"Gun Control / Rights / 2nd Amendment" Essays

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Firearms on College Campuses Thesis

Thesis  |  4 pages (1,189 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 5


¶ … violent shootings at Virginia Tech in April of 2007 placed a great deal of emphasis on the presence of firearms on college campuses. The very open and public nature of college campuses makes them difficult to secure. The purpose of this discussion is to examine the issue of "Firearms on U.S. College Campuses." The research will focus on current policies and trends and whether those policies make the campuses safer.

Utah is the only state in the union that has a state law allowing firearms on college campuses and it only allows firearms on the campuses of public colleges and universities. According to an article entitled "Utah only state to allow guns at college," "Nationwide, 38 states -- including Virginia -- ban weapons at schools. Of those, 16 explicitly prohibit weapons on college campuses, according to the National Conference of State Legislatures. In other states, each school is allowed to formulate its own policy ("Utah Only State to Allow..." 2007)." As it pertains to Utah, the law allowing firearms on campus is an extension of a state law that permits concealed weapons on all state property ("Utah Only State to Allow..."2007).

In 2008 alone at least twelve states have proposed bills to allow firearms on the campuses of public universities. These states include Virginia, Arizona, Georgia, Alabama, Washington, Indiana, Kentucky, Ohio, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Michigan. Many students have stated that they feel unsafe and that they would feel helpless if someone went on a shooting rampage and they had no way to defend themselves. Many students seem to already have licenses to carry concealed weapon but go to school in states that have banned firearms from campus (Bello).

An article entitled "12 states debate guns on campus,"

School is the only place I'm not allowed to carry my weapon...I felt defenseless, and it started to bug me, especially with all the school shootings...We're not talking about convincing people to get licenses, we're talking about people who already have their licenses. And for the most part, they are older students (Bello, 3A)."

Students and faculty on college campuses throughout the country share this same sentiment. Many would feel safer if they could carry weapons to defend against attacks.

The question of whether or not to allow firearms on college campuses is a controversial one. Proponents of the idea believe that having firearms on campus makes students safer. They contend that shooting such as the Virginia Tech massacre would not have been so severe had another student or professor been carrying a gun. Proponents assert that in allowing concealed weapons to be carried student or faculty will be able to stop a gunman and loss of life can be avoided. Proponents also argue that even though most college campuses have police officers that carry weapons, it often takes officers many minutes to arrive at the scene of the crime. These minutes are precious and many people were killed at Virginia Tech before the police officers arrived on the scene.… [read more]

Organizational Ethics Public and Private Application Essay

Application Essay  |  3 pages (887 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 0


Ethics are best taught and understood using examples rather than theory. The Department of Defense's Encyclopedia of Ethical Failure highlights the instructional value of ethical violations and the consequences of those violations. One of the main reasons why negative examples prove effective is that they can help supervisors recognize warning signs or problem behavior before those initial transgressions get out of hand and become more serious infractions. Another reason why negative examples can be particularly instructive is that they drive home the real reasons for policies and regulations that might otherwise seem frivolous or trivial in nature. Similarly, knowing what specific types of behavior would constitute an ethical violation might help individuals make more ethical decisions. Many conundrums could be solved through the examples of how other people may have innocently acted in ways that were later deemed unethical, such as wearing one's Army uniform while representing an outside organization -- something that has been disciplined as misrepresenting the Army's connection with that outside organization. Therefore, behavior that seems innocent might actually not be so.

2. One of the least offensive examples on this list is the Army staff sergeant wearing her uniform on the website of an outside organization. The officer might have believed that she was simply proudly representing her position in the military and did not realize that the image "gave the impression that she was participating in an official capacity or that the federal government had endorsed the organization." Moreover, military officers often do proudly wear their uniforms to outside events and are sometimes expected to proudly represent their position. Another less offensive example is the Department of Treasury agent who tried to convince a police officer during a traffic stop that she had credentials. This is not an offensive example because often the police will take into consideration a person's credibility based on their profession. If she was a woman of color, she might have felt additional pressure to convince the officer. Looking at it another way, military personnel receive special treatment when boarding flights, and that could also constitute a use of one's position for personal gain.

On the other hand, there are several offensive examples in the list. The accountant working for the National Science Foundation who used her government-issued travel card to make personal purchases and cash withdrawals for personal use flagrantly embezzled taxpayer money. As an accountant, she also used her position of power to try and "purge her illegal transactions." Her behavior as well as her professional training in accounting laws clearly indicate that the employee knew what she was doing was wrong.

