"Management / Organizations" Essays

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Managing Motivating IT Professionals Thesis

Thesis  |  1 pages (330 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Managing IT Professionals

Managing Creative, Skilled Professionals

In order to thrive, organizations must be made up of people who have different talents and skills, and it is the manager's job to encourage these people to work together. This is especially true when managers are tasked with manage skilled, creative professionals. Skilled, creative professionals present many challenges to the manager, mainly because they require conditions to foster their creativity and a significant amount of freedom in order to complete their work. For example IT professionals may feel that they need a certain environment in order to solve a technological problem. They may prefer to work at night, alone, or with music playing. Some managers may have trouble adjusting to this because it does not fit in with the traditional culture of business. Still, managers need to understand that it is important to foster conditions that encourage businesses to thrive, even if they are non-traditional. In fact, many managers and higher-level employees have recently come out in…… [read more]

Management Plan a Critical Incident Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (737 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 3


¶ … Management Plan

A critical incident is defined as "…any event or situation that threatens people and/or their homes, business or community. The objective of the plan to manage such events includes several protocols including: (1) the creation of public and private sector understanding of their common goal to protect lives and property while sustaining continuity of community life; (2) providing encouragement to the public and private sector entities that may have engaged in the assessment and planning process in isolation to form cooperative partnerships; (3) assistance to businesses and communities lacking emergency planning experience in the development of a joint emergency planning process; (4) development of an understanding of mutual or respective goals and understand how public and private resources can complement and support each other; and (5) serve as a resource for those engaged in the planning process. (Jones, Kowalk, and Miller, 2000)


Risk assessment involves every public and private sector component and includes the identification of all potential hazards and threats including those which are: (1) natural; and (2) man made. Natural threats include tornadoes, floods, winter storms, earthquakes and power outages. Man made threats include terrorist attacks, workplace violence, explosions. Bombing and other accidents. (Jones, Kowalk and Miller, 2000) It is stated that a 'self risk assessment' includes: (1) look at broadest categories of risk. Go from a generalized risk assessment to specific risks; and (2) list previous incidents and/or potential threats or events. Begin with the obvious and work toward the less likely; and (3) determine what is vital for continued business operations and what might cause significant business interruptions. (Jones, Kowalk, and Miller, 2000)


The next step is to prioritizing and identifying the importance of unit or component to continued business operations and these are classified as either: (1) critical; (2) essential; or (3) non-essential. (Jones, Kowalk and Miller, 2000) Upon identification of critical business functions then those functions must be classified as being: (1) immediate; (2) delayed; or (3) deferred. Immediate being needed in 0 to 24 hours, delays being needed in 24 hours to seven days and deferred being needed beyond 7 days. Finally the identification must be made as to whether the business is:…… [read more]

Strategic Management &amp Business Policy Compare Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  1 pages (343 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Strategic Management & Business Policy

Compare and contrast action planning with management by objectives. How can MBO help improve the implementation of strategy?

There are fundamental differences between each of these approaches to management, with action planning being more focused on nurturing and motivating employees extrinsically to change while Management by Objective (MBO) programs seek to change the employee internally. Studies suggest that combing each can deliver exceptional; innovation throughout an organization, providing ownership of the innovation process is internalized by key contributors to the organization over time (Wiley, Legge, 2006). MBOs then provide a vital link to providing employees with the opportunity to internalize their objectives over time. Both are necessary for an organization to become as innovative as their cultures allow for. Yet MBOs must be present to provide a means for employees to "own" and internalize the necessary tasks to create exceptional value for their companies.

The text pointed out the importance of assessing the strategy-culture compatibility, when implementing a new strategy. Do you feel that culture follows…… [read more]

Knowledge Management in Accenture Thesis

Thesis  |  14 pages (4,303 words)
Style: Harvard  |  Bibliography Sources: 15


Accenture Knowledge Management

Knowledge Management at Accenture

To the extent that Accenture excels at knowledge management is the extent to which it this globally-based consultancy can attain its long-term revenue and profit objectives. Critical to Accenture's day-to-day fulfillment of clients' projects is the need for managing knowledge as a strategic asset (Paik, Choi, 2005), creating taxonomies that are process-based rather… [read more]

Innovation Management at Ford Motors Company Today Thesis

Thesis  |  10 pages (3,250 words)
Style: Harvard  |  Bibliography Sources: 10


¶ … Innovation Management at Ford Motors Company

Today's business community is characterized by numerous novel features, such as an increased focus on customer satisfaction in detriment of production (proof being the incremental emphasis on services rather than manufacturing) or employee on-the-job satisfaction and the creation of a pleasant and challenging working environment in the detriment of a stressful and… [read more]

Strategic Management &amp Business Policy Questions Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  2 pages (726 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Strategic Management & Business Policy Questions

The impact of globalization and the Internet presents real challenges for corporate strategic planners across the world. What is the impact of globalization and the internet on corporations? Why is astute strategic planning a must in today's competitive business world?

