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Movie Juno Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (918 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


Enhancement Photos Magazines Ads - Artful Ad Inspiring Dishonest & Harmful

Mark Grey


The present work's focus is to develop a critique of Juno, the much acclaimed 2007 motion picture that received an Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay -- Diablo Cody, and several other Oscar nominations, such as Best Picture and Best Actress -- Ellen Page.

Jason Reitman, the director, made all the right moves, from setting, to actors, to music, and even though there were two other movies dealing with unplanned pregnancy released in the same period, namely Waitress and Knocked Up, Juno stood out as a comedy with class, style, and substance. The soundtrack and music are wonderfully arranged for this film, nineteen tracks having been selected from a wide variety of artists including the Kinks, Buddy Holly and the Velvet Underground. Indeed, Barry Louis Polisar's All I Want Is You became iconic for the film and went to No.1 on the Billboard charts.

The film's structure is very well orchestrated, with a plotline that justifies the general enthusiasm surrounding this film. This story involves a sixteen-year-old high school girl named Juno MacGuff, played by Ellen Page, who discovers that she is pregnant, and that the father of her child is an old friend named Paulie Bleeker. Bleeker has always admired Juno and in time they confess their love for each other. The fact that Juno's parents seem a bit more accepting of this situation than perhaps many parents of pregnant teenage girls would be doesn't detract from the flow of the plot. Surprisingly, Juno decides not to go through with the scheduled abortion, and settles on adoption, yet after finding what she believes to be an ideal pair to raise her child, Vanessa and Mark's fragile marriage falls apart. Nevertheless, Juno decides to proceed with her design to have the baby and then place him in Vanessa's nurturing custody.

Paulie and Juno's relationship visibly alters as the action unfolds, morphing from simple teenage affection into established partnership, as the couple faces a serious issue that could have been a tense disaster but for their intelligence and social savvy. What happens to young Juno could happen to any teenage girl, and her decisions are those that a typical intelligent young woman would make. Those decisions made by Juno are made with no thought of doing what others might expect her to make, and "Juno serves cool, intelligent girls something they rarely see in a movie: themselves" (Morris), which some viewers might interpret as explicitly feminist.

The cast are very believable and enjoyable in their roles. The main characters in this comedy are Juno MacGuff played by Ellen Page, Paulie Bleeker played by Michael Cera, Vanessa Loring played by Jennifer Garner, Mark Loring played by Jason…… [read more]

In the Year 2010 Research Paper

Research Paper  |  15 pages (4,875 words)
Bibliography Sources: 15


China as Emerging Film Market

In the year 2010, the State Administration of Radio film and Television (SARFT) passed about 526 films from the censorship review in China. About 1800 films, in the same year, received the initial project confirmation that they required. In the year 2010, 1100 film companies were involved in the Chinese film industry and out of… [read more]

Film Pulp Fiction Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (634 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Pulp Fiction is a film written and directed by Quentin Tarantino. The film's title is derived from the pulp fiction stories of the early 20th century that allowed writers to experiment with stories that would eventually lead to the development of the hardboiled detective fiction genre. Through the mise-en-scene, sound, story and genre, Tarantino was able to create a violently delightful film that stands the test of time.

Pulp Fiction revolves around three overlapping stories that intersect at various points in the film. Travolta and Jackson play Vince Vega and Jules Winnfield, two contract killers that work for Marsellus Wallace and are tasked with recovering Marsellus' property after it is stolen. In a second storyline, Vince Vega agrees to take Marsellus's wife, Mia, out for a night of fun while Marsellus is out of town; in this storyline, Mia and Vince go out to a diner, compete and win a twist dance contest, and survive a drug overdose scare when Mia snorts a large amount of heroin. A third storyline revolves around Butch Coolidge, a boxer played by Bruce Willis, who is coerced by Marsellus to fix a boxing match by throwing the fifth round; Butch defies Marsellus, which prompts Marsellus to hunt Butch down. In the course of seeking retribution against Butch, the men are held captive, viciously and sexually assaulted, and eventually declare a truce so long as they never speak of what happened again.

Throughout his career, Tarantino's film's camera shots and angles have come to become the director's trademarks. For instance, the car trunk shot in which Tarantino shoots from a low angle as though looking up from a car's trunk can be seen as Vince and Jules gather weapons and ammunition before retrieving Marsellus's stolen briefcase. This trunk shot has been used in almost all of Tarantino's subsequent films. Also, Tarantino is known for his "corpse point-of-view" shot in which people look…… [read more]

French New Wave/Auteur Theory Essay

Essay  |  12 pages (4,159 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Inglourious Basterds is subdivided into five distinct chapters: "Chapter One: Once Upon a Time…in Nazi Occupied France," introduces the film and helps to establish that the film will similar to a Western, as well as be set during World War II. This chapter introduces the audience to Shosanna and SS Col. Hans Landa; "Chapter Two: The Inglourious Basterds" introduces the… [read more]

Psycho as a Fan Movie Review

Movie Review  |  2 pages (931 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


¶ … Psycho

As a fan of film, I had always been told that Alfred Hitchcock's version of Psycho was the penultimate suspense movie, paving the way for later movies in the genre, like Silence of the Lambs. Furthermore, it served as source material for a later remake by the same name, which I had seen and found unimpressive. As a result, I skipped watching Psycho until this assignment. When I did watch it, I turned the lights down, so I was surrounded by the dark, like one should be for a horror movie. However, the film was so successful at creating the desired atmosphere, that I found myself sleeping with a light on that night!

For a film that is considered pivotal, it is interesting to note that Psycho almost was not made. Hitchcock had already established himself as a master of suspense by the time he made the movie, but the studio was not excited about the source material. Robert Bloch's book, which was loosely based on real life murderer Ed Gein, was considered far too graphic to be translated to a movie screen during that time period. While screenwriter Joseph Stefano kept many elements that appeared in Bloch's novel, he removed or altered some of the more graphic elements, such as choosing to make the shower scene a stabbing rather than the beheading that is featured in the book. Even those changes were not enough for Paramount to green-light the project, and, while they did not prevent Hitchcock from making the film, they refused to provide a real budget for the project. Hitchcock chose to self-finance the project and used primarily the studio, crew, and equipment from his television show to complete the project. Hitchcock had previously made several highly acclaimed suspense movies, most notably Vertigo, North by Northwest, and Rear Window, and his success with Psycho was followed by the film The Birds. The two main stars of the movie, Anthony Perkins and Janet Leigh, were well-established in Hollywood by the time of filming. Perkins had received a best supporting actor Academy Award nomination for a role in the 1956 film Friendly Persuasion. Leigh was a respected working actress for over a decade prior to her role in Psycho, and even starred in another classic thriller, Touch of Evil.

I have seen a wide variety of fairly graphic horror and suspense movies, but I have to admit that the way that Hitchcock used tension to escalate the storytelling in Psycho may be unmatched, as may Perkin's portrayal of serial killer Norman Bates in a way that made the character seem likeable and sympathetic throughout much of the movie, even while he was simultaneously doing things that the audience knew were both creepy and alarming. It is especially interesting that Leigh's character,…… [read more]

American Psycho the Movie Term Paper

Term Paper  |  9 pages (2,328 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


(Apollo Review)

Although from the murder scenes of the movie, one gets the impression that the movie is solely based on violence but the actual dramatizing of killing occurs off the screen i.e. It is defined only at the narrative level. In these murder scenes the pictorial representation is limited only to the extent that Patrick's face is being shown… [read more]

Lighting in the Film Titanic Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (2,188 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Carpenter filmed "Titanic" in Super 35 format (2.4:1 aspect ratio) with a common top line. "As enormous and logistically challenging as Titanic was' Carpenter says, 'I feel happiest with the more intimate scenes'" (Kodak).


In "True Lies," "Jim Cameron's very blue night lighting" is extremely evident throughout the film, just as it is in "Titanic." From the opening shots of the forest outside the mansion in Switzerland, to each of the numerous other shots set at night, including the apprehension scene in the trailer park, and the interrogation scene, they all carry a heavy blue cast, insinuating moonlight, ice cold snow, and of course, water.

Again, as in "Titanic," many of the interior scenes, such as the parties, and the interior of the Tasker home are warmly lit with a combination of yellows and reds, to give the impression of warmth, as opposed to the coldness of the nighttime scenes, where much of the action of the movie takes place. This helps to distinguish the two very different sides of Schwarzenegger's personalities - the warm family man, as opposed to the cold, calculating spy.

Carpenter's signature side lighting is also evident in "True Lies" especially in shots involving Schwarzenegger. He is often lit half in shadow, with only one side of his face showing clearly. This again shows the two different sides of the character, and serves to make the scenes more dramatic. This technique was extremely useful in the suite scene, where Jamie Lee Curtis dances with the bed, and in the interrogation scene, when Schwarzenegger is injected with some type of truth serum. Carpenter also uses it effectively in the early party scene, when Schwarzenegger enters the mansion. During his movement through the crowd at the party, he is often shown lit on one side of his face, indicating his need to remain unseen and in the shadows.

It is clear that Carpenter repeats camera and lighting techniques that he is comfortable with, and that win the approval of his directors. His lighting helps to define the story and the characters, and make the film more enjoyable for viewers. As his knowledge and techniques continue to develop, Carpenter's visual influence will certainly continue to wow viewers and gratify directors.

Titanic" was a masterful combination of cinematography, special effects, and sets on a huge scale. Perhaps Rob Legato, visual effects master at Digital Domain said it best, "Years from now, when people in this industry look back at the making of "Titanic" as one of the milestones, they'll see the growing collaboration between the cinematographer and the digital effects studio,' says Legato. 'That's essential for a seamless look'" (Fisher).


Argy, Stephanie, Chris & Stephen Pizzello, Eric Rudolph, & David E. Williams. "Russell Carpenter, ASC, 'Titanic.'" American Cinematographer. June 1998. 11 Oct. 2002. http://www.theasc.com/magazine/jun98/lumin/pg3.htm

Carpenter, Russell. "Titanic' E-mail." American Society of Cinematographers. 2 June 1998. 11 Oct. 2002. http://www.theasc.com/clubhouse/qanda/carpenter/email.htm

Chumo, Peter N. "Learning to Make Each Day Count Time in James Cameron's 'Titanic.'" Journal of… [read more]

Film "Blade Runner Term Paper

Term Paper  |  9 pages (2,804 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


" Replicants were declared illegal on Earth, but a group of the most advanced, the Nexus-6 Replicants, have hijacked a shuttle and returned from off world. Deckard is forced back from retirement and it is his job to terminate them.

What do these Replicants want? Simple - they want "More Life." They have been limited with a four-year lifespan. They… [read more]

Why the Movie the Hangover Is Considered a Comedy Film Review

Film Review  |  5 pages (1,468 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


¶ … Hang Over": A Comedic Analysis

The movie "The Hangover" is currently the highest grossing "R" rated comedy of all time. It has grossed over $240 in theaters alone. The film itself plays on the drunken antics of four friends looking to spend their last weekend together as bachelors in Las Vegas and quickly moves from a tale of… [read more]

Personal Journey With Martin Scorsese Through American Movies Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (1,314 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Scorsese's Journey Through Film

Scorsese's Personal Journey in Film

The documentary A Personal Journey with Martin Scorsese through American Movies is an impressive exploration of American cinematic history. It encompasses both recognized classics and lesser known works from many genres such as the silent film, the gangster film, the musical, the western, and the melodrama. This lends it depth. Scorsese's selection does not show the genesis of the genres so much as the important stages in their development. Since Scorsese is a notable director, his articulate interpretations of these films hold weight. Most valuable is his utilization of clips to suggest not so much a grand narrative as strands of different simultaneous narratives on film-making. This is where his categorization of directors into storyteller, illusionist, smuggler, and iconoclast is useful. It signifies key working methods, aims, artistic slants, and audience effects of the various genres of film that are discussed, as well as pointing out key moments in their historical progression. While not comprehensive, its sketch shows the dynamic changes within Hollywood over the decades, the forces that shaped the creation of films (such as the influence of producers or changing control factors), the roles and travails of directing, technological and aesthetic advances in the field, and the clash of morality and social critique within the broader work of creative film-making. All these perspectives are given significant time and consideration. Ultimately, this documentary's exploration satisfies.

The most significant sequence was the chapter on "Director as Iconoclast." These directors were more overt than the smugglers in their challenge of the Production Code that determined morally what could and could not be shown on the screen. They pushed the envelope with different styles and subject matters considered taboo until they presented them. Scorsese says that the iconoclast "attacks conventions head-on and his defiance sends shock waves through the industry." It was these renegade, convention-smashing directors that paved the way for more contemporary cinema, allowing expressions that were formerly forbidden.

One way this happened was by inserting a glamour-defying reality into the films that rocked the predominant notion of film as escapism. For example, D.W. Griffiths did this in the silent era with his film Broken Blossoms (1919). Not normally associated with iconoclasm, Griffiths succeeded in portraying a story that was simultaneously anti-racist and sordid. Nothing is idealized. Suffering grips the protagonists, the stooped blossoms, until they merge joyfully. Then bigotry and patriarchal violence shatters their brief dream. The brutal and prejudiced father kills the battered heroine at the end, while her Buddhist lover is unable to save her in time. This is important because the film has no happy ending. It defies the stereotypical escapism prevalent in movies at that time. Yet Griffiths did not pay heavily for this film as other directors would.

