Study "Fashion / Designers / Beauty" Essays 56-108

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Fashion Management Programs in London Essay

… Graduate Diploma Fashion Management in London.

Why did you choose this program? What will be the benefits?

While I have a solid grounding in design and management from my studies at Parsons and my experience in several international businesses, I am seeking an opportunity to deepen my understanding of fashion management. A number of attributes of the Graduate Diploma Fashion Management program are unique and address the critical components I need to further my understanding of and connections with the fashion industry: practical and project-based interdisciplinary coursework, a network of university partners from the UK fashion and merchandising industry, and international underpinnings. The London College of Fashion has a peerless reputation for staying well ahead of the curve -- indeed, LCF is known globally as the place to be if your goal is to study fashion.

Open the work experiences more in the resume and explain them a little bit more.

One of my key responsibilities at C24 Gallery in New York is to be an effective bridge between the creative and business worlds. I serve as the public face for the gallery and for the artists we represent. Every component of the exhibition cycle falls within my purveyance, from public relations to post-show feedback. I particularly enjoy preparing for and participating in interviews with the journalists; I have the opportunity to generate and implement PR strategy, and then assess the response in the press and by the public.

Working in the Ralph Lauren Furniture Department in Moscow allowed me to wear many hats, a factor that made the job especially interesting and provided a rich opportunity to develop management experience. I helped to establish and manage in-store marketing programs and retail events, components of the job that required business acumen and cultural sensitivity. My more creative side was engaged when I was able to offer consultation on customers' design choices. I was also able to contribute to the inner workings of the department, such as ordering, shipping and receiving, and managing customer files.

3) Explain the Design and Management program in Parsons University in NYC and associated benefits.

The essence of the Parson's Design and Management program is the development of people who live a creative life, contributing their talents and ideas to "an increasingly designed world." As a Parsons graduate, I have learned how to make design more than a visible or functional attribute. Because of my Parson's training, I recognize that design… [read more]

Fashion Management Essay

… If there's one position, I want to be the one who gets the job, so even though I will go through all the basic steps, I will go the extra mile to actually meet the decision makers who have the power to get me in.

3. Why should Barneys hire me, or anybody else for that matter? Fashion is my life. Yes, I'm a fashion graduate, but more than that I simply live for fashion. I live for the clothes themselves, but also for the business side of fashion. Anyone who succeeds in this industry not only has great love for fashion, but understands that it is a business, that we are all in that business to sell clothes. I think coming from that perspective, you are meeting the key people in the industry on their level, not just as a kid who likes clothes. So this more mature outlook about the industry is something that will serve me well -- everybody who succeeds has a measure of common sense and a dose of maturity about the business in addition to a profound love of clothes and design. These are my attributes, and I think that they set me apart from the average fashion graduate.

4. I am applying for a position as a Junior Buyer at Barneys. I bring three things that make me the best candidate. I bring knowledge, intense passion and I live for fashion. I am a recent fashion graduate, and this gives me strong knowledge of the industry, especially the business side, which is what the Buyer position is all about. However, I also live for fashion. To travel the world seeking out unique fashions is something I do as a hobby, so to do that professionally is not even a big step for me. I just got back from Milan and Florence, I've traveled recently to Istanbul, London and Sydney -- in short I like to see the world through the eyes of the designers. So when buying for Barneys, I'm not just entering orders into a keyboard, I truly know what the trends are and how Barneys can deliver the best designs for its customers. By putting together a portfolio that is both innovative and classic, I can help to meet the needs of Barney's customers, and in that way make the store better. There are a lot of people who love fashion, but I know this is a business, and I intend to be a trend setter for Barneys over time, strengthening its position as a global fashion leader.





Majored in Fashion Management, with a minor in Marketing

In my four-year course, I studied buying, design, marketing, fashion history, globalization of business, information technology, and contemporary footwear design. I achieved a 4.2 GPA in my studies, placing me at the top of my class.

Work Experience

Buyer Intern, Nordstrom


In this role, I worked as an intern in the purchasing department of… [read more]

Adama Paris Adama Ndiaye Is the Designer Term Paper

… Adama Paris

Adama Ndiaye is the designer who is responsible for launching and running the brand, Adama Paris. Adama is Senegalese by origin. Her association with Zaire Kinshassa is reflected in her work as she has been able to integrate… [read more]

Fashion "Eco Term Paper

… She advocates taking good care of one's clothes to prolong the life of items. This includes wearing delicate and professional clothing on appropriate occasions and not, for example, working out in the yard. Washing in cold water and hanging clothing out to dry is good for the life of the clothes and for the environment.

As has been shown, eco-fashion is not a movement that takes us back to past centuries, where individuals were almost wholly in charge of the garment-making process, from raising wool to spinning threads to weaving their own garments. Although technology is modern and seemingly the antithesis to the natural movement, it is actually technology that will facilitate cleaner manufacturing and processing. Technology is a driving force behind eco-fashion, as well as smarter consumer habits.

It is hoped that eco-fashion will eventually replace traditional fashion by bringing together all the players -- designers, manufacturers, scientists, retailers, and consumers (Scaturro, 2008, p. 488). "Green" apparel and accessories presently constitute just two percent of the $200 billion a year fashion industry in the U.S. according to Marshal Cohen, chief analyst of market research firm NPD Group. Ten years ago, the market for eco-fashion comprised less than half a percent of industry business, so progress has been made (El Nasser, 2013). Eco-fashion is good for the planet and plays an important role in its sustainability.


"Detox fashion." (2013). Greenpeace Update. Spring 2013, 14-15.

El Nasser, H. (2013). What's in style: Eco-friendly, green fashion. USA Today. Retrieved from fashion/1996773/

Phelan, H. (2012). Eco-friendly fashion brands we can get behind. Fashionista. Retrieved from

Rodie, J.B. (2012). A swimming poolful at a time. Textile World 162(6), 22-24.

Scaturro, S. (2008). Eco-tech fashion: Rationalizing technology in sustainable fashion. Fashion Theory: The Journal of Dress, Body & Culture 12(4), 469-488.

Somers, D. (2013). Green your closet: 5 tips for eco-friendly fashion. Greener Ideal. Retrieved from friendly-fashion/

Taran, M., Bagheri, S., and Bakhtiyari, S. (2012). Eco-friendly poly (3-hydroxybutyrate) synthesis from textile wastewater and its… [read more]

Fashion / Ugo at the Age Term Paper

… Fashion / Ugo

At the age of thirteen, celebrity stylist Ugo Mozie already had unique ideas for putting the fun in fashion. He took unlikely pairings, such as his sister's latex tights and a button-down shirt, and added his own twist, drawing on influences from such far-flung locales as London, Africa, and Los Angeles. As a high school sophomore in 2009, he and his best friend set the garment industry abuzz by debuting their collection during New York's Fashion Week. Ugo had a short stint as a model but following an internship in the marketing department at Capitol Records, Ugo knew that the business side of fashion, and a career as a stylist, were his future.

The fashion part of the stylist's job is easy, Ugo insists. Without business savvy and the ability to manage every detail in the process, a would-be fashion stylist is not going to make it. Ugo believes it is his male vantage point that makes him successful with his female clients. He believes it's all about the relationship with a client and making her feel comfortable and confident in a look designed just for her. Women want to look good for men, and they trust that Ugo will help them do just that. As with the "street chic" line of clothing Ugo plans to launch with Chris Brown, Ugo strives to make his celebrity clients look timeless, yet special.

Ugo put Dawn Richard in a Zac Posen mermaid dress for the cover art of her album. Ugo chose timeless black for a classically cut mermaid address. The ensemble shows a softer side of the hard-rocking Richard that audiences do not usually get to see. it's the element of surprise that makes this elegant look a winner.

Dawn Richard worked with Ugo again for a photography by Sarah McClogan for Vibe magazine. Again, Ugo went for a classic look, putting Ugo in a black gown with an intricate bodice and chiffon overskirt. The photo captures Richard in motion. With her sleekly styled hair, the focus is on the movement of her skirt, which billows in shiny folds around her. The photo is elegant, but it also captures Richard's beauty, style and energy.

Shot for magazine in New York, "Jewel," by Lisa has a bohemian flair. Paired with a bright yellow bag and yellow bangle bracelet, the model is photographed on a busy New York City street. The flow of the gown is juxtaposed beautifully against the energy and bustle of Times Square.

