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Pharmacy Profession My Family and

¶ … Pharmacy Profession My family and I immigrated to the U.S. In 2007. To this day, I regard moving to America a turning point in my life -- it was like being ushered into a completely new life. I must admit that during the very first days of my life in this great nation, things were not as easy as I would have liked them to be. First, there was the culture shock and the difficult task of trying to fit in. However, my family and I were fortunate enough to have a family that helped us settle and establish a new life here. My roommates at the language school I attended were also particularly supportive. In addition to helping me in every way they could, they did not at any time segregate me. They gave me all they could, and in so doing, paved the way towards my dream goal -- that of getting into one of the health care professions. There are many reasons as to why I would like to get into the pharmacy profession. These reasons largely revolve around my own personal experiences and desires. To begin with, I must say that my desire to get into this particular profession was aroused earlier on -- after my grandfather was diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease. Effectively, this remains one of the most devastating moments our family has had to encounter. At the time, no member of the family could speak fluent English and as a result, none of us could communicate efficiently with the doctors. We even had no idea what kind of medication my grandfather was taking -- for a while, we were largely passive observers. Luckily for us, one of the pharmacists was fluent in both Chinese and English. Due to the assistance he gave to us during this very difficult period, I naturally developed great admiration for him --……

Pages: 2  |  Essay  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Pharmacy - Interview Interview Analyses and Synthesis

Pharmacy - Interview INTERVIEW ANALYSES and SYNTHESIS This project is a synthesis and analysis of the product of three interviews conducted with two practicing pharmacists and a retired pharmacist who work as a an industry advocate and contributes his time to patient advocacy groups as well. The range of professional experiences includes nearly five decades, with one of the subjects having entered the profession in 1960; he continues to practice at the age of 72. The other practicing pharmacist is relatively new to the profession, having just started his career a few years ago. Several themes emerged throughout the series of interviews, including the dual role of the practicing pharmacist as a dispenser of drugs and an educator of patients; the role of technology in modern pharmacy; and the changes resulting from the evolution of the profession in the age of 21st century medicine, pharmacology, and technology. The purpose of this project is to acquire greater insight into the profession from information provided by knowledgeable individuals with different perspectives. The Role of Pharmacists: Pharmacists work in several different types of professional environments; predictably, their individual perspectives are substantially attributable to their specific responsibilities and to the realities of the vocational settings in which they work. The hospital pharmacist views his most essential roles primarily as defined by the need to dispense medications accurately and by the need to ensure that physician errors are identified and corrected before they result in dispensation errors. The sheer volume of work faced by hospital physicians and the weakened condition of hospital patients (as compared to outpatients) raises the potential for the "perfect storm" of devastating medical harm that could result from pharmacy errors, regardless of whether the source of error was the prescribing physician or the pharmacist. The hospital pharmacist must implement proactive measures to safeguard patients from errors, such as by maintaining lists of ambiguous terms and abbreviations known to be associated with potential misinterpretation or mistake. In order to be effective, those measures must be communicated to physicians; ultimately, optimal patient protection in this regard would require a standardized approach within the entire industry. The secondary major role of pharmacists is that of provider of patient education, although setting also determines many aspects of that responsibility. The hospital pharmacist, for example, may have less opportunity for direct patient interaction compared with the outpatient pharmacist who ordinarily encounters patients under less exigent circumstances…

Pages: 5  |  Research Proposal  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Applying to Doctor of Pharmacy Program? Helping

¶ … applying to Doctor of Pharmacy Program? Helping others help themselves. Teaching others so they can learn to take proactive steps to care for themselves and to administer their medications correctly. These are some of the central missions and goals of every pharmacist. My aptitude in the sciences, my desire to help patients, and my ability to put complex concepts into simple and comprehensible terms fuel my drive to enter the profession of pharmacy. I have always had a strong aptitude in the sciences. I majored in biology as an undergraduate and am currently pursuing graduate certification in project management. The latter will be an asset to me if (and hopefully when) I am called upon to fulfill a managerial role at a pharmacy or hospital. I also work as real estate salesperson. Daily, I must deploy my communication skills to interact effectively with clients and match buyers with the houses of their dreams. This job requires me to talk one-on-one with people and to make the process of buying a home understandable to the uninitiated homebuyer in a confusing marketplace. I chose this job because it would provide me with the financial security to pursue my dream of becoming a pharmacist and to hone my teaching and speaking skills which are critical to succeeding in the profession of pharmacy. My dream of becoming a pharmacist first arose a few years ago when my aunt suffered a stroke. The stroke paralyzed her left side of her body. At first my aunt and my family feared that the independent woman we knew was gone forever. But I witnessed how, with the aid of modern medicine, my aunt was able to regain a life of quality and dignity. Of course her medications were supplemented with physical therapy. But the difference……

Pages: 2  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Desire to Study Pharmacy in

As a salesperson, I became aware of how important it is for people to be satisfied in a product that they had bought. If a customer buys something that has a significant effect on their lives, then I as a salesperson am happy too because my customer was satisfied over a small thing such as being able to buy something that changed his/her life. Aside from the academic and personal rewards of studying Pharmacy, the said course is also economically beneficial, since pharmacists are well-paid and usually offered stable jobs. All of the reasons that I have mentioned are the primary motivations why I wanted to study Pharmacy under the supervision of Drs. Henry Lee and Lewis Henry, and be able to realize my dream of becoming a pharmacist who can make a significant contribution to the people and the society in the best and most significant way……

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Pharmacy Application Was Only Nine

While a student, I also tutored students in other science subjects, including Mathematics and Chemistry. In addition, I have also begun working in the medical field, as a give position in a dental office during the summer of 2003. Through this job, I have formed important connections and had a chance to apply my book learning firsthand in the medical field. I am confident that this academic and work background in the sciences will provide a solid foundation for further studies in the field of pharmacy. In addition to my interest in its scientific aspect, I am also attracted to the social service aspect of a career in pharmacy. By dispensing medicine and information, pharmacists are in a unique position to be directly involved in the lives of their patients. In addition, I know that many pharmacists lend their expertise to the community by giving advice regarding minor conditions and over the counter remedies. This social aspect is important, since I believe strongly in giving back to the community. When I first moved to this country, it was a struggle to learn English. Thus, when I began studies at the Suffolk Community College in Long Island, I was an active member of the International Club. Together with other volunteers, I developed enrichment programs for international students at the college. Conversely, I also helped Persian students who grew up in Orlando learn more about their culture, language and heritage. The fast-paced changes in technology and medicine means that the field of Social Work will continue to grow both in scope and challenges. With the training gained from Name college's excellent Pharmacy program, I look forward to being a part of this dynamic field, towards giving back to the community and to……

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Pharmacy School There Are Several