Another way iconoclasm took place was in drawing from depressive reality. Scorsese says that Darryl Zanuck of Warner Brothers ordered his directors in the 1930s to take subjects from the newspaper headlines. One of the results was the… [read more]

Spanish Film That Obscure Object of Desire 1977 by Luis Bunuel Film Review

Film Review  |  4 pages (1,661 words)
Bibliography Sources: 10


Luis Bunuel

It Takes Two

How do we know what is real? Because we share our perceptions of what happens with others and their agreement with our own perceptions and beliefs about the nature of even our own personal reality is thus bolstered by the attention of others. Left to our own, embroiled in a world in which we have… [read more]

Crave Horror Movies Essay

Essay  |  1 pages (315 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


¶ … Crave Horror Movies," the author presents his take on why a vast movie-going public likes entertainment which is intended to terrify and which many people find offensive. He uses a cause-effect style to discussion the phenomenon. His argument is that we go to horror movies because we want to show that we can conquer our fears, we want to reaffirm the normality of everyday life, and we want to get a thrill out of celebrating an innate, human insanity. In essence he is arguing that these movies are visceral entertainment, not unlike a genre at the opposite end of the movie spectrum, romantic comedies.

We go to romantic comedies because we like to laugh at the foibles of others (making our own pale in comparison), to experience the thrill of love vicariously, and to experience the entire life cycle of a relationship without enduring our own heartbreak in the process. Watching actors onscreen make mistakes…… [read more]

Compare and Contrast Elements in the Film Life Is Beautiful Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (938 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


¶ … film "Life is Beautiful"

Life is Beautiful

Roberto Benigni's motion picture Life is Beautiful (La Vita e Bella) depicts a series of events happening before, during, and after the Holocaust, highlighting the importance of humor in the struggle to survive. Throughout his life, the film's protagonist, Guido, goes through great efforts and virtually risks his social status and his life in order to protect the people he loves. It is actually surprising that a comedy can be made regarding the Holocaust, but considering that the director uses a multitude of elements with the purpose of describing the life of a Jewish individual living in Nazi-dominated territory contemporary to the Holocaust. Benigni engages in depicting humor, indifference, love, and ethnic differentiation as a means of having the public gain a better understanding of the events lasting from 1939 to 1945.

Consequent to seeing the movie, viewers are likely to realize that it is meant to express contrast. While the first part of the motion picture is filled with factors that please the audience, the second part is distinct through the fact that it presents the Holocaust, which mainly is contains death and suffering. Even with that, these two settings are united by the humor Guido uses as a means to survive. The bleak environment in work camps is surely nothing like the seemingly perfect landscape where Dora and Guido first meet, but Guido manages to convince his son that everything is all right and that they are simply involved in playing a game, making it appear as if matters had not changed much ever since the first part of the movie.

Similarly to how Guido wants to pose in the careless individual in the first part of the movie, he continues playing this role in the second part. He appears to share no interest in the fact that his bookstore will not be opened or that he and his son are held captive in the work camp, as he directs his attention toward the only things he knows will save him-humor. Guido's indifference is not as real as it might initially seem, considering that clearly acknowledges the fact that his existence is threatened by the fact that he is not able to sustain himself in the first part of the movie and by the fact that he risks death while staying in the work camp. One can observe how the protagonist is not actually very concerned about his life and about the lives of his loved ones in particular. Guido is free in both parts of the movie, even with the fact that he is controlled, firstly by the aristocracy in Italy and secondly by the guards in the work camp. The Jewish man emphasizes the fact that society can take away his plans and even that it…… [read more]

Life Is Beautiful Film Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (609 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Life Is Beautiful Film

Happiness, Schopenhauer, and working climate in Roberto Benigni's Life is Beautiful

The 1997 movie Life is Beautiful is a reference to the magnificence and the tension felt during the interwar period and the suffering caused by the Holocaust. Nazism is something most film directors take into consideration when making a drama, with the ideology being less likely to be adapted in order to provide inspiration for a comedy. Roberto Benigni used a real-life episode as a source for his movie, making La Vita e Bella display the interwar period and the Holocaust in an entertaining way. With the film focusing on the era previous to the Second World War in the first part and on the conflict and its aftermath in the second, audiences are presented with two diverging worlds, which are extremely different and yet very similar. The movie succeeds in putting on view, contrasting, and comparing happiness, Schopenhauer, and working climate.

Happiness is a topic one can see from the perspective of a young man fighting for his "principessa" or from the point-of-view of a man who is solely interested in the well-being of his son. The first part of the movie shows this feeling as it generates enjoyable occurrences, strengthening the relationship between Guido and Dora. Guido is happy throughout the first scenes because he manages to find true love because of his strong (and rather ridiculous) determination. Dora learns that one should not fall victim to the unhappy happenings he or she comes across during their lives and that people should fight in order to be happy. The second part of the film presents what seems to be a less happy outlook, one where people are tormented and happiness is lost. Surprisingly, Guido does not give up hope and while he was initially motivated by his…… [read more]

Compare and Contrast the Movies Rear Window Stewart v. Disturbia Lebeouf Essay

Essay  |  6 pages (2,011 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


¶ … movies Rear Window Stewart v. Disturbia LeBeouf

It is certainly difficult not to take into account Alfred Hitchcock's 1954 film Rear Window when attempting to review D.J. Caruso's 2007 motion picture Disturbia. Although the more recent film is a hit through the fact that it brings forth a series of elements that differentiate it from the typical Hollywoodian… [read more]

Movie Real Women Have Curves Reaction Paper

Reaction Paper  |  3 pages (886 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Movie -- Real Women Have Curves

Real Women Have Curves

Patricia Cardaso's 2002 motion picture "Real Women Have Curves" clearly distinguishes itself from the typical Hollywoodian films involving an individual belonging to a minority and a series of stereotypes relating to the respective individual. It proves that a film does not necessarily have to have a big budget in order to send the message its crew wants to send to the public. The audience is constantly intrigued and lured across the movie by eighteen-year-old Ana Garcia's life.

The location of the Garcia family is somewhat conventional, given that the masses expect to see Latinos living in low class neighborhoods in Los Angeles, right next to wealthy areas, expressing a very intense contrast. Ana is a brave young woman struggling to shape her life in accordance with her desires, and not with what her family expects from her. In spite of the fact that she has to play a complex role, America Ferrera triumphs heroically and manages to put across sincere acting without overstressing the public.

People are likely to be captivated by this film, thinking about it long after they left the cinema. The acting and the cinematography improves the feeling that this does not necessarily have to be a figment of imagination, as it is very likely for the events in the film to have happened in real life. However, because the acting is at times hectic and particular happenings in the film seem unlikely to happen in reality, parts of the public might feel that they have to involve more concentration in trying to figure it out. Most people's position on topics like overweight and discrimination based on ethnicity will be confronted by the action in this motion picture. Sure, it is wrong to have a biased perception, but Ana's behavior makes it virtually incredible to think about how differentiation is ignored by some.

Ana has no interest in hiding her flaws and she is aware that this is who she is and that she does not have to shape her ideas in accordance with what other people think of her. Ana does not hesitate to put across her thoughts, regardless of the circumstances. Even when she is with her lover in the bedroom and most people find it perfectly normal for her to be embarrassed (considering that she is a virgin, overweight, and a Latina), Ana proves that she does not believe in stereotypes.

While the acting appears to be sincere, the script makes it difficult for the audience to associate it with reality. Fairy-tale-like events are present throughout the movie and as the story advances some might get the…… [read more]

Art of the Critique Film Essay

Essay  |  8 pages (2,817 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


¶ … Art of the Critique

Film critique is not unlike literary critique in many ways. The ability of the director to reinforce the central theme of the film throughout the film is the key to maintaining the strength of the film. The characters should support the central theme of the film through not only their dialogue but through their… [read more]

Silent Film Critique Thesis

Thesis  |  3 pages (968 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Silent Film Critic

One cannot talk about the great milestones of film history without mentioning Edwin S. Porter's 1903 film The Great Train Robbery. In fact, the film is still considered to be the "mother of all American film narratives" (Auerbach 122). The film may be considered primitive to modern audiences with its 14 scenes and length of only a mere 10 minutes -- however, the film was commercially very successful and it established the belief that film could be a commercially-feasible medium (Dirks 2010). This film also contained many of the plot elements which would go into so many of Hollywood's future films, making The Great Train Robbery a model for what would become one of the most popular genres in America -- the Western.

The Great Train Robbery was originally advertised as "a faithful duplication of the genuine 'hold ups' made famous by various outlaw bands in the far West" (Dirks 2010) and the plot was taken from a real-life occurrence that happened on August 29, 1900 when four members of Butch Cassidy's 'Hole in the Wall' gang stopped the number three train on the Union Pacific Railroad tracks toward Table Rock, Wyoming (2010). Like in many dime novels of the time, the outlaws forced the conductor to disengage the passenger cars from the rest of the train. They then blew up a safe filled with money and escaped on the disengaged train.

The Great Train Robbery was probably the most successful narrative genre from 1903 until 1906 as it featured the exciting element of chase (Auerbach 88). To depict the feel of a great chase, Porter used many innovative and new elements to filmmaking to create a sense of excitement and urgency. The film also used pioneering techniques for the time -- and many of those techniques were used for the first time in the making of the film. A few examples of those innovations are parallel editing, small camera movements, location shooting and "less stage-bound camera placement" (Dirks 2010). The action that takes place on the moving train features the early use of special effects as the landscape rushes past the open door in the background. This is something that we have come to know very well in films, but in 1903, it was a first.

The film's action is told by using one shot for each scene and nearly every single shot is a static long-shot (except for the famous ending close-up shot of George Barnes and his pistol), confining the action to the viewpoint of the camera at eye level. The camera is not moved much and thus the actors' movement creates the action in this film. The ending scene, a gun pointed straight in the face of the audience by actor George Barnes, as noted, and the subsequent firing, was used very effectively to get the audience's full and immediate attention. It was this type of realism…… [read more]

Schindler's List Movie Review Movie Review

Movie Review  |  3 pages (934 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Cheap Labor Using Undocumented Aliens

Schindler's List, is a 1993 motion picture based on the life of Oskar Schindler a cataloged in the book Schindler's Ark, written by Thomas Keneally. Schindler, a German businessman, employed thousands of Polish Jews in his factories to hide them from Nazi persecution. The film received seven Academy Awards, including Best Picture, Best Director, and Best Original Score and was ranked by the American Film Institute as the 8th best film of the top 100 American films of all time. With a $22 million dollar budget, the film has surpassed all expectations by earning $321 million as of 2009 (Schindler's List, 2010).

Plot -- the story revolves around Oskar (Liam Neeson) who bribes the local Nazi leader for contracts in the areas around the Polish Ghetto. Schindler is awarded a factory which produces army mess kits. Schindler, however, has no business or factory training, so turns to Itzhak Stern (Ben Kingley) who has contacts and expertise in the Polish Black Market. Although the workers are unpaid, Schindler and Stern ensure that the documents they carry indicate they are essential to the war effort, saving them from the concentration camps. Meanwhile, SS Captain Amon Goeth (Ralph Fiennes) arrives to construct the Plazow Concentration Camp. Schindler watches the roundup and massacre through a window and is emotionally devastated, finally bribing Goeth into allowing him to build a sub-camp for his workers. Schindler evolves from a selfish and one-dimensional person to one of compassion and concern for his fellow man. "Schindler's List" is made up of as many employees as possible, which keeps them alive. Schindler institutes firm controls over the guards and forbids torture, allows the prisoners to celebrate Sabbath, and makes sure they are given as much food as possible under the circumstances. Just as he runs out of money, the Nazis surrender, ending the war in Europe. Schindler, however, is listed under the Nazi books as a Party Member and beneficiary of slave labor. The film ends with a touching film eulogy to Scheduler who, through his small act, ensured that a number of Polish Jews survived the war (Overview for Schindler's List, 2010).

The Film- Directed by Steven Spielberg, the film is both epic and intimate in style, shot more like a documentary than a feature film. 40% of the film was shot with handheld cameras, and the small budget of $25 million required shooting to be completed in less than three months which, according to the Directory, "gave the film a spontaneity, an edge, and it also serves the subject…. I got rid of the crane, the Steadicam, and the zoom lenses…. Just everything for me that might be considered a safety net" (McBride, 1997, 429-33). Spielberg was far more concerned, in this case, with making an artistic film than…… [read more]

Chinese Film Analysis Essay

Essay  |  5 pages (1,916 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


Chinese Film Analysis

The process of studying the cinema often involves watching how various genres can change from one generation to the next, as new ideas are integrated in a variety of different films. One place where this can be seen is within the Hong Kong film industry. Where, it was going through a transformation from the martial arts genre… [read more]

Diagnosis and Behavioral Analysis of the Movie Along Came a Spider With Morgan Freeman Movie Review

Movie Review  |  2 pages (674 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Along Came a Spider is a movie directed Lee Tamahori and featuring Morgan Freeman as the lead character. It was adapted from the book Along Came a Spider written by James Patterson in 1993. In this movie, Alex Cross (Morgan Freeman) is a detective who retired from the force after a tragic incident involving his partner and since then, has moved into writing mystery and thriller novels. He is forced to get on a case after the kidnapping of Megan Rose, the daughter of the U.S. Senator. He works along with Jezzie Flannigan (Monica Potter) in the case. The suspected kidnapper is the Computer Science teacher Gary Soneji (Micheal Wincott).

Cross understands that Soneji is fascinated with a kidnapping in 1932 and wants to become infamous by kidnapping the senator's daughter. This is part of his larger plan in which he wants to kidnap the son of the Russian President. Though this plot is foiled by Cross, Soneji demands a ransom of $10 million in diamonds for the return of Rose. Cross follows the directions for the drop-off and tosses a large bag of diamonds to a person standing outside a metro train. When Cross returns home, he finds Soneji and realizes that the ransom was not asked by him. Growing even more suspicious, Cross examines the hard drive of Soneji's computer and discovers evidence to connect Flannigan and another detective Devine to the ransom plot. He finds the place where Flannigan is currently hiding and before he could reach that farmhouse, Flannigan had killed Devine and is looking to kill Rose. In the encounter, Cross kills Flannigan and rescues Rose.

