Study "Medicine / Pharmacy" Essays 1-55

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Pharmacy Profession My Family Essay

… ¶ … Pharmacy Profession

My family and I immigrated to the U.S. In 2007. To this day, I regard moving to America a turning point in my life -- it was like being ushered into a completely new life. I must admit that during the very first days of my life in this great nation, things were not as easy as I would have liked them to be. First, there was the culture shock and the difficult task of trying to fit in. However, my family and I were fortunate enough to have a family that helped us settle and establish a new life here. My roommates at the language school I attended were also particularly supportive. In addition to helping me in every way they could, they did not at any time segregate me. They gave me all they could, and in so doing, paved the way towards my dream goal -- that of getting into one of the health care professions.

There are many reasons as to why I would like to get into the pharmacy profession. These reasons largely revolve around my own personal experiences and desires. To begin with, I must say that my desire to get into this particular profession was aroused earlier on -- after my grandfather was diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease. Effectively, this remains one of the most devastating moments our family has had to encounter. At the time, no member of the family could speak fluent English and as a result, none of us could communicate efficiently with the doctors. We even had no idea what kind of medication my grandfather was taking -- for a while, we were largely passive observers. Luckily for us, one of the pharmacists was fluent in both Chinese and English. Due to the assistance he gave to us during this very difficult period, I naturally developed great admiration for him --… [read more]

Why I Pursue Enrollment in Pharmacy School Admission Essay

… And while I do not feel responsible for educating Heather on what is right and what is wrong, and it's not my job to provide her with ethical guidelines regarding original academic research, if the counselor advised me to go to the professor with my side of the story, I believe the best thing for me to do would be to follow his advice.

Additional Question: In terms of other work experiences I have had, I have served as a tutor for other students and through that work I have gained valuable skills in the field of communication. Tutoring a person, and doing a thorough job of helping another student fully comprehend the lesson and the substance behind the lesson, helps the tutor focus on presenting exactly the right information in the precise language and format for understanding. I gained valuable knowledge at to my own abilities to convey meaning and substance in that position.

It is important that every point in every conversation -- whether it is through a tutoring experience or a pharmacist's interaction with a patient -- has context and meaning.

In addition, I have had the opportunity to work in a laboratory, where absolute precision is pivotal to successful experiments and projects. In a very real way, developing professional laboratory skills is like developing the skills that a pharmacist must use in practice. Each ingredient, each chemical, and each solution that goes into a project in the lab must be absolutely precise, and errors are not acceptable. The same can be said of a pharmacist's responsibilities: making mistakes is not tolerable because human health issues depend on the exactitude of… [read more]

Pharmacy - Interview Analyses and Synthesis Research Proposal

… Pharmacy - Interview


This project is a synthesis and analysis of the product of three interviews conducted with two practicing pharmacists and a retired pharmacist who work as a an industry advocate and contributes his time… [read more]

Applying to Doctor of Pharmacy Program? Helping Term Paper

… ¶ … applying to Doctor of Pharmacy Program?

Helping others help themselves. Teaching others so they can learn to take proactive steps to care for themselves and to administer their medications correctly. These are some of the central missions and goals of every pharmacist. My aptitude in the sciences, my desire to help patients, and my ability to put complex concepts into simple and comprehensible terms fuel my drive to enter the profession of pharmacy.

I have always had a strong aptitude in the sciences. I majored in biology as an undergraduate and am currently pursuing graduate certification in project management. The latter will be an asset to me if (and hopefully when) I am called upon to fulfill a managerial role at a pharmacy or hospital. I also work as real estate salesperson. Daily, I must deploy my communication skills to interact effectively with clients and match buyers with the houses of their dreams. This job requires me to talk one-on-one with people and to make the process of buying a home understandable to the uninitiated homebuyer in a confusing marketplace. I chose this job because it would provide me with the financial security to pursue my dream of becoming a pharmacist and to hone my teaching and speaking skills which are critical to succeeding in the profession of pharmacy.

My dream of becoming a pharmacist first arose a few years ago when my aunt suffered a stroke. The stroke paralyzed her left side of her body. At first my aunt and my family feared that the independent woman we knew was gone forever. But I witnessed how, with the aid of modern medicine, my aunt was able to regain a life of quality and dignity. Of course her medications were supplemented with physical therapy. But the difference… [read more]

Pharmacy Application Was Only Nine Essay

… While a student, I also tutored students in other science subjects, including Mathematics and Chemistry.

In addition, I have also begun working in the medical field, as a give position in a dental office during the summer of 2003. Through this job, I have formed important connections and had a chance to apply my book learning firsthand in the medical field.

I am confident that this academic and work background in the sciences will provide a solid foundation for further studies in the field of pharmacy.

In addition to my interest in its scientific aspect, I am also attracted to the social service aspect of a career in pharmacy. By dispensing medicine and information, pharmacists are in a unique position to be directly involved in the lives of their patients. In addition, I know that many pharmacists lend their expertise to the community by giving advice regarding minor conditions and over the counter remedies.

This social aspect is important, since I believe strongly in giving back to the community. When I first moved to this country, it was a struggle to learn English. Thus, when I began studies at the Suffolk Community College in Long Island, I was an active member of the International Club. Together with other volunteers, I developed enrichment programs for international students at the college. Conversely, I also helped Persian students who grew up in Orlando learn more about their culture, language and heritage.

The fast-paced changes in technology and medicine means that the field of Social Work will continue to grow both in scope and challenges. With the training gained from Name college's excellent Pharmacy program, I look forward to being a part of this dynamic field, towards giving back to the community and to… [read more]

Pharmacy School Admission Essay

… This amazing capability of drugs has motivated me to look deeply into the foundation of pharmaceuticals. I am especially interested to understand how research in pharmaceuticals is conducted, how drugs are manufactured, and how drugs take effect in the living bodies.

Presently I am attending Valencia Community College, after having received AA degree in May 2003 from Polk Community College. Presently, I have been working at Walgreen Pharmacy for three years. In my present position, I work as a technician, in which my responsibilities include taking in new prescriptions, entering them in the computer, filling prescriptions, helping clients, and ordering medicine. This professional experience at Walgreen has been quite fruitful to me to motivate me for becoming a pharmacist.

Besides my professional interests in medicine as described above, I have been always dedicated to help people and have been involved in the care of the elderly patients. I have volunteered in several community programs that deal with nursing and caring of elderly people in my community. For example, I volunteered in raising money for Diabetes Walks, the American Heart Association, and beach clean-ups. I sold candy and raffle tickets to many events such as Historian for Student Activities and made holiday cards for nursing homes. All of the above chores that I have taken over the years have prepared me to take up the challenging tasks of the pharmacy.

In closing, I believe my educational expertise and interests closely tune with your course offerings. I am confident of my abilities in performing well and meeting your expectations in my academic achievements. I am also confident of my abilities performing superbly in future responsibilities as a pharmacist.

I deeply appreciate you taking the time to consider my application for admission. Should you have any questions, please contact me at… [read more]

Desire to Study Pharmacy Term Paper

… As a salesperson, I became aware of how important it is for people to be satisfied in a product that they had bought. If a customer buys something that has a significant effect on their lives, then I as a salesperson am happy too because my customer was satisfied over a small thing such as being able to buy something that changed his/her life. Aside from the academic and personal rewards of studying Pharmacy, the said course is also economically beneficial, since pharmacists are well-paid and usually offered stable jobs. All of the reasons that I have mentioned are the primary motivations why I wanted to study Pharmacy under the supervision of Drs. Henry Lee and Lewis Henry, and be able to realize my dream of becoming a pharmacist who can make a significant contribution to the people and the society in the best and most significant way… [read more]

Pharmacy School Term Paper

… I am fluent in Chinese, Taiwanese, and in English. These languages will be useful when patients come for their medications, because of course the pharmacist is obliged to explain the proper way that customers are supposed to take their medications.

A pharmacist is also responsible for giving customers / patients updated and accurate advice on health issues, and when necessary a pharmacist will refer a customer to services that may be useful, including health insurance that covers the cost of expensive medications. Pharmacists are required to understand the composition of drugs, their chemical and their physical properties, and highly professional and informed pharmacists -- as I intend to become -- will also understand how the drug that is being prescribed actually works in the human body.

My strong desire is to be able to help patients understand the drugs they are taking, and in that same context, it will bring great joy to me when I can see that the medications I am providing to an elderly woman has helped cure her disease. To have known her, to have had a chance to speak at length with her, and then to dispense her vital medicines and later discover that her disease has been cured -- these are the precious moments in the life of a pharmacist, and I will be living that life and will be making an important difference in many lives.

