Study "Film / Movies / Television" Essays 56-110

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Film Audience and the Movie Capote Term Paper

… Capote

The recent film Capote (2005, Bennett Miller) achieved a modest success by Hollywood standards but was never expected to do more than that given the subject matter and the divisions within the audience. The film was released by Sony… [read more]

Movie Proposals Term Paper

… In order to make a proper choice among the four projects, we need to point out towards the fact that the company's mission, "must" and "want" objectives and financial criteria such as ROI also need to be rank. A movie performing well in the "want" objective cannot be picked out if it does not respect the "must" objectives or part of the company's mission.

As such, "My Life with Dalai Lama" and "The Year of the Echo" have to be excluded from the very beginning. The first brings about political controversies which may risk a potential economic conflict with China, a conflict that will soon materialize in an interdiction to launch a theme park there. This will not come to terms with the company's short and medium termed plans.

"The Year of the Echo," besides being intended as a documentary for a well-determined segment of consumers, has moral controversies and will never fulfil criteria such as low advisory content.

This leaves a choice between "Heidi" and "Escape from Rio Japuni." Heidi has the disadvantage of having a large budget, which may implicate future financial problems for the company. We are not sure whether the company can support a financial burden of such dimensions. Besides good music, good actors and beautiful scenery, it really has nothing to show for. It is only a remake, with no additional creative substance.

In this sense, the best candidate is "Escape from Rio Japuni." While being a moderate project, not aiming at high implications, it draws attention towards the problems in the environment and this has become part of the company's mission. It also has a very promising ROI and it can become a reference in the animated film category.

Following this argumentation and the use of the rankings and criteria provided, "Escape from Rio Japuni" is the best choice…… [read more]

Film Field of Dreams Executive Movie Review

… Kinsella, particularly in as much as eventually asserting that 'sometimes you have to take a chance in life', in addition to incepting a proverbial platform of second changes and repentances, serves as the idealistic protagonist with his strengths as well as flaws and weaknesses made clearly apparent. The mood within the entire movie, which is predominantly of a pensive and dreamlike sort, is one of the prime reasons due to which most viewers will find it enticing and moving; it tends to grant each of the characters with an essence of realistic sentiment and emotion due to which most audiences will tend to connect to the characters on a rather deep level.

The portrayal of such things as the significance and implications of Kinsella's woes; his inexplicable obsession with following the instructions of the 'voice' and the portrayal of love [between Kinsella and his wife] as fundamentally meaning the sharing of your loved one's dreams (Ebert, 1989) all contribute to this feeling of realistic characterization. Even the inherent relevance of baseball passion [as one of the central points of the story] and the quest through which Kinsella comes across such characters as the doctor [played by Burt Lancaster] who gave up his baseball career for the ostensibly higher respectability within a doctors career and the writer who has grown to despise society [James Earl Jones] further accentuate the moralistic significance of the story in a subtly realistic manner.

It begins to become increasingly apparent as the movie nears it conclusion, especially with the appearance of the ghost of Kinsella's father that the prime objective of the movie isn't baseball or success; in fact, it becomes increasingly evident that this is movie based upon representing the lives of people living with deep set regrets due to particular wasted chances within their lives. The film isn't just for baseball fans and neither is it just for those with sentimental tendencies, its fundamentally for people those experienced loss and want, just for a few minutes, a shot at regaining things that they have lost as a result of past mistakes.

External Source

Ebert, R. (1989). Field of Dreams. Digital Chicago @… [read more]

Psycho as a Fan Movie Review

… ¶ … Psycho

As a fan of film, I had always been told that Alfred Hitchcock's version of Psycho was the penultimate suspense movie, paving the way for later movies in the genre, like Silence of the Lambs. Furthermore, it served as source material for a later remake by the same name, which I had seen and found unimpressive. As a result, I skipped watching Psycho until this assignment. When I did watch it, I turned the lights down, so I was surrounded by the dark, like one should be for a horror movie. However, the film was so successful at creating the desired atmosphere, that I found myself sleeping with a light on that night!

For a film that is considered pivotal, it is interesting to note that Psycho almost was not made. Hitchcock had already established himself as a master of suspense by the time he made the movie, but the studio was not excited about the source material. Robert Bloch's book, which was loosely based on real life murderer Ed Gein, was considered far too graphic to be translated to a movie screen during that time period. While screenwriter Joseph Stefano kept many elements that appeared in Bloch's novel, he removed or altered some of the more graphic elements, such as choosing to make the shower scene a stabbing rather than the beheading that is featured in the book. Even those changes were not enough for Paramount to green-light the project, and, while they did not prevent Hitchcock from making the film, they refused to provide a real budget for the project. Hitchcock chose to self-finance the project and used primarily the studio, crew, and equipment from his television show to complete the project. Hitchcock had previously made several highly acclaimed suspense movies, most notably Vertigo, North by Northwest, and Rear Window, and his success with Psycho was followed by the film The Birds. The two main stars of the movie, Anthony Perkins and Janet Leigh, were well-established in Hollywood by the time of filming. Perkins had received a best supporting actor Academy Award nomination for a role in the 1956 film Friendly Persuasion. Leigh was a respected working actress for over a decade prior to her role in Psycho, and even starred in another classic thriller, Touch of Evil.

I have seen a wide variety of fairly graphic horror and suspense movies, but I have to admit that the way that Hitchcock used tension to escalate the storytelling in Psycho may be unmatched, as may Perkin's portrayal of serial killer Norman Bates in a way that made the character seem likeable and sympathetic throughout much of the movie, even while he was simultaneously doing things that the audience knew were both creepy and alarming. It is especially interesting that Leigh's character,…… [read more]

Movie Juno Term Paper

… Enhancement Photos Magazines Ads - Artful Ad Inspiring Dishonest & Harmful

Mark Grey


The present work's focus is to develop a critique of Juno, the much acclaimed 2007 motion picture that received an Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay -- Diablo Cody, and several other Oscar nominations, such as Best Picture and Best Actress -- Ellen Page.

Jason Reitman, the director, made all the right moves, from setting, to actors, to music, and even though there were two other movies dealing with unplanned pregnancy released in the same period, namely Waitress and Knocked Up, Juno stood out as a comedy with class, style, and substance. The soundtrack and music are wonderfully arranged for this film, nineteen tracks having been selected from a wide variety of artists including the Kinks, Buddy Holly and the Velvet Underground. Indeed, Barry Louis Polisar's All I Want Is You became iconic for the film and went to No.1 on the Billboard charts.

The film's structure is very well orchestrated, with a plotline that justifies the general enthusiasm surrounding this film. This story involves a sixteen-year-old high school girl named Juno MacGuff, played by Ellen Page, who discovers that she is pregnant, and that the father of her child is an old friend named Paulie Bleeker. Bleeker has always admired Juno and in time they confess their love for each other. The fact that Juno's parents seem a bit more accepting of this situation than perhaps many parents of pregnant teenage girls would be doesn't detract from the flow of the plot. Surprisingly, Juno decides not to go through with the scheduled abortion, and settles on adoption, yet after finding what she believes to be an ideal pair to raise her child, Vanessa and Mark's fragile marriage falls apart. Nevertheless, Juno decides to proceed with her design to have the baby and then place him in Vanessa's nurturing custody.