The paradoxical role of the Internet as a means to streamline both customer-facing and supplier management processes within an organization is revolutionizing the strategic planning process as well. While there are those that contend that the Internet is leading to all nations become westernized at a much greater rate than they otherwise would, there is ample evidence to the contrary (Lombaerde, Lelio-Iapadre, 2008). In fact the Internet is strengthening cultures globally as they seek to stay differentiated and hold onto their customs, values, and norms. What all this means for the strategic planners is that they must now be more sensitive and cognizant of the many variations in regional, national and even local cultures if they are to succeed in strategic or long-term initiatives globally. The Internet has enabled regions, nations and cultures to selectively choose which of the benefits and options they have available from a globalization standpoint and selectively ignore or in some cases, ban them from their nations. This is particularly true in Islamic nations that have a fundamentally different mindset with regard to marketing, selling and especially finance. There is an Islamic finance and banking system that is completely different than those found in western nations for example, and the use of the Internet has made their use even more prevalent in the nations they are located in. For strategic planners from western nations including the U.S., Great Britain, Australia and others, their ability to discern the major differences in values and perceptions across regional locations globally and then devise strategies that allow for growth that compliments these regional requirements is crucial. In summary the Internet is having a significant effect on the entire value chains of organizations. From customer-facing strategies and systems including multichannel management to the development of more efficient supply chains, the Internet is making it possible to better manage time and financial resources than ever before. In conjunction with…… [read more]

Organizational Development Is Organization Development Limited Essay

Essay  |  1 pages (343 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Organizational Development

Is organization development limited to war movies or can examples of it be found in other films as well? If so, cite several movies and explain. If not, explain why you think organization development's depiction is limited to war films.

Organizational development is manifest in any film where there are hierarchies of power and different personalities wrangling for organizational support. Of course, this can be seen in war films where privates resist the advice of their commanding officers, or troops engage in personal arguments about the nature of their mission, and then come together to win the final battle. But even in high school films there is organizational development, often to the detriment of individual development and expression. In films like Mean Girls, the introduction of a 'new girl' temporarily destabilizes the hierarchy of the ruling 'queens' of the high school. There is then a kind of negotiation of new power roles as the popular girls incorporate her into their power structure, even while she as an individual chafes…… [read more]

Healthcare Organizational Behavior Terminology and Concepts Key Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,582 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 4



Organizational Behavior Terminology and Concepts

Key Concepts and Terminology

Organizational Behavior- is the study and application of knowledge about how people, individuals, and groups act within organizations. This is done best by taking a system approach. This means that the people/organization relationships must be assessed in terms of the whole person, the whole group, the whole organization, and the… [read more]

Management of Prisons Thesis

Thesis  |  5 pages (1,606 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 3


¶ … prison management from the prison manager's perspective. Effective prison management results in a safer, more controlled prison environment, and leads to staff and inmate safety, as well. From the prison manager's perspective, attaining effective prison management is their primary duty. Today, prison management is often privatized, leading to different goals and objectives in some cases. Prison management usually… [read more]

Facilities Management the Aim of the Present Essay

Essay  |  5 pages (1,489 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 4


Facilities Management

The aim of the present study is to develop management understanding of many of the materials and technical aspects of hotel development, construction, renovation, remodeling, modernization and reconstruction. To facilitate hospitality professional's liaison with construction industry professionals.

Management of a hotel involves a great deal of multi-tasking on the part of management because inclusive in hotel management are… [read more]

Operation Management Stickley Furniture Production Processing Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  14 pages (3,995 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


Operation Management

Stickley Furniture

Production Processing

The management at Stickley Furniture is committed to delivering the highest quality products to their organizational customers. They are however also focused on reducing costs, alongside with achieving an increase in operational efficiency. All these desiderates have been integrated within the company's production processing, which basically resembles the traditional processing model, in which raw… [read more]

Compare and Contrast the Approaches to Conflict Management and Conflict Resolution Thesis

Thesis  |  9 pages (2,832 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 6


¶ … Conflict Management and Conflict Resolution

Conflict management and resolution through Site-based Management

School-based management (SBM), or decentralized management, is fast growing in popularity in many of the U.S. school districts as this is seen as an efficient way to resolve and manage conflicts. The reason why people believe that this system can resolve conflicts is because it is… [read more]

Management Accounting There Are Several Differences Thesis

Thesis  |  3 pages (928 words)
Style: Harvard  |  Bibliography Sources: 3


Management Accounting

There are several differences between financial reporting and managerial accounting. At the most basic, the two types of reporting are used to meet the needs of two different groups of stakeholders. Financial reporting is typically geared towards external users. In the case of my friend's business, this is the government's taxation arm. In a public company, shareholders, potential investors and regulators would also be included on the list of stakeholders for which financial reports are created.

Financial reporting, therefore, is based around a consistent set of standards (the generally accepted accounting principles) and is conducted solely using the accrual accounting method. This consistency helps external parties measure the firm's outputs

Managerial accounting, by contrast, is focused on helping management to make decisions. Consistency is not demanded, because managerial accounting reports are not subject to audit. Year-over-year consistency helps managers, but there are no standards for consistency from one firm to the next. Because of this, managerial accounting is generally only conducted to the extent that management finds it valuable. However, it can reveal trends and provide information to management that would not have been uncovered in the financial statements.

Cost-Volume-Profit (CVP) analysis is a method by which the firm can break down its production and profit figures to determine the optimal levels of production/sales for its products, with the goal of realizing the business' potential profit. CVP analysis typically requires management to use different tools, such as a break-even analysis, a contribution margin analysis, and operating leverage analysis in order to make such determinations.

CVP analysis allows management to understand the contribution that every product makes to the firm's bottom line. This contribution margin is a key concept in cost volume profit analysis. All other things being equal, the production and sales efforts should be focused on the product with the greatest contribution volume. This will maximize th e firm's profits.

Another benefit of CVP analysis is that it taxes can be factored into the calculations. The major concern for my friend is that his after-tax income is not as high as he would like. Thus, CVP can be used to help him understand not only which products give him the highest gross contribution margin, but the highest contribution net of taxes.

