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Military Structure and Capabilities of

It has twice tested the Taepodong-2, its longest-range inter-continental ballistic missile (ICBM), with a range of up to 10,500 km (about 6,525 miles). It is not known if the Taepodong-2 is operational." (Global Security Organization, nd.p.1) V. North Korea's Security Model The security model of North Korea "explains that a state develops nuclear weapons according to neorealist assumptions on the behavior of states. The weakening military ties with the former Soviet Union and China in the 1990s provided another impetus to develop nuclear capabilities." (CRS Report for Congress, 2004) Before the Soviet Union collapsed and the Chinese economic reform era it is reported that North Korea "enjoyed nuclear umbrellas from their neighboring states. However, the collapse of the Soviet Union, the integration of China and later Russia into the global economy no longer guaranteed these security commitments. In a self-help international system, the defection of two important allies compelled North Korea to increase their own military capabilities to compensate for its former military dependency on the Soviet Union and China. The lack of a credible nuclear deterrent extended by the Soviet Union and China created a lapse in deterrent capabilities leading North Korea to develop its own." (CRS Report for Congress, 2004) Summary and Conclusion This writing has examined the military capabilities of North Korea and its capabilities of producing weapons of mass destruction and has found that North Korea has highly developed military capabilities and is making headway in the production and storage of weapons of mass destructions. Bibliography An Overview of North Korea's Ballistic Missile Program (nd) The National Committee on North Korea. Retrieved from: http://www.ncnk.org/resources/briefing-papers/all-briefing-papers/an-overview-of-north-korea-s-ballistic-missiles Chemical Weapons Program (nd) Weapons of Mass Destruction, Global Security Organization. Retrieved from: http://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/world/dprk/cw.htm Military Forces (nd) National. Goals. United States Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved from: http://www.fas.org/irp/dia/product/knfms95/1510-101_chp4.html Scobell, A. And Sanford, JM (2007) North Korea's Military Threat: Pyongyang's Conventional Forces, Weapons of Mass Destruction, and Ballistic Missiles. Retrieved from: http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/pub771.pdf Squassoni, SA (2004) Weapons of Mass Destruction: Trade……

Pages: 6  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 6


Sociology Applying the Sociological Perspective:

Many mothers in the United States were saying goodbye forever to their sons and daughters, as were the mothers in Iraq. Each one faced the uncertainty of whether their child would return and if they did return, in what condition? However, the interviewee also witnessed families that did not have resiliency and faced too many hardships without proper tools (mental, physical, and social skills and abilities) that hindered their abilities to make good decisions or any decision at all. They simply gave up, as their lives seemed too hard and too overwhelming to endure. The interviewee realized that his family is unique in that regard. He also realized that his family is why he has been able to address the trauma he faced in Iraq and with his injuries. He has resilience, appropriate development, strong self-esteem, and a social support system encouraging his complete recovery. He believes his military background added to this ability to recover so quickly and so completely, despite the physical scars he wears. References: Engel, G. The Biopsychosocial Approach. 2012. Web. 20 March 2012. Erikson, E. Erikson's Developmental Stages. Springhouse Corporation. 1990. Web. 20 March 2012. Hoge, C.W., Castro, C.A. & Eaton, K.M. Impact of Combat Duty in Iraq and Afghanistan on Family Functioning: Findings from the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research Land Combat Study. In Human Dimensions in Military Operations Military Leaders Strategies for Addressing Stress and Psychological Support, Meeting Proceedings RTO-MP-HFM-134, Paper 5. 2006. Print. Leske, J.S. & Jiricka, M.K. Impact of family demands and family strengths and capabilities on family well-being and adaptation after critical injury. American Journal of Critical Care, 1998: 383-392. Print. Meredith, L.S., Sherbourne, C.D., Gaillot, S.J., Hansell, L., Ritschard, H.V., Parker, A.M., and Wrenn, G. Promoting Psychological Resilience in the U.S. Military. Rand Corporation. 2011. Print. Smith Conway, K. And Li, M. Family Structure and Child Outcomes: A High Definition, Wide Angle Snapshotu. Review of Economics of the Household. March 2011.……