3. All employees should be held to a high ethical…… [read more]

Ethical Issues in Teaching Latin American Studies Research Paper

Research Paper  |  3 pages (1,012 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


Latin America: Approaches to Ethics and Theory

Identify and discuss two ethical dilemmas specific to business in Latin America or between Latin American businesses and other global vendors, customers, and partners.

In 2010, the petroleum sector witnessed the greatest maritime crisis oil spill in its entire history called Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill. This accident was triggered by an outstanding explosion that led to the death of eleven people. Here, the first ethical dilemma is about pre-event planning. In this case, the deep-water horizon crisis is adequate evidence that before the disaster, the BP environmental strategy was merely a Greenwashing. In fact, BP did not adopt a culture of safety as seen from its lack of an emergency plan: it made no effort to avoid such a disaster (Cecilia & Granado, 2013). Moreover, research into the issue demonstrates that BP ignored crucial signals days before the incident. The second ethical dilemma relates to the expression of empathy and concern to the stakeholders, including victims (Becker-Olsen, 2011). Indeed, while the initial messages presented by a firm during a disaster must substantially influence public opinion regarding disaster as well as the company's management of the crisis, BP was neither fast nor consistent and accurate in their response to the accident. Consequently, their initial messages and response produced massive harm to its reputation and image. As such, the company was accused of being rather slow to acknowledge the issue and did not respond fast enough. It took BP four days to notice that the well had been leaking.

What ethical theories, values, or moral frameworks did scholars use to frame research conducted on the selected ethical dilemmas?

Many disaster communication theorists have recommended various theoretical frameworks for framing research on this crisis communication problem. However, the Situational Crisis Communication Theory (SCCT) and the theory of image restoration are the most relevant theories in this case. These theories identify various strategies that BP could have used to confront the crisis. The aim of image restoration theory is to help manager preserve a company's positive reputation via communication. Although it was originally not devoted to crisis communication, researchers in this field presume that it is useful in this area because disasters tend to elicit adverse perceptions among stakeholders regarding an organization, hence affecting its reputation and image. This theory concentrates on the content of crisis communication messages. It suggests five major reputation restoration tactics namely, evade responsibility, corrective action, mortification, reduce offensiveness and denial (Bissieres & Herl, 2011).

Besides the five image restoration tactics, before the crisis, BP should have engaged in a great deal of planning and devise a crisis management plan (CMP). Such pre-disaster preparedness could have reduced response time, thus potentially prevented missteps in BP's initial crisis response. The other attribute of the theory of image restoration is to identify the nature of the disaster. When the crisis occurred, this theory suggests that BP should have had a clear knowledge of the accident's nature and the charged that were brought forward. Understanding these… [read more]

Ethics of Outsourcing Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  5 pages (2,021 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


¶ … hone a specific research topic that involves global business and the environment that it operates in. While several intriguing topics come to mind, the author of this proposal has decided to focus on the ethics of outsourcing in terms of the conditions, compensation and other relevant factors. Indeed, it is pervasive and common for companies to have work… [read more]

Business Social Performance Realities Chapter Writing

Chapter Writing  |  2 pages (621 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


¶ … Besser and Miller's "The company they keep: How formal associations impact business social performance." This article provides empirical evidence into the tendencies towards business social performances that various organizations evince when a part of business associations. For the sake of the research performed, such associations include those pertaining to specific vertical industries and to community relationships, the latter of which is typified by a chamber of commerce (Besser and Miller, 2011, p. 504). The research performed in this article demonstrates that businesses are unequivocally influenced by their social performances of the businesses in their peer group within these associations -- a fact which has implications for both imparting and reinforcing critical standards of ethics within business. However, it is important to realize that such an influence has much less to do with the ethical guidelines dictated by the business associations, and much more to do with the actual behavior of the fellow organizations that organizations are linked together with in the aforementioned associations.

In many ways, the basis for the research performed in this article is the conception of institutional theory. Although there are several different codifications of institutional theory and its applications to businesses, primarily this theory serves as a hypothesis for the authors because it denotes that companies in business fields are influenced by one another (Besser and Millers, 2011, p. 506). The authors are able to prove that this theory is applicable to organizations within professional organizations by distributing a questionnaire with closed-ended questions about certain facets of organizational behavior. The data obtained from this research illustrated that organizations tend to adhere to the tendencies of their peers in such organizations in terms of business social performance -- which is defined by the authors as a form of social accountability, public largess, and ethical behaviors (Besser and Miller, 2011, p. 503-504). Such behavior may be…… [read more]

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