CVP analysis can also be used to work backwards as well. For example, if my friend is having doubts about the viability of his business, he can set a target net income that he wants to achieve. CVP will then allow him to understand what his sales will need to be in order to achieve that. He can adjust the targets for each product to give him a better sense of the sales mix and targets for each product that will allow him to earn the net income he seeks.…… [read more]

Managing Change Thesis

Thesis  |  5 pages (1,447 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 7


Managing Change

The objective of this work is for the writer to assume the role of an internal organizational change team with a special interest in human performance and development during a technology related change. The focus of this project is on the challenges and leading ideas related to ensuring optimal human performance during a significant technology-related

Organizational change is… [read more]

Self-Awareness Eq Change Learning Style Personal Value Creativity Stress Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  3 pages (1,039 words)
Bibliography Sources: 6


Management - Self-Awareness


This project focuses on the self-awareness, stress management, creativity, and problem solving skill areas. In the vocational environment, all four skills are extremely important: self-awareness allows one to understand how others perceive him; stress management techniques help minimize the negative effects of unavoidable stress; and creativity is an asset to problem solving, which is also an essential skill for resolving conflicts in both the operational and personal difficulties (Gerrig & Zimbardo, 2005).

This project consists of a description of a specific work-related problem, a history of my contribution to the problem and to its solution, an analysis of my responses, and recommendations for the future.

The Context: In our office, reports are generated by work teams who collaborate to collect information, analyze it in the context of the respective areas of each team member, and then assemble a jointly-produced final report that represents all of the work of multiple individuals. Generally, each of us performs an independent series of analyses before submitting our section to our group supervisor; in practice, senior team members usually review the work of junior members before their work is presented to the group's manager. Sometimes, this can cause problems because the senior group member might make changes to the draft report sections submitted by junior members before presentation to the manager, leaving the junior member exposed to criticism that may reflect those changes rather than the actual material provided by the junior member. In those situations, the junior member may be called upon to explain elements of the draft report section that he has never even seen, let alone authored, and left with the uncomfortable choice of either accepting blame for any inadequacies identified by the manager or being perceived by the manager as "passing the buck" and refusing to acknowledge responsibility for mistakes. Sometimes, the changes at issue are substantive, but other times, they are strictly matters of personal preference in the structure of written presentations. The former may be more appropriate areas of contribution by senior group members; the latter are much harder to justify (Blair, 2003; Locker, 2003).

My Behavior: On several occasions, our team's manager (also my supervisor) criticized my work based strictly on changes made by senior group members that, in my opinion, were completely unnecessary because they were not related to substantive data collection or analysis, but to writing style and aspects of report organization in the realm of individual differences. My explanation to my supervisor resulted in responses suggesting that I was not taking responsibility for me mistakes and, in my view, undermined my professional development and reputation. On a subsequent occasion, I did not respond to my supervisor's criticism but merely took notes because I realized the futility of compounding the perception, in his view, that I was just making up an excuse for my mistakes. This situation only added to the amount of work-related pressure in my job and my frustration eventually culminated in a heated exchange… [read more]

Accounting Function for a Chosen Organization Thesis

Thesis  |  23 pages (6,160 words)
Style: Harvard  |  Bibliography Sources: 5


Accounting Function for a chosen organization

This paper will be aimed at providing a full background of the financial situation at General Motors, focusing on the role of the accounting function within this organization and the results it produces. The paper will be structured in five different chapters.

In the first chapter, following an introduction that will aim to give… [read more]

Organizational Analysis in Store Room Intern Thesis

Thesis  |  5 pages (1,482 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Organizational Analysis by in-Store Room Intern

Reason for Being

The answers to three primary questions, according to Janel M. Radtke (1998) in "How to write a mission statement," depict an organization's "reason for being" or mission statement.

Every organization has a mission, a purpose, a reason for being," Radtke (p.1) stresses. The rationale leading to the creation of an organization… [read more]

Managing Homeland Security Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,204 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 4


Criminal Justice - Homeland Security


Explain the four phases of emergency planning (i.e. mitigation, preparedness, response, recovery) in detail. Practically speaking, which phases do you think most emergency managers spend time thinking about? Which phases should they spend the most time thinking about? How, if at all, has 9-11 changed where the emphases should lie?

Mitigation is the process of devising appropriate strategies and procedures to reduce the foreseeable impact of emergency situations and to limit their consequences as much as possible. Preparedness relates to establishing the capabilities of emergency managers to respond as efficiently and effectively as possible to emergency situations.

Response refers to the operational implementation of the processes and strategies comprised by the mitigation and preparedness stages, and recovery relates to the process of renormalizing property and life affecting directly by emergency situations. All four phases are tremendously important, but generally, mitigation is the most important phase of emergency planning because risk mitigation directly reduces the comparative circumstances necessitating the other three phases of emergency management.

The terrorist attacks of 9-11 could not have been reasonably foreseen by local emergency management authorities, although evidence that surfaced shortly thereafter established that various federal law enforcement agencies and executives within the Bush administration could indeed have mitigated the risk of such attacks significantly by heeding the specific warnings of several individuals and by better coordinating and sharing the information collection and analysis of intelligence that was available prior to those attacks. Especially, in New York City, the 9-11 attacks highlighted the need for improved emergency preparedness, particularly in relation to Fire Department communications and jurisdictional authority between the NYFD and the NYPD.

