Study "Military / Army / Navy / Marines" Essays 1-54

123. . .Last ›
X Filters 

Military Structure and Capabilities Term Paper

… It has twice tested the Taepodong-2, its longest-range inter-continental ballistic missile (ICBM), with a range of up to 10,500 km (about 6,525 miles). It is not known if the Taepodong-2 is operational." (Global Security Organization, nd.p.1)

V. North Korea's Security Model

The security model of North Korea "explains that a state develops nuclear weapons according to neorealist assumptions on the behavior of states. The weakening military ties with the former Soviet Union and China in the 1990s provided another impetus to develop nuclear capabilities." (CRS Report for Congress, 2004) Before the Soviet Union collapsed and the Chinese economic reform era it is reported that North Korea "enjoyed nuclear umbrellas from their neighboring states. However, the collapse of the Soviet Union, the integration of China and later Russia into the global economy no longer guaranteed these security commitments. In a self-help international system, the defection of two important allies compelled North Korea to increase their own military capabilities to compensate for its former military dependency on the Soviet Union and China. The lack of a credible nuclear deterrent extended by the Soviet Union and China created a lapse in deterrent capabilities leading North Korea to develop its own." (CRS Report for Congress, 2004)

Summary and Conclusion

This writing has examined the military capabilities of North Korea and its capabilities of producing weapons of mass destruction and has found that North Korea has highly developed military capabilities and is making headway in the production and storage of weapons of mass destructions.

Bibliography

An Overview of North Korea's Ballistic Missile Program (nd) The National Committee on North Korea. Retrieved from: http://www.ncnk.org/resources/briefing-papers/all-briefing-papers/an-overview-of-north-korea-s-ballistic-missiles

Chemical Weapons Program (nd) Weapons of Mass Destruction, Global Security Organization. Retrieved from: http://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/world/dprk/cw.htm

Military Forces (nd) National. Goals. United States Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved from: http://www.fas.org/irp/dia/product/knfms95/1510-101_chp4.html

Scobell, A. And Sanford, JM (2007) North Korea's Military Threat: Pyongyang's Conventional Forces, Weapons of Mass Destruction, and Ballistic Missiles. Retrieved from: http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/pub771.pdf

Squassoni, SA (2004) Weapons of Mass Destruction: Trade…… [read more]


Sociology Applying the Sociological Perspective Term Paper

… Many mothers in the United States were saying goodbye forever to their sons and daughters, as were the mothers in Iraq. Each one faced the uncertainty of whether their child would return and if they did return, in what condition? However, the interviewee also witnessed families that did not have resiliency and faced too many hardships without proper tools (mental, physical, and social skills and abilities) that hindered their abilities to make good decisions or any decision at all. They simply gave up, as their lives seemed too hard and too overwhelming to endure. The interviewee realized that his family is unique in that regard. He also realized that his family is why he has been able to address the trauma he faced in Iraq and with his injuries. He has resilience, appropriate development, strong self-esteem, and a social support system encouraging his complete recovery. He believes his military background added to this ability to recover so quickly and so completely, despite the physical scars he wears.

References:

Engel, G. The Biopsychosocial Approach. 2012. Web. 20 March 2012.

Erikson, E. Erikson's Developmental Stages. Springhouse Corporation. 1990. Web. 20 March 2012.

Hoge, C.W., Castro, C.A. & Eaton, K.M. Impact of Combat Duty in Iraq and Afghanistan on Family Functioning: Findings from the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research Land Combat Study. In Human Dimensions in Military Operations Military Leaders Strategies for Addressing Stress and Psychological Support, Meeting Proceedings RTO-MP-HFM-134, Paper 5. 2006. Print.

Leske, J.S. & Jiricka, M.K. Impact of family demands and family strengths and capabilities on family well-being and adaptation after critical injury. American Journal of Critical Care, 1998: 383-392. Print.

Meredith, L.S., Sherbourne, C.D., Gaillot, S.J., Hansell, L., Ritschard, H.V., Parker, A.M., and Wrenn, G. Promoting Psychological Resilience in the U.S. Military. Rand Corporation. 2011. Print.

Smith Conway, K. And Li, M. Family Structure and Child Outcomes: A High Definition, Wide Angle Snapshotu. Review of Economics of the Household. March 2011.…… [read more]


Woman in the Military Term Paper

… and, the physical weakness of women is overstated. Studies show that women with correct training, seventy-five percent of the women could perform traditional male duties in the military. and, with regards to lower performance on the field, a test by… [read more]


Military Employee Stress Thesis

… Military Employee Stress

The objective of this work is to compare, contrast and synthesize and evaluate the principles of societal development including an evaluation of the workplace and resulting family stress. In order to understand the effects of how societal… [read more]


Australian Defense Force and Whole of Government Operations Term Paper

… Australian Defense Force and Whole of Government Operations

Has the Australian Defense Force (ADF) "broken the code" to successful integration of joint-interagency support during the conduct of military operations?

Following the end of Australian involvement in the Vietnam War a… [read more]


Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) and Human Error Literature Review

… ¶ … Human Factors affecting safe operation of the Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs)

In this chapter, we will examine the various sources that discuss different factors affecting the safe operation of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs). This will be accomplished by… [read more]


Satellite Communications and Situational Awareness Term Paper

… This is to say that the gathering of intelligence by satellites can be done without regard to specific military operations, but can function as a major element in an all-encompassing American security strategy:

National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA) was… [read more]


Military Studies Essay

… Military Studies

As with any task that needs to be done, the person in control needs to have the appropriate tools to accomplish the task at hand. In military operations, the United States Armed Forces have taken this idea and… [read more]


Military Imparts in an Individual Research Paper

… Most elected officials, especially presidents see military experience, military leadership as a stepping ground to political success. If it were not for the military experience acquired by these former presidents, they perhaps would have not led such triumphant lives.

III.… [read more]


Military -- Naval Questions Essay

… Military -- Naval Questions

In What Ways does Sea, Naval and Maritime Power Aid in the Prosecution of the Land Battle and Enhance the Ability of States to Project Power Beyond their Shores?