Paulie and Juno's relationship visibly alters as the action unfolds, morphing from simple teenage affection into established partnership, as the couple faces a serious issue that could have been a tense disaster but for their intelligence and social savvy. What happens to young Juno could happen to any teenage girl, and her decisions are those that a typical intelligent young woman would make. Those decisions made by Juno are made with no thought of doing what others might expect her to make, and "Juno serves cool, intelligent girls something they rarely see in a movie: themselves" (Morris), which some viewers might interpret as explicitly feminist.

The cast are very believable and enjoyable in their roles. The main characters in this comedy are Juno MacGuff played by Ellen Page, Paulie Bleeker played by Michael Cera, Vanessa Loring played by Jennifer Garner, Mark Loring played by Jason…… [read more]

In the Year 2010 Research Paper

… China as Emerging Film Market

In the year 2010, the State Administration of Radio film and Television (SARFT) passed about 526 films from the censorship review in China. About 1800 films, in the same year, received the initial project confirmation… [read more]

Haitian Revolution Film Review

… ¶ … Egalite for All. Toussaint Louverture and the Haitian Revolution

What sort of film is this? Does it portray a certain period of history, a series of events or the life of an important historical figure?

It does deal… [read more]

Film Pulp Fiction Essay

… Pulp Fiction is a film written and directed by Quentin Tarantino. The film's title is derived from the pulp fiction stories of the early 20th century that allowed writers to experiment with stories that would eventually lead to the development of the hardboiled detective fiction genre. Through the mise-en-scene, sound, story and genre, Tarantino was able to create a violently delightful film that stands the test of time.

Pulp Fiction revolves around three overlapping stories that intersect at various points in the film. Travolta and Jackson play Vince Vega and Jules Winnfield, two contract killers that work for Marsellus Wallace and are tasked with recovering Marsellus' property after it is stolen. In a second storyline, Vince Vega agrees to take Marsellus's wife, Mia, out for a night of fun while Marsellus is out of town; in this storyline, Mia and Vince go out to a diner, compete and win a twist dance contest, and survive a drug overdose scare when Mia snorts a large amount of heroin. A third storyline revolves around Butch Coolidge, a boxer played by Bruce Willis, who is coerced by Marsellus to fix a boxing match by throwing the fifth round; Butch defies Marsellus, which prompts Marsellus to hunt Butch down. In the course of seeking retribution against Butch, the men are held captive, viciously and sexually assaulted, and eventually declare a truce so long as they never speak of what happened again.

Throughout his career, Tarantino's film's camera shots and angles have come to become the director's trademarks. For instance, the car trunk shot in which Tarantino shoots from a low angle as though looking up from a car's trunk can be seen as Vince and Jules gather weapons and ammunition before retrieving Marsellus's stolen briefcase. This trunk shot has been used in almost all of Tarantino's subsequent films. Also, Tarantino is known for his "corpse point-of-view" shot in which people look…… [read more]

French New Wave/Auteur Theory Essay

… Inglourious Basterds is subdivided into five distinct chapters: "Chapter One: Once Upon a Time…in Nazi Occupied France," introduces the film and helps to establish that the film will similar to a Western, as well as be set during World War… [read more]

1976 Movie Network Essay

… Network

Directed by Sidney Lumet and written by Paddy Chayefsky, 1976's Network provided one of the most cutting satires of television and American media culture to be produced in the twentieth-century, and its themes continue to resonate to this day.… [read more]

Chinese Film the Evolution Essay

… With the rapid growth of the Chinese economy, more and more people are able to afford to pay to see the new movies in the theatre. This market segment has nearly tripled over the last decade and producers are rapidly trying to keep up with the increases in demand. Some of the latest developments, such as 3D technology, coupled with the increases in demand, promise to make the development of the Chinese industry even that more interesting. As a result of these developments, the Chinese film industry has the potential to become a leader in the world film industry, with the capacity to produce high quality films in unimaginable numbers.

Despite the current advancements in the industry, much of the content in the films is still remarkably similar to the content that could be found in the turn of the century in the early days of the movie industry's development. It is likely that this trend will continue because of the remarkable nature of the traditional Chinese culture. This trend will also be influenced by the demand of the rest of the world to experience elements of the Chinese culture as well. One can expect to find a large demand for Chinese exported films in the future that are based on the traditional nature of the Chinese culture. These items include such popular favorites as the martial arts, the Chinese warriors, and the Chinese emperors of past.

Works Cited

Chinese Films. "Chinese Films Meet Difficulties to Advance in Global Arena." 1 March 2012. Chinese Films. Web. 5 June 2012.

Cultural China. "Classic Movie and Stars." N.d. Cultural China. Web. 6 May 2012.

Kushner, B. "Is that really funny? -- humor and identity in Japan and China." 17 April 2009. Japan Society. Web. 5 June 2012.

Moses, L. "Chinese Embassy host film festival." N.d. Embassy of the Peoples Republic of China. Web. 6 June 2012.

The Chinese Mirror. "The…… [read more]

Total Sensory Experience -Pros Essay

… A. Introduction

In this paper, the we will compare and contrast the various similarities and differences of watching a movie in the movie theater as opposed to watching a movie on the television set at home. In this presentation, we will collectively address the following "movie experience" topics to include total sensory experience, environment, cost, and convenience.

B. Total Sensory Experience -Pros and Cons

The reason one goes to the theater in order to see a movie is obvious. This deals with the quality of the projection equipment. On the small screen of a television, there is a great amount of detail that can not be seen. In a typical living room, the sofa distance is approximately 10 feet for the eye adjust to. At the movies, this not an issue. In addition, there is the issue of stereo sound. However, watching a film on TV can be better than it is to watch it in the theaters. In the opinion of this author, the issue largely depends upon the quality of the surround sound system and the size of the TV (small or big screen). This does not mean that the enjoyment of the movies needs to be sacrificed. There is a lot to be said for big screen viewing. However, one's own home provides a very comfortable and intimate place for families for individuals to enjoy either old or newly released films. When one chooses to watch a film at home, this is both comfortable and inexpensive . Watching a movie at home is convenient and costs less instead of going to the theater and spending as much money.

B. Environment

In terms of cost, it is always much cheaper to rent and see a film at home. At home, the cost entails renting the DVD and buying some snacks at the super market. Going to the movies has traditionally been more expensive. The theater company has to cover overhead on the building. Additionally, drinks and snacks are expensive in a theater. Ticket prices are usually more expensive.


In terms of expense, it is almost always much cheaper to rent and see a film in one's home. At home, the cost entails renting the DVD and buying some snacks at the super market or convenience store. Going to the movies has always been more expensive. The theater company has to cover the overhead on the building. Additionally, drinks and snacks are expensive in a theater. Ticket prices are usually more expensive as well.