Ugo styled Melanie… [read more]

Fashion and Technology Exhibition Assignment Essay

… Fashion and Technology Exhibition

Exhibition Assignment

The fashion and technology exhibition at fit museum

Since conception, technology has grown tremendously. It has continued to influence every sector of the world, business, education, security and the others. Art and fashion are… [read more]

Fashion Future Essay

… By establishing a consistent social media presence on the web, even a small house can generate buzz and convey the unique benefits of function and style created by the product. As a newcomer in the fashion world, I see myself becoming more technologically savvy over the next five years, and using a variety of social media to reach different segments of the market. The approach will be more directed to the consumer, versus through traditional magazines.

Relationships with retail portal sites that drive excitement with deals like Gilt will also become more important. "The internet has a noise and discovery problem," leading to consumers tending to linger at the same 'boring old sites' unless websites that showcase new and innovative companies and designers force web-surfers out of their comfort zone (Chen 2012). If an online consumer sees an interesting link on Pinterest or reads about a new product showcased on a blogger's website, he or she is more likely to expand his or her horizons. Getting to consumers and encouraging consumers to 'share' their purchases and preferences will be a vital part of the direction of mainstream fashion and how it is evolving.

While celebrities will still be important in terms of setting style trends, ordinary consumers will have more of a hand in how trends evolve, and fashion industry insiders must reach out to them to cultivate relationships. I seek to bring this innovative approach to the new world of fashion. With hard work and a willingness to make sacrifices -- perhaps by beginning in a lower-paid internship to 'learn the ropes' and seeking to educate myself in my free time to the potential uses of technology in fashion merchandizing and design -- I hope to become a part of the fashion world of tomorrow.

Works Cited

Chen, Leo. "Social commerce, Pinterest, and the future of fashion retail." Tech Crunch.

16 Jun 2012. [19 Jun 2012]… [read more]

Men's Fashion in His Book Term Paper

… The history of men's fashion outlined above demonstrates how Flugel's theory of the Great Masculine Renunciation fails to accurately describe the changing standards for men in the nineteenth and twentieth century, but it does not explain why this change occurred,… [read more]

Fashion Merchandising Fashion Group International Term Paper

… This page provides help to the student in the practical aspects of completing one's education in fashion merchandising and finding a job after graduation.

For both students and industry professionals, there is a great deal of information available even without membership. On the "Calendar of Events" page, one can find information about different events as well as access press coverage of past events and designer interviews. The "Editorials" page has links to articles by several regular columnists who write about industry trends. The "Press" link was being updated at the time this paper was written, so no further information was available. The "Sponsors" link shows designers and companies that contributed to the creation of the 2010 directory. Each entity on the list is linked to his/her/its own home page. Contributors to the current directory include such diverse people and organizations such as Thierry Mugler, Avon, the Breast Cancer Research Foundation, Merchandise Mart Properties, and Saks Fifth Avenue, among others.

One has the option on the site for registering with Twitter and Facebook. By linking with Twitter, one can receive short messages and stay up-to-date on current events in fashion. There is also the capability for voting in various surveys (the current one is for the FGI Rising Star Finalists). One can sign up for special events and contests as well. By becoming a friend of FGI on Facebook, one can connect read news updates and connect with other FGI members.

FGI's website is useful both to students of fashion merchandising and professionals in the industry. It is an easy-to-navigate site that provides current information on trends and events. Fashion is an industry in which it is important to be attuned to the latest trends and happenings. It is important to be up to the minute. FGI's website is a good resource with which to do that.

Works Cited

Fashion Group International, The. 2011. Web. 8 Jan.… [read more]

Effect of Beauty and Body Image in Advertising Research Paper

… ¶ … Beauty and body image in advertising

It is common knowledge among the advertising world that publicity sells. In order to achieve a high degree of profit in the globalized world, the most interesting and eye catching advertisements usually… [read more]

Fashion Early Middle Ages Essay

… There are definitive layers in this ensemble: the scarf tucked around the neck of the cape garment, over the simple black skirt, tights, and boots. The striking black sunglasses contrast the chosen beige color and offset the full head-cover and the tall, folded, purple, suede, boots add a touch of appropriate three-musketeer-ism.


In Eastern Europe, early renaissance fashion for women was similar to medieval dress. The concepts of simplicity and layering continued although throughout the period, innovation in fashion began to take shape as fabrics, dyes, and costume making methods advanced.

Common attire for an early Renaissance woman would include of a kirtle, chemise, and gown. The kirtle was a modest full skirt worn with a linen top called a chemise. The gown was worn over the kirtle. It had a full skirt split in the front, to show the kirtle, and had a basque style waistline. A typical gown was made from woven wool or linen. A Renaissance garment for the elite was more elaborate, tailored, and complex including padded shoulders, embroidered fabrics, and jeweled decorations.

Various fashion features from the renaissance period continue to be seen in fashion today. In the Michael C. creation (Spring 2011 collection) shown above in the first photo, renaissance qualities can be found in the full length, split skirt and bodice. In the second picture, Model Natasha Poly displays a tailored suit with 17th century Renaissance features such as the elaborate sleeves and basque waistline. The third illustration[footnoteRef:3] shows a Dolce & Gabbana design which captures the Italian Renaissance. It features decadent fabric, high padded shoulders, high neck, and a split gown and kirtle effect. [3:, (accessed Nov 28, 2005).]

Baroque Periods

The Baroque era brought a distinctive shift in fashion. Fabrics with their natural qualities were replaced by a stiff starched look. Trim consisted primarily of buttons and lace. The neckline for women's fashion became wide and square, and waistlines were raised. Sleeves were draped softly below the elbow, revealing the wearer's lower arm.

In the first photo above Dolce and Gabbana (Fall 2009) embraced baroque sense of extravagance, the deep broad neckline, and full bodied sleeves. A baroque style is also displayed in the richness of the chosen fabric. In the second photo, designers Roksanda Ilincic (Fall 2009) also captures baroque flare through choice of sophisticated fabric and dramatic formed sleeves. In addition, the designer broadness the model's silhouette, typical of the baroque style, by gathering the fabric around the hips to match the breath of the shoulders.

Fashion draws on the past to incorporate loved fashion elements into modern creations. In this way fashion becomes timeless.


Brooke, Iris. English Costume from the Early Middle Ages Through the Sixteenth Century.… [read more]

Fashion Individuality and Self-Expression Essay

… But Barbie is also a plastic doll that represents the ideal woman. Young girls are bombarded with images of Barbie. Barbie is also packaged to appeal to young girls and their likes. Much like a celebrity who has everything a… [read more]

Price Beauty? Term Paper

… These ideas provide an excellent overview of that Age's understanding of the subject. In the second edition of his Enquiry (1759),

Burke addressed the idea of Beauty, by which he meant "that quality or those qualities in bodies by which… [read more]

Gender and Power in Beauty Pageant Culture Term Paper

… Gender and Power in Beauty Pageant Culture

Review of the Relevant Literature.

How Beauty Pageants Define Gender, Hierarchy and Power. According to Poran (2002), the majority of research on beauty to date has focused on gender differences in the experience… [read more]

Fashion and Social Identity Essay

… My clothes speak to the people around me and give them an idea about me as a college going student. At times I also realize that without even telling them about my occupation people realize that I am university going student through my dressing style.

I personally believe that there is a reason why people emphasize on the dressing sense and style especially the types of clothes to wear at different occasions. The clothes that a person wears give the statement about his personality and character even before he speaks his fashion speaks for him.

The dress that a person wears also tells about his professional standing. A person wearing a formal dress shirt, pant, tie and coat is usually considered as a top notch executive o business man. Same goes for a woman wearing dress pants or skirt with a shirt and coat. Similarly, a lady wearing a gown is considered to be going to a formal event.

I can quote certain examples and real life incidences that happened with me regarding the out statements that my clothes gave to people in my surrounding. In my sophomore year I got a wild sense of clothing and without thinking I adopted quite a wild dressing sense, torn jeans, T-shirts having quite wild statements. This led my friend's parents asking them to stay away from me and considering me as one of the bad guys. My result in the end set them right.

During my university life I went to a friend's party and was dressed quite formally for the event, (in dress shirts and pants), many people considered me an executive in some company and asked me about my work and position there.

