"Leadership / Mentoring" Essays

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Leadership of Richard Branson Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,279 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


I can carry out interviews on employees, managers and other stakeholders in the company to find out the leadership of Richard Branson and the impact it has on the organization success. If I get positive reviews on his leadership from those I have interviewed then it means that his leadership style is effective and hence it can be fit for me as a manager in the company. Working under a participative leader like Richard Branson is important for the success of the organization since this leadership style involves other people in the processes carried in the organization like subordinates, superiors and other stakeholders. This will lead to a better output altogether since views of different people are incorporated in the organizations processes. This leadership style allows everyone to take part in decisions of the company in many ways; this leader proposes the decision, listens to what other people have to say then makes a decision or the team can also propose something but in the end the leader has the final decision (Daft, 2012).

4. Take a position on whether or not you believe Richard Branson is a global leader. Justify your position and provide support for your justification.

I believe that Richard Branson is truly a global leader because being he is the successful founder of Virgin group of companies that does so well and is known all over the world.he is known globally due to his leadership style that has made Virgin group what it is today. He has played a big role in shaping leadership globally through his attributes and the leadership styles he applies at Virgin group. He has established many different businesses and in his lifetime he has developed over 100 brands. Richard Branson has also given a lot of advice along his entrepreneurship career. He has given speeches on starting a business, turning a business around, managing employees, and hiring employees in an organization. He emphasizes how the goal of any establishment should be value creation in the world in tat the aim of the business should be improving the lives of people ( Branson, 2013). He tells entrepreneurs that it is important to be passionate about ones endeavors since it is the driving force for these establishments. Through all this we can see that he impacts the lives of many entrepreneurs and other people who want to venture into business all over the world. He acts as a guide and a pushing force for entrepreneurs through his success and achievements in all he has done. He therefore motivates, inspires and challenges entrepreneurs all over the world and that is why its appropriate to refer to his as being a global leader.

5. Predict Richard Branson's success as a leader over the next five (5) years. Support your prediction.

Richard Branson is going to be very successful as a leader in the next five years. His light is going to continue shining and he is going to be a source of inspiration for many… [read more]

Leadership Charisma Research Paper

Research Paper  |  2 pages (487 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


I need to know where people are coming from, to know how to talk to them, what to say, what symbols to use, and how to phrase things. Charismatic leaders draw on a wellspring of personal experience, but do not impose this on others. Instead, charismatic leaders share what they know to a group of people who are able to find points of intersection and relationship. Throughout the course of my personal and professional development, I will remain a charismatic leader because I am willing to listen to others.


It has been somewhat difficult for me in the past to assume the role of a salesperson. Being an entrepreneurial leader means putting on my salesperson hat, smile, and coat, and projecting an aura of confidence that inspires others to invest in me or my company. This is where I can develop my skills as a charismatic leader, and offer my energy to the benefit of the company. Although this exercise is the incorrect one, I decided that it would be beneficial to discuss my role as an entrepreneurial leader and share my thoughts on the topic. Being an entrepreneur is not easy, but neither is being a charismatic leader. I am learning how to hone my sales pitches, making them infectious and attractive to others. My sales pitches reflect my genuine enthusiasm for the products and services I offer.


Exercise…… [read more]

Leadership Frank's Leadership Style Case Study

Case Study  |  2 pages (647 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


The key issues in the case are the fact that Frank is likely under pressure from his supervisors, as the government contracts have not been renewed. Frank needs to have several new contracts in their place. Another key issue is that Frank does not take any responsibility for finding the new contracts. Although the project managers are ultimately responsible for managing the new contracts, Frank is the business development manager. That means he should be taking the initiative instead of expecting others to magically do all the work. Furthermore, a key issue is that there are four good project managers on the team but Frank is uninterested in listening to any of them.

The root causes of the problems are related in part to external factors beyond the control of the company, mainly losing the government contracts and a tightened government budget that makes it unlikely to secure future contracts with them. Another root cause of the problem is that the team is not motivated or empowered to locate new contracts, because Frank does not engage the team in a participative or democratic discussion about how to best go about doing it.

The solutions to the problem depend on improving Frank's leadership style. Perhaps one of his supervisors needs to talk to Frank and encourage Frank to listen to the project managers and value what they have to say. The benefit of this approach is that Frank keeps his job and becomes a better leader. The downside is that the team might be caught off guard at a time when they need to work together. Another possible solution is that Frank is fired and replaced by Jenny or Oliver. This would also prove ineffective at the moment, because it would be better to make Frank develop his communication and leadership skills.


"Leadership Case Problem A."

"Recommended Approach to Case Study…… [read more]

Leadership Applications and Theories Case Study

Case Study  |  2 pages (645 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


The messages Tim posted appear to be tailored to pass a clear overall message -- that of moving forward regardless of the prevailing circumstances. Those who may find it difficult to successfully make sales dues to the stiff competition from other vendors are encouraged to keep going with messages such as "welcome every rejection. It means you are one step closer to a Yes," and "the harder you try, the luckier you get." Those who find the going tough out there in the market will surely be inspired to push harder by such messages. Studies conducted in the past have clearly indicated that "in general, the followers of charismatic leaders are more committed and satisfied, are better performers….and simply work harder" (Williams, 2011, p. 423).

What else do you recommend that Tim do to express his charisma via social networking websites?

To further express his charisma, Tim could amongst other things encourage employees to follow him and/or each other on the various social media platforms like Twitter -- an undertaking that could have the effect of promoting a deep sense of family within the organization. Charisma could, after all, be viewed as that special bond existing between followers and their leaders (Williams, 2011). Tim could also develop a habit of congratulating his team for a job well done via social networking websites like Facebook. This way, it would be easy (and exciting) for the sales representatives to share accomplishments with friends, family, and other audiences on the social networking platform. Indeed, as Williams (2011) notes, charismatic leaders like to display their confidence in the abilities of their followers. Essentially, this is what Tim would be doing -- only that this time, he would be making use of the social media.


Lussier, R. & Achua, C. (2012). Leadership: Theory, Application, and Skill Development (5th). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.

Williams, C. (2011).…… [read more]

Leadership Military Case Study

Case Study  |  2 pages (632 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


3. Rather than place such high expectations on his employees, Jimmy might need to develop a more relaxed approach to leadership. He also works in a situation that might not milk his potential for all that it is worth. Jimmy's enthusiasm is likely misplaced somewhere like a retail store, where many employees are transient and do not have high aspirations and goals. Jimmy could take his talents to the corporate level, where high level motivation is more important. Additionally, Jimmy needs to work more one-on-one with people. His group email showed that he is good when at the top of a chain of command as in the military. However, Jimmy needs to learn how to delegate authority in a way that is more efficient. Talking directly with a few employees may be more effective than sending group emails.

4. The store's bias toward hiring military officers is understandable. After all, people in the military and who have undergone military training have experience with chains of command. They understand, respect, and appreciate bureaucracy and hierarchy. This makes them suitable for working in a company that is similarly structured. Furthermore, the store understands that people in the military are good at teamwork while they are also capable of delegating authority. The balance between taking orders and giving orders is one that is necessary for success in management, but these are rare qualities to find in the civilian labor market. It is difficult to train civilians quickly to become the type of leader a military officer can be, due to their having spent many months or years in the service. The downside is that there might be some leaders like Jimmy, who have overly high expectations of others.


Active Learning.

Case study format.

Chapter 2: Traits,…… [read more]

Leadership Self-Assessment Quiz Shows Research Paper

Research Paper  |  2 pages (691 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


The skill-building exercise 2-4 is related to my leadership portfolio. I was asked to choose five traits, motives, and characteristics that I have exhibited in the past and discuss examples of how these traits manifested in my life. The five traits, motives, and characteristics that I have chosen are as follows.

1. Open mindedness: I cherish having an open mind, something that I believe all good leaders have. An open mind makes us able to think critically because we are willing to see a situation from multiple points-of-view. We are less likely to become biased, and more willing to be honest with ourselves and others when we have an open mind. Open-mindedness is especially important in a diverse organization because we are sensitive to the needs of others.

2. Creative thinker: Sometimes the best answer or solution is not the most obvious one. The creative thinker explores a problem from multiple angles, and then discovers new and sometimes radical ways of looking at the situation. Creative thinking means welcoming new ideas, and being willing to use the imagination when coming up with solutions.

3. Loyalty: Most of the people who I have worked with in the past define me as a loyal person. I can be loyal to the company I work for in the sense that I can envision myself working with the same team over the course of many years, developing trust and enjoying the benefits of having a long-term vision. I am also loyal to people, and will not violate trust.

4. Honesty: It can be difficult to remain honest in a cutthroat world, but I believe that it is important to be as honest as possible when dealing with people. The trust we build with others when we are honest is far more important than any short-term gain from lying.

5. Good listener: Others have told me that I am a good listener. I make eye contact frequently, and stay silent while the other person is talking. This is especially important when working as a leader.…… [read more]

Leadership Case Study

Case Study  |  2 pages (564 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2



Third, Todman has revolutionized operations in a way that suited current Whirlpool goals. He integrated Maytag into the product line fully, cut costs by closing inept plants, and managing brands. Todman's brand management strategy is international in scope, requiring a deft understanding for language and cultural communications. He also has the foresight and awareness to understand logistical issues including time zone constraints in communications that may impact the global operations management at the Whirlpool Company.

3. Todman shows a good balance between strategic thinking and focusing on people. Strategic thinking was required to fully integrate the Maytag product line, reducing redundancy and cutting costs associated with defunct plants. Likewise, Todman addressed problems associated with introducing the new product lines to staff members around the world, minimizing miscommunications and related conflicts. This required strategic thinking, because each region would have different needs in terms of marketing and communication, and also in terms of operations. Streamlining global operations, and encouraging more efficient communications was another component of Todman's strategic thinking initiatives at Whirlpool. Furthermore, Todman understood the importance of empowering employees in strategic ways.

Focusing on people remains one of Todman's core strengths. Todman's cultural competence and communications savvy highlight the president's people-oriented approach. His calling extra board meetings shows that he understands that communication is the key to effective company operations and overall success. Finally, Todman balances strategic thinking with focusing on people by running the customer service operations in Europe.


"Leadership Case Problem A: Mike Todman Makes a Splash at Whirlpool."

"Recommended Approach for…… [read more]

Organizational Transformation and Leadership Research Paper

Research Paper  |  9 pages (2,759 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 5


These people see the leader as someone who gives orders, and they confuse leading people with managing people. Many leaders are managers, but not all managers are true leaders. In other words, when a person is really a leader, he or she will acquire followers who follow willingly because they understand that they are valued by the leader and by… [read more]

Poor Leadership in Healthcare Identifying Capstone Project

Capstone Project  |  2 pages (445 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


These basic management systems provide for quality review, incident reporting, performance management and consciousness of these systems as components. Other components of this approach or plan are increased collaboration between managers and clinicians, coherent clinical leadership, introduction of new values and attitudes across all levels, and a sense of empowerment in both the staff and patients (Walshe & Shortell).

IV. Outline of the Plan

The manager should require periodic quality reviews of performances and resources in all levels and base all upgrading efforts on these. All clinician and non-clinician staff and even patients will be asked to report incidents. All subordinates will be rates for performance periodically. Management and staff training programs will be regularly conducted on proper work values and attitudes, specifically openness, cooperativeness, willingness to learn and to become updated, sensitiveness to occurrences and professional as well as personal empowerment.


Firth-Cozenz, J. And Mowbray, D. (2001). Leadership and the quality of care. Vol 10

Issue Supplement 2, Quality Health Care: BMJ Publishing Company. Retrieved on February 24, 2014 from http://www.qualitysafety.bm.com/content/10/supp_2/ii3.long

Walshe, K. And Shortell, S.M. (2004). When things go wrong: how health care organizations deal with major failures. Vol. 23 # 3, Health Affairs: Project Hope.

Retrieved on February 24, 2014 from http://content.healthaffairs.org/content/23/3/103.full… [read more]

Community Leadership / Diverse Term Paper

Term Paper  |  7 pages (1,884 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 20


Leaders who are not willing to compromise will not get far when it comes to doing things for their community, because they will not be flexible enough to know when they are getting the best deal they are going to get (Barry, 2002). Something is often better than nothing, and some improvements are better than no improvements at all. That is valuable information for leaders to keep in mind, even when they have good persuasive skills (Barry, 2002). They are not going to win every battle or get everything they ask for, but if they know how to collaborate well they will still provide much for their community.


Anderson L., O'Loughlin P., & Salt A. (2001). Community leadership programs in New South Wales, UTS Shopfront, for the Strengthening Communities Unit, NSW Premier's Department, Australia.

Barry, B. (2002). Culture and equality: An egalitarian critique of multiculturalism. NY: Harvard University Press.

Barzilai, G. (2005). Communities and law: Politics and cultures of legal identities. NY: University of Michigan Press.

Baumann, G. (1999). The multicultural riddle: Rethinking national, ethnic, and religious identities. NY: Psychology Press.

Caravantes, E. (2010). From melting pot to witch's cauldron: how multiculturalism failed America. NY: Government Institutes.

Cnann, R.A. & Milofsky, C. Handbook of community movements and local organizations. NY: Springer.

Fortier, A.M. (2008). Multicultural horizons: Diversity and the limits of the civil nation. NY: Taylor & Francis.

Gauntlett, E., Hugman, R., Kenyon, P. & Logan, P. (2000), A meta-analysis of community-based prevention and early intervention action, Policy Research Paper 11, Department of Family and Community Services, Western Australia.

Goldberg, D.T. (1994). Multiculturalism: A critical reader. NY: Blackwell Publishers.

Gottfried, P. (2004). Multiculturalism and the politics of guilt: Toward a secular theocracy. MO: University of Missouri Press.

Hacker, V. (2011), Building medias industry while promoting a community of values in the globalization: From quixotic choices to pragmatic boon for EU Citizens. Politicke Vedy-Journal of Political Science: 64-74.

Hasmath, R. (2011). Managing ethnic diversity: Meanings and practices from an international perspective. NY: Ashgate.

Hesse, B. (2000). Un/settled multiculturalisms: Diasporas, entanglements, "transruptions." NY: Zed Books.

Kymlicka, W. (1995). Multicultural citizenship: A liberal theory of minority rights. NY: Oxford University Press.

Miller, M.A. (2009). community organizer's tale: People and power in San Francisco. Social Policy: 15-21.