It is very inconvenient to journey to a theater. Now, many of the movie theaters are in strip malls or other locations that demand driving, parking and other hassles involved with going to a physical location. However, when one watches the film at home, there are none of these problems. The DVD can be rented presently in an automated kiosk near many convenience stores, or even ordered online and delivered to the one's house. The snacks can be picked up at the convenience… [read more]

Truman Show Is the Movie Essay

… Truman Show

Is the movie "The Truman Show" truly a work of art? What are the scholars saying about this most unusual and entertaining film that stars Jim Carrey and is produced by Peter Weir? This paper reviews and critiques… [read more]

Movie Rental Industry and Competition Research Paper

… Porter's Five Forces

movie rental industry and competition

Porter's Five Forces: The movie rental industry

The threat of new entrants

The movie rental industry as a whole has relatively low overhead, particularly in these post-Blockbuster times. Movie rental companies such as Netflix occupy virtual space rather than exist as brick and mortar stores. This would seem to make the risk of new entrants fairly high. But Netflix must pay postage to support its business model of unlimited shipped-to-consumer movies, and Redbox must maintain kiosks in prominent areas to encourage consumers to rent from its vending machines. Hidden entry costs to challenge the main industry competitors are higher than they might seem, given the size of Netflix and its few main rivals, which allow them to operate on economies of scale. But new entrants can gain entry, either selling illegal, bootlegged copies of films, which are growing increasingly sophisticated, or simply diversifying their brand offerings, such as Facebook and Amazon, who are making encroachments into the rental market (Bond 2011).


Rivalry is considerable, given the frequent similarity between the two products being sold: many existing movie rental companies offer the same films, with little distinction between their services other than price and method of delivery. Netflix offers unlimited rentals by mail; cable companies offer Movies on Demand to subscribers who pay fees only for the films they want, and Redbox offers a pay-as-you-go model through rental kiosks.

Buyer power

Buyer power is considerable given that no one 'needs' to order a film, and there are many available substitutes on the market. Buyers can rent movies for free at the library or watch television. The availability of new technology means that the venues to see films may grow even more diverse, giving buyers increased leverage. The day after Warner Brothers. announced an agreement with the online social media website Facebook to allow Facebook users to stream the Dark Knight for $3, Netflix's stock dropped 6% (Bond 2011). Netflix stock had already dropped 17% when announced "it was giving away streaming movies to its subscribers of Prime, Amazon's discount shipping initiative" (Bond 2011). Buyers seem to have an infinitely expansive array of was to see films. Even YouTube made a deal with Lionsgate films in 2010 to stream many popular movies for free (Salter 2010).

Supplier power

The example of Warner Brothers and Facebook also illustrates the tremendous power that companies have in deciding how to distribute their movies. Netflix cannot afford to refuse to disseminate Warner Brothers films as leverage with the company, given that this will only drive consumers away from Netflix services, and cause them to explore other rental venues. Movie suppliers have a strong interest in finding as many new and innovative ways to release their product and create buzz and excitement about films. Netflix and other companies cannot demand many restrictions and exclusive arrangements from suppliers because so many other distribution venues exist.

Redbox is even more restricted in its supplier relationships -- it does not… [read more]

Favorite Movie of 2010 Essay

… King's Speech

Favorite movie 2010

A review of my favorite movie of 2010: The King's Speech

A review of my favorite movie of 2010: The King's Speech

I saw the King's Speech because of the positive 'buzz' it had generated in the press. Like many film buffs I enjoy seeing the likely Oscar-winners in the theater. I was expecting a rather staid, well-acted British drama but many aspects of the film resonated with me on a much deeper level. I found the film unexpectedly powerful. The film chronicles the struggles of the future King George VI to rid himself of a debilitating stammer, after his brother unexpectedly abdicates the throne to marry a commoner and a divorcee. Although I do not stammer like Bertie I have had a lifelong fear of speaking in public. The idea of suddenly being thrust upon the world stage and having to speak to an entire country to mobilize the nation in an anti-war effort made me pity Bertie, an emotion which I did not think I would feel for someone who was born to such privileged circumstances. I also identified with the fact that Bertie had often been made to feel inferior to his older and more charismatic brother King Edward VIII, even though Edward was much more selfish than Bertie.

The New York Times criticized the film for not satirizing the British caste system and being insufficiently critical of the monarchy: "The King's Speech takes a relatively benign view of the monarchy, framing Albert as a somewhat poor little rich boy condemned to live in a fishbowl… the royals' problems are largely personal, embodied by King George playing the stern 19th-century patriarch to Logue's touchy-feely Freudian father" (Dargis 2010). But this criticism seems unfair and one-sided to me. The film is equally candid about the fact that Bertie's speech therapist, Lionel Logue is not perfect. Logue is a failed actor and takes a very dim view of the British monarchy. Lionel must go on an emotional journey himself to teach Bertie, as he gradually embraces his pupil's strengths while correcting his deficits. One of the aspects of the film that I…… [read more]

Movie Bandit Queen Term Paper

… Movie, Bandit Queen

Shekhar Kapur's the Bandit Queen: Truth in art

Macbeth and Richard III are considered two of the greatest tragedies ever written in the English language. However, the historical Macbeth killed a bad, rather than a good king, and the historical Richard III never committed illicit murder to gain the throne of England. Shakespeare's versions of these historical figures, biased by his own political and national sympathies, have become so powerful that these misappropriations of historical fact have become more potent and indelible than reality itself. It is difficult to state that such historical inaccuracies invalidate Shakespeare's plays, even though it could be argued that in such cases art has obscured rather than illuminated the truth. Defenders of Shakespeare, however, would counter that the Bard's plays have a psychological truth that is deeper and more important than any version of historical fact: for history, an individual should consult a textbook, not a play.

These defenders of Shakespeare and filmmakers, who take poetic license such as director Shekhar Kapur of the Bandit Queen (1994), would argue that every artist's creation is by nature subjective. People cannot come to a play or film and expect 'reality,' given that dialogue and other incidents are obviously manufactured to make the art entertaining for the audience. Opponents of this license given to art would argue that while an artist has the right to create whatever fictional person he or she desires, it is not fair, and even dangerous to play 'fast and loose' with the facts in a film which gives an impression of historical accuracy, based upon its use of the real names of living figures. If someone wants to tell a fictional tale, they should create something from whole cloth.

Real consequences can ensue from the creation of art. Many argue, for example, that Phoolan Devi would never have been assassinated, had it not been for the film that presented her as a cold and murderous 'bandit queen.' However, even the real Devi was a legitimate celebrity during the height of her fame and not an obscure person exploited by the media. "There was a time in the early 1980s when Phoolan Devi, who led a gang of bandits in the desolate ravines of northern India, was as famous as a movie star. Little girls played with their Devi Dolls, and the media tracked her every move" (Ebert 1995). Devi was a public figure, and unlike an anonymous person, did not have a legitimate expectation of privacy.

Some biographies are undertaken with the support of the central subject. But Devi sued to have the film banned, allegedly offended by the film's sexual content and its portrayal of her seemingly unrelenting vengeance and violence (Ebert 1995). This gives rise to the question: Why were the filmmakers so determined to tell Devi's story in the manner they did, despite her anger? The…… [read more]

Should Sex and Violence on Television or in the Movies Be Restricted Research Paper

… Shoud sex and violence on television or in the movies be restricted?

