certainly, I think and… [read more]

Marriage and Crime Annotated Bibliography

Annotated Bibliography  |  3 pages (944 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


¶ … Marriage Reduce Crime? A counterfactual Approach to Within-Individual Causal Effects" by Sampson, Laub and Wimer (2006), the authors explore the possibility that men who enter marriage are less likely to continue with criminal activities after the fact, or indeed are less likely to commit a crime than unmarried men. To investigate this, 500 high-risk boys were followed from their youth to the age of 32, with 500 additional candidates being followed to age 70. The finding was that marriage resulted in an approximately 35% reduction of crime than the non-married state.

The basis of the paper is the bias that may result from marriage selection. Although outcomes have suggested that marriage has a reducing effect on criminal activity, the interpretation might also be that men who are not involved in crime in the first place are more likely to be chosen as marriage partners than those who are. Hence the results are difficult to pinpoint. The authors were concerned with addressing this potential pitfall.

To do this, 500 young men were investigated as they entered adulthood with a high risk of continued criminal activity, with a follow-up study for these men to the age of 70. By choosing men with a history of criminal activity, the bias related to marriage partner choice is eliminated. This enabled the investigators to determine the variants within individuals before and after marriage, rather than simply comparing married to non-married individuals.

Assuming the positive effect of marriage on the tendency to desist from crime, the authors identify four factors that creates this association for marriage: 1) The social bonds that form as a result of marriage; 2) significant changes in everyday routines and patterns; 3) direct social control by the female spouse, where she insists on the husband spending a certain amount of time within the family, being a good breadwinner, and so on; and 4) the change in sense of self that often comes with marriage, i.e., the young man now feels "grown up" and ready to take the responsibility of marriage and providing for his family. This can only be effectively done by means of a steady and legal employment, while desisting from crime. The authors hold that these are major factors playing a role in married individuals desisting from crime to a greater degree than their non-married counterparts.

Although it is uncertain whether cohabitation is less likely to inhibit criminal activity that marriage itself. Nevertheless, it is found that both cohabitation and marriage tend to reduce the use of marijuana and binge drinking. While the authors then found that marriage did have a positive effect upon crime reduction, the question to be addressed by the rest of the paper was whether this effect was causal.

Before moving to the body of their research, the authors make the point that the focus of…… [read more]

Doll's House: Marriage &amp Gender Roles Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (1,098 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


¶ … Doll's House

An Analysis of Ibsen's Doll's House

Henrik Ibsen's 1879 Norwegian play A Doll's House presents a none-too-flattering vision of 19th century marriage and gender roles. But is Ibsen attacking marriage per se? From the perspective of "new historicism" and "cultural criticism," this paper will attempt to answer that question by drawing on information contemporaneous of Ibsen's drama -- such as "A Nineteenth Century Husband's Letter to His Wife," which bears at least in essence the form of a real-life Nora-Torvald type of husband-wife relationship: one in which the husband fails to follow the Golden Rule -- or the Pauline principle, "Husbands, love your wives" (Eph 5:25).

Ibsen, of course, had lived through a century in which his own nation had been subjugated to a foreign aggressor: Sweden. It was not until the 20th century that Norway was able to assert its independence and put the Swedish invasion and fidelity to the Swedish king behind it. If anything, Ibsen's Doll's House may be read as an allegory for Norwegian nationality, with Nora coming to realize herself as an independent body fully capable and deserving of governing herself. When Nora casts off Torvald (who obviously loves himself more than her -- and who has not the slightest conception of selflessness, thankfulness, or humility -- virtues that Nora alone possesses), a new historicist or cultural critic could easily reckon this as a symbolic gesture of what every good Norwegian hoped for.

However, disregarding the play's symbolic aspect for a more literal interpretation moves the literary critic into another sphere of social commentary: the 19th marriage. As Paul Johnson observes in his critique of Ibsen, "Ibsen preached the revolt of the individual against the ancien regime of inhibitions and prejudices which held sway in every small town, indeed in every family. He taught men, and especially women, that their individual conscience and their personal notions of freedom have moral precedence over the requirements of society" (82). Ibsen, in other words, was a social revolutionary on the order of the Romantic/Enlightenment era -- a time whose doctrine was substantially divorced from the old world teachings that unified Europe in the medieval world and brought security to Norway in the tenth century under King Olav. Ibsen, like the rest of the modern world of the 19th century, had rejected the medieval mores associated with the old world religion and family structure; it had left the Pauline scriptures for a philosophy based on "liberty, equality, and fraternity" -- the motto of the French Revolution. Ibsen's Nora is, in this sense, a reflection of the spirit of Ibsen's age -- the woman who realizes that she has been playing a thankless role her whole life: that the husband for whom she would sacrifice everything would not stoop to make the same sacrifice of himself for her. What St. Paul would have judged an error on the part of the husband (and compelled him to correction), is judged by Ibsen an inexcusable flaw in the… [read more]

Family Be Defined in Such Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (960 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


¶ … Family be Defined in Such a Way as to be Globally Relevant?

