Study "Military / Army / Navy / Marines" Essays 111-165

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Brigade the 56Th Heavy Essay

… There are across-the-board problems with coordination that must be addressed for the BCT to successfully transition to Train / Ready.

capacity to of the units to function effectively and efficiently

Description of vision for the Brigade

I want to see the HBCT exceed it past levels of high quality leadership and functioning. The characteristic of the HBCT that I want to restore as the absolute commitment of leadership to continually improve and to build and sustain engagement of the officers and the non-commissioned officers. I believe the Battalions can be find distinction as members of the best maneuver brigade in the Forces Command, rather than seeking distinction as stand-out battalions at great cost to the Brigade. The driver of positive change for the Brigade is renewed interest in accomplishing the mission under the best possible leadership. Through the efforts of the commanders and officers, I believe that the issues that currently plague the Brigade can be ameliorated, and a path forward can be established that will circumvent the type of problems that have beset the Brigde.

Plans for measuring success to achieve that vision driver of the change is the Outline of process to solve the problem and implement the vision synthesize the organizational development processes and apply them write your response as an argumentative essay.

write your essay in first person to take personal credit for your leadership knowledge, skills, and abilities.

Always cite your sources using either footnotes or endnotes IAW the Turabian style (7th Edition) of documentation

What is the critical leadership problem facing the 56th HBCT Brigade Commander and how will you, as the new brigade commander, improve the organization?

Assessment Rubric

Evaluative Criteria Communications Criteria Score

90 Points

Apply critical-thinking skills to identify, explain, and defend the selection of the critical leadership problem. Use relevant facts and assumptions from the 56th HBCT case study to support your argument.

Describe your vision for the brigade and how you will measure effectiveness in achieving that vision.

Describe the process you will use to solve the problem and implement your vision based on the readings and lesson material from L100.

10 Points

(1) The introduction clearly states the thesis and introduces major points.

(2) Major points are fully developed using clear reasoning.

(3) The conclusion reinforces the thesis and major points.

(4) Style is concise, primarily in active voice, and generally free of errors in grammar, punctuation, and spelling.

(5) Proper use of citations IAW ST 22-2.


Command and General Staff Officer Course (CGSOC)… [read more]

Military Diversity in the Armed Research Paper

… S. Armed Forces. Created by 2009 as part of the National Defense Authorization Act (Trevor & Ernes, 1998), the Military Leadership Diversity Commission issued its findings and recommendations on how the departments of defense can promote the representation of females,… [read more]

FDR and LDB, War Leaders Term Paper

… FDR and LDB, War Leaders

Franklin D. Roosevelt was considered by many to be an amazing leader. He was elected President of the United States for four terms, a feat unheard of even today. He also demonstrated many leadership qualities… [read more]

Military IT: Army Knowledge Online Essay

… In a sense, the AKO shrinks the bureaucratic obstacles of the military while simultaneously maintaining a network of unparalleled enormity. (Rouse, p. 1)

The negative impacts that may be said to emerge from the AKO largely revolve on its relatively cumbersome nature. Due to the extra precautions which must be taken to protect sensitive information and the steps that are taken toward identity verification, many end-users have complained about the system's technological limitations. According to some servicemen and women, limitations in the system include a slower-than-desirable speed of operation and some problems with universal web browser compatibility. While extra steps must surely be taken to produce the adequate level of security restriction for potentially sensitive information and correspondence, the technological shortcomings of the AKO have led some would-be end-users to favor their own email platforms over the mandatory system. (DDS, p. 1) In fact, the DDS reports that only 10% of active servicemen make use of the system today.

3) your recommendations for improving and enhancing your chosen information system.

Recommendations for improving this system largely revolve on improving its efficiency without sacrificing its security capabilities. This calls for a refinement of the knowledge sharing technology while reducing the emphasis on email service and other functionalities which are fully available outside of the AKO today. This will involve moving toward a cloud-based strategy of data-basing for the improvement of speed, efficiency and accessibility.

Works Cited:

Army Knowledge Online (AKO). (2013). Portal.

Defense Systems Staff (DSS). (2013). Army Knowledge Online Transitions to Next-Generation Enterprise Services. Defense

Rouse, M. (2011). Army Knowledge Online… [read more]

Worst Faults a Military Leader Research Paper

… There was a comforting presumption that neither nation-state wished to be annihilated. However, this same comfort is not offered when combating terrorists who are willing to die for their cause. Also, versus apparent logical self-interest, terrorist groups are not necessarily… [read more]

Military Lessons Learned Essay

… A shared frame of reference is reported to be key in group common understanding. A shared mental model for information and communication procedures is reported to be the primary base in developing "SSA appropriate to current mission goals." (Cantu and Cantu, nd, p.5) Continuous and effective communication is also reported as being critical in the sharing of interests and in gaining an awareness that is comprehensive of the priorities of all actors in crisis planning.

III. Military Lessons Learned to Assist in More Effective Mission Success

The military lessons learned that would assist in more effective success in military missions include that there is a critical need for continuous communication that is effective in nature since this will enable coordinated action and will result in a shared frame of reference. It is extremely important that all involved be aware of what stage of completion the mission has reached the mission goals, the mission strategy, and the appropriate tactics to accomplish the mission. All actors must work in unison and cooperatively in order to realize success and effectiveness in a military operation. With today's technological advances, there are many ways to communicate even across long distances and this technology enables today's military in realizing success in its mission goals and objectives.

Summary and Conclusion

This study has examined military strategy and mission requirements for realization of effective and successful missions and noted that a shared frame of reference and continuous communication that is effective to be critical towards mission success.