There is presently much controversy regarding television and the effect it has on the public as a whole. Although most people claim to be able to filter the… [read more]

Movie Editing Term Paper

… Editing Analysis of Selected Movies

For modern motion picture audiences, the art of film editing has risen to the level of quality that it is unnoticed -- if it is done expertly. In its most fundamental, editing is a process… [read more]

How to Analyze an Entire Film Essay

… ¶ … Film

There are numerous influencing factors determining how a viewer chooses and analyses a certain film. Firstly, a basic rule when deciding to watch a movie is to overcome any obstacles which may prejudice people against watching the… [read more]

Film Release in 2009 Essay

… Film Campaign

Nora Ephron's Julie & Julia: A Successful Film with a Successful Advertising and Marketing Campaign

One of the summer's most successful films among critics and viewers was Julie & Julia, a film by Nora Ephron based on the… [read more]

Space Odyssey Thesis

… ¶ … Space Odyssey

This film has been lauded as innovative and groundbreaking in terms of cinematic art. It is also referred as director Stanley Kubrick's masterpiece in terms of concept and cinematography. The film's stunningly conceived images are still… [read more]

Simpson's the Movie Essay

… Simpsons the Movie

The history of the cartoon industry goes back at the beginning of the early cinema era in which people were enjoying voiceless movies in cinemas everywhere. The cartoon era started in the 1920's with Felix the Cat… [read more]

What Just Happened Film Review Film Review

… ¶ … Sit Through "What Just Happened?"

With veteran director Barry Levinson leading a generally brilliant cast of actors in a script about Hollywood by Art Linson, a longtime Hollywood producer, the newly-released "What Just Happened?" should have been great. Instead, the title -- borrowed from Linson's book, What Just Happened: Bitter Hollywood Tales from the Frontline -- could easily be querying this film's makers as to what, exactly, went wrong.

It is impossible to make a god movie without a good script, and that is really the issue at hand here. There is no sense of bitterness towards the Hollywood establishment lampooned here; the film comes off much more as one buddy (that would be screenwriter Linson) giving his other buddies a good ribbing. There is no meat; no real viciousness to the satire. The result is a rather limp and sometimes funny farce; all imbroglio and no indictment.

Don't let all that ruin it for you, though. The movie does have it's funny moments, like most bad television (a more appropriate format for this film), and if you're in the mood…… [read more]

Film Is Not Yet Rated an Uncensored Essay

… ¶ … Film Is Not Yet Rated

An Uncensored Review: "This Film is Not Yet Rated"

Film ratings have been present on the top of marquees for so long, movie-goers are likely to take them for granted and assume they 'have' to be there. However, the 2005 documentary directed by Kirby Dick entitled "This Film is Not Yet Rated" questions the ubiquity of the modern film rating system. Even Dick's documentary was not so engaging and entertaining, it would still be a 'must see documentary' for that reason alone. It demonstrates the subjective nature of film rating. Film ratings have become part of the cultural landscape but they are, at heart, arbitrary, subjective, and contextual. The variety of standards that have existed to rate a film's relative appropriateness or lack thereof have varied widely since the beginning of filmmaking, and the film takes the viewer from the beginnings of cinema, to the Hays decency standards of the 1940s, 50s, and 60s, up to today.

The film asks: what makes a film potentially indecent, and essentially answers that it is in the 'mind of the beholder.' (One famous Supreme Court decision about obscenity even caused a Justice to remark that he couldn't define obscenity, but he 'knew it when he saw it'). The presence of nudity and sexually explicit scenes might seem like the obvious answer as to what constitutes indecency. But if that is the case, why is ordinary nudity considered 'for adults only' while violence is considered 'okay,' or at very least only PG-13? And why do standards of obscenity vary so much, country by country, even state by state in the nation? Obscenity is a personal issue, and touches upon many highly subjective concepts like when children should be exposed to sex.

The first film rating system was created by movie studios. Instead of being pressured by government regulation, the studios hoped that by regulating themselves, they could avoid such scrutiny. They hired former U.S. Postmaster Will Hays to set decency standards. This highlights the lack of qualifications needed for anyone to decide what is obscene. There is no real pre-set formula. The Hays Commission reviewed Hollywood scripts and determined whether they satisfied the dictates of what became the dreaded Hays Code, which could be quite restrictive -- for example, the code might not permit two married people to be in a bedroom together, if their feet were not on the floor. The cultural changes of the 1960s caused the Hayes Code to be abandoned, but it did not mark the end of movie censorship. It was replaced by the Motion Picture Association of America, which many argue is little better. The MPAA was run by Jack Valenti, a former staff member in Lyndon B. Johnson's White House.

Of course, one obvious query might be: why are movie ratings such a bad thing? Can't people exercise discretion, and if they feel a film is appropriate for their child, can't they take that child to see the film, rating… [read more]

Film W. By Oliver Stone Thesis

… ¶ … Film W. By Oliver Stone

The timing and media hype of this film have all added to the anticipation of its release. With the coming election and George W. bush being the outgoing president, the disastrous state of… [read more]

Canada's Film Industry Term Paper

… Canada's Film Industry

When talking about movies, most people's mental representation consist of the sign from the Hollywood Hills, the well-known Hollywood's Walk of Fame or the glamorous Oscar ceremony which allows them to recognize their favorite actors or actresses.… [read more]

History and Progression of Film Cinema Technology Term Paper

… ¶ … progression of Film / Cinema Technology

One of the more important names in the history of cinema technology is that of the Englishman, Eadwaerd Muybridge, 1830 to 1904, who was at the outset a photographer and an inventor… [read more]

Movie Production Term Paper

… The authors cite several examples of independent and low-budget films such as The Blair Witch Project that have pleased critics, moviegoers, and reaped box office profits.

The chapter offers a thorough yet brief explanation of the film industry and its influence on modern society. Indeed, movies do help shape cultural values, as the authors suggest (p. 124). The power of film is in the media itself: in the intense visual and auditory experience of being in a dark room for several hours. The authors also examine the issues of censorship in the film industry, showing how even in its infancy the film industry was criticized for contributing to moral degeneracy. The so-called Legion of Decency tried to squelch filmmakers and stop them from producing films with sexuality or violence. Although the Legion of Decency is no longer operating, similar organizations of concerned citizens try to stop the production of films that are deemed morally offensive.

However, film would not be such a meaningful media if it did not take on sensitive issues. I believe that it is the responsibility of filmmakers to explore sensitive issues, if not in the interest of stimulating thought and public debate then only for creative liberty. While there should be some limits on sex and violence in films shown in public movie houses, it is up to the filmmaker to produce that which pleases their taste and that of their audience.

The authors also take care to explicate the financial side of the film industry, by exploring issues like exhibition costs, distribution costs, and auxiliary costs. Product placement and merchandising has become a major money-maker in Hollywood. Films frequently sell off the names and images of characters; clips from their movies; and their soundtracks in order to boost profits. One of the results is the proliferation of toys and other merchandise. In most cases, the merchandise is marketed to young kids, such as through fast-food restaurant toy giveaways. However, sometimes the merchandise is marketed to an adolescent or even adult audience. One merchandising issue that the authors do not describe is video games and the fact that films spawn video games. The reverse is also true: video games have given birth to films such as Tomb Raider, and more recently, Doom. The Lord of the Rings trilogy gave rise to the marketing of specialized swords and other fantasy emblems that adults are attracted to as much as young people.

