"Military / Army / Navy / Marines" Essays

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Military Structure and Capabilities Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (1,827 words)
Bibliography Sources: 6


It has twice tested the Taepodong-2, its longest-range inter-continental ballistic missile (ICBM), with a range of up to 10,500 km (about 6,525 miles). It is not known if the Taepodong-2 is operational." (Global Security Organization, nd.p.1)

V. North Korea's Security Model

The security model of North Korea "explains that a state develops nuclear weapons according to neorealist assumptions on the behavior of states. The weakening military ties with the former Soviet Union and China in the 1990s provided another impetus to develop nuclear capabilities." (CRS Report for Congress, 2004) Before the Soviet Union collapsed and the Chinese economic reform era it is reported that North Korea "enjoyed nuclear umbrellas from their neighboring states. However, the collapse of the Soviet Union, the integration of China and later Russia into the global economy no longer guaranteed these security commitments. In a self-help international system, the defection of two important allies compelled North Korea to increase their own military capabilities to compensate for its former military dependency on the Soviet Union and China. The lack of a credible nuclear deterrent extended by the Soviet Union and China created a lapse in deterrent capabilities leading North Korea to develop its own." (CRS Report for Congress, 2004)

Summary and Conclusion

This writing has examined the military capabilities of North Korea and its capabilities of producing weapons of mass destruction and has found that North Korea has highly developed military capabilities and is making headway in the production and storage of weapons of mass destructions.


An Overview of North Korea's Ballistic Missile Program (nd) The National Committee on North Korea. Retrieved from: http://www.ncnk.org/resources/briefing-papers/all-briefing-papers/an-overview-of-north-korea-s-ballistic-missiles

Chemical Weapons Program (nd) Weapons of Mass Destruction, Global Security Organization. Retrieved from: http://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/world/dprk/cw.htm

Military Forces (nd) National. Goals. United States Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved from: http://www.fas.org/irp/dia/product/knfms95/1510-101_chp4.html

Scobell, A. And Sanford, JM (2007) North Korea's Military Threat: Pyongyang's Conventional Forces, Weapons of Mass Destruction, and Ballistic Missiles. Retrieved from: http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/pub771.pdf

Squassoni, SA (2004) Weapons of Mass Destruction: Trade…… [read more]

Sociology Applying the Sociological Perspective Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,836 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Many mothers in the United States were saying goodbye forever to their sons and daughters, as were the mothers in Iraq. Each one faced the uncertainty of whether their child would return and if they did return, in what condition? However, the interviewee also witnessed families that did not have resiliency and faced too many hardships without proper tools (mental, physical, and social skills and abilities) that hindered their abilities to make good decisions or any decision at all. They simply gave up, as their lives seemed too hard and too overwhelming to endure. The interviewee realized that his family is unique in that regard. He also realized that his family is why he has been able to address the trauma he faced in Iraq and with his injuries. He has resilience, appropriate development, strong self-esteem, and a social support system encouraging his complete recovery. He believes his military background added to this ability to recover so quickly and so completely, despite the physical scars he wears.


Engel, G. The Biopsychosocial Approach. 2012. Web. 20 March 2012.

Erikson, E. Erikson's Developmental Stages. Springhouse Corporation. 1990. Web. 20 March 2012.

Hoge, C.W., Castro, C.A. & Eaton, K.M. Impact of Combat Duty in Iraq and Afghanistan on Family Functioning: Findings from the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research Land Combat Study. In Human Dimensions in Military Operations Military Leaders Strategies for Addressing Stress and Psychological Support, Meeting Proceedings RTO-MP-HFM-134, Paper 5. 2006. Print.

Leske, J.S. & Jiricka, M.K. Impact of family demands and family strengths and capabilities on family well-being and adaptation after critical injury. American Journal of Critical Care, 1998: 383-392. Print.

Meredith, L.S., Sherbourne, C.D., Gaillot, S.J., Hansell, L., Ritschard, H.V., Parker, A.M., and Wrenn, G. Promoting Psychological Resilience in the U.S. Military. Rand Corporation. 2011. Print.

Smith Conway, K. And Li, M. Family Structure and Child Outcomes: A High Definition, Wide Angle Snapshotu. Review of Economics of the Household. March 2011.…… [read more]

Woman in the Military Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,435 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


and, the physical weakness of women is overstated. Studies show that women with correct training, seventy-five percent of the women could perform traditional male duties in the military. and, with regards to lower performance on the field, a test by the Army concluded that women do not deteriorate unit performance. "Women are proving to be good soldiers. They are also… [read more]

Military Employee Stress Thesis

Thesis  |  66 pages (18,029 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 56


Military Employee Stress

The objective of this work is to compare, contrast and synthesize and evaluate the principles of societal development including an evaluation of the workplace and resulting family stress. In order to understand the effects of how societal development in the workplace has affected the family unit, an evaluation of the workplace and resulting family stress will be… [read more]

Australian Defense Force and Whole of Government Operations Term Paper

Term Paper  |  20 pages (5,027 words)
Bibliography Sources: 20


Australian Defense Force and Whole of Government Operations

Has the Australian Defense Force (ADF) "broken the code" to successful integration of joint-interagency support during the conduct of military operations?

Following the end of Australian involvement in the Vietnam War a decision was made by the Government of Australia to reorganize the department supporting the military services, which included the Army,… [read more]

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) &amp Human Error Literature Review Chapter

Literature Review Chapter  |  12 pages (3,758 words)
Bibliography Sources: 10


¶ … Human Factors affecting safe operation of the Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs)

In this chapter, we will examine the various sources that discuss different factors affecting the safe operation of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs). This will be accomplished by look at a variety of information that will discuss what is happening not only with the Air Force, but other… [read more]

Satellite Communications and Situational Awareness Term Paper

Term Paper  |  10 pages (2,529 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


This is to say that the gathering of intelligence by satellites can be done without regard to specific military operations, but can function as a major element in an all-encompassing American security strategy:

National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA) was founded with the mission of "guaranteeing the information edge" .... The Department of Defense, the Central Intelligence Agency, and other… [read more]

Military Studies Essay

Essay  |  6 pages (1,731 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


Military Studies

As with any task that needs to be done, the person in control needs to have the appropriate tools to accomplish the task at hand. In military operations, the United States Armed Forces have taken this idea and applied it to military operations. In other words, the U.S. military has adopted a doctrine which allows commanders to possess,… [read more]

Iran Military Assessment Research Paper

Research Paper  |  4 pages (1,160 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


Pakistan spends 3% of GDP on Military and Iran spends 2.5%

. Their defense budget for 2006 was equal to U.S. $6.6 billion and it has been increasing. Some sources claim that the 2012 budget with an increase of 127% would be an estimated $415 billion

. Iran has learnt from the past, specifically, invasion of Iraq and Israel-Hezbollah conflict. Their basic military strategy is a mix of western techniques and Islamic ideology of martyrdom and is designed to defeat the strongest of opponents. Strategists acknowledge the country's weaknesses and resort to psychological warfare, with an aim to exploit enemy weaknesses to the maximum. They strive to increase the enemy's expenses and risks, the biggest of which in recent times has been the desire to avoid casualties. Iranians are not afraid of casualties. After the invasion of Iraq and Afghanistan their strategy has mainly been designed according to U.S. army

a. GROUND WARFARE PROFICIENCY: Iran has recently decided to open up new bases in East, South and South Eastern parts of the country. The IRGC has divided the land warfare forces into 31 command units one for every province of the country. They call this system 'mosaic defense' and it is supposed to give each unit commander ample power to combat and take care of foreign / domestic threats in a better way. It makes use of Iran's natural barriers, the mountain ranges lining the border of the country. To stop and incapacitate any threat the IRGC has set up special cells in border areas. These are meant to ambush enemy base camps, cut off supply as well as communication lines for invaders and smugglers, both. The next line of defense is 'Artesh,' consisting of infantry, armored and mechanized groups. Next, are IRGC and last Basij, involved only in case of invasion scenarios. Their observation of Saddam's guerilla group fayadeen has made them devise a largely guerilla strategy. Thus in case of an attack the army will fight in groups dispersed all over the city instead of head on combat

. The land force is 350,000 regular, another 350,000 reserves and lastly 40,000 paramilitary personnel which is average sized force in comparison to the less populated Pakistan's 550,000 regulars and 500,000reserves. But the dilemma is not its size but its poor training. The nation's land forces lack modern equipment, although it has a total of some 12,000 land weapons, including 1700

tanks. But most of these are old fashioned, locally manufactured vehicles, called 'Zulfiqars' or T-72's made, a long time ago, in collaboration with the Soviets. Their main artillery is comprised of some 3200 weapons, including 1500 vehicles, self propelled guns, rockets, mortar, anti-tank and anti-aircraft guns

. However some 2000 of these are towed artillery systems that were used in Iran -- Iraq war and are low cost, low grade arsenal imported from China, Korea or Vietnam. Other reports state that Iran is still using pre-revolution era weapons. However, the country has been working on modifying its weapon system.… [read more]

Military -- Naval Questions Essay

Essay  |  5 pages (1,450 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


Military -- Naval Questions

In What Ways does Sea, Naval and Maritime Power Aid in the Prosecution of the Land Battle and Enhance the Ability of States to Project Power Beyond their Shores?

The efficacy of Sea, Naval and Maritime Power for land battles and projection of power is created in multiple roles, often carried out in tandem with land… [read more]

Military Imparts in an Individual Research Paper

Research Paper  |  12 pages (4,677 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 20


Most elected officials, especially presidents see military experience, military leadership as a stepping ground to political success. If it were not for the military experience acquired by these former presidents, they perhaps would have not led such triumphant lives.

