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Comprehensive University Environment Thesis

… ¶ … University Environment Leadership Change

A comprehensive university environment demonstrates a unique environment for change and especially high order change such as the replacement of senior leadership, be it departmentally or university wide. Due to the fact that a… [read more]

New Leaders Research Proposal

… New Leaders

Leadership style determines the way a manager or leader interacts with others in an organization (Blanchard, 1999). This style doesn't need to be fixed or unchangeable; instead it can be flexible and modifiable to suit various situations. Most managers make a mistake in choosing the right leadership style when they feel that they need to stick with one style in all situations. Inadequate knowledge of leadership styles can also result in erroneous choices and similarly, a manager who doesn't understand his strengths and weaknesses can make the same mistake too. There is not one single reason why a manager would falter when choosing a leadership style. There can be host of issues affecting his choice and sometimes wrong choice for himself. A person who knows that he can do better by being amiable doesn't need to adopt the autocratic style and similarly a strong charismatic leader doesn't always need to be a servant leader in order to get the best out of people. Lack of proper leadership training can tend to create all these conflicts. In order to choose the right leadership style, it is thus important for managers to:

a. know their strengths and weaknesses

b. understand their employees

c. assess the situation properly

d. be open to flexibility in style

e. have adequate leadership training

Leadership training is essential for everyone in management position. If a person is to supervise or lead a team of workers, it is important that organization provides sufficient leadership training so that this person can choose the right style for himself and can become a more effective leader. In many organizations either such leadership training is unheard of or it is simply not effective. Normally organizations will invest in their future leaders by sending them to attend seminars and courses on the subject of leadership which helps them attain self-confidence as a leader, learn more effective ways of communicating and building a professional vision for themselves and their teams. However in organizations where this is not done properly, managers can find themselves in a fix. For example in this given case, Cheryl, Rob and Linda were promoted to leadership positions without any training in that area. They clearly lacked the skills to command a team and to communicate with members of their teams who were their peers only a day before. It is important to firms to understand that a great deal changes between employees when one of them is promoted to a senior position. Giving directives to peers is not an easy task and needs to be handled effectively. For this reason good leadership training must be imparted before a person is promoted to a major position and also while he…… [read more]

Workplace Conflict in the Educational Term Paper

… Again, management in the departments above and around this department did nothing about the changes, either, they allowed them to continue.

Perhaps the biggest item missing from the department after the changes was the lack of a feeling of being a team. Another author notes, "Research has also shown that cohesion is fostered by demonstrations of liking and respect among teammates, harmony among group members, lessened social anxiety and meaningful, shared social experiences (Michalisin, Karau & Tangpong, 2007). The importance of team building cannot be ignored in successful organizational leadership, and that team feeling disintegrated in this environment. A good leader is also a good team builder, even a coach or mentor at times, but that did not occur in this department, either.

In conclusion, the situation described here is a classic example of a lack of organizational leadership in an educational setting. It is a real life example of how not to manage and empower a staff. A good organizational leader could have saved much of the staff, rather than losing them, and a good organizational leader would have recognized there was a problem and worked to find a viable solution. The fact that the larger educational organization routinely created managers out of educators indicates the problem was widespread throughout the organization, and that organizational leadership was simply not a priority at this institution. Instead, the institution shows how not to manage effectively.


Adamchik, W. (2007). Organizational leadership: Three principles for higher effectiveness. Human Resource Planning, 30(2), 11.

Levinson, M.H. (2005). Using general semantics to enhance organizational leadership. ETC.: A Review of General Semantics, 62(3), 250+.

Michalisin, M.D., Karau, S.J., & Tangpong, C. (2007). Leadership's…… [read more]

Globe (Global Leadership and Organizational Behavior Effectiveness) Research Proposal

… ¶ … GLOBE (Global Leadership and Organizational Behavior Effectiveness) project has extended national cultural dimensions

According to its official website, the GLOBE Research Project was "a multi-phase, multi-method project in which investigators examined "the inter-relationships between societal culture, organizational culture, and organizational leadership" to promote understanding and tolerance in the business world ("Globe," Home Page, 2009). While cultural biases can limit the ability to study leadership cross-culturally, the GLOBE project used a wide range of researchers from many nations to create as broad a perspective as possible on concepts of leadership. Ultimately, GLOBE used 170 researchers from 62 nations over the course of its 11-year study to identify specific leadership attributes that are culturally endorsed within specific cultural contexts. Its methodology was to create culture dimension scales and subject the scales to a variety of statistical analyses "to determine whether people from organizations or societies agreed in terms of their rating of leadership attributes" ("Guidelines, 2006).

GLOBE identified certain attributes that seemed to be universally associated with effective or ineffective leadership (Grove 2005). These were consolidated into six key "culturally-endorsed leadership theory dimensions" (CLT)s: 22 universally effective leadership attributes such as being "trustworthy," a "motive arouser," and "excellence oriented" (Grove 2005). The GLOBE Project also discovered that 35 leadership attributes seemed to be "culturally contingent," or dependant upon cultural context (Grove 2005). This confirmed the overall hypothesis of GLOBE researchers "that possessing an implicit leadership theory is true of groups as well as of individuals. The researchers' main hypothesis was that each organizational or societal culture will be associated with a specific set of beliefs about leadership. Put another way, the researchers wanted to show that societal and organizational culture influences the kind of leadership found to be acceptable and effective by people within that culture" (Grove 2005). Leadership, in other words, was not an objectively determined attribute, as it is often…… [read more]

Principles of Transformative Leadership Thesis

… ¶ … Astin & Astin (2000) make in their chapter entitled "?"

Astin & Astin make as the central focus in their chapter entitled "Principles of Transformative Leadership" the exploration of those characteristics which mold a leader both on the individual level and when oriented according to team imperatives. Here, one of the key points is the argument that leadership is inherently an agency for meaningful change in an organization. As the text contends, "leadership is a purposive process which is inherently value based." (Astin & Astin; 8, 2000) This means that the effectiveness of a leader in bringing about change will be reflected in the degree to which an organization is then more suited to meeting its operational goals and functioning consistently with its company-wide mission.

b. What are the barriers that you see might stand in the way of becoming a truly transformational leader and how does one begin to surmount those barriers?