Behavioral Analysis

This movie is a mystery and psychological thriller that tries to bring together the complex thoughts and actions of different people. Soneji is an average middle-aged American who is looking to make a mark for himself in the world in whatever way possible. He has been abused by his father at a young age and he is suffering from an identity crisis. This forces…… [read more]

Spartacus Film Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (672 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0



The 1960 film Spartacus, directed by Stanley Kubrick, is a historical drama that also demonstrates different leadership goals, motives, and methods. Between Spartacus, Crassus, and Gracchus, only Spartacus demonstrates a noble form of leadership because he is selfless, courageous, and true to his ideals.

Unlike Crassus or Gracchus, Spartacus's goals, motives, and methods are all selfless. Both Crassus and Gracchus are politicians who desire to rule Rome. In one scene in the movie, Crassus stands before a crowd of Romans including the army. The army and audience chants "Crassus! Crassus!" Crassus seems to enjoy the adoration because he walks proudly and claims to be the leader who can fight the "evil" that is threatening civilization. Interestingly, Spartacus does exactly the opposite. Spartacus most clearly demonstrates his selfless nobility in the scene when all the slaves stand up and state, "I am Spartacus!" Here, Spartacus was ready to take responsibility and present himself to Crassus. He was willing to martyr himself for the greater good of the whole. Spartacus knew that he could have saved the lives of the other slaves if he turned himself in, which is the opposite of what either Crassus or Gracchus do throughout the movie. For example, Crassus does whatever he can to retain political power, including buying off people. Crassus's goal is power, his motives are selfish, and his methods are cruel. Gracchus is especially selfish and manipulative in his leadership style. His goal is also power, his motives are selfish, and his methods are unethical. Spartacus's main goal is liberty and justice for all the slaves. Spartacus is motivated by ethical duty. His methods are those of a warrior, but he never betrays a friend. Therefore, Spartacus is an extremely selfless leader, one who puts principles before his own personal glory.

Although Crassus and Gracchus act bravely at times, their courage is not nearly as genuine as Spartacus's. The final battle scene of the film illustrates the sharp difference between Spartacus's courage and Crassus's courage. Crassus has the political…… [read more]

Analyzing Movies Term Paper

Term Paper  |  8 pages (2,389 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


¶ … film is a comprehensive work of art with visual, symbolic, auditory, and potentially political elements. Yet individual scenes can be deconstructed to reveal the role of the camera, its angles, and lighting on the overall impact of the movie. Directorial cues and cinematography therefore comprise the most basic means of analyzing a movie. A movie is, after all,… [read more]

Graduate ): Film Review Thesis

Thesis  |  1 pages (436 words)
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Graduate (1967): Film review

Although the Graduate is a comedy with a farcical plot (a recent college graduate has an affair with his desired girlfriend's mother), it is characterized by subtle, understated acting that intensifies the humor of the film. For example, when Dustin Hoffman's college graduate Benjamin is told at a cocktail party that the future of America is in "plastics," the line is left to speak "for itself," and the humor of the scene derives from his discomfort and uncertainty about what to say, not just the irony about how the word reflects the plastic nature of suburbia. Carefully timed reaction shots paired with ironic dialogue are what give the film is satiric humor: the viewer must carefully watch and listen to appreciate the film. For example, Anne Bancroft's Mrs. Robinson's careless sexuality when she removes her stockings to seduce Benjamin is funny because of his adolescent discomfort and because of her denial that is what she is obviously doing.

Although the acting is contemporary in its style, other aspects of the film clearly mark it as part of the 1960s, such as the ending sequence, which shows Benjamin whisking Elaine away at the altar from a stultifying life. The couple defies parental and social conventions without any thought of the future. The film clearly pairs…… [read more]

1930's Movie Essay

Essay  |  1 pages (315 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Arthur Penn's classic 1967 film Bonnie and Clyde relays the true story of a gangster couple whose foray into bank heists turns sour and deadly. Although the title characters are clearly criminals who deviate from normative behavior in many ways, Bonnie and Clyde are heroes. The couple is depicted in a way that helps the audience sympathize with them, and therefore root for them throughout the film even as their plans go awry. Bonnie and Clyde share traits in common with the heroes in classical Greek drama.

For example, both Bonnie and Clyde suffer from a great deal of hubris and this tragic flaw causes them to fail at key moments. A hero is not necessarily an unambiguously benevolent character but rather, a multidimensional one. In fact, Bonnie and Clyde do not intend to use violence. Their tragic flaws led them astray from their true goals, the way Oedipus and other classic heroes also fail. Bonnie and…… [read more]

Godfather Movie Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  5 pages (1,634 words)
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Godfather (movie)


Michael Corleone is the youngest son the "Don" Vito Corleone, the head of a New York Mafia "family." The film begins when he returns from active service in the Second World War. His return is welcomed by father and his family when he attends his sister's wedding at the family compound. The first scene of the film… [read more]

Commercial and Art Film a Comparison Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  6 pages (1,837 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 2


Commercial and Art Film

A comparison of Commercial and art film

The distinction or difference between art and commercial film is one that is often discussed and debated. There is a general view that art films are 'better' and philosophically have more depth and meaning than commercial films. They are also usually referred to as having more cinematic acting and… [read more]

Movie Classifications Movies Are Classified Essay

Essay  |  5 pages (1,372 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 1+


Movie Classifications

Movies are classified according to genre which is French term meaning "type." In cinema around the globe, films have been classified into variety of genres, some being more dominant than others. Some of the most well-known genres are comedy, horror, thriller, drama, musical and westerns. And some of these movies will also have a sub-genre like a slapstick comedy or a gothic horror movie. Richard Maltby has given us eight major genres into which most cinematic creations can be classified: "The Western, the comedy, the musical, and the war movie are four uncontested categories. Different critics will then argue the relative independent merits of at least one of the thriller, the crime or gangster movie, and list the horror movie and science fiction as either one or two additional genres." (p. 116). To this we can also add romance and action adventure as two more important genres. Since movies are no longer single-generic, most movies will combine two or more main genres such as romantic comedy. This sub-genre has become so popular that it has actually come to occupy a place as a separate genre in itself. For example "An Affair to Remember" would be called a romantic movie while "You've Got Mail" would be described as romantic comedy.


Comedy is one of the most dominant staple of cinema production. There is no large cinema industry in the world which hasn't produced its fair share of comedies. Comedies have ruled the cinema along with romance and action-adventure movies. "Most discussions on comedy begin by acknowledging a basic distinction between what might be called its comic units-gags, jokes, funny moments and the like- and the narrative and non-narrative context in which they occur. This distinction is important both because it links to issues of film history, and because it raises questions about definition and hence about the criteria governing comedy as a genre." (Neale p. 66) Comedy has a broad definition. It can be either completely verbal or completely physical or a combination of both. Jerry Lewis' comedies for example fell in the latter category while more refined works like "Some like it hot" fall into the former one.

There are comedies where narrative is more important and jokes as a comic relief. These comedies have a story line which may be non-comical. In others however narrative is only an excuse as jokes and gags are more important. Horton (1991) explains:

"comedies are interlocking sequences of jokes and gags that place narrative in the foreground in which case comedy leans in varying degrees towards some dimension of the non-comic (realism, romance, fantasy), or use that narrative as only a loose excuse for holding together moments of comic business (as in a Marx Brothers' films)." (p. 7)

In comedies, a great deal of attention is paid to jokes and gags. They occupy a pivotal place because they are placed at the exact moment when laughter is to be generated. The audience can either develop an instant connection with the… [read more]

Film Documentary Review Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  2 pages (687 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Film Documentary Review: Nix on Behind Forgotten Eyes (2006)

The reviewer Nix chose to review the film Behind Forgotten Eyes (2006). The film is a documentary that addresses the comfort women, which was the term used to describe the Korean women who were forced to act as prostitutes for Japanese soldiers during World War II. The reviewer obviously had some knowledge of the history of comfort women, and used his historical knowledge as a basis for judging the film. However, he did not seem to strictly evaluate the film's historical accuracy. Whether this was because he found the film to be historically accurate or whether he was simply impressed with the emotional impact of the film is something that was not made clear in the documentary.

In fact, the reviewer took a very emotional and empathetic approach to the film review. He was clearly impressed by the story that the documentary told, and asked others to question whether they would be able to find the same strength or resiliency as the women portrayed in the film if they ever faced the same type of circumstances. In fact, while the reviewer found that the film portrayed a cruelty one would have hoped was extinguished by the 20th century, he compared what happened to the comfort women to other widely known atrocities, such as the Massacre of Nanking, the concentration camps, and Pol Pot's killing fields. The reviewer made it clear that he agreed with the documentary's director's interpretation of the comfort women's ordeal that these women were forced into sexual slavery and that they did not willingly act as prostitutes.

Because the reviewer felt that the film was separated into three acts, he addressed each part of the documentary separately. The first part of the documentary focuses on comfort women and the soldiers who utilized them giving their personal accounts of the comfort women experience. The reviewer was obviously sympathetic to the plight of the comfort women, casting them as victims and the soldiers as victimizers, which is how almost all historians view the…… [read more]

Philosophy of Film Philosophy Thesis

Thesis  |  5 pages (1,565 words)
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Philosophy of Film

Philosophy in Film

Ever since mankind first crawled out of the slime, it has attempted -- through the brighter intellectual luminaries that most ages have produced -- to describe and explain the conditions of humanity and reality with as much objectivity as can be mustered (a subject which is itself a matter of great debate). There are… [read more]

Politically-Themed Movie - W Charlie Wilson's War Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (870 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


¶ … politically-Themed movie - W

Charlie Wilson's War

Politics has always been a frequently discussed issue, with roughly everyone being interested in it at one point in their lives. Politicians are assigned with deciding matters on which people depend on, and, thus, the public is looking forward to choosing the best to rule over them. Because of the notoriety of the subject, numerous writings have been issued relating to it. Several film directors have inspired their movies from real occurrences which have happened in the lives of politicians. Charlie Wilson's War is a 2007 biographical film presenting events from the life of Democratic Congressman Charlie Wilson, from Texas. The movie's plot first follows Charlie Wilson as he enjoys the good things in life, only to later witness the horrors which the people in Afghanistan are being subjected to by the Soviet invaders.

The main character, Charlie Wilson, is played by actor Tom Hanks, and, as the story evolves, the audience is presented with a typical brilliant performance coming from Hanks. Wilson is displayed as having good organizational abilities, yet, he proves to have a weakness for women and partying. An example of his lifestyle is shown through the facts that he only has beautiful women working from him as secretaries, and, that he drinks champagne in a Jacuzzi in Vegas. Across the movie, Wilson is put to test several times, but, because of his luck and his intelligence, he manages to come out clean. Both in Texas, and in Afghanistan, Wilson's emotions prove to be stronger than his logic, and, it does not last long before he encounters failure in his missions.

Despite of being surrounded by beautiful women mostly all the time, Wilson is especially fond of Joanne Herring (Julia Roberts). Julia Roberts's character is a good example of a strong woman that knows how to get what she wants. She firstly presents Wilson with the situation in Afghanistan hoping that it would get his attention. She then continues her plan and succeeds in making Wilson fully interested in the state of affairs.

The public must have been expecting both Hanks and Roberts to provide them with a movie of great value. The director had been also expecting the names of the two actors to make people attend the movie in great numbers. However, what most viewers did not expect had been a wonderfully played positive role from actor Phillip Seymour Hoffman. The actor plays the role of CIA agent Gust Avrakotos and has to assist Wilson in his mission of installing freedom in Afghanistan. Charlie Wilson's War presents Hoffman differently than how…… [read more]

Western Film Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (928 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Wstern Film

Motion picture directors have made numerous Western movies in the second half of the twentieth century until about the 90s when the genre had become a thing of the past among film fans. Most Westerns depicted the period subsequent to the Civil War, when people were migrating towards the west in large numbers with the belief that they would get rich there. A typical western involves a great deal of shooting done by renegade cowboys or by hero-like sheriffs.

John Ford's the Searchers follows the story of Civil War veteran Ethan Edwards (John Wayne) as he had just returned from the war where he fought for the Confederacy. Early westerns frequently displayed Indians as being ruthless savages dedicated to stealing and killing innocent people. The Indians in Ford's movie follow the pattern exactly.

John Wayne's character, Ethan, is a convinced anti-Indian and cannot control himself as he finds out about Lucy's affair with Scar. Ethan is the archetypal white man from the late nineteenth century in the period subsequent to the Civil War. White people felt that they had to civilize all Indians and that they were rightfully entitled to rule over all of Northern America.

Ethan is not the only person in the film displaying explicit racist beliefs towards Indians. In spite of the appearance of her gentle nature, Laurie advises Martin not to intervene between Ethan and Debbie because she also considers that a relationship between a white girl and an Indian is something outrageous.

All of the Indians involved in the film show no expression of intelligence or of good-will. The movie has been produced in 1956 when people regarded Indians as being uneducated and there was a general movement that promoted white people as a superior race.

In contrast to the Searchers, Little Big Man is a Western that proves the fact that people have changed their way of thinking from 1956 to 1970. The 70s have been a period when people were rebelling against unjust wars and for freedom and equality for all.

All of the Indian characters involved in the movie are different from most Indians participating in Westerns. In opposition, white men are presented as being thieves that would stop at nothing from exploiting everything and everyone.

The story of Jack Crabb is followed as he undergoes a series of unfortunate incidents. In spite of following the Hollywood pattern, the Indians in the movie prove to be very wise and kind.

Even with the fact that Jack has mistreated Younger Bear, he receives assistance from him as the Indian saves his life.

The audience is presented with Jack's life as he is subjected to two different styles of living: that in the Cheyenne camp and that among civilized whites. Life among the whites is composed…… [read more]

Film Birth of a Nation Thesis

Thesis  |  2 pages (694 words)
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Film: Birth of a Nation

The presentation of the first motion pictures had left the audience speechless, as their concept of a story had been limited until that time. The first motion picture directors had the difficult task of presenting the public with a movie that they would enjoy. The reason for why their task was difficult was due to their dealing with something that had not been done before and required a lot of ingenuity D.W. Griffith, the director of "The Birth of a Nation" is one of the early pioneers involved in the motion picture business. The movie has raised a lot of controversy and it is one of the most valued films from the period.

