Study "Miscellaneous" Essays 56-98

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Stress and the Body in Patients With Non-Healing Wounds Essay

… Nursing

Stress and the Body in Patients with Non-Healing Wounds

Walburn, J., Vedhara, K., Hankins, M., Rixon, L., & Weinman, J. (2009). Psychological

stress and wound healing in humans: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 67(3), 253-271.

This article is a review of existing research that has been done in relation to psychological stress and wound healing. Initially twenty-two papers were identified as meeting the inclusion criteria for a systematic review and a subsample of 11 were identified as being able to be included in a meta-analysis. The studies looked at the impact of stress on the healing of an assortment of wound types in dissimilar circumstances, including acute and chronic clinical wounds, experimentally produced punch biopsy and blister wounds, and small damage to the skin caused by tape stripping. Seventeen studies in the systematic review found that stress was associated with impaired healing. The conclusion drawn by the authors was that there needs to be research done towards investigating possible moderators of the relationship, intervening mechanisms supporting the association, as well as the demonstration of a causal link by the advance of experimental interventions in healthy people.

The authors present the idea that cutaneous wound healing is a multifaceted process composed of interdependent and overlapping stages, including clot formation, inflammation, proliferation, and remodeling. The initial post injury phase is characterized by the formation of a fibrin clot followed by the inflammatory stage, usually within 1 -- 3 days after injury which is dominated by immune cells that destroy bacteria and debride the wound. These substances are crucial if normal tissue repair is to progress.

It is believed that successful healing is dependent in part on a completely functioning immune system therefore making it susceptible to the myriad of factors which can damage immune performance. Since both acute and chronic psychological stress can modulate immune…… [read more]

Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Research Research Paper

… It is because of the difficulties of creating and conducting perfect experimental research, that true cases of this type of investigation are relatively rare. Perhaps it is almost impossible to have true experimental research in most real-world situations because of all the necessary components of the investigation.

Trochim & Donnelly then describe quasi-experimental research. This type can be very similar to experimental research methodology. The major difference between the two is that quasi-experimental research does not require random assignment (Trochim 2008). Another major difference has to do with the test's internal validity. Quasi-experimental research also looks into causation for certain circumstances, but does not have to be the sole explanation for the set of circumstances. It is perhaps less scientific because it is not a singular explanation. Because of this, researchers will quite often disregard the importance of quasi-experimental research in their findings. However, this overlooks the fact that most research, whether intentionally or not, turns out to be quasi-experimental because of oversight on the part of experimentation design.

Experimental research design may be the "gold standard" of research design, but it is very difficult to create scenarios where this kind of test can be conducted. Quasi-experimental research may seem to be research of less importance, but it actually is very necessary to behavior and human sciences which can rarely if ever have empirical tests. Most researchers would rather have the former kind of data to examine when trying to determine causation for certain criteria, but this is perhaps too hopeful. Quasi-experimental research is still valid and can be used by all sciences to test and implement potential theories.

Works Cited:

Trochim, W & Donnelly, J. (2008). The Research Methods Knowledge Base. (3rd…… [read more]

College Algebra Graphing Transformations Essay

… b) g (x)= (x+5)^2

Answer: The domain of the function g (x) = (x + 5)^2 is all real numbers.

Show Work or Explain in Words:

Like a), the domain of g (x) is defined for every value of x, therefore the domain of g (x) is all real numbers.

c) f (x)= 16x / x^2 +9

Answer: The domain of the function f (x)= 16x / x^2 + 9 is all real numbers.

Show Work or Explain in Words:

The domain of f (x) is defined for every value of x, therefore the domain of f (x) is all real numbers.

d) g (x)=13x^2 / 5x+9

Answer: The domain of g (x) is defined for every value of x, except where x = -1.8.

Show Work or Explain in Words:

The domain of g (x) is defined for every value of x, except where the denominator is 0. Because 5x + 9 = 0 where x = -1.8, it stands to reason that the domain of the function has a discontinuity at -1.8.

e) f (x)= 6 / x^5

Answer: The domain of f (x) is defined for every value of x.

Show Work or Explain in Words:

The domain of f (x) has a denominator that never amounts to 0, therefore every value of x is defined.

3. Finding equations of asymptotes of rational functions. Recall that asymptotes are lines therefore the answer must be given as an equation of a line.

a) Find the equations of both the horizontal and vertical asymptotes of the rational function f (x) = 5x-1 / x^2 +9

Answer: There are no horizontal asymptotes. There are vertical asymptotes where y = -1 and y = 1.

Horizontal: None.

