Study "Literature / Poetry" Essays 991-1000

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Consider the Impact of the Great War on Modern Western Literature Term Paper

… ¶ … Great War on Modern Western Literature

The Great War, or World War I, had a great and lasting impact not only on the history of the Western world, but particularly on the development of Western literature. The soldiers of the Great War came home as the Lost Generation. Out of the Lost Generation and the feelings of isolation and pessimism emerged some of the greatest writers of all time. Names like Ernest Hemingway, Gertrude Stein, F. Scott Fitzgerald and T.S. Eliot are icons in the Western literature cannons.

The Lost Generation is known for their trait of disillusionment, often cited as resulting from the large number of casualties of the Great War. They developed a cynical attitude towards Victorian notions of morality and optimism, instead seeing life with pessimism. This sense of disillusionment, pessimism and disdain for all things traditional is what led to the creation of the modern movement and the modern novel as we know it.

The novel and writing of the modern era focused on disrupting the novel by implementing new, literary approaches and techniques such as disjointed timelines, emancipatory metanarratives, realism and remarkable pessimism. This fact alone, more than anything, states the difference between the modern and Victorian eras: whereas the Victorian era held onto the Romantic era's use of optimism, Modernism was anything but optimistic.

Instead of portraying the "perfect Victorian" the heroes of the modern novel were often alienated, dysfunction…… [read more]


Aeneid by Virgil Is Currently the Text Term Paper

… ¶ … Aeneid by Virgil is currently the text that has impressed and moved me the most for its splendid lyricism and historical import. We are currently translating the Aeneid in my Latin class, and reading the text in its original Latin brings Virgil's epic to life and makes me feel like I am touching history. The text will continue to fascinate me as I unfold it in Latin for two main reasons: first because translating the story helps me understand the context of the Trojan war and second because the story itself is exciting. As a translator what I have found most fascinating about the Aeneid is how a thousand-year old tale can apply to modern times. The Aeneid is about romance, war, and human suffering and is therefore a universal tale.

Even though the Aeneid is thousands of years old, Vergil's depiction of human nature still holds true for people of today. The universal motifs of love, jealousy, grief, anger, friendship, and fear all appear in Aeneas and his countless adventures. For instance, Dido kills herself because Aeneas left her. Aeneas pushes onward in his journey in spite of setbacks. Just like today, different groups of people are willing to fight to the death to defend their principles.

Perhaps more amazing than its content, the entire Aeneid is one long epic poem, with each line set in perfect meter and embellished with literary devices. Elements of the…… [read more]


Molly Bloom Term Paper

… Molly Bloom

How do you characterize Molly Bloom and why? How would you characterize the overall message of the piece?

The title of James Joyce's final chapter of Ulysses, "Penelope" seems bitterly ironic. In Homer's "Odyssey," Penelope was the faithful wife of the hero. But the modern Penelope Molly Bloom is the faithless wife of Leopold Bloom, and she is primarily concerned with her sexual relations with other men rather than her love for her husband. "The central parallel to Homer [in the book] is that Bloom's wife Molly -- like Penelope in Homer -- is being courted by a suitor, the dashing Blazes Boylan. In order to win her back, Bloom must negotiate twelve trials -- his Odyssey" (Barger 2001).

Even in comparison to the other stream-of-consciousness monologues of Ulysses, Molly's monologue strikes the reader as the least coherent. It has no punctuation and thus makes her seem less rational than the other characters. She is primarily defined by her rampant sexuality. Even when talking about other women, Molly can only describe them in terms of their attractiveness to the opposite sex: "suppose she was pious because no man would look at her twice," she says of one woman. Molly is common in her class, as is…… [read more]


American Themes and Americanism in I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings by Maya Angelou Term Paper

… African-American Literature

The American experience is varied and includes both the good and bad aspects of American life, and both elements are reflected in American literature as well. The experience of black Americans is expressed most fully by black writers,… [read more]


Madame Bovary Emma Woman or Child Term Paper

… Madame Bovary: Emma, Woman or Child?

Flaubert's famous heroine Emma Bovary is one of the most original characters in French literature. Her story is a tragic one. She lives in a quiet, provincial town in France, and she eventually marries… [read more]


Never Let Me Go Term Paper

… ¶ … carer" and "donation" mean in this novel is revealed slowly. The way the characters treat these words and various other ideas in the course of the novel suggests to the reader that something is wrong behind the normal… [read more]


White Heron Term Paper

… White Heron - Sarah Orne Jewett

This is a story with several important themes, and one of them is pastoral innocence coming into contact and into conflict with the loss of innocence in a modern, industrial world. The tone, conflict… [read more]


Liberal Arts Ways of Knowing Term Paper

… ¶ … Tobias Wolff disagrees with others who say that studying the humanities is losing favor. He says, given the concerns of people today, it is even more important to study literature. He argues: "There is a need in us… [read more]


Patronage System in Renaissance England Term Paper

… Patronage System in Renaissance England

Whenever modern observers review literary works from the past, there is a real danger that contemporary values and perspectives will preclude any meaningful interpretation. Likewise, without recognizing why and when many of these works were… [read more]


Literature the Glass Menagerie Term Paper

… ¶ … Glass Menagerie by Tennessee Williams. The story of the Wingfield family is tragic and without hope. Laura, the daughter, walks with a limp and is painfully shy and afraid of the "real" world. Her brother, Tom, only wants to leave the family behind, and the mother cannot forget her past to get on with her future. The family is tragic, and the most tragic figure is Laura, whose only real enjoyment is polishing the little glass animals she collects, the "glass menagerie." Williams wrote this play in 1944, and it won the New York Drama Critics Circle Award in 1945. Laura in "The Glass Menagerie" is a tragic figure because she is so dependent upon her family and because she is desperately afraid of the outside world.

Laura is a tragic figure in this play because even her family admits she is flawed, but they do not help her deal with her fears and distress. Her brother Tom says, "Mother, you mustn't expect too much of Laura" (Williams PAGE #), which dooms her to failure and allows her to remain tragically alone throughout her life. Her family also never really faces her disability, which is the main reason she is fearful of the outside world. Her mother, Amanda, says, "Nonsense! Laura, I've told you never, never to use that word. Why, you're not crippled you just have a little defect - hardly noticeable, even!" (Williams PAGE #). These things combine to support Laura's fears and insecurities, rather than helping her to overcome them and live a full, rich life. Her family is flawed, as well, because they are so concerned with themselves, they cannot take the time to help Laura discover who she is and make a life of her own. Tom only wants to leave home to get out from under his controlling mother's thumb and the mother only wants to control her children's lives because she has no control over her own.

Laura's life is especially tragic because she is so alone and so afraid of the outside world. Amanda forces her into uncomfortable situations and then watches her fail, such as the episode with the "gentleman caller" and the secretarial school that Laura simply could not attend. Her mother says, "Fifty dollars' tuition, all of our plans - my hopes and ambitions for you - just gone up the spout, just gone up the spout like that" (Williams PAGE #). Amanda thinks she is helping Laura, but in reality, she is just reinforcing her control over her daughter. She does not consult Laura, and when she does, she does not listen to her objections. She makes Laura even more dependent when she fails, because it proves that she cannot take care of herself or survive in the outside world. In effect, she is reinforcing Laura's disability and fears, and then dismissing them. Amanda is a big part of Laura's problems and insecurities, but she would never admit it. Instead, she sets her daughter up in… [read more]

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