Modood, T.…… [read more]

Leadership Creative Writing

Creative Writing  |  2 pages (741 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


As healthcare professionals were are constantly involved in problem solving, hence, learning management theories and skills was a huge positive for me. I have a far deeper understanding of leadership issues than before. Leadership is not limited to management concepts where a leader sets the course of action for others. What did I do to help myself meet the outcome? I became very familiar with the bigger picture of leadership: that is, doing an exemplary job on my shift -- showing how the consummate professional handles crises and day-to-day routines -- means that I am modeling how it should be done for others. I know that I am a role model, and that is leadership outside of any specific tasks that a manager might be is still important leadership when I am modeling for younger, less experienced nurses.

What could the SON have done better? I would have liked to have had a chance to hear lectures from managers in other fields discuss leadership and how they solve problems. It would have been instructive to hear from a manufacturing executive, or a CEO from a big energy company, or even a city council member, discussing leadership in a management context. Also I would have gained from more field work in hospitals and clinics where problem solving, leadership, research and role modeling were a part of the organizational make up.

What could I have done better to become more proficient? I did work hard to complete all my assignments and I even went deeper into research strategies than the instructor had asked us to do. I would have gained from more outside sources, as mentioned, but frankly I did everything I could to get the most out of the MSN program. What I might have done better was to visit some of the professors during their office hours and asked questions that were raised in my mind by the instruction and the materials we were asked to acquire as part of the MSN program.

Works Cited

Baker, C.M., McDaniel, A.M., Pesut, D.J., and Fisher, M.L. (2007). Learning Skills Profiles of Master's Students in Nursing Administration: Assessing the Impact of Problem-Based

Learning. Nursing Education Perspectives,…… [read more]

Improving Global Leadership Today Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (976 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


¶ … Improving Global Leadership

Today, an increasingly globalized marketplace demands an informed and timely global leadership response in the public as well as the private sector. To identify the main problems that leaders typically encounter when attempting to assess the demands of a global operating environment, and what approaches have been determined best practices, this paper provides a review of the relevant peer-reviewed and scholarly literature, followed by a summary of the research in the conclusion.

Definition of the main problems leaders encounter in a global role

The adage introduced in the 1970s to, "Think globally, act locally" is increasingly being replaced with the more ambitious advice to, "Think globally, act globally." This shift in thinking has begged the question, "Do we focus our efforts at the local level, or do we have a greater responsibility to act globally?" (Edginton, 2006, p. 6). Global leadership is achieved when people expand their conceptualizations of responsibilities to the community to include the larger environment in which they live and compete, a process that has been facilitated by computer-mediated forums and communities of professional interest. In this regard, Edgington reports that, "As we live our professional and personal lives, we have the opportunity to apply our influence beyond the sphere of ourselves into increasingly broader forums" (2006, p. 7). For some leaders, this outcome is part of their self-actualization. For example, Edgington adds that, "Furthermore, as people gain greater professional maturity, their focus often moves from a self-oriented perspective to one that increasingly and progressively concentrates on family, community, region, state, nation, and perhaps even the world" (p. 7). In fact, Edgington argues that in order for there to be true equity in the world, "We have to think globally, beyond our local conditions, to see and react to the world in its totality" (2006, p. 7).

An important point made by Ghemawat (2012), though, is that there is no universally accepted definition of a global leader and that the definition could be applied to an enormous wide -- and disparate -- range of practices and activities that transcend the local or regional level, but which have a global impact as a result. In this regard, Ghemawat emphasizes that, "The diversity of roles that fall under the broad category of global leadership argues for substantial customization around that common base" (2012, p. 1). One leader that has operated at the global levels in recent years in both face-to-face and virtual settings is President Barack Obama who has used a White House Twitter account to good effect in keeping his constituency abreast of his ongoing initiatives, especially the Affordable Care Act, as well as other important issues of the day including immigration, the war on terrorism and even his basketball scores with White House aides (pers. obs.).The skill set needed to lead at the global level, though, clearly must be robust regardless of the commercial or public sector that is involved.…… [read more]

Leadership Challenge: Leadership Credibility Assessment

Assessment  |  4 pages (1,349 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


Leadership Challenge: Leadership Credibility

A leader is who one is and a manager is what one does. Dr. Warren Bennis originally made that observation in studying the interaction of leadership characteristics including the level of emotional intelligence (EI) relative to traits of exceptional leaders (Bennis, 2001). The best leaders create a strong foundation of trust, build on the elements of transparency, competency and a compelling future vision (Kouzes, Posner, 2012). Leaders who are transformational often balance the qualities of individualized consideration, intellectual stimulation, inspirational motivation and idealized influence, using EI as a means to intuitively navigate between each (Purvanova, Bono, 2009). The intent of this analysis is to provide an overview of the four characteristics of effective leaders including their capacity to be honest, forward-looking, competent and inspiring (Kouzes, Posner, 2012). These four leadership characteristics are more indicative of a skills-based approach to leadership development as they can learned over time, and are often assimilated in organizations that have exceptionally well-led cultures (Singh, Krishnan, 2008). While Northouse argues they could feasibly be considered traits, there is ample evidence that leaders often evolve over time and learn. This analysis also includes an example of a leader who demonstrates these characteristics and has inspired me to do the same.

Analysis Of Kouzes & Posner Leadership Characteristics

Through a series of empirical studies corroborated with interviews, in addition to their combined decades of management and leadership consulting, Kouzes & Posner have identified the four characteristics of a leader being honest, forward-thinking, competent and inspiring as critical to their effectiveness (Kouzes, Posner, 2012). What makes these four characteristics so vivid is their reflection in the behavior of the greatest leaders who are studied today and those known today. What's important to recognize about these four characteristics is how they form of foundational platform for creating authenticity, transparency and trust with subordinates, peers and superiors (Kouzes, Posner, 2012).

The first of the four characteristics, honesty, is critical for creating any level communication and a stable, consistent working relationship. Honesty is also essential for creating and necessary foundation for ensuring consistent feedback -- both positive and negative -- is given on performance. When subordinates received feedback on how they are doing, when it's delivered by a leader who has proven their honesty, the subordinate is more likely to change their behavior and seek to improve (McKnight, 2013). Honesty then is a catalyst for creating more effective change management strategies over time, as leaders must continually strengthen and add to their credibility if they are going to be effective in evoking change in subordinates so a compelling vision can be achieved (Singh, Krishnan, 2008). Honesty, like all characteristics defined by Kouzes & Posner (2012) must be continually, consistently and equitably evident in decisions, actions and direction. All of these many decisions and actions taken together will create the critical mass of credibility and trust the leader needs to keep the entire organization moving towards the fulfillment of the compelling vision defined.

The capacity of a leader to… [read more]

Leadership the Intent Research Paper

Research Paper  |  2 pages (580 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


¶ … Leadership

The intent of this analysis is to evaluate the leadership theories of Max Weber, James MacGregor Burns and Daniel Goleman. All three of these leadership theorists have made significant contributions to the field of managerial and leadership behavior, and taken together their theories provide a solid foundation for defining the differences between transactional and transformational leadership.

Analysis of Max Weber's Leadership Theories

The foundational elements of Max Weber's theories of leadership are predicated on the recognition that leadership is not a trait or static in nature, yet must be fluid, agile and highly situational to be effective. His classification of the three dominant types of leaders being bureaucratic, charismatic and traditional is the catalyst many leadership theorists credit with the foundation of transformational leadership (Weber, 1948). Weber was also the first theorist to see that situational awareness and emotional intelligence have a direct effect on how effective leaders are. He was able to succinctly define these differences using the constructs of transactional and transformational leadership (Weber, 1948). A transactional leader concentrates on managerial and leadership styles that are short-term in nature and driven more by the need to get immediate results. A transformational leader is one that seeks to motivate by defining a compelling long-term vision, providing individualized attention, defining unique and highly targeted employee development programs and being accountable to associates (Weber, 1948). Weber believed that all of these qualities were essential for a leader to progress from being transactional to transformational in their leadership styles, and added that the charismatic nature of a leader is critical for their success (Weber, 1948). Weber's theoretical frameworks made contextual sense during the time period he was advising corporations and working in academic, and…… [read more]

Diversity in Leadership Education Kearney Journal

Journal  |  2 pages (556 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Even though there was a definitive stance about transformational leadership, there were noticeable efforts made to present information with at least moderate objectivity.

This reader agreed with the thesis of the article. This is a style that should continue to prove practical and yield compelling results in the globalized world of the 21st century. Education is becoming significantly more accessible to more and more people around the world in various forms, such as on-campus, online, and integrated models that include both online and in-person coursework. As an effort to keep current, innovative or alternative styles of leadership in the education field should be tested and employed.

Students and teachers are encountering higher or more intense occasions of diversity as part of the educational experience. To become more comfortable and, as the authors reiterate, to maximize the potential of these inevitable experiences in diversity, teams should use transformational leadership. Certainly, there will be some resistance and some failures in the use of this style, of which the authors note the possibility. Productivity and innovation are key to success in the 21st century in the education field, and most other fields in the globalized economy. The advantages of transformational leadership, which promote the positive use (not exploitation) of demographical differences among education staff, are apparent and useful in various ways.


Karanxha, Z. Agosto, V. & Bellara, A. (2013). The hidden curriculum: Candidate diversity in educational leadership preparation. Educational Leadership and Policy Studies Faculty Publications, Paper 12. Available from: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/els_facpub/12. 2013 October 20.

Kearney, E., & Gebert, D. (2009). Managing Diversity and Enhancing Team Outcomes: The Promise of Transformational Leadership. Journal of Applied…… [read more]

Gender Differences in Leadersdhip Essay

Essay  |  6 pages (1,879 words)
Bibliography Sources: 6


Owing to this, women have social sensitivity, and have the capacity to handle social ambiguity. This is because women have the capacity to identify facial expressions (Hall and Matsumoto, 2004). Additionally, when reacting to situations, women will more likely involve emotions than men.

Therefore, this suggests that women cannot lead subordinates in the same way as men. This also translates and explains why women are likely to adopt a democratic leadership style. On the other hand, there is a likelihood of gender bias. Unfortunately, women experience this bias, and there is a perception that women do not have the capacity to lead an organization full of men (Hall and Matsumoto, 2004). This will significantly influence the type of leadership the female would apply if they get a chance to lead an organization.


It is apparent that there are gender differences in leadership styles. However, there is no difference in the manner which female and male managers lead their organizations. It is possible that the gender differences will not vanish. In this paper, many studies suggested that women adopted a democratic leadership style. It is also important to note that democratic vs. autocratic approach has a close connection with the transformational leadership approach. There were significant gender variations in the laboratory studies as compared to organizational studies. The identified variations in gender leadership may arise from the fact that women often lead their fellow women, and men often lead their fellow men. However, the confusion arises from the scholar's persistence in the utilization simple approaches while leadership is a sophisticated practice.


Carless, S.A., Wearing, A., J., & Mann, L.A. (2000). A short measure of transformational leadership. Journal of Business and Psychology, 14, 389-405.

Eagly, A.H., & Johnson, B.T. (1990). Gender and leadership style: A meta-analysis.

Psychological Bulletin, 108, 233-256.

Eagly, A.H., Johannesen-Schmidt, M.C., & Van Engen, M. (2003). Transformational,

Transactional, and Laissez-Faire Leadership Styles: A Meta-Analysis Comparing Women and Men. Psychological Bulleting, 95, 569-591.

Hall, J.A., & Matsumoto, D. (2004). Gender Differences in Judgments of Multiple

Emotions from Facial Expressions. Emotion, 4(2), 201-206.

Lynda, A., & Joanne, C.M. (2003). Gender and leadership? Leadership and gender? A

journey through the landscape of theories. Leadership and Organization development Journal, 24 (1/2),…… [read more]

Leadership Reflection Final Reflections Journal

Journal  |  3 pages (999 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


I think if I retook that test, my level of measurable resiliency would have improved greatly.

That desire to improve is one of my greatest advantages, I think. Overall, I have high motivation to succeed and improve. I am constantly striving to do better than I did today and yesterday, which has been a major source of strength in my academic and real world training. That combined with my passion for my work and evidence-based method for critical thinking have made me a better leader, and will continue to become even stronger with more experience.

I know now that to get to that better place, I have to take more calculated risks. Entrepreneurial leadership rests on one's ability to keep one's eyes on the future, without getting caught off guard. It is crucial to still hold the present secure, but not to get too worried about taking the necessary risks in order to truly push your leadership to the next level. This is another aspect that I was less confident at the beginning of this experience. Yet, through studying the successful risks of others and understanding the types of risks that are worth the plunge, I feel like I am more prepared to take on the entrepreneurial spirit within all of my leadership roles.

Mission Statement Reflection

Every strong leader has a solid mission statement to help guide them in their leadership roles. My personal mission statement demands that I be an innovative leader that inspires change and evolution to allow team members under me be more efficient. I have never been one to just follow the status quo because it is the easiest thing to do. Rather, I am the one who uses evidence-based thinking in order to inspire change within the team that will ultimately catapult the team to greater success. Looking back at my module reflection over the course of this experience, I feel that I have embodied this mission statement. There have been some snags along the way, but this is a learning experience, and I have made sure to learn from all the things that could have dragged me down. Being a leader is about embodying a multitude of roles so that the team can lean on you whenever they need assistance. I have learned where my weaknesses were that could have hindered me from embodying my personal mission statement and have spent time developing the skills necessary to overcome them. Through my own experience, I can now use these tools to continue to help inspire others to improve for the good of not only the team, but of themselves as well. Ultimately, in my position with the Army, my leadership could be what saves lives. That is a huge responsibility, one which requires dedication and effort to try to fine tune as best as possible. Through the reflections in this course, I feel that I have met my mission, but have opened up new doors to other possibilities…… [read more]

Leadership: Succeeding in the Private Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (672 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


A transformational leader is one that can transform a school from a bland, unproductive place where students are bored, to a school where students are anxious to get into their classrooms and teachers are motivated and energized. The transformational leader plays what Northouse calls "…a pivotal role in precipitating change," and he or she is able to get students, administrators, teachers, board members and parents on the same page. A transformational leader is generally a person with charisma, although that is not necessary. I have had the good fortune to have been led by a transformational leader in an educational environment and this person raised the level of motivation because he knew what was needed and he had the up-tempo, believable personality to make the changes needed in an otherwise sluggish school.

Chapter 10: Servant Leadership (Local Government): Not everyone can become a servant leader, but the concept opens the door to a person who serves first. Before becoming a servant leader, one must first serve in some capacity. In the local government context, a person would start typically as a volunteer perhaps at a homeless shelter or in a church group. Later, upon showing that he or she cares about others first, he may become a school board member and later a city council member who cares urgently that everyone in the community is served. A servant leader has "…a thorough understanding of the organization… [can] recognize others' problems" and is "…willing to take the time to address them" (Northouse). The servant leader is also so sensitive to others' concerns that he will "…exhibit emotional healing" by making himself available to others in order to provide support for them (Northouse).