This amazing capability of drugs has motivated me to look deeply into the foundation of pharmaceuticals. I am especially interested to understand how research in pharmaceuticals is conducted, how drugs are manufactured, and how drugs take effect in the living bodies. Presently I am attending Valencia Community College, after having received AA degree in May 2003 from Polk Community College. Presently, I have been working at Walgreen Pharmacy for three years. In my present position, I work as a technician, in which my responsibilities include taking in new prescriptions, entering them in the computer, filling prescriptions, helping clients, and ordering medicine. This professional experience at Walgreen has been quite fruitful to me to motivate me for becoming a pharmacist. Besides my professional interests in medicine as described above, I have been always dedicated to help people and have been involved in the care of the elderly patients. I have volunteered in several community programs that deal with nursing and caring of elderly people in my community. For example, I volunteered in raising money for Diabetes Walks, the American Heart Association, and beach clean-ups. I sold candy and raffle tickets to many events such as Historian for Student Activities and made holiday cards for nursing homes. All of the above chores that I have taken over the years have prepared me to take up the challenging tasks of the pharmacy. In closing, I believe my educational expertise and interests closely tune with your course offerings. I am confident of my abilities in performing well and meeting your expectations in my academic achievements. I am also confident of my abilities performing superbly in future responsibilities as a pharmacist. I deeply appreciate you taking the time to consider my application for admission. Should you have any questions, please contact me at……

Pages: 2  |  Admission Essay  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Why I Pursue Enrollment in Pharmacy School

And while I do not feel responsible for educating Heather on what is right and what is wrong, and it's not my job to provide her with ethical guidelines regarding original academic research, if the counselor advised me to go to the professor with my side of the story, I believe the best thing for me to do would be to follow his advice. Additional Question: In terms of other work experiences I have had, I have served as a tutor for other students and through that work I have gained valuable skills in the field of communication. Tutoring a person, and doing a thorough job of helping another student fully comprehend the lesson and the substance behind the lesson, helps the tutor focus on presenting exactly the right information in the precise language and format for understanding. I gained valuable knowledge at to my own abilities to convey meaning and substance in that position. It is important that every point in every conversation -- whether it is through a tutoring experience or a pharmacist's interaction with a patient -- has context and meaning. In addition, I have had the opportunity to work in a laboratory, where absolute precision is pivotal to successful experiments and projects. In a very real way, developing professional laboratory skills is like developing the skills that a pharmacist must use in practice. Each ingredient, each chemical, and each solution that goes into a project in the lab must be absolutely precise, and errors are not acceptable. The same can be said of a pharmacist's responsibilities: making mistakes is not tolerable because human health issues depend on the exactitude of……

Pages: 6  |  Admission Essay  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Clinical Pharmacy

Clinical Pharmacy The Discourse Community of Clinical Pharmacists Many professions have a specific set of terms -- arguably a full linguistic code -- that enable faster and more precise communication between members of the profession, yet that obscure the meaning of these communications outside the profession. This is one example of a "discourse community," and such communities can be found in many different professions. The medical industry is home to many professions that have their own individual discourse communities, and the industry as a whole can also be thought of as one large discourse community, to some degree. Each different area of the medical world, however, has its own specialized language and terms that are specific to the functions and experiences of its branch of knowledge and expertise. Pharmacists form one such area in the field of medicine, and this particular discourse community will be further explored in this paper. Community Members Practicing pharmacists and pharmacy technicians (on a somewhat more limited basis) obviously make up the bulk of the members of the pharmacist's discourse community, but there are many other peripheral members as well. Anyone with a solid grounding in basic medical terminology would necessarily be able to participate in the pharmaceutical discourse community to some degree, meaning that virtually all medical practitioners are a part of this discourse community in some part. Pharmaceutical sales representatives and engineers, certain chemists, and even many well-versed patients would also be peripheral members of this community. A common knowledge of how various chemicals can be combined and how these chemicals interact with different processes in the human body binds this discourse community together. Terminology used in this discourse community includes the brand names and generic names of many common pharmaceuticals, a host of medical terms including the names of certain ailments and disorders, and the names of many tools and descriptive terms used almost exclusively in the pharmaceutical trade. All members of this discourse community will necessarily have had some level of formal education regarding medical and/or pharmaceutical terminology, with most members having received higher education degrees and often-professional certification as well. Certain preconceptions and assumptions arising from the cause and effect model that comprises Western views of health is a definite part of this discourse community, and there is an attendant belief in the efficacy of proper pharmaceutical treatment. This discourse might be beginning to shift, however. Current Conversations The pharmaceutical…

Pages: 5  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 2


Translational Medicine Is a New

BI's ability should be managed towards exploring information on human medicine as its ultimate pursuit. Bioinformatics methods are meant to identify molecular and cellular areas or aspects for specific clinical interventions and better insights into the profile of the disease. Imaging informatics are designed to understand pathogenesis and identification of treatment from the molecular, cellular, tissue or organ level. Innovations…

Pages: 15  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Medicine in the Ancient World the Introduction

Medicine in the Ancient World The introduction of medicine and primitive healthcare strategies to the ancient world is one of the giant steps that were taken to improve the lives of the citizens. Much has changed of course in the centuries that have passed since ancient medicine was being introduced, but it is interesting and instructive to look back at…

Pages: 6  |  Research Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 6


Pharmacy Thank You in Advance for Your

¶ … Pharmacy Thank you in advance for your consideration of my application to enter the Doctor of Pharmacy program. I offer full assurances that if admitted, I will show that I am a dedicated, competent, and enthusiastic student as I become fully engaged with your program. Why I Am Qualified I am intimately familiar with many of the medical responsibilities and fiduciary duties and that a pharmacist performs. I have had the good fortune to work with -- and be inspired by -- a highly talented pharmacist for about seven years. Indeed, I have served as an Inpatient Pharmacy Technician at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia since May of 2006. I was certified as a Pharmacy Technician by the Pharmacy Technician Certification Board in December 2009, and continue this assignment today. This challenging and vital position in the medical / healthcare field has introduced me in many contexts to the importance of being a patient-centered professional, a caring, well-informed and technically competent person. In my capacity as technician, I trained in Robotic IV Automation (RIVA) and I was assigned as operator for IV batch production and patient specific medication. I was the person that was tapped to accurately prepare non-sterile and sterile doses within a specific window of time, which I handled capably. Exchanging and delivering medications at patient units and storing them appropriately, along with correctly monitoring the inventory and keeping a precise accounting of the supplies of medication, are some of my responsibilities at Children's Hospital. My duties include training newly hired staff persons, student interns, and also I am counted on to provide orientation to new pharmacists that come……

Pages: 2  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Claude Bernard and Experimental Medicine

] Bernard makes the case that statistics are useful to the physician because they lead to the indeterminate, but that cannot be a stopping point.[footnoteRef:7] The solution is to find these indeterminate issues and, through experimentation to make them determinate. He based his entire book "Principles of Experimental Medicine" on the principle of "experimental determinism" instead of on "statistical conjecture."…