Pages: 4  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Woman in the Military Although

and, the physical weakness of women is overstated. Studies show that women with correct training, seventy-five percent of the women could perform traditional male duties in the military. and, with regards to lower performance on the field, a test by the Army concluded that women do not deteriorate unit performance. "Women are proving to be good soldiers. They are also…

Pages: 4  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Military Employee Stress

Military Employee Stress The objective of this work is to compare, contrast and synthesize and evaluate the principles of societal development including an evaluation of the workplace and resulting family stress. In order to understand the effects of how societal development in the workplace has affected the family unit, an evaluation of the workplace and resulting family stress will be…

Pages: 66  |  Thesis  |  Style: APA  |  Sources: 56


Australian Defense Force and Whole of Government Operations

Australian Defense Force and Whole of Government Operations Has the Australian Defense Force (ADF) "broken the code" to successful integration of joint-interagency support during the conduct of military operations? Following the end of Australian involvement in the Vietnam War a decision was made by the Government of Australia to reorganize the department supporting the military services, which included the Army,…

Pages: 20  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 20


Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) & Human Error

¶ … Human Factors affecting safe operation of the Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) In this chapter, we will examine the various sources that discuss different factors affecting the safe operation of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs). This will be accomplished by look at a variety of information that will discuss what is happening not only with the Air Force, but other…

Pages: 12  |  "Literature Review" Chapter  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 10


Satellite Communications and Situational Awareness

This is to say that the gathering of intelligence by satellites can be done without regard to specific military operations, but can function as a major element in an all-encompassing American security strategy: National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA) was founded with the mission of "guaranteeing the information edge" .... The Department of Defense, the Central Intelligence Agency, and other…

Pages: 10  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Military Studies as With Any Task That

Military Studies As with any task that needs to be done, the person in control needs to have the appropriate tools to accomplish the task at hand. In military operations, the United States Armed Forces have taken this idea and applied it to military operations. In other words, the U.S. military has adopted a doctrine which allows commanders to possess,…

Pages: 6  |  Essay  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 3


Iran Military Assessment Military Assessment

Pakistan spends 3% of GDP on Military and Iran spends 2.5% . Their defense budget for 2006 was equal to U.S. $6.6 billion and it has been increasing. Some sources claim that the 2012 budget with an increase of 127% would be an estimated $415 billion . Iran has learnt from the past, specifically, invasion of Iraq and Israel-Hezbollah conflict. Their basic military strategy is a mix of western techniques and Islamic ideology of martyrdom and is designed to defeat the strongest of opponents. Strategists acknowledge the country's weaknesses and resort to psychological warfare, with an aim to exploit enemy weaknesses to the maximum. They strive to increase the enemy's expenses and risks, the biggest of which in recent times has been the desire to avoid casualties. Iranians are not afraid of casualties. After the invasion of Iraq and Afghanistan their strategy has mainly been designed according to U.S. army a. GROUND WARFARE PROFICIENCY: Iran has recently decided to open up new bases in East, South and South Eastern parts of the country. The IRGC has divided the land warfare forces into 31 command units one for every province of the country. They call this system 'mosaic defense' and it is supposed to give each unit commander ample power to combat and take care of foreign / domestic threats in a better way. It makes use of Iran's natural barriers, the mountain ranges lining the border of the country. To stop and incapacitate any threat the IRGC has set up special cells in border areas. These are meant to ambush enemy base camps, cut off supply as well as communication lines for invaders and smugglers, both. The next line of defense is 'Artesh,' consisting of infantry, armored and mechanized groups. Next, are IRGC and last Basij, involved only in case of invasion scenarios. Their observation of Saddam's guerilla group fayadeen has made them devise a largely guerilla strategy. Thus in case of an attack the army will fight in groups dispersed all over the city instead of head on combat . The land force is 350,000 regular, another 350,000 reserves and lastly 40,000 paramilitary personnel which is average sized force in comparison to the less populated Pakistan's 550,000 regulars and 500,000reserves. But the dilemma is not its size but its poor training. The nation's land forces lack modern equipment, although it has a total of some 12,000 land weapons, including…