Works Cited

Northouse, P.G. (2013). Leadership: Theory and Practice. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE


Sims, R.R., and Quatro, S.A. (2005). Leadership: Succeeding in the Private, Public, and…… [read more]

Welch Leadership Qualities Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (519 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


The most problematic implication of Welch's leadership is the concern that his dynamic and hands-on style of leadership cannot be replicated. Such is to say that it may not be entirely clear that the system left behind by Welch is conducive to the needs of a successor.

5. Analyze and Criticaly evaluate Welch's Leadership relative to Leader-Memeber Exchange Theory (Northouse Figure 8.1-8.4).

Following the period of major restructuring, Welch would shift his leadership orientation with an emphasis on improving company culture. It would be at this point that he would begin to focus on improving openness and multidirectional exchange within the company. This would be evocative of the Leader-Member Exchange theory, which "conceptualizes leadership as a process that is center on interactions between leaders and followers." (Northouse, p. 161)

Cultivation of these relationships at multiple levels of the organization would come to define the second phase of Welch's tenure. Here within, the CEO would demonstrate a favoritism toward those departemnts, managers and organizational members who were participatory and engaged in the culture shift. Resistance to this change in orientation would place one in Welch's 'out-group.' This would be especially so at the leadership levels throughout the organization, where Welch would personally see to the placement of a generation of 'new vision' leaders who shared his expectations for a large corporate whose internal culture more closely resembled a small business.

Works Cited:

Northouse, P.G. (2013). Leadership: Theory and Practice, 6th Edition. Thousand Oaks,…… [read more]

Leadership Essay

Essay  |  7 pages (2,071 words)
Bibliography Sources: 7


Is charisma necessary?

Charismatic leadership is just one type of leadership. It is not necessary for a leader to be charismatic to be effective. Because charisma can affect motivation, charismatic leadership is often tied to transformational leadership. Overlooked is the role that charismatic leadership can have in transactional leadership. Often, transactional organizations must repeat their actions, ad nauseum sometimes, and it is here where there needs to be some fervency among the followers. A FedEx courier or Wal-Mart greeter engages in incredibly repetitive work, but they believe in the mission of the company and in their role in that mission. Charisma is not necessary a part of this, but a charismatic supervisor can convey the mission of the company and instill a sense of motivation among the workers that makes repetitive work seem meaningful and interesting.

Charismatic leadership is of course valuable during the transformation process. The key is that the charismatic leader inspires, and that inspiration coupled with structures that encourage creativity, will bring about the type of transformational change that is required in the organization. Given the need for secondary leaders to spread the message and execute the plans, a charismatic leader can be valuable simply to inspire the lower-level managers, let alone the rank-and-file.

However, while there is clearly value in charismatic leadership, it is also worth noting that leadership need not be charismatic to be successful. A leader can use a number of different methods, tactics, and techniques to achieve the desired results. Yukl (2010) notes that, for example, formal authority can be just as effective as reverential authority. Systems and structures are almost always required to guide action, regardless of the level of inspiration within the company. Further, charisma of one leader is often subsumed within an organization to fervor for the organization as a whole. If there is reverence and inspiration, it can come from any number of sources. A Pope who is a skilled administrator can be effective in his job, because for members of his organization inspiration is supposed to come from above. There does not need to be a high level of loyalty to the Pope or buy-in to his message, as long as there is a common belief throughout the organization in the overall direction of the organization.

While charisma helps, the traits of leadership effectiveness do not have to include charisma. Being a skilled communicator is important, and can come from a relatively dry leader. Likewise, the abilities to understand, to synthesize, to organize and to delegate do not relate to the charisma of the leader. There are many other ways for leaders with low charisma to achieve the same results, using different techniques and different motivators for their followers. Charisma is a good trait for a leader to have, but it is not entirely necessary.


Conger, J. & Kanungo, R. (1987). Toward a behavioral theory of charismatic leadership in organizational settings. Academy of Management Review. Vol. 12 (4) 637-647.

Criulla, J. (2003). The ethics of leadership. Belmont,… [read more]

Leadership Development the Famous Peter Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (592 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


For example, being able to complete the required work assigned that is not reliant on others would be a self-sufficiency thing while a task or project that involves multiple departments would absolutely require both self-sufficiency to do the deliverables that the author is responsible for but interaction and interfacing with others is also important.

Fullan made the point that "capacity" is the expansion and improvement of what a management or leadership team is able to absorb and deal with. The unwillingness or inability to deal with daily challenges would represent a lack of capacity while a gung ho and aggressive (yet polite) addressing of daily tasks and challenges would show high capacity. It is all about being prepared, being proactive and showing good leadership skills (Fullan, 2005).


Many people crave leadership and managerial power with an avarice that is unseemly and improper. Other leaders fly by the seat of their pants just a little too much and are caught off guard (or give the appearance that they are) when things come up that must be addressed. Both school and work can manifest this in many ways and the key is to know as much about what is coming before it happens and this allows any good leader, manager or person in general to be well-prepared for what is to come and perform in a sterling and exemplary manner. Setting the example will draw others to you much like moths to the flame and that is almost always a good thing for a firm or organization.


Fullan, M. (2005). Eight Forces for Leaders of Change. Journal of Staff Development, 26(4), 54.

Weinschenk, S. (2013, September 20). Leadership | Psychology Today. Psychology Today: Health, Help, Happiness + Find a Therapist.…… [read more]

Leadership in Nursing Excellence Research Paper

Research Paper  |  2 pages (560 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


An excellent participative leader also has the ability to generate a very high degree of individualized consideration and gives each subordinate an opportunity to take ownership of their specific area of the department (Rao, 2013). One of the most innate needs of any subordinate is to also have a strong sense that they are needed and their contributions count. Creating a culture of achievement and inspired motivation is also critically important. These leadership attributes show how critical it is to blend the hard and soft skills of leadership (Rao, 2013).


The quote new nurse managers require a solid knowledge base of effective leadership practices to ensure their success (Cohen, 2013) typify the mindset of graduate-level nursing students who will excel in their careers. Seeing nursing leadership as a foundational element of a successful career in healthcare is essentials, as the ability to create and sustain a highly collaborative culture in any workgrou7p is essential for the success of any department (Swearingen, Liberman, 2004). The continual development of leadership skills over the many years of a career is also critically important as well. Great leadership in nursing isn't a destination, it's a journey. Participative leadership styles allow for growth and continually learning over time, aligning with that long-term vision of leadership development.


Cohen, S. (2013). Transitioning new leaders: Seven steps for success. Nursing Management, 44(2), 9.

Rao, M.S. (2013). Smart leadership blends hard and soft skills. Human Resource Management International Digest, 21(4), 38-40.

Swearingen, S., & Liberman, A. (2004). Nursing leadership - serving those who serve others. The Health Care Manager, 23(2), 100-109.

Wong, C., & Cummings, G. (2009). Authentic leadership: A new…… [read more]

Military Leadership Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (493 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


Military leadership is a profound and unique phenomenon that represents how men have courageously led their units in to the most extreme of instances of life known as war. The purpose of this essay is to provide a descriptive analysis of three models of assessment of military leadership to highlight how the art of war has been managed and directed throughout the history of mankind.

The Army Field Manual 6-22 addressed how leadership should be approached with this military branches' ranks. In this work the Army model of leadership is expressed. It is stated "The model's basic components center on what a leader is and what a leader does. The leader's character, presence, and intellect enable the leader to master the core leader competencies through dedicated lifelong learning. The balanced application of the critical leadership requirements empowers the Army leader to build high-performing and cohesive organizations able to effectively project and support land power. "[footnoteRef:1] Balance is the key phrase in this model, as all leaders must be able the extreme conditions that the military presents including the violent struggle for life and death. [1: U.S. Army Field Manual 6-22. Released October 2006. ]

Bartone et al. (2009) suggested that any model of military leadership must incorporate the psychological processes of that leader. The authors use the word "hardiness" to model the success rate of a given personality type. They concluded that "the longer term solution for a volunteer force must include adjusting the mission demands…… [read more]

Ethical Leadership Describe Each Study Article Critique

Article Critique  |  10 pages (3,087 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 1+


Ethical Leadership

Describe Each Study

There are some articles that deal with organizational ethical values and the leadership values. These articles are based on research and studies conducted in different areas of the world to find if there is a role of ethical leadership in productivity of organizations. There are many other positive effects of implementing organizational and leadership ethics… [read more]

Distinction Between Leadership and Management Research Paper

Research Paper  |  2 pages (641 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


¶ … Leadership and Management

There is a key distinction between the terms management and leadership. This distinction becomes even more pronounced when it is applied to the roles that individuals fulfill while striving to achieve objectives related to these two concepts. As such, there is a fairly salient difference between a manager and a leader. Essentially, managers may be called upon to lead -- although they do not necessarily have to. Leaders, for the most part, are such regardless of their individual rank within an organization, and have the proclivity to produce behavior that attracts others to follow them.


That said, the key distinction between these two roles within a healthcare organization primarily relates to formality. Managers are individuals who have been given positions of power and authority. They often have the need to delegate and allocate resources towards the achieving of specific objectives that are always in alignment with those of the overarching organization. They do not have to be noted for their charisma or their people-skills, since their position is rooted in authority in which they have copious amounts of control of the processes of a particular organization.


Leaders, on the other hand, do not expressly have positions of power, authority and control that managers have. By definition, of course, all a leader needs to have to stake such a claim is followers. Therefore, one of the key distinctions of a leader is that he or she has a fair amount of influence within an organization -- especially within a health care organization. Such an influence may be based upon position and rank, but it can also be intrinsically related to personality, charisma, and the desire to show to others how to achieve an objective -- which either may or may not be related to those of the organization.


When I first started working in the healthcare industry as a registered nurse, I…… [read more]

Educational Leadership Management Effectiveness vs Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (654 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Educational Leadership

Management Effectiveness vs. Leadership Effectiveness

Just like is the case with the terms management and leadership, effective management and effective leadership are in most cases used synonymously. The two however differ. In seeking to bring out the difference between management effectiveness and leadership effectiveness, it would be prudent to first revisit the terms leadership and management. In the words of Lussier (2008, p.334), "management is broader in scope than leadership." While a leader attempts to influence people towards the accomplishment of certain goals by winning over their trust, a manager largely relies on the existing systems and structures to direct individuals towards the accomplishment of organizational goals and objectives. For this reason, effectiveness from a managerial perspective has got to do with the successful utilization of the existing systems and structures to get people to accomplish organizational goals. On the other hand, effectiveness from a leadership perspective should be seen as the ability to win over the trust of others to the extent where one is able to motivate or influence individuals towards the accomplishment of a given task. Essentially, an effective manager should be an expert when it comes to resource utilization, time management, coordination, etc. Individuals with a deficiency in the said skills cannot make effective managers. On the other hand, an effective leader in addition to being a "people's person" should also be a visionary. People are more likely to follow leaders who inspire them. A leader who is unable to inspire a group towards the accomplishment of a certain task cannot therefore be regarded effective.

Successful Leadership vs. Effective Leadership

A leader could be effective, successful, or both effective and successful. When a leader uses his or her position of leadership (as opposed to his or her persona) to get followers to accomplish certain tasks, that is called successful leadership. However, as Hellriegel and Slocum (2009, p.310) point out, "an effective leader's influence is soft and indirect." Effective leadership is therefore…… [read more]

Dr. Kings Leadership Style Research Paper

Research Paper  |  5 pages (1,715 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


Dr. King's Leadership Style

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., has an enduring legacy in American history as a passionate preacher who was also a very effective Civil Rights leader. He is well-known for his stirring oratory and for his powerful advocacy for justice, and two of his most famous presentations are critiqued and evaluated in this paper: his "Letter from… [read more]

Youth Leadership Training and Development Research Paper

Research Paper  |  1 pages (391 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Survey Population: Youth leaders in volunteer organizations, stratified by area codes and school district distributions throughout the metro area.

Sample Size: Based on the total population of students in the metro area and using a Confidence Interval of 95%, the total sample size is set at 532.

Survey Sampling Technique: Using a random number generation application to choose every nth respondent to ensure representativeness of the entire survey population.

Research Instrument: A survey will be used for data collection, relying on a series of Likert scales for capturing attitudinal assessments and assessments of the dimensions of self-esteem, motivation, moral values and self-confidence.

Research Phases

Phase I -- Initial questionnaire evaluation and testing. Selection of respondents and use of random sampling to define overall sampling frame. Complete parent information sessions and gain approvals and support.

Phase II -- Complete stratified random sample of each audience. Complete second wave of questionnaires. Evaluate and benchmark response rates.

Phase III -- Complete survey analysis and present results, then define strategic improvements to programs.


Creswell, John W. 2009. Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed

Methods Approaches (3rd…… [read more]

Global Leadership Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (1,108 words)
Style: Harvard  |  Bibliography Sources: 5


Having a so-called "global mindset" did not enter into the responses.

That having been said, in the journal Leadership Excellence the authors take issue with the focus on competencies alone; instead, they assert that leaders are "…forced by the fires of experience"; leadership development (whether for global expansion or local markets) should zero in on "results, not competencies" because executives become adept at challenges "…through experiences" (McCall, et al., 2007). That point is appropriate because a global leader should (and often does) acquire experience by doing his or her job in more than one venue.

An article in the Journal for Quality & Participation references a recent study with 202 "…high-potential leaders from around the world"; those global leaders were asked to describe how the "ideal leader of the future" would be different from past leaders (Hopen, 2020). The answer: the ideal leader of the future needs to be competent at "…building partnerships inside and outside the organization" (Hopen, 8). Hence, whether the business leader is heading up a global venture or managing a grocery store chain in Alabama, the partnerships he or she is able to build and sustain will have a lot to do with the company's success in that particular market. Nowhere in that survey was a "global mindset" presented; success is about the competencies previously mentioned in this paper and it is about the partnerships that are developed.

Dr. Daniel Vasella has been CEO and chairman of Novartis, a global company worth $60 billion, for 17 years. In an interview with Forbes, Vasella -- clearly a successful global leader -- emphasized that leadership involves creating "…a compelling purpose… [and] articulate clear values and behaviors" (Cashman, 2013). Vasella insists that "…you must engage people, give direction and manage change" while simultaneously "…creating trust, being supportive, developing people" and being a competent communicator. A creative and visionary leader must understand the industry and must be inspirational, according to Vasella. Nowhere in the interview does Cashman discuss anything close to a "global mindset" albeit he's been involved in global management and leadership for 17 years.

In conclusion, Cohen's point about having a "global mindset" is important, especially for that leader whose company is just entering the international marketplace. However, suggesting strongly, as he does, that a global mindset is the most important -- or "key foundational factor" -- attribute for a successful overseas venture is putting all leadership eggs in one basket. It is not the most important attribute -- there are many strategic attributes needed -- and it appears that Cohen is beating his own drum while neglecting some of the other pivotal attributes that go into successful global leadership.