During my first interview for the job training I knew I impressed the panel of interviewees (it was evident by their expressions). After getting the job, I asked the HR assistant and he told me that they were greatly impressed by my dressing sense and considered me a professional when I entered.

These days I try to keep a variable dressing sense and style and like giving surprises. I do not usually stick to one dressing sense and keep changing my style frequently. This makes it difficult for people to form a general opinion about me on the basis of my dressing and fashion sense. It also helps me give different signals and messages in different meetings.

I believe that clothes and dressing style create a general opinion and perception about people and even before speaking to them a person's sense of speaks a lot about that person.


Shete, V. 2012. Fashion & Social Identity: A Cultural Phenomenon. Available at: [read more]

Fashion When a Woman Walks Research Paper

… Fashion is a factor in social and collective identity; including identities related to socio-economic class, ethnic/racial group, and gender/sex inequality. Moreover, clothing clearly delineates one's professional status or locus of professional activity, level of education and acquisition of certain types of knowledge, and participation in the sciences (Lamont and Molnar, 2002). Fashion is an outward sign of the formation of "communities, national identities, and spatial boundaries," (Lamont and Molnar, 2002, p.167). The relationship between clothing and identity (whether personal or collective) is a two way street. In other words, the way a person dresses enables the individual to express personal preferences and lifestyle choices as well as announce membership in a specific cultural group. At the same time, the group to which a person belongs can co-create expressions of style and fashion that are used to enforce social boundaries.

In research on how African-American communities create collective identity, Lamont and Molnar (2001) found a measurable, directional relationship between African-American consumption patterns and self-marking. African-Americans were found to use consumption to "defy racism and share collective identities most valued in American society (e.g. middle-class membership)" (Lamont and Molnar, 2001, p. 31). Fashion was also used to "simultaneously enact a positive vision of their cultural distinctiveness," (Lamont and Molnar, 2001, p. 31).

Clothing also allows for nuanced and radical types of gender performativity. Gender performativity reflects the culturally sanctioned lines between "male/masculine" and "female/feminine" designations. A drag queen conducts radical gender performativity by revealing the most exaggerated stereotype of "feminine" fashion, and when a butch dons a plaid flannel shirt, she accomplishes the same. In Fashion and its Social Agendas, Judith Crane discusses the various, often contradictory, ways fashion and gender performativity interact. The fashion industry capitalizes on gender norms by ascribing gendered labels to certain types of clothing, thereby enforcing or even creating gender identity through clothing. Consumers literally buy into the gender identities established for them through their choice of clothing or dress style. On the other hand, empowered consumers use clothing to distance themselves from normative expressions of gender, much in the same way African-Americans consciously create group status based on clothing.

Finally, conspicuous branding in fashion creates and establishes social and personal identity. Brands announce lifestyle and social status, especially within the "elite vs. cheap" continuum. Auty and Elliot (1998) reveal the strong impact of branding and fashion labels on consumer behavior. Some consumers are "highly self-monitoring" and "highly involved" in the branding process, such as the woman donning her Louis Vuitton handbag (Auty and Elliot, 1998). The relationship between branding and identity is a strong one, and consumers actively participate in the process of creating boundaries of self and other by the clothes they wear. The relationship between clothing and identity formation therefore has a real, measurable, financial impact on fashion merchandising and marketing.


Auty, Susan and Elliot, Richard (1998), "Social Identity and the Meaning of Fashion Brands," in European Advances in Consumer Research Volume 3, eds. Basil G. Englis and Anna Olofsson, European Advances in… [read more]

Beauty of Joy Forever the Principle Point Essay

… Beauty

Of Joy Forever

The principle point of commonality that exists between Alice Walker's essay, "Beauty: When the Other Dancer is the Self," and Susan Sontag's essay, "Women's Beauty: Put Down or Power Source" is that there is a completeness… [read more]

Fashion Industry Essay

… They can also choose to find their own lines of selling their products, with very short chain or no chain, and hence reduce their transaction cost. The industry should understand the market structure well and fully in order to know the varying demands of the society. They should also produce garments that the consumers never fail to demand in order to reduce the flexibility-incurred cost. As for depreciation, for the products, which that are producer's stock for a longer time, they should sell them at cheaper prices. Similarly, they should produce goods that do not easily wear and keep them in favorable conditions until purchased.

Effective modifications of data for effective decision-making

Managers in every firm should give effective decisions for the company, and data from different sources should help them. Data should be modified in a way they will help in the decisions. Such modifications of data include arranging of data. For effective and quick decision-making, managers should organize their work depending on time, place subject or year. This enables them to analyze data collected from different sources, collected effectively and keenly depending on the topic of research. Managers should facilitate research on the data they need in the decision-making, carried out by them or experts they appoint them. Analyzing of data is also an effective method to come up with decisions. Data should be analyzed carefully, comparing with other sources of data for its effectiveness (INFOWORLD).

Factors determining competitiveness in an industry

Competitiveness of an industry is determined by several factors. Competiveness is the degree at which an industry can compete with the rest, in rivalry of each other in order to achieve a certain goal. In the fashion industry, threats that poses competition include factors such as the introduction of new products into the market, the ability of suppliers to bargain, the ability of consumers to bargain, the existing technology, and its improvement in different firms. The same is similar towards the availability of close substitutes of the firm's product by other close goods proposed for similar use. Fashion can be improved with technology and listening to what consumers want. This poses a great danger to firms whose technology is still inferior to others and could easily push it out off the industry. Contact of suppliers to service providers such as insurance could also lead to stiff competition; as such, services improve the well-being of suppliers implying more products than the firms, which do not enjoy such services. Close contact of consumers to suppliers and listening to what they want also increase the product's competitiveness in the industry. Introducing new and unique products in the market also increases competiveness, as the new products will face minimum competition in the firm.

Such competitions in the market will lead firms in the industry to set strategies and improve their production through different ways. Several measures will be taken such as technological measures to improve technology, price mechanism measures, which will set prices in the market that will favor the… [read more]

History of Fashion Film Review

… Even the unmarried women of the film are shown constantly trying on clothes and trying to make themselves beautiful, even though they have no work and no husband bankrolling their efforts. The most intelligent and level-headed of the three women, Schatze, (played by Lauren Bacall) is still obsessed with marriage. Her character is photographed in slightly less revealing clothes than her blonde co-stars but she is still often dressed in garish, artificial clothing with tight waistlines and extreme high heels that appear very uncomfortable to wear every day.

The presentation of Marilyn Monroe in the film perhaps most starkly illustrates the idea that female intelligence must be concealed for a woman to 'snag' a man. When the three women are presented, Monroe's character of Paula is always the most scantily clad. She either wears very feminine colors like white and pink, or bright colors that match her lips and makeup, to draw attention to her sexuality. Paula is shown to be resisting the fact that she must wear glasses to see. She is afraid of looking intelligent (despite her 'dumb blonde' attitude, even when she is wearing glasses). She would rather be seen bumping into objects than be perceived as an intelligent woman.

The film is obviously not meant to be taken too seriously, and is bearable to a modern viewer because of its evident lack of 'reality.' Shot in bright-hued Technicolor, the women look garish and slightly unreal, particularly Marilyn. There is a sense of humor about the women's man-hungry quest. When Marilyn is at her most beautiful, such as when she is wearing a form-fitting dress with a swinging skirt to go out to dinner, she still manages to bump into a door. The end of the film depicts the women falling down in a comic faint when they realize that one of the men they have wed is actually extremely wealthy, after they have all reconciled themselves to marrying 'ordinary' men they really love.

Works Cited

"Christian Dior." The Design Museum. [20 Mar 2012] [read more]

Influences of Philippine Women Fashion Clothing History Essay

… ¶ … Philippine Women Fashion/Clothing History

The aim of the paper is to give a clear picture of the Philippines women clothing history from the colonization period by the Spanish to the present fashion. The report aims to look at… [read more]

Ancient Egypt to Present: Costume Term Paper

… By the 1930s department store catalogs were now depicting Egyptian women sitting in front of their vanity mirror, considerably lightened in the face, giving on e the impression that beauty equals being white, which was an advertisement for one of the catalog's lightening creams "Afridol." This ad was meant to give the impression that being "tanned" equaled manual labor, a peasant type class, while being lighter complexioned equaled high status (Russel, 38). This trend of Westernizing Egypt has continued through to the modern day, where it is not unusual to see youth wearing jeans, sexy outfits, skimpy clothes and designer labels such as Versace and Dolce & Gabanna (Abaza, 284). Mostly these trends are completely Western to completely Muslim (and completely covered), and have given rise to a new kind of debate within Egypt about what style of clothing should be accepted and worn in public; while many are respectable and do not wear anything revealing, tight fitting or see-through, some youth just do not care and will wear what they want (Abaza). Much of Egypt's fashions have changed due to the influences of Western clothing and Muslim style clothing, and the debate will continue to go on. But, Egypt has changed in that it is less "class specific" with its clothing, as opposed to ancient Egypt where it was very easy to tell if someone was a working class farmer or royalty (Abaza). Modern Egypt doesn't bedeck themselves with intricate jewelry or body oils anymore, but they do use Western style cosmetics, deodorants, and they still wear lighter weight fabrics such as cotton, linens and gauze (Abaza).