The efficacy of Sea, Naval and Maritime… [read more]


Iran Military Assessment Research Paper

… Pakistan spends 3% of GDP on Military and Iran spends 2.5%

. Their defense budget for 2006 was equal to U.S. $6.6 billion and it has been increasing. Some sources claim that the 2012 budget with an increase of 127% would be an estimated $415 billion

. Iran has learnt from the past, specifically, invasion of Iraq and Israel-Hezbollah conflict. Their basic military strategy is a mix of western techniques and Islamic ideology of martyrdom and is designed to defeat the strongest of opponents. Strategists acknowledge the country's weaknesses and resort to psychological warfare, with an aim to exploit enemy weaknesses to the maximum. They strive to increase the enemy's expenses and risks, the biggest of which in recent times has been the desire to avoid casualties. Iranians are not afraid of casualties. After the invasion of Iraq and Afghanistan their strategy has mainly been designed according to U.S. army

a. GROUND WARFARE PROFICIENCY: Iran has recently decided to open up new bases in East, South and South Eastern parts of the country. The IRGC has divided the land warfare forces into 31 command units one for every province of the country. They call this system 'mosaic defense' and it is supposed to give each unit commander ample power to combat and take care of foreign / domestic threats in a better way. It makes use of Iran's natural barriers, the mountain ranges lining the border of the country. To stop and incapacitate any threat the IRGC has set up special cells in border areas. These are meant to ambush enemy base camps, cut off supply as well as communication lines for invaders and smugglers, both. The next line of defense is 'Artesh,' consisting of infantry, armored and mechanized groups. Next, are IRGC and last Basij, involved only in case of invasion scenarios. Their observation of Saddam's guerilla group fayadeen has made them devise a largely guerilla strategy. Thus in case of an attack the army will fight in groups dispersed all over the city instead of head on combat

. The land force is 350,000 regular, another 350,000 reserves and lastly 40,000 paramilitary personnel which is average sized force in comparison to the less populated Pakistan's 550,000 regulars and 500,000reserves. But the dilemma is not its size but its poor training. The nation's land forces lack modern equipment, although it has a total of some 12,000 land weapons, including 1700

tanks. But most of these are old fashioned, locally manufactured vehicles, called 'Zulfiqars' or T-72's made, a long time ago, in collaboration with the Soviets. Their main artillery is comprised of some 3200 weapons, including 1500 vehicles, self propelled guns, rockets, mortar, anti-tank and anti-aircraft guns

. However some 2000 of these are towed artillery systems that were used in Iran -- Iraq war and are low cost, low grade arsenal imported from China, Korea or Vietnam. Other reports state that Iran is still using pre-revolution era weapons. However, the country has been working on modifying its weapon system.… [read more]


Changing Nature of Warfare Term Paper

… For this purpose, regular policing is far preferable to the use of military force. In a society in which innocent civilians can be arrested, incarcerated or summarily executed, rule of law and popular support for government will not exist. Just… [read more]


U.S. Army National Guard Budgeting Thesis

… Army Budget

Army National Guard Budgeting and its Importance

The interaction between Congress and military is one of the prime vehicles for foreign policy, particularly in our current time of ongoing and uncertain conflict. The importance of the interdependent role… [read more]


Military as a Job Term Paper

… Military as a Job in General

Today, the United States is prosecuting the war on terrorism on two fronts in Iraq and Afghanistan, and the country's military forces are being stretched razor thin. During such turbulent periods in U.S. history,… [read more]


Sports-Related Military Recruiting Initiatives Today Term Paper

… Certainly, recruiting in the inner city is a major challenge for any of the armed services; however, the U.S. Marine Corps has experienced some success where the other services have failed. According to Paige (1999), Marine Corps recruiters tend to… [read more]


Female Soldiers in the Contemporary Research Paper

… Some female groups wanting to emphasize the importance of women in the military actually prove that they are perfectly able to fight by becoming involved in activist communities. U.S. Army reserve Staff Sgt. Jennifer Hunt, U.S. Marine Corps reserve Capt.… [read more]


Authors Referenced Works Specific Recent Circumstances Discussed That Have Changed the Nature of Warfare Term Paper

… Warfare

The More War Changes

War is always the same. And it is always changing. The basic goals of warfare -- to capture territory and resources, to reduce the enemy's ability to fight through whatever means necessary, including the killing… [read more]


Army Reserve Retention Impact Literature Review

… Forced reductions have caused multiple deployments on Reservists. Reenlistment has become an increasing issue as the various Reserve branches' overall annual attrition rate is 25% with the Army Reserves at the highest proportion at 30% (Lakhani, 1995).

After deployment, 26%… [read more]


Military Retiree Benefits Did the Government Keep Its Promise Thesis

… ¶ … military retirees are entitled to the sheer enormity and the scope of the endeavor are so gigantic that it borders on the overwhelming. The United States government has a plethora of benefits that encompass the health, welfare and… [read more]


F-35 Joint Strike Fighter Research Paper

… " (Gertler, 2010) The result is that the committee states a recommendation for a reduction of $204.9 million in the APAF account within OCD. (Gertler, 2010) The following illustration shows the Summary of Action on FY2010 F-35 quantities and funding.

Figure 3

Summary of Action on FY2010 F-35 Quantities and Funding

Source: Gertler (2010)

Tiron (2010) specifically reports that the F-35 "…has undergone significant reshaping as a result of ballooning costs and development delays. The F-35 is meant to replace older aircraft for the Air Force, Navy and Marine Corps as well as international militaries. The cost of the program has risen to $382.4 billion, a 65% increase from the projected costs in 2002."

Summary and Conclusion

The costs for development and production of the F-35 JSF aircraft have been problematic and recently the program has experienced a decrease in funding due to the difficulties in managing development and production of these aircraft. The projected finish date for the developmental phase of the project was previously set for 2011 however, a new date is presently stated as it is estimated that the program will enter full production n 2016. The F-35 JSF will be sufficient for all branches of the service and will effectively replace aircraft presently be used by the armed forces.

