"Leadership / Mentoring" Essays

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Group Protocol for Adolescents Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,719 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 2


Group Protocol for adolescents - addressing the occupational needs of the adolescent population

Occupational needs assessment

During the occupational assessment, a group of 12 adolescents are observed attempting to solve a complex mathematical problem for a science project. Functional skills lacking among the group include communications skills, collaboration and communication skills, leadership skills and the ability to identify and agree… [read more]

Organizational Capacity in Non-Profit Organizations Research Paper

Research Paper  |  15 pages (5,912 words)
Bibliography Sources: 7


Organizational Capacity in Non-Profit Organizations

Mentorship as Leadership

Theoretical Support

The concept of mentoring is certainly not new, both in academic and cultural life. However, for the past two decades, the conceptual framework in the non-profit sector has moved from a more traditional hierarchy of leadership roles to a more open system in which the paradigm and basis has turned… [read more]

Leadership Values Essay

Essay  |  10 pages (3,247 words)
Bibliography Sources: 7


This trait and value is crucial in determining how the life of a person is to turn out. It enables one to take the risk in daily activities hence facilitate the process of development and achievement of goals and objectives. VC takes numerous risks in life to achieve the prestigious position in the institution and entire society. This bravery trait… [read more]

Leadership Styles -- Mentor Observations Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (531 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


In these cases most of the times the employees working under the supervisor were less skilled or had very little knowledge of the situation at hand and how to progress in such a setting. In this case it makes sense to have an autocratic leadership style.

Styles Appealing To Follow ship Style and Why

The most appealing style is a democratic or participative one because it encourages team cohesiveness and engages all members of the staff in the decision making process. This form of leadership acknowledges the skills, talents and abilities of each member of the staff and encourages comprehensive care that results from the collective experiences of many (rather than the experiences of a few). In such an environment employees often feel more empowered and willing to participate or collaborate to facilitate better patient care and patient outcomes in a clinical care setting. This form of leadership often encourages greater team work and motivates employees to work together in a positive manner.

The next best form of leadership would be a laissez-fair or free reign style, which would only make sense if the employee had more experience or skills in a particular setting than their supervisor. This form of leadership can be very empowering when used in the right situation. Rather than relinquish the supervisor of his or her authority, this leadership style takes into consideration the collective experiences of staff and encourages highly skilled employees to make decisions.


Clark, D. (1997 -- May). "Leadership Styles." 24, October 2005:

http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/leader/leadstl.html… [read more]

Acquiring Leadership Skills the Multicratic Essay

Essay  |  5 pages (1,584 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 3


A collaborative relationship also makes way for shared decision making that provides higher confidence and satisfaction.

Taking time to reflect on a day's work can enable me to evaluate my own performance and areas for improvement. Reflection can help me determine my own strengths and weaknesses and enable goal setting. This would help me to build collaboration with others that is communication rich and help me stay accountable for the delivery of care to patients and the value I can add to society.

Practical nurses have a responsibility of leadership to transform for change by inspiring followers and creating a sense of commitment to find purpose in relation to the profession. The responsibility of leadership involves the delivery of patient care with integrity to provide safe, competent, and ethical care, respecting the rights values, and beliefs of others, and fostering respectful collaborative relationships. It also includes promoting the profession through excellence in mentorship with other healthcare workers and new nurses.

Works Cited

Code of Ethics and Standards of Practice. (2008, June 18). Retrieved from CLPNA: http://www.clpna.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/docs_CLPNAEthics-Standards.pdf

Five Styles of Leadership: Participative Leadership. (2013). Retrieved from Leadership With You: http://www.Leadership-with-you.com/participative-leadership.html

Larson, S. (n.d.). What Makes for An Effective Leader? Retrieved from Free Management Library: http://managementhelp.org/leadership/traints/leader.htm

Smith, M. (2011). Are you a transformational leader? Nursing Management, 42(9), 44-50 retrieved from http://journals.lww.com.nursingmanagement/Fulltext...2011/09000/Are_you-a_transformational_leader_8.aspx.

Valentine, S. (2002, Fall). Nursing Leadership and the New Nurse. Retrieved from University of Arizona College of Nursing: http://juns.nursing/arizona.edu/articles/Fall%202002/valentine.edu… [read more]

Leadership Applied There Are Various Application Essay

Application Essay  |  3 pages (1,318 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


The new employee decides to go to her immediate manager to have the issue heard and dealt with once and for all. However, in this case, the manager still pushes her to ensure she sorts out the issue with Cindy and hand in the reports in time henceforth, despite the fact that the manager is aware that Cindy is much senior to the new employee and the new employee having demonstrated her several attempts to have the data in time through mails, calls, personal follow-ups and such like.


There are various challenges that the new employee faced in this situation. First, it is important to know that the new employee and Cindy were at different levels of their careers. The manager should have recognized the different levels at which these two employees are at before pushing the new employee to get the data from Cindy despite her extended effort, he did not consider the type of task the employee is being asked to undertake and the skills or capability she had as well.

The second aspect that situational leadership style would have helped in is the lack of flexibility in the manager who instead of training the new employee on assertiveness and how to get the data in good time in a different way from the conventional blanket approaches she has been using, he insisted on getting the work done in time without peculiar and individual guidance to the new employee.

It is also apparent that in the situation, the manager did not look at the situation in totality but just concentrated ion the errors that the new employee made and not offering a way out, there was more focus on what needs to be done as opposed to how it needs to be done. He totally turned a blind eye to the possibility that Cindy could be contributing to the stalemate in the report compilation and in effect the entire burden crushing on the new employee, a situation that can demoralize the employee totally. The manger lacked the prescriptive value or approach that is advocated for by the situational leadership style rather than the descriptive approach that is often employed by other leadership styles including this manager in the case scenario.

Lastly, the manager failed to treat each employee differently and in an individualized manner depending on the task at hand, but assumed that one method fits all. He pressed the new employee to get the report done no matter what, possibly with hindsight that the previous employees have had the same job executed successfully, and so should the new employee. This disregards any personal challenges or even relationships that exist between Cindy and the new employee which could be different.

Recommendations and conclusions

The situation in the above described scenario should not have happened if the manager actually realized the value of situational leadership. The ideal situation could have been the manager should have taken the new employee through a comprehensive coaching on how she can collect… [read more]

Higher Education Leadership Purpose Statement Essay

Essay  |  8 pages (2,401 words)
Bibliography Sources: 6


In almost all the above studies, personal interviews were conducted to determine the problems revolving around higher education leadership as well as the attributes of academic leader. For this study, people working in leadership positions in various educational institutions will be interviewed in order to get insights into the needs and problems of higher education leadership. Following open ended questions… [read more]

Leadership Principal Theories Research Paper

Research Paper  |  6 pages (1,900 words)
Bibliography Sources: 6


Concentrating on strengths doesn't disregard the organization's issues or risks, however vigor is routed into business associates digging deeply to really comprehend the organization's central functionality which have the possibility to produce as well as sustain constructive deviant overall performance (Wooten, 2010; Stavros and Hinrichs, 2009).

To attain favorably deviant results in the strategic preparation procedure, leaders shape a distinct way of thinking backed up by value-generating procedures which make it feasible for business associates to attain excellence (Wooten, 2010; Stavros and Hinrichs, 2009).

Ethics and Globalization

The present monetary turmoil has brought up concerns regarding the authenticity of capitalism. Moral problems definitely played a function. Whilst it remains in sight whether or not and just how many individuals coldly shattered legal issues, there happen to be abundant indicators of numerous kinds of dishonest conduct. These consist of greed, uncommon degrees of influence, delicate styles of corruption (like rankings companies that seem to have experienced a conflict of interest), complicated monetary tools that nobody truly comprehended, as well as group conduct where individuals simply followed along as well as neglected to exercise impartial judgment (Tella et al., 2009).

It's tough or unattainable to control greed as well as several of the various other moral flaws which have been observed. What may be carried out is to drive higher openness and responsibility, a procedure which started with Sarbanes-Oxley and is also anticipated to carry on with brand new polices involving the monetary program (Tella et al., 2009).


Dalrymple, J. (2009). Apple doubles its iPhone market share. Cnet News, http://news.cnet.com/8301-13579_3-10245339-37.html

Daniels (2011). Apple Inc.'s Ethical Success and Challenges. Daniels Fund Ethics Initiative, University of New Mexico http://danielsethics.mgt.unm.edu

Johns, Gary. Concordia University. "Theories of Work Motivation" "Leadership" Organizational Behaviour: Understanding and Managing Life at Work. Harper Collins College Publishers, 1996.

Lashinsky, A. & Burke, D. (2009). The Decade of Steve. Fortune International. 160(9): 7-10.

Robbins, S., & Judge, T. (2007). Organizational behavior.Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.

Rosenbach, W., & Taylor, R. (2006). Contemporary issues in leadership.Boulder: Westview Press. Wilcox, J. (2002, February 22). Microsoft, Apple alliance at key juncture.

Stavros, J. & Hinrichs, G. (2009). The Thin Book of Soar: Building Strengths -- based Strategy. Bend, Oregon: Thin Book Publishing Company.

Tella, R.M., Glauber, R.R., Oxley, M.G. And Vasella, D.L. (2009). Ethics in Globalization. Summit Report 2008, President and Fellows of Harvard College.

Wooten, L.P.…… [read more]

Leadership Is a Complex Process Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (997 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Through a leader's actions, others employees get inspiration to achieve the best. A good leader encourages and gives direction to others in order to achieve a common goal.

Role model for integrity and ethics

Leadership requires showing a good example to others in the work environment. A leader who upholds work ethics is an example for the subordinates. A leader with integrity keeps his word and promises to relate to their work. Integrity enables a leader to be trustworthy.

Self-confidence and humility

A self-confident leader is able to listen to employees and accepts correction even from subordinates. Through self-confidence, a leader is able to project the future and make sound decisions. Humility enables a leader to understand his subordinates and interrelate with them. Humility is not oppressive, and it expresses compassion and care for those who are below a leader.

Good intellectual ability and creative

A good leader is competent in his position. He is knowledgeable of the requirements of his job. A competent leader is able to make tough decisions that can affect the organization. One should have strengths and abilities that fit leadership requirements. In addition, one should have an ability to motivate and influence performance in people. As a leader, I have strengths and abilities that fit leadership requirements. I have an ability to motivate and influence performance in people. On several occasions, I have influenced my colleagues in college to perform in club activities. I am also a role model in performing my duties as a leader of business club in college.

What a manager must do to become a transformational and charismatic leader

A good manager must be able to combine his intellectual abilities and knowledge with traits and behaviors that are desirable in a managerial position. To become a charismatic leader and manager, an individual must have the ability to influence and motivate people through emotions and inspirations. A manager can be a charismatic leader through improving his relationship with subordinates. A manager should be able to listen to the employee's complaints, suggestions and corrections. A leader is able to provide a vision and motivation to drive a project, but a manager can manage skills and available resources for the success of the project. To be a transformational leader, a manager must be able to combine skills, knowledge and vision. A transformational leader is able to raise consciousness and awareness on the importance of achieving a common goal. Transformation entails persuasion and conviction on the need to achieve personal satisfaction and that of the organization. Charismatic management is energetic and action oriented. A manager must have a desire to attain outstanding performance in their position.


Gitlow, L.A. Being the boss: The importance of leadership and power. Washington D.C: Beard

book, 2004. Print.

Hellriegel, D & Slocum, W.J. Organizational behavior. Mason U.S.A: Cengage learning, 2009.


Gozalez, E.L. How to become an extraordinary manager. Bloomington: Author house, 2011.

Print.… [read more]

Leadership Training and Experiences Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  7 pages (2,205 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


Mixed methods research design has an uncanny ability to provide insight into how: "Rigorous quantitative approaches such as RCTs can help establish that an intervention is contributing to an outcome, but don't necessarily tell you why it is. In other words, quantitative methods can help give you the 'whether,' Surveys, focus groups and ethnographic work can help uncover the 'why'"… [read more]

Nursing Leadership the Task Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,708 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


"The process of clarifying the problem and channeling those ideas through to a practice change can be daunting," Lusardi explains. But through competent, well-thought-out leadership on the part of the new manager, barriers to change can be overcome.

In conclusion, when a new manager is hired to take over a care unit that is beset with problems, and that has a serious morale problem, the best approach for that manager is to embrace a transformational leadership role. In this role, the manager shows the way to resolve issues through better communication, through the articulation of a new vision, and through setting an example of enthusiasm and positive, constructive actions. Conflict resolution is vitally important as a beginning strategy, but in addition the new manager must set out to solve other problems in order to avoid a cycle of conflict within the unit.

Works Cited

Cherry, Kendra. (2013). Transformational leadership. About.com. Retrieved June 13, 2013, from http://psychology.about.com.

Kelly, J. (2006). An Overview of Conflict. Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing, 25(1), 22-27.

Lusardi, P. (2012). So You Want to Change Practice: Recognizing Practice Issues and Channeling Those Ideas. Critical Care Nurse, 32(2), 55-63.

May, A., and Norbury, J. (2007). Follow the Leader. Emergency Nurse, 15(4), 16-21.

Wiggins,…… [read more]

Global Leadership Find a Video Term Paper

Term Paper  |  10 pages (2,974 words)
Style: Harvard  |  Bibliography Sources: 7


This process would lead to acquisition of numerous levels of expertise such as cognitive skills, global knowledge, intercultural competence, and global organizing competency (Osland et al., 2006 p. 198).

Part 2: Bangkok Scenario

Determine how to prepare yourself to be successful in this new position

Bangkok scenario is a different location for the implementation of leadership competency because of the… [read more]

Leadership Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,211 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


Therefore, the reflection assignments are critical to my ability to be grow and mature as a leader. I need to also reinforce the concepts learned in this course. Reflections allow me the time for self-analysis and self-assessment and also the time for study and internalization of concepts. Reflections have helped me internalize the processes of group dynamics, conflict resolution, motivation, change, and other aspects of leadership. When I perform reflection exercises, I also apply the abstract concepts learned in the classroom to my current situation at work and to my projected situation in the future.