Works Cited

Abaza, Mona. "Shifting Landscapes of Fashion in Contemporary Egypt." Fashion Theory: The Journal of Dress, Body & Culture 11.2/3 (2007): 281-297. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 4 Apr. 2011.

Batten, Alicia J. "Clothing and Adornment." Biblical Theology Bulletin 40.3 (2010): 148-159. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 4 Apr. 2011.

Chaudhri, S.K., and N.K. Jain. "History of cosmetics." Asian Journal of Pharmaceutics 3.3 (2009): 164-167. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 4 Apr. 2011.

"Egypt: Daily Life." St. Petersburg Times, 1999. Web. 5 Apr 2011. .

"Garments: Clothing Material." Ancient Egypt: Clothing. N.p., July 2009. Web. 5 Apr 2011. .

Russell, Mona. "Marketing the Modern Egyptian Girl: Whitewashing Soap and Clothes From the Late Nineteenth Century to 1936." Journal of Middle East Women's… [read more]

Career in the Fashion Industry Term Paper

… A lot of the information on a line sheet is the same as is shown on the spec sheet -- color and fabric information, season and designer name, and identification numbers (style numbers and/or item numbers), and other basic information often appears on both sheets -- but they are used for very different purposes and also have an abundance of different information (Wanzo 2005; Rubina 2011). The most important difference is the fact that the line sheet has some sort of graphic representation -- sketches, computer-created images, or photographs -- of the articles of clothing in the designer's line, so that potential customers (typically distributors, wholesalers, and some reailers) can really see what they would be ordering (Wanzo 2005). Because this is the primary use of line sheets, other information such as prices, order minimums, information for contacting the design company or sales rep and actually placing an order, and other information pertinent to actually purchasing the garments depicted on a professional line sheet should also be included on the sheet (Wanzo 2005).

Line sheets and spec sheets are just two of the different technical documents that professional designers need to be familiar with. As the above descriptions have shown, much of the information on these sheets is repeated, but due to their different purposes and uses there is also different information, and differently arranged. It is only through creating proper spec and line sheets that a designer would be able to sell their clothing in the professional world.


Rubina, J. (2011). What is a clothing specification sheet? Accessed 5 February 2011.

Wanzo, M. (2005). What is a line sheet? Accessed 5 February 2011. [read more]

Fashion Adoption Essay

… Fashion theories of adaptation: Where are we now?

Downward- flow fashion theory is also known as the trickle-down theory of fashion adoption "which maintains that to be identified as a true fashion, a style must first be adopted by people at the top of the social pyramid. The style then gradually wins acceptance at progressively lower social levels" (Flash cards database, 2009). Advocates of this theory would note that haute couture is first displayed at fashion shows, often many months in advance. Then, affordable retail chains seize upon these trends and market them to consumers. Zara, H&M, Forever 21 and Top Shop are all examples of popular, inexpensive clothing retailers that have capitalized upon high end fashion trends and sold them at a bargain to fashion-conscious younger consumers. "We've become more obsessed with the way that celebrities dress because it's just become so much more accessible. Stores are much better at cottoning onto the things that celebrities wear and reproducing them very quickly," said an editor at the British fashion magazine Heat (Store wars: Fast fashion, BBC News, 2003).

In contrast, horizontal theories of fashion dissemination suggest that "fashions move horizontally between groups on similar social levels rather than vertically from one level to another…the mass-market theory." (Flash cards database, 2009). This theory could be supported by the disparate impact of the recent recession upon consumers. While many high-end customers have returned to their old spending habits, middle and lower-market consumers are still wary of spending their disposable income, because of the fragility of the economic recovery. Said one designer: "target customers -- the wealthiest 1% to 2% of consumers world-wide -- are still spending, even if they are buying fewer things…the 'elite of the elite'" bought 30 of his $43,000 suits even during the height of the recession (Smith 2009). Amongst other economic brackets, consumer spending has decreased on clothing… [read more]

Personal Quality, Talent, Accomplishment, Contribution or Experience Research Proposal

… ¶ … personal quality, talent, accomplishment, contribution or experience that is important to you. What about this quality or accomplishment makes you proud, and how does it relate to the person you are?

Some people feel pressured from an early age to pursue a profession such as medicine, law, or engineering. A few of my friends have expressed the desire to become artists or writers, rather than enter such 'sensible' occupations. They complain that they are encouraged to enter a field that can get them a secure job and position upon graduation. They want to follow their passion instead. While I can relate to this sentiment, my situation is slightly different. I would have loved to have a family that wanted me to do something practical, like becoming an engineer. But until recently I kept these thoughts to myself.

My father had been in the fashion business all of his life. It was expected that I would follow in his footsteps. I went to a fashion school in New York City without questioning the assumption that my life would be like my father's. I was immediately required to take classes on the fashion business, textiles, and the different types of chemicals and fabrics used to make apparel. But the only things that really fired my imagination and made me excited about learning was working on my computer at home.

I could see that I was different from my classmates. I think a good indication of what is your heart's desire is what you choose to do in your leisure time. The other students awaited the latest release of Vogue and Elle with breathless anticipation. They congregated in the dormitory halls and talked about new trends and styles and the astonishing fabrics and colors used by the designers that season. A certain lurid shade of green was now 'the new black,' then black was 'the new black.' Their opinions were always very strong, but seemed to shift from month to month, week to week. They spent hours preparing for class: not their assignments, but what they were going to wear. I felt like I was trapped in a… [read more]

Fashion Photographer Mario Testino Essay

… ¶ … fashion photographer Mario Testino. Specifically it will discuss his work, paying special attention to the photograph Diana, Princess of Wales, Vanity Fair, 1997, London. Testino is a legendary fashion photographer who was born in Peru and now lives… [read more]

1950s Fashions Fashion and Makeup Term Paper

… Accessories were all-important in the 1950s. Women sometimes wore short white gloves and short satin scarves tied in a knot around their neck. Handbags ranged in style and included round boxy ones that looked like hat boxes. One of the… [read more]

Advertising Fashion Term Paper

… Fashion Advertising

In the latest edition of Vogue magazine, Madonna poses for a Versace ad. The overall color tones in the ad are opulent: gold and white mostly. Madonna's hair is a striking platinum blonde and cut shoulder length. The hair style is simple yet stylish, reflecting the high-end, classy nature of Versace apparel. In fact, Madonna's overall appearance closely matches the nature of the clothing she wears for the ad: just slightly over-the-top in terms of opulence, but still refined. The message of the ad is high-end; it appeals to the part of all consumers who long for luxury and high fashion.

The Versace Madonna ad is excellent. First, it uses a celebrity endorsement; whatever people think of Madonna's personality or music, there is no denying the superstar's subliminal appeal. Madonna also oozes confidence and it is precisely her confident attitude that is capitalized on in this advertisement. For one, using Madonna in the ad automatically signals self-assuredness, but also, the way she is posed suggests nothing but self-confidence and self-control. As a designer, Versace is sending a… [read more]

Fashion Magazines Are Ubiquitous Term Paper

… GQ and Esquire are two of the most popular men's fashion magazines in the United States. The two magazines are aimed at a similar target audience: young, probably upwardly mobile professional men. A considerable chunk of these magazines are devoted exclusively to full-page and multi-page advertisements. These advertisements peddle products that range from clothes to cars to cigarettes. The actual ad content is similar between GQ and Esquire. Neither GQ nor Esquire contains full-length articles that are directly about the products advertised in the journal. Rather, the feature articles ranged in content from biographical material to current events to movie reviews. The bulk of the non-paid advertisements are in the form of product placement editorial sections. These one-page "columns" include photographs and small blurbs: they are very similar in function to a catalogue.