References

Gertler, J. (2010) F-35 Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) Program: Background and Issues for Congress. Retrieve from: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/weapons/RL30563.pdf

Tiron, R. (2010) Senate Appropriators Reduce Funding for Lockheed's F-35 Joint Strike Fighter. 14 Sept, 2010. The Hill. Retrieved from: http://thehill.com/news-by-subject/defense-homeland-security/118661-senate-appropriators-slash-funding-for-f-35-joint-strike-fighter-

Axe, David (2009) Report: Two-Year Delay for Joint Strike Fighter. Danger Room. Wired News. 24 July 2009. Retrieved from: http://www.wired.com/dangerroom/2009/07/report-two-year-delay-for-joint-strike-fighter/

F-35 Lightning II Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) International, Air-Force Technology. Line retrieved from: http://www.airforce-technology.com/projects/jsf/

Keyes, C. (2010) Closed-door Defense Meeting Reviews Costly F-35 Joint Strike Fighter. 22 Nov 2010. CNN News. Retrieved from: http://www.cnn.com/2010/U.S./11/22/joint.strike.fighter/…… [read more]


Military Intervention and Peacekeeping at Different Phases Essay

… Military Intervention and Peacekeeping

At different phases of a conflict the multiple strategies of conflict management respond to barriers in the process in different ways: Conflict Prevention is an approach that seeks to resolve disputes before violence breaks out; Peacemaking… [read more]


United States Army Do to Improve Term Paper

… ¶ … United States Army

Do to Improve on Enforcing Hearing Protection Standards

To Reduce Hearing Loss Among Soldiers

Nearly one third of the close to thirty million Americans with hearing loss today can attribute their disability to what has… [read more]


Women's Military Rights Term Paper

… "Women in Combat," Academic Essays and Debates on Women in the Military: Military Woman Magazine. December 19, 1997. http://www.militarywoman.org/academic.htm

2. Maginnis, Lt. Col. Robert L. (USA, ret.) "Leadership Can't Make Soldiers Ignore Sex." http://www.nationalsecurity.org/frc/insight/is97k1wc.html.

3. Moskos, Charles. "Army Women," The Atlantic Monthly. August 1990. http://www.theatlantic.com/election/connection/defense/dpmoswom.htm.

4. United States. House of Representatives. Committee on Armed Services. The Military

Forces and Personnel Subcommittee. Women in Combat. 103rd Congress., 1st session.

Hearing, May 12, 1993. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1994

5. United States Air Force, "Candidate Fitness Test Preparation Guidelines." http://www.usafa.af.mil/rr/cft.htm

6. Williams, Christine L. Gender Differences at Work: Women and Men in Nontraditional

Occupations. Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1991.

7. Tracy, Tracy's passion page: Women in the military, 1998. http://www.tracy-liz.net/country/militarywoman/milwoman.htm

8. Author Unknown. Experiences: What's It Like Where You're Stationed? 1998,99,2000. http://www.militarywoman.org/location.htm

9. Author Unknown. Military Readiness: Women Are Not a Problem.

Publisher: Rand, 1997.

Works Cited

http://www.rand.org/publications/RB/RB7515/

10. Author Unknown, Affirmative Action and Equal Opportunity in the Military: Selection

Procedures http://clinton2.nara.gov/WH/EOP/OP/html/aa/aa07.html

11. Author Unknown, Common Military Questions: Military Training: What are the opportunities for women in today's military? http://www.todaysmilitary.com/life_qa.shtml#initial… [read more]


Dotmlpf System of Analysis Essay

… George S. Patton synthesizing his leadership skills with his material assets available to him in World War II. Patton's leadership, and all it has to teach us, needs this stage, made and consisting of material resources that helped define his greatness through example. Tegnella (2007) expressed the need to focus and shift the leadership efforts to eliminating WMD proliferation demonstrating the material factors dictating the effects of the other components . Once again I would like to highlight here the codependence of each facet on one another, but also demonstrate that the material resources reserves a special place within the system.

In this discussion, overlapping themes are impossible to ignore and this, undoubtedly by design, improves the interdependence and reliability of the DOTMLPF approach to systematic analysis. So our next facet to compare and contrast with material, personnel, blends into some of the aforementioned categories as well. Since training and personnel have an explicit relationship, we see a similar relationship between personnel and material. It is shown not only in the acquisition of personnel, but in the maintenance and reenlistment of personnel as well. The challenges of today's soldiers are new and interesting. Many soldiers have experienced war fare in an entirely new method for extended periods of time. In order to support this model certain material needs are prerequisite. It is hard to imagine sustaining the force using the material and material acquisition techniques of just 20 years ago. The demands of our soldiers will always be changing, and it is important that the understanding of what materials will help us succeed on the battlefield change is in harmonic convergence with these changes in our fighting forces and their needs. The quality of materials affects the soldiers varying ways to further create dependence of our system on the material aspects of its nature.

In comparing the facilities to the material domain, we see a relationship that is almost strictly dependent and unique. Deciphering between facilities and materials may not always be easily accomplished. Once again, this crossover demonstrates the strong functionality of the system itself and shows the unique way in which balance may be achieved through an interweaving system of coordinating domains. Some examples of how materials affect facilities connected with defense of our nation are defined by the sourcing nature of the material aspect towards the character and quality of the particular facility. If one were to look at a picture of every military facility stationed around the world and at home, the disparity between similar styles and constructs would be evident. This variation on a singular theme is undoubtedly due to material resources available to the places where the facilities are located.

In comparing and contrasting each of the individual aspects of the DOTMLPF system of analysis, it is clear to understand the material domain having the greatest influence upon the other components. As in any system, its components require an ability to positively impact one another in order to fulfill its potential and contribute to… [read more]


United States Department of Defense US Military Branches Research Paper

… United States Department of Defense / Military Branches

United States Department of Defense Military Branches

Issue / Policy Area of Interest

Over the last several years, the role of the U.S. military has been changing, as the overall nature of… [read more]


Comparative Politics of Latin America Essay

… Military Rule: Shaping Politics and Economics in Latin American Democracies

In their theoretical overview Juan J. Linz and Alfred Stepan go to some lengths to point to the differences between mere liberalization and actual democratization. Clearly liberalization is a good… [read more]


Brats: Military Deployments in the War Research Proposal

… ¶ … Brats: Military Deployments in the War on Terror

The legendary advantages of being a "military brat" have been heralded for decades, especially in being able to see much of the world with the military parent. Previously the term… [read more]