Pages: 4  |  Research Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 5


Military -- Naval Questions in What Ways

Military -- Naval Questions In What Ways does Sea, Naval and Maritime Power Aid in the Prosecution of the Land Battle and Enhance the Ability of States to Project Power Beyond their Shores? The efficacy of Sea, Naval and Maritime Power for land battles and projection of power is created in multiple roles, often carried out in tandem with land…

Pages: 5  |  Essay  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 5


Military Imparts in an Individual

Most elected officials, especially presidents see military experience, military leadership as a stepping ground to political success. If it were not for the military experience acquired by these former presidents, they perhaps would have not led such triumphant lives. III. Government/civil service managers Managers in government and civil service sectors can benefit from possessing military leadership experience. Just like with…

Pages: 12  |  Research Paper  |  Style: APA  |  Sources: 20


U.S. Army National Guard Budgeting

Army Budget Army National Guard Budgeting and its Importance The interaction between Congress and military is one of the prime vehicles for foreign policy, particularly in our current time of ongoing and uncertain conflict. The importance of the interdependent role played by Congress and the military is on clear display in a consideration of current conditions. Perhaps the most important…

Pages: 5  |  Thesis  |  Style: APA  |  Sources: 4


Military as a Job in General

Military as a Job in General Today, the United States is prosecuting the war on terrorism on two fronts in Iraq and Afghanistan, and the country's military forces are being stretched razor thin. During such turbulent periods in U.S. history, opportunities for job selection, promotion and travel abound in the military but many young people may have some misperceptions concerning…

Pages: 4  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 4


Sports-Related Military Recruiting Initiatives Today

Certainly, recruiting in the inner city is a major challenge for any of the armed services; however, the U.S. Marine Corps has experienced some success where the other services have failed. According to Paige (1999), Marine Corps recruiters tend to emphasize the challenges and prestige involved in the Corps rather than the generous benefits that are available by virtue of…

Pages: 4  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Changing Nature of Warfare According

For this purpose, regular policing is far preferable to the use of military force. In a society in which innocent civilians can be arrested, incarcerated or summarily executed, rule of law and popular support for government will not exist. Just the opposite, "the more measures to impose order involve terrorizing the population, the more the position of the opponent as…

Pages: 15  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 3


Military Retiree Benefits Did the Government Keep Its Promise

¶ … military retirees are entitled to the sheer enormity and the scope of the endeavor are so gigantic that it borders on the overwhelming. The United States government has a plethora of benefits that encompass the health, welfare and continued treatment of medical issues involving the service men and women throughout the Armed Forces. There are also numerous retirement…

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Authors Referenced Works Specific Recent Circumstances Discussed That Have Changed the Nature of Warfare

Warfare The More War Changes War is always the same. And it is always changing. The basic goals of warfare -- to capture territory and resources, to reduce the enemy's ability to fight through whatever means necessary, including the killing off of enemy combatants, to ensure that defeat will be lasting -- have been in place since the very first…

Pages: 15  |  Term Paper  |  Style: MLA  |  Sources: 3


Military Intervention and Peacekeeping at Different Phases

Military Intervention and Peacekeeping At different phases of a conflict the multiple strategies of conflict management respond to barriers in the process in different ways: Conflict Prevention is an approach that seeks to resolve disputes before violence breaks out; Peacemaking transforms the conflict from violent to spoken, and further, toward the definition of a common peaceful solution; Peacekeeping missions are…

