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Fashion Designer Monique Lhuillier Research Paper

Research Paper  |  6 pages (1,912 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 3


Fashion Designer Monique Lhuillier

Fashion Designer

Monique Lhuillier

History of Monique Lhuillier's Life

In a scant 12 years, Monique Lhuillier has risen from her roots in a third-world country to becoming the hottest fashion designer. Lhuillier was profiled in legendary Newsweek magazine within eight years of her not-quite-humble start in the fashion industry, garnering a coveted "second cover" status to… [read more]

Influential Fashion Designer of Today Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (771 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Influential Fashion Designer of Today

Calvin Richard Klein was born on November 19, 1942, in the Bronx, New York. From 1959-1962 he attended the Fashion Institute of Technology (FIT) in New York ("Calvin Richard Klein"). At FIT, the classes were "tedious" and the curriculum "pedantically oriented to learning a trade" (Gaines and Churcher 41). Klein was bored, but he used the time and exposure to styles FIT provided to discover his own tastes of what is good and what is not. He found loved natural fabrics and hated synthetic ones. Bright colors turned him off; he preferred quieter shades of brown and beige. During this time the youthful, modern sportswear of French designer Jacques Tiffeau influenced Klein's evolving outlook, as did the stylist practicality of American designer Claire McCarell. The student Klein spent a lot of time at studying the worldwide collection of garments held at the Costume Institute at the Metropolitan Museum of Art (Gaines and Churcher 41-42).

In 1962, Klein entered the fashion industry as a sketcher for Dan Millstein, a superstar of fashion of those times who had designed the dress Marilyn Monroe wore to her wedding to Joe DiMaggio. Klein found the experience challenging, frustrating, but valuable. People described Millstein as a tyrant, and working for him was difficult. Having Klein work on the "missy" line, he didn't fully utilize the young man's talents. Klein really wanted to please Millstein but never felt fully appreciated. Nonetheless, he benefited from working with Millstein, including going to Paris where his official role was to memorize and later sketch to the smallest detail the pieces his boss liked. When possible, Klein explored Paris on his own and absorbed the fashion of the street which he liked more than what he saw on the runway (Gaines and Churcher 48-54).

Klein quit working for Millstein and took a job with Halldon Ltd., a company that manufactured fake fur coats. That kind of product didn't really interest Klein, but the work environment at Halldon was more pleasant and more supportive than at Millstein's company, and there Klein first began to make a name for himself in the industry (Gaines and Churcher 65-66).

Klein and another former Millstein designer, Abe Morenstein, began working together as independent designers. While Klein was getting a lot of attention and job offers,…… [read more]

Favorite Fashion Designer Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (616 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


¶ … Fashion Designer

"Lim knows how fashionable women want to dress."

-Nicole Phelps Vogue

Phillip Lim launched his first collection with money he borrowed from a friend and fabric supplier Wen Zhou in 2004 (NY Mag 2010). His collection became a critical hit almost immediately after the launch. What helped spur his popularity was the fact that "It" girls like Natalie Portman and Kate Hudson adored his creations (2010). This helped fuel the demand of more than $12 million wholesale by his third season (2010). He is known for creating garments for women that have both a girly sort of refinement as well as a laid sensibility. Some of his creations also have a quirky quality to them, which appeals to original and creative wearers like Kate Bosworth and Scarlett Johansson (2010).

Lim has three labels -- 3.1 Phillip Lim, kid by Phillip Lim, and Go Green by Phillip Lim. The first label, 3.1 Phillip Lim, launched in 2005, is ready-to-wear and resort style clothing and is similar to ready-to-wear labels like Theory, Chloe, Marni, and Vince (NY Mag 2010).. Kid by Phillip Lim is an American children's line of clothing that was first launched in 2007. Go Green by Phillip Lim was launched in 2009 and is ready-to-wear clothing as well with an eco-inspired touch.

Phillip Lim is the son of Chinese immigrants. He grew up in Orange County, California, where his mother worked 18-hour days as a seamstress in a garment factory (Dorment 2010). He has said that coming from a very traditional Asian-American family, he felt compelled to go into a career like law or medicine, so he went to college and majored in business. Lim notes that it took him three years to realize that he hated business and he ended up graduating with a degree in home economics (sewing, nutrition, nursing, etc.,…… [read more]

Fashion Designer Self-Promotion My Name Is John Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (883 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Fashion Designer Self-Promotion

My name is John Smith. There are many factors that have motivated me to become a fashion designer and that are now beckoning me to apply my talents in the introduction of an exciting new brand in the fashion industry. I was born in Osaka, Japan in 1979. I believe that inherited my creative bent and interest in fashion from my parents; my father is a photographer and my mother is a tailor. As a child, one of my favorite pastimes was making detailed sketches of lots of plants and animals. I first became interested in fashion as a teen when I began to admire the fashion collections from the United States and Europe. I entered the Mode Design School in Tokyo when I was 18 years old where I focused on my keen interest in patterning. My dedication and focus led me to graduate with honors.

After graduation, I began working as a freelance costume designer, but found this too limiting. So, in 2004, I moved to New York to broaden my horizons. Shortly after moving to New York, I started my own brand which was tremendously successfully. A major fashion buyer bought my collection and sold it to major shops in New York and Tokyo.

After this, I returned to designing costumes and, in 2006, I won in the avant-garde section of the Gen Art International Design competition (http://www.genart.org/fashion.htm).This award was very important because Gen Art is noted for its discovery of new talent and is considered to be an important gateway to success. For instance, this organization has produced talents such as Zac Posn, Rebecca Taylor and Philip Lim, to name just a few of the emerging talents Gen Art has scouted. In 2007, I won yet another Gen Art award, this time in the Men's section. I am now working as a main pattern maker for Jen Kao, an up-and-upcoming New York-based fashion brand that is heavily rumored to become the next Philip Lim or Alexander Wang. I am also the designer of my own brand called 'a degree'.

My brand 'a degree', pronounced as 'aid' in Japanese, represents a very unique conceptual design. I chose this name because it stands for a dimension or point-of-view which I believe will appeal to consumers who are seeking fashion that denotes their own personalities and lifestyles. The cloth I will use is three dimensional and is intended to appeal to many people without making the brand seem like a mass-produced commodity. The 'a degree" brand also capitalizes on the corporate social responsibility movement and it intended to help support people and the global environment by using…… [read more]

Fashion Designers Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,462 words)
Bibliography Sources: 6


Early style inspiration came from childhood trips abroad to Asia, Africa, India and the Caribbean, as well as from her parents.

When Marant became dissatisfied with the selection of clothes in stores she decided to start making her own clothes. These early creations were made out of discarded material and soon many of her friends wanted her to make clothes… [read more]

Givenchy Count Hubert James Marcel Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (504 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


His association with Hepburn would go on for the rest of her life. He not only designed the wardrobe for her films, among them How to Steal a Million, and her iconic turn in Breakfast at Tiffany's which turned the little black dress into the closet must-have of every woman in the world, but much of her personal wardrobe as well.

The outfits in Sabrina would be iconographic of the kinds of fashions Givenchy specialized in. When he started out, he could not always work in the most lush fabrics but the way he utilized his materials made even the least expensive seem luxurious and fascinating. Givenchy become famous for innovation. He specialized in new ideas and techniques that though not as envelope-pushing as some of the designers of his era and the following decades, would lead historians of fashion to associate his name with amazing designs and a gorgeous sense of style.

Today, Givenchy is still creating beautiful women's wear and attractive men's wear. Currently in charge of the women's line is Riccardo Tisci who is known for gothic touches and space-age minimalism. The Givenchy brand has now been in existence for nearly sixty years. It still speaks of class and simplicity. Those who wear Givenchy walk in the footsteps of Hepburn and those who design for Givenchy walk in the shadow of a true artist.

Works Cited

Givenchy.…… [read more]

Fashion Designers in Turkey Thesis

Thesis  |  8 pages (2,320 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


Fashion Designers in Turkey

Emerging Fashion Designers in Turkey

Fashion is a good indicator of the social and political trends characterizing society at a given point in time. It is safe to say that fashion represents a very powerful means of communication. Just as it can be influenced by people, it is in the same manner that it can influence… [read more]

Beauty Industry Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (1,249 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Karolina is the stereotypical image of the normal woman who is convinced to buy more beauty products than she needs, and for that reason I relate to her more. I am personally not willing to do something as drastic as surgery, like Eva, but I do find myself spending more than I should on certain beauty products in order to avoid things like signs of early aging or vanishing pores. I relate to this character most because I have found myself in her position before, although not to that extreme. It is only natural to want to believe that the next best beauty remedy holds the secret to staying younger longer and that every woman should start using it in her regiment as early as possible in order to stay young and fresh as long as possible.

Clearly, the film takes a direct stand in how manipulative the media and celebrity endorsement of products can be on public opinion. Especially in a field such as beauty, where so many women are already insecure, the media comes to exploit these insecurities to the financial advantage of major cosmetic companies and the industry as a whole. The media is responsible for all of the hype involved in the beauty industry. It perpetuates average woman's fears in a way that makes them feel ashamed of them. Obviously, there is a lot of money to made in the industry. For example, the film says that $1,927,000,000 was spent on diet products. This is a huge industry. When a sign of weakness is found, the media really exploits it in a way that keeps its investors and sponsors in the industry paid. Celebrities just become another marketing tool that allows the media and its sponsors to tap into the minds of the every day consumer. So much attention is paid to the beauty of celebrities. When one particularly loved celebrity endorses a product, that product can often sell like wildfire because people assume that is the reason that celebrity looks so amazing all of the time. In reality, that celebrity has a full team of full time make up artists, hair stylists, and so on, to make them look flawless at every available moment. The product alone does nothing to increase the beauty or mystery associated with celebrities and their image. It is the financial head sof the beauty industry that use celebrities to exploit the weaknesses in the self-esteem of consumers. They use celebrities to sell these needy consumers a dream, a fantasy. By buying this eyeliner, you will look like Jessica Alba. In reality, that eye liner will make you look nothing like Jessica Alba, but by the time the consumer realizes that, they have already made the purchase.

In many ways, the film makes a statement about Czech men. First and foremost, men seem to be less vulnerable to the public pressure put on beauty than women. Although men are still exploited in different ways, it is often much less expensive and… [read more]

Fashion, Lifestyle, and Consumption and Their Influence on Identities Essay

Essay  |  7 pages (2,123 words)
Style: Harvard  |  Bibliography Sources: 8


This is because they present the values of the traditional societies and have an inherent meaning of the society. Fashion designers often pick on these traditional values and dressing and put them into a piece of attire that creates the national identity.

Scholars have argued that the contribution of the different cultures of a country into the national identity created in fashion is important in the acceptance of the garments overall. By excluding other communities or groups, the fashion designer will be taking a position about the national identity that often negatively affects the acceptance. However, there is need to balance the societies, communities or groups because including too many will bring a conflict in the fashion attire. One solution to this is the African print that is often associated with African nations. This is a print or fabric that is made from tie and dye and is unique to African communities. While western fashion designers have obviously made some of these, these are still symbolic of African heritage and represent a form of national identity for the African continent Wurst, 2005()

The Maasai of East Africa also have traditional fabrics that are unique to their community. These are often the national identity of the East African countries and have been the source of inspiration for designers such as Louis Vuitton, John Paul Gaultier, and Yves Saint Laurent. These designers have created collections inspired by the East African maasai community collection. Anyone seeing these designs can easily attribute them to East African communities Wipper, 1972()

The presence of a national identity is based on the argument that communities in one nation have attributes which they share and which are distinct to them. This is seen in the maasai community whose fabric and attire is representative of the community's culture, language, religion, history, customs, rituals, territory, and ceremonies. These present the elements that evoke the presence of a national identity. However, the national identity has often changed with time as the culture, territory, and rituals of these communities evolve.


Fashion is used as a tool to portray the identity of an individual. It portrays the emotional, physical, psychological, and social aspect of the individual through expressing their mood and feelings. Fashion is also used to portray a national identity that drives the unique values of the country. The use of fashion as a tool to portray identity is more proliferated by women than men. This is majorly because fashion in dominated by women and often taken more seriously.


CRAIG J. THOMPSON & DIANA L. HAYTKO 1997. Speaking of Fashion: Consumers' Uses of Fashion Discourses and the Appropriation of Countervailing Cultural Meanings. Journal of Consumer Research, 24, 15-42.

KHAIRE, M. 2011. The Indian Fashion Industry and Traditional Indian Crafts. The Business History Review, 85, 345-366.

KINNEY, L.W. 1999. Fashion and Fabrication in Modern Architecture. Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, 58, 472-481.

LOUGHRAN, K. 2003. Jewelry, Fashion, and Identity: The Tuareg Example. African Arts, 36, 52-93.

MCROBBIE, A. 1997.… [read more]

Africa Fashion Week NY Creative Writing

Creative Writing  |  3 pages (870 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


So here we go.