Barriers to effective transformational leadership can emerge from a multitude of sources. External barriers such industry or economy-wide crises, shortages of resources or other adverse market conditions can impede the achievement of goals. In this case, leadership must be prepared to adjust plans and alter procedures according to these impediments. Where internal resistance becomes clear, it is the…… [read more]

Utopian Communal Societies and Their Term Paper

… Another writer notes, "Fourier believed that the cause of conflict and suffering was the perversion of natural human goodness by faulty social organization. He advocated a solution of small planned communes, and he called then phalansteries" (Hayes, 2002). Because many of the members of Brook Farm were writers, they shared their experiences with Fourierism and Brook Farm, and the ideals spread to many other groups who formed utopian communities around the country. The Fourier model was extremely complex. Author Hayes continues, "There was a high degree of organizational complexity associated with the Fourier model. Matters were also complicated by a system of time keeping that had been introduced in deference to some people's belief that others were slacking" (Hayes, 2002). The community only thrived for a few years, and money problems, combined with a fire that burned down a building in progress, finally drove the group to disband. As with the other groups, finances were often a problem, especially in the beginning years of these communities.

Essentially, Brook Farm and the other utopian communities were experiments in socialism. Another author notes, "The most important 'legacy of nineteenth-century socialism ... lies less in communitarianism, however, than in ecological efforts to restrain the growth of production and population in order to assure the survival of the species'" (Fitting, 2001, p. 108). They all were couched in religious beliefs and spirituality of some sort, they all desired a life away from the city and based on the community, and they all wanted to be economically successful. These groups showed diverse methods of leadership and encouragement, and they illustrate the need for strong, coherent leaders who can grow with the organization. They also show that nineteenth century society was offensive to some who wanted more out of life, and that there will always be people who want to move away from the politics and mores of modern society to live and work in simpler, more rewarding activities.


Claeys, G. And Sargent, L.T. (1999). Utopian societies. New York: New York University Press.

Fitting, P. (2001). Utopia: The search for the ideal society in the western world. Utopian Studies, 12(1), 108.

Foster, L. (1991). Women, family, and utopia: Communal experiments of the Shakers, the Oneida Community, and the Mormons (1st ed.). Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University…… [read more]

Perfect Position Research Proposal

… DISC Leadership

Optimal Leadership Role as Determined by DISC Platinum Rule Assessment

Effective leadership and organizational management requires being able to work with various personality types, and this skill begins with understanding oneself. According to my results on the DISC Platinum Rule Assessment instrument, my predominant behavior style is Dominance and my classical profile pattern is Result-Oriented. Given the proper opportunities and position, combined with a conscious and careful self-restraint, these personality qualities can be utilized at several levels within a standard corporate organization. Dominance implies a desire to be in control, and this is not far off the mark, but the implications and advantages of this personality type -- as well as the pitfalls -- are of course more complex. Combining this with the extreme orientation towards results that is observable in my classical profile pattern provides a significant amount of insight as to the types of jobs and positions in a standard corporate organization that would be suitable for my leadership skills.

With estimates of just ten percent, Dominant or Decisive individuals are the smallest behavioral group in the DISC framework (Bosse-Smith 2005). Given the result-oriented nature of Dominant people in general, and as expressed in my personal profile pattern, a position in the elite ranks of upper management would not necessarily be preemptory (Bosse-Smith 2005). My skill set and personality could do well as a chief operations officer, directing other personnel and middle management with an eye towards the overall bottom line. This would utilize both my predominant behavior style of Dominance and my classical profile pattern of being Result-Oriented. It would also utilize the knowledge acquisition role performed by self-managers, which has been associated with dominant behaviors (Politis 2001).

John Geier, who was largely responsible for popularizing Marston's personality assessment via the DISC construct, notes…… [read more]

Servant Leadership Does Service-Learning Experience Help Students Research Proposal

… Servant Leadership

Does Service-Learning experience help students promote characters of Servant Leadership at Fu-Jen Catholic University and National Taiwan University?

Leadership can be found in many forms. Some leaders are self-serving, seeing everything in their possession as a tool to… [read more]

Leadership Essay

… Leadership

Leaders are often put into the position of having to make difficult decisions. At times, the leader must tackle difficult ethical issues. In the situation of the posthumous father, the leader at the hospital is being forced to make a decision for the same reason that many leaders must: there are no set policies for the issue and nobody else wants to make the decision because it is too difficult. Leadership is being the place where the buck stops.

When faced with a difficult ethical dilemma, the leader should be able to make a calm, rational assessment. In a situation such as this, the leader will inevitably upset somebody with his or her decision. Another component of leadership is being able to communicate the decision is a clear, decisive manner that diffuses any potential difficulty. Emotions in this situation are high on all sides, so the decision must be rendered in such a fashion that emotions are not raised any further.

In this instance, the policy may not have used death as an…… [read more]

Leadership William Faulkner's Lo! Shows an Interesting Essay

… Leadership

William Faulkner's Lo! shows an interesting perspective on leadership. The President in this story is supposed to be the leader, but seldom takes a true leadership position. He defers the problem to the Secretary, which causes consternation on the latter's part. Moreover, his response to the problem of the Indians is to wish them away. His desire to push the issue away so that he can deal with matters more to his taste is demonstrated by his views and actions, including exonerating a murderer and giving them title to all the land surrounding the ford.