First Gulf War Thesis

… ¶ … Gulf War

Although many people believe that the current problems in the Middle East can be traced to the end of World War II and the creation of Israel, much of the current conflict can be attributed to… [read more]


Women in Combat Units Research Proposal

… Women in Combat Units

Women in the army are nothing new. During the Second World War, women served in the front as much as men, both among the allied and the axis powers. The separation of duties resulted in companies… [read more]


Leadership Profile Term Paper

… Dwight D. Eisenhower

Military historians study how being a commander in the armed forces prepares an individual for future positions of leadership. Dwight David Eisenhower, General of the Army and the thirty-fourth President of the United States modeled this theory.… [read more]


Complex Military Research Paper

… Junior Leaders in Counterinsurgency and Complex Military Operations: A case study of the Northeast Nigeria

Counter Insurgency

Complex Military Operations

Junior Leaders in Armies in Counterinsurgency

The Nigerian Context & North Eastern Conflict

The Troubled North East Nigeria & the… [read more]


Practitioners Concerning Research Paper

… DLA Aviation, Richmond, Va.

Aviation supply chain.

DLA Troop Support, Philadelphia

Subsistence, clothing, and textiles, medical, and construction and equipment supply chains.

DLA Energy, Fort Belvoir, Va.

Fuel, energy support and services, and bulk petroleum.

DLA Distribution, New Cumberland, Pa.… [read more]


War "Studs Terkel's: The Good Essay

… Many Japanese-Americans were told that they had to pack up only what they could deal with and were forced to get rid of their homes, properties, and businesses for a remarkably small amount or just give them away since they… [read more]


Negotiation Term Paper

… ¶ … negotiation and then addresses how they can be used to help the Marine Corp Recruitment Command. The two negotiation strategies discussed are positional bargaining and integrative bargaining. Both strategies have positive and negative aspects whereby they could both be helpful in the right situation to the United States Marine Corp Recruiting Command (MCRC).

Positional Bargaining

Positional bargaining entails defining what outcome you are willing to accept and then negotiating to achieve that outcome (or better) only. This negotiating tool is commonly used, especially as initial strategy. The two most preeminent negotiation theorists, Fisher and Ury, denounce positional bargaining. They argued that positional bargaining requires a party to defend their position once that position has been attacked. As a result, the goal of the party is no longer dispute resolution, but the need to save face. The need to save face does not bring people to the bargaining table, the need to resolve a dispute or issue does (Mitchell citing Fisher and Ury, 1991).

Positional bargaining is not without supporters. Where a party's emotional interests may impede resolving the issues, positional bargaining can help. Emotional interests are party specific and will vary by the case. Sometimes they can lead a person to think with their heart instead of their head, in which case positional bargaining will effectively supply a party's will-power. Positional bargaining is also advisable where the interests prove to be too polarizing for the parties to work together (Mitchell citing to Lax and Sebenius, 1991).

Integrative Bargaining

Integrative bargaining (also called "interest-based bargaining," "win-win bargaining") as a negotiation strategy is the total opposite approach to negotiation as positional bargaining. Here parties actively seek a "win-win" solution to the issue in dispute. In this strategy, the interests are often common to both parties (unlike in positional bargaining, where the issues are party specific). These interests are then resolved through negotiation, usually an independent negotiator or mediator, which often allows the parties to set aside their dispute. This is so especially when the interests involve needs, desires, concerns, and fears felt by each side. They are the underlying reasons why people become involved in a conflict. It is difficult to have integration unless multiple issues are involved in the negotiation as the parties must be able to make trade-offs across issues in order for both sides to be satisfied with the outcome (Spangler 2004).

Integrative bargaining is widely held to be superior to positional bargaining because of the fixed positions of positional bargaining which results in compromise or no agreement at all. Integrative bargaining takes a much more…… [read more]


Australia Should Remain Neutral Thesis

… ¶ … Australia should remain neutral, as far as its own territorial integrity and population are not threatened by the conflict. If it does intervene, it would be an intervention in a regional conflict and choosing sides would be a very difficult thing. The best choice would be to attempt a mediation between the belligerents.

Australia should intervene to the degree to which the problems in the failing states risk to spill over and affect the order in Australia as well. At the same time, the military and the authorities should intervene in order to avoid any humanitarian crisis and to properly regulate the flow of refugees, including those that might try to get into Australia.

The problem with private military firms would be that, as any private business, the main goal of such a firm would need to be, from an economical perspective, profit maximization. The questions that would thus arise are how such a company can make profit. The answers would tie in the government, but, at the same time, the private firm…… [read more]


Air Force United States Thesis

… Air Force

United States Air Force

During World War II, the U.S. Army Air Corps established the significance and value of air warfare. Air power contributed greatly in the Navy as well. So, when President Harry S. Truman signed the National Security Act of 1947, a separate U.S. Department of the Air Force was created and the U.S. Air Force came into existence. Its initial focus was on creating flying weapons using the new jet rocket technology. In the intervening years, the U.S. Air Force has become the supreme air force in the world. (Saunders, 2008)

The vision of the U.S. Air Force is "Global vigilance, reach and power. " the Air Force mission is to "fly, fight and win." (Air Force Link, 2008)

The Air Force played a vital role as part of the United States nuclear arsenal throughout the Cold War. Its Strategic Air Command (SAC) controlled both ground-launched Intercontinental

Ballistic Missiles (ICBMs) and nuclear bombs carried on long-range bombers like the B-52 Stratofortress. (Grabianowski)

The end of the Cold War did not mean completion of the Air Force's mission. The Air Force's speed, range, precision, leathality, and flexibility gave America what Secretary of the Air Force Donald B. Rice called "global reach, global power." (U.S. Air Force - USAF History)

The Air Force recognized the need for streamlining in the post Cold War period. In the 1990's, it consolidated from thirteen to eight major commands. It closed bases, and downsized from 600,000 personnel in 1988 to less than 388,000 in the late 1990s. Despite the smaller force, the Air Force has been called to action and successfully completed those missions in places like Bosnia, the Gulf War, and Iraq, and has supported humanitarian operations in Somalia, Rwanda, and around the world. (U.S. Air Force - USAF History)

The Culture of the Air Force

The U.S. Air Force Culture and Language Center defines culture as, "the creation, maintenance and transformation across generations of semi-shared patterns of meaning, sense making, affiliation, action and organization by groups.

