"Film / Movies / Television" Essays

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Film "United 93" Directed by Paul Greengrass Thesis

Thesis  |  5 pages (1,834 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


¶ … film "United 93" directed by Paul Greengrass. Specifically it will provide an analysis of the film using technical, mise-en-scene, history, performance, and society concepts. "United 93" tells the story of the doomed United Airlines plane that the passengers attempted to take over after they learned of the events in New York City and Washington, D.C. On the day… [read more]

Romantic Comedy Film Genre Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,297 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


Romantic comedy film genre has been around almost since the inception of film as we know it, and before that in countless theatrical productions and even prose and poetry that predates the romantic comedy theatrical genre. Essentially, life and love are two of the most essential areas of self-discovery that are universal to human existence and therefore call audiences from every human condition to look for models and standards. Additionally, comprising the two, human romance, with comedy is essential in the fact that many wish to see and seek out imagery and thoughts that simplify and therefore make approachable the convoluted and difficult reality of human love relationships. In other words, we all, rich-poor, majority-minority, complicated-simple seek love and are much more willing to approach it and listen to the messages it has for us when it is given to us in the form of satire.

Comedy, i.e. satire is the element within the genre that makes even complicated human emotions approachable to all, even when it only remotely represents the real life experience of romance. Satire, allows the individual to approach complicated social issues, surrounding love and romance that transcend the human condition, including but not limited to race, class, distance, difference, betrayal, trust and complacency and even violence or fear of it in such a way that human lessons can be learned without fear or real difficulties can be ignored and/or suspended by being put into the context of fictional lives and characters.

Gehring 118) Siska, in the Handbook of American Film Genres describes the formula of a romantic comedy as; "man wins woman, woman expresses dissatisfaction with being dominated and leaves man, man undergoes series of trials to win woman back" (363) Though this formulary may be over simplistic it still tends to override the genre and build the plot of a good, romantic comedy film.

The film genre has also realistically evolved over the years to incorporate modern social issues, such as divorce, adultery, technology, single parenting, human sexuality, crime or fear of crime, object worship or consumerism and so forth, all of which offer rich fodder for social commentary in romantic comedy as well as opportunity for comedic events and circumstances.

Siska 363) Within the genre there are literally thousands of examples but when thinking of consummate examples of romantic comedy in the modern era three films come to mind; the Breakfast Club (1985), When Harry Met Sally (1989) and You've Got Mail (1998). Each of these films has at least one message regarding modern romance that is parodied to allow any viewer to commiserate with the characters and conflicts in the film.

The Breakfast Club which hit theaters in 1985 and served as a coming of age film for many served the purpose of challenging social class and stratification. In the film a group of unsuspecting and relatively diverse (although all Caucasian) high school students meet for Saturday detention and proceed to challenge the social clicks of their particular high school by forming bonds… [read more]

Film Noir a Style or a Genre Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (897 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 4


Film Noir: a style or a genre?

According to the Webster Online Dictionary, a genre is a "a category of artistic, musical, or literary composition characterized by a particular style, form, or content." As we can see from this definition, a genre is, first of all, a category that reunites different artistic objects (artistic encompassing a generic term to include all art-related work, including music or literary pieces) with a similar style. From this definition, the concept of style is included in the concept of genre in the sense that it is one of the common elements that a piece must have to belong to a certain category.

At the same time, the style is "a distinctive manner of expression" or a distinctive type or form. As we can see, the style itself does not describe the category or an enumeration of objects with similar characteristics, but the characteristic itself in which the manner of expression is done. From this perspective as well, as previously mentioned, style defines, eventually, the genre into which a particular work can be included.

It is easy to get confused about these terms because one can notice that both terms have the tendency to categorize and split different elements according to common characteristics. From this point-of-view, it is difficult to decide whether a certain work belongs to a certain style (as in a manner of expression) or a particular genre (as in a category sharing common styles and characteristics).

The film noir shares several characteristics that makes it recognizable. First of all, as the film noir originated somewhere in the immediate aftermath of the Second World War, the environment that it describes reflects a certain overall pessimism that things are likely to improve. This type of pessimistic approach gives the film noir one of their characteristic grim feeling, with a society plagued by corruption, a cynical approach to things and a world where trust between individuals no longer exists and betrayal can come from anywhere.

This translates into the way that the film noir is often shot. The common denominator is the fact that the environment is often either rainy or dark, humid/windy/bad weather, often in darkness. In this darkness, occasional glimmers of light include carnival or festival lights, not necessarily as a positive approach, but often to contrast even more with the bleakness and darkness that surrounds most of the parts where the action takes place.

Another important characteristic is the fact that the main character is usually the type of anti-hero rather than the usual movie hero. He is not necessarily a positive character, has weaknesses and, despite being willing to fight for a cause, his motivations are often driven by…… [read more]

How Special Effects Distribution to Film Industries and it Impact on Our Society Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  4 pages (1,114 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 5


¶ … Special effects are a force of defining importance in modern filmmaking, both at the independent and mainstream levels. Such innovations as stop-motion animation, CGI integrated cinematography and animatronix all have altered the look of films and have caused the audience to expect an extremely high standard of visual acuity where special effects are concerned. Employed to the purpose of exacting a realistic impression such as the recreation of a historical period or with the intent of creating an altogether unprecedented universe in a science fiction film, special effects are those features of an infinite array of potential sources and types which portray events or actions through elaborate simulation. The primary argument of this research examination will be that special effects distribution has had the impact of allowing filmmakers to achieve heretofore impossible visions of both the most imaginative abstraction and the most stunning realism, both improving the artistic and aesthetic opportunities available to modern cinema.

Statement of the Problem:

The use of special effects today cannot be given a connotation from a critical standpoint. Value judgment on the subject does not provide much insight because there are both positive and negative examples of the use of special effects which do not conform with other aspects of cinematic critique. Certainly, it is quite simple to argue that in such a case as the Matrix, special effects have helped to visually portray an abstract and compelling principle, truly altering the form and the expectation of the audience. Likewise, it might be quite simple to argue that the high-budget special effects used to produce Kevin Costner's famously disastrous and reviled Water World are an example of how a dependency on special effects can actually be quite damaging. However, there is a considerable middle ground in film-making, wherein which the quality of special effects may itself be regarded as the important and critically worthy aspect of a film, such as in Terminator 2, Star Wars and Jurassic Park. Each of these films would accomplish this feat of recreating the visual slate for audiences and filmmakers, even if fundamentals such as acting and writing were relatively secondary concerns. This is an essential consideration of the problem facing our analysis. The middle ground between critical consideration and an unwavering endorsement of the value of special effects is the argument here that special effects are allowing filmmakers in all areas of the medium to accomplish previously unattainable goals.

Description of Purpose and Expected Results

The purpose of this examination is to illustrate that films of limited critical appeal have nonetheless had the occasional impact of genuinely impacting or altering the form. This is to say that the research will be invested in yielding observations on films which are distinctive primarily for their special effects appeal and not for their cultural or commercial significance. It is anticipated that a critical evaluation of such films from the perspective of their success with special effects orientation will illustrate that special effects use in films can have a transformative… [read more]

Movie-Making Has Become Such a Pervasive Art Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (760 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 0


Movie-making has become such a pervasive art form that specific movie genres have developed to meet the emotional needs of the movie-going public. One subtype of movies that has a guaranteed dramatic impact is the serial-killer suspense movie. These movies include films such as Copycat, Henry: Portrait of a Serial Killer, and Silence of the Lambs. Serial-killer suspense movies have a power emotional impact because they tap into basic human emotions. First, because these movies follow the exploits of serial killers, they give movie-goers the intellectual challenge of trying to figure out or understand the serial killer. Second, these movies tap into the visceral thrill of the selfish murder, by demonstrating killing for the sake of killing. Finally, these movies tap into the fear of strangers; the absolute vulnerability that human beings have when they interact with other people. Because these emotions are so strong, serial-killer suspense movies are dramatic and involving for the audience.

Unlike many traditional thrillers or regular-horror movies, there is an intellectual edge to the serial killer movie. For example, in the movie Copycat, the detective who is tracking down the killers must try to get into the killer's head by understanding his crime scenes and predicting what he will do next. In Silence of the Lambs, the lead character's entire interaction with Hannibal Lecter is based upon the premise that he will be able to provide her with clues to the identity of an active serial killer. Henry: Portrait of a Serial Killer differs from the other movies, in that there was no detective hunting the killer; instead, the audience is left to observe Henry in as his crimes unfold. However, that places the audience in the role of profiler, trying to determine what is motivating Henry's crimes and whether someone like him could be stopped.

While most human beings are reluctant to admit it, there is something about the selfish personality that is fascinating. What could be more selfish than a serial killer? Therefore, these films allow human beings to vicariously enjoy absolute selfishness. In Copycat, part of the allure of the movie is that the killer has taken the time to emulate past famous murders, and is killing people, not because of what they have done to him, but because of how they…… [read more]

Alfred Hitchcock's Movie Psycho Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (634 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


¶ … Alfred Hitchcock's movie Psycho does not follow Syd Field's classic three act paradigm for screenwriting. Instead, Psycho can be seen as a different kind of screenwriting paradigm, with three distinct acts, but different turning points than Syd Field's classic paradigm.

Syd Field's three act paradigm divides screenplays into three acts, and two plot points. In Act 1, the Setup the main character and his or her situation is developed. At the end of Act 1 is the first plot point, an inciting incident, where something happens to start the story process and change the main character's life. In Act 2, the main character works toward achieving a goal. At the second plot point, the main character usually achieves a goal. Act 3 can be seen as the ending of the film (Field). Field's paradigm essentially describes the large variety of movies made in Hollywood (Field).

There are some movies, however, that defy Field's three act paradigm. Alfred Hitchcock's movie Psycho, is one of the rare exceptions to Syd Field's classic three act paradigm for screenwriting.

Essentially, Psycho's deviation from the three act paradigm revolves around the screenplay's shocking shower scene. Prior to the shower scene, the movie seems to be following the classic paradigm. Act 1 begins by introducing the heroine, Marion, and setting up the story (her affair with Sam and when she steals money from her boss). Until this point in Psycho, the movie follow's Field's paradigm of setting up the main character and the main character's world in Act 1.

However, at the end of Act 1, the first plot point, normally an inciting incident in Field's paradigm, flies in the face of Field's classic three act paradigm. Marion visits the Bates Motel, where she is killed by the villain, Norman Bates. The death of the film's main protagonist is a clear violation of Field's paradigm. In Field's paradigm, the inciting incident…… [read more]

Movies and Methods: Volume I - Summary Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (2,080 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 2


Movies and Methods: Volume I - Summary and Review

Both teachers and students of film would likely welcome this book, even though it was written in 1976. Some things do not go out of date, and even though much has happened since the 1970s there are a lot of classic works on film that are still very worthy of being… [read more]

Response to Film Modern Times Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (341 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


¶ … Charlie Chaplin's classic movies was made in the 1930s. It is a film that, like all of Chaplin's films, have a strong social context. Though the protagonist here is a not a tramp, he is the quintessential factory worker -- an automaton, or a cog in the large machinery that is the establishment of the fruits of the Industrial Revolution.

Modern Times satirizes the burgeoning factory mindset that slowly but surely eroded what agronomies all over the world held dear. Add to the fact that at this point, the United States was still reeling from the Stock Market crash of 1929, where many thousands died of hunger, fields were left barren and hordes of hungry people traveled from pillar to post to find work. In fact, this movie can be seen in terms of the Joad family from the Steinbeck's Grapes of Wrath and Tom Joad (the hero) eventually ending up working in such a factory.

While factories offered some respite, and indeed, eventually proved beneficial in the…… [read more]

Film Noir Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,428 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Film Noir

The heist film is a sub-set of film noir, and it is key to such a film that the audience have sympathy for the criminals who are at the center of the film. This is a common element in the film noir even when the central character is committing crimes and even killing other people along the way.… [read more]

Movie Review on the Crucible Movie Review

Movie Review  |  3 pages (1,106 words)
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¶ … Crucible" directed by Nicholas Hytner. Specifically it will review the film, including a discussion of the film as art. The Crucible is the retelling of the classic Arthur Miller play of the same name, first debuting on Broadway in 1953. This version is skillfully filmed and acted, and could be considered an art film because of the film techniques and storyline. It is an artistic success, but falls short on entertainment for many viewers.

The film concerns Abigail Williams, a young girl living in Salem Massachusetts who becomes embroiled in the Salem Witch Trials of 1692. Abigail and some of her friends dance in the woods with Tituba, a black slave, and are accused of being witches. They confess they are "possessed," and begin to systematically accuse others in Salem of being witches or consorting with them. As the film progresses, the girl's accusations become more and more outlandish, and they become "possessed" in the courtroom as they accuse the people around them. Some of the people of Salem, like Rebecca Nurse, can see through the girls, but for the most part, the people are swept up in witch fever, content to believe the girls and their allegations.

A major focus of Abigail's denunciations is the Proctor family. She and John Proctor had an affair when she worked for the family, and she is still in love with him. She accuses his wife in an attempt to free him of the woman, but he loves his wife Elizabeth, and will not allow her to stand alone in the courtroom. As a result, both are charged with witchcraft. John has a chance to "confess" and save their lives, but he cannot do it, and in the end, they both hang as witches.