Griffith's movie expresses explicit racist behavior and is most probably a result of white people rejecting the thought that the African-Americans had been set free by the Civil War. The movie quickly received recognition around the U.S. And it made the director rich.

The plot is divided into two distinct parts where the two families around which the actions revolve are being put through several incidents happening in the Civil War period. In the first part we are presented with the two families: the Stonemans and the Camerons. Austin Stoneman is the head of the Stonemans and a convinced abolitionist. Austin has a daughter named Elsie and two other sons. The Cameron family (a slave-holder family) has five children, daughters Margret and Flora, and three sons, including Ben Cameron, the main character.

The Stoneman boys visit the Cameron boys, with whom they are friends, and a Stoneman boy falls for Margret Cameron while Ben Cameron develops a crush on Elsie Stoneman who he sees in a picture. The episode ends quickly as the Civil War begins and all of the boys join the military.

The Cameron house is soon captured by a group of black men, but the situation is saved by a Confederate unit. One of the Stoneman boys is killed and so are two boys from the Cameron family. Ben Cameron is wounded and attends a hospital…… [read more]

Popular Movie Reviews Chinatown, 1974, Color Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  11 pages (3,077 words)
Bibliography Sources: 22


Popular Movie Reviews


Chinatown, 1974, color, 2hr.11min

Director: Roman Polanski

Starring: Jack Nicholson, Faye Dunaway, John Huston

Chinatown starts off with Los Angeles private eye Jake Gittes (Nicholson) being approached by a woman claiming to be Mrs. Mulwray, wife to the man who designed and built the city's water system and whom she suspects of having an affair. Jake… [read more]

Cool Hand Luke the Film Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,118 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 2


Cool Hand Luke the Film

Cool Hand Luke" is both a movie about resistance against authority and disobedience, as well as a movie about leadership. However, all these particular segments can be expanded to include other secondary themes, such as humanity in general and the relationships that develop between human beings, depending on what level of authority they find themselves on, and the human individuality itself, with Luke Jackson (and some of the other prisoners as well) attempting to discover his own personality, beyond his own behaviors. Each of these themes is tied with each other: the disobedience theme is closely related to the development of the individual in his relationship with authority, but also with the other characters in the movie.

The whole movie revolves around the personality of Luke Jackson, interpreted by Paul Newman, and his inability to both fit in socially and to adapt to the rules that society imposes. This is what gets him into prison from the very beginning: while drunk, he destroys parking meters during the night. While the offence is apparently mild, the different actions that the character enterprises during the movie, his incapacity to adapt to the situation he is in and his revolted character make him a victim throughout and eventually bring his final downfall.

The idea of leadership that has been introduced in the thesis of this paper also comes from his disobedience and resistance to the authority of the prison. This is something tempting for his fellow prisoners who see in this an extraordinary capacity of maintaining one's spirit and ideals and remaining upright despite the prison's challenges and numerous provocations, without any compromises. With this in mind, they easily turn Luke's revolt into something they would themselves embrace, if only they had some of Luke's qualities. This, in turn, easily transforms Luke into a leader among his group, because the distance from idolatry to leadership is not very big.

However, it is also from this disobedience that Luke's humanity transposes throughout the film. One of the most important scenes is the one where he has to dig a whole in the camp yard, only to fill it up after that and start all over again. This the clear Sisyphus Myth, slightly changed in the movie (in the myth, Sisyphus has to push a rock up a mountain, only for the rock to fall again to the bottom of the mountain once the top is reached). The act itself is obviously useless, but has a tremendous impact on Luke's spirit and evolution. It is at the same time the appropriation of the idea that everything is in vain and useful. However, again connecting this with disobedience and disrespect for authority, the message goes even beyond the simple physical effort to incorporate passing on the message that all his escapes are in fact in vain as well, as is his continuous revolt against the system and against authority.

It is true, however, that Luke does have another tentative escape, however,… [read more]

Film "United 93" Directed by Paul Greengrass Thesis

Thesis  |  5 pages (1,834 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


¶ … film "United 93" directed by Paul Greengrass. Specifically it will provide an analysis of the film using technical, mise-en-scene, history, performance, and society concepts. "United 93" tells the story of the doomed United Airlines plane that the passengers attempted to take over after they learned of the events in New York City and Washington, D.C. On the day… [read more]

Romantic Comedy Film Genre Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,297 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


Romantic comedy film genre has been around almost since the inception of film as we know it, and before that in countless theatrical productions and even prose and poetry that predates the romantic comedy theatrical genre. Essentially, life and love are two of the most essential areas of self-discovery that are universal to human existence and therefore call audiences from every human condition to look for models and standards. Additionally, comprising the two, human romance, with comedy is essential in the fact that many wish to see and seek out imagery and thoughts that simplify and therefore make approachable the convoluted and difficult reality of human love relationships. In other words, we all, rich-poor, majority-minority, complicated-simple seek love and are much more willing to approach it and listen to the messages it has for us when it is given to us in the form of satire.

Comedy, i.e. satire is the element within the genre that makes even complicated human emotions approachable to all, even when it only remotely represents the real life experience of romance. Satire, allows the individual to approach complicated social issues, surrounding love and romance that transcend the human condition, including but not limited to race, class, distance, difference, betrayal, trust and complacency and even violence or fear of it in such a way that human lessons can be learned without fear or real difficulties can be ignored and/or suspended by being put into the context of fictional lives and characters.

Gehring 118) Siska, in the Handbook of American Film Genres describes the formula of a romantic comedy as; "man wins woman, woman expresses dissatisfaction with being dominated and leaves man, man undergoes series of trials to win woman back" (363) Though this formulary may be over simplistic it still tends to override the genre and build the plot of a good, romantic comedy film.

The film genre has also realistically evolved over the years to incorporate modern social issues, such as divorce, adultery, technology, single parenting, human sexuality, crime or fear of crime, object worship or consumerism and so forth, all of which offer rich fodder for social commentary in romantic comedy as well as opportunity for comedic events and circumstances.

Siska 363) Within the genre there are literally thousands of examples but when thinking of consummate examples of romantic comedy in the modern era three films come to mind; the Breakfast Club (1985), When Harry Met Sally (1989) and You've Got Mail (1998). Each of these films has at least one message regarding modern romance that is parodied to allow any viewer to commiserate with the characters and conflicts in the film.

The Breakfast Club which hit theaters in 1985 and served as a coming of age film for many served the purpose of challenging social class and stratification. In the film a group of unsuspecting and relatively diverse (although all Caucasian) high school students meet for Saturday detention and proceed to challenge the social clicks of their particular high school by forming bonds… [read more]

Film Noir a Style or a Genre Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (897 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 4


Film Noir: a style or a genre?

According to the Webster Online Dictionary, a genre is a "a category of artistic, musical, or literary composition characterized by a particular style, form, or content." As we can see from this definition, a genre is, first of all, a category that reunites different artistic objects (artistic encompassing a generic term to include all art-related work, including music or literary pieces) with a similar style. From this definition, the concept of style is included in the concept of genre in the sense that it is one of the common elements that a piece must have to belong to a certain category.

At the same time, the style is "a distinctive manner of expression" or a distinctive type or form. As we can see, the style itself does not describe the category or an enumeration of objects with similar characteristics, but the characteristic itself in which the manner of expression is done. From this perspective as well, as previously mentioned, style defines, eventually, the genre into which a particular work can be included.

It is easy to get confused about these terms because one can notice that both terms have the tendency to categorize and split different elements according to common characteristics. From this point-of-view, it is difficult to decide whether a certain work belongs to a certain style (as in a manner of expression) or a particular genre (as in a category sharing common styles and characteristics).

The film noir shares several characteristics that makes it recognizable. First of all, as the film noir originated somewhere in the immediate aftermath of the Second World War, the environment that it describes reflects a certain overall pessimism that things are likely to improve. This type of pessimistic approach gives the film noir one of their characteristic grim feeling, with a society plagued by corruption, a cynical approach to things and a world where trust between individuals no longer exists and betrayal can come from anywhere.

This translates into the way that the film noir is often shot. The common denominator is the fact that the environment is often either rainy or dark, humid/windy/bad weather, often in darkness. In this darkness, occasional glimmers of light include carnival or festival lights, not necessarily as a positive approach, but often to contrast even more with the bleakness and darkness that surrounds most of the parts where the action takes place.

Another important characteristic is the fact that the main character is usually the type of anti-hero rather than the usual movie hero. He is not necessarily a positive character, has weaknesses and, despite being willing to fight for a cause, his motivations are often driven by…… [read more]

How Special Effects Distribution to Film Industries and it Impact on Our Society Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  4 pages (1,114 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 5


¶ … Special effects are a force of defining importance in modern filmmaking, both at the independent and mainstream levels. Such innovations as stop-motion animation, CGI integrated cinematography and animatronix all have altered the look of films and have caused the audience to expect an extremely high standard of visual acuity where special effects are concerned. Employed to the purpose of exacting a realistic impression such as the recreation of a historical period or with the intent of creating an altogether unprecedented universe in a science fiction film, special effects are those features of an infinite array of potential sources and types which portray events or actions through elaborate simulation. The primary argument of this research examination will be that special effects distribution has had the impact of allowing filmmakers to achieve heretofore impossible visions of both the most imaginative abstraction and the most stunning realism, both improving the artistic and aesthetic opportunities available to modern cinema.

Statement of the Problem:

The use of special effects today cannot be given a connotation from a critical standpoint. Value judgment on the subject does not provide much insight because there are both positive and negative examples of the use of special effects which do not conform with other aspects of cinematic critique. Certainly, it is quite simple to argue that in such a case as the Matrix, special effects have helped to visually portray an abstract and compelling principle, truly altering the form and the expectation of the audience. Likewise, it might be quite simple to argue that the high-budget special effects used to produce Kevin Costner's famously disastrous and reviled Water World are an example of how a dependency on special effects can actually be quite damaging. However, there is a considerable middle ground in film-making, wherein which the quality of special effects may itself be regarded as the important and critically worthy aspect of a film, such as in Terminator 2, Star Wars and Jurassic Park. Each of these films would accomplish this feat of recreating the visual slate for audiences and filmmakers, even if fundamentals such as acting and writing were relatively secondary concerns. This is an essential consideration of the problem facing our analysis. The middle ground between critical consideration and an unwavering endorsement of the value of special effects is the argument here that special effects are allowing filmmakers in all areas of the medium to accomplish previously unattainable goals.

Description of Purpose and Expected Results

The purpose of this examination is to illustrate that films of limited critical appeal have nonetheless had the occasional impact of genuinely impacting or altering the form. This is to say that the research will be invested in yielding observations on films which are distinctive primarily for their special effects appeal and not for their cultural or commercial significance. It is anticipated that a critical evaluation of such films from the perspective of their success with special effects orientation will illustrate that special effects use in films can have a transformative… [read more]

Movie-Making Has Become Such a Pervasive Art Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (760 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 0


Movie-making has become such a pervasive art form that specific movie genres have developed to meet the emotional needs of the movie-going public. One subtype of movies that has a guaranteed dramatic impact is the serial-killer suspense movie. These movies include films such as Copycat, Henry: Portrait of a Serial Killer, and Silence of the Lambs. Serial-killer suspense movies have a power emotional impact because they tap into basic human emotions. First, because these movies follow the exploits of serial killers, they give movie-goers the intellectual challenge of trying to figure out or understand the serial killer. Second, these movies tap into the visceral thrill of the selfish murder, by demonstrating killing for the sake of killing. Finally, these movies tap into the fear of strangers; the absolute vulnerability that human beings have when they interact with other people. Because these emotions are so strong, serial-killer suspense movies are dramatic and involving for the audience.

Unlike many traditional thrillers or regular-horror movies, there is an intellectual edge to the serial killer movie. For example, in the movie Copycat, the detective who is tracking down the killers must try to get into the killer's head by understanding his crime scenes and predicting what he will do next. In Silence of the Lambs, the lead character's entire interaction with Hannibal Lecter is based upon the premise that he will be able to provide her with clues to the identity of an active serial killer. Henry: Portrait of a Serial Killer differs from the other movies, in that there was no detective hunting the killer; instead, the audience is left to observe Henry in as his crimes unfold. However, that places the audience in the role of profiler, trying to determine what is motivating Henry's crimes and whether someone like him could be stopped.

While most human beings are reluctant to admit it, there is something about the selfish personality that is fascinating. What could be more selfish than a serial killer? Therefore, these films allow human beings to vicariously enjoy absolute selfishness. In Copycat, part of the allure of the movie is that the killer has taken the time to emulate past famous murders, and is killing people, not because of what they have done to him, but because of how they…… [read more]

Alfred Hitchcock's Movie Psycho Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (634 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


¶ … Alfred Hitchcock's movie Psycho does not follow Syd Field's classic three act paradigm for screenwriting. Instead, Psycho can be seen as a different kind of screenwriting paradigm, with three distinct acts, but different turning points than Syd Field's classic paradigm.

Syd Field's three act paradigm divides screenplays into three acts, and two plot points. In Act 1, the Setup the main character and his or her situation is developed. At the end of Act 1 is the first plot point, an inciting incident, where something happens to start the story process and change the main character's life. In Act 2, the main character works toward achieving a goal. At the second plot point, the main character usually achieves a goal. Act 3 can be seen as the ending of the film (Field). Field's paradigm essentially describes the large variety of movies made in Hollywood (Field).

There are some movies, however, that defy Field's three act paradigm. Alfred Hitchcock's movie Psycho, is one of the rare exceptions to Syd Field's classic three act paradigm for screenwriting.