It would seem easy to simply put the Air Force into…… [read more]


Douglass Macarthur and the Inchon Decision Term Paper

… Inchon

Described as being "the most brilliant and among the most flamboyant American generals of the twentieth century," General Douglas MacArthur would launch an amphibious offensive in Korea that proved a major turning point in the war ("The Politics of… [read more]


Future Strategic Intentions Term Paper

… China's Future Strategic Intentions

On December 22, 2007, the Secretary of State, Condoleezza Rice, issued an unusually sharp rebuke to the Taiwanese government, and the senior Bush administration officials criticized both China and Taiwan for "unnecessarily inflaming tensions between each… [read more]


Aviation Fatigue Term Paper

… Aviation Fatigue

Fatigue is a complex phenomenon that has been ascribed to various causes. The underlying reasons for fatigue are investigated in this paper and the focus of the research is on solutions to the problem as well as on… [read more]


Civil Rights Term Paper

… Civil Rights Is More Than a Period in Time

Don't Just Say, "Civil Rights": Believe in Justice as a River of Possibilities

In his acclaimed novel, Bombingham, Anthony Grooms writes skillfully about the battlefields of Vietnam and the battlefields of… [read more]


Military Practices Term Paper

… The worst part is that these followers of the religion (which is a right in itself), are sentenced as per Constitutional Law, under Article seventy of the Military Penal Code that considers this refusal as the "insubordination during a period of general mobilization (Greece has been in such a situation since the invasion of Northern Cyprus by Turkish troops in 1974)" (Greece: Alternative service: Second time round). These conscientious objectors are punished for following the teachings of their religion "of five years' deprivation of civil rights" (Greece: Alternative service: Second time round) thereby disallowing them to work as employees as civil servants and depriving them their birthright to vote or to become a part of the parliament (Greece: Alternative service: Second time round).

Furthermore, these victims fall prey to the seizure of obtaining a passport or any kind of licensing document and are forbidden to establish personal business for a period of five years "after their release from prison" (Greece: Alternative service: Second time round).

Conclusion

Hence from the above discussion, it is evident that insubordination in the military sphere must not be tolerated at any cost but more important is that the concept of the term must be well understood by the officials, in the hands of whom, the authority rests. Moreover, in order to decrease unrest and discourage unethical practices that give birth to insubordination, it is important that the authoritative bodies take charge of their responsibilities to further investigate all the pending cases impartially and to increase the research efforts to ensure justice and democracy to their people.

Works Cited

Marple J. Military Culture vs. Homosexuality: Morality, Ethics, and Religious Values in the Military from the Continental Army to the Present. Available at: http://www.eaglescoutrally.org/articles/marple010418.htm (January 29, 2003)

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition

Copyright © 2000 by Houghton Mifflin Company

Insubordination. Available at: http://www.ccma.co.za/insubordination.html (January 29, 2003)

Rudolf J., Guatemala: Chapter 4A. Government and Politics., Countries of the World, 01-01-1991.

AROUND THE WORLD., The Dallas Morning News, 11-03-1996, pp 21A.

Amnesty International Secretariat 1 Easton Street London WC1X 8DJ

GREECE: ALTERNATIVE SERVICE: SECOND TIME ROUND. Available at: http://www.amnesty.org/ailib/aipub/1994/EUR/250994.EUR.txt (January 29, 2003)… [read more]


Battle of LA Drang's Influence Term Paper

… Although helicopters were an effective attack weapon, their slow speed and dependence on a single rotor increased their vulnerability to ground fire, and their mechanical complexity made them less robust than conventional aircraft. In addition, helicopters are more difficult to fly than airplanes.

Critics have argued that the extensive use of helicopters for offensive missions in Vietnam was often inappropriate and motivated by the Army's desire to have its own flying combat forces. Only the U.S. Air Force and the Navy were allowed to operate fixed-wing combat craft, confining the Army's aerial combat to helicopter operations.

The Vietnam War produced large numbers of trained helicopter pilots; some of them finding employment flying helicopters for civilian applications after the war. Helicopters have been often been used in construction work for the transporting and lifting of structural components. Logging operations have used helicopters to transport timber after it has been cut, thereby eliminating the need for expensive and environment-scarring logging roads.

Helicopters have since been used for building high-voltage transmission lines: Surveying, lifting towers into place, stringing cables, and performing inspections. Some of the most important tasks performed by helicopters are done in the offshore oil industry, where helicopters are extensively used to bring crews and supplies to drilling platforms. This can affect a considerable savings of time, for a 30-minute helicopter flight can take the place a boat journey of several hours.

Today, helicopters play an incredible role in combat operations. It is difficult to imagine a time when helicopters were not used by the military but it was less than a half century ago.

Volti, Rudi. "Helicopter." The Facts on File Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Society. Facts on File, Inc., 1999.

Buzzanco, Robert. Masters of War: Military Dissent and Politics in the Vietnam Era. University Press, 1997.

J.D. Coleman, Pleiku: The Dawn of Helicopter Warfare in Vietnam. St. Martin's, 1988.

Moore, Harold. We Were Soldiers Once...and Young: Ia Drang -- the Battle That Changed the War in Vietnam. HarperCollins, 1993.

David L. Hartline, Vietnam: What…… [read more]


Persian Gulf War Term Paper

… The ground war was completed in one hundred hours with Iraqi soldiers, whose morale was crushed from the constant bombardment and poor conditions, mostly surrendered without a fight, and Iraq was expelled from Kuwait. Hussein's only real strategy was to threaten the Western coalition without actual engagement. He "had always planned to take his country to the bring of wary - but not beyond...The U.S. strategy played to its own high-technology strength, which Iraq had no way to counter.... Most Arabs appeared awed by the initial attack and Iraq's seeming inability to retaliate" (Rubin, 237). With Iraqi's command and control infrastructure devastated during the air campaign, there was no way Hussein could directly coordinate any effective strategy and tactics At this point, his only strategy was to retaliate and plays a spoils war, launching SCUD missiles into Israel and Saudi Arabia; to set afire hundreds of oil wells in Kuwait as the Iraqi military retreated: he was on the run, scared, and ineffectual as a military commander to counter the threaten on and within his borders.