The film illustrates how people who know and respect each other can become caught up in accusations and lies, and it shows the justice system of the 17th century, that was both swift and extremely gullible at the same time. The court basically makes its judgments on the word of a few girls who are afraid and attempting to save themselves rather than stand accused of witchcraft, and it sentences nineteen people to death solely on the word of these girls. The film also shows that some people stood up to the girls and the court, but could do nothing to stop it in the end. Perhaps the most famous is Reverend Hale, who, by the end of the trials is totally fed up with the court and the outcome, and denounces the proceedings as he leaves the town.

The film is a blend or realist and formalist. It is realist in that it follows the action real time and formalist in that it follows the formal direction and action of the stage play it was based on. It also does not attempt to show any witchcraft or other "spiritual" fantasies that the girls make up in their minds, which also makes it a realistic and believable… [read more]

Classic Film: Casablanca the Classic Movie Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (411 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Classic Film: Casablanca

The classic movie I chose to write about is Casablanca, released in 1942, starring Humphrey Bogart and Ingrid Bergman. The movie is considered a classic by many because it stars two of the most renowned actors of its time; however I also consider it a classic because of the symbolism it contained during a time when the United States was becoming more deeply involved in World War II.

To me Casablanca is a classic film because it is one of the first films in history that symbolizes two themes that have since been repeated in movies throughout history -- the concept of self-sacrifice for love. In Casablanca, Rick Blaine is reunited with an old love, Ilsa Lund, as he tries to help her flee the impending and spreading Nazi onslaught. Although Blaine loves Lund dearly, he would rather let her go to ensure her own well being despite his own desires to have her for his own. The concept of loving something enough to let it go despite your own desires is something that I believe truly epitomizes true love in the classic sense.

The symbolism in Casablanca is also what makes it a classic film to me. I believe the cynical…… [read more]

Film Genre Horror Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (778 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 1


Gender in the Horror Film

In "Men, Women, and Chain Saws: Gender in the Modern Horror Film," author Carol J. Clover illustrates something that seems very obvious in many horror films, and might make them so popular to young male viewers. Often, the premise of the horror film is to victimize young women. In fact, she equates some slasher films with pornography, which seems to be going a bit too far toward stereotyping and gender issues. However, the income figures for these slasher-type films were staggering. I did not realize these films took is so much income, which indicates how popular they really are, despite what critics say about them. Obviously, they are pleasing someone to have so much success and so many sequels. The numbers were more than I imagined, and opened up my eyes to the profits to be made in these types of films.

It was interesting to see how many films are considered to be of the slasher genre, from "Psycho" to "Alien," which seem older than the current crop of films, but when the author shows the elements that make up the slasher genre, they make sense. It also shows how women are victims, but then are victorious against the villains, so in the end, women are stronger than the men who victimize them. It is not surprising that these films appeal the most to young men. However, they seem to appeal to young women as well, perhaps because of this vision of power that comes at the end of the films.

The analysis of each of the types of horror films is very detailed, and helps make some of the films make more sense. The series of films with religious and Satanist overtones are handled quite well by this author, who shows in more detail how sex and Satan go hand in hand. I did not really see some of the symbolism the author discusses (such as the snake in the bathtub scene), but when the author discusses it the images make more sense. I did not think of some of these films as sexual, or as victimizing women, so this section made things clearer and made me think about some of the films I have viewed before but not really analyzed. There seems to be a lot more stereotyping in these films…… [read more]

American Horror Film, Editor Gregory A. Waller Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (728 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 1


¶ … American Horror Film, editor Gregory A. Waller brings together essays that dissect and critique many of the most popular horror films of the last few decades. This book is extremely interesting in the way the authors discuss the horror films and why they are so fascinating to filmmakers and viewers. Often, critics and others dismiss horror films as a film genre that is neither important or worth viewing. However, this collection of essays really makes the reader think about horror films and view them in a new light.

The horror genre is not for everyone, and the authors of these essays make this clear. One of the most interesting aspects that showed up in many of the essays is the "normalcy" of the main characters. They are usually young, very typical teenagers, and characters the viewers can identify with and like in at least some cases. Thus, the viewer begins to root for the characters to win out over their horrible adversary. When they do, the viewers are assured that life will get back to normal and good triumphs over evil. When they do not, viewers see a view of the world that is a "product of madness" (Wexman 34) as one writer says of the films of Roman Polanski.

It was interesting to see the commonalities in horror films from decades ago compared with modern films, as well. While the older films sometimes seem hokey and poorly acted the thread of horror that runs through the story and holds it together is still the same, no matter when the film is made or who the actors and director were. The book discusses "Night of the Living Dead," which is still a gross and disgusting film, but it has many of the same qualities of "Friday the 13th," such as young, "normal" protagonists fighting a grisly enemy, and many of them using the fight. It is also interesting that so many critics read so much into these films. At first glance, they are simply "scary movies," but after reading this book, it is clear they are much more than that, and much thought and execution goes into the development and creation of…… [read more]

Film Theory and Criticism Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,278 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 1


Film Theory and Criticism

Hitchcock is the master of subtext and suspense, he is definitely a genius when it comes to creating memorable scenes that balance sensual tension, sensual innuendo, and comedy and up bring suspense seamlessly.

Briefly the plot outline of Hitchcock's movie "North by Northwest" (1959), is about a New York advertising executive who is mistaken for a government agent by a group of foreign spies. He begins his adventure in search of the real agent and is pursued across the States by both the spies and the government while being helped by a beautiful blonde.

Robin Wood in his book called "Hitchcock's films revisited, book two," gives a concrete example of how a movie should be analyzed taking in consideration the ideology of the movie, its genre and author's fingerprint. Wood stresses the fact that the aim of a critic is to see the work "as wholly as possible as it is - to be able to draw on the discoveries and particular perceptions of each theory, each position, without committing himself exclusively to any one."

Writing about ideology in cinema, Wood emphasizes that there is for sure an American ideology; the author names these ideologies "values and assumptions so insistently embodied in and reinforced by the classical Hollywood cinema." Giving such a list of values, Wood assures the reader that this list presents an ideology that is full of "contradictions and unsolved tensions."

Some of the examples of values given, witch should be taken in consideration when discussing "North by Northwest," are: "capitalism: the right of the ownership, private enterprise; progress, technology, the big city; success/wealth; America as the land where everyone can actually is/can be happy, all problems are solvable within the existing system; the classical Hollywood phenomena, the happy ending; the ideal male: the virile adventurer, potent, untrammeled man of action; the erotic woman (adventuress), fascinating but dangerous, liable to betray the hero or turn into a black panther."

The movie begins with the image of New York traffic in the windows of a gigantic building. Somehow the people are protected by the American democratic system, underlined by the big office building. The main character is at the beginning of the action as a common advertising man, who relies on modern civilization, he is fast talking, self-confident on the outside an immature. Shortly after the beginning of the movie Thornfill, the main character played by actor Gary Grant, is kidnapped, he is taken away from the monotony and safety of the city and led to an unknown mansion.

Thornhill understands that he has been mistaken with someone else and begins the journey of his life in order to set things right.

Probably one of the main ideological and thematic tensions in North by Northwest is encapsulated in the scene in witch Thornhill and the beautiful Eve Kendall meet on the train as an introduction to their future plans. Thornhill is on his way to find the real Mr. Kaplan and Eve is on the… [read more]

Academy and MTV Movie Award Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,175 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Academy Awards & MTV Movie Awards

Comparative Analysis of the Academy Awards and MTV Movie Awards

Among the award-giving organizations extant in American culture at present, it is interesting to note the specific points by which these award-giving organizations differ or become similar. Two of the most popular award-giving bodies are those given by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences and MTV Networks, the Academy Awards and MTV Movie Awards, respectively.

These award-giving programs have their own niche and place at the spectrum of American entertainment. The Academy Awards' image differs radically from the MTV Movie Awards, though both programs enjoy popularity and renown not only in the entertainment business, but more specifically because of their influence in American culture. The Academy Awards' (referred to from now on as the Oscars) and MTV-MA's (MTV Movie Awards) importance is based, then, on their relevance to the entertainment business and the general public (as the audience and patrons of the entertainment business).

This paper provides a comparative analysis of the Oscars and MTV-MA as award-giving bodies. The analysis discussed posits that both award-giving bodies have similarities and differences that arise from the culture, audience, economics (i.e., commercial value), and even socio-political relevance of the movies and processes that each award-giving body undergoes. In general, however, the analysis attributes specific segments of American culture as the primary driver that distinguishes the Oscars from the MTV-MA.

The first distinction between the Oscars and MTV-MA is the manner of generating the nominations and winners for categories extant in each award-giving body. Both bodies generate winners through voting; the difference, however, lies in the profile of the voters themselves. For the Oscars, members of the Academy, motion picture professionals themselves, become the juror and voters for the nominees and winners. Moreover, the voting process itself is a rigorous one. As stated in the official web site of the Academy, voting is done through a secret ballot, and audited by PricewaterhouseCoopers. Results of the voting process are not revealed until the Oscars night itself.

Compared against the Oscars, the MTV-MA has a lesser stringent process in generating the winners for the awards night. Unlike the Oscars, voting is made known to the public, and the results themselves are largely influenced by the audience/MTV fans. In fact, voting for MTV-MA is termed as "polling," giving the idea that the award-giving body gives premium to the role that the public plays in influencing the voting results and determining the MTV-MA winners. Voting is done through popular media, either through online registration and voting (i.e., voting through the Internet or SMS).

Another difference, and perhaps the most manifest difference, between the Oscars and MTV-MA is the kind of audience and atmosphere that the award-giving bodies cultivate. MTV-MA winners are decided upon mainly through a movie or a personality's popularity, which demonstrates that the kind of audience cultivated by the award-giving body is that of pop (popular culture). It has more variety and has a greater degree of flexibility… [read more]

Psycho Movie Costumes Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,610 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Psycho (Movie) Costumes

Analysis of the use of costume in Psycho

Psycho was to prove to be one of the most enduing and successful films in Alfred Hitchcock's career. The film includes many of his central themes including, "...voyeurism, the doppelg nger, and extreme sexual repression" as well as androgyny. (Bell-Metereau, 1985, p. 131) In Psycho, costume and dress play… [read more]

Film Analysis: "Boesman and Lena Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,356 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Another problem with the film is that, despite the occasional flashback montages that paint more of a portrait of South African history than the history of the couple, is that the film it is very heavily dialogue driven, and as noted before, very heavily driven by negative, rather than positive dialogue between the couple. The film's script was based upon Fugard's original stage play, and the structure of "Boesman and Lena" has really not evolved into a cinematic tale that uses pictures as well as words to tell a story. Even the camera angles that tell the sparse tale do not add much additional insight to the characterization of the couple, and the dialogue between the two actors reveals very little that is specific about the couple, other than the fact that Lena is dispirited, depressed, and tired, and Boesman is filled with inexpressible rage he cannot vent upon his real tormentors

Rather than use the scenery to add to the couple's characterization, the cinematic audience meets the central in a faceless shantytown. Against this 'nowhere' of hopelessness, hopeless characters rage and seem to 'represent' things, like suffering and rage, rather than to have any unique and idiosyncratic characteristics, against a vacant background of poverty. Even the symbolism of the scenery used in the film seems unimaginative and heavy -- the crashing waves on the beach represent the clash between the husband and wife. The desolation of the mud and wire represents the separation and cloudy nature of the character's souls. The audience meets the couple at their most anonymous, after they have broken with one another, in an anonymous setting. The play's shantytown is much like the sparse anywhere of a stage play. The characters speak in long, drawn-out monologues that further reduce the sense of interaction between the two characters. This device s tedious in a film, even if it might not be on a stage, where this convention is more accepted.

The plot of the film really evolves in dialogue between Boseman and Lena, a difficult thing to make interesting on film. Their physical actions in the real time, as opposed to the flashbacks show them scavenging for food and shelter, after having walked all day. It becomes clear that Lena is an alcoholic and Glover's Boesman abused her. These character traits, even though they are explained, often alienate the viewer's sympathy with the characters, and the viewer has no other point of reference other than the two, to sustain his or her interest.

When the two characters do recollect happy moments, their anger and the past and present violence of the society undercut such moments so quickly, they hardly give any humanity or credence to such memories. The most illuminating part of the play for a non-African viewer is perhaps its illustration of racism, even of mixed race individuals like the central couple, against Black natives. At one point Lena, befriends a Black tribesman. This creates some sympathy for Lena, as it is her most vigorous… [read more]

Possessed: Film Analysis Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (1,051 words)
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¶ … 1947 Film)

Possessed (1947) by Curtis Bernhardt: A Psychological Drama and a 'Woman's Film' with Film Noir Elements

The stark, vivid, and often disturbing psychological drama Possessed (1947), directed by German emigre filmmaker Curtis Bernhardt, starring Joan Crawford (as a mentally ill woman named Louise) and Van Heflin (as an engineer named David, with whom Louise is obsessed), might arguably, at least in some ways, be considered a "woman's film" (i.e., a film featuring a woman, essentially alone, often due to failed or unrequited love, facing a life-changing experience or challenge (though generally, "women's films" are more uplifting, e.g., Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore; Something's Gotta Give). Women's films also typically contain plot twists and love triangles; in those respects, Possessed is a woman's film, although not a positive, upbeat, or encouraging one. Possessed also contains elements of "film noir," especially in terms of its overall look and its camera work. However, Possessed is also neither a pure "woman's film," nor pure film noir. Between the two choices, however, in my opinion Possessed is a better example of film noir than it is of a woman's film.