Product placement is also a major issue in filmmaking. One of the most recent examples of product placement was through the James Bond movies that helped BMW exhibit their high-end automobiles. As the authors note, product placement is not necessarily all negative, for a generic can of "beer" seems unrealistic on the big screen. On the other hand, product placement can be annoying and can sully an otherwise purely creative project with overt consumerism.

Because of the advent of home theater systems and illegal file sharing, the film industry faces even more challenges in the future.… [read more]

Film Noir Movement by Examining Research Paper

… The role of femme fatale is an integral characteristic of film noir especially for the detective film. The femme fatale is "mysterious, duplicitous, double-crossing, gorgeous, unloving, predatory, tough yet sweet, manipulative and desperate women" (Dirks 2). They are more than… [read more]

Movie Industry in America Term Paper

… " Other famous films released at the same time were "Little Women" and "Flying Down to Rio." Other famous titles include "Bringing up baby" and "Hunchback of Notre Dame." (RKO studios) "It's a Wonderful Life," "Suspicion," "Hitler's Children," "The Bells… [read more]

Citizen Kane Film Is a Dramatic Art Term Paper

… Citizen Kane

Film is a dramatic art form, but it is a form that tends more toward realism than does stage drama. For one thing, film always offers the illusion of reality because the action depicted is presented as if… [read more]

Film "Blade Runner Term Paper

… " Replicants were declared illegal on Earth, but a group of the most advanced, the Nexus-6 Replicants, have hijacked a shuttle and returned from off world. Deckard is forced back from retirement and it is his job to terminate them.… [read more]

Lighting in the Film Titanic Term Paper

… Carpenter filmed "Titanic" in Super 35 format (2.4:1 aspect ratio) with a common top line. "As enormous and logistically challenging as Titanic was' Carpenter says, 'I feel happiest with the more intimate scenes'" (Kodak).


In "True Lies," "Jim Cameron's very blue night lighting" is extremely evident throughout the film, just as it is in "Titanic." From the opening shots of the forest outside the mansion in Switzerland, to each of the numerous other shots set at night, including the apprehension scene in the trailer park, and the interrogation scene, they all carry a heavy blue cast, insinuating moonlight, ice cold snow, and of course, water.

Again, as in "Titanic," many of the interior scenes, such as the parties, and the interior of the Tasker home are warmly lit with a combination of yellows and reds, to give the impression of warmth, as opposed to the coldness of the nighttime scenes, where much of the action of the movie takes place. This helps to distinguish the two very different sides of Schwarzenegger's personalities - the warm family man, as opposed to the cold, calculating spy.

Carpenter's signature side lighting is also evident in "True Lies" especially in shots involving Schwarzenegger. He is often lit half in shadow, with only one side of his face showing clearly. This again shows the two different sides of the character, and serves to make the scenes more dramatic. This technique was extremely useful in the suite scene, where Jamie Lee Curtis dances with the bed, and in the interrogation scene, when Schwarzenegger is injected with some type of truth serum. Carpenter also uses it effectively in the early party scene, when Schwarzenegger enters the mansion. During his movement through the crowd at the party, he is often shown lit on one side of his face, indicating his need to remain unseen and in the shadows.

It is clear that Carpenter repeats camera and lighting techniques that he is comfortable with, and that win the approval of his directors. His lighting helps to define the story and the characters, and make the film more enjoyable for viewers. As his knowledge and techniques continue to develop, Carpenter's visual influence will certainly continue to wow viewers and gratify directors.

Titanic" was a masterful combination of cinematography, special effects, and sets on a huge scale. Perhaps Rob Legato, visual effects master at Digital Domain said it best, "Years from now, when people in this industry look back at the making of "Titanic" as one of the milestones, they'll see the growing collaboration between the cinematographer and the digital effects studio,' says Legato. 'That's essential for a seamless look'" (Fisher).


Argy, Stephanie, Chris & Stephen Pizzello, Eric Rudolph, & David E. Williams. "Russell Carpenter, ASC, 'Titanic.'" American Cinematographer. June 1998. 11 Oct. 2002.

Carpenter, Russell. "Titanic' E-mail." American Society of Cinematographers. 2 June 1998. 11 Oct. 2002.

Chumo, Peter N. "Learning to Make Each Day Count Time in James Cameron's 'Titanic.'" Journal of… [read more]

American Psycho the Movie Term Paper

… (Apollo Review)

Although from the murder scenes of the movie, one gets the impression that the movie is solely based on violence but the actual dramatizing of killing occurs off the screen i.e. It is defined only at the narrative… [read more]

Repentance: Film Review Film Review

… Keti is the perfect example of someone taking action -- people practically acknowledged their limitation and used every means they had available with the purpose of improving their condition, even if this meant to simply dream about a better life.

The film shows the church as a place where people can always go when in distress. Many are likely to consider that the motion picture is wrong in showing religion as the way out of a dictatorship. These people might prefer direct action and violence as a better solution to the problem, taking into account the military aspect of such a political system.

History dominates most of the storyline, with characters suffering greatly as a consequence of their town's background. The former leader had left them with a bad taste, but it seems that most of them are hesitant about taking matters into their own hands and actually condemning him. Keti's strength to even consider a scenario where things would get better and where people would really be able to go against their oppressors is certainly impressive. The woman manages to do something in a situation when such actions seem impossible. Even with the fact that she simply imagines things, her dedication and he general outcome of her imagination is probable to trigger intense emotions in audiences.

Christian imagery is used as a means to reach out to people and make it possible for them to observe the religious aspect of the story. The demolition of the church is a principal concept at this point, as it symbolizes the lengths to which some political leaders are willing to go in order to control the masses. Religious confessions and the idea of burial in general are also significant when considering the Christian element in the film. Again, the church seems to be the only thing separating people from the threat of dictatorship. Characters in the film appear to be fueled by their religious thinking and it seems to be the only thing helping them more on without being destroyed by the suffering that they experienced. The man with the moustache eating cakes in the form of churches contributes to showing the fact that a dictator and individuals close to him are solely interested in their personal well-being, as they are practically insensible to the suffering they provoke.

In spite of the abstract and relatively absurd way that the storyline unfolds, it would be wrong to say that it uses humor as a means of criticizing communism. The characters in Repentance are essential for the storyline and it is through them that viewers learn more about things like responsibility and history.

All things considered, the film provides a story that was largely unpopular in the political environment in the Soviet Union. While it probably inspired many people to take up arms against their oppressors, is also made them accept the fact that they were limited -- the system was much more powerful than them because they could only act as individuals. The… [read more]

Breakfast Club Movie Review

… In the real world, it is unthinkable to suppose that no minorities would be punished in the same manner as the white kids. The crime and incarceration rates depict a different story where blacks and minorities are targeted exponentially more than whites.

Whites are also targeted in this movie in other more subtle ways. The problems of all the kids are deep and disturbing. This movie furthers negative stereotypes about white people that are basically unfair. The movie attempts to break down the white race to 5 simple archetypes which desperately fall short of reality.