The final outcome was Iraq accepted the U.N. resolutions, portions of its elite Republican Guard remained intact, "American causalities totaled 148 killed and 467 wounded, many of them from friendly fire. Perhaps 200,000 Iraqi soldiers and several hundred civilians died" (Rubin, 247). President Bush allowed Saddam Hussein in power of Iraq. Hussein lost all of his gains and one half of his army but he still retained the ability to function and to punish with vengeance the humiliating loss: the idea of an Arab superpower diminished with a defeated army and various economic sanctions imposed on him, creating his inability to quickly rearm any time soon.

References

Rubin, Barry. Cauldron of Turmoil: America in the Middle East. New York: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich, 1992.

Speakman, Jay. The Persian Gulf War: Weapons of War. San Diego: Lucent Books, Inc., 2001.

Summers, Harry G., Jr. On Strategy II: A Critical Analysis of the Gulf War. New York: Dell Publishing, 1992.

Schwarzkopf, Norman. It Doesn't Take A Hero. New York: Bantam Books, 1992.

Woodward, Bob. The Commanders. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1991.… [read more]


PTSD Addressing PTSD in Iraq Veterans Essay

… PTSD

Addressing PTSD in Iraq Veterans

One out of every three United States Army and Marine Corps personnel that have served tours of duty in Iraq since the beginning of the recent conflict there almost a decade ago has sought treatment for some form of mental disturbance since their return, and as many as one out of every five of these soldiers has been determined to suffer from Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, or PTSD (Vendantam 2006). The video Night Visions briefly recounts one soldier's experience in Iraq and the way in which PTSD has affected him since his return. After witnessing the violent deaths of Iraqi civilians and soldiers as well as many of his American comrades and attending no less than eleven memorial services while in Iraq himself, Blake Roberts came home to a world that he cannot quite make sense of, and in which he is haunted by dreams that repeat the scenes of horror he witnessed -- when he manages to get to sleep, that is. PTSD continues to have a major negative impact on the lives of many soldiers and their families, yet goes largely unnoticed by the wider public. Because knowledge of PTSD is so low, many soldiers are finding it difficult to find the support they need, and this must change if they are to become healthy and productive members of normal civilian society, able to contribute and exist as they did before.

PTSD can affect anyone that has gone through a traumatic experience, and most soldiers' experiences in any combat situation would certainly count as traumatic when compared to their normal civilian lives. This does not mean that all soldiers end up suffering from PTSD, but the more prolonged and extreme their exposure to violence and trauma is, the more likely it is that a case of PTSD will develop. Given the levels of violence in Iraq, where soldiers are far more likely to witness the death of both civilians and comrades than in other arenas, rates of PTSD have increased dramatically (Vendantam 2006).

Blake Roberts certainly experienced more than his share of traumatic experiences while serving his tour of duty in Iraq. Working nineteen and twenty hour days for weeks at a time, with only a few hours to sleep each day, Roberts described himself and his fellow soldiers as "walking zombies." This state of impaired ability made the scenes of violence and horror that he witnessed all the more traumatic; though they were perhaps more surreal seen through the lens of a lack of sleep, this only had the effect of making the difference between nightmare and reality all the more blurred, when in actuality reality was already worse than most nightmares people experience. It is little wonder, then, that Roberts is unable to comprehend how people in the civilian world can drink their Starbucks' and talk on their cell phones with no real concern when his reality included a constant awareness of impending death, pain, and loss for such a prolonged… [read more]


Coldest War: A Memoir Book Review

… The Chosin campaign was seen through the eyes of Capt. Tom Verity, a reservist widower who was a Chinese scholar teaching at Georgetown University. He was called up and sent to the Chosin Reservoir on an intelligence mission, but ended up fighting for his life with the rest of the trapped Marines. The novel is a saga of how each man went to war alone and fostered his personal fear. Verity's is that he will be killed, leaving his three-year-old daughter an orphan. His radioman, the phlegmatic Gunnery Sgt. Tate, having spent four World War II years in a Japanese prison camp, fears the possibility of Chinese captivity more than death (Smith Hempstone, Tales Making Courage, Hardships In Korean War).

In the novel, the author tells his audience about the various events that took place in the war. Brady had arrived in Korea when the war was just four months old. Their General named Douglas McArthur was promising his battalion that they would surely be home by Christmas. General McArthur quickly faded away when he was called back to America for insubordination. His battalion however, stayed behind to fight and suffer the tortures of the snow and cold their frozen bodies stacked up head to foot and foot to head alongside narrow roads where U.S. trucks took live soldiers back to the battlegrounds (James Brady, The Coldest War: A Memoir Of Korea).

In another event the author tells his audience about the time when the Chinese soldiers had to fight the war wearing their tennis shoes. Their feet froze, and in the account, they made the sound of marbles being rolled along a frozen tundra (James Brady, The Coldest War: A Memoir Of Korea).

The author writes, "The cold was an impartial enemy to both the Americans and their foes. Skin pulled away from frozen guns, mortar tubes shrank and many of the shells fired failed to explode. Nighttime temperatures fell to 24 degrees below zero" (James Brady, The Coldest War: A Memoir Of Korea). The author recalls all these events from the challenging situations that he faced while serving the United States Corps in Korea.

As a reader I found the book incredibly delightful and caused me to actually judge the terror that our soldiers go through during the times of war. The intensity used in the words by the author takes one in that era and causes him/her to feel the events personally.

As the novel is based on the memory accounts of the author as a young lieutenant, the novel is primarily narrative. Through the novel, the author has no doubt, voiced his notions about the war and is making people remember of the forgotten Korean War. The events and the scenarios, which the author draws before his audience, are rather painful in intensity.

James Brady is not at all biased in the novel. He is very much objective and presents the case well. What he felt about the War was not just limited to the American… [read more]


Tuition Assistance Cutback Response Military Research Paper

… What might be the cost to Joe the taxpayer under the GI Bill? In excess of $90,000 (Sisk, Mar 05, 2013).