In conclusion, I know doctors are very busy and don't have the time it takes to fully explain certain medications. In those cases, I fully intend to be the professional pharmacist that will in fact take the time to explain what medications I am dispensing, and what that particular medication should to in order to help the customer be healthy… [read more]

Claude Bernard and Experimental Medicine Essay

… ]

Bernard makes the case that statistics are useful to the physician because they lead to the indeterminate, but that cannot be a stopping point.[footnoteRef:7] The solution is to find these indeterminate issues and, through experimentation to make them determinate.… [read more]

Pharmacy Term Paper

… ¶ … Pharmacy

Thank you in advance for your consideration of my application to enter the Doctor of Pharmacy program. I offer full assurances that if admitted, I will show that I am a dedicated, competent, and enthusiastic student as I become fully engaged with your program.

Why I Am Qualified

I am intimately familiar with many of the medical responsibilities and fiduciary duties and that a pharmacist performs. I have had the good fortune to work with -- and be inspired by -- a highly talented pharmacist for about seven years. Indeed, I have served as an Inpatient Pharmacy Technician at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia since May of 2006. I was certified as a Pharmacy Technician by the Pharmacy Technician Certification Board in December 2009, and continue this assignment today.

This challenging and vital position in the medical / healthcare field has introduced me in many contexts to the importance of being a patient-centered professional, a caring, well-informed and technically competent person.

In my capacity as technician, I trained in Robotic IV Automation (RIVA) and I was assigned as operator for IV batch production and patient specific medication. I was the person that was tapped to accurately prepare non-sterile and sterile doses within a specific window of time, which I handled capably. Exchanging and delivering medications at patient units and storing them appropriately, along with correctly monitoring the inventory and keeping a precise accounting of the supplies of medication, are some of my responsibilities at Children's Hospital.

My duties include training newly hired staff persons, student interns, and also I am counted on to provide orientation to new pharmacists that come… [read more]

Medicine in the Ancient World Research Paper

… Medicine in the Ancient World

The introduction of medicine and primitive healthcare strategies to the ancient world is one of the giant steps that were taken to improve the lives of the citizens. Much has changed of course in the… [read more]

Clinical Pharmacy Term Paper

… Clinical Pharmacy

The Discourse Community of Clinical Pharmacists

Many professions have a specific set of terms -- arguably a full linguistic code -- that enable faster and more precise communication between members of the profession, yet that obscure the meaning… [read more]

Translational Medicine Is a New Term Paper

… BI's ability should be managed towards exploring information on human medicine as its ultimate pursuit. Bioinformatics methods are meant to identify molecular and cellular areas or aspects for specific clinical interventions and better insights into the profile of the disease.… [read more]

Pharmacy Experiences When Describing Their Term Paper

… One misprint on a medicine label or accidentally filling a prescription with the wrong drug can be fatal. One of my biggest fears is that I will make one of these mistakes. While I watched these pharmacists at work, I wondered how many of them were thinking about their dogs or what they were going to eat for dinner while they grabbed a bottle of pills. Fortunately, the system at this pharmacy was streamlined and it would be difficult to make such a glaring mistake. However, human error is a major consideration in this profession, perhaps more than I realized before.

I also noticed how personal biases can affect a pharmacist's reaction to a customer. Because a plethora of medicines and products exist for each ailment, the pharmacist can recommend whatever product he or she feels is best. However, what I would recommend might be totally different from what one of my colleagues would recommend. We pharmacists must always keep our personal biases out of the professional setting. I believe that when asked for advice, we should present the customer with the full gamut of products and help them make an informed decision on their own. Rather than offer them the latest marketing brochures or other promotional materials, we should take the business out of pharmacy and focus on healing and wellness.

Observing professional pharmacists in action helped me better understand the nature of my chosen profession. I realized that on a daily basis, pharmacists must hone their interpersonal skills, practice meticulous attention to detail, and be keenly aware of the biases that affect their professional judgment. Perhaps more than anything, I realized that rote memorization of facts and academic learning is only half of the job; the remainder entails kindness, caring, and compassion: a genuine concern for the health and well-being of our customers. [read more]

Mesenchymal Stem Cells Regenerative Medicine at Its Best Article

… Mesenchymal Stem Cells: Regenerative Medicine at its best.

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs): Regenerating the liver

One of the most promising and life-saving therapies being developed today is the use of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to regenerate human tissue. As in the case of all stem cells, MSCs have a unique therapeutic potential to repair tissue because they are both multi-potent yet are highly capable of self-renewal ("MSCs," R&D Systems, 2013). They are primarily found in bone marrow but have also been isolated from other parts of the body, including the blood of the fetus' umbilical cord blood, liver and lung tissue ("MSCs," R&D Systems, 2013). MSCs can be grown so they regenerate into many different cell types, making them extremely flexible and for use in medical therapies ("MSCs," R&D Systems, 2013).

One example of a therapy deploying the flexibility of MCSs to great effect is a developing treatment for liver failure, currently being tested upon mice. MCSs were used to create liver 'buds.' These transplanted buds, when transplanted in the mice, worked in conjunction with the mice's other organs and secreted human liver-specific proteins. "They also created human metabolites, tiny molecules that are produced when the body metabolizes a substance" ("Researchers create miniature human liver out of stem cells," CBS, 2013). Liver failure has resulted in a transplant waiting list of more than 16,500 on an annual basis but only 6,256 people were able to receive a liver transplant in 2012. The hope is that these buds could be used to repair and restore the function of human livers ("Researchers create miniature human liver out of stem cells," CBS, 2013).

After being transplanted, the liver cells in the experiment grew new blood vessels, evidently regenerating themselves. "We just simply mixed three cell types and found that they unexpectedly self-organize to form a three-dimensional liver bud… After hundreds of trials, the three cells worked together and began to make three-dimensional structures" said the Japanese scientists who conducted the study ("Researchers create miniature human liver out of stem cells," CBS, 2013). The buds were implanted in the mice's brains but this would not be used in the human application of the therapy. The ideal would be to "mass-produce' human liver buds from induced stem cells for a scaled-up transplant attempt on a human patient" (Vergano 2013).

To construct an preliminary experiment determining the efficacy of this therapy would require a comparison of two groups of mice, all of which had induced liver failure (the liver failure in the mice of the original experiment was chemically induced): one of the groups would receive the treatment and the others would not, and the experimental group would be monitored for tissue regeneration (Vergano 2013). If the experimental group showed significant improvement compared with the control group, this would establish that the therapy had some validity. The observable positive result supporting the therapy would be revascularization of the liver in the experimental group vs. A failure of the liver to show improvement in the experimental… [read more]

Regenerative Medicine Stem Cells Assisted Windpipe Construction Term Paper

… Regenerative Medicine

Healing Thy Self Still Requires Faith, but Less So

The trachea is an essential structure connecting the lungs to the mouth and being born without one is fatal 99% of the time (Sifferlin). Hannah Warren, a Korean Canadian,… [read more]

Cam Therapy Herbal or Botanical Medicines Term Paper

… Herbal or Botanical Medicine

Herbal Medicines Pose Health Risk to Millions in Asia. By Sifferlin, A.

Herbal or botanical medicines are increasingly being used today. There are various articles as well as scholarly journals that have been written on herbal medicine. This paper will analyze two magazine articles and two scholarly journals on herbal medicines.

Herbal Medicines Pose Health Risk to Millions in Asia

The article talks of a particular herbal remedy that was banned in U.S.A and European countries but still being used in Asia. There was a connection made by researchers on an epidemic of kidney on women in Belgium that had been using herbal medicine to lose their weight. The kidney problems were attributed to Aristolochic acid belonging to birthwort plants. This is an agent that is used to treat arthritis, asthma and weight loss. Despite the fact that herbs containing aristolochic acid have been banned some people are still being exposed particularly in Asia. Researchers found that herbal medicines that contain the acid are still being purchased online. The reason the article was written was to provide a diagnostic classification aristolochic acid nephropathy which is a kidney failure that is associated with the acid. It finally gives a caution to users indicating that active agents in these herbal medicines can change. This article generally show the fact that despite the knowledge of some effects of herbal medicine they are still in use (Sifferlin, 2013 ).

How safe is your herbal medicine?