Vertical: The range falls where -1 < f (x) < 1.

Show Work or Explain in Words:

All values of x is defined in the function f (x), therefore the domain is all real numbers. The function, however, only works under a specific range, where the values of f (x) for x is no lesser than -1 and no greater than 1.

b) Find the equations of both the horizontal and vertical asymptotes of the rational function f (x) = 2x^2 + 8 / x-1

Answer: The horizontal asymptote is at x = 1.…… [read more]

Irrationality of Man in "The Tell-Tale Heart Essay

… Irrationality of Man in "The Tell-Tale Heart"

Edgar Allen Poe is one of the most creative writers when it comes to expressing the irrationality of man. He does this by creating colorful narrators that pull us in with interesting dialogue and questionable actions. He emphasizes the irrational by placing readers into the mind of a man that thinks he is rational by all accounts. Readers want to believe the narrator is sane because he is human. Poe creates suspense by bring the narrator's irrationality into the story slowly. The narrator in this tales wants to be rational and we want to believe he is rational but as the story goes on, we realize we are dealing with a very unstable man. By the end of the tale, we are afraid for ourselves because we do not know the limits of our own minds. Poe uses the human mind to create suspense and, eventually, horror to entertain readers.

Poe amplifies fear in readers by putting them into the mind of the narrator. In "The Tell-tale Heart," we know the narrator's thoughts and we believe he is not crazy, mad, or irrational because he tells us he is not. We give him the benefit of the doubt because we want to believe him but also because he seems rational at the beginning of the story. In the beginning of the story, we find the narrator seems to have his senses together. He boasts about his mental acuity, saying, it "sharpened my senses -- not destroyed, not dulled them. Above all was the sense of hearing acute" (Poe 189). He is convinced that the things that make him appear irrational are making him smarter and sharper than usual. The power of the mind is pulled into question with interesting behavior.

Poe uses the very thing that makes his narrator seem rational to prove him irrational. It is the same dialogue but it changes as the story progresses. The narrator becomes more unstable the more he talks and this creates more drama for the reader. The narrator's motive for killing the old man is an "Evil Eye" (189), which is the first clue that something might be amiss with our narrator. This instability increases suspense as the story moves forward. Furthermore, the more we read, the more irrational this man becomes. When he says he hears the old man's beating heart, we know he is not playing with a full deck. When he watches the man sleep, the sounds of his breathing remind our narrator of a "groan of mortal terror. It was not a groan of pain or of grief -- oh no! -- it was the…… [read more]

Machines and Marble Drop Essay

… ¶ … Machines & Marble Drop

The Simple Machines and Their Use in an Inclusive Marble Drop Toy

A force is required to move an object. The force applied in and through the distance moved is the work done. Machines are generally used to change the force necessary to move an object, though the overall work is the same neglecting wasted friction.

There are fundamentally six simple machines out of which more complicated machines are composed. They are the inclined plane, the wedge, the screw, the lever, the wheel and axle, and the pulley.

The inclined plane allows one to push an object up and along the plane with less force than directly raising the object. The wedge is one or two backed-to-back inclined planes. it's used to pry two things apart. One applies a force to advance the wedge which splits wood or raises a heavy object perpendicular to the applied force's direction. The screw is a narrow inclined plane, called a thread, wrapped around a cylindrical core. Turning the screw core advances it as the thread slides through material or along a guide depending on the screw's purpose.

The lever is a stiff rod that rotates about a pivot point called a fulcrum. Forcing down on one end of the lever causes the other end to rise while lifting an object due to the pivoting action of the fulcrum. The greater the forcing end's distance is from the fulcrum compared to that of the object's distance, the less the force needed to lift the object.

The wheel and axle is composed of a larger radius disk with a smaller radius axle fixed through its center. As the two parts turn in unison, the longer distance traversed at the disk's radius corresponds to a shorter distance at the axle's radius. The force needed to turn the assembly at a given torque (twisting strength) is least at the wheel's rim compared to the force needed at the axle's rim in inverse relation to their respective radii.

The simple pulley uses a rope riding along the rim of…… [read more]

Memoir I Never Want to Forget Essay

… Memoir

I never want to forget that day. I was on my stomach, hiding under my mom's bed, barely breathing, so I didn't make a sound. I felt my shirt getting wet. I peed without knowing it, I was so… [read more]

How About a Kiss Exercise Research Proposal

… ¶ … KISS?