(b) Personality profile

The initial skepticism I had when taking and evaluating the results of the Myers Briggs personality test soon waned, as I heard the feedback from friends, family members, and colleagues. The most valuable aspect of the personality test is, like the reflections, self-awareness. Cultivating self-awareness is critical to effective leadership. Without self-awareness, the leader cannot communicate effectively with their team members. The leader can remain unaware of problems, which can then fester as the group loses confidence. Now that I see on paper what my character traits and tendencies are like, I can maximize my strengths and even learn how to capitalize on my weaknesses. I can also understand what types of leadership scenarios are helpful or constructive for me, and which will work best. When interpersonal problems arise in the team, I will also be able to reflect on those problems using the personality test as a means to understanding communication breakdowns.

(c) GAP analysis

A gap analysis is helpful both for leaders and the members of the team. The difference between where we are now, and where we hope to be, is our current challenge. As leaders, we are expected to bridge this gap efficiently and effectively. I need to motivate others to narrow the gap, but before doing that, I also need to narrow the gap as much as possible in my own work. When applied not just to individuals but also to teams, the gap analysis can be instrumental in changing the direction the group is going. If there is a big gap between performance expectations and outcomes, it is time to go back to the dry-erase board and analyze the problem. There will be areas where we are achieving less than our potential due to specific issues such as ineffective problem awareness, or the inability to address conflict and resolve conflict. Whatever the problem a gap analysis can help locate it so that it can be addressed.

(d) Leadership maxims.

Leadership maxims may seem trite at times, but they anchor the consciousness into thinking a certain way and developing core attitudes and beliefs. There are many leadership maxims that I have found helpful to internalize. For example, Filson's (2005) maxim "To make a difference, be the difference" is especially helpful in reminding me to be the change, to be the role model, and to refrain from judging others until I have completely absorbed the qualities that I… [read more]

Leadership Models Compare Servant Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,361 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


This is only a mere concern to those in the organization and not emotional endeavor. The servant and transformational leaders rules from this context. Unlike authentic leaders, servant and transformational leaders do not place focus on the outcome; but the service itself. The first responsibility of the servant and transformational leaders is employee relationships and the relations take precedence over products and task. Servant and transformational leaders highly regard the trust of their followers in undertaking actions that are for the organization's best interests; although the leaders do not mainly focus on the goals of the organization (Northouse, 2010).

Unlike authentic leadership, Servant leadership is closely associated with the transformational leadership components that include individual consideration and inspiration. The main emphasis for servant leadership is on the verge of offering service. The urge and desire to serve the people are more than that to achieve organizational goals and objectives. Servant leaders believe in delivering services to the people first, after which the goals and objectives of the organization automatically come into place. Transformational leaders try to satisfy both their interests and others interests without forgetting the better of the group and organization or community. Their focus is based on improving the performance of the organization than service to followers and facilitation. Servant leadership lies on developing objectives of the workers together with their growth, followed by the customer base and lastly the organizational base line (Walumbwa, Avolio & May 2011).

3. Contrast the effectiveness of these models to bring about change in the organization

Serving the needs of other people is the major difference between authentic and servant leadership. The main principle of authentic leadership is giving the first priority to others' interests. Leaders offer services to the needs of others by fulfilling their desires and aspirations. On the other hand, authentic leadership discourages leaders to be over-responsible to the needs and desires of others. Committing to this might result to problems such as:

Organizational objectives failing because of competing interests

Leader withdrawing from making difficult decisions in fear of offending others

Risk of deviating from course action

Servant leadership is characterized by one-dimensional approach where changes do not respond to situations. This leadership strategy requires that one be persuasive, attentive, and empathetic during hard times. Authentic leaders tend to be more proactive and regulate the styles in order to adapt with the immediate situation. These types of leaders are motivating and inspiring in different occasions but tough on financial decisions that are related to people (Spears, 2010). Both authentic, transformational and servant leaders always search chances to connect with people and groups so as to look at the organizational, environmental and societal issues. Despite this, the difference that lies within servant, transformational and authentic leadership encourages better innovation and helps the organization to come up with solutions that are unique and creative to solve problems (Walumbwa, Avolio & May, 2011).

The above overviews of servant, transformational and authentic leadership reveal the basic differences and similarities among the three theories.… [read more]

Transitional Leadership Times Research Paper

Research Paper  |  8 pages (2,338 words)
Bibliography Sources: 10


Transitional Leadership

Times of leadership transition are among the most stressful periods in an organization's life cycle. It is important to understand the variables that precipitate change, the variables that comprise successful transitional leadership during times of change, and interfering variables that might prevent a successful leadership transition. A review of literature reveals several patterns and core issues with regards… [read more]

Leadership Case Study

Case Study  |  10 pages (2,936 words)
Bibliography Sources: 10


Leadership Case Study

Michael Alfonso is a man who is envied by his peers having moved up the ranks and taken charge of Trident submarine because very few officers qualified for such commands hardly get them. Alfonso's selection to the job was welcome by many officers who felt that he had all it took having joined the Navy as a… [read more]

Exemplary Leadership Leaders Inspire Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (2,045 words)
Bibliography Sources: 6


"He gave servers and cooks $50 each to dine at any restaurant with cuisine similar to Chef Allen's" and the employees returned to him "…short written and oral reports on what they had learned" (Kouzes & Posner, 181). The reports apparently gave Chef Allen the ammunition he needed to stay competitive; in particular, one cook reported to Chef Allen that even in an elegant restaurant, food was "…being served on cold plates," which ruined the meal.

The authors emphasize in many instances how experimentation and risk-taking is part of leadership, and people wanting to be leaders should be willing to take risks. As an example of risk-taking, Kouzes & Posner relate the story of Patricia Maryland, who became president of Sinai-Grace Hospital in Detroit; the staff at the hospital was "distrustful" and "angry" at the recent cuts made to the hospital following a merger with another hospital. Moreover, by listening to her staff and instituting dramatic changes (cleaning the building, putting staff in uniforms rather than street clothes, cutting the wait from 8 hours in the emergency room down to a far more acceptable wait), Maryland totally reorganized the facility and one-by-one she achieved small wins. In effect, Maryland was an "active learner" and the successes that were achieved served as motivation for employees, who were impressed with the new leadership.

Every leader -- whether coach, CEO, administrator or middle manager -- should clarify his or her values often. And the leader should "…tighten his own belt before asking others to cut back on expenditures" (Simpson, et al., 2011, p. 505). As to Inspiring a Shared Vision, Simpson and colleagues suggest that prior to creating support from staff, a leader should 'Envision an uplifting and ennobling future" and not worry too much about "…crafting the perfect words for a vision or mission statement" but be more urgent when it comes to "communicating" that mission statement (Simpson, p. 3). Regarding the practice of "Encouraging the Heart," Simpson and colleagues urge the leader to carefully review the last initiative to determine if was "dull and safe" or "exciting" (Simpson, p. 3).

In conclusion, there is no doubt that Kouzes & Posner have stuck gold with their five practices of exemplary leadership. That is, in addition to the wealth they have realized from the sale of their books and their seminars, they hit the nail on the organization head and they have helped myriad organizations become more successful. It is also important to note that the five practices are not limited to business enterprises; they apply to any organization whether a football team, a Rotary club or a major corporation.

Works Cited

Kouzes, James M., and Posner, Barry Z. (2003). The Jossey-Bass Academic Administrator's

Guide to Exemplary Leadership. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.

Kouzes, James M., and Posner, Barry Z. (2009). The Student Leadership Challenge: Five

Practices for Exemplary Leaders. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.

Kouzes, James M. And Posner, Barry Z. (2010). The Leadership Challenge. Hoboken, NJ:

John Wiley &… [read more]

Business Leadership the Biggest Difference Between Managers Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (1,170 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4




The biggest difference between managers and leaders is the way in which they motivate the people who work or follow them. Leaders have management jobs, but they realize that they cannot buy loyalty, especially to get people to follow them down a difficult path, and so they act as leaders too. In real general terms, the difference is: leadership is setting a new direction or vision for a group that they follow and management controls or directs people and resources in a group according to principles or values that have already been established ahead of time (What is the Difference Between Management and Leadership, 2012).

Leadership style refers to the techniques used to direct a group of people. In addition, leadership style refers to the technique and theories used to resolve problems and make decisions. In contrast, leadership traits portray the characteristics and personality traits that are familiar among leaders or those in a position of authority. Characteristically, leadership traits include physical, emotional, social and intellectual characteristics. Managers exercise control over their workers, just as world leaders wield control over a country. Leadership styles run the range from autocratic, in which leaders have absolute control, to a more participative style, in which leaders support participation and criticism from workers. Other leadership styles can comprise a bureaucratic leadership style, which necessitates all team members to hold fast to strict rules and measures, and a laissez-faire style, which leaves team members to their own devices when carrying out work (What Is the Difference Between Leadership Style & Leadership Traits, 2012).

2. Jack Welch is probably the ultimate manifestation of the charismatic chief executive. What is not really understood at all though is how Jack Welch is able to wield so much influence and power over the most far-flung, complex organization in all of American business. He does it through sheer force of personality, coupled with an unbridled passion for winning the game of business and a keen attention to details many chieftains would simply overlook. He does it because he encourages near-brutal candor in the meetings he holds to guide the company through each work year. And he does it because, above all else, he's a fierce believer in the power of his people.

Welch's profound grasp on General Electric comes from knowing the company and those who work for it like no other. He has created something unique at a big company: informality. Making the company informal means violating the chain of command, communicating across layers, paying people as if they worked not for a big company but for a demanding entrepreneur where nearly everyone knows the boss (How Jack Welch Runs GE, 1998).

3. For a person to be a successful leader it is significant to have some basic characteristics. It helps that an effective leader be persuasive to help aid change. A good leader can take information, put it into a plan that makes the change look suitable and then induce the workers that the upcoming change… [read more]

Augustine as Mentor Augustine's Influence Book Review

Book Review  |  4 pages (1,238 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Some of the demonstrations of Augustine's humility, such as his willingness to reconcile with a compatriot who had alternative views on theological issues, are fairly elucidating, and do well to further the author's analysis of Augustine's humility -- particularly when this tendency of his is measured against the eight characteristics of a mentor.

The most enduring way in which Augustine was able to propagate his efforts at mentorship, of course, was through his writing. Smither takes great pains to demonstrate that this fact was perhaps the most influential means in which Augustine's presence and his theological beliefs would be perpetuated for posterity. The author points out the prudence of Augustine's cataloging of his writings into a formal library (Smither 2009, 256) that have been preserved so that his beliefs could be disseminated. Again, Smith's forte in this regard is his examples of how Augustine's presence was able to influence people throughout the many generations since his physical demise, including during the Middle Ages as well as during the Reformation. Another highly beneficial aspect of Smither' portrayal of the influence of Augustine's writing can be evinced in the fact that he is able to elucidate some of the more eminent theological concepts found in Augustine's writing (Smither 2009, 184), which helps to enlighten the reader as to why the latter was such a prominent mentor. Other good examples that indicate the degree of influence that Augustine was able to exert upon others can be found within his monasteries, particularly the garden monastery at Hippo (Smither 2009, 145-148) when he was able to freely converse with his disciples, who were able to be mentored first hand through Augustine's actions and spoken words.

However, the primary drawback related to the theme of the influential nature of Augustine's theological conceptions as demonstrated through his writing and through his interactions with others at his monasteries is the fact that the author fails to dedicate a substantial amount of insight into a contemporary application of these principles. He duly informs the reader of the importance of such notions during Augustine's time period as well as proves how they were accessible and of use during other periods of history. But the author only dedicates a mere two pages in the final chapter of the work, which are mere allusions to how Augustine's theology could be applied to contemporary issues affecting Christianity and individual and collective Christian leaders today. This particular dearth of information is really the sole lacking point throughout the entire manuscript. It may be argued, of course, that Smither only outlined the particular viewpoints of Augustine and left it up to the discretion of the reader to apply those ideas to contemporary issues of an ecclesiastical nature today. But it certainly would have aided the book if the author had dedicated more attention to this matter -- one that seemingly drives many people to read a manuscript of this nature.

Still, by measuring Augustine's influence through his monastery work and his writing to the eight… [read more]

Leadership Dear Customer Essay

Essay  |  5 pages (2,480 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


Reflective of a constant emphasis on transformational leadership, a recently submitted cover letter for a nursing supervisory position begins:

"My annexed resume is submitted for the position of 'Director of Nursing, Critical Care.' While the resume details my extensive qualifications, I appreciate this opportunity to speak pointedly about my exceptional capabilities for this position. Excellent patient care is the hallmark… [read more]

Transformational Leadership Background Values-Based Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,509 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Transformational Leadership

Leadership Background

Values-based leadership has a significant impact on the performance and the functioning of an organization. Boje,(2000) cites Burn's (1978) theoretical work on transformational leadership basing his argument on Kohlberg's moral development theory and Weber's (1947) theory of leadership and authority. In his work, Boje, 2000 agrees with Burn's that a moral value-based leader, is the one… [read more]

Leadership Philosophy Reflects the Values, Ethics Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (944 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


Leadership philosophy reflects the values, ethics and virtues that guide one's actions as a leader and one's approach to the task of leading an organization in general (Leboeuf, 1999). I believe the leadership philosophy that should guide my behavior is that empowerment of employees is the best means of demonstrating leadership. Hiring good people, training them well, and giving them the resources they need to succeed are the most important tasks for a leader in my view. The idea behind leadership is not that leaders perform tasks well, but that they can inspire large groups of others to perform tasks well. I feel that intrinsic motivation is a more powerful form of motivation than extrinsic, and as a leader I can be most effective by tapping into the intrinsic motivation that good employees have.

In keeping with this underlying philosophy, I believe that a great leadership should have five characteristics. These are organizing, talent recognition, resource allocation, communication skills and flexibility. I believe in the contingency theory of leadership, in that the best specific leadership actions are determined largely by the situation. Not only do situations differ, but so do employees. Therefore, communication skills are essential, as they will ensure that all employees are capable of understanding what is expected, no matter what the circumstance. Beyond that, I believe that identifying problems and opportunities, and finding the resources within the organization to address those problems and exploit those opportunities is an essential component of the leadership role. Performance of tasks is not a critical leadership role -- ensuring that when others attempt to perform tasks that they succeed is a key component.