Pages: 5  |  Essay  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 5


Pharmacy Experiences When Describing Their

One misprint on a medicine label or accidentally filling a prescription with the wrong drug can be fatal. One of my biggest fears is that I will make one of these mistakes. While I watched these pharmacists at work, I wondered how many of them were thinking about their dogs or what they were going to eat for dinner while they grabbed a bottle of pills. Fortunately, the system at this pharmacy was streamlined and it would be difficult to make such a glaring mistake. However, human error is a major consideration in this profession, perhaps more than I realized before. I also noticed how personal biases can affect a pharmacist's reaction to a customer. Because a plethora of medicines and products exist for each ailment, the pharmacist can recommend whatever product he or she feels is best. However, what I would recommend might be totally different from what one of my colleagues would recommend. We pharmacists must always keep our personal biases out of the professional setting. I believe that when asked for advice, we should present the customer with the full gamut of products and help them make an informed decision on their own. Rather than offer them the latest marketing brochures or other promotional materials, we should take the business out of pharmacy and focus on healing and wellness. Observing professional pharmacists in action helped me better understand the nature of my chosen profession. I realized that on a daily basis, pharmacists must hone their interpersonal skills, practice meticulous attention to detail, and be keenly aware of the biases that affect their professional judgment. Perhaps more than anything, I realized that rote memorization of facts and academic learning is only half of the job; the remainder entails kindness, caring, and compassion: a genuine concern for the health and well-being of our customers.…

Pages: 2  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Pharmacy School What Kind of

I am fluent in Chinese, Taiwanese, and in English. These languages will be useful when patients come for their medications, because of course the pharmacist is obliged to explain the proper way that customers are supposed to take their medications. A pharmacist is also responsible for giving customers / patients updated and accurate advice on health issues, and when necessary a pharmacist will refer a customer to services that may be useful, including health insurance that covers the cost of expensive medications. Pharmacists are required to understand the composition of drugs, their chemical and their physical properties, and highly professional and informed pharmacists -- as I intend to become -- will also understand how the drug that is being prescribed actually works in the human body. My strong desire is to be able to help patients understand the drugs they are taking, and in that same context, it will bring great joy to me when I can see that the medications I am providing to an elderly woman has helped cure her disease. To have known her, to have had a chance to speak at length with her, and then to dispense her vital medicines and later discover that her disease has been cured -- these are the precious moments in the life of a pharmacist, and I will be living that life and will be making an important difference in many lives. In conclusion, I know doctors are very busy and don't have the time it takes to fully explain certain medications. In those cases, I fully intend to be the professional pharmacist that will in fact take the time to explain what medications I am dispensing, and what that particular medication should to in order to help the customer be healthy……

Pages: 2  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Supplement Application for Pharmacy Application

How do you think that the location of UH Hilo College of Pharmacy will influence your educational experience and do you think that these influences will add value to your pharmacy education? The UH Hilo College of Pharmacy is, by its very location, very well situated to provide a diverse educational experience within the field of pharmacy. I am impressed by the funding recently secured by members of the college and encouraged by the college's focus on interdisciplinary approaches to pharmacy and the inclusion of western and eastern medical philosophies. I believe that my experience at Hilo will allow me to develop into a more well-rounded and better informed pharmacist, capable of meeting the needs of a diverse clientele. The practicum opportunities are also of great interest to me and I look forward to being able to spend time on more than one of the Hawaiian islands in the process of receiving my education. To me, pharmacy is as much about people as it is about pharmaceuticals, and I believe that studying in Hawaii will provide me with a great opportunity to interact with a wide cross-section of individuals from various backgrounds and cultures, all of which will serve to make me better at my chosen career.…

Pages: 2  |  Professional  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


History of Medicine

History Medicine The History of Medicine: Straight Path or Winding Road? Looking back at the history and trajectory of various sciences and other areas of human achievement from a modern vantage point, it can be easy to see the past as a straight line of accomplishments that build on each other, leading directly and inevitable to the current state of human knowledge. One discovery leads to another, which leads to another, and as knowledge is refined in one area new applications are found in other areas, driving all sciences and knowledge forward at the same pace -- or so it often seems. In reality, few individual discoveries let alone whole bodies of science and knowledge actually progress in such a linear fashion, but rather there are fits and starts, false leads and parallel courses of inquiry, and a variety of backtracks, twists and turns that make the progress of science and knowledge more accurately described as a winding mountain path than a straight line. Though neither metaphor is perfect, the mountain path is far more accurate. This is no less true in the history and trajectory of medicine than it is in the realm of other sciences; though it might seem as though medicine has undergone a straight and simple path from the time of the ancient Greeks to today, with ever increasing rationality and empiricism leading to ever greater discoveries, this is far from the truth. The study and science of medicine has undergone several different iterations at different times throughout the history of civilization. At times there are what can be said to be steps "backwards," and at other times concurrent investigations and advances occur completely independent of each other. In short, there are many complexities to the trajectory of medicine's history and progress. This can be seen from the very earliest advances of medicine into a science rather than an extension of mythological and superstitious beliefs. As society progressed from mythopoeic hunter gatherers to agricultural communities able to sustain surpluses of food and thus turn their attention to other pursuits in a more concentrated way, illness and health became issues with natural and rational rather than supernatural and divine causes in several civilizations at around the same time. Even with this increase in rational empiricism in Egypt, Mesopotamia, and slightly later in Greece, however, medicine was not suddenly the subject of careful, direct, and skeptical inquiry that…

Pages: 4  |  Essay  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Pharmacy School

Pharmacists are at the hub of the health care industry, and are in a unique position of power. We conduct research but we also implement that research by applying the fruits of our research to improving health and well-being. Pharmacists are sometimes the first line of defense against a range of wellness issues. I stand ready to join the legions of talented, skilled professionals who have dedicated their lives to the fascinating world of pharmacy. What's more, I will proudly serve the community as a graduate of the Oregon State University College of Pharmacy. All serious students of pharmacy know that Oregon State's College of Pharmacy offers unparalleled instruction, among the best in the nation. The Oregon State College of Pharmacy is outstanding because the caliber of the school itself supports an ethical yet progressive department. As the only public university in the United States with land, sea, sun, and space grants, Oregon State offers its graduates something extra. I would be honored to be a part of the Oregon State community. The faculty of the College of Pharmacy includes notable names in pharmacological and chemical research such as associate professors Taifo Mahmud and J. Mark Christensen. However, I am most eager to participate in research with Kerry McPhail and especially Professor George H. Constantine. This is because I believe the field of natural products chemistry is the wave of the future. More and more consumers are gravitating towards natural products as their first line of defense against illness. Preventative medicine also depends on a working knowledge of which natural products can be used safely and effectively. Because I am passionate about preventative medicine and believe that natural products offer valuable solutions, this will be one of my primary areas of independent research. I view the field of natural products pharmacy as being one that will be commercially viable, as natural products are already biting into the market shares of……

Pages: 2  |  Application Essay  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 4