III. Government/civil service managers

Managers in government and civil service sectors can benefit from possessing military leadership experience. Just like with… [read more]

U.S. Army National Guard Budgeting Thesis

Thesis  |  5 pages (1,777 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 4


Army Budget

Army National Guard Budgeting and its Importance

The interaction between Congress and military is one of the prime vehicles for foreign policy, particularly in our current time of ongoing and uncertain conflict. The importance of the interdependent role played by Congress and the military is on clear display in a consideration of current conditions. Perhaps the most important… [read more]

Military as a Job Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,417 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


Military as a Job in General

Today, the United States is prosecuting the war on terrorism on two fronts in Iraq and Afghanistan, and the country's military forces are being stretched razor thin. During such turbulent periods in U.S. history, opportunities for job selection, promotion and travel abound in the military but many young people may have some misperceptions concerning… [read more]

Sports-Related Military Recruiting Initiatives Today Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,455 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Certainly, recruiting in the inner city is a major challenge for any of the armed services; however, the U.S. Marine Corps has experienced some success where the other services have failed. According to Paige (1999), Marine Corps recruiters tend to emphasize the challenges and prestige involved in the Corps rather than the generous benefits that are available by virtue of… [read more]

Changing Nature of Warfare Term Paper

Term Paper  |  15 pages (4,784 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


For this purpose, regular policing is far preferable to the use of military force. In a society in which innocent civilians can be arrested, incarcerated or summarily executed, rule of law and popular support for government will not exist. Just the opposite, "the more measures to impose order involve terrorizing the population, the more the position of the opponent as… [read more]

Military Retiree Benefits Did the Government Keep Its Promise Thesis

Thesis  |  46 pages (12,717 words)
Bibliography Sources: 12


¶ … military retirees are entitled to the sheer enormity and the scope of the endeavor are so gigantic that it borders on the overwhelming. The United States government has a plethora of benefits that encompass the health, welfare and continued treatment of medical issues involving the service men and women throughout the Armed Forces. There are also numerous retirement… [read more]

Authors Referenced Works Specific Recent Circumstances Discussed That Have Changed the Nature of Warfare Term Paper

Term Paper  |  15 pages (4,069 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 3



The More War Changes

War is always the same. And it is always changing. The basic goals of warfare -- to capture territory and resources, to reduce the enemy's ability to fight through whatever means necessary, including the killing off of enemy combatants, to ensure that defeat will be lasting -- have been in place since the very first… [read more]

Military Intervention and Peacekeeping at Different Phases Essay

Essay  |  8 pages (2,584 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 4


Military Intervention and Peacekeeping

At different phases of a conflict the multiple strategies of conflict management respond to barriers in the process in different ways: Conflict Prevention is an approach that seeks to resolve disputes before violence breaks out; Peacemaking transforms the conflict from violent to spoken, and further, toward the definition of a common peaceful solution; Peacekeeping missions are… [read more]

United States Army Do to Improve Term Paper

Term Paper  |  20 pages (7,293 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


¶ … United States Army

Do to Improve on Enforcing Hearing Protection Standards

To Reduce Hearing Loss Among Soldiers

Nearly one third of the close to thirty million Americans with hearing loss today can attribute their disability to what has been deemed as 'toxic noise.' With a loss of hearing, humans cannot fully function in their environments. The working surroundings… [read more]

Female Soldiers in the Contemporary Research Paper

Research Paper  |  8 pages (2,412 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 10


Some female groups wanting to emphasize the importance of women in the military actually prove that they are perfectly able to fight by becoming involved in activist communities. U.S. Army reserve Staff Sgt. Jennifer Hunt, U.S. Marine Corps reserve Capt. Zoe Bedell, and U.S. Marine Corps First Lt. Colleen Farrell and U.S Major Mary Hegar have acknowledged the delicate position… [read more]

Army Reserve Retention Impact Literature Review Chapter

Literature Review Chapter  |  5 pages (1,450 words)
Bibliography Sources: 10


Forced reductions have caused multiple deployments on Reservists. Reenlistment has become an increasing issue as the various Reserve branches' overall annual attrition rate is 25% with the Army Reserves at the highest proportion at 30% (Lakhani, 1995).

After deployment, 26% of Reservists plan to leave the Army compared to 18% at enlistment (Lakhani, 1995). Many senior Reservists are high level… [read more]

F-35 Joint Strike Fighter Research Paper

Research Paper  |  6 pages (1,809 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


" (Gertler, 2010) The result is that the committee states a recommendation for a reduction of $204.9 million in the APAF account within OCD. (Gertler, 2010) The following illustration shows the Summary of Action on FY2010 F-35 quantities and funding.

Figure 3

Summary of Action on FY2010 F-35 Quantities and Funding

Source: Gertler (2010)

Tiron (2010) specifically reports that the F-35 "…has undergone significant reshaping as a result of ballooning costs and development delays. The F-35 is meant to replace older aircraft for the Air Force, Navy and Marine Corps as well as international militaries. The cost of the program has risen to $382.4 billion, a 65% increase from the projected costs in 2002."

Summary and Conclusion

The costs for development and production of the F-35 JSF aircraft have been problematic and recently the program has experienced a decrease in funding due to the difficulties in managing development and production of these aircraft. The projected finish date for the developmental phase of the project was previously set for 2011 however, a new date is presently stated as it is estimated that the program will enter full production n 2016. The F-35 JSF will be sufficient for all branches of the service and will effectively replace aircraft presently be used by the armed forces.


Gertler, J. (2010) F-35 Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) Program: Background and Issues for Congress. Retrieve from: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/weapons/RL30563.pdf

Tiron, R. (2010) Senate Appropriators Reduce Funding for Lockheed's F-35 Joint Strike Fighter. 14 Sept, 2010. The Hill. Retrieved from: http://thehill.com/news-by-subject/defense-homeland-security/118661-senate-appropriators-slash-funding-for-f-35-joint-strike-fighter-

Axe, David (2009) Report: Two-Year Delay for Joint Strike Fighter. Danger Room. Wired News. 24 July 2009. Retrieved from: http://www.wired.com/dangerroom/2009/07/report-two-year-delay-for-joint-strike-fighter/

F-35 Lightning II Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) International, Air-Force Technology. Line retrieved from: http://www.airforce-technology.com/projects/jsf/

Keyes, C. (2010) Closed-door Defense Meeting Reviews Costly F-35 Joint Strike Fighter. 22 Nov 2010. CNN News. Retrieved from: http://www.cnn.com/2010/U.S./11/22/joint.strike.fighter/…… [read more]

Women's Military Rights Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (1,734 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


"Women in Combat," Academic Essays and Debates on Women in the Military: Military Woman Magazine. December 19, 1997. http://www.militarywoman.org/academic.htm

2. Maginnis, Lt. Col. Robert L. (USA, ret.) "Leadership Can't Make Soldiers Ignore Sex." http://www.nationalsecurity.org/frc/insight/is97k1wc.html.

3. Moskos, Charles. "Army Women," The Atlantic Monthly. August 1990. http://www.theatlantic.com/election/connection/defense/dpmoswom.htm.

4. United States. House of Representatives. Committee on Armed Services. The Military

Forces and Personnel Subcommittee. Women in Combat. 103rd Congress., 1st session.

Hearing, May 12, 1993. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1994

5. United States Air Force, "Candidate Fitness Test Preparation Guidelines." http://www.usafa.af.mil/rr/cft.htm

6. Williams, Christine L. Gender Differences at Work: Women and Men in Nontraditional

Occupations. Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1991.

7. Tracy, Tracy's passion page: Women in the military, 1998. http://www.tracy-liz.net/country/militarywoman/milwoman.htm

8. Author Unknown. Experiences: What's It Like Where You're Stationed? 1998,99,2000. http://www.militarywoman.org/location.htm

9. Author Unknown. Military Readiness: Women Are Not a Problem.

Publisher: Rand, 1997.

Works Cited


10. Author Unknown, Affirmative Action and Equal Opportunity in the Military: Selection

Procedures http://clinton2.nara.gov/WH/EOP/OP/html/aa/aa07.html

11. Author Unknown, Common Military Questions: Military Training: What are the opportunities for women in today's military? http://www.todaysmilitary.com/life_qa.shtml#initial… [read more]

United States Department of Defense US Military Branches Research Paper

Research Paper  |  14 pages (5,012 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


United States Department of Defense / Military Branches

United States Department of Defense Military Branches

Issue / Policy Area of Interest

Over the last several years, the role of the U.S. military has been changing, as the overall nature of the threats to the nation has evolved. This is part of a larger historical trend that has caused the various… [read more]

Brats: Military Deployments in the War Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  11 pages (3,249 words)
Bibliography Sources: 12


¶ … Brats: Military Deployments in the War on Terror

The legendary advantages of being a "military brat" have been heralded for decades, especially in being able to see much of the world with the military parent. Previously the term just applied to the children of full time military personnel. However, with the increased use of National Guard and Reserve… [read more]

Comparative Politics of Latin America Essay

Essay  |  8 pages (2,556 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Military Rule: Shaping Politics and Economics in Latin American Democracies

In their theoretical overview Juan J. Linz and Alfred Stepan go to some lengths to point to the differences between mere liberalization and actual democratization. Clearly liberalization is a good first step towards democracy albeit liberalization is just the beginning of the transition towards a full democratic state. Liberalization can… [read more]

First Gulf War Thesis

Thesis  |  6 pages (2,462 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 4


¶ … Gulf War

Although many people believe that the current problems in the Middle East can be traced to the end of World War II and the creation of Israel, much of the current conflict can be attributed to the Cold War. In fact, the United States maintained a strong military presence in the Middle East. "The continuous, albeit… [read more]

Women in Combat Units Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  12 pages (4,690 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 8


Women in Combat Units

Women in the army are nothing new. During the Second World War, women served in the front as much as men, both among the allied and the axis powers. The separation of duties resulted in companies called the WAC -- Women Army Corps that had details in medical, and other non-combatant operations. They were also subject… [read more]

Leadership Profile Term Paper

Term Paper  |  8 pages (2,673 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 1


Dwight D. Eisenhower

Military historians study how being a commander in the armed forces prepares an individual for future positions of leadership. Dwight David Eisenhower, General of the Army and the thirty-fourth President of the United States modeled this theory. In 1941, when he was called on to lead troops in World War II, he did not have considerable hands-on… [read more]

Dotmlpf System of Analysis Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,343 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


George S. Patton synthesizing his leadership skills with his material assets available to him in World War II. Patton's leadership, and all it has to teach us, needs this stage, made and consisting of material resources that helped define his greatness through example. Tegnella (2007) expressed the need to focus and shift the leadership efforts to eliminating WMD proliferation demonstrating the material factors dictating the effects of the other components . Once again I would like to highlight here the codependence of each facet on one another, but also demonstrate that the material resources reserves a special place within the system.