Adiat Disu is the founder, chief communications officer at Adiree PR & Communications, and the director of Africa Fashion Week. Most importantly, Adiat is a tireless ambassador -- the wind beneath the wings -- of African fashion entrepreneurs, and she is always focused on positioning entrepreneurs for success and contributing to economic growth in Africa through fashion. The synergy between Adiat's business acumen and passion for fashion has been widely recognized. She shared the stage with Diane van Furstenberg when speaking to African Women Delegates at the United Nations, during the African Women Entrepreneurship Program. Following Hillary Clinton's keynote address, Adiat spoke about the challenges and opportunities of competing globally to African Small and Medium Sized Enterprises in Washington D.C. Adiat's trajectory from the diaspora to one of New York City's movers and shakers in fashion has covered in mainstream media by CNN, Forbes magazine, the L.A. Times, and the Washington Post, and by Arise TV and Black Enterprise. Prepare to be awed by Adiat's incredible story and her commitment to changing consumer thoughts and behavior towards Africa.

Award-winning David Tlale will focus the Celebrity Spotlight on design and the launching of a brand. In 2003, David won the Elle New Talent in South Africa contest, and after collecting many industry awards, he is back as a judge for Elle. David has been named Best Designer by the Sunday Times in South Africa, appointed "Head Designer for Carducci Woman" under the House of Monatic Group in Cape Town South Africa, and was selected as one of only four young South African fashion designers to present their collection during Paris Couture week. David was voted Most Stylish Designer at the South African Style Awards, voted Mzansi's South Africa's Star Designer of the year, and nominated for the Mercedes-Benzes Fashion and Art Awards. Clearly, David Tiale is recognized as a global design force, and his conversations with us will be as unforgettable as his long list of nominations and accolades.

A.O. Solomon will speak about faith, inspiration, and motivation. As the founder of Shadow of the Almighty Ministries, Solomon is a spiritual guide to thousands, with a ministry that has grown into ten branches across the United States, and a prayer-line with a worldwide presence, that ministers to more than seven thousand participants daily. Solomon was born and raised in Nigeria, where he grew up in a Muslim home, but eventually gave his life to Jesus Christ. He has been in the ministry for about 20 years, and has written a number… [read more]

Oscar De La Renta Research Paper

Research Paper  |  6 pages (1,793 words)
Bibliography Sources: 6


Oscar de la Renta is one of the most successful and long-lived designers in the fashion industry. He was born on July 22, 1932 in the Dominican Republic, and at a young age took to painting.

The masters Cristobal Balenciaga and Antonio Castillo trained him at age 18 in Spain. He first rose to fame during the 1960s; when First… [read more]

Designer Story Creative Writing

Creative Writing  |  2 pages (606 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Designer Story

Now the Whole Team Here: How David Tlale Started from the Bottom and Worked His Way to the Runways

The Future Accountant

David Tlale thought he would become an accountant, specializing in internal auditing. It was something he just happened to be good at, never mind the lack of passion. He hadn't yet found anything that turned him on, so he did what came naturally to him. That was, until his life changed. At Tshwane University, David started hanging out with what he calls the "crazy fashion students." Their suitcases full of sketches and fabrics intrigued him, and David wanted to learn more. The more he learned, the more he knew that fashion was his life's passion and purpose. Fashion, not accounting, was going to be David's future career.

Changing Courses

The shift from accounting to fashion design did not flow well for David. He transferred from Tshwane to Vaal University, entering a four-year fashion design program. His first year, he was just an average student. Yet year by year he improved, putting tremendous pressure on himself to achieve the highest status of being named best student based on an annual fashion show. This inner drive and determination is what propelled David Tlale into the big leagues.

Those Who Can't Do, Teach

David had the opportunity to earn both money and experience teaching basic design at Vaal. The teaching gig started first when one of the lecturers took maternity leave. From there, David remained an instructor for nearly five years before he realized he was starting to fall into a rut. He wanted to design, not teach. In 2003, he quit teaching with hardly any savings. With an ambition to build a brand, David left home and started to do it: he started to make dresses for money. He designed anything…… [read more]

Fashion Entrepreneurship Application Essay

Application Essay  |  5 pages (1,691 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


¶ … fashion entrepreneurship is all about and why I am fitting for the course.

Fashion entrepreneurship consists of initiating a fashion enterprise, venture, or idea, and assuming accountability and responsibly for the outcome and risks. To me, such a job indicates a courageous, responsible, and hardworking individual, and, I believe, that my resume will prove to you that I… [read more]

Successfully Distribute His Fashions Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,052 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


¶ … successfully distribute his fashions in the United States, Kleinaci should enter into an exclusive agreement with a major up-market department store.

Lloyd and Llewellyn is an upscale and well-established up-market department store which is conveniently located in the heart of the city. L & L, as affectionately termed by the esteemed in the fashion industry, is frequented by the rich, the famous, and those seeking to experience fashion at its best. Given that Kleinaci has already established a brand image as a forerunner in the fashion industry, L & L. is a logical venue for the distribution of his highly exclusive and elite designs since L & L. likewise upholds a similar brand image. Accordingly, through an agreement with L & L, Kleinaci would not only establish a distribution channel which serves his segment of the market, but he would reinforce the brand identity which he has worked diligently to establish for the past few seasons on the runway in Europe. Indeed, according to Laura Lake (2010), establishing and maintaining a particular brand image which appeals to a particular consumer base is a critical component of longevity in the fashion industry. A partnership with L & L. provides Kleinaci with a ready-made and established distribution channel as well as an opportunity to introduce and reinforce the brand image and identity it has already established in Europe with a similar segment of the United States market as well.

Additionally, pursuant to Julie Toscano Sequeira of Forbes magazine (Sequeira, 2009), it is critical for entrepreneurs to think outside the box when it comes to finding a niche and establishing a market. One of Kleinaci's concerns might be that an exclusive upscale store might reinforce an upscale brand image; however, it might also limit the profit margin possible in the United States market because the store targets the privileged as opposed to the masses.

According to Sequeira, this should not be the sole consideration in the beginning analysis, rather one should look at the speed of entering the market, the affordability of entering the market, and the likelihood of connecting directly with consumers. In this case, an upscale department store which is already established provides a ready-made and immediate place for his fashion; and, moreover, in this distribution channel, given the popularity and traffic of L&L on any given day, there is a built-in guarantee that consumers will be exposed to his fashion line. Furthermore, Sequeira (2009) advises the unique artistic entrepreneur to test the waters of the market first through smaller channels of distribution. By doing so initially, after establishing a client base, Kleinaci will be able to gauge whether or not his fashion likely resonates with the tastes of the United States fashionista; and, at that time, Kleinaci may make an informed opinion regarding how best to expand. Moreover, should Kleinaci wish to utilize direct distribution alongside with placing his fashion in an established store, he should consider requesting that an addendum be made to the "exclusive deal" between… [read more]

Dress Review: David Tlale Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (308 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


The dress is meant to symbolize fire, one of the side-effects of climate change. However, in addition to its symbolic importance, it also has a rare quality of merging the sophisticated with the primal in its colors and lines. It is simple and flattering yet also volcanically sexual. Indeed, Tlale says that he deliberately draped the chiffon to make it appear like an overflow of volcano, while the metallic fabric and coins represent dried-up ash.

Tlale says that he designs his dresses to be worn by women of all body types.

That is why Tlale's design process is highly organic -- the dress was never sketched, but rather built through trial and error. Tlale lets the fabric become what it wants to be, just as he hopes his dresses allow women to be all they want to…… [read more]

CO Chanel Today Term Paper

Term Paper  |  10 pages (2,803 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Dissatisfied with this "New Look," Coco Chanel emerged from retirement and, at age 71, returned to design. The result was one of the most enduring of all Chanel designs -- the Chanel suit. Her focus was to create clothing that was comfortable for the wearer and still pleasing to the eye of the beholder (Haedrich, p.18).

Chanel's first anti-New Look… [read more]

Emerging Fashion Designers in Turkey Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  8 pages (2,733 words)
Bibliography Sources: 10


Turkish Designers

It has been argued that the Turkish designers can be considered which conceives beauty as a universal coordinate. However, one should ask himself if there is any way that these designers can be identified as a group through the ethnic characteristics of their works. We have already seen that they bring numerous elements from their cultural background into… [read more]

Fashion and Identity Essay

Essay  |  6 pages (2,051 words)
Style: Harvard  |  Bibliography Sources: 8


For example, women who dress in the style of Audrey Hepburn (circa Breakfast at Tiffany's) are not just communicating their love of little black dresses, but are also expressing an even deeper desire to have a "fly by night" lifestyle of the socialite Holly Golightly in the most carefree and irreverent manner.

As this paper has demonstrated, clothes and fashion don't just allow one a certain level of social distinction with which to connect their identity, they are also used as a means of asserting one's inclusion or popularity within a given social group. "To follow a fashion is to imitate the norm so that outsiders (such as those wearing sundresses) feel uncomfortable while the outsiders enjoy the feeling of inclusion" (Dant, 1999: 87). Thus, fashion becomes another way of expressing one's right to socialize with a certain group of people, or one's right to receive a certain level of treatment. Fashion thus allows one to assert one's identity as either cool or popular or "with it" and hip. These are all ways which are modes of expressing value on oneself, much like the hip hop artists who cover themselves in luxury items and bling.

Fashion and the connection with identity can also manifest as a means of demonstrating one's differentness. Thus, in this manner, one dresses differently than the norm as a means of expressing one's own uniqueness; once the masses start to copy this particular mode of style, the fashion no longer becomes fashionable and desirable (Entwistle, 2000). Thus, fashion in terms of identity can be expressed with this level of duality: it can at once be used as a means of inclusion to a desirable social group: this is often when fashion is used in connection to class, something which is nearly inescapable in terms of fashion (Kaiser, 2014). Alternatively, it can also be used as a means for differentiating oneself from others as more important or more desirable, stamping oneself with the mark of the extraordinary.

Thus, this paper has sought to demonstrate the very hard and fast connection between fashion and one's personal identity. Essentially, fashion is a very strong means of expressing one's personal identity, along with a projection of where one is from and one's cultural background. Like all things, these aspects can be adjusted and tweaked to demonstrate the aspect of the self that one wishes to set forth over others. Fashion is not always an accurate expression of one's identity, but can sometimes make up the desired appearance of the individual. Regardless of the desires of the individual, consumption patterns will definitively be impacted, based on the identity one wishes to be identified with and the image that they desire to put forth.


Bennett, A. (2005).Fashion in Culture and Everyday Life London: Sage.

Gibson, P. (2006). Analysing Fashion in, T. Jackson, D. Shaw (eds). The Fashion

Handbook London: Routledge.

Dant, T. (1999). Wearing it out: Written clothing and Material clothing in, T. Dant, 1999,

Material Culture in the Social World… [read more]

Welcoming the Metro Sexual Male Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (870 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 3


The line between gay and straight blurred as a result. It was no longer taboo for a straight man to obsess over his body, his looks, his overall presentation. Now, he the straight man is expected to cultivate sex appeal, style, and fashion sense.

Meanwhile, two competing strains of women's beauty appear in the marketplace -- one, the "sexy" Victoria's Secret type of beauty; the other, the "realistic" woman. However, the fact that the "realistic" woman is played for jokes by comics like Mindy Kaling suggests that "realism" is not exactly an ideal. Mindy Kaling portrayed Kelly Kapoor in the hit sitcom The Office. Her facial features are wide and heavy. Her skin is dark. She is the opposite of what one might find on a Victoria's Secret runway. And yet she has charmed audiences with her "realistic" sense of humor. Lena Dunham has done the same. She first caught the eye of produce Judd Apatow after starring in her feature film Tiny Furniture. Apatow was drawn to the realism which she brought to her character on screen. Under Apatow's guidance she created another comedic universe, in which the "real" side of women might be shown. In the show Girls, Dunham plays Hannah Horvath, a twenty-something in Brooklyn, who learns life lessons the hard way, and who in no way measures up to the sex symbols typically found on the big and small screen. The charm of her character is that Hannah is a "real girl" -- not something fake or idealized.

For men, the ideal appears to be shifting away from sturdiness of character towards perfection in terms of appearance. Queer Eye for the Straight Guy first brought massive attention to the idea that men could care about their appearance just as much as women. The popular comedy South Park devoted an entire episode to skewering the "metro sexual" male in 2003. In the episode, Stan, Cartman, Randy and many other characters in the small town of South Park, Colorado, get caught up in the wave of metro sexuality. The men and the boys all go from looking like their former, normal selves to looking like glam-dolls. Kyle tries to resist the temptation to alter his sense of style and sense of self, but the peer pressure to conform to the new metro sexual trend is almost too powerful. In the end, the women of South Park get sick and tired of their men caring more about clothing, fashion, and beauty products than… [read more]

Fashion, Appearance, and Social Identities "Tyranny Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,402 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Fashion, Appearance, And Social Identities

"Tyranny of the Ideal Image of Beauty":

How Are Fashion and Appearance Central to the Construction of Social Identities

Most western societies today are highly commercialized and capitalist where not only traditional commercial products are for sale, but also appearances, looks, fashion, and images. These nonmaterial products are sold to consumers through various means. Mass… [read more]

Fashion and Technology Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  8 pages (2,711 words)
Style: Turabian  |  Bibliography Sources: 5


Fashion and Technology

What kind of technology-driven fashion will your grandchildren's grandchildren be walking around wearing? Will your family's future offspring of the female persuasion be wearing spray-on dresses featuring unlimited style color coordinating options in the year 2030? Will her best friends have cellphone bracelets and will their boyfriends sport fashionable eyewear that also serve as live video monitors… [read more]

Fashion and Appearance Central to the Construction Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,246 words)
Style: Harvard  |  Bibliography Sources: 3



The objective of this work is to answer the question of how is fashion and appearance central to the construction of social identities and to present a discussion that includes reference to specific examples.

