"Film / Movies / Television" Essays

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History and Progression of Film Cinema Technology Term Paper

Term Paper  |  7 pages (2,701 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

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¶ … progression of Film / Cinema Technology

One of the more important names in the history of cinema technology is that of the Englishman, Eadwaerd Muybridge, 1830 to 1904, who was at the outset a photographer and an inventor of technologies beyond his own times, and who became famous for his photographic studies of the locomotion of animals and… [read more]


Movie Production Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,195 words)
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The authors cite several examples of independent and low-budget films such as The Blair Witch Project that have pleased critics, moviegoers, and reaped box office profits.

The chapter offers a thorough yet brief explanation of the film industry and its influence on modern society. Indeed, movies do help shape cultural values, as the authors suggest (p. 124). The power of film is in the media itself: in the intense visual and auditory experience of being in a dark room for several hours. The authors also examine the issues of censorship in the film industry, showing how even in its infancy the film industry was criticized for contributing to moral degeneracy. The so-called Legion of Decency tried to squelch filmmakers and stop them from producing films with sexuality or violence. Although the Legion of Decency is no longer operating, similar organizations of concerned citizens try to stop the production of films that are deemed morally offensive.

However, film would not be such a meaningful media if it did not take on sensitive issues. I believe that it is the responsibility of filmmakers to explore sensitive issues, if not in the interest of stimulating thought and public debate then only for creative liberty. While there should be some limits on sex and violence in films shown in public movie houses, it is up to the filmmaker to produce that which pleases their taste and that of their audience.

The authors also take care to explicate the financial side of the film industry, by exploring issues like exhibition costs, distribution costs, and auxiliary costs. Product placement and merchandising has become a major money-maker in Hollywood. Films frequently sell off the names and images of characters; clips from their movies; and their soundtracks in order to boost profits. One of the results is the proliferation of toys and other merchandise. In most cases, the merchandise is marketed to young kids, such as through fast-food restaurant toy giveaways. However, sometimes the merchandise is marketed to an adolescent or even adult audience. One merchandising issue that the authors do not describe is video games and the fact that films spawn video games. The reverse is also true: video games have given birth to films such as Tomb Raider, and more recently, Doom. The Lord of the Rings trilogy gave rise to the marketing of specialized swords and other fantasy emblems that adults are attracted to as much as young people.

Product placement is also a major issue in filmmaking. One of the most recent examples of product placement was through the James Bond movies that helped BMW exhibit their high-end automobiles. As the authors note, product placement is not necessarily all negative, for a generic can of "beer" seems unrealistic on the big screen. On the other hand, product placement can be annoying and can sully an otherwise purely creative project with overt consumerism.

Because of the advent of home theater systems and illegal file sharing, the film industry faces even more challenges in the future.… [read more]


Film Noir Movement by Examining Research Paper

Research Paper  |  9 pages (3,114 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

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The role of femme fatale is an integral characteristic of film noir especially for the detective film. The femme fatale is "mysterious, duplicitous, double-crossing, gorgeous, unloving, predatory, tough yet sweet, manipulative and desperate women" (Dirks 2). They are more than likely caught up in distressing situations where they are the victim of violence from their husbands or other family members.… [read more]


Movie Industry in America Term Paper

Term Paper  |  18 pages (8,657 words)
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" Other famous films released at the same time were "Little Women" and "Flying Down to Rio." Other famous titles include "Bringing up baby" and "Hunchback of Notre Dame." (RKO studios) "It's a Wonderful Life," "Suspicion," "Hitler's Children," "The Bells of St. Mary's," "The Best Years of Our Lives" and "The Magnificent Ambersons" are some of the other titles. At… [read more]


Citizen Kane Film Is a Dramatic Art Term Paper

Term Paper  |  10 pages (2,606 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

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Citizen Kane

Film is a dramatic art form, but it is a form that tends more toward realism than does stage drama. For one thing, film always offers the illusion of reality because the action depicted is presented as if filmed while actually taking place, and no matter how clear it is that this is not so and that the… [read more]


Film "Blade Runner Term Paper

Term Paper  |  9 pages (2,804 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

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" Replicants were declared illegal on Earth, but a group of the most advanced, the Nexus-6 Replicants, have hijacked a shuttle and returned from off world. Deckard is forced back from retirement and it is his job to terminate them.

What do these Replicants want? Simple - they want "More Life." They have been limited with a four-year lifespan. They… [read more]


Lighting in the Film Titanic Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (2,188 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

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Carpenter filmed "Titanic" in Super 35 format (2.4:1 aspect ratio) with a common top line. "As enormous and logistically challenging as Titanic was' Carpenter says, 'I feel happiest with the more intimate scenes'" (Kodak).

LIGHTING IN OTHER FILMS

In "True Lies," "Jim Cameron's very blue night lighting" is extremely evident throughout the film, just as it is in "Titanic." From the opening shots of the forest outside the mansion in Switzerland, to each of the numerous other shots set at night, including the apprehension scene in the trailer park, and the interrogation scene, they all carry a heavy blue cast, insinuating moonlight, ice cold snow, and of course, water.

Again, as in "Titanic," many of the interior scenes, such as the parties, and the interior of the Tasker home are warmly lit with a combination of yellows and reds, to give the impression of warmth, as opposed to the coldness of the nighttime scenes, where much of the action of the movie takes place. This helps to distinguish the two very different sides of Schwarzenegger's personalities - the warm family man, as opposed to the cold, calculating spy.

Carpenter's signature side lighting is also evident in "True Lies" especially in shots involving Schwarzenegger. He is often lit half in shadow, with only one side of his face showing clearly. This again shows the two different sides of the character, and serves to make the scenes more dramatic. This technique was extremely useful in the suite scene, where Jamie Lee Curtis dances with the bed, and in the interrogation scene, when Schwarzenegger is injected with some type of truth serum. Carpenter also uses it effectively in the early party scene, when Schwarzenegger enters the mansion. During his movement through the crowd at the party, he is often shown lit on one side of his face, indicating his need to remain unseen and in the shadows.

It is clear that Carpenter repeats camera and lighting techniques that he is comfortable with, and that win the approval of his directors. His lighting helps to define the story and the characters, and make the film more enjoyable for viewers. As his knowledge and techniques continue to develop, Carpenter's visual influence will certainly continue to wow viewers and gratify directors.

Titanic" was a masterful combination of cinematography, special effects, and sets on a huge scale. Perhaps Rob Legato, visual effects master at Digital Domain said it best, "Years from now, when people in this industry look back at the making of "Titanic" as one of the milestones, they'll see the growing collaboration between the cinematographer and the digital effects studio,' says Legato. 'That's essential for a seamless look'" (Fisher).

References

Argy, Stephanie, Chris & Stephen Pizzello, Eric Rudolph, & David E. Williams. "Russell Carpenter, ASC, 'Titanic.'" American Cinematographer. June 1998. 11 Oct. 2002. http://www.theasc.com/magazine/jun98/lumin/pg3.htm

Carpenter, Russell. "Titanic' E-mail." American Society of Cinematographers. 2 June 1998. 11 Oct. 2002. http://www.theasc.com/clubhouse/qanda/carpenter/email.htm

Chumo, Peter N. "Learning to Make Each Day Count Time in James Cameron's 'Titanic.'" Journal of… [read more]


American Psycho the Movie Term Paper

Term Paper  |  9 pages (2,328 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

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(Apollo Review)

Although from the murder scenes of the movie, one gets the impression that the movie is solely based on violence but the actual dramatizing of killing occurs off the screen i.e. It is defined only at the narrative level. In these murder scenes the pictorial representation is limited only to the extent that Patrick's face is being shown… [read more]


Repentance: Film Review Film Review

Film Review  |  4 pages (1,104 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1

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Keti is the perfect example of someone taking action -- people practically acknowledged their limitation and used every means they had available with the purpose of improving their condition, even if this meant to simply dream about a better life.

The film shows the church as a place where people can always go when in distress. Many are likely to consider that the motion picture is wrong in showing religion as the way out of a dictatorship. These people might prefer direct action and violence as a better solution to the problem, taking into account the military aspect of such a political system.

History dominates most of the storyline, with characters suffering greatly as a consequence of their town's background. The former leader had left them with a bad taste, but it seems that most of them are hesitant about taking matters into their own hands and actually condemning him. Keti's strength to even consider a scenario where things would get better and where people would really be able to go against their oppressors is certainly impressive. The woman manages to do something in a situation when such actions seem impossible. Even with the fact that she simply imagines things, her dedication and he general outcome of her imagination is probable to trigger intense emotions in audiences.

Christian imagery is used as a means to reach out to people and make it possible for them to observe the religious aspect of the story. The demolition of the church is a principal concept at this point, as it symbolizes the lengths to which some political leaders are willing to go in order to control the masses. Religious confessions and the idea of burial in general are also significant when considering the Christian element in the film. Again, the church seems to be the only thing separating people from the threat of dictatorship. Characters in the film appear to be fueled by their religious thinking and it seems to be the only thing helping them more on without being destroyed by the suffering that they experienced. The man with the moustache eating cakes in the form of churches contributes to showing the fact that a dictator and individuals close to him are solely interested in their personal well-being, as they are practically insensible to the suffering they provoke.

In spite of the abstract and relatively absurd way that the storyline unfolds, it would be wrong to say that it uses humor as a means of criticizing communism. The characters in Repentance are essential for the storyline and it is through them that viewers learn more about things like responsibility and history.

All things considered, the film provides a story that was largely unpopular in the political environment in the Soviet Union. While it probably inspired many people to take up arms against their oppressors, is also made them accept the fact that they were limited -- the system was much more powerful than them because they could only act as individuals. The… [read more]


Breakfast Club Movie Review

Movie Review  |  2 pages (488 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0

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In the real world, it is unthinkable to suppose that no minorities would be punished in the same manner as the white kids. The crime and incarceration rates depict a different story where blacks and minorities are targeted exponentially more than whites.

Whites are also targeted in this movie in other more subtle ways. The problems of all the kids are deep and disturbing. This movie furthers negative stereotypes about white people that are basically unfair. The movie attempts to break down the white race to 5 simple archetypes which desperately fall short of reality.

Impacts of the Issues

The importance of Hollywood and film for society cannot be underestimated. In our environment, films are used to dictate what is and what is not acceptable in mainstream society, and any misrepresentation of the truth betrays the audiences" trust. Art is too important to risk portraying inaccurate stereotypes. If art does not represent true life there is little value in it and should not be broadcast to the masses.

What is most important is that movies show diversity and equality whenever possible. The themes and plotlines are merely secondary to this effort as society's dependence on its entertainment is too scared to step out of the mainstream boundaries. Stereotypes are important and give us the necessary guidance and structure to make informed and intelligent decisions. In films like the Breakfast Club, inaccurate stereotypes are borderline dangerous because of the awful injustices and…… [read more]


Misrepresentations of African-Americans in Film From the Birth of a Nation Onward Essay

Essay  |  5 pages (1,575 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 3

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All serious moviegoers must sooner or later arrive at a point where they see a film for what it is, and not simply for what they feel about it. The Birth of a Nation is not a bad film because it argues for evil. Like Riefenstahl's The Triumph of the Will, it is a great film that argues for evil. To understand how it does so is to learn a great deal about film, and even something about evil.

A film, Ebert argues, can be a cinematic masterpiece and its ideology can still be evil. Although it is no longer watched today very much except in film history classes, it had a positive impact upon many aspects of how modern cinema is produced. However, its non-artistic cultural fallout cannot be ignored. A racist and false history of America had far more seductive appeal vs. more honest attempts to tell the truth, even for many whites. The popularity of Gone with the Wind similarly underlines how fiction can often be more appealing than fact when it comes to narratives about race. The dangers of both racist works are that they are appealing and effective as art in the ways that the photographs of lynchings today are not and they still have persuasive force, despite the best efforts of their critics to discount them.

Works Cited

Ebert, Roger. "The Birth of a Nation movie review." Roger Ebert Reviews. 30 Mar 2003

[4 Mar 2014] http://www.rogerebert.com/reviews/great-movie-the-birth-of-a-nation-1915

Gussow, Adam. Seems like murder: Southern violence and the blues tradition. Chicago:

University of Chicago Press, 2002.

Wallace, Michele Faith. "The Good Lynching and Birth of a Nation: Discourses…… [read more]


Film Required for the Class Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (587 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

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As the storylines progress it becomes clear that the 'hood' shapes a person and that it is difficult and almost impossible for someone to be passive with regard to what is going on around him. Tre and Caine go through great efforts in order to be different but they both end up being sucked in by the energy present on the streets. Even with this, the two films take on different positions on the idea of a person being influenced to become a criminal. Tre wants to become a criminal as a consequence of seeing his friend killed, but later realizes the error of his thinking and abandons his plan. In contrast, watching his cousin being murdered is actually what triggers Caine's interest in becoming a criminal.