Essentially, Psycho's deviation from the three act paradigm revolves around the screenplay's shocking shower scene. Prior to the shower scene, the movie seems to be following the classic paradigm. Act 1 begins by introducing the heroine, Marion, and setting up the story (her affair with Sam and when she steals money from her boss). Until this point in Psycho, the movie follow's Field's paradigm of setting up the main character and the main character's world in Act 1.

However, at the end of Act 1, the first plot point, normally an inciting incident in Field's paradigm, flies in the face of Field's classic three act paradigm. Marion visits the Bates Motel, where she is killed by the villain, Norman Bates. The death of the film's main protagonist is a clear violation of Field's paradigm. In Field's paradigm, the inciting incident…… [read more]

Movies and Methods: Volume I - Summary Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (2,080 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 2


Movies and Methods: Volume I - Summary and Review

Both teachers and students of film would likely welcome this book, even though it was written in 1976. Some things do not go out of date, and even though much has happened since the 1970s there are a lot of classic works on film that are still very worthy of being… [read more]

Response to Film Modern Times Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (341 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


¶ … Charlie Chaplin's classic movies was made in the 1930s. It is a film that, like all of Chaplin's films, have a strong social context. Though the protagonist here is a not a tramp, he is the quintessential factory worker -- an automaton, or a cog in the large machinery that is the establishment of the fruits of the Industrial Revolution.

Modern Times satirizes the burgeoning factory mindset that slowly but surely eroded what agronomies all over the world held dear. Add to the fact that at this point, the United States was still reeling from the Stock Market crash of 1929, where many thousands died of hunger, fields were left barren and hordes of hungry people traveled from pillar to post to find work. In fact, this movie can be seen in terms of the Joad family from the Steinbeck's Grapes of Wrath and Tom Joad (the hero) eventually ending up working in such a factory.

While factories offered some respite, and indeed, eventually proved beneficial in the…… [read more]

Film Noir Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,428 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Film Noir

The heist film is a sub-set of film noir, and it is key to such a film that the audience have sympathy for the criminals who are at the center of the film. This is a common element in the film noir even when the central character is committing crimes and even killing other people along the way.… [read more]

Movie Review on the Crucible Movie Review

Movie Review  |  3 pages (1,106 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 1


¶ … Crucible" directed by Nicholas Hytner. Specifically it will review the film, including a discussion of the film as art. The Crucible is the retelling of the classic Arthur Miller play of the same name, first debuting on Broadway in 1953. This version is skillfully filmed and acted, and could be considered an art film because of the film techniques and storyline. It is an artistic success, but falls short on entertainment for many viewers.

The film concerns Abigail Williams, a young girl living in Salem Massachusetts who becomes embroiled in the Salem Witch Trials of 1692. Abigail and some of her friends dance in the woods with Tituba, a black slave, and are accused of being witches. They confess they are "possessed," and begin to systematically accuse others in Salem of being witches or consorting with them. As the film progresses, the girl's accusations become more and more outlandish, and they become "possessed" in the courtroom as they accuse the people around them. Some of the people of Salem, like Rebecca Nurse, can see through the girls, but for the most part, the people are swept up in witch fever, content to believe the girls and their allegations.

A major focus of Abigail's denunciations is the Proctor family. She and John Proctor had an affair when she worked for the family, and she is still in love with him. She accuses his wife in an attempt to free him of the woman, but he loves his wife Elizabeth, and will not allow her to stand alone in the courtroom. As a result, both are charged with witchcraft. John has a chance to "confess" and save their lives, but he cannot do it, and in the end, they both hang as witches.

The film illustrates how people who know and respect each other can become caught up in accusations and lies, and it shows the justice system of the 17th century, that was both swift and extremely gullible at the same time. The court basically makes its judgments on the word of a few girls who are afraid and attempting to save themselves rather than stand accused of witchcraft, and it sentences nineteen people to death solely on the word of these girls. The film also shows that some people stood up to the girls and the court, but could do nothing to stop it in the end. Perhaps the most famous is Reverend Hale, who, by the end of the trials is totally fed up with the court and the outcome, and denounces the proceedings as he leaves the town.

The film is a blend or realist and formalist. It is realist in that it follows the action real time and formalist in that it follows the formal direction and action of the stage play it was based on. It also does not attempt to show any witchcraft or other "spiritual" fantasies that the girls make up in their minds, which also makes it a realistic and believable… [read more]

Classic Film: Casablanca the Classic Movie Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (411 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Classic Film: Casablanca

The classic movie I chose to write about is Casablanca, released in 1942, starring Humphrey Bogart and Ingrid Bergman. The movie is considered a classic by many because it stars two of the most renowned actors of its time; however I also consider it a classic because of the symbolism it contained during a time when the United States was becoming more deeply involved in World War II.

To me Casablanca is a classic film because it is one of the first films in history that symbolizes two themes that have since been repeated in movies throughout history -- the concept of self-sacrifice for love. In Casablanca, Rick Blaine is reunited with an old love, Ilsa Lund, as he tries to help her flee the impending and spreading Nazi onslaught. Although Blaine loves Lund dearly, he would rather let her go to ensure her own well being despite his own desires to have her for his own. The concept of loving something enough to let it go despite your own desires is something that I believe truly epitomizes true love in the classic sense.

The symbolism in Casablanca is also what makes it a classic film to me. I believe the cynical…… [read more]

Film Genre Horror Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (778 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 1


Gender in the Horror Film

In "Men, Women, and Chain Saws: Gender in the Modern Horror Film," author Carol J. Clover illustrates something that seems very obvious in many horror films, and might make them so popular to young male viewers. Often, the premise of the horror film is to victimize young women. In fact, she equates some slasher films with pornography, which seems to be going a bit too far toward stereotyping and gender issues. However, the income figures for these slasher-type films were staggering. I did not realize these films took is so much income, which indicates how popular they really are, despite what critics say about them. Obviously, they are pleasing someone to have so much success and so many sequels. The numbers were more than I imagined, and opened up my eyes to the profits to be made in these types of films.

It was interesting to see how many films are considered to be of the slasher genre, from "Psycho" to "Alien," which seem older than the current crop of films, but when the author shows the elements that make up the slasher genre, they make sense. It also shows how women are victims, but then are victorious against the villains, so in the end, women are stronger than the men who victimize them. It is not surprising that these films appeal the most to young men. However, they seem to appeal to young women as well, perhaps because of this vision of power that comes at the end of the films.

The analysis of each of the types of horror films is very detailed, and helps make some of the films make more sense. The series of films with religious and Satanist overtones are handled quite well by this author, who shows in more detail how sex and Satan go hand in hand. I did not really see some of the symbolism the author discusses (such as the snake in the bathtub scene), but when the author discusses it the images make more sense. I did not think of some of these films as sexual, or as victimizing women, so this section made things clearer and made me think about some of the films I have viewed before but not really analyzed. There seems to be a lot more stereotyping in these films…… [read more]

American Horror Film, Editor Gregory A. Waller Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (728 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 1


¶ … American Horror Film, editor Gregory A. Waller brings together essays that dissect and critique many of the most popular horror films of the last few decades. This book is extremely interesting in the way the authors discuss the horror films and why they are so fascinating to filmmakers and viewers. Often, critics and others dismiss horror films as a film genre that is neither important or worth viewing. However, this collection of essays really makes the reader think about horror films and view them in a new light.

The horror genre is not for everyone, and the authors of these essays make this clear. One of the most interesting aspects that showed up in many of the essays is the "normalcy" of the main characters. They are usually young, very typical teenagers, and characters the viewers can identify with and like in at least some cases. Thus, the viewer begins to root for the characters to win out over their horrible adversary. When they do, the viewers are assured that life will get back to normal and good triumphs over evil. When they do not, viewers see a view of the world that is a "product of madness" (Wexman 34) as one writer says of the films of Roman Polanski.

It was interesting to see the commonalities in horror films from decades ago compared with modern films, as well. While the older films sometimes seem hokey and poorly acted the thread of horror that runs through the story and holds it together is still the same, no matter when the film is made or who the actors and director were. The book discusses "Night of the Living Dead," which is still a gross and disgusting film, but it has many of the same qualities of "Friday the 13th," such as young, "normal" protagonists fighting a grisly enemy, and many of them using the fight. It is also interesting that so many critics read so much into these films. At first glance, they are simply "scary movies," but after reading this book, it is clear they are much more than that, and much thought and execution goes into the development and creation of…… [read more]

Film Theory and Criticism Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,278 words)
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Film Theory and Criticism

Hitchcock is the master of subtext and suspense, he is definitely a genius when it comes to creating memorable scenes that balance sensual tension, sensual innuendo, and comedy and up bring suspense seamlessly.

Briefly the plot outline of Hitchcock's movie "North by Northwest" (1959), is about a New York advertising executive who is mistaken for a government agent by a group of foreign spies. He begins his adventure in search of the real agent and is pursued across the States by both the spies and the government while being helped by a beautiful blonde.

Robin Wood in his book called "Hitchcock's films revisited, book two," gives a concrete example of how a movie should be analyzed taking in consideration the ideology of the movie, its genre and author's fingerprint. Wood stresses the fact that the aim of a critic is to see the work "as wholly as possible as it is - to be able to draw on the discoveries and particular perceptions of each theory, each position, without committing himself exclusively to any one."

Writing about ideology in cinema, Wood emphasizes that there is for sure an American ideology; the author names these ideologies "values and assumptions so insistently embodied in and reinforced by the classical Hollywood cinema." Giving such a list of values, Wood assures the reader that this list presents an ideology that is full of "contradictions and unsolved tensions."

Some of the examples of values given, witch should be taken in consideration when discussing "North by Northwest," are: "capitalism: the right of the ownership, private enterprise; progress, technology, the big city; success/wealth; America as the land where everyone can actually is/can be happy, all problems are solvable within the existing system; the classical Hollywood phenomena, the happy ending; the ideal male: the virile adventurer, potent, untrammeled man of action; the erotic woman (adventuress), fascinating but dangerous, liable to betray the hero or turn into a black panther."

The movie begins with the image of New York traffic in the windows of a gigantic building. Somehow the people are protected by the American democratic system, underlined by the big office building. The main character is at the beginning of the action as a common advertising man, who relies on modern civilization, he is fast talking, self-confident on the outside an immature. Shortly after the beginning of the movie Thornfill, the main character played by actor Gary Grant, is kidnapped, he is taken away from the monotony and safety of the city and led to an unknown mansion.

Thornhill understands that he has been mistaken with someone else and begins the journey of his life in order to set things right.

Probably one of the main ideological and thematic tensions in North by Northwest is encapsulated in the scene in witch Thornhill and the beautiful Eve Kendall meet on the train as an introduction to their future plans. Thornhill is on his way to find the real Mr. Kaplan and Eve is on the… [read more]

Japanese Film Review Film Review

Film Review  |  2 pages (637 words)
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¶ … Life (1998)

Director Hirokazu Kore-eda's 1998 film After Life, (or Wandafuru Raifu for "Wonderful Life" in Japanese), explores the transition between life on earth and the afterlife in a way that allows him to do so without ever actually defining the nature of the afterlife at all. The film focuses on a transitory facility where newly departed individuals arrive after their deaths on their way to wherever they are destined for eternity after life. The main purpose of this layover is for them to consider their lives and to select what they consider to be their single most important memory from their lives that they wish to take with them to the afterlife. During their stay, the temporary residents receive assistance from the staff in selecting their favorite memory which is then reproduced in a film version for them. Once residents have the opportunity to view their favorite memory in this format, they instantly vanish, presumably into the afterlife, although the film provides no further indication of their fate in that regard.

Plot Summary

The film opens without any hint that the characters are actually deceased. Instead, the opening scene seems like an ordinary workday in some sort of administrative office environment. A manager briefs his staff about how many incoming clients to expect and the scene shifts to an intake procedure during which the staff of the facility process the new clients and caseworkers are assigned to assist individual clients. The audience only discovers incidentally that all of the characters are actually deceased through an "interview" of some of the characters by other characters cast as part of the film crew as though the film were a documentary.

The two most significant plot elements seem to be (1) the different responses of various individuals to the realization that they are dead and that they have been tasked with the responsibility of identifying a single most…… [read more]

Stage Lighting vs. Film Research Paper

Research Paper  |  3 pages (1,107 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


That is a huge difference right there, quite apart from color and lighting. For example Steve was in Brooklyn at the National Guard Armory at the time the first Spiderman was filmed. Of course as part of the production, electricity was needed for "catering, makeup, construction and painters," and that was before the "shooting crew" had arrived on the scene, or all the lighting technicians. Steve witnessed a 360 x 190ft "interior space with 4/0 feeder cable stacks, all about 3-4 ft high, filling the armory. That's a whole lot of feeder cable," he continued (Control Booth).

In film production, it should be remembered, lighting is "as you go," which means the electricians and gaffers consult with the Director of Photography as to "how a scene should be lit," and every scene is a bit different in terms of both lighting and electrical needs. In theatre meanwhile, a good deal of power is also needed but it is nearly all in the building infrastructure so it is "out of sight, out of mind," Steve explains. Also in theater, the lighting designer has weeks, maybe months to figure out exactly what the plot calls for. The theatre lighting director arranges for the rental of gear, gets it delivered to the theatre "where it is rigged," Steve continues on Control Booth. The technical crew than goes through a "plotting session, levels are set on a console controlling dimmers ad movers, scrollers… rehearsals are fun & #8230;with a stage manager calling cues to a console operator" (Control Booth).

But film lighting "is a slave to the needs of the cameras" Steve continues, and film lighting is "less about providing for a 'concept'" than in theatre production. The tricky part with film is being able to use appropriate color temperature so the camera can "capture the image" with the camera movement, the lens choices, the angles of the shots, the durations of the shots, and more. That is far more complicated and expensive than theatre, which has a "live audience" that sees everything going on; the designers of lighting and staging have worked with the electricity and the physical components of the venue, so it's just a matter of doing what the director has asked to be done, and doing it night after night in a well-timed routine.