Works Cited

Cantu, DA, and Cantu, S. (nd) The Vietnam War: A National Dilemma. Series: Conflicts and Foreign Policy. Retrieved from:

Semling, C. And Rist, U. (nd) Shared Situational Awareness in Civil-Military Partnership. DS CC70 / Systemic Analysis & Human Factors. Ottobrun, Germany. [read more]

Tea Leaves on Obama's New Military Strategy Essay

… ¶ … Tea Leaves on Obama's New Military Strategy" and "America's Path: Grand Strategy for the Next Generation," focus on President Obama's new strategy of promoting growth and jobs while ensuring national security. However, these articles could be misleading in… [read more]

Attack on Pearl Harbor Research Paper

… Japan and WWII

The Japanese naval attack on Pearl Harbor in the Hawaiian Islands was a devastating loss for the United States, both in terms of the loss of vessels and lives in the U.S. Pacific Fleet and in terms… [read more]

Conscription in Turkey Essay

… Military Conscription Reforms in Turkey: A Financial or Professional Approach

Military conscription in Turkey has its roots in the late Ottoman Empire. The system was adopted as a means of giving the nation military workforce, and was a tool of… [read more]

Guerrilla Warfare Is a Successful Tactic Thesis

… Guerilla Warfare

The Efficacy of Guerilla Warfare

Terrorists, in some ways, are just as organized and effective as a police force or the military. The police force and more so with the military, there is a great abundance of resources and supplies dedicated for training purposes. Terrorists and militarized groups from third world countries often have to be more inventive because of their lack of financing and lack of supplies. Guerilla warfare is a way that terrorists and groups from third world countries get attention and accomplish some of their goals. Guerilla warfare involves not military personnel, often called civilians, to participate and serve vital functions in guerilla activities. Participants in guerilla warfare have advantages that members of large armies do not. While there are advantages and disadvantages to the use of guerilla warfare, guerilla warfare, overall, is a successful tool of small countries and terrorist organizations.

In Guerilla Warfare, famous revolutionary leader and physician, Che Guevara defines guerilla warfare early on in the text as:

…the basis of the struggle of a people to redeem itself, has diverse characteristics, different facets…geographical and social conditions in each country determine the mode and particular forms that guerrilla warfare will take, there are general laws that hold... (1961, 2)

Guerilla warfare is a type of strategy that takes place within a context where many people are suffering and struggling for basic human rights, despite the political views or agenda of those in power and those without power. Guerilla warfare is a term that was coined in the 20th century, yet there is evidence that guerilla warfare and tactics have existed since the times of ancient human civilizations. Guerilla warfare, according to this definition, is not uniform in practice, but is uniform in philosophy. This means that depending on the physical and social conditions in which guerilla warfare is used will predominantly determine the precise plans and maneuvers of the guerillas. Guerillas have to use what is available in their physical environment, what they may already have access to or possess, what they could gain access to or possess by theft, and what the precise nature of the targets of the warfare are. These are the factors that determine what exactly will play out for guerillas, whether they are from terrorist organizations or from small and/or third world countries.

Guevara continues by arguing that while the form of the guerilla warfare takes varies, the ethos, pathos, and logos of guerilla warfare holds… [read more]

Eb Sledge With the Old Breed Essay

… E.B. Sledge, With the Old Breed

There most assuredly are two different representations of the author of With The Old Breed: At Peleliu and Okinawa, E.B. Sledge, that the reader can discern while perusing through this memoir. One of these… [read more]

Ethics in Military Essay

… This does mean that some military members will lose their life protecting the nation in war times.

On the other hand, if one military member is acting in dishonorable ways, society will deem the integrity of the entire military force as questionable in terms of providing that protection to the nation. Dishonorable actions create a weak link in the military chain that gets other military members injured or dead. It also gives enemies advantages to do more harm not only to military members, but to the society of the nation as well.

Volunteering to military duty requires the signing of a pledge to recognize professionalism, being bound to the same Code of Ethics as other military professionals, accept the responsibilities, and respect matters of confidentiality (FRG Volunteer Code of Ethics, n.d.). This means that regardless of whether the member is paid or volunteer, or regardless of their respective roles, they are expected to perform their duties with the same high ethical standards of integrity. Dishonorable actions, such as the breaking of confidentiality, discredits the entire military force, not just the volunteer member. Honorable actions of the volunteer brings a higher standard of integrity to the entire military force in protecting the honor and independence of the nation.

The duty of the military requires high ethical standards in producing integrity. Each member is responsible for shared responsibilities that include ethical actions, whether they are a paid member or volunteer. Following ethical standards produces the integrity of the military in protection of the honor and independence of the nation. Not following ethical standards produces higher casualties and breaks down the confidence in the military by societal members.


Code of Conduct. (2013). Retrieved from Army Study Guide:

FRG Volunteer Code of Ethics. (n.d.). Retrieved from Department of the Army:

Siang, D. (July-Sept 1998). Professional Military Ethics -- A Soldier's Contract. Journal of Sinapore Armed Forces v24 n3, Retrieved from Retrieved from Journal of . [read more]

Military Strategy in Korean Term Paper

… Conclusion

Two Wars: Korean and Vietnam Wars are critical in the history of the United States under the influence of communism. Some of the factors that led to the success of the case of the Korean War include role of the UN Security Council, public support, and amphibious support. In the contrary, the case of the Vietnam War was a failure because of lack of public support, ambiguity of the enemy, lack of social and political solutions, and terrain. This is an indication of the need to adopt and implement appropriate strategies in the art of war.


Mehta, Harish C. 2012. "Fighting, Negotiating, and Laughing: The Use of Humour in the Vietnam War." Historian 74, no. 4: 743-788.

Schell, Jonathan. 2013. "The Real Vietnam War." Nation 296, no. 5: 20-24.

Hee Kyung, Suh. 2012. "War and Justice: Just Cause of the Korean War." Korea Journal 52,

no. 2: 5-29.

Krebs, Marjori M. 2009. "The Korean War: A Role-Play to Remember." Social Studies 100,

no. 6: 273-278.

Waldman, Thomas. 2010. "Shadows of Uncertainty': Clausewitz's Timeless Analysis of Chance in War." Defence Studies 10, no. 3: 336-368.

Hee Kyung, Suh. 2012. "War and Justice: Just Cause of the Korean War." Korea Journal 52, no. 2: 5-29.