Impacts of the Issues

The importance of Hollywood and film for society cannot be underestimated. In our environment, films are used to dictate what is and what is not acceptable in mainstream society, and any misrepresentation of the truth betrays the audiences" trust. Art is too important to risk portraying inaccurate stereotypes. If art does not represent true life there is little value in it and should not be broadcast to the masses.

What is most important is that movies show diversity and equality whenever possible. The themes and plotlines are merely secondary to this effort as society's dependence on its entertainment is too scared to step out of the mainstream boundaries. Stereotypes are important and give us the necessary guidance and structure to make informed and intelligent decisions. In films like the Breakfast Club, inaccurate stereotypes are borderline dangerous because of the awful injustices and…… [read more]

Misrepresentations of African-Americans in Film From the Birth of a Nation Onward Essay

… All serious moviegoers must sooner or later arrive at a point where they see a film for what it is, and not simply for what they feel about it. The Birth of a Nation is not a bad film because it argues for evil. Like Riefenstahl's The Triumph of the Will, it is a great film that argues for evil. To understand how it does so is to learn a great deal about film, and even something about evil.

A film, Ebert argues, can be a cinematic masterpiece and its ideology can still be evil. Although it is no longer watched today very much except in film history classes, it had a positive impact upon many aspects of how modern cinema is produced. However, its non-artistic cultural fallout cannot be ignored. A racist and false history of America had far more seductive appeal vs. more honest attempts to tell the truth, even for many whites. The popularity of Gone with the Wind similarly underlines how fiction can often be more appealing than fact when it comes to narratives about race. The dangers of both racist works are that they are appealing and effective as art in the ways that the photographs of lynchings today are not and they still have persuasive force, despite the best efforts of their critics to discount them.

Works Cited

Ebert, Roger. "The Birth of a Nation movie review." Roger Ebert Reviews. 30 Mar 2003

[4 Mar 2014]

Gussow, Adam. Seems like murder: Southern violence and the blues tradition. Chicago:

University of Chicago Press, 2002.

Wallace, Michele Faith. "The Good Lynching and Birth of a Nation: Discourses…… [read more]

Film Required for the Class Essay

… As the storylines progress it becomes clear that the 'hood' shapes a person and that it is difficult and almost impossible for someone to be passive with regard to what is going on around him. Tre and Caine go through great efforts in order to be different but they both end up being sucked in by the energy present on the streets. Even with this, the two films take on different positions on the idea of a person being influenced to become a criminal. Tre wants to become a criminal as a consequence of seeing his friend killed, but later realizes the error of his thinking and abandons his plan. In contrast, watching his cousin being murdered is actually what triggers Caine's interest in becoming a criminal.

Boyz n the Hood and Menace II Society are both intended to raise public awareness concerning the things happening in hoods all over the world and in the U.S. In particular. However, the former shows a moral person being gradually influenced to leave the 'hood' as he realizes the importance of doing so while the latter shows a person who is influenced to become a criminal as a consequence of the things he sees and learns. While Tre manages to leave the hood as a result of his determination, Caine is eventually killed. It is impossible not to feel sorry about Caine (even with the fact that he was a criminal) as viewers are influenced to accept that he was simply the product of the environment he was living in, especially considering the tragic ways that each of his parents died.


Dir. Allen Hughes, and Albert Hughes. Menace II Society. New Line Cinema, 1993.

Dir. John Singleton. Boyz n the Hood. Columbia…… [read more]

Artistic Elements in Movie Term Paper

… The availability of data and its analysis in historic perspective enables the companies to take decisions with respect to the upcoming events. The future consumer trends are also likely to be measured in terms of present and past data. With… [read more]

Images in the Film Badlands Essay

… Before he was a garbage man and had to deal with human trash. Now, he is in the feed lot and has to deal with cows. When Holly spends time with him, she seems so pure and bright. Her clothes… [read more]

Film Required for the Class Essay

… Even with the fact that they address the topic from different points-of-view, both films are basically the same when considering the suave central characters who initially have problems believing that love actually exists and they gradually come to realize that they need to restructure their lives in order to be able to have the persons they want to be with.

The two movies are largely meant to discuss the idea of an attractive bachelor who sees relationships as a game and who becomes proficient in playing it. This respective individual sees matters from a material perspective and it is only when he comes across more serious emotions that he decides to change who he is in favor of being in a traditional relationship. The films are basically intended to emphasize that people are always going to 'fall victim' to love and that there is nothing that someone can do in order to fight such feelings, even with the fact that the person is an expert in inter-human relations.

The fact that the movies show awkward individuals trying to learn from persons who are presumably more experienced in dealing with other people is also a principal idea. The films promote the idea that love is not the same thing with connecting to people as a result of smooth-talking and looking good. To a certain degree, it would only be safe to say that they are directed at society's tendency to appreciate material values more than feelings and to people who believe that being shallow is more beneficial than risking to lose one's heart in a relationship.


Dir. Andy Tennant. Hitch. Columbia Pictures, 2005

Dir. Glenn Ficarra. Crazy,…… [read more]

Film Required for the Class Essay

… This is best reflected by Caine's teacher, as she is an African-American woman and as she has an African sculpture on her desk, presumably with the intention of having others acknowledge her being proud of her background. In contrast, the schooling system in Boyz n the Hood seems to be more supportive toward white individuals. The protagonist in Singleton's film, Tre, has a white teacher who cannot refrain from considering African-American stereotypes when calling Tre's mother with the purpose of finding out more about the student.

Both films appear to promote the concept of "moving out of the hood" as being one of the best things that a young African-American could hope for. To a certain degree, even with the fact that Menace II Society presents a more optimistic attitude toward African-Americans and their roots, it is actually the motion picture that also supports nihilistic ideas. The central character is shot as a result of a series of problems that initially seemed unimportant, this being likely meant to emphasize that it is extremely difficult for someone to leave the hood.

Menace II Society tends to be more confusing at times and appears to be intended to send a message rather than to provide viewers with a story. Boyz n the Hood is much better put together and viewers are presented with a linear storyline and with well-shaped characters that react exactly how they would be expected to react when they come across critical situations.


Dir. Allen Hughes & Albert Hughes. Menace II Society. New Line Cinema, 1993.

Dir. John Singleton. Boyz n the…… [read more]

Holy Motors Movie Analysis Essay

… Oscar never knows exactly who is watching or how closely they are paying attention to his odd performances. Oscar's boss, Michael Picolli, reinforces this creepy sense of voyeurism when he explains to Oscar that cameras could be anywhere and so Oscar must be putting on his best performances at ever waking second. Essentially this is illustrating how mechanical life has become in the sense that someone is always watching. Life has become so much like a strange acting role for so many of us that the human actor never knows when he or she is actually being watched because it can be at any moment, or all moments at once. In this, the film suggests that voyeurism has evolved into an intense extreme. There is a strange sense of passivity to this ongoing gaze, the audience never jumps in but constantly demands the actor to keep up with his roles at all times -- essentially sacrificing his own life for the entertainment and viewing pleasure of an audience that never voices appreciation or affection. It is performing for a machine that constantly demands perfection, but never shows itself.