The Chickasaw chief Weddell shows much stronger leadership. In response to the white people coming to his land and setting up shop at the ford, he determines to solve the problem. To do this from a position of weakness, he brings his entire clan to the President, in order to force the unwilling President to deal with the issue at hand. With calm, he leverages the President's lack of willingness to deal with the situation in order to get what…… [read more]

Leadership in the Secret Sharer by William Essay

… Leadership

In The Secret Sharer by William Faulkner, we encounter a young captain, unsure of his leadership credentials. He is new to the captain's position, and knows neither his own abilities nor those of his crew. He encounters an unusual situation with a stranger who has come aboard his boat. The story shows how leadership character can be shaky at first, but develops. His lack of knowledge and self-confidence has him keep the stranger in his cabin, unbeknownst to the crew. A more confident leader would not likely have been so surreptitious. However, he guides the ship close to shore, and to danger, in order that Leggatt escape.

While his lack of confidence has him acting in a sneaky manner, his actions are directly contrasted with the cowardice of Leggatt's previous captain. That individual is portrayed as afraid of his crew and therefore unable to do the right thing, at least from Leggatt's perspective. Leadership is about being in charge, and in the case of the young captain, he struggles to…… [read more]

Leadership and Teamwork Issues Mary Case Study

… However, by then, Kristine should have realized that the situation required a direct response on her part and she should not have allowed another team meeting (much less a team presentation to Mary) without first addressing the problem with Brent privately. Depending on Brent's response, Kristine might have wanted to involve Mary in those conversations.

Had Kristine addressed the situation sooner, Brent could never have purposely embarrassed her during the presentation. She made the situation worse with her remark to Jennifer, because it reinforced the impression to the team that she was not in control and may have created the impression (especially in front of Mary who was not privy to earlier team meetings) that Kristine was engaged in a petty personal conflict with Brent. Had Mary realized what was going on, she could have helped empower Kristine and re-establish her leadership authority by responding directly to Brent as follows:

"Brent, we appreciate your enthusiasm. On the other hand, you are part of a team of individuals and it is my understanding that your team appointed Kristine as your team leader. Your information may have value, but it is never appropriate to blindside your team leader and the rest of your team that way. You don't ever contradict your team's presentation or your team leader during a team presentation in front of the client like that. Proper protocol is to bring your information up during a team meeting or to Kristine first, no matter what. After your team and your team leader have decided, as a team, what to do with your information, only then do you bring that information up during a team presentation. Are we clear on that?"

Sources Consulted

Kemp, Francine D. "Saving Face" Industrial Engineer, 41(5), 39-43. (May/09). Retrieved June 22, 2009, ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1711521141).

Liu, Meina. "The Intrapersonal and Interpersonal Effects of Anger on Negotiation Strategies: A Cross-Cultural Investigation." Human Communication Research, 35(1), 148. Retrieved…… [read more]

Special Education Director Thesis

… Special Education Director

Leadership styles in K-12 have been studied using both quantitative and qualitative approaches. Compare and contrast the underlying assumptions, strengths and weakness, and practical considerations that would lead to a choice of one or the other method… [read more]

Abraham Lincoln as a Leader Thesis

… ¶ … Leadership in management [...] President Abraham Lincoln's leadership traits and what made him a great leader. President Abraham Lincoln, sixteenth president of the United States, was perhaps one of the greatest leaders in the nation's history. He embodied… [read more]

Leadership Is an Integral Research Proposal

… ¶ … Leadership is an integral part of the strategic management process. The author of this article seems to have a strong grasp of this fundamental point, despite some weaknesses in the article. The author is correct in contending that no matter where the leadership comes from -- natural or expertise -- the leader must be trained. They must represent the ethics and objectives of the organization. Organizations rely on leaders to help them guide and implement strategy. The leaders, therefore, must also be led themselves. Training is fundamental to this process. Leaders must receive direction on how to lead, and where to lead.

Leadership is not merely about strength or charisma. The most important thing to remember about leadership is that direction is critical. The discussion about ethical leadership hits upon some key points, but fails to take the example to its natural conclusion. Leaders in a company do a lot, but they do not do everything. Many ethical lapses come from lower-level employees, and they make these errors specifically because of poor leadership. High profile ethical lapses at the leadership level have guided the issue away from the fundamental truth -- leaders influence the ethics of the entire organization. Not only do they adhere to strong ethical principles in their own actions, but they must also impart their ethical standards on the rest of the organization.

The article hints at the nature of leadership within the organizational structure. Leaders at all levels must be in tune with the company's missions, yes, but it is not solely their responsibility to ensure this. Leadership in effective companies is not the collective action of many leaders acting independently, it is a company-wide structure. Each level of leaders must effectively lead the lower levels. The workgroup leader must take direction from another leader, a chain that goes to the top of the organization. This requires not only training, but also communication. True leadership is not only about making sound decisions, it is also about communicating goals, ethics, values and plans. The more effective and the more consistent the communication, the stronger the leadership will be at all levels of the organization.

2) Followership. Heather Smith's article on followership brings an interesting perspective to the issue of leadership. When the structure of a typical organization is considered, we can see that leaders must inherently be followers. The role of a leader is to communicate the strategies and objectives of the organization to those expected to execute those strategies and reach those objectives. However, in doing this, the leader is taking direction from above.

Thus, it is a fallacy that the roles of leader and follower are considered mutually exclusive. They are not. Indeed, one must do both in order to help the organization attain its goals. It is imperative that prospective leaders understand what their role within the organization…… [read more]

Educational Leadership Platform Essay

… Educational Leadership

Educational Platform

The effective and successful leadership in the educational setting is leadership marked indelibly by several primary factors. These factors summarily include that the leadership is of good character and someone who can motivate others and that is goal-oriented and meticulously organized. A good character is not optional because this is the very basis upon which the leadership role in education is able to motivate, lead, and forge the path of best practice in an ethical environment. Good character is a pre-requisite for trust and for respect and these are guarded possessions of the effective and successful leadership in the educational setting. When an individual is respected and vested with trust that individual is very easily able to motivate followers and collaborators because their opinion is valued and if not always understood backed up by those who place their trust in the hands of this type of leader. Organization in this role makes a requirement of functionality on several important levels the first of these is 'self' followed by organization of staff, other school workers, parents, students, other caregivers and family members, other interactional and collaborative organizations, agencies and institutions in invariably the world-at-large. Goal-orientation is another primary factor because without an orientation or focus upon the goals which are set as being the highest achievement then substitute goals and alternate agendas will rule over efforts, expenditures and initiatives in the educational setting. Leadership in education is quite similar to the Captain at the Wheel guiding forth toward the light on the shore that leads into the halls of learning in a solid and sound environment that is fertile for effective and innovative instruction and learning in the school classrooms. This is an…… [read more]