In fact, both of these men's magazines contain one-page editorial product-placement blurbs that are similar to those used in the women's fashion magazines. These blurbs are especially useful in the marketing world because they cleverly proffer the editorial stamp of approval on certain products. Consumers who read any one of these magazines would be highly likely to consider buying the products included in these editorial sections.

Based on these four magazines, men's and women's fashion magazines are similar in their layout and their function. Men's and women's magazines both include enormous amounts of advertisements: dozens of full-page and multi-page ads appear before the table of contents. However, in general, men's fashion magazines focus less on clothes, cosmetics, and shoes than women's fashion magazines, although all of the above are popular products marketed to both genders. Men's fashion magazines contain more advertising and editorial content about electronic gadgets and cars than women's magazines do. Both men's and women's fashion magazines include a fair amount of celebrity gossip in addition to fashion information. Furthermore, fashion magazines always include a feature article that is usually not about fashion per se, but rather, which appeals to their readership in general. Occasionally the feature article may be indirectly about the world of fashion as is the case with the latest issue of Vogue.

Flipping through any one of these four magazines will reveal little more than ads at a first glance. Granted, all four of these magazines do include feature articles. Of the four, Vogue and Esquire probably have the highest quality reporting, reporting that is overtly devoid of marketing intent. A fashion forecaster could use these four magazines to plan future fashion trends based on current ones; to read the public's expectations, needs, and desires regarding design as well as pricing; and to design new marketing techniques that retailers can use to stimulate consumer spending.

Works Cited

(The most recent editions of Elle, Esquire, GQ, and Vogue were used for this report.) [read more]

Sex and Beauty Queen Contests Term Paper

… ¶ … national beauty contests emerge in America and Australia among other nations) in the 1920s and why had they declined in popularity by the 1980s?

ABC has dropped Miss America, leaving the famous beauty pageant without a TV outlet… [read more]

Connection Between Fashion and Philanthropy Giving Back to Africa Through Non-Profit Purchases Term Paper

… Paying it Forward to Africa Fashionably, Top 10 Non-Profit Shop for Change List the combination of business, fashion, and philanthropy is an enticing one and some entrepreneurs are jumping into that with two feet. Ban Ki-moon, the U.N. secretary general insists that: "Africa does not need charity, it needs investments and partnership." As a result, the top 10 list serves to illustrate something of what Ban Ki-moon was trying to say.

Take Saran Kaba Jones, for instance, who founded Face Africa that funds and supports sustainable clean water, sanitation and hygiene projects in Liberia; and African Leadership (Mocha Club) that trains approximately 13,000 students in 23 African countries and supports over 18 projects in 8 countries through their entrepreneurial ventures.

Renzo Rosso, Ali Hewson and her husband Bono, banded together earlier this year to form the Diesel+Edun label that produces fashion products, sourced or made entirely in Africa these are examples of people who integrate business with philanthropy and direct the proceeds to Africa. Sometimes these businesses are partially non-profit. Other times, they are totally so with all proceeds going to the African workers who produce the creations.

A glimpse at one of the websites that integrates fashion with philanthropy and hires African women to weave scarves indicates the beauty of the design and work that can emerge from Africa and how these ventures exceed charity in its crude sense. The entrepreneurs may be benefitting more than, or as equally as the people they hire to create their merchandise. The business FashionABLE scarfs! Is a non-profit organization that gives 100% of its profits to the women who make the scarves -- and the scarves are magnificent. The goal of the company is the following: "The FashionABLE mission is to create sustainable business in Africa so that the women are not dependent upon charity but instead are a vital part of a developing economy."

In Aid for Africa, African artisans have produced jeweler, crafts, and other products. The proceeds go to African people. Global Mamas (Trade for Change) is another innovative and philanthropic company that in turn creates jobs and increases the income and standard of living of women and their families in Africa. Other companies include Indigo Africa that uses the proceeds from African women to help Africans become better educated; and African Leadership (Mocha Club) that trains approximately 13,000 students in 23 African countries and supports over 18 projects in 8… [read more]

Fabric Store Research Paper

… f) Slither "Python." 71% rayon and 29% poly blend. Is a fun, playful snakeskin print that can be used for trims on hats, shirts, and pants.

5. What was the most unique item you discovered at this store? Explain.

The store has a lot of unique items, but the rarest might have been the hand-embroidered wool fabric from Kashmir.

6. What was the largest section in the store?

The largest fabric section is the cotton/poly, with standard colors and prints.

7. What type of prints did you notice and what seemed the most popular? (floral, geometric, solid, etc.).

The bulk of fabric sold is, I believe, solids. This is because of their versatility. In prints, they all sell evenly well. Florals were particularly popular the day I was in the store. I also noticed animal prints, geometrics, stripes, and children's decorative prints on various fabric bases.

8. Does this store sell designer fabrics? If so which ones?

There are designer fabrics in the store, ranging from Heather Bailey and Lola Violet to Koka Japan and Kei.

9. What is the overall price range in the store?

The overall price range varies considerably: from $2 per yard to upwards of $30 per yard.

10. What is your overall experience in this store?

At first, the experience was overwhelming because of how many things were in the store. After I got used to the extensive array, I understood the store was laid out in a fairly logical manner. The sale bins were scattered about but generally located in one area as well. It was easy to navigate once I got the hang of it. The service was mixed, with many friendly clerks and some who were more stern and unsmiling.

11. Would you shop here in the future?

I would certainly shop here in the future. The prices and selection make M&L Fabrics superior to competitors, especially the larger chain stores like Michaels and JoAnns, which do not have as many fine and specialty items. Shopping for fabrics online can be… [read more]

Linear About Writing Essay

… There are confines -- a shoe still must go one someone's foot -- but within those confines there were limitless options. And if the rules didn't work for you, you invented new ones, just to see if you could. Designers become the new poets, bending forms, inventing and reinventing, expressing in every possible way their own deepest selves. Well, I had to design. I don't think I was very good at. I still try it, you know, just to see what I can come up with.

My first love remains words, though. The challenge, I realized, was to spin words to create great beauty, power and expression while remaining true to the linear forms. Now, however, lines were not limitations but challenges. My writing changed. I want to bend forms, invent new ones, reinvent old ones, and I want to do it with color, with flair, with texture. It has been a few years since I discovered that my muse came from fashion instead of writing.

There is nothing that sparks my creativity more than the visual stimulation of watching a great runway show. When I see things that I never thought possible in fashion, I launch into fits of writing. Creativity is its own thing, no matter the medium. I create my best work in this linear form when saturated on fashion's linear ideals. They're not that far apart, you know, fashion and writing. What is fashion, anyway, if not an expression of soul that begins with lines on a piece… [read more]

Cosmetics Industry Is Currently Developing Essay

… ¶ … cosmetics industry is currently developing at a rapid pace, as more and more emphasis is being placed on beauty and youth. Additionally, the modern day society is also evolving at a fast pace, with technologic advancements and a rapid rhythm characterizing virtually all aspects of life.

In such a setting, the demand for cosmetics is not only increasing, but it is also changing. This translates into a new process of purchase decision making, constructed on a series of stages. In this order of ideas, the expected purchase process is likely to include the following steps:

The identification of the need for the cosmetics product

The real need for the product, as opposed to the impulse to buy -- this stage would become more important now, in times of economic crisis, and reduction of discretionary income

The inquisition towards the identification of the product's ability to serve the specified need, or the commodity in using the respective item.

In terms of the people that would influence the purchase decision, these could include the vendors, the manufacturers or the people in the entourage of the prospective buyer. The manufacturers could attract the individual towards the product; the vendors could provide more information and the friends could provide positive or negative feedback, after having used the item.