Film noir" is a French cinematic term meaning, literally, "black film." Obviously, a truly black film would be invisible and unwatchable; the term is therefore a descriptive metaphor, for the dark mood often evoked within the genre. More classic film noir examples are John Huston's The Maltese Falcon (1941); Howard Hawks' The Big Sleep (1946) and, later, Brian De Palma's Scarface (1983), to name just a few. Orson Welles' Citizen Kane (1941) has many film noir elements, although it is probably not pure film noir, due to its extremely varied scenes, settings, and characterizations. Possessed, although not anywhere as good of a film as Citizen Kane, perhaps represents something similar in terms of its hybrid nature, that is, part psychological drama; part campy film (especially Joan Crawford's acting); part women's film; but more film noir.

Film noir as a genre originated during the World War II and post World War II period of the late 1930's and 1940's. The genre is characteristically dark, ominous, and foreboding in look, setting, tone, characterizations, conflicts, and action. In many ways, Possessed meets all of those criteria. However, the dominating campy-ness of Joan Crawford's acting, as Louise, distracts from what might otherwise be a more subdued tone. Therefore, characterization, a key film noir component, is not even of well blended in this film, compared to, say, The Maltese Falcon; The Big Sleep, or even Citizen Kane.

Still, Possessed does contain many striking and memorable film noir elements. For example, in the opening scene, Louise (Joan Crawford) is shown walking alone down a hazy Los Angeles street. The hazy look of this scene underscores the lack of clarity of Louise's mental state; she is disoriented; displaced; and emotionally disturbed. She moans David's name, repeatedly, for reasons yet unknown. Also, in keeping with film noir appearances, Louise appears washed-out, and she wears no make-up.

Inside the hospital,… [read more]

Time to Kill Movie Review Movie Review

Movie Review  |  3 pages (1,179 words)
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¶ … watch "A Time to Kill"

Everyone should go to see a Time to Kill. This movie has a powerful message for today's society about justice and overcoming racial and legal barriers to justice. In the film, which is based on a Grisham novel, two redneck men rape a black child. When it appears that they are going to be found innocent, the girl's father Carl Lee (played by Samuel L. Jackson) guns down the two men in the courtroom. His young white lawyer, Jake, must try to defend him, which is hardly an easy task in the heart of Mississippi. The case becomes much more difficult when the K.K.K. begins to harass Jake in a vain attempt to convince him to give up the case. The plant burning crosses on his lawn and even try shooting at him. Before the end Jake has to send his wife and young daughter out of town to protect them from the racist riots that overwhelm Canton Mississippi. In the end, Jake gives a moving speech to the jury which truly makes the movie worth watching. The film is tightly plotted and strongly acted. This is probably one of the best Grisham films ever produced. There are five important reasons why everyone should see this film: because it is emotionally powerful and a deeply moving film, because ethically it is important to see films which challenge social norms, because the film is so intelligently thought out that it will be educational in addition to entertaining, and because it is a blockbuster hit which many other people have seen and therefore must be worthwhile, and because if one doesn't watch this film one is likely to be stuck with out films in the same genre and rating category which are far less good.

This movie is very deeply moving, and not just because of the technology by which film gives the illusion of motion. It is an emotionally powerful movie, geared to make people cry and fear for the lives of their loved ones. Who could resist being moved to tears and fears by the idea of a little ten-year-old girl being raped by sadistic rednecks? The emotion and sweat laden speeches given by Carl Lee and Jake will make the trip out to the video store well worth the mileage, despite the recent high costs of gas. As if the emotional charge of the story weren't high enough, it also stars Sandra Bullock in the role of a fragile and feisty young lawyer who helps take on the case, and between her jurisprudent moments spends her time cavorting like a pin-up. If Carl Lee's palpable grief at the treatment of his daughter doesn't make one emotionally vulnerable, then the flamboyant Sandra Bullock's legs and her lips will certainly move at least the men in the audience to emotional outbursts.

Time to Kill is also worth seeing because -- in additional to being a hot story of thwarted love affairs and successful revenge… [read more]

Film and Perspectives on History Film Remains Essay

Essay  |  8 pages (2,572 words)
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¶ … Film and Perspectives on History

Film remains in the subconscious of culture as a means of expression and storytelling to the public. Many people see film as a much-needed form of entertainment while others see it as art and a way of conveying a message to the public. Filmmakers use the medium as a means of expressing their… [read more]

History of Film Term Paper

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Film History: Expressions of Existential Philosophy

The post-Second World War climate was that of tremendous transition and change for its people. The world was full of tension and uncertainty. Much of how people were functioning had a direct relationship with the outcome of the war and new realities associated with war such as technologies like the nuclear bomb. By going… [read more]

1922 Silent Film Nosferatu Term Paper

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1922 Silent Film Nosferatu: A Symphony of Horror

The 1922 film, Nosferatu: A Symphony of Horror, which many film historians and critics and wanna-be "horror film experts" quickly point out was a blatant rip-off ("cinematic remake") of the 1897 vampire novel Dracula (by Bram Stoker), was far more than a rip-off or "unauthorized adaptation." It was the second Dracula movie (but the first full length) and whether piracy or not - indeed it raised the considerable ire and angst of Stoker's widow Florence - it set the stage, and built the stage, created the theme, tone, conflict and iconographic character, for a long, unending series of vampire (Dracula) films.

But the salient point of this paper is that the iconographic momentum set in motion by the actor Max Schreck (who brilliantly plays the hideously ugly character Count Orlok), not so much the story itself nor the fact that it was plagiarized, is the lasting legacy vis-a-vis this silent film. To set the stage for the point of this paper, iconography, according to the Duke University Library, is "the study of subjects and themes in works of art" (in this case, the dual theme is horror and vampires who suck blood); it is also "a set of images or symbols conventionally associated with a subject" (in Nosferatu, the image is of a human turned into an animal; an animal with some human traits who preys upon humans for sustenance); it is also "the study of images, their formation, transmission, and transformation in the various cultures and civilizations and of their intrinsic meaning." The initial Count Orlok as Dracula is to horror film iconography what Ovid (Metamorphoses) is to Antiquity, and what the Holy Bible is to Christian iconography.

The image of Dracula has transcended time, and outlasted many subsequent imitators, hence the proof of the power of F.W. Murnau's original film, and the evidence that the shelf life of this cultural phenomenon Dracula sprang from Murnau's deft creation and iconography.

Moreover, Count Grof Orlok is easily more frightening and hideously grotesque than the Dracula in Werner Herzog's 1979 remake of the film; and Orlok is certainly more darkly effective and…… [read more]

Film Noir the 1945 Term Paper

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When Terry joins the crusade against the union mob led by Father Barry, he transforms from a dim-witted waterfront bum who jumps when Friendly says jump to a true hero of moral action. For the first time in his life his actions are his own and whatever the price, he is willing to pay it. And for the first time in his life, he has a sense of purpose and true responsibility. This movie created an accurate portrayal of the culture among the longshoremen and the corruption of the waterfront unions. It is not only a political statement concerning the infiltration of the labor union by the mob, but given that it was filmed in 1954, it represents a statement concerning the political air of the time, when communism was so feared that the government was calling in citizens to testify against one another as to their political loyalties.

"Mildred Pierce" however, could almost be construed as anti-feminist, portraying what can happen when women seek too much power. After all, if Mildred had not so desperately wanted to live 'above her means,' then she would have been contented with Bert and he would not have been 'driven' to the arms of another woman. Moreover, if she had listened to Bert, then Veda would not have grown into such a brat. The movie even implies that Kay's death was Mildred's fault, for had she been home rather than out trying to start a restaurant, then the child would not have died. The movie certainly implies that all the misery that unfolds is due to Mildred's obsession for money in order to place her daughter on a social pedestal. This movie definitely makes a social statement about the dangers bourgeois values and the consequences of a woman's ambitions, the neglect of her husband's needs, and her rebellion against his advice and wishes.

"Mildred Pierce" is typical of the 1940's era in moviemaking. The plot, camera shots, use of flashbacks, and music all create the classic film noir. "On the Waterfront" however, was based on real-life, shot on real streets in present time, and the music helped to create a jungle atmosphere, a sort of dog eat dog world of the docks. While "Mildred Pierce" may be regarded as a classic example of film noir, "On the Waterfront" may be regarded as one of the best examples of movie-making period.

Work Cited

"On the Waterfront."…… [read more]

Hilarious Film Starring Many Actors Term Paper

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The couples are as diverse as they can come and it is this diversity that gives Guest opportunities to create hilarious moments. Many potentially funny things have been included such as having two Starbucks on the same street, a man who literally has two left feet and numerous other similarly silly instances that force you to laugh out loud with careless abandon. What adds to the comic element of the movie is absolutely clueless commentator Buck Laughlin. Laughlin has no idea as to how a dog show is conducted, and what follows then is amazingly ingenuity that has the viewers glued to the screen in anticipation of what might come next. Mayflower Dog Show is realistically captured and since the movie is only one and a half hour long, it ends before the viewers could possibly…… [read more]

Tim Burton Movie Director Term Paper

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Tim Burton - Movie Director

Tim Burton is recognized as an accomplished director, producer, and writer has also been identified as a talented animator, artist, and photographer (Tim Burton FAQ). He was born in 1958 in Burbank, California and enjoyed watching classic horror films and cartoons as a small child (Tim Burton). His favorite monster movies included Godzilla, the Hammer horror films from Great Britain, and the work of Ray Harryhausen (Jackson and McDermott, 2004). One of Burton's heroes was actor Vincent Price. In the ninth grade, he won a prize for an anti-litter poster he designed for local garbage trucks (Tim Burton). After high school in 1976, Burton attended the Cal Arts Institute on a Disney scholarship.

Upon graduation, Burton joined Walt Disney Studios as an animator and worked on projects such as the Fox and the Hound, The Black Cauldron, Vincent and Frankenweenie (Tim Burton). Vincent was a success and won two awards from the Chicago Film Festival. However, Burton found animation work too boring and structured and left Disney to pursue live-action films (Jackson and McDermott, 2004).

The results of Burton's career change were more than a decade of top-box office hits (Tim Burton). He directed his first feature film, Pee-wee's Big Adventure in 1985. Three years later came Beetlejuice, a comedy about a New England family haunted by a ghost that resembled a live action cartoon (Tim Burton). In 1989, Burton directed Batman, for which he won the Director of the Year Award from the National Association of Theater owners. In 1990, Burton directed and produced Edward Scissorhands, a suburban fairly tale. And, in 1992, Burton directed a highly successful sequel to Batman, Batman Returns.

The year 1994, would also see another hit with Burton's production and direction of Ed Wood featuring a cross-dressing movie director followed by the sci-fi comedy, Mars Attacks! In 1996. Burton closed the decade with Sleepy Hollow -- a loose adaptation of Washington Irving's classic short story…… [read more]

Hamlet: Play and Film Term Paper

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Hamlet: Play And Film

There are many film adaptations of William Shakespeare's tragedy Hamlet, the story of a young Danish prince who comes home from abroad to avenge his father's murder. Different film directors have different interpretations of Hamlet, but the film I like best is by Franco Zefferilli (1990) with Mel Gibson and Glen Close. This film shortens or omits scenes from the play but is still mostly faithful to it. The actors playing Hamlet, Gertrude, Claudius, Polonius, etc., are very convincing. I also like the photography, costumes, and music in this film. The film brings the story to life for me more than reading the play. I will compare and contrast the play Hamlet and Zefferilli's film version.

When the play starts, the first scene is Bernardo, Francisco, and Marcellus telling Horatio, who first doubts them, that they have seen Hamlet's father's ghost. Horatio waits with them for the ghost to appear. When it does, Horatio asks it "What art thou, that usurps't this time of night" (46). He tells the ghost, who looks like King Hamlet, to identify himself: "b heaven, I charge thee, speak!" (49). The ghost, offended, leaves. In the film the first shot is Elsinore Castle. Then the camera shows Claudius and Gertrude pretending to mourn the King. Then Horatio tells Hamlet of the ghost, who appears to Hamlet that night. But this time (the play and the film are alike here) the ghost speaks to Hamlet, tells him he was murdered, and asks his son to avenge his death. The scene with the ghost, in both play and film, sets Prince Hamlet on his quest to avenge his father's death. In the play, we can only imagine the ghost. In the film we actually see and hear the ghost as Zeferilli interprets him. The ghost looks and sounds, in the movie, like an old bearded man bathed in bright white light, with a deep but shaky voice.

Soon after, in the play (Act I, Scene 3) we meet Ophelia, Hamlet's girlfriend who will drown herself in a river when she thinks Hamlet rejects her, and her brother Laertes. Laertes cautions Ophelia about Hamlet (1-53). Ophelia tells Laertes he likes to give advice but not follow it (47-53). This exchange is absent in the film, which shows just a…… [read more]

Crucible the Film Version Term Paper

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The other glaring difference between the historical events at the Salem village in 1692 and the film is its theme of sexual relationship between Abigail Williams, the niece of Reverend Parris, and John Proctor a Salem farmer. At the center of the movie's story is Abigail's accusation of witchcraft against John Proctor, who having committed adultery with his one-time servant in a moment of weakness, repents his mistake and rejects her. Such a liaison almost certainly did not occur as Proctor was over 60 years old and Abigail was only 11 at the time of the trial. Proctor's involvement in the witch trials and his eventual hanging occurred because of his indiscretion in openly denouncing the trials and the girls' accusations as a scam, rather than any sexual indiscretion.