History of Medicine

¶ … History of Modern Medicine Looking back at modern medicine today, it is difficult to picture the many preliminary (if not necessarily primitive) earlier transitional stages through which the study of medical science had to progress to reach its modern form. The earliest historical period of medicine was a long period where any attempt to understand diseases and dysfunction…

Pages: 6  |  Essay  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Complementary Alternative and Integrative Medicine

Complementary, alternative, and integrative medicine refers to procedures and products that are not typically included in conventional allopathic medicine. Collectively referred to as CAM, complementary and alternative medicine includes time-honored healing modalities such as Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), Ayurvedic medicine, and homeopathy. Herbal remedies and vitamin therapy can be complementary or alternative medicines. Procedures such as craniosacral therapy and reiki are also considered to be alternative or complementary. Chiropractic medicine is sometimes included under the rubric of complementary medicine. The terms complementary medicine and integrative medicine imply that the intervention is used in conjunction with allopathic medicine to enhance the benefits of both. The term alternative generally means that the intervention is used instead of allopathic medicine, at least for a short while. Some alternative interventions are accepted and used relatively often by the medical community. Alternative medicine is only likely to be embraced by the allopathic community when an intervention or procedure has undergone rigorous scientific review. Hypnotherapy, acupuncture, and some specific herbal remedies have undergone rigorous scientific review. They are therefore more likely to be integrative or complementary than methods that have not undergone scientific scrutiny. Three factors that have promoted the popularity and use of CAM include the following. First, traditional medical care is wrought with problems including high cost of insurance coverage and poor quality of care delivery in some health care institutions. Doctors have become increasingly indebted to pharmaceutical and insurance companies. Second, complementary medicine and alternative medicine encourage the client to take control of his or her own health. The Internet and other new media allow ready access to information about diseases and ailments. New Age philosophy and the self-help book phenomenon has also promoted complementary and alternative medicine. Well-known medical doctors like Deepak Chopra and Andrew Weil have written books……

Pages: 2  |  Thesis  |  Style: APA  |  Sources: 3


Pharmacy Statement Personal Statement My Interest in

Pharmacy Statement Personal Statement My interest in medicine began perhaps later than many individuals, though the circumstances surrounding my introduction to the arena were no less meaningful or profound than other experiences, and perhaps more so than some. At the age of twenty-two, I had to watch my grandfather spend three years suffering from ninety-five percent paralysis and other sever medical issues as the result of a stroke he had suffered. His eventual passing was incredibly bittersweet; I was losing a man I had loved, looked up to, and respected, but who was no longer wholly available, and who was in an unknowable amount of mental and physical anguish. What made the entire three-year period the most agonizing from my perspective, other than watching my grandfather's suffering and the suffering it caused my grandmother as she cared for her slowly dying husband, was the knowledge that something possibly could have been done to ease or even prevent some of the effects of his stroke. When my grandfather was first rushed to the emergency room immediately following his stroke, the attending physician mentioned a new drug that he wanted to inject my grandfather with. This drug, he explained, was believed to reduce the severity of the stroke and its short- and long-term effects. Being still in the experimental phase, however, there was no guarantee of the drug's efficacy, nor was there complete knowledge about the possible side effects. The physician needed my grandmother's permission to administer the injection, and he needed a quick decision for the drug to have any chance of being effective. With the extremity of the stress in the situation and the lack of knowledge regarding the drug, my grandmother decided it wasn't worth the risk. The next three years convinced……

Pages: 2  |  Research Proposal  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Benefits of Alternative Medicine Versus Conventional Medicine From an Economic Perspective

Alternative medicine vs. conventional medicine Benefits of alternative medicine vs. conventional medicine from an economic perspective Alternative medicine vs. conventional medicine: An economic perspective Alternative medicine: Pro One common contention in favor of alternative medicine is that it is not so 'alternative' after all -- for hundreds of years, many forms of alternative medicine have been proven effective, such as acupuncture and yoga. For a fraction of the cost of drugs with debilitating side effects (which often results in the need for more drugs to treat the side effects) individuals can use time-tested methods to heal themselves. Many legitimate health organizations have recognized this fact. For example, the highly respected World Health Organization (WHO) has recommended the technique of acupuncture for treatment of various health problems, such as arthritis, sinus problems, and even chronic fatigue (Benefits of acupuncture, 2009) Alternative medicine is holistic -- it treats the whole person and stresses preventative care. Proper diet, exercise, and leading a balanced and relaxed life are important to prevent diseases that result in a loss of social and economic productivity as well as a loss of quality of life. Ayurvedic medicine, macrobiotic diets, and raw foods are all examples of using alternative means to promote health. Alternative medicinal practitioners stress: "the body needs the support of some basic dietary and lifestyle good health habits, such as a full body detox and a proper understanding and application of nutrition" (Health benefits of acupuncture, 2009, all4naturalhealth) Conventional medicine merely treats the symptoms of an unhealthy lifestyle. Preventative care is also less costly than treating chronic disease or providing acute care. Alternative medicine can be used in conjunction with conventional medicine, while conventional medicine often strives to deny any use for alternative methods, despite the proven health benefits of once 'quirky' methods as acupuncture, a vegetarian diet, and yoga. In this form, alternative medicine is usually called complementary or integrative medicine. Through stress reduction and reducing one's exposure to highly processed foods and toxins, the need for more extreme interventions through conventional means is likely to be reduced, a development welcomed by many medical doctors as well as alternative medicine practitioners (What is CAM, 2009, NCCAM) Conventional medicine Advocates of conventional medicine would point out that while many alternative medicinal techniques may be older than conventional medicine, people had far shorter lifespans hundreds of years ago! Healers may have used Ayurvedic medicine and homeopathy because…

Pages: 2  |  Thesis  |  Style: APA  |  Sources: 6


Traditional Chinese Medicine

Traditional Chinese Medicine Moxibustion or Moxabustion is a form of traditional Oriental medicine where herbs are burned at or near acupuncture points to elicit improved balance and healing and remove or reduce blockages that may be present there as a result of fatigue and/or age. The acupuncture point Stomach 36 is frequently associated with moxibustion, in ancient and modern literature as well as modern clinical trials. This work will test the effects of direct moxibustion (burning of "moxa" on the head of an acupuncture needle) placed at Stomach 36 to derive restorative effects during fatigue associated with physical activity involving prolonged running or walking. One particular acupuncture point frequently associated with this treatment is Stomach 36 (St. 36) as it has been linked in ancient literature as well as in modern clinical trials to a reduction of or elimination of fatigue through various sited mechanisms. In ancient literature the St. 36 moxibustion link is repeated as a treatment to avoid disease and improve longevity. (Yo*****o) in more modern clinical trials, acupuncture and/or moxibustion on this point has been studied for effectiveness for improving maximum oxygen uptake (Yo*****o) as well as to reduce hypertension through what is believed to be created by improved nitric oxide synthesis. (Kim, Pica, Duran & Duran) the location of St. 36 is as follows: "On the front of the leg, one hand width (four fingers) below the kneecap, on the outside, in the depression between the shinbone and the leg muscle. What can go wrong is that you may be locating it somewhat too low on the leg. The point is immediately one hand breadth below the kneecap, so if you'd use something thick, like a finger, you might get half a finger breadth to low. it's at the outside of the bone that's on the front of the lower leg, one finger breadth from the crest of that bone." (Yo*****o) This clinical trial will be an attempt to document courses of treatment using St. 36 and direct moxibustion after prolonged running, such as that which is present after training for cross country running. The hope is that marked improvement of symptoms of fatigue will be decreased in the study group as compared to two control groups one who will not receive treatment but will use standard methods of rest and continued training and a second who will receive St. 36 acupuncture without direct moxibustion. Moxibustion…