3. The leadership development plan should have a number of different elements. While some leadership traits are inherent in a person, most of what would be termed leadership skill is learned, which places learning at the forefront of my five-year plan (McCall, 2010). The first step is to find a leadership position, either in my educational career or in my job. Career assignments in general should be focused on leadership skills, either by taking on roles that put me in charge of more people, or by taking on roles that are more challenging in their nature. The second element will be skills. In the self-assessments, I identified that I am not especially accomplished at motivation. As such, I believe that I need to work on this aspect of my leadership. This will be accomplished through study of motivational materials, so that I better understand the principles of interpersonal motivation. The third element of my plan will be to find a mentor. Mentorship is important because it provides valuable feedback about my leadership objectives, and my progress towards those objectives.

The fourth element of my five-year leadership plan is to establish a clear timeframe and guidelines, along with performance measures. It…… [read more]

Leadership Hospitality Management Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (1,740 words)
Style: Harvard  |  Bibliography Sources: 4


Leadership (Hospitality Management)

This report will discuss the effective leadership style and motivational factor in hospitality management, particularly managing Red Sea Restaurant given their established culture and work environment.

Currently, Red Sea Restaurant is in need of Restaurant Manager who will contribute his or her expertise in attaining consistent, if not, exceeding, quality service performance. Qualifications for the position are… [read more]

Leader Business Leadership: A Literature Term Paper

Term Paper  |  9 pages (3,006 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


London provides a good discussion on how to inculcate a managerial mindset. He presents the different personality traits needed to be a good business leader, and equally importantly, those characteristics that one would like to eliminate in potential managers. A mentor is a role model. And a good role model will teach his pupils how to build character and self-reliance.… [read more]

Personal Leadership Style Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,226 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Carson's emphasis on honesty, self-honesty in particular. Her iteration of the quip "to thine own self be true" relates to humanistic leadership in a direct manner, reflecting both transformational and servant leadership. This emphasis on the character of the leader as it relates to her style reminds me of trait theories of leadership. Balancing "soft" traits like empathy and compassion with "harder" traits like persuasiveness, decisiveness, and goal-orientation, an effective leader will demonstrate an ability to get the job done. Goals should never be sacrificed; the members of the group do not always need to like the leader personally, so long as harmony is preserved. "To thine own self be true," because a leader can't please everyone.

From the theories taught in class, I can better comprehend the intricate psychological and sociological dynamics of leadership, which are often taken for granted. Left unanalysed, leadership can seem out of reach. Examining the various theories of leadership from the textbooks and class lectures helps me become more aware of my own potential as a leader. The theories also make me more conscious of my shortcomings and strengths, encouraging me to focus attention on areas of my personality that need coaching or change in order to become a more effective leader. This analysis also helps me appreciate better the tasks and trials of public figures.

Someone like Tenzin Gyatso, better known as the Dalai Lama, is an extraordinary leader and public figure. Governing his people while he and they remain exiled in India, the political and religious leader of Tibet demonstrates personal qualities like humour that inform his leadership style. Emerging from the immense struggle of being banished from the Tibetan plateau, the Dalai Lama was chosen at a young age to lead his people. With some formal training by monks and advisors, Tenzin Gyatso developed a unique governing style based on servant leadership. Because his training was as spiritual in nature as it was political, the Dalai Lama's leadership style naturally seems steeped in stewardship to the community and to the world at large. His refusal to take up arms against the Chinese government demonstrates wisdom and foresight. His transforming leadership becomes a moral state, as it raises the level of consciousness among his followers. The Dalai Lama also exhibits personal/situational leadership, as the context of his circumstances determines his role. Furthermore, the focus is not just on the persona of the Dalai Lama but also on the plight of the entire Tibetan community.

Just as my interview with Jane Carson helped elucidate my own goals as a leader, considering the case of the Dalai Lama also reminds me that ethics and leadership can coexist. Reflecting my innate style and my ambitions as leader, the Dalai Lama demonstrates leadership with moral character, integrity and a committment to ethical ideals even more than material ones.

The professor of this course can help me achieve my goals as a leader by offering me opportunities that encourage me to lead. Because I need to learn… [read more]

Leadership and Supervising Influences in Human Services Research Paper

Research Paper  |  3 pages (946 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2




In Human Service, leadership and supervision refer to individuals with the responsibility of assigning roles, schedules, organizes, and making ultimate decision for a firm or organization. The model of supervision places many effects on leadership traits and governance systems following the approach to supervision above others. The following study discusses the different leadership model roles characterized by the critical elements in the process of supervision. The paper highlights the hardships that supervisors encounter in evaluating job components comprising of employee motivation against productivity scales. It also presents an analysis of the traits of leadership that supervisors require in exerting authority on others.

It is clear that there are three fundamental leadership roles in human service: mediator, mentor, and manager. Mediation, mentorship, and management are areas that present opportunities for workers to address the challenges facing their peers. The work of management includes exercising control over various units, divisions and businesses (Glickman, Gordon & Ross-Gordon, 2007). Supervisors are tasked with essential responsibilities of ensuring that organizational goals are realized. Mediation involves maintaining neutrality between conflicting parties and presenting settlements to the disputes. The scope of the mediator facilitates the process of organizational interactions between conflicting parties while facilitating mutual agreement on strategies and implementation concepts. The mentorship role maintains relationships and provides resources ensuring that people's needs are satisfied. From the above definition, it is prudent for the supervisors to share their content and views relating to the management, mediation, and mentorship for purposes of gaining success. Strategies for monitoring and enhancing growth and development of employees should be implemented (Roper, 2011).

Part 2

The Supervisory Dyad presents multi-faceted processes of decision-making. Several phases of supervision characterize the dyad like indexing preliminary work, beginning, endings and transitions. The preliminary phase of the Supervisory Dyad allows the supervisor to get an appropriate mindset prior to progressing with phase implementation. Further, beginning the phase explains the reasons why supervision forms a necessity among decision-makers and persons affected. Another area of concern in the phase includes the level of supervision necessary in the formulation of compliance policies and regulations. New supervisory roles are encouraged for purposes of listening to employees while agreeing to work collectively for greater good in performance regulations (Glickman, Gordon & Ross-Gordon, 2007). The Supervisory Dyad's work phase actualizes the beginning of the tasks. Supervisors are expected to show focus and commitment in changing expectations while need arises. It is prudent to establish efficient communication channels with all employees. Excellent supervisors encourage feedback for informed decision-making and ways of dealing with problems resulting in failure (Roper, 2011).

The major elements within the Supervision Process according to Lawrence Shulman's Interactional Supervision model of 1993 include openness, attention, and unconditional positive regard. Other considerations include genuine interest, curiosity, self-disclosure, investment flexibility, warmth, understanding, genuineness, and empathy. Supervision and…… [read more]

Different Styles of Leadership Term Paper

Term Paper  |  10 pages (4,043 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 5


I had to work with my team members with great energy and liveliness in order to build a team. There was no leader at first but only team mates working together. I had to be enthusiastic with them and make them excited about tasks. I taught them tactics for survival and made them seek their goals. I had to make… [read more]

Leadership Is Paramount Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (725 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


As such, orders must be followed without an explanation (House, 1971). Explanations, in many instances would simply waste time, without a corresponding increase in productivity. As such, my collectivistic, collaborative style would not be effective in these environments. In addition, employees will not take my leadership skills seriously. They may see a collectivistic nature as a sign of weakness, and subsequently rebel. Some employees, particularly those will long tenure, prefer to simply be told what the goals are, as opposed to having an explanation.

Working in the healthcare profession however, would be ideal for my leadership style. Many of the decisions with this profession require both communication and collaboration, both of which, I excel at. Aspects such as treatment processes, customer service delivery, and overall business operations require time to implement. Leaders with the ability to communicate the reasoning behind a particular course of action will excel in this industry. Hospice, therefore, would be an ideal area to foster and facilitate my overall leadership skills.

To improve the overall implementation of my leadership style, practice will be needed. Proper communication skills are developed through trial and error. As such, to improve my implementation, I will position myself in leadership roles throughout my career. I will take calculated risks by volunteering my services to corporate initiatives that are important to the organization that I work for. In addition, I will obtain a mentor who possesses the same skills that I would like to develop in the future. Through this mentorship, I will elicit feedback regarding my overall progress. Finally, to improve my implementation, I will attend trade conferences or continuing education courses at least twice a year to further develop my abilities (Paul, 2005).


1) House, Robert J. (1971). "A path-goal theory of leader effectiveness." Administrative Science Quarterly (Johnson Graduate School of Management, Cornell University) 16 (3): 321 -- 339

2) Paul C. Dinsmore et al. (2005) The right projects done right! John Wiley and Sons, 2005. ISBN 0-7879-7113-8. p.35-42

3) Spillane, James P.; et al., Richard; Diamond, John (2004). "Towards a theory of leadership practice." Journal of Curriculum Studies 36 (1):…… [read more]

Leadership Self-Assessment Case Study

Case Study  |  2 pages (575 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


10). In that regard, therefore, leadership development has got to do with the enhancement of leadership qualities in an individual. Malcolm has his sights set on "the corner office." Indeed, all his activities and actions seem focused on this particular goal. To be effective, leaders ought to develop their leadership competencies -- something they could do via on-the-job training, attending mentorship sessions, etc. Malcolm's various engagements and the mentorship initiative are all critical components of leadership development.

2. What would you recommend that Malcolm do to facilitate his path to an executive position?

To facilitate his path to an executive position, Malcolm should concentrate on the tasks assigned to him, as his promotion could be pegged on how well he performs on this front. A promotion is likely to be granted on the basis of his performance and experience gathered in various capacities. Although his career ambitions are also valid, he should not focus too much on them.

3. To what extent do you think Jessica's comment is justified?

Jessica's advice that Malcolm focuses more on performance, as opposed to promotion, is not only justified but also timely. Although Malcolm's idea of career progress may not necessarily be old fashioned, his focus on career ambitions ought to be contained and made more realistic. As I have already pointed out elsewhere in this text, a promotion is likely to be granted on the basis of Malcolm's performance and experience gathered in various capacities.


Lawson, K. (2008). Leadership Development Basics. Danvers,…… [read more]

Leadership Application Case Study

Case Study  |  4 pages (1,248 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


at the same time George would make independent decisions and sets policies or procedures without making any consultations with Shelly. At the same time George did not give room for listening to Shelly or give her a chance to give any suggestions or make any contribution.it is a bad leadership style since George was attempting to control Shelly through the policies, orders to an extent of almost forcing her to work and deliver what the organization considers to be satisfactory. He failed to listen or perfunctorily listened to any suggestion that Shelly brought forth. With this leadership style George did not provide any support for Shelly towards carrying out her duties in the new work environment (Simonton, 2010). Her role requires a lot of support and working together with George in order to achieve some of the goals that have been set for her by the organization. However she could not be able to work efficiently since she lacked support from George her leader.as an employee Shelly requires that her views and suggestions are factored into the decisions that are made within the organization but this was not the case with George as the leader.in fact George had established a do as I say, not as I do policy which he wanted Shelly to embrace. This leadership style by George was demoralizing to Shelly and within the short period of time she was working in the organization she was so dissatisfied and was even regretting getting employed there in the first place. Shelly is quite professional and therefore needed a competitive environment where she could fully exercise her duties and be useful to the organization. With this kind of leadership it was quite difficult for her to effectively carry out her duties and hence the reason why we can term George's leadership style as not being appropriate (Simonton, 2010).

Managing an autocratic leader

In order for Shelly to be comfortable in the organization and hence work effectively she has to be able to manage George her boss. There are several ways through which Shelly can use to manage George her boss including standing her ground. Even after trying to make it work at the end of the day George still remains an autocratic leader. Therefore Shelly should make sure that she remains focused with her tasks and not forget the reason why she is in that organization. With this in mind it will be very easy to deal with George since she will not concentrate too much on him but her work. The other thing is trying a much as possible to build a relationship with George this is because everyone values building relationships and this will not change the professional environment between them .when one build relationships with their leaders they tend to warm up to them and it becomes easy to work together as a team towards achieving the organization's goals. The other thing is adapting to the bosses' style of leadership. Even if the leadership style George… [read more]

Northouse's Leadership Question Research Paper

Research Paper  |  4 pages (1,202 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Question #3 Select three items from the questionnaire and describe how this course has influenced your views in this area.

The three items from the questionnaire that I would like to discuss are items six, nine and thirteen. For example, for point six, this course demonstrated the wide range of ways that I would be able to respond favorably to the suggestions made by other people: the course taught me various ways to positively reinforce the good ideas that others share, and how to respond in a positive fashion even to the bad ideas that others offered up. Even bad ideas or ideas that are simply unsuitable for the group can be responded to in a positive fashion, so that everyone feels good about their contribution. For point nine, developing a plan of action for the group, the course taught me the wide variety of ways I could develop such a nuanced plan and how I could make it as strong as possible. The course also taught me how to anticipate problems that I would never have thought of. Finally, the course taught me the wide variety of ways that I could assert my roles and responsibilities as the group leader, and what the best possible course of action for me would be in better elucidating that role.

Part 2: In the second part, describe the kind of leader that you would like to become in the future. Include the type of employment position that you would like to obtain and the type of leadership role you would like to perform in the position.

The exact job that I will be fulfilling would require leadership as a person working in the medical records department as a Medical abstracter/coding supervisor. One of the major ways that I would lead would be through the implementation of technical, conceptual and human skills of employees, such as those who take care of the daily inner workings of the department. It is vital to me that everyone feel as though they have input in the way that things need to be done. It is my goal to create as inclusive an environment as possible. For instance, I think it would be beneficial for me to harness the trait approach when it comes to my leadership style. "First, the trait approach is intuitively appealing. It fits clearly with the notion that leaders are individuals who are out front and leading the way in our society. The image in the popular press and community at large is that leaders are a special kind of people -- people with gifts and who can do extraordinary things. The trait approach is consistent with this perception because it is built on the premise that leaders are different…" (2012, p.30). I think that I possess already many of the innate qualities that make an effective leader. Thus, this whole process would be beneficial to me and to the staff members that I work with, without a doubt. I think that if… [read more]

Leadership Steve Jobs Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (1,855 words)
Bibliography Sources: 6


Recommendations to Jobs would be to retain his passion and energy, because those are the core qualities that helped make Apple the brand that it is today. However, Jobs needs to connect more with servant leadership qualities, developing commitment to the growth of people rather than just a commitment to the growth of products. He could also borrow some tips from participative leaders who understand the importance of empowering employees to take charge of the company so that their decisions can become the next product innovation in Apple's future. As it is now, Apple has no charismatic leader at the helm and the future of the company is therefore called into question.