In this discussion, overlapping themes are impossible to ignore and this, undoubtedly by design, improves the interdependence and reliability of the DOTMLPF approach to systematic analysis. So our next facet to compare and contrast with material, personnel, blends into some of the aforementioned categories as well. Since training and personnel have an explicit relationship, we see a similar relationship between personnel and material. It is shown not only in the acquisition of personnel, but in the maintenance and reenlistment of personnel as well. The challenges of today's soldiers are new and interesting. Many soldiers have experienced war fare in an entirely new method for extended periods of time. In order to support this model certain material needs are prerequisite. It is hard to imagine sustaining the force using the material and material acquisition techniques of just 20 years ago. The demands of our soldiers will always be changing, and it is important that the understanding of what materials will help us succeed on the battlefield change is in harmonic convergence with these changes in our fighting forces and their needs. The quality of materials affects the soldiers varying ways to further create dependence of our system on the material aspects of its nature.

In comparing the facilities to the material domain, we see a relationship that is almost strictly dependent and unique. Deciphering between facilities and materials may not always be easily accomplished. Once again, this crossover demonstrates the strong functionality of the system itself and shows the unique way in which balance may be achieved through an interweaving system of coordinating domains. Some examples of how materials affect facilities connected with defense of our nation are defined by the sourcing nature of the material aspect towards the character and quality of the particular facility. If one were to look at a picture of every military facility stationed around the world and at home, the disparity between similar styles and constructs would be evident. This variation on a singular theme is undoubtedly due to material resources available to the places where the facilities are located.

In comparing and contrasting each of the individual aspects of the DOTMLPF system of analysis, it is clear to understand the material domain having the greatest influence upon the other components. As in any system, its components require an ability to positively impact one another in order to fulfill its potential and contribute to… [read more]

Negotiation Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (858 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


¶ … negotiation and then addresses how they can be used to help the Marine Corp Recruitment Command. The two negotiation strategies discussed are positional bargaining and integrative bargaining. Both strategies have positive and negative aspects whereby they could both be helpful in the right situation to the United States Marine Corp Recruiting Command (MCRC).

Positional Bargaining

Positional bargaining entails defining what outcome you are willing to accept and then negotiating to achieve that outcome (or better) only. This negotiating tool is commonly used, especially as initial strategy. The two most preeminent negotiation theorists, Fisher and Ury, denounce positional bargaining. They argued that positional bargaining requires a party to defend their position once that position has been attacked. As a result, the goal of the party is no longer dispute resolution, but the need to save face. The need to save face does not bring people to the bargaining table, the need to resolve a dispute or issue does (Mitchell citing Fisher and Ury, 1991).

Positional bargaining is not without supporters. Where a party's emotional interests may impede resolving the issues, positional bargaining can help. Emotional interests are party specific and will vary by the case. Sometimes they can lead a person to think with their heart instead of their head, in which case positional bargaining will effectively supply a party's will-power. Positional bargaining is also advisable where the interests prove to be too polarizing for the parties to work together (Mitchell citing to Lax and Sebenius, 1991).

Integrative Bargaining

Integrative bargaining (also called "interest-based bargaining," "win-win bargaining") as a negotiation strategy is the total opposite approach to negotiation as positional bargaining. Here parties actively seek a "win-win" solution to the issue in dispute. In this strategy, the interests are often common to both parties (unlike in positional bargaining, where the issues are party specific). These interests are then resolved through negotiation, usually an independent negotiator or mediator, which often allows the parties to set aside their dispute. This is so especially when the interests involve needs, desires, concerns, and fears felt by each side. They are the underlying reasons why people become involved in a conflict. It is difficult to have integration unless multiple issues are involved in the negotiation as the parties must be able to make trade-offs across issues in order for both sides to be satisfied with the outcome (Spangler 2004).

Integrative bargaining is widely held to be superior to positional bargaining because of the fixed positions of positional bargaining which results in compromise or no agreement at all. Integrative bargaining takes a much more…… [read more]

Australia Should Remain Neutral Thesis

Thesis  |  1 pages (351 words)
Style: Harvard  |  Bibliography Sources: 0


¶ … Australia should remain neutral, as far as its own territorial integrity and population are not threatened by the conflict. If it does intervene, it would be an intervention in a regional conflict and choosing sides would be a very difficult thing. The best choice would be to attempt a mediation between the belligerents.

Australia should intervene to the degree to which the problems in the failing states risk to spill over and affect the order in Australia as well. At the same time, the military and the authorities should intervene in order to avoid any humanitarian crisis and to properly regulate the flow of refugees, including those that might try to get into Australia.

The problem with private military firms would be that, as any private business, the main goal of such a firm would need to be, from an economical perspective, profit maximization. The questions that would thus arise are how such a company can make profit. The answers would tie in the government, but, at the same time, the private firm…… [read more]

Air Force United States Thesis

Thesis  |  2 pages (696 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Air Force

United States Air Force

During World War II, the U.S. Army Air Corps established the significance and value of air warfare. Air power contributed greatly in the Navy as well. So, when President Harry S. Truman signed the National Security Act of 1947, a separate U.S. Department of the Air Force was created and the U.S. Air Force came into existence. Its initial focus was on creating flying weapons using the new jet rocket technology. In the intervening years, the U.S. Air Force has become the supreme air force in the world. (Saunders, 2008)

The vision of the U.S. Air Force is "Global vigilance, reach and power. " the Air Force mission is to "fly, fight and win." (Air Force Link, 2008)

The Air Force played a vital role as part of the United States nuclear arsenal throughout the Cold War. Its Strategic Air Command (SAC) controlled both ground-launched Intercontinental

Ballistic Missiles (ICBMs) and nuclear bombs carried on long-range bombers like the B-52 Stratofortress. (Grabianowski)

The end of the Cold War did not mean completion of the Air Force's mission. The Air Force's speed, range, precision, leathality, and flexibility gave America what Secretary of the Air Force Donald B. Rice called "global reach, global power." (U.S. Air Force - USAF History)

The Air Force recognized the need for streamlining in the post Cold War period. In the 1990's, it consolidated from thirteen to eight major commands. It closed bases, and downsized from 600,000 personnel in 1988 to less than 388,000 in the late 1990s. Despite the smaller force, the Air Force has been called to action and successfully completed those missions in places like Bosnia, the Gulf War, and Iraq, and has supported humanitarian operations in Somalia, Rwanda, and around the world. (U.S. Air Force - USAF History)

The Culture of the Air Force

The U.S. Air Force Culture and Language Center defines culture as, "the creation, maintenance and transformation across generations of semi-shared patterns of meaning, sense making, affiliation, action and organization by groups.

It would seem easy to simply put the Air Force into…… [read more]

Douglass Macarthur and the Inchon Decision Term Paper

Term Paper  |  15 pages (4,357 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+



Described as being "the most brilliant and among the most flamboyant American generals of the twentieth century," General Douglas MacArthur would launch an amphibious offensive in Korea that proved a major turning point in the war ("The Politics of Getting an Idea Adopted: The Inchon Decision," p. 295). In spite of being forced to step down from his post… [read more]

Future Strategic Intentions Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,642 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


China's Future Strategic Intentions

On December 22, 2007, the Secretary of State, Condoleezza Rice, issued an unusually sharp rebuke to the Taiwanese government, and the senior Bush administration officials criticized both China and Taiwan for "unnecessarily inflaming tensions between each other and with the United States." They were addressing the Chinese cancellation and refusal of port visits by American warships,… [read more]

War "Studs Terkel's: The Good Essay

Essay  |  7 pages (2,608 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Many Japanese-Americans were told that they had to pack up only what they could deal with and were forced to get rid of their homes, properties, and businesses for a remarkably small amount or just give them away since they really did not have any other choice. They had only a few weeks to leave, and resolve of all other… [read more]

Civil Rights Term Paper

Term Paper  |  11 pages (4,110 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Civil Rights Is More Than a Period in Time

Don't Just Say, "Civil Rights": Believe in Justice as a River of Possibilities

In his acclaimed novel, Bombingham, Anthony Grooms writes skillfully about the battlefields of Vietnam and the battlefields of the Civil Rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s, in particular, the battles fought in and around the Alabama city… [read more]

Aviation Fatigue Term Paper

Term Paper  |  15 pages (5,257 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Aviation Fatigue

Fatigue is a complex phenomenon that has been ascribed to various causes. The underlying reasons for fatigue are investigated in this paper and the focus of the research is on solutions to the problem as well as on the importance of understanding the causative factors. Fatigue has also been singled out by the aviation industry and the Air… [read more]

Persian Gulf War Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,684 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


The ground war was completed in one hundred hours with Iraqi soldiers, whose morale was crushed from the constant bombardment and poor conditions, mostly surrendered without a fight, and Iraq was expelled from Kuwait. Hussein's only real strategy was to threaten the Western coalition without actual engagement. He "had always planned to take his country to the bring of wary - but not beyond...The U.S. strategy played to its own high-technology strength, which Iraq had no way to counter.... Most Arabs appeared awed by the initial attack and Iraq's seeming inability to retaliate" (Rubin, 237). With Iraqi's command and control infrastructure devastated during the air campaign, there was no way Hussein could directly coordinate any effective strategy and tactics At this point, his only strategy was to retaliate and plays a spoils war, launching SCUD missiles into Israel and Saudi Arabia; to set afire hundreds of oil wells in Kuwait as the Iraqi military retreated: he was on the run, scared, and ineffectual as a military commander to counter the threaten on and within his borders.