The idea of a family, being in a family, or having a family is no stranger to anyone anywhere in the globe because as social beings, each of us began our lives within the confines of a group known as the "family." Of course when the term family comes into focus, the very first notion of which is a group of people related by blood comprising of a father, mother and one or more children. This is the basic definition of a family and since time immemorial; the family has been viewed as the basic unit of society providing the needs of members and learning from within before moving into the other social groups of the larger society. Although there is the basic definition of a family (i.e. father, mother, children), the meaning has been further extended wherein the composition of which include people who are related by blood, marriage, and/or adoption. This gives rise to two types of family: the nuclear and the extended, where the latter comprises of the parents and the children while the former includes other relatives living in the same roof. As already stated, "families play a central role in societies as they are the primary site for reproduction, in socializing the next generation, in early education, and in stabilizing adult personality formation (Trask 2011)." However, like in other times in history, the social, cultural, economic, political climates and other factors contributes to changes in the family. During the last several decades, the onset of globalization proved yet another determining factor in how families stand in a changing world. Consequently, it is important to understand the affects of what is happening now and how the family relates to the changes and challenges of the times.

There are varied definitions of globalization from the economic, political, to the information and communications perspective as well as other factors. Carrington (2001) defined globalization as increasing the ways in which individuals and groups understand their world are in global terms. No longer are we confined to localized and space-bound communities and identities. Applying this in the context of the family today, globalization added a new dimension to what the family is in a way that the confines of the family or any family for that matter, is not relegated anymore to their immediate society or geographic boundary but on a global scale as well. Whereas, families before are likely to be in the same geographic location, the changing face of the world especially with globalization saw families living separately in different parts of the globe. An example would be a father working abroad in order to support a family back home. There are also families nowadays wherein the children had to leave home for another country in order to get a better education or work…… [read more]

Web Search for "Nuclear Family Research Paper

Research Paper  |  2 pages (584 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


(YouTube) This ten-minute film is a snapshot of what American culture considered the traditional family immediately after World War II. In fact, this film, and others like it, created the perception in America that American culture was based on the tradition of the nuclear family. This film is strange as it portrays a "perfect American family" in a way that very few real families could actually attain. The second page of Google's results is a mix of books on the subject and a number of religious sites that seek to protect the nuclear family structure. And it is in the third page that the sites start to expand to topics that are not connected to the nuclear family.

When one performs a keyword search of the term "nuclear family arrangement," Google will provide just 22 results that have anything to do with the nuclear family. And the majority either support the idea that the nuclear family arrangement is traditional and normal in American culture, or in need of saving because it is the traditional way of life in America. Only one result will take a person to a site that actually asserts that the nuclear family arrangement is not a universal tradition, and in modern American society it is no longer the "norm." (Kottok)


"Average Joe." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia." Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Average_Joe

Kottak, Conrad. "Families, Kinship, and Descent." McGraw Hill Online Learning Center. Retrieved from http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/


"Nuclear Family" Retrieved from http://family.jrank.org/pages/1222/Nuclear-Families.html

"YouTube - The American Nuclear Family: Your Family (1948)." YouTube - Broadcast Yourself. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4YhrzJ1kcRo… [read more]

Why Marriages Fail Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (955 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


¶ … Marriages Fail

Typically, studies involving the causes of divorce interview divorced individuals to determine the cause of the divorce. According to Amato & Rogers, the most frequently cited marital problems include communication difficulties, general incompatibility, infidelity, not spending enough time at home, and disagreements about money (613). However, a longitudinal study conducted by Amato & Rogers used panel data from a telephone survey of married people in 1980 to determine the extent to which marital problems would predict divorce between 1980 and 1992. Amato & Rogers identified two types of factors that contribute to the dissolution of marriage. The first, they call distal factors, represent the characteristics that individuals bring into the relationship. The second, they call proximal factors, are specific marital problems which directly increase the likelihood of divorce (613).