Jobs has the potential to blend visionary, transformational, and charismatic leadership with servant leadership. He does not necessarily need to change even his communication style; Jobs would simply need to create a formal program whereby new talent can be cultivated to make way for the leaders of the future. Given his visionary approach to running Apple, it is actually ironic that Jobs did not have a stronger vision for the leadership vacuum that would emerge after he died. His death was not sudden, and he had ample time to prepare. Recommendations to improve the current effectiveness of the Apple company would be to inject new visionary leadership that is sorely lacking after Jobs's death.


Henson, R. (n.d.). Faculty insight: The leadership of Steve Jobs. Rutgers. Retrieved online: http://business.rutgers.edu/news/faculty-insight-leadership-steve-jobs

Isaacson, W. (2012). The real leadership lessons of Steve Jobs. Harvard Business Review. April 2012. Retrieved online: http://www.mdh.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/Real_leadership_lessons.pdf

Kalia, S. (2012). 10 leadership tips from Steve Jobs. Forbes. April 2, 2012. Retrieved online: http://www.forbes.com/sites/susankalla/2012/04/02/10-leadership-tips-from-steve-jobs/

McInerney, S. (2011). Steve Jobs: An unconventional leader. The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved online: http://www.smh.com.au/executive-style/management/steve-jobs-an-unconventional-leader-20111007-1lcmo.html

Nocera, J. (2011). What makes Steve Jobs great. International Herald Tribune. 26 Aug, 2011. Retrieved online: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/08/27/opinion/nocera-what-makes-steve-jobs-great.html?_r=0

Northouse, P.G. (2013). Leadership. Sage.

Randol, S. (2013). Lessons in leadership from Steve Jobs. Bloomberg Now. Retrieved online: http://www.bloomberg.com/now/2013-10-25/lessons-in-leadership/… [read more]

Servant Leadership Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,317 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


Having looked at servant leadership and what it is about we can now examine if it is compatible with other philosophies or leadership theories. I agree with the statement that despite the fact that servant leadership is associated with the Bible and Jesus Christ it is equally in agreement with several other faiths as well as philosophical theories and leadership theories. Early leadership theories focused mainly on the qualities that set apart leaders from their followers with subsequent theories looking at variables like situational factors and levels of skills. The participative theory is an example of a theory that is compatible with servant leadership according to Greenleaf. Participative theories suggest that an ideal leadership style is one that takes seriously the input of other people participative leaders encourage the contributions and participation from other group members hence help them feel more relevant and committed when it comes to the process of making decisions. This is not different from how servant leaders let their followers participate in making decisions. Servant leadership is also compared to transformational leadership by James Macgregor Burns. Like servant leadership, transformational leadership has become very popular due to its emphasis on extraordinary leaders characteristics as well as its humanistic valuation of the followers. Transformational and servant-leadership theories are rooted in the charismatic leadership framework. Both theories share the focus of charismatic leadership model which is leadership behavior and qualities (Wallace, 2007).

When looking at worldviews of Buddhism, Hinduism, Christianity, Islam and Judaism we can say undoubtedly that these views are compatible with servant leadership in factors like nature and exemplars of leadership, the core vision, basis for moral leadership, the source of wisdom for the leaders, levels of being and finally the role played by the community. This therefore implies that the aspect of servant leadership is present and uniform in all these religions .it means that believers and followers of the religion practice servant leadership as their religion requires (Wallace, 2007).

There are various attributes and capacities of servant leadership which have been discussed above as the characteristics of servant leaders. I will look at are listening as an attribute I have seen someone demonstrate. As we know communication is very important in all areas of our lives. Servant leaders listen to their follower's views and use them in making decisions in the organization. There was a need for coming up with a marketing strategy for a new product that was being introduced in an organization. The marketing manager sat down with his team members and asked them to give their suggestions on how they would carry out marketing of this new product. He listened attentively to the suggestions that were made by the team members after which he sat down and critically analyzed these suggestions. He made a decision based on the suggestions he was given by these team members. This helped in that he came up with a very good marketing strategy as evidenced by how easily the product penetrated into the market.

Self-awareness… [read more]

Leadership by Nannel O. Keohane Book Review

Book Review  |  3 pages (885 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


¶ … Leadership by Nannel O. Keohane 2010

Nannel Keohane's book, Thinking about Leadership, is an excellent treatise regarding some of the most fundamental concepts of leadership. To the author's credit she is able to corroborate many of her viewpoints with a plethora of sources. Additionally, she discusses both classical and contemporary issues affecting leadership. As such, readers are able to get a comprehensive overview of this topic from a variety of different perspectives and sources. Moreover, the vast majority of the material discussed in this book is directly applicable to issues of decision-making, policy and management. These factors and others make Keohane's manuscript an excellent starting point for individuals looking to study the true science at the core of the phenomenon of leadership.

One of the most salient boons of this narrative is the cohesion and the clarity of structure the author provides. Thinking about Leadership addresses a different notion regarding leadership in each of its six chapters, and brings together the most salient implications of each in a concluding section. The chapters provide a surplus of information regarding the definition of leadership -- which perhaps is alluded to most succinctly in the author's definition that leadership involves setting or clarifying goals for a group and mobilizing energies of others to pursue them. Leaders engage in a number of different kinds of activities to accomplish this work, including making decisions, implementing strategies, and assembling resources (Keohane, 2010, p. 47).

Such a definition naturally places a good deal of emphasis on the role of followers, which is why the second chapter is dedicated to varying types of models used to establish and maintain followership. Other eminent themes in this work are specifically tailored to conventional literary themes, such as the role of gender and the relevance of leadership in a democracy. However, by outlining each chapter with a clear theme (all of which are implied by questions in the titles of the chapters), Keohane ensures a degree of clarity and organization that makes the narrative relatively easy to follow.

Another extremely valuable asset of this book is the wide range of sources tha the authors utilizes to support her notions. Essentially, Keohane stresses the fact that efficacious leadership is based upon temperance. Leaders have a variety of different models that they can employ to strike this balance of judgment in their decision-making process, but such a temperate approach is largely the objective of worthy leadership which requires any combination of "persuasion, strategic calculation, example, incentives, threats, sanctions and rewards" (Keohane, 2010 p. 49). In clarifying this concept through the book's different chapters, Keohane draws on several relevant sources which attest to the…… [read more]

Leadership &amp You My Personal Research Paper

Research Paper  |  4 pages (1,319 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 4


Leadership & You

My personal definition of leadership is based on what is commonly called "transformational" or "servant" leadership. This is focused on building a good team of people as opposed to weeding out the people who may not fit in or may be struggling (Kouzes & Posner, 2012). By being a team player and working with everyone to meet team goals, each person feels as though he or she is included in the work of the company. It is important to note that servant leadership is often associated with Christianity, but that it does not have to be. There are ways in which one can practice servant leadership within any religion or no religion at all. It is not identical to transformational leadership because of the religious element, but the premise is the same. It is the reason behind the actions that make the two different from one another, not how the actions are carried out.

The inclusion of a worker as part of the team can make a vital difference in the way a person feels about the company for which he or she works. People who work with transformational leaders are able to be heard in the workplace, and feel as though what they have to offer to the company matters in some way (Autry, 2004). That is not to say these people can never be fired or let go, or that they are never reprimanded or disciplined. However, the focus is always on keeping a team spirit and atmosphere, as opposed to having a leader who is hard to reach or talk with. By contrast, a transactional leader is one who is focused on "being the boss." This person gives orders and tells subordinates what to do. There is no teamwork involved -- only one person in charge of and controlling others (Howell & Avolio, 1993). While this may not be a serious issue for some people and can work well for specific types of companies, there are other considerations to address.

Not every person is going to respond well to just being told to do something, and not every person works well in an environment where he or she feels as though what is offered to the company does not matter (Autry, 2004; Northouse, 2012). This is important to consider, because many companies are finding that transactional leadership does not work as well as transformational (servant) leadership when it comes to really keeping a company moving forward and getting things done. The companies that are willing to focus on transformational leadership are the ones that are getting ahead in the marketplace and keeping good employees (Church & Waclawski, 1998; Northouse, 2012). There is a time and a place for a more transactional, dictatorial style of leadership, but it is not the option that works best for the largest number of people.

I see transformational leadership as being the better choice because it helps to keep companies together. Companies are like families in some ways, and… [read more]

Theology of Servant Leadership Term Paper

Term Paper  |  9 pages (3,574 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 9


Theology of Servant Leadership

It came as a surprise to me to learn that servant leadership is not a uniquely Christian concept. Robert Greenleaf, who is credited with creating the modern servant leadership movement, did not approach servant leadership from a Christian perspective, but from a secular one; Greenleaf was inspired by reading Herman Hesse's Journey to the East (Greenleaf,… [read more]

Leadership a Mission Statement Term Paper

Term Paper  |  7 pages (2,392 words)
Bibliography Sources: 7



A mission statement is a "key tool that can be as important to your business plan" (Entrepreneur, 2013). When applied to a human being, some adjustments to the concept need to be made, since the concept reflects business missions. For a person, the mission statement should be a combination of objectives and philosophies that underlie how you want to… [read more]

Leadership Theory Application Situational Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (833 words)
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Google has the luxury of hiring competent and motivated workers for all positions who often chafe when called upon to do mundane tasks. "The worst part of working at Google, for many people, is that they're overqualified for their job. Google has a very high hiring bar due to the strength of the brand name, the pay & perks, and the very positive work culture. As a result, they have their pick of bright candidates, even for the most low-level roles" (Edwards 2012). Many entry-level employees complain that Google is so big they feel that they cannot have any impact upon it, despite their high ambitions upon entering the company.

Recommendations and conclusions

For new employees, even though a delegating-style strategy may not be warranted, Google may need to deploy a more 'coaching' style, particularly if they hire workers with great potential who can be nurtured to be the next great employees of the future. Instead of simply hiring the best candidates for all positions, Google should also more carefully suit to match 'character' with job descriptions: it is not necessarily the case that the most credentialed or even the most creative employee may make the best HR person, for example, given the interpersonal skills required for this job. Lower-level workers with suitable credentials in entry-level positions may also have the ability to work more independently than allowed to at present with proper mentoring: although a relatively non-hierarchical organization (all levels of workers and managers eat side-by-side in the same cafeteria), many entry-level workers with high expectations clearly want something more from Google than its perks and benefits -- they also want the ability to be 'Googly' and share ideas. Complained one employee: "I worked at Google for 3 years and it was very difficult to leave but there was one major factor that helped me make the decision - the impact I could ever have on the business as an individual was minimal" (Edwards 2012). Even though the benefits were hard to abandon, this employee resented that his position, unlike those of engineers, was not given the ability to make a meaningful contribution to company development.


Edwards, J. (2013). Google employees confess the worst things about working at Google.

Business Insider. Retrieved:


Mediratta, B. (2007) The Google way: Give engineers room. The New York Times.

Retrieved from:


Northouse, P. (2012). Leadership: Theory and practice. Sage.… [read more]

Transformational Leadership Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (975 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


2 from the Northouse text? Related to this, read/analyze Case 11.1 from the Northouse text and provide answers to the question listed at the end of the case.

The different characteristics for the authentic leadership model include: monitoring vs. taking action and internal group issues vs. external group challenges. These areas are providing a better understand of what is occurring. It is at this point when these ideas can be used to determine if the individual has true leadership skills and their ability to effectively motivate others. (Northouse, 2013)

Inside case 11.1, it is focusing on a number of concepts. The below diagram is showing, how they are interconnected with each other.


Internal Leadership Actions External Leadership Actions

Team Effectiveness

These areas are illustrating how authentic leadership is based upon the team members' working together. This is achieved by having open communication, transparency and collaboration. I agree with these ideas. This is because these elements are at the core for motivating and reaching out to everyone. (Northouse, 2013)

Lastly, how does Authentic Leadership connect with Senge's major claims regarding the "frontiers" and the related "reinvention" of management and leadership practice (Senge Chapter 17)?

An Authentic leadership style is connected with Senge's ideas on frontiers and revision through concentrating on similar areas. The most notable include: the ability to inspire others, set the example, transforms everyone's thinking and it encourages different moral standards. The combination of these factors transforms how people look at various positions and their role inside an organization. This is because it is using new ideas that are integrated with the core personality of the individual. In a working environment, these tools help them to troubleshot and understand what is impacting others. (Northouse, 2013) (Senge, 2006)

These ideas are important, as they enable an organization to explore new frontiers and boundaries. This is occurring with everybody having greater amounts of creativity and a willingness to do more. Moreover, it is assisting firms to transform their business. This is taking place, with them looking at alternative strategies and asking how they can be integrated into their model. (Northouse, 2013) (Senge, 2006)

During this process, there is a focus on having executives lead by using these ideals to set the example and inspire others. It is at this point when the organization can evolve with the challenges they are facing and become more competitive. In many ways, one could argue that these conclusions are redefining the employee supervisor relationship. This means that new tools must be utilized to effectively communicate and motivate everyone to do more. Otherwise, there is the possibility an organization will continue to face challenges with ineffective solutions. (Northouse, 2013) (Senge, 2006)


Northouse, P.G. (2013). Leadership: Theory and Practice. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Quatro, S. (2005). Leadership: Succeeding in the Private, Public, and Not for…… [read more]

Leadership Technical, Interpersonal, and Conceptual Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,284 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 2


These variables include criterion variables, managerial behaviors, situational variables, and intervening variables. Some of these variables tend to be highly influential in determining the effectiveness of a leader. Another set of variables moderating the impact of leaders on group performance involves situational characteristics. Two situational factors influence the efforts of followers like intrinsically work-motivated properties and formal reward systems (Phillips, 1993). In the multiple-linkage theory, intervening factors could be directly affected by situational characteristics. On the other hand, situational variables could directly affect intervening variables.

The Difference between position power and personal power

The two common sources of power come from position power and personal power. Although they share a few things, they also have some differences. While position power stems from top management, personal power stems from followers based on the behavior of the leader (Phillips, 1993). Looking at the power position, an individual holding a management position has more power to exert influence than a worker who is not a manager. On the other hand, in personal power, followers tend to have power over the leaders. In fact, followers must consent to the governing influence of managers of the company to be successful. For instance, unions are a result of followers dissatisfied with the behavior of management and the desire for power balance (Yukl, 2012). Despite the differences, both sources of power are viewed in a positive sense. Without position and personal power, managers might not achieve organizational objectives. Both of them go hand in hand with leadership. Employees use personal power to get the job done while managers utilize position power to succeed. Within the business world, position power and personal power are viewed as integral prerequisites for the effectiveness of an organization.