Boyz n the Hood and Menace II Society are both intended to raise public awareness concerning the things happening in hoods all over the world and in the U.S. In particular. However, the former shows a moral person being gradually influenced to leave the 'hood' as he realizes the importance of doing so while the latter shows a person who is influenced to become a criminal as a consequence of the things he sees and learns. While Tre manages to leave the hood as a result of his determination, Caine is eventually killed. It is impossible not to feel sorry about Caine (even with the fact that he was a criminal) as viewers are influenced to accept that he was simply the product of the environment he was living in, especially considering the tragic ways that each of his parents died.

Bibliography:

Dir. Allen Hughes, and Albert Hughes. Menace II Society. New Line Cinema, 1993.

Dir. John Singleton. Boyz n the Hood. Columbia…… [read more]


Artistic Elements in Movie Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,451 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2

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The availability of data and its analysis in historic perspective enables the companies to take decisions with respect to the upcoming events. The future consumer trends are also likely to be measured in terms of present and past data. With respect to tsunami warning system, the historic hazards database is required to be synchronized with the global Geographic Information Systems… [read more]


Images in the Film Badlands Essay

Essay  |  8 pages (2,833 words)
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Before he was a garbage man and had to deal with human trash. Now, he is in the feed lot and has to deal with cows. When Holly spends time with him, she seems so pure and bright. Her clothes are white, or some bright shade. When Kit finally decides to change outfits, he wears a shirt similar to the… [read more]


Film Required for the Class Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (575 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2

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Even with the fact that they address the topic from different points-of-view, both films are basically the same when considering the suave central characters who initially have problems believing that love actually exists and they gradually come to realize that they need to restructure their lives in order to be able to have the persons they want to be with.

The two movies are largely meant to discuss the idea of an attractive bachelor who sees relationships as a game and who becomes proficient in playing it. This respective individual sees matters from a material perspective and it is only when he comes across more serious emotions that he decides to change who he is in favor of being in a traditional relationship. The films are basically intended to emphasize that people are always going to 'fall victim' to love and that there is nothing that someone can do in order to fight such feelings, even with the fact that the person is an expert in inter-human relations.

The fact that the movies show awkward individuals trying to learn from persons who are presumably more experienced in dealing with other people is also a principal idea. The films promote the idea that love is not the same thing with connecting to people as a result of smooth-talking and looking good. To a certain degree, it would only be safe to say that they are directed at society's tendency to appreciate material values more than feelings and to people who believe that being shallow is more beneficial than risking to lose one's heart in a relationship.

Bibliography:

Dir. Andy Tennant. Hitch. Columbia Pictures, 2005

Dir. Glenn Ficarra. Crazy,…… [read more]


Film Required for the Class Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (585 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2

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This is best reflected by Caine's teacher, as she is an African-American woman and as she has an African sculpture on her desk, presumably with the intention of having others acknowledge her being proud of her background. In contrast, the schooling system in Boyz n the Hood seems to be more supportive toward white individuals. The protagonist in Singleton's film, Tre, has a white teacher who cannot refrain from considering African-American stereotypes when calling Tre's mother with the purpose of finding out more about the student.

Both films appear to promote the concept of "moving out of the hood" as being one of the best things that a young African-American could hope for. To a certain degree, even with the fact that Menace II Society presents a more optimistic attitude toward African-Americans and their roots, it is actually the motion picture that also supports nihilistic ideas. The central character is shot as a result of a series of problems that initially seemed unimportant, this being likely meant to emphasize that it is extremely difficult for someone to leave the hood.

Menace II Society tends to be more confusing at times and appears to be intended to send a message rather than to provide viewers with a story. Boyz n the Hood is much better put together and viewers are presented with a linear storyline and with well-shaped characters that react exactly how they would be expected to react when they come across critical situations.

Bibliography:

Dir. Allen Hughes & Albert Hughes. Menace II Society. New Line Cinema, 1993.

Dir. John Singleton. Boyz n the…… [read more]


Holy Motors Movie Analysis Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (641 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0

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Oscar never knows exactly who is watching or how closely they are paying attention to his odd performances. Oscar's boss, Michael Picolli, reinforces this creepy sense of voyeurism when he explains to Oscar that cameras could be anywhere and so Oscar must be putting on his best performances at ever waking second. Essentially this is illustrating how mechanical life has become in the sense that someone is always watching. Life has become so much like a strange acting role for so many of us that the human actor never knows when he or she is actually being watched because it can be at any moment, or all moments at once. In this, the film suggests that voyeurism has evolved into an intense extreme. There is a strange sense of passivity to this ongoing gaze, the audience never jumps in but constantly demands the actor to keep up with his roles at all times -- essentially sacrificing his own life for the entertainment and viewing pleasure of an audience that never voices appreciation or affection. It is performing for a machine that constantly demands perfection, but never shows itself.

In this strange world, the line between fantasy and reality is blurred. Oscar becomes the fantasies of others, and as a consequence he looses sense of himself. The constant demand to satisfy the audience's gaze in this strange voyeuristic fetish costs Oscar his own life and being. He is so disillusioned from his many roles that he does not even know himself. The fetish of the world around him has demanded he give up his own life to satisfy their strange voyeuristic demands. The roles he plays make no sense to him, but they become so overwhelming, he looses complete sense of who he really is. In the end, Oscar is no one but what his appointments want him…… [read more]


Movie Adaptations, it Is Often Difficult Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (772 words)
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¶ … movie adaptations, it is often difficult to make a selection of which do you prefer over what. The case becomes a challenge in itself when say you have read the book in your early teenage years and years later when you've seen Michael Mann's film adaptation, all you want to do is again get your hands on the book that marked your early years as a teenager. That is not to say that the movie lacks the intensiveness of the book, on the contrary, the screening makes everything so much more alive that it brings back old memories and fascinations. It is funny how after reading the book and later seeing the movie, all the pieces of information on the Last of the Mohicans come from what we've seen and not from what we've read and, in this essay, we will bring the focus on why that has happened. That is to say that we will illustrate why we seem to prefer the version of the movie over the book itself, when we know it is the book we would normally have to praise.

First off, Cooper's style of writing is somewhat heavy, making it hard for the reader to get straight into the story, whereas the images of Mann are very expressive and related to the events in the movie, to the extend that you cannot but see those places and immediately project yourself in the middle of the story. It is Mann's success that he was able to create such a powerful setting that it managed to lure the viewer immediately whereas, when reading the book, you are compelled to read at a low speed that it takes away the charm of the story in the beginning. What increases the value of the movie are also the soundtracks that do create a marvelous effect between the action and the setting. In this respect, it seems as though the music in the film adaptation seems to complete the book on more than one level. It works on a psychological level that you are bound to connect scenes in the movie with music themes. Also, the soundtracks keep the balance between scenes that we find in the book and are not included in the movie.

This is also something we appreciate in the movie…… [read more]


Tarantino's Inglourious Basterds an Analysis Thesis

Thesis  |  8 pages (2,644 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

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For instance, in the scene where the Basterds are interrogating a small group of Nazi soldiers in order to find where they are stationed, Tarantino makes use of high-angled to "look down" on the captured Nazis, creating the illusion that they are inferior to their captors, which are shot using low-angled shots as though their captives are looking up at… [read more]


Directors Presentation of the Ghost in Three 3 Films of Hamlet Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,272 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 5

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¶ … directors' presentation of the Ghost in three (3) films of Hamlet

Hamlet as seen from three perspectives

William Shakespeare's play Hamlet triggered numerous controversies and influenced a great deal of individuals to provide their own interpretation of the work. Franco Zeffirelli's 1990 motion picture, Gregory Doran's 2009 TV series, and Kenneth Branagh's 1996 film all provide intriguing versions of the play. This paper is going to analyze how each of the directors deals with scenes involving the ghost and to how these particular instances reflect on viewers.

Zeffirelli's version of the play is certainly intriguing and shows Mel Gibson perfectly embodying the character of Prince Hamlet and generally being successful in emphasizing Shakespeare's intention with the storyline. The scene involving Hamlet coming across his father's ghost in Act 1 is meant to provide readers with the opportunity to gain a more complex understanding of the relationship between the two individuals and of Hamlet's temperament. Low key lighting dominates most of this scene and it is obviously meant to emphasize the suspense and the suspicion triggers by his father's ghost. The fact that the scene follows with a side shot of Hamlet further contributes to its absorbing nature and it emphasizes the fact that Hamlet is about to engage in a dangerous and even evil enterprise as he is about to avenge his father's death. Even with the conversation occurring throughout this scene, it appears that the director was more concerned about having filming send the message he was interested in (Cinematic Hamlet: The Films of Olivier, Zeffirelli, Branagh, and Almereyda 119).

Doran's portrayal of the scene involving Hamlet meeting his father's ghost takes on a more modern attitude. While low key lighting also dominates most of this scene, Doran displays the ghost in a more angelic way by using rear lighting with the purpose of shaping his appearance. The fact that the scene uses a low angle also contributes to emphasizing the ghost importance, and, particularly, its power. Hamlet is portrayed from a high angle perspective, this most probably being meant to highlight the fact that he is still a weak and somewhat powerless individual, especially when considering that he is confronted by his father -- a more dominant figure and the individual whom Hamlet associates with the idea of power in general. This is actually a significant trait when considering Doran's version of Hamlet in general, the director concentrated on emphasizing the contrast between two characters by having one appear to be much stronger than the other (Cartmell).

Doran's focus on displaying the contrast between Hamlet and his father's ghost is generally obvious as a result of the fact that he uses light as a main tool to shape the personality of each of the characters. Hamlet's character in this scene is displayed through slow falloff lighting, as the director wanted this individual to seem less authoritative at this point in the motion picture. In contrast, his father's ghost is generally shown in fast falloff lighting, given… [read more]


Paris Is Burning Film Review

Film Review  |  3 pages (710 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1

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Paris Is Burning

Discuss the film's introductory material -- Were you provided with background or introductory information to orient you about what you were going to be viewing? If not, did it pose a problem in your understanding of the film?

In the documentary film "Paris is Burning" there is little in the way of an opening that includes any background or introductory information. The film opens in New York in 1987 which is displayed in lettering in the initial opening of the movie. It then proceeds to offer a quote and then portrays a "ball" and then rolls into an interview with Pepper LaVasia who speaks about being the "mother" of the house who rules with a soft glove. It does give some information that explains some aspects of the "ball" from different perspectives illustrated through interviews yet there is little context provided from a narrator or other sources. Give the culture that this documentary is focusing on, I did not personally think that this detracted from the film in anyway. Even with the assistance of a narrator, it would have still been difficult to understand the culture. Therefore maybe it was best just to let the participants describe the "ball" and what it means to them to let the films viewers build a picture from this.

2) Music/sound -- Was there any music during the film? If so, what kind, and what role did it play? Did it enhance the scene (or scenes) where it was used? Did it distort the film in any way?

There was music in the background in the film that played at different times during the film. It seemed to be used mostly in transitions or music played in the background of ball scenes. It had an enhancing effect though it was not that prominent. It was necessary to give the viewers a taste of the music that the subculture listened to so that they could understand this element of this culture. I did not feel it distorted the film at all.

3) Narration -- Was there any type of narration describing the scenes? If yes, how did…… [read more]


Sound Technologies and Sound Design Thesis

Thesis  |  40 pages (11,249 words)
Bibliography Sources: 20

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The synchronization of sound films was experimented during 1912 to 1914. These developments underlined the importance of technology and innovation in coming years of film industry. The history of film music also does not provide a coherent record of its developments as Lumiere brothers are also reported as introducing their film with music in 1895. However the confirmation of such… [read more]


Rosemary's Baby Roman Polanski's 1968 Feature Film Essay

Essay  |  5 pages (1,593 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5

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Rosemary's Baby

Roman Polanski's 1968 feature film Rosemary's Baby is a very interesting and appealing work of art that discussed many important topics that are still relevant today. The film, based on IRA Levin's novel of the same name, dives deep within the individual psyche to both challenge and entertain the viewer. The purpose of this paper is to examine… [read more]


Art Film Essay

Essay  |  5 pages (1,656 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5

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Art Cinema and Contempt

Le Mepris (Contempt) is a 1963 by Jean-Luc Godard based on the novel Il Disprezzo by Italian writer Alberto Moravia. The film, like the book, focuses on the deterioration of a couple's relationship, which eerily paralleled Godard's real life. Le Mepris embraces concepts of French New Wave cinema, builds upon theories of art film, and provides… [read more]


Formalism in Film Essay

Essay  |  5 pages (1,501 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5

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Formalism in Film

Formalism as a theory is not concerned with reality (Andrew 6). This is unlike the realism theory which concerns with reality as a result of real life experience (Braudy & Cohen 24-40). Formalism arose to respond to the Modern Crisis. It is a concept which the determination of the film is by its forms. This is the… [read more]


Art Film and Its Influences on Other Films Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (800 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3

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Art Cinema-400 Blows and Loves of a Blonde

In "The Art Cinema as a Mode of Film Practice," David Bordwell provides several characteristics of art films that are shared by directors across international cinema. Bordwell's shared characteristics aim to break away from traditional or classical cinema narratives and be reflective of the anxieties and social commentaries of post-World War II Europe. Francois Truffaut's 1959 film the 400 Blows and Milos Forman's 1965 film Loves of a Blonde share similar art cinema characteristics that help to demonstrate shared experiences and reactions.