Amato & Rogers explain "that distal factors (demographic and life course characteristics) affect the likelihood that certain problems arise within the relationships and these proximal relationship problems, increase the likelihood of divorce" (614). Distal factors that increase the likelihood of divorce include: marrying at an early age; cohabitating prior to marriage; being African-American; being in a marriage of short duration; having low religious participation; having low education or income; being in a second rather than a first marriage; experiencing parental divorce as a child; and women's employment and income (Amato & Rogers 614). Proximal factors that increase the likelihood of marital dissolution include: sexual infidelity; jealousy; drinking; spending money; moodiness; not communicating; and anger (Amato & Rogers 622). Amato & Rogers report that extramarital sex is a particularly powerful predictor of divorce, occurring in at least one-third of failed marriages.

According to Amato & Rogers, the distal factors such as age at marriage, church attendance, remarriage, and parental divorce affect the odds of divorce in part by "contributing to certain constellations of marital problems, which, in turn, predict divorce" (623). For example, couples who marry at a young age are more likely to report marital problems associated with infidelity and jealousy. However, frequent church attendance seems to lower the likelihood of divorce. This could be because people who attend church have internalized behavioral norms and behave better, or because there may be more stigma associated with divorce for them. Amato & Rogers further assert that parental divorce seems to lead to an increase of a number of marital problems including jealousy, infidelity, irritating habits, and spending money foolishly. Additionally, children who experience parental divorce do not have role models of effective relationship skills; therefore, they experience increased marital problems and an increased risk of divorce (623). Amato & Roger's research clearly shows a link between marital problems and the likelihood of divorce.

A second longitudinal study conducted by Huston was called the Processes of Adaptation in Intimate Relationships (PAIR) Project, and examined "romantic relationships back into courtship and forward into the early years of…… [read more]

Divorce Insight Into the Quandaries Research Paper

Research Paper  |  3 pages (872 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Nonetheless, there appears to be significantly more images which portray only one aspect of these relationships, or which so distort the depiction of a healthy marriage so that observers are left with only a caricature of one. A fair amount of role playing is involved in these portrayals, which, from a very early age, future adults observe and eventually emulate in the beliefs that these roles constitute the requirements of a marriage. Men mold themselves into the "honey" role, a decisive, money-earning, action-based problem solver who wants his living room clean and his dinner warm by the time he returns to his "castle." Women pattern themselves into the "babe" role, an attractive domestic (regardless of professional aspirations or realizations) with impeccable maternal instincts and a knack for convincing her husband of virtually anything. Problems exist when situations arise (such as life itself) that detract from the perceptions and responsibilities of these two roles, and thrust the assuming couple into instances outside of the foundation (if such narrow viewpoints can be called one) with which their relationship is based. Marrying another because of a perceived image or expectation with an ephemeral lifespan is not reason enough to endure the vicissitudes of a union, which contemporary divorce rates readily indicate.

The very nature of the so-called information age in which modern American life has become increasingly dependant upon explains why marriages appear to be more difficult to keep intact despite a seemingly wealth of resources to help them. The same informational resources which can be used to aid a marriage, such as the internet, television, podcasts, and films) provide wonderful distractions and disincentives in the form of competing interests and alternative companions which can potentially sunder a union, particularly if it is not based upon concrete reasons for marriage in the first place.

All divorces in postmillennial American society should not be perceived as negative, any more than all marriages in such society should be perceived as positive. As alluded to earlier in this essay, potential obstacles to happiness in marriages (particularly for women) -- including physical and mental abuse or economic dependence on a spouse -- no longer need to be tolerated due to the accessibility and acceptable social regard for divorce in contemporary times. These considerations, combined with the myriad methods of financial stability both men and women can achieve independently of one another, make divorce an appropriate option in several instances that would not have been possible a few generations ago.… [read more]

Family and Education in Frankenstein Mary Shelley Research Paper

Research Paper  |  8 pages (2,250 words)
Bibliography Sources: 8


Family and Education in Frankenstein

Mary Shelley's 1818 novel "Frankenstein" has generated much controversy for the fact that it dealt with some of the most intriguing topics that humanity produced until the time. Whereas most readers might have been initially inclined to believe that Shelley intended to put across an episode involving a monster and the terror that it provokes,… [read more]

Family in the UK Essay

Essay  |  5 pages (1,808 words)
Bibliography Sources: 7


Childless families

There are other families that pose to challenge the idea of having children in a queer family. They are contra-culture queers who differ with the idea of having a lot of emphasis put on importance of having children in a queer family. They argue that the queer family will lose meaning if it will be deemed to gain recognition only if it imitates or looks somehow like the straight family.

In a nutshell, the social scientists have strived to show that families work out no matter what shape they take, as long as the relationship is followed with commitments. The examples and cases above serve to prove that the social scientists have perpetually demystified and redefined the notion of a family being consisted of heterosexuals and children.