The final outcome was Iraq accepted the U.N. resolutions, portions of its elite Republican Guard remained intact, "American causalities totaled 148 killed and 467 wounded, many of them from friendly fire. Perhaps 200,000 Iraqi soldiers and several hundred civilians died" (Rubin, 247). President Bush allowed Saddam Hussein in power of Iraq. Hussein lost all of his gains and one half of his army but he still retained the ability to function and to punish with vengeance the humiliating loss: the idea of an Arab superpower diminished with a defeated army and various economic sanctions imposed on him, creating his inability to quickly rearm any time soon.


Rubin, Barry. Cauldron of Turmoil: America in the Middle East. New York: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich, 1992.

Speakman, Jay. The Persian Gulf War: Weapons of War. San Diego: Lucent Books, Inc., 2001.

Summers, Harry G., Jr. On Strategy II: A Critical Analysis of the Gulf War. New York: Dell Publishing, 1992.

Schwarzkopf, Norman. It Doesn't Take A Hero. New York: Bantam Books, 1992.

Woodward, Bob. The Commanders. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1991.… [read more]

Battle of LA Drang's Influence Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (1,638 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Although helicopters were an effective attack weapon, their slow speed and dependence on a single rotor increased their vulnerability to ground fire, and their mechanical complexity made them less robust than conventional aircraft. In addition, helicopters are more difficult to fly than airplanes.

Critics have argued that the extensive use of helicopters for offensive missions in Vietnam was often inappropriate and motivated by the Army's desire to have its own flying combat forces. Only the U.S. Air Force and the Navy were allowed to operate fixed-wing combat craft, confining the Army's aerial combat to helicopter operations.

The Vietnam War produced large numbers of trained helicopter pilots; some of them finding employment flying helicopters for civilian applications after the war. Helicopters have been often been used in construction work for the transporting and lifting of structural components. Logging operations have used helicopters to transport timber after it has been cut, thereby eliminating the need for expensive and environment-scarring logging roads.

Helicopters have since been used for building high-voltage transmission lines: Surveying, lifting towers into place, stringing cables, and performing inspections. Some of the most important tasks performed by helicopters are done in the offshore oil industry, where helicopters are extensively used to bring crews and supplies to drilling platforms. This can affect a considerable savings of time, for a 30-minute helicopter flight can take the place a boat journey of several hours.

Today, helicopters play an incredible role in combat operations. It is difficult to imagine a time when helicopters were not used by the military but it was less than a half century ago.

Volti, Rudi. "Helicopter." The Facts on File Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Society. Facts on File, Inc., 1999.

Buzzanco, Robert. Masters of War: Military Dissent and Politics in the Vietnam Era. University Press, 1997.

J.D. Coleman, Pleiku: The Dawn of Helicopter Warfare in Vietnam. St. Martin's, 1988.

Moore, Harold. We Were Soldiers Once...and Young: Ia Drang -- the Battle That Changed the War in Vietnam. HarperCollins, 1993.

David L. Hartline, Vietnam: What…… [read more]

Military Practices Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,678 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


The worst part is that these followers of the religion (which is a right in itself), are sentenced as per Constitutional Law, under Article seventy of the Military Penal Code that considers this refusal as the "insubordination during a period of general mobilization (Greece has been in such a situation since the invasion of Northern Cyprus by Turkish troops in 1974)" (Greece: Alternative service: Second time round). These conscientious objectors are punished for following the teachings of their religion "of five years' deprivation of civil rights" (Greece: Alternative service: Second time round) thereby disallowing them to work as employees as civil servants and depriving them their birthright to vote or to become a part of the parliament (Greece: Alternative service: Second time round).

Furthermore, these victims fall prey to the seizure of obtaining a passport or any kind of licensing document and are forbidden to establish personal business for a period of five years "after their release from prison" (Greece: Alternative service: Second time round).


Hence from the above discussion, it is evident that insubordination in the military sphere must not be tolerated at any cost but more important is that the concept of the term must be well understood by the officials, in the hands of whom, the authority rests. Moreover, in order to decrease unrest and discourage unethical practices that give birth to insubordination, it is important that the authoritative bodies take charge of their responsibilities to further investigate all the pending cases impartially and to increase the research efforts to ensure justice and democracy to their people.

Works Cited

Marple J. Military Culture vs. Homosexuality: Morality, Ethics, and Religious Values in the Military from the Continental Army to the Present. Available at: http://www.eaglescoutrally.org/articles/marple010418.htm (January 29, 2003)

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition

Copyright © 2000 by Houghton Mifflin Company

Insubordination. Available at: http://www.ccma.co.za/insubordination.html (January 29, 2003)

Rudolf J., Guatemala: Chapter 4A. Government and Politics., Countries of the World, 01-01-1991.

AROUND THE WORLD., The Dallas Morning News, 11-03-1996, pp 21A.

Amnesty International Secretariat 1 Easton Street London WC1X 8DJ

GREECE: ALTERNATIVE SERVICE: SECOND TIME ROUND. Available at: http://www.amnesty.org/ailib/aipub/1994/EUR/250994.EUR.txt (January 29, 2003)… [read more]

Of Practitioners Concerning Research Paper

Research Paper  |  35 pages (9,214 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 25


DLA Aviation, Richmond, Va.

Aviation supply chain.

DLA Troop Support, Philadelphia

Subsistence, clothing, and textiles, medical, and construction and equipment supply chains.

DLA Energy, Fort Belvoir, Va.

Fuel, energy support and services, and bulk petroleum.

DLA Distribution, New Cumberland, Pa.

Worldwide network of 25 distribution depots and nine map support offices.

DLA Disposition Services, Battle Creek, Mich.

Reutilization, transfer, demilitarization,… [read more]

Complex Military Research Paper

Research Paper  |  15 pages (4,546 words)
Bibliography Sources: 10


Junior Leaders in Counterinsurgency and Complex Military Operations: A case study of the Northeast Nigeria

Counter Insurgency

Complex Military Operations

Junior Leaders in Armies in Counterinsurgency

The Nigerian Context & North Eastern Conflict

The Troubled North East Nigeria & the Boko Haram

The Counter Insurgency Operations in North Eastern Nigeria

The Boko Haram Counterinsurgency and the Junior Leaders

Counter Insurgency… [read more]

PTSD Addressing PTSD in Iraq Veterans Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (1,188 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3



Addressing PTSD in Iraq Veterans

One out of every three United States Army and Marine Corps personnel that have served tours of duty in Iraq since the beginning of the recent conflict there almost a decade ago has sought treatment for some form of mental disturbance since their return, and as many as one out of every five of these soldiers has been determined to suffer from Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, or PTSD (Vendantam 2006). The video Night Visions briefly recounts one soldier's experience in Iraq and the way in which PTSD has affected him since his return. After witnessing the violent deaths of Iraqi civilians and soldiers as well as many of his American comrades and attending no less than eleven memorial services while in Iraq himself, Blake Roberts came home to a world that he cannot quite make sense of, and in which he is haunted by dreams that repeat the scenes of horror he witnessed -- when he manages to get to sleep, that is. PTSD continues to have a major negative impact on the lives of many soldiers and their families, yet goes largely unnoticed by the wider public. Because knowledge of PTSD is so low, many soldiers are finding it difficult to find the support they need, and this must change if they are to become healthy and productive members of normal civilian society, able to contribute and exist as they did before.

PTSD can affect anyone that has gone through a traumatic experience, and most soldiers' experiences in any combat situation would certainly count as traumatic when compared to their normal civilian lives. This does not mean that all soldiers end up suffering from PTSD, but the more prolonged and extreme their exposure to violence and trauma is, the more likely it is that a case of PTSD will develop. Given the levels of violence in Iraq, where soldiers are far more likely to witness the death of both civilians and comrades than in other arenas, rates of PTSD have increased dramatically (Vendantam 2006).

Blake Roberts certainly experienced more than his share of traumatic experiences while serving his tour of duty in Iraq. Working nineteen and twenty hour days for weeks at a time, with only a few hours to sleep each day, Roberts described himself and his fellow soldiers as "walking zombies." This state of impaired ability made the scenes of violence and horror that he witnessed all the more traumatic; though they were perhaps more surreal seen through the lens of a lack of sleep, this only had the effect of making the difference between nightmare and reality all the more blurred, when in actuality reality was already worse than most nightmares people experience. It is little wonder, then, that Roberts is unable to comprehend how people in the civilian world can drink their Starbucks' and talk on their cell phones with no real concern when his reality included a constant awareness of impending death, pain, and loss for such a prolonged… [read more]

Coldest War: A Memoir Book Review

Book Review  |  4 pages (1,330 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


The Chosin campaign was seen through the eyes of Capt. Tom Verity, a reservist widower who was a Chinese scholar teaching at Georgetown University. He was called up and sent to the Chosin Reservoir on an intelligence mission, but ended up fighting for his life with the rest of the trapped Marines. The novel is a saga of how each man went to war alone and fostered his personal fear. Verity's is that he will be killed, leaving his three-year-old daughter an orphan. His radioman, the phlegmatic Gunnery Sgt. Tate, having spent four World War II years in a Japanese prison camp, fears the possibility of Chinese captivity more than death (Smith Hempstone, Tales Making Courage, Hardships In Korean War).