In this strange world, the line between fantasy and reality is blurred. Oscar becomes the fantasies of others, and as a consequence he looses sense of himself. The constant demand to satisfy the audience's gaze in this strange voyeuristic fetish costs Oscar his own life and being. He is so disillusioned from his many roles that he does not even know himself. The fetish of the world around him has demanded he give up his own life to satisfy their strange voyeuristic demands. The roles he plays make no sense to him, but they become so overwhelming, he looses complete sense of who he really is. In the end, Oscar is no one but what his appointments want him…… [read more]

Movie Adaptations, it Is Often Difficult Essay

… ¶ … movie adaptations, it is often difficult to make a selection of which do you prefer over what. The case becomes a challenge in itself when say you have read the book in your early teenage years and years later when you've seen Michael Mann's film adaptation, all you want to do is again get your hands on the book that marked your early years as a teenager. That is not to say that the movie lacks the intensiveness of the book, on the contrary, the screening makes everything so much more alive that it brings back old memories and fascinations. It is funny how after reading the book and later seeing the movie, all the pieces of information on the Last of the Mohicans come from what we've seen and not from what we've read and, in this essay, we will bring the focus on why that has happened. That is to say that we will illustrate why we seem to prefer the version of the movie over the book itself, when we know it is the book we would normally have to praise.

First off, Cooper's style of writing is somewhat heavy, making it hard for the reader to get straight into the story, whereas the images of Mann are very expressive and related to the events in the movie, to the extend that you cannot but see those places and immediately project yourself in the middle of the story. It is Mann's success that he was able to create such a powerful setting that it managed to lure the viewer immediately whereas, when reading the book, you are compelled to read at a low speed that it takes away the charm of the story in the beginning. What increases the value of the movie are also the soundtracks that do create a marvelous effect between the action and the setting. In this respect, it seems as though the music in the film adaptation seems to complete the book on more than one level. It works on a psychological level that you are bound to connect scenes in the movie with music themes. Also, the soundtracks keep the balance between scenes that we find in the book and are not included in the movie.

This is also something we appreciate in the movie…… [read more]

Tarantino's Inglourious Basterds an Analysis Thesis

… For instance, in the scene where the Basterds are interrogating a small group of Nazi soldiers in order to find where they are stationed, Tarantino makes use of high-angled to "look down" on the captured Nazis, creating the illusion that… [read more]

Directors Presentation of the Ghost in Three 3 Films of Hamlet Essay

… ¶ … directors' presentation of the Ghost in three (3) films of Hamlet

Hamlet as seen from three perspectives

William Shakespeare's play Hamlet triggered numerous controversies and influenced a great deal of individuals to provide their own interpretation of the work. Franco Zeffirelli's 1990 motion picture, Gregory Doran's 2009 TV series, and Kenneth Branagh's 1996 film all provide intriguing versions of the play. This paper is going to analyze how each of the directors deals with scenes involving the ghost and to how these particular instances reflect on viewers.

Zeffirelli's version of the play is certainly intriguing and shows Mel Gibson perfectly embodying the character of Prince Hamlet and generally being successful in emphasizing Shakespeare's intention with the storyline. The scene involving Hamlet coming across his father's ghost in Act 1 is meant to provide readers with the opportunity to gain a more complex understanding of the relationship between the two individuals and of Hamlet's temperament. Low key lighting dominates most of this scene and it is obviously meant to emphasize the suspense and the suspicion triggers by his father's ghost. The fact that the scene follows with a side shot of Hamlet further contributes to its absorbing nature and it emphasizes the fact that Hamlet is about to engage in a dangerous and even evil enterprise as he is about to avenge his father's death. Even with the conversation occurring throughout this scene, it appears that the director was more concerned about having filming send the message he was interested in (Cinematic Hamlet: The Films of Olivier, Zeffirelli, Branagh, and Almereyda 119).

Doran's portrayal of the scene involving Hamlet meeting his father's ghost takes on a more modern attitude. While low key lighting also dominates most of this scene, Doran displays the ghost in a more angelic way by using rear lighting with the purpose of shaping his appearance. The fact that the scene uses a low angle also contributes to emphasizing the ghost importance, and, particularly, its power. Hamlet is portrayed from a high angle perspective, this most probably being meant to highlight the fact that he is still a weak and somewhat powerless individual, especially when considering that he is confronted by his father -- a more dominant figure and the individual whom Hamlet associates with the idea of power in general. This is actually a significant trait when considering Doran's version of Hamlet in general, the director concentrated on emphasizing the contrast between two characters by having one appear to be much stronger than the other (Cartmell).

Doran's focus on displaying the contrast between Hamlet and his father's ghost is generally obvious as a result of the fact that he uses light as a main tool to shape the personality of each of the characters. Hamlet's character in this scene is displayed through slow falloff lighting, as the director wanted this individual to seem less authoritative at this point in the motion picture. In contrast, his father's ghost is generally shown in fast falloff lighting, given… [read more]

Paris Is Burning Film Review

… Paris Is Burning

Discuss the film's introductory material -- Were you provided with background or introductory information to orient you about what you were going to be viewing? If not, did it pose a problem in your understanding of the film?

In the documentary film "Paris is Burning" there is little in the way of an opening that includes any background or introductory information. The film opens in New York in 1987 which is displayed in lettering in the initial opening of the movie. It then proceeds to offer a quote and then portrays a "ball" and then rolls into an interview with Pepper LaVasia who speaks about being the "mother" of the house who rules with a soft glove. It does give some information that explains some aspects of the "ball" from different perspectives illustrated through interviews yet there is little context provided from a narrator or other sources. Give the culture that this documentary is focusing on, I did not personally think that this detracted from the film in anyway. Even with the assistance of a narrator, it would have still been difficult to understand the culture. Therefore maybe it was best just to let the participants describe the "ball" and what it means to them to let the films viewers build a picture from this.

2) Music/sound -- Was there any music during the film? If so, what kind, and what role did it play? Did it enhance the scene (or scenes) where it was used? Did it distort the film in any way?

There was music in the background in the film that played at different times during the film. It seemed to be used mostly in transitions or music played in the background of ball scenes. It had an enhancing effect though it was not that prominent. It was necessary to give the viewers a taste of the music that the subculture listened to so that they could understand this element of this culture. I did not feel it distorted the film at all.