One of Bordwell's central arguments regarding art cinema is that it aims to break away from the classical narrative, specifically the cause-and-effect structure of classic Hollywood cinema (717). Art cinema does not focus on events and how they influence characters and the narrative, but rather, art cinema shifts its focus to psychologically complex and imperfect characters that often lack "defined desires and goals" (718). These character uncertainties are reflected in Truffaut's the 400 Blows protagonist Antoine. In the film, Antoine rebels against a variety of institutions: his school, his parents, and the military/boys home he is sent to.

Antoine is the embodiment of the psychologically complex characters Bordwell describes in his essay. Bordwell argues, "Characters may act for inconsistent reasons…or may question themselves about their goals" (Bordwell 718). Bordwell also claims, "art cinema is less concerned with action than reaction; it is a cinema of psychological effects in search of their causes" (Bordwell 718). Antoine's psychological constructs are further shaped by how others view him in addition to how he views himself. In an interview with a psychiatrist, Antoine contends that he is not always lying, as his parents claim, and states, "Oh, I like now and then, I suppose. Sometimes I'd tell them the truth and they still wouldn't believe me, so I prefer to lie" (the 400 Blows).

Bordwell maintains realism is a major component of art cinema. Art cinema "will show us real locations…and real problems" (Bordwell 718). One way in which Truffaut maintains realism is by showing the city as it is. He does not rely on constructed scenery, but rather uses real locations. Eventually, the confusion of the city parallels Antoine's erratic behavior with him appearing to be more at peace and free when he is removed from it and sent to the boys home near the sea (400 Blows). The film also adds realism…… [read more]


Miss Evers Boys the Tuskegee Reaction Paper

Reaction Paper  |  3 pages (950 words)
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One of the most important ways Miss Evers' Boys humanizes the stories of those involved in the Tuskegee experiments is through character development. The title character is a nurse who cares for the patients. She is generally powerless to make an impact on the political decisions motivating the experiments, until she is able to finally testify before the United States Senate. However, Nurse Evers does make a direct and meaningful impact on the lives of those who suffered during the clinical experiments. She develops personal relationships with the patients. Some of the patients even name their band after Nurse Evers, giving rise to the name of the film: Miss Evers' Boys. The musicians provide blood samples, and one of them becomes Miss Evers' love interest (Caleb, played by Laurence Fishburne). Caleb plays an important role in Miss Evers' Boys. He discovers that penicillin might help, and he begins to take it. However, penicillin is not available to all of the patients involved in the experiment.

The film exposes the potential for deep corruption in the government, in the medical community, and even in academia. Although unlikely, it is possible that such an experiment might be carried out today. This is why ethics committees carefully review all scientific studies, to ensure that informed consent and other formalities are followed during research design.

Another key element of Miss Evers Boys is the way that Nurse Evers faces a moral dilemma. She works under the assumption that the government will live up to its word by providing the medication to the patients. Even though she knows that the patients are being harmed in the process, she continues to comply with the parameters of the experiment. This makes Nurse Evers complicit in some ways; she struggles with whether or not to disobey orders. The human side that Miss Evers' Boys exposes causes the viewer to feel a lot of compassion. There are no moral black-and-white issues, but only shades of gray.

Few faults can be found with Miss Evers' Boys. The film is a warning and touches upon various social and political issues. Racism is a poignant issue that Miss Evers' Boys discusses, and the film is a historical piece showing the state of race relations in America curing most of the 20th century. Research ethics is another component of the story, and most students are aware that unethical experiments are almost impossible to design now. Corruption in government is another theme that Miss Evers' Boys explores, and this may be the most important issue that remains relevant. The United States government and "big pharma" are still in bed together, and this film should serve as continued warning as to what could happen.

Reference

Sargent, J. (1997). Miss…… [read more]


Digital Age Include Worlds Essay

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BODY:

1. Technologically, the filmmaking process has evolved from traditional to digital means, which is shown by the concept of the 'Digital Workflow.'

2. The value added to a film by CGI or visual effects is critically undeniable and commercially indubitable.

3. Technologies used in 'Blade Runner' showcase the onset of the digitalization trend. Other examples discussed are those of 'Harry Potter', 'Avatar', 'Shrek' and '2001: A Space Odyssey.'

4. There are many advantages related to digitalization especially those related to the economization of post-production.

5. The major criticism is that of realism and how the realism of a movie may be compromised.

6. The future of filmmaking is definitely brightest in digitalization.

CONCLUSION: Ultimately, we are able to see the work that goes into digitalizing a movie and the consequential success that it brings to the producers, thereby proving its worth…… [read more]


Melancholia in Film Melancholia Depicting A-Level Coursework

A-Level Coursework  |  2 pages (700 words)
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This scene seems to convey the sense that Justine 'needs' her melancholy and is reacting to attempts to improve her mood accordingly.

Accuracy of the Film's Portrayal of Depression

Both the director and Dunst suffer from depression (Bradshaw, 2011), so it should come as little surprise that the symptoms of depression were accurately depicted. Justine is obviously depressed throughout most of the movie, regardless of what time of day it is. After Justine arrives in the cab, every scene in which she is present reveals her depressed mood. She never laughs, her smiles are more courteous than felt, her face perpetually sags, and her eyes ooze melancholy and hopelessness. During the days following Justine's arrival at her sister's home, she is often depicted as semi-comatose and therefore suffering from hypersomnia. This state has nothing to do with the impending death of planet Earth.

During her most depressed moods, Justine obviously suffers from anhedonia. The idea of taking a bath is repulsive and her favorite meal tasted like ashes. When her nephew tries to connect with her in the bedroom, Justine is completely unresponsive. There is also a perception that Justine has no interest in eating during here lowest moods. When Claire tries to get her to take a warm bath, the scene begins with the hotel concierge and Claire holding up Justine as they shuffle towards the bathroom. Next to the bath filled with warm water, Claire is holding Justine erect and urging her to step into the bath. Justine is incapable of performing this simple act. When Claire continues to urge her to get in, Justine begins to rebel in an infantile, pre-verbal manner by moaning and collapsing to the floor. The bath scene seems to convey an unspoken need to embrace her melancholy.

References

Bradshaw, Peter. (2011, Sep. 29). Melencholia -- review. The Guardian. Retrieved 24 Jan. 2013 from http://www.guardian.co.uk/film/2011/sep/29/melancholia-film-review.

Foldager, Meta Louise and Vesth, Louise (Producers), & Trier, Lars von (Director). (2011). Melancholia (Motion picture).…… [read more]


Perceiving Helvetica Gary Hustwit's Film Essay

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There are numerous examples of the font in the world over its fifty year existence (at the time the film was first released, the font Helvetica was fifty years old). There are advertisements, public signs, graphic design and other examples of where this font has lived and worked in human culture.

There were a number of featured designers and great thinkers in the film. They were dynamic, expressive, and informative. The montages were often well constructed and captivating. This viewer did experience a sense of post modern irony in that a film that is centered around design and that is one part of a three part trilogy of films regarding design, that some of the cinematography violated some very basic rules of aesthetics. It is curious how a film so focused on design could miss that some of the shots and photography do not work and go against basic film conventions, such as refraining from placing fair or white skinned people before a light background.

It was almost riveting in how much attention and focus designers and artists have toward something that others may find insignificant, such as a type of font. It is quite possible to see the points made by designers regarding the variation of emotional impact that accompanies certain fonts. This film elucidates how powerful fonts can be and how they have a history that correlates to other aspects of culture and society directly as well as indirectly. This film is relevant because with the proliferation of specifically visual media in the 21st century, it is key for consumers and producers of visual culture to accrue and hone visual literacy. This film contributes to the development of visual literacy. It builds upon the sort of innate sense of design and aesthetics that the layman or average consumer may have and further develops through regular consumption of visuals including films like Helvetica.… [read more]


White Favorite Film "Snow Term Paper

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One of my favorite aspects of the story involves the seven Dwarves and in the new film they are fully represented. However, they are not the happy dwarves of the Disney film, these are based on the original story and are a group of dejected and hopeless ex-miners. However, the new dwarves do maintain a certain sense of humor which harkens back to the jolly fellows I remember from childhood and acts as a conduit between the traditional view of the dwarves and this new, darker version.

"Snow White and the Huntsman" has become one of my favorite films and I recently purchased the DVD for myself. Not only is it a great film, but it maintains the core elements of the original Grimm brother's story while simultaneously feeding the audience small bits of the flavor of the Disney film as well. For those who know the original story, like me, this film does not disappoint; but for those who also know the Disney story, they will be pleasantly surprised at how it contains similar elements. I really liked the way that the film combined all the elements of the various versions of the story while presenting it in a way that is not only visually stunning, but literally takes a person on a journey. It must be said that this version is PG-13 and contains some risque scenes as well as some serious violence, and while it may not be suitable for small children, teens and adults can enjoy this film immensely. It is the kind of film where, when it is over, one wonders how time could have passed…… [read more]


Postman Always Rings Twice Film Term Paper

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The characters were introduced in very different manners. Even though both men arrived at a diner needing work in the films, Frank and Nick were convivial chums in the 1946 version, whereas Frank and Nick seemed to have an adversarial relationship from the first in the 1981 version. Lana Turner came on the scene as a vision who was dressed more for a night out on the town in Hollywood, than as the wife of a small town diner owner. Jessica Lange looked the part because which was accomplished through lighting, wardrobe and makeup. Garfield (1946) was instantly smitten, while Nicholson (1981) seemed to have the same initial reaction to Lange as he did to her screen husband.

The endings of the two films are very different. The second film ends abruptly after the second car crash kills Cora. There is no scene which tries to explain the film as the 1946 version did. In the earlier version, Frank is pictured on death row contemplating the fact that fate circles around and fixes errors that have been made previously. The first time a postman rings no one may hear it, so the postman rings twice so that someone answers the door. Frank was not convicted for the first murder which he did commit, but he was convicted for the second murder he did not commit as a means of satisfying an unbalanced fate. It can be said that the two films are different because of the eras they represent, but it seems like the second wishes to explain the title also.

Works Cited

The Postman Always Rings Twice. Dir. Bob Rafelson. Perf. Jack Nicholson, Jessica Lange, John Colicos. Paramount Pictures, 1981. DVD.

The Postman Always…… [read more]


Video Tough Guise Related to Popular Culture Essay

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¶ … Guise

Goodfellas and "Tough Guise"

In "Tough Guise: Violence, Media and the Crisis in Masculinity," Jackson Katz shows a clip from Martin Scorsese's 1990 film Goodfellas in which the character Henry Hill (played by Ray Liotta) pistol whips the neighbor of his girlfriend Karen (Lorraine Bracco). According to the film's cinematographer Michael Ballhaus, it was the "most violent scene" he had ever filmed: "There's so much energy in this shot. The violence is shocking, it comes out of nowhere" (Penn, 2010). The film's realistic depiction of violence and wise guy machismo are two reasons Goodfellas has achieved iconic status in pop culture. But as Katz argues, and as Scorsese attempts to show, the "tough guise" of Henry Hill and friends is as equally repellant as it is attractive. This paper will examine how Goodfellas presents both the reasons why men and women are attracted to the "tough guise," and the reasons why the "tough guise" is ultimately an unfulfilling avenue through life.