Furthermore, Reverend Parris' slave-woman, Tituba, who was accused of having tutored the girls in the art of witchcraft, has been inaccurately depicted in the movie as a black African woman rather than the South American Indian that she actually was.

Despite such obvious divergence from the historical facts, The Crucible does manage to focus attention on one of the most shameful episodes in America's early history. It reminds us how easily religious righteousness, superstition, guilt and run-away self-interest can combine to blind apparently "good men" into committing unbelievably cruel acts. It also shows us how mass hysteria in a closed community feeds upon and snowballs into a dangerous atmosphere of persecution, leading to tragic consequences.

The days of the Salem witch-hunt of the 17th century and McCarthyism of the 1950s may now be part of history, but the evil in men lurks just under the surface -- waiting to break out at the slightest opportunity.


Ebert, Roger. (1996). "The Crucible." Movie Review. Chicago Sun-Times. December 20, 1996. Retrieved on December 15, 2004 from http://rogerebert.suntimes.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/19961220/REVIEWS/612200302/1023

At the ripe old age of 81

Miller himself said, "The play is not reportage of any kind .... what I was doing was writing…… [read more]

Othello in a Movie Term Paper

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Othello in a Movie

This report is a comparison-contrast two movies following the theme of William Shakespeare's play of jealousy, betrayal, and murder called "Othello." The movies are the 2001 release "O' directed Tim Blake Nelson and the 1995 release "Othello" directed by Oliver Parker. The stars of these films were Mekhi Phifer for "O" and Lawrence Fishburn for "Othello." e and the more recent movie "O" staring. Although the paper provides a review of the films in general, the main focus is to get insights into the character Iago. The Iago character in the film "O" was named Hugo and was played by the actor Josh Hartnett. In "Othello," Iago's character was played by Kenneth Branaugh. In most cases, attempts to redo a Shakespeare play in a movie format usually turns out pretty cheesy. But both Oliver Parker and Tim Blake Nelson did a pretty good job of bringing in modern interpretations but still capturing the really important aspects of the original play. In other words, a movie audience is not bored out of their mind but you can still see that this was in fact a remake of Shakespeare's work. The directors did their fair share of using artistic license for dialogue and character development, but the stories were not bad.

A never really knew much about William Shakespeare's play "Othello," so these two movies helped me get an understanding of the plot. The film "O," is movie that starts slow but makes up for it in the end as the plot thickens. Parker's Othello was more consistent in the sense that it was exciting from the beginning to the end and featured Lawrence Fishburn as Othello and he is a very good actor. "O" was move of a modern update of the Shakespeare classic that culminates into an exciting third act that was very affective.

The original play by Shakespeare begins with a character, Roderigo, discovering that the woman he loved eloped with the general who was hired to lead the Venetian army against the Turks. Roderigo is also upset with the character Iago because Roderigo paid Iago to help match make. but, Iago is more concerned and angry by the fact that Othello, the general, passed him over for promotion even though he feels he was the most loyal ensign. Iago is duplicitous individual who disguises his evil nature behind a front of honesty even though he truly enjoys watching others suffer. Together, Iago and Roderigo inform Brabantio who is the father of Desdemona, the young lady that Othello has eloped with. Iago discovers Othello and Desdemona in an inn and lets them know that her father is upset. After being called back for a war council, Othello is threatened with jail by Brabantio and his henchmen but Othello suggests a higher authority settle the matter. The matter is settled in favor of Othello and he is later dispatched abroad with Desdemona scheduled to join him later with Iago and Cassio, the person who he feels… [read more]

Film Criticism of Casablanca Term Paper

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The use of mis en scene as technique is apparent in almost every scene. It is clear that the art producer used careful consideration in painting the atmosphere of Northern Africa. The contrast of light and shadow throughout the scenes played at Rick's Place builds an air of mysteriousness and only heightens the drama of the romance and knowledge of war. In some ways, Rick's Place is a haven for the characters of the film. Within the nightclub's walls, there is entertainment and a gaiety that cannot be found outside. There is also a sense of comfort as the undertones of romance come through because of the elements of music and conversation. The use of costumes is vibrant and rich enhancing the romance of the film. Costumes also help establish the time period and create symbolism for the film's characters. Notice that Humphrey Bogart is always dressed in light colors or white and this establishes him as the hero of the film. In fact most of the European or Western characters, including Ingrid Bergman's white glittering gown, are dressed in light colors while the enemy's costumes are dark or military uniforms. This creates an interesting contrast of social status within the film culture.


By using film techniques, director Michael Curtiz creates a story rich in visual drama and heartfelt human connection. By doing this, the filmmaker has created an artwork to stand the test of time.

Work Cited

Casablanca. Dir. Michael Cutriz. Perf. Humphrey Bogart and Ingrid Bergman. Warner Bros, Inc.,…… [read more]

Siegel's 1956 Film Version Term Paper

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Similarly, a shot of the public square helps to illustrate the creeping of the nightmare into the world of light and rationality. The shot shows a wide angle of the public square that is taken through an office window, and shows the square almost in its entirety. All appears normal as people go about their everyday business, until visitors are… [read more]

Monster With Charlize Theron Movie Review

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Monster is worth seeing if for nothing else than to witness the dramatic transformation and effort the main character went through to play Aileen. Charlize is convincing in her role. The movie provides a realistic portrait of the ravages that a life of hatred, violence and absence of love might result it. The movie is somewhat disturbing to watch, there are a number of violent and graphic scenes including the rape and abuse of the character Aileen that forces her to turn to a life of murder. The movie takes on an overall angry personality, but this is justified based on the content and purpose of the movie.

Chris Barsanti of Film Critic.com claims that the movie is worthy of three stars. Though it may not be a movie worthy of best picture, it is worthy of at least significant consideration. According to Barsanti, the film has a purpose, and that purpose is to "tell a story" not shock audiences. To this extent, the film succeeds. It is able to rely the incredible tragedy that can result when a child is brutalized during childhood, and subsequently grows up unloved and disregarded. Audiences will walk away with a true idea of how someone could turn to a life of abuse, after having been abused themselves for so many years. The audience also walks away with a sense of familiarity with Wuornos, and the desperation that must have lead her to her rampages and ultimate demise.

Monster" also accurately portrays how a person disregarded for so long can cling to anyone willing to offer them even the slightest sign of affection, no matter the form or manner. This is depicted through Ricci's character, who initially "showers" Wuornos with love. Wuornos is not so concerned about who is loving her and how, she is drawn to the fact that someone actually cares for her. One is almost left with empathy for the killer. Not that what Wuornos did was right, but audiences are certainly compelled to acknowledge that given her circumstances, what happened was not so much shocking as expected.


Barsanti, Chris. "Monster." Fimcritic.com, 2004. {Online}. Retrieved April 3, 2004, http://www.filmcritic.com/misc/emporium.nsf/2a460f93626cd4678625624c007f2b46/1876d7b6a8a1ce7388256e04007c545d?OpenDocument

Monster." Reviewed by E! {Online}. Retrieved April 3, 2004. Available: http://www.eonline.com/Facts/Movies/Reviews/0,1052,88325,00.html?seed=movfact2

Monster." Reviewed by the Contra Costa Times. March 26, 2004. {Online}Available: http://www.contracostatimes.com/mld/cctimes/news/local/states/california/counties/alameda_county/cities_neighborhoods/berkeley/8282664.htm… [read more]

Movie Mandy Moore Plays Term Paper

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We learn by direct instruction when we are smaller children,

We learn through the modeling of others.

We learn our social skills thorough our own experience

The teen characters have come to an important turning point of their lives wherein they had learned from direct instruction, and had learned drastically different lifestyle. They had learned by the modeling of others, which had reinforces their understanding of themselves as others were them. However, as the celluloid frames of the movie clicked by, these characters were in the process of learning about themselves through their own experiences. They had the choice to continue to reinforce the lessons which had proceeded, or to allow their own desires to help shape and form a complete, and personal identity.


This movie did not change my thought process in any way. The themes have been communicated hundreds of times before, and are somewhat worn. However, the universal natures of these themes are demonstrated in that they still attract writers, and audiences. As people, we need to learn to relate to others. The process included learning to relate to, and accept who we are so that we can discover that we have a valuable contribution to make, and…… [read more]

Matrix and Jung the Film Term Paper

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The savior-god is a human endowed with special qualities; his existence was foretold by prophesy and his destiny is to save humanity. Neo-can also be viewed in light of the myths of the hero: he is like the Classical Greek hero, who is both reluctant and flawed but a hero nonetheless. As a classical hero, Neo-must sacrifice himself for the cause. Furthermore, Agent Smith is the archetypal villain, and in many ways the shadow self of the hero. In fact, his being a program, and thus disembodied, makes him even more closely approximate the nature of the shadow.

Neo's role in the film also approximates Jung's idea of the animus, the archetypal male. Likewise, his female counterpart is the anima, embodied by Trinity. In The Matrix, Trinity falls in love with Neo, thus symbolizing the union between animus and anima which is the essence of human sexuality and the sacred marriage that Jung addresses in the book.

Works Cited

Jung, Carl Gustav. Man and His Symbols.

Wachowski, Andy, and Wachowski, Larry.…… [read more]

Women in Film Noir Term Paper

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Women's sexuality has been traditionally linked - in Western tradition at least - with this particular fragility. Women's fecundity has all too often linked them in the minds of men as agents of chaos. Artistic creation is the mirror image of birth, but it is controlled, refined, limited, civilized: Creation without the messiness of birth. The act of creating an… [read more]

Physical Comedy on Film Sophisticated Term Paper

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Bedini becomes a comic Italian, clicking his heels and threatening people with a sword. There is a good bit in which Travers and Bedini are trying to decide who has the bigger key to Tremont's room in yet another mix-up.

There are two slaps that we see; Tremont flattens her hand on Travers' jaw. There is one we don't see;… [read more]

Oppression the Movie the Matrix Term Paper

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Spirituality is similarly significant within the film, The Matrix. Many of the spiritual ideas within the movie seem not unrelated to theoretical strains of Buddhism. Indeed, other commentators have noted this affinity within the film:

Buddhism and Gnosticism share in common an attitude towards consensual reality (not reality itself, but a judgment/definition of what reality is) -- namely that the senses and even the analytical mind which processes the signals from our senses -- can only reach as far as the illusion, and therefore they cannot reinforce anything but the illusion.

Buddhism and Gnosticism in The Matrix")

Indeed, in the movie, The Matrix, Morpheus even asks Neo-what it is that he believes to be real, pointing out that, although things inside the matrix feel real, they are not. This is not in any fashion dissimilar to Buddhist statements that "All that we are is the result of what we have thought: it is founded on our thoughts, it is made up of our thoughts" (Ford). Thus, The Matrix produces a form of spirituality heavily influenced by Buddhism.

In considering the theme of community, lastly, The Matrix takes on an idea not like that of Antonio Gramsci's concept of the intellectual in society. In his idea, Gramsci felt the need for a group of intellectuals to be deemed responsible for certain tasks of governance:

Because of the way society develops, different groups of individuals will be required to take on particular tasks. Gramsci suggests that although all tasks require a degree of intellectual and creative ability, some individuals will be required to perform tasks or functions which are overtly intellectual.

Antonio Gramsci")

Like in Gramsci's outline, The Matrix presents the idea that certain elect individuals, such as Morpheus and Neo, will ultimately be responsible for ensuring the safety of humanity. Indeed, it is only through the actions of these people that the world can be protected for and eventually reclaimed by humanity.


Antonio Gramsci." May 19, 2003. http://www.theory.org.uk/ctr-gram.htm#role

Baudrillard, Jean. The Vital Illusion. May 19, 2003. http://www.techdirections.com/html/vi.html

Buddhism and Gnosticism in The Matrix." May 19, 2003. http://terje.bergersen.net/mt/archives/000021.html

Ford, James L. "Buddhism, Christianity, and The Matrix: The Dialectic of Myth-Making in Contemporary Cinema." The Journal of Religion and Film. May 19, 2003. http://www.unomaha.edu/~wwwjrf/thematrix.htm

Freire, Paulo. Pedagogy of the Oppressed. May 19, 2003. http://www.nd.edu/rmacrori/fyc110/design/appendices/freire/f02.shtml… [read more]

Frankenstein-Movie Reading About Cloning Term Paper

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Bibliography Sources: 1+


The most memorable part is when the mad doctor checks the monster for signs of life. At first it seems like as if the experiment has failed, but then the camera focuses on the monster's right hand which is twitching. Frankenstein starts screaming in a very dramatic manner "Look! It's moving. It's alive. It's alive....It's alive, it's moving, it's alive, it's alive, it's alive, it's alive, it's alive! Oh - in the name of God. Now I know what it feels like to be God." (Filmsite, Tim Dirks, 1996) This is one of the most memorable and spectacular scenes in the movie. It has been popular with movie fans throughout the years and has been spoofed and lampooned in dozens of movies.