Pages: 8  |  Essay  |  Style: MLA  |  Sources: 4


United States Army Do to Improve on

¶ … United States Army Do to Improve on Enforcing Hearing Protection Standards To Reduce Hearing Loss Among Soldiers Nearly one third of the close to thirty million Americans with hearing loss today can attribute their disability to what has been deemed as 'toxic noise.' With a loss of hearing, humans cannot fully function in their environments. The working surroundings…

Pages: 20  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Female Soldiers in the Contemporary

Some female groups wanting to emphasize the importance of women in the military actually prove that they are perfectly able to fight by becoming involved in activist communities. U.S. Army reserve Staff Sgt. Jennifer Hunt, U.S. Marine Corps reserve Capt. Zoe Bedell, and U.S. Marine Corps First Lt. Colleen Farrell and U.S Major Mary Hegar have acknowledged the delicate position…

Pages: 8  |  Research Paper  |  Style: APA  |  Sources: 10


Army Reserve Retention Impact Due

Forced reductions have caused multiple deployments on Reservists. Reenlistment has become an increasing issue as the various Reserve branches' overall annual attrition rate is 25% with the Army Reserves at the highest proportion at 30% (Lakhani, 1995). After deployment, 26% of Reservists plan to leave the Army compared to 18% at enlistment (Lakhani, 1995). Many senior Reservists are high level…

Pages: 5  |  "Literature Review" Chapter  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 10


F-35 Joint Strike Fighter the

" (Gertler, 2010) The result is that the committee states a recommendation for a reduction of $204.9 million in the APAF account within OCD. (Gertler, 2010) The following illustration shows the Summary of Action on FY2010 F-35 quantities and funding. Figure 3 Summary of Action on FY2010 F-35 Quantities and Funding Source: Gertler (2010) Tiron (2010) specifically reports that the F-35 "…has undergone significant reshaping as a result of ballooning costs and development delays. The F-35 is meant to replace older aircraft for the Air Force, Navy and Marine Corps as well as international militaries. The cost of the program has risen to $382.4 billion, a 65% increase from the projected costs in 2002." Summary and Conclusion The costs for development and production of the F-35 JSF aircraft have been problematic and recently the program has experienced a decrease in funding due to the difficulties in managing development and production of these aircraft. The projected finish date for the developmental phase of the project was previously set for 2011 however, a new date is presently stated as it is estimated that the program will enter full production n 2016. The F-35 JSF will be sufficient for all branches of the service and will effectively replace aircraft presently be used by the armed forces. References Gertler, J. (2010) F-35 Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) Program: Background and Issues for Congress. Retrieve from: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/weapons/RL30563.pdf Tiron, R. (2010) Senate Appropriators Reduce Funding for Lockheed's F-35 Joint Strike Fighter. 14 Sept, 2010. The Hill. Retrieved from: http://thehill.com/news-by-subject/defense-homeland-security/118661-senate-appropriators-slash-funding-for-f-35-joint-strike-fighter- Axe, David (2009) Report: Two-Year Delay for Joint Strike Fighter. Danger Room. Wired News. 24 July 2009. Retrieved from: http://www.wired.com/dangerroom/2009/07/report-two-year-delay-for-joint-strike-fighter/ F-35 Lightning II Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) International, Air-Force Technology. Line retrieved from: http://www.airforce-technology.com/projects/jsf/ Keyes, C. (2010) Closed-door Defense Meeting Reviews Costly F-35 Joint Strike Fighter. 22 Nov 2010. CNN News. Retrieved from: http://www.cnn.com/2010/U.S./11/22/joint.strike.fighter/……

Pages: 6  |  Research Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Women's Military Rights in the