One must also keep in mind that our second Marine might be the exclusion among current beneficiaries of the GI Bill. Information from the Veterans Administration and the Labor Department point toward one-in-five leaving service members turn out to be full-time students. However under 8% continue in school long enough to conclude their degree. In actual fact, the one-year failure charge among veterans studying as full-time students is well above 70% (Patton, et al. April 5, 2013). Therefore, a lot of the $18 billion presently budgeted for the GI Bill is going to waste.

Although there is an enormous lack of enthusiasm to slash that program, seeing that the GI Bill's storied standing in American History. However, that looks over a few inopportune facts; mainly, the amount of veterans who made use of their benefits under preceding versions of the GI Bill was comparatively small; vets who went to college were driven about their studies and mostly committed to completing their academic course (Gore, March 12, 2013). However, present day servicemen have been informed that college is the single option for those who want to achieve something and many have been wronged by commercial schools that see students as an instrument for enhancing share-holder worth, or public universities that are not ready and badly equipped for the veterans who are coming into their classroom.

That is one reason that tuition assistance ought to be increased, not cut. Think again of the above mentioned case study example of the U.S. Marine, the branch that has in the past stressed the importance of off-duty education for workers of all ranks. Presently, in excess of 45% of his higher non-commissioned officers have as a minimum an associate's degree; approximately 30% possess a bachelor's degree and eight percent have their master's (Gura, March 11, 2013). Practically all of those degrees were finished through chosen education, making use of tuition assistance. The advantage to the Marines -- and the rest of the military -- is almost immeasurable.

Conclusion

While spending cuts in present fiscal times are necessary, the Tuition Assistance program gave thousands of young men and women who more often than not might not have been able to financially pay for college to finish their higher education. At a period in time when jobs are hard to find, education, combined with job training, is extremely important for young Americans. Consequently, this entirely monetary decision is obviously not the correct societal one.

Despite the fact that the assurance to pay for hundreds of thousands of people's education is a huge obligation, it is important that Joe the taxpayers' dollars in this way, delivers a lot of good for this nation. The men and women in the Military and all its branches defend our country's unparalleled freedoms with their own life, while remaining cut off from their family, and in unbelievably demanding conditions (Gura, March… [read more]


Army and Air Force Exchange Services Aafes Term Paper

… Army & Air Force Exchange Services

AAFES is a publicly owned organization which strives to improve the living standards of the military personnel and their families. In order to best understand its features, it is first necessary to comprehend the organization from two distinctive angles: (1) the situation in which it currently finds itself, and (2) the issues which can be improved to increase the firm's chances of attaining its objectives.

Summary of the situation

Army & Air Force Exchange Service envisions itself as the first choice of consumers. The organization retails a wide array of products and uses the funds to support morale, welfare and recreation. In their own words:

"It is the dual ensuring mission of AAFES to provide quality merchandise and services to its customers at competitively low prices and to generate earnings which provide a dividend to support morale, welfare and recreation (MWR) programs" (Website of the Army & Air Force Exchange Services).

The company is run in a military fashion and its purpose is that of generating sufficient earnings. Yet, they redistribute two thirds of their revenues in the form of MWR programs. Other costs -- congressionally approved -- include salaries, utilities, logistics and operational expenditures. The organization supports the improvements in the quality of life for the American soldiers and their families, and it also funds operations of the Department of Defense.

Additionally, AAFES uses its own funds to generate improvements in its facilities and to build new facilities, without generating as such governmental expenses. During 2006, the company raised revenues in the total amount of $7 million and their sources of income include the following:

Direct sale of merchandise

Finance revenue

Concessions on revenues.

Aside from its role as an economic and public agent, AAFEA also serves as a noteworthy member of the community by generating employment opportunities for over 47,000 individuals. In terms of actual size, AAFES operates a total of 117 retail stores and over 2,200 fast food stores. The organization is present in numerous locations and it supports the life of the military personnel through not only retail and fast food facilities, but also through specialty facilities, such as movie theaters. The specialty stores are run in concessionary contracts, highly similar to the franchise contracts in the private sector. Specifically, the specialty stores operators manage the stores under the license of the AAFES and share the profits with the firm.

1.2. Summary of the problems

The term of problems might be a bit too strong to describe the issues with which AAFES is currently confronted. Nevertheless, in order to create an action plan for improvement, it is first necessary to identify the organizational elements which could be subjected to improvements. These refer specifically to the following:

Financial stability

Customer awareness, and Living standards for the military personnel.

2. Proposed action plan

Based on the issues previously identified, the organization seems faced with the need to attain three specific goals, as follows:

An increased financial stability

Incremental levels of customer awareness… [read more]


Military Organization Managing the Fire Thesis

… Military Organization

MANAGING the FIRE WITHOUT and WITHIN Military Organization Problems

The physical and mental welfare of men and women in the military is a fundamental concern in its management. That welfare necessarily requires sufficient funding for these soldiers, and… [read more]


Marine Corps and Its Development Term Paper

… The spirit lacked. The Naval forces had enough to contend with worrying over the Monroe Doctrine and the cost of fuel rising. Far flung bases became impossible to patrol and the basic problem they faced was that a strategy had to be developed that protected all facets of the land and which would help prevent hostile attacks. The U.S. Army forces were weak and they did not have sufficient troops to make the operations effective, thus the Navy saw a need to develop its own troops to extend to the ground level.[7]

Millett, Semper Fidelis (1982). Marine Corps, United States available at http://www.factmonster.com/ce6/history/A0831849.html. availableat http://www.15meu.usmc.mil/USMC%20History.htm http://www.access995.com/~abcgroup/public_html/m1798-18.htm http://www.answerpoint.org/columns2.asp?column_id=359&column_type=feature

Written by ARTHUR PARENT available at http://ut.essortment.com/unitedstatesma_rjfa.htm

E.B. Potter (ed), The United States and World Sea Power (New York: Prentice-Hall, 1955), 577-578, hereinafter cited as U.S. & Sea Power.