Whale does not let the audience see the monster and builds up a lot of suspense. The unveiling of the monster is very dramatic. Seeing the monster for the first time is a very memorable scene. The monster is a very complex character. He is gentle and fearsome at the same time. One doesn't know whether to feel sorry for him or to hate him. He is just an unfortunate freak of nature and can't seem to understand the purpose of his life. There is an attempt by him to try and find a place for himself in this world. He doesn't wish to harm anyone but distrustful people are after his blood. The people are responsible for turning the monster against them as he had not wanted to harm them. There is a sympathy factor attached to his character as he does not want to harm people but is forced to take that path to defend himself. He is left all alone in the world after being spurned by his master. He has to discover the cruel fate of the world on his own. This is a lot like the true human nature of people. No one likes to accept a person with any abnormality. A person should not be condemned for his/her shortcomings. People usually go for appearances and don't care for the inner feelings of others. One should think with their hearts and not with their brains for once. Frankenstein's creation is also like one of the outcasts of society who is condemned for something which is not his fault.

One of the film's most powerful and horrifying scenes is when the monster befriends a young girl Maria. "Who are you? I'm Maria. Will you play with me?" (Filmsite, Tim Dirks, 1996) She does not display any fear for him and asks him to play with her. The innocence of the child is radiated when she offers him a flower and takes him to the edge of the lake. The monster is just like a child right now when he has an innocent smile on his face. They both throw flowers on the lake to see how they float. The sad part comes when the monster ignorantly and unintentionally throws Maria in the lake to… [read more]

Film Noir Among the Various Dissertation

Dissertation  |  28 pages (7,885 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


The words chosen aren't ordinary strings of words thrown together but are in fact extracts from the novel.

By exposing the fact that the dialogue in noir films were often taken from novels some of them were based upon it can give one a pretty good idea of what an impact visual entertainment with novel dialogue can have on the… [read more]

Dreams May Come, a Film Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (1,926 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


The tracker is revealed to be actually Albert Lewis, Chris' mentor. Thus, the cycle is complete and Chris can use this characters advice to try to save Annie from hell.

The ultimate message of having characters appear to be one person but really be another is that outward appearances, preconceived ideas about relationships, can get in the way of true communication. The various characters in the film chose appearances that would allow Chris to receive the messages that he needed at the time. These messages were necessary for him to adjust to his new surroundings, reacquaint himself with his daughter and son, and have the information needed to save his wife. To receive them, he had to lose his prior attitudes about his daughter, son, or mentor and his relationship to them, so he could be open to what the thoughts of those people really mean to him. Again this is an expression of the idealism approach of the film, as the outward appearances of the people are not reality, but their expressed thoughts and beliefs are what is truly real.

Thus through the use of various visualization techniques, the film "What Dreams May Come, sets forth a visually arresting expression of the idealism philosophy -- the idea that the only reality is that contained in the mind. Taking this idea to its logical conclusion, Chris Nielsen creates a heaven from within his mind, one that is controlled through his thoughts and wishes. His thoughts govern such fundamental things as the world around him, as well as the very question of his own existence. This heaven also the visual representation of the strong and unique connection with his wife, Annie, and her ability to connect with him even after his death. Through various tricks of visualization, different characters are able to communication to Chris information that he may not have accepted coming from the true bearer of the message. This emphasizes the reality of his son's, daughter's, and mentor's beliefs and not their bodily existence. Thus, by carrying the viewer into this world governed by thought and not matter, the filmmakers present a story that embodies the philosophies of idealism, that reality exists only in the mind.

Works Cited

Brewer, Ebenezer C., "Spirit Writing," Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. Philadelphia: Henry Altemus Company, 1898.

Crystal, Ellie. "Automatic Writing." 2002. Crystalinks. 26 November 2002 http://www.crystalinks.com/automatic_writing.html

Russell, Bertram. The Problems of Philosophy. New York: H. Holt, 1912.

Shakespeare, William. Hamlet. Complete Moby Shakespeare. 26 November 2002.…… [read more]

Movie Good Will Hunting Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (856 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


The professor regains a friend; the psychotherapist gets prodded into re-engaging with the world again, Schulyer grows from someone superficially bantering with strangers in a bar to someone ready to fight for the relationship she wants with Will; Chuckie gives Will the courage to want more than he currently has; and Will forms a real bond with the therapist and risks leaving all that is familiar and safe to him so he can be with Schuyler.

The movie uses setting well to demonstrate how isolated the main characters are. Will is often shown riding public transportation by himself, often elevated above the buildings below. This is his true situation - he is apart from people, and intellectually, well above them. Both help isolate him. His intellectual isolation is demonstrated by how he reveals his gifts, on blackboards when the halls are deserted. The first time the professor tries to talk to him about it, he rejects him with harsh language and when followed, hides in the maze of hallways. Most of the other characters are shown isolated as well, particularly the therapist in his silent apartment and Schuyler lost in her textbooks.

Throughout the movie, everyone is looking for the good in Will Hunting. In the process, they all discover good will within themselves. The professor and the therapist make a real connection with each other at the end of the movie instead of the stiff, awkward and often confrontational meetings they had had before. Schuyler completely accepts Will's humble background as well as his revelation that he has been terribly abused, and doesn't give up even when he brutally ends their relationship.

This feeling of innate isolation, requiring acts of will to overcome its affects and truly connect with others is emphasized by the end of the movie, which shows Will driving resolutely westward to reunite with Schuyler in California. His car is completely alone on the highway, but we know he is moving away from aloneness.

Good Will Hunting was very successful at exploring the very human problem of isolation from others because it explored the issue from the viewpoint of multiple characters who have varied roles in life and who have widely varying experiences. In the end, they all have to do the same thing: overcome the tremendous risk, step off the emotional cliff and trust that the person they care about will be there to break their fall. Each major character has learned that the joy of really connecting with others is worth overcoming the fear…… [read more]

Film Lone Star Discussing Various Term Paper

Term Paper  |  8 pages (2,063 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


This becomes a perfect way, the audience is carried by a thread of progression, Sayles shows how the present is just an extension of the past; they are one. Sayles has creatively and skillfully structured his murder mystery and love story to force audience to periodically reassess their understanding of the characters as more and more relevant details unravel. Though the chronological transitions effected within the shot represent the films most striking structural stylistic feature, other successful techniques and devices guide the audience through the geographical and chronological leaps in the story. The wonderful music (Mason Daring) runs from twangy mysterious melodies to nostalgic Mexican songs. It is very much like Texan music. Sayles uses music traditionally to comment on themes and characters, to reinforce setting and to advance the story line. The soundtrack mines the musical tradition of the three principal cultures depicted, Spanish, English rock, traditional Mexican folk, and country and western.

The accents of the characters were realistic as well. Too often filmmakers overdo Southern accent, some Texans have thick vocals but not all. The sets by Dan Bisop are typical Texas hokey right down to the gunstocks that are used as draft beer handles at the bar.

A quest for realism has guided Sayles in selecting the appropriate artistic ingredients to concoct and season his rich multicultural stew. He does not use the burdensome star personas in his prominent role, instead uses low profile actors, which helps him to create a general sense of small town everydayness.

In writing too Sayles has excelled in the creation of dialogue and in capturing realistically the linguistic universe of his characters. Because Sayles is relating several personal themes with the framework of community dynamics, the very serviceable art direction centers on public or social spaces. The jail, the public school, international bridge, the town square, parking lots, sidewalks and especially bars each have its own African, Mexican or Anglo ambiance.

Although the movie is a bit long but Sayles tries that dull never enter the picture and I think he has successfully achieved that. He cares too much about his characters and about his script. He explores the lives of half a dozen people and the equal number of sub-plots and themes in the picture. It is not doubt that he has done a brilliant job tying together with his direction, with camera lingering on faces and even on broad shots of empty rooms that invite the audience to look at the details.

The film explores race relations, father and son relationship, bribery, incest, drugs, community tensions, history, military base and of course murder. Sayles makes brilliant use of the two hours, and after viewing this movie and Sayles direction I would certainly want to be a director, Sayles shows how you can use this short amount of time to describe, explain and depict various themes, plots and cultures within a single framework and this is what I like most about him. Though the different aspect like cinematography, sets… [read more]

Movie Versions of "The Green Essay

Essay  |  5 pages (1,774 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Edgecombe narrated how he grieved and lfinally learned to cope about death, particularly Janice's death. Edgecombe's reflections on his wife's death was not included in the movie, as well as to what became of Melly and Hal's life after JohnCoffey's (their savior) death.

Although there are numerous changes that must be made to make the film shorter without losing the important and significant events in the novel, both the movie and book version of "The Green Mile" mainly focused on the questionable and unfair death of John Coffey, of what could have been prevented, but did not happen. The story deals with the value of life, of how people cherish it, and "The Green Mile" evokes this theme effectively, both in its book and film version. In conclusion, this paper was able to analyze effectively the novel's differences (and similarities) by comparing the treatment of the story thru two different media: the book and film version. In both media, Stephen King's novel continues to possess the theme of life, death, and healing, despite some differences in narrative order and treatment of the events in the story.


Clinton, Paul. "The Green Mile Covers Powerful Territory." 9 December 1999. Cable News Network Web page. 15 July 2002 http://www.cnn.com/1999/SHOWBIZ/Movies/12/09/review.greenmile.

King, Stephen. "The Green Mile." New York: Simon and Schuster. 1999.

The Green Mile. Director: Frank Darabont. Performers: Tom Hanks, Michael Duncan. Film Production. Warner Brothers (TIME Warner Entertainment Company). 1999.

The Man Who Would Do King." Preview Magazine. January- February 2000. 15 July…… [read more]

Movies Explore Historical World Events Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (430 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


The story is divided into three parts the first part depicts a love triangle between Rafe McCawley Danny Walker and nurse Evelyn Johnson. The second part of the film is actually a reenactment of the actual attack on Pearl Harbor. The last part of the film depicts the 1942 raid on Tokyo.

The first part of the movie that shows the love triangle lacks the intrigue that the love story in Titanic did. It was a typical love triangle that has been seen in films and plays since the beginning of time.

The second part of the movies that shows the events that took place leading up to and during the attack on Pearl Harbor was exceptional. This part of the movie shows the carnage of war and the will of human beings to survive and help others.

The last part of the film seems rather unnecessary and takes away from the second part of the film that showed what these soldiers went through. The third part of the film seeks to invoke a since a national pride and patriotism that so easily turns into sensationalism and arrogance.

While the film Titanic was able to balance a love story with historic events…… [read more]

Schindler's List Film Review

Film Review  |  4 pages (1,399 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


How The Story is Told

The story begins in Poland in 1941 with the central character, Schindler. Schindler is seen operating his factory, hiring Jews to work in his factory because they are cheaper labor. While this saves the Jews from death, Schindler is not concerned with this fact, he is concerned only that they are cheap labor and of benefit to him. We see that Schindler's genius is in his ability to bribe, scheme and con others and we see him interacting with the Nazi's. It is a sign of the times that a man with such qualities is able to be successful, the message is that these are the qualities required in this damaged society. Schindler hires Jewish Itzhak Stern to handle his accounts and Stern recruits Jews to work in the factory.

The story continues in 1943 after the ghetto that was home to the Jews has been raided, with the Jews that survived being placed into the Plaszow Forced Labor Camp.

We are introduced to Amon Goeth, the Nazi commander who shoots Jews for target practice. Schindler forms a relationship with Goeth, a relationship he later uses when he campaigns to save the Jews from the camp. In one crucial scene, Schindler marches into the camp after a trainload of his employees are accidentally sent there. Schindler marches into the camp and talks the authorities out of killing his employees, saving them and sending them back to the factory. This scene shows Schindler's ability in bribing and conning others. It is representative of the fact that only a man with such unheroic qualities was able to make a difference in this environment. The story continues as Schindler's plan to save the Jews unfolds. The culmination of the events is in the end of the film where we learn that today there are around 6000 descendants of the Jews Schindler saved and that the Jewish population of Poland is around 4000. The meaning of this is that the Nazi Schindler was able to do more for the Jews than the whole of Poland.

Film Effects

The most notable film effect is the fact that it is filmed largely in black and white. This gives the film a stark quality, with the cinematography also making good use of shadow and light. The black and white seems like an attempt to lessen the impact of the events. In color, the events may have been overpowering, in black and white the viewer is transfixed. It also adds to the idea of looking at a place from another time. The movie also include various scenes of gore. The black and white works to great effect in these with the red of the blood a dark red rather than the brighter red as in color films. It is also gives an extra sense of impact to the opening scenes and especially to the closing scenes, which are both shot in color. There are also two scenes where color appears, the first is… [read more]

Film "Schindler's List," Directed Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (654 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


That is not real life and this film certainly portrayed real life, in all its horror and disgust.

The use of camera angles, lighting, and character development throughout the movie were the most interesting to me. It was also interesting to see how Spielberg tried to recreate the World War II Poland ghetto, and the horrors and humiliation of the concentration camps. One of the most moving scenes was when Schindler follows the women and girls who are misdirected to a camp, and sees first-hand what is happening to the Jews. It is also one of the most disturbing scenes, as the ash floats down at the beginning of the scene, and you know what the ash contains, you do not have to be told.


Critics, foundations, and a long list of professionals highly acclaim this film. They believe the film is a masterpiece of direction, storytelling, and filming. Spielberg uses black and white to give the feeling of a documentary, except at the beginning and the end. I believe these sections of color let us know what we are going to see really happened, and then let us know we are back in "reality." He also uses tiny bits of added color to reflect horror and fear. He used bright red on the child in the red coat to make her stand out, and demonstrate how inhuman it was for a child to watch the even more inhuman executions in the streets.