Based on the non-fiction work Wiseguy by Nicholas Pileggi, Scorsese's Goodfellas was meant to be more than just another gangster movie: It was meant to be a real reflection of the glamour and the horror intertwined within the "tough guise" lifestyle. As Pileggi himself asserted, "There's no sense in making another gangster picture, unless it is as close as possible to a certain kind of reality, to the spirit of a documentary," and this spirit is realized in Scorsese's film (Vervis, 2007, p. 210). Through the use of the freeze-frame and the slow-motion steady-cam shot, both of which emphasize the horrific nature as well as the seductive and hypnotic power of the "tough guise," Scorsese is able to show why the "tough guise" is able to attract and repulse at the same time.

For example, early in the film Henry (still a boy) stops to help a man who has been shot. He is scolded by the wise guys for "wasting eight fucking aprons on this guy." Henry's sympathy for another human being is thus stomped out: "We gotta toughen this guy up" -- is what is heard while Scorsese gives a close-up of Henry's face, brow furrowed, eyes following the wounded stranger who has obviously felt some of the repercussions of dallying with the mob. It is a moment of painful juxtaposition -- painful because it is woefully ironic (Henry is showing manly virtue, and the "real men" with their "tough guise" refuse to allow him to do so). One familiar with Henry's story knows, of course, where it all ends. Henry's sympathy for suffering humanity will turn to blithe indifference as he adopts his "tough guise." His face, however, can never mask what his heart knows: namely, that he may go along with the criminal world out of a longing to belong to something and be respected (the appealing part of the "tough guise") -- but he himself has no taste for the criminal world's inhuman brutality (which is the repellant part of the… [read more]


Chinese Film the 2002 Film Infernal Affairs Term Paper

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Chinese Film

The 2002 film Infernal Affairs, which follows the interwoven tale of Chan and Lau, an undercover police officer and a triad mole, respectively, is notable for its use of violence, which is brutal but never gratuitous. In this sense, Infernal Affairs owes much of its tone and narrative aesthetic to the action and thriller films to come out… [read more]


Film Focuses on the Young and Sexually Term Paper

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¶ … film focuses on the young and sexually independent Nola Darling who is portrayed by actress Tracy Camilla Johns. She lives in Brooklyn, New York and attempts to date three men who follow the traditional plot male archetypes: the ever the gentleman Jamie Overstreet, the narcissist and smug model Greer Childs; and young, highly talkative bicycle messenger Mars Blackmon. The plot is mainly about Nola and her attraction to the good parts in each of the men she dates. She's conflicted with her desire to be with them and her desire to remain free to make her own choices and not be tied down to either of them. The men on the other hand want her for themselves.

"She's Gotta Have it" has lexicon and flavor which contributes various elements of African-American culture, especially during that time period. In addition, it is the first movie to show off the theme of individual desire and freedom with Nola and takes that same feeling from the black liberation movement and the emergence of hip hop where it's centered towards the rapper, the individual and individual freedom. I like how the movie made Brooklyn the epicenter of black culture and gave Spike Lee's character, Mars the universal archetype of black culture at the time. It is a story of a common notion that a woman wants to date around and see her options.

The fact that it was given a unique spin with the dialogue and language gives a source of depth and topic of discussion both in and out of the film. I love the fact it was set in the summer. It gave freshness and life as the scenes transpired over hot, sunny days. It made me feel as if I was actually there living with these characters, watching them converse and deal with their present circumstances.

"She's Gotta Have it" is truly a beautiful narrative albeit slightly sexist as it conflicts with the view of who Nola is. Is she a slag or a fiercely independent and wonderfully spirited individual? The film plays with this and gives for the major source of controversy of the…… [read more]


Film Theory the Canonical Model Term Paper

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With regard to the theory of face, representations that come from the groups arguing for better representation may be just as fake or unreal as the narrowly circumscribed stereotypes that are already in abundance. They continue to argue that representation and realism in representation are seemingly unbearable burdens because there is always room for misrepresentation and lack of authentic self representation. (Shohat & Stam, 1994) Like Wollen, Shohat & Stam posit that the cinematic elements and sensory stimuli be contemplated and theorized upon concurrently and in unison, rather than separately:

It is not our purpose merely to reverse existing hierarchical arrangements -- to replace the demagoguery of the visual with a new demagoguery of the auditory -- but to suggest that voice (and sound) and image be considered together, dialectically and diacritically. A more nuanced discussion of race and ethnicity in the cinema would emphasize less a one-to-one mimetic adequacy to sociological or historical truth than the interplay of voice, discourses, perspectives, including those operative within the image itself. The task of the critic would be to call attention to the cultural voices at play, not only those heard in aural "close-up" but those distorted or drowned out by the text. The analytic work would be analogous to that of a "mixer" in a sound studio, who responsibility it is to perform a series of compensatory operations, to heighten treble, deepen the bass, amplify the instrumentation, to "bring out" the voices that remain latent or displaced. (1994)

A film such as Bamboozled, directed by Spike Lee, presents theory in the flesh moments for texts such as the hooks and the Shohat & Stam. Bamboozled is an excellent example of the above quotation playing out successfully in the cinematic realm. It is a film that does and does not reverse existing racial hierarchical arrangements. It is a film that is written, shot, and edited to be read on multiple, simultaneous levels that are mixed up and mixed down over the course of the narrative. Certainly, Bamboozled reveals the diversity of voices that contribute to the televised minstrel show: there is the voice of the writer, the producer, the writers' team, the network, the actors playing the minstrels, and the voices of the characters who protest everything for which the show stands. This is a film that attempts to tackle and reflect all the shifts mentioned within the scope of this question in a single bound. Bamboozled discusses and illustrates the shifts from image studies to self representation to delegation of voice. The shifts of the theory of race are, arguably, the central theme of the film, as these shifts occur within certain characters, or certain characters represent aspects or each individual shifts, and the entire film is a discourse on the theory of race and racial representation in the cinematic imagination as well as the experienced reality.

References:

Diawara, M. 1993. Noir by Noirs: Towards a New Realism in Black Cinema. African-American Review, 27(4), 525 -- 537.

Hooks, B. 1991. Micheaux:… [read more]


Titanic James Cameron's 1997 Film Essay

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Because Picasso's name is a byword for aesthetic achievement in the twentieth century overall, we are meant to understand Rose as having a greater sensitivity for art than her callous fiance. Yet this is bizarre in terms of the overall aesthetic of the movie -- the artwork sketched by Rose's loverboy Jack (Leonardo di Caprio) is about as aesthetically different from Picasso as Celine Dion is from Arnold Schoenberg, or Titanic itself is from Un Chien Andalou. Instead, we are meant to understand Rose's character -- and her sensitivity to Picasso -- as part of the film's overall construction of the past. The conflict over Picasso between Kate Winslet and Billy Zane is not really an endorsement of a modern anti-realistic aesthetic: instead, it establishes the 1912 setting as a time when women were routinely oppressed. There is no way to dramatize the fact that Rose, or the other women on the Titanic, don't have the right to vote -- instead, the film must present Rose as being ahead of her time.

This nostalgia for a sense of oppression is also part of the aesthetic construction of Leonardo di Caprio's Jack. It is through Jack that the film acquires its more kitschy Celtic trappings -- particularly in the egregious Irish-dance sequence below decks, but also sensed in the pervading aesthetic of the Celine Dion song that provides the film's theme. It is true that the Titanic itself was built in Belfast, but Belfast is hardly a byword for the kind of free-spirited Irishness that is alluded to here. Instead, the film is constructing nostalgia backward -- if the 1990s were hardly a time when oppression of women or Irish-Americans was widespread, the film can at least paint 1912 as a time when these identities were a sign of underdog status. This allows the historical aesthetic to work for present-day viewers: the audience can feel it is on the right side of history by rooting for characters who, in context, appear unfairly oppressed, while…… [read more]


Film Theory Essay

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Film Theory

Film and Reality

When photography appears in historical development, its indexicality adds the appeal of endurance through time to the impression of likeness in painted perspective. Crucially, ?likeness' is not given epistemological or cognitive value in itself, but rather is being invoked as a sup- port for fundamental needs of the subject vis-a-vis time. And cinema adds duration… [read more]


Movie Camera Cinematic Techniques Employed in Vertov Essay

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Movie Camera

Cinematic Techniques Employed in Vertov's Man With a Movie Camera

In 1929, the industrial revolution was helping to make the city a place of tremendous growth, opportunity and modernization. These dramatic changes in the civil landscape would produce sweeping cultural, technological and artistic shifts as well. The evolving field of cinema would reflect as much in both its technique and its experimentation such as is demonstrated by Russian director and cinematograph Dziga Vertov's groundbreaking Man With a Movie Camera. With bold innovation permeating the cities of the new Soviet Union and the field of filmmaking, Vertov seizes on both to create a film that is as much a promotion of the sheer diversity new cinematic techniques available at the time as it is a commentary on the evolving metropolis.

Intersecting the landscape of several modern cities in Russia and the Ukraine with shots of a filmmaker in action, Vertov's film creates a compelling existential experience that inherently demands commentary on the human condition. This is well-reflected by the filmmaker's employ of certain distinct cinematic techniques. Specific among them, Friedberg (1994) provides our text with an explanation of 'mobilized gaze' and virtual gaze. According to Friedberg, "the mobilized gaze has a history, which begins well before cinema and is rooted in other cultural activities that involve walking and travel." (Friedberg, p. 2)

Quite certainly, these experiences are central to the film by Vertov. The filmmaker's presence is as a figure in constant motion, taking in human activity as a panorama of experiences that spread across a wide geographical expanse. Densely packed marketplaces with fast-paced rushes of humanity are contrasted with individuals at work in their respective storefronts; trolleys rolling by chaotically and fountains flowing quietly; frenetic shoppers and merchants contrasted with absurd, untouched window displays. The experiences of work, commerce and transport all carry a certain consumptive hazard that must surely be a product of this new age of industrial production. For Vertov, there appears to be equal parts admiration and trepidation with respect to the utopian visions of urban modernity implied by the promises of industrialization.

Immersed in all of this human activity is the filmmaker himself, and at a considerable risk many times which implies some level of skepticism where utopian promises are concerned. This is particularly so in such scenes as that which finds the filmmaker placing his head down to the ground with the approach of a speeding locomotive, intent on getting the best possible shot before death becomes imminent. The drama of the moment is intensified as shots of the speeding train are interspliced with those of a woman waking up and…… [read more]


Film Discussion Early View of Modern Cities Essay

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Film Discussion Early View of Modern Cities

View of Early Modern Cities Through the Man with the Movie Camera and Modern Times

"And time marches on into the late afternoon," time always seems to pass us by at an incredible speed (Chaplin 1936). The dawn of the twentieth century speed up the rate of advancement for industry and urban growth.… [read more]


One of the Principal Concepts Essay

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Lasse Hallstrom's 1993 What's Eating Gilbert Grape is to a certain degree similar to Forrest Gump, considering that they both deliberate on the lives of men as they struggle to thrive in spite of the fact that fate provided them with little chances of doing so.

7. Jenny's character is a stereotype for the counterculture that lived through the sixties and seventies. She is constantly portrayed as being negatively affected by the choices that she makes, even with the fact that she is simply interested in expressing herself freely in times when war efforts are considered to be one of the country's main priorities. Jenny is most probably meant to contrast Forrest, given that his lack of interest in joining a particular community prevents him from getting into trouble. The immoral behavior employed by certain individuals that were part of the counterculture apparently backfires on themselves, especially given as Jenny's deadly virus stands as a reference to AIDS.

8. With Forrest Gump being concentrated on elements and historic events characteristic to American culture, most of the music in it is sung by American icons of the sixties and seventies. This increases the feeling that viewers get and makes it possible for them to go deeper into the American setting of the sixties and seventies as the Vietnam War affected the public and numerous singers joined the counterculture in an attempt to remedy matters.

9. One of the most intriguing ethical dilemmas present in the movie relates to Forrest deciding to help others in spite of the fact that he has no obligation to do so. The fact that he saves Lt. Dan and many other wounded individuals on the battlefields of Vietnam proves that he prefers to risk his life in order to save others. Similarly, his love for Jenny stays strong even at times when she shows that she is not necessarily worthy of his support.

10. The visual effects employed throughout the film are downright impressive when considering that the film was shot in the early nineties. Computer generated imagery techniques have made it possible for Tom Hanks to be shown shaking hands with several celebrities that died before the film was made. Similarly, clips showing characters during the Vietnam War put across the feeling that napalm was actually shot near the actors.