There are many differences between the use of lighting for movies and theatre; but what this paper wants to make clear is that lighting for movies is of necessity more creative due to the fact that every scene has different lighting needs and it is all done on the spot. In theatre, lighting is just as important as it is in film, but the fact that it is all done in one building, and there is ample time in advance to make all the technical adjustments and preparations, makes theatre lighting far less complicated and potentially challenging.

Works Cited

McQueen, Van, and Steve B. (2009). Movie vs. Theatrical Lighting. Control Booth.

Retrieved June 8, 2011,… [read more]

Japanese Film Double Suicide or Hanabi Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (575 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Japanese Film

Defining Reality in Double Suicide: When Traditional and New Storytelling Methods Combine

Masahiro Shinoda's 1969 film Double Suicide recounts a tale of a two lovers who ultimately vow to be together in death, as they cannot fully be together in life. Though a common theme, this film tells the story in a decidedly uncommon way, utilizing elements of traditional Japanese puppet theatre and other Japanese storytelling techniques, combined with moments of more modern naturalistic and cinematic storytelling. The result is a compelling film that leads the audience not only on an exploration of the themes in inherent to the film's content, but also on an investigation of the implications of the film's construction and presentation.

The use of the puppet theatre and ongoing non-realistic sets in the film Double Suicide help to emphasize the artificiality of the piece, while at the same time making the emotions and tragedy of the film as a whole more pronounced. It is not as though the audience would ever mistake what they are witnessing as reality, or as anything other than a story told through film, but the puppet theatre and several other elements that appear throughout the film serve as constant reminder that this story is unreal -- a fiction. This does not make the action any less intense or reduce the emotional content and value of the film, however, and in fact it does quite the opposite. By emphasizing the fact that this is fake, it creates a greater sense of generalization and familiarity -- because the audience is constantly reminded that these are only representations of people, not real individuals, it is easier to see echoes of emotions, actions, desires, and motives that all human beings…… [read more]

How the Confirmation Bias Plays a Role in the Movie Doubt Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (715 words)
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Confirmation Bias in Film Doubt

Confirmation Bias in the Movie "Doubt"

The film "Doubt" (2008) forces us to think about the difficult question of coping with our convictions which are hard to prove. The movie revolves around a dilemma: is Father Flynn guilty of conducting sexual relations with Donald, a black boy in the Catholic school where Father Flynn preaches, or is he a victim of a defamation campaign by Sister Aloysius who makes all efforts to prove Father Flynn's presumed guilt. The film does not give a clear answer and that is probably on purpose. The filmmakers leave it to viewers to decide whether Father Flynn is guilty or not. While we ponder about this question, there are important lessons to be learnt. One important lesson we can learn is how the concept of confirmation bias can play a decisive role in our decision to convict a person.

Confirmation bias refers to our tendency to look for evidences that confirm our earlier convictions and expectations rather than searching for evidences that may disconfirm our convictions. For example, a materialist expects that everyone in their heart is materialistic. So, even if this materialist analyzes the behavior of religious or altruistic persons, he or she is going to look for evidences confirming that all people act out of material needs and wants. Either purposefully, or without even realizing it, the materialist avoids looking at evidences that challenge his or her conviction that all persons are materialistic. A related concept is "positive test strategy." This concept refers to our tendency to test hypothesis by seeking confirming evidence. The two concepts are similar as in both cases we seek for confirmation of what we think rather than what in reality is there.

As soon as I saw Father Flynn making very friendly gestures toward children under his care, I began to suspect that he was a child sexual molester. There has been so much coverage of sex scandals in the Catholic Church in the media recently that I immediately assumed that Father Flynn was one of the child abusers. In other words, the media discussion of sex scandals in the…… [read more]

Cannes Film Festival Journal

Journal  |  10 pages (2,997 words)
Bibliography Sources: 20


Cannes Film Festival

Day One Journal

The 64th annual Cannes Film Festival went underway today on this lovely Wednesday, 11 May 2011. The festivities will be held during the next twelve days and will conclude on Sunday, 22 May 2011. Like all previous Cannes Film Festival, this year marks a different one especially since legendary American film icon; Robert De… [read more]

American Gangster Movie Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,840 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


American Gangster

Movie American Gangster.

This is a 2007 film that was directed by Ridley Scott and is crime-based film that was adopted from New York Magazine story "The Return of Superfly" and is based on real life situation. It tries to relieve the life of Frank Lucas, who was a real life Harlem gangster who managed to smuggle heroin… [read more]

1930s Hollywood Movies Depiction of Strong Independent Term Paper

Term Paper  |  7 pages (2,153 words)
Bibliography Sources: 7


1930s Hollywood movies depiction of strong independent women clearly reflects changing gender aspirations and the shifting economic and circumstances of women. In general, the Hollywood movies have always been key cultural artifacts that offer a window into American social and cultural history. Being a mixture of art, business, and popular entertainment, the movies always provided a host of insights into… [read more]

John Malkovich the Movie "Being Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (736 words)
Style: Harvard  |  Bibliography Sources: 5


¶ … John Malkovich

The movie "Being John Malkovich" is a dark and wildly creative comedy -- and the fact that it is rated "R" is no surprise, given the raw, bizarre nature of the themes, and the sexuality not to mention tough language. As Andrew O'Hehir describes in his critique in Salon, "Being John Malkovich" is a "gleeful, nitrous-oxide high, midway between a Monty Python sketch and a Buquel film, with dreamlike structure and pseudoscientific charts to match" (O'Hehir, 1999, p. 1). Other reviewers focus on the satire and parody and the "filling" of "warped voids" in this "masterpiece of speculative fiction" (Ram.org). But one of the keys to relating to this iconoclastic film is John Malkovich's memory, which will be discussed in this paper.

Being John Malkovich (BJM)

O'Hehir notes that the film sticks to a "grimy, present-tense mode" -- that he calls "kitchen-sink realism" -- and the film has the "good sense" to keep in check the wild outrageous behaviors by the actors, with one exception. That exception is when the character playing John Malkovich (John Cusack) actually goes inside the head of the real actor John Malkovich, where Cusack confronts "some kind of endless Malkovichian feedback loop" (O'Hehir). The portal that allows others to enter Malkovich's head certainly comes into conflict with what is already in Malkovich's head. Those entering have "temporary access to John's sensory stream… [and] gets to experience the world through Malkovich's senses" as well as experiencing his pains and his pleasures prior to being ejected into a ditch near the New Jersey Turnpike (Shaw, 2000).

What happens to Malkovich's memory with all those individuals entering his head? Philosophy professor Daniel C. Shaw believes that Malkovich's DNA "presumably" stays the same notwithstanding all those intruders, but why is he a different person at the end of the film? What keeps John Malkovich as the real John Malkovich? The answer is his own memories, his own thoughts, his own desires -- to which "…he alone has access," Shaw posits -- keep him intact, notwithstanding the people that were using Malkovich. They never really became Malkovich, they only used him, is the view that Shaw puts forward.

There is no doubt that aside…… [read more]

Product Writing on the Movie Glee Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (648 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Product Writing on the Movie Glee

The Glee name

Glee is a show about a team of high school students who dance and sing. They use music as a means of coping with the pressures of the peers, the teachers, their families and the society.

Glee is a phenomenon show, registering millions of viewers in the first year of airing. The singers in the show have even been invited to various social events, the most popular of them being their singing at the White House. Glee was off to such a powerful and impressive start that it was even ridiculed in an episode of South Park, in which it was implied that students who did not sing were unable to adjust to the high school life.

The noun glee represents a strong emotion of excitement. The Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English defines the term as "a feeling of satisfaction and excitement, often because something bad has happened to someone else," which does not necessary offer a positive connotation to the movie. It could nevertheless be assimilated with the tensions, frictions and competitions which characterize life in high school.

But in a more positive connotation, it can be assumed that the word glee is in fact the shorter and cooler version of the glee club, syntax which denotes "a group of people who sing together for enjoyment" (Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English). From this standpoint, the word glee integrates all the actors in the glee club, united by their powerful voices and their passion for singing. The simple noun glee however, reveals that within the club and within the high school, frictions exist. And these are unavoidable in life and essential to make the movie interesting. In this order of ideas, it is safe to argue that the name of the show is effective as it captures the essence of the series.

2. Sales of the Glee DVDs

The phenomenon and popularity created around the…… [read more]

Battle of Algiers: Film Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (709 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Film Prompt: The Battle of Algiers

Whom do you sympathize with when watching this film - the FLN (Algerians) or the French? Do you think this was the film maker's intention? Do you think audience sympathy has changed since the film was originally released in 1966? Why or why not?

The group that is most sympathetic in the film the Battle of Algiers is the FLN. The reason why, is because this organization is highlighting the frustrations that the ordinary Algerians are facing under colonial rule. This is problematic, as the people want to have more of voice in shaping their country and determining what is best for them. However, the French and Algerian born French (called pieds noirs) want to maintain the status quo. They will do anything and everything to force the Algerian people to submit to French rule. Evidence of this can be seen by looking no further than comments from General Jacques Massau. He is the commander of the elite 10th Para. They were sent to Algeria to suppress the uprising and restore order. During a news conference about their activities he says, "The FLN wants to throw us out of Algeria. We want to stay. We are soldiers. Our duty is to win. If your answer is yes (that France should remain in Algeria), you must accept the consequences." (Johnson) This is significant, because these comments are supporting the scenes from the very beginning of the film with the 10th Para torturing an old man. He was believed to be collaborating with rebels, but in reality was an innocent civilian. When you put these elements together, they are showing why there are sympathies for the FLN. As they represent Algerian self-determination and resistance to French colonial rule. (Johnson)

The filmmaker's intention was to illustrate the struggles that ordinary Algerians were going through. A good example of this can be seen with, the use of women to conduct a number of different bombings. They would plant bombs at various locations that were of interest to the French colonial powers. These women were risking their lives and their freedom if they…… [read more]

One of the Principal Concepts Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (956 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Lasse Hallstrom's 1993 What's Eating Gilbert Grape is to a certain degree similar to Forrest Gump, considering that they both deliberate on the lives of men as they struggle to thrive in spite of the fact that fate provided them with little chances of doing so.

7. Jenny's character is a stereotype for the counterculture that lived through the sixties and seventies. She is constantly portrayed as being negatively affected by the choices that she makes, even with the fact that she is simply interested in expressing herself freely in times when war efforts are considered to be one of the country's main priorities. Jenny is most probably meant to contrast Forrest, given that his lack of interest in joining a particular community prevents him from getting into trouble. The immoral behavior employed by certain individuals that were part of the counterculture apparently backfires on themselves, especially given as Jenny's deadly virus stands as a reference to AIDS.

8. With Forrest Gump being concentrated on elements and historic events characteristic to American culture, most of the music in it is sung by American icons of the sixties and seventies. This increases the feeling that viewers get and makes it possible for them to go deeper into the American setting of the sixties and seventies as the Vietnam War affected the public and numerous singers joined the counterculture in an attempt to remedy matters.

9. One of the most intriguing ethical dilemmas present in the movie relates to Forrest deciding to help others in spite of the fact that he has no obligation to do so. The fact that he saves Lt. Dan and many other wounded individuals on the battlefields of Vietnam proves that he prefers to risk his life in order to save others. Similarly, his love for Jenny stays strong even at times when she shows that she is not necessarily worthy of his support.

10. The visual effects employed throughout the film are downright impressive when considering that the film was shot in the early nineties. Computer generated imagery techniques have made it possible for Tom Hanks to be shown shaking hands with several celebrities that died before the film was made. Similarly, clips showing characters during the Vietnam War put across the feeling that napalm was actually shot near the actors.

11. One is likely to feel that his personal identity is influenced by such films, considering that the sentiments that it triggers are quite strong. Even with the fact that it is very difficult (considering that individuals are bombarded with emotive feelings through a series of mediums) to influence people in the contemporary society, Forrest's determination and the fact that he uses morality as a means to get by makes viewers understand that it is best for them to remain impartial and…… [read more]

Film Discussion Early View of Modern Cities Essay

Essay  |  5 pages (1,676 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Film Discussion Early View of Modern Cities

View of Early Modern Cities Through the Man with the Movie Camera and Modern Times

"And time marches on into the late afternoon," time always seems to pass us by at an incredible speed (Chaplin 1936). The dawn of the twentieth century speed up the rate of advancement for industry and urban growth.… [read more]

Movie Camera Cinematic Techniques Employed in Vertov Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (877 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Movie Camera

Cinematic Techniques Employed in Vertov's Man With a Movie Camera

In 1929, the industrial revolution was helping to make the city a place of tremendous growth, opportunity and modernization. These dramatic changes in the civil landscape would produce sweeping cultural, technological and artistic shifts as well. The evolving field of cinema would reflect as much in both its technique and its experimentation such as is demonstrated by Russian director and cinematograph Dziga Vertov's groundbreaking Man With a Movie Camera. With bold innovation permeating the cities of the new Soviet Union and the field of filmmaking, Vertov seizes on both to create a film that is as much a promotion of the sheer diversity new cinematic techniques available at the time as it is a commentary on the evolving metropolis.

Intersecting the landscape of several modern cities in Russia and the Ukraine with shots of a filmmaker in action, Vertov's film creates a compelling existential experience that inherently demands commentary on the human condition. This is well-reflected by the filmmaker's employ of certain distinct cinematic techniques. Specific among them, Friedberg (1994) provides our text with an explanation of 'mobilized gaze' and virtual gaze. According to Friedberg, "the mobilized gaze has a history, which begins well before cinema and is rooted in other cultural activities that involve walking and travel." (Friedberg, p. 2)

Quite certainly, these experiences are central to the film by Vertov. The filmmaker's presence is as a figure in constant motion, taking in human activity as a panorama of experiences that spread across a wide geographical expanse. Densely packed marketplaces with fast-paced rushes of humanity are contrasted with individuals at work in their respective storefronts; trolleys rolling by chaotically and fountains flowing quietly; frenetic shoppers and merchants contrasted with absurd, untouched window displays. The experiences of work, commerce and transport all carry a certain consumptive hazard that must surely be a product of this new age of industrial production. For Vertov, there appears to be equal parts admiration and trepidation with respect to the utopian visions of urban modernity implied by the promises of industrialization.