The film received numerous awards, including these 1993 Academy Awards: Best Picture, Best Director (Spielberg), Best Adapted Screenplay, Best Art Direction/Set Decoration, Best Cinematography, Best Film Editing, and Best Original Score. It is truly a difficult film to watch, but a film that should be seen by everyone, to help understand the horrors of World…… [read more]

Economic Contribution of Films Essay

Essay  |  6 pages (2,153 words)
Bibliography Sources: 22


Model Limitations

An interesting question posed by Simonoff and Sparrow (2000) is whether the short-term impact of release time competition carries over to long-turn box office revenue. A pertinent consideration that has not been addressed in the predictive models discussed here is the impact of access to the films outside of theatre. Clearly the movie industry feels the impact that cable television, network television, streaming video, and DVDs have on the revenue streams, but the relation to movie survival and the nomination of awards has not been substantially studied. In addition, the models reviewed here do not take International box office revenue into consideration, as so the figures would not support a good fit by extension.


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Nelson, RA, et al. 2001, "What's an Oscar worth?" Economic Inquiry, 39, 1-16. Western Economic Association International, Oxford… [read more]

Mainstream Culture the First Installment Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,555 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5



The words above should not be interpreted to suggest that films are inherently evil or that they should be censored. It is also not an open condemnation of corporations and said companies trying to make a buck. However, the combination of pervasive historical and moral ignorance and entertainment directors that are more than willing to exploit that and to do so in a glorifying and sick way is just unsettling to say the least. Iron Man was not the worse example of this but there are seeds buried in the film that are not all that good to see as some of things being suggested are clearly stereotypically and factually untrue in nature but a lot of the younger members of society, the same people who would watch this film, simply are unaware of this and lap it up.

Works Cited

Fisje, John "The Cultural Economy of Fandom," pp. 30-49, in Adoring Audience

Friday, Kirster "A Generation of Men Without History": Fight Club, Masculinity, and the Historical Symptom," Postmodern Culture 13:3 (2003),


Henry A. Giroux and Imre Szeman, "Ikea Boy Fights Back: Fight Club, Consumerism,

and the Political Limits of Nineties Cinema," in Lewis, The End of Cinema as We

Know It, pp.95-104

Henderson, George. "What was Fight Club? These one the Value Worlds of Trash

Capitalism," Cultural Geographies 18:2 (2011): 143-70

Jenson, Joli "Fandom as Pathology: The Consequences of Characterization," pp 9-29… [read more]

Ace Ventura Pet Detective Research Paper

Research Paper  |  10 pages (3,399 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


Ace Ventura

Comedy and the Pet Detective

Bergson and what it means to laugh

Henri Bergson dissects the reasons why comedy works and what it means to be funny in his "classic statement of the principles of humor" (Kelly, Young). Bergson's view of humor comes from his understanding of life, which he saw as a "vital impulse, not to be… [read more]

Bollywood it Is Believed Research Paper

Research Paper  |  8 pages (2,433 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 1+



It is believed that the word Bollywood has been inspired from Hollywood, meanwhile the B. comes from the initial of the city Bombay that is now known as Mumbai, which is the center of the film world in India. It has been known that the India cinema was initiated in the year 1913 with the silent film that was… [read more]

Nora Ephron and Romantic Comedies Research Paper

Research Paper  |  10 pages (2,989 words)
Bibliography Sources: 10


Nora Ephron and Romantic Comedies

Ephron was among those pioneer film makers who revolutionized the industry by introducing the concept of romance in comedy in the era when feminism was prevalent. The best thing acknowledged in the great work of Ephron is the way she introduced this concept without stimulating any negatives vibes and assumptions about the desires of men… [read more]

Directors Presentation of the Ghost in Three 3 Films of Hamlet Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,342 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


¶ … Director's presentation of the Ghost in the three Hamlet films

The adaptation of a Shakespeare play to film is always another director's interpretation of the characters and the text. Numerous Shakespeare plays have been adapted by filmmakers across the globe, who tweak the screenplay slightly or more in accordance to the culture, context and language that they are presenting to. Hamlet is one of the more popular plays of Shakespeare. It has been adapted to film by many directors over the years since it was first enacted (Heroajax, 2008). There are over fifty film adaptations of Hamlet. The full text of Hamlet can run up to four hours in performance. The most important character, after the title character of Hamlet, is that of his father's ghost. Referred to as just "ghost" in the stage play as well as the film adaptations, it is pivotal to the story, and so is its adaptation from stage to screen. The essence of the ghost remains the same in each movie; however, other factors vary from film to film, director to director. The ghost essentially sets the plot into motion by demanding revenge from Hamlet for his murder by Claudius, his brother and Hamlet's uncle (Goldman, 2001). It appears in the play script four times, and is often viewed as a figment of Hamlet's imagination. But it is the appearance of the ghost that leads to Hamlet questioning his sanity. Eventually, Hamlet does manage to avenge his father's death but dies in course of fighting for it. The comparison of different interpretations of the ghost in these films can be made in order to analyze each director's take on the character, as well as the effect that it has on the respective Hamlet character in the given film.

Analysis of Kenneth Branagh's interpretation of the Ghost in Hamlet 1996:

This version of Hamlet is a full text, uncut version of the play. Like the play, the film duration is around over four hours long. This version received much critical acclaim, with Academy Award nominations for Best Original Score, Best Costume Design, Best Writing (Adapted Screenplay) and Best Art Direction for the 69th Academy Awards (Ebert, 1997).

The timeline for the play has been updated for this film and the film has been set in the 19th century. The Branagh version of the play is darker and more dramatic than previous versions before it. Hence, the ghost in that version is depicted as just a dark character than it is. The setting in which Hamlet is confronted by the ghost of his father is much more dramatic. The ghost in the Branagh version fetches similarities to that of a devil. The interpretation is that of a demon-like creature manifesting itself in such a form, while taking the identity of Hamlet's father's spirit. The ghost is dressed in armor, and has the appearance of Hamlet's father. His eyes are filled with fury and anger, and it behaves in a ruthless and asserting manner. The… [read more]

Television in Australia Television Itself Essay

Essay  |  8 pages (2,504 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Advertising agencies found the entire tactic of sponsoring films and television shows. Due to this reason, commercial television basically enhanced the role of advertising and it went on to control what the public ultimately watched on television. [6: Arrow, "The Introduction of Television in Australia," 152]

One thing that especially changed in the country was the way people responded to… [read more]

Horror What Is Horror? Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (708 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


I believe I was highly influenced by this film because of my young age and inability to fully comprehend that dolls did not have the ability to come to life, nor were they actively attempting to kill me.

Since the inception of horror cinema during the German Expressionist movement of the 1930s, horror has developed into something that is more concerned with the depiction of gore and gratuitous violence more than a genre that seeks to explore an individual's psychological limits. True horror leaves something to the imagination and influences one's perspectives without explicitly showing why a situation is wrong or uncanny. For instance, Robert Weine's "The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari" forces that audience to imagine the details of what is going on because of the film's silent nature. Furthermore, unease is created through the mise-en-scene, not necessarily through what the viewers sees. Likewise, Fritz Lang's "M" can be considered a horror film because although the audience knows that a serial killer is targeting and killing children, they do not know how he does it, nor does Lang let the audience know who the serial killer is. Furthermore, "M" plays upon the audience's fears because of the realistic nature of the crimes and events that occur in the film. George Romero's (Night of the Living Dead, etc.) and Danny Boyle (28 Days Later) zombie films can also be categorized as successful horror films because they force the audience to contemplate their mortality in both the present and future. It is difficult to classify slasher films as horror because of their formulaic structure, which was satirically alluded to in the "Scream" films.

In order to be truly successful, a horror film must engage the viewer psychologically and force them to explore and come to terms with any fears he or she may have. A horror film should not aim to compact as much gore and violence within a set amount of time, but rather should aim at creating unease or tension on screen as well as…… [read more]

Ken Burns' Documentary: The National Term Paper

Term Paper  |  7 pages (2,479 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


The superintendent of the Death Valley National Park shows enthusiasm for having kids come to the park to learn. The film shows kids descending into the crater that is Death Valley's lowest point. "Suddenly you're in a wide-open expanse," the park ranger explains, "and away from everything." Taking city kids to the country is one thing, but taking kids from… [read more]

Culture Films as Expressions Research Paper

Research Paper  |  6 pages (2,037 words)
Bibliography Sources: 18


B. We determine the meaning of films through close analysis of the content and production.

C. We also determine meaning from films by including an awareness of the greater contexts within which the films are made and consumed.

D. Love stories are an old idea in film, yet there are a finite number of combinations of love relationships that are shown in film. These films mentioned in this paper defy the normative sexual/romantic relationship is some distinctive way. The films reflect and influence viewers with respect to attitudes about non-normative sexual partnerships on the individual and on the societal levels. The analysis has demonstrated in which cultures non-normative relationships are more likely to be accepted or rejected and why, supplying evidence from the films for support.

Introductory paragraph:

Films from the United States and from Italy will be compared. The films that will be compared are feature non-normative sexual and/or romantic partnerships. The paper will endeavor to understand how the values of each culture regarding perceptions and acceptance of non-normative sexual expression. For every Italian film, there exists an American counterpart that is similar in narrative, genre, time period, premise, and more. Among the numerous differences, points of difference between the films are things such as culture, society, and significantly, values. Through emulation and use of a variety of effective media analysis techniques, the paper explores how non-normative romantic partnerships are perceived and valued by the respective cultures in question.


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Miller, Toby, & Stam, Robert. (eds)… [read more]

Future of Broadcast Network Television Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (1,241 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 3


Yes, there are still 'tribes of affinity' today based upon what programs people watch (Lotz 246). But those tribes have grown vastly more diluted. Someone who loves edgy comedy shows in the 1960s might find a common dialogue with other people who liked Laugh-In, but given the ubiquity of Comedy Central and seemingly infinite numbers of comedy shows and stand-up acts, it can no longer be assumed that every person with an alternative sense of humor watches The Daily Show.

The disassociation of cultural significance from large swathes of viewership is also manifested in the fact that many shows with a clear cultural impact like Sex in the City actually did not have very many viewers, because they appeared on cable. It is not necessary for a show to be on a network or even attract the majority of the viewing audience to have enough cultural cache to spawn a cupcake craze and two feature films (Lotz 218). Cable television also provided a more robust forum for free expression, including frank discussions about sexuality that were prohibited on standard network programming. Even PBS was more daring in terms of discussing themes such as homosexuality than network television (Marcus 58).

In the far future, television may become 'a la carte,' allowing viewer to purchase only what channels and even what programs they want. If bundling continues, it must offer more flexible alternatives, acknowledging people's changes in consumption habits, otherwise people will cut off cable altogether, distancing themselves from the major networks. As a result, the content of network television will become segmented to more narrow audiences, given the proliferation of venues on which to watch. Even 'event' television like major sporting events is now available for a nominal fee online, like the NCA A tournament and the Superbowl. It is also very possible that fewer people in general will be watching television, given the delights of interactive media online, gaming, and other screen-based entertainment. In particular, young people are watching less and less television. In 2011, the number of 18-49-year-olds watching television declined 1.4% "from the same period a year earlier and 2.7% from two years ago… The four most-watched broadcast networks have been among the hardest hit. Roughly 3.6 million people between 18 and 49 years old watched prime-time shows on the four biggest broadcast networks this TV season through May 22, down 9% from a year earlier" (Schneider 2011).

The bright side of this is that television will likely improve in quality, as it no longer needs to pander to the needs of a mass audience. Thanks to the improved quality generated by the cutthroat competition, television is no longer called a vast wasteland of content (Ouelette 22). The major networks may continue, but they will be vastly less powerful and significant as they must make a case to viewers that they are worthy of a cable subscription, and are no longer the default option for television viewing.


Hilmes, Michelle. "Audiences." TV History Book. London: BFI, 2003.

Hilmes,… [read more]

Tense Right Now in Israel Article Review

Article Review  |  4 pages (1,278 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Dreyfus becomes the film's great martyr: the tragic heroine whose plot to assassinate the Nazis coincides brilliantly with the Basterd's own plans. There are several interlocking threads and characters in Inglourius Basterds. We have the dairy farmers, including Shosanna's family. We have the eight Basterds, including "Bear Jew" Donny Donowitz. Most of the Basterds are the children of recent Jewish immigrants to the United States. Then, we have the members of both the Allied and Nazi military including a rather cameo-esque appearance by Mike Myers as a British officer. Although few of the characters are developed in full, they are done so just enough so the audience can feel sympathy with them. For example, we understand that Shosanna has been living as a sort of undercover Jew during the continued Nazi occupation of her home country. She also has a black boyfriend, which irks the Nazi racists even more, and which garners even greater love for the female protagonist.

The opening scene of Inglourius Basterds depicts a French dairy farmer who is hiding the Dreyfus family beneath his floorboards in Nazi-occupied France. The Nazis have been continually hounding the farmer, who eventually breaks down and gives away the Dreyfus family in order to protect his own. The entire family is murdered in cold blood, except for Shosanna. The young girl escapes and runs off into the forest. Colonel Hans Landa (played by Christoph Waltz) laughs as he lets Shosanna run. Landa has earned himself the nickname the "Jew Hunter." Their paths cross again in Paris, where Shosanna runs the small movie theater she inherited from her aunt. Shosanna and Landa have a face-off scene towards the end of the movie. In the interests of avoiding spoilers, it would be irresponsible to comment on the outcome of that confrontation. Any viewer familiar in the least with Tarantino will not necessarily be surprised by anything that happens in Inglourius Basterds. Which of course, detracts little from the overall effect of the film.