11. One is likely to feel that his personal identity is influenced by such films, considering that the sentiments that it triggers are quite strong. Even with the fact that it is very difficult (considering that individuals are bombarded with emotive feelings through a series of mediums) to influence people in the contemporary society, Forrest's determination and the fact that he uses morality as a means to get by makes viewers understand that it is best for them to remain impartial and…… [read more]


John Malkovich the Movie "Being Essay

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¶ … John Malkovich

The movie "Being John Malkovich" is a dark and wildly creative comedy -- and the fact that it is rated "R" is no surprise, given the raw, bizarre nature of the themes, and the sexuality not to mention tough language. As Andrew O'Hehir describes in his critique in Salon, "Being John Malkovich" is a "gleeful, nitrous-oxide high, midway between a Monty Python sketch and a Buquel film, with dreamlike structure and pseudoscientific charts to match" (O'Hehir, 1999, p. 1). Other reviewers focus on the satire and parody and the "filling" of "warped voids" in this "masterpiece of speculative fiction" (Ram.org). But one of the keys to relating to this iconoclastic film is John Malkovich's memory, which will be discussed in this paper.

Being John Malkovich (BJM)

O'Hehir notes that the film sticks to a "grimy, present-tense mode" -- that he calls "kitchen-sink realism" -- and the film has the "good sense" to keep in check the wild outrageous behaviors by the actors, with one exception. That exception is when the character playing John Malkovich (John Cusack) actually goes inside the head of the real actor John Malkovich, where Cusack confronts "some kind of endless Malkovichian feedback loop" (O'Hehir). The portal that allows others to enter Malkovich's head certainly comes into conflict with what is already in Malkovich's head. Those entering have "temporary access to John's sensory stream… [and] gets to experience the world through Malkovich's senses" as well as experiencing his pains and his pleasures prior to being ejected into a ditch near the New Jersey Turnpike (Shaw, 2000).

What happens to Malkovich's memory with all those individuals entering his head? Philosophy professor Daniel C. Shaw believes that Malkovich's DNA "presumably" stays the same notwithstanding all those intruders, but why is he a different person at the end of the film? What keeps John Malkovich as the real John Malkovich? The answer is his own memories, his own thoughts, his own desires -- to which "…he alone has access," Shaw posits -- keep him intact, notwithstanding the people that were using Malkovich. They never really became Malkovich, they only used him, is the view that Shaw puts forward.

There is no doubt that aside…… [read more]


1930s Hollywood Movies Depiction of Strong Independent Term Paper

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1930s Hollywood movies depiction of strong independent women clearly reflects changing gender aspirations and the shifting economic and circumstances of women. In general, the Hollywood movies have always been key cultural artifacts that offer a window into American social and cultural history. Being a mixture of art, business, and popular entertainment, the movies always provided a host of insights into… [read more]


American Gangster Movie Essay

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American Gangster

Movie American Gangster.

This is a 2007 film that was directed by Ridley Scott and is crime-based film that was adopted from New York Magazine story "The Return of Superfly" and is based on real life situation. It tries to relieve the life of Frank Lucas, who was a real life Harlem gangster who managed to smuggle heroin… [read more]


Cannes Film Festival Journal

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Cannes Film Festival

Day One Journal

The 64th annual Cannes Film Festival went underway today on this lovely Wednesday, 11 May 2011. The festivities will be held during the next twelve days and will conclude on Sunday, 22 May 2011. Like all previous Cannes Film Festival, this year marks a different one especially since legendary American film icon; Robert De… [read more]


How the Confirmation Bias Plays a Role in the Movie Doubt Term Paper

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Confirmation Bias in Film Doubt

Confirmation Bias in the Movie "Doubt"

The film "Doubt" (2008) forces us to think about the difficult question of coping with our convictions which are hard to prove. The movie revolves around a dilemma: is Father Flynn guilty of conducting sexual relations with Donald, a black boy in the Catholic school where Father Flynn preaches, or is he a victim of a defamation campaign by Sister Aloysius who makes all efforts to prove Father Flynn's presumed guilt. The film does not give a clear answer and that is probably on purpose. The filmmakers leave it to viewers to decide whether Father Flynn is guilty or not. While we ponder about this question, there are important lessons to be learnt. One important lesson we can learn is how the concept of confirmation bias can play a decisive role in our decision to convict a person.

Confirmation bias refers to our tendency to look for evidences that confirm our earlier convictions and expectations rather than searching for evidences that may disconfirm our convictions. For example, a materialist expects that everyone in their heart is materialistic. So, even if this materialist analyzes the behavior of religious or altruistic persons, he or she is going to look for evidences confirming that all people act out of material needs and wants. Either purposefully, or without even realizing it, the materialist avoids looking at evidences that challenge his or her conviction that all persons are materialistic. A related concept is "positive test strategy." This concept refers to our tendency to test hypothesis by seeking confirming evidence. The two concepts are similar as in both cases we seek for confirmation of what we think rather than what in reality is there.

As soon as I saw Father Flynn making very friendly gestures toward children under his care, I began to suspect that he was a child sexual molester. There has been so much coverage of sex scandals in the Catholic Church in the media recently that I immediately assumed that Father Flynn was one of the child abusers. In other words, the media discussion of sex scandals in the…… [read more]


Japanese Film Double Suicide or Hanabi Term Paper

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Japanese Film

Defining Reality in Double Suicide: When Traditional and New Storytelling Methods Combine

Masahiro Shinoda's 1969 film Double Suicide recounts a tale of a two lovers who ultimately vow to be together in death, as they cannot fully be together in life. Though a common theme, this film tells the story in a decidedly uncommon way, utilizing elements of traditional Japanese puppet theatre and other Japanese storytelling techniques, combined with moments of more modern naturalistic and cinematic storytelling. The result is a compelling film that leads the audience not only on an exploration of the themes in inherent to the film's content, but also on an investigation of the implications of the film's construction and presentation.

The use of the puppet theatre and ongoing non-realistic sets in the film Double Suicide help to emphasize the artificiality of the piece, while at the same time making the emotions and tragedy of the film as a whole more pronounced. It is not as though the audience would ever mistake what they are witnessing as reality, or as anything other than a story told through film, but the puppet theatre and several other elements that appear throughout the film serve as constant reminder that this story is unreal -- a fiction. This does not make the action any less intense or reduce the emotional content and value of the film, however, and in fact it does quite the opposite. By emphasizing the fact that this is fake, it creates a greater sense of generalization and familiarity -- because the audience is constantly reminded that these are only representations of people, not real individuals, it is easier to see echoes of emotions, actions, desires, and motives that all human beings…… [read more]


Stage Lighting vs. Film Research Paper

Research Paper  |  3 pages (1,107 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3

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That is a huge difference right there, quite apart from color and lighting. For example Steve was in Brooklyn at the National Guard Armory at the time the first Spiderman was filmed. Of course as part of the production, electricity was needed for "catering, makeup, construction and painters," and that was before the "shooting crew" had arrived on the scene, or all the lighting technicians. Steve witnessed a 360 x 190ft "interior space with 4/0 feeder cable stacks, all about 3-4 ft high, filling the armory. That's a whole lot of feeder cable," he continued (Control Booth).

In film production, it should be remembered, lighting is "as you go," which means the electricians and gaffers consult with the Director of Photography as to "how a scene should be lit," and every scene is a bit different in terms of both lighting and electrical needs. In theatre meanwhile, a good deal of power is also needed but it is nearly all in the building infrastructure so it is "out of sight, out of mind," Steve explains. Also in theater, the lighting designer has weeks, maybe months to figure out exactly what the plot calls for. The theatre lighting director arranges for the rental of gear, gets it delivered to the theatre "where it is rigged," Steve continues on Control Booth. The technical crew than goes through a "plotting session, levels are set on a console controlling dimmers ad movers, scrollers… rehearsals are fun & #8230;with a stage manager calling cues to a console operator" (Control Booth).

But film lighting "is a slave to the needs of the cameras" Steve continues, and film lighting is "less about providing for a 'concept'" than in theatre production. The tricky part with film is being able to use appropriate color temperature so the camera can "capture the image" with the camera movement, the lens choices, the angles of the shots, the durations of the shots, and more. That is far more complicated and expensive than theatre, which has a "live audience" that sees everything going on; the designers of lighting and staging have worked with the electricity and the physical components of the venue, so it's just a matter of doing what the director has asked to be done, and doing it night after night in a well-timed routine.

Conclusion

There are many differences between the use of lighting for movies and theatre; but what this paper wants to make clear is that lighting for movies is of necessity more creative due to the fact that every scene has different lighting needs and it is all done on the spot. In theatre, lighting is just as important as it is in film, but the fact that it is all done in one building, and there is ample time in advance to make all the technical adjustments and preparations, makes theatre lighting far less complicated and potentially challenging.

Works Cited

McQueen, Van, and Steve B. (2009). Movie vs. Theatrical Lighting. Control Booth.

Retrieved June 8, 2011,… [read more]


Japanese Film Review Film Review

Film Review  |  2 pages (637 words)
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¶ … Life (1998)

Director Hirokazu Kore-eda's 1998 film After Life, (or Wandafuru Raifu for "Wonderful Life" in Japanese), explores the transition between life on earth and the afterlife in a way that allows him to do so without ever actually defining the nature of the afterlife at all. The film focuses on a transitory facility where newly departed individuals arrive after their deaths on their way to wherever they are destined for eternity after life. The main purpose of this layover is for them to consider their lives and to select what they consider to be their single most important memory from their lives that they wish to take with them to the afterlife. During their stay, the temporary residents receive assistance from the staff in selecting their favorite memory which is then reproduced in a film version for them. Once residents have the opportunity to view their favorite memory in this format, they instantly vanish, presumably into the afterlife, although the film provides no further indication of their fate in that regard.

Plot Summary

The film opens without any hint that the characters are actually deceased. Instead, the opening scene seems like an ordinary workday in some sort of administrative office environment. A manager briefs his staff about how many incoming clients to expect and the scene shifts to an intake procedure during which the staff of the facility process the new clients and caseworkers are assigned to assist individual clients. The audience only discovers incidentally that all of the characters are actually deceased through an "interview" of some of the characters by other characters cast as part of the film crew as though the film were a documentary.

The two most significant plot elements seem to be (1) the different responses of various individuals to the realization that they are dead and that they have been tasked with the responsibility of identifying a single most…… [read more]


Musical Theatre Film Research Paper

Research Paper  |  3 pages (910 words)
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Though these are old movies, they are indubitable classics that can teach important lessons. [3: Larson, B. (2010). "The 35 Best Dance Sequences in Film." Retrieved May 28, 2011, < http://flavorwire.com/74975/the-35-best-dance-sequences-in-film>.]

Soon after the magic of the 1930's and 1940's on screen, Broadway choreographers and other talented actors aligned to make great movies throughout the 1950's and 1960's. According to Kenrick (2010), "from the 1950s onwards, most of the important Hollywood musicals were screen adaptations of Broadway shows […], Broadway choreographers were given the opportunity of recreating their stage dances for the big screen." As a result of this process, there are movie versions of some of the most popular musicals of all time, including Oklahoma, The King and I, West Side Story, and many others, including Mary Poppins, which was a great and talent-packed hit in the 1960's. However, after these decades, dance became much less important in the decreasing numbers of screen musicals. Kenrick (2010) mentions the 1978 adaptation of Grease, which was quite popular at the box office, but states that "Patricia Birch's period spoofs did not rate as anyone's idea of inventive choreography." Eventually, the importance of musical choreography was relegated to the bottom, and was often enhanced with edition instead of true dancing. According to Kenrick, "fast, inventive editing and lots of electronic razzle dazzle made the most of the sometimes limited dancing talents of the performers. As the 21st Century dawned, live action screen musicals like Loves Labour's Lost (2000) and Moulin Rouge (2001) used such MTV-inspired techniques to make their non-singing, non-dancing stars look and sound like musical pros. The results were, at best, uneven." [4: "Dance Sequences in Film." (2011). Retrieved May 28, 2011, < http://www.hitormissmovies.com/2011/dance-sequences-in-film/>. ] [5: Kenrick, J. (2004). "Dance in Screen Musicals." Retrieved May 28, 2011, . ] [6: Kenrick, J. (2004). "Dance in Screen Musicals." Retrieved May 28, 2011, . ]

As a result of the fact the some of the best figures in the movie business advocate for classical dance sequences as far superior to modern ones, choreography in today's musicals should not copy but build on such classical pieces as those mentioned above, instead of rely on special effects and talentless extras. Dance sequences involving a lot of individuals should be filmed just as those involving a few individuals. The camera must pan on those talented who move best, and not occupy itself with mediocre dance that can be re-edited. Therefore, it is perhaps a good idea for the movie industry to borrow from…… [read more]


Battle of Algiers: Film Term Paper

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Film Prompt: The Battle of Algiers

Whom do you sympathize with when watching this film - the FLN (Algerians) or the French? Do you think this was the film maker's intention? Do you think audience sympathy has changed since the film was originally released in 1966? Why or why not?