Elements of emotional intelligence

Emotional intelligence is the ability for a person to recognize and manage his/her emotions, as well as other people's emotions. The following diagram is a summary of the four fundamental elements of emotional intelligence:

Figure 1: Elements of Emotional Intelligence

Self-awareness -- this refers to how aware a person is and how accurately a person can assess his/her emotions. Most people are often busy that they rarely take time to think about how they are responding to situations and how they come across. It is challenging people to see how other people are responding to them because most people tend to see what they want to see. As such, they tend to avoid uncomfortable actions of seeking feedback from others. Phillips (1993) shows that Lincoln "advised others to 'never add the weight of your character to a charge against a person without knowing it to be true'" (54).

Self-Management -- this is the ability of a person to control his/her emotions. This aspect also incorporates a person's adaptability, optimism, achievement, and transparency. A key factor here is whether an individual reacts or responds to situations.

Social Awareness -- this focuses on service and empathy level, which form social awareness. A person improves his/her awareness by fine-tuning his/her radar for the… [read more]

Fieldler Foundations of Leadership Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (748 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


Yet the predictions of leadership effectiveness were accurate and provided support for the model. Although there are many conflicting perceptions of the model's effectiveness, many research experiments such as this one offer evidence that it is useful in at least some situations.

Fiedler and Nature vs. Nurture

In my opinion, Fiedler's model is consistent with the nature vs. nurture debate. The leadership traits in the model are dispositional and can possibly change over time. For example, a leader might have one leadership style in their youth, but another style later in their career. Personalities are known to evolve over time as individuals have had more experience adapting to different environments. Furthermore, since the model uses a dispositional basis, this allows for variance in the potential outcomes. The model would suggest that leaders with a certain set of characteristics would likely be more successful in a certain environment, however such results are based on a correlation and the factors do not indicate causation.

The model differs from other leadership models in fundamental ways. For example the situational leadership model looks at leadership as specific to the situation that is being observed. However, this model does not generally include consideration of factors such as leadership power. For example, in some situations a leadership style, such as autocratic, might be appropriate. Yet if the leader does not retain enough power to exercise their will then they could be ineffective even though they might appear suited for their role in that scenario. Therefore the contingency can account for complexities that other models cannot. However, at the same time, accounting for such complexities makes the model less effective in certain situations and more prone to user error.

Works Cited

Cruz, M., Nunes, A., & Pinheiro, P. (2011). Fiedler's Contingency Theory:. IUP Journal of Organizational Behavior, 7-26.

Hanisch, B., & Wald, A. (2012). A Bibliometric View on the Use of Contingency Theory in Project Management Research. Project Management Journal, 4-23.

Rice, R., & Chemers, M. (2013). Predicting the Emergence of Leaders Using Fiedler's Contingency Model of…… [read more]

Leadership Theory Essay

Essay  |  7 pages (2,448 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 7


The followers are transformed by the transformational leaders in such a manner that shape the beliefs and values of their followers.

Transformational leadership has 4 dimensions as it said by Korver (2008). These dimensions are:

1. Charisma: The leader provides the followers with a strong sense of mission, he/she makes them feel proud and in this manner is able to… [read more]

Management Principles: Organizational Theories Term Paper

Term Paper  |  7 pages (2,141 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


All of us are followers more often than we are leaders, and while leadership is necessary for an organization to thrive, so are good followers.

While "Leadership for everyone" focuses on how leaders can motivate followers, "Followership" emphasizes the fact that followers have their own agendas and characters which may or may not be able to be influenced by the leadership: isolates my hang back; bystanders may merely watch but not fully participate; participants, activists, and diehards are willing to be fully engaged. The status of the follower may depend to some extent upon the leader, but the relationship is always a dialogue and the response to the actions of the leader can never be easily predicted (Pierce & Newstrom 2010: 152). Leaders depend upon engaged followers who are willing to meet them halfway.

Conclusion: Evaluate your organization in the light of your analyses

The comparison and contrast between the different views of leadership and followership evidenced in "Leadership for everyone" and "Followership" highlights the vital importance in selecting high-quality organizational members and training all members of the organization to select persons with good leadership and followership skills. HR is very careful to screen for organizational actors who will be a good fit within the ethos and atmosphere of the company. It is not enough to merely select someone who is talented and articulate. The prospective employees must also have a feel for how the company functions and is evolving into the 21st century and be able to work within the existing structures of work teams, share information with one another, and believe in the vision of the business. This increases the likelihood that as followers they will not subvert the process and, once again, it is important to remember that even people hired as managers from the outset will have to behave as followers from time to time.

But although some traits may be innate, this does not mean that important leadership qualities such as sensitivity and the ability to communicate well with others cannot be taught. That is why our organization has regular training and retraining for employees in such areas as diversity education and listening skills. There is also a mentorship program for individuals identified as having particular qualities of value to the organization in terms of their capabilities and background. All of these foster the qualities of openness and respect in all employees embodied in the LEADERS acronym (Pierce & Newstrom 2010: 135). And this commitment to selecting the right employees yet working to hone their interpersonal as well as technical skills is why the organization has succeeded and created an entity which is staffed with both great followers and great leaders.

Discussion response "The enthusiastic employee: How companies profit by giving"

"The enthusiastic employee" suggests that the majority of companies are populated with what could be called 'the walking wounded' -- employees who came to the company with enthusiasm but who have since lost their fire due to organizational complacency and a lack of mission.… [read more]

Promoting Leadership Professional Development Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,172 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


An important part of being an effective leader, though, is knowing when to delegate responsibilities and allow others to find their own solutions. In this regard, Adamek notes that this leadership element means "giving power to others" because "secure leaders find good people to work with, build them up, and give them resources, information, and responsibility" (p. 122).

Process. In the penultimate element reviewed by Adamek (2007), the point is made that Maxwell conceptualized leadership as being a four-phase process that, like influence, takes times and hard work. According to Adamek, "Leaders are learners who build on the knowledge they learn from one day to the next and apply that new level of knowledge to the issues at hand" (2007, p. 123). Over time, in an incremental fashion, leaders acquire the skill set they need to be more effective (Adamek, 2007).

Inner circle. The final element of leadership propounded by Maxwell (1998) examined by Adamek (2007) concerns the so-called "inner circle" that is comprised of the key actors that can get things done. According to Adamek, "A leader's potential and impact relies heavily on those who are working closely with him or her. Every organization has an inner circle. This is the group that works closely with the leader to identify goals, implement strategies, and be the fiduciary agents of the organization" (p. 123). To facilitate leadership development Maxwell (1998) recommends selecting membership in the inner circle from a cadre of self-motivated individuals who are capable of raising up all of the company's employees rather than a select few (Adamek, 2007).

Summary of Journal Article No. 2: Roof, J. & Presswood, K. (2004, Spring). Is it leadership or management? College and University, 79(4), 3-9.

In an earlier work, Developing the Leader Within You, Maxwell (1993) describes five levels of leadership that illustrate different types of leadership roles and the growth that takes place along the way. The following is a summary of the leadership stages propounded by Maxwell (1993):

1. Position - a leader by title and people follow because they have to;

2. Permission - people follow because they want to;

3. Production - people follow because of what you have done for the organization;

4. People Development-people follow because of what you have done for them; and,

5. Personhood - people follow because of who you are and what you represent (cited in Roof & Presswood, 2004, p. 4).

Clearly, anyone can be a position leader but only a few manage to achieve true personhood. In this regard, Roof and Presswood emphasize that, "Personhood is the level we should all strive to achieve. This is reserved for leaders who have spent years growing people and organizations. Examples of personhood leaders could be Martin Luther King, Jr. Or John F. Kennedy" (p. 4).

Reflection and Conclusion

The leadership elements conceptualized by Maxwell (1998) and described by Adamek (2007) as well as Maxwell's (1995) leadership stages reported by Roof and Presswood (2004) made it clear that anyone can be a… [read more]

Coaching and Mentoring Are Fundamental Research Paper

Research Paper  |  2 pages (678 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Researchers demonstrate that learning contracts endow the nurse the chance to study aspects they desire to pursue, which they find interesting. Such an activity is also a medium of resolving any doubt pertaining to the nursing profession. This activity can only be accomplished if the nurse and the coach collaborate to achieve the intended objectives. This collaboration would motivate and reinforce the achievement of objectives while enabling the nurse to develop (Grossman, 2013).

Coaching strategy

This strategy will be adapted and adopted to accomplish the above coaching activity. My role as a nurse emphasizes on the strategy of advancing practice and interpersonal communication. The ultimate goal of this strategy is to have physicians and nurses working collectively as teams to offer comprehensive care. Working collaboratively demands more above knowledge concerning teamwork and teams; it demands preparedness for any inter-professional team to be developed and sustained. Coaches and mentors facilitate team development by providing a forum for continuous action and reflection. As a nurse, I recognize the value of cooperating with my co-workers. I can assume a leadership role to mobilize interpersonal teams and ensure we achieve the set objectives (Hamric, Spross & Hanson, 2009).

Mentoring activity

The most widely known mentoring activity in acclimating nursing roles is the dyad. This refers to the association between two people. The model activity acknowledges that nurses would benefit from a team of mentors (Hamric, Spross & Hanson, 2009). As I advance in my nursing career, it will be necessary to engage in triad activities encompassing the organization, the mentor, and myself. Such a structured group model fosters an environment that would help me in acclimatizing to my graduate role. This is achieved when the mentors influence my capacity to create large networks through their support.


Grossman, S. (2013). Mentoring in nursing: A dynamic and collaborative process. New York, NY: Springer Pub. Co.

Hamric, A.B., Spross, J.A., & Hanson, C.M. (2009). Advanced practice nursing: an integrative approach…… [read more]

Nursing Leadership One of the More Challenging Essay

Essay  |  8 pages (3,316 words)
Bibliography Sources: 15


¶ … Nursing Leadership

One of the more challenging aspects of healthcare in general and nursing in particular is the inevitability of change and the need for using evidence-based practices to promote optimal clinical outcomes. For this purpose, effective nursing leadership is required in order to ensure that organizational goals are met while ensuring that clinicians and patients alike receive… [read more]

Application of Ethics in Organizational Leadership Research Paper

Research Paper  |  8 pages (2,695 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


¶ … Ethics in Organizational Leadership

The dominant view of leadership has in the past been that leaders should mainly concern themselves with the enhancement of production and profit growth. This view is however slowly diminishing. In its place, a new viewpoint that encourages leaders to embrace ethical and moral conduct is taking shape. This text largely concerns itself with… [read more]

Effective Ethical Moral and Legal Leadership Research Paper

Research Paper  |  2 pages (675 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


¶ … Ethical, Moral, and Legal Leadership

Debates whether leaders are made or born have continued to evoke striking opinions for a long time. Some people believe leaders are born, meaning that they are naturally strategic, intelligent, charismatic, and visionary. On the contrary, others are of the differing opinion that leaders are made through education, training, experience, and mentoring. Some people argue that leaders are both made and born. They are naturally extroverted and intelligent but enhanced with training, education, experience and mentoring (Avolio & Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2010).

A study focusing on global top leaders established that fifty-five percent think leaders are made on the belief that leadership is above mere genetics. A twenty percent minority believes that leaders are born. The remaining twenty percent believe that leaders are made out of a combination of these factors (Kets & Engellau, 2008). They argue that leaders have intrinsic leadership qualities but have worked hard through education and experience to maximize their leadership success. Various studies have found that leaders own a mixture of both made and born qualities. However, most study findings are biased towards leaders being made. Leaders might be born with a helping quality with intrinsic leadership skills including charisma, ambition, and drive. This is not enough for a good leader. Hard work is crucial for a leader to develop his/her level of knowledge, competence, and experience. A person cannot afford to be complacent or stand still. Leaders must cautiously learn and develop. The current business world is extremely competitive, and leaders must identify skills to ensure they stay on top (Fox & Marine Corps Association, 2011).

It is important for leaders to recognize how to draw elements that will make the biggest impact. Personality can be drawn from experience. It shapes how a person leads a team or business. Leading a big company, with a strong people-oriented culture and programs that aim at developing and growing leaders affect leadership styles. Ultimately, it boils down to passion. Human beings tend to respond to passion. Regardless…… [read more]

Nursing Leadership Styles Analysis Research Paper

Research Paper  |  2 pages (601 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Nursing Leadership Styles

Analysis of Leadership Styles:

Assessment of RN Unit Manager Performance

The RN Unit Manager of the department I'm a member of blends autocratic and democratic styles, seeking to clearly define roles and tasks while also frequently working to get the entire department to take ownership of tasks. In evaluating her performance over the last few weeks, there have been more incidences of democratic leadership.

Analysis and Assessment of RN Unit Manager Performance

Empirical studies of nursing managers who see themselves as democratic leaders indicate that they are most influenced by their colleagues (82.4%), family (70.3%) and the opportunity to be a mentor to others (89%) (Sanders, Davidson, Price, 1996). This is the case with the RN Unit Manager who leads our team, as there is more of a focus on collaboration and open communication within and between department members, and she also makes a point of including other departments in meetings and information sharing sessions as well. She is also more focused on setting challenging goals and objectives, often rewarding those of our department who attain them with recognition and even financial rewards for exceptional performance.

In terms of leadership style, she is much more collaborative than the other RN Unit Managers in that she actively asks for insights and opinions from RNs who are most involved in a new procedure or process. Participative management styles are pervasive in nursing managers who have democratic leadership styles, as they tend to view influence as being more egalitarian in nature, not as hierarchical as authoritarian managers do (Lung, Braithwaite, 1992). This approach to leadership gives her the flexibility of providing recommendations and suggestions and gaining greater credibility over time. I have noticed however that subordinates take advantage of this approach to managing at times, ignoring suggestions for improvement.