In the novel, the author tells his audience about the various events that took place in the war. Brady had arrived in Korea when the war was just four months old. Their General named Douglas McArthur was promising his battalion that they would surely be home by Christmas. General McArthur quickly faded away when he was called back to America for insubordination. His battalion however, stayed behind to fight and suffer the tortures of the snow and cold their frozen bodies stacked up head to foot and foot to head alongside narrow roads where U.S. trucks took live soldiers back to the battlegrounds (James Brady, The Coldest War: A Memoir Of Korea).

In another event the author tells his audience about the time when the Chinese soldiers had to fight the war wearing their tennis shoes. Their feet froze, and in the account, they made the sound of marbles being rolled along a frozen tundra (James Brady, The Coldest War: A Memoir Of Korea).

The author writes, "The cold was an impartial enemy to both the Americans and their foes. Skin pulled away from frozen guns, mortar tubes shrank and many of the shells fired failed to explode. Nighttime temperatures fell to 24 degrees below zero" (James Brady, The Coldest War: A Memoir Of Korea). The author recalls all these events from the challenging situations that he faced while serving the United States Corps in Korea.

As a reader I found the book incredibly delightful and caused me to actually judge the terror that our soldiers go through during the times of war. The intensity used in the words by the author takes one in that era and causes him/her to feel the events personally.

As the novel is based on the memory accounts of the author as a young lieutenant, the novel is primarily narrative. Through the novel, the author has no doubt, voiced his notions about the war and is making people remember of the forgotten Korean War. The events and the scenarios, which the author draws before his audience, are rather painful in intensity.

James Brady is not at all biased in the novel. He is very much objective and presents the case well. What he felt about the War was not just limited to the American… [read more]

Tuition Assistance Cutback Response Military Research Paper

Research Paper  |  4 pages (1,332 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


What might be the cost to Joe the taxpayer under the GI Bill? In excess of $90,000 (Sisk, Mar 05, 2013).

One must also keep in mind that our second Marine might be the exclusion among current beneficiaries of the GI Bill. Information from the Veterans Administration and the Labor Department point toward one-in-five leaving service members turn out to be full-time students. However under 8% continue in school long enough to conclude their degree. In actual fact, the one-year failure charge among veterans studying as full-time students is well above 70% (Patton, et al. April 5, 2013). Therefore, a lot of the $18 billion presently budgeted for the GI Bill is going to waste.

Although there is an enormous lack of enthusiasm to slash that program, seeing that the GI Bill's storied standing in American History. However, that looks over a few inopportune facts; mainly, the amount of veterans who made use of their benefits under preceding versions of the GI Bill was comparatively small; vets who went to college were driven about their studies and mostly committed to completing their academic course (Gore, March 12, 2013). However, present day servicemen have been informed that college is the single option for those who want to achieve something and many have been wronged by commercial schools that see students as an instrument for enhancing share-holder worth, or public universities that are not ready and badly equipped for the veterans who are coming into their classroom.

That is one reason that tuition assistance ought to be increased, not cut. Think again of the above mentioned case study example of the U.S. Marine, the branch that has in the past stressed the importance of off-duty education for workers of all ranks. Presently, in excess of 45% of his higher non-commissioned officers have as a minimum an associate's degree; approximately 30% possess a bachelor's degree and eight percent have their master's (Gura, March 11, 2013). Practically all of those degrees were finished through chosen education, making use of tuition assistance. The advantage to the Marines -- and the rest of the military -- is almost immeasurable.


While spending cuts in present fiscal times are necessary, the Tuition Assistance program gave thousands of young men and women who more often than not might not have been able to financially pay for college to finish their higher education. At a period in time when jobs are hard to find, education, combined with job training, is extremely important for young Americans. Consequently, this entirely monetary decision is obviously not the correct societal one.

Despite the fact that the assurance to pay for hundreds of thousands of people's education is a huge obligation, it is important that Joe the taxpayers' dollars in this way, delivers a lot of good for this nation. The men and women in the Military and all its branches defend our country's unparalleled freedoms with their own life, while remaining cut off from their family, and in unbelievably demanding conditions (Gura, March… [read more]

Army &amp Air Force Exchange Services Aafes Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,291 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


Army & Air Force Exchange Services

AAFES is a publicly owned organization which strives to improve the living standards of the military personnel and their families. In order to best understand its features, it is first necessary to comprehend the organization from two distinctive angles: (1) the situation in which it currently finds itself, and (2) the issues which can be improved to increase the firm's chances of attaining its objectives.

Summary of the situation

Army & Air Force Exchange Service envisions itself as the first choice of consumers. The organization retails a wide array of products and uses the funds to support morale, welfare and recreation. In their own words:

"It is the dual ensuring mission of AAFES to provide quality merchandise and services to its customers at competitively low prices and to generate earnings which provide a dividend to support morale, welfare and recreation (MWR) programs" (Website of the Army & Air Force Exchange Services).

The company is run in a military fashion and its purpose is that of generating sufficient earnings. Yet, they redistribute two thirds of their revenues in the form of MWR programs. Other costs -- congressionally approved -- include salaries, utilities, logistics and operational expenditures. The organization supports the improvements in the quality of life for the American soldiers and their families, and it also funds operations of the Department of Defense.

Additionally, AAFES uses its own funds to generate improvements in its facilities and to build new facilities, without generating as such governmental expenses. During 2006, the company raised revenues in the total amount of $7 million and their sources of income include the following:

Direct sale of merchandise

Finance revenue

Concessions on revenues.

Aside from its role as an economic and public agent, AAFEA also serves as a noteworthy member of the community by generating employment opportunities for over 47,000 individuals. In terms of actual size, AAFES operates a total of 117 retail stores and over 2,200 fast food stores. The organization is present in numerous locations and it supports the life of the military personnel through not only retail and fast food facilities, but also through specialty facilities, such as movie theaters. The specialty stores are run in concessionary contracts, highly similar to the franchise contracts in the private sector. Specifically, the specialty stores operators manage the stores under the license of the AAFES and share the profits with the firm.

1.2. Summary of the problems

The term of problems might be a bit too strong to describe the issues with which AAFES is currently confronted. Nevertheless, in order to create an action plan for improvement, it is first necessary to identify the organizational elements which could be subjected to improvements. These refer specifically to the following:

Financial stability

Customer awareness, and Living standards for the military personnel.

2. Proposed action plan

Based on the issues previously identified, the organization seems faced with the need to attain three specific goals, as follows:

An increased financial stability

Incremental levels of customer awareness… [read more]

Military Organization Managing the Fire Thesis

Thesis  |  5 pages (1,623 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 3


Military Organization

MANAGING the FIRE WITHOUT and WITHIN Military Organization Problems

The physical and mental welfare of men and women in the military is a fundamental concern in its management. That welfare necessarily requires sufficient funding for these soldiers, and provision for adequate diagnostic equipment and treatment of known and unknown physical and mental health problems. These health problems include… [read more]

Marine Corps and Its Development Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (1,510 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


The spirit lacked. The Naval forces had enough to contend with worrying over the Monroe Doctrine and the cost of fuel rising. Far flung bases became impossible to patrol and the basic problem they faced was that a strategy had to be developed that protected all facets of the land and which would help prevent hostile attacks. The U.S. Army forces were weak and they did not have sufficient troops to make the operations effective, thus the Navy saw a need to develop its own troops to extend to the ground level.[7]

Millett, Semper Fidelis (1982). Marine Corps, United States available at http://www.factmonster.com/ce6/history/A0831849.html. availableat http://www.15meu.usmc.mil/USMC%20History.htm http://www.access995.com/~abcgroup/public_html/m1798-18.htm http://www.answerpoint.org/columns2.asp?column_id=359&column_type=feature

Written by ARTHUR PARENT available at http://ut.essortment.com/unitedstatesma_rjfa.htm

E.B. Potter (ed), The United States and World Sea Power (New York: Prentice-Hall, 1955), 577-578, hereinafter cited as U.S. & Sea Power.

LtCol R.D. Heinl, Jr., "The Cat with More than Nine Lives," USNI Proceedings, June 1954.… [read more]

Women in the Military How Has Their Role Changed Term Paper

Term Paper  |  10 pages (3,046 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


Women in the Military

Since the beginning of combat history in the United States, women have played an important role in the military. This occurred in both the traditional and non-traditional forms. Women could serve traditionally, for example, as nurses, water bearers and cooks for soldiers in combat. Even in the earliest years, they also served non-traditionally alongside men in… [read more]

U.S. Military Bias Challenges Present in Overcoming Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,239 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 2


U.S. Military Bias

Challenges Present in Overcoming Biases in the United States Military: Past, Present, and Future

"The few. The Proud." "Be all that you can be." "See the world." These hiring slogans for various branches of the United States military (Marines, Army, and Navy, respectively; the Air Force has never officially adopted a slogan) suggest a great amount of pride, and offer opportunities of service and of personal fulfillment and achievement. These are some of the traditional sources for honor through military service, and it makes perfect sense to invoke them in trying to encourage enlistment -- the military is putting its best foot forward, and offering a kind of training and experience that no one else can. But though these slogans are wholly democratic in their language, and though they stem are issued by the oldest democracy in existence, the actual institutions behind these slogans might not be so equitable.