As it can be observed, there are a wide number of factors which influence the purchase decision for the towelettes. These factors are both internal, as well as external. At the internal level for instance, some factors could include the real and/or perceived need a potential customers might have for the respective… [read more]

Inception of Licensing Term Paper

… It would be very difficult for the fashion industry to survive during these very hard economic times without licensing agreements. They are a very large source of income for designers and their teams, without agreement with manufacturers designers would very likely be unable to provide consumers with the product they demand. If designers are not able to get their products out there to the public it is very likely that their popularity would decrease and hurt the fashion industry. Licensing is a huge part of the industry because logically speaking the true work or designers that are seen in the runway in not available in mass markets where revenue can be created. This is because the work and designs presented on the runaway are too outlandish, expensive or simply not able to be manufactured in mass amounts, so designers are forced to enter into licensing agreements. According to Cooney there are some negative affects to licensing agreements these involved the quality and specifications of some of the products being licensed. For example, a designer might lease his brand to manufacturer who does not do provide a product worthy to be associate with that designer; this can hurt the image and reputation of that designer. By that same account the public is also somewhat deceived because many designers will sell brands to manufactures without actually being involved in any aspect of the design. This seems unfair because the public is inspired to purchase brands because of their assumed association with the work of top designers. Currently in the fashion industry there are a wide ranging variety of products being licensed. These include all kinds of clothing, pants, hats, socks, underwear. According to Faye Brookman T-shirts are especially popular bearing the names of everything from soft drink brands to television shows.

Works Cited

Brookman, Faye. "Fashion Forecast Optimistic." License Global 13.6 (2010): 2-13. Print.

Cooney, Joyceean. "Fashion Licensing Roundtable."… [read more]

Urban Outfitters Term Paper

… Urban Outfitters

Sears or Wal-Mart can never had a trendy, counterculture image because they are the mainstream culture. Counterculture is defined against those companies that operate in the mainstream. Sears and Wal-Mart are also hampered by the lead time required to get their products to market, and by the need for product standardization. Clothes at those stores are mass produced to ensure product line uniformity across stores, which will by definition make those clothes more mainstream than clothes produced on a small scale. In addition, stores like Sears and Wal-Mart aim for an undifferentiated look in their fashions. Their target markets do not desire differentiation, but rather more ordinary, safe looks. For each of these reasons, large stores like Sears or Wal-Mart cannot attain a counterculture image.

In addition, those companies do not do their own clothing designing. In order to be trendy, the designs must come from in-house. Sears and Wal-Mart outsource both the design and production functions. As a result, their clothes are not made by good talent, and what output there is tends to be based on old fashions. In order to truly create a trendy, counterculture image the store must have its own designers, not only to shorten the lead time to market but also to develop a consistent and cutting edge signature brand style.

2. The big box stores could sell merchandise approximate to that of Urban Outfitters, but it would be difficult to sell an identical set of merchandise. The lead time for production is longer, so the styles would be knockoffs and approximations, and would always be more out-of-date than the styles at Urban Outfitters.

The big box stores, however, would not want to approximate the variety and constant turnover associated with Urban Outfitters. Those stores tend to operate on slim margins, so rapid price reductions to keep inventory moving and the shopping experience fresh would result in many products being sold below cost. In addition, there are inventory costs associated with having a wider variety of clothes. An Urban Outfitters store can work around this because the smaller stores allow for rapid inventory turnover. Larger stores require much more inventory, so it would be more difficult to enforce the product scarcity that is a feature of Urban Outfitters. The box stores need to fill their floor space, so having a small but frequently rotating merchandise mix is simply more challenging. In addition, the small production runs would increase the price that the box stores had to offer. They compete for a market that is unwilling to pay for differentiation, so any box store charging more than the others for its clothes would lose market share in clothes as a result.

3. Exclusivity in valuable for a number of different reasons. The first reason is that… [read more]

Fashion Photography Research Proposal

… Fashion photography is an interesting research area because of various reasons. On the one hand, it is safe to state that it reflects the needs and desires of the society where it is produced. On the other hand we could state that fashion photography is one of the main instruments through which companies impose trends. These refer not only to what people should be wearing, but to what they should be thinking as well. More than a communication medium, fashion photography has the power to influence people's ideals regarding life style and also the construction of the social persona.

Programme of study

Under these circumstances, I believe that a research topic such as the evolution of fashion photography could provide us with a deeper insight upon the evolution of society as well. In addition, it would be interesting to see how the power dynamics of fashion photography on the one hand, and of society on the other have switched the position of dominating power. Furthermore, it would also be interesting to see the manner in which the development of technology has had an impact upon the development of fashion photography. The relation between art and fashion photography is another aspect that could be researched and analyzed, taking into consideration the latest trends according to which the boundaries between fine art and commercial photography are more and more blurred. As a case study we could take into consideration the fashion photographers who have had the greatest influence upon the evolution of fashion photography. It would be very interesting to see how their style has evolved throughout the years and which have been the elements that touched people in a relevant manner. And since what we are dealing with is the construction of meaning through visual means, the research should also be based upon analyses in this area. Last but not least the manner in which fashion photography approaches the issue of gender, reflecting or imposing social trends could also be an exciting part… [read more]

Social Psychology Research -- Fashion and Conformity Research Paper

… ¶ … Social Psychology Research -- Fashion and Conformity

One of the most fascinating aspects of social psychology is the capacity of social groups and learned connotations to alter the opinion of the individual. It is evident in classic experiments in which subjects alter their answers about obvious observations because of their need to conform to group consensus. Fashion, convention, and fads are also substantially functions of social conformity; that is why clothing fashion (in particular) is cyclical and repetitive. This experiment is designed to demonstrate how much subjective connotations and social conformity of opinion influences the opinions of the individual.

Experimental Method and Design

This project involved the use of two groups of ten individuals each. The group members were told that they would be evaluating an associate professor's lecturing skills in connection with his candidacy for promotion to full professorship. Each group received the same lecture in Anthropology from the same professor dressed in the same attire except for one small element: a label on his lab smock. After the lecture, both groups filled out a 20-question, multiple-choice questionnaire containing typical questions about the candidate's lecturing style and proficiency.

Their responses to Questions 9 and 10 were the sole source of data analyzed; the other questions were designed exclusively to mask the purpose of the questionnaire. Question 9 was "Describe the professor's attire": A. Professional; B. Unprofessional, C. Casual; and D. Fashionable. Question 10 was "How well do you think the professor relates to students generally: A. Tries too hard; B. Probably quite well; C. Probably not that well; D. Unable to evaluate.

In both trials the professor entered the room after the students were already seated, after which he introduced himself the same way and delivered the identical lecture. At the conclusion of both lectures he asked whether there were any questions. One Caucasian female and one black male student in each group were provided with the same questions and the other group members instructed before the lecture not to ask questions. This procedure was designed to ensure that the content of the professor's responses were the same in both sessions and that he had the same types of interactions in both sessions.

The experimental design was intended to eliminate any extraneous differences capable of influencing the results. The only difference in the two trials was the deliberate presence or absence (respectively) of a label affixed to the exterior of the professor's shirt. In both cases the professor wore the same casual pants and clean leather shoes. His shirt consisted of a white laboratory coat that had been cut off at the waist and tucked into his pants. The collar of the lab coat was turned up and the sleeves rolled up to below the elbows. In the first (test) group the professor's lab coat had a "DKNY" label affixed prominently… [read more]

Fashion Industry Essay

… Fashion Industry 2009

America's economic downturn has had an undeniable impact upon the fashion world: not only are consumers buying less, they are also shifting their fashion allegiances to less pricy brands, and buying more clothes from discount merchandisers than department stores and boutiques. Consumers that once patronized Macys are now favoring Target: significantly, Macy's Inc. has had to "eliminate 7,000 jobs, almost 4% of its workforce, and cut capital spending, reduce its contributions to its employees' retirement funds and slash its dividend to preserve cash amid a severe pullback in consumer spending," while the luxury store Neiman Marcus has cut about 375 jobs, or 3% of its workforce ("Macy's slashing up to 7,000 jobs," AP, 2009). When consumers cut back, especially given their former retail buying binge, they are more apt to scrimp on clothing, viewing it as a luxury item than utility bills. They reach into their closets rather than into their wallets. When they do buy clothes, such as school clothing for a growing child, they are more apt to go to Wal-Mart where temptations are less obvious than to the shopping mall: the second-largest owner of shopping malls in the nation, General Growth Properties Inc. filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in April ("Mall giant files for bankruptcy protection," AP, 2009).

True, fascination with style remains. Of particular note is the new focus on the First Lady's… [read more]

Feature Writing: How Has Fetish Fashion Influenced Term Paper

… Feature writing: how has fetish fashion influenced society?