There are many people who run to herbal medicine for treatment of aches and pains, boosting of immune system or mood improvement. The fact that herbal medicines are seen as natural and healthy options as compared to conventional medications very few people as questions of the safety of herbal medicines. Those who purchase herbal medicines are seen to be at risk health problems as warned by specialists. For instance women using black cohosh for menopause symptoms suffer liver damages that are severe. This led to new rules that are designed to protect consumers from herbal medicines that are unregulated. The article highlights on some supplements that are seen to have effects when used, these are such as agnus castus with side effects like acne, gastrointestinal upsets and rashes. Devils claws, Echinacea, pelargonium, Rhodiola, Valerian and such like have been noted to present various side effects. This article generally enlightens people not to blindly use herbal medicine rather they should find out if they have any side effects before they use them ( Symons, 2013).

University of Maryland Medical Center (UMMC)

The article of 2011 University of… [read more]

Complementary and Alternative Medicine Term Paper

… Natural products involve the use of various herbal medicines that are purchased as dietary supplements whereas mind and body medicine focus on the interactions within the brain, body, mind, and behavior in order to influence physical functioning and promote health. Manipulative and body-based practices are primarily based on body systems and structures while movement therapies are approaches used to promote physical, spiritual, emotional, and mental well-being. Alternative medical systems or therapies are developed based on complete theoretical systems and practice.

One of the major treatment modalities that can be used as a complementary therapy, an alternative therapy, and an integrative therapy for sleeping disorders is alternative therapy. Alternative medical systems are based on complete systems of theory and practice that have evolved earlier than the traditional medical approach in the United States. As complementary therapy, alternative medical systems can be used to treat sleeping disorder through herbal treatments. This treatment procedure involves using herbs as effective sleeping remedies to help in dealing with the condition. For example, valerian is a herb that can be used to deal with the condition at the onset of sleep and with sleep maintenance (Ratini, 2012). As an alternative therapy, this modality can help in treatment of sleeping disorders through promoting regular exercise. Regular exercise not only deepens sleep in young adults but also enhances sleep in older people. An example of the use of regular exercise as a substitute to conventional medicine when dealing with sleep disorders is low-to-moderate tai chi or Tibetan yoga exercises. As integrative therapy, alternative medical systems for sleep disorders involve using melatonin and relaxation and meditation for sleep disorders. Melatonin has proven to be an effective treatment for lessening sleep disturbances while regular relaxation and meditation leads to higher blood levels of melatonin, which is a significant regulator of sleep. An example of this procedure involves using melatonin supplements and several relaxation and meditation techniques like yoga sessions.


Ratini, M. (2012, May 31). Alternative Treatments for Sleep Disorders. Retrieved March 25,

2013, from

Solomon, H.R. (2006, September 18). Alternative Approach to Treating Allergies: The Wonders

of Nature. Retrieved March 25, 2013, from

"What is Complementary and Alternative Medicine?" (2012, May). National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM). Retrieved from U.S. Department of Health & Human Services website: [read more]

Pharmacy Information Security Essay

… For instance, in case the pharmacy manages a website and the former is accessed by anyone due to inappropriate authorization procedures, then the website can be removed completely from the system, because of the risk it posses which includes the… [read more]

Personalized Medicine Uses Advanced Term Paper

… The medical establishment has for a long time enjoyed a paternalistic approach that entails controlling patient access to data and information regarding personal health. Moreover, the companies that develop the applications that enable personalized medicine might also have a legal right to copyright all the data contained therein.

The advantages of personalized medicine far outweigh the drawbacks, though. As the U.S. News report "Personalized Medicine" (2011) shows, personalized medicine means more focus on prevention. When a doctor has the genetic data of a patient, the doctor can also foresee problems before they manifest, or can tell a patient that he or she is at risk for contracting a certain disease later in life. This way, the patient can make necessary lifestyle changes or take medications that might prevent that illness from ever manifesting.

Personalized medicine also has the potential to lower healthcare costs overall ("Personalized Medicine," 2011). Without the unnecessary period of trial and error, where the doctor is trying different medications on the patient to see what works, personalized medicine allows for a more accurate portrayal of what the patient's body needs. This is as true for psychiatric medicine as it is for physiological medicine. For example, personalized medicine can be used when a patient is depressed. Normally, the patient might go through three or four different medications, and some of them take months to kick in before realizing they are not working or have bad side effects. The same might be true with antibiotics, which can harm the patient when overused or when the wrong one was taken. Personalized medicine can solve a lot of health care problems, including patient outcomes and cost of care.


"Personalized Medicine," (2011). U.S. News. Retrieved online:

"Personalized Medicines Fact Sheet," (2012). National Institutes of Health. Retrieved online: [read more]

Public Health Funding Be Directed Research Paper

… In the Homeopathic medicines there are a few legal regulations that are present. They are allowed to be used by patients even without a proper declaration of their efficacy or without a safety assessment done. Studies that have been conducted… [read more]

Evidence-Based Medicine Working Group. ) Peer Reviewed Journal

… More interaction among researchers, policymakers, and clinicians, so studies can be aimed at answering questions of interest to policymakers and clinicians.

Policymakers should commission RTs of policy-relevant questions

Authors of reviews should provide more contextual information or refer readers to easy-to-find articles

Authors of reviews should develop user-friendly formats: this article suggests 3 formats: a 20-second version of 1-paragraph to 1-page bottom-line summary; a 2-minute version of 2- to 3-page summary focusing on validity and applicability; a 2-hour complete version.

Waldman, M.H. (2006). Evidence-based medicine. How to translate research into patient care. Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association 96(4), 374-377.

Evidence-based medicine (EBM) consists of integrating clinical experience with the best evidence from systematic research to improve patient care

Must learn how to critically appraise medical studies

Paradigm developed by Canadian physicians at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario

Viewed as a paradigm shift described by T. Kuhn

Represents intersection of "epochal scientific hypothesis; an ever evolving body of evidence; and an idealized professional process -- a way of practicing medicine."

New way of thinking about providing best care for patients. Incorporated by many major medical journals

Confusing and threatening to physicians as few taught its philosophy and applications

Vast array of info 10,000 medical journals; 40,000 new articles week, and 30 minutes a day physicians have to review the literature- if could read all day for 6 weeks would be a century behind

Much of medical training is quickly obsolete and patients are more educated

EBM requires new skills- 5 steps in practice: 1. asking answerable questions; 2. finding the best evidence, 3. critically appraising the evidence (this is the most important of the steps); 4. acting on the evidence, and 5. Evaluating one's performance.

Not all evidence is equally valid.

Figure one is a pyramid that presents least to most reliable evidence: animal/lab research; case studies; case-control studies; cohort studies; randomized controlled trials; systematic reviews; meta-analyses

Best to divide evidence into patient -oriented and disease-oriented categories

Must learn to do a search; First, the question must define the issue in order to allow a literature search to succeed.

The ability to frame a question involves a learning curve

Use the acronym PICO: the patient or problem being addressed; the intervention or exposure being considered; the comparison intervention or exposure; and the clinical outcomes of interest.

Step three in 5 steps above is the most important- because it is where specific questions about an individual patient… [read more]

Personal Statement for Pharmacy Essay

… That happened because I lost my only brother in a car accident that year. We were very close, and I was emotionally devastated. It was the most tragic event I had ever experienced and it took me a long time to deal with it properly. I was confused and uncomfortable during that time, and I lost my focus. I started classes at UCI, and then transferred to Cal State Fullerton. In 2006-2007, I was a member of Biology Club and Student Health Professions Association (SHPA). I tried DeVry University and enrolled there in a different major, but didn't care for it, so I transferred to University of Phoenix and took classes online. That also did not work out for me. During that period in my life I was still trying to find my way after the loss of my brother, and a tried a lot of different majors and jobs.

Despite my "hopping" around to different job and majors, I always came back to pharmacy. It's my passion and what I want to do with my life. It has been some time since I lost my brother (and lost my way in the process), and I am in a better place. I have more determination, I am stronger, and my life is under much more control than it was during the years I struggled so much. I want to be a pharmacist. I always have. I want to help people, and I am now mentally healthy enough and ready to start school again. I currently work at Orange County Immune Institute, and I have been there a year. The stability is back in my employment, and I am fully committed to ensuring that the stability is back in my schooling, as well. I do volunteer work in the pharmacy at Garden Grove Hospital, as well, and I love helping people and being there for the patients, both at my job and in my volunteering. The desire to be a pharmacist has not left me. Despite some difficult life circumstances, I feel I am now ready to move forward, and getting my education… [read more]

Chemistry Through Veterinary Medicine Term Paper

… It is not an anti-anxiety drug and does not relieve pain; rather, it acts as a "chemical restraint" without affecting the dog's emotions (Kelley). In sum, Molly-on-Acepromazine feels just as fearful and aggressive as ever but cannot do anything about it, which would help a veterinarian who must handle Mollie but would also give Mollie a heapin' helpin' of torture. According to, veterinarians do not completely understand how the drug works but they do know it "involves blockage of dopamine nerve receptors in the brain" (Richards). What is worse, at least one authority believes that the chemical/physical restraint makes the dog associate the pills negatively with the whole fear/aggression situation, which can make Mollie even more fearful and aggressive on her next veterinary visit (Kelley). Acepromazine is not only a chemical restraint; it is also a "dissociative agent" that harms Mollie's ability to logically understand her environment, so it greatly increases her fear. A "Pain Management Guidelines Task Force for the AAHA/AAFP goes even further, stating that Acepromazine can actually "disinhibit aggression," making the dog more dangerous; therefore, the Task Force says that Acepromazine should not be used to control fear or anxiety (AAHA/AAFP Pain Management Guidelines Task Force 243).