2. Explain in detail the process of risk analysis? In light of the readings and your own experience, how would you define risk? How would you weigh it? If you were the city manager or police chief in a small town with limited resources, how much effort would you put into risk analysis? Would you simply "eyeball" risk and give it your best guess, or would you be inclined to conduct an actual assessment? The targeting of risk analysis consists of four specific components: (1) external general, (2) external specific, (3) internal general, and (4) internal specific. External general risks consist of those that pertain to prevailing circumstances outside of the geographical area of emergency management responsibility that bear not direct relationship to that area. External specific risks consist of those that are geographically remote from the area of responsibility but directly related to that area. Internal general risks consist of those that arise within the geographic area or responsibility that are otherwise unrelated to that area. Internal specific risks are those originating within the area of responsibility and also directly related to that area.

Risk can be defined as the degree of likelihood of circumstances requiring emergency response and the magnitude of the harms anticipated to be associated with those harms. In principle, emergency management priority is determined by the following matrix or… [read more]

Four Functions of Management Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  3 pages (976 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 2


¶ … Functions of Management

The four functions of management are planning, organizing, leading and controlling. The planning process is central to management. During this process, the manager must make an assessment of where the company stands. It is at this point where the firm's objectives are also set. Then, the tactics and strategies are devised that bring the company from where it currently is to its objectives.

With Xerox Corporation, the company had struggles earlier in this decade. Xerox technologies had become uncompetitive and their profits suffered as a result. The company needed to embark on a turnaround project. This required management to be able to not only undertake an honest assessment of their situation, but to take a vision of the future. It is a critical element in planning, if the plans are to be successful, that they fit with a vision of the future that actually occurs. In the case of Xerox, the company had struggled because its plans were tied to a vision of the future that did not occur. The turnaround plan necessitated a new vision from which new plans could then flow.

Once the plans have been developed, the firm's resources need to be organized. The firm's resources will already have been assessed during the planning phase, to ensure that the plans are realistic. The organizing phase then involves management making decisions with regards to the deployment of different resources. Activities included in this function can include determining the directional configuration (who will be responsible for what), establishing relationships to set up communication flows, and assigning resources to specific tasks.

Xerox's turnaround strategy involved the redeployment of scarce financial resources. Management needed to organize their finances so that they could meet a variety of goals including new product development, acquisitions, debt repayment and stock buybacks (Ackerman, 2008). Employees also needed to be organized, to move from their less productive former tasks towards more productive new product development tasks. One of the most important elements of organizing is making the trade off between different uses for given sets of resources. For example, CEO Anne Mulcahy needed to make decisions regarding the choice to purchase companies to give Xerox access to new technology, or to develop such technology in-house.

Leading is another role of management. When the firm has plans and has organized its resources towards meeting the objectives in those plans, it still needs managers to lead the other employees towards that goal. Often, the goals are far away, and it is difficult for employees to see that the outcomes of their support those goals. Motivation can wane and focus can slip. This is what makes leadership such an important part of management. One way or another, managers need to make sure that employees do what they are supposed to. When plans are made and resources are organized, the plans can only work if the different employees do what they are supposed to.…… [read more]

Functions of Management it Can Be Difficult Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  1 pages (408 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Functions of Management

It can be difficult for a manager to ensure common work practices are followed by workers in different nations for several reasons. Differences in the legal environments can put constraints on the work practices. There may also be cultural differences that make a given work practice easier or more logical for workers in one region compared to another. Compounding the challenge is that the manager is operating at a distance, and therefore must rely on subordinate managers for the day-to-day management of work practices.

To get around these challenges, the manager should first do his/her best to develop work practices that are both legal and practical in all regions. Once this has been done, the two best tools to ensure common work practices are followed are training and communication the work practices may be the same in each jurisdiction, but the training procedure may not be, and should be tailored to each region. Clear, consistent and regular communication with the subordinate managers is also essential. There should be no ambiguity with regards to the necessity of maintaining global consistency with regard to work practices. As well, the subordinate managers should also be aware of how important consistency is to the company's…… [read more]

Managing People and Groups in the Global Workplace Thesis

Thesis  |  4 pages (1,235 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 1+


Managing People and Groups in the Global Workplace

The Organization

The company was founded eight years ago and its main operations revolve around the development of software applications. It serves numerous customers which conduct diverse activities, such as libraries, financial institutions or automobile organizations. The software company employs 150 individuals, out of whom 20 workers are administrative, 10 are testing and 120 are developers (some of the developers are operational or project managers, performing as such both administrative and technical tasks). I have been employed within the organization for four years now and my position is that of a tester. As an employee, the features that most stand out are the pleasant, yet challenging, working environment, integrated within a strong corporate culture. The workers have different backgrounds in terms of education, expertise or even socio-cultural features. This often reflects in their wages. It means then that the company should use a rather elaborated appraisal scheme, which is able to differentiate between the employees and establish the according remunerations and future positions within the organization.

2. The Appraisal System

The appraisal scheme used by the software company is based on observations of the employee performances and discussions with various individuals directly interacting with the respective worker. A tester is for instance assessed through an analysis of the number and types of bugs he discovered in a software application. The evaluation will continue with conversations with the colleagues of the tester and the developers who worked directly with him / her. Once all the necessary information has been gathered, the human resource department processes it and sends it to management. Here, it is once again analyzed and an interview with the employee is scheduled. This occurs every six months throughout the first two years of working for the organization and once a year starting with the third year. Based on the performances, a raise is negotiated and future courses of action are decided.