The literature examined in this study clearly indicates that fashion and appearance are central to the construction of social identities. For example, the work of Christopher Breward (1999) entitled; "The Hidden Consumer: Masculinities, Fashion and City Life in 1860-1914" states that the study of "...masculinities, fashion and urban culture is rarely addressed in the same work since the dominant wisdom has long held that consumption was a feminine enterprise and that pre-War British and American men were reluctant consumers at best." (Breward, 1999)

It is the belief of Breward the male clothing and fashion in the late-Victorian era effectively "provided a creative space for masculine contestation and innovation and that male fashion consumptions positioned consuming men at the forefront of the modernization process that Britain was undergoing at the dawn of the twentieth century. Breward's work first conducts an examination of "the color, cut and texture of clothing available to middle-class and aristocratic consumers" with a focus on the demonstration of the "elaboration and elegant of pre-Victorian male beauty survived the austerity of Victorian moral rhetoric." (Breward, 1999) the remaining evidence of male fashion existing in "...popular novels, shop catalogues, trade directories, diaries and photographs are examined in Breward's work. The graphical reproduction of the retail fashion plates and advertisement "demonstrate the wide variety of elegant clothing and fashion accessories available to Victorian men, and his examination of how men's clothing was discussed in popular novels, men's periodicals and diaries" indicates how prominent fashionable looks was in the mind of the Victorian Englishmen.


The work of Diana Crane entitled: "Fashion and Its Social Agendas" states that fashionable clothes are used to make statements about social class and social identity, but their principal messages are about the ways in which women and men perceive their gender roles or are expected to perceive them." (Crane, 2001) Crane states that fashionable clothes in the nineteenth century "generally expressed the gender roles of upper-class women." (2001) the class structures had a differential effect on women in the nineteenth century in that fashion "had elements of social control..." exemplifying 'the dominant and very restrictive conception of women's roles." (Crane, 2001)

Crane relates the statement of Simmel (1957) that fashion is "an ideal field for individuals with dependent natures, whose self-consciousness, however, requires a certain amount of prominence, attention and singularity." Simmel held that it was women who were "most likely to exemplify this category of 'dependent natures' and were in generally likely to exhibit a 'stricter adherence to the social average'." (Crane, 2001) However, Simmel is stated to have misses the faction that fashion is important for the male as well as the female gender.

II. WOMEN - SOCIAL AGENDA… [read more]

Fashion Ready to Wear Surprisingly Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,284 words)
Style: Harvard  |  Bibliography Sources: 1+


Fashion Ready to Wear

Surprisingly, ready-made or ready-to-wear clothing stems back to the Civil War, although such designs were in short supply at that time. The growth of manufacturing production, the advertising industry, urban professionals, and chain stores and mail order catalogs that allowed countrywide availability enhanced the development of ready-made apparel. Throughout the 20th century, many international haute couture designers, such as Elsa Schiaparelli, Pierre Balmain, Geoffrey Beene and Kishore Biyani began transposing their fashions for the ready-to-wear market and created an industry of mass merchandising.

Ready-to-wear collections are not custom made and are standard sized, which makes them more suitable for larger productions. Ready-to- wear collections consist of a normally represent a certain theme or perspective and to make a fashion statement. They are branded and sold in stores for the mass public marketplace. One of the first designers following this mode was Elsa Schiaparelli. Born in Rome Italy in 1890, she studied philosophy and then moved to the United States and worked as a film scriptwriter.

In 1920, Schiaparelli went to Paris and designed and wore a black sweater knitted with a white bow. An American store saw this design and asked for an order, and her ready-to-wear business took off with hundreds of knitters producing the fashions. Schiaparelli's designs were innovative and very popular with their use of bright colors, often pink, and her imaginative use of conventional fabrics, zippers and very unusual hats and shoes. Many of her notable designs were based on the inspirations of her friends, who included Christian Berard, Jean Cocteau, and Salvador Dal', such as a summer dress with lobsters. She brought attention to detail in all her ready-to-wear collections and comical additions, such as embroidered add-ons, odd buttons and complex zipper patterns. She was one of the first women designers to license out her name, so it could be associated with mass produced clothing, such as hats, nylons, perfumes and tartans (Who's Who in the Twentieth Century 1999).

Fashion designer Pierre Balmain, was born in St. Jean de Maurienne, Savoie, France, in 1914. After receiving his degree in architecture, he freelanced as an illustrator and assistant designer and was trained, as was Christian Dior, by two of the most well-known designers of the time, Molyneux and Lucien Lelong. He opened his own haute couture house right after the end of World War II in Paris and remained its director until 1982 when he died. It did not take long for Balmain's popularity to spread because of his new created image for women, who wanted to forget the vestiges of war hardships and once again look elegant and opulent in richly embroidered gowns. Over the years, he became famous for his elegant simplicity for evening dresses, tailored suits, sportswear, and stoles. He designed regularly for the theatre and cinema (Encyclopedia Britannica).

In the 1960s, Balmain's business expanded with his sculptured designs of fabric with structural contrasts of cut and style. Balmain's foundation in architecture greatly influenced his designs. He saw clothes… [read more]

Fashion Knockoffs Term Paper

Term Paper  |  9 pages (2,829 words)
Bibliography Sources: 12



Fashion Knockoffs: Perils and Prevention in a Global Industry

What's in a name? Quite a lot, if it is the name of an author, artist, musician, or inventor. A wide range of artistic creations and commercial products sell much better if they are produced by talented and recognized individuals. Creative minds spend weeks, months, even years, coming up with… [read more]

Fashion Pick of the Week "Death Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (521 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0



Pick of the Week

"Death Becomes Her," the Costume Institute's latest feature exhibition, launched just in time for Halloween but will continue to haunt you until it dies Feb 1, 2015. A rare peek at the attire of mourning, "Death Becomes Her" features mourning attire from 1815 to 1915. Although the exhibition would have been strengthened by the addition of multi-cultural mourning attire, as it stands, "Death Becomes Her" delves deep into the evolution of attitudes and customs surrounding death in Anglo society. Highlights of the exhibit include mourning gowns worn by Queen Victoria and Queen Alexandra. Don your best black and don't miss it.

"Death Becomes Her," (2014). Metropolitan Museum of Art. Retrieved online: http://www.metmuseum.org/exhibitions/listings/2014/death-becomes-her

Also on the Horizon

The Fashion Institute of Technology is hosting one of the more captivating exhibitions of the season with "Dance and Fashion," an exploration of the interface between these two linked arts. Fashion designers have been as influenced by dance as choreographers and dancers have been inspired by the costumes they wear. Organized by Valerie Steele, a wide range of dance forms and their costumes will be on display at the FIT until January 3, 2015.

Reference: Fashion Institute of Technology (2014). Dance and Fashion. Retrieved online: http://www.fitnyc.edu/336.asp

FREE! Garment District Walking Tours

They say the best things in life are free, but few freebies are to be found in our fair city. Fear no more! Mike's NYC Tours offers free -- you read that right -- free! -- tours of the garment district. Led by Mike Kadback himself, the tours…… [read more]

Sponsorship Proposal Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (676 words)
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Pana Fete

the Red Carpet Lookbook for Africa


Pana Fete is an annual fundraising gala in New York City. Hailed as the premier red carpet lookbook for Africa's most acclaimed fashion designers, Pana Fete features an exclusive list of designers showcasing a wide range of spectacular dresses and gowns, from traditional African styles to the most daring looks in modern African fashion. Each year the presenters of Pana Fete display several thematic fashion exhibits, representing an exclusive list of leading African-born designers and contributors from the continent's worldwide diaspora. Pana Fete is the most highly anticipated gala event in the world of African fashion and design, and by actively fundraising for a selected charitable organization that focuses on promoting the African fashion industry, the organizers of Pana Fete work to ensure that future generations will appreciate and enjoy the fashion of Africa.

Pana Fete 2013

Tentatively scheduled for Wednesday, July 17th, 2013 at the Museum of Modern Art, the Pana Fete will shine the spotlight on five featured designers from across Africa: Korto Momolu of Liberia, Peter Walden of Tanzania, Mahlet Afework of Ethiopia, and Vanessa Mukasa of Uganda. Each of these globally acclaimed designers represents a different aspect of Africa's fashion sensibilities, with Korto Momolu bringing the styles of Liberia to the hit television series Project Runway, and contributing to her homeland through her charitable organization Gracie's Gift. The Tanzanian-born Peter Walden will be showcasing his signature brand of men's suits, Perfect Gentleman by PSW, and Ethiopia's Mahlet Afework will offer glimpses into the new line from Mafi, the fashion brand she created at the age of 18 to modernize the beauty of her native land's traditional garments. The visual presentation and fashion exhibition explores African fashion and offers guests an opportunity to meet with designers and view garments up-close. Proceeds from the event will benefit United Colors of Fashion (UCOF), a New York City-based non-profit 501 (c)(3) organization with a mission to educate and mentor under resourced youth about the fashion industry through hands-on training.…… [read more]

Fashion Blogger Cairo: Heba Elkayal Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (581 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Al Saidi's blog speaks to people beyond her own country and her own culture. She even has a picture of a woman in a Mickey Mouse sweater opening up the limits of what is considered to be fashion and this appeals to the people in Beirut and outside the nation as well. Even people who do not speak the language of people from Beirut will understand what she is trying to explain in her pictures and the modern style of the people of her land. [2: Deema J. Al Saidi. "Plush Beirut." Blogger, 2013. Accessed March 16, 2013. http://www.plush-beirut.net/]


Noor Khraibut is a fashion blogger in Kuwait who focuses primarily on the work of Kuwaiti designers. She supports and encourages people to buy from many designer brands. Most of the designers she covers are from Kuwait, but she also promotes designers from outside Kuwait.[footnoteRef:3] In addition to this, she shows pictures from the behind the scenes of fashion, like what happens inside a factory. Within fashion there is this idea that it only concerns beautiful models and perfect designers. Showing this other side of fashion allows people to look at the industry in another way. There are unglamorous sides to the fashion industry. [3: Noor Khraibut. "Addicted Fashionista: Kuwaiti Fashion Junky for the Conscious." Blogger. Accessed March 16, 2013. http://addicted-fashionista.blogspot.com/]

Works Cited

Al Saidi, Deema J. "Plush Beirut." Blogger, 2013. Accessed March 16, 2013.


Elkayal, Heba. "Heba Elkayal." 2011. Accessed March 16, 2013. http://hebaelkayal.tumblr.com/

Khraibut, Noor. "Addicted Fashionista: Kuwaiti Fashion Junky for the Conscious." Blogger.

Accessed March 16, 2013. http://addicted-fashionista.blogspot.com/… [read more]

Fashion Leaders There Are so Many Different Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (794 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Fashion Leaders

There are so many different trends and tastes in the many cultures and subcultures that make up popular culture today, it can be difficult to pick out individuals that can be considered overall "leaders" in fashion, or in any other area of aesthetics and art such as music, visual art, etc. For that reason, I attempted to pick individuals that display a somewhat eclectic representation of the current trends in fashion for my collage of today's fashion leaders, using different designers and fashion icons that show a range of different tastes and styles while all unequivocally demonstrating modern and forward-thinking attitudes when it comes to the clothes they wear. The fact that I don't even like some of the particular fashion statements that I have included in the collage tells me that I have done my job in this regard, and I believe I have compiled a fairly accurate, comprehensive, and objective collection of today's individual fashion leaders.

Mary Kate Olsen, Miley Cyrus, and Ashley Greene demonstrate fairly different fashion sensibilities in the picture I selected to incorporate in my collage, but they all represent the young Hollywood look(s) that receive so much attention. Miley Cyrus has spoken to interviewers about the need to always try and look "cute" even in a set of "comfy" sweats; it is this sensibility as well as her immersion in the moneyed world of Hollywood that makes her one of today's fashion leaders (Sassi Sam 2010). Ashley Greene is more of an overnight sensation than Miley Cyrus, with her "casual and feminine style" appealing to many after her role in Twilight, and she wears very diverse outfits that help keep her current yet effortlessly stylish (Daily Fashion and Style 2010). Mary Kate Olsen has been a star almost her entire life, with an immersion in Hollywood glamour similar to Miley Cyrus, but the fact that this Olsen twin is also a designer is what really makes her a leader in today's fashion world (Hall 2006).