Despite all these negative aspects, characterized as "significant effects that must be considered" (Richards), maintains that Acepromazine "works often enough that many vets will try this approach first. We do this when we think it has a chance of helping make an office visit go easier" (Richards). Right: the office visit goes easier for you, Mr. / Ms. Vet; not for Mollie. After researching this drug and its torturous effects, there is no way that I would allow a veterinarian to use it on my dog.

Works Cited

AAHA/AAFP Pain Management Guidelines Task Force. "Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association: AAHA/AAFP Pain Management Guidelines for Dogs and Cats." September/October 2007, Vol. 43. Web. 1 December 2011.

Kelley, Terry, CVT, CPDT. 2011. Web. 1 December 2011.

Richards, Mike, DVM. VetInfo: Medication - Acepromazine. 2010. Web. 1 December 2011.… [read more]

Complementary / Alternative Medicine vs. Traditional Western Approach Term Paper

… There are a wide range of mild problems that can be easily treated without the invasive or harsh approaches that are advocated by allopathic physicians.

3. Why is it important to know about these practices?

It is important to know about complementary and alternative medicine because they are effective means of promoting personal and public health. More scientific research may yield reasons why certain alternative treatments are favorable to those promoted vehemently by pharmaceutical companies. Consumers are spending a lot of money on alternative and complementary medicines because those interventions enable people to take back control of their personal health. Doctors would do well to read the market forces and understand that they will gain more clients by promoting alternative medicine than clinging to the past.

4. How would you approach patients/clients who rely on complementary/alternative medicine? Comment specifically on how you would handle the differences in cultural values, beliefs, and practices.

I would most certainly promote the use of complementary and alternative medicine within the framework of an allopathic practice. This is because I know that allopathic medicine is as limited as any shelf of herbs in Whole Foods. Alternative and complementary medicine focuses on prevention and long-term solutions that can have meaningful psychological and physical benefits. Allopathic remedies, on the other hand, focus on short-term solutions and remedial methods. At times, the two methods can work brilliantly in tandem with one another.


National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM) (2011). What is CAM? Retrieved November 1, 2011 from

US Department of Health & Human Services, Maternal Child Health Bureau (2009). Core Concepts in Cultural Competence. Retrieved November 1, 2011 from [read more]

Institutional Pharmacy According to Various Essay

… There are various bodies that can regulate the pharmacies and they can range from state boards, such as the Mississippi Board of Pharmacy (MBP), to national boards. Regulations can, furthermore, include the following, according to MBP (2011):


-Pharmacy Board Examination

-Practical Experience Requirement

-License Renewal and Continuing Education [4: "Regulations - Table of Contents." HOME. Web. 20 Sept. 2011. .]

The important regulatory bodies further include, and this is very important to mention:

-OSHA (governmental agency that enforces health and safety regulation)

-FDA (charged with regulating consumer consumption of food and drugs)

-HIPAA (an organization that provides regulations for health and privacy of individuals)

-DEA (works as a body for the Department of Justice and is the drug enforcement agency that regulates drugs and combats illegal substances)

-Orphan Act (part of the FDA and has been utilized to treat rare diseases by enforcing research and development of such drugs)

all of whom contribute greatly towards organizing and streamlining national rules and regulations.

It is thus important to note the positive aspect of institutional pharmacies upon the landscape of nursing homes, and other such long-term care facilities, especially due to their positive impact. However, it is most important to note that there are rules and regulations dominating the market, and there are three major players that dominate the market as well. The business is therefore tough, but very rewarding. [read more]

Nuclear Medicine Research Proposal

… References

Amen, D. (2009) The science of brain SPECT imaging, Share Guide, Issue 106, pp. 21 -- 29

Busemann-Sokole, E.; Plachinska, A.; Britten, A.; Lyra Georgosopoulou, M.; Tindale, W.; Klett, R.; (2010) Routine quality control recommendations for nuclear medicine instrumentation, European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Vol. 37, Issue 3, pp. 661 -- 671

Busemann-Sokole, E.; Plachinska, A.; Britten, A.; (2010) Acceptance testing for nuclear medicine instrumentation, European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Vol. 37, Issue 3, pp. 672 -- 681

Castle, N. (2010) Care after chemical, biological, radiation or nuclear events, Emergency Nurse, Vol. 18, Issue 7, pp. 26 -- 36

Cuocolo, A. & Breatnach, E.; (2010) Multimodality imaging in Europe: A survey by the European Association of Nuclear Medicine (EANM) and the European Society of Radiology (ESR), European Journal of Nuclear Medicine & Molecular Imaging, Vol. 37, Issue 1, pp. 163-167

Kidd, S. (2010) Nuclear in the new decade, Mechanical Engineering, Vol. 132, Issue 5, pp. 54-55

Lass, P. (2005) The situation of nuclear medicine in Central and Eastern Europe, European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Vol. 32, Issue 12, pp. B11 -- B14

Radioimmunotherapy (2009) European School of Nuclear Medicine Continuing Medical Education at the Annual Congress of the European Association of Nuclear Medicine, European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Sept… [read more]

Pharmacy School Application Essay

… Pharmacists are at the hub of the health care industry, and are in a unique position of power. We conduct research but we also implement that research by applying the fruits of our research to improving health and well-being. Pharmacists are sometimes the first line of defense against a range of wellness issues. I stand ready to join the legions of talented, skilled professionals who have dedicated their lives to the fascinating world of pharmacy. What's more, I will proudly serve the community as a graduate of the Oregon State University College of Pharmacy. All serious students of pharmacy know that Oregon State's College of Pharmacy offers unparalleled instruction, among the best in the nation. The Oregon State College of Pharmacy is outstanding because the caliber of the school itself supports an ethical yet progressive department. As the only public university in the United States with land, sea, sun, and space grants, Oregon State offers its graduates something extra. I would be honored to be a part of the Oregon State community.

The faculty of the College of Pharmacy includes notable names in pharmacological and chemical research such as associate professors Taifo Mahmud and J. Mark Christensen. However, I am most eager to participate in research with Kerry McPhail and especially Professor George H. Constantine. This is because I believe the field of natural products chemistry is the wave of the future. More and more consumers are gravitating towards natural products as their first line of defense against illness. Preventative medicine also depends on a working knowledge of which natural products can be used safely and effectively. Because I am passionate about preventative medicine and believe that natural products offer valuable solutions, this will be one of my primary areas of independent research. I view the field of natural products pharmacy as being one that will be commercially viable, as natural products are already biting into the market shares of… [read more]

Supplement Application for Pharmacy Professional Writing

… How do you think that the location of UH Hilo College of Pharmacy will influence your educational experience and do you think that these influences will add value to your pharmacy education?

The UH Hilo College of Pharmacy is, by its very location, very well situated to provide a diverse educational experience within the field of pharmacy. I am impressed by the funding recently secured by members of the college and encouraged by the college's focus on interdisciplinary approaches to pharmacy and the inclusion of western and eastern medical philosophies. I believe that my experience at Hilo will allow me to develop into a more well-rounded and better informed pharmacist, capable of meeting the needs of a diverse clientele. The practicum opportunities are also of great interest to me and I look forward to being able to spend time on more than one of the Hawaiian islands in the process of receiving my education. To me, pharmacy is as much about people as it is about pharmaceuticals, and I believe that studying in Hawaii will provide me with a great opportunity to interact with a wide cross-section of individuals from various backgrounds and cultures, all of which will serve to make me better at my chosen career. [read more]

History of Medicine Essay

… ¶ … History of Modern Medicine

Looking back at modern medicine today, it is difficult to picture the many preliminary (if not necessarily primitive) earlier transitional stages through which the study of medical science had to progress to reach its… [read more]

History of Medicine Essay

… History Medicine

The History of Medicine: Straight Path or Winding Road?