3. Goals of the Performance Appraisal System

The primary aim of the appraisal scheme used by the software organization is that of identifying the performance features of the staff members. Based on the results of the evaluation, the manager will be able to make the best informed decisions relative to the salary of the employee or his future within the organization. The future generally refers to the next approaches to be made to reward the employee or further improve his skills and productivity levels. The company has yet to fire an employee due to poor performances and the measures often revolve around maintaining the same salary or increasing it, enrolling the employee into a training program, moving him to another department or an another project, or promoting him / her. To conclude then, the goal of the appraisal system is to learn more about the employee and make the best informed future decisions, which increase his levels of productivity and sustain the company in reaching its overall goals.

4. Strengths and Limitations of the Current System

The main benefit… [read more]

Organizational Change Role of the Change Agent Thesis

Thesis  |  1 pages (373 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 2


Organizational Change

Role of the Change Agent in Organizations

Simply put, the role of any change agent in an organization is be the force of positive change in the roles, responsibilities and processes people rely on to do their jobs, and the company relies on to attain its goals. In changing these aspects of any organization, inevitably there are major changes to information technologies and systems that are used for generating the insights that lead to rapid innovation as well (Birkinshaw, Hamel, Mol, 2008). Change agents are critical for the growth of any enterprise, as they often provide honest, candid and compelling reasons why processes, people, and systems must change in order for the organization to survive (Sande, 2008). Change agents must have a very high level of credibility and trust in the organizations they seek to change (Zigarmi, 2008) as these values are crucial for their change to be lasting. A change agent also acts an evangelist in many ways as well, seeking to persuade and gain cooperation from decision makers who decide to change processes and the roles of people as well. A sign…… [read more]

Two Concepts of Strategy Development and Organization Learning Apply to Starbucks Corporation Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  5 pages (1,555 words)
Style: Harvard  |  Bibliography Sources: 10


¶ … strategy development" and "organization learning" apply to starbucks corporation

Strategy Development and Organization Learning

At the Starbucks Corporation

Today's organizations strive harder than ever to develop strategies that further increase and consolidate their competitive positions within the market. A relevant example in this instance is the coffee monolith Starbucks. The company was founded in 1971 in Seattle, Washington… [read more]

Organizational Behavior the Columbia Space Shuttle Disaster Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  7 pages (1,971 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 1


Organizational Behavior

The Columbia Space Shuttle Disaster - Organizational Behavior as a Matter of Life and Death

Case Summary

The Columbia Space Shuttle Disaster commences with a short presentation of the NASA's shuttle being disintegrated 16 minutes after reentering the earth's atmosphere. The disaster which killed seven crew members and kept the attention of the space exploration annals had been… [read more]

Organizational Behavior in the New Organizational Era Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  2 pages (657 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 1


¶ … Organizational Behavior in the New Organizational Era, the author talks about changes that are being seen in contemporary firms today as well as the competitive environments that they operate in and how this can translate into a new focus for research into organizational behavior and other issues. Organizational behavior research is a very important area of study, especially as it reflects the shift away from corporatist organizations and toward a more comprehensive way of organizing companies (Rousseau, 1997). As the author looks at organizational behavior it is very clear that the hypothesis is that it is changing and evolving into something that deals much less with a corporation where one person is in charge and much more with an organization where people work as a cohesive unit. The literature that is presented gives weight and importance to this idea and shows that the author of the study is not the only person who holds this opinion.

Like all theories, however, there are strengths and weaknesses to the idea that an organization is moving more toward a cohesive unit and farther away from being managed chiefly by one person. This does not mean that the author's argument is not good, but only that there are always arguments and opinions on either side of an issue, no matter what that issue is or how well thought out it has been. While it is true that there have been some changes made in organizations throughout the country and the world, the letting go of control is certainly far from complete and it seems likely that it will never be complete to the extent that some people would hope for. A new era of organizational behavior is here, but it is not that much different from the old era overall because there are only so many changes that can be made and still ensure that there is a fully functioning and properly running organization.

There are several key research themes…… [read more]

Organization Structural Organization Reframing Big Automakers Bailout Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (580 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Organization Structural

Organization Reframing

big automakers bailout is a very sensitive subject that seems to be debated by everyone these days, from congressmen to average individuals. A prospective bailout would affect everyone, in one way or another, more or less significantly. There are advantages and disadvantages to the automakers bailout.

One of these advantages is connected to the Human Resources Frame. The U.S. automotive industry employs approximately 2.5 million people, accounting for 2% of the nation's workforce (Saving to Invest, 2008). It is estimated that the unemployment in this industry will significantly increase. Some experts go further than that, by stating that Detroit's economy will practically be demolished. The bailout is expected to decrease the possible rate of unemployment.

This is a critical situation for human resources managers. Until now, they managed things in order for both the company and its employees to gain something. That may no longer be possible in the current circumstances. This is the time when a good HR manager would implement a series of strategies that will help both parties win a little, or to diminish any losses. For example, HR managers could remodel job allocation, certain employees could be transferred to other departments.

The structural frame will play a very significant role in both situations. If the bailout will be approved, automakers will be forced to make structural changes that will allow them to properly use the granted help. For example, they should establish short-term and medium term goals, instead of long-term ones. They should also try to develop a more flexible structure that is easier to adapt to various changes of the environment, and that allows for more control.

The political frame is probably the most important factor in this situation. The automakers…… [read more]

History of Project Management Thesis

Thesis  |  2 pages (534 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 2


Project Management

History of Project Management

Project management as the application of pre-established techniques with the help of suitable knowledge, skills, and tools exists from ancient times if we consider the pyramids, the Great Wall of China, and other important projects. The real development of the discipline of project management began in the 20th century, when industrial revolution provided the means and the necessities for well-established project management techniques (Kozak-Holland, 2008).