LtCol R.D. Heinl, Jr., "The Cat with More than Nine Lives," USNI Proceedings, June 1954.… [read more]


Ethical Issues Facing the Army Leadership Today Term Paper

… They are Larry Welch, a former Air Force chief of staff, and John Harvey, a retired Nay admiral and nuclear-trained surface warfare officer." (ABC 7, 2014). Significantly, both the Air Force and the Navy nuclear forces recently endured instances in… [read more]


Military Readiness Intrinsically Declines Research Paper

… The crux of the situation is that it appears as though the U.S. has not truly corrected these measures in contemporary times (Kreisher, 2913, p. 4). The economy has wracked havoc on the current defense budget, which is where all the other problems -- personnel cuts, lack of training, and substandard equipment inevitably come from. Until the military is able to find some way to address this problem its readiness will not improve to Desert storm levels.

References

Kaufmann, W. (1994). "Hollow forces': Current issues of U.S. military readiness and effectiveness." The Brookings Institution. 12 (4): 24-29.

Kreisher, O. (2013). "U.S. military funding cuts are eroding readiness to a level that may be difficult to overcome." Naval Forces. 34 (3): 4. Retrieved from Paige, S. (2001). "Under siege one reason our military's readiness is down: We won't let them train." American Enterprise. 12 (7). Retrieved from http://ehis.ebscohost.com.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/eds/detail?sid=3ccf5fe4-0b95-48eb-90aa-de33c85a6438%40sessionmgr111&vid=2&hid=101&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWRzLWxpdmUmc2NvcGU9c2l0ZQ%3d%3d#db=bth&AN=5151435

Ray, D. (2000). "Is the U.S. military prepared to fight?" Insight on the News. 16 (41): 18. Retrieved from http://ehis.ebscohost.com.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/eds/detail?sid=c1e995c8-da05-4b40-bcc4-1f5c7bb02e7c%40sessionmgr114&vid=1&hid=101&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWRzLWxpdmUmc2NvcGU9c2l0ZQ%3d%3d#db=bwh&AN=3740770

Spencer, J. (2000). "The facts about military readiness." www.heritage.org. Retrieved from http://www.heritage.org/research/reports/2000/09/bg1394-the-facts-about-military-readiness… [read more]


British Royal Navy Essay

… British Royal Navy

What doctrine and dynamics of the British Royal Navy allowed it to dominate the seas for two and a half centuries?

British naval strategies were continually evolving over the course of 250 years. This was in response to changes in technology and the introduction of tactics that helped to give them an advantage over their adversaries. During the course of time, these techniques became essential tools in redefining warfare and the role of the navy.

The first of these innovations occurred in the late 17th and early 18th centuries. This is when a series of ships were designed to provide the British with the ability to attack and commandeer vessels at sea. To achieve these objectives, there was a focus on building the first armed ships with cannons and using shock troops (i.e. marines) to engage the enemy. This gave the British superior fire power and the ability to seize key supplies from rivals. The use of these tactics helped the Royal Navy to redefine how sea battles were fought and the kind of resources that were utilized to successfully achieve a variety of objectives.

At the same time, there was the development of various naval warfare colleges and other institutes (i.e. The Board of Longitude). These schools helped to educate officers and noncommissioned officers about variety of tactics they can use at sea. This provided them with a background in understanding their adversaries and what tools will most effectively defeat them.

Moreover, these institutes helped students to understand changing conditions on the sea and inside the world of naval warfare. The combination of these factors made the Royal Navy into a force that can attack the enemy using the knowledge and training of their personnel. This assisted them in becoming outstanding explorers and sailors. These attributes allowed them to defend their territories from vast distances and seek out new locations.

Throughout the next 250 years, this helped Britain to be at the cutting edge of exploration and navigation. For example, in 1822 the Royal Navy became the first modern fighting force to begin visiting the Artic. This was using some of the latest innovations in steam technology to give these ships more power, durability and longitude. What helped to provide them with the knowledge and skills to achieve these objectives is combining these ideas into part of basic military doctrine. As a result, from the 17th to the 20th centuries, these factors gave Great Britain a considerable advantage on the sea. This is what assisted them in having the flexibility and tools to achieve a variety of objectives.

Another doctrine that helped to illustrate the importance of British naval philosophy is the use of force to support operations in areas on land and sea. At the same time, the Royal Navy was expected to help protect British trade interests around the world. In some cases, this meant that they played a role in directly blockading key ports. While in other situations, the navy was utilized to… [read more]


Military Topic Exclude Civil War White Paper

… This makes it possible for the masses to understand that SOF soldiers are actually dedicated to their work and are willing to risk their lives with the purpose of making sure that the nation is safe.

VI. Conclusion

All things considered, being a member of the SOF is a curse and a blessing at the same time. One has to perform a lot of sacrifices without receiving any substantial compensation for his or her feats. However, the respective person also goes to sleep thinking about how numerous individuals are alive because of his or her efforts. It is surely difficult to determine whether it is beneficial to be a SOF soldier or not, considering that these people suffer extreme traumas and see things that normal people cannot even imagine. Even with this, society needs to acknowledge the important role that the SOF plays in people's lives and should do everything in its power in order to prevent such noble individuals from risking their lives. Even though it sounds like a cliche, peace is basically the only solution to the suffering that the world is currently experiencing.

Works cited:

Hamilton, John, "Special Forces," (ABDO, 10.01.2007)

North, Robert, "American Heroes: In Special Operations," (B&H Publishing Group, 01.11.2010)

Olson, Eric T., "U.S. Special Operations: Context and Capabilities in Irregular Warfare," Retrieved November 16, 2012, from the National Defense University Website: http://www.ndu.edu/press/lib/images/jfq-56/8.pdf

Pushies, Fred J., "United States Army Special Forces," (Zenith Imprint, 01.10.2001)

Schumacher, Gerald,…… [read more]


Intelligence Failure at Pearl Research Paper

… Intelligence Failure at Pearl Harbour

Intelligence failure at Pearl Harbor

It was the dawn of December 7th 1941 when six Japanese fleet carriers arrived 270 miles north of the Hawaiian Islands, and launched more than 200 attacking planes in the… [read more]

123. . .Last ›
NOTE:  We can write a brand new paper on your exact topic!  More info.