Pages: 3  |  Term Paper  |  Style: MLA  |  Sources: 2


George Washington University's Sonography Bachelor's Program Has

¶ … George Washington University's Sonography Bachelor's Program has much to do with how much the field of sonography has expanded in the last several years. Personally, due to my abilities, qualifications and experiences, I feel that this field of study as a diagnostic medical sonographer will greatly assist in my future development and career as a highly-trained medical specialist. In addition, since this program places a heavy emphasis on both practical and didactic education, I am convinced that the training I will receive in this program will enrich my future prospects, not to mention that classes are small in size which allows for personal interaction between the student and the instructor. Also, this degree program is accredited by the Commission for the Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs which guarantees that all credit hours accumulated during the program will be applied to my credentials. My initial interest in pursuing a degree in the medical field came about when my brother developed a very serious disease. This event prompted me to wonder about his medical future regarding treatment in the form of surgery or chemotherapy, and due to the fact that we were living in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, where I was born and raised, the prospects of my brother finding adequate treatment and care for his disease were rather poor. As a result, I decided to create the foundations for a career in medical science. Part of this required that I take the Ethiopian School Living Examination. In 1994, after competing against 167,000 other high……

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Duties of the Pharmacy Technician

¶ … Pharmacy Technician Today One of the realities of life in the United States today is that there are a lot more old people around, and their numbers are expected to continue to grow as the Baby Boomers continue to retire in ever-greater numbers in the years to come. In this environment, it is reasonable to assume that many Americans will continue to seek out the best values in prescription costs and service, and that jobs in the allied healthcare professions such as pharmacy technician are going to experience significant growth in the coming years. Therefore, this paper provides a review of the relevant literature to develop an appropriate background including an overview of the typical duties and responsibilities of pharmacy technicians, and what type of training and education are required for this profession. A summary of the research and salient findings are presented in the conclusion. Review and Discussion Background and Overview. The modern pharmacy is a busy and complex work environment, and pharmacy technicians must possess a wide range of communication and technical skills to be successful. Furthermore, the importance of these activities to healthcare consumers is abundantly clear. According to Bandow (2003), "Few sectors of the economy have provided more benefits to consumers than the pharmaceutical industry. More important, prices for U.S. pharmaceuticals are not excessive relative to the benefits they offer. Drugs have contributed to the sharp reduction in mortality rates from many diseases, including AIDS" (30). The most recent encyclopedic entry (2006) for the profession shows that there are a number of laws that govern pharmaceutical practice in the United States, including regulations for the practice of pharmacy, the sale of poisons, the dispensing of narcotics, and the labeling and sale of dangerous drugs (The practice of pharmacy 5). Typical Duties and Responsibilities of Pharmacy Technicians. Many tertiary and larger healthcare facilities provide some type of incremental steps in their career paths for pharmacy technician that provide for increasing levels of responsibility and compensation (Mckelvey & Peters 144). Although every healthcare setting is unique, there are some common duties and responsibilities that many pharmacy techniques can be expected to be required to carry out as part of their daily responsibilities and these are described further in Table 1 below. Table 1. Typical Pharmacy Technician Activities and Required Concepts. Activity Required Ability Working with staff in the dispensary by unpacking supplies received, checking stocks of…

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Complementary / Alternative Medicine vs. Traditional Western Approach

There are a wide range of mild problems that can be easily treated without the invasive or harsh approaches that are advocated by allopathic physicians. 3. Why is it important to know about these practices? It is important to know about complementary and alternative medicine because they are effective means of promoting personal and public health. More scientific research may yield reasons why certain alternative treatments are favorable to those promoted vehemently by pharmaceutical companies. Consumers are spending a lot of money on alternative and complementary medicines because those interventions enable people to take back control of their personal health. Doctors would do well to read the market forces and understand that they will gain more clients by promoting alternative medicine than clinging to the past. 4. How would you approach patients/clients who rely on complementary/alternative medicine? Comment specifically on how you would handle the differences in cultural values, beliefs, and practices. I would most certainly promote the use of complementary and alternative medicine within the framework of an allopathic practice. This is because I know that allopathic medicine is as limited as any shelf of herbs in Whole Foods. Alternative and complementary medicine focuses on prevention and long-term solutions that can have meaningful psychological and physical benefits. Allopathic remedies, on the other hand, focus on short-term solutions and remedial methods. At times, the two methods can work brilliantly in tandem with one another. References National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM) (2011). What is CAM? Retrieved November 1, 2011 from http://nccam.nih.gov/health/whatiscam/ US Department of Health & Human Services, Maternal Child Health Bureau (2009). Core Concepts in Cultural Competence. Retrieved November 1, 2011 from http://support.mchtraining.net/national_ccce/case0/home.html…

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Egyptian Medicine. There Are Eight

Basil- excellent for the heart. Balsam Apple or Apple of Jerusalem -- laxative, skin allergies, soothes headaches, gums and teeth, for asthma, liver stimulant, weak digestion. Bayberry -- stops diarrhea, soothes ulcers, shrinks hemorrhoids, repels flies. Belladonna -- pain reliever Camphor tree -- reduces fevers, soothes gums, soothes epilepsy. Caraway -- soothes flatulence, digestive, breath freshener. Cubeb pepper -- urinary tract infections, larynx and throat infections, gum ulcers and infections, soothes headaches. Dill -- soothes flatulence, relieves dyspepsia, laxative and diuretic properties. Frankincense -- throat and larynx infections, stops bleeding, cuts phlegm, asthma, stops vomiting. Garlic -- gives vitality, soothes flatulence and aids digestion, mild laxative, shrinks hemorrhoids, rids body of 'spirits'. Henna -- astringent, stops diarrhea, close open wounds Honey -- a natural antibiotic, used to dress wounds and as a base for healing unguents. Licorice -- mild laxative, expels phlegm, soothes liver, pancreas and chest and respiratory problems. Mustard -- induces vomiting, relieves chest pains. Onion -- diuretic, induces perspiration, prevents colds, sooths sciatica, relieves pains and other cardiovascular problems. Parsley -- diuretic. Poppy -- relieves insomnia, relieves headaches, anesthetic, soothes respiratory problems, deadens pain. Mint -- soothes flatulence, aids digestion, stop vomiting, breath freshener. Sandalwood -- aids digestion, stops diarrhea, soothes headaches and gout. Sesame -- soothes asthma. Tamarind -- laxative Thyme -- pain reliever. Tumeric -- closes open wounds (crystalinks.com/egyptmedicine.html)." Conclusion Ancient Egyptian physicians exhibited knowledge about medicine that was extremely advanced for their time. These physicians can be credited for developing a number of treatments and procedures which continue to be used in the modern medicine of today. References (3,500-year-old holistic remedy said to extract ear wax. (accessed 18 November, 2004). < healing.about.com/cs/earcandling/>). (Ancient Egypt: Ancient Egyptian Medicine. (accessed 18 November, 2004). ). (Ancient Egyptian Medicine. (accessed 18 November, 2004). ). (Ancient Egyptian Medicine. (accessed 18 November, 2004). ). (Ancient Egyptian Medicine. (accessed 18 November, 2004). ). (Ancient Egyptian Medicine: Egyptian Physicians. (accessed 18 November, 2004). ). (Medicine. (accessed 18 November, 2004). ). (Medicine-Smith Papyrus-Ebers Papyrus. (accessed 18 November, 2004). ).…