If you are reading this article it means that you are keen on being fashionable. Why do we do that? Do we adopt this attitude because we want to be better integrated… [read more]

Proposal for Fashion Show Term Paper

… Fashion Show Proposal

After graduation I would like to present my knowledge of fashion design and merchandising through an engaging visual show. Unlike commercial fashion shows, however, mine will reflect an appreciation for a variety of seasons and will prove to the academic committee and my fellow students that I have grasped the basic concepts of color, line, and texture. Moreover, I intend to incorporate several ideas for men's fashion as well as casual wear for both sexes.

The theme for my show will be urban. I intend to bridge the gap between high fashion and street wear. The presentation will be divided into four sections, one for each season. Whatever pieces I cannot physically manufacture, I will sketch or use computer animation to illustrate my ideas. The final presentation will include a brief PowerPoint slide show but with some tangible props like fabric swatches or my hand-drawn sketches. Some music will accompany the presentation and tracks will vary according to the season.

Spring clothes will feature fresh colors like playful pinks and Robin's egg blues as well as bright greens and pale yellows. Textures will be a broad mix including some sweaters that are made from lighter materials like cotton or mixed synthetics. Floral accents and other hints of innocence like girlish bows or polka dots will spruce up otherwise plain garments, as I intend to focus on solid colors rather than prints for most of my designs. Skirts with appliques will be featured, too. I will occasionally present simple swatches of color to reveal my ideas rather than drawing an entire ensemble or wardrobe. For men, the occasional splash of color on a striped shirt helps to break up monotony and I will demonstrate a few ways that spring colors can be used without sacrificing the traditional simplicity of men's clothing. To enhance the presentation I might incorporate some spring sound effects including the sounds of birds.

Summer… [read more]

Influence of People of Color on the Beauty Industry Term Paper

… Beauty


Beauty is not what is used to be and neither is the beauty industry. If fair-skinned and blue-eyed woman was anyone's idea of beauty few decades ago, they are in for a… [read more]

Fashion Cultural Studies Term Paper

… Cultural Studies

Introduction metro-sexual can be defined, as a man who is narcissistic in nature, loves his urban lifestyle and a straight man in touch with his feminine side. A British journalist named Mark Simpson devised this word. It can… [read more]

Gucci and LVMH Gucci' Was Founded Term Paper

… ¶ … Gucci and LVMH

Gucci' was founded by Guccio Gucci in the year 1923, when he was completely inspired by the extravagant and also elegant baggage that he saw when he was working at a hotel in London. Gucci… [read more]

Fashion Industry Answers a Need Term Paper

… Fashion industry answers a need and does not make consumers buy unnecessary items. Fashion's primary purpose is to distinguish members of different cultural groups. In this way, fashion has existed as part of society since prehistoric times. While modern fashion appears to take cultural differentiation to an extreme, an examination of previous trends shows that some fashion choices have always been extreme. Therefore, the fashion industry answers an existing need.

While fashion may have many purposes, its primary purpose is to distinguish members of different cultural groups. Whether discussing different tribes in Africa or different cliques in a modern American high school, sociologists can use fashion to determine group membership. More importantly, people inside the various groups can determine group membership by observing an individual's choice of fashion.

In addition, this use of fashion predates written history. Drawings and other artistic renderings make it clear that people have long used clothing and other adornments to help establish group identity. From the toga to the miniskirt, fashion has helped… [read more]

Future Goal Term Paper

… Jeans! Everyone wears them, everyone loves them. Jeans have the power to dress down a fancy shirt or with the right accessories become stylish evening wear. Jeans can have sequins, glitter, or fur appliques to make them femme and funky, or they can be torn up, shredded, or stone-washed for street wear. Jeans are no longer just lumberjack wear: they are a full-on fashion statement. I know a lot about jeans because I have been decorating jeans for years, by painting and spray painting directly on them in a dazzling array of colors. Many of my friends are wearing jeans that I have custom-designed for them. Denim has essentially been my canvas, an ideal way for me to express myself creatively. For the past fifteen years, I have been studying art formally in school, learning the fundamentals of drawing, color composition, photography, and digital design. Now I plan on fusing my artistic background with my passion for denim.

My main goal is to own and operate a successful, dynamic jeans-wear company, designing the fashions myself. To do so, I will need more training in the practical matters of fashion design and in the fashion industry. I am seeking entry into the Fashion Design program so that I can fulfill my lifelong dream. Otis offers a uniquely focused program that will challenge… [read more]

Beauty and the Eye of the Beholder Term Paper

… ¶ … Beauty and the Eye of the Beholder -- "Making myself up"

You've come a long way baby!" This popular cigarette advertisement of the 1970's, showed a slim woman smoking an even slimmer cigarette. It seems dated to the contemporary eye as an expression of modern women's liberation. What woman today would think that indulging in a negative habit such as smoking could be an example of female liberation? Sadly, Susan Sontag's essay from 1975 on "Beauty" does not nearly seem as dated as this advertisement. In her essay, Sontag reflects that, even before a woman's day has begun, her real work has already started -- before the mirror.

A man, Sontag, asserts, simply is -- he can be handsome, or otherwise, but a woman must construct herself and construct her face and feminine loveliness with cloth, makeup, and the right sense of fashion and color, before she even embarks upon the long morning commute to work or feeds the cat or wakes the children. A woman must make up herself. An exhausting task, in addition to the added labors of housework, schoolwork, and the working pressures of the world, for any woman to endure.

Life is hard for everyone today, and busy for everyone today, but the task of beauty for women is an additional labor -- of justifying the self, one's whole existence and intelligence by creating the illusion of one's self as the daily incarnation of beauty. Making the self up -- with makeup, with the correct clothing choices and haircuts, to construct one's persona in the world may be a task faced by all, men and women. But it is more costly, time-consuming, and self-consuming for women. This is because appearance-creation for women has a more limited and narrow goal -- attaining an ideal of beauty, rather than simply expressing the self or looking presentable for work, is an ideal that few women can obtain.

If such an assertion seems overly paranoid, a bit of feminist raving, consider this item of evidence -- Exhibit a. The hair band. Who does one think of when one thinks of a hair band? Why, Hilary Rodham Clinton of course. A Wellesley and Yale Law School… [read more]

H and M. Discussion Questions M Clothing Term Paper

… H & M. Discussion Questions

M clothing retailer is Europe's largest clothing retailer. The secret to their success is fast, fresh, and trendy fashions at incredibly low prices. This paper discusses H & M's product strategy, their sourcing and inventory… [read more]

Counterfeit Clothing Industry in China Term Paper

… It is a phenomenon that is growing larger with each passing year. As China introduces itself to the modern world and tries to shed its former backwards image the desire to look successful is producing a large market for fake clothing and fake accessory sales.

In the areas of Mong Kok and Tsim there are many imitation products that can be purchased. These imitations of expensive name brands are prevalent throughout Hong Kong with the most attainable products being found in Shenzhen.

There are many psychological aspects of wearing brand name clothing. Many people who live in Hong Kong or other metropolises will see designer brand as one of the important element to distinction the class or as an identity of oneself. They feel if they wear it then the world will view them as successful or rich. Those who cannot afford to wear the actual brand name will settle for a less expensive look alike so that they can appear to be rich and successful. They know they are wearing the cheaper version but because it looks like they are wearing similar or the same thing it makes them feel like they are richer or more upper class than they actually are.

In addition those who wear counterfeit clothing and accessories do so because it allows them to copy those that they adore such as actresses or rock stars. This phenomenon has been studied by many theorists including the famed theorist George Simmel. According to Simmel women are more affected by the need to appear well off than men are. Women are raised to look their best at all times. In addition they are taught to believe the more expensive things they wear the more important people will believe they are.

Women are especially the "victim" in this matter, according to George Simmel, in order to control sexuality, women bodies in particular are constrain in religious communities in terms of emotional expression, diet and especially dress. The fact that fashion expresses and at the same time emphasizes the tendency towards equalization and individualization, and the desire for imitation and conspicuous, perhaps explains why it is that women, broadly speaking, are at its staunchest adherents. (simmel)

View Detail

Product Name: Necklace

Model Number: 2002NEW0166

Place of Origin: China

A set of necklace and earring which is 100% made by hand.

Material is pottery and small beads.

According to Simmel, "fashion derives from a basic tension specific to the social condition of the human being. On one hand, each of us has tendency to imitate others, on the other r, we also have a tendency to distinguish overselves from others. And fashion is a product of class distinction,...the "inferior one" imitated their direct "superior" and never vice versa."