Which…… [read more]

Path-Goal Leadership Theory Research Paper

Research Paper  |  2 pages (697 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


I like to encourage and coach my subordinates to improve themselves, set higher goals, and I believe that showing concern and caring for my subordinates ultimately fosters a better organizational environment. However, because I am not a directive leader who penalizes deviations from the norm, David might be tempted to take advantage of my leadership style. Given that David wishes to please his superiors, I would stress to David how his sloppy approach to information and to timeliness affects his overall performance and cannot be ignored. I would set specific targets regarding his work habits and results from customer satisfaction surveys. I would also try to mentor him, noting how by setting a good example in terms of taking on unpleasant tasks or treating lower-level employees with respect, he would improve his image in the eyes of all employees. I would also suggest a program of action for David that included some form of leadership and interpersonal training to improve his relational style with others as well as his organizational skills and work habits.



1. Enroll David in a training course to improve overall work habits and interpersonal leadership style

2. Set specific goals with David regarding improved timeliness

3. Discuss ways to improve customer satisfaction; suggest ways to ask for help rather than to refuse to admit a lack of knowledge: set goals regarding improved customer satisfaction

4. Devise improved interpersonal strategies with subordinates through role-playing; set goals regarding feedback evaluations from subordinates

5. Monitor the completion of tasks from beginning to end

6. Improve David's performance ratings as a leader on a holistic fashion; have David behave as an employee in as exemplary a manner as he requires of his…… [read more]

Leadership Research Models Research Paper

Research Paper  |  5 pages (1,855 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Forbes.] [7: Hansell, S. (2006, September). Yahoo Woos a Social Networking Site. The New York Times.] [8: Williams, A. (2012, Nov). Saying No to College. The New York Times. ]

Table 1- Leadership Table

Goffee & Jones Model

Individual Leader Characteristic

Drucker Model

Key Characteristics of Leadership

1- Revealing Weakness

2- Becoming Sensor

3- Tough Empathy

4- Being Different

Brought Sheryl Sandberg as COO to fill management experience gap


Writing Codes for Facebook and expanding the company

Diverse Team development

Facebook Home: A new application

Dropped out as Junior from Harvard and set up Facebook

1- Asks what needs to be done

2- What is right for the enterprise

3- Converting knowledge into action plans

4- Owning responsibility

5- Communication responsibility

6- Opportunities not problems

7- Productive meetings

8- We not I

IV- Conclusion

Business leaders do not fit into one or another leadership model exclusively. However, a careful analysis indicates that some of the key characteristics described in two aforementioned models are present in each successful business leader. Mark Zuckerberg as a business leader was assessed in perspective of his leadership qualities by investigating the leadership style of Mr. Zuckerberg. It was revealed that Zuckerberg admits his weaknesses and pays close attention to market trends. This has enabled him to gather an empowered and diverse team in Facebook Company. As an effective executive, Zuckerberg practically develops action plans based on his knowledge. His emphasis has been on 'We' as a team and company rather than personal development only. Zuckerberg refused bid offers and instead stick to expanding the company.


Brio, M.M. (2013). Think like Zuck: How Leadership diversity Sparks Innovation. Forbes Magazine. Retrieved from: [http://www.forbes.com/sites/meghanbiro/2013/01/27/think-like-zuck-how-leadership-diversity-sparks-innovation/]

Forbes. (2013). The World's Billionaires: Mark Zuckerberg. Forbes Magazine. Retrieved from: [http://www.forbes.com/profile/mark-zuckerberg/]

Drucker, P.F. (2004). What makes an effective executive? Harvard Business Review, 58-63.

Goffee, R., & Jones, G. (2001). Why Should Anyone Be Led by You? IEEE Engineering Management Review, 29(1), 94-100.

Hansell, S. (2006, September). Yahoo Woos a Social Networking Site. The New York Times. Retrieved from: [http://www.nytimes.com/2006/09/22/technology/22facebook.html?ref=markezuckerberg&_r=0]

Williams, A. (2012, Nov). Saying No to College. The New York Times. Retrieved…… [read more]

Leadership Style and Decision-Making Discussion and Results Chapter

Discussion and Results Chapter  |  6 pages (2,975 words)
Bibliography Sources: 6


Leadership Style and Decision-Making Style

Leadership and Decision Making Style

Leadership matters whether a person works in police department, or academia or in an optometry clinic like me. As a clinic Manager working at a tri service optometry clinic, I need to interact with different people and client. Ensuring eye health and offering treatments is the job we do in… [read more]

Leadership Actions Chapter Writing

Chapter Writing  |  3 pages (986 words)
Bibliography Sources: 6


¶ … leadership actions that might address the issue described in Part a and also refer to Part B below (These should be referenced and informed by relevant literature and research).

Part a stresses the importance of student achievement and emphasizes the relationship between student outcomes and the quality of the teaching they receive. Part a offers a form of self-appraisal as a means for improving the teaching quality and keeping teachers consistently geared towards a high level of educational excellence. As Part a describes, teachers have to reflect on their current level of success and effectiveness in a frank and honest manner, comparing those attributes to a rubric; it is via this reflection and comparison that teachers are able to pinpoint and assert professional learning goals which they can work hard at achieving in the coming year. Thus, there's a strong element of on-going reflection which keeps the teaching performance flexible and dynamic as opposed to static.

However, as Part a points out, schools do change in a collective fashion; however, this collective fashion needs to be orchestrated via leadership. In order for the proposal described in Part a to work in any capacity, strong leadership is essential. In fact, one could argue that this might be an instance where transformational leadership is relevant. "Applied transformation leadership encompasses the act of empowering individuals to fulfill their contractual obligations, meet the needs of the organization, and go beyond the 'call of duty' for the betterment of the institution (Santamaria & Naverez, 2010). These leaders inspire, motivate and appeal to followers through an array of skills and behaviors" (Santamaria, 2010).

Thus, according to these ideas, transformational leadership within the school setting needs to help inspire and transform these teachers before, during and after their self-appraisal. Or as Earl and Katz assert, such leaders need to be able to help develop the conditions for teachers to participate in such inquiry both individually and collaboratively, that is constant in their own work (2010). Together, these ideas indicate that the transformational leadership needs to be specific and it needs to empower these teachers to engage in the act of self-appraisal and goal setting in the loftiest and motivating way. In fact, as other scholars have indicated, the leadership in place to help enable these changes can be more of a distributed type or variety, so that it's not so reliant on the actions of a single individual (Gronn, 2008). In order for real and consistent change to take place, the leadership might need to be on various layers and levels so that the teachers are constantly being enabled for improvement and are constantly enabling one another.

On the other hand, there is a valid argument as to the value of individual leadership in certain aspects of improving student outcomes. Scholars have written about the adeptness in principal-parent dialogues as an important component of student achievement and of educational leadership (Robinson & Le Fevre, 2010). Furthermore, one could…… [read more]

Organizational Motivation and Leadership Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,471 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


They would likewise like, if provided the choice, to leave the companies where they are working. Such mindsets and habits are not unusual. They have a direct link to the problem of motivation at work (Bartol et al., 2001).

Managers should make use of advanced understanding of individual motivations to affect human habits in the right instructions. Managers are constantly… [read more]

Graduation Class of Advance Leadership Course Alc 25b Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (511 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1



Leadership Graduation Speech

Greetings and salutations to all the distinguished guests, family members, and the Non-Commissioned Officers of Advanced Leaders Course Graduation Class in attendance.

I would like to begin by stating why leadership is so valuable on a very fundamental level. Leadership is necessary because of the nature of life. The problem with life is -- it's hard. There is not one person who has, at least once in life, hoped, wished, or desired to change life for the better. Where does positive change begin? It begins with our perspective, disposition, and outlook on life. Problems are solvable. It is feasible to reach our goals.

We cannot imagine or accept the best solutions to our problems if we lack the capacity for leadership and forward thinking. Effective leadership is more than a philosophy on life; with the capacity to lead well is the power to change ourselves and in turn, our lives. Skills in leadership can help us come up with that great idea that saves the day; leadership can help us get through a tough day or tough, long period of time. Disciple gained through leadership has the power to maintain physical health and develop the precise skills necessary to cope and adapt to life's numerous challenges. Leadership is a key ingredient of most people's definitions of success.

True leaders are more likely to make goals and reach them. True leaders are more likely to perceive opportunities for advancement and have the courage to seize those opportunities. True leaders will handle what…… [read more]

Leadership, Team Building, and Communication Research Paper

Research Paper  |  6 pages (2,326 words)
Bibliography Sources: 6


Non-supportive and offensive behavior of team members can also be a major source of conflict between work teams. Similarly, uneven job responsibilities and unhealthy competition between team members can give rise to interpersonal conflicts. If a team member feels that he is assigned greater job responsibilities than his team members without extra compensation, his satisfaction with the job decreases. He… [read more]

Global Leadership Final Presently Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,516 words)
Style: Harvard  |  Bibliography Sources: 5


In simpler terms, the way companies and firms were run twenty years ago is not similar to the organizational culture today. Leaders are the ones with the dreams who don't allow anyone or anything get in their way of achieving those dreams. Leaders are meant to be representative yet they have to be insistent. Therefore, a leader should be proactive and updated about the new cultures and the new ways of dealing with problems. Regardless of how successful a leader is, he should not be overconfident in his skills. He should be willing to learn and improve his work and only then he can expect others to improve as well.


Bartlett, C.A, and S.Ghoshal (1998) Managing Across Borders, Boston: Harvard Business School Press.

Bingham, C.B, Felin.T and Black.S.J. (2000). An interview with John Pepper: What it takes to be a global leader.287-292.

Bird, A., Mendenhall, M.E., Stevens, M.J., Oddou, G. (2010) Defining the content domain of intercultural competence for global leaders. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 25(8), 810-828.

Gregersen, H.B., Morrison, A., & Black, J.S. (1998).Developing leaders for the global frontier. Sloan Management Review, 40, 21 -- 32.

Hollenbeck, G.P. (2001) "A Serendipitous Sojourn through the Global Leadership Literature," in Advances in Global Leadership, vol. 2, ed. William Mobley and Morgan W. McCall, Jr., Stamford,…… [read more]

Smart Goal 1: Leadership Development Research Paper

Research Paper  |  2 pages (580 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


In regards to leadership development, these resources can be leveraged to obtain expert opinion regarding a skill or ability. In addition, these resources can also be used to help establish a network in which the mentee can rely upon for development in the future.

R: realistic- Is this goal something that is realistically obtainable in a professional practice?

The goal is very realistic in regards to professional practice. The task of bi-weekly meetings, monthly personal assessments, and bi-monthly seminars are all very helpful in regards to personal development. They are also easily measurable. If planned properly, they will not interfere with personal practice but would actually help the individuals practice through leadership development.

T: time bound - What specific dates or weeks will you accomplish each task of your project goal?

The goal to improve a particular leadership metric should be given a timeframe of between 3 to 6 months.

Smart Goal / Plan of Action

The individual nurse wills first development a strong relationship with a mentor within the facility. Through this relationship, periodic meetings, self-assessments and seminars will occur on a weekly and monthly basis. These meetings will focus on one particular leadership metric that both the mentor and mentee agree upon. This metric should be improved within 3 to 6 months. Attributes needed to achieve the goal are persistence, consistency, and passion for improvement. The meeting will take place in the hospital bi…… [read more]

Relationship Between Culture and Leadership Thesis

Thesis  |  4 pages (1,215 words)
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¶ … Culture and Leadership

Leadership and culture are two of the main facets that make the difference between many societies and nations in the world. There is a sharp comparison between the different cultures that have influenced on the general growth and development of humanity in the world. The essence of having a culture is rested upon the characteristics of the leader in control. In many societies, a comparison and close reasoning between the influence of the culture and the entire perception of the traditions in place exists. The essence of this paper is to reiterate on the relationship and difference between leadership and culture. Moreover, the paper seeks to establish the innate truths between the Japanese culture and the full leadership model in Bass era.

Culture is the basement of everything that happens in a society. There is a close relationship between what happens in every society or community with the nature of leadership. In most societies as depicted in Japan, the trends and characteristic of leadership are established from the cultural directive that was installed a long time ago. This means that culture is a common avenue that can be used to dictate on the nature and preference of leadership in the community. The characteristics of culture and the natural perceptions that are derived from it are directed at raising a strong and established leadership styles in the community and the country as a whole.

According to Bass (1985) and Bass Avolio's (1997), the entire conception of transformation and transaction of leadership trends in one of the features has been cited occasionally for its prerogative activities in fostering the existence and dominance of culture and other cultural perceptions in the society. Other several leadership theories have stated the difference and similarities existing between culture and leadership in the Japanese world. The essence of culture is perceived to be a building block in the general perception and establishment of leadership directives in Japan.

According to the theory called a Full Range Leadership Model, leadership is a facet that is related to the cultural structure in every society. The theory uses its measuring instrument to reflect that leadership is established from the exiting cultural perceptions. Change of culture is transformed through a process of the possible approaches of leadership. Culture is one of the strongholds of establishing a strong leadership parameter in any society. In order to be at the forefront in managing the existence and strength of leadership in the society, it pays a lot to have a genuine and affordable parameter of managing leadership through the nature of culture in place. The essence of culture is bestowed on how every leader is to reach the changes and basic facets of building a society. Therefore, common ground of performance reflecting the general assembly and establishment of all facets of control in the society exists. The Japanese culture has transformed into the present modes of leadership.

According to the Full Range Leadership model, the cultural establishments are bound to… [read more]

Healthcare Leadership and Management Research Paper

Research Paper  |  4 pages (1,197 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


One way for a leader to accomplish this is to lead by example. Though this concept might represent a cliche, it has stood the test of time for a reason. If leaders don't lead by example, then the employees might perceive something of a double standard which can led to a situation in which then they will undoubtedly foster resentment from the team. A good manager should hold themselves to as high, or even better higher, standards than those they are responsible for.

The transformational leadership model has been identified to be potentially the best model for leadership; especially in regards to organizational change. The definition of transformational leadership was described as a type of leader could relate to the moral values of their followers. Such a connection can act to transform their personal goals into organizational goals; employees would then devote their energy and resources into transforming the organization (Judge & Bono, 2000). Such a leadership style is heavily dependent on effective communication. To become a transformational leader, five suggestions that aim to help managers foster their own transformative style has been identified (Straker, 2011):

1. Developing the vision

2. Selling the vision

3. Finding the way forwards

4. Leading the change

Core Performance Measures and Critical Pathways

The facility in which I work does track Core Measures for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), congestive heart failure (CHF), or myocardial infarction (MI) however the metrics from this tracking doesn't seem to be a priority unless something goes wrong. I do not believe that the organization tracks critical pathways for analysis however. First developed in the 1980s as a tool to reduce length of stay, critical pathways also provide a useful tool for monitoring quality of care. Once the cost of a pathway is known, analyzing the cost-effectiveness of the pathway as well as the associated cost variances is possible (Marquis & Huston, 2011). By using clinical and cost variance data, decisions on changing the pathway can be made with both clinical and financial outcome projections. The advantage of critical pathways is that allow for some measure of standardizing processes so that the health care delivery can be more streamlined.