Krebs, Marjori M. 2009. "The Korean War: A Role-Play to Remember." Social Studies 100, no. 6: 273-278.

Mehta, Harish C. 2012. "Fighting, Negotiating, and Laughing: The Use of Humour in the… [read more]

Mission and Vision Statements Essay

… For example, the mission and vision statements refer to the utility of their products and services. Those services include providing testing, evaluation, and consultation services. Moreover, David (2011) outlines nine components of a successful mission and vision statement. These nine components include a reference to customers; to products and services; to the markets; to technology; to concern for growth; to overall philosophy; to self-concept and differentiation; to concern for public image; and finally, to employees. On most of these counts, the COMOPTEVFOR mission and vision statements are effective.

The customers of COMOPTEVFOR services include mainly the Chief Naval Officer, a position mentioned in the mission statement. The products and services have been mentioned throughout the mission and vision statement. Implicit in the mission and vision statements of COMOPTEVFOR is that the markets are mainly within the United States of America. Technology is indeed a core component of what COMOPTEVFOR does, and although specific systems are not mentioned, the mission and vision statements unequivocally refer to the fact that effective military testing depends on the use of state-of-the-art technology.

Concern for growth is also implied, but not directly stated, such as the commitment to "joint warfighting effects." There is, however, no mention of the future survival or profitability of the organization in either the mission or the vision statements. When it comes to expressing self-concept and differentiating the organization from potential competitors, COMOPTEVOR does fall short. COMOPTEVOR's strategic vision expresses a concern for "creating transparency," which can be construed as related to public image. There is no explicit mention of anything else related to public image other than the maintenance of effective and suitable military systems. Finally, a core strength of the COMOPTEVOR mission and vision statements is the mentioning of the employees: in this case, the sailors, marines, airmen, and soldiers that comprise the American armed forces.

Although the COMOPTEVOR mission and vision statements do not fulfill all the nine components of an effective mission and vision statement, enough of the parameters are fulfilled. COMOPTEVOR would only need to integrate information about how the organization is committed to social and environmental concerns to create a more comprehensive mission and vision. The COMOPTEVOR mission and vision statements do "ensure unanimity of purpose" within the organization in brief, broad, and effective ways (David, 2011, p. 47).


COMOPTEVOR (2013). About COMOPTEVOR. Retrieved online:

COMOPTEVOR (2013). COTF Command mission and strategic vision. Retrieved online:

David, F.R. (2011). Strategic… [read more]

Course of Action Decision Professional Writing

… ¶ … Action Decision Brief

"What you want to do is to weigh all the numerous issues, distinguishing that in war some data could be wrong, that a lot is missing totally, and there are all sorts of essentials over… [read more]

Educational Advantages of the Military Research Paper

… Military

Lessening the Educational Disadvantages of Military Culture

The educational culture of the military bears little resemblance to that of popular culture or health culture. Indeed, the military lifestyle is for the most part a Spartan one in which the members undergo a strict regime of physical strength-training. It should also be noted that the military lifestyle is severe to a greater extent than the lifestyle afforded by other cultures. Certainly, military culture is not for everyone, and prospective enlistees should be cognizant of the many advantages and disadvantages associated with military life. This paper provides a brief overview of some of the most pertinent advantages and disadvantages, and concludes with strategies that can be deployed in order to lessen the disadvantages.

One of the chief advantages of military life is the extreme level of group solidarity that one gains from the military; individuals spend all of their time with a select group of fellow enlistees, and people quickly learn the value of cooperation and the strength in having a strong support group available at all times. Those who struggle with personal motivation or who have never had a supportive influence in their lives are likely to find particular satisfaction in the military lifestyle. It has also been shown that the military lifestyle better prepares people for relationships later in life, particularly with regard to marriage and raising a family (Teachman, 2009). Additionally, military culture places a premium on physical fitness, and enlistees generally find themselves in the excellent physical condition. In this regard, one of the advantages to education in the military is that it is not limited to the classroom or the training ground but also refers to educating oneself on how best to treat their bodies.

It could be argued that the advantages listed above are also disadvantages of military culture, as the lifestyle of group solidarity clashes strongly with the individualistic ethos promoted by contemporary Western culture. In order to lessen the potential disadvantage of the group ethos, it is important to place a premium on interpersonal relations while at the same time retaining one's own personal values. With regard to the severe physical fitness regimen, enlistees should not view the harsh training lifestyle as a disadvantage but must apply a positive perspective to it, valuing the superior conditioning that they will achieve. One of the most successful ways of lessening the educational disadvantages of military culture is simply to view the same disadvantages from a positive standpoint, appreciating the benefits of the group dynamic and physical strength.

In addition to the physical benefits of the military, another benefit of the lifestyle is the technological acumen that enlistees acquire. Those who have an interest in technology are especially well-positioned to thrive in the military… [read more]

Military Law and Justice Essay

… ¶ … Military Law and Military Justice?

Military justice, also known as military law is a set of procedures and laws that govern members of the armed forces. Different states have designed distinct and separate bodies of law governing their… [read more]

Boer War a Discussion Essay

… Furthermore, the strength of the Canadian army was illustrated to the world by the battle sof Passchendaele and Vimy Ridge.

The sheer size of the Canadian forces was representative of their dedication to the cause. During the beginning, Canada was still considered a self-governing colony. However, war progressed, Canada independence surfaced by their military reputation which was earned on the battlefield. The Canadian government retained its authority over its own military, which eventually led to the creation of the Canadian Expeditionary Force. The Canadian Expeditionary Force was maintained by voluntary enlistment until the MILITARY SERVICE ACT of August 1917 introduced conscription. In total 619-636 officers and men served in the CEF, of whom 142,588 were enlisted under the Military Service Act; 424,589 served overseas. The peak strength of the CEF at any one point was 388-038 all ranks in July 1918 (The Canadian Encyclopedia, 2012). The British still tried to retain control over Canadian forces, yet as the Canadian military began to become more confident its own abilities this set the stage for the entire country to begin to question its dedication to its imperial rulers.