Leadership Administrative Practices Research Proposal

… Leadership (Administrative) Practices

The postmodern challenge to the theory and practice of educational administration> Taken at

There can be no claim to support a knowledge base for a profession without a bona fide theoretical framework to define and support… [read more]

Attributes of the Ideal Leader in Higher Education Thesis

… Attributes of the Ideal Leader in Higher Education

The impact of an organization's leadership on its performance is well documented, but when it comes to higher education, a number of things have changed in recent years that have challenged even… [read more]

Ahmed Zewail Research Proposal

… Ahmed Zewail

Dr. Ahmed Zewail currently serves as Director of the Physical Biology Center at the California Institute of Technology (CalTech). Prior to this he was Director of the NSF Laboratory for Molecular Sciences (LMS) at CalTech for ten years. In 1990 he became the Linus Pauling Chair Professor of Chemistry and Physics.

He is best known for his important contribution towards the field of femtochemistry. This involves the study of chemical reactions as they occur at extremely short timescales known as femtoseconds. Dr. Zewail pioneered the use of an ultrarapid laser technique that allows scientists to observe how quickly chemical reactions take place as well as why some reactions take place while others do not. For his scientific endeavors, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1999.

Dr. Zewail's accomplishments can be attributed to his good leadership and personal skills, which developed as he was growing up. In terms of his personal characteristics, Dr. Zewail had grown up always having a deep thirst for knowledge. In particular he had a great love for learning about math and science. He was always highly inquisitive about everything and enjoyed problem solving. Besides being a good student he also turned out to be a good teacher in science to college level students, as he discovered in Egypt when he became a teaching assistant in graduate school. While working towards his Masters and Ph.D requirements, he also showed himself to be an avid scientific researcher who was able to publish many important findings. It was during the time of completing his Ph.D that he was given the idea of finishing his studies in America.

His strong determination to complete his studies in America despite all the obstacles against it reveals another aspect of his personality. The various impediments he faced included not having any prior connections abroad, traveling to America just after the 1967 Arab-Israeli war through which its image in Egypt was most unfavorable, having to apply for scholarships at various American universities, and going through numerous bureaucratic and regulatory barriers just before traveling.

Once he arrived in America his ability to adapt quickly and easily into a foreign culture revealed another characteristic of his personality. This adaptation could be seen by the way Dr. Zewail learned to appreciate American culture, master its language, and take advantage of the opportunities it had to offer within a matter of time.

Once Dr. Zewail adjusted himself to working and studying…… [read more]

Using Leadership and Ethics Concept Research Paper

… ¶ … Emperor's Club: A Study in Leadership and Ethics

When viewing Michael Hoffman's the Emperor's Club, students of leadership and ethics are stunned with the implications of this film about high school students and their history teacher. During the… [read more]

Leadership Skills to Develop a Career Research Proposal

… Leadership Skills to Develop a Career

Using Leadership Skills to Develop a Career

First, recognizing that the leadership skills known today will hopefully be fine-tuned, strengthened and made more valuable through experiences through my career, this paper discusses how leadership… [read more]

Critical Thinking on Business Ethics and Theory Term Paper

… Leadership has been examined from a number of perspectives to demonstrate the factors that enter into the leadership role, how to make leadership more effective, the limits of leadership, and so on. Differing perspectives are offered by Goleman (2004) and… [read more]

Leadership Training Program Term Paper

… ¶ … Holstein, William J.). "At Southwest, the Culture Drives Success." BusinessWeek.

According to the former CEO of Southwest Airlines James Parker, leadership is not a skill that can be taught in a single course. Rather, leadership training must be integrated throughout the entire organization and the value of leadership must be continually reinforced, for all employees. The first step of a good leadership training program is finding the right people. Hire for attitude, not for skill, he counsels. This may sound like a strange motto for an airline, but while he contends that individuals must have the necessary background to do their job (like being able to fly a plane) it is also essential in a service-based company that they be 'other-oriented.' In short, the first step of finding good leaders is to know the needs and mission of the organization holistically, rather than seeking to fill a particular position. Interviews, as opposed to mere resume-screening, were a critical part of the interview process at Southwest.

After finding the right people, the organization needs to create an environment where leadership talents and attributes can flourish. Employees need to feel as if they are part of a world where their creativity, intelligence, humor, and individuality is important, in service of the company's mission. Having a common mission and culture is essential -- so that every level of the organization will be united, and managers and other top personnel are not isolated. This is why all Southwest employees were subject to the same orientation. This also taught future managers about the people and jobs their policies would affect. Parker is proud that during his time at Southwest, CEOs would be seen having lunch in the cafeteria with 'regular people.' Top managers were required to routinely visit sites where people were actually working. Managers had a sense of how…… [read more]

Henry V Term Paper

… Henry V Driving the Leadership Engine -- William Shakespeare's ideal, motivational king and the management philosophy of Noel M. Tichy

The great, rallying speech William Shakespeare's Henry V makes to his English troops before the decisive battle of Agincourt contains… [read more]

Applicability of the Kouzes and Posner Leadership Model Term Paper

… Kouzes Posner

Kouzes-Posner Model: The usefulness of their Leadership Practices Inventory (LPI)

The Kouzes-Posner Model of Leadership is an attempt by the researchers James M. Kouzes and Barry Z. Posner to quantify leadership according to a reliable survey instrument. To create their exam, later named the Leadership Practices Inventory (LPI) they decided to ask 'ordinary' people in enterprises, rather than industry leaders, thirty-eight open-ended questions about what these individuals considered stellar leadership experiences. The questions included: "Who initiated the project? How were you prepared for this experience? What special techniques and strategies did you use to get other people involved in the project? What did you learn about leadership from this experience?" ("About LPI -- the methodology," 2002, LPI Online).