Cappellen, Tineke, and Janssens, Maddy. 2007. 'Global managers' career competencies.' Career Development International, vol. 13, 514-537.

Cashman, Kevin. 2013. 'A Global Leader's Perspective on CEO Leadership: Part One.' Forbes. Retrieved May 16, 2013, from http://www.forbes.com.

Cohen, Stephen L. 2010. 'Effective global leadership requires a global mindset.' Industrial and Commercial Training, vol. 21, 3-9.

Hopen, Deborah. 2010. 'The… [read more]

Impacts of Culture on Leadership Style Thesis

Thesis  |  6 pages (1,740 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


21st Century Leadership in Japan

Leadership has proved itself to be an interesting topic for researchers. Numerous investigators have studied leadership styles in different cultures, occupations, and organizational settings. While many studies have been developed in the Western contexts, Japan has received little research attention, other than Bass and Avolio's (1997) full-range leadership model which claims to be universal. The… [read more]

Comparison of a Nurse and Non-Nurse Leader Research Paper

Research Paper  |  7 pages (2,188 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


¶ … Nurse and Non-Nurse Leader

Leadership does not have a delegated authority. Therefore, the leader has 'power' that comes informally from the people they lead. Leaders do the right thing while managers do things right, hence the difference between the two terms (Yoder, 2011). Therefore, leadership entails being a person who is an initiator, an example to the others,… [read more]

Ethical Practices in Mentoring/Coaching Research Paper

Research Paper  |  6 pages (1,707 words)
Bibliography Sources: 7


Consideration of ethical principles is a crucial keystone that fosters effective and safe practice. A good coach or mentor must help the client in achieving the greatest good, must prevent harm and uphold autonomy of his/her client. The success of mentoring and coaching is enhanced through establishment of proper relationship between the mentor and mentee, application of regulations and law, and application of codes of conduct. For instance, in Sheena's issue, there was no established relationship between her and her client, and hence the fear of contacting him, and the client feared to contact Sheena. The established relationship besides code of ethics and laws facilitate effective, mentoring and coaching practice.


Connor, M., & Pokora, J (2012). Coaching and mentoring at work: Developing effective practice. London: McGraw-Hill International.

Crawnwell, J. (2004). Mentoring: A Henley review of best practice. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Hawkins, P., & Smith, N. (2007). Coaching, mentoring and organizational consultancy: Supervision and development. London: McGraw-Hill International, Jan 1, 2007

Moberg, D., & Vekasquez, M. (2004). The Ethics of mentoring. Business Ethics Quarterly, 14 (1), 95-122.

Reinstein, A. (2013). Examining mentoring in public accounting organizations. Review of Business, 33 (1), 40-49.

Western, S. (2012). Coaching and mentoring: A critical…… [read more]

Constructing Visions A-Level Outline Answer

A-Level Outline Answer  |  3 pages (867 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 2


¶ … personal vision of leadership could best be described as one of 'situational' leadership. I believe that leadership must be suited to the needs of the task at hand and also to the needs of the organization, including its human needs. My leadership vision is flexible, dynamic and ever-changing. One leadership theory that has always resonated with me is that of Hershey-Blanchard Situational leadership theory. According to this conception of leadership, leadership is not a 'cookie cutter' formula that can be applied to all persons indiscriminately. There are four basic methods of leadership, all of which have valid applications. With the leadership style of 'telling,' leaders "tell their people exactly what to do, and how to do it;" with 'selling,' "leaders 'sell' their message to get the team on board;" with 'participating' leadership "leaders focus more on the relationship and less on direction;" and finally 'delegating' leadership is when "leaders pass most of the responsibility onto the follower or group. The leaders still monitor progress, but they're less involved in decisions" (Hershey-Blanchard situational leadership theory, 2013, Mind Tools).

In decisions involving persons such as interns who know little about what they are doing or who are very unmotivated or with tasks that require relatively little finesse, a telling style may be more appropriate. However, in workplaces where workers may be equally untrained, but far more motivated, a 'selling' approach may work best. In another workplace, where the leader can benefit from the expertise of followers, a participatory style may be beneficial. And in some instances, when the leader may actually have less actual expertise than members of a team, delegating is preferred.

In the 'real world,' I believe this eclectic, situational strategy is always required when leading a team. Yes, a company may have many fine slogans about always listening to its employees. But sometimes, in the day-to-day grind of a business, particularly when workers have minimal training, are very young, or are frankly underpaid, a manager may feel forced to use a 'telling' approach. I can remember this from my first job in a fast food restaurant. I do believe that 'telling' is rarely an ideal, which is why the 'selling' approach is best, if workers at least have some intrinsic motivation to do a good job, even if they do not know what that good job may entail.

Both the telling and the selling approaches to leadership assume that the leader has more knowledge than the workers. But that might not always be the case. A manager of a sales team may benefit from a participatory approach, because the sales…… [read more]

Indispensable Leader in the World Today Leadership Term Paper

Term Paper  |  10 pages (3,199 words)
Bibliography Sources: 10


¶ … Indispensable Leader in the World Today

Leadership is one of the most critical fields in the world today. The modernistic styles and implications that are brought by leadership are categorical of the successes and failures that have happened in the entire world. There are many leaders in the present world. The existence of many leadership styles and intentions… [read more]

Global Leadership and Building Essay

Essay  |  1 pages (403 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Global Leadership and Building Leadership

Global Leadership & Building Leadership

Thank you for giving me this chance to share my thoughts on what I value, believe, and think about leadership. I believe I have an obligation to repay the community for the opportunities I have received. I believe that I have a duty to avoid wronging others, treat people as equals, and promote the good of others. I think one should treat people as an end and not as a means to an end. As human beings we all have a responsibility to keep our promises, compensate others when we harm them, thank those who help us, recognize and acknowledge the value of others, improve the conditions of others, improve our virtue and intelligence, and not to injure others.

Businessman and author Ken Blanchard says, "The key to successful leadership is influence, not authority." I think in order to be an effective leader one must truly care about people. Successful initiatives depend on the efforts of the leader's people; therefore a leader must empower, inspire, enable, encourage, and support subordinates. A leader must communicate the organization's goals, vision's, priorities and strategies in order to gain maximum commitment to organizational success. Leadership…… [read more]

Management and Theory Leadership Application Essay

Application Essay  |  5 pages (2,206 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 3


initial success. But that would leave out other variables like geography, econometrics, type of product or service, technology, timeliness, etc. Strictly speaking, this is one of the difficulties in social science research. The internal validity must show that A caused B; while there still might be a trade-off between internal and external validity in certain situations. In general, looking at… [read more]

School Leadership Student Centered Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (735 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 5


It is mutable, much like the characteristics of leaders themselves. It should be noted that CRT does not exclude persons who are European-American or White from applying its lens. Any person can use his or her identity, even an identity of privilege as a springboard of further reflection upon the nature of leadership and power dynamics.

According to Robinson "building trust in racially and culturally homogeneous communities is easier than in more diverse ones because people have a tendency to trust those who are similar to themselves" (Robinson 2011: 137). When there is a perceived divide between the culture of the administration and the students and the teachers, it is more difficult to build trust and to accomplish the five dimensions of leadership. CRT would not necessarily question this assumption but would ask why does this statement ring true? Why do such barriers exist based upon race and other demographic factors, and how do they negatively impact education? CRT also takes more of a Marxist perspective in seeing socioeconomic divides as resulting from historical injustices that must be challenged in the classroom, rather than as mere failures of human connections like CRT. However, although CRT emphasizes the need for mutual learning and sharing common personal backgrounds, rather than a more impersonal focus on goals like student-centered learning, there are many complementary aspects of the two ideologies, such as the need for professional development and the raising of educators' awareness about the community where they serve.

Student-Centered Learning vs. CRT

Generally applied dimensions vs. Community-specific

Leader seen as in control of change vs. Leader seen as being a part of a community

Little emphasis on race, other than the divisiveness of heterogeneous communities vs. emphasizing 'identity politics'


Airini. (2010). Be true to one's self: Learning to be leaders in Pasifika education strategy. Mai Review, 1, 1-22.

Gronn, P. (2008). The future of distributed leadership. Journal of Educational Administration,

46(2). 141-158

Potaka, P. (2011). Cultural change and moral leadership. In R. Notman (Ed.) Successful

educational leadership in New Zealand: Case studies of schools and an early childhood centre. University of Otago.

Robinson, Viviane. (2011). Student-centered leadership. Jossey-Bass

Santamara, L.J., &…… [read more]

Situational Leadership Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (639 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


¶ … Leadership

The underlying assumption of servant leadership is that the leader exists to serve the needs of others. The servant leader marshals resources in such a manner as to give his or her employees the best opportunity to succeed. Under the servant leader, people will grow, improve and achieve a higher level of self-actualization as part of their path to superior performance (Greenleaf, 1970). Self-awareness is a critical element of servant leadership. Self-awareness helps the servant leader to understand the ways in which his or her actions are affecting those around him or her. The servant leader must also combine this self-awareness with self-concept. The servant leader must have the self-concept of wanting to serve, and feeling that he or she exists to serve the needs of others. This selflessness translates to servant leadership, but for a person to be an effective servant leader he or she must be aware of this driving need, and seek to cultivate it. That person's actions will then be more aligned with servant leadership, guided by knowing altruism.

Emotional intelligence also plays an important role in servant leadership. Self-awareness is one of the key elements of emotional intelligence, but beyond that people who have a high level of emotional intelligence also have empathy and strong social skills. Servant leaders must have these traits. Empathy is important because the servant leader exists to meet the needs of others; understanding those needs is therefore crucial. Social skills help the servant leader to engage in a free flow of communications with people. Not only does the listening aspect help the servant leader to better understand the needs of others, but it can help him or her to better understand the link between his or her actions and the meeting of those needs. The best servant leaders will have a very high level of emotional intelligence and therefore be able to read and respond to…… [read more]

Social Equity Is a Key White Paper

White Paper  |  20 pages (5,893 words)
Bibliography Sources: 20


In addition, public administration has the duty of burdening the responsibility of creating and maintaining a commonwealth. However, in practice the relationship between citizenry and administrators is complex, making matters of government operation, citizen engagement, and design in administration complex (Candler & Dumont, 2010). This is the result of a global phenomenon, which has led to the creation of the… [read more]

Leadership Profile Case Study

Case Study  |  2 pages (628 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Leadership Profile One: A Rising Star

Summary of the Situation

Over the holidays, I volunteered at the homeless shelter I have been working with for a number of years. I initially started volunteering there because I thought it would look good on my resume and transcript, but I made friends and bonded with some of the people at the organization. Therefore, I continued to work there enthusiastically on three separate occasions. This past occasion, I was called upon to coordinate some events for the homeless people at the shelter. I was entrusted with the opportunity to design programs and create activities for the people, something that I had only before watched other people do.

Outcome of the Situation

I was successful in designing programs that were accepted by people of all ages, genders, and ethnic backgrounds. Many of the shelter members congratulated me. Because the experience gave me confidence, I developed a newfound desire to serve in a leadership position in the future.

Summary of Theories, Approaches, Readings

Unlike trait theories of leadership, behavioral theories of leadership suggest that individuals can learn how to be good leaders. The main methods of learning how to become a good leader are through observational learning, and through rewards and consequences.

Summary of Connections Between Theory and Observation

In this case, I learned how to design the homeless shelter programs by watching and observing. By learning through example, I modeled my leadership behavior after my mentors at the homeless shelter. Therefore, I exhibited behavioral theory when serving as a leader.

Leadership Profile Two: LGBT

Summary of the Situation

My friend Andrea is a lesbian who came out of the closet during her last year in high school, right before leaving for college. Her parents were unsupportive, and so were most of the people she knew because she comes from a conservative community in a small town. At university,…… [read more]

Leadership Warren Buffett, a Leading Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (627 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Seeing his successes and the devotion of those who work for him, I remain convinced that the relevance of influencing people's basic values as well as principles cannot be overstated if one is to accomplish organizational goals. To remain relevant in a highly competitive business environment, a business must be able to truly motivate its employees. In my opinion, employees operating at level one cannot guarantee the firm the vigor it needs to succeed in a truly competitive marketplace. Towards that end, as a leader, I would seek to appeal to people's feelings and thoughts. To be able to do this, I may have to further hone my listening as well as thinking skills.

Buffett has also been able to motivate the employees of Berkshire through the creation of an environment that fosters mutual respect and understanding. Their main motivation to greater performance is not the monthly paycheck. They are really committed to seeing Berkshire achieve its goals. This way, Berkshire continues to maintain extraordinary performance. Studying Buffett's approach to leadership has also made me realize that it is by genuinely addressing the concerns of their followers that leaders get to win the trust of the said followers. In Berkshire's context, followers include both shareholders and employees. As a leader, I would seek to transform the lives of my followers in a meaningful way. This could be through the creation of more value for shareholders as well as through the facilitation of better pay and working conditions for employees.

Being a level three leader cannot be regarded a walk in the park. However, by relying on Warren Buffett's approach to leadership as well as the various level three leadership behaviors outlined by Clawson (2012), I believe I would succeed in this endeavor.


Clawson, J.G. (2012). Level Three Leadership: Getting Below the Surface (5th ed.). New Jersey: Prentice Hall.… [read more]

Leadership -- Power and Responsibilities Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (1,270 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


It is inexplicable that the narrator would be so rude (perhaps he is jealous that Robert and the narrator's wife are friends and were friends previously when the narrator's wife was a reader for Robert years ago), but Robert ends up being the stronger person. The leadership Robert shows comes clear when Robert asks the narrator to describe what a cathedral looks like; the narrator can't do it and so Robert places his hand on the narrator's hand and in effect is proving tutoring to the narrator vis-a-vis how to experience a cathedral.

Meanwhile John F. Kennedy had his flaws (he reportedly had an affair with Hollywood superstar Marilyn Monroe) in his person life, but in his professional life, as president, he showed great leadership. For example, he set the stage for the United States to become world leader in space exploration. He set a goal when he was first elected to office, to establish NASA and to develop the rockets and technology needed to put a man on the moon. Kennedy's biggest challenge -- and the one in which he showed the responsible use of power -- was during the Cuban Missile Crisis. Kennedy basically told the Soviet Union to pull their missiles out of Cuba or the U.S. would destroy them from the air. He devised a successful blockade around Cuba and Soviet ships that were headed to Cuba to deliver missile hardware were turned back.