"Women in Combat," Academic Essays and Debates on Women in the Military: Military Woman Magazine. December 19, 1997. http://www.militarywoman.org/academic.htm 2. Maginnis, Lt. Col. Robert L. (USA, ret.) "Leadership Can't Make Soldiers Ignore Sex." http://www.nationalsecurity.org/frc/insight/is97k1wc.html. 3. Moskos, Charles. "Army Women," The Atlantic Monthly. August 1990. http://www.theatlantic.com/election/connection/defense/dpmoswom.htm. 4. United States. House of Representatives. Committee on Armed Services. The Military Forces and Personnel Subcommittee. Women in Combat. 103rd Congress., 1st session. Hearing, May 12, 1993. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1994 5. United States Air Force, "Candidate Fitness Test Preparation Guidelines." http://www.usafa.af.mil/rr/cft.htm 6. Williams, Christine L. Gender Differences at Work: Women and Men in Nontraditional Occupations. Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1991. 7. Tracy, Tracy's passion page: Women in the military, 1998. http://www.tracy-liz.net/country/militarywoman/milwoman.htm 8. Author Unknown. Experiences: What's It Like Where You're Stationed? 1998,99,2000. http://www.militarywoman.org/location.htm 9. Author Unknown. Military Readiness: Women Are Not a Problem. Publisher: Rand, 1997. Works Cited http://www.rand.org/publications/RB/RB7515/ 10. Author Unknown, Affirmative Action and Equal Opportunity in the Military: Selection Procedures http://clinton2.nara.gov/WH/EOP/OP/html/aa/aa07.html 11. Author Unknown, Common Military Questions: Military Training: What are the opportunities for women in today's military? http://www.todaysmilitary.com/life_qa.shtml#initial…

Pages: 6  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


United States Department of Defense US Military Branches

United States Department of Defense / Military Branches United States Department of Defense Military Branches Issue / Policy Area of Interest Over the last several years, the role of the U.S. military has been changing, as the overall nature of the threats to the nation has evolved. This is part of a larger historical trend that has caused the various…

Pages: 14  |  Research Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 5


Brats: Military Deployments in the War on

¶ … Brats: Military Deployments in the War on Terror The legendary advantages of being a "military brat" have been heralded for decades, especially in being able to see much of the world with the military parent. Previously the term just applied to the children of full time military personnel. However, with the increased use of National Guard and Reserve…

Pages: 11  |  Research Proposal  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 12


Comparative Politics of Latin America

Military Rule: Shaping Politics and Economics in Latin American Democracies In their theoretical overview Juan J. Linz and Alfred Stepan go to some lengths to point to the differences between mere liberalization and actual democratization. Clearly liberalization is a good first step towards democracy albeit liberalization is just the beginning of the transition towards a full democratic state. Liberalization can…

Pages: 8  |  Essay  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


First Gulf War

¶ … Gulf War Although many people believe that the current problems in the Middle East can be traced to the end of World War II and the creation of Israel, much of the current conflict can be attributed to the Cold War. In fact, the United States maintained a strong military presence in the Middle East. "The continuous, albeit…

Pages: 6  |  Thesis  |  Style: MLA  |  Sources: 4


Women in Combat Units Women in the

Women in Combat Units Women in the army are nothing new. During the Second World War, women served in the front as much as men, both among the allied and the axis powers. The separation of duties resulted in companies called the WAC -- Women Army Corps that had details in medical, and other non-combatant operations. They were also subject…

Pages: 12  |  Research Proposal  |  Style: MLA  |  Sources: 8


Leadership Profile

Dwight D. Eisenhower Military historians study how being a commander in the armed forces prepares an individual for future positions of leadership. Dwight David Eisenhower, General of the Army and the thirty-fourth President of the United States modeled this theory. In 1941, when he was called on to lead troops in World War II, he did not have considerable hands-on…