Jennifer was very confused about John's reaction. Wasn't it he who suggested that they should consider seeing other people? Wasn't it he who said things were moving too fast? Now, he seemed genuinely hurt, even angry, that she made plans to go out with someone else; and it was just a casual drink. The fact that John was obviously pretending that he was annoyed about something else instead only further complicated things. She wondered why men are so afraid to acknowledge their feelings.

It wasn't like they'd made definite plans for Saturday anyway. Wasn't he a big Seinfeld fan? Isn't an "implied" date for every Saturday night (along with any feminine hygiene products or clothes left at his place) one of the hallmarks of the serious relationship that he'd said he wasn't quite ready for in the first place? It was only a few weeks ago that the two of them…… [read more]

Efficient Portfolio Thesis

… Efficient Portfolio

The weighted average expected return under the new scenario will be 14%. This is calculated as follows:

The standard deviation of returns under the new scenario is 24.5. We calculate the difference between each potential return and the mean. Thus,

(44-14) = 30; (14-14) = 0, and (14+16) = 30.

Each is squared, and then the squares are added together. So 302 = 900. This means that the sum of squares is 900 + 0 + 900 = 1800. This is divided by the number of data points, as follows:

This is the variance. To obtain the standard deviation we take the square root of 600 as follows:

The expected return is .333(12)+(.333)(4)+(.333)(-5.5) = 3.5

The standard deviation therefore is 12.38.

With half in T-bills the expected return is 3.75%. The standard deviation is therefore 6.015. The expected return improves because you reduce the downside risk with the T-bills. This also reduces the variability of the portfolio as well.


The expected return of this portfolio is as follows:

(.5)(15)+(.4)(10)+(.1)(6) = 12.1%…… [read more]

Exercise on the Use of Significant Detail Research Proposal

… ¶ … Exercise

The harsh rays of the sun hit my skin with its indictment. The wind whispered harsh and hot non-words to my tortured skull. "You did this," it seemed to say. "And you will pay." The pavement under my feet was harsh as I tried to but could not run. If I run everyone will see and guess terrible things. They will know the unimaginable. My mind wanted to turn my feet back. My heart wanted to move them forward. My feet were confused and listened to neither. I stood still under a big oak tree and simply breathed. How could I? Was this really the thing that I had become, or was it part of some terrible dream?

The oak tree sheltered me from the sun's truth for a while. I would rest here. It was a good spot with the park forming a sharp contrast against the busy street. I had never before wondered why they would put a park so close to a busy intersection. Maybe it was someone's skewed sense of the aesthetic. But who was I to judge the aesthetic or the malfunction of sense?

I sat on a hard bench and the…… [read more]

Native American Tricksters Tales Essay

… American Literature

Native American Tricksters Tales

The "Bungling Host" contains a couple of good lessons about how people should not behave. The firs lesson is about how one should not always want to be just like everyone else. The rabbit watched the bear prepare his meal and when the bear came to his house for dinner he wanted to prepare his meal in the same way. But when he slit his belly he injured himself. If the rabbit had just prepared his dinner the way that he had always done he would not have ended up getting injured.

The second lesson that this tale teaches is that of how things are not always as they appear. When the rabbit got injured and the bear went out to seek help, he brought back a buzzard. The buzzard had assured the bear that he could help the rabbit to get better. The bear trusted him to be telling the truth. The buzzard on the other hand, had no intention of helping the rabbit, but indeed had ulterior motives of having the rabbit for…… [read more]

Reiteration it Is Raining Outside Essay

… Reiteration

It is raining outside. But a week ago it was not raining. But now it is raining. Outside my window I see the rain. As if it was the sprinkler turned on and left turned on. But it is not the sprinkler in the yard left turned on. It is the rain. Because it had been raining since the past days. Not yesterday but since the other past days of this week. Not last week but this week. Not last Saturday because, it has been raining this week. And today is a Saturday but not of last week. But of this week. And it has been raining since Monday, not of last week but this week and today is a Saturday of this week and it has been raining since Monday. Like the sun has not been out. As in a storm. But there are no storms, only rain. Like someone left the garden sprinkler on since Monday of this week and not since last week. Like there is a storm outside the house. But there are no storms this week. And the sun is not shining. So kids cannot play. And they are not playing outside because it is not as if the sprinkler was left turned on to flood the yard but the rains outside. But the kids want to play outside but they…… [read more]

Validity and Reliability in Research Thesis

… Validity & Reliability in Research

Validity and reliability are two concepts considered critical in every research study, be this study under the qualitative or quantitative research design. These concepts must be disclosed and discussed in detail in every study, since they serve as the foundation of the credibility and 'strength' of the data -- that is, how strong the study's data is in answering the research questions and objectives, and how the data is 'flexible' enough to be used to answer, if not wholly, then partially, questions and objectives of other studies (related in some way to the issues covered in the first/original study).