An Encyclopedia of gay, lesbian, bisexuals, transgender and queer culture, 2004. Family.

Retrieved March 6, 2011 from http://www.glbtq.com/social-sciences/family.html

Factoidz, 2008. Divorce Rate in the UK. Retrieved March 7, 2011 from divorce-rate-in-the-uk/" http://factoidz.com/the-divorce-rate-in-the-uk/

Family Plus, 2009. What is a Family. Retrieved March 7, 2011 from http://familyplus.bgca.org/YourFamily/EffectiveParenting/WhatisaFamily/Pages/default.aspx

Find law, 2011. Legal Issues for Gay and Lesbian Adoption. Retrieved March 7, 2011 from http://family.findlaw.com/adoption/same-sex-adoption/same-sex-parent-rights.html

Lesbian and Gay Lawyers-LAGLA, 2011. About LAGLA. Retrieved March 7, 2011 from http://www.lagla.org.uk/

Terence, 2011. Seeking Gay Parents, Dispels Myths. Retrieved March 7, 2011 from http://rooting-for-gay-marriage.blogspot.com/2011/02/seeking-gay-parents-dispels-myths.html

The Independent, 2010. Gay Couple to have Children Christened. Retrieved March 7, 2011 from http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/gay-couple-to-have-children-christened-2018169.html

The Telegram, 2009. Westboro Baptist Church Announces first Anti-homosexuality Picket in Britain. Retrieved March 7, 2011 from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/religion/4640967/Westboro-Baptist-Church-announces-first-anti-homosexuality-picket-in-Britain.html… [read more]

Family Traditional Definition Limits Families Research Paper

Research Paper  |  3 pages (755 words)
Bibliography Sources: 6




Contribution of Anthropology

Rejection of the need to produce a single universal definition of family

Identification of other societies where other family forms dominated

Use of a different methodology that was focused on more qualitative elements.

Anthropologist, who provided accounts of other civilizations, where families were not as described by the heterosexual one-man one-woman definition, has provided a challenge to the concept of the ideal family.

Recently, the focus is on understanding the nuanced meanings people give to their lived experiences and cultural structures (Family in anthropology 2010).

Methodologically anthropologist have popularized the use of ethnography as a way to study families in modern societies. Ethnography focuses on the culture of people and have given balance to the male dominated numerical analysis of what occurs within the family.


Contribution of Economics

Provided the conceptual tools for the assessment of the division of labor in the family.

Application of the concept of human capital to family studies

The sexual division of labor within the family and the understanding of the family as an economic unit are contributions economics has made to the redefining of the family.

Human capital encouraged the discussion of issues of health and poverty as it concerned the family. This widened the debate beyond the scope of issues of production and understanding the family simply as a unit of production.


Methodological changes

Move from a positivist / quantitative approach to qualitative approach.

Introduction of different research questions

The focus on the experiences of families and not simply on categories of families.

Feminist critique gave great impetus to this dynamic

The most critical methodological change that has influenced the definition of family is the movement away from a Posivist quantitative approach to more qualitative approaches.

Additionally, this created a movement away from the search for categories of families to an attempt to understanding the experiences of families and how members of familes interpreted their lives.

This created a need to new research questions which could be adequately answered with words instead of numbers



The traditional definition is very limited in focus and coverage of family types

The quantitative orientation of that definition was balanced by more qualitative work

Each discipline assisted in…… [read more]

Adult Life Cycle Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,395 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


Family Life Cycle

The stage of the family life cycle where initial young adults begin the process of individuation is essential to individual and eventually family level functioning as it is at this point that the individual is seeking to develop his or her own family and self. In western culture a great deal of importance is place upon this concept and this period of life and much attention is applied to those who "fail" or remain in the original family unit for periods that surpass what is considered the norm, 18-25 and instead remain in their family of origin without obtaining financial, social, and emotional independence beyond those years. This concept is typically applied to the social work practice in both aiding individuals to reach this "normal" pinnacle of growth, through independence and in aiding those who have not done so at an average age or whom have returned home for any number of reasons. Seiffge-Krenke in fact notes that leaving home early or late had less to do with age and much more to do with developmental task progression, and to some degree parental support. When parental support is in place, i.e. assistance getting a job, transportation and even household furnishings was much more likely to aide individuals in leaving home, at any age. (2009, p. 238) the reader will find that this work discusses the family life cycle transition "leaving home" as a variable issue in both the primary and contrasting cultural settings. The foundation of the findings are that the age of "normalcy" for the event of leaving home and becoming independent adults is fluctuating on a continual basis and can be a result of many factors including but not limited to the relationship one has with the family of origin and particularly the parents, financial issues, issues associated with tradition and/or a rejection of it and the ability of one to function as a single adult, as more and more people are doing so in western and other cultures. Ultimately the issue becomes one of developmental task progression, when certain developmental tasks, often having to do with parental support are achieved individuals no matter their age often pass through this stage of family life cycle. (Seiffge-Krenke, 2009)