Ciara, Rihanna, and Sean Combs (or Puff Daddy, P-Diddy, or whatever it is he goes by these days) all came into the fashion world not through the acting world, but rather through the music industry. This origin is largely reflected in their fashion styles, I believe; Rihanna definitely has a hip-hop/R&B flair in most of the outfits she dons, despite the rapidly changing and…… [read more]

Joy Luck Club or Barbie Essay

Essay  |  6 pages (1,995 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Barbie as an Online Tool of Consumer Culture

The appearance of the fashion doll Barbie has visually changed since her earliest incarnations. During the 1950s and 60s, Barbie was originally modeled upon a German 'adult' cartoon image with slanted eyes, a highly stylized image, and 'merry widow' corset proportions. Today, Barbie looks more like a fun, California girl-next-door, with a… [read more]

Fashion Photography Advertising in High End Women's Magazines Term Paper

Term Paper  |  14 pages (4,689 words)
Bibliography Sources: 10


Fashion Photography Advertising in High- End Women's Magazines


Fashion Photography in the Form of Advertising, for High-End Women's Magazines

Table of Illustrations

Literature survey: Origins / history / theory of fashion photography advertising in high-end magazines

Recent Developments of Fashion Photography Advertising

Case Studies .10

Appendix of Illustrations.

Table of Illustrations

Helmut Newton, "Rue Aubriot," Vogue France. Paris 1975… [read more]

Fashion and Identity Fashion, Culture, and Personal Essay

Essay  |  6 pages (1,903 words)
Style: Harvard  |  Bibliography Sources: 3


Fashion and Identity

Fashion, Culture, and Personal Identity

Culture is a complex phenomenon. Any gathering of human beings develops its own culture given enough time; this can be observed on both macro and micro levels. In the study of history and art, scholars speak of Roman culture or Western culture as a way of referring to the broad and generalized… [read more]

Effects of the Environmental Movement on the Fashion Industry Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,518 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 3


¶ … environmental movement and the fashion industry. Specifically it will discuss the public's opinion on green products, and how this affects the fashion industry. The fashion industry depends on public opinion, and recently, public opinion has begun to shift toward an interest in green, eco-friendly products, and this includes the fashion industry. Thus, the fashion industry is becoming more… [read more]

Dovima With Elephants Richard Avedon Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,394 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


It heavily contrasts against the white making the flower on her breast stand out in a striking way. The flower is also quite large. Flowers are found very prominently in fashion of the 1950s. Much of Dior's earliest designs heavily featured flower embellishments or floral prints. Again the emphasis is placed on the things that are beautiful and feminine. Flowers are beautiful, delicate, and associated with womanhood so wearing them is heightening the female's own sense of femininity.

Richard Avedon was one of the premier photographers of the period and continued to have cultural relevancy for decades. Among his subjects were fashion models like Dovima, film stars like Marilyn Monroe, and musical stars like the Beatles. Every icon of the mid-century was documented by Avedon's camera at some point. The model at the center of the picture, Dovima, was arguably the most famous fashion model of the 1950s. Dovima and Avedon had a special relationship and he photographed her more than any other subject (Swartz 1991). He said that she was the last of the aristocratic type of beauties, a type of woman who rarely existed anymore. She was one of the most highly-paid because of the way that she could elevate the level of elegance and artistic beauty of the clothes she wore. Dovima was nothing like the natural models that would be indicative of the following decades like swinging sixties favorite Twiggy. She was highly made up, highly stylized, and had to work very hard to provide the kind of image she was hired to show the world.

The elephant on the left of the picture has his trunk up and his front foot up as well and the one on the right seems to be trying that as well. She is between them and her arm is lifted as if she is imitating the creature, but her actions are more delicate and refined. It is making a clear comparison between the beauty and the beast. At the same time she is portrayed as deserving of being placed on a pedestal, the unnatural position also underscores the submissive position women were supposed to take during this time. Women were to be controlled by men. In this case Dovima is being controlled by Richard Avedon, Christian Dior, and Yves St. Laurent. She is a doll to show Avedon's photographic skill and Dior and St. Laurent's design ability. She does not have an identity outside of what these men give her. This is indicative of the era, something Dior recognized. Dior himself said, "When I went to analyze this social trend I was responsible for, I realized that, above all, it stood for a return to the art of pleasing…The birth of the House of Dior profited from that wave of optimism and the return to an ideal of civilized happiness" (Pochna 1996, page140). This is a very interesting statement in that pleasing others is equated to being happy. So, for a woman to achieve post-war happiness, she ought to… [read more]

Low Weight and Runway Model Reaction Paper

Reaction Paper  |  4 pages (1,393 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


This is a condition that makes them harmful for them (Hill).

2. Another disadvantage is that in the race for losing weight, the models usually cross the desired line of thinness and reach at a level of weakness rather than being smart. This has an adverse effect as these models get a break in their career for being too thin rather than getting fame. They tend to slip out of the runway modeling.

The fashion industry hasn't changed since long. Its demands and requirements if not increased, have been religiously the way they were earlier. As we see the inner details of the industry, we see that it is a truth of life that models have always been thin and young regardless of the country they are in. The difference only is that, until in recent times, people understood that models were working women doing a job. This is no recreation for them. They make many sacrifices, leaving home, affecting family life. Not to mention, not eating much, and given a reward for this (Ebony).

This seems very peculiar an seeing the lives of these models, the glamour they have, the fame they receive, makes any human being wish for a life like that of theirs. But on the other offer, if we consider the toughness of their work we feel that nobody in their right mind wants to be these women. They definitely appreciate them in the pages of a glossy magazine and venerate the clothes they wear, but eventually they forget about them and get on with their lives. Models occupy the same obscure stratosphere as the movie stars do.

Besides to blame the fashion industry solely for what is a shared problem is clearly not going to overcome these problematic issues. We need to focus more closely on the society primarily ourselves. We should realize how we are so insecure as to believe in starvation as prime indicator of beauty. Furthermore, we should think about how we seem to have entirely lost our touch with the idea that what shines is not always gold. There are people who do not seem as they actually are. Their interiors are more significant than what is on the exterior. Therefore it is important to recognize that by appreciating them for reducing appetite is an objectionable act on the part of the onlookers (Law).

There have been laws for regulating the weight selection of the runway models. The models cannot be graded as anorexic unless they have a weight percentile less than that of the other people of their age and height. These laws are prevalent but still they are not strictly followed. It is us who are an obstruction in the path of the law enforcement. The fact that the present-day modeling industry standard is insalubrious for most wannabe models also contributes to a detrimental professional society in which even the squeakiest models can become compulsive and suspicious about their weight. The Council of Fashion Designers of America (CFDA) created… [read more]

Identity Loss at Risk Term Paper

Term Paper  |  10 pages (2,610 words)
Bibliography Sources: 10


Western Beauty Ideals: A Cultural Change Perspective

The Realities of a Global Village

When Marshall McLuhan introduced the concept of the 'global village' in his 1967 work The Medium is the Message, he established a precedent that still rings true decades after (Martens, Dreher, and Gaston 575). The world as a 'global village' is a metaphor that has never been… [read more]

Should Underweight Model Size 0 Be Used for Fashion Show and Magazine Ads Research Paper

Research Paper  |  7 pages (2,795 words)
Bibliography Sources: 9


Size Zero Debate

The size zero and subzero body image is an enduring image that has pervaded the media off and on since the 1960s, with the popularity of the size zero (maybe even subzero) model and actress Twiggy. The debate regarding using such women, in a natural state or not, meaning they are simply small by nature or they… [read more]

Frances Influence on Europe and the Rest of the World Thesis

Thesis  |  4 pages (1,553 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 10





As the official language of twenty-two nations, French is currently spoken by almost 200 million people worldwide and is considered as the official second language of such nations as Belgium, Canada, Haiti, Switzerland, and Monaco; it is also a major language in many nations located in Sub-Saharan Africa like Cameroon,… [read more]

How Entrepreneurship Impacts the Creative Industries Thesis

Thesis  |  10 pages (3,106 words)
Style: Harvard  |  Bibliography Sources: 18


¶ … Entrepreneurship

The psychological shift associated with intellectual knowledge having value has created, a sincere interest in the manner in which knowledge in addition to goods are transferred and more importantly valued. For this reason the creative industries have become a point of interest for research and even legitimization in law and standard. What was once a paten system… [read more]

Luella Macro Environment PESTEL Essay

Essay  |  1 pages (326 words)
Style: Harvard  |  Bibliography Sources: 2


Luella- •

Macro environment: PESTEL

Macroenvironment - Technological, Environmental, Legal

The technological environment is characterized by numerous developments which support organizations in increasing their operational efficiency and reducing costs. These technologies are often expensive and using them requires additional investments, but which generate a beneficial return. Advancements have been made relative to textile manufacturing and sewing, blends of new fibres, but also in terms of selling the products, such as online stores and the creation of the virtual community (Weston-Thomas).

In terms of environment, modifications occurred in the meaning of better protecting the natural habitats. This impacts the fashion industry by generating a focus and demand for clothes, shoes, bags and other accessories not made from animal leather. As a result, the environmental concerns focus on increasing the amount of synthetic leather used. This is rather challenging due to the functional limitation of synthetic fabrics, as well as the consumer's preference for animal leather.

The fashion industry subjects to the same legislation as…… [read more]

Art of Helmut Newton Research Paper

Research Paper  |  14 pages (4,946 words)
Bibliography Sources: 13


Photography was as carefully elaborated as painting, and the artists took long time to determine the proper angle, pose, lighting and arrangement of the scene. The contrast between the gray shades was vital and everything had to be set especially to favor the model, make her stand out and capture the viewer's eye, without distracting their attention or stealing their… [read more]

East Meets West: Oriental Influence on Western Dissertation

Dissertation  |  21 pages (5,765 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


East Meets West: Oriental Influence on Western Fashion

Clothing is rarely recognized as a political force, yet fashion and design may be one of the most internationally regarded forms of trade, communication, and influence among countries worldwide. Perhaps more than any other form of shared knowledge, fashion permeates the boundaries of nations to influence the styles of people everywhere. According… [read more]

Jackie Onassis Kennedy Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,409 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


Jacqueline Onassis

Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy Onassis was the wife of U.S. president John F. Kennedy before becoming a widow. She remains an American icon of high style and grace. She got married to Kennedy who was then a U.S. senator from Massachusetts in 1953, when she was 24. In 1960 she was elected president. Her becoming widow was as a… [read more]

Women's Issues Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (1,048 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


The man is basically given permission. On the other hand, young girls look at this and think that that is how they should look. They may be drawn to the photo because of its young movie star and its pretty pink tones. They will look at Fanning's beauty and think that they want to be like her. They may mimic her look and think to themselves that looking childlike and sexy to men is what is important. They make believe that it is right and good in society and that it is their role to tempt men, to be young Lolitas -- and this is so wrong.

This advertisement does something bigger as well. Society is maintaining that it is okay to sexualize young girls when they allow ads like this to be published. Everyone who allows this or who buys this perfume is saying that they don't have a problem with it and that this is the norm. I think that the perfume maker (Coty) saying that there is nothing overtly sexual about this photo is lying. Advertisers are out to make money, plain and simple, and they don't care if it is at the cost of sexualizing children or making it okay for men to sexualize children.

Another problem with this ad, and I understand that the perfume is called "Oh, Lola," is that they had to use someone so young in the ad. So perhaps it is the name of the perfume that is upsetting. I think of a bunch of advertisement executives (probably mostly men) sitting in a boardroom and trying to think up a name for this perfume. I imagine that they thought the name was edgy and that it would be edgier to get a young movie star to embody Lolita. Who better than Dakota Fanning who has always been thought of as having an old soul, while her young -- almost androgynously thin -- body is reminiscent of a pre-pubescent girl. Everything about the ad makes me cringe. Marc Jacobs, a man himself, of course, can be blamed as well because I think that when you are a big fashion designer (or anyone who is a public personality) you have the responsibility to not oppress anyone.

I've talked a little bit about this ad being wrong because I think that it gives men the wrong idea about what is okay in society (sexualizing young girls), but I also think it is worrisome because of the role it puts children in, in general (especially young girls). I think it makes children look very vulnerable and it sends the message that they are perfect victims especially for rape or incest. The look on Fanning's face also sends the message that young girls may even want to be the target of sexual exploitation. She is wearing a "come hither" look that sends the message that she is ready -- and even willing -- for whatever comes her way.… [read more]

Artist Synthesis Related Design Elements Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (611 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


This would enable clarity and correctness with proportions, as well as achieving contrast, which is necessary to attract attention.

2. A layout should be simple and direct with color and space breakup otherwise the image becomes too confusing for the eye, disturbing, and it loses its harmonious intent. One unit should dominate the advertisement but it should amplify the message and cooperate with the whole. The intent, then, throughout is harmony. Mixing too many things reduces this harmony.

The commercial artist is not simply an artist but also an artist-salesman and for that reason he/she has to remember that her design has a message to sell. Her intent must be to achieve three objectives:

1. Attracting the viewer's attention

2. Conveying a message

3. Impressing the product on the mind of the reader

Mixing too many components, or if the boards is sloppy and overworked confuses and corrupts that message. The key objective should be attention: i.e. To grasp and retain viewer's attention to the product.

An example of a theme that can be used to create a mood is the medieval design mentioned above. The components used in the storyboard would be the decision regarding which medium the illustration should use, since each medium has its particular quality. All details of the targeted viewer (as mentioned above) should be also simulated on storyboard there should be simplicity and emphasis of a single motif; in fact the motif should be used to guide attention. If any of these elements are missing or if the storyboard becomes too cluttered and inchoate, the artist / salesman damages her objective.