3) Narration -- Was there any type of narration describing the scenes? If yes, how did…… [read more]

Sound Technologies and Sound Design Thesis

… The synchronization of sound films was experimented during 1912 to 1914. These developments underlined the importance of technology and innovation in coming years of film industry. The history of film music also does not provide a coherent record of its… [read more]

Rosemary's Baby Roman Polanski's 1968 Feature Film Essay

… Rosemary's Baby

Roman Polanski's 1968 feature film Rosemary's Baby is a very interesting and appealing work of art that discussed many important topics that are still relevant today. The film, based on IRA Levin's novel of the same name, dives… [read more]

Art Film Essay

… Art Cinema and Contempt

Le Mepris (Contempt) is a 1963 by Jean-Luc Godard based on the novel Il Disprezzo by Italian writer Alberto Moravia. The film, like the book, focuses on the deterioration of a couple's relationship, which eerily paralleled… [read more]

Formalism in Film Essay

… Formalism in Film

Formalism as a theory is not concerned with reality (Andrew 6). This is unlike the realism theory which concerns with reality as a result of real life experience (Braudy & Cohen 24-40). Formalism arose to respond to… [read more]

Art Film and Its Influences on Other Films Essay

… Art Cinema-400 Blows and Loves of a Blonde

In "The Art Cinema as a Mode of Film Practice," David Bordwell provides several characteristics of art films that are shared by directors across international cinema. Bordwell's shared characteristics aim to break away from traditional or classical cinema narratives and be reflective of the anxieties and social commentaries of post-World War II Europe. Francois Truffaut's 1959 film the 400 Blows and Milos Forman's 1965 film Loves of a Blonde share similar art cinema characteristics that help to demonstrate shared experiences and reactions.

One of Bordwell's central arguments regarding art cinema is that it aims to break away from the classical narrative, specifically the cause-and-effect structure of classic Hollywood cinema (717). Art cinema does not focus on events and how they influence characters and the narrative, but rather, art cinema shifts its focus to psychologically complex and imperfect characters that often lack "defined desires and goals" (718). These character uncertainties are reflected in Truffaut's the 400 Blows protagonist Antoine. In the film, Antoine rebels against a variety of institutions: his school, his parents, and the military/boys home he is sent to.

Antoine is the embodiment of the psychologically complex characters Bordwell describes in his essay. Bordwell argues, "Characters may act for inconsistent reasons…or may question themselves about their goals" (Bordwell 718). Bordwell also claims, "art cinema is less concerned with action than reaction; it is a cinema of psychological effects in search of their causes" (Bordwell 718). Antoine's psychological constructs are further shaped by how others view him in addition to how he views himself. In an interview with a psychiatrist, Antoine contends that he is not always lying, as his parents claim, and states, "Oh, I like now and then, I suppose. Sometimes I'd tell them the truth and they still wouldn't believe me, so I prefer to lie" (the 400 Blows).

Bordwell maintains realism is a major component of art cinema. Art cinema "will show us real locations…and real problems" (Bordwell 718). One way in which Truffaut maintains realism is by showing the city as it is. He does not rely on constructed scenery, but rather uses real locations. Eventually, the confusion of the city parallels Antoine's erratic behavior with him appearing to be more at peace and free when he is removed from it and sent to the boys home near the sea (400 Blows). The film also adds realism…… [read more]

Miss Evers Boys the Tuskegee Reaction Paper

… One of the most important ways Miss Evers' Boys humanizes the stories of those involved in the Tuskegee experiments is through character development. The title character is a nurse who cares for the patients. She is generally powerless to make an impact on the political decisions motivating the experiments, until she is able to finally testify before the United States Senate. However, Nurse Evers does make a direct and meaningful impact on the lives of those who suffered during the clinical experiments. She develops personal relationships with the patients. Some of the patients even name their band after Nurse Evers, giving rise to the name of the film: Miss Evers' Boys. The musicians provide blood samples, and one of them becomes Miss Evers' love interest (Caleb, played by Laurence Fishburne). Caleb plays an important role in Miss Evers' Boys. He discovers that penicillin might help, and he begins to take it. However, penicillin is not available to all of the patients involved in the experiment.

The film exposes the potential for deep corruption in the government, in the medical community, and even in academia. Although unlikely, it is possible that such an experiment might be carried out today. This is why ethics committees carefully review all scientific studies, to ensure that informed consent and other formalities are followed during research design.

Another key element of Miss Evers Boys is the way that Nurse Evers faces a moral dilemma. She works under the assumption that the government will live up to its word by providing the medication to the patients. Even though she knows that the patients are being harmed in the process, she continues to comply with the parameters of the experiment. This makes Nurse Evers complicit in some ways; she struggles with whether or not to disobey orders. The human side that Miss Evers' Boys exposes causes the viewer to feel a lot of compassion. There are no moral black-and-white issues, but only shades of gray.

Few faults can be found with Miss Evers' Boys. The film is a warning and touches upon various social and political issues. Racism is a poignant issue that Miss Evers' Boys discusses, and the film is a historical piece showing the state of race relations in America curing most of the 20th century. Research ethics is another component of the story, and most students are aware that unethical experiments are almost impossible to design now. Corruption in government is another theme that Miss Evers' Boys explores, and this may be the most important issue that remains relevant. The United States government and "big pharma" are still in bed together, and this film should serve as continued warning as to what could happen.


Sargent, J. (1997). Miss…… [read more]

Digital Age Include Worlds Essay


1. Technologically, the filmmaking process has evolved from traditional to digital means, which is shown by the concept of the 'Digital Workflow.'

2. The value added to a film by CGI or visual effects is critically undeniable and commercially indubitable.

3. Technologies used in 'Blade Runner' showcase the onset of the digitalization trend. Other examples discussed are those of 'Harry Potter', 'Avatar', 'Shrek' and '2001: A Space Odyssey.'

4. There are many advantages related to digitalization especially those related to the economization of post-production.

5. The major criticism is that of realism and how the realism of a movie may be compromised.

6. The future of filmmaking is definitely brightest in digitalization.

CONCLUSION: Ultimately, we are able to see the work that goes into digitalizing a movie and the consequential success that it brings to the producers, thereby proving its worth…… [read more]

Melancholia in Film Melancholia Depicting A-Level Coursework

… This scene seems to convey the sense that Justine 'needs' her melancholy and is reacting to attempts to improve her mood accordingly.

Accuracy of the Film's Portrayal of Depression

Both the director and Dunst suffer from depression (Bradshaw, 2011), so it should come as little surprise that the symptoms of depression were accurately depicted. Justine is obviously depressed throughout most of the movie, regardless of what time of day it is. After Justine arrives in the cab, every scene in which she is present reveals her depressed mood. She never laughs, her smiles are more courteous than felt, her face perpetually sags, and her eyes ooze melancholy and hopelessness. During the days following Justine's arrival at her sister's home, she is often depicted as semi-comatose and therefore suffering from hypersomnia. This state has nothing to do with the impending death of planet Earth.

During her most depressed moods, Justine obviously suffers from anhedonia. The idea of taking a bath is repulsive and her favorite meal tasted like ashes. When her nephew tries to connect with her in the bedroom, Justine is completely unresponsive. There is also a perception that Justine has no interest in eating during here lowest moods. When Claire tries to get her to take a warm bath, the scene begins with the hotel concierge and Claire holding up Justine as they shuffle towards the bathroom. Next to the bath filled with warm water, Claire is holding Justine erect and urging her to step into the bath. Justine is incapable of performing this simple act. When Claire continues to urge her to get in, Justine begins to rebel in an infantile, pre-verbal manner by moaning and collapsing to the floor. The bath scene seems to convey an unspoken need to embrace her melancholy.


Bradshaw, Peter. (2011, Sep. 29). Melencholia -- review. The Guardian. Retrieved 24 Jan. 2013 from

Foldager, Meta Louise and Vesth, Louise (Producers), & Trier, Lars von (Director). (2011). Melancholia (Motion picture).…… [read more]

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