The author's definition of 'ordinary' people included middle and senior level managers in private and public sector organizations. They later widened their range of interviewees to community leaders, student leaders, church leaders, government leaders, and hundreds of others in non-managerial positions ("About LPI -- the methodology," 2002, LPI Online). The surveys were open-ended, in other words, the batteries of questions were not merely laundry lists of leadership qualities, and the interviews sometimes took up to "two hours of reflection and expression" ("About LPI -- the methodology," 2002, LPI Online). To obtain a wider range of data than was possible through such an intensive method, they distributed a shorter, two-page form that was completed by another group of 80 managers, and assistant researchers conducted an additional 42 in-depth interviews ("About LPI -- the methodology," 2002, LPI Online).

This data collection method seems to combine both breadth and depth and includes a refreshing sample of leadership examples outside of the world of private, corporate enterprise as well as upper level management. The conclusions drawn from this combination of anecdotal and quantitative data, according to the Kouzes and Posner showed that leadership can be boiled down to what they call "The Five Practices: Challenging the process, inspiring a shared vision, enabling others to act, modeling the way, encouraging the heart ("About LPI -- the methodology," 2002, LPI Online). Given the extensive amount of data collected by the authors, these conclusions seem, at best, to be somewhat generic and hardly counterintuitive. While it is difficult to disagree with any of these principles, on the other hand, the additional value or insight gleaned seems fairly minimal.

For example, regarding "challenging the process," Kouzes and Posner note that persistent people take risks and look for opportunities because they are determined to achieve their goals, even in the face of adversity, hardly an earth-shattering notion (Kouzes & Posner 2007: 169). They also stress the need for a vision, or a common mission, urging leaders to "envision the future by imagining exciting and ennobling possibilities" and enlist others to collaborate on achieving…… [read more]

Company Is in Crisis Term Paper

… Leadership

Company in Crisis

When a company is in crisis, do you believe that a radical change in leadership (who is in charge) is required to turn the company around? Support your position.

Obviously, a company in crisis is an… [read more]

Leadership Styles of Cleopatra and Queen Elizabeth Term Paper

… ¶ … leadership styles of Cleopatra and Queen Elizabeth I, comparing their ruling styles, the sociological thinking of the day that might have influenced their decision-making, and their strengths as women in a male dominated society. Women as leaders have always existed, from Biblical times to the present day. However, some women, such as Cleopatra and Queen Elizabeth I have been exceptional leaders with leadership skills that set them apart from many illustrious male rulers.

Cleopatra ruled Egypt from "51-30 BC and was the last Macedonian ruler of that country.

She first ruled jointly with her brothers/husbands Ptolemy XIII and Ptolemy XIV" (Gonos). Cleopatra is famous for her love affairs with Roman leaders Caesar and Marc Antony, but her leadership style set her apart, as well. She was a forward-thinking leader even for her time, and one of her most far-reaching leadership skills was to attempt to make Egypt as strong as possible by aligning it with one of the world's most formidable powers - the Roman Empire.

Cleopatra used her womanly charms to gain access to some of the world's most powerful leaders, but it was all because of her own beliefs about Egypt and world domination. Writer Gonos continues, "Cleopatra's personal goal was to keep Egypt from losing its position of power within the Mediterranean. She used power and influence tactics to overcome the leadership limitations placed upon her as women" (Gonos). There were limitations on women leaders, because they had to overcome an extremely male dominated society, and become effective leaders when some of those men might even be plotting against them. Both of these women were clearly strong and well educated, and they knew how to use their power effectively, not only to dominate their enemies, as Queen Elizabeth did, but to gain alliances with others, as Cleopatra did. They had to be strong to survive in a world of men, and they knew it.

Queen Elizabeth I, also known as one of the world's strongest female…… [read more]

Brett Favre Term Paper

… ¶ … leadership in the medieval world with leadership today. Specifically it will discuss the leadership style of Brett Favre and compare his leadership skills to those of medieval leaders. Favre is a modern day knight, leading his team to… [read more]

Team Leader Term Paper

… Team Leader

Introduction good definition for a team leader might be "The person who understands the ultimate project objectives, each step of the way, and who guides the rest of the team down this path through clear vision setting and… [read more]

Trait and Behavioral Approaches to Leadership Turn Term Paper

… ¶ … trait and behavioral approaches to leadership turn out to be of only limited usefulness? How much more successful are current views about what makes a good leader? The researcher proves that transformational leadership is the best model of… [read more]

Machiavelli and Plato Term Paper

… Philosophy

Leadership According to Plato and Machiavelli

The qualities of an ideal leader are not as clear as we might immediately think. In fact, if it really were all that easy to determine out the characteristics of the ideal leader,… [read more]

School Leadership Term Paper

… ¶ … School leadership is a critical component in overall school performance. The study by Marks and Printy (2003) examines the potential in collaboration between principals and teachers in making leadership decisions. The study examines the school leadership from the perspectives of two different models: transformational leadership and shared instructional leadership. In the transformational leadership model intellectual direction is given, but teachers are empowered and supported in decision making. In shared instructional leadership the principals and teachers share responsibility for various elements of education. The principal seeks the guidance of teachers when forming policies within the school. However in this model the principal remains the overall leader of the collaboration.



The purpose of the study is to measure the impact on school performance of collaboration by teachers and principals in school leadership.

Literature Review

The literature review predominantly focuses on the formation of the two different models which are to be used in the study. The majority of the literature is quite old, although this may have been necessary in order to trace the original structures of the models used, with information taken from the original sources of the theorists who designed the models. The models are thoroughly explained and analyzed, with justification given for the choice of these two particular models for the study. The original model of 'instructional leadership' has been adapted for the study, using 'shared instructional leadership' although there is a full definition and justification given.