Looking back at the history and trajectory of various sciences and other areas of human achievement from a modern vantage point, it can be easy to see the past… [read more]

Complementary Alternative and Integrative Medicine Thesis

… Complementary, alternative, and integrative medicine refers to procedures and products that are not typically included in conventional allopathic medicine. Collectively referred to as CAM, complementary and alternative medicine includes time-honored healing modalities such as Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), Ayurvedic medicine, and homeopathy. Herbal remedies and vitamin therapy can be complementary or alternative medicines. Procedures such as craniosacral therapy and reiki are also considered to be alternative or complementary. Chiropractic medicine is sometimes included under the rubric of complementary medicine.

The terms complementary medicine and integrative medicine imply that the intervention is used in conjunction with allopathic medicine to enhance the benefits of both. The term alternative generally means that the intervention is used instead of allopathic medicine, at least for a short while. Some alternative interventions are accepted and used relatively often by the medical community. Alternative medicine is only likely to be embraced by the allopathic community when an intervention or procedure has undergone rigorous scientific review. Hypnotherapy, acupuncture, and some specific herbal remedies have undergone rigorous scientific review. They are therefore more likely to be integrative or complementary than methods that have not undergone scientific scrutiny.

Three factors that have promoted the popularity and use of CAM include the following. First, traditional medical care is wrought with problems including high cost of insurance coverage and poor quality of care delivery in some health care institutions. Doctors have become increasingly indebted to pharmaceutical and insurance companies. Second, complementary medicine and alternative medicine encourage the client to take control of his or her own health. The Internet and other new media allow ready access to information about diseases and ailments. New Age philosophy and the self-help book phenomenon has also promoted complementary and alternative medicine. Well-known medical doctors like Deepak Chopra and Andrew Weil have written books… [read more]

Pharmacy Statement Personal Statement My Interest Research Proposal

… Pharmacy Statement

Personal Statement

My interest in medicine began perhaps later than many individuals, though the circumstances surrounding my introduction to the arena were no less meaningful or profound than other experiences, and perhaps more so than some. At the age of twenty-two, I had to watch my grandfather spend three years suffering from ninety-five percent paralysis and other sever medical issues as the result of a stroke he had suffered. His eventual passing was incredibly bittersweet; I was losing a man I had loved, looked up to, and respected, but who was no longer wholly available, and who was in an unknowable amount of mental and physical anguish. What made the entire three-year period the most agonizing from my perspective, other than watching my grandfather's suffering and the suffering it caused my grandmother as she cared for her slowly dying husband, was the knowledge that something possibly could have been done to ease or even prevent some of the effects of his stroke.

When my grandfather was first rushed to the emergency room immediately following his stroke, the attending physician mentioned a new drug that he wanted to inject my grandfather with. This drug, he explained, was believed to reduce the severity of the stroke and its short- and long-term effects. Being still in the experimental phase, however, there was no guarantee of the drug's efficacy, nor was there complete knowledge about the possible side effects. The physician needed my grandmother's permission to administer the injection, and he needed a quick decision for the drug to have any chance of being effective. With the extremity of the stress in the situation and the lack of knowledge regarding the drug, my grandmother decided it wasn't worth the risk.

The next three years convinced… [read more]

Benefits of Alternative Medicine Versus Conventional Medicine From an Economic Perspective Thesis

… Alternative medicine vs. conventional medicine

Benefits of alternative medicine vs. conventional medicine from an economic perspective

Alternative medicine vs. conventional medicine: An economic perspective

Alternative medicine: Pro

One common contention in favor of alternative medicine is that it is not so 'alternative' after all -- for hundreds of years, many forms of alternative medicine have been proven effective, such as acupuncture and yoga. For a fraction of the cost of drugs with debilitating side effects (which often results in the need for more drugs to treat the side effects) individuals can use time-tested methods to heal themselves. Many legitimate health organizations have recognized this fact. For example, the highly respected World Health Organization (WHO) has recommended the technique of acupuncture for treatment of various health problems, such as arthritis, sinus problems, and even chronic fatigue (Benefits of acupuncture, 2009)

Alternative medicine is holistic -- it treats the whole person and stresses preventative care. Proper diet, exercise, and leading a balanced and relaxed life are important to prevent diseases that result in a loss of social and economic productivity as well as a loss of quality of life. Ayurvedic medicine, macrobiotic diets, and raw foods are all examples of using alternative means to promote health. Alternative medicinal practitioners stress: "the body needs the support of some basic dietary and lifestyle good health habits, such as a full body detox and a proper understanding and application of nutrition" (Health benefits of acupuncture, 2009, all4naturalhealth) Conventional medicine merely treats the symptoms of an unhealthy lifestyle. Preventative care is also less costly than treating chronic disease or providing acute care.

Alternative medicine can be used in conjunction with conventional medicine, while conventional medicine often strives to deny any use for alternative methods, despite the proven health benefits of once 'quirky' methods as acupuncture, a vegetarian diet, and yoga. In this form, alternative medicine is usually called complementary or integrative medicine. Through stress reduction and reducing one's exposure to highly processed foods and toxins, the need for more extreme interventions through conventional means is likely to be reduced, a development welcomed by many medical doctors as well as alternative medicine practitioners (What is CAM, 2009, NCCAM)

Conventional medicine

Advocates of conventional medicine would point out that while many alternative medicinal techniques may be older than conventional medicine, people had far shorter lifespans hundreds of years ago! Healers may have used Ayurvedic medicine and homeopathy because they were the best techniques at healer's disposal in the past, but that is no longer the case. Antibiotics and vaccines have saved countless numbers of lives. Despite claims about the dangers of such substances, most of these have been 'scare'-related, with no real supportive data. Consider the current vaccine debate: "The CDC, American Academy of Pediatrics, Institute of Medicine and other prestigious medical organizations maintain there… [read more]

Traditional Chinese Medicine Term Paper

… Traditional Chinese Medicine

Moxibustion or Moxabustion is a form of traditional Oriental medicine where herbs are burned at or near acupuncture points to elicit improved balance and healing and remove or reduce blockages that may be present there as a… [read more]

George Washington University's Sonography Bachelor's Program Term Paper

… ¶ … George Washington University's Sonography Bachelor's Program has much to do with how much the field of sonography has expanded in the last several years. Personally, due to my abilities, qualifications and experiences, I feel that this field of study as a diagnostic medical sonographer will greatly assist in my future development and career as a highly-trained medical specialist. In addition, since this program places a heavy emphasis on both practical and didactic education, I am convinced that the training I will receive in this program will enrich my future prospects, not to mention that classes are small in size which allows for personal interaction between the student and the instructor. Also, this degree program is accredited by the Commission for the Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs which guarantees that all credit hours accumulated during the program will be applied to my credentials.

My initial interest in pursuing a degree in the medical field came about when my brother developed a very serious disease. This event prompted me to wonder about his medical future regarding treatment in the form of surgery or chemotherapy, and due to the fact that we were living in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, where I was born and raised, the prospects of my brother finding adequate treatment and care for his disease were rather poor. As a result, I decided to create the foundations for a career in medical science. Part of this required that I take the Ethiopian School Living Examination. In 1994, after competing against 167,000 other high… [read more]

Duties of the Pharmacy Technician Term Paper

… ¶ … Pharmacy Technician Today

One of the realities of life in the United States today is that there are a lot more old people around, and their numbers are expected to continue to grow as the Baby Boomers continue… [read more]

Pharmacy What Are the Most Difficult Challenge Term Paper

… Pharmacy

What are the most difficult challenge pharmacists will face in the future? What would you do to overcome this challenge? Why would you want to go to the two-year pharmacy school in California?

The central challenge of every pharmacist is to ensure that the correct medication for each and every patient who walks through the door of the pharmacy is dispensed in the appropriate manner, and that the patient leaves the pharmacy with the confidence that he or she is receiving quality care. With the increasingly bureaucratic nature of modern medicine, this mission of modern pharmacy has become more and more difficult.

Patients, depending on their health insurance plans, may be prescribed generic rather than brand name drugs, and not understand if these drugs are better or worse for their bodies. Hospitals and doctors are understaffed and have less and less time to explain how to take prescribed medicines correctly to their patients. A medicine taken incorrectly can be just as bad, if not worse, than a medication that is not taken at all. Also, the more impersonal nature of doctor patient relationships means that… [read more]

Pharmacy My Personal Statement of Purpose Term Paper

… Pharmacy

My Personal Statement of Purpose: Why I want to be a Pharmacist

To be an effective pharmacist, an individual must not simply possess a sense of personal interest in the scientific aspects of the medical field. A pharmacist must also be a compassionate and concerned human being. An effective pharmacist must be willing to extend a patient ear to the concerns of the individual seeking appropriate medical advice regarding his or her medication.