The upcoming changes in the healthcare system through healthcare reform are likely not going to involve nurse's opinion in the design. The perception about the reforms state that nurses will have the least influence on the design; lower than patients, doctors, healthcare executives, pharmaceutical executives, insurance executives, and the government. However, this is regrettable because in the same poll nurses were among the most trusted group within the healthcare industry. Although they polled slightly below doctors, nurses were more trusted than any of the other groups included in the survey. In fact, nurses were better trusted than the internet, newspapers, magazines, television, and even books. An overwhelming majority of opinions feel that removing barriers that centers around increasing the voice of nurses, expectations and accountability, improving perceptions of nursing among others, and improving the selection and training of nurses.

Works Cited

Judge,… [read more]

Servant Leadership Theories Research Paper

Research Paper  |  5 pages (1,494 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


Servant Leadership Theory

There are several leadership theories that address this issue from different points-of-view. There are theories that refer to leadership skills as innate. In accordance with such theories, leaders are born, not made. These theories of leadership usually refer to the military activities. Trait theories on leadership also promote the idea that leaders have inherited skills, and that… [read more]

Emotional Intelligence and Leadership Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,637 words)
Bibliography Sources: 7


Emotional Intelligence and Leadership

In the recent past, the issue of emotional intelligence has gained significant prominence in leadership circles. This is more so the case after Daniel Goleman authored a book, Emotional Intelligence, which extensively explored the topic and its relevance to leadership. What is emotional intelligence and why is it so important? What are the key differences between… [read more]

Leadership in Organizations Organizational Leadership Thoughts Capstone Project

Capstone Project  |  40 pages (12,322 words)
Bibliography Sources: 25


Leadership in Organizations

Organizational Leadership

Thoughts on Leadership (Opening statement)

Management verses Leadership

What is management?



The overlap ion management and leadership

What do leaders do?

Comparing personal thoughts and leadership models

Leaders see what others do not Leaders seize opportunities surrounding them

Personal statements/concluding the chapter

Leadership Theories

The trait theory -- what people have chances to… [read more]

Leadership Effectiveness Leadership Qualities Research Paper

Research Paper  |  5 pages (1,506 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


The leader should have a positive and friendly attitude towards the employees and should invite them to ask questions and help them to make decisions. Leaders should be capable of maintain a good working environment. One should be open to criticism and should be able to face failure without blaming the workers or the employees.

By following Branson's leadership style at work one should include the approaches of directing, participating and delegating in one's leadership style.


Leadership effectiveness is the key element for the development of a good working team which can help to achieve the goals and objectives of a particular company. Without good leadership qualities it is not possible to maintain a strong team which eventually results in bringing downfall to the company. Branson's leadership style stands among the best leadership example which works as a guideline for those who want to achieve the best working teams and achieve high goals and objectives.


Benincasa, R. (2012, may 28). Six leadership styles and when you can use them.

Deal, B.A. (1991). Reframing Organizations.San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Duggan, T. (n.d.). The Three-Stage Model of Effective Leadership. Demand Media.

Slocum,…… [read more]

Management to Leadership Organization Seminar Paper

Seminar Paper  |  8 pages (2,213 words)
Bibliography Sources: 8


Management to Leadership Organization

Where do I want to be in 3 years?

In 3 years time I would like to see my goal for leadership materialized, my dreams caming true and my motivation still at the highest point to achieve even more. My aim is to achieve a position in an organizatin where positive impact of my leadership style… [read more]

How Does Leadership Emerge in a Group That Has No Common History? Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (954 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Emergence of leadership in a Group with no

Common History

Work groups are critical to a survival of an organization, and have been identified as the building blocks to enhancing organizational effectiveness. Groups are the broadest category of social aggregate involving in mutual interaction and mutual awareness. However, a leadership role must be filled within a group to solve a problem within a group. While a group is critical for organization, however, an effective matching leader is critical to deliver a problem-solving solution as well as mentoring, coach and serve the role of a facilitator to enhance effectiveness of a group. Leadership is the process of social influence where an individual uses his or her social influence to enlist the support of others to accomplish a common task. Leadership theory reveals traits, which include situational interaction, behavior, power, value, charisma, vision and intelligence. Leadership is an evolved traits target to assist a group to function effectively. In a setting where a group of people interact, a leader always emerges. Within the academic circle, a question remains unanswered: How a leader emerges within a group that has no common history?

Fundamental objective of this paper is to investigate how a leader emerges within a group.

How a leader Emerge Within a Group having no Common History

One of the fundamental methods that influence an emergence of leader in a group with no common history comes from the evaluation of individual ability as well as commitment assigned to group goals. An emergent leader from a group is an individual having a significant influence on other member of the group. However, an emergent leader does not have any formal authority compared to a formal leader. A leader could derive legitimacy through the group members' perception.

Task competence is an important factor that influences an emergent of a leader within a group. Typically, a group is formed to solve a problem, and a group member who has a competent to solve a problem is likely to emerge as a group leader. A task competence encompasses a set of characteristics that requires a group to achieve its desire goal. For example, an individual with higher mechanical ability is likely to emerge as a leader within a group performing mechanical tasks. Typically, task ability largely contributes to a leader's emergence.

Goal commitment is another factor leading to an emergent of a leader within a group. A group member who determines to accomplish a goal and unwillingness to lower or abandon that goal is likely to emerge as a leader. Thus, a group member needs to be sufficiently involved in the group tasks to be emerged as a leader. Thus, a leader must show a greater concern to a group goal than other member of the group.

Other antecedents are also identified which include seniority, personality traits, gender, verbal participation rate and approval from…… [read more]

Servant Leadership Essay

Essay  |  5 pages (1,733 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


In conclusion, there is no doubt that Jesus led by serving, according to Tidball; and because in modern times obtaining power can be "…insidiously corrupting," it is important for managers, pastors, and others seeking leadership positions and skills to be servants first. That goes for the business person, to the university student in leadership class, to the football player and the teacher in elementary school. Unless individuals understand service, and engage in serving the needs and wants of others first, their ascension to positions of leadership will not be based on the correct philosophical worldview. And without the maturity that results from sincere self-assessment, a person's world view may be just a narrow fraction of what it could be.

Works Cited

Center for Servant Leadership. (2010). What is Servant Leadership? Retrieved February 25,

2013, from https://www.greenleaf.org.

Greenleaf, Robert. (2010). Ten Principles of Servant Leadership. Butler University. Retrieved February 25, 2013, from http://www.butler.edu.

Meixner, Cara. (2010). Reconciling Self, Servant Leadership, and Learning: The Journey to The East as Locus for Reflection and Transformation. Journal of Leadership Studies, 3(4),


Rozuel, Cecile, and Kakabadse, Nada. (2010). Ethics, spirituality and self: managerial…… [read more]

Failure in Leadership Essay

Essay  |  5 pages (1,507 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Failure in Leadership

An instructive case study of a failure in leadership and management capability

Barrack Obama on good leadership

Leadership is a lucrative field that demands a lot of simulation and hard work from the participating agents. In most cases, the society leaders have failed to expose possible approaches and management opinions that are directed at establishing the best… [read more]

Level Three Leadership an Effective Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (766 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


An effective leader sticks to central concepts in his logical analysis. He deals with similar concepts and avoids tautology at all cost. He is capable of presenting his conclusions based on analysis that had previously been conducted, and data. Moreover, he is capable of protecting himself against his own biases while doing logical analysis because he is resigned to finding the truth. An effective leader values the input of his contemporaries especially those respected in the realms of leadership (Clawson, 2012). By doing this, he seeks to know if his rationale is congruent with theirs. This gives them confidence with regard to whether his arguments would be listened to.

An effective manager works with people rather than through them to get results. He never abdicates his responsibility to his subordinates as he is responsible for achieving organizational objectives. He endeavors to make work to be a source of satisfaction to the personnel as opposed to being a source of punishment (Pigors & Myers, 1981). He appreciates that human beings are entitled to exercising their self-direction and self-control with regard to attaining the objectives that he is committed to. He recognizes that commitment to objectives is a function of the rewards or incentives given after achieving a specific goal. He is alive to the fact that rewards are given to satisfy ones ego and self-actualization needs. The manager encourages employee participation to encourage their growth and their ability to accept responsibility. An effective manager uses participation as a manipulative tool or a gimmick. He recommends promotions, pay increase, and transfers for his employees. Besides, he keeps his subordinates abreast with what happens in the company (Pigors & Myers, 1981). He constantly carries out job appraisals so that his subordinates become aware of how they are doing. He is open to hearing complaints and grievances of his employees. An effective manager is very aware that freedom is integral when it comes to productivity contrary to a popular belief that supervisors should always breathe down the necks of the employees. An effective manager offers incentives to his employees.

References List

Clawson, J.G. (2012). Level Three Leadership: Getting Below the Surface. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Pigors, P. & Myers, C.A. (1981). Personnel Administration: A point-of-view and a…… [read more]

Lincoln and Leadership Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,377 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


Leadership includes the need to possess drive, integrity, motivation, self-confidence, knowledge of the business; and haste to respond to and recognize the needs of others. Leadership, therefore, necessitates effective communication. A good leader has to be able to communicate and be with as well as attempt to understand his employees from their perspective (Hunt, 1991). He has to be humble recognizing that he exists for his followers rather than the reverse. He is able to deal with change and flexible and able to lead his subordinates through change too. Also important is that the effective leader leads per example. Leadership requires keeping employees enthused about their work, motivates them. Leadership possesses the following characteristics: Empowerment; Risk-taking; Participation; and Development. A leader also has to be constantly learning, reflective and calm (Hunt, 1991). And Different times call for different forms of leadership.

Times of change for nation or for organization call for an active leader -- not merely someone who is transactional. It calls for someone to step in, to take the reins, to influence his followers, to provide new and heady direction and spur his followers in a new direction.

Lincoln was a leader in that he reached out for what people wanted, focused on what they wanted and needed, and set about supplying that. He looked far into the future and predicated its patterns. In that he was visionary. He was charismatic in that he knew what he wanted and achieved it regardless of others negation and criticism. He imported his belief in his nation and persona to his followers. In that way, he was transformational. He had an utter confidence in himself and in his company.

Lincoln, too, knew what had to be done. An inside person may have feared to take these steps due to incurring unpopularity, but Lincoln assessed the situation and set out to free the slaves.

During periods of unrest and change, the country needs someone active who is willing to take the responsibility on himself and has the courage and fortitude to lead. The thing is Lincoln has all of these. 'Regular' leadership may be the transactional style. This is detrimental in times of change where you need someone to take risky stance particularly since you are dealing with risk. This is what Lincoln did.

So, yes part of his successes can be attributed to the fact that he was an outsider and could see out of the box. Part two of his success was that he was bale and willing to take this risk and directive stance in a time that needed it. He was a transformational leader.

Shumpeter (2012) discusses Mukunda's book on leaders who are outsiders and insiders and states that Mukunda divides leaders into two types, "filtered" and "unfiltered." Insiders are those who are filtered. They have been tested, have gone through the 'ropes', have climbed up the management leader in the conventional way before they struck it to the top. Unfiltered outsiders are enigmas. They include people like… [read more]

Unethical Leadership Research Paper

Research Paper  |  10 pages (2,942 words)
Bibliography Sources: 10


For that reason, values and ethics are the significant factors in dealing these employees evolution.

In short, leaders who connect with, allow, or encourage unethical acts within their organizations do not put ethical leadership on show. In its place, those who control and implant unethical behavior of their supporters exhibit unethical leadership. To cut a long story short, unethical leadership… [read more]

Trait Leadership Definitions / Descriptions Essay

Essay  |  7 pages (2,386 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3



On page 4 of his Mother Jones article Dowie points out that of all of Iacocca's objectives (price, fuel consumption, performance, comfort, appearance… et al.); safety was not one of them. "Safety doesn't sell," Iacocca was heard saying in many contexts, according to Dowie.

From this description of Iacocca's intensity and drive, one can certainly say that he had… [read more]

Leadership, Team Building &amp Communication Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (1,951 words)
Bibliography Sources: 6


As one project engineer said, time to an engineer is in analog and for a manufacturing engineer, it is digital.

These stark differences in the perception of time make communication challenges even more challenging. The role of a transformational leader in a team is to alleviate the differences in how one team vs. another processes information and perceives their role (Streiner, Deibler, Besterfield-Sacre, Shuman, 2010). These are the catalysts that cause the barriers in communication across Cisco.

The two recommendations for managing these communication barriers include first having a team rotation schedule created where each member of the manufacturing team spends time in engineering, up to a week, understanding how their processes work. The same holds true for the design engineers in manufacturing. Next, both groups of team revolve in and out of customer visits, so the triad of design engineering, manufacturing and customer insight are gained. Using this triad approach members of the cross-functional teams will have a much broader perspective of how their contribution impacts the company. They will also see first-hand how the differences in perception of time are created and maintained.

The second recommendation is to have each cross-functional team member hold information sessions for his entire department on the project. This not only elevates the need for the cross-functional team member to thoroughly understand the entire project, it also positions them as the critical point of contract within their departs for a specific product lien development. By doing this, communication will be improved; in addition to giving them the opportunity to attain a higher levels of autonomy, mastery and purpose in their role. These three factors of autonomy, mastery and purpose are critical for long-term motivation to learn and excel at a job.


Buffinton, K.W., Jablokow, K.W., & Martin, K.A. (2002). Project team dynamics and cognitive style. Engineering Management Journal, 14(3), 25-33.

Chadwick, C. (1996). Team talk: The power of language in team dynamics. International Journal of Conflict Management, 7(4), 380-382.

Fitzgerald, S., & Schutte, N.S. (2010). Increasing transformational leadership through enhancing self-efficacy. The Journal of Management Development,

French, J.R.P., & Raven, B.H. (1959) The bases of social power. In D. Cartwright (Ed.), Studies in social power (pp. 150-167). Ann Arbor: University of Michigan.