The fifth individual to be discussed, Michael Abrashoff, a former U.S. Navy captain, took over a Navy ship (USS Benfold) that had a terrible reputation and created a whole new legacy for the ship. Abrashoff was very good with his men, as he used his power as captain for positive change on board; rather than just making demands of his crew, he took crew members that had failed elsewhere and trained them to be competent, efficient sailors. When the Sunday barbeque was held on deck (which Abrashoff launched), Abrashoff went to the back of the food line and waited for his turn -- insisting that his officers do the same. When two African-American sailors and a white sailor got into a fight with racial overtones, Abrashoff was obliged as captain to punish all three, but in addition to that, he took the three under his wing and mentored them, and they all three became upstanding, rule-abiding crew members. Abrashoff's integrity shone through by his ability to be a good listener; he had a 15 minute meeting with every one of his crew members (this took several weeks), and when he heard a good suggestion from a sailor, he put it into effect. He talked a good talk but he walked it better, as the saying goes.

In conclusion, Capt. Abrashoff took his responsibilities seriously but creatively, and showed integrity in doing to. Lincoln and Kennedy also knew how to assume and accept responsibility and they used their power with integrity and skill. Robert, while blind, showed that he had leadership qualities, and… [read more]

Organizational Motivation and Leadership Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,286 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


Low morale among employees is commonly caused by stress. Stress levels of workers may be increased by certain factors, but the main cause of employee stress is their relationship with their bosses. Reports indicate that highly authoritarian bosses are the main cause of increasing employee absenteeism (Chance & Chance, 2002). Nonetheless, when the rate of employee absenteeism is high in a company, they should consider the relationship between employees and managers. This issue can be resolved through management training. A proper leadership-training program will enable the authoritarian managers to learn techniques of how to become a facilitating manager. This style will enable managers to motivate employees so that they can forward suggestions and issues and keep employees updated about the company progress. This way, employees will not feel as if the managers will draw penalties on them for mistakes (Fulton & Maddock, 2008).

The role of organizational leadership in your selected situation

The Coca Cola Company has resorted to policies and programs that address employee absenteeism. The company has been successful to address this situation because these policies have focused on absenteeism itself. Rewarding timeliness and punishing violators is one way of solving the issue. In order for the Coca Cola Company to eliminate this problem, it must identify its origin. However, the problem is that the source may not be found where it is thought to be (James, 2008).

The Coca Cola Company is seeking the cause of the problem in the nature of the workers, which may include the generation of employees at work. If the later is addressed, productivity could increase, and absenteeism could reduce. The company has also established that the core cause of employee absenteeism is based on poor morale. This is generated by the company's policies, procedures and the overall style of management and not in the shortcomings of workers. The Coca Cola Company can adjust their policies, regulations, and procedures to facilitate the work of employees. The managers should ensure that there is an exchange of feedback, to and from employees. This system can be fully incorporated into the company's managerial deliberations (Huston & Marquis, 2009

The role of power and influence in the selected situation

Earlier this year, the CEO of Coca Cola pointed out that there has been an increase in employee absenteeism especially when approaching weekends. He put the blame on the company's industrial relation system and demanded for the policy to be changed. High rates of employee absenteeism at the company suggest that employees have not been appropriately engaged (Miner, 2007). Research indicates that when employees are not engaged, it leads to high rates of employee absenteeism. Employees become stressed and fragile when they encounter an uninspiring workplace or crappy leaders confront and will seek some escape route. In order to escape, they will create false excuses such as sickness. Most of them refer to such situations as stress days because they are sick and tired of their bosses and they need to take a break. For the above… [read more]

Leadership - Gates of Fire Essay

Essay  |  6 pages (1,771 words)
Bibliography Sources: 6


They fought with heart and soul and tried their best to delay the action of Persians so that their home land people get time to ready for the battles of Salamis and Plataea.

This story of 300 Spartans and the leadership set by King Leonydas explored by Pressfield is of important significance for U.S. Army. It portrays what can be done for the sake of humanity and how strong leadership can help in overcoming even the most critical situations. This story gives the true definition of courage to the armies and shows the importance of creating strong bonds among the comrades in arms.

It shows how the good training, guidance, disciplines and proper use of resources can bring desired outcomes. Moreover, it also teaches how the victory achieved by sacrifices gives strength and motivation to others. This historical story narrated by fictional characters has several lessons in it for the U.S. Army who often has to face critical situations for beating the enemies. It not only gives history information but also the lessons of courage, comradeship and teamwork.


Bass, B and Riggio, R. (2008). Transformational Leadership. Second edition. Lawrence Erlbaum


Cohen, W. (2010). Heroic Leadership. Leading with Integrity and Honor. Chapter 7: Put Duty Before

Self. Published by Jossey Bass.

Crandall, D. (2007). Leadership Lessons from WestPoint. The Department of Behavioral Sciences and Leadership. Published by Jossey-Bass. John Willey and Sons Inc.

Mintzberg, H. (1998). Harvard Business Review on Leadership. Harvard Business School Press. Printed in USA.

Parikh, M &…… [read more]

Bridge on the River Kwai Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,199 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Leadership Styles

Leadership Perceptions from "The Bridge on the River Kwai"


Defining and understanding the different types of leadership is necessary for this article. Leadership could be defined as the art of making a person do something that needed to be done by you, because he has the ability and urge to do it. There are many leadership styles including the following; authoritarian leadership also known as autocratic, is a style where the leader makes the decisions and the group under him has no authority making the leader dictatorial. The next style is the democratic one, where a leader is ready to listen to the team and involve them in the making of decisions. The leader is always ready to take opinions from the team members, and then later instruct them on the best alternatives.

Laissez-faire style occurs when the leader hardly rules the team, but in the contrary, leaves the group to make decisions, and the leader's decisions are not directly influencing the group's affairs. Decisions are, therefore, coming from the group and not the leader as is the case in the other leadership styles. Transformational style is a model where both the subordinates and leader lead their way to motivation and moral maturity.

The Bridge on the River Kwai

The Bridge on the River Kwai, is one of the best films in the 1950's, and obviously the best in 1957, when it won seven awards after numerous nominations. When the film begins, there are symbolically done images of a lone hawk that soars in the air, representing joyous moments of freedom, then followed with shots of graveyards all covered with crosses that are crudely placed, to indicate the outcomes and consequences of war. Guinness, who was acting as Colonel Nicholson, together with his subordinates comprising of soldiers of British origin, march towards a camp whistling Colonel Boggie March in uniform. As they move ahead, William Holden who plays the part of Shears, the American Commander of the Navy, together with another man are digging graves and rearing that the incoming prisoners might be frightened by the site of graves. Just from this, a conclusion may be made, after Colonel Nicholson shows attributes of an authoritarian leader, who likes his orders followed.

Shears, who is just a commander, displays leadership features of minding about his subordinates and their feelings. However, it is still too early to judge Shears as per his leadership attributes. As he reads the honest eulogy of the dead soldier, Shears shows the power he has, of saying the truth about his people regardless of the company he is.

Because of the brutality faced by the prisoners, shears approaches Nicholson asking for any chance of hopeful escape from the camp. Shears believed in democratic means of live, that are not characterized by violations they experienced every day. Nicholson has a contradicting opinion however, when he views escape to be against the law, displaying his way of leading that is dictatorial to an extent. He says… [read more]

Level 5 Leadership Communication Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,362 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


"Jobs had a fickle commitment construct -- he fell in and out of love with people much too easily" (Kazenbach 2012:2). He was not willing to listen to others and he "missed the potential contribution of many people who were not yet (and perhaps never would be) so-called A players" (Kazenbach 2012:2). But such was his charisma that "many of the people Jobs abandoned along the way retained a grudging respect for his positive qualities -- and a few even came back for more of his particular brand of abuse" (Kazenbach 2012:).

Jobs was able to cross boundaries as a leader, blending knowledge of human psychology and perception with design -- and fusing it into his sense of technological creativity. Every single product that emerged from Apple had Jobs' recognizable 'stamp' upon it and not simply because of the Apple logo (Kazenbach 2012:3). Towards the end of his life, Jobs was more self-critical of his leadership at Apple and admitted that the company could have been better at partnering with other companies to generate new opportunities for itself in the future. This could have laid the foundation for a more clear succession and direction after Jobs' death. At present, although his successor has presided over an equally successful company in financial terms, it is difficult to see if the succession will be successful, given the extent to which that Apple is still producing items that were given birth to under Jobs' leadership. However, it is hard to call Jobs anything but a successful leader. The market value of Apple's shares grew from $5 billion in 2000 to $351 billion upon Jobs' death, making it one the "biggest publicly listed companies in the U.S., up there with the likes of Exxon Mobil" (McInerney 2011).

Jobs' success seems to confirm the idea that strong leadership is a critical component of organizational performance. Without Jobs, there would be no Apple, and Apple 'was' Steve Jobs. Of course, not all companies are synonymous to their creator to such a great degree, and Jobs' micromanagement may mean that in the future Apple may not be as successful as it was under his guidance. Only time will tell. But Jobs' ability to use his charisma, intelligence and vision to 'break all the rules' of conventional leadership (such as being sensitive and listening to one's followers) shows that leadership is still a very important ingredient in terms of creating a high-quality organization. Without Jobs, the workers at Apple would have still been very talented engineers but Jobs was able to integrate design, technology and an ethos about how human beings should relate to technology in a very unusual and specific way.

While Steve Jobs is an inspiring success story, his model of leadership is not necessarily one which would be advisable to follow for most CEOs. Furthermore, it remains unlikely whether Jobs fulfills the requirements of being a 'Level 5 leader' given his determination to 'go it alone' and not allow for the input of others. However,… [read more]

Leadership Is a Complex Subject to Study Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (667 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Leadership is a complex subject to study, in part because there are so many definitions of leadership. As a result of these multiple competing definitions, studying leadership is itself a complex endeavor, and one that will often be driven by one's views on what leadership is. Some of the approaches to the study of leadership are the trait approach, the behavior approach, the power-influence approach, the situational approach and the integrative approach. I personally feel that the integrative approach is the best one. I feel this because I recognize that the world is inherently complex and with a high degree of uncertainty. Leaders in particular must be able to manage in conditions of uncertainty and high complexity, and therefore should not be limited by the constraints that the other leadership approaches place on our understanding of how leaders achieve success. I feel that the integrative approach is more comprehensive, and allows for the flexibility that leaders need in order to achieve their objectives.

If there is a downside to the integrative approach, it is that there are times when it may overcomplicate a situation -- leaders cannot afford to be bogged down by detail. However, I feel that a good leader recognizes that complexity and uncertainty can and should be managed, so that even when multiple approaches are being utilized that the leader does not become bogged down or lose focus on the task at hand. It is also possible that the study of leadership is inherently geared towards single-variable theories. This is more a reflection of the nature of academia than of leadership itself. No academic wants to approach a study with an unwieldy number of variables, especially when those variables interact with each other. This might be true, but the issues that have constrained academic study of an integrative approach to leadership are not issues with the integrative approach in the real world. I am more interested in the integrative approach precisely because it reflects real world conditions of complexity and…… [read more]

Relationship Between Personality and Transformational Leadership Essay

Essay  |  9 pages (3,184 words)
Bibliography Sources: 15


¶ … Personality and Transformational Leadership

Most of the time, it is really not that difficult for some people to easily recognize differences of the other people. Others' working ways can be totally different from one's own. At times they can even be annoying. A lot of the time their subordinates can experience their leaders as very adverse and others… [read more]

Leadership Chapter 10 Addresses Power Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (558 words)
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Conflict is defined as "a process in which one party perceives that his or her interests are being opposed or negatively affected by another party," (p. 328). Conflict is not necessarily a bad thing within an organization, as it can be used to leverage positive change. An emerging view on conflict is that constructive conflict can be healthy; whereas relationship conflict is generally detrimental to productivity. Constructive conflict occurs "when people focus their discussion on the issue while showing respect for people with other points-of-view," (p. 330). Relationship conflict focuses more on people than the issues, and refers to personality clashes. Three strategies that can be used to minimize personality conflict include promoting emotional intelligence, building a cohesive team, and supporting team norms.

It can be helpful to work with models of conflict. One conflict model identifies the sources of conflict, traces the escalation of the conflict, determines manifest conflict, and then analyzes conflict outcomes. Six main conditions that cause organizational conflict include incompatible goals, differentiation, interdependence, scarce resources, ambiguous roles, and communication problems. There are several conflict management styles, each of which has its merits in certain situations. Those styles include problem solving, avoiding, forcing, yielding, and compromising. The primary structural approaches to managing conflict include emphasizing superordinate goals, reducing differentiation, improving communication, reducing task interdependence, increasing resources, and clarifying rules.

Chapter 12 is about leadership in organizational settings. There are several theories and perspectives of leadership, including the competency perspective, the behavioral perspective, the contingency perspective, the transformational perspective, and the implicit leadership perspective. Organizations need to be aware of cross-cultural and gender differences in leadership.


McShane, S.L. & von Glinow, M.A. Organizational…… [read more]

Strategic Management Leadership and Competitive Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (652 words)
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Competitive Strategy PetSmart vs. Petco

What is PetSmart's competitive strategy, and how does their strategy relate to the company's internal assessment? Give an example from the case.

Making the company's large stores feel homier is PetSmart's competitive strategy. The company has achieved this by reducing the size of their stores, and changing the shelves stocking layout from the warehouse format that was not working for the company. These changes plus the addition of other services, which their competitor was not providing gave the company a competitive advantage. As postulated in the case study, these additional services would generate $450 million of sales, which would represent 10% of PetSmart's $4.5 billion total. Since the strategy was developed in 2000 this figure would represent a 26% increment in annual growth. These value adding services provide the pet owners an opportunity to visit the stores, and this boosts the stores sales, as the owners will buy other products.

How does Petco compete with PetSmart and other pet food stores, and how does the company's competitive strategy relate to its internal analysis? Give an example from the case.

To remain competitive in the market, Petco has adopted a different strategy than the one adopted by PetSmart. Petco not only caters for cats, and dogs, but it has included products for other animals. The company also holds events in its stores, where it has competitions, and useful demonstrations for the pet owners. The case study shows that, Petco recently in its 200 stores had a Reptile Rendezvous event. During this event, there were demonstrations like new clay which owners of reptiles can use to mound caves and hills. Petco stores are relatively small, thus they cannot provide overnight stays, but they do have a day care in some locations. The company is also privately owned and this would make it difficult to…… [read more]

Leadership Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (807 words)
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Don't be easy. Be fair and consistent." One thing that employees are always seeking is consistency. They want to be able to come to work and find things running smoothly and they want their boss to be consistently fair. The boss that is given to mood shifts that are sudden and inexplicable will cause emotional stress among his group of employees. The boss who is fair with the attractive women on his watch but is rude and pushy with the men is not going to have a loyal following -- and is not likely to get the most out of his crew. The supervisor that is always the same when training or critiquing his employees -- who is fair-minded but firm -- is the one that will get the respect and loyalty of his employees.