Qualitative and quantitative research designs utilize different methodologies or data collection methods; therefore, each research design uses different techniques in testing for validity and reliability. Conceptually, validity is defined as follows: "[v]alidity determines whether the research truly measures that which it was intended to measure or how truthful the research results are" (Joppe, 2000 in Golafshani, 2003:599). Reliability, meanwhile, is the "extent to which results are consistent over time and an accurate representation of the...population under study...and if the results of a study can be reproduced under a similar methodology" (Joppe, 2000 in Golafshani, 2003:598).

Under the quantitative research design, validity and reliability are tested using different techniques. It is crucial to test for both because a study's data must be proven as valid and reliable before the end-user considers the importance of the study's results and recommendations. In quantitative studies, validity, on one hand, is tested through content, criterion, and construct validity tests. Content validity determines whether the construct used in the instrument is correctly defined and operationalized. Criterion validity, meanwhile, looks at how a construct "can accurately predict...the construct being measured." Lastly, construct validity ensures that…… [read more]

Operate a Cappuccino Maker. Unscrew the Lid Thesis

… ¶ … Operate a cappuccino maker.

Unscrew the lid on the top of the cappuccino maker. Add the desired amount of water. The carafe is marked with two lines, indicating the amount of water needed for 2 shots or 4 shots of espresso. If you intend to foam milk, fill 2 centimeters above the fill line.

Ensure that the lid is screwed on tight. Also ensure that the steam knob is fully closed. Ensure that the cappuccino maker is plugged in.

Fill the coffee holder with the desired amount of ground coffee. The holder is marked with two lines, indicating 2 shots or 4. Do not exceed the line for the desired amount of espresso or the results will be below expectations.

Attach the coffee holder to the machine by placing the round end underneath of the overhang on the machine. There will be a matching round end on the underside of the overhang. The coffee holder will go into the round end at a 45 degree angle to the front of the machine. Then, move the coffee holder until it is in line with the direction of the overhang. There will be a click when the coffee holder is correctly inserted, and it will stay in place when you let go.

At the bottom of the coffee holder are two spouts. Place the carafe underneath of these two spouts.

Turn the cappuccino maker on by flicking the red button that is located at the base of the machine on the left side. The light will illuminate to indicate that the machine has been turned…… [read more]

Iago in Shakespeare's Othello Term Paper

… Othello

Iago in Othello

William Shakespeare's Othello is essentially a play about human passions, which, when unleashed, can be blind and destructive. Iago can be considered the most important character in the text, as it is him who manages to manipulate all the characters in the play by making use of their own weaknesses, so as to make them serve his own purpose of revenge. Iago's motivations are multiple. He repeatedly states his hate for "the Moor," and sets to destroy him and the other characters in the play. To achieve this, Iago makes use of the passions that he intuitively perceives as very prominent in the other characters: he uses Othello's love for Desdemona and manages to drive him to believe she is unfaithful, he uses Desdemona's generosity to determine her to speak to Othello in behalf of Cassio and so on. Thus, love and hate are the main human passions, but, from both of these, a third passion is often born: jealousy. Iago triggers Othello's jealousy, and as he does so, he is motivated by his own jealousy. In Othello, Shakespeare shows how jealousy drives men to acts normally unconscionable. Jealousy motivates Iago to lie, cheat and steal his way to the chief lieutenant's position. It is not mere hatred as such that motivates Iago therefore, but his jealousy and the infernal pleasure he derives from manipulating the others.

As such, Iago is a double faced character who dissimulates his own jealousy and passions to manipulate the other's feelings. Shakespeare's play is interesting because of the way in which the jealous Iago manages to manipulate the jealousies of the others. First of all, Iago's enjoyment at manipulating the others…… [read more]

Technical Writing - Results Technical Instructions Term Paper

… Technical Writing - Results



The design of the instructions was fundamentally sound, enabling most of the test subjects to achieve the objective of salvaging the cassette tapes so that it was capable of being played after repair. Those test subjects who failed to achieve the objective experienced two categories of difficulty, one of which is capable of redress in a revision to the instructions and the other of which is capable of improvement with the experience of additional trials and repetition only but not by any technical revisions to the original instructions.

Significantly more test subjects who failed by virtue of the technical aspect also failed the apparent experience-related operational element more often.