Canada continued to struggle for its independence against the British as the military evolution provided the backbone of this effort. However, Britain continued to maintain their position that Canada was one of their dominions for as long as they possibly could. Furthermore, the Americans were initially resistant to the idea of Canadian independence simply because they believed that it would give the British increased control of the region. For example, if the British retained control, then they would possess more influence in the League of Nations. However despite the American resistance, Canada's military performance in the First World War signaled that the country was ready to free itself from foreign command. Later the Treaty of Versailles was signed on June 28th, 1919. Canada's signature to this treaty gave them their independence which was internationally recognized.

Works Cited

CBC. (2001). The Boer War. Retrieved from Canada - A People History:

Morton, D. (N.d.). Epilogue. Retrieved from Images of a Forgotten War:

The Canadian Encyclopedia. (2012). Canadian Expeditionary Force. Retrieved from The Canadian Encyclopedia:

The Loyal Edmonton Regiment Museum. (2010). Boer War. Retrieved from Canadian Military HIstory: [read more]

Presence of Non-Romans Throughout the History Research Paper

… Presence of Non-Romans

Throughout the history of Rome, there were a series of transformations that were taking place. One area where this was most evident is inside the Roman army. As these changes, were designed to deal with current and… [read more]

Bonus Army Invades Washington Term Paper

… 25 for each day served abroad & #8230; in the year 1945" (Ellis 296), is also pilloried mercilessly by the author as another in a long line of official bait-and-switches. Referencing quotes given at the time by President Hoover and Governor Franklin D. Roosevelt, both dismissive of the American Legion's request for immediate payment of bonus certificates as discordant with federal budgetary constraints, Ellis again grounds his writing in established fact before instilling his personal sense of outrage. His weapon of choice again becomes the personal tragedy of Walter W. Waters and the millions of WWI veterans suffering similar fates, "the jobless truck driver from Philadelphia, once with the Fifteenth Engineers, his wife holding the only job in the family & #8230; the coal miner from Morgantown, West Virginia, proud of his record in the Rainbow Division, out of work for the past eighteen months, a grown man getting pocket money from his paw and maw" (Ellis 298). By providing such searing glimpses into the sorrow and hardship endured by the working class, and especially WWI veterans, as the Great Depression dawned, Ellis transforms dry historical tracts into a touching narrative of rebellion and redemption.

Despite the unbridled optimism expressed by Waters, who famously declared to a throng of weary protestors that "We are going to stay here until the veteran's bill is passed!" (Ellis 298), and his compatriots among the Bonus Expeditionary Force during the movement's infancy, the article concludes with the tragic triumph of the empowered over the impoverished. Ellis covers both the political machinations undertaken by ambitious politicians and the military maneuvering deployed to drive away the Bonus Army marchers with equal fervor. Of the "legislator's apprehension" within their "fear-soaked chamber," Ellis wryly observes that as "the debate dragged on & #8230; every now and then a Senator would tiptoe to a window, peek down on the multitude, anxiously shake his head, creep back into the chamber" (304). Of the violent and riotous melee used to displace the Bonus Army's protests, in which two marchers were slain and scores more were wounded, Ellis notes the historical nature of the firsts involved, writing that "it was the first time in American history that federal troops had been summoned by a President to attack American citizens in their national capital" (312). The disgraceful actions of General Douglas MacArthur are given special attention by the author, who time and again implies that the commander's direct refusal to obey orders given by President Hoover should be considered treasonous betrayals of his moral and military duty. Ultimately, political expediency won out over the morality of honoring a governmental guarantee,… [read more]

Leadership Traits in the Face of Battle Essay

… Leadership Traits in the Face of Battle

What leadership traits are needed when a military officer and his men are under fire in a war zone? How to real leaders respond to the terror of war? What qualities to soldiers… [read more]

Anglo Chinese War the Historical Discussion Research Paper

… ¶ … Anglo Chinese War

The historical discussion of the First Anglo-Chinese War (frequently referred to as the First Opium War) included a variety of competing perspectives even as the war was still being fought, because either side viewed the… [read more]

Military Lessons Learned From Vietnam Essay

… From a strictly military perspective, though, some of the more salient lessons learned from the War in Vietnam that can help me achieve my professional goals today include the need to:

1. Be nonjudgmental;

2. Learn the facts before forming an opinion;

3. Embrace cultural diversity in health care;

4. Develop collaborative practice among nursing teams; and,

5. Promote team work, respect and support for each other.

All of the foregoing are directly related to what one U.S. Army officer considered the most important lesson learned in Vietnam: "Of all the 'lessons learned' from the Vietnam war the need for flexibility in both thought and action is perhaps the most critical" (Summers, 1982, p. 139).


Given its impact on the American consciousness and the cost in lives, it is little wonder that scholars continue to analyze the War in Vietnam to determine what the United States did right and what it did wrong. The research showed that although the U.S. lost the war, a number of valuable lessons learned have been identified that can be used to good effect on the battlefields as well in the workplaces of the 21st century concerning the need for professionalism and teamwork.


Davison, K. (2008). From tactical planning to operational design. Military Review, 88(5), 33-34.

Logisticians. (2012). Bureau of Labor and Statistics. Retrieved from / oes/current/oes131081.htm.

Porter, M.E. (1990). Competitive strategy: Techniques for analyzing industries and competitors. New York: The Free Press.

Summers, H.G. (1982). On strategy: A critical analysis of the… [read more]

Military Role at the U.S.-Mexico Border Research Paper

… Military role at the USA – Mexico Border

This paper explores the reasons why the military should be involved in guarding the border between the US and Mexico. The paper considers the relations between the two countries… [read more]

America and the Great War Essay

… World War I

American Participation in World War I

When America declared war against Germany and Austria in 1917, the Armed Forces of the United States were rather unimpressive in the eyes of the Europeans. Europe had been at war for several years and the participants considered themselves to have the most experienced and most capable forces in the world. And the Americans' performance in recent military expeditions left much to be desired. While the Europeans fought hard, gritty battles, the American military was failing to capture a simple Mexican bandit named Pancho Villa. In spite of this, the Americans were an industrialized nation with huge population, and within a year of declaring war against Germany and her allies, the Americans would not only raise an army the strength of which equaled any in the world, but one that would play an invaluable role in the Allied victory.