And the teacher in high school that is firm but fair, who insists that all students turn work in on time and those that don't -- no matter what the excuse is or how good their grades have been -- are docked for tardiness, is a good leader in that position.

Another idea that Henderson presents that is positive is #6, "Lead by Example." Not every foreman or middle manager is going to get his or her hands dirty on the assembly line or in another workplace environment. But "lead by example" means that the supervisor or manager is seen to be working hard, pressing for a better product, constantly encouraging others to be the best they can possibly be. Those that lead by example come in early, double-check their work, and are the last to leave the building.

Question #3

Honestly I have learned a great deal about leadership in this class, and I know now that a leader doesn't have to be the person with the most powerful voice or with the best personality. The Dale Carnegie book may be out of date to some people, but I was fascinated reading the part about "praise and honest appreciation." One doesn't have to make bold pronouncements and demands to show leadership. It's really about being kind and fair to your underlings. Being humble is part of leadership and giving praise to others is vital in terms of showing that the leader really cares and is paying attention to what is going on around him or…… [read more]

Leadership in Nursing Peer Reviewed Journal

Peer Reviewed Journal  |  4 pages (1,265 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


The study examined the two different views of leadership and how the are effective in motivating employee behaviors. In the research, 4,670 coworkers rated their 421 senior managers based on the two concepts of leadership. Each manager was rated by a small number of employees, with an average of around 11 each. According to the research, "ratings were collected with the Leadership Versatility Index version 3.0 (LVI) multirater assessment instrument" (Kaiser, McGinnis, & Overfield, 201 p 125). There was a scale which included 12 dimensions of behavior. In these twelve, there were behaviors meant to enable and enforce, representing the two types of leadership strategies. This would then enable the researchers to understand what characteristics were valued highest. Regression analysis was then used to statistically analyze the results. The research clearly found that elements of both styles of leadership were rated as crucial within a business context. Thus, Kaiser, McGinnis, and Overfield, (2012) state that "the interpersonal how and the organizational what represent important and complementary components of effective leadership" and that "variables representing both the how and the what were weighted heavily in evaluations of overall effectiveness" (Kaiser, McGinnis, & Overfield, 2012, p 130). Essentially, from a real-world perspective, a true effective leader needs elements of both in order to find success in their leadership practices.

The core concepts of the article can be used in modern healthcare practice as well. A 2006 study conducted by Chen and Baron (2006) shows how leadership was evaluated by Taiwanese nurses. It was clear that nurses in a leadership position were utilizing elements mainly from a transformational leadership perspective, and tending to neglect elements that worked with different strategies. This means that nursing leaders were favoring the psychological and interpersonal perspective of leadership, while often neglecting to use elements of the more business oriented perspective. What resulted was only moderate satisfaction being reported by Taiwanese nurses. This clearly shows that elements of the organizational function style of leadership is still needed within a healthcare setting, as the nurses examined felt that the leadership was not as strong as it could be by using elements from only one of the two strategies.

Good leaders are crucial within nursing and healthcare staff. Yet, healthcare facilities also have the stress of the leadership divide that can create problems in training leaders to properly execute strategies for greater efficiency and productivity. Essentially, "there is nothing inherently antagonistic about these two perspectives" and as such nurses in advanced practices and education can utilize concepts from both perspectives in order to lead most effectively within a modern healthcare setting (Kaiser, McGinnis, & Overfield, 2012, p 125). As such, leaders within the nursing field, both in clinical practice and in educational fields, need to embody both the interpersonal elements and the organizational drive seen in combining both perspectives of leadership for a more streamlined approach to meeting healthcare needs within a contemporary healthcare system. Still, it is clear that within a healthcare field, the results may not be as… [read more]

Martin Luther King Junior Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,603 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


As he died, the non-violent movement appeared to dwindle away without him, which deepened the sense that he was, in fact, the movement essential leader. King's leadership, on the other hand, has never been out of the limelight due to the inroads he was able to make for the African-American community (Jackson, 2006).

This recognition that King's non-violent approach only agreed to be one inclination inside a bigger movement - which is that he was produced through the movement, instead of being the creator from it - has turned into a staple of latest scholarship. It wasn't King but numerous supporting local leaders, for example, who planned the famous Montgomery bus boycott of 1955 (Jackson, 2006).

In conclusion, independently, King's supporters understood that non-violence wasn't an outlook everybody shared, and once a follower amused King by telling him of the methods of one black Virginian who had taken care of a whitened bus driver who wanted him to go in his bus through the back door. An enormous figure, the guy grabbed the bus driver by his collar and spoke candidly that the bus driver should know a couple of things: 1) he can break the driver's neck without flinching and 2) he was not one of "Martin Luther King's non-violent Negroes" (Ling, 2003).


Charismatic Leadership. (2007). Retrieved on September 15, 2012 from: http://changingminds.org/disciplines/leadership/styles/charismatic_Ieadership.htm

Gardner, Howard. Leading Minds. 1995. New York. Basic Books.

Jackson, Thomas F. (2006). From Civil Rights to Human Rights: Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Struggle for Economic Justice. University of Pennsylvania Press.

Kirk, John A. (2005). Martin Luther King, Jr. Pearson Longman

Ling, Peter. Martin Luther King's Style of Leadership. 2003. Retrieved on September 15, 2012 from: http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/recent/martin_luther_king_print.html

Transformational Leadership. (2007). Retrieved on…… [read more]

Leadership Guide Transformational A-Level Coursework

A-Level Coursework  |  5 pages (1,499 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


They were uncountable slaves, there were many reformers and other lawyers who joined the noble cause and turned the tables in USA. Abraham Lincoln passed away in 1865, but he will always remain alive in the hearts of all the generations of those who were set free because of movement led by Abraham Lincoln.

Herb Kelleher (Co-founder of Southwest Airlines,… [read more]

Nursing Leadership Theories Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (1,627 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


g. hunger, thirst), (b) safety needs (i.e., bodily safety), (c) need for love and sense of belongings (e.g. friendship) affection, (love), and (d) need for self-esteem (e.g. recognition, appreciation, self-respect) and (e) self-actualization (e.g. developing one's whole potential)." (Cherie and Gebrekida, 2005) This theory is used frequently in nursing to explain human behavior." (Cherie and Gebrekida, 2005 )

Two Factor Theories (Hertzberg's Theory of Job Satisfaction)

Hertzberg's is reported to have expanded Theory Y by "dividing the needs that affect a person's motivation to work into two sets of factors: those that affect dissatisfaction and those that affect satisfaction. The first set, called hygiene factors are those factors that meet a person's need to avoid pain, insecurity, and discomfort. If not met, the employee is dissatisfied. The second set, called motivation factors are those that meet needs to grow psychologically, when met, the employee feels satisfied. These are distinct and independent factors according to Hertzberg. Meeting hygiene needs will not increase satisfaction, and meeting motivation needs will not reduce dissatisfaction. " Hygiene factors are reported to include: (1) adequate pay; (2) appropriate supervision; (3) interpersonal relationships that are good; (4) working conditions that are safe; (5) work that is meaningful; advancement opportunities; (6) responsibility that is appropriate and (7) recognition of an adequate nature. (Cherie and Gebrekida, 2005) From this view, the role of the nurse leader is to "…ensure that both sets of needs are met, some directly and others by providing opportunities to meet them in a conducive work environment." (Cherie and Gebrekida, 2005)

Summary and Conclusion

This work has examined various theories associated with leadership theory and has explained their formulation and the application of these theories in the work environment. While the theories covered in this brief does not comprise an all inclusive list of the theories available provided is a brief overview of some of the theories that are applicable in the role of nursing…… [read more]

Leadership Management Assessment of Transformational A-Level Coursework

A-Level Coursework  |  3 pages (906 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


Leadership Management

Assessment of Transformational Leadership

The purpose of this analysis is to provide insights into the transformational leadership skills of Bruce Marlow, former CEO of 21st Century Insurance. Mr. Marlow has shown a consistent level of emotional intelligence (EI) and transformational leadership skills when faced with the many of the challenges inherent in operating a large-scale healthcare provider and insurer. The healthcare industry continues to be dominated by increasing calls for compliance at both the state and federal levels, creating significantly greater levels of uncertainty in the process (Health Research and Educational Trust, 2007). For CEOs to be effective in their roles in any area of the healthcare industry, it is critical they be as effective in leading change as they are in managing strategic planning and long-term development (Health Research and Educational Trust, 2007). Further, exceptional CEOs are also transformational leaders who have an ability to use situationally-driven logic and insight to ensure the highest performance (Fitzgerald, Schutte, 2010). The leadership expertise of Bruce Marlow is also analyzed using the ten core competencies of leadership as identified by the Baptist Leadership Institute. These include a leader who is a goal achiever, people developer, communicator, team-oriented, innovator, has a strong service commitment, is resourceful, rewards & recognizes, has personal mastery, and is organized around priorities.

Assessing Bruce Marlow on the Ten Core Competencies

Bruce Marlow's expertise as a leader emanates from his ability to quickly ascertain which specific leadership skill is best suited for the given needs of a situation or challenge. This is one of the most effective skills a leader can have in a keeping a complex, highly distributed organization aligned to its goals (Mindtools, 2012). The ten core competencies as defined by the Baptist leadership Institute are each used for evaluating the leadership skill of Bruce Marlow. First, his ability as a goal achiever is defined by the ability to set challenging, long-term goals and attain them through the coordination fo departments and divisions in the company. This has been seen first-hand. Second, the core competency of being a people developer is also evident in hwo Bruce Marlow often acts as a developmental leader in creating opportunities for personal growth. Third, the role of being a communicator is evident in how Bruce Marlow chooses the best possible communications channel for a given message, in addition to defining which specific series of steps need to be taken in each communication. Bruce Marlow uses communication to show not only future plans but why they are necessary. Fourth, his team-oriented leadership skill is outstanding, as he seeks to be all-inclusive in his work with everyone in the company. Fifth, the role of innovator is evident in how he manages the continuing adoption…… [read more]

Manager's Likeability Literature Review Chapter

Literature Review Chapter  |  20 pages (5,811 words)
Bibliography Sources: 30


¶ … Manager's Likeability

on Leadership Success

Assessing the Impact of a Manager's Likeability on Leadership Success

The likeability of a manager will determine how effective they are on transactionally-oriented tasks while also being a very accurate predicator of hwo effective they will be in more transformational roles in an organization. The intent of this analysis is to define likeability… [read more]

Leadership the Role Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (906 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


The strategies and organizational level may rely on leaders and managers within the organization at lower levels developing the tactical operational strategies (Mintzberg et al., 2008).

The implementation of strategy will be aided with the communication of vision by the leader. In many cases a change in strategic direction will require changes within the organization. Models of change such as those proposed by Lewin, Kotter and Senge may or take different approaches, but all agree that the role of a leader and the communication by that leader is key in employees accepting change (Buchanan and Huczynski, 2010). Communication regarding how and why change needs to occur will help to win over employees and gain their support and commitment to the organizational strategy. If a strategies to be successful, it is essential that the employees themselves actively support that change. Commitment by employees will also facilitate the evolution of strategy as incremental changes which may provide for further improvement may be noted throughout the hierarchy as a result of the motivation level.

Overall, leaders may be seen as guiding light within an organization, able to have an initial vision and able to ensure that this vision is communicated to the employees, either directly or through the utilization of other employees within the organization. The leaders are able to ensure that the vision is understood, and motivate those involved in implementing a strategy to ensure that it is put into place. Finally, leaders will also play a role in monitoring the strategy, gathering feedback from their managers and assessing the results in order to determine any changes. These key aspects of strategizing is seen in both Steve Jobs and Howard Schwartz following their return to their roles as CEO in their respective companies, having a vision for the way in which the organization change, and then implementing it with the support of the Board of Directors and employees throughout the organization; clearly demonstrated important role of leadership in terms of the development and implementation of strategy.


Buchanan, D; Huczynski, A, (2010) Organizational Behavior, Harlow, FT/Prentice Hall

Drucker, Peter F, (2006), The Effective Executive: The Definitive Guide to Getting the Right Things Done, Harperbusiness Essentials.

Mintzberg Henry, Ahlstrand Bruce, Lampel Joseph B. (2008), Strategy Safari: The Complete Guide Through the Wilds of Strategic Management, Financial Times / Prentice Hall

NBC News, (2008), Starbucks chairman Schultz returning as CEO, NBC News, retrieved 16th July 2012 from http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/22544023/ns/business-us_business/t/starbucks-chairman-schultz-returning-ceo/

Stone, B, (2011, October 6), Steve Jobs: The Return, 1997-2011, Business Week, retrieved 16th July 2012 from http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/the-return-19972011-10062011.html

Zaleznik A (1977) "Managers and leaders: are they different?," in Mintzberg H, Kotter JP, Zaleznik A (eds), (1977) Harvard…… [read more]

Participative Leadership Style Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (639 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Participative Leadership Style

Each and every leader exhibits a certain pattern of behavior which dictates the way he or she reacts to people or situations. It is this behavior pattern that further determines the approach a leader adopts in seeking to influence others towards goal accomplishment. This text concerns itself with the participative style of leadership.

The participative style of leadership according to Northouse (2009) "consists of inviting subordinates to share in the decision making." Thus in this case, the leader ensures that subordinates actively participate in the decision making process. When a manager for instance wants to cut costs through the adoption of new production methods, he or she can first seek the input of subordinates before implementing such an idea or go ahead and implement the same without involving subordinates. The latter approach is referred to as autocratic leadership while the former is participative leadership in which case subordinates are actively involved in decision making. It is however important to note that although a participative leader attaches significant value to the opinions and viewpoints of subordinates, the final decision making authority still rests with him or her. When workers are involved in decision making, they feel more appreciated. This leadership style according to Gitman and McDaniel (2007) is common in many successful organizations. Indeed, participative leadership has a unique ability to motivate employees as they can easily identify with the decisions they helped formulate.

Participative leadership is largely effective in a number of scenarios. To begin with, this leadership style is most effective when the leader does not possess all the information needed to solve a certain problem or make an informed decision. In such a case, the input of subordinates can be invaluable. Secondly, this leadership style is also most effective when subordinates are committed to the accomplishment of organizational goals. Further, the participative leadership style can also be said to be highly effective in a…… [read more]

Leadership Style Being Employed Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (599 words)
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An even further extended finding by the same study showed that there was "empirical support for a more refined conception that casts leadership for student learning as a process of mutual influence in which school capacity both shapes and is shaped by the school's collective leadership" (p. 96). In other words, the use of collaborative leadership can have an even more positive impact of the participants than what was initially reasoned.