Fashion Design Drawing. Web. Retrieved on February 3, 2011 http://fashion-design-drawing.com/Layouts-Part-2.html

Fashion Lessons. Web. Retrieved on February 3, 2011 http://www.blogger.com/feeds/1015513486301195471/posts/default… [read more]

New Look in the Postwar Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (494 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Nearly every person wanted stuff: a house in the suburbs, a car, and nice clothes. Here the Dior "New Look" became an instrumental addition to the Cult of Consumerism that dominated 1950s and 1960s culture. Women saw these designs in magazines and on television, worn by the classiest ladies of the silver screen like Grace Kelly, and desired to emulate them. In the suburbs, the housewives take on the need for sameness. They must wear the same clothes, use the same appliance, and cook the same meals in order to feel normal.

With the advent of the freeway system, the consumerism in the country became more rampant. Now people were living in the suburbs and had to drive into the larger cities to purchase things they required. Someone realized that if they had a shop in the suburbs, the citizens of the town would be able to shop there instead. The success of these smaller stores within the suburbs led to additional stores being opened. Eventually, every little town had at least one store, designed to be a convenience to the suburbanites who shopped there. When someone had to go into the city for some supplies, it behooved them to purchase more than they needed so they would not have to drive into town again for some time.

Works Cited

"Christian Dior's New Look." The Vintage…… [read more]

Target Market Demographics Thesis

Thesis  |  4 pages (1,186 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 1+


Cosmetics - Target Market

Today's economic agents strive to increase their competitive positions by developing and implementing the most adequate strategies relative to all of their categories of stakeholders, including employees, customers, purveyors, intermediaries and other governmental and non-governmental organizations, such as environmental institutions. The key to succeeding in this highly dynamic market is that of properly identifying and addressing the target market.

The Company

ABC Cosmetics was established five years ago in the Kane County, Chicago Metropolitan area, Illinois, where the organization is still headquartered. The founder and chief executive officer is a former fashion model and her experiences with wearing makeup have materialized in a line of successful products, to be used by both women at home, as well as professional saloons. ABC Cosmetics employs 80 individuals, organized as follows: 10 employees in research and development, 30 employees in manufacturing, 10 administrative staff and 30 employees in sales. The company ended fiscal year 2008 with a net profit of $7 million, revealing a constantly ascendant trend. The financial crisis revealed at the international level has only limitedly impacted the economic agent in the meaning that its growth rate shrunk by 2% relative to fiscal year ended in December 2007. This is mainly because the cosmetics industry develops independently of other industries and that the demand for such products tends to remain constant despite fluctuation in economic conditions. The product lines of ABC Cosmetics include lipsticks and lip glosses, nail enamels, eye shadows, skin foundations, body milks and moisturizers.

3. The Product

After conducting intensive market research, the managerial team at ABC Cosmetics decided upon the creation and promotion of a natural product line. The research and development team was allocated a budget of $30,000 and they came up with a solution in two months. The new product line includes a moisturizing face cream, a body milk and a hand cream, all made entirely from plants, without added chemical compounds. In creating the scent of the items, the team used lavender. Based on the response received to this line, the company intends to develop additional products of diverse perfumes, such as lilies-of-the-valley or hyacinths.

The presentation of the products will be a dual one. The first strategy sees that the three items will be individually packed in cart boxes of bright colours and tasteful design. The second approach sees the packing of the tree items is a single box and the sale of the entire pack. Whenever an individual product is being purchased, the customer will pay its full price; when purchasing the three item pack, the customer will be offered a 15% discount.

In both cases, the boxes will contain information on the producer, the components used in the making of the creams and a picture of the lavender plant. The company has also come up with a logo for their new product, which is aimed to attract attention to the fact that the products are made entirely from plants - Bio Beauty and Comfort.

The bio product… [read more]

Art Design Textile Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (320 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Art Design-Textiles

ECLAT Textiles manufactures fabrics and ready-to-wear garments including knitwears. The company also produces their own lines of textiles: Eclat, Eclon, and BodyCare, all of which have registered trademarks. ECLAT produces mostly synthetic fabrics and yarns, including flexible yarns produced in conjunction with the Dupont Company. Flexible fabric knits range from classics like corduroy, velour and terry to more sophisticated computer-generated patterns. Major fabric production types include single jersey knits. In addition to their trademarked textiles, ECLAT also uses yarns from various other fibers, including staples like cotton. Filament yarns include Tactel, Supplex, nylon, and polyester; Flexible fibers include Spandex and Lycra; "tech" fibers include Coolmax as well as UV-resistant and sweat/odor-resistant yarns. Many of these yarns and the textiles they produce are highly specialized, and can therefore be used in specific types of clothing. For example, Coolmax and UV-inhibiting fabrics would be popular for use in the outdoor and athletic clothing industry. As a designer, I would be…… [read more]

Hermes Birkin Bags the Cost Essay

Essay  |  5 pages (1,632 words)
Bibliography Sources: 8


Hermes Birkin Bags

The cost of the average handbag traditionally runs from $20-$100. However, patrons of the exclusive fashion designer Hermes are always in search of the 'next new thing' to delight their eyes and impress their friends. The Birkin Bag proved to be just such an item. Hermes is a brand that has long cultivated an image of exclusivity… [read more]

Developing a Marketing Mix for My Brand Marketing Plan

Marketing Plan  |  4 pages (1,192 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


Marketing Plan- Julia Grant

Marketing Plan: Julia Grant, Freelance Fashion Stylist / Consultant

Business Overview

In the 2008 industry outlook report for the designer fashion market in Australia, revenue from the retail clothing industry will grow 16.3% until 2013, with an annual growth rate of 3.1%. Further, the report identified Australian states wherein key markets can be tapped:

(1) New South Wales, Victoria and Queensland- majority of apparel sales

(2) Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane and Perth- high fashionable boutiques

(3) Melbourne- mass market retail, like Myer, Coles (owner of Target and Kmart)

(4) Sydney- headquarters for David Jones, buying centre for tourists, duty free outlets

(5) Queensland- designer fashion, resort, swimwear, and leisurewear

In addition to growth in these markets, the emergence of Internet technologies made it possible for fashion designers to market their creations through online retailing (or e-tailing). Fashion e-tailers have expanded the Australian designer fashion market towards a more global scope, encompassing Asian and even North American and European markets.

These growth areas in the Australian designer fashion market provide new opportunities for up-and-coming creative fashion designers to further enhance the growth of the industry through these identified markets. This business environment is especially favorable for freelance fashion stylists/designers, whose innovative designs and global approach to marketing allow them to market their services and clothing line to a broader audience. Because of the broad scope of marketing involved in e-tailing, fashion stylists / designers further reinforce their style identities to further differentiate themselves from a the highly competitive designer fashion industry, both in Australia and worldwide.

II. Brand Profile

Julia Grant is the foundation of JG Creative direction. As a freelance fashion stylist / consultant, JG specializes in high-end conceptual-based editorial of art and fashion magazines, including advertising for selective champagnes and special projects focusing on runway, music and film styling. Working for both Australian and international brands, JG creates a Unique Aesthetic Experience, expressing Artisanship and Creative Integrity, the driving forces behind all JG projects. Highly influenced by fashion history, music, art and film, JG considers styling as a medium of choice where Optimistic and Innovative Ideas can be expressed.

JG's brand philosophy:

The identity of JG Creative Direction is imagery. She is Strong, Independent with a sense of Mystery and Intrigue. She has her feet on the ground and her head in the clouds; at times unpredictable, but always in control. Living to inspire, reflecting the Italian mantra: La Bella Figura: Dressing and behaving with a sense of style.

JG reflects the global fashion stylist of today, altering the idea of what is possible, that the ability to perceive a reality beyond the status quo is to be able to make a difference to it. This requires having a vision of what is "optimistically innovative" in fashion, which JG believes to be shaping the culture of the new decade, allowing JG to go beyond and endure new visions for each respective clientele. Working with a supporting group of Australian artistic talent -- photographers, models, designers, hair… [read more]

Sales Promotion Techniques Used in the Clothing Retail Industry in India and Challenges Ahead Term Paper

Term Paper  |  44 pages (12,044 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Sales Promotion Techniques Used in the Clothing Retail Industry in India and Challenges Ahead

The Nature of Competition

Buyer-Seller Relationships for Promotional Support in the Clothing Sector

Long-Term Impact of Loyalty Programs on Consumer Purchase Behaviour and Brand Loyalty

Impact of Loyalty Programs on Repeat Purchase Behaviour

Consumers' Perception Regarding Quality, Fashionability, Product Assortment,

Extent and Quality of Customer Service,… [read more]

Marketing Plan Benetton Is a Textile Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  12 pages (3,062 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Marketing Plan

Benetton is a textile and apparel manufacturer established in Italy in 1965. In less than 50 years, the group evolved into a world known fashion designer, mostly famous for its unconventional and controversial advertising focused on raising awareness on social issues characterizing the modern society, such as: racism, homosexuality and anorexia.

Market size

The group manages more than… [read more]

Media Influence on Eating Disorders and Why Thinness Is so Sought Term Paper

Term Paper  |  9 pages (2,399 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Media and Eating Disorders

Media, both electronic and print, tends to clouds one's judgment of reality. This is what cultivation theorists maintained, propagated and argued for. Even though theorists such as George Gerbner, did not include print media when he expounded his cultivation theory, we cannot deny that in today's world, print media has just as profound an impact on… [read more]

20th Century Fashion and Designers Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (468 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


The new century began with a continuation of art nouveau influence in fashion and as skirts swirled around the feet of women forming in fans like bell flowers, so did the hats swirl and swoop around the head." But she also notes that hats of the time favored "lavish brims" and "flora, ribbon rosettes, or plumage." To support the large hats, extensive hair supports, consisting of braids, or even collected excess hair, had to be constructed.

As Maginnis notes, men at the turn of the twentieth century looked to the style of the "Arrow Shirt Man" drawn by J.C. Leyendecker. Leyendecker was a German immigrant who trained as an illustrator at the Chicago art institute. Vadeboncoeur claims that, "The Arrow Collar Man was the counterpoint of The Gibson Girl and was one of the most successful advertising images in history. It turned Arrow into the largest collar/shirt brand in America." The "Arrow Shirt Man" wore colorful shirts, hard white tubular collars, and sport jackets.

The "Arrow Shirt Man." Image courtesy of Costumes.org.

Works cited:

Maginnis, Tara. (2008). "The Turn of the 20th Century." Web. .

Fortnuy Company. (2010). "Legacy." Web. .

Westin Tomas, Pauline. (2010). "Edwardian Hats and Hair Fashion." Web. .

Vadeboncoeur, Jim. (1999). "Leyendecker." Web. .… [read more]

Gender and the Fashion Industry: Blaming Gay Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (1,943 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 4


Gender and the Fashion Industry: Blaming Gay Men for the Emaciation of Women

One of the most recent controversies particular to the fashion industry that has spilled over into the larger media conversation about female beauty is the shrinking BMI (Body Mass Index) of fashion models. Some major fashion shows, most notably the 2006 show in Spain, have attempted to… [read more]

Kimono History and Contemporary Fashion Design Influence Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (2,040 words)
Style: Chicago  |  Bibliography Sources: 5


Kimono History And Contempory Fashion Design Influence

The kimono has become one of the most notable and recognizable elements of Japanese culture. If we were to name characteristics of Japanese civilization, the kimono would most certainly be amongst them. Although nowadays Japanese dress almost uniformly in Western style, the kimono has remained not only a tradition, but a way of… [read more]

Fashion Management Programs in London Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (811 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Graduate Diploma Fashion Management in London.

Why did you choose this program? What will be the benefits?

While I have a solid grounding in design and management from my studies at Parsons and my experience in several international businesses, I am seeking an opportunity to deepen my understanding of fashion management. A number of attributes of the Graduate Diploma Fashion Management program are unique and address the critical components I need to further my understanding of and connections with the fashion industry: practical and project-based interdisciplinary coursework, a network of university partners from the UK fashion and merchandising industry, and international underpinnings. The London College of Fashion has a peerless reputation for staying well ahead of the curve -- indeed, LCF is known globally as the place to be if your goal is to study fashion.

Open the work experiences more in the resume and explain them a little bit more.

One of my key responsibilities at C24 Gallery in New York is to be an effective bridge between the creative and business worlds. I serve as the public face for the gallery and for the artists we represent. Every component of the exhibition cycle falls within my purveyance, from public relations to post-show feedback. I particularly enjoy preparing for and participating in interviews with the journalists; I have the opportunity to generate and implement PR strategy, and then assess the response in the press and by the public.

Working in the Ralph Lauren Furniture Department in Moscow allowed me to wear many hats, a factor that made the job especially interesting and provided a rich opportunity to develop management experience. I helped to establish and manage in-store marketing programs and retail events, components of the job that required business acumen and cultural sensitivity. My more creative side was engaged when I was able to offer consultation on customers' design choices. I was also able to contribute to the inner workings of the department, such as ordering, shipping and receiving, and managing customer files.