The fierce sense of independence and autonomy associated with U.S. culture has in part contributed to the impetus for individuals to leave the family home, separate themselves from the original family, develop their own community awareness and belonging, have intimate relationships with life partners and ultimately have children and begin their own family. (an, Mertig & Liu, 2003, pp. 419-421) "Adolescents leaving their parental homes has been viewed as a normal and natural phenomenon in Western societies & #8230;, as it signifies economic independence, personal responsibility, and emotional separation from parents & #8230;" (an, Mertig & Liu, 2003, pp. 415-416) Yet, it is also fundamentally challenged in real life by children in western culture leaving home at older ages or returning home after leaving. Despite years of emphasis… [read more]

2003) Men and Women Essay

Essay  |  5 pages (1,925 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


Whether these links are causal or correlative has not been proven; however, they do provide a startling picture. It is clear that divorce causes problems for many, especially for the children involved. Children from divorced homes often show an increase in interpersonal problems, which can present themselves in childhood, and can actually get worse in adulthood. Remarriage is no better, as second marriage divorce rates are higher than first marriage divorce rates. Large-scale studies have shown that in homes where parents stay together, even if they do not get along, may actually provide a better environment for children, versus a divorced home environment. Only children who are in homes that have an extremely high incidence of conflict, such as abuse, benefited from divorce. In fact, divorce actually makes situations worse for the children. Studies concluded that the best overall outcome is for parents to work out their problems (Popenoe, 2004).

By having clear expectations going into a marriage, as well as exploring all possibilities before deciding to divorce, I believe that the intimacy of a marriage can be increased. Being more open and honest results in couples being closer. With the absence of lies and deception, couples can be more at ease with each other. By considering cohabitation before marriage, considering each individual's happiness of monogamy before marriage, and only considering divorce after all other avenues have been exhausted will result in a closer, stronger marriage.


Keen, Sam. (2003) Men and women: Becoming together. Intimate Partners. (pp. 389-397).

Lewis, C.S. (1988) The four loves. Retrieved from http://duquesne.docutek.com/eres


The National Marriage Project. (2000, June) The state of our unions 2000: The social health of marriage in America. Retrieved http://duquesne.docutek.com/eres/download.aspx?docID


The National Marriage Project. (2009, February) The state of our unions 2008: The social health of marriage in America. Retrieved from http://www.virginia.edu/marriageproject


The National Marriage Project. (2004, June) The state of our unions 2004: The social health of marriage in America. Retrieved http://duquesne.docutek.com/eres


Popenoe, David. (2004) Top ten myths of divorce. Retrieved from http://duquesne.docutek.com


Wilcox, W.B. (2009) The evolution of divorce. National affairs, 81-94. http://www.virginia.edu/marriageproject/pdfs/Wilcox_Fall09.pdf… [read more]

Family Narrative Every Research Paper

Research Paper  |  7 pages (1,848 words)
Bibliography Sources: 6


I believe that this idea that their American sense is fundamentally different from their Mexican self in that they have dramatically improved not only their economic chances but also the very fabric of who they are may also reflect the broader narrative of current Mexican-to-U.S. immigration that circulates within the political discourse and is often promulgated in mass media and popular culture depictions of the Mexican immigrant experience.

Lawton & Murillo describe this particular narrative as they critique television documentary on the Mexican immigrant experience:

The hierarchal nature of the liberal stance toward immigration is compellingly revealed in the scene in which Frank visits the village where the Gonzalez family lived in Mexico. Frank is appalled that the Gonzalez family came from such "filth" and "poverty." & #8230;

The message that viewers take from this episode is that the United States is inherently superior to Mexico, and because of its abundant prosperity, U.S. citizens should reach out to help those "less fortunate."

This type of discourse often circumvents historical, social, imperialist, and global capitalist considerations.

My family sees themselves as typical Americans. Of course, in many ways they are, for the ways in which we as a family conduct our daily lives is very similar to many other families. The stories that we tell each other are that there is nothing special about us, no reason for us to stand out in our new nation.

That my family should spend so much energy in constructing a story about how there really is no story to tell about us is the most compelling aspect of our family's narrative.


Gouldrup, L. (1987). Writing the family narrative. Los Angeles: Ancestry Publications.