One of the problems facing the collaborative leader is that this style of management may not be as efficient as it is needed to be. However, since the educational system already displays a high degree of inefficiency, the likelihood that additional inefficiencies will surface are relatively small. Another downside to collaborative leadership is that some of the members of the classroom may not feel up to participating, or may take the opportunity to be lazy, not complete their work or allow someone else to finish the vast majority of the 'project'. Students who are not up to the classroom expertise can also be left behind rather quickly.

I would not change a whole lot of what is already taking place, except to perhaps institute a more formal structure to the ongoing collaboration. Introducing additional structure can assist in classroom and school management to a high degree.

As a leader in this type of school and program, I would definitely be out and about as much as possible, communicating with students, teachers, other administrators and parents in an ongoing and consistent manner.


Hallingera, P. & Heck, R.H.; (2010) Collaborative leadership and school improvement: Understanding the impact on school capacity and student learning, School Leadership & Management, Vol. 30, Issue 2, pp. 95 -- 110

Steinheider, B. & Wuestewald, T.; (2008) From the bottom-up: Sharing leadership in a police agency,…… [read more]

David Mollish and Diane Landers Article Review

Article Review  |  2 pages (633 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Leaders do not have subordinates, they have followers. Leadership inspires, motivates and sets the direction to achieve goals; leaders focus on people. Both people and organizations want leaders. People want leaders to assist them in accomplishing their goals. Organizations want leaders to not only motivate, but to provide organizational direction for employees to follow. According to Kouzes and Posner (1994), five key behaviors for what is wanted of leaders from both people and organizations are: "(a) challenge the process, (b) inspire a shared vision, (c) enable others to act, (d) model the way, and (e) encourage the heart" (p. 960).

These theories of leadership seem to confirm the idea of a LDP. It seems to this writer that in all the elements there are two that are critical for this program to be successful: executive (Board or organizational) commitment and the ego relationships of top management. Clearly, the board must be committed because of the lengthy and somewhat substantial fiscal commitment necessitated by this type of program. In addition, though, top managers must be able to accept, appreciate, and mentor a continual group of divergent level employees who may require, at times, a significant commitment. They must also be prepared for a generation of polite dissent, those who feel comfortable rocking the boat, shifting the paradigm, and generally asking "why" so many times it might become annoying. This, then, is the commitment to the organization's future leaders, who can grow and develop under the best possible conditions.


Brown, L.M. And B.Z. Posner. (2001). "Exploring the Relationship Between Learning and Leadership," Leadership and Organizational Development. May, 2001: 274-80.

Kouzes, J., and Posner, B., (1994). "An extension of the leadership practices inventory to individual contributors." Educational and Psychological Measurement, (54) 4, 959-966.

Mollisn, D. And Landers, D. (April 30, 2012). Establishing Staff Development as a High Priority Relies on Interaction, Tenacity and an Enthusiastic Executive-Level Champion.…… [read more]

Identification of the Motivations to Mentor and to Be Mentored Discussion and Results Chapter

Discussion and Results Chapter  |  5 pages (1,401 words)
Bibliography Sources: 20


Mentor/Mentee Relationship Research Discussion

The overall perspective towards mentoring was highly positive among both mentors and mentees, with most participants in both groups listing several specific areas of their lives in which the mentoring relationship had a direct beneficial effect. This is in keeping with previous scholarly research conducted in medical mentor programs, which found improvements in quantitatively assessed knowledge… [read more]

Personal Leadership Outline Give Respect Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,500 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4



The future is different than anything we've experienced in the past. This is why I very much appreciate the way that I had the chance to be involved in different cultures and experience the fierce perfection of competitive sports. It has prepared me for the ever-changing way that technology challenges me and keeps me feeling part of a team that is truly interconnected. I never thought that the skills of working from a young age on fixing things at home would play into what is expected as I turn my attention to professional construction and sustainability training. But because both count heavily on what nature offers us about being good people, I shouldn't be surprised that I can use it to help me work toward a better tomorrow!


Adams, C. What business analysts can learn from competitive sports: The power of consistency. March 22, 2011. Viewable at http://www.modernanalyst.com/Resources/Articles/tabid/115/articleType/ArticleView/articleId/1715/What-Business-Analysts-Can-Learn-from-Competitive-Sports-The-Power-of-Consistency.aspx.

Miller, C. 5 of my core business philosophies and values. Adventures in Entrepreneurship. Posted Jan. 7, 2010. Viewable at http://corymiller.com/5-of-my-core-business-philosophies-and-values/.

The Transformational Leadership Report. Developing tomorrow's transformational leaders today. 2007. Viewable at http://www.transformationalleadership.net/products/TransformationalLeadershipReport.pdf.… [read more]

Leadership Vision Research Paper

Research Paper  |  5 pages (1,571 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


The way that this is taking place, is they will serve as a go between for the different parties in a dispute. During the process of understanding these views, they will objectively listen to both sides of the argument and make suggestions for dealing with the challenges. This will involve each side giving up something in order to create a compromise that is acceptable for everyone. (Baker, 2010, pp. 157 -- 180)

When this happens, the organization is effectively addressing challenges that could have an impact on the ability of a firm to provide a host of products and services. This prevents negative attitudes and perceptions from adversely impacting productivity and costs. Instead, the leadership is able to create a set of common goal and ideas. During the course of the workday, this will shape how everyone views their jobs and their roles inside the organization. Once someone is able to have a favorable image of the firm, is the point that they are willing to do more for stakeholders. This is because, they feel that they are respected and appreciated for the contributions that they make. It is at this point that the organization will have sense of higher purpose and unity about reaching the larger objectives. Therefore, the role of leaders during this process is to serve as: a confidant, supervisor and objective third party. This is when they will be seen as someone who has a balanced approach when dealing with everyone. (Baker, 2010, pp. 157 -- 180)


Baker, T. (2010). Effective Leadership. Flushing, NY: Loose Leaf Law.

Chait, J. (2007). The Big…… [read more]

Leadership Change Article Review

Article Review  |  2 pages (673 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Leadership in a (Permanent) Crisis

Leadership Change

This article by Ronald Heifetz, Alexander Grashow, and Marty Linsky, deals with managing change and the barriers that leaders face when solving problems in today's unique economic climate. The authors assert that because of intensifying global competition, energy constraints, climate change, and political instability, that once the current economic crisis has passed, which will happen after policy makers implement technical adjustments, we will face "a sustained crisis of serious and unfamiliar challenges." Simply put the times are changing and yesterday's solutions will not be enough to fix tomorrow's problems.

Leaders in tomorrow's business world must have the capacity to lead during this sustained crisis. The author's assert crisis leadership has two distinct phases. The emergency phase deals with stabilizing the situation and buying time, in other words protecting assets. The second phase is the adaptive phase when underlying causes of the crisis are addressed and capacity is built "to thrive in a new reality." The author's warn that this adaptive phase is especially treacherous for leaders because there is pressure to alleviate uncertainty with authoritative certainty, even if this means "overselling what you know and discounting what you don't." People are naturally resistant to change, especially if the change knocks them out of their comfort zone. This creates a paradox, people want direction but as they are required to make the necessary but uncomfortable changes necessary during the adaptive phase, they may turn against the very leadership that is trying to facilitate the change. There is often much uncertainty during this phase which creates anxiety.

There is much merit in this observation. People's natural resistance to change has been an issue for as long as there have been leaders and followers. When negaholics or individuals addicted to negative thinking and behaviors assert, "It can't be done," "it won't work," or "it will never happen," and spread this negativity unchecked in the workplace, morale plummets, motivation vanishes, and productivity slows. Conversely if leaders do "oversell" they face loss of credibility…… [read more]

Gregory Reyes, Corporate Director Mentor-Protege Essay

Essay  |  9 pages (2,325 words)
Bibliography Sources: 9


I have developed core competencies in procurement, scheduling, budgeting, and supervision that have direct application to procurement processes and policy positions development. I wish to emphasize that my oversight experience in the military was based on my ability to resolve critical problems and develop new approaches in such areas as transportation management and the exacting standards of LOGCAPIII.

The opportunity… [read more]

Leadership Skills Sources Cited APA Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (705 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


This objective is reaching by controlling and directing information towards the situation in case, when the leader interacts with the persons that must be influenced. Charismatic leaders use impression management also in order to improve the image of their company. There are several reasons that determine behaviors based on impression management. In the case of charismatic leaders, they use impression management in order to build their personal identity, and to develop a presentation of the leader that is in accordance with the image that the leader intends to develop (Maxwell, 2008). This is the case of Bill Clinton, Donald Trump, Richard Branson that focus on impression management in order to develop positive images to the public and to develop people's interest in their projects.

C) The charismatic leadership style has advantages and disadvantages. The popularity of such leaders can determine team members to set aside their beliefs and values in order to follow the values of the leader. In certain situations, these team members can agree with an incorrect strategy of their leader. Teams of charismatic leaders can develop certain levels of dependence of their leader. This is because they focus on supporting the personality and image of the leader instead of supporting the development of the team.

Another disadvantage observed in the case of charismatic leaders is that they can focus too much on their ego, which determines less focus on the needs of the team. In addition to this, people working with charismatic leaders can be determined to think that the leader in case is the company and that the success of the company is significantly influenced by the personality of the leader. In other words, they focus on the personality of the leader rather than on the strategy of the company. Therefore, it is important to understand the characteristics of this leadership style in order to ensure that leaders and their teams focus on developing productivity.

Reference list:

1. Tasler, N. (2010). Five Secrets of Charismatic leadership. BusinessWeek. Retrieved March 20, 2012 from http://www.businessweek.com/managing/content/nov2010/ca2010112_608471.htm.

2. Maxwell, J. (2008). Charismatic Leadership. Retrieved March 20, 2012 from http://www.refresher.com/mindfulnetwork/articlelive/articles/82/1/Charismatic-Leadership/Page1.html.… [read more]

Leadership in Any Organization, Leadership Is Critical Term Paper

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In any organization, leadership is critical; it is the most important way that strategic goals and crucial decisions and aspects of any organization come together to form any sort of productive purpose. However, it is also clear that leadership and management are two very different things. In general, it seems that leaders are strategic, while managers are tactical. There are many types of leaders, and leadership theory -- whether that be from the leader who is charismatic and leads by personal charm and example, to those who are more behind the scenes but employ a style that empowers their colleagues and employees. Managers are given the authority by leaders to handle tactical things, but to fine tune exemplary leadership, the leader must think beyond the tactical and have a broader understanding of how the organization works and how it will be developed into their own vision.

To practice exemplary leadership, one must first have several goals in mind:

Identification of strategic goals and tactical ways to achieve them - Before one can adequately lead, one must have a good understanding of the goals that are necessary for any successful venture. This involves some research, some expertise, and the development of a sound and cogent planning process that is reasonable for both the fiscal and human resources one has within the organization.

Identification and development of staff and colleagues -- to effectively lead, one must understand the human resources that are necessary to attain one's goal. In effect, one must understand the level of expertise of staff and management, and if those skills are transferable into the strategic and tactical planning process. If they are not, then the effective leader will find ways to mitigate this by encouraging training and development, and providing the opportunity for staff to excel and actualize. Effectively, this is…… [read more]

Leadership of the Online Course Research Paper

Research Paper  |  2 pages (716 words)
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As well as communicating frequently with team members, the leader should also keep the relevant organizational leaders abreast of the developments of the team, to ensure that all necessary benchmarks are being achieved.

Finally, the team leader should be vigilant in keeping up with his or her practical obligations, such as keeping track of the data recorded by the group, and creating a method through which discussions will take place and store data. Standardized procedures are important and can ensure that the group operates effectively and fairly.

These are all of the characteristics of an ideal leader. But of course, many leaders are less than ideal. When dealing with a group with a weak or retiring leader, proactive members of the team must frequently 'step up' and take on many of these obligations themselves. They must keep in communication with one another; stay focused on the task, rather than on their personal agendas; and operate in an efficient a manner as possible.

For a leader with team members who refuse to cooperate, the team leader must work particularly hard to stay on task and to keep members of the team communicating. Assigning highly specific tasks to members that the leader knows they can perform can help break down the work schedule in a manageable fashion. The leader may have to require virtual and face-to-face meetings on a frequent basis, to ensure that team leaders do not shirk their responsibilities.

Confronting team members who still refuse to perform is better done sooner, rather than later, as deadlines pile up and hostilities begin to fester. But ideally, when leading a team of peers who are cooperating, a democratic or participative approach is preferred. Using this leadership style, the leader accepts input from other group members, even while he or she defines the task in a firm manner. Autocratic methods are frequently counterproductive, and cause the members to subvert the team agenda out of resentment, while 'hands off' leadership approaches are not sufficiently directive in a virtual format to ensure that the members stay focused on their goals.… [read more]

Business &amp Nonprofit Leadership Principles Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (628 words)
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Principles of Nonprofit Leadership

1. Have a written, clearly defined mission statement that guides the overall aims and activities of the organization. The mission statement should be linked to the values of the organization and its vision for the future.

2. Nonprofit's mission should be reviewed by the board periodically (every two to three years) to consider societal and community changes to address evolving needs of its target constituents and the community at large.

3. Be responsive to community needs and should solicit input from a variety of sources such as staff, board members, clients and other constituents.

4. Consult with other organizations in its field to determine the need for service and the best use of community resources and potential partnerships.

5. Create a written three to five-year strategic plan for implementation of its activities.

6. Establish an annual operational plan that identifies goals, objectives, actions, and responsibility for implementation.

7. Emerge from expressed community needs and periodically confirm that it is addressing changing community needs.

8. Provide opportunities for individuals to extend networking opportunities to expand its ability to serve greater populations and connect community resources.

9. Extend opportunities for individuals and the community as a whole to sharpen and strengthen leadership skills to encourage the development of emerging leaders.

10. Work to build trust between communities and to bridge relationships among diverse constituencies.

11. Be inclusive in its activities by remaining open to new ideas, participants, and external input. It should conduct itself in a way that is transparent, flexible, and responsive to change.

12. Identify its constituents and stakeholders -- the people who benefit from, are affected by, are keys to the success of, and/or share the values implicit in its work.

13. Conduct its activities with procedural fairness to ensure inclusiveness in decision making for constituents and the community.…… [read more]

Leadership Strategies Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (642 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Leadership Strategies

There are a number of very specific, sequential steps Mario can take to both induce a proper assortment of leadership behaviors and to convince the Pizza Club to continue its altruistic endeavors following the graduation of most of its founding members. The key is for Mario to properly plan in advance the particular measures he will use to have the focus of the meeting he is planning be task-related and eventually result in the propagation of the Pizza Club following graduation. By utilizing effective research and facets of critical thinking skills, he should be able to convince the group of his goal and eventually make his goal theirs as well.