The study examined performance at grade 8 level in 24 schools across the U.S. The only criteria for inclusion were that the school had made substantial progress in reform efforts, although the study does not elaborate on their definition of 'substantial efforts'. A total of 910 teachers across the samples returned surveys which gathered information relating to teaching practice and perceptions of the school and its development. Researchers also spent a week on site at the school to perform observational analysis, including observation of decisional and managerial meetings. The researchers also evaluated instructional techniques of 144 teachers across the…… [read more]

Purpose of Leadership Term Paper

… ¶ … Leadership


To set the vision and mission of a group

Leadership is the position or function of one who is in charge or in command of others (American Heritage Dictionary 4th edition 2006).… [read more]

Leadership in an Era of Compounding Globalization Term Paper

… Leadership
In an era of compounding globalization it is critical for leaders to
appreciate and understand the many differences between cultures globally,
and further, within varying regions of a nation as well. If a leader is
going to be able to motivate team members from a wide variety of cultures,
this is critical. Leaders who manage teams whose members represent diverse
cultures must build trust by showing respect and a willingness to listen to
their ideas and contributions. First and foremost, just the act of
listening and appreciating their insights is critical, as communication is
essential to keep members from diverse cultures actively engaged in
contributing to the group. Second, leaders need to understand that
cultural differences in communication styles and methods, in addition to
understanding how cultural norms may be significantly different across
diverse cultures as well. In order to understand these cultural
differences and distances leaders need to study…… [read more]

Leadership According to the Book Term Paper

… Leadership

According to the book the Leaders Companion: Insights on Leadership throughout the Ages by J. Thomas Wren, a successful business leader will utilize several different strategies in order to ensure their business' success. According to Wren, research has shown that using at least one of the six management strategies that Wren identifies has a strong correlation with effective leadership. These six strategies include such characteristics as drive, leadership motivation, honesty, integrity, self-confidence, cognitive ability and having significant business, industrial or organizational knowledge. (Wren: p. 135-141)

When looking at a business leader through one of the aforementioned leadership strategies, it can be concluded that any business leader who exhibits a combination of these strategies can be regarded as a successful business leader. For example, if a business leader is clearly driven and has leadership motivation in that he or she is often seen leading by example, one is exhibiting the characteristics of a business…… [read more]

Leadership Charismatic Leaders the Four Influence Tactics Term Paper

… Leadership

Charismatic Leaders

The four influence tactics charismatic leaders are most likely to use are deliberate Machiavellianism, gentle manipulation of people and situations, undue pressure, and debasement. Charismatic leaders must have power and control, and each of these influence tactics create power and control over others in a negative and self-serving way. Deliberate Machiavellianism uses power and deceit as justified types of management, and it debases and demoralizes the people underneath this type of leader. This leader feels justified in whatever they do, as long as it serves their own purposes, and so, they use any means possible to gain control and power. Gentle manipulation of people and situations continues this propensity to act in a self-serving way, rather than creating a healthy team environment that serves the entire group. Charismatic leaders are not concerned about how others appear, only how they appear, and so they will manipulate people and situations to get the outcome the want.

Undue pressure is also another tactic that helps the…… [read more]

Accounting -- Economics Accounting and Economics Week Term Paper

… Accounting -- Economics


Can someone who is not a leader be an effective manager?

In many situations, it probably is possible to be an effective manager without being a leader, but doing so would require additional skill and effort in other management areas to compensate for comparative shortcomings in leadership skills. Certain specific types of work may preclude management success without leadership competence, particularly where hands-on leadership is a central feature of the industry or work environment. Such areas might include military and law enforcement careers whose structure is based on hierarchical leadership (Greenstein & Learner, 1971).

Managerial candidates in other fields might require extraordinary abilities in other areas, such as effectively assessing personnel strengths and weaknesses, identifying leadership potential in others, team building based on assessed abilities, and, most of all, the ability to delegate leadership responsibilities to less experienced, but qualified individuals with better leadership skills relative to their peers. Question 1b: Does the corporate culture of the firm have anything to do with it?

The corporate culture of the firm plays a large role in determining whether or not managerial candidates are likely to succeed without strong leadership skills. Just as certain types of industries such as law enforcement absolutely require leadership in management, so do private sector firms whose established corporate culture emphasizes that particular quality in management. Whereas a corporate culture that does not specify any specific preferred management style may allow managers to overcome their shortcomings in this area and ultimately succeed without leadership skills, corporate cultures that strongly emphasize one-on-one mentorship and hands-on team leadership at the managerial level likely do not (Ross, 2002).

Question 2a: How does…… [read more]

Extraverted Person Is More Likely to Succeed as a Leader Than an Introverted Term Paper

… Extraversion

The relationship between leadership and extraverted personality

What makes an excellent leader? Does effective leadership stem from the combination of the right person and the right situation, or can an individual mold his or herself into a leader if… [read more]

Dead Poet Society Term Paper

… Dead Poets' Society

Keating's style of leadership contradicts that of Nolan's: Keating was known to be a non-conformist, while Nolan can be considered a traditional leader. As a teacher-mentor, Keating encouraged his students to assume not only a different perspective… [read more]

Team Leadership Conflict Resolution Term Paper

… ¶ … Team Building and Conflict Resolution

Teamwork and teambuilding are touted in all management, business and organizational newspaper articles, magazines and books, yet numerous companies either pay lip service to this tool or do not use it at all… [read more]

Al Chainsaw Dunlap Term Paper

… Toxic Leadership: The Story Of Al Chainsaw Dunlap

Leadership is the lifeblood of the organization. Leaders set the tone for organizational culture. The workers and managers look to top leaders for examples of communication style, dress, and attitude. The leader… [read more]

Leadership and Strategy in Clinical Audit Term Paper

… Clinical Audit

The concept of clinical audit was introduced in 1993 as a quality improvement process aimed at improving patient care and outcomes through a systematic review of care according to or against explicit criteria and the implementation of change… [read more]

Leadership Principles in Sports Profile of a Dream Team Term Paper

… Dream Team

One of the ways to improve the way a sports team works as a united whole rather than each player working as a separate entity (which will not build a successful team), is to look at what builds… [read more]

Adaptable Management Supervisors and Managers Term Paper

… ¶ … Adaptable Management

Supervisors & managers are often regarded as being highly adaptable and being aware of the styles and approaches to management. Is this a realistic assumption?