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Pharmacy Career

¶ … pharmacy as a career, and how does the doctor of pharmacy relate to you short- and long-term professional goals? Imagine yourself not so long ago in a pharmacy called St. Takla in the land of Lebanon. There I am, behind the desk, learning about the drugs I dispense, their interactions and side effects, and interacting with patients. All the while, my heart is filled with dreams of studying in America to become a licensed pharmacist with a doctorate of pharmacy. At the time, my future was only a dream, but I believed strong skills in math, chemistry and biology made my career path a certain one. My record of achievement in, and, just as importantly my enjoyment of my two years of pre-pharmacy study further convinced me that my dream of becoming a PhD in pharmacy. My love of communicating with customers during my work experience, only confirmed my desire. A thrived upon the daily routine of the……

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Pharmacy Career Info. As if

RFID places electromagnetic chips and tags containing a unique serial number onto cartons and individual drug products. Stricter licensing requirements. The FDA and the National Association of Boards of Pharmacy are revising state rules for licensure of wholesale drug distributors to make it more difficult for illegitimate wholesalers to get into business. Tougher penalties. The task force found that penalties for counterfeiting drugs are substantially less than for other counterfeiting such as that for registered trademarks. Counterfeiting a prescription drug label with a registered trademark is punishable by up to ten years in prison, and the drug itself, three years. More secure business practices. Effective protection requires everyone in the drug supply chain to adopt safe practices and refuse doing business with unknown people. The FDA also intends to increase inspections of repackagers with procedures placing them at increased risk for the introduction of counterfeit drugs. Increased education. The FDA will increase counterfeiting education for consumers and health professionals and develop educational materials, partner with organizations, and deliver public service announcements and releases. International collaboration. The FDA does not have legal authority to assure the safety of international drugs. It intends to work with organizations such as the World Health Organization and Interpol on global strategies. Improved reporting systems. Procedures should quickly alert the public of problem drugs. Last year, the pharmaceutical industry agreed to notify the FDA's Office of Criminal Investigations of suspected counterfeiting within five working days. FDA also created a Counterfeit Alert Network. Based on this report and other factors, many pharmaceutical companies have recently instituted radio frequency identification (RFID) program, where each bottle has a tag attached to it that keeps track of the drugs from the manufacturing plant to consumer distribution. This is a very similar technology that is used RFID technology is not new: Drivers already use it to beep their way through tollbooths, and veterinarians embed chips containing individualized information in dogs and cats for easy identification by a scanner-wielding shelter worker should the pet become lost. The chip communicates with scanners posted at warehouse doors. A product's retail price and the ease of stealing it will likely determine which products are eventually tagged: An item that is both easily stolen and commands a high-enough profit margin is more likely to warrant the cost of a tag. For example, in November of this year, the manufacturers of the impotency drug Viagra and the…

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Motivation for Pursuing a Career in the

¶ … motivation for pursuing a career in the field of Pharmacy In writing this essay, I realized that my motivation for pursuing a career in the field of Pharmacy is an unusual one. I did not learn to value the importance of being a pharmacist until my grandmother was diagnosed to with Alzheimer's disease. My family's fight with my grandmother's illness further worsened with the inadequate medical expertise and supplies of medicine in Iran that my grandmother needs. Hence, I became her 'personal assistant,' taking care of her everyday, which includes, among others, keeping track of her medication schedules. Like a medical student learning the wonders of science through the medicine that it produces, I also began to appreciate the importance of medicine and the process of medicating, even going so far as to research about them and how they help improve the condition of my grandmother. Ironically, in a moment where our family is experiencing deep socio-emotion (even financial) crisis, I have found……

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Personal Statement I've Had a Life Tougher

Personal Statement I've had a life tougher than most. A woman born and raised in Afghanistan, I have been a refuge more than once. In pre-Taliban Afghanistan, I eagerly finished high school with a clear and decisive career objective: to become a pharmacist. When I was still in grade school, I thrived in chemistry classes. Because of positive personal experiences with medicines and pharmaceuticals in general, I had no other dream than to pursue pharmacy as a career. Before the Taliban came to power, such a dream was realistic for a young woman, and I did not foresee that political situations might somehow prevent me from fulfilling my goal. I entered pharmacy school in Kabul, a freshman with eager eyes and an energetic heart on her way toward becoming a pharmacy professional. Still young and just beginning my studies at the academy, I was suddenly barred from continuing my studies at the pharmacy school in Kabul, as were all of the other females in my class. Like many, I fled with some family members to neighboring Pakistan, where we could find refuge and solace we thought would be temporary. While we appreciated the relative peace in our lives, we had little money. Bereft of our jobs, our schools, our homes it was as if we were starting over with blank slates. I did not have enough money to enroll in a local pharmaceutical school in Pakistan. To keep my mind stimulated and my goals on target, I enrolled in all the classes that I could afford: English language, computer skills, and other practical classes that would serve me well, if not indirectly, to eventually picking up where I left off with pharmacy. My dream never died; I never once considered changing life paths because I had hoped that my living situation would change and I would eventually be able to pursue pharmacy as a career once again. That time has come. While in Pakistan I fell in love with my current life partner, my husband Jamil Faryadi. An American resident who had lived in Virginia for almost twenty-five years, Jamil soon encouraged me to move with him to the United States. I did, as I wanted to be with him and also envisioned new opportunities to get back on track with my career. For the second time, I found myself to be a stranger in an unfamiliar territory, starting my…

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Pharmacy My Personal Statement of Purpose: Why