The beginning of the 20th century was characterized by the second industrial revolution, responsible for emerging mechanisms like telephones, electrical machines, internal combustion engine, and the development of all types of transportation. All these factors led to increased production of consumer goods and to the mechanization of manufacture, requiring developments in project management.

World War I required different planning and supplying techniques, because the repartition of resources was different than normal. The post war period developed the general discipline of business management and specific disciplines derived from it. All this affected project engineers that were forced to report to their managers, determining changes coordination techniques required by project management. However, specialists in that time considered that engineers' work, no matter their field of activity, did not allow for process control because of insufficient routine.

Since then, changes became more frequent, installed faster, and were more significant. The third industrial revolution coincided with the Cold War and its needs of numerous planes and rockets projects.

Project management in the 1950s was influenced by the development of CPM and PERT methods. This changed the configuration of project management because project managers gained the control they lacked. This was…… [read more]

Effective Leadership and Management in Nonprofit Organizations Thesis

Thesis  |  10 pages (3,870 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 1+



Effective Leadership and Management in Nonprofit Organizations

The management of any type of organization is inherently accompanied by a long list of responsibilities, without which the functionality of said organization would be severely compromised. Among these demands are the maintenance of a qualified and dedicated staff, a clarity of mission, a comprehensible and dynamic hierarchical structure and a flexible… [read more]

Management Functions One of the Cornerstone Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  7 pages (2,023 words)
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Management Functions

One of the cornerstone's of human resource management is the employee appraisal. This is the most formalized component of direct feedback that most employees receive. It can be used to reinforce positive behaviors and to identify negative ones that need to be corrected. Yet often managers and employees alike approach the task with trepidation. In part, this is… [read more]

Total Quality Management or Six Sigma Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  6 pages (1,680 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


Total Quality Management or Six Sigma

Six Sigma-Based Quality Model at General Electric

The contemporaneous business community is faced with numerous challenges, the most significant ones referring to the changing needs and behaviors of the customers, the increasing needs of the staff members or the strategic approaches implemented by the competition. Organizations strive to find ways in which to fight… [read more]

ISO: The International Organization for Standardization Thesis

Thesis  |  7 pages (2,013 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 2


ISO: The International Organization for Standardization

ISO (International Organization for Standardization) is the world's largest developer of standards. By developing technical standards and promoting their widespread adoption, the ISO benefits the global economy and society at large. By raising levels of quality, safety, reliability, efficiency and interchangeability of manufactured goods, it helps businesses to compete in a wider range of… [read more]

Project Management in the Oil Industry Thesis

Thesis  |  15 pages (5,052 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 1+


Project Management in the Oil Industry

The oil industry has had to adopt various tools in order to survive intense competition in the international market. Conservative efforts to get more profits and gaining customers by relying on size and strength are no longer applicable and only those companies who have successfully implemented project planning and management have been able to… [read more]

Uses of Project Management in Medical Devices Thesis

Thesis  |  15 pages (3,865 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 1+


¶ … Project Management in Medical Devices and Hospital Procedures

Uses and Advantages of Project Management in Medical Devices and Hospital Procedures

The intent of this paper is to provide a thorough analysis of the use of project management concepts in the design and manufacture of medical devices, and the streamlining of procedures in hospitals as well. The use of… [read more]

Total Quality Management for Purposes Thesis

Thesis  |  4 pages (1,291 words)
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Total Quality Management

For purposes of this paper, manufacturing, service and government implementations are profiled to show the full extent of TQMs' contributions to these three key areas.


Toyota's initial efforts in quality management began in the 1960s when the company started using the Total Quality Control (TQC) program for managing its suppliers, manufacturing, and vehicle delivery processes. After years of continually improving quality techniques that comprised the TQC approach to manufacturing, Toyota won the Deming Prize in 1965 followed by the Japan Quality Control Awards in 1970. Toyota's Quality Management Departments had envisioned a roadmap of how TQC would eventually become Total Quality Management (TQM), a more all-encompassing approach to addressing the inclusion of customers' needs into the production and quality assurance process. TQM was also seen as a necessary step within Toyota to allow for greater agility to uncertain and often unpredictable customer requirements. Figure 1 shows Toyota's interpretation of TQM. The company has defined TQM to include innovation through improvement, self-discipline and optimization through team work and the support of an egalitarian-based work culture, and finally a focus on a strong customer-oriented attitude. Toyota's cultural values have significantly influenced their approach to implementing TQM, specifically the cultural value of putting the customer needs first, and the customers' perceptions of quality as critical. Given the cultural norms and values of Toyota there is also a strong commitment to continually increase product quality, service quality, product design and manufacturing form, fit and function of their cars and trucks to align with the current expectations of customers.

For Toyota, TQM is all about earning and retaining the trust of their customers.

Figure 1: Toyota's interpretation of TQM

Toyota Corporations' commitment to TQM pervades their American subsidiaries' approach to managing customer feedback and insights regarding future product direction as well. Toyota's American subsidiary is known to have the largest market research staff of any domestic or foreign manufacturers, have the most rigorous use of JD Powers' Customer Satisfaction Index (CSI) and Sales Satisfaction Index (SSI) scores as a leverage point when working with their channels. Toyota's corporate offices and the American subsidiaries also have integrated the many accounting, finance, production scheduling, service and sales system together so that customers can get a single and complete review of vehicles on order and the current status of their present Toyota vehicles in terms of financing, maintenance and service.