Inglourius Basterds is far from perfect. There are moments the film does not enable the type of deep satisfaction that might come from watching people kill Nazis, which is rather surprising. Even the scalping scenes and those involving Raine's signature swastika in the forehead scarring of his victims: they are comedic but not cathartic.

Ultimately, Tarantino's film is satisfying. Even if it is not Tarantino's masterpiece, Inglourius Basterds does deserve the accolades and fan support it receives. Pitt is particularly engaging as the lead. Tarantino's signature style is woven liberally throughout the film. As over-the-top as Inglourious Basterds might be, there remains a kernel of truth that elevates the film to a status that even Pulp Fiction cannot attain. Perhaps this is because of the fact that Nazis were -- and still are -- real, and that many viewers will sympathize with both Shosanna and the Basterds in their desire to annihilate and teach Nazis a lesson.

Inglourius Basterds definitely makes for good New Year viewing fodder. In the week… [read more]

Hippie Revolution Over the Course Essay

Essay  |  12 pages (4,645 words)
Bibliography Sources: 6


G18). The film was attacked on nearly every level, but nowhere more so than its particular narrative and stylistic choices, which upset some reviewers for either being too much or not enough. The Washington Post said that the film "has no sense of pace and its intentional formlessness is only a cover for a lack of imagination" (Rice, 1968, p.… [read more]

Hunger Games Trilogy Lions Gate Marketing Plan

Marketing Plan  |  3 pages (816 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3



Lions Gate's key competitor for the Hunger Games has been without a doubt the Twilight series. These two brands are competing with the same market segments. These segments include young adults as well as fans of the books; as well as the young at heart as well as the parents of some of the younger fans. Some commentators have speculated that the Hunger Games trilogy might actually have the potential to overcome the success of Twilight because the movie appeals more to both genders; while the Twilight series is more popular among females (Bowles, 2012).

Lions Gate currently has a tremendous amount of strengths in which it can leverage to promote the new movie -- Catching Fire. The first movie in the trilogy has already laid the groundwork for a marketing campaign and built a loyal audience. This target market will be some of the first in line for the new movie. However, Lions Gate also has the opportunity to tap into their target demographic even further. Even the potential consumers who did not go and see the first movie at the box office, can still watch the DVD in order to catch up with the storyline. Thus it is reasonable to suspect that with an effective marketing campaign that Lions Gate could beat the numbers from the first movie. However, the industry in general has suffered from the financial recession and lack of consumer disposable income. This creates a significant amount of pressure for the movie opening. However, there are some signs that the economy is stabilizing and this could create an environment in which consumers would be more open to viewing the movie in the theater.

Works Cited

Bowles, S. (2012, March 26). 'Hunger Games' devours the competition at box office. Retrieved from USA Today: http://www.usatoday.com/life/movies/news/story/2012-03-25/box-office-hunger-games/53769322/1

Caris, C. (2012, April 23). A Hunger for Lions Gate. Retrieved from Barron's: http://online.barrons.com/article/SB50001424053111903591504577361962292271868.html

Hamilton, K., & Wagner, B. (2011). An exploration of spectacular consumption at the movies: Mamma Mia! Journal of Consumer Behavior, 375-390.

MPAA. (2011). The Economic Contribution of the Motion Picture & Television Industry to the United States. Retrieved from The American Motion Picture Association: http://www.mpaa.org/Resources/3a76ac00-6940-4012-a6e2-da9a7b036da2.pdf

Orden, E. (2012, April 27). "Hunger Games" Studio Plots Moves. Retrieved from The Wall Street Journal: http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052702304811304577370074121864652.html… [read more]

Vincent Canby Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,272 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


Vincent Canby

Canby a passionate supporter of many filmmakers was born in Chicago, Illinois to Katharine Anne and Lloyd Canby in July 27, 1924. He attended a boarding school with the novelist William Styron and after war service in Pacific; he attended Dartmouth College, which saw his employment as a film critic by "Variety." He served in the navy as an officer in World War II. Serving long time in Japan and France helped him build up a taste of adventurous foreign films. A prolific writer, he penned the novels "Unnatural Scenery" and authored plays. He never got married but maintained a long time partnership with critic and film fiction writer Penelope Gilliatt who passed away in 1993.

He heavily criticized much-admired films, such as "The godfather II." He later switched his attention to theatre and later named the chief theatre critic in 1994. He got branded as America's most prominent critic for a quarter century. He had an effortless style that captivated with wit and common sense. Known for his polished, outspoken but expressive prose and his longtime eagerness for writers and directors, he was part of a generation of thoughtful and artistic critics. During his long time as a leading film critic, his opinions were mostly cherished and hotly debated because he was a trusted and frank guide for the audience. Despite his respect for intelligent filmmaking, it was challenging for playing the role of the advocate. He would always finish writing a review, and then carefully analyze it to remove lines that could be quoted by the studios. Seeing his name in citation previews was dissimilar to his own sense of dignity.

Canby began writing the theatre column in 1993, taking a break from the position to try his hand as the chief theater critic before returning. In print, he was a dignified voice that could take on a note of opposition when attacking the dishonesty of more improved musicals. His writing improvised the whole intensity of criticism. He had an excellent understanding of the theatre hence refined review of theatrical arts. In the review of the movie "Let the Good Times Roll," which follows a performance in the 1970's, Canby cited that the film seemed not to be deliberate on social observations, with the majority-white viewers giving the black fist to the majority Negro performers. He suggests that it portrayed the sense that there were no black memories of the nineteen-fifties.

The 1981 Australian film "Mad Max 2" directed by George Miller released on December 24, 1981 sparked critics. The film got a well reception from critics being the best of 1981. Canby noted that never has a films visualization of post nuclear sacred world seemed quite wild and as atrocious. As action packed and sometimes as hilarious as depicted in the movie, an exaggerated film fancy that resembles a fiction comic book came to life. He later points out that the movie does not reveal its vision of a violent future with characters band dialogue.… [read more]

Aesthetics Widdowson Claims That Television Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (620 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


The fact that both film and television are arts of motion means that these art forms are malleable. Their aesthetic effects will be correspondingly malleable, changeable, and in flux. In many film and television productions, the dialogue can even be considered secondary to the visual element. This is not always true, of course. In films like Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?, the script is rendered no differently from its stage production in the sense that the action is secondary to the dialogue. Only one actual scene encompasses all the action between the protagonists. However, there are ample examples of television and film productions that rely more on visual elements than on literary prowess. Jerry Bruckheimer movies are an example of films that rely on visuals, with scripts serving as delivery mechanisms for special effects. Animated films are likewise reliant solely on visuals to convey the aesthetic effect the original producer and writer intended. When the film involves an adapted screenplay, one that is based on a literary text like a novel, the aesthetic effect differences are especially apparent. The screenplay adaptation will "involve the transference of much written dialogue into visually enacted forms," (124).

Widdowson's assessment of the aesthetic effect of film and television is, however, anachronistic on some counts. For instance, Widdowson claims that film and television cannot be literary products because they are not portable, like books are. In fact, film and television have been portable for many years: from the advent of portable DVD players to the current use of mobile computing and even smartphones as means of interacting with digital video content. Likewise, Widdowson assumes that it is not possible to interact with film and television in a robust way that allows for forwarding and rewinding; when in fact TiVo and other methods allow just…… [read more]

Touki Bouki &amp Black Girl: Experimental Films Essay

Essay  |  8 pages (2,481 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Another trait indicative of the Nouvelle Vague is the confusion of fiction and non-fiction plots as a result of the verite-style aesthetic. In modern times, this aesthetic is often seen in reality television programming, as well as normative types of documentary television and films.

Touki Bouki seems to be heavily influenced by the filmmaking techniques developed in the early and… [read more]

American Film Industry Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (676 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


This reduces the potential revenue of the film industry. Renting DVDs and Netflix is far cheaper than going to the movies as well. The Internet culture and the culture of multiple cable television stations has caused people's interests to grow far more scattered and diffuse, making it more difficult for filmmakers to reach a coherent, large audience base.

Q5. Some nations, such as the United Kingdom and Germany, offer financial support to the film industry, along with other arts. Film is considered a part of the nation's natural 'treasures' and heritage. However, the dominant trend in the commercial film industry in the United States has been away from artistic modes of production and has instead favored the use of spectacle, like 3D, as a way of justifying the additional expense for consumers of attending films. Subsidizing smaller, independent films that need additional support to thrive is one possible option for the U.S., but it could be countered that while some small, independent films do become hits, the even more highbrow, less-attended arts like opera, dance, the visual arts, and theater are even more in need of state aid than independent film. The U.S. government has tried to legally limit Internet piracy of films to reduce this form of illegal cash drain, but this has proven to be difficult to do without substantially limiting freedom of speech. Even illegal appropriation on YouTube of some films and television shows is not always discouraged by the makers, as a way of generating 'buzz' for the project. Ultimately, the government cannot legislate away the main threat to the film industry -- which is not Internet piracy, but the Internet and digital culture itself, which provides a new way of experiencing the world and entertaining one's self. Film must learn to compete, just like theater had to learn to compete with film.… [read more]

Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest Term Paper

Term Paper  |  7 pages (2,020 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


The movie "One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest" seems about one thing. It is about challenging the laughable mainstream assumption that there is a distinct good and a distinct bad in the world. Independent films offered a look at reality that many of the major motion picture companies could not handle.

One only has to look at history to see the fallacy perpetrated by major motion picture studios. "They Died with Their Boots On" is a retelling of the story of the Little Bighorn massacre which starred Errol Flynn and was released by the major motion picture company Warner Bros. The movie makes a hero of Custer as he tries to run down Sitting Bull and a corrupt, gun-selling Indian agent. The picture is factually inaccurate from start to finish and perpetuates the myth that Custer was the honorable one at Little Bighorn. Sitting Bull is seen as an opportunist and a rebel who only wants to kill white people. This sort of movie was immensely popular (released in 1949) because, although everyone knew it was probably a biased retelling, it had a distinct hero and a villain (there were actually later movies which had Sitting Bull as the hero which is also factually inaccurate). Although the movie is enjoyable when an individual wants to spend a mind-numbing few hours in front of the TV, it is also a symbol of why many people were tired of major motion pictures, and why indie films have gained the traction that they currently have. A true telling of the story would reveal that neither was a hero, but that Custer, as a glory-seeker and narcissist, sacrificed his troop on a fool's errand.

In recent times, major motion picture studios have gotten the message, at least partially, that people crave a little more reality. That is why big name releases such as "American History X" and "American Beauty" were released by New Line Cinema and Dream Works respectively. These are considered indie film companies, but they are that in name only. These are both major studios that are producing edgy movies under an indie tag. Both of the releases mentioned above were both critical and box office successes because they were edgy. Another film that shows the influence that indie films has had is "Unforgiven." This is not a classic Western that has a distinct white-hatted good guy and a black hat wearing bad guy. The lines are blurred between the sheriff and the ex-outlaw. Some of the things Eastwood's outlaw character does are good, and some are not. The same can be said of Hackman's sheriff character.

These movies seem to rely on the success of such movies as "One Flew Over a Cuckoo's Nest." Because movie producers could see a major shift in the way they viewed edgy movies, the large motion picture studios changed the way they made movies. The money shifted, so the movie…… [read more]

Blade Runner: A Marriage Essay

Essay  |  5 pages (1,675 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Because replicants were not human, albeit they were perfect human substitutes, it was considered acceptable in this society to enslave them because it was believed that replicants were not capable of feeling emotions.

This segregation between man and machine ultimately leads to a schism within society with the conflict subsequently leading to rebellion. One of the main reasons that the replicants rebel against humans is because they have been oppressed; not only are they slaves, but they are also not allowed to cohabitate with humans on Earth with their mere presence on the planet being considered illegal. However, had the replicants not rebelled, there would have been no need to organize blade runner units to quell the rebellion. Oddly enough, the line between man and machine becomes more blurred as replicants become self-aware, surpassing humans in self-awareness. In Blade Runner, humans take their humanity for granted; on the other hand, replicants recognize how human they are and consider it to be so precious that they are willing to risk their lives to prolong their existences.

Through its narrative and style, Blade Runner successfully blends film noir and science fiction without compromising either genre. Film noir's style helps to drive the narrative while science fiction not only introduces futuristic concepts, but also raises awareness regarding morality and social injustice. Through its film noir perspective, Blade Runner highlights hypocrisy simultaneously showing how humans are unwilling, if not unable, to learn from their past mistakes and will continue to repeat their past mistakes. Also, the film demonstrates how people will blindly and without consideration jump on an opportunity without thinking about future consequences. Blade Runner's unresolved ending give the audience a chance to reflect on how they would approach the situation and how they could resolve the situation if given the opportunity.

Works Cited

Borde, Raymond and Chaumeton, Etienne. A Panorama of American Film Noir: 1941-1953.

Trans. Paul Hammond. San Francisco: City Lights Books, 2002. Print.

Blade Runner. Dir. Ridley Scott. United States: Warner Bros. Pictures, 1982. Motion Picture.

Dirks, Tim. "Science Fiction Films." AMC Filmsite. Web. Accessed 12 February 2012.