Additionally, most technical failures were resolved on a second trial, while fewer than half the operational failures were resolved on a second trial suggests that individual competence and concentration on task execution played some role in the technical aspect of failures as well. Definitions:

Success in the tested task was defined as restoring the damaged cassette cartridge to playable condition. Technical Failure was defined as malfunction upon playback as a result of deficiencies identified in the technical instructions. Operational Failure was defined as malfunction upon playback as a result of failure to follow the instructions and/or failure resulting from the subject's inability to successfully execute the instructions for reasons related to difficulty manipulating the tape cartridge components in a manner conducive to its successful repair.

Chart #1- Results of First Trial:

Total # Test Subjects in Testing Group: 18

Successful Completions: 9

Technical Failures: 4

Operational Failures: 5

Combined Technical and Operational Failures: 3

Chart #2- Results of Second Trial:

Successful Completions on 2nd Trial after Technical Failure: 3 of 4

Successful Completions on 2nd Trial after Operational Failure: 3 of 5

Successful Completions on 2nd Trial after Combined Failure: 1 of 3

Successful Completions on 2nd Trial after Initial Success: 9 of 11

Detailed Analysis:

Technical failures occurred when subjects successfully completed all the individual steps detailed in the technical instructions but experienced failure related to secondary magnetic tape breakage on the playback attempt. Failures of this type were universally attributable to failure of the technical instructions to provide more precise instructions for splicing the magnetic tape.

Operational failures occurred in two specific types: (1) where subjects reassembled the cassette cartridge but experienced failure on playback attributable forensically to specific inability or failure…… [read more]

Calculate the Mean, Median, and Mode Term Paper

… Calculate the mean, median, and mode for the data.

Mean = Sum of X values / N (Number of values)

Mean = 885 /

Mean = 68.0769

Median = 62 found by arranging the numbers in ascending order and selecting the value in the (n + 1) / 2 position which is the 7th position or

56, 56, 62, 62, 62, 62, 62, 70, 75, 75, 75, 81, 87

Mode = 62 found by selecting the most frequently occurring value

Prepare a frequency distribution for the data.



Calculate the standard deviation for this data.

Standard Deviation = sqrt (sum (value - mean) 2) / N)

Standard Deviation = 9.78487

Explain why statisticians typically use the standard deviation rather than the average deviation.

The standard deviation is a statistic that tells you how tightly all the various examples are clustered around the mean in a set of data (Niles). When the examples are pretty tightly…… [read more]

Appreciating the Value of Ordinary Objects Essay

… My Watch: Why I Appreciate the Value of Common Things

Ordinary objects are strange beyond measure or explanation. Language, which is so useful to communicate, sometimes struggles to communicate deeply felt feelings and intuitions. What is stranger… [read more]

Informal Poem Exercise Term Paper

… ¶ … Flames of my Father

The object that I have in mind burns brightly when you light it, emits a warm and comforting glow, can be colorful, is traditionally designed as slim, can possibly give off a pleasant scent when lit (aromatherapy). It is multi-faceted with different layers, and has a flame.

I wanted to compare a candle with my father, because I cannot think of any other person who resembles a candle (figuratively speaking, of course). Like a candle, every time my father enters a room, he lights it up by being an incredibly kind, decent, and social person who is not afraid to talk to anyone, not even total strangers. His warm-hearted personality he inherited from his mother, my paternal grandmother. Candles are traditionally slim, and my father happens to be a naturally slim person (it runs on his side of the family). My father has many layers like a candle, but can also be rather predictable day-to-day. Most…… [read more]

Personal Quality, Talent, Accomplishment, Contribution or Experience Term Paper

… ¶ … personal quality, talent, accomplishment, contribution or experience that is important to you. What about this quality or accomplishment makes you proud and how does it relate to the person you are?

Not Heartbreak Hill of the Boston Marathon, maybe, but it's broken the willpower of many runners.

the Junior Varsity National cross-country championship. SAC invitational. Famous for being one of the biggest invitationals in the nation. Famous for boasting a course that is made up of three hills, sloped as steep as a staircase.

The first hill is almost perpendicular to the ground. The second is the worst of the three. That is the most difficult way to structure a course. The hardest hill rises up before the runner, just after he's lost his freshness, but he can't see the finish line.

I am the captain of my team, and my mind is filled with thoughts, not just of my own desire for victory, but how many times I talked my Arcadia teammates through hard practices with inspiring words. How can I let them down? Everything I told them about perseverance and persistence will seem like a lie, if I don't run faster.…… [read more]

Percentages Can Often Be a Difficult Concept Term Paper

… Percentages can often be a difficult concept to grasp for students, particularly if they have only recently learned proportions. Fortunately, there is a very easy way to conceive of percentages, which makes use of a basic understanding of ratios. Essentially, students must be told that percentages are simply a special kind of proportion; one in which the denominator is always 100.