3) Explain the Design and Management program in Parsons University in NYC and associated benefits.

The essence of the Parson's Design and Management program is the development of people who live a creative life, contributing their talents and ideas to "an increasingly designed world." As a Parsons graduate, I have learned how to make design more than a visible or functional attribute. Because of my Parson's training, I recognize that design…… [read more]

Fashion Management Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,271 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


If there's one position, I want to be the one who gets the job, so even though I will go through all the basic steps, I will go the extra mile to actually meet the decision makers who have the power to get me in.

3. Why should Barneys hire me, or anybody else for that matter? Fashion is my life. Yes, I'm a fashion graduate, but more than that I simply live for fashion. I live for the clothes themselves, but also for the business side of fashion. Anyone who succeeds in this industry not only has great love for fashion, but understands that it is a business, that we are all in that business to sell clothes. I think coming from that perspective, you are meeting the key people in the industry on their level, not just as a kid who likes clothes. So this more mature outlook about the industry is something that will serve me well -- everybody who succeeds has a measure of common sense and a dose of maturity about the business in addition to a profound love of clothes and design. These are my attributes, and I think that they set me apart from the average fashion graduate.

4. I am applying for a position as a Junior Buyer at Barneys. I bring three things that make me the best candidate. I bring knowledge, intense passion and I live for fashion. I am a recent fashion graduate, and this gives me strong knowledge of the industry, especially the business side, which is what the Buyer position is all about. However, I also live for fashion. To travel the world seeking out unique fashions is something I do as a hobby, so to do that professionally is not even a big step for me. I just got back from Milan and Florence, I've traveled recently to Istanbul, London and Sydney -- in short I like to see the world through the eyes of the designers. So when buying for Barneys, I'm not just entering orders into a keyboard, I truly know what the trends are and how Barneys can deliver the best designs for its customers. By putting together a portfolio that is both innovative and classic, I can help to meet the needs of Barney's customers, and in that way make the store better. There are a lot of people who love fashion, but I know this is a business, and I intend to be a trend setter for Barneys over time, strengthening its position as a global fashion leader.





Majored in Fashion Management, with a minor in Marketing

In my four-year course, I studied buying, design, marketing, fashion history, globalization of business, information technology, and contemporary footwear design. I achieved a 4.2 GPA in my studies, placing me at the top of my class.

Work Experience

Buyer Intern, Nordstrom


In this role, I worked as an intern in the purchasing department of… [read more]

Adama Paris Adama Ndiaye Is the Designer Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,287 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Adama Paris

Adama Ndiaye is the designer who is responsible for launching and running the brand, Adama Paris. Adama is Senegalese by origin. Her association with Zaire Kinshassa is reflected in her work as she has been able to integrate multiculturalism and a number of different techniques in her dress designing. Her unique work is rather appreciated and most of the times, she is recognized as the multicultural dress designer of the new millennium. Her childhood was spent in a number of international cities and multi-ethnic societies and due to her experience of living in different cultures and among people with different modes of fashion, she has been able to materialize those cultures in her versatile dresses. Her brand embodies urban fashion as a great influencer as she has lived in several cities during her course of life including Los Angeles and Paris. It would not be incorrect to state that it is not just a way of dressing that Adama Paris reflects. It also is a mirror to the essence and character of the woman states in the modern times. At Adama Paris, the other cultures (African, in particular) are open to every single woman who simply turns down submission to a reductive image that is mostly typified by a single culture or brand. In her own words, the designer reveals that "Adama Paris was born from my desire to share my passion for fashion as well as fulfilling my will for displaying diversity" (as qtd. In Meisel, 2011). It is also important to mention here that a number of fashion events have been founded and produced by the mentioned designer. These events include Afrika Fashion Awards (popularly known as Trophies of the African Fashion), Black Fashion Week and Dakar Fashion Week.

Kibonen NY

In early years, Kibonen Nfi worked as a co-designer and dress stylist for the inventive and pioneering clothing line KiRette Couture. However, in the modern present times in which the fashion has become an integral part of almost every contemporary society, Kibonen has rose above and established the brand as a force that has challenged every other clothing line in the world of fashion. Kibonen has been successful in introducing fashion that is inherent to New York as Kibonen New York and chose the place as it is the recognized as the fashion capital in the world. Kibonen New York is now renowned for creating a line of clothes that is entirely sensual. Kibonen NY has designed all its clothes by taking inspiration from the conventional Cameroonian attire, African textile and materials and the vivacious and effervescent fashion scene of New York. KNY surfaced with the ground-breaking and original initiative of recreating Toghu in a more contemporary manner. Toghu was chosen as it is one of the most fragile and complex hand-embroidered traditional garments. Kibonen New York is now renowned for creating a line of clothes that is entirely sensual. It also creates accessories and footwear for the fashion lovers to fit their up-to-the-minute trendy… [read more]

Fashion "Eco Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,634 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


She advocates taking good care of one's clothes to prolong the life of items. This includes wearing delicate and professional clothing on appropriate occasions and not, for example, working out in the yard. Washing in cold water and hanging clothing out to dry is good for the life of the clothes and for the environment.

As has been shown, eco-fashion is not a movement that takes us back to past centuries, where individuals were almost wholly in charge of the garment-making process, from raising wool to spinning threads to weaving their own garments. Although technology is modern and seemingly the antithesis to the natural movement, it is actually technology that will facilitate cleaner manufacturing and processing. Technology is a driving force behind eco-fashion, as well as smarter consumer habits.

It is hoped that eco-fashion will eventually replace traditional fashion by bringing together all the players -- designers, manufacturers, scientists, retailers, and consumers (Scaturro, 2008, p. 488). "Green" apparel and accessories presently constitute just two percent of the $200 billion a year fashion industry in the U.S. according to Marshal Cohen, chief analyst of market research firm NPD Group. Ten years ago, the market for eco-fashion comprised less than half a percent of industry business, so progress has been made (El Nasser, 2013). Eco-fashion is good for the planet and plays an important role in its sustainability.


"Detox fashion." (2013). Greenpeace Update. Spring 2013, 14-15.

El Nasser, H. (2013). What's in style: Eco-friendly, green fashion. USA Today. Retrieved from http://www.usatoday.com/story/money/business/2013/04/28/the-rise-of-green- fashion/1996773/

Phelan, H. (2012). Eco-friendly fashion brands we can get behind. Fashionista. Retrieved from http://fashionista.com/2012/04/10-eco-friendly-fashion-brands-we-can-get-behind/

Rodie, J.B. (2012). A swimming poolful at a time. Textile World 162(6), 22-24.

Scaturro, S. (2008). Eco-tech fashion: Rationalizing technology in sustainable fashion. Fashion Theory: The Journal of Dress, Body & Culture 12(4), 469-488.

Somers, D. (2013). Green your closet: 5 tips for eco-friendly fashion. Greener Ideal. Retrieved from http://www.greenerideal.com/lifestyle/0506-green-your-closet-5-tips-for-eco- friendly-fashion/

Taran, M., Bagheri, S., and Bakhtiyari, S. (2012). Eco-friendly poly (3-hydroxybutyrate) synthesis from textile wastewater and its…… [read more]

Fashion / Ugo at the Age Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (839 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Fashion / Ugo

At the age of thirteen, celebrity stylist Ugo Mozie already had unique ideas for putting the fun in fashion. He took unlikely pairings, such as his sister's latex tights and a button-down shirt, and added his own twist, drawing on influences from such far-flung locales as London, Africa, and Los Angeles. As a high school sophomore in 2009, he and his best friend set the garment industry abuzz by debuting their collection during New York's Fashion Week. Ugo had a short stint as a model but following an internship in the marketing department at Capitol Records, Ugo knew that the business side of fashion, and a career as a stylist, were his future.

The fashion part of the stylist's job is easy, Ugo insists. Without business savvy and the ability to manage every detail in the process, a would-be fashion stylist is not going to make it. Ugo believes it is his male vantage point that makes him successful with his female clients. He believes it's all about the relationship with a client and making her feel comfortable and confident in a look designed just for her. Women want to look good for men, and they trust that Ugo will help them do just that. As with the "street chic" line of clothing Ugo plans to launch with Chris Brown, Ugo strives to make his celebrity clients look timeless, yet special.

Ugo put Dawn Richard in a Zac Posen mermaid dress for the cover art of her album. Ugo chose timeless black for a classically cut mermaid address. The ensemble shows a softer side of the hard-rocking Richard that audiences do not usually get to see. it's the element of surprise that makes this elegant look a winner.

Dawn Richard worked with Ugo again for a photography by Sarah McClogan for Vibe magazine. Again, Ugo went for a classic look, putting Ugo in a black gown with an intricate bodice and chiffon overskirt. The photo captures Richard in motion. With her sleekly styled hair, the focus is on the movement of her skirt, which billows in shiny folds around her. The photo is elegant, but it also captures Richard's beauty, style and energy.

Shot for magazine in New York, "Jewel," by Lisa has a bohemian flair. Paired with a bright yellow bag and yellow bangle bracelet, the model is photographed on a busy New York City street. The flow of the gown is juxtaposed beautifully against the energy and bustle of Times Square.

Ugo styled Melanie…… [read more]

Fashion and Technology Exhibition Assignment Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,172 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Fashion and Technology Exhibition

Exhibition Assignment

The fashion and technology exhibition at fit museum

Since conception, technology has grown tremendously. It has continued to influence every sector of the world, business, education, security and the others. Art and fashion are not an exception either. The involvement of technology in the industry is notably evident in the Fashion Institute of Technology (FIT). The museum at the institute has been in existence since 1969. It was moved to the present building in the early 1974, and it started operations of presentations in 1975. It is an accredited institution dealing in the lucrative business of fashion, having won several awards from the innovative exhibitions such as The London Fashion, The Corset Fashioning the Body and several other shows. The commercial collections consist of thousands of permanent collections of garments. The policy the museum uses to collect the garments is focused on the aesthetic and historical significance of the clothing, accessories, visual materials and textiles.

The museum at fit boasts of quality and authentic collections. Moreover, since it moved to the current building, the museum has continued to grow and expand gradually. This has created the need for renovations and further expansion. The museum, which consists of three gallery exhibitions, is quite well designed. However, the setting of the space in the main floor of the museum needs to be revisited. The space is not well used. There are a lot of misplacements, resulting in inadequate space from the entrance to the exit. This is as a result of the many artifacts that the museum offers. In addition, the space at the entrance is crowded with welcoming displays that contribute to the crowding. The inside display sections are also not well arranged, leading to wastage of space.

The museum is quite famous, with many visitors frequenting the place every day. As one enters the museum, he or she is greeted by a mixture of feelings creating a mood that is quite complicated to describe. Every person who enters the place for the first time usually is excited by the quality of collections hence is in an excited mood. However, as the person gets into the museum, the moody turns gloomy. The museum setting and the use of the space creates confusion as the there is no clear setting of the direction to take.

The moody and mixed feeling experiences are brought mainly by the crowding at the entrance. The pushing and waiting witnessed at the entry causes the individuals' excitement to wear out. Furthermore, the lighting installation is quite gloomy and thus, creates a gloomy mood. The installations for storing the collections are also quite outdated and less attractive. The museum needs to install better quality display tools and improve on the lighting and security installations. Moreover, the issue of the lack of directions for people visiting as to which paths to follow also makes one confused. It causes the visitor feel tired and lose interest in the exhibition.

For one to understand the… [read more]

Fashion Future Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (642 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


By establishing a consistent social media presence on the web, even a small house can generate buzz and convey the unique benefits of function and style created by the product. As a newcomer in the fashion world, I see myself becoming more technologically savvy over the next five years, and using a variety of social media to reach different segments of the market. The approach will be more directed to the consumer, versus through traditional magazines.

Relationships with retail portal sites that drive excitement with deals like Gilt will also become more important. "The internet has a noise and discovery problem," leading to consumers tending to linger at the same 'boring old sites' unless websites that showcase new and innovative companies and designers force web-surfers out of their comfort zone (Chen 2012). If an online consumer sees an interesting link on Pinterest or reads about a new product showcased on a blogger's website, he or she is more likely to expand his or her horizons. Getting to consumers and encouraging consumers to 'share' their purchases and preferences will be a vital part of the direction of mainstream fashion and how it is evolving.

While celebrities will still be important in terms of setting style trends, ordinary consumers will have more of a hand in how trends evolve, and fashion industry insiders must reach out to them to cultivate relationships. I seek to bring this innovative approach to the new world of fashion. With hard work and a willingness to make sacrifices -- perhaps by beginning in a lower-paid internship to 'learn the ropes' and seeking to educate myself in my free time to the potential uses of technology in fashion merchandizing and design -- I hope to become a part of the fashion world of tomorrow.

Works Cited

Chen, Leo. "Social commerce, Pinterest, and the future of fashion retail." Tech Crunch.