Lawston, J.M. & Murillo, R.R. (2009, June 22). The discursive figuration of U.S. supremacy in narratives sympathetic to undocumented immigrants. Social Justice.

Semple, K. (2009, March 15). "Family stories as a secret texts for immigrants." The New York Times.

Tate, L. (2009). Power in the blood: A family narrative. Cleveland: Ohio University Press.

Wolff, L. (1993). Family narrative: How our…… [read more]

Children Respond When Their Parents Divorce? Research Paper

Research Paper  |  2 pages (677 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


¶ … Children Respond When Their Parents Divorce?

What are the ramifications for children whose parents divorce? It is a fact that about fifty percent of marriages fail -- but what happens to the children from those families? How do they respond in the years that follow the divorce? These issues are addressed in this paper.

Attorney Sandford M. Portnoy writes in the American Journal of Family Law that while various researchers disagree on how children react when their parents divorce, there is a consistent theme to the research -- children are negatively impacted to varying degrees. Portnoy begins his research article by put the divorce rate into "perspective"; one of every six adults living in the United States divorces "two or more times" (Portnoy, 2008, p. 126). Also, he reveals that the divorce rate in the U.S. "hovers around 50%" and between a half to two-thirds of divorced people get married again.

That all adds up to the fact that about 40% of the children in America will experience the divorce of their parents. And what do studies show about how children of divorced parents respond scholastically? Studies in the 1980s and 1990s that Portnoy references reflected that children of divorce "scored lower" when it came to academic success, conduct, "psychological adjustment, social competence, and health" (p. 126). Another study that followed divorced children for 25 years (Wallerstein and Lewis) reported that these children "changed radically almost overnight" and that after 25 years -- as adults looking back -- these children of divorce still remembered "the shock, unhappiness, loneliness, bewilderment, and anger" of those experiences during and following the act of divorce (p. 126).

In more recent times, the trend, according to Portnoy, has been toward less severe outcomes vis-a-vis children of divorce. For example, the author generalizes about recent studies saying children do "indeed struggle" while their families are torn apart and that they generally do not perform as well academically. But in some of those studies the pain doesn't last quite as long as it…… [read more]

Creon State vs. Family Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (1,144 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


¶ … creon, state vs. family

The story that Sophocles creates goes back into the times of ancient Greek and the Thebes' civil war. It starts with the decision of the Creon, new king of Thebes to offer honors to Eteocles and to leave unburied, on the battle field, the body of Polyneices, Eteocles' brother. This decision, of not honoring Polyneices for acting against Thebes, offers the conditions of a classical Greek tragedy involving politics, family relations, death and a strong set of Greek democracy symbols.

Antigone, sister of Polyneices, decides to bury his brother with all honors despite the order that no citizen of the city will offer honors of burial. As soon as Creon finds out that Polyneices was buried, he orders that the person responsible be brought to him to receive the capital punishment for defying his order. As both Antigone and her sister Ismene are brought to Creon he decides to temporarily put the two in lock down. Although death would have been the punishment for the two, Creon, after a fight with his son Haemon, decides to bury Antigone alive and to spare Ismene, although the signs that this was a wrong decision appear more and more. Sophocles ends the play in a tragic manner, when Antigone, Haemon and Creon's wife Eurydice kill themselves as a result of Creon's decisions.

After this brief summary, it is evident that one of the most important issues to be discussed regarding this play are Creon's decisions. He, as a new king, is trapped between family and state, between Gods' will and family values. What begins to be important for him at the beginning -- rules and state -- begins to fade away towards the end when he realizes that more importantly than that are family and morality. Sophocles' "Antigone" becomes, when analyzing Creon, a story of choice, decision and how a leader wins wisdom through making mistakes.

Creon is a new king that comes to power after a civil war in a rather fragile state system. As a leader in ancient Greece, Creon needs to enforce strongly his position and any action of his, especially during the beginning of his reign, has to be carried out in perfect conditions. Although he is advised that denying Polyneices's burial might have unwanted consequences, Creon decides exactly that, aiming at creating for his citizens the image of a leader that respects the laws of the state. Citizenship is an important political tool in the hands of a ruler and altering its rules might shake a ruler's position. A citizen of the state does not act against the state, and once he decided that Polyneices has betrayed Thebes, he also removes his citizenship. Creon makes his first bad political decision when he decides to deny Polyneices' burial and sets the rules of the state, the human-made laws, in an adverse position than the rules of the Gods.

The strong family relation, loyalty to family values and most of all towards the Gods,… [read more]

Teen Pregnancy High-Risk Family Health Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,252 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


Both of these models have aspects that would make them a good study for nurses who are studying the issue of teen pregnancy. The family stress model shows what can occur and the consequences of the family's actions. Orem's model is a help to healthcare professionals in understanding what is needed by the patient.