The companies who manufacture and sell the imitation products do so openly and without hiding. One such company places their ad online including their address:

Company Information

Tairong Imitation Jewelry is a leading imitation jewelry and fashion jewelry manufacture and trader. We… [read more]

Tattered Jeans as the Fashion Term Paper

… Since tattered jeans are usually products of too much activity, tattered jeans have thus become a fashion for people who want to project a rugged, radical, yet no nonsense image.

In the office setting, people usually wear jeans which are straight in cut and have a clean look, and it is rare in the workplace environment to wear tattered jeans if the workplace is not on the field or the work requires physical activities. Tattered jeans project an image of coolness, but it can also be detrimental to one's image in an office if that person is holding a respectable job or position in the company or organization. However, revolutionary changes have been happening in the business environment whenever issues of dress code are being discussed. More and more companies are adapting the rugged, comfortable look of wearing jeans (tattered or not) so that the employees will work more efficiently since they are wearing clothes that make them feel 'themselves' and comfortable. Thus, tattered jeans are fast becoming an accepted dress code in most formal organizations in the American society today.

High schools and non-private educational institutions have, for years, accepted tattered jeans as the 'official dress code' of most students. Since jeans are more comfortable to wear and has endurance after doing strenuous activities, jeans are adapted by most students, regardless of their gender or fashion tastes. It is evident that from the emergence of jeans as a functionalist wear for workers, it has evolved into becoming one of America's most popular and used clothing in today's fashion of the popular culture of the nation.


Fry, Nick. "Reflections on Fashion: piss stained jeans, the emaciated self and the catwalk catch." 13 March 2003.

Stretton, Lynda. "Loving Denims." 13 March 2003. [read more]

Documentary Released in 1990 Research Paper

… at the end of the movie the narrator says that 'Its really like going back to the closet'.

However there was a problem in the film since Jennie Livingston never interrogated whiteness within her film this is a clear indication that subcultures mainly depend on the dominant main stream culture. Her film depicts that people look to white culture for the ideals of so many ways this film paints a graphic picture of the way white colonized black people in this case the black gay brothers some of whom were drag queens worship and bow down at the throne of whiteness even if this worship demands that people must live in perpetual self-hate, go hungry, steal or even die when they are pursing it. Here it is evoked that black people or people of color are daily bombarded by powerful hands of colonizing whiteness which seduces away from them which negates that there is any kind of beauty that can be found in any form of blackness which is not imitation.

2. How do the participants of New York's drag balls cope with the lack of understanding and tolerance they encounter in their original families and mainstream society?

The Drag is presented as a complex performance of class, gender and race whereby there is an expression of an individual's identity, their desire and what they aspire in life along many dimensions. The African-American and Latinos that are introduced to us in this film include a diverse range of identities and gender presentations from gay men to buthc queens to even Tran's gender women. The film was an exploration of a new subculture within the African-American and Latino cultures which proved to be the microcosm of the society that was underappreciated and the mainstream society was quite unfamiliar with. This are really new concepts in the mainstream society as well as the families that these people come was therefore very hard for the families and the entire society to accept this new lifestyles that their children had the same time this children were not ready to let go of their new acquired way of life that came with their participation in the New York balls. However the participants were not in any way bothered by what the society thought of them .they went about with their normal lives as if nothing else matters. This is what helped them to survive in the harsh society, since they were not concentrating too much on what people though of them.

3. In what ways has the subculture of the drag balls influenced mainstream culture?

The drag balls subculture had a significant impact on the mainstream society even if most people were adamant to accept it. first of all this subculture brought in a new form of dancing style which was known as got accepted in the mainstream society and many people adopted this dancing style and incorporated it into their the same time this subculture brought in an new… [read more]

Working Methods of Vivienne Westwood Research Paper

… ¶ … Vivienne Westwood

In the ever evolving world of high fashion, a designer being lauded as "ahead of their time" is a refrain heard all too often, but in the case of British design icon Vivienne Westwood, such high praise is a fitting tribute. Since the early 1970's it was Westwood who led the charge to infuse modern fashion with a true sense of modernity, as her passionate advocacy for the so-called "punk" movement spearheaded a sea change in the previously cloistered and refined world of haute couture. Together with rocker husband Malcolm McClaren -- who managed the Sex Pistols and designed for the New York Dolls -- Westwood brought the punk aesthetic to the forefront of British youth consciousness during the 1970's, helping to revolutionize an entire generation's sense of style by synthesizing the rebellious music with clothing and accessories. As noted by a recent exhibit of Westwood's work compiled by the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City, "the punk look has come to be associated with clothing that has been destroyed, has been put back together, is inside out, is unfinished, or is deteriorating & #8230; (and) punk was an early manifestation of deconstructionist fashion, which is an important component of late twentieth-century postmodern style."1 Westwood continually achieved her creative objectives over the span of several decades, transitioning from her punk rock heyday to become a guiding force for modern fashion like television's Sex and the City, which is why the following explication of her processes and methods is a crucial exercise for contemporary design students.

1.) Shannon Price. Vivienne Westwood (born 1941) and the Postmodern Legacy of Punk Style."

In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art. (2000).

In the decade between 1971 and 1981 Westwood and McClaren owned and operated a clothing store at 430 King's Road that, while attached to various names over the years, became legendary within the world of fashion because of Westwood's innovative and daring… [read more]

Contributor Intern: Job Term Paper

… Job: Contributor Intern

My thoughts on how the media portrays women and body image

The influence media wields in our lives cannot be overstated. In addition to shaping our opinions, the media also moulds public discourse and largely configures public debate on a wide range of issues. Most importantly, especially with regard to this discussion, the media also has great influence on how we perceive others -- particularly women. For the media, thinness and good looks, which could be further enhanced using a plethora of beauty products, constitute the ideal feminine look. The most desirable women, at least according to the media, are the ones that tend to be tall and slender. This is the ideal female body presented by the media.

I strongly believe that regardless of their height or body size, women (in general) could further enhance their looks by, at least, having some sense of fashion. For instance, there are fashionable outfits out there that are designed for, and indeed look good on, curvy women. However, there is also need for ladies to, at the very least, to take good care of their bodies (i.e., by regularly working out) so as to maintain even more appealing looks. In addition to helping maintain an attractive look, regular workouts are good for the health and well-being of the entire body. In the final analysis, therefore, I wouldn't say that media's portrayal of women is entirely erroneous. Instead, it is exaggerated. Although every woman has the potential to look good, there is need to, for instance, maintain an ideal body weight, so as to enhance such looks even more.

How the contributor intern, in Respoke -- Kire Media LLC Company, experience will help me

The above mentioned role will be of… [read more]

Big Data Is a New Essay

… Only in the past couple of years has this drive to use big data as a source of competitive advantage existed in fashion, but its impacts are already being felt, as large firms like Burberry and Oscar de le Renta are using big data to enhance their offerings (Trites, 2013). The more companies seek to utilize data in design, the more they will be attractive to consumers, by meeting their design needs. In addition, the use of data to improve the production function is something that will help all designers eliminate waste. By making fashion companies more profitable, there will be more money available to invest in more data, creating a cycle of competitive advantage. Furthermore, by gathering immediate feedback on runway exhibits -- or taking exhibits off the runway altogether and going straight to social media, fashion companies put themselves in a position of being seen as more fashion forward than their competitors, because they have fewer poor performing items.

It remains to be seen whether the top design houses will utilize big data to improve their businesses, but certainly at this point there is room on the margins of the industry for new players to enter using this innovation, in particular as a means of differentiating their product offerings. In addition, retailers will probably drive the use of big data in the fashion world because of their greater orientation to finance. The fashion industry is going to experience a shift in the coming years towards increasing use of big data and it will be interesting to see how the change affects the industry.


Deamicis, C. (2013). Lingerie and algorithms: Big data comes to fashion. Pando Daily. Retrieved November 9, 2013 from

Manyika, J., Chui, M., Brown, B., Bughin, J., Dobbs, R., Roxburgh, C. & Byers, A. (2011). Big data: the next frontier for innovation, competition, and productivity. McKinsey Global Institute. Retrieved November 9, 2013 from

Trites, D. (2013). Big data: The next big trend in fashion. SAP Business Innovation. Retrieved November 9, 2013 from [read more]

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