A majored in biochemistry in college and excelled academically, except for my senior year, due to difficult family circumstances. I was and a member of the Golden Key International Honor Society. Thus, my passion for medical and pharmaceutical science is evident from my resume and my transcript. But I am also a human being who has learned from adversity. My senior year's grades were affected by my parent's divorce. The divorce plunged both my father and mother into states of clinical depression and forced me to work in my family's restaurant to keep my family financially afloat, I found reserves of… [read more]

Personal Statement: Regarding My Future Term Paper

… It is the pharmacist's duty and ethical obligation to be sensitive to such natural uncertainties, and to be a teacher as well as a technician and scientist. A good scientist must bring patients into a state of better mental comfort and awareness of the patient's physiology and how the prescribed treatment may alleviate the patient's illness. Only by doing so can a pharmacist be certain that a drug treatment plan, particularly if self-administered by the patient at home, will prove efficacious. My own adjustment to the United States has taught me sensitivity, compassion and an awareness of the diversity of cultural attitudes towards drugs, healing and medicine.

My own cultural and linguistic background also provides me with unique additional competence for the pharmaceutical profession. In addition to the strength and humility I have gained from my life experiences, I believe I have a strong grasp of the medicine and healing philosophy of traditional Southeast Asian medicine, combined with the scientific methodology of Western medicine. This can prove to be a powerful blend of different yet complementary attitudes.

Understanding different cultural attitudes and traditions in general is also critical for a pharmacist to speak the language, not just the literal language, but also the cultural language, of the pharmacy's patients. I was raised in a bicultural household rooted in both the Chinese and Vietnamese traditions. I spent much of my youth in Germany and later lived in Lyon, France. In addition to my native Cantonese and Vietnamese, over the course of my life's travels, I became fluent in English and French, as well as Latin. Thus I am versed in the languages of many potential patients, and also the ancient language of medicine.

I am aware of the existence of different cultural and medicinal outlooks regarding potential treatments. I can approach explaining a drug or treatment plan from the patient's own cultural perspective, rather than simply a highly technical or Western perspective. I know there is never any one correct answer to healing the human body. Rather I look forward to relying on this cultural and linguistic adaptability when interacting with patients and costumers from around the world. I hope to aid all of my patients, of many different backgrounds, to understand how and why they must become an active partner in taking responsibility for their health. I decided upon my career path in life many years ago, in my childhood land many miles away. This dream has become cemented in my academic experiences, my careful deliberation and my extensive research of the current state of modern pharmacology in America. When my professional knowledge, acquired from the graduate school is combined with my passion to genuinely care for each of my patients, I am certain of my future success in the pharmaceutical profession. [read more]

Personal Statement I've Had a Life Tougher Term Paper

… Personal Statement

I've had a life tougher than most. A woman born and raised in Afghanistan, I have been a refuge more than once. In pre-Taliban Afghanistan, I eagerly finished high school with a clear and decisive career objective: to become a pharmacist. When I was still in grade school, I thrived in chemistry classes. Because of positive personal experiences with medicines and pharmaceuticals in general, I had no other dream than to pursue pharmacy as a career. Before the Taliban came to power, such a dream was realistic for a young woman, and I did not foresee that political situations might somehow prevent me from fulfilling my goal. I entered pharmacy school in Kabul, a freshman with eager eyes and an energetic heart on her way toward becoming a pharmacy professional. Still young and just beginning my studies at the academy, I was suddenly barred from continuing my studies at the pharmacy school in Kabul, as were all of the other females in my class. Like many, I fled with some family members to neighboring Pakistan, where we could find refuge and solace we thought would be temporary. While we appreciated the relative peace in our lives, we had little money. Bereft of our jobs, our schools, our homes it was as if we were starting over with blank slates. I did not have enough money to enroll in a local pharmaceutical school in Pakistan. To keep my mind stimulated and my goals on target, I enrolled in all the classes that I could afford: English language, computer skills, and other practical classes that would serve me well, if not indirectly, to eventually picking up where I left off with pharmacy. My dream never died; I never once considered changing life paths because I had hoped that my living situation would change and I would eventually be able to pursue pharmacy as a career once again. That time has come.

While in Pakistan I fell in love with my current life partner, my husband Jamil Faryadi. An American resident who had lived in Virginia for almost twenty-five years, Jamil soon encouraged me to move with him to the United States. I did, as I wanted to be with him and also envisioned new opportunities to get back on track with my career. For the second time, I found myself to be a stranger in an unfamiliar territory, starting my life anew. For years I felt acute anxiety, fear, and even despair. With my husband's support, I began taking college classes here in the United States. I was forced to repeat many of the core courses I had already taken in Afghanistan, on track for the pharmacy college. It felt like I was on a treadmill: running furiously but getting nowhere. Knowing I would have been halfway toward my professional degree if I had not been forced out of school in Afghanistan, I found it nearly impossible not feel frustrated. I eventually decided to quit school entirely because… [read more]

Motivation for Pursuing a Career Term Paper

… ¶ … motivation for pursuing a career in the field of Pharmacy

In writing this essay, I realized that my motivation for pursuing a career in the field of Pharmacy is an unusual one. I did not learn to value the importance of being a pharmacist until my grandmother was diagnosed to with Alzheimer's disease. My family's fight with my grandmother's illness further worsened with the inadequate medical expertise and supplies of medicine in Iran that my grandmother needs. Hence, I became her 'personal assistant,' taking care of her everyday, which includes, among others, keeping track of her medication schedules. Like a medical student learning the wonders of science through the medicine that it produces, I also began to appreciate the importance of medicine and the process of medicating, even going so far as to research about them and how they help improve the condition of my grandmother. Ironically, in a moment where our family is experiencing deep socio-emotion (even financial) crisis, I have found… [read more]

Pharmacy Career Info Term Paper

… RFID places electromagnetic chips and tags containing a unique serial number onto cartons and individual drug products.

Stricter licensing requirements. The FDA and the National Association of Boards of Pharmacy are revising state rules for licensure of wholesale drug distributors… [read more]

Egyptian Medicine Term Paper

… Basil- excellent for the heart.

Balsam Apple or Apple of Jerusalem -- laxative, skin allergies, soothes headaches, gums and teeth, for asthma, liver stimulant, weak digestion.

Bayberry -- stops diarrhea, soothes ulcers, shrinks hemorrhoids, repels flies.

Belladonna -- pain reliever

Camphor tree -- reduces fevers, soothes gums, soothes epilepsy.

Caraway -- soothes flatulence, digestive, breath freshener.

Cubeb pepper -- urinary tract infections, larynx and throat infections, gum ulcers and infections, soothes headaches.

Dill -- soothes flatulence, relieves dyspepsia, laxative and diuretic properties.

Frankincense -- throat and larynx infections, stops bleeding, cuts phlegm, asthma, stops vomiting.

Garlic -- gives vitality, soothes flatulence and aids digestion, mild laxative, shrinks hemorrhoids, rids body of 'spirits'.

Henna -- astringent, stops diarrhea, close open wounds

Honey -- a natural antibiotic, used to dress wounds and as a base for healing unguents.

Licorice -- mild laxative, expels phlegm, soothes liver, pancreas and chest and respiratory problems.

Mustard -- induces vomiting, relieves chest pains.

Onion -- diuretic, induces perspiration, prevents colds, sooths sciatica, relieves pains and other cardiovascular problems.

Parsley -- diuretic.

Poppy -- relieves insomnia, relieves headaches, anesthetic, soothes respiratory problems, deadens pain.

Mint -- soothes flatulence, aids digestion, stop vomiting, breath freshener.

Sandalwood -- aids digestion, stops diarrhea, soothes headaches and gout.

Sesame -- soothes asthma.

Tamarind -- laxative

Thyme -- pain reliever.

Tumeric -- closes open wounds ("


Ancient Egyptian physicians exhibited knowledge about medicine that was extremely advanced for their time. These physicians can be credited for developing a number of treatments and procedures which continue to be used in the modern medicine of today.


(3,500-year-old holistic remedy said to extract ear wax. (accessed 18 November, 2004).


(Ancient Egypt: Ancient Egyptian Medicine. (accessed 18 November, 2004).


(Ancient Egyptian Medicine. (accessed 18 November, 2004).