It was on April 6th 1917 that Congress acceded to President Woodrow Wilson's request and declared war against Germany, officially entering the conflict. But the United States was far from ready to immediately intervene on the side of the Allies. The performance of the American Army in 1916 expedition into Mexico after Pancho Villa led the Germans to believe that "the United States would be in no position to add significant military strength to the Allies." (Ziegler 38) and they had some right to think this as the United States Army consisted of "just 128,000 and 81,000 Reservists, and lacking almost all the equipment necessary for modern warfare…." (Henry 3)

However, the Germans' were wrong and within two and a half months of the American declaration of war, "more than 500,000 men had volunteered in the American Army and Navy." (the World War 158) and these troops were desperately needed by the Allies. By the beginning of 1918, the Russian withdrawal from the war was imminent, the British had suffered catastrophic losses during their 1917 campaigns, the Italians had been soundly defeated at Caporetto, "and the demoralized state of the French army made an enormous infusion of American troops imperative." (Ziegler 61) but when the new Communist government in Russia made peace with Germany, freeing up hundreds of thousands of German troops, they decided to make one last all out offensive against the Allies in the West.

It was in March of 1918 that the Germans sent 65 divisions against the Western Front in their last chance gamble to win the war before the arrival of the Americans in large numbers. And their gamble almost worked, the Germans drove a wedge between the British and French armies and pushed their way close enough to Paris to… [read more]

Army at Dawn by Rick Atkinson Book Review

… ¶ … Army at Dawn by Rick Atkinson

It is rare and encouraging that war blunders and lessons learned throughout the course of history are uncovered in such a well-researched and compelling manner. The book "An Army at Dawn" engages its readers due to its novel like narrative. Atkinson uses his many a year's experience of newspaper to craft a master-piece, covering the initial thrust of Allied forces in North America.

The Allied attack (1942-43) begins on the eve of operation TORCH, the audacious invasion of Morocco and Algeria. The Initial victories intoxicating the army of overwhelming confidence soon fades away; when damages suffered in form of increasing casualties resulted in low morale and vanquishes the chance of a quick decisive victory. The Allies discover that they are dolefully not ready to fight and win this war. Furthermore, they had to endure an impulsive and potentially catastrophic cross-channel assault which served as an exhausting "testing ground" for an amateur American army. Lessons learned were translated into better and more cohesive war plans and rise of a breed of leadership within the Allied forces. Lastly, by including Great Britain to what Atkinson refers as a "junior partner" in the war front, North Africa marked the beginning of American dominion, geographically as well as politically.


The theme here; a progression by which the initially shaky American troops and sketchy leadership turned into a great Army and history-making commanders, proved a stepping stone for the freedom of Europe and the demolition of the Third Reich; a larger-than-life story of valor and catastrophe, of miscalculation and continuing triumph.

By amalgamating storytelling and historical facts derived from battle memoirs and soldiers' letters and other official sources, Atkinson has drafted a master piece. Along with using the men's words directly, Atkinson also combines these collective observations in his own way to paint a vivid picture of the goings on. An example:

"We shall attack for sixty days and then, if we have to, for sixty more. If we go forward with desperation, if we go forward with utmost speed and fight, these people cannot stand against us." (Page 37) - An Army at Dawn

There are more than 100 pages of references, that's the brilliant depth of research conducted by Atkinson. The author is not just telling us the historic facts but also telling us individual stories of soldiers, the thoughts and the fears on both sides. The usage of maps to make the user understand the terrain and the strategy is very convincing and keeps the reader engaged.

The author also gives us interesting characters of Eisenhower, Montgomery, Patton, Bradley and Rommel. Patton being the war enthusiast and believer of valor and courage was the most interesting and engaging one. Also conflicts between personalities such as Eisenhower and Montgomery, Patton's… [read more]

U.S. Army Eo Program Equality Essay

… Inappropriate commentary based upon one's sexuality can be a lot less explicit, and unintended, than remarks based upon one's race. However, there are fairly strict definitions and codes regarding remarks of a sexual nature that the armed forces is unwilling to tolerate. Such statements may be extremely casual, such as the referring to a female employee by a colloquial term such as "babe." Despite the actual intention of such a comment, which may actually be quite innocent, there is little tolerance from this sort of behavior, or any other, that the receiving party may deem as offensive, as the following quotation explicitly states.

Soldiers and civilians must understand that what they may consider to be joking or horseplay must be evaluated on its appropriateness and offensiveness as perceived by the recipient… In determining whether such behavior constitutes sexual harassment, a primary concern is the impact of the act upon the victim, not the intent of the alleged harasser. An excuse such as, "I was only joking" is irrelevant (No author, 2008, p. 50).

This quotation demonstrates the fact that jokes of this nature, or of those that are based upon sex, race, religion, etc. are "irrelevant" to the work being performed by the armed forces, and are therefore intolerable.

The elimination of such unnecessary comments based upon race or sex will only strengthen the equal opportunity environment that the armed forces have long sought to provide for its employers and their families. Inappropriate remarks or racial jokes have no place in such a setting.


No author. (2008). Army Regulation 600-20. Retrieved from

No author. (1994). Department of the Army Pamphlet 350-20 Retrieved from [read more]

What Would Happen if the Drinking Age Were Raised in the Military? Research Paper

… Military Drinking Age

What would happen if the drinking age were raised in the military?

George Will once said, "Sensible politics begins with epistemological modesty about what one can know about a complicated society" (2011).

One can certainly argue that… [read more]

Naval Force for Today Essay

… ¶ … U.S. Navy be doing today?

The question asked in the title of this paper is a good one. Of course the U.S. Navy should be following its mission statement as closely as possible: "The Mission of the Navy is to maintain, train, and equip combat-ready Naval forces capable of winning wars, deterring aggression and maintaining freedom of the seas" ( But moreover, there are other things the Navy can do and in many cases is doing today, and those will be reviewed in this paper.