The various branches of the United States military have long been marked by severe biases, where opportunities provided to some -- i.e. white heterosexual males -- have been entirely denied to others quite explicitly for reasons of gender, race, and more recently, sexuality. From the segregation of troops through every major war until the Korean War to the very apparent dearth of female officers that persists to this day to the failed and discriminatory "don't ask, don't tell" policy, the military has not shown a true and concerted attempt to match their actions to the equality promised -- or at least suggested by -- their statements. Instead, the dominant power structure -- again, white heterosexual males -- has perpetuated itself by the consistent oppression of anyone different from themselves. This pattern was seen first in the segregation of African-Americans, then the barriers and degradations that women have been subjected to, and finally in the ongoing treatment of homosexuals.

Perhaps the most well-known case of widespread bias in the United States military is the segregation of African-American and white troops throughout most of the country's history. Most of this occurred over periods of time when the concept of a woman serving in the military would have been simply unthinkable, and issues of sexuality -- especially homosexuality -- were simply not discussed in a sort of "don't ask, tell, or do" policy that extended to and from society at large. This does not excuse such thought or action, but the fact that the military remained a highly biased organization in terms of race even when the issue was under heated contention -- as gender and sexuality issues were not -- provides some necessary context when observing any bias in the military. Though the specific groups affected by the military's bias might change, the problem is a persistent one, and reflects the hierarchy's refusal to approve of anyone who does not meeting their conception of the "right stuff."

If being an African-American meant you didn't have the right stuff until after World War II (and disparities have been noted even now),… [read more]

Latinos in the Military Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (954 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 1+


Latinos in Military

From the Spanish allies during the American Revolution War, to the Tejanos marching off to World War I, to the distinguished service in World War II, to the Borinqueneers and the 65th Regimental Combat Team from Puerto Rico in the Korean War and to those who are fighting valiantly in today's war in Iraq, Latinos have served the U.S. proudly and well. Yet, they have never received the recognition so deserved.

Bernardo de Galvez, for whom Galvaston, Texas was named, became governor of the Louisiana territory and attacked the British fort at Pensacola. A year later in 1781, he entirely seized the installation from the enemy (Fontana 927). Jorge Farragut, a Spaniard who battled in both the Revolutionary War and in the War of 1812, had his legacy continued by his son, Admiral David Glasgow Farragut, recognized as the Civil War's best-known Hispanic.

As a Union Army officer, David Farragut blocked Southern ports and was made Rear Admiral by Congress as a reward him for his bravery and support. During the Civil War, a number of new weapons were introduced. This included a new type of torpedo, a landmine that floated under water, which led to Farragut's well-known quote in Mobile Bay: "Damn the torpedoes. Full speed ahead!" (Wright 97). During the Civil War, three Hispanic-Americans also earned

Congressional Medals of Honor, the first time that decoration, the highest military honor bestowed by the U.S., was awarded. Although many Mexican-Americans were divided as were the Americans during this war, by the end of the war nearly 10,000 had served in regular Army or volunteer units. In addition, many Cubans, who continually shipped back and forth between the mainland and their home, also fought in the war, serving in both the Union and Confederate armies.

During the Spanish-American War, large numbers of Latinos, primarily Mexican-Americans, served in the armed forces, despite considerable prejudice and discrimination. These negative feelings continued into WWI. Although the Mexican-American culture was increasingly being integrated into the American, primary Texan, culture, their culture was still seen as an alien and suspect element (Mac Donald 149) Mexican immigrants' allegiances were even viewed more mistrusting than those of the African-Americans, which does not say much. In an editorial discussing Texas' recent mass exodus of African-Americans, the Austin American commented:

As much as many differ on the colored question, yet the fact is quite apparent that Texas is far better off with these 100,000 negroes than with the 100,000 Mexicans whom it will be necessary to bring in to take their places. These negroes have been born in Texas of parents who were born in Texas and have a sense of fealty, interest and pride in this state that no Mexican will have. (noted in Mac Donald 149).

As a result, the Mexican-Americans kept a low profile during WWI and were hesitant to stage…… [read more]

Mandatory Military Service Term Paper

Term Paper  |  8 pages (2,500 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 8


Mandatory Military Service

Each year around the world, millions of young men reach the age of majority, kiss their families goodbye and go off to join the military. This is not because they dreamed of becoming soldier while they were growing up. It is not because they understand and appreciate the benefits that a military training camp can give them.… [read more]

Navy an Historical Account Research Paper

Research Paper  |  8 pages (2,436 words)
Bibliography Sources: 8


Of course, the U.S. had attempted to an isolationist veneer -- but the Navy, now an entity that could determine its own course -- had other plans: the naval strategy between the Wars was one of growth, and growth was to be achieved by bringing together three key points: "The first of these was War Plan Orange, which provided the… [read more]

In the Army Managing a Quality Workforce in the 2100 Century Term Paper

Term Paper  |  7 pages (1,802 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1



The United States Military after the Iraq Invasion:

Maintaining Quality and Quantity

Generally when one thinks of business management, one thinks of a corporation. However, one of the largest business operations in the world is not a business in the traditional sense - it is a government entity - the United States Military. The American Military "employs" hundreds and… [read more]

US Military Bay of Pigs Term Paper

Term Paper  |  10 pages (3,159 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


U.S. Military Bay of Pigs

War has basic principles by which it is conducted and it is important to abide by these. There are nine core principles of war which are objective, offensive, mass, economy of force, maneuver, unity of command, security, surprise, and simplicity. There have been many wars fought by different nations including the United States of America.… [read more]

History of the Modern Army Combatives Program Research Paper

Research Paper  |  3 pages (950 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


History Of the Modern Army Combatives Program


Hand-to-Hand Combat

This is a deadly or non-deadly physical encounter between two or more persons at grappling distance without the use of weapons (U.S. Army Combatives, 2012). It refers mainly to military engagements in battle but it alternately applies to un-armed physical fight between two or more persons, such as police officers and civilians. It is called close combat when engaged beyond grappling distance and close quarter battle when firearms or other distance weapons used by military participants are involved. Combatives are military martial art combat systems applied to hand-to-hand combat training (U.S. Army Combatives).


Hand-to-hand combat is the most ancient form of confrontation in human history (U.S. Army Combatives, 2012). Each culture had its own form or method, such as boxing, wrestling, and gladiator tournaments, and jousting, in ancient Rome and the Middle Ages. Chinese soldiers trained in this type of encounter as early as during the reign of the Zhou Dynasty from 1022 -- 256 BC. It remained part of military training despite technological advancements, such as the gunpowder, the machine gun during the Russian-Japanese War, and the trench warfare of World War I. William Ewart Fairbarn and Eric Anthony Sykes were the first to codify American combatives. They helped teach police officers and the marines a quick and simple but effective hand-to-hand combat for melee situations. Fairbairn called it the Defendu system. He eventually revised this into a method of "quick kill" hand-to-hand combat training, which he called "gutter fighting."

Rex Applegate, a U.S. military close combat instructor, later adopted and expanded it for teaching to U.S. military and paramilitary forces. The British Commandoes, the Devil's Brigade, OSS, U.S. Army Rangers, and Marine Raiders provided similar training. Applegate discussed the new training in his book, "Kill or Get Killed (U.S. Army Combatives)."

Body: The History of Modern Army Combatives Program

An order to re-energize martial arts training in 1995 revealed the need for a more effective program (National Guard, 2011; Blanton, 2008; Curtez, 2012). In response, Commander formed a committee to develop a replacement. He put SSG Matt Larsen to head the committee. In reviewing successful programs all over the world, this committee found that countries with indigenous national combative programs were more successful. Among these are Korea with Tae Kwon Do, Japan with Judo and Thailand with Muay Thai. Russia was not in the list because of its untrained population but its SOMBO system had great promise, as it was tailor-made for the Military. The committee took interest in this Russian system because of its Judo and Greco-Roman Wrestling foundation. It saw the SOMBO as similar to wresting and easier to learn, more flexible to size and strength, and with a component that allowed further training. On the whole, the committee decided that the new system they were looking for…… [read more]

Government Should Be Added Extra Point System for Those Who Served the Military Service Research Paper

Research Paper  |  10 pages (3,333 words)
Bibliography Sources: 10


Government in South Korea should add extra points system for those who served the military service'

There is a compulsion for men to work in the army in South Korea. The veterans have been provided an extra point system that would qualify them for civilian jobs after they are cashiered. This system provides a distinct advantage for the men who… [read more]

Intelligence Failure at Pearl Research Paper

Research Paper  |  10 pages (3,354 words)
Bibliography Sources: 10


Intelligence Failure at Pearl Harbour

Intelligence failure at Pearl Harbor

It was the dawn of December 7th 1941 when six Japanese fleet carriers arrived 270 miles north of the Hawaiian Islands, and launched more than 200 attacking planes in the American fleet on the Pearl Harbor. This was the first attack after which the second attack with 170 planes was… [read more]

British Royal Navy Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,354 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


British Royal Navy

What doctrine and dynamics of the British Royal Navy allowed it to dominate the seas for two and a half centuries?

British naval strategies were continually evolving over the course of 250 years. This was in response to changes in technology and the introduction of tactics that helped to give them an advantage over their adversaries. During the course of time, these techniques became essential tools in redefining warfare and the role of the navy.