(Ancient Egyptian Medicine. (accessed 18 November, 2004).


(Ancient Egyptian Medicine. (accessed 18 November, 2004).


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(Medicine. (accessed 18 November, 2004).


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). [read more]

Pharmacy Career Term Paper

… ¶ … pharmacy as a career, and how does the doctor of pharmacy relate to you short- and long-term professional goals?

Imagine yourself not so long ago in a pharmacy called St. Takla in the land of Lebanon. There I am, behind the desk, learning about the drugs I dispense, their interactions and side effects, and interacting with patients. All the while, my heart is filled with dreams of studying in America to become a licensed pharmacist with a doctorate of pharmacy.

At the time, my future was only a dream, but I believed strong skills in math, chemistry and biology made my career path a certain one. My record of achievement in, and, just as importantly my enjoyment of my two years of pre-pharmacy study further convinced me that my dream of becoming a PhD in pharmacy. My love of communicating with customers during my work experience, only confirmed my desire.

A thrived upon the daily routine of the… [read more]

Moral Medicine, and a Doctor Term Paper

… In this version, ethics appear to be based on faith and saving transformation, which cannot be assumed to always exist. Yet would be blatant discrimination to say that only men of great faith could be doctors (who would judge their faith?), especially since many atheists are deeply moral. Additionally, having covenants be based on faith and on the sense that this patient deserved care because (a) of their connection with this god and (b) because they were a part of the society to which the doctor owed a social debt, might mean that disenfranchised patients were taken less seriously. Already many religious doctors refuse to prescribe birth control pills to unmarried women, and some doctors have resisted providing treatment to people they disapproved such as homosexuals, drug addicts, welfare recipients, and so forth. What would happen if the quality of care was based not on legal contracts but on a sense of social obligation -- and then a patient came who the doctor considered to be a social burden who never contributed to the world? Covenants are a remnant of a primitive time in which gods held personal court over individual contracts, and when the only valid external code was based on the supernatural.

The only other issue that particularly stood out in reading this chapter was a very subtle undercurrent regarding the root cause of this guild-conscience and the posturing superiority of medical professionals: that an artificially created monopoly on healing was limiting the free market's regulation of bad doctors. The following facts were casually dropped over the course of the chapter, and each added to a startling picture bordering on conspiracy. The first fact was tied up in the argument that doctors owe society a debt because their social privilege and public funding enabled them to join the profession. In explaining this point, the author added that there were many candidates for medical school, and only a few were allowed in or were permitted to be licensed, and that this privilege was based on cultural privilege (e.g. ability to afford school, good social connections, etc.). This means that many potentially good doctors were not being trained because of the selective, classist schools. Yet there is more, for the author also explains that "the state sanctions a monopoly for doctors." Doctors cannot practice without a license, and cannot get a license without cultural privilege and without joining into the social "guild" of doctors during their residency periods. Those who fail to show loyalty to the guild by swearing to respect one's teachers and their children cannot become licensed. So only those who bow to the authority of the existing protectionist "covenanted" doctors can practice medicine. Yet within the same chapter the doctor laments the terrible, pressing shortage of doctors. He explains that patients may not be able to avoid bad doctors because there are not enough doctors to treat all the patients. In short, this means that patients are being forced to go to bad doctors who are protected… [read more]

Child in Taiwan Term Paper

… Some people might find some of these characteristics unpleasant or stressful, but because of my experience discussed below in my family's restaurant, I have learned that these things are not problems or drawbacks for me, leaving me to consider the positive aspects of being a pharmacist, and whether I am suited for the profession.

Because of the experience I have had in the hospital pharmacy, I have had an opportunity to evaluate the demands of this career well. I have also talked with the registered pharmacists at some length about what they do, and what they like and don't like about the job. The things they object to most, the paperwork and the pressure, are things I have learned to not bother me. I know this about myself because of what I have done to help my family's restaurant succeed. So, I find the prospect of a career in pharmacy an exciting one. I look forward to working with the many professionals who make up an individual patient's team of medical support, the opportunity to use my abilities in science, math, and technology, as well as the opportunity to work with other medical professionals to help patients in need.

My cultural background will be an advantage also in a society as culturally diverse as the United States. I immigrated with my family to the United States only four years ago, when I was 18. In those four years I have learned to read, write and speak English, although I expect to continue to improve for some time. Since none of my family speaks English well, I had to do this on my own, taking English as a Second Language classes at a local community college before moving on to college-level coursework. Meanwhile, my father and aunt opened a restaurant, and I have helped them run it while going to school. Because I could speak English so much better than them, I have helped with the business end of the restaurant, doing all the paperwork including employee records and scheduling customer relationships, health department inspections, and all the other many details that go into running a restaurant. Through this experience I learned that I handle details well and can work efficiently under pressure, and that I am a team player who gets along well with a wide variety of people.

While I am proud of the work I have done with my family to help their restaurant become a success, running a restaurant does not satisfy my desire to have a career that makes an important difference in people's lives. It doesn't make use of my science and technological skills. Volunteering in the University Hospital pharmacy was an interesting contrast to the restaurant, because there is the same fast-paced environment and need to work together, but for different reasons. Those reasons that are personally important to me. Pharmacists make an important difference in people's lives. A career in pharmacy would combine my personal strengths of being able to work effectively with… [read more]

Pharmacy School After Serious Deliberation Essay

… Related skills include administrative responsibilities such as simple record keeping and business management - including finance and budgeting; personnel administration, systems development and planning. The pharmaceutical industry today uses technology to speed up dispensing of rising prescription volumes, allowing Pharmacists to focus more on patient care and disease management.

A sincerely care about the well-being of people and believe that as a health professional I would be able to provide nurturing care to patients yet maintain a degree of emotional detachment. Although it is an advantage living in a time with impressive technological advances in medicine such as machines, medications and surgery, I believe that it is the relationships between patients and caregivers that remain one of the most powerful therapeutic tools in health care. The diversity offered by a career in pharmaceuticals assures me that I've made the right career choice. I believe that the health care industry will afford me a rewarding future and the prospect of continually expanding my abilities, education… [read more]

Veterinary Medicine Truthfully I Believe Term Paper

… I feel that having had many animals throughout my childhood, I have personally developed into a warmer and more open-minded individual. When you come across an animal that is sick, has been injured or has suffered cruelty or abuse at the hands of another, you are slapped in the face with the reality that sometimes life is unfair. Animals in my mind are the truest embodiment of innocence. They neither intentionally can hurt nor maim, yet suffer sometimes these very cruelties at the hands of some owners.

I have volunteered at many shelters in an effort to expand my knowledge base regarding animal anatomy and behavior. It is my hope that by starting a career in veterinary medicine, I can reach out to the community and help people better understand their pets and animal neighbors. Animals live by instinct, yet still need to be nurtured, loved and cared for. They get sick much as people do. They seek out companionship and attention. They, like a newborn infant, are sometimes misunderstood. I believe my sensitivity to these unique animal traits make me an ideal candidate for the veterinary profession. [read more]

Frankish and Islamic Medicine: A Comparison Article Critique

… ¶ … Frankish and Islamic Medicine

The objective of this study is to conduct a comparison of Frankish and Islamic medicine. Towards this end, various authors on this subject will be examined and their positions reported. It is reported that Usamah witnessed many "instances of wounds and illness." [footnoteRef:1] (Kitab, p. 213) Specifically Usamah is reported to provide the details of four specific examples of Frankish medicine, the first of which is "related to him by his father's physician Thabit, in which two patients are treated by amputation and incision on the scalp respectively." [footnoteRef:2] [1: Usamah ibn Munqidh (2000) 'Kitab al-l'tibar, trans. P.K. Hitti as An Arab-Syrian Gentlemen & Warrior in the Period of the Crusades: Memoirs of Usamah ibn Munqidh (New York: Columbia University Press, 1929, ed 2000) p. 191.] [2: Ibid]

The individual who is the amputee is a soldier with an infected wound in his leg and the second a woman with mental illness who receives an incision on her head. Both patients die instantly upon treatment and Thabit reports that he "learned of Frankish medicine what I knew not before." [footnoteRef:3] It is reported that according to Woodings that the method of treating the woman "was described by Robert of Salerno, and therefore, recognized Frankish practice." [footnoteRef:4] Mitchell agrees with this and relates that the treatment was "standard procedure for the diagnosis given by the doctor" or that the woman had a devil that was living in her head." [footnoteRef:5] According to Mitchell, amputation was used in Frankish medicine but was used only as a last attempt but Woodings relates that "arrangements in the field were poor." [footnoteRef:6] [3: Ibid, p. 162] [4: A.F. Woodings, 'The Medical Resources and the Practices of Crusader-States in Syria and Palestine, 1096-1193, Medical History, 15 (July, 1971) p.271.] [5: P.D. Mitchell, Medicine in the Crusades: Warfare, Wounds, and the Medieval Surgeon (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004, p. 188] [6: Woodings, Medical Resources and Practices, p. 273]