All of this integration and sharing of information is predicated on the trust employees have in each other, and also in the systems they are working with. For Toyota specifically and for manufacturing in general, the ability to deliver transformational leadership and the resulting level of performance to a continually increasing level of customer requirements and expectations shows why this auto manufacturers is considered one of the best in its industry at implementing TQM. Hashmi (2007), in his definition of TQM also heavily relies on the integrative aspects of multiple systems and processes, and this is certainly illustrated in the examples of Toyota's many… [read more]

Strategy? Corporate and Competitive Management Strategy Business Thesis

Thesis  |  4 pages (1,301 words)
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¶ … Strategy?

Corporate and Competitive Management Strategy

Business success is less a function of grandiose predictions than it is a result of being able to respond rapidly to real changes as they occur. That's why strategy has to be dynamic and anticipatory. (Welch, 2001)

In the first chapter of their book, Strategy Safari: A Guided Tour Through the Wilds of Strategic Management, the authors say this:

eventually situations change -- environments destabilize, niches disappear, opportunities open up...while formulas for strategic change may come easily, the management of that change, especially when it involves shifting perspective, comes hard." (Mintzberg, Lampel, & Ahlstrand, 2005)

Whether defined by one of the smartest and most successful corporate CEOs, Jack Welch of General Electric, or by experts in the field of studying corporate management strategy, managing change seems to be the key to successful strategies and profitable companies.

So, what is this field of corporate management strategy. Good definitons are easy to find, but varied in composition. Michael Porter defines what he calls a competitive strategy in terms of his "Five Forces Model." (Porter, 2008) Henry Mintzberg, Josheph Lampel, and Bruce Ahlstrand discuss the "Ten Schools," each of which focuses on one major aspect of strategy formation. (Mintzberg, Lampel, & Ahlstrand, 2005) Gary Hamel and C.K. Prahalad put the definition in terms of strategic intent and talk about the four types of competitive innovation. They use their Core Competence model to illustrate their own ideas of inside-out corporate strategy. (Prahalad & Hamel, 2008) the list of diverse perspectives of "strategy" goes on and on. The few named here cover a wide range and will suffice for our discussion. But first, let's get a handle on a general definition of corporate management strategy as it might be accepted by most companies.

Definitions of Strategy, Corporate Strategy, and Competitive Strategy

In its most basic form, strategy is defined as a comprehensive plan for accomplishing an organization's goals. (Corporate Level Strategy, 2003) Almost all "experts" agree that, in the corporate world, strategy takes on three shapes: general, corporate, and competitive.

As we said above, strategy is a plan, first of all, to get the corporation from here to there. It is also a pattern the company holds over time regarding what types of products it sells, what kinds of businesses it will acquire, or the price level at which it will sell its products or services. Any company or corporation also holds a position with it's products in particular markets. Perhaps most important is that a strategy involves a perspective. It is the company's vision and the direction it decides to take. (Nickols, 2004)

But, how do we delineate between corporate strategy and competitive strategy? Simply put, corporate strategy defines the markets and the businesses in which a company will operate. Its main focus is the financial goals of the company. It is about managing the value of an organization. it's also about vision.

Competitive strategy defines for the company the basis upon which it will compete.… [read more]

Management Information Systems What Are Customer Relationship Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,298 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Management Information Systems

What are customer relationship management systems? How do they benefit business?

The role of customer relationship management systems (CRM) in businesses is to organize the many sources of data regarding existing and potential new customers so that coordinated, concerted strategies can be created to increase revenues, profits and customer satisfaction. Often these sources of data are stored in databases that are not integrated with each other. One of the vital benefits that CRM systems deliver is integrating all customer-based data into a single view of the customer, a strategy businesses often refer to as becoming "customer centric." In the CRM industry this is also called getting a 360 degree view of the customer.

CRM systems benefit businesses in several key areas of their business strategies. First, the attracting of potential customers to the business is often based on sales lead generation and lead escalation software which forwards sales opportunities to sales offices for follow-up. CRM systems are also critical for marketing strategies as their analytics applications give businesses insights into what potential customers prefer and need. Businesses also use CRM applications for ensuring their customers have a high degree of satisfaction with their products and services. CRM systems are vital for businesses, supporting their strategies to generate revenue profitability while ensuring a high level of customer satisfaction that leads to customer retention over time.

In conclusion the greatest challenge for businesses choosing to integrate customer data together to support their sales, marketing and service strategies in a CRM strategy need to realize that changing how people work is the biggest challenge of all. CRM as the foundation of business strategies must also concentrate on assisting every customer-facing employee with being given the best possible information to make the touch points or moments of truth with customers as productive and valuable to the customers as possible.

The best-performing CRM systems are aligned with giving customers the necessary insights they need to get to their goals quickly. Businesses that attain this level of performance with their customers earn customer loyalty, trust and retention over time.

Unit Two writing assignment: Name and describe the capabilities of a DBMS.

The concept of the Database Management System (DBMS) is to act as a central repository of data that is organized in structured records, accessible through a variety of techniques including through Structured Query Language (SQL). The three components of a DBMS are the data definition language, data dictionary and data manipulation language.