The group that is most sympathetic in the film the Battle of Algiers is the FLN. The reason why, is because this organization is highlighting the frustrations that the ordinary Algerians are facing under colonial rule. This is problematic, as the people want to have more of voice in shaping their country and determining what is best for them. However, the French and Algerian born French (called pieds noirs) want to maintain the status quo. They will do anything and everything to force the Algerian people to submit to French rule. Evidence of this can be seen by looking no further than comments from General Jacques Massau. He is the commander of the elite 10th Para. They were sent to Algeria to suppress the uprising and restore order. During a news conference about their activities he says, "The FLN wants to throw us out of Algeria. We want to stay. We are soldiers. Our duty is to win. If your answer is yes (that France should remain in Algeria), you must accept the consequences." (Johnson) This is significant, because these comments are supporting the scenes from the very beginning of the film with the 10th Para torturing an old man. He was believed to be collaborating with rebels, but in reality was an innocent civilian. When you put these elements together, they are showing why there are sympathies for the FLN. As they represent Algerian self-determination and resistance to French colonial rule. (Johnson)

The filmmaker's intention was to illustrate the struggles that ordinary Algerians were going through. A good example of this can be seen with, the use of women to conduct a number of different bombings. They would plant bombs at various locations that were of interest to the French colonial powers. These women were risking their lives and their freedom if they…… [read more]


Product Writing on the Movie Glee Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (648 words)
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Product Writing on the Movie Glee

The Glee name

Glee is a show about a team of high school students who dance and sing. They use music as a means of coping with the pressures of the peers, the teachers, their families and the society.

Glee is a phenomenon show, registering millions of viewers in the first year of airing. The singers in the show have even been invited to various social events, the most popular of them being their singing at the White House. Glee was off to such a powerful and impressive start that it was even ridiculed in an episode of South Park, in which it was implied that students who did not sing were unable to adjust to the high school life.

The noun glee represents a strong emotion of excitement. The Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English defines the term as "a feeling of satisfaction and excitement, often because something bad has happened to someone else," which does not necessary offer a positive connotation to the movie. It could nevertheless be assimilated with the tensions, frictions and competitions which characterize life in high school.

But in a more positive connotation, it can be assumed that the word glee is in fact the shorter and cooler version of the glee club, syntax which denotes "a group of people who sing together for enjoyment" (Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English). From this standpoint, the word glee integrates all the actors in the glee club, united by their powerful voices and their passion for singing. The simple noun glee however, reveals that within the club and within the high school, frictions exist. And these are unavoidable in life and essential to make the movie interesting. In this order of ideas, it is safe to argue that the name of the show is effective as it captures the essence of the series.

2. Sales of the Glee DVDs

The phenomenon and popularity created around the…… [read more]


Geology Film Rebirth: A Geologically Research Paper

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Volcanic eruptions, however, would be one of the most serious consequences of humans living in this era; however, this is true of any period, as continents have been on an ever-changing schedule since almost the beginnings of time. Some short-term effects would be that volcanic activity during this era could increase sulfuric acid amounts in the atmosphere, thereby cooling the… [read more]


Diagnosis and Behavioral Analysis of the Movie Along Came a Spider With Morgan Freeman Movie Review

Movie Review  |  2 pages (674 words)
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Along Came a Spider is a movie directed Lee Tamahori and featuring Morgan Freeman as the lead character. It was adapted from the book Along Came a Spider written by James Patterson in 1993. In this movie, Alex Cross (Morgan Freeman) is a detective who retired from the force after a tragic incident involving his partner and since then, has moved into writing mystery and thriller novels. He is forced to get on a case after the kidnapping of Megan Rose, the daughter of the U.S. Senator. He works along with Jezzie Flannigan (Monica Potter) in the case. The suspected kidnapper is the Computer Science teacher Gary Soneji (Micheal Wincott).

Cross understands that Soneji is fascinated with a kidnapping in 1932 and wants to become infamous by kidnapping the senator's daughter. This is part of his larger plan in which he wants to kidnap the son of the Russian President. Though this plot is foiled by Cross, Soneji demands a ransom of $10 million in diamonds for the return of Rose. Cross follows the directions for the drop-off and tosses a large bag of diamonds to a person standing outside a metro train. When Cross returns home, he finds Soneji and realizes that the ransom was not asked by him. Growing even more suspicious, Cross examines the hard drive of Soneji's computer and discovers evidence to connect Flannigan and another detective Devine to the ransom plot. He finds the place where Flannigan is currently hiding and before he could reach that farmhouse, Flannigan had killed Devine and is looking to kill Rose. In the encounter, Cross kills Flannigan and rescues Rose.

Behavioral Analysis

This movie is a mystery and psychological thriller that tries to bring together the complex thoughts and actions of different people. Soneji is an average middle-aged American who is looking to make a mark for himself in the world in whatever way possible. He has been abused by his father at a young age and he is suffering from an identity crisis. This forces…… [read more]


Spanish Film That Obscure Object of Desire 1977 by Luis Bunuel Film Review

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Luis Bunuel

It Takes Two

How do we know what is real? Because we share our perceptions of what happens with others and their agreement with our own perceptions and beliefs about the nature of even our own personal reality is thus bolstered by the attention of others. Left to our own, embroiled in a world in which we have… [read more]


Crave Horror Movies Essay

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¶ … Crave Horror Movies," the author presents his take on why a vast movie-going public likes entertainment which is intended to terrify and which many people find offensive. He uses a cause-effect style to discussion the phenomenon. His argument is that we go to horror movies because we want to show that we can conquer our fears, we want to reaffirm the normality of everyday life, and we want to get a thrill out of celebrating an innate, human insanity. In essence he is arguing that these movies are visceral entertainment, not unlike a genre at the opposite end of the movie spectrum, romantic comedies.

We go to romantic comedies because we like to laugh at the foibles of others (making our own pale in comparison), to experience the thrill of love vicariously, and to experience the entire life cycle of a relationship without enduring our own heartbreak in the process. Watching actors onscreen make mistakes…… [read more]


Life Is Beautiful Film Essay

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Life Is Beautiful Film

Happiness, Schopenhauer, and working climate in Roberto Benigni's Life is Beautiful

The 1997 movie Life is Beautiful is a reference to the magnificence and the tension felt during the interwar period and the suffering caused by the Holocaust. Nazism is something most film directors take into consideration when making a drama, with the ideology being less likely to be adapted in order to provide inspiration for a comedy. Roberto Benigni used a real-life episode as a source for his movie, making La Vita e Bella display the interwar period and the Holocaust in an entertaining way. With the film focusing on the era previous to the Second World War in the first part and on the conflict and its aftermath in the second, audiences are presented with two diverging worlds, which are extremely different and yet very similar. The movie succeeds in putting on view, contrasting, and comparing happiness, Schopenhauer, and working climate.

Happiness is a topic one can see from the perspective of a young man fighting for his "principessa" or from the point-of-view of a man who is solely interested in the well-being of his son. The first part of the movie shows this feeling as it generates enjoyable occurrences, strengthening the relationship between Guido and Dora. Guido is happy throughout the first scenes because he manages to find true love because of his strong (and rather ridiculous) determination. Dora learns that one should not fall victim to the unhappy happenings he or she comes across during their lives and that people should fight in order to be happy. The second part of the film presents what seems to be a less happy outlook, one where people are tormented and happiness is lost. Surprisingly, Guido does not give up hope and while he was initially motivated by his…… [read more]


Compare and Contrast Elements in the Film Life Is Beautiful Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (938 words)
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¶ … film "Life is Beautiful"

Life is Beautiful

Roberto Benigni's motion picture Life is Beautiful (La Vita e Bella) depicts a series of events happening before, during, and after the Holocaust, highlighting the importance of humor in the struggle to survive. Throughout his life, the film's protagonist, Guido, goes through great efforts and virtually risks his social status and his life in order to protect the people he loves. It is actually surprising that a comedy can be made regarding the Holocaust, but considering that the director uses a multitude of elements with the purpose of describing the life of a Jewish individual living in Nazi-dominated territory contemporary to the Holocaust. Benigni engages in depicting humor, indifference, love, and ethnic differentiation as a means of having the public gain a better understanding of the events lasting from 1939 to 1945.

Consequent to seeing the movie, viewers are likely to realize that it is meant to express contrast. While the first part of the motion picture is filled with factors that please the audience, the second part is distinct through the fact that it presents the Holocaust, which mainly is contains death and suffering. Even with that, these two settings are united by the humor Guido uses as a means to survive. The bleak environment in work camps is surely nothing like the seemingly perfect landscape where Dora and Guido first meet, but Guido manages to convince his son that everything is all right and that they are simply involved in playing a game, making it appear as if matters had not changed much ever since the first part of the movie.

Similarly to how Guido wants to pose in the careless individual in the first part of the movie, he continues playing this role in the second part. He appears to share no interest in the fact that his bookstore will not be opened or that he and his son are held captive in the work camp, as he directs his attention toward the only things he knows will save him-humor. Guido's indifference is not as real as it might initially seem, considering that clearly acknowledges the fact that his existence is threatened by the fact that he is not able to sustain himself in the first part of the movie and by the fact that he risks death while staying in the work camp. One can observe how the protagonist is not actually very concerned about his life and about the lives of his loved ones in particular. Guido is free in both parts of the movie, even with the fact that he is controlled, firstly by the aristocracy in Italy and secondly by the guards in the work camp. The Jewish man emphasizes the fact that society can take away his plans and even that it…… [read more]


Spartacus Film Essay

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Spartacus

The 1960 film Spartacus, directed by Stanley Kubrick, is a historical drama that also demonstrates different leadership goals, motives, and methods. Between Spartacus, Crassus, and Gracchus, only Spartacus demonstrates a noble form of leadership because he is selfless, courageous, and true to his ideals.

Unlike Crassus or Gracchus, Spartacus's goals, motives, and methods are all selfless. Both Crassus and Gracchus are politicians who desire to rule Rome. In one scene in the movie, Crassus stands before a crowd of Romans including the army. The army and audience chants "Crassus! Crassus!" Crassus seems to enjoy the adoration because he walks proudly and claims to be the leader who can fight the "evil" that is threatening civilization. Interestingly, Spartacus does exactly the opposite. Spartacus most clearly demonstrates his selfless nobility in the scene when all the slaves stand up and state, "I am Spartacus!" Here, Spartacus was ready to take responsibility and present himself to Crassus. He was willing to martyr himself for the greater good of the whole. Spartacus knew that he could have saved the lives of the other slaves if he turned himself in, which is the opposite of what either Crassus or Gracchus do throughout the movie. For example, Crassus does whatever he can to retain political power, including buying off people. Crassus's goal is power, his motives are selfish, and his methods are cruel. Gracchus is especially selfish and manipulative in his leadership style. His goal is also power, his motives are selfish, and his methods are unethical. Spartacus's main goal is liberty and justice for all the slaves. Spartacus is motivated by ethical duty. His methods are those of a warrior, but he never betrays a friend. Therefore, Spartacus is an extremely selfless leader, one who puts principles before his own personal glory.

Although Crassus and Gracchus act bravely at times, their courage is not nearly as genuine as Spartacus's. The final battle scene of the film illustrates the sharp difference between Spartacus's courage and Crassus's courage. Crassus has the political…… [read more]


Compare and Contrast the Movies Rear Window Stewart v. Disturbia Lebeouf Essay

Essay  |  6 pages (2,011 words)
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¶ … movies Rear Window Stewart v. Disturbia LeBeouf

It is certainly difficult not to take into account Alfred Hitchcock's 1954 film Rear Window when attempting to review D.J. Caruso's 2007 motion picture Disturbia. Although the more recent film is a hit through the fact that it brings forth a series of elements that differentiate it from the typical Hollywoodian… [read more]


Movie Real Women Have Curves Reaction Paper

Reaction Paper  |  3 pages (886 words)
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Movie -- Real Women Have Curves

Real Women Have Curves

Patricia Cardaso's 2002 motion picture "Real Women Have Curves" clearly distinguishes itself from the typical Hollywoodian films involving an individual belonging to a minority and a series of stereotypes relating to the respective individual. It proves that a film does not necessarily have to have a big budget in order to send the message its crew wants to send to the public. The audience is constantly intrigued and lured across the movie by eighteen-year-old Ana Garcia's life.

The location of the Garcia family is somewhat conventional, given that the masses expect to see Latinos living in low class neighborhoods in Los Angeles, right next to wealthy areas, expressing a very intense contrast. Ana is a brave young woman struggling to shape her life in accordance with her desires, and not with what her family expects from her. In spite of the fact that she has to play a complex role, America Ferrera triumphs heroically and manages to put across sincere acting without overstressing the public.