Pharmacy My Personal Statement of Purpose: Why I want to be a Pharmacist To be an effective pharmacist, an individual must not simply possess a sense of personal interest in the scientific aspects of the medical field. A pharmacist must also be a compassionate and concerned human being. An effective pharmacist must be willing to extend a patient ear to the concerns of the individual seeking appropriate medical advice regarding his or her medication. A majored in biochemistry in college and excelled academically, except for my senior year, due to difficult family circumstances. I was and a member of the Golden Key International Honor Society. Thus, my passion for medical and pharmaceutical science is evident from my resume and my transcript. But I am also a human being who has learned from adversity. My senior year's grades were affected by my parent's divorce. The divorce plunged both my father and mother into states of clinical depression and forced me to work in my family's restaurant to keep my family financially afloat, I found reserves of……

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Pharmacy What Are the Most Difficult Challenge

Pharmacy What are the most difficult challenge pharmacists will face in the future? What would you do to overcome this challenge? Why would you want to go to the two-year pharmacy school in California? The central challenge of every pharmacist is to ensure that the correct medication for each and every patient who walks through the door of the pharmacy is dispensed in the appropriate manner, and that the patient leaves the pharmacy with the confidence that he or she is receiving quality care. With the increasingly bureaucratic nature of modern medicine, this mission of modern pharmacy has become more and more difficult. Patients, depending on their health insurance plans, may be prescribed generic rather than brand name drugs, and not understand if these drugs are better or worse for their bodies. Hospitals and doctors are understaffed and have less and less time to explain how to take prescribed medicines correctly to their patients. A medicine taken incorrectly can be just as bad, if not worse, than a medication that is not taken at all. Also, the more impersonal nature of doctor patient relationships means that……

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Personal Statement: Regarding My Future

It is the pharmacist's duty and ethical obligation to be sensitive to such natural uncertainties, and to be a teacher as well as a technician and scientist. A good scientist must bring patients into a state of better mental comfort and awareness of the patient's physiology and how the prescribed treatment may alleviate the patient's illness. Only by doing so can a pharmacist be certain that a drug treatment plan, particularly if self-administered by the patient at home, will prove efficacious. My own adjustment to the United States has taught me sensitivity, compassion and an awareness of the diversity of cultural attitudes towards drugs, healing and medicine. My own cultural and linguistic background also provides me with unique additional competence for the pharmaceutical profession. In addition to the strength and humility I have gained from my life experiences, I believe I have a strong grasp of the medicine and healing philosophy of traditional Southeast Asian medicine, combined with the scientific methodology of Western medicine. This can prove to be a powerful blend of different yet complementary attitudes. Understanding different cultural attitudes and traditions in general is also critical for a pharmacist to speak the language, not just the literal language, but also the cultural language, of the pharmacy's patients. I was raised in a bicultural household rooted in both the Chinese and Vietnamese traditions. I spent much of my youth in Germany and later lived in Lyon, France. In addition to my native Cantonese and Vietnamese, over the course of my life's travels, I became fluent in English and French, as well as Latin. Thus I am versed in the languages of many potential patients, and also the ancient language of medicine. I am aware of the existence of different cultural and medicinal outlooks regarding potential treatments. I can approach explaining a drug or treatment plan from the patient's own cultural perspective, rather than simply a highly technical or Western perspective. I know there is never any one correct answer to healing the human body. Rather I look forward to relying on this cultural and linguistic adaptability when interacting with patients and costumers from around the world. I hope to aid all of my patients, of many different backgrounds, to understand how and why they must become an active partner in taking responsibility for their health. I decided upon my career path in life many years ago, in my childhood…

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Personal Statement for Pharmacy

That happened because I lost my only brother in a car accident that year. We were very close, and I was emotionally devastated. It was the most tragic event I had ever experienced and it took me a long time to deal with it properly. I was confused and uncomfortable during that time, and I lost my focus. I started classes at UCI, and then transferred to Cal State Fullerton. In 2006-2007, I was a member of Biology Club and Student Health Professions Association (SHPA). I tried DeVry University and enrolled there in a different major, but didn't care for it, so I transferred to University of Phoenix and took classes online. That also did not work out for me. During that period in my life I was still trying to find my way after the loss of my brother, and a tried a lot of different majors and jobs. Despite my "hopping" around to different job and majors, I always came back to pharmacy. It's my passion and what I want to do with my life. It has been some time since I lost my brother (and lost my way in the process), and I am in a better place. I have more determination, I am stronger, and my life is under much more control than it was during the years I struggled so much. I want to be a pharmacist. I always have. I want to help people, and I am now mentally healthy enough and ready to start school again. I currently work at Orange County Immune Institute, and I have been there a year. The stability is back in my employment, and I am fully committed to ensuring that the stability is back in my schooling, as well. I do volunteer work in the pharmacy at Garden Grove Hospital, as well, and I love helping people and being there for the patients, both at my job and in my volunteering. The desire to be a pharmacist has not left me. Despite some difficult life circumstances, I feel I am now ready to move forward, and getting my education……

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Public Health Funding Be Directed

In the Homeopathic medicines there are a few legal regulations that are present. They are allowed to be used by patients even without a proper declaration of their efficacy or without a safety assessment done. Studies that have been conducted related to homeopathic medicines have shown to have a strong therapeutic effects and a high level of patient satisfaction with…

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Pharmacy Information Security Information Security

For instance, in case the pharmacy manages a website and the former is accessed by anyone due to inappropriate authorization procedures, then the website can be removed completely from the system, because of the risk it posses which includes the leaking of confidential information to unauthorized parties in the public. The risks are, therefore, removed, and this leaves an efficient…

Pages: 10  |  Essay  |  Style: APA  |  Sources: 3


Complementary and Alternative Medicine Is

Natural products involve the use of various herbal medicines that are purchased as dietary supplements whereas mind and body medicine focus on the interactions within the brain, body, mind, and behavior in order to influence physical functioning and promote health. Manipulative and body-based practices are primarily based on body systems and structures while movement therapies are approaches used to promote physical, spiritual, emotional, and mental well-being. Alternative medical systems or therapies are developed based on complete theoretical systems and practice. One of the major treatment modalities that can be used as a complementary therapy, an alternative therapy, and an integrative therapy for sleeping disorders is alternative therapy. Alternative medical systems are based on complete systems of theory and practice that have evolved earlier than the traditional medical approach in the United States. As complementary therapy, alternative medical systems can be used to treat sleeping disorder through herbal treatments. This treatment procedure involves using herbs as effective sleeping remedies to help in dealing with the condition. For example, valerian is a herb that can be used to deal with the condition at the onset of sleep and with sleep maintenance (Ratini, 2012). As an alternative therapy, this modality can help in treatment of sleeping disorders through promoting regular exercise. Regular exercise not only deepens sleep in young adults but also enhances sleep in older people. An example of the use of regular exercise as a substitute to conventional medicine when dealing with sleep disorders is low-to-moderate tai chi or Tibetan yoga exercises. As integrative therapy, alternative medical systems for sleep disorders involve using melatonin and relaxation and meditation for sleep disorders. Melatonin has proven to be an effective treatment for lessening sleep disturbances while regular relaxation and meditation leads to higher blood levels of melatonin, which is a significant regulator of sleep. An example of this procedure involves using melatonin supplements and several relaxation and meditation techniques like yoga sessions. References: Ratini, M. (2012, May 31). Alternative Treatments for Sleep Disorders. Retrieved March 25, 2013, from http://www.webmd.com/balance/alternative-therapy Solomon, H.R. (2006, September 18). Alternative Approach to Treating Allergies: The Wonders of Nature. Retrieved March 25, 2013, from http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/544051_3 "What is Complementary and Alternative Medicine?" (2012, May). National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM). Retrieved from U.S. Department of Health & Human Services website: http://nccam.nih.gov/health/whatiscam…