When confronted with this question, Fielder (1967) would likely reply no, rather the success of a decision is more contingent upon organizational or situational factors, than a supervisor or manager's ability to change his or her leadership personality. Instead, the overall group atmosphere, the structure of the task at hand, and the leader's power position are more influential. For example, a relationship-motivated leader, who does not view any of his or her subordinates in an extremely negative fashion, is likely to be most effective and adaptable in an intermediately favorable situation. The favorable status of a situation is gauged by Fielder in terms of the other relationships on a work team, how defined the task at hand may seem, and in terms of the clear control of the leader over the subordinates designated to complete the task. But a highly task orieted leader will instead excel in either a very favorable or unfavorable situation in terms of the workplace relationships, task definition, and his or her control over the other members of the team.

The idea that supervisors or managers pay attention to leadership theories is thus less important than the managers own, perhaps subconscious psychological profile and how it relates to the task at hand and the nature of the group. A more relationship-driven leader might seem to be more adaptable than a leader driven merely to complete a task. But implicit in Fielder's theory is that personalities are less likely to change than are other situational factors. Rather tasks are subject to a variety of different external factors, and if these factors change, the likelihood of success may increase or decrease depending on the leader's character.

Fielder's theory is one of the more extensively researched of leadership theories. His research involved asking many leaders to rate the members of their organization in regards to their effectiveness. Leaders with clear ideas about their negative or positive feelings about different member of their organization. More judgmental leaders were heavily task-oriented while less judgmental leaders tended to be more relationship-oriented. Suit the leader to the situation, rather than alter or educated the leader, he would suggest.

Vroom and Yetton's (1973) Normative Decision Theory likewise has a very situational emphasis, but has a less deterministic quality. Success, these authors write,…… [read more]

Rudolph Giuliani's Management Book, Leadership Term Paper

… ¶ … Rudolph Giuliani's Management Book, Leadership

Rudolph Giuliani, former mayor of New York City, writes about management style and leadership tools in his book, aptly titled Leadership. In the book he offers many insights into what sort of good leadership skills he used to lead the city of New York through the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. He also discusses leadership tools that helped him reach his position as mayor and to act effectively in his many different positions over the years. Overall, Giuliani's suggestions are good. However, in many cases they are not very original and are like other suggestions you will find in any business leadership guide.

The book both begins and ends with what happened on September 11, 2001. Giuliani's choice to use this important world event as both the beginning and end of his book was a good one. It reminds the reader that Giuliani was in the midst of some very tough situations and that he applied all of his techniques in the real world. He also shows a more human side by including his own reflections and feelings about the event.

While reading the book, it became clear that each of the chapters focused on one leadership or management tool. Chapter Two, for example, is called "First Things First" and discusses how important a morning meeting with key staff is to a man in an important position. This was an original suggestion, as many people have weekly or even monthly meetings. Of course, having a morning meeting may not be crucial for all organizations but Giuliani's point is to get regular progress reports and stay in close contact with those who work with you.

Other important chapters (and ideas) include: "everybody's accountable all the…… [read more]

Recent Innovation Term Paper

… Innovative Mentoring

Creating innovation within jobs can be difficult in some career tracks. In government work, for instance, a person may have to work within rules that affect not only his or her department but the other departments affecting that… [read more]

Philosophy of Nursing Leadership Term Paper

… ¶ … Philosophy of Nursing: Employing the House-Mitchell Path Goal Theory of Leadership in a Heath care Context

The House-Mitchell Path-Goal Theory of contingent and situational leadership stresses that no single person or manager is an island. An individual leader… [read more]

Leadership One of the Great Term Paper

… I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination. I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities. It is an ideal which I hope to live for and to achieve. But, if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die."

In female side, on the other hand, one of the great leaders that I consider is Mother Teresa and I consider her the greatest leader of the 20th century because of the things she did for the cause of promoting humanitarianism and love for every people especially the needy. There is no greater kindness that I have seen but Mother Teresa's. Even despite of her old age, she continued her charitable activities just to help those who needs her help. She was a leader who embodied what leadership really means as how Jesus had shown to us. Mother Teresa was a leader whose role that she played was as a servant to the people. She traveled from one country to another just to promote support and help especially to the poor and the sick. Even in countries that showed great danger for her safety and for her health, Mother Teresa considered no boundaries. Her love for bestowing service to people cannot be overcome by anything, as how she had shown it until her death.

Martin Luther King, Nelson Mandela, and Mother Teresa, are three of the great leaders in history who have properly defined, through their ideals, what leadership really means. That is, to serve for the good of all.


White, Jacke. Martin Luther King.

Brink, Nelson. Nelson Mandela.

Great Leaders of the 20th Century.… [read more]

Leadership Problems Term Paper

… The power that money conveys, rather than the material assets of wealth make the organizational culture of the firm of "Wall Street" attractive. At one point in the film, Bud asks Gekko how much money is enough to make someone happy and satisfied. The truth is that there is no dollar figure on this amount, because after a certain point money is besides the point -- rather Gekko enjoys milking the system for all of its worth, and bending and The breaking the law to make even more millions, for the power it gives him outside of the conventional system of hard work and ethics, as embodied by Bud's father.

Question 4

What are the ethical problems of the case?

Insider trading, profiting off of secret knowledge unobtainable to the public drives the plot of the film. Also, even from the beginning of the film, Bud's ethics present a problem of divided loyalties. By day, Fox works for a conventional Wall Street firm as a stockbroker. Although this firm is primarily focused on making money, it at least attempts to adhere to the letter of the law, a fact that Bud is well aware of -- but he still engages in his own, after-hours work, in the hopes of making even more money. This is how he meets Gekko.