However, Usamah relates that William of Bures, the Lord of Tiberias relates the story of a knight that is highly respected and whom is euthanized in order to provide the knight relief in lieu of actually providing medical treatment for the knight.[footnoteRef:7] It is reported that the information related by Usamah is called by Mitchell to be evidence of "didactic dichotomy" since it appears that Usamah is trying to relate that Frankish medicine is less effective than Eastern medicine and that Mitchell reports the use of poultices and diet as treatment and its effectiveness to prove this claim.[footnoteRef:8] [7: Munqidh, Kitab, p. 167] [8: Mitchell, p. 213]

It was indicated in the work of Strathern that the view of Usamah at the treatment provided might be based on the way that Muslims felt toward "invasive surgery" although Muslims did… [read more]

Ethical Issues in Medicine Essay

… "If the study is successful, the physician may publish an important paper, gain academic advancement, and even make a little money on the side if he or she owns stock in the company that makes the drug in question" (Markman 2003: 1008). However, physicians alone cannot be blamed. Internet chat rooms and the media can also fan the flames of hope.

In contrast, "Phase 2 trials are designed to evaluate efficacy so they might be expected to provide participants some measure of benefit," but even this can be a questionable prospect as different drugs may be in varied stages of to-market readiness, even if technically in a Phase 2 trial (Markman 2003: 1008). In fact, a patient may be lulled into a sense of overconfidence, because he or she is technically in a Phase 2 trial, but not be fully aware of the likely efficacy of the drug. Also, during any phases, patients must forego existing treatments which may have some efficacy to test the new treatment, which actually may be less effective. "Patients in a phase 2 trial of such a novel agent given as first-line chemotherapy will be participating more to generate information to help others than to help themselves…if the tumor progresses and produces symptoms during initial chemotherapy with the experimental drug, the patient actually may have been harmed by not receiving standard therapy first, even if ultimate survival is not influenced" (Markman 2003: 1013).

In some instances, however, the criterion for being admitted to the study of a promising therapy may be too strict -- to minimize outside influences, the study designers may prohibit patients who have had more than one type of treatment. In Phase 3 trials, where participation in experiment and control groups is randomized, patients who could potentially receive life-saving treatment may instead receive a placebo. Control groups are necessary to ensure that it is the treatment rather than other factors that is causing the improvement, but constructing them can deny patients potentially life-saving therapies.


Markman, Maurie. (2003). The needs of science… [read more]

Patients Turn to Complementary Essay

… In line with this, they will analyze and document progress data of fellow nurses. During the implementation, the coordinator of the study will need to keenly monitor the process and be readily accessible to staff on the study units to give the needed direction. It is essential that follow-up as a reinforcement of the practice change be properly coordinated

Step 6: Integrate and Maintain the Change in Practice

In integrating combining traditional or western medicine with alternative or complimentary therapy, the research team will seek other nurses' feedback about feasibility and benefits related to the interventions highlighted above. In addition, in-service sessions concerning the new protocol will be presented to nurses caring for patients within the hospice centers. Moreover, periodic monitoring of the changes will be conducted to evaluate their effectiveness and improve upon them. It is important for practitioners to be sensitive to the cultural climate of the hospice center as an attempt to integrate these new innovations. This is because people affected by the change usually view it as disruptive.


According this PICOT worksheet, hospice nurses should have necessary skills and resources to appraise, synthesize, and diffuse a combination of traditional or western medicine with alternative or complimentary therapy in practice. In addition, patient outcomes should match discipline-specific and interdisciplinary accountabilities of hospice nurses. It is important for the intervention to increase patient symptom control, increase in patient comfort by combining conventional and alternative medicine and therapy. This program is a pilot that will follow the best practice guidelines in order to introduce and implement alternative therapy in hospice care. This program is well-structured following a simple framework for six months. There is need for ongoing and effective partnerships between researchers and hospice nursing in order to enhance the diffusion of evidence-based practice innovations.


Bardia, A., Barton, D., Prokop, L., & Bauer, B. (2006). Efficacy of complementary and alternative medicine therapies in relieving cancer pain: A systematic review. American Society of Clinical Oncoloty, 5457-5464.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2012, November 16). National Health Interview Survey. Retrieved November 24, 2012, from

Cummings, K. (2011). End of life and hospice care . Minneapolis: University of Minnesota.

Forester, H. (2012). Alternative Medicine and Hospice Care for LPN/RNs. Retrieved November 24, 2012, from

Heath, J., Oh, L., Clarke, N., & Wolfe, J. (2012). Complementary and alternative medicine use in children with cancer at the end of life. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 1218-1221.

Kohara, M., Miyauchi, T., Suehiro, Y., Ueoka, H., Takeyama, H., & Morita, T. (2004). Combined modality treatment of aromatherapy, footsoak, and reflexology relieves fatigue in patients with cancer. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 791-797.

Kowalski, L. (2002). Use of aromatherapy with hospice patients to decrease pain, anxiety, and depression and to promote an increased sense of well-being. American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care, 381-386. (2011). Meditation: A simple, fast way to reduce stress. Retrieved November 25, 2012, from

Rosswurm, M.A.,… [read more]

Business Plan Retail Pharmacy Business Plan

… Business Plan

This business plan is for a retail pharmacy. The pharmacy is going to provide two distinct product lines -- pharmaceutical and retail. The organization will be designed around that model. As a small company, the organizational structure is… [read more]

Medical Records Case Study

… Section III (The Vendor Selection Process) -- This section covers the process employed by Dryden Family Medicine to direct the transition to EMR. The authors begin with the steering committee established in 2002, which was "composed of one physician, the office manager, the nursing supervisor, and the front-desk supervisor" (O'Neill and Kleback, 2010). The issue of vendor fallibility is explored, as the choice of an unprepared or unskilled billing systems provider could easily undermine the practice's 50 years of record keeping. Finally, the reader is guided through the EMR vendor selection process, from the industry trade journals to consultations with fellow family practices that have previously implemented EMR systems.

Section IV (Stages of EMR Implementation) -- This section includes a detailed timeline of the EMR implementation process utilized by Dryden Family Medicine. Found in Table C3.1 and Figure C3.1 are various benchmarks in the EMR adoption process, such as "August 2003 Prescriptions generated electronically and faxed to pharmacies" and "March 2005 Patient education literature is scanned into the system and linked to EMR" (O'Neill and Kleback, 2010). The informative tables are followed by a thorough analysis of the three-stage process used to effectively introduce EMR strategies to Dryden Family Medicine's overall system. The section concludes with a concrete example of EMR-based improvements, as the authors recount a 2005 incident involving the painkiller Bextra and a Food and Drug Administration recall that patients were notified about immediately.

Section V (Impact on Job Responsibilities) -- The purpose of this section is to determine the impact of implementing an EMR system which clearly "resulted in changes in the job descriptions and responsibilities of all members of the practice" (O'Neill and Kleback, 2010). The authors observe several instances involving physician's problematic interaction with [read more]

Pharmacy Personal Statement Essay

… Going through a medical tragedy with my own family has underlined the need for caring and sensitive medical staff that can deal patients' emotions.

I am currently working at the Orange County Immune Institute and volunteer at the pharmacy within Garden Grove Hospital as well. Helping someone understand how they must take their medication, and instilling a sense of well-being and confidence in the people I see everyday as they take charge of their health and their loved one's heath underlines to me what I have always loved about the field of pharmacy. It is a field that requires in-depth technical and scientific knowledge, yet it also requires that the pharmacist is a 'people person' and understands the lifestyles of the persons taking the medication. Sometimes I must take more time to explain to an elderly person their dosage schedule or make clear to someone whose English is not strong the contraindicated foods and medications with the pills they are taking. I enjoy this, because it provides me with a human connection and a sense of efficacy. Being a great pharmacist is so much more than simply dispensing drugs.

The difficulties I have experienced have given me a sense of greater compassion and wisdom about life's fragility. Education has always been a cornerstone of my life and I long to return back to the academic arena to prepare myself for a profession for which there is great need. I bring the greater maturity of life experience to the classroom now. I feel fully confident that my sensitivity, borne of maturity, combined with the training I receive will make me an excellent pharmacist. [read more]

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