The first step Mario can take is to plan an agenda for the meeting. The planning of such an agenda requires an adequate amount of preparation which, in this specific case, will require Mario to outline the specific phases of his meeting. The first phase would ideally involve utilizing Alex's contact information for all of the group members to ask them to bring in a written summary of the specific tasks that they were involved in that the Pizza Club accomplished during its tenure. This summary would help to serve as the introductory phase of Mario's meeting and would allow members to recall all of the various good deeds the club accomplished (such as the dissemination of student health insurance, the building of the neighborhood park, and the election of one of its members to the town council). By having group members recount their involvement in the achievements of the club to start off the meeting, Mario would ensure that the meeting is decidedly goal oriented as opposed to social, demonstrate to other club members that the Pizza Club has accomplished some significant ends, and reinforce his point that the Club has produced too much good to simply disband.

Additionally, Mario's agenda should include his preparation of a power…… [read more]

Leadership Styles Functional Research Paper

Research Paper  |  2 pages (650 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Leadership Styles

Functional Leadership

In the functional leadership model, leadership is thought of in regards to a set of behaviors that assist a group to carry out their task or reach their objective and not as an individual person. The model says that the leadership role meets requirements in three different areas: task, team and individual. The functional leadership model places more stress on how a company is being led rather than who has been officially given a leadership position. This permits less time being spent on looking at the person who has been officially assigned power and instead centers on how the leadership function is really playing out (Functional Leadership Theory, 2010).

Situational Leadership

The Situational Leadership model says that managers must use diverse leadership styles depending on the situation. The model permits ones to look at the needs of the situation that they are in, and then use the most suitable leadership style. Depending on workers' competences in their task areas and dedication to their tasks, ones leadership style should vary from person to person. One may even lead the same person one way on occasion and another way on another occasion, again depending on the situation at hand (Situational Leadership by Kenneth Blanchard and Paul Hersey, 2009).

Transformational Leadership

A person with this leadership style is a true leader who motivates their team with a joint image of the future. Transformational leaders are extremely visible, and spend a lot of time communicating with people. They don't automatically lead from the front, as they have a propensity to assign responsibility among members of their team. While their eagerness is frequently infectious, they are often supported by people who are very detailed in nature (Leadership Types, 2008). The main focus of the transformational leadership style is to make change take place in one's self, in other people, in groups and in companies overall (Johannsen, 2011).

Using Situational Leadership

Situational leadership could be used in…… [read more]

Transformational Leadership Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (416 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


In general, this exercise illustrated the significant room for improvement that exists to improve my leadership skills. Most of the scores from my own assessment as well as my co-worker ranked in the middle (e.g. 3's). Further efforts are necessary for me to become the leader that I want to be. In specific, I need to improve my vision and ability to provide innovate thinking in the work place. These values can be transformed into definitive action and behaviors. Vision can be achieved through developing with employees a specific, well-articulated strategy with clear cut small steps to reach it. Furthermore, it is important that I express decisiveness and optimism about the vision and its implementation. In regards to innovate thinking, I should attempt to embrace abstract thought, brain-storming with employees and ultimate thinking, which means keeping the team's focus on the goal while tackling small steps. These tactics will result in improve management skills, employee satisfaction and ultimately improved efficacy.


Carless, S.A., Wearing, A.J., & Mann, L. (2000). A short measure of transformational leadership. Journal of Business and Psychology, 14, 389-405.

Conger, K., et al. (2000).…… [read more]

Leadership Theories Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,159 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


A couple decades ago researchers such as Wright and Stogdull started reviewing more of the types of traits that work together to produce success in leadership (1996, 35). They begin t combine groups of traits related to personality to specific situations. Still this is a very subjective manner to determine what makes a good leader (Wright, 1996, 33-37).

3. In reviewing the various traits that were considered prerequisites for leadership in the mid 20th century attention turned to the actions of leaders vs. their inherent traits. With the shift to behavioral theories. At that time behaviors were documented as styles based on the way a leader functioned within the organization. Some of the most common theories of the 1960s was Blake and Mouton's Manager Grid (1964). There were four main tenets under behavioral theory. The first was Concern for Tasks Style which referred to getting results to preset objectives given by top management. This focus required maximizing productivity and workforce management around meeting the company objectives (Wright, 1996). The next is Concern for People, this style focuses on the people or subordinates and meeting their needs in providing resources to resolve problems. The workforce is not considered a way to get results but are considered a valuable asset to the organization that should be invested in and developed. Directed Leadership Style is the next tenet which is more traditional or top down in approach. Where the manager or leader tells subordinates what to do and when to do it. The subordinates under this style simply follow directions and do what they are told. The next tenet is Participative Leadership Style where decision making is shared between managers or leaders and subordinates who have valuable knowledge about the products, processes, or services of a company (Wright 1996, 36-37). There are times when these styles overlap.

4. With contingency theory, there is no single way of defining leadership. It is contingent on the ability of the leader to adapt and resolve issues based on intrinsic traits and external factor of a situation. When the leader is effective they have a high level of control over the productivity or success of the workforce. The relationship of the leader and the task at hand is the central basis of the contingency theory according to Fieldler (Sacbusiness, 2011).

Even though a leader within this form of leadership may be very successful for a time, this could change simply because the situation or needs of the followers changes and is no longer compatible to the leader's direction. The main contribution to this form of leadership is knowing what type of attributes a leader has and which type of situation is contingent or most productive under this style for a specified time (SacBusiness, 2011).


Aditya, R.N. And House, R.J. (1997). The social scientific study of leadership: quo vadis? Journal of Management. May-June 1997 v23 n3 p409(65).

Fiedler, F.E. (1967). A theory of leadership effectiveness. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Lord, R.G., Foti, R. & DeVader, C.L. (1984). A… [read more]

Leadership Theories and Practical Application as Organizations Research Paper

Research Paper  |  16 pages (5,554 words)
Bibliography Sources: 9


Leadership Theories and Practical Application

As organizations continue to face challenges and demands from external environments, effective work relationships will no longer be an option but a critical source of competitive advantage (Luthans, et al. 2008). This is largely due to the social capital that effective relationships generate. Social capital is derived through the social structure of the organization and… [read more]

GE's Leadership Program Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (716 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


GE's Leadership Program

When most people think of General Electric (GE), they will often have ideas surrounding the various products and services that they are selling to consumers. This is because, the company has built its reputation based on what they are marketing and the overall quality of products / services they are delivering. Yet, underneath it all is an outstanding leadership program that is designed to ensure that the various divisions of the firm will have executives who understand the marketplace and can motivate employees to go the extra mile. To fully understand how this helps the firm to meet a host of objectives requires looking at the effectiveness of the program itself. This will be accomplished by: examining what makes it so successful, the different elements that are having an impact on young leaders and how this can help GE to recruit the best college graduates from around the country. Once this occurs, is when we can see how this program is helping to continually address the company's long-term leadership needs.

Why do you think it is so successful?

The reason why GE's leadership program is so successful is because they are allowing trainees to work with experienced managers in the field. This is accomplished by sending them to different locations for select periods of time and having them working in conjunction with skilled executives. These elements help new managers, to understand how to effectively lead and what tools must be utilized to inspire everyone to do something more. Over the course of time, this allows young executives to understand the proper techniques and see the impact of using them in a working environment. This is when everyone will feel as if they are a part of the organization and can use these skills to help make them more successful in the future. ("GE OMLP Job Cast") ("Leadership & Learning")

What aspects of the program did you think have the most impact on young leaders? Why?

The two aspects of the program that will have the greatest impact on young leaders are the real world experience that they are gaining and the time that they are…… [read more]

Educational Change Essay

Essay  |  5 pages (1,383 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


Levine further recommends the creation of an antagonistic environment. The existing educational literature seems to suggest that curriculum change or innovation is of great importance in the process of implementing change (Kearsley and Lynch, 1992, Yuen et al.,


Transformational leadership has therefore been indicated by Peretomode and Ikoya (2010) to be very crucial for institutional success as well as the implementation of an effective curriculum change. They argue that the success of failure of curriculum innovation is dependent on the school administrator's effectiveness in implementing curriculum reforms. Yulk (2002) argued that leaders can do several things in order to facilitate a successful curriculum change implementation. Yuen (2004) on a similar note believed that a visionary leader is what is needed for a successful curriculum change. Such a leader is what is referred as a transformational leader. A principal with the skills of a transformational leader is one with a leadership skill that effectively inspires a wonderful performance among the entire staff body as well as among the students.

Transformational leadership has been cited to produce a positive change to the curriculum since it appreciates the process of change. This is because it is able to effectively transform employee in order to pursue the goals that are desired by the organization. Transformational leadership has also been shown to leader to innovation and better performance (Howells,2005). The process of successfully using transformational change to instill positive changes to the curriculum involves the building of the appropriate mechanisms that are to be used in supporting change. The mechanisms include careful planning, teacher involvement, students' involvement as well as the involvement of other major stakeholders in the process of making decisions. A climate of mutual trust must also be created as well as one that appreciates the role of respect between the people for the purpose of aiding capacity building. The process must also involve school curriculum implementation well as monitoring committees. A curriculum change agent must also be appointed. The work of Jones (2002) suggested the use of incentives as a method of promoting and sustaining curriculum change.


Curriculum change is one of the best methods of addressing curriculum inadequacy which is rampant in our Elementary schools. The process of curriculum change and innovation must however be guided by positive leadership which at its core should be transformational in style. Situational as well as distributive leadership styles must also be integrated in the process of curriculum change.


Bondi, J. & wiles, J., (1998) Curriculum Development; A Guide to Practice (5TH Edition).

Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River New Jersey.

Burns, J.M. (1978), Leadership, New York: Harper and Row, Publishers

Bryman, A. (1992), Charisma and Leadership in Organisations, Newbury Park, CA: Sage

Evans, R (1996).The human side of school change: Reform, resistance, and the real-life problems of innovation, Jossey-Bass Publishers, San Francisco.

Fullan, M (2007)The New Meaning of Educational Change (4th edition) Teachers College Press, New York

Hargreaves, A (1998) 'The emotional practice of teaching', Teaching and Teacher Education, vol. 14, no.… [read more]

Leadership in the School Settings Research Paper

Research Paper  |  8 pages (2,156 words)
Bibliography Sources: 8


The work of Spillane (2006) views leadership as a product of a complex interaction of various school leaders, followers as well as their A consideration of the fact that schools operate within an complex system which is very open, it becomes unrealistic for the school principles to be regarded as the "experts" in all of the matters. Distributed leadership therefore involves people leading only in areas in which they are experts. It must also important to point out that leaders are also dependent on their followers (Wright,2008).This is because followers are also important in the creation of teaching practice as well in the understanding of dynamics of leadership. Spillane (2006,p.146) revealed that the interaction of people as opposed to the reciprocal interdependency that exists between the people's actions is what matters. The sole action as well as expertise of their principals is not sufficient in the successful running of schools. Basing his argument on organizational theory, he identified the importance of collective, coordinated and collaborated forms of leadership distribution. It is therefore important for different members of the school to come together and take on various leadership fu

On the other hand the human and capital theory seems to suggest that social relations are enablers of learning, productivity as well as thinking (Wright,2008).Spillane (2006) discussed the role of relational and communal aspects of organizational leadership. The dialogue that ensues is indicated Spillane (2006) to multiply the original act of leadership by an individual through the process of bringing people, organizational structures as well as materials together for a common cause. Via the dielectric engagement, the existing conflict is appropriately validated as method of reaching a more pronounced understanding. The collective inquiry that exists creates a common/shared vision as well as accountability.

Distributed leadership a can also be viewed as a leadership style which is non-hierarchical and yet inclusive leadership approach which fosters ethical and collaborative leadership practices (Wright,2008)

Servant leadership

The concept of servant leadership which is noted by Patterson (2003) as a logical extension to the theory of transformational leadership is an important one in the running of middle level schools (Culver,2008).Servant leaders in this case are according to Patterson (2003), the leaders who lead a given organization by focusing on all of their followers in a manner that their followers become their primary concern while the organizational concerns are deemed peripheral (p.7).

The elements of servant leadership includes being honest, having a vision, being trustworthy, appreciating the service of others as well as empowerment (Sankaran,2011).The relationship between servant leadership and various leadership values like integrity, empathy, agreeableness and competence were examined by Washington et al. (2006).One of the basic tenets of servant leadership as postulated by Greenleaf (1991) is that the followers of the given servant leader must become wiser, healthier, freer and more autonomous as pointed out by Barbuto & Wheeler

(2006). Future research in this regard should adopt amore follower-centric angle in the evaluation of the follower well-being.


An application of servant leadership approach together… [read more]

Leadership Skills &amp Learning Communities Being Essay

Essay  |  5 pages (1,704 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


Leadership Skills & Learning Communities

Being a leader in an educational setting doesn't simply mean being in charge, being the one that organizes activities, or having an advanced degree. Being a leader in a learning community requires important skills that can be shared and transferred to others. It also means being willing to innovate and to avoid the trap of… [read more]

Distributed Leadership According to Harris and Spillane Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (662 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Distributed Leadership

According to Harris and Spillane (2008, p. 31), distributed leadership means that the responsibility of leadership is shared among all parties involved in an organization. As such, it focuses on the interactions rather than the actions of all the leadership roles inherent in the organization. Furthermore, the purpose of leadership is at the forefront of this model, where the influence and result of leadership for the improvement of instruction are concerned. Today in schools, the model of leadership has gradually changed, like it has in many companies, where schools now operate under the leadership of teams rather than individuals. In terms of definition, distributed leadership therefore refers to a model of leadership that is not focused upon individuals or even individual entities, but rather on groups and networks, where these interact to create an optimal paradigm of operations throughout a company or system. In the educational setting, this means that all types of leaders at al levels should function in an integrated and interactional way to improve the curriculum for recipients of the educational service.

Burniske and Barlow (2004) provide practical models of shared leadership to address the challenges faced by school principals today. In the traditional model of focused leadership, the school principal is faced with many duties, including ensuring an appropriate standard of education across the school, handling parent grievances, liaising with the Department of Education, working with learners themselves, and so on. This creates job stress and the likelihood of burnout, which in turn creates a problem for the school in general. Possible models of shared leadership offered by the authors then include: co-principalship, partnering with parents, and sharing leadership across the school system.

In the co-principalship model, the principals share all functions of leadership, including working with teachers, parents, and students. The system does have challenges, such as requiring extensive coordination and a focus on effective distribution. Furthermore each principal's strengths and weaknesses should be taken into account when implementing the model to ensure that…… [read more]

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