Another reliable resource that nurses have is the Healthy People website. Healthy People is an organization that who's goals are to "increase quality and years of healthy life," and "eliminate health disparities" (Healthy People, 2010). They have determined 28 focus areas which will address the major health concerns of the people of the United States. Among these 28 are five issues -- access to quality health services, educational and community-based programs, family planning, maternal infant and child health, sexually transmitted diseases -- which are specifically applicable to teen pregnancy. Teen mothers and teens who are pregnant, need to have guidance relative to all of these issues.

Since nurses are among the most trusted people in healthcare, patients see them as advocates, and people who are intimately familiar with their health issues. Thus, when it comes to community and family healthcare, nurses are the front line for people who are facing health issues. A nurse is often less intimidating than a doctor, so it is easier for him or her to interact positively with the public.

Pregnant teens are already intimidated by their situation, so they need an advocate who they feel is not judging them and does not have an authoritarian air. Although medical schools have actively tried to divorce doctors from the, so-called, god complex, it is many time difficult for patients to discuss health issues with them honestly. Thus, it is often the job of the nurse to confront these issues directly and make the patient feel comfortable with the information that they are receiving.

Nurses also have direct education in family nursing (Friedman, Bowden & Jones, 2003), so they are better prepared to communicate with the people in a community than another health professional is. The experiences they have dealing directly with patients makes them valuable advocates for teens who are enduring a pregnancy.

The young women who access healthcare because they have become pregnant are more likely, as has been said previously, to need someone who will advocate directly for their case. The role of the nursing case manager in this case is to provide the needed information that a family needs to best take care of this situation. The teen will have to understand the dire consequences which can occur when they do not make their prenatal appointments. The family of the teen needs to know what their role is with regard to the teen. All parties, whether that be the doctor or family, needs to have the ability to call one person who has the information that they need. A nursing case manager can assist the teen by providing comfort and information during a stressful time. The goal is to… [read more]

UAE Abuse the United Arab Emirates' Successes Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  15 pages (4,444 words)
Bibliography Sources: 30


UAE Abuse

The United Arab Emirates' Successes and Failures in Resolving Domestic Disputes: An Evaluation of the Performance of the UAE's Social Support Centers

Domestic violence, defined as both physical and/or emotional abuse taking place in the home between members of the same domestic unit or family, remains a large problem throughout the world. It is difficult to determine the… [read more]

Albertis Family the Family and Individual Familial Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (815 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


Albertis Family

The Family and Individual Familial Roles through the Ages: From the Renaissance to Today

Throughout most if not all of recorded human existence (and quite probably pre-history, as well), the family has served as the basic social unit, wherein roles and personalities develop, and values and beliefs are at least initially if not permanently formed. The role and expectations of the family have changed dramatically over the course of human history, of course, with different civilizations and societies taking different views of the individuals within families, and the degree to which the family is responsible for the overall well-being and productivity of individual citizens. Even within a fairly limited cultural range, the sheer progress of time can lead to many changes, such that what was desired and expected of families in previous eras of Western and even English culture, while remaining highly recognizable today, do not fully mesh with modern expectations.

Leon Battista Alberti, writing about the family in fifteenth-century Florence -- nearing the height of the Italian Renaissance -- draws clear lines between the roles of the father and the wife of the typical nuclear family. For men, virtue is shown by action and the good management of the household -- which means producing amply and spending wisely, so as to ensure security -- while a woman shows virtue largely through her appearance and docility: "who cannot see that a badly mannered woman is only very rarely a virtuous one," Alberti asks (pp. 170). Women are also judged by the wroth of their lineage, in Alberti's view, rendering them still less capable of determining their own inner worth.

The external sentiments expressed about the family and the various roles within it have certainly changed from Alberti's time to our own. Gender equality is seen as a paramount good in modern Western society whereas it was a virtually unthinkable and laughable concept in Alberti's world; to suggest that it is solely the man's responsibility to manage the economics of a household, especially when that responsibility is built on a supposed lack of competency on the part of the woman, is as horrific to many modern sentiments as suggesting the equality of women would have been to Alberti. This difference in perspective also points to major differences in the overall social values that inform these perspectives. Equality and self-determination are increasingly important concepts in modern society, which has led to much greater innovation and an increase…… [read more]

Ordinary People Essay

Essay  |  15 pages (4,439 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


Ordinary People Intervention

Family Dynamics in "Ordinary People"