Pages: 8  |  Term Paper  |  Style: APA  |  Sources: 1


Dotmlpf System of Analysis Provides

George S. Patton synthesizing his leadership skills with his material assets available to him in World War II. Patton's leadership, and all it has to teach us, needs this stage, made and consisting of material resources that helped define his greatness through example. Tegnella (2007) expressed the need to focus and shift the leadership efforts to eliminating WMD proliferation demonstrating the material factors dictating the effects of the other components . Once again I would like to highlight here the codependence of each facet on one another, but also demonstrate that the material resources reserves a special place within the system. In this discussion, overlapping themes are impossible to ignore and this, undoubtedly by design, improves the interdependence and reliability of the DOTMLPF approach to systematic analysis. So our next facet to compare and contrast with material, personnel, blends into some of the aforementioned categories as well. Since training and personnel have an explicit relationship, we see a similar relationship between personnel and material. It is shown not only in the acquisition of personnel, but in the maintenance and reenlistment of personnel as well. The challenges of today's soldiers are new and interesting. Many soldiers have experienced war fare in an entirely new method for extended periods of time. In order to support this model certain material needs are prerequisite. It is hard to imagine sustaining the force using the material and material acquisition techniques of just 20 years ago. The demands of our soldiers will always be changing, and it is important that the understanding of what materials will help us succeed on the battlefield change is in harmonic convergence with these changes in our fighting forces and their needs. The quality of materials affects the soldiers varying ways to further create dependence of our system on the material aspects of its nature. In comparing the facilities to the material domain, we see a relationship that is almost strictly dependent and unique. Deciphering between facilities and materials may not always be easily accomplished. Once again, this crossover demonstrates the strong functionality of the system itself and shows the unique way in which balance may be achieved through an interweaving system of coordinating domains. Some examples of how materials affect facilities connected with defense of our nation are defined by the sourcing nature of the material aspect towards the character and quality of the particular facility. If one were to…

Pages: 4  |  Essay  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 4


Negotiation and Then Addresses How They Can

¶ … negotiation and then addresses how they can be used to help the Marine Corp Recruitment Command. The two negotiation strategies discussed are positional bargaining and integrative bargaining. Both strategies have positive and negative aspects whereby they could both be helpful in the right situation to the United States Marine Corp Recruiting Command (MCRC). Positional Bargaining Positional bargaining entails defining what outcome you are willing to accept and then negotiating to achieve that outcome (or better) only. This negotiating tool is commonly used, especially as initial strategy. The two most preeminent negotiation theorists, Fisher and Ury, denounce positional bargaining. They argued that positional bargaining requires a party to defend their position once that position has been attacked. As a result, the goal of the party is no longer dispute resolution, but the need to save face. The need to save face does not bring people to the bargaining table, the need to resolve a dispute or issue does (Mitchell citing Fisher and Ury, 1991). Positional bargaining is not without supporters. Where a party's emotional interests may impede resolving the issues, positional bargaining can help. Emotional interests are party specific and will vary by the case. Sometimes they can lead a person to think with their heart instead of their head, in which case positional bargaining will effectively supply a party's will-power. Positional bargaining is also advisable where the interests prove to be too polarizing for the parties to work together (Mitchell citing to Lax and Sebenius, 1991). Integrative Bargaining Integrative bargaining (also called "interest-based bargaining," "win-win bargaining") as a negotiation strategy is the total opposite approach to negotiation as positional bargaining. Here parties actively seek a "win-win" solution to the issue in dispute. In this strategy, the interests are often common to both parties (unlike in positional bargaining, where the issues are party specific). These interests are then resolved through negotiation, usually an independent negotiator or mediator, which often allows the parties to set aside their dispute. This is so especially when the interests involve needs, desires, concerns, and fears felt by each side. They are the underlying reasons why people become involved in a conflict. It is difficult to have integration unless multiple issues are involved in the negotiation as the parties must be able to make trade-offs across issues in order for both sides to be satisfied with the outcome (Spangler 2004). Integrative bargaining is widely held…

Pages: 3  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 2


Australia Should Remain Neutral, as Far as

¶ … Australia should remain neutral, as far as its own territorial integrity and population are not threatened by the conflict. If it does intervene, it would be an intervention in a regional conflict and choosing sides would be a very difficult thing. The best choice would be to attempt a mediation between the belligerents. Australia should intervene to the degree to which the problems in the failing states risk to spill over and affect the order in Australia as well. At the same time, the military and the authorities should intervene in order to avoid any humanitarian crisis and to properly regulate the flow of refugees, including those that might try to get into Australia. The problem with private military firms would be that, as any private business, the main goal of such a firm would need to be, from an economical perspective, profit maximization. The questions that would thus arise are how such a company can make profit. The answers would tie in the government, but, at the same time, the private firm……