The Navy -- What Should it be focused on in 2012?

The Navy is doing a great service to many countries in the world by coming to the aid of vessels in the high seas that are being attacked by pirates. Countless times Somali pirates have attacked ships and taken the people on board as hostages. According to, Somali pirates are currently holding nearly 200 hostages. The European Union (EU) has a group of countries that have banded together to form "EU Navel Force Somalia"; the group released a statement (published by Xinhua) that indicates there are "…currently 199 men and one woman held hostage in Somalia following the pirating of their ships in the Indian Ocean" (

The pirates hold hostages, control vessels, and demand ransom for the safe return of these captured civilians and their vessels. There is some evidence that hostages have been abused, even tortured. Overall an estimated 2,317 merchant seamen have been held hostage by these pirates for an average of five months, according to the EU statement.

The point here is, the U.S. Navy has intercepted a number of pirate attacks and it should continue to be vigilant in that regard. The Navy cannot patrol all the high seas looking for these scoundrels, but when a call for help is heard, the Navy should -- and does -- respond with all due haste and uses force if necessary. That brings up another question. When the Navy encounters pirate terrorists, should those pirates be killed on the spot?

There is a Combined Task Force 150 currently sailing in the Gulf of Aden (the site of most pirates' activities); this group is dominated by the U.S. Navy, and on December 19 the U.S. Navy… [read more]

Military Mst Military Sexual Trauma Term Paper

… So, based on the statistics, it's clear that there is a cloud looming over military relationships. That cloud is the potential for MST.

Cultural Empowerment

Well, the solution to the problem of MST is to modify the culture of the U.S. military. A complete overhaul is not required as by and large the military represents the best and the brightest the country has to offer. But clearly soldiers need training on what it means to "sin by silence." Those who've been abused need to speak about it, tell others about it, and feel empowered by their ability to overcome it (self-efficacy and self-management may be the most powerful forces that lead to positive rehabilitation for those experiencing MST). This is the best way to precipitate real change -- create awareness. Additionally, top military brass needs to support those who speak out about MST. Clearly, they are not doing enough either.


To solve the problem of MST, the cultural identity of the military needs to be amended to include a hyper-sensitivity to sexual abuse, sexual harassment, rape, etc. Instances of such behavior must be reported. And those who report such behavior should be praised for exhibiting those aforementioned virtues. As it's been said, evil prospers when good men do nothing. By creating a more responsible and ethical cultural identity and environment, relationships will improve and expectations will be met. The result will be an empowered community that works together to truly become a force for good.

Works Cited

Cater, J., & Leach, J. (2011). Veterans, Military Sexual Trauma and PTSD:

Rehabilitation Planning Implications. Journal of Applied Rehabilitation

Counseling, 42(2), 33-40 Retrieved from Proquest at


Hyun, J., Pavao, J., & Klinerling, R. (2009). Military Sexual Trauma. PTSD Research

Quarterly, 20(2), 13.

Street, A., Stafford, J., Mahan, C., & Hendricks, A. (2008). Sexual harassment and assault experienced by reservists during military service: Prevalence and health correlates. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 45, 409-420.

U.S. Department of Defense. (2010). Department of Defense Fiscal year 2009 annual report on sexual assault in military. Retrieved from http://www.sapr.mi [read more]

Ucmj as a Military Specialist Essay

… For instance, the United States Air Force Writer (AFW) provides an example of the document filled out by the superior non-commissioned officer in reporting the failure of a soldier to adhere to 'other lawful orders.' Accordingly, the document quoted hereafter directs its charges at the offending officer, reporting that "on 19 July 2011, you were told at 2300 to relieve A1C Blank from the Passenger Service Counter at midnight. At 1201am SSgt Smith intercepted you going to have a cigarette before relieving or checking with A1C Blank. After been told by SSgt Smith twice to report to the PSC you were found outside smoking seconds later. You have continually demonstrated irresponsible and selfish behavior toward SSgt Smith. Your failure to adhere to these standards leaves you in violation of Article 92 of the UCMJ, Failure to obey order or regulation by a noncommissioned officer." (AFW, p. 1)

Here, Powers indicates that the range of potential punishments is likely to be a great deal less severe given the lesser practical and moral hazards of such disobedience. Here, the outcome can be the forfeiture of two-thirds pay per month for 3 months unless a lesser penalty such as revocation of weekend leave can be resolved between commanding and offending officers.


The primary exception to Article 92 which is identified by the language of the internal military bylaw is that which protects ineptitude from punishment. Here, Powers indicates that the UCMJ makes special notation that personnel failing to perform adequately in response to either general or other lawful orders as a result of incapacity or ineptitude, are, where it can be demonstrated that genuine effort has been put forth, not to be penalized under the terms of Article 92. Powers notes that "for example, a recruit who has tried earnestly during rifle training and throughout record firing is not derelict in the performance of duties if the recruit fails to qualify with the weapon." (Powers, p. 2)

Consequences of Compliance with Unlawful Orders:

The specific notation of 'lawful orders' indicates that some discretion remains with the individual soldier such that in the event that unlawful orders are invoked, the officer is intended to resist and take the proper steps to presume rank from the offending officer. Previous court martial cases are available to us to demonstrate the serious consequences of failing this discretion, with many atrocities during the Vietnam War highlight this distinction between lawful and unlawful orders. Accordingly, Powers tells that "in United States v. Keenan, the accused (Keenan) was found guilty of murder after he obeyed in order to shoot and kill an elderly Vietnamese citizen. The Court of Military Appeals held that 'the justification for acts done pursuant to orders does not exist if the order was of such a nature that a man of ordinary sense and understanding would know it to be illegal.'" (Powers1, p. 1) This imposes a duty upon military personnel to be aware of that which is lawful and that which is not before… [read more]

Army Problem Solving vs. Rapid Decision-Making and Synchronization Process Essay

… Army problem solving vs. Rapid decision making

The concept of problem solving is a daily occurrence in the military and it is a systematic way of arriving at the best possible solution to a crisis or a problem. It also… [read more]

Pride in Serving Military Compare Essay

… What greater responsibility can there be!