The key to any lesson using ratios as a launching point, and percentages as the end point, is understanding cross-multiplication. An exercise taking this approach can really make use of virtually any objects to aid in visualization, but M&Ms are always good, because they give the students a tasty reward when the less on is complete.

Tell the students to take 4 red M&Ms out of the wrapper and place them on their desk. Ask them, "How many of the 4 M&Ms on your desk are red?" The answer, which should be obvious to most students, is 4. Next, ask them to express this as a ratio, with the number of red M&Ms on top, and the number of total M&Ms on the bottom -- 4/4.

Next, ask the students to take out one blue M&M and place it with the other four. Now ask, "How many of your 5 total M&Ms are red?" Then, once again, ask the students to express the number of red M&Ms to the number…… [read more]

Mediating Organizational Disputes Term Paper

… Organizational Disputes

Mediating Organizational Disputes

This paper reviews J.A. Murray's (1986) list of disadvantages of collaborative negotiation, arguing that Murray's list is subjective in nature and inaccurate given ample evidence of the advantages associated with mediation and negotiation as evidenced by Wilmot & Hocker's (2001) observations of negotiation.

Analysis of Murray's Arguments

Murray suggests that collaborative negotiation is disadvantageous for multiple reasons, including it is according to Murray, "biased toward cooperation," "confrontational," "vulnerable to deception and manipulation," and "requires substantial skill and knowledge" to accomplish ones goals (Wilmot & Hocker 257). These arguments interestingly enough are subjective in nature. Murray argues for example, that collaborative negotiation is biased because it places internal pressure on individuals to compromise and accommodate what may not be in the best interests of the individual involved in negotiation (Wilmot & Hocker 257). This does not align with the core concepts of collaborative negotiation, which include aligning ideas and beliefs to promote the greater good of the community or all parties involved in conflict, rather than to support the beliefs of a single individual.

With respect to Murray's comments on deception and manipulation, while there is some chance that a person may attempt to mislead another, this problem is easily resolved by the introduction of a third party, such as a mediator, who may decrease any "threat" presented by what Murray describes as a "competitive" opponent.

In fact, assuming J.A. Murray's disadvantages were all valid, introducing a mediator into collaborative negotiations would negate any of the disadvantages proposed by Murray. A mediator could easily have the skill and knowledge of negotiating processes for example, to…… [read more]

Hamlet How Do You React Term Paper

… Hamlet

How do you react to Hamlet's treatment of Ophelia in Act 3, Scene 1? What evidence suggests that he knows he is being watched by Claudius and Polonius?

Hamlet shouts that there will be no more marriages, which is a direct threat to Claudius rather than to Ophelia. He also calls Ophelia false, and seems to believe that she has betrayed him, which only makes sense if he feels she is being used. While Hamlet's paranoia could be a product of his overwrought emotional state and hatred of Gertrude, the fact that he reacts so violently to her gentle rebuke suggests that he is angry at Ophelia for going along with what he sees as a trap, not just her romantic rejection.

What does Hamlet think of the Claudius's reaction to "The murder of Gonzago"? Why does Claudius not react to the dumb-show before the play-with-in-a-play?

Hamlet believes that the king's reaction is proof of his guilt. However, it could be that Claudius is more self-controlled, and does not react to the dumb-show because he does not wish to give himself away, and then he is simply is tired of seeing the Player King commit murder two times over, in…… [read more]

Hamlet and Horatio the Relationship Research Paper

… Hamlet: No, you will reveal it.

Horatio: Not I, my Lord, by Heaven.

Act I, scene 5)

The importance of this scene and other such requests lies in the fact that here we see a sane person completely respecting an… [read more]

Movie Xiu: The Sent-Down Girl Term Paper

… Movie "Xiu: The Sent-Down Girl"

Xiu-Xiu: The Sent-Down Girl

Joan Chen's Xiu-Xiu: The Sent-Down Girl is a moving love story that takes place during China's cultural revolution. Wen Xiu, or Xiu is sent to the countryside in a cultural movement to learn from Lao Jin to care for horses, and though she is told that she will only be there for six months, it becomes clear that she will not be leaving again. As her time there progresses, Lao Jin develops a deep love for Xiu, but he is unable to fulfill this love for her because he has been intimately wounded in the wars with Tibet. It is probably for the best that Lao Jin is unable to fulfill this love for Xiu physically because, not only has Xiu been raped and abused by many men throughout this film, but it seems that Xiu feels for Lao Jin more like a father figure than as a lover.