Pages: 1  |  Thesis  |  Style: Harvard  |  Sources: 0


Air Force United States Air Force During

Air Force United States Air Force During World War II, the U.S. Army Air Corps established the significance and value of air warfare. Air power contributed greatly in the Navy as well. So, when President Harry S. Truman signed the National Security Act of 1947, a separate U.S. Department of the Air Force was created and the U.S. Air Force came into existence. Its initial focus was on creating flying weapons using the new jet rocket technology. In the intervening years, the U.S. Air Force has become the supreme air force in the world. (Saunders, 2008) The vision of the U.S. Air Force is "Global vigilance, reach and power. " the Air Force mission is to "fly, fight and win." (Air Force Link, 2008) The Air Force played a vital role as part of the United States nuclear arsenal throughout the Cold War. Its Strategic Air Command (SAC) controlled both ground-launched Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles (ICBMs) and nuclear bombs carried on long-range bombers like the B-52 Stratofortress. (Grabianowski) The end of the Cold War did not mean completion of the Air Force's mission. The Air Force's speed, range, precision, leathality, and flexibility gave America what Secretary of the Air Force Donald B. Rice called "global reach, global power." (U.S. Air Force - USAF History) The Air Force recognized the need for streamlining in the post Cold War period. In the 1990's, it consolidated from thirteen to eight major commands. It closed bases, and downsized from 600,000 personnel in 1988 to less than 388,000 in the late 1990s. Despite the smaller force, the Air Force has been called to action and successfully completed those missions in places like Bosnia, the Gulf War, and Iraq, and has supported humanitarian operations in Somalia, Rwanda, and around the world. (U.S. Air Force - USAF History) The Culture of the Air Force The U.S. Air Force Culture and Language Center defines culture as, "the creation, maintenance and transformation across generations of semi-shared patterns of meaning, sense making, affiliation, action and organization by groups. It would seem easy to simply put the Air Force into……

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Douglass Macarthur and the Inchon Decision

Inchon Described as being "the most brilliant and among the most flamboyant American generals of the twentieth century," General Douglas MacArthur would launch an amphibious offensive in Korea that proved a major turning point in the war ("The Politics of Getting an Idea Adopted: The Inchon Decision," p. 295). In spite of being forced to step down from his post…

Pages: 15  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Future Strategic Intentions

China's Future Strategic Intentions On December 22, 2007, the Secretary of State, Condoleezza Rice, issued an unusually sharp rebuke to the Taiwanese government, and the senior Bush administration officials criticized both China and Taiwan for "unnecessarily inflaming tensions between each other and with the United States." They were addressing the Chinese cancellation and refusal of port visits by American warships,…

Pages: 5  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 3


War "Studs Terkel's: The Good

Many Japanese-Americans were told that they had to pack up only what they could deal with and were forced to get rid of their homes, properties, and businesses for a remarkably small amount or just give them away since they really did not have any other choice. They had only a few weeks to leave, and resolve of all other…

Pages: 7  |  Essay  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Civil Rights Is More Than a Period

Civil Rights Is More Than a Period in Time Don't Just Say, "Civil Rights": Believe in Justice as a River of Possibilities In his acclaimed novel, Bombingham, Anthony Grooms writes skillfully about the battlefields of Vietnam and the battlefields of the Civil Rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s, in particular, the battles fought in and around the Alabama city…

Pages: 11  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Aviation Fatigue

Aviation Fatigue Fatigue is a complex phenomenon that has been ascribed to various causes. The underlying reasons for fatigue are investigated in this paper and the focus of the research is on solutions to the problem as well as on the importance of understanding the causative factors. Fatigue has also been singled out by the aviation industry and the Air…