The first of these innovations occurred in the late 17th and early 18th centuries. This is when a series of ships were designed to provide the British with the ability to attack and commandeer vessels at sea. To achieve these objectives, there was a focus on building the first armed ships with cannons and using shock troops (i.e. marines) to engage the enemy. This gave the British superior fire power and the ability to seize key supplies from rivals. The use of these tactics helped the Royal Navy to redefine how sea battles were fought and the kind of resources that were utilized to successfully achieve a variety of objectives.

At the same time, there was the development of various naval warfare colleges and other institutes (i.e. The Board of Longitude). These schools helped to educate officers and noncommissioned officers about variety of tactics they can use at sea. This provided them with a background in understanding their adversaries and what tools will most effectively defeat them.

Moreover, these institutes helped students to understand changing conditions on the sea and inside the world of naval warfare. The combination of these factors made the Royal Navy into a force that can attack the enemy using the knowledge and training of their personnel. This assisted them in becoming outstanding explorers and sailors. These attributes allowed them to defend their territories from vast distances and seek out new locations.

Throughout the next 250 years, this helped Britain to be at the cutting edge of exploration and navigation. For example, in 1822 the Royal Navy became the first modern fighting force to begin visiting the Artic. This was using some of the latest innovations in steam technology to give these ships more power, durability and longitude. What helped to provide them with the knowledge and skills to achieve these objectives is combining these ideas into part of basic military doctrine. As a result, from the 17th to the 20th centuries, these factors gave Great Britain a considerable advantage on the sea. This is what assisted them in having the flexibility and tools to achieve a variety of objectives.

Another doctrine that helped to illustrate the importance of British naval philosophy is the use of force to support operations in areas on land and sea. At the same time, the Royal Navy was expected to help protect British trade interests around the world. In some cases, this meant that they played a role in directly blockading key ports. While in other situations, the navy was utilized to… [read more]

Military Topic Exclude Civil War White Paper

White Paper  |  5 pages (1,559 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


This makes it possible for the masses to understand that SOF soldiers are actually dedicated to their work and are willing to risk their lives with the purpose of making sure that the nation is safe.

VI. Conclusion

All things considered, being a member of the SOF is a curse and a blessing at the same time. One has to perform a lot of sacrifices without receiving any substantial compensation for his or her feats. However, the respective person also goes to sleep thinking about how numerous individuals are alive because of his or her efforts. It is surely difficult to determine whether it is beneficial to be a SOF soldier or not, considering that these people suffer extreme traumas and see things that normal people cannot even imagine. Even with this, society needs to acknowledge the important role that the SOF plays in people's lives and should do everything in its power in order to prevent such noble individuals from risking their lives. Even though it sounds like a cliche, peace is basically the only solution to the suffering that the world is currently experiencing.

Works cited:

Hamilton, John, "Special Forces," (ABDO, 10.01.2007)

North, Robert, "American Heroes: In Special Operations," (B&H Publishing Group, 01.11.2010)

Olson, Eric T., "U.S. Special Operations: Context and Capabilities in Irregular Warfare," Retrieved November 16, 2012, from the National Defense University Website: http://www.ndu.edu/press/lib/images/jfq-56/8.pdf

Pushies, Fred J., "United States Army Special Forces," (Zenith Imprint, 01.10.2001)

Schumacher, Gerald,…… [read more]

Military Readiness Intrinsically Declines Research Paper

Research Paper  |  6 pages (1,775 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


The crux of the situation is that it appears as though the U.S. has not truly corrected these measures in contemporary times (Kreisher, 2913, p. 4). The economy has wracked havoc on the current defense budget, which is where all the other problems -- personnel cuts, lack of training, and substandard equipment inevitably come from. Until the military is able to find some way to address this problem its readiness will not improve to Desert storm levels.


Kaufmann, W. (1994). "Hollow forces': Current issues of U.S. military readiness and effectiveness." The Brookings Institution. 12 (4): 24-29.

Kreisher, O. (2013). "U.S. military funding cuts are eroding readiness to a level that may be difficult to overcome." Naval Forces. 34 (3): 4. Retrieved from Paige, S. (2001). "Under siege one reason our military's readiness is down: We won't let them train." American Enterprise. 12 (7). Retrieved from http://ehis.ebscohost.com.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/eds/detail?sid=3ccf5fe4-0b95-48eb-90aa-de33c85a6438%40sessionmgr111&vid=2&hid=101&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWRzLWxpdmUmc2NvcGU9c2l0ZQ%3d%3d#db=bth&AN=5151435

Ray, D. (2000). "Is the U.S. military prepared to fight?" Insight on the News. 16 (41): 18. Retrieved from http://ehis.ebscohost.com.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/eds/detail?sid=c1e995c8-da05-4b40-bcc4-1f5c7bb02e7c%40sessionmgr114&vid=1&hid=101&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWRzLWxpdmUmc2NvcGU9c2l0ZQ%3d%3d#db=bwh&AN=3740770

Spencer, J. (2000). "The facts about military readiness." www.heritage.org. Retrieved from http://www.heritage.org/research/reports/2000/09/bg1394-the-facts-about-military-readiness… [read more]

Ethical Issues Facing the Army Leadership Today Term Paper

Term Paper  |  9 pages (3,173 words)
Bibliography Sources: 6


They are Larry Welch, a former Air Force chief of staff, and John Harvey, a retired Nay admiral and nuclear-trained surface warfare officer." (ABC 7, 2014). Significantly, both the Air Force and the Navy nuclear forces recently endured instances in which there was cheating on crucial examinations utilized to determine competence for important positions. These instances were reported in the… [read more]

Guard and Reserve Military Families Thesis

Thesis  |  19 pages (5,196 words)
Bibliography Sources: 10


¶ … guard and reserve military families face during and after deployment and an assessment of the effectiveness of resources provided

The present study will contain a literature review in Chapter Two which will provide the information sought after in this study. Chapter Three will provide information on the methodology of the present study while Chapter Four will relate the… [read more]

Military Intervention Humanitarian Aid and ICC Reformation Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (841 words)
Bibliography Sources: 6


Military intervention, humanitarian aid, ICC & Africa

Military intervention or peacekeeping, humanitarian aid, and the International Criminal Court (ICC) are all noble, useful, and imperfect institutions designed to cope with crisis situations. They are humankind's flawed attempts to rescue itself from bad circumstances, some of which are humankind's own doing. The benefits of these actions are sometimes not adequate to meet the needs of the beneficiaries; other times, the viewpoints of the benefactors and the beneficiaries are not identical. Just because they are flawed, however, does not mean that such activities and institutions should be abandoned. Like all complex human endeavors, they can be evaluated, analyzed, and improved.

Military intervention is perhaps the most difficult activity to reform. Deploying armed troops into a chaotic situation, often between opposing forces mixed in with desperate and terrified civilians is risky and extremely complicated. Firstly, there is the issue of impartiality, which can negatively affect militarily strategic goals. Taking sides can more quickly stop the violence but create enemies for the intervening forces, whereas true impartiality can make the troops ineffective on the battlefield, bringing little positive change to the crisis (Betts 21). Additionally, unanticipated things will happen when a large force of foreign soldiers enter into an already disturbed situation. Long-term peacekeeping operations sometimes result in sexual exploitation of local women, disruptions of the normal economic and governing order, and changes in gender roles (Aoi, de Coning, and Thakur).

Aoi, de Coning, and Thakur suggest planning for these unintended consequences by taking a complex systems approach to military interventions. They say there should be real-time monitoring of forces on the ground and an acceptance that unintended events and interactions are inevitable. Coupled with unambiguous rules of engagement and clear force mandates, the negative affects of such operations may be lessened.

Humanitarian aid operations can be negatively affected by corruption. Paul Harvey notes that in the past few years there have been news reports of corrupt activities in aid operations in Somalia, Liberia, and Iraq. In the case of Uganda, Bailey's "most striking observation" was the lack of concrete evidence of corruption; a lot of the problems may have been due to inefficiency or incompetence (9). Still, her research uncovered widespread perception that corruption was taking place, including adding false names or fake households on to recipient lists, paying fees to get on aid registration lists, selective exclusion from lists, registration of ineligible recipients, the sale of ration cards, and camp leaders taking and/or selling food. Also sometimes workers not paid by aid…… [read more]

Diversity in the Military Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,469 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


¶ … Diversity Training Programs for the U.S. Armed Forces

Because its members are drawn from all walks of life in society and disparate geographic locations, one of the most diverse organizations in the United States is its armed forces. This diverse collection of individuals must function as a seamless and well-integrated team, particularly during combat operations, in order to… [read more]

Leadership Development Developing Business Plan

Business Plan  |  2 pages (727 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Leadership Development

Developing The Leader Within You

AAFES: John Maxwell's principles

AAFES: John Maxwell's principles

As a military-led organization, Army and Air Force Exchange Service (AAFES) is characterized by a strong sense of integrity and respect for organizational hierarchies. There is also a strong sense of devotion to the individuals the organization serves: the U.S. armed services. The military itself clearly passes 'the mentorship test,' in the words of John C. Maxwell's book Developing your leadership potential when he asks the question "am I true to my leader" (Maxwell 2000, p.46). The military makes a strong commitment to its people, including their development as human beings as well as soldiers. Hence, the need for AAFES, which provides recreational services to soldiers.

Also according to Maxwell, an organization must be true to its followers and vision. AAFES, because it is partially funded by Congress and is not responsible for being 'in the black' like a completely for-profit corporation (although it is expected to be efficient and not waste taxpayer money) must balance a need for profitability with the needs of its servicemen and servicewomen clientele. But applying a for-profit, consumer-based approach of soliciting marketing advice from servicemen could actually improve its ability to be responsive to their demands.