There are several places where we see the affection that Lao Jin has for Xiu. First, during the scene where the second visitor has come to Xiu, we alternately see Xiu being brutally taken advantage of, and at the same time in a different place, Lao Jin is collecting eggs. Lao Jin plans on bringing these eggs home to Xiu and the scene set in contrast to the scene in the tent turns the simple, every day act into something tender. The symbolism of the eggs, the pure white objects in the filth and dirt of a nest, also could represent the purity of Lao Jin's love.

The main place where we see Lao Jin's love for Xiu is when he makes the bathtub for Xiu. Since Lao Jin is a rustic man, bathing is not a priority for him, so he doesn't understand Xiu Xiu's desire for cleanliness at first. He eventually begins to understand that the water is used not only as an attempt to wash her clean physically, but also to wash her clean spiritually as well. As Xiu is continuously violated, her desire to be clean becomes almost an obsession, and Lao Jin is sucked into this desire as well. Since Lao Jin is unable to satisfy her, or himself to legitimize his love for her, he attempts to redeem her by providing something so completely foreign to him, but dear to her:…… [read more]

My Roommate Term Paper

… Roommate

Since moving to a new college, new area, meeting new people, adapting to a new lifestyle are stressful enough, the last thing you need then is to find yourself with a roommate from hell. Roommates should be understanding and cooperative who respect your privacy and allow you enough space. I would like to become the kind of roommate I expect to meet myself at Stanford. For one, it must be clearly borne in mind that just because a person happens to be your roommate doesn't automatically mean he/she is also your friend. He is as much a new person as any other you are likely to run into on and around the campus. Therefore don't try to be over friendly. Give him/her time and space to understand who you are and where you are coming from. In the end, he will respect you more for that. Secondly if he chooses not to be friends with you, respect that as well. But make sure you and your roommate agree on some important rules that should cover everything from as minor as the time when lights are turned off to whether either of you can invite your friends/partners to the room occasionally.…… [read more]

Organizational Goals Root Term Paper

… How much attention should be given to long-term vs. short-term goals? Which should be given priority?

In terms of which should be prioritized, both long-term and short-term goals have their advantages and disadvantages. Focusing more on long-term goals may leave the company to have a slow success. This is because success can only be totally apparent once the long-term goal is achieved. However, one advantage to this is that long-term goal allows more time for proper planning, development, and implementation of the goal. And, upon the achievement of the long-term goal, the organization can be assured of stability. On the other hand, focusing more on the short-term goal may end up with lack of proper planning, thus may cause only short-

term success. However, the advantage of the short-term goal is that during events where the goal is immediately needed, focusing more on short-term goal provides more chances of immediately minimizing organization problems or needs. However, again, the consequence may be only for a short-term.


Knowledge Programs and the Elusive Nature of Organizational Goals… [read more]

Organizational Optimization in the Times of Cut-Throat Term Paper

… Organizational Optimization

In the times of cut-throat competition, it is not just the quality of your products and services that can give you an edge over your rivals. There is something else required to run organizational functions properly and with minimum friction. In other words, organizational optimization is needed which allows a firm to run more effectively, efficiently- the result of which is greater productivity. Optimization is thus defined as "An act, process, or methodology of making something as fully perfect, functional, or effective as possible" [Webster 2002]. Organizational optimization thus requires a set of practices, strategies, technological measures and other such techniques. For this reason, organizations depend on a systems approach to achieve optimization. Systems approach is aptly defined as "an approach that predicates solving the larger system problems with solutions that satisfy not only the subsystem's objectives, but also the global systems survival" (van Gigch, 1991, p. 428). This means that the organization…… [read more]

Julius Caesar - Hero or Tyrant? Term Paper

… Julius Caesar - Hero or Tyrant?

Julius Caesar is a tyrant because he is self-important and thinks he is beyond death and above reproach. He ignores warnings about his well being, and he is cruel - he leads captives from Pompeii through the streets of Rome. He says he does not want the crown or to be a dictator, but he becomes more self-adsorbed, arrogant, and selfish by the Third Act, and he even refers to himself in the third person, as if he is a god. Some quotes that show he is a tyrant include:

If thou be'st not immortal, look about you: / security gives way to conspiracy. / The mighty gods defend thee!" (Act II, scene iii).

Caesar should be a beast without a heart, / If he should stay at home today for fear. / No, Caesar shall not: danger knows full well / That Caesar is more dangerous than he" (Act II, scene ii).