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Persian Gulf War During the

The ground war was completed in one hundred hours with Iraqi soldiers, whose morale was crushed from the constant bombardment and poor conditions, mostly surrendered without a fight, and Iraq was expelled from Kuwait. Hussein's only real strategy was to threaten the Western coalition without actual engagement. He "had always planned to take his country to the bring of wary - but not beyond...The U.S. strategy played to its own high-technology strength, which Iraq had no way to counter.... Most Arabs appeared awed by the initial attack and Iraq's seeming inability to retaliate" (Rubin, 237). With Iraqi's command and control infrastructure devastated during the air campaign, there was no way Hussein could directly coordinate any effective strategy and tactics At this point, his only strategy was to retaliate and plays a spoils war, launching SCUD missiles into Israel and Saudi Arabia; to set afire hundreds of oil wells in Kuwait as the Iraqi military retreated: he was on the run, scared, and ineffectual as a military commander to counter the threaten on and within his borders. The final outcome was Iraq accepted the U.N. resolutions, portions of its elite Republican Guard remained intact, "American causalities totaled 148 killed and 467 wounded, many of them from friendly fire. Perhaps 200,000 Iraqi soldiers and several hundred civilians died" (Rubin, 247). President Bush allowed Saddam Hussein in power of Iraq. Hussein lost all of his gains and one half of his army but he still retained the ability to function and to punish with vengeance the humiliating loss: the idea of an Arab superpower diminished with a defeated army and various economic sanctions imposed on him, creating his inability to quickly rearm any time soon. References Rubin, Barry. Cauldron of Turmoil: America in the Middle East. New York: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich, 1992. Speakman, Jay. The Persian Gulf War: Weapons of War. San Diego: Lucent Books, Inc., 2001. Summers, Harry G., Jr. On Strategy II: A Critical Analysis of the Gulf War. New York: Dell Publishing, 1992. Schwarzkopf, Norman. It Doesn't Take A Hero. New York: Bantam Books, 1992. Woodward, Bob. The Commanders. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1991.…

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Battle of LA Drang's Influence

Although helicopters were an effective attack weapon, their slow speed and dependence on a single rotor increased their vulnerability to ground fire, and their mechanical complexity made them less robust than conventional aircraft. In addition, helicopters are more difficult to fly than airplanes. Critics have argued that the extensive use of helicopters for offensive missions in Vietnam was often inappropriate and motivated by the Army's desire to have its own flying combat forces. Only the U.S. Air Force and the Navy were allowed to operate fixed-wing combat craft, confining the Army's aerial combat to helicopter operations. The Vietnam War produced large numbers of trained helicopter pilots; some of them finding employment flying helicopters for civilian applications after the war. Helicopters have been often been used in construction work for the transporting and lifting of structural components. Logging operations have used helicopters to transport timber after it has been cut, thereby eliminating the need for expensive and environment-scarring logging roads. Helicopters have since been used for building high-voltage transmission lines: Surveying, lifting towers into place, stringing cables, and performing inspections. Some of the most important tasks performed by helicopters are done in the offshore oil industry, where helicopters are extensively used to bring crews and supplies to drilling platforms. This can affect a considerable savings of time, for a 30-minute helicopter flight can take the place a boat journey of several hours. Today, helicopters play an incredible role in combat operations. It is difficult to imagine a time when helicopters were not used by the military but it was less than a half century ago. Volti, Rudi. "Helicopter." The Facts on File Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Society. Facts on File, Inc., 1999. Buzzanco, Robert. Masters of War: Military Dissent and Politics in the Vietnam Era. University Press, 1997. J.D. Coleman, Pleiku: The Dawn of Helicopter Warfare in Vietnam. St. Martin's, 1988. Moore, Harold. We Were Soldiers Once...and Young: Ia Drang -- the Battle That Changed the War in Vietnam. HarperCollins, 1993. David L. Hartline, Vietnam: What……

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