The functions of these three critical components allow DMBS to scale in functionality to meet the needs of businesses. Data definition language is used for defining the specific format and attributes of each data element in the database. As a result, when any database is created it is critical for system analysts to work with those actually using the database to understand and plan for how they will respond to their unique needs specifically at the field level. Second, the data dictionary defines each specific data element and its interrelationships… [read more]

Organizational Review of European Union (Eu): Regional Thesis

Thesis  |  5 pages (1,306 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Organizational Review of European Union (eu): Regional Organization Critical Analysis

Item Page Number

Organization Impact on Business and Trade

Recommendations for Organization's Future


The objective of this work is to analyze the European Union in terms of its role as a regional or world organization and its impact on business. This work will conduct a critical analysis and will reflect in-depth reflection of the writer.

The European Union is stated to be the "...most highly evolved international organization...the product of more than 40 years of effort to integrate the countries of Europe economically and politically." (International Institute for Sustainable Development, 2000) the core of the EU is a "...customs union - and now a single market - with a common external tariff." (International Institute for Sustainable Development, 2000) the EU is a "supranational organization, widely interpreted as providing for the share exercise of its member states' sovereignty." (International Institute for Sustainable Development, 2000)


There are two primary legislative instruments of the EU, which are, the: (1) Regulation; and the (2) Directive. (International Institute for Sustainable Development, 2000) Regulations are stated to be "directly applicable" and regulations are "used for technical aspects of issues where the EU has exclusive competence..." (International Institute for Sustainable Development, 2000) This includes areas of trade and price adjustment. Directives are stated to be the chosen instrument relating to issues of the environment "since they determine the objectives to be achieved" however member states are free in their choice of implementation methods. It is related that in areas where "upward harmonization" is desired that directives "can be technically quite detailed..." (International Institute for Sustainable Development, 2000)

While individual members stated of the EU are stated to have roles that are limited in relation to the World Trade Organization (WTO) "...the EU as a whole is one of the most important actors in the organizations" in that decisions cannot be made without the EU as a whole. Extensive environmental legislation has been developed by the EU in response to market changes, essential market disciplines, including environmental requirements" which must be amended in order to provide a reflection of the EU markets integrated structure.

Directives are stated to "...cover emission standards and quality objectives for water; managing hazardous and domestic waste; packaging; atmospheric emissions from plants and vehicles; air quality standards and the stratospheric ozone layer; all aspects of toxic substances control; nature protection, migratory birds, endangered species; wildlife; noise; and climate change. " (International Institute for Sustainable Development, 2000) Individual member states and the EU share the responsibility of environmental management however, the EU exclusively manages trade issues. This results in difficulty in achieving a balancing of environmental and trade interests "since the functions of key actors are different in the two areas of policy." (International Institute for Sustainable Development, 2000)

According to a September 2007 Policy Brief entitled: "Economic Survey of the European Union, 2007" the economy of the… [read more]

Project Management According to Different Theoreticians Thesis

Thesis  |  4 pages (1,107 words)
Style: Harvard  |  Bibliography Sources: 5


Project Management

According to different theoreticians, within any organization, the projects evolve determined to several constraints. The constraints generally include the group of people working on the respective project (only a limited amount of human resource can be allocated for a certain project, given the fact that others will be working on other projects in the company), the time allocated for the project (no project can go on indefinitely and the project will need to be delivered to the client at some point, hence the temporal constraints) and money (projects generally have budgetary constraints).

This brief description of the constraints that often appear in the lifetime of a project emphasizes the importance of project management. Indeed, project management has everything to do with the inclusion of the four functions of management into the completion of a project. Planning, organizing, directing and controlling are the essential phases in project management that determine whether the project will be completed on time and on budget. Let's have a look at how each of these functions of management plays a role in project management, each showing in part why project management is important.

First of all, the planning function of management will help determine, within the project management process, the elaborate division of the different project phases throughout the lifetime of the project. In other words, the planning function will help tackle the human resources, temporal and budgetary constraints by determining the way that the different phases of the project will be split within the timeframe of the project, how the budget and people will be allocated over the same period of time, all to determine the delivery on time and on budget of the project. Additionally, at any point in the future, the initial planning can be used as reference to the state of the project at that particular time.

In the software industry, the planning phase of project management is just as important. Upon receiving the specifications from the client, the programming team decides on the way that the modules will be developed, but, just as important, the way that each member of the team will work on the different parts of the final application. A tool such as Microsoft Project will help create a visual image of the different parts of the application, the way one part determines the beginning of development on another, how many resources are needed at each stage of the project development phase etc. This is all project planning, essential in determining in the end that the software application can be delivered according to the assumed constraints.

The organizing part is probably the vastest of all the functions of management previously mentioned. It includes different parts of the other functions of management as well, such as resource allocation. As previously shown, resource allocation is important because it ensures the project does not go over the fixed thresholds of time and money. Organizing is equivalent to making sure that these resources are best split between the different parts… [read more]

Management and Organisational Behaviour the Past Few Essay

Essay  |  5 pages (1,499 words)
Style: Harvard  |  Bibliography Sources: 5


Management and Organisational Behaviour

The past few decades have been characterized by various changes on multiple organizational levels. And a most relevant such change is the development of a strong corporate culture that integrates all shareholders and has them working together as to sustain the organization in reaching its overall objectives. Compared to half a century ago, the ultimate goal… [read more]

Identifying a Problem in an Organization and Coming Up With the Solutions Thesis

Thesis  |  6 pages (2,751 words)
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Business Management Critical Reflection

Critical Reflection of Leadership and Change Management on an it System Implementation

The Information Systems (IS) Department of Toyota Motor Sales USA (TMS) had become overwhelmed with the many committed projects to the sales force, service, and dealer organizations, yet had not been able to define accountability for results. This situation was made even more challenging… [read more]