People are likely to be captivated by this film, thinking about it long after they left the cinema. The acting and the cinematography improves the feeling that this does not necessarily have to be a figment of imagination, as it is very likely for the events in the film to have happened in real life. However, because the acting is at times hectic and particular happenings in the film seem unlikely to happen in reality, parts of the public might feel that they have to involve more concentration in trying to figure it out. Most people's position on topics like overweight and discrimination based on ethnicity will be confronted by the action in this motion picture. Sure, it is wrong to have a biased perception, but Ana's behavior makes it virtually incredible to think about how differentiation is ignored by some.

Ana has no interest in hiding her flaws and she is aware that this is who she is and that she does not have to shape her ideas in accordance with what other people think of her. Ana does not hesitate to put across her thoughts, regardless of the circumstances. Even when she is with her lover in the bedroom and most people find it perfectly normal for her to be embarrassed (considering that she is a virgin, overweight, and a Latina), Ana proves that she does not believe in stereotypes.

While the acting appears to be sincere, the script makes it difficult for the audience to associate it with reality. Fairy-tale-like events are present throughout the movie and as the story advances some might get the…… [read more]


Art of the Critique Film Essay

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Bibliography Sources: 4

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¶ … Art of the Critique

Film critique is not unlike literary critique in many ways. The ability of the director to reinforce the central theme of the film throughout the film is the key to maintaining the strength of the film. The characters should support the central theme of the film through not only their dialogue but through their… [read more]


Silent Film Critique Thesis

Thesis  |  3 pages (968 words)
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Silent Film Critic

One cannot talk about the great milestones of film history without mentioning Edwin S. Porter's 1903 film The Great Train Robbery. In fact, the film is still considered to be the "mother of all American film narratives" (Auerbach 122). The film may be considered primitive to modern audiences with its 14 scenes and length of only a mere 10 minutes -- however, the film was commercially very successful and it established the belief that film could be a commercially-feasible medium (Dirks 2010). This film also contained many of the plot elements which would go into so many of Hollywood's future films, making The Great Train Robbery a model for what would become one of the most popular genres in America -- the Western.

The Great Train Robbery was originally advertised as "a faithful duplication of the genuine 'hold ups' made famous by various outlaw bands in the far West" (Dirks 2010) and the plot was taken from a real-life occurrence that happened on August 29, 1900 when four members of Butch Cassidy's 'Hole in the Wall' gang stopped the number three train on the Union Pacific Railroad tracks toward Table Rock, Wyoming (2010). Like in many dime novels of the time, the outlaws forced the conductor to disengage the passenger cars from the rest of the train. They then blew up a safe filled with money and escaped on the disengaged train.

The Great Train Robbery was probably the most successful narrative genre from 1903 until 1906 as it featured the exciting element of chase (Auerbach 88). To depict the feel of a great chase, Porter used many innovative and new elements to filmmaking to create a sense of excitement and urgency. The film also used pioneering techniques for the time -- and many of those techniques were used for the first time in the making of the film. A few examples of those innovations are parallel editing, small camera movements, location shooting and "less stage-bound camera placement" (Dirks 2010). The action that takes place on the moving train features the early use of special effects as the landscape rushes past the open door in the background. This is something that we have come to know very well in films, but in 1903, it was a first.

The film's action is told by using one shot for each scene and nearly every single shot is a static long-shot (except for the famous ending close-up shot of George Barnes and his pistol), confining the action to the viewpoint of the camera at eye level. The camera is not moved much and thus the actors' movement creates the action in this film. The ending scene, a gun pointed straight in the face of the audience by actor George Barnes, as noted, and the subsequent firing, was used very effectively to get the audience's full and immediate attention. It was this type of realism…… [read more]


Schindler's List Movie Review Movie Review

Movie Review  |  3 pages (934 words)
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Cheap Labor Using Undocumented Aliens

Schindler's List, is a 1993 motion picture based on the life of Oskar Schindler a cataloged in the book Schindler's Ark, written by Thomas Keneally. Schindler, a German businessman, employed thousands of Polish Jews in his factories to hide them from Nazi persecution. The film received seven Academy Awards, including Best Picture, Best Director, and Best Original Score and was ranked by the American Film Institute as the 8th best film of the top 100 American films of all time. With a $22 million dollar budget, the film has surpassed all expectations by earning $321 million as of 2009 (Schindler's List, 2010).

Plot -- the story revolves around Oskar (Liam Neeson) who bribes the local Nazi leader for contracts in the areas around the Polish Ghetto. Schindler is awarded a factory which produces army mess kits. Schindler, however, has no business or factory training, so turns to Itzhak Stern (Ben Kingley) who has contacts and expertise in the Polish Black Market. Although the workers are unpaid, Schindler and Stern ensure that the documents they carry indicate they are essential to the war effort, saving them from the concentration camps. Meanwhile, SS Captain Amon Goeth (Ralph Fiennes) arrives to construct the Plazow Concentration Camp. Schindler watches the roundup and massacre through a window and is emotionally devastated, finally bribing Goeth into allowing him to build a sub-camp for his workers. Schindler evolves from a selfish and one-dimensional person to one of compassion and concern for his fellow man. "Schindler's List" is made up of as many employees as possible, which keeps them alive. Schindler institutes firm controls over the guards and forbids torture, allows the prisoners to celebrate Sabbath, and makes sure they are given as much food as possible under the circumstances. Just as he runs out of money, the Nazis surrender, ending the war in Europe. Schindler, however, is listed under the Nazi books as a Party Member and beneficiary of slave labor. The film ends with a touching film eulogy to Scheduler who, through his small act, ensured that a number of Polish Jews survived the war (Overview for Schindler's List, 2010).

The Film- Directed by Steven Spielberg, the film is both epic and intimate in style, shot more like a documentary than a feature film. 40% of the film was shot with handheld cameras, and the small budget of $25 million required shooting to be completed in less than three months which, according to the Directory, "gave the film a spontaneity, an edge, and it also serves the subject…. I got rid of the crane, the Steadicam, and the zoom lenses…. Just everything for me that might be considered a safety net" (McBride, 1997, 429-33). Spielberg was far more concerned, in this case, with making an artistic film than…… [read more]


Chinese Film Analysis Essay

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Chinese Film Analysis

The process of studying the cinema often involves watching how various genres can change from one generation to the next, as new ideas are integrated in a variety of different films. One place where this can be seen is within the Hong Kong film industry. Where, it was going through a transformation from the martial arts genre… [read more]


Analyzing Movies Term Paper

Term Paper  |  8 pages (2,389 words)
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¶ … film is a comprehensive work of art with visual, symbolic, auditory, and potentially political elements. Yet individual scenes can be deconstructed to reveal the role of the camera, its angles, and lighting on the overall impact of the movie. Directorial cues and cinematography therefore comprise the most basic means of analyzing a movie. A movie is, after all,… [read more]


Personal Journey With Martin Scorsese Through American Movies Essay

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Scorsese's Journey Through Film

Scorsese's Personal Journey in Film

The documentary A Personal Journey with Martin Scorsese through American Movies is an impressive exploration of American cinematic history. It encompasses both recognized classics and lesser known works from many genres such as the silent film, the gangster film, the musical, the western, and the melodrama. This lends it depth. Scorsese's selection does not show the genesis of the genres so much as the important stages in their development. Since Scorsese is a notable director, his articulate interpretations of these films hold weight. Most valuable is his utilization of clips to suggest not so much a grand narrative as strands of different simultaneous narratives on film-making. This is where his categorization of directors into storyteller, illusionist, smuggler, and iconoclast is useful. It signifies key working methods, aims, artistic slants, and audience effects of the various genres of film that are discussed, as well as pointing out key moments in their historical progression. While not comprehensive, its sketch shows the dynamic changes within Hollywood over the decades, the forces that shaped the creation of films (such as the influence of producers or changing control factors), the roles and travails of directing, technological and aesthetic advances in the field, and the clash of morality and social critique within the broader work of creative film-making. All these perspectives are given significant time and consideration. Ultimately, this documentary's exploration satisfies.

The most significant sequence was the chapter on "Director as Iconoclast." These directors were more overt than the smugglers in their challenge of the Production Code that determined morally what could and could not be shown on the screen. They pushed the envelope with different styles and subject matters considered taboo until they presented them. Scorsese says that the iconoclast "attacks conventions head-on and his defiance sends shock waves through the industry." It was these renegade, convention-smashing directors that paved the way for more contemporary cinema, allowing expressions that were formerly forbidden.

One way this happened was by inserting a glamour-defying reality into the films that rocked the predominant notion of film as escapism. For example, D.W. Griffiths did this in the silent era with his film Broken Blossoms (1919). Not normally associated with iconoclasm, Griffiths succeeded in portraying a story that was simultaneously anti-racist and sordid. Nothing is idealized. Suffering grips the protagonists, the stooped blossoms, until they merge joyfully. Then bigotry and patriarchal violence shatters their brief dream. The brutal and prejudiced father kills the battered heroine at the end, while her Buddhist lover is unable to save her in time. This is important because the film has no happy ending. It defies the stereotypical escapism prevalent in movies at that time. Yet Griffiths did not pay heavily for this film as other directors would.

Another way iconoclasm took place was in drawing from depressive reality. Scorsese says that Darryl Zanuck of Warner Brothers ordered his directors in the 1930s to take subjects from the newspaper headlines. One of the results was the… [read more]


Why the Movie the Hangover Is Considered a Comedy Film Review

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¶ … Hang Over": A Comedic Analysis

The movie "The Hangover" is currently the highest grossing "R" rated comedy of all time. It has grossed over $240 in theaters alone. The film itself plays on the drunken antics of four friends looking to spend their last weekend together as bachelors in Las Vegas and quickly moves from a tale of… [read more]


Graduate ): Film Review Thesis

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Graduate (1967): Film review

Although the Graduate is a comedy with a farcical plot (a recent college graduate has an affair with his desired girlfriend's mother), it is characterized by subtle, understated acting that intensifies the humor of the film. For example, when Dustin Hoffman's college graduate Benjamin is told at a cocktail party that the future of America is in "plastics," the line is left to speak "for itself," and the humor of the scene derives from his discomfort and uncertainty about what to say, not just the irony about how the word reflects the plastic nature of suburbia. Carefully timed reaction shots paired with ironic dialogue are what give the film is satiric humor: the viewer must carefully watch and listen to appreciate the film. For example, Anne Bancroft's Mrs. Robinson's careless sexuality when she removes her stockings to seduce Benjamin is funny because of his adolescent discomfort and because of her denial that is what she is obviously doing.

Although the acting is contemporary in its style, other aspects of the film clearly mark it as part of the 1960s, such as the ending sequence, which shows Benjamin whisking Elaine away at the altar from a stultifying life. The couple defies parental and social conventions without any thought of the future. The film clearly pairs…… [read more]


1930's Movie Essay

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Arthur Penn's classic 1967 film Bonnie and Clyde relays the true story of a gangster couple whose foray into bank heists turns sour and deadly. Although the title characters are clearly criminals who deviate from normative behavior in many ways, Bonnie and Clyde are heroes. The couple is depicted in a way that helps the audience sympathize with them, and therefore root for them throughout the film even as their plans go awry. Bonnie and Clyde share traits in common with the heroes in classical Greek drama.

For example, both Bonnie and Clyde suffer from a great deal of hubris and this tragic flaw causes them to fail at key moments. A hero is not necessarily an unambiguously benevolent character but rather, a multidimensional one. In fact, Bonnie and Clyde do not intend to use violence. Their tragic flaws led them astray from their true goals, the way Oedipus and other classic heroes also fail. Bonnie and…… [read more]


Godfather Movie Research Proposal

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Godfather (movie)

Godfather

Michael Corleone is the youngest son the "Don" Vito Corleone, the head of a New York Mafia "family." The film begins when he returns from active service in the Second World War. His return is welcomed by father and his family when he attends his sister's wedding at the family compound. The first scene of the film… [read more]


Commercial and Art Film a Comparison Research Proposal

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Commercial and Art Film

A comparison of Commercial and art film

The distinction or difference between art and commercial film is one that is often discussed and debated. There is a general view that art films are 'better' and philosophically have more depth and meaning than commercial films. They are also usually referred to as having more cinematic acting and… [read more]


Movie Classifications Movies Are Classified Essay

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Movie Classifications

Movies are classified according to genre which is French term meaning "type." In cinema around the globe, films have been classified into variety of genres, some being more dominant than others. Some of the most well-known genres are comedy, horror, thriller, drama, musical and westerns. And some of these movies will also have a sub-genre like a slapstick comedy or a gothic horror movie. Richard Maltby has given us eight major genres into which most cinematic creations can be classified: "The Western, the comedy, the musical, and the war movie are four uncontested categories. Different critics will then argue the relative independent merits of at least one of the thriller, the crime or gangster movie, and list the horror movie and science fiction as either one or two additional genres." (p. 116). To this we can also add romance and action adventure as two more important genres. Since movies are no longer single-generic, most movies will combine two or more main genres such as romantic comedy. This sub-genre has become so popular that it has actually come to occupy a place as a separate genre in itself. For example "An Affair to Remember" would be called a romantic movie while "You've Got Mail" would be described as romantic comedy.