Thus, the central ethical dilemma Bud has to face, is to whom does he owe loyalty to, as an employee? To the firm who hired him? To his own skin -- after all, the nature of the stock brokering trade is a fairly self-interested one, and not committed to a higher moral good? Or to Gekko? There is also the larger dilemma of how simply making money may or may not be enough, in terms of one's life path -- Gekko, making money off of money seems like a hollow and empty shell of a man, when his pursuit of greed for no real…… [read more]

Leadership Ethics Term Paper

… Leadership Ethics: Case Study Questions

Of the three options available to Joe, which the most ethical?

Of all the options available to Joe in his current situation, the second option of a possible solution to the problem is the most… [read more]

Leading People Being Able Term Paper

… I value diversity very strongly and half of the employees that I have are minorities, women, and veterans. They have many unique roles in their lives which range from being parents, spouses, and single parents to balancing the demands of… [read more]

Leading People, Leveraging Diversity Term Paper

… We're living in a constant period of transition, and the shelf life of our solutions keeps getting shorter. Historically, what works has become history because a new problem takes the old problems place in a hurry. Thus, by understanding the core concepts of mentoring and coaching, a leader can help lead others through the never ending need to adjust to change.

Learning to be a leader begins with self-motivation and knowing and seeing oneself as a leader. To often organizations find out that an employee that was the best worker turns out to be the terrible leader just like better athletes not being good coaches. Performance and leadership are very different skills. I am a leader because I possess an ability to manage change, experience, an understanding of a potential outcomes, an ability to motivate, passion and a strong sense of responsibility. I also have a strong desire to take care of my people as well as need to motivate those folks.

A leader possesses the knowledge and skills that help establish and therefore improve the organizational structure and processes of any business. By utilizing the leadership skills of coaching and mentoring, I have acquired the necessary know how to design and implement operational plans, secure and manage resources, and to facilitate a shared decision-making process. Of course this did not come easy. It was a matter of patience and eventual understanding that permitted me to distinguish the differences of office protocols between my more traditional military leadership regiment and my protocol of service from the civilian support aspects of the VA's mission and culture. However, what I learned from these very different business settings eventually helped me to better understand the various components associated with the management of human capital, financial control, and utilizing technological resources to standardize protocols of other business structures.

In conclusion, it is a fact that I have been a leader in both governmental and private sector business environments for over two decades, but that is not all that it takes to be a leader. Leadership fosters a system of ethical behavior and helps a business with the many pieces that fit together to reach their vision, mission, and/or goals.

References… [read more]

Negotiation: A Required Skill Term Paper

… However, other more vital to the survival of the organization negotiations such as mergers and the like, like require dedicated team collaboration among well-balanced and well-trained team members. This is elemental and cannot be created in a moment of triumph or upon a mere whim, but must be created from the ground up by enabling, encouraging and demanding through leadership daily collaboration, cooperation along with inter-team negotiation. This training and leadership begins at the coffeepot and applies to mergers as well. An individual in leadership will apply great consideration as well as educated and inspired action toward the training and positioning of staff to prepare the organization as a whole for the processes of negotiation.


Braham, Barbara (2004) Negotiation Tips: Skills Techniques & Strategies for Effective Negotiation

Howard Gardner "Using Multiple Intelligence to Improve Negotiation Theory and Practice." Negotiation Journal October 2000: 321-324.

Katheleen M. Eisenhardt, Jean L. Kahwajy and L.J Bourgeois III "How management teams can have a good Fight" Harvard Business Review. July-Aug 1997.

Lewicki, Roy J, David M. Saunders, and John Minton. Essentials of Negotiations. NY: McGrew Hill 2nd edition 2000.

LeBaron, Michelle. Bridging Troubled Waters: Conflict Resolution From the Hear. SF: Jossey-Bass 2002

Messick, David M. And Max H. Bazerman. "Ethical leadership and the Psychology of Decision-making" Slogan management review; Vol. 37. No.2 P. 9 (1996).

Negotiation Techniques (1998) Quality Guide [Online] available at:

Shell G. Richard. Bargaining for advantage: Negotiation Strategies for Reasonable People. NY Penguin books. 1999.

Siegel, Michael Eric (2001) Leadership From Three American Presidents The Journal of Leadership Studies. 2001 Vol.8 No.1 Questia Online Library.

Vantage Partners: Effective Negotiation Skills [Online] available at:

"Constructive conflict helps teams make high-stake decisions under considerable…… [read more]

Leadership Term Paper

… In summary, several leadership theories exist. In order to be an effective leader, one must learn to utilize several different techniques depending on the situation encountered. By remaining flexible in one's leadership style, one may become more effective and gain respect and trust from employee followers.


Bass, B.M. (1990). From transactional to transformational leadership: Learning to share the vision. Organizational Dynamics (Winter), 19-31.

Beccaria, L.M., & Favero, N. (2000). [Expectations of nursing managers and assistants as to the managerial style of an executive director of a teaching hospital]. Rev Lat Am Enfermagem, 8(2), 83-90.

Bolman, L.G., & Deal, T.E. (1992). Leading and managing: effects of context, culture and cender. Education Administration Quarterly, 28, 314-329.

Fabian, N. (2004). Leadership -- what is it and are you headed for it? J. Environ Health, 67(3), 54, 52.

Kerfoot, K. (2004). On leadership: creating your own leadership brand. Urol Nurs, 24(5), 438-440.

Kitson, A. (2004). Drawing out leadership. J Adv Nurs, 48(3), 211.

Kowalski, K., & Yoder-Wise, P.S. (2004). Five Cs of leadership. Can J. Nurs Leadersh, 17(1), 36-45.

Parsons, L.C., & Reiss, P.L. (2004). Breaking through the glass ceiling: women in executive leadership positions -- part II. SCI Nurs, 21(2),…… [read more]

Leadership the Only Constant Term Paper

… In fact, it is worth noting here that one manual on military leadership states, "Good leaders develop through a never ending process of self-study, education, training, and experience." (Heart Quotes Center)

Leadership by example is also important to facilitate the… [read more]

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