True, that the military can become complex with politics, economics, or family dynamics intruding and agonizing the recruit. Attrition is rife. There are stories too of sexual harassment in the army and of conflicts with friends both within and without the army life due to being a soldier. On the other hand, this is a blip on the horizon when compared to the wider picture.

True, too, that there are movies and books such as the famous movie "Born on the 1st of July" and Hemmingway's series that are critical of war and dispel their romantic myth, and indeed romanticism of war can be harmful. The grill and gut of killing is no fun. I am not talking about that. What I am considering rather is war done for the purpose of mankind, or not even war but rather activities involved in protection of defenseless people and activities dedicated to prevention of another war. These I consider heroic and magnificent.

Unfortunately, all too often the military has been depicted in a negative way by pacifists or those who have had negative experience or those (usually but not always, radical liberals) who have some agenda or other. Yes, there are some soldiers who have acted immorally and see the military as fodder for aggrandizement and opportunity for ambition and callousness. All too often, unfortunately, stories of heroic soldiers who risk their lives for their country and colleagues go underrepresented if not ignored and fail to receive the attention that they should. Their actions are as important as the firemen who jumped into the Twin Tower son September 11 and who sacrificed their lives for the victims. Firemen sacrifice their lives daily for individuals. Our police force does too. The military does likewise, but too often the military are condemned.

My initial objectives in describing my pride for the militia were to draw on their manner of expanding the recruit's imagination and human interest. That happens and the recruit becomes a far fully engaged individual with a plethora of friends and contacts and better able to deal with conflict in all ways for the military has taught him to do so. He is more in touch with his life and, likely, appreciates life more. Serving in the military can give one numerous advantages and I see such a human as potentially more deserving of our admiration that one who serves in various other positions. For this reason, I see the military as expanding beyond merely developing one's imagination: it makes the recruit fully human; it makes him more in touch with the world and ironically and counter-intuitively more caring about others (due to the fact that he endeavors to protect them to the extent that she sacrifices her life to do so). It is this latest fact that makes me supremely proud of belonging to the military for few other jobs provide us with the same purpose. Working the corporate life certainly does not.


Sandifer,… [read more]

Military Components Essay

… Military Components

There is much to be learned through well-constructed readings regarding ethical values, loyalty, and leadership in the military. When it comes to today's conflict dynamics, in a world that is increasingly dangerous, a soldier must be prepared --… [read more]

Advancements in Military Technology and Information Superiority Essay

… ¶ … Advancements in Military Technology and Information Superiority So Important in the American Victory over Japan in the Pacific War?

The Importance of the Advancements in Military Technology and Information in the American Victory over Japan in the Pacific… [read more]

Terrorism and the Military (Apa) Thesis

… Colleagues of the Muslim Army officer said that he had expressed outrage that the United States was involved in a war against Muslims, and that Muslims should rise up and attack Americans in retaliation. (Sherwell, 2009) Hasan was extremely upset… [read more]

How the Army Manages Transformation Essay

… ¶ … Army Manages Transformation -- General George Casey

Part ONE, summary: The author of this article / interview, J.P. Donlon, introduces the article by pointing out that the American combat involvement in Afghanistan and Iraq showed leaders that clearly, those actions were "organizationally out of balance." They were out of balance because the new battlefield involves terrorism, and so the U.S. Army must be fine-tuning counterterrorism strategies. General Casey was asked to explain when the realization was made that big changes were needed. He said the need for the transformation came about following September 11. The new army will have a "versatile mix of multipurpose forces," he said, in answer to Donlon's question. There will be many units, including intelligence, engineers, logistics, and communication units, and new training will be required, he continued.

How will technology be used in the new configuration of the army? Casey was asked. One thing he emphasized was the need for training, starting at the highest levels of the military. "We sill send a senior brigadier to a university's business school for a week," he explained, and following that that officer will take an "advanced course" within a specific industry so he will understand how to employ that particular technology in an army context (Donlon). The general said he will be visiting computer giant DELL in Texas, not to learn about the computer or digital technologies, but to see how DELL deals with organizational change. He had recently also gone to Google and Cisco to see how they use technology "to enhance their ability to adapt" (Donlon).

When asked about the military threat that China might pose, he dodged the question; when asked about the recession and how the army intends to convince Congress to go along with the cost of transforming the army, he said "we can't afford not to modernize" (Donlon). The general ended with the statement that it takes "vision and courage" for a leader to go forward; he must "look to the future & #8230;and say, 'OK, this is what we are doing'" (Donlon).

Part TWO: Paraphrase: In a world that is increasingly… [read more]

Front Line of Defense Research Paper

… Likewise, organizational behaviorists have also examined the broad array of other human resource practices in the various military services over the years. In this regard, Griffin and O'Leary-Kelly report that organizational behavior studies have shown that "some of the strongest… [read more]

Army Reserve/National Guard Retention Impact Thesis

… 37.8% of responders were married for the first time and > 50% were married for the first time or remarried. The responders also indicated, an interesting distribution of dependents, with 34 of 111 having 0, yet 48 of 111 having 1, and 24 of 111 having 2.

The problems of mobilization, according to the survey results were rather interesting as the very serious problems were reported to be, (E.) lost seniority, promotion opportunity or job responsibility at civilian job, (K) increase chances for marital separation or divorce, (M) burden on spouse. Considering the number of respondents surveyed indicating to be married, (M) is certainly believable. 36 respondents skipped question(s) 15 & 16, which is roughly 1/3, likely due to mixed feelings regarding their mobilization mission and whether they felt their family was well cared for by the unit's Family Readiness Program.

General Recommendations

Increase level of interaction between Family Support programs, staff members and enlisted soldiers.

Focus on improving the quality of core living standards during deployment for family and soldiers.

