Study "Government / Politics" Essays 991-1000

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John Adams Thesis

… John Adams was the second President of the United States. Adams entered the spotlight of the political arena during the early stages of the American Revolution. In fact, his contribution to Congress adopting the Declaration of Independence in 1776 was… [read more]


Why a Legalization Program for Undocumented Workers Would Be Bad for the United States Research Proposal

… ¶ … Legalization Program for Undocumented Workers Would be Bad for the U.S.

Why a Legalization Program for Undocumented Workers Would be Bad for the United States

Benjamin Franklin, never at a loss for the pithy comment, once said, "these… [read more]


Military Strategy Thesis

… Australia's Domestic and Foreign Policy Approach to Confronting Terrorism
Terrorism has emerged as one of the most pressing concerns in foreign
policy and international relations. With the inception of guerilla strike
tactics, multicellular militia organizations and rising tension between the… [read more]


International Relations the Book "The Return Term Paper

… International Relations

The book "The Return of History and the End of Dreams" by Robert Kagan is an expressive, influential, alarming, but in the end a reader eventually feels positive and sees the world in the view of promising and… [read more]


Second World by Parag Khanna Research Paper

… ¶ … Second World by Parag Khanna

Book Review of Second World

The author Parag Khanna takes on an ambitious journey in researching and writing the book the Second World: Empires and Influence in the New Global World by visiting… [read more]


Cosmopolitanism and the Transnational Public Sphere Essay

… Transnational Public Sphere as Conduit

In the days of feudalism, and even after the Peace of Westphalia created the modern state, the fields of International Relations were primarily concerned with the competitive aspects of the economy and war. Today, however, the modern world has concerns that bring the community together instead of focusing on competition. Some of these concerns include the environment, human rights, and war and peace. These issues have fostered a new world community specifically in that they affect the world as a whole. In the form of Civil Society Organizations (CSOs), Nongovernmental Organizations (NGOs), and Intergovernmental Organizations (IGOs) specialty groups have organized around these issues and are attempting to form a global community to address them and change them. Often, this is called the global civil society -- a united, international society concerned with achieving common goals. The Cosmopolitan theorists have modified this idea to come up with the theory of the transnational public sphere. An explanation and exploration of this idea, followed by its comparison with current trends in globalization, will allow readers to evaluate for themselves the applicability of the theory. Regardless of where scholars stand on the theory, its existence offers several important questions about the global sphere: has the global or international realm really changed, or are new issues simply hiding tired policies? In what ways have social justice and special interests come to replace the policies of competition and economics, if they have at all. How will the world transition if this theory is true? How will the facets of competition and war be reconciled with the facets of social justice and peace in the modern world? Finally, what implications does this have for policymaking, organizations, government types, and international relations.

According to Kohler, the transnational public sphere is similar, and some would say identical to, what some call the global civil society. A group that values common international goals and characteristics over national ties, the transnational public sphere is identified more by their place in the human race than by their ethnicity or residency. But the new persuasion of international politics is not a transnational public sphere in itself. Instead, the transnational public sphere is recognizable not only for its ability to realign individuals, but also for the networking and action that it allows. Kohler identifies the transnational public sphere as a conduit through which "through which social interest groups are able to participate in international affairs beyond the traditional limits of state-confined politics" (232). Though Kohler goes on to qualify his statement by identifying the degree to which the transnational public sphere allows this interaction, it is clear that the primary objective and benefit from this type of public sphere is the amount of international work that can be done via non-traditional groups. For instance, special interest groups like Doctors without Boarders, Greenpeace, and Amnesty International can affect their societal causes in ways never before imaginable because the transnational public sphere allows them free passage…… [read more]


States and Localities the Changing Dynamic Essay

… The Dynamic of Local, State and Federal Governance

American governance has been based in Constitutional ideology since
the founding of our nation. Woven within the myriad premises which have
defined this ideology and the document giving it foundation is an… [read more]


Nations Can Thrive Without Democracy Essay

… ¶ … Nations Can Thrive Without Democracy, but Only for so Long by Marcus Gee. Specifically it will contain a critical response to the essay. Gee's essay promotes the idea that capitalism and success can spread without democracy, and autocracy can be the choice for some people of the world. While his arguments are compelling, they are weak when they assume that people "choose" autocracy and that all non-democratic entities must someday fail seem at odds with each other and at odds with what is happening in the world today.

Gee's essay addresses the rise of China from a third-world economic nobody to one of the giants of industry in today's world. He also discusses Russia's return to autocracy, and the main points of his article are that experts believed a rising economy and prosperity would spread capitalism and democracy around the world, but Russia and China have resisted this assumption, and cling to their autocratic governments, seemingly without regret. Gee writes, "Many Chinese and Russians seem to agree. China's leaders face no real challenge to their rule and Mr. Putin remains far more popular than many democratic leaders could dream of, despite his steady accumulation of unchecked power (Gee, par. 5). The author maintains this autocracy cannot last, and historically it does not last, and that nations cannot survive and thrive without democracy.

Gee presents logical arguments, often backed up with readings from other authors, but many of his arguments are assumptions, rather that facts with backup. For example, he writes, "China's leaders can probably keep China orderly and its economy growing for years to come. Perhaps. But the good times for China and Russia can't go on forever. Russia's current prosperity floats on high oil prices, which are even now showing signs of coming back to earth" (Gee, par. 7). "Probably" and "perhaps" are not words normally used to argue effectively. They point to the fact that Gee is offering is opinion, and no matter how informed and well read he is, it is still that, simply his opinion. In reality, China shows no signs of turning democratic any time soon. There were no mass demonstrations or defections, for that matter, during the Olympic Games. This is because China's government rules with an iron hand, to be sure, but the people of China seem content with their lives and their government, and no large-scale revolt is seen, except in other countries who protest China's record on human rights. Are the people afraid? Certainly, but that has never stopped people from rebelling, and that does not seem to be occurring in China. Gee even agrees with that, even as he argues against it. He writes, "It is a reminder that ordinary people put a premium on order, especially if they are from countries like Russia and China that have suffered through the lack of it" (Gee, par. 6). He seems at odds with his own assessments, as he says autocracies cannot work, and yet, they are working in times… [read more]


Politics of Aging Thesis

… Elderly Voting Trends and the Current Election
There is an election in the United States which is fast-approaching
and which bucks the trend of recent history wherewith it can be said that
the two candidates are virtual mirror images of… [read more]


Legitimization and Effectiveness of Denationalization Processes Term Paper

… Legitimization and Effectiveness of Denationalization Processes

The work of Zangl and Zurn entitled: "The Effects of Denationalization on Security in the OECD World" published by the Joan B. Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies" states: "Denationalization can partly explain not… [read more]

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