16 Jun 2012. [19 Jun 2012]…… [read more]

Men's Fashion in His Book Term Paper

Term Paper  |  7 pages (2,478 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


The history of men's fashion outlined above demonstrates how Flugel's theory of the Great Masculine Renunciation fails to accurately describe the changing standards for men in the nineteenth and twentieth century, but it does not explain why this change occurred, or how men might have benefited from a standard of dress that made them "hot, uncomfortable, tired, and bad-tempered" (Bourke… [read more]

Fashion Merchandising Fashion Group International Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (643 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


This page provides help to the student in the practical aspects of completing one's education in fashion merchandising and finding a job after graduation.

For both students and industry professionals, there is a great deal of information available even without membership. On the "Calendar of Events" page, one can find information about different events as well as access press coverage of past events and designer interviews. The "Editorials" page has links to articles by several regular columnists who write about industry trends. The "Press" link was being updated at the time this paper was written, so no further information was available. The "Sponsors" link shows designers and companies that contributed to the creation of the 2010 directory. Each entity on the list is linked to his/her/its own home page. Contributors to the current directory include such diverse people and organizations such as Thierry Mugler, Avon, the Breast Cancer Research Foundation, Merchandise Mart Properties, and Saks Fifth Avenue, among others.

One has the option on the site for registering with Twitter and Facebook. By linking with Twitter, one can receive short messages and stay up-to-date on current events in fashion. There is also the capability for voting in various surveys (the current one is for the FGI Rising Star Finalists). One can sign up for special events and contests as well. By becoming a friend of FGI on Facebook, one can connect read news updates and connect with other FGI members.

FGI's website is useful both to students of fashion merchandising and professionals in the industry. It is an easy-to-navigate site that provides current information on trends and events. Fashion is an industry in which it is important to be attuned to the latest trends and happenings. It is important to be up to the minute. FGI's website is a good resource with which to do that.

Works Cited

Fashion Group International, The. 2011. Web. 8 Jan.…… [read more]

Effect of Beauty and Body Image in Advertising Research Paper

Research Paper  |  14 pages (3,556 words)
Bibliography Sources: 10


¶ … Beauty and body image in advertising

It is common knowledge among the advertising world that publicity sells. In order to achieve a high degree of profit in the globalized world, the most interesting and eye catching advertisements usually impact the targeted public and achieve their goals in promotion and selling. However, more and more people are becoming reluctant… [read more]

Fashion Early Middle Ages Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (926 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


There are definitive layers in this ensemble: the scarf tucked around the neck of the cape garment, over the simple black skirt, tights, and boots. The striking black sunglasses contrast the chosen beige color and offset the full head-cover and the tall, folded, purple, suede, boots add a touch of appropriate three-musketeer-ism.


In Eastern Europe, early renaissance fashion for women was similar to medieval dress. The concepts of simplicity and layering continued although throughout the period, innovation in fashion began to take shape as fabrics, dyes, and costume making methods advanced.

Common attire for an early Renaissance woman would include of a kirtle, chemise, and gown. The kirtle was a modest full skirt worn with a linen top called a chemise. The gown was worn over the kirtle. It had a full skirt split in the front, to show the kirtle, and had a basque style waistline. A typical gown was made from woven wool or linen. A Renaissance garment for the elite was more elaborate, tailored, and complex including padded shoulders, embroidered fabrics, and jeweled decorations.

Various fashion features from the renaissance period continue to be seen in fashion today. In the Michael C. creation (Spring 2011 collection) shown above in the first photo, renaissance qualities can be found in the full length, split skirt and bodice. In the second picture, Model Natasha Poly displays a tailored suit with 17th century Renaissance features such as the elaborate sleeves and basque waistline. The third illustration[footnoteRef:3] shows a Dolce & Gabbana design which captures the Italian Renaissance. It features decadent fabric, high padded shoulders, high neck, and a split gown and kirtle effect. [3: http://www.theinsider.com/news, (accessed Nov 28, 2005).]

Baroque Periods

The Baroque era brought a distinctive shift in fashion. Fabrics with their natural qualities were replaced by a stiff starched look. Trim consisted primarily of buttons and lace. The neckline for women's fashion became wide and square, and waistlines were raised. Sleeves were draped softly below the elbow, revealing the wearer's lower arm.

In the first photo above Dolce and Gabbana (Fall 2009) embraced baroque sense of extravagance, the deep broad neckline, and full bodied sleeves. A baroque style is also displayed in the richness of the chosen fabric. In the second photo, designers Roksanda Ilincic (Fall 2009) also captures baroque flare through choice of sophisticated fabric and dramatic formed sleeves. In addition, the designer broadness the model's silhouette, typical of the baroque style, by gathering the fabric around the hips to match the breath of the shoulders.

Fashion draws on the past to incorporate loved fashion elements into modern creations. In this way fashion becomes timeless.


Brooke, Iris. English Costume from the Early Middle Ages Through the Sixteenth Century.…… [read more]

Fashion Individuality and Self-Expression Essay

Essay  |  6 pages (2,377 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


But Barbie is also a plastic doll that represents the ideal woman. Young girls are bombarded with images of Barbie. Barbie is also packaged to appeal to young girls and their likes. Much like a celebrity who has everything a teenager aspires to, Barbie is portrayed as having what young girls aspire to. As a doll for young girls, Barbie… [read more]

Price Beauty? Term Paper

Term Paper  |  20 pages (6,265 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


These ideas provide an excellent overview of that Age's understanding of the subject. In the second edition of his Enquiry (1759),

Burke addressed the idea of Beauty, by which he meant "that quality or those qualities in bodies by which they cause love, or some passion similar to it." Burke's goal of identifying the physiological relationship between external objects and… [read more]

Gender and Power in Beauty Pageant Culture Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (2,160 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Gender and Power in Beauty Pageant Culture

Review of the Relevant Literature.

How Beauty Pageants Define Gender, Hierarchy and Power. According to Poran (2002), the majority of research on beauty to date has focused on gender differences in the experience of physical attractiveness. "The beauty standard," she says, "holds much more importance for women than for men" (p. 65). The… [read more]

Fashion and Social Identity Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (933 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


My clothes speak to the people around me and give them an idea about me as a college going student. At times I also realize that without even telling them about my occupation people realize that I am university going student through my dressing style.

I personally believe that there is a reason why people emphasize on the dressing sense and style especially the types of clothes to wear at different occasions. The clothes that a person wears give the statement about his personality and character even before he speaks his fashion speaks for him.

The dress that a person wears also tells about his professional standing. A person wearing a formal dress shirt, pant, tie and coat is usually considered as a top notch executive o business man. Same goes for a woman wearing dress pants or skirt with a shirt and coat. Similarly, a lady wearing a gown is considered to be going to a formal event.

I can quote certain examples and real life incidences that happened with me regarding the out statements that my clothes gave to people in my surrounding. In my sophomore year I got a wild sense of clothing and without thinking I adopted quite a wild dressing sense, torn jeans, T-shirts having quite wild statements. This led my friend's parents asking them to stay away from me and considering me as one of the bad guys. My result in the end set them right.

During my university life I went to a friend's party and was dressed quite formally for the event, (in dress shirts and pants), many people considered me an executive in some company and asked me about my work and position there.

During my first interview for the job training I knew I impressed the panel of interviewees (it was evident by their expressions). After getting the job, I asked the HR assistant and he told me that they were greatly impressed by my dressing sense and considered me a professional when I entered.

These days I try to keep a variable dressing sense and style and like giving surprises. I do not usually stick to one dressing sense and keep changing my style frequently. This makes it difficult for people to form a general opinion about me on the basis of my dressing and fashion sense. It also helps me give different signals and messages in different meetings.

I believe that clothes and dressing style create a general opinion and perception about people and even before speaking to them a person's sense of speaks a lot about that person.


Shete, V. 2012. Fashion & Social Identity: A Cultural Phenomenon. Available at: http://virshete.wordpress.com/2012/07/15/fashion-and-social-identity-a-cultural-phenomenon/… [read more]

Fashion When a Woman Walks Research Paper

Research Paper  |  4 pages (1,348 words)
Style: Harvard  |  Bibliography Sources: 8


Fashion is a factor in social and collective identity; including identities related to socio-economic class, ethnic/racial group, and gender/sex inequality. Moreover, clothing clearly delineates one's professional status or locus of professional activity, level of education and acquisition of certain types of knowledge, and participation in the sciences (Lamont and Molnar, 2002). Fashion is an outward sign of the formation of "communities, national identities, and spatial boundaries," (Lamont and Molnar, 2002, p.167). The relationship between clothing and identity (whether personal or collective) is a two way street. In other words, the way a person dresses enables the individual to express personal preferences and lifestyle choices as well as announce membership in a specific cultural group. At the same time, the group to which a person belongs can co-create expressions of style and fashion that are used to enforce social boundaries.

In research on how African-American communities create collective identity, Lamont and Molnar (2001) found a measurable, directional relationship between African-American consumption patterns and self-marking. African-Americans were found to use consumption to "defy racism and share collective identities most valued in American society (e.g. middle-class membership)" (Lamont and Molnar, 2001, p. 31). Fashion was also used to "simultaneously enact a positive vision of their cultural distinctiveness," (Lamont and Molnar, 2001, p. 31).

Clothing also allows for nuanced and radical types of gender performativity. Gender performativity reflects the culturally sanctioned lines between "male/masculine" and "female/feminine" designations. A drag queen conducts radical gender performativity by revealing the most exaggerated stereotype of "feminine" fashion, and when a butch dons a plaid flannel shirt, she accomplishes the same. In Fashion and its Social Agendas, Judith Crane discusses the various, often contradictory, ways fashion and gender performativity interact. The fashion industry capitalizes on gender norms by ascribing gendered labels to certain types of clothing, thereby enforcing or even creating gender identity through clothing. Consumers literally buy into the gender identities established for them through their choice of clothing or dress style. On the other hand, empowered consumers use clothing to distance themselves from normative expressions of gender, much in the same way African-Americans consciously create group status based on clothing.

Finally, conspicuous branding in fashion creates and establishes social and personal identity. Brands announce lifestyle and social status, especially within the "elite vs. cheap" continuum. Auty and Elliot (1998) reveal the strong impact of branding and fashion labels on consumer behavior. Some consumers are "highly self-monitoring" and "highly involved" in the branding process, such as the woman donning her Louis Vuitton handbag (Auty and Elliot, 1998). The relationship between branding and identity is a strong one, and consumers actively participate in the process of creating boundaries of self and other by the clothes they wear. The relationship between clothing and identity formation therefore has a real, measurable, financial impact on fashion merchandising and marketing.


Auty, Susan and Elliot, Richard (1998), "Social Identity and the Meaning of Fashion Brands," in European Advances in Consumer Research Volume 3, eds. Basil G. Englis and Anna Olofsson, European Advances in… [read more]

Beauty of Joy Forever the Principle Point Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,356 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2



Of Joy Forever

The principle point of commonality that exists between Alice Walker's essay, "Beauty: When the Other Dancer is the Self," and Susan Sontag's essay, "Women's Beauty: Put Down or Power Source" is that there is a completeness associated with beauty that most people in modern society inherently neglect, or are not aware of. All too often, people have the tendency to associate beauty with an external, surface quality that comes and goes as easily as a scratch of an eye in Walker's essay. Yet true beauty knows no such external boundaries or very many limitations at all. It is a reflection of something wonderful, of something that would otherwise be indescribable were it not for the word 'beauty', and it is a quality that one can see and not see, a quality that one can feel, smell, and perceive beyond the senses. A thorough examination of the evidence offered in these two works readily proves this thesis.

The inner aesthetic associated with beauty was once as commonly known and accepted as its outer manifestations, a point which Sontag refers to early on in her piece of literature. Modern (Western) society has only received its current conception of beauty as something associated with an external quality after several years of subversion by one of the most powerful and efficacious agents of subversion -- religion, or specifically, the Christian Church. Yet even the Church's deliberate separation of outer from inner beauty merely serves as evidence as to the intrinsic totality of these qualities, which are actually reflective of one another and something substantially more, something that exists inside and outside various other places. An analysis of the following quotation suitably demonstrates this point. "By limiting excellence (virtus in Latin) to moral virtue only, Christianity set beauty adrift -- as an alienated, arbitrary superficial enchantment" (Sontag). The author's choice of diction in this quotation is powerful and highly relevant to the consummation of beauty. She explains the procedure the Church went through to dissect beauty from the completeness of its nature, which she implies is not just moral but also physical, external and internal. Therefore, the church's definition that beauty is "arbitrary and superficial" implies that the opposite of beauty is true -- that there is a profundity and truth to it. Truth, therefore, is one of the principle qualities associated with beauty, which occasionally is visible externally, and which other senses may also perceive.

The totality of beauty, which has been distinguished between its inner and outer qualities in the Westernized world, has always existed and will continue to do so. This interminable aspect of beauty is found in places outside of women and is most prominently seen in nature. Walker alludes to this component of beauty in the subsequent quotation.

"I am in the desert for the first time. I fall totally in love with it. I am so overwhelmed by its beauty…I realized I have dashed around the world madly…storing up images against the fading of the… [read more]

Fashion Industry Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,237 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


They can also choose to find their own lines of selling their products, with very short chain or no chain, and hence reduce their transaction cost. The industry should understand the market structure well and fully in order to know the varying demands of the society. They should also produce garments that the consumers never fail to demand in order to reduce the flexibility-incurred cost. As for depreciation, for the products, which that are producer's stock for a longer time, they should sell them at cheaper prices. Similarly, they should produce goods that do not easily wear and keep them in favorable conditions until purchased.