Immersed in all of this human activity is the filmmaker himself, and at a considerable risk many times which implies some level of skepticism where utopian promises are concerned. This is particularly so in such scenes as that which finds the filmmaker placing his head down to the ground with the approach of a speeding locomotive, intent on getting the best possible shot before death becomes imminent. The drama of the moment is intensified as shots of the speeding train are interspliced with those of a woman waking up and…… [read more]

Film Theory Essay

Essay  |  10 pages (3,996 words)
Bibliography Sources: 12


Film Theory

Film and Reality

When photography appears in historical development, its indexicality adds the appeal of endurance through time to the impression of likeness in painted perspective. Crucially, ?likeness' is not given epistemological or cognitive value in itself, but rather is being invoked as a sup- port for fundamental needs of the subject vis-a-vis time. And cinema adds duration… [read more]

Film Focuses on the Young and Sexually Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (713 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


¶ … film focuses on the young and sexually independent Nola Darling who is portrayed by actress Tracy Camilla Johns. She lives in Brooklyn, New York and attempts to date three men who follow the traditional plot male archetypes: the ever the gentleman Jamie Overstreet, the narcissist and smug model Greer Childs; and young, highly talkative bicycle messenger Mars Blackmon. The plot is mainly about Nola and her attraction to the good parts in each of the men she dates. She's conflicted with her desire to be with them and her desire to remain free to make her own choices and not be tied down to either of them. The men on the other hand want her for themselves.

"She's Gotta Have it" has lexicon and flavor which contributes various elements of African-American culture, especially during that time period. In addition, it is the first movie to show off the theme of individual desire and freedom with Nola and takes that same feeling from the black liberation movement and the emergence of hip hop where it's centered towards the rapper, the individual and individual freedom. I like how the movie made Brooklyn the epicenter of black culture and gave Spike Lee's character, Mars the universal archetype of black culture at the time. It is a story of a common notion that a woman wants to date around and see her options.

The fact that it was given a unique spin with the dialogue and language gives a source of depth and topic of discussion both in and out of the film. I love the fact it was set in the summer. It gave freshness and life as the scenes transpired over hot, sunny days. It made me feel as if I was actually there living with these characters, watching them converse and deal with their present circumstances.

"She's Gotta Have it" is truly a beautiful narrative albeit slightly sexist as it conflicts with the view of who Nola is. Is she a slag or a fiercely independent and wonderfully spirited individual? The film plays with this and gives for the major source of controversy of the…… [read more]

Chinese Film the 2002 Film Infernal Affairs Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (1,947 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


Chinese Film

The 2002 film Infernal Affairs, which follows the interwoven tale of Chan and Lau, an undercover police officer and a triad mole, respectively, is notable for its use of violence, which is brutal but never gratuitous. In this sense, Infernal Affairs owes much of its tone and narrative aesthetic to the action and thriller films to come out… [read more]

Film Criticism of Casablanca Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (533 words)
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The use of mis en scene as technique is apparent in almost every scene. It is clear that the art producer used careful consideration in painting the atmosphere of Northern Africa. The contrast of light and shadow throughout the scenes played at Rick's Place builds an air of mysteriousness and only heightens the drama of the romance and knowledge of war. In some ways, Rick's Place is a haven for the characters of the film. Within the nightclub's walls, there is entertainment and a gaiety that cannot be found outside. There is also a sense of comfort as the undertones of romance come through because of the elements of music and conversation. The use of costumes is vibrant and rich enhancing the romance of the film. Costumes also help establish the time period and create symbolism for the film's characters. Notice that Humphrey Bogart is always dressed in light colors or white and this establishes him as the hero of the film. In fact most of the European or Western characters, including Ingrid Bergman's white glittering gown, are dressed in light colors while the enemy's costumes are dark or military uniforms. This creates an interesting contrast of social status within the film culture.


By using film techniques, director Michael Curtiz creates a story rich in visual drama and heartfelt human connection. By doing this, the filmmaker has created an artwork to stand the test of time.

Work Cited

Casablanca. Dir. Michael Cutriz. Perf. Humphrey Bogart and Ingrid Bergman. Warner Bros, Inc.,…… [read more]

Othello in a Movie Term Paper

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Othello in a Movie

This report is a comparison-contrast two movies following the theme of William Shakespeare's play of jealousy, betrayal, and murder called "Othello." The movies are the 2001 release "O' directed Tim Blake Nelson and the 1995 release "Othello" directed by Oliver Parker. The stars of these films were Mekhi Phifer for "O" and Lawrence Fishburn for "Othello." e and the more recent movie "O" staring. Although the paper provides a review of the films in general, the main focus is to get insights into the character Iago. The Iago character in the film "O" was named Hugo and was played by the actor Josh Hartnett. In "Othello," Iago's character was played by Kenneth Branaugh. In most cases, attempts to redo a Shakespeare play in a movie format usually turns out pretty cheesy. But both Oliver Parker and Tim Blake Nelson did a pretty good job of bringing in modern interpretations but still capturing the really important aspects of the original play. In other words, a movie audience is not bored out of their mind but you can still see that this was in fact a remake of Shakespeare's work. The directors did their fair share of using artistic license for dialogue and character development, but the stories were not bad.

A never really knew much about William Shakespeare's play "Othello," so these two movies helped me get an understanding of the plot. The film "O," is movie that starts slow but makes up for it in the end as the plot thickens. Parker's Othello was more consistent in the sense that it was exciting from the beginning to the end and featured Lawrence Fishburn as Othello and he is a very good actor. "O" was move of a modern update of the Shakespeare classic that culminates into an exciting third act that was very affective.

The original play by Shakespeare begins with a character, Roderigo, discovering that the woman he loved eloped with the general who was hired to lead the Venetian army against the Turks. Roderigo is also upset with the character Iago because Roderigo paid Iago to help match make. but, Iago is more concerned and angry by the fact that Othello, the general, passed him over for promotion even though he feels he was the most loyal ensign. Iago is duplicitous individual who disguises his evil nature behind a front of honesty even though he truly enjoys watching others suffer. Together, Iago and Roderigo inform Brabantio who is the father of Desdemona, the young lady that Othello has eloped with. Iago discovers Othello and Desdemona in an inn and lets them know that her father is upset. After being called back for a war council, Othello is threatened with jail by Brabantio and his henchmen but Othello suggests a higher authority settle the matter. The matter is settled in favor of Othello and he is later dispatched abroad with Desdemona scheduled to join him later with Iago and Cassio, the person who he feels… [read more]

Hamlet: Play and Film Term Paper

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Hamlet: Play And Film

There are many film adaptations of William Shakespeare's tragedy Hamlet, the story of a young Danish prince who comes home from abroad to avenge his father's murder. Different film directors have different interpretations of Hamlet, but the film I like best is by Franco Zefferilli (1990) with Mel Gibson and Glen Close. This film shortens or omits scenes from the play but is still mostly faithful to it. The actors playing Hamlet, Gertrude, Claudius, Polonius, etc., are very convincing. I also like the photography, costumes, and music in this film. The film brings the story to life for me more than reading the play. I will compare and contrast the play Hamlet and Zefferilli's film version.

When the play starts, the first scene is Bernardo, Francisco, and Marcellus telling Horatio, who first doubts them, that they have seen Hamlet's father's ghost. Horatio waits with them for the ghost to appear. When it does, Horatio asks it "What art thou, that usurps't this time of night" (46). He tells the ghost, who looks like King Hamlet, to identify himself: "b heaven, I charge thee, speak!" (49). The ghost, offended, leaves. In the film the first shot is Elsinore Castle. Then the camera shows Claudius and Gertrude pretending to mourn the King. Then Horatio tells Hamlet of the ghost, who appears to Hamlet that night. But this time (the play and the film are alike here) the ghost speaks to Hamlet, tells him he was murdered, and asks his son to avenge his death. The scene with the ghost, in both play and film, sets Prince Hamlet on his quest to avenge his father's death. In the play, we can only imagine the ghost. In the film we actually see and hear the ghost as Zeferilli interprets him. The ghost looks and sounds, in the movie, like an old bearded man bathed in bright white light, with a deep but shaky voice.

Soon after, in the play (Act I, Scene 3) we meet Ophelia, Hamlet's girlfriend who will drown herself in a river when she thinks Hamlet rejects her, and her brother Laertes. Laertes cautions Ophelia about Hamlet (1-53). Ophelia tells Laertes he likes to give advice but not follow it (47-53). This exchange is absent in the film, which shows just a…… [read more]

Crucible the Film Version Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (669 words)
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The other glaring difference between the historical events at the Salem village in 1692 and the film is its theme of sexual relationship between Abigail Williams, the niece of Reverend Parris, and John Proctor a Salem farmer. At the center of the movie's story is Abigail's accusation of witchcraft against John Proctor, who having committed adultery with his one-time servant in a moment of weakness, repents his mistake and rejects her. Such a liaison almost certainly did not occur as Proctor was over 60 years old and Abigail was only 11 at the time of the trial. Proctor's involvement in the witch trials and his eventual hanging occurred because of his indiscretion in openly denouncing the trials and the girls' accusations as a scam, rather than any sexual indiscretion.

Furthermore, Reverend Parris' slave-woman, Tituba, who was accused of having tutored the girls in the art of witchcraft, has been inaccurately depicted in the movie as a black African woman rather than the South American Indian that she actually was.

Despite such obvious divergence from the historical facts, The Crucible does manage to focus attention on one of the most shameful episodes in America's early history. It reminds us how easily religious righteousness, superstition, guilt and run-away self-interest can combine to blind apparently "good men" into committing unbelievably cruel acts. It also shows us how mass hysteria in a closed community feeds upon and snowballs into a dangerous atmosphere of persecution, leading to tragic consequences.

The days of the Salem witch-hunt of the 17th century and McCarthyism of the 1950s may now be part of history, but the evil in men lurks just under the surface -- waiting to break out at the slightest opportunity.


Ebert, Roger. (1996). "The Crucible." Movie Review. Chicago Sun-Times. December 20, 1996. Retrieved on December 15, 2004 from http://rogerebert.suntimes.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/19961220/REVIEWS/612200302/1023

At the ripe old age of 81

Miller himself said, "The play is not reportage of any kind .... what I was doing was writing…… [read more]

Tim Burton Movie Director Term Paper

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Tim Burton - Movie Director

Tim Burton is recognized as an accomplished director, producer, and writer has also been identified as a talented animator, artist, and photographer (Tim Burton FAQ). He was born in 1958 in Burbank, California and enjoyed watching classic horror films and cartoons as a small child (Tim Burton). His favorite monster movies included Godzilla, the Hammer horror films from Great Britain, and the work of Ray Harryhausen (Jackson and McDermott, 2004). One of Burton's heroes was actor Vincent Price. In the ninth grade, he won a prize for an anti-litter poster he designed for local garbage trucks (Tim Burton). After high school in 1976, Burton attended the Cal Arts Institute on a Disney scholarship.

Upon graduation, Burton joined Walt Disney Studios as an animator and worked on projects such as the Fox and the Hound, The Black Cauldron, Vincent and Frankenweenie (Tim Burton). Vincent was a success and won two awards from the Chicago Film Festival. However, Burton found animation work too boring and structured and left Disney to pursue live-action films (Jackson and McDermott, 2004).

The results of Burton's career change were more than a decade of top-box office hits (Tim Burton). He directed his first feature film, Pee-wee's Big Adventure in 1985. Three years later came Beetlejuice, a comedy about a New England family haunted by a ghost that resembled a live action cartoon (Tim Burton). In 1989, Burton directed Batman, for which he won the Director of the Year Award from the National Association of Theater owners. In 1990, Burton directed and produced Edward Scissorhands, a suburban fairly tale. And, in 1992, Burton directed a highly successful sequel to Batman, Batman Returns.

The year 1994, would also see another hit with Burton's production and direction of Ed Wood featuring a cross-dressing movie director followed by the sci-fi comedy, Mars Attacks! In 1996. Burton closed the decade with Sleepy Hollow -- a loose adaptation of Washington Irving's classic short story…… [read more]

Hilarious Film Starring Many Actors Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (307 words)
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The couples are as diverse as they can come and it is this diversity that gives Guest opportunities to create hilarious moments. Many potentially funny things have been included such as having two Starbucks on the same street, a man who literally has two left feet and numerous other similarly silly instances that force you to laugh out loud with careless abandon. What adds to the comic element of the movie is absolutely clueless commentator Buck Laughlin. Laughlin has no idea as to how a dog show is conducted, and what follows then is amazingly ingenuity that has the viewers glued to the screen in anticipation of what might come next. Mayflower Dog Show is realistically captured and since the movie is only one and a half hour long, it ends before the viewers could possibly…… [read more]

Film Noir the 1945 Term Paper

Term Paper  |  7 pages (1,909 words)
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When Terry joins the crusade against the union mob led by Father Barry, he transforms from a dim-witted waterfront bum who jumps when Friendly says jump to a true hero of moral action. For the first time in his life his actions are his own and whatever the price, he is willing to pay it. And for the first time in his life, he has a sense of purpose and true responsibility. This movie created an accurate portrayal of the culture among the longshoremen and the corruption of the waterfront unions. It is not only a political statement concerning the infiltration of the labor union by the mob, but given that it was filmed in 1954, it represents a statement concerning the political air of the time, when communism was so feared that the government was calling in citizens to testify against one another as to their political loyalties.