One of the cornerstones of leadership is setting priorities, and in this instance, the greatest priority is serving the armed forces with recreational and dining facilities. Finding what types of amenities are desired will enable AAFES to better serve the armed forces, realize its mission, and also have more money to invest in its efforts. According to Maxwell, 20% of organizational priorities will garner 80% of production demand (Maxwell 2000, p.20). In other words, setting priorities enables the organization to channel its resources more effectively and garner a superior return upon its investment.

To determine what servicemen require, AAFES can combine traditional consumer, marketing research by polling its users; using small marketing focus groups; and also using the demographic knowledge of the military, such as gender and race, to gain a clearer portrait of users. Are swimming pools or golf courses more popular? What types of crafts and art activities are desired for adults and children?…… [read more]

Respectable Army the Military Origins of the Republic 1763-1789 Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  4 pages (1,347 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


¶ … Respectable Army: The Military Origins of the Republic 1763-1789

James Kirby Martin and Mark Edward Lender. A Respectable Army: The Military Origins of the Republic, 1763-1789. Arlington Heights, Illinois: Harlan Davidson, 1982.

The myth of the American Revolution runs as follows -- America was made up of a rag-tag band of soldiers, ordinary yeoman farmers with little professional training. Through grit and a little bit of guile and guerrilla warfare, they won the independence of the new republic. Their spirit and devotion to liberty triumphed over British military professionalism. However, in a Respectable Army: The Military Origins of the Republic 1763-1789 historians James Kirby Martin and Mark Edward Lender dissect this dearly-cherished American cultural myth and search for the real truth. They state that if the American colonists had not assembled what George Washington called a 'respectable' army, based upon professional servicemen for hire, America would never have won its independence. These two historians paint an often-unflattering picture of the early citizen soldiers. These land-owning men wanted independence without paying the price of 'getting their hands' dirty. They expressed disdain of the 'real' soldiers conscripted later on, the soldiers who were mainly responsible for America's victory. America underwent a notable shift in its philosophy of defense, even before the creation of the new American nation. Americans had to realize that a man with a musket was not enough to protect a modern nation, and an organized standing army was necessary for a nation-state to thrive and survive.

The authors are uniquely qualified as a duo to write this military and cultural history, given that one has a background primarily in Revolutionary and colonial studies, the other in military history. Both men have collaborated before on histories of the period. James Kirby Martin is a Distinguished University Professor of History at the University of Houston, Texas. According to the university's history department website, Martin is a specialist in Colonial and Revolutionary American studies, and has authored many works 18th century America, most of which focus on the intersection of social and political history, such as Drinking in America: A History, 1620-1980, which he also wrote in conjunction with Mark Edward Lender. According to the Kean University website, Lender is a specialist in military history at Kean University but he also has a background in colonial social history which infuses his work beyond studies of mere military tactics.

Martin and Lender's central thesis is that what exists of the historical evidence of the period does not support the idea that the noble, unprofessional soldiers known as minutemen led the American fight for liberty. A dislike of an organized, standing army may have been articulated by some patriotic zealots before the fighting actually began. But the idea that farmers and country gentlemen could single-handedly oppose Her Majesty's Army was quashed by a cruel reality. Early victories may have occurred at Lexington and Concord but as the winter grew colder and crops began to rot in the field, men began to desert… [read more]

Terrorist Attack on the U.S. Marine Compound in Beirut Airport in 1983 Term Paper

Term Paper  |  21 pages (5,892 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 15


Terrorist Attack on the U.S. Marine Compound at the Beirut Airport in 1983

In the early morning hours of October 23rd, 1983, a truckload of explosives would introduce America into a new era of terrorism. Forever gone would be the days where terrorist attacks were small-scale, poorly thought out, schemes. In its stead was the new breed of terrorist. These… [read more]

African-American Soldier's Experience in Vietnam Term Paper

Term Paper  |  15 pages (5,555 words)
Style: Chicago  |  Bibliography Sources: 15


African-American Soldiers in Vietnam

Mister Backlash, Mister Backlash,

Just who do you think I am?

You raise my taxes, freeze my wages,

Send my son to Vietnam..." Langston Hughes ("The Backlash Blues")

War is hell. The cliche still works, years after someone first uttered those words. It always will work whether it is Iraq, Vietnam, or Omaha Beach. But when… [read more]

Canadian Navy During WW2 Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,437 words)
Style: Turabian  |  Bibliography Sources: 2


Sarty Roger -the Maritime Defence of Canada and Marc Milner - the implications of technological Backwardness: the Canadian Navy 1939-45. The main objective will be to discuss the state of the Canadian naval fleet during the Second World War, debate on the main factors that led to this situation, the tactics and the strategy adopted by the Canadian navy rulers… [read more]

Marketing Audit on a Local Navy Recruiting District Term Paper

Term Paper  |  16 pages (4,570 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 4


Marketing Audit on a Local Navy Recruiting District

Marketing Audit of a local Navy Recruiting District

NAME and ADDRESS of (the division of) the organization or company you have chosen to examine.

US Navy Recruiting District, Los Angeles

5051 Rodeo Road

The organization's MISSION

The mission of Navy Recruiting District Los Angeles is to recruit high quality men and women… [read more]

British Marines in American Revolution &amp War of 1812 Term Paper

Term Paper  |  10 pages (3,305 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


¶ … British Marinesduring the Amer Revolution War and the War of 1812

The American Revolution is considered to be one of the most important political events in the history of the U.S., as well as a turning point in the development of military tactics and warfare. From a political perspective, it represented the moment in which the American colonies… [read more]

Study of Military History Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,561 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3



The role of the non-commissioned officer (NCO) was integrated into the history of the United States since its first days and has continued to evolve ever since. It began in 1775 with the birth of the Continental Army. Similar to the American Army, it blended the different aspects of the French, British and Prussian traditions into a unique American… [read more]

Leadership Practice Concepts Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (2,382 words)
Bibliography Sources: 6


Army Comradeship: Important to Military Institution

Army Final Paper


Perhaps there is no organization in the world that is as disciplined, motivated and sophisticated as the United States military. Divided into different service groups, namely, the army, the air force and the navy, this organization consists of the best trained men and women. Not only are… [read more]

Evolution of U.S. Military Combat Operations and Chemistry Warfare Defense Research Paper

Research Paper  |  6 pages (1,648 words)
Bibliography Sources: 7


¶ … Evolution of Nuclear Weapons

The evolution of chemical and biological weapons

The evolution of U.S. military combat operations began sometime in the 1775 (Doughty et al.,1995). An examination of the American military combat operations can be traced from the campaigns as well as changing practices that have defined the Western warfare. It begins with the Anglo-American wars during… [read more]

Law Enforcement Bulletin Article Review

Article Review  |  2 pages (721 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


Gangs Military Weapons Tactics


Gangs Deploying Military Hardware, Tactics

Street gangs are increasingly obtaining and deploying military-grade equipment and tactics. Be prepared for increasing levels of force and resistance. Pick your battles: Stay alert to stay alive!

National Gang Intervention Center 2007

National Gang Intervention Center 2007

Street gangs have been acquiring military-grade hardware, as indicated by:

Increasing civilian arrests for illegal purchase/posession of weaponry from private-sector Department of Defense contractors (1)

Congressional testimony and increasing nationwide arrests for stolen military offensive and defensive hardware sold at gun shows and by private individuals going back nearly two decades (2)

LAPD San Bernaardino arrested a parolee in 2006 in posession of a military rocket launcher (3)

Recent and increasing arrests of ex-military for selling assault weapons to gang members (4)

2. Street gangs have increasing access to military combat tactics and training:

Gang affiliation by active personnel "is pervasive throughout" every branch of the U.S. military (5)

Gang deployment of military training against police is increasing (6)

Convictions of active-duty military personnel for gang-attributed crimes including homicide, armed robbery and narcotics posession / sale have increased (7)

Tactics and equipment can be deployed for assault, defense or support (first aid; escape, etc.) (8)

3. How can I predict if gang members will deploy combat tactics or equipment?


4. How should I respond to increasing possibility of military-level combat with gangs on the streets?

Stay alert, stay alive: PREVENT and AVOID engaging superior hostile force by gang members

Assume all situations carry the potential to deteriorate into combat-level hostilities

Predict potential assault, defense and escape opportunities AT ALL TIMES in the field, especially in areas where gang activity is intense or very intense

PREVENT military-level conflict with superior force and tactics: recognize and AVOID situations as if military assault and defense by gang members is always possible and likely

Document all gang-related evidence wherever possible, to increase prosecutors' ability to reduce crime before gangs take the opportunity to deploy combat tactics and illegal hardware. File appropriate STEP Act reports outlined in Manual of Policy and Procedures to alert CLEAR/HEAT/SAGE teams (9)

It is our…… [read more]

United States Military's Efforts to Transform Essay

Essay  |  7 pages (2,355 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


¶ … United States military's efforts to transform into an organization which is integrated and desegregated with regard to African-Americans and women. It addresses the factors associated with the need or perceived need for transformation. It also addresses key forces that shaped the policies pursued in order to achieve these transformations as well as key policies enacted to affect the… [read more]

US Service Capabilities Assessment

Assessment  |  6 pages (2,133 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 1+


Humanitarian Assistance

In Joint Publication 3-29, the Joint Chiefs of Staff lays out the doctrine for U.S. military support of foreign humanitarian assistance (FHA) missions short of war. These capabilities will be deployed in smaller scale contingency (SSC)/MOOTW scenarios, but less than theater of war (MTW) scenarios. In chapter II, organization and interagency cooperation and DOD involvement. This chapter lays… [read more]

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