Effective modifications of data for effective decision-making

Managers in every firm should give effective decisions for the company, and data from different sources should help them. Data should be modified in a way they will help in the decisions. Such modifications of data include arranging of data. For effective and quick decision-making, managers should organize their work depending on time, place subject or year. This enables them to analyze data collected from different sources, collected effectively and keenly depending on the topic of research. Managers should facilitate research on the data they need in the decision-making, carried out by them or experts they appoint them. Analyzing of data is also an effective method to come up with decisions. Data should be analyzed carefully, comparing with other sources of data for its effectiveness (INFOWORLD).

Factors determining competitiveness in an industry

Competitiveness of an industry is determined by several factors. Competiveness is the degree at which an industry can compete with the rest, in rivalry of each other in order to achieve a certain goal. In the fashion industry, threats that poses competition include factors such as the introduction of new products into the market, the ability of suppliers to bargain, the ability of consumers to bargain, the existing technology, and its improvement in different firms. The same is similar towards the availability of close substitutes of the firm's product by other close goods proposed for similar use. Fashion can be improved with technology and listening to what consumers want. This poses a great danger to firms whose technology is still inferior to others and could easily push it out off the industry. Contact of suppliers to service providers such as insurance could also lead to stiff competition; as such, services improve the well-being of suppliers implying more products than the firms, which do not enjoy such services. Close contact of consumers to suppliers and listening to what they want also increase the product's competitiveness in the industry. Introducing new and unique products in the market also increases competiveness, as the new products will face minimum competition in the firm.

Such competitions in the market will lead firms in the industry to set strategies and improve their production through different ways. Several measures will be taken such as technological measures to improve technology, price mechanism measures, which will set prices in the market that will favor the… [read more]

History of Fashion Film Review

Film Review  |  2 pages (701 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Even the unmarried women of the film are shown constantly trying on clothes and trying to make themselves beautiful, even though they have no work and no husband bankrolling their efforts. The most intelligent and level-headed of the three women, Schatze, (played by Lauren Bacall) is still obsessed with marriage. Her character is photographed in slightly less revealing clothes than her blonde co-stars but she is still often dressed in garish, artificial clothing with tight waistlines and extreme high heels that appear very uncomfortable to wear every day.

The presentation of Marilyn Monroe in the film perhaps most starkly illustrates the idea that female intelligence must be concealed for a woman to 'snag' a man. When the three women are presented, Monroe's character of Paula is always the most scantily clad. She either wears very feminine colors like white and pink, or bright colors that match her lips and makeup, to draw attention to her sexuality. Paula is shown to be resisting the fact that she must wear glasses to see. She is afraid of looking intelligent (despite her 'dumb blonde' attitude, even when she is wearing glasses). She would rather be seen bumping into objects than be perceived as an intelligent woman.

The film is obviously not meant to be taken too seriously, and is bearable to a modern viewer because of its evident lack of 'reality.' Shot in bright-hued Technicolor, the women look garish and slightly unreal, particularly Marilyn. There is a sense of humor about the women's man-hungry quest. When Marilyn is at her most beautiful, such as when she is wearing a form-fitting dress with a swinging skirt to go out to dinner, she still manages to bump into a door. The end of the film depicts the women falling down in a comic faint when they realize that one of the men they have wed is actually extremely wealthy, after they have all reconciled themselves to marrying 'ordinary' men they really love.

Works Cited

"Christian Dior." The Design Museum. [20 Mar 2012]

http://designmuseum.org/design/christian-dior… [read more]

Influences of Philippine Women Fashion Clothing History Essay

Essay  |  7 pages (2,191 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 7


¶ … Philippine Women Fashion/Clothing History

The aim of the paper is to give a clear picture of the Philippines women clothing history from the colonization period by the Spanish to the present fashion. The report aims to look at the influences that have shaped the fashion sense of the Philippines women to what it is today. Indeed, much of… [read more]

Ancient Egypt to Present: Costume Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (1,937 words)
Bibliography Sources: 12


By the 1930s department store catalogs were now depicting Egyptian women sitting in front of their vanity mirror, considerably lightened in the face, giving on e the impression that beauty equals being white, which was an advertisement for one of the catalog's lightening creams "Afridol." This ad was meant to give the impression that being "tanned" equaled manual labor, a peasant type class, while being lighter complexioned equaled high status (Russel, 38). This trend of Westernizing Egypt has continued through to the modern day, where it is not unusual to see youth wearing jeans, sexy outfits, skimpy clothes and designer labels such as Versace and Dolce & Gabanna (Abaza, 284). Mostly these trends are completely Western to completely Muslim (and completely covered), and have given rise to a new kind of debate within Egypt about what style of clothing should be accepted and worn in public; while many are respectable and do not wear anything revealing, tight fitting or see-through, some youth just do not care and will wear what they want (Abaza). Much of Egypt's fashions have changed due to the influences of Western clothing and Muslim style clothing, and the debate will continue to go on. But, Egypt has changed in that it is less "class specific" with its clothing, as opposed to ancient Egypt where it was very easy to tell if someone was a working class farmer or royalty (Abaza). Modern Egypt doesn't bedeck themselves with intricate jewelry or body oils anymore, but they do use Western style cosmetics, deodorants, and they still wear lighter weight fabrics such as cotton, linens and gauze (Abaza).

Works Cited

Abaza, Mona. "Shifting Landscapes of Fashion in Contemporary Egypt." Fashion Theory: The Journal of Dress, Body & Culture 11.2/3 (2007): 281-297. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 4 Apr. 2011.

Batten, Alicia J. "Clothing and Adornment." Biblical Theology Bulletin 40.3 (2010): 148-159. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 4 Apr. 2011.

Chaudhri, S.K., and N.K. Jain. "History of cosmetics." Asian Journal of Pharmaceutics 3.3 (2009): 164-167. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 4 Apr. 2011.

"Egypt: Daily Life." sptimes.com. St. Petersburg Times, 1999. Web. 5 Apr 2011. .

"Garments: Clothing Material." Ancient Egypt: Clothing. N.p., July 2009. Web. 5 Apr 2011. .

Russell, Mona. "Marketing the Modern Egyptian Girl: Whitewashing Soap and Clothes From the Late Nineteenth Century to 1936." Journal of Middle East Women's…… [read more]

Career in the Fashion Industry Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (571 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


A lot of the information on a line sheet is the same as is shown on the spec sheet -- color and fabric information, season and designer name, and identification numbers (style numbers and/or item numbers), and other basic information often appears on both sheets -- but they are used for very different purposes and also have an abundance of different information (Wanzo 2005; Rubina 2011). The most important difference is the fact that the line sheet has some sort of graphic representation -- sketches, computer-created images, or photographs -- of the articles of clothing in the designer's line, so that potential customers (typically distributors, wholesalers, and some reailers) can really see what they would be ordering (Wanzo 2005). Because this is the primary use of line sheets, other information such as prices, order minimums, information for contacting the design company or sales rep and actually placing an order, and other information pertinent to actually purchasing the garments depicted on a professional line sheet should also be included on the sheet (Wanzo 2005).

Line sheets and spec sheets are just two of the different technical documents that professional designers need to be familiar with. As the above descriptions have shown, much of the information on these sheets is repeated, but due to their different purposes and uses there is also different information, and differently arranged. It is only through creating proper spec and line sheets that a designer would be able to sell their clothing in the professional world.


Rubina, J. (2011). What is a clothing specification sheet? Accessed 5 February 2011. http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_is_a_clothing_specification_sheet

Wanzo, M. (2005). What is a line sheet? Accessed 5 February 2011. http://www.fashion-incubator.com/archive/what_is_a_line_sheet/… [read more]

Fashion Adoption Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (622 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Fashion theories of adaptation: Where are we now?

Downward- flow fashion theory is also known as the trickle-down theory of fashion adoption "which maintains that to be identified as a true fashion, a style must first be adopted by people at the top of the social pyramid. The style then gradually wins acceptance at progressively lower social levels" (Flash cards database, 2009). Advocates of this theory would note that haute couture is first displayed at fashion shows, often many months in advance. Then, affordable retail chains seize upon these trends and market them to consumers. Zara, H&M, Forever 21 and Top Shop are all examples of popular, inexpensive clothing retailers that have capitalized upon high end fashion trends and sold them at a bargain to fashion-conscious younger consumers. "We've become more obsessed with the way that celebrities dress because it's just become so much more accessible. Stores are much better at cottoning onto the things that celebrities wear and reproducing them very quickly," said an editor at the British fashion magazine Heat (Store wars: Fast fashion, BBC News, 2003).

In contrast, horizontal theories of fashion dissemination suggest that "fashions move horizontally between groups on similar social levels rather than vertically from one level to another…the mass-market theory." (Flash cards database, 2009). This theory could be supported by the disparate impact of the recent recession upon consumers. While many high-end customers have returned to their old spending habits, middle and lower-market consumers are still wary of spending their disposable income, because of the fragility of the economic recovery. Said one designer: "target customers -- the wealthiest 1% to 2% of consumers world-wide -- are still spending, even if they are buying fewer things…the 'elite of the elite'" bought 30 of his $43,000 suits even during the height of the recession (Smith 2009). Amongst other economic brackets, consumer spending has decreased on clothing…… [read more]

Personal Quality, Talent, Accomplishment, Contribution or Experience Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  2 pages (715 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


¶ … personal quality, talent, accomplishment, contribution or experience that is important to you. What about this quality or accomplishment makes you proud, and how does it relate to the person you are?

Some people feel pressured from an early age to pursue a profession such as medicine, law, or engineering. A few of my friends have expressed the desire to become artists or writers, rather than enter such 'sensible' occupations. They complain that they are encouraged to enter a field that can get them a secure job and position upon graduation. They want to follow their passion instead. While I can relate to this sentiment, my situation is slightly different. I would have loved to have a family that wanted me to do something practical, like becoming an engineer. But until recently I kept these thoughts to myself.

My father had been in the fashion business all of his life. It was expected that I would follow in his footsteps. I went to a fashion school in New York City without questioning the assumption that my life would be like my father's. I was immediately required to take classes on the fashion business, textiles, and the different types of chemicals and fabrics used to make apparel. But the only things that really fired my imagination and made me excited about learning was working on my computer at home.

I could see that I was different from my classmates. I think a good indication of what is your heart's desire is what you choose to do in your leisure time. The other students awaited the latest release of Vogue and Elle with breathless anticipation. They congregated in the dormitory halls and talked about new trends and styles and the astonishing fabrics and colors used by the designers that season. A certain lurid shade of green was now 'the new black,' then black was 'the new black.' Their opinions were always very strong, but seemed to shift from month to month, week to week. They spent hours preparing for class: not their assignments, but what they were going to wear. I felt like I was trapped in a…… [read more]

Fashion Photographer Mario Testino Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (1,147 words)
Style: Harvard  |  Bibliography Sources: 2


¶ … fashion photographer Mario Testino. Specifically it will discuss his work, paying special attention to the photograph Diana, Princess of Wales, Vanity Fair, 1997, London. Testino is a legendary fashion photographer who was born in Peru and now lives in London. He began his photography career selling portfolio shots to models, and is now one of the most sought after fashion photographers in the world.

This black-and-white photo shows Princess Diana lying on her side/stomach on a sofa, with her hands on the arm of the sofa, and her chin resting on her hands. She is wearing a simple knit tank-type top, and looks stunning. She is wearing no jewelry, and the photograph makes her look simple, uncomplicated, and extremely appealing. This (and other photos he made at the same time really set his career, people loved the way he portrayed Diana so simply, and yet so fashionably at the same time (Editors, 2008).

At the time this photograph was made (1997), some people were shocked that the photographer portrayed the Princess of Wales so simply, but others loved the way he made her look "chic" and very accessible at the same time. She was a beautiful subject, and this photo shows her simple, quiet beauty that she was known for. This photo is a classic because it is lit quite well, with all the attention on Diana, the rest of the photo is almost over-exposed. This may have been controversial at the time, but now, it is a classic, and one that shows Diana at her best, shot the year she died. It is easy to see how Testino became much more in demand after these photos of Diana were published. He seems to capture everything about her, from her strength to the vulnerable little girl that seemed to live inside her. She is not smiling at the camera, but she is looking directly at it, although her body is posed slightly off-center of the camera. It is clear she is almost saying out loud that she is not afraid to face the camera, and the press, but she would rather be somewhere else. It captures her perfectly, and indicates why any photographer must understand his subject completely if he is to make a successful and artful photograph. Testino himself says, "So unless I enjoy this person that I am photographing, my life can be pretty boring if I treat them just like a blank canvas" (Editors, 2007).

Clearly, this is now an important, even historic photograph, because it capture Diana so completely just before she died. It might not have seemed as important at the time, other than it is an outstanding photograph, but now, it is outstanding, not only because of her death, but because it puts her in such a good, and yet somehow sad, light. She looks pensive or reflective in the photo, and it is difficult to look at it without thinking of her tragic death and what a loss she was to… [read more]

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