Comedy:

Comedy is one of the most dominant staple of cinema production. There is no large cinema industry in the world which hasn't produced its fair share of comedies. Comedies have ruled the cinema along with romance and action-adventure movies. "Most discussions on comedy begin by acknowledging a basic distinction between what might be called its comic units-gags, jokes, funny moments and the like- and the narrative and non-narrative context in which they occur. This distinction is important both because it links to issues of film history, and because it raises questions about definition and hence about the criteria governing comedy as a genre." (Neale p. 66) Comedy has a broad definition. It can be either completely verbal or completely physical or a combination of both. Jerry Lewis' comedies for example fell in the latter category while more refined works like "Some like it hot" fall into the former one.

There are comedies where narrative is more important and jokes as a comic relief. These comedies have a story line which may be non-comical. In others however narrative is only an excuse as jokes and gags are more important. Horton (1991) explains:

"comedies are interlocking sequences of jokes and gags that place narrative in the foreground in which case comedy leans in varying degrees towards some dimension of the non-comic (realism, romance, fantasy), or use that narrative as only a loose excuse for holding together moments of comic business (as in a Marx Brothers' films)." (p. 7)

In comedies, a great deal of attention is paid to jokes and gags. They occupy a pivotal place because they are placed at the exact moment when laughter is to be generated. The audience can either develop an instant connection with the… [read more]


Film Documentary Review Research Proposal

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Film Documentary Review: Nix on Behind Forgotten Eyes (2006)

The reviewer Nix chose to review the film Behind Forgotten Eyes (2006). The film is a documentary that addresses the comfort women, which was the term used to describe the Korean women who were forced to act as prostitutes for Japanese soldiers during World War II. The reviewer obviously had some knowledge of the history of comfort women, and used his historical knowledge as a basis for judging the film. However, he did not seem to strictly evaluate the film's historical accuracy. Whether this was because he found the film to be historically accurate or whether he was simply impressed with the emotional impact of the film is something that was not made clear in the documentary.

In fact, the reviewer took a very emotional and empathetic approach to the film review. He was clearly impressed by the story that the documentary told, and asked others to question whether they would be able to find the same strength or resiliency as the women portrayed in the film if they ever faced the same type of circumstances. In fact, while the reviewer found that the film portrayed a cruelty one would have hoped was extinguished by the 20th century, he compared what happened to the comfort women to other widely known atrocities, such as the Massacre of Nanking, the concentration camps, and Pol Pot's killing fields. The reviewer made it clear that he agreed with the documentary's director's interpretation of the comfort women's ordeal that these women were forced into sexual slavery and that they did not willingly act as prostitutes.

Because the reviewer felt that the film was separated into three acts, he addressed each part of the documentary separately. The first part of the documentary focuses on comfort women and the soldiers who utilized them giving their personal accounts of the comfort women experience. The reviewer was obviously sympathetic to the plight of the comfort women, casting them as victims and the soldiers as victimizers, which is how almost all historians view the…… [read more]


Philosophy of Film Philosophy Thesis

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Philosophy of Film

Philosophy in Film

Ever since mankind first crawled out of the slime, it has attempted -- through the brighter intellectual luminaries that most ages have produced -- to describe and explain the conditions of humanity and reality with as much objectivity as can be mustered (a subject which is itself a matter of great debate). There are… [read more]


Politically-Themed Movie - W Charlie Wilson's War Essay

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¶ … politically-Themed movie - W

Charlie Wilson's War

Politics has always been a frequently discussed issue, with roughly everyone being interested in it at one point in their lives. Politicians are assigned with deciding matters on which people depend on, and, thus, the public is looking forward to choosing the best to rule over them. Because of the notoriety of the subject, numerous writings have been issued relating to it. Several film directors have inspired their movies from real occurrences which have happened in the lives of politicians. Charlie Wilson's War is a 2007 biographical film presenting events from the life of Democratic Congressman Charlie Wilson, from Texas. The movie's plot first follows Charlie Wilson as he enjoys the good things in life, only to later witness the horrors which the people in Afghanistan are being subjected to by the Soviet invaders.

The main character, Charlie Wilson, is played by actor Tom Hanks, and, as the story evolves, the audience is presented with a typical brilliant performance coming from Hanks. Wilson is displayed as having good organizational abilities, yet, he proves to have a weakness for women and partying. An example of his lifestyle is shown through the facts that he only has beautiful women working from him as secretaries, and, that he drinks champagne in a Jacuzzi in Vegas. Across the movie, Wilson is put to test several times, but, because of his luck and his intelligence, he manages to come out clean. Both in Texas, and in Afghanistan, Wilson's emotions prove to be stronger than his logic, and, it does not last long before he encounters failure in his missions.

Despite of being surrounded by beautiful women mostly all the time, Wilson is especially fond of Joanne Herring (Julia Roberts). Julia Roberts's character is a good example of a strong woman that knows how to get what she wants. She firstly presents Wilson with the situation in Afghanistan hoping that it would get his attention. She then continues her plan and succeeds in making Wilson fully interested in the state of affairs.

The public must have been expecting both Hanks and Roberts to provide them with a movie of great value. The director had been also expecting the names of the two actors to make people attend the movie in great numbers. However, what most viewers did not expect had been a wonderfully played positive role from actor Phillip Seymour Hoffman. The actor plays the role of CIA agent Gust Avrakotos and has to assist Wilson in his mission of installing freedom in Afghanistan. Charlie Wilson's War presents Hoffman differently than how…… [read more]


Western Film Essay

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Wstern Film

Motion picture directors have made numerous Western movies in the second half of the twentieth century until about the 90s when the genre had become a thing of the past among film fans. Most Westerns depicted the period subsequent to the Civil War, when people were migrating towards the west in large numbers with the belief that they would get rich there. A typical western involves a great deal of shooting done by renegade cowboys or by hero-like sheriffs.

John Ford's the Searchers follows the story of Civil War veteran Ethan Edwards (John Wayne) as he had just returned from the war where he fought for the Confederacy. Early westerns frequently displayed Indians as being ruthless savages dedicated to stealing and killing innocent people. The Indians in Ford's movie follow the pattern exactly.

John Wayne's character, Ethan, is a convinced anti-Indian and cannot control himself as he finds out about Lucy's affair with Scar. Ethan is the archetypal white man from the late nineteenth century in the period subsequent to the Civil War. White people felt that they had to civilize all Indians and that they were rightfully entitled to rule over all of Northern America.

Ethan is not the only person in the film displaying explicit racist beliefs towards Indians. In spite of the appearance of her gentle nature, Laurie advises Martin not to intervene between Ethan and Debbie because she also considers that a relationship between a white girl and an Indian is something outrageous.

All of the Indians involved in the film show no expression of intelligence or of good-will. The movie has been produced in 1956 when people regarded Indians as being uneducated and there was a general movement that promoted white people as a superior race.

In contrast to the Searchers, Little Big Man is a Western that proves the fact that people have changed their way of thinking from 1956 to 1970. The 70s have been a period when people were rebelling against unjust wars and for freedom and equality for all.

All of the Indian characters involved in the movie are different from most Indians participating in Westerns. In opposition, white men are presented as being thieves that would stop at nothing from exploiting everything and everyone.

The story of Jack Crabb is followed as he undergoes a series of unfortunate incidents. In spite of following the Hollywood pattern, the Indians in the movie prove to be very wise and kind.

Even with the fact that Jack has mistreated Younger Bear, he receives assistance from him as the Indian saves his life.

The audience is presented with Jack's life as he is subjected to two different styles of living: that in the Cheyenne camp and that among civilized whites. Life among the whites is composed…… [read more]


Film Birth of a Nation Thesis

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Film: Birth of a Nation

The presentation of the first motion pictures had left the audience speechless, as their concept of a story had been limited until that time. The first motion picture directors had the difficult task of presenting the public with a movie that they would enjoy. The reason for why their task was difficult was due to their dealing with something that had not been done before and required a lot of ingenuity D.W. Griffith, the director of "The Birth of a Nation" is one of the early pioneers involved in the motion picture business. The movie has raised a lot of controversy and it is one of the most valued films from the period.

Griffith's movie expresses explicit racist behavior and is most probably a result of white people rejecting the thought that the African-Americans had been set free by the Civil War. The movie quickly received recognition around the U.S. And it made the director rich.

The plot is divided into two distinct parts where the two families around which the actions revolve are being put through several incidents happening in the Civil War period. In the first part we are presented with the two families: the Stonemans and the Camerons. Austin Stoneman is the head of the Stonemans and a convinced abolitionist. Austin has a daughter named Elsie and two other sons. The Cameron family (a slave-holder family) has five children, daughters Margret and Flora, and three sons, including Ben Cameron, the main character.

The Stoneman boys visit the Cameron boys, with whom they are friends, and a Stoneman boy falls for Margret Cameron while Ben Cameron develops a crush on Elsie Stoneman who he sees in a picture. The episode ends quickly as the Civil War begins and all of the boys join the military.

The Cameron house is soon captured by a group of black men, but the situation is saved by a Confederate unit. One of the Stoneman boys is killed and so are two boys from the Cameron family. Ben Cameron is wounded and attends a hospital…… [read more]


Popular Movie Reviews Chinatown, 1974, Color Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  11 pages (3,077 words)
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Popular Movie Reviews

Chinatown

Chinatown, 1974, color, 2hr.11min

Director: Roman Polanski

Starring: Jack Nicholson, Faye Dunaway, John Huston

Chinatown starts off with Los Angeles private eye Jake Gittes (Nicholson) being approached by a woman claiming to be Mrs. Mulwray, wife to the man who designed and built the city's water system and whom she suspects of having an affair. Jake… [read more]


Cool Hand Luke the Film Essay

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Cool Hand Luke the Film

Cool Hand Luke" is both a movie about resistance against authority and disobedience, as well as a movie about leadership. However, all these particular segments can be expanded to include other secondary themes, such as humanity in general and the relationships that develop between human beings, depending on what level of authority they find themselves on, and the human individuality itself, with Luke Jackson (and some of the other prisoners as well) attempting to discover his own personality, beyond his own behaviors. Each of these themes is tied with each other: the disobedience theme is closely related to the development of the individual in his relationship with authority, but also with the other characters in the movie.

The whole movie revolves around the personality of Luke Jackson, interpreted by Paul Newman, and his inability to both fit in socially and to adapt to the rules that society imposes. This is what gets him into prison from the very beginning: while drunk, he destroys parking meters during the night. While the offence is apparently mild, the different actions that the character enterprises during the movie, his incapacity to adapt to the situation he is in and his revolted character make him a victim throughout and eventually bring his final downfall.

The idea of leadership that has been introduced in the thesis of this paper also comes from his disobedience and resistance to the authority of the prison. This is something tempting for his fellow prisoners who see in this an extraordinary capacity of maintaining one's spirit and ideals and remaining upright despite the prison's challenges and numerous provocations, without any compromises. With this in mind, they easily turn Luke's revolt into something they would themselves embrace, if only they had some of Luke's qualities. This, in turn, easily transforms Luke into a leader among his group, because the distance from idolatry to leadership is not very big.

However, it is also from this disobedience that Luke's humanity transposes throughout the film. One of the most important scenes is the one where he has to dig a whole in the camp yard, only to fill it up after that and start all over again. This the clear Sisyphus Myth, slightly changed in the movie (in the myth, Sisyphus has to push a rock up a mountain, only for the rock to fall again to the bottom of the mountain once the top is reached). The act itself is obviously useless, but has a tremendous impact on Luke's spirit and evolution. It is at the same time the appropriation of the idea that everything is in vain and useful. However, again connecting this with disobedience and disrespect for authority, the message goes even beyond the simple physical effort to incorporate passing on the message that all his escapes are in fact in vain as well, as is his continuous revolt against the system and against authority.

It is true, however, that Luke does have another tentative escape, however,… [read more]

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