Ordinary People is the story of a family living in the aftermath of the tragic death of one of their sons, Buck. The death was the result of a boating accident. Soon after, Conrad, Buck brother tried to commit suicide. After a four-month hospitalization, Conrad returns to school. The family is in… [read more]

Family Therapy Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (580 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Family Therapy

Family Therapist

Dr. Imber-Black (1988) claims that family therapist originated with the idea that an individual's problem begins to make the different kind of sense when examined in the context of the nuclear and extended family. That idea can be expanded into an even more complex meaningful system, composed of individuals, family, and larger systems, existing in a wider social context that shapes and guides mutual expectations, specific interactions, and outcomes. Hence, Imber-Black declares that the skills required in systematic assessment of and intervention with families makes the family therapist particularly suited for work at the macrosystem level. Therefore, Imber-Black comprehends that the often problematic interaction of families and larger systems requires attention from the therapist seeking to intervene with larger families while maintaining viable relationships in the broad professional community.

Goldenberg and Goldenberg (1991); and Barker (2007) concur that the field of family therapy has broadened considerably In terms of advancement and elaborated theories, greatly expanded research undertakings, and a portfolio of clinical intervention techniques. The therapist's training remain committed to offering a balanced presentation of the evolving viewpoint, perspectives, values, and intervention techniques, as well as the ethical and other professional issues that are considered to be of greatest relevance and immediacy to today's students and practitioners alike (Goldenberg and Goldenberg, 1991).

According to Goldenberg and Goldenberg (1991), the training also greatly expositions the family life cycle framework; offers a more description of major theories and a clearer description of numerous specific therapeutic techniques, and pays closer attention to integrating research findings and clinical practice. Therefore, Goldenberg and Goldenberg; and Barker (2007) agrees that to be effective in helping couples and entire families to change, the therapists' training continue to believe it essential that therapists trainees…… [read more]

Solution to the Gay Marriage Problem Evaluation Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,398 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


¶ … Solution to the Gay Marriage Problem

Evaluation Claim

Marriage is one of the basic building blocks of the United States of America. It is an institution that embodies some of the fundamental principles that the nation holds dear: concern for others; love for fellow man; self-sacrifice in the interest of another. When marriage is working best, it operates as "a stable bond between two individuals who work to create a loving household and a social and economic partnership" (Olson 68). The benefits of marriage extend well beyond the confines of the household in which the marriage exists. By transforming two individuals into a union, marriage establishes an investment in the well being of society. Adults have a right to get married, regardless of whether or not they are gay.

The problem arises when any governing body prohibits consenting adults from getting married. This is not an issue at all, unless the topic of gay marriage is being discussed. If two persons of the same gender desire to be joined in matrimony, a legal roadblock is in place to prevent them from fulfilling their wish. Marriage licenses are issued to partners of the same gender in only six places in the United States: Connecticut, Iowa, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Vermont, and Washington, D.C (Urbina). In every other U.S. state and territory, gay couples are not permitted to share in the legal benefits of being married. This fact is especially a problem in the United States of America, the supposed "Land of the Free." The proposed solution to this problem is to legalize gay marriage in the U.S.

2. Criteria of Evaluation

In order to accurately judge the customs of a country, the foundational documents of that country must be accessed. In this case, the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution will be used as guides.

The second paragraph of the Declaration of Independence states:

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. -- That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, - That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive in its ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it… (U.S. 1776)

Essentially, what this means is that no one person has more rights than any other person, and that if the government has become destructive, evidenced by denying rights, then that government must be altered or abolished.

The 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution echoes this sentiment in a more specific way:

All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall… [read more]

Effect of Family Structure on Children in as I Lay Dying Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  8 pages (2,320 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 6


Family Dysfunction, Economic Distress, and Sexual Tension in as I Lay Dying

William Faulkner's As I Lay Dying presents the story of the poor and dysfunctional Bundren family in Mississippi, as they take their deceased wife and mother, Addie, from their home to a town that lays a day's ride away for burial. It is told in a number of… [read more]

Family Association Centre FAC Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  10 pages (3,012 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Family Association Center (FAC)

The success of YMCA in the United States has inspired a drive to establish similar associations in other countries. More daring than the drive to expand the basically Christian premise of YMCA, is the idea of applying the central ideal of the organization to alternative cultures and religions, such as Islam in Saudi Arabia.

It is… [read more]

Life Course Interview and Analysis Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  5 pages (1,525 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 6


Life course interview synthesizes personal information with sociological theory. On its own, the interview is an interesting narrative. With the insight and analysis of social science, the life course interview becomes a piece of valuable qualitative research. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to apply theory to the life course interview. The goals of the analysis include answering the… [read more]

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