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Cam Therapy Herbal or Botanical Medicines

Herbal or Botanical Medicine Herbal Medicines Pose Health Risk to Millions in Asia. By Sifferlin, A. Herbal or botanical medicines are increasingly being used today. There are various articles as well as scholarly journals that have been written on herbal medicine. This paper will analyze two magazine articles and two scholarly journals on herbal medicines. Herbal Medicines Pose Health Risk to Millions in Asia The article talks of a particular herbal remedy that was banned in U.S.A and European countries but still being used in Asia. There was a connection made by researchers on an epidemic of kidney on women in Belgium that had been using herbal medicine to lose their weight. The kidney problems were attributed to Aristolochic acid belonging to birthwort plants. This is an agent that is used to treat arthritis, asthma and weight loss. Despite the fact that herbs containing aristolochic acid have been banned some people are still being exposed particularly in Asia. Researchers found that herbal medicines that contain the acid are still being purchased online. The reason the article was written was to provide a diagnostic classification aristolochic acid nephropathy which is a kidney failure that is associated with the acid. It finally gives a caution to users indicating that active agents in these herbal medicines can change. This article generally show the fact that despite the knowledge of some effects of herbal medicine they are still in use (Sifferlin, 2013 ). How safe is your herbal medicine? There are many people who run to herbal medicine for treatment of aches and pains, boosting of immune system or mood improvement. The fact that herbal medicines are seen as natural and healthy options as compared to conventional medications very few people as questions of the safety of herbal medicines. Those who purchase herbal medicines are seen to be at risk health problems as warned by specialists. For instance women using black cohosh for menopause symptoms suffer liver damages that are severe. This led to new rules that are designed to protect consumers from herbal medicines that are unregulated. The article highlights on some supplements that are seen to have effects when used, these are such as agnus castus with side effects like acne, gastrointestinal upsets and rashes. Devils claws, Echinacea, pelargonium, Rhodiola, Valerian and such like have been noted to present various side effects. This article generally enlightens people not to blindly use herbal…

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Mesenchymal Stem Cells Regenerative Medicine at Its Best

Mesenchymal Stem Cells: Regenerative Medicine at its best. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs): Regenerating the liver One of the most promising and life-saving therapies being developed today is the use of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to regenerate human tissue. As in the case of all stem cells, MSCs have a unique therapeutic potential to repair tissue because they are both multi-potent yet are highly capable of self-renewal ("MSCs," R&D Systems, 2013). They are primarily found in bone marrow but have also been isolated from other parts of the body, including the blood of the fetus' umbilical cord blood, liver and lung tissue ("MSCs," R&D Systems, 2013). MSCs can be grown so they regenerate into many different cell types, making them extremely flexible and for use in medical therapies ("MSCs," R&D Systems, 2013). One example of a therapy deploying the flexibility of MCSs to great effect is a developing treatment for liver failure, currently being tested upon mice. MCSs were used to create liver 'buds.' These transplanted buds, when transplanted in the mice, worked in conjunction with the mice's other organs and secreted human liver-specific proteins. "They also created human metabolites, tiny molecules that are produced when the body metabolizes a substance" ("Researchers create miniature human liver out of stem cells," CBS, 2013). Liver failure has resulted in a transplant waiting list of more than 16,500 on an annual basis but only 6,256 people were able to receive a liver transplant in 2012. The hope is that these buds could be used to repair and restore the function of human livers ("Researchers create miniature human liver out of stem cells," CBS, 2013). After being transplanted, the liver cells in the experiment grew new blood vessels, evidently regenerating themselves. "We just simply mixed three cell types and found that they unexpectedly self-organize to form a three-dimensional liver bud… After hundreds of trials, the three cells worked together and began to make three-dimensional structures" said the Japanese scientists who conducted the study ("Researchers create miniature human liver out of stem cells," CBS, 2013). The buds were implanted in the mice's brains but this would not be used in the human application of the therapy. The ideal would be to "mass-produce' human liver buds from induced stem cells for a scaled-up transplant attempt on a human patient" (Vergano 2013). To construct an preliminary experiment determining the efficacy of this therapy would require a comparison of…

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Regenerative Medicine Stem Cells Assisted Windpipe Construction

Regenerative Medicine Healing Thy Self Still Requires Faith, but Less So The trachea is an essential structure connecting the lungs to the mouth and being born without one is fatal 99% of the time (Sifferlin). Hannah Warren, a Korean Canadian, was unlucky enough to face this fate and had been kept alive through a tube acting as an artificial trachea for the past two years. On April 9 of this year, Dr. Paolo Macchiarini at the Advanced Center for Translational Regenerative Medicine, Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden harvested stem cells from Hannah's bone marrow and seeded them into a trachea-shaped plastic mesh. The purpose of this surgery was to generate a trachea from Hannah's own cells. This was the sixth such surgery ever performed and the first in the United States (Sifferlin). The FDA approval was based on the experimental nature of the surgery, which is typically allowed in cases when the patient's life is at risk. In other words, this type of surgery is considered a last resort because it has a low chance of success, but without it the patient will certainly die. The experimental nature of this research is evident from the different opinions expressed by regenerative medicine experts in Sifferlin's article, who conveyed the sense that the outcomes of these surgical interventions cannot be reliably predicted. Despite the skepticism regarding the use of an artificial matrix scaffold for seeding autologous stem cells during a regenerative surgical intervention, the empirical research supporting this approach continues to expand (reviewed by Polzer et al.). One of the main advantages of this approach is the use of the patient's own cells, which should prevent an immune reaction against the regenerating tissue. Tissue rejections are not uncommon in more traditional non-autologous tissue transplant patients and powerful immune suppressing drugs are typically required to protect the transplanted tissue from the host's immune system. More traditional regenerative approaches have relied on taking tissue from other parts of the body, such as bone or skin, followed by grafting these tissues into the diseased or injured location. The problem with this approach is that the donor graft site is injured in the process. The use of stem cells to generate new autologous tissue avoids this problem. During the early days of surgical intervention using artificial scaffolds seeded with stem cells it was discovered that the survivability of the cells was very low (Polzer 1). This…

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