Judge, T.A., & Joyce, E.B. (2000). Five-factor model of personality and transformational leadership. Journal of Applied Psychology, 85(5), 751-765.

Maslanka, A.M. (2004). Evolution of leadership theories. Grand Valley State University). ProQuest Dissertations and Theses,, 51

Purvanova, R.K., & Bono, J.E. (2009). Transformational leadership in context: Face-to-face and virtual teams. Leadership Quarterly, 20(3), 343.

Streiner, S., Deibler, C., Besterfield-Sacre, M., &…… [read more]

Leadership of David Petraeus Research Paper

Research Paper  |  4 pages (1,311 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


10) Stay fit to fight. Your body is your ulti-mate weapons system. Physical fitness for your body is essential for mental fitness. 11) The only thing better than a little com-petition is a lot of competition. Set chal-lenges for your subordinates to encourage them to excel. 12) Everyone on the team is mission criti-cal. Instill in your team members a sense of great self-worth, that each, at any given time, can be the most important on the battlefield.

From this one may reasonably conclude that Petraeus' leadership style is by and large transformational. Transformational leadership involves creating positive change in the followers whereby they take care of each other's interests and act in the interests of the group as a whole. Essentially the leader's task is consciousness-raising on a wide plane. The leader's fundamental act is to induce people to be aware or conscious of what they feel and to feel their true needs so strongly, to define their values so meaningfully, that they can be moved to purposeful action. In this leadership style, the leader enhances the motivation, moral and performance of his follower group. Transformational leadership is all about values and meaning, and a purpose that transcends short-term goals and focuses on higher order needs (Warrilow, NDI).

Michael Gerson (2012) noted that Petraeus was "supremely informed and often breathtakingly candid, an attribute that involves risks but establishes credibility." However, Petraeus' recent public downfall, brought on by his extramarital affair reveals a flaw in his character. Infidelity involves personal betrayal. Innocent people, spouses and children, suffer unfairly. Nonetheless, the manner in which Petraeus faced this public humiliation is to be admired, he admitted to showing "extremely poor judgment," and told the employees at the CIA, "Such behavior is unacceptable, both as a husband and as the leader of an organization such as ours" (Gerson, 2012). After a career dedicated to high standards, Petraeus chose to apply those standards to himself.


Many of the qualities and attributes demonstrated by Petraeus are applicable to police organizations. His leadership style is designed to create more leaders, not followers. His rules for life are grounded in creating a professionally run efficient force. The integrity he has thus far demonstrated in the face of this current scandal is to be admired, even if his actions are not. Unlike so many public figures whose shortcomings have been publically exposed in the past, Petraeus has not shirked nor made excuses for his responsibility in the matter.

Leadership in any organization is difficult. It has been said that leaders have a nameplate on their chest that says "expert" and a giant target on their back. A leader's behavior is held to higher standards; this is how it should be. Petraeus' fifth rule of living "We all will make mistakes. The key is to recognize them and admit them, to learn from them, and to take off the rear? view mirrors, drive on and avoid making them again" is most applicable in this case. Organizational leadership is… [read more]

Leadership Training for Youth Annotated Annotated Bibliography

Annotated Bibliography  |  3 pages (1,066 words)
Bibliography Sources: 12


The study findings indicate that the context best suited to the development of initiative is structured voluntary activities, such as sports, arts, and participation in organizations. These context create opportunity for youths to experience the rare combination of intrinsic motivation and deep attention. Adolescents participating in effective organizations were found to acquire a new operating language that appears to correspond to the development of initiative. (PsycINFO Database Record

Larson, R., Hansen, D., and Moneta, G. (2006). Differing profiles of developmental experiences across types of organized youth activities. Developmental Psychology, 42, 849-863.

The authors studied the different types of experiences that youth encounter according to their participation in community-based and extracurricular activities. A representative sample of 2,280 11th graders took a computerized survey about their organized youth activities. Sports and arts programs were reported to develop initiative, but sports were also considered high stress. Service activities were associated with teamwork, positive relationships, and social capital. Positive experiences were reported as more significant in youth programs than in school classes.

Lee, B.C., Westaby, J.D., and Berg, R.D. (2004). Impact of a national rural youth health and safety initiative: Results from a randomized controlled trial. American Journal of Public Health, 94 (10), 1743-1749. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.94.10.1743

The authors carried out an evaluation of a rural youth health and safety initiative implemented by the 4000 National FFA in the United States. Data was collected at 3 intervals and with a 3-group, cluster-randomized, controlled trial design. Of the 3081 students and 81 advisors, no significant effect of the initiative on agricultural health and safety knowledge, safety attitudes, leadership, self-concept, and self-reported injuries of project participants. According to data from 30 public health nurses following the intervention confirmed that no sustainable community partnerships were developed.

Mavroveli, S., Petrides, K.V., Rieffe, C, and Bakker, F. (2007). Trait emotional intelligence, psychological well-being and peer-rated social competence in adolescence. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 25, 263-275.

The authors studied the relationship between trait EI and four socioemotional criteria in adolescents. EI was positively associated with adaptive coping styles and negatively associated with depressive thoughts. In boys, EI is negatively associated with maladaptive coping styles. More nominations were given to classmates with high EI for leadership qualities.

Wingenbach, G.J. And Kahler, A.A. (1997). Self-perceived youth leadership and life skills of Iowa FFA members. Journal of Agricultural Education, 38(3).

The authors surveyed 316 Iowa FFA members to determine the relationship between their participation in youth leadership activities and self-perceived leaderships skills and life skills. Scores on the Youth Leadership and Life Skill Development Scale (YLLSDS) showed the highest means for "getting along with others," "respect others," and "show a responsible attitude." The strongest relationship was between FFA leadership activities and YLLSDS scores.

Zeldin, S., Christens, B.D., and Powers, J. (). The psychology and practice of youth-adult partnership: Bridging generations for youth development and community change.

Through this descriptive study the authors sought to articulate youth-adult partnerships as a particular phenomenon characterized by authentic decision-making, natural mentors, reciprocity, and community connectedness, and to… [read more]

Educational Leadership Book Review

Book Review  |  2 pages (652 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


"True leadership is even more complex" in the education field (Williams-Boyd, 2002, p. 4). Teacher expertise (what teachers are able to accomplish) is the most dramatic aspect as far as student performance is concerned, Williams-Boyd explains; but teachers can't really be leaders unless "they have a voice in the direct work of the school" (28). That means that for teachers to be leaders in the truest sense of the word they must be in on the school's "…goal setting, personnel hiring, environmental decision-making, and instructional operation" -- this is referred to as "shared governance" and every alert and competent administrator understands the importance of shared governance in terms of teachers being able to fulfill their mission.

Williams-Boyd shares ideas as to how schools can assure that teachers fulfill their potential as leaders. Offering them the following roles enhances their leadership skills and helps the school in powerful ways; teachers could: a) be appointed to school improvement teams (SITs); b) chair the leadership council at the school; c) be placed on the district "textbook selection committed"; d) mentor new teachers; e) be faculty representatives on the PTA; f) staff developers (by taking graduate classes and attending workshops, teachers could better lead in professional development for all teachers); f) become conference speakers; g) be used as "curriculum specialists"; and h) "sit on local state, and national association boards" as policy participants to help establish policy for the teaching profession per se (Williams-Boyd, 29-30).

In conclusion, there are many ways that teachers can become effective leaders, including learning to de-fuse conflicts in the classroom and elsewhere, becoming actively involved in school-related decision-making issues and being appointed to important boards and organizations that influence what is taught in schools.

Works Cited

Tomlinson, Harry. (2004). Educational Leadership: Personal Growth for Professional

Development. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.

Williams-Boyd, Pat. (2002). Educational…… [read more]

Leadership Self -- Assessment Creative Writing

Creative Writing  |  5 pages (1,502 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


As well identified are the model of leadership theory that is most preferred by this writer and the model of leadership theory in nursing that is believed to be the most compatible and productive when used in combination with the transformative nursing leadership model chosen by the writer of this work. This brief study has revealed that the efficient leader that transforms through self-motivated and focused change is one that knows themselves and has a strong drive to go to any lengths to achieve their goals. Self-motivation is a pre-requisite to motivating others toward achievement of their goals and harmonization of personal and common organizational goals.


Hix, C.; McKeon, Leslie; and Walters, S. (2009) Clinical Nurse Leader Impact on Clinical

Leadership and Motivation (2012) MSG. Retrieved from: http://www.managementstudyguide.com/leadership-motivation.htm

Microsystems Outcomes JONA Volume 39, Number 2, pp 71-76 Copyright B. 2009 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Retrieved from: http://www.nursing.vanderbilt.edu/msn/pdf/cm_Hix.pdf

Saccomano, SJ (2008) Registered Nurse Leadership Style, Confidence Level, and Delegation Practices to Unlicensed Assistive Personnel: An Exploration of Confidence (. Retrieved from: http://domapp01.shu.edu/depts/uc/apps/libraryrepository.nsf/resourceid/013DD72A4B4A4F52852575770044D39D/$File/Saccomano-Scott-J_Doctorate.PDF-Open

Smith, JA (2011) Are you a transformational Leaders? Nursing Management Spat. 2011 Vol. 42 Is. 9.…… [read more]

Leadership Essay

Essay  |  6 pages (1,913 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 8


Organizational commitment can be attributed as employees' loyalty and faithfulness towards organization and his intensions to be the part of that organization. Organizational commitment has significant importance because committed workers have less intension to quit the job, less often absent and highly motivated to perform at advanced level (Packard, n.d.).


Leadership is frequently seen as an important variable affecting organizational performance. While the idea has been extensively studied, there is still much to be discovered regarding how leadership affects variables such as organizational culture, climate, and performance. Leadership is frequently seen as a key factor in coordinating and aligning organizational processes. As with any facet of organizational functioning, it should focus on organizational performance, and most important, effectiveness in achieving desired outcomes. Leadership is frequently seen as a key factor in coordinating and aligning organizational processes. As with any aspect of organizational functioning, it should focus on organizational performance, and most important, effectiveness in achieving desired outcomes. Leaders can impact program capacity through the use of evidence-based practice in program design and in this model; job satisfaction is seen as an intermediate outcome that can also affect an organization's effectiveness. To successfully lead professional staff, transactional leadership should be augmented by the use of transformational leadership, which includes idealized influence, inspirational motivation, intellectual stimulation, and individualized consideration (Packard, n.d.).


Banerji, P. & Krishnan, V.R. (2000). Ethical preferences of transformational leaders: an empirical investigation. Retreived from http://rkvenkat.org/priyanka.pdf

Grant, A.M. (2012). Leading with Meaning: Beneficiary Contact, Prosocial Impact, and the Performance Effects of Transformational Leadership. Academy Of Management

Journal, 55(2), 458-476.

Kotelnikov, V. (n.d.). Effective leadership. Retrieved from http://www.1000advices.com/guru/leadership.html

Marsiglia, A.J. (2005). The relationship between leadership and personality. Retrieved from http://lead-inspire.com/Papers-Articles/Leadership-



Packard, T. (n.d.). Leadership and performance in human services organizations. Retrieved from http://www.sagepub.com/upm-data/27204_7.pdf

Sadeghi, A., & Pihie, Z. (2012). Transformational Leadership and Its Predictive Effects on Leadership Effectiveness. International Journal Of Business & Social Science, 3(7),


van Aswegen, A.S., & Engelbrecht, A.S. (2009). The Relationaship between

Transformational Leadership, Integrity, and an ethical climate in organisations. South African Journal Of Human Resource Management, 7(1), 221-229.


Vasilaki, A. (2011). The Relationship Between Transformational Leadership and Postacquisition Performance. International Studies Of Management & Organization,

41(3), 42-58.… [read more]

Leadership Any Degree Book Review

Book Review  |  4 pages (1,225 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Keohane's reliance upon historical examples is particularly timely in this section, in which she denotes how previous presidents kept members from rival parties as part of their cabinets in order to fully embrace a balanced perspective which inevitably colored -- and aided -- their own leadership. This notion is underscored by the fact that the author believes that "thoughtful leaders will make sure those close to her point out drawbacks occasional without fear of losing their jobs" (Keohane, 2010).

In the face of such incisive findings regarding the relationship between leaders and followers, the chapter which the author dedicates to pondering the importance and the question of gender in leadership seems a little superfluous, and certainly seems to slow the narration down. Perhaps this occurrence is due to the fact that by virtue of Keohane's own accomplishments as a female leader, the question of gender in such a role no longer seems as important as it perhaps once did. Gender differences are a mere facet of life, and while there may be traditionalists who are not desirous of female leadership, such leadership is a reality today and does not appear to worthy of an entire chapter in this book -- especially since some of the other issues addressed in it are more trenchant. The author determines that "socialization and cultural expectations, rather than hormones and genes" (Keohane, 2010) are responsible for the difference in styles of leadership attributed to the sexes. Yet this revelation, or little of the other information in this chapter, does little to add a great deal to the primary theme of this work -- what and how to produce the most effective form of leadership, which can be done by either a man or a woman.

Of particular value in this manuscript is the portion that the author dedicates to discussing the role and challenges of leaders in democracies. Although there are different nuances in the place of both of these factors in a democracy vs. those of other forms of government, leaders still have a job to do in democracies what is oftentimes circumscribed by the very nature of such a political system. In this respect, Keohane's manuscript does well to demonstrate the very obstacles present in America's democratic form of government -- such as the rigid system of checks and balances and the dedicated amount of resources employed to limit authority and leadership including political partisanship -- that counteract effective leadership from a single individual. Keohane explains that the executive branch of government, then, while readily viewed as the head of the country, essentially has to wheedle its way to the implementation of policies -- which is simply part of what the other denotes is an intrinsic part of the conundrum of leadership in a democratic society.

Throughout Thinking About Leadership, Keohane maintains a refreshing perspective that allows her to add unique insight to time honored topics (with the lone exception being in her detailing of the issue of gender in leadership) and to… [read more]

Leadership: Three Theories, Three Centuries Leadership Theory Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (2,027 words)
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Leadership: Three Theories, Three Centuries

Leadership Theory Over Three Centuries

Many experts have attempted to derive overarching theories of leadership to describe the properties of a social construct that has changed over the last three hundred years, here separated by benchmarks of hundred-year periods corresponding to the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries. Three major examples of such analytical schema include… [read more]

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