Increase in-kind pay and services to soldiers if pay raise is unattainable.

Negotiate to provide better subsidy purchasing programs to the Army Reserve under the Department of Homeland Security and the Federal Emergency Management Association.

Increase programs that create a community environment for family members of soldiers, a form of social support group that is facilitated via the Family Support programs.


The introduction within Chapter One of this thesis speaks to the importance of emotional and financial support from the nuclear family unit. Additionally, the level of responsibility many actively enlisted Army Reservists and reserves in other branches have in our civilian careers can cause considerable financial loss to these interests should a deployment arise. Losing these earnings will have a considerable impact on the financial support of the family unit and also determine the morale of the family going forward.

Again, the ramifications of not rendering a positive solution to these issues will be the continuing negative impact on retention in the Army Reserves and the continued decrease in the reenlistment ratio. The attrition of new recruits to the reserve branches increases the role of the more seasoned members and is likely to increase the frequency of deployment for these soldiers.

My hypothesis to improve soldier retention via the guarantee of a five-year reprieve from future deployments is likely to meet with a positive response given the conclusion from the literature review and from the survey results. The need to reduce the pressure on families regarding whether to leave the army will be reduced since there will be a number of years for civilian earnings after deployment, thereby reducing the financial, emotional, and economic burdens on soldiers and families. To reduce the level of attrition, the military can make a few relatively low cost (if any) adjustments to policy. I hypothesize the military's best interest is to view the soldier… [read more]

Army Developed Its Counterinsurgency Campaign Tactics Essay

… Army developed its counterinsurgency campaign tactics in the Philippines and Cuba based upon their experiences campaigning against the American Indians. The most resounding feature of these campaigns and the key to the victories that happened was an almost unbroken record… [read more]

Homosexuals in the Military Research Paper

… Military

Homosexuals in the Military

The matter of gays in the military has been a hot political dispute ever since the commencement of Don't Ask, Don't Tell. Essentially, liberals want to permit gays to candidly serve in the military, while… [read more]

My Role as a Military Officer Essay

… ¶ … Role as a Military Officer

Why do I want to be a Military Officer?

It is my belief that as a military officer, I have the ability to live up to the ethical standards that were outline by… [read more]

Private Security Contractors Thesis

… Private Military Contractors

Private Security Contractors

This paper

Private Military Contractors

Private Military Contractors (PMCs) are a necessary but imperfect tool in today's rapidly changing and increasingly unstable world, utilized by the United State military, rife with ethical and other… [read more]

Battle of Marathon Term Paper

… Battle of Marathon: Strategy and Significance

The Battle of Marathon in 490 B.C. between the Athenians and the Persian army remains one of history's most famous battles. Despite being hugely outnumbered, the Athenian army managed to repel the Persian ranks… [read more]

Finding Oneself in the United States Armed Forces Essay

… Military

Finding oneself in the United States Armed Forces

'Proud to serve:' Why the military has made me who I am today

It has been a long journey for me. At one point in my life, I swore I would… [read more]

Army Soldiers Creed Essay

… Army Soldiers Creed

Citizens who are not soldiers cannot begin to understand the personal, emotional and patriotic importance of being an American soldier. Being an American soldier is more than a job and more than a function in society. It is more even than a way of life. Being an American is just that: a state of being. There is nothing more important in the world than your work as a soldier. There is nothing greater in the world than the United States of America.

An American soldier has a mindset that does not accept either defeat or weakness. The mission comes first, and takes the top position in the mind of the American soldier until it is completed. All other weaknesses are secondary to completing the mission.

This does not however mean that soldiers forget each other. Soldiers never leave their fallen comrades. If someone should be injured on a mission, it is vitally important to see that person to safety until the mission is complete. Soldiers view each other as parts of a… [read more]

Army Engineers Term Paper

… ¶ … Evolution of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

An adage suggests that an army moves on its stomach, but the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers would likely suggest that it moves on passable roadways, rivers and bridges. During… [read more]

Ethics of Media vs. Military Thesis

… Ethics of Media vs. Military

The issue of the military and its relationship with the press is greatly varied and complex. The military for example has of necessity upheld a code of secrecy for the purpose of protecting its procedures… [read more]

World History Civilization Thesis

… History of Military & Weapons Systems

The military and weapons systems are critical components employed by the state in ensuring two aspects; one would be their internal security and the other being to deter other states from engaging them into… [read more]

Influence of Digital Dependance on the US Military Thesis

… ¶ … Digitization of the U.S. Military

The development of digital technology has revolutionized the business and private culture of the day. With digital information technology businesses and individuals can occupy space hundreds or even thousands of miles away from… [read more]

Wars of the Barbary Pirates Research Proposal

… Wars of the Barbary Pirates: To the Shores of Tripoli, the Birth of the U.S. Navy and Marines, by Gregory Fremont-Barnes

Wars of the Barbary Pirates: To the Shores of Tripoli, the Birth of the U.S. Navy and Marines, Gregory… [read more]

Civil Military Relations Thesis

… Civil-Military Relations

Civil military relations are an important subject of discussion in almost every state. However it is even more crucial in countries undergoing transition to democracy and countries plagued by years of military rule. Armies have a strong hold… [read more]

Effects of War on Soldiers Research Proposal


Comparative Study of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder between military and private contractors stationed in Iraq

Americans at War

Conflict is a part of the human condition. Although most would prefer peace, sometimes war represents an inevitable reality. Since the… [read more]

Phoenix Program Term Paper

… ¶ … Phoenix Program Lessons to Iraq

Scope and Significance


The Phoenix Program in Vietnam

Lessons Learned from Phoenix

Applications for Iraq

Selected Bibliography


It is not at all unusual to hear… [read more]

Douglas Macarthur and the Inchon Decision Term Paper

… Douglas MacArthur and the Inchon Decision

Most historians today would agree that Douglas MacArthur (1880-1964) has not "faded away," but remains a source of ongoing research and scholarly investigation concerning his career and the decisions that ultimately contributed to his… [read more]

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