"Mildred Pierce" however, could almost be construed as anti-feminist, portraying what can happen when women seek too much power. After all, if Mildred had not so desperately wanted to live 'above her means,' then she would have been contented with Bert and he would not have been 'driven' to the arms of another woman. Moreover, if she had listened to Bert, then Veda would not have grown into such a brat. The movie even implies that Kay's death was Mildred's fault, for had she been home rather than out trying to start a restaurant, then the child would not have died. The movie certainly implies that all the misery that unfolds is due to Mildred's obsession for money in order to place her daughter on a social pedestal. This movie definitely makes a social statement about the dangers bourgeois values and the consequences of a woman's ambitions, the neglect of her husband's needs, and her rebellion against his advice and wishes.

"Mildred Pierce" is typical of the 1940's era in moviemaking. The plot, camera shots, use of flashbacks, and music all create the classic film noir. "On the Waterfront" however, was based on real-life, shot on real streets in present time, and the music helped to create a jungle atmosphere, a sort of dog eat dog world of the docks. While "Mildred Pierce" may be regarded as a classic example of film noir, "On the Waterfront" may be regarded as one of the best examples of movie-making period.

Work Cited

"On the Waterfront."…… [read more]

1922 Silent Film Nosferatu Term Paper

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1922 Silent Film Nosferatu: A Symphony of Horror

The 1922 film, Nosferatu: A Symphony of Horror, which many film historians and critics and wanna-be "horror film experts" quickly point out was a blatant rip-off ("cinematic remake") of the 1897 vampire novel Dracula (by Bram Stoker), was far more than a rip-off or "unauthorized adaptation." It was the second Dracula movie (but the first full length) and whether piracy or not - indeed it raised the considerable ire and angst of Stoker's widow Florence - it set the stage, and built the stage, created the theme, tone, conflict and iconographic character, for a long, unending series of vampire (Dracula) films.

But the salient point of this paper is that the iconographic momentum set in motion by the actor Max Schreck (who brilliantly plays the hideously ugly character Count Orlok), not so much the story itself nor the fact that it was plagiarized, is the lasting legacy vis-a-vis this silent film. To set the stage for the point of this paper, iconography, according to the Duke University Library, is "the study of subjects and themes in works of art" (in this case, the dual theme is horror and vampires who suck blood); it is also "a set of images or symbols conventionally associated with a subject" (in Nosferatu, the image is of a human turned into an animal; an animal with some human traits who preys upon humans for sustenance); it is also "the study of images, their formation, transmission, and transformation in the various cultures and civilizations and of their intrinsic meaning." The initial Count Orlok as Dracula is to horror film iconography what Ovid (Metamorphoses) is to Antiquity, and what the Holy Bible is to Christian iconography.

The image of Dracula has transcended time, and outlasted many subsequent imitators, hence the proof of the power of F.W. Murnau's original film, and the evidence that the shelf life of this cultural phenomenon Dracula sprang from Murnau's deft creation and iconography.

Moreover, Count Grof Orlok is easily more frightening and hideously grotesque than the Dracula in Werner Herzog's 1979 remake of the film; and Orlok is certainly more darkly effective and…… [read more]

History of Film Term Paper

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Film History: Expressions of Existential Philosophy

The post-Second World War climate was that of tremendous transition and change for its people. The world was full of tension and uncertainty. Much of how people were functioning had a direct relationship with the outcome of the war and new realities associated with war such as technologies like the nuclear bomb. By going… [read more]

Time to Kill Movie Review Movie Review

Movie Review  |  3 pages (1,179 words)
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¶ … watch "A Time to Kill"

Everyone should go to see a Time to Kill. This movie has a powerful message for today's society about justice and overcoming racial and legal barriers to justice. In the film, which is based on a Grisham novel, two redneck men rape a black child. When it appears that they are going to be found innocent, the girl's father Carl Lee (played by Samuel L. Jackson) guns down the two men in the courtroom. His young white lawyer, Jake, must try to defend him, which is hardly an easy task in the heart of Mississippi. The case becomes much more difficult when the K.K.K. begins to harass Jake in a vain attempt to convince him to give up the case. The plant burning crosses on his lawn and even try shooting at him. Before the end Jake has to send his wife and young daughter out of town to protect them from the racist riots that overwhelm Canton Mississippi. In the end, Jake gives a moving speech to the jury which truly makes the movie worth watching. The film is tightly plotted and strongly acted. This is probably one of the best Grisham films ever produced. There are five important reasons why everyone should see this film: because it is emotionally powerful and a deeply moving film, because ethically it is important to see films which challenge social norms, because the film is so intelligently thought out that it will be educational in addition to entertaining, and because it is a blockbuster hit which many other people have seen and therefore must be worthwhile, and because if one doesn't watch this film one is likely to be stuck with out films in the same genre and rating category which are far less good.

This movie is very deeply moving, and not just because of the technology by which film gives the illusion of motion. It is an emotionally powerful movie, geared to make people cry and fear for the lives of their loved ones. Who could resist being moved to tears and fears by the idea of a little ten-year-old girl being raped by sadistic rednecks? The emotion and sweat laden speeches given by Carl Lee and Jake will make the trip out to the video store well worth the mileage, despite the recent high costs of gas. As if the emotional charge of the story weren't high enough, it also stars Sandra Bullock in the role of a fragile and feisty young lawyer who helps take on the case, and between her jurisprudent moments spends her time cavorting like a pin-up. If Carl Lee's palpable grief at the treatment of his daughter doesn't make one emotionally vulnerable, then the flamboyant Sandra Bullock's legs and her lips will certainly move at least the men in the audience to emotional outbursts.

Time to Kill is also worth seeing because -- in additional to being a hot story of thwarted love affairs and successful revenge… [read more]

Film and Perspectives on History Film Remains Essay

Essay  |  8 pages (2,572 words)
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¶ … Film and Perspectives on History

Film remains in the subconscious of culture as a means of expression and storytelling to the public. Many people see film as a much-needed form of entertainment while others see it as art and a way of conveying a message to the public. Filmmakers use the medium as a means of expressing their… [read more]

Possessed: Film Analysis Term Paper

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¶ … 1947 Film)

Possessed (1947) by Curtis Bernhardt: A Psychological Drama and a 'Woman's Film' with Film Noir Elements

The stark, vivid, and often disturbing psychological drama Possessed (1947), directed by German emigre filmmaker Curtis Bernhardt, starring Joan Crawford (as a mentally ill woman named Louise) and Van Heflin (as an engineer named David, with whom Louise is obsessed), might arguably, at least in some ways, be considered a "woman's film" (i.e., a film featuring a woman, essentially alone, often due to failed or unrequited love, facing a life-changing experience or challenge (though generally, "women's films" are more uplifting, e.g., Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore; Something's Gotta Give). Women's films also typically contain plot twists and love triangles; in those respects, Possessed is a woman's film, although not a positive, upbeat, or encouraging one. Possessed also contains elements of "film noir," especially in terms of its overall look and its camera work. However, Possessed is also neither a pure "woman's film," nor pure film noir. Between the two choices, however, in my opinion Possessed is a better example of film noir than it is of a woman's film.

Film noir" is a French cinematic term meaning, literally, "black film." Obviously, a truly black film would be invisible and unwatchable; the term is therefore a descriptive metaphor, for the dark mood often evoked within the genre. More classic film noir examples are John Huston's The Maltese Falcon (1941); Howard Hawks' The Big Sleep (1946) and, later, Brian De Palma's Scarface (1983), to name just a few. Orson Welles' Citizen Kane (1941) has many film noir elements, although it is probably not pure film noir, due to its extremely varied scenes, settings, and characterizations. Possessed, although not anywhere as good of a film as Citizen Kane, perhaps represents something similar in terms of its hybrid nature, that is, part psychological drama; part campy film (especially Joan Crawford's acting); part women's film; but more film noir.

Film noir as a genre originated during the World War II and post World War II period of the late 1930's and 1940's. The genre is characteristically dark, ominous, and foreboding in look, setting, tone, characterizations, conflicts, and action. In many ways, Possessed meets all of those criteria. However, the dominating campy-ness of Joan Crawford's acting, as Louise, distracts from what might otherwise be a more subdued tone. Therefore, characterization, a key film noir component, is not even of well blended in this film, compared to, say, The Maltese Falcon; The Big Sleep, or even Citizen Kane.

Still, Possessed does contain many striking and memorable film noir elements. For example, in the opening scene, Louise (Joan Crawford) is shown walking alone down a hazy Los Angeles street. The hazy look of this scene underscores the lack of clarity of Louise's mental state; she is disoriented; displaced; and emotionally disturbed. She moans David's name, repeatedly, for reasons yet unknown. Also, in keeping with film noir appearances, Louise appears washed-out, and she wears no make-up.

Inside the hospital,… [read more]

Film Analysis: "Boesman and Lena Term Paper

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Another problem with the film is that, despite the occasional flashback montages that paint more of a portrait of South African history than the history of the couple, is that the film it is very heavily dialogue driven, and as noted before, very heavily driven by negative, rather than positive dialogue between the couple. The film's script was based upon Fugard's original stage play, and the structure of "Boesman and Lena" has really not evolved into a cinematic tale that uses pictures as well as words to tell a story. Even the camera angles that tell the sparse tale do not add much additional insight to the characterization of the couple, and the dialogue between the two actors reveals very little that is specific about the couple, other than the fact that Lena is dispirited, depressed, and tired, and Boesman is filled with inexpressible rage he cannot vent upon his real tormentors

Rather than use the scenery to add to the couple's characterization, the cinematic audience meets the central in a faceless shantytown. Against this 'nowhere' of hopelessness, hopeless characters rage and seem to 'represent' things, like suffering and rage, rather than to have any unique and idiosyncratic characteristics, against a vacant background of poverty. Even the symbolism of the scenery used in the film seems unimaginative and heavy -- the crashing waves on the beach represent the clash between the husband and wife. The desolation of the mud and wire represents the separation and cloudy nature of the character's souls. The audience meets the couple at their most anonymous, after they have broken with one another, in an anonymous setting. The play's shantytown is much like the sparse anywhere of a stage play. The characters speak in long, drawn-out monologues that further reduce the sense of interaction between the two characters. This device s tedious in a film, even if it might not be on a stage, where this convention is more accepted.

The plot of the film really evolves in dialogue between Boseman and Lena, a difficult thing to make interesting on film. Their physical actions in the real time, as opposed to the flashbacks show them scavenging for food and shelter, after having walked all day. It becomes clear that Lena is an alcoholic and Glover's Boesman abused her. These character traits, even though they are explained, often alienate the viewer's sympathy with the characters, and the viewer has no other point of reference other than the two, to sustain his or her interest.

When the two characters do recollect happy moments, their anger and the past and present violence of the society undercut such moments so quickly, they hardly give any humanity or credence to such memories. The most illuminating part of the play for a non-African viewer is perhaps its illustration of racism, even of mixed race individuals like the central couple, against Black natives. At one point Lena, befriends a Black tribesman. This creates some sympathy for Lena, as it is her most vigorous… [read more]

Psycho Movie Costumes Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,610 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Psycho (Movie) Costumes

Analysis of the use of costume in Psycho

Psycho was to prove to be one of the most enduing and successful films in Alfred Hitchcock's career. The film includes many of his central themes including, "...voyeurism, the doppelg nger, and extreme sexual repression" as well as androgyny. (Bell-Metereau, 1985, p. 131) In Psycho, costume and dress play… [read more]

Academy and MTV Movie Award Term Paper

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Academy Awards & MTV Movie Awards

Comparative Analysis of the Academy Awards and MTV Movie Awards

Among the award-giving organizations extant in American culture at present, it is interesting to note the specific points by which these award-giving organizations differ or become similar. Two of the most popular award-giving bodies are those given by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences and MTV Networks, the Academy Awards and MTV Movie Awards, respectively.

These award-giving programs have their own niche and place at the spectrum of American entertainment. The Academy Awards' image differs radically from the MTV Movie Awards, though both programs enjoy popularity and renown not only in the entertainment business, but more specifically because of their influence in American culture. The Academy Awards' (referred to from now on as the Oscars) and MTV-MA's (MTV Movie Awards) importance is based, then, on their relevance to the entertainment business and the general public (as the audience and patrons of the entertainment business).

This paper provides a comparative analysis of the Oscars and MTV-MA as award-giving bodies. The analysis discussed posits that both award-giving bodies have similarities and differences that arise from the culture, audience, economics (i.e., commercial value), and even socio-political relevance of the movies and processes that each award-giving body undergoes. In general, however, the analysis attributes specific segments of American culture as the primary driver that distinguishes the Oscars from the MTV-MA.

The first distinction between the Oscars and MTV-MA is the manner of generating the nominations and winners for categories extant in each award-giving body. Both bodies generate winners through voting; the difference, however, lies in the profile of the voters themselves. For the Oscars, members of the Academy, motion picture professionals themselves, become the juror and voters for the nominees and winners. Moreover, the voting process itself is a rigorous one. As stated in the official web site of the Academy, voting is done through a secret ballot, and audited by PricewaterhouseCoopers. Results of the voting process are not revealed until the Oscars night itself.

Compared against the Oscars, the MTV-MA has a lesser stringent process in generating the winners for the awards night. Unlike the Oscars, voting is made known to the public, and the results themselves are largely influenced by the audience/MTV fans. In fact, voting for MTV-MA is termed as "polling," giving the idea that the award-giving body gives premium to the role that the public plays in influencing the voting results and determining the MTV-MA winners. Voting is done through popular media, either through online registration and voting (i.e., voting through the Internet or SMS).

Another difference, and perhaps the most manifest difference, between the Oscars and MTV-MA is the kind of audience and atmosphere that the award-giving bodies cultivate. MTV-MA winners are decided upon mainly through a movie or a personality's popularity, which demonstrates that the kind of audience cultivated by the award-giving body is that of pop (popular culture). It has more variety and has a greater degree of flexibility… [read more]

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