Dimendburg, E. "Down These Seen Streets a Man Must Go: Siegfried Kracauer,

"Hollywood's Terror Films," and the Spatiality of Film Noir." New German Critique,…… [read more]

Film -- Chappelle's Show Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,300 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 3


Stephen Colbert, Jon Stewart, Matt Stone, Trey Parker, and Dave Chappelle are all generating large incomes; likely they are generating more income that the author or reader is right now or have ever made before. Chappelle was once quoted as saying that if one were to combine all the profits made by all the programming on Comedy Central, South Park would still be ahead by a long shot. Chappelle is wealthy and he says this about Parker and Stone? This is to say that cash is not the issue. What is one thing these men have in common? They are all men. What is different about one of these men? Dave Chappelle is not white. There is a glass ceiling in every industry in America for women and people of color. White men own the networks and run the majority of the top corporations. Dave Chappelle hit this ceiling hard. He certainly progressed farther than any other black man on television in recent history, and every black woman, except for Oprah Winfrey. He perhaps exceeded the boundaries for a white woman. Nonetheless, he is black and this is America. These massive top companies are full of mostly men like those who run them, in terms of politics, class, and race. In this country, white people are at an advantage in all aspects of society.

Racial and ethnic bias and prejudice continue to exist today. It was inevitable that Dave would feel uncomfortable at the network. The executives probably sat Dave down (as his sketches imitate) and wanted to make alterations to the show that Dave disagreed with on a fundamental level. An offer was made: his cooperation and tons of money, or his lack of cooperation and loss of the show. The show was lost. Had he been white, that situation may not have occurred or may have contained more flexibility in the negotiations. Look at what Matt Stone and Trey Parker get away with: bestial blood orgies, cat orgies, deluge of menstrual blood, the graphic depiction of transgendered lesbians scissoring, and that is an extremely short list. The paper does not disparage or dislike the South Park franchise; it in fact, is an avid supporter. The point is to illustrate that they have gotten away with far more than Chappelle did and they have been on television for fifteen years while the content continues to push the edge. It is the same with Matt Groening and The Simpsons and Futurama franchises. Groening has been on the air for more than twenty years and that franchise is hard-pressed to find topics that it hasn't covered and upon which it has not commented. Yet, the shows remain on the air and that is why they get paid so much.

The most viable places on television with the most potential for satire and social commentary are public television and premium cable. This is why we pay for it. Yes, we pay for regular cable, but we voluntarily go deeper in our pockets… [read more]

Let the Right One in by Tomas Alfredson Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (1,085 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Tomas Alfredson's 2008 film Let the Right One In follows the story of twelve-year-old Oskar as he attempts to deal with school bullies and his parents separation, but it complicates these generally mundane, childhood concerns with the introduction of Oskar's new next-door neighbor, Eli, who happens to be a vampire. Though the film is, in the words of Roger Ebert, "deadly grim," the relationship which develops between Oskar and Eli is decidedly sweet, and constitutes the emotional core of the movie around which the violence and horror are bound (Ebert 2008). Examining certain key scenes in the film along with the dual meanings of the title itself will demonstrate how Alfredson uses the tropes of the vampire genre in order to effectively convey the isolation and anxiety of childhood.

The title, Let the Right One In, functions on two different levels. Firstly it refers to the film's usage of the vampire trope in which a vampire cannot enter a home or room without first being invited in, which is referenced when Oskar first invites Eli into his room. In addition, the title functions on a thematic level, because it serves as a kind of instruction to both Oskar and Eli; each of them can only survive by opening up to another person, but they must be careful who that person is. For Oskar, some form of genuine kinship with his mother or father, or even anyone else at his school, is all that he is lacking, but for one reason or another he cannot find this companionship, as his parents are more concerned with their own issues than him, and as "he is smarter, prettier and lonelier than anyone in his school, […] he naturally attracts abuse from the bullies" (Anderson 2008). This fact makes Oskar's fascination with Eli all the more understandable, because any of the odd hints which suggest that something about Eli is off or different are not enough to dissuade Oskar from pursuing this relationship, which represents the only genuine interaction he has in the film.

Eli arguably has a more difficult time connecting, because her existence seems predicated upon avoiding close interaction with those people who might one day become her prey. As such, her only companionship is a seemingly lecherous old man Hakan, who for inscrutable (or unthinkable) reasons is dedicated to providing blood for Eli. While this relationship affords Eli with the physical sustenance she needs to survive, her relationship with Hakan does not offer the kind of emotional connection that both her and Oskar are ultimately seeking. Only when she meets Oskar, someone as isolated as she is, does Eli find the kind of relationship that can provide for those needs beyond the drinking of blood.

When Oskar and Eli meet, Eli is at first reluctant to allow herself to grow close to Oskar, telling him that they cannot be friends, but other time the two develop a bond. For example, Eli is the only person to whom Oskar reveals the physical… [read more]

Full Metal Jacket Movie Review

Movie Review  |  2 pages (767 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Full Metal Jacket

Certainly in terms of historical events in recent American history that had an impact on American society and on U.S. foreign policy, the Vietnam War ranks stands out. In nearly every community in American there are Vietnam veterans and they all have war stories to share but the most poignant and the saddest stories are based on the way the returning troops were treated when they got home. I chose this movie to critique because it is fairly realistic regarding what the U.S. troops endured in Vietnam, and also because it has a lot of humor and levity, to lighten the theme a bit.

Is it a classic movie? It probably won't stand the test of time like some other films from the Vietnam era -- like "The Deer Hunter," "Apocalypse Now" or "Platoon" -- but it has its own value, and of course Stanley Kubrick is the director and his work is revered in the annals of American film history.

The movie is historically accurate in one sense, the setting and the theme are certainly accurate, but it is a fictional portrayal of characters and scenes. And in another sense the movie is historically accurate because when a person joins the U.S. Marine Corps there is a Hell to go through just to get out of basic training. That part of the movie is very entertaining, and the actor Lee Ermey makes the basic training part of this film very funny.

Since playing the brutally hard-nosed drill instructor (or gunnery sergeant) in Full Metal Jacket, Ermey has been given a number of roles in movies, almost always playing the loudmouth hard-as-a-rock dictator of some kind. He also has made a name for himself doing commercials, falling back on the belligerent personality he perfected in the Kubrick film. When a researcher learns that Ermey actually was a drill sergeant in Vietnam, it all makes sense, and it also gives the film some historical linkage, although Ermey's character, Gunnery Sergeant Hartman, becomes a loud and obnoxious parody of himself in time.

It is easy to identify with Private Leonard Lawrence, who is named "Gomer Pyle" by Sergeant Hartman. Every kid in school has seen a chubby kid who gets harassed by the other kids. In this film, Lawrence takes a lot…… [read more]

Grief and Loss as it Pertains to Film Essay

Essay  |  5 pages (1,721 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Grief and Loss in "One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest"

One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, is a 1962 book by novelist Ken Kesey. It is also an iconoclastic 1975 movie directed by Milos Forman; winning all five major Academy Awards for that year: Best Picture, Best Actor (Jack Nicholson), Best Actress (Louise Fletcher), best Director and Screenplay. The novel… [read more]

Business of Being Born Film Review

Film Review  |  2 pages (568 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


The footage in the film is very graphic and uncensored. It doesn't "sugarcoat" or glamorize the birthing process. It was very interesting to see home births in action and to watch a water birth. The film definitely advocated midwifery over hospital births as it illustrated the risks and problems with doctors and surgeons acting often in haste in "treating" the birthing condition in order to avoid litigation.

The interesting thing about the movie was that a midwife, while an excellent option in many birthing situations, can have its limitations as when Epstein herself discovers she is pregnant during the making of the film and must resort to a hospital birth because the baby is breech. Epstein eventually resorts to a C-section.

From the film, I would've appreciated more of a sense of a "middle ground" between midwifery and the typical, standard American hospital birth. Many midwives themselves don't recommend a home birth unless the child and baby are of low risk for health and medical complications, for instance, if the mother has preeclampsia or gestational diabetes, it would be imprudent to have a home birth.

And while medical technologies and equipment is considered in the movie to be excessive and expensive, many of these same medical interventions can ensure a healthy and happy baby and mother. In addition, the United States has been teen mothers and variables like obesity raise the risk for infant mortality. Furthermore, not all hospitals and doctors operate the same way; there are hospitals in which intervention is necessary and doesn't promote further unnecessary intervention and there are also hospitals, which don't ignore or dismiss a mother's requests and needs for a longer stay or…… [read more]

Independent Film Analysis Term Paper

Term Paper  |  7 pages (3,194 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


¶ … Winning Doesn't Matter: A Critical Examination of Little Miss Sunshine

As scholar Timothy Corrigan suggests in his book a a Short Guide to Writing About Film, "[w]riting essays about films is, in short, one of the most sophisticated ways to respond to them" (iv). Corrigan further notes that there are six main approaches to writing about films that… [read more]

Robert Evans: A Life on Film Research Paper

Research Paper  |  5 pages (1,688 words)
Style: Chicago  |  Bibliography Sources: 4


Robert Evans: A life on film and behind the scenes of the film industry

According to the Hollywood trade publication Variety, at a recent tribute to the Hollywood film producer Robert Evans, Evans said he was "the only person to have gone from being head of a studio and ended up as a cartoon" in Hollywood history.

Producer and former… [read more]

Film Witness: The Right to Privacy Thesis

Thesis  |  3 pages (1,111 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 2


¶ … Film Witness: The Right to Privacy vs. The Right to Know

There are a lot of differences between the Amish people and the rest of the American society as a whole. Two of the major differences between the groups are the shunning of technology by the Amish and the embracing of very strong morals and ethics by that same group. In the movie there are several times where the Amish widow seems startled and overwhelmed by things that most Americans would find completely normal, such as a car. There are also times when she seems much more resourceful than would be expected, and that leads to a little bit of a gap in the realism of the movie. Not everyone would likely be bothered by that, however, and it did not seem to detract from the popularity of the movie when it hit theaters, was made available on video, or has been shown on television.

From an ethical standpoint, there is an argument that the movie industry and Hollywood overall distorted what was true and accurate about the Amish so that it could portray them the way it wanted to for the film. For example, even though they do shun technology does not mean that they are completely ignorant of it. They have dealings with people who use technology, and they know what cars and telephones and computers and guns and other things are. They know what those things are for. Just because someone chooses not to use something in their life, it is wrong to assume that they do not know anything about it. The Amish people were also portrayed as ultra-religious and socially backward, and they are neither of those things. They are religious, and they are moral and ethical people, but to suggest that they are incapable of functioning on a normal level simply because they hold themselves to high standards is unfair and makes Hollywood look bad.

The Amish also have a right to privacy just like any other person, but I do not agree that their right to privacy was invaded any more than any other American's right to privacy would be invaded if a movie was being shot in their town or city. Even though the Amish prefer to be left alone they are part of this country and cannot force people to stay away from common areas and places of business that belong to everyone. I sympathize with their desire to be left to themselves and not be bothered, but I do not think that what happened to them was a legal violation of their right to privacy. Morally and ethically, though, perhaps. That is an argument that could be made either way, however, because everyone judges the idea of morals and ethics differently.

When looking at ethics, it is important to understand that, while a broad, general definition is available, a specific definition is very illusive. This is because the ethics are involved in so much of our daily lives,… [read more]

Ethical Values Associated With the Portrayal of Women in Horror Movies Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  7 pages (2,616 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 8


¶ … communication in the media. Specifically it will discuss ethical values associated with the portrayal of women in horror films. Typically, the portrayal of women in horror films is negative, sexist, and violent. Filmmakers portray the women as victims - helpless in the face of brutal attacks. They rarely have the ability to fight back, and when they win… [read more]

How Walt Disney Changed the Movie Industry and the Moral Standards He Set for Movies Essay

Essay  |  6 pages (2,061 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 6


¶ … American culture and social impact. Specifically it will discuss Walt Disney and his impact on the movie industry. Walt Disney had a large impact on the movie industry due to the moral standards he set for his films and his company, the family values he incorporated into his films, and the timeless effects his films still have on… [read more]

Film &amp Bill Nichols Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,409 words)
Style: Chicago  |  Bibliography Sources: 1


¶ … Film & Bill Nichols

What is the value of Nichols' system of documentary modes? The value first of all is in the fact that Nichols' system puts a microscope on the topic of documentaries. Nichols slows down the process of how critics and reviewers tell the movie-going public about certain films that are non-fiction films. Nichols attempts to… [read more]

John Grierson the Documentary Film Developed Term Paper

Term Paper  |  75 pages (22,277 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


John Grierson

The documentary film developed alongside the narrative film, though largely during the sound era. It was shaped most profoundly during the 1930s as filmmakers began to record sociological an anthropological studies of different populations. Some of the early films were treated much as narrative films were and were widely released in theaters, achieving some popularity. In the early… [read more]

Cinema Paradiso Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (2,186 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 1


Cinema Paradiso

The film Cinema Paradiso (Giuseppe Tornatore, 1988) is clearly a paean to the motion picture as an art form, a shared social reality, an entertainment, and a means of personal expression. The film also details a human relationship between the old man who worked as projectionist in the local movie theater and the village boy he teaches about… [read more]

Lion King Term Paper

Term Paper  |  8 pages (2,481 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


¶ … Lion King: Animated Film and Stage Play

When the Disney film The Lion King (1994, Buena Vista) came out, it was an immediate hit with audiences and grossed $328,539,505 that year (plus home videos and merchandizing) making it "the fifth highest domestic grossing film in history (Honeycutt 13, 37). It is a children's story that adults are able… [read more]

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