If thou dost bend, and pray, and fawn for him, / I spurn thee like a cur out of my way" (Act III, scene i). This shows his cruelty when he banishes a man who disagrees with him.

In conclusion, Julius Caesar is a tyrant because he is cruel, he is arrogant and he sees himself beyond harm and beyond the power…… [read more]

Sir Gawain Comparing Term Paper

… However, what differentiated Sir Gawain from the archetypal knight is that he also maintained a human side in him, a characteristic that showed that despite his honorable stature, he is also susceptible to other threats to his honor. This threat includes temptations in committing adultery or unmanly conduct towards a woman. This has been shown in his unwise decision to decline the lady's help to protect him against the Green Knight by using a magical sash. His insistence to stick to his chivalrous values had only led to danger in his life, and created a flaw in his character, portraying him as prideful to the point of being arrogant: "the man began to muse, and mainly he thought It was a pearl for his plight, the peril to come When he gains the Green Chapel to get his reward: Could he escape unscathed, the scheme were noble! Then he bore with her words and withstood them no more ... The knight agrees That not a soul save themselves…… [read more]

Systems of Equations Solve Term Paper

… 4


Substituting x = 2.4,y = 6.4 in (2) we get

2(2.4) + 3(6.4) = 24

4.8 + 19.2 = 24

L.H.S = R.H.S

d. 12X + Y = 25, 8X - 2Y = 14

12X + Y = 25 -- ((1)

8X - 2Y = 14 -- ((2)

Multiplying (1) by 2, we get

24x + 2y = 50 -- ((3)

Adding (2) and (3), we get

32x = 64

Substituting x = 2 in (1) we get

12(2) + y = 25

24 + y = 25

=>y = 25 -- 24

=>y = 1

The values are

X = 2, y = 1


Substituting x = 2,y = 1 in (2) we get

8(2) -- 2(1) = 14

=>16 -- 2 = 14

L.H.S = R.H.S


Let x be the value of a share of Company X.

Let y be the value of a share of Company Y.

The equations for Bob and Frank's holdings are

8000x + 6000y = 680000 -- ((1)

2000x + 10000y = 680000 -- ((2)

In order to simplify the given equations we divide the above two equations by 1000

8x + 6y = 680 -- ((3)

2x + 10y = 680 -- ((4)

Multiplying (4) by 4, we get

8x + 40y = 2720 -- ((5)

(3)-(5), we get

-34y = -2040

=> y = 60

Substituting y = 60 in (3) we get

8x + 6(60) = 680

8x + 360 = 680

8x = 320

The values are x = 40, y = 60


Substituting x = 40,y = 60 in (4) we get

2(40) + 10(60) = 680

80 + 600 = 680

L.H.S = R.H.S

The value of a share of Company X is 40

The value of a share of Company Y is 60


a. X + 2Y + Z = 6 -- ((1)

X + Y = 4 -- ((2)

3X + Y + Z = 8 -- ((3)

(1)-(3), we get

-2X + Y = -2 -- (…… [read more]

Macbeth the Title Character Term Paper

… Malcolm, who is already in England, has shown little initiative to do the same; without Macduff's assistance, Malcolm probably would have remained impotent. By Act III, scene six, Macduff is clearly established as the play's hero because of his willingness to intercede on behalf of Malcolm. During their conversation in that scene, Lennox and the Lord both express their heartfelt desire that Macduff succeeds in his mission: they state that God and the angels are with Macduff. The Lord states, "I'll send my prayers with him," in the last line of the scene (III, iv, 53). During his visit with Malcolm in England, Macduff exhibits his loyalty to his native Scotland, proving an honest desire to help.

Another reason why Macduff is clearly the play's hero is because he is portrayed as Macbeth's arch nemesis. The most dramatic depiction of Macduff as Macbeth's rival is during Act IV, scene one, when the witches invoke hallucinations for Macbeth. A head appears, crying out "Macbeth! Macbeth! Macbeth! beware Macduff," (line 77). Macbeth states that he already had feared that Macduff was his enemy. When Macduff vows to avenge the murder of his family, the personal battle between the two men begins. Macduff is the only man in the play who was prophesied by the witches to be able to defeat Macbeth: because he was "not of woman born" he can deliver the fatal blow and cut off Macbeth's head (IV, i, 86).

Macduff's success in planning and executing Macbeth's eventual demise proves that he is the play's hero. He is the only character in Macbeth to take decisive action throughout: he noticed that Macbeth was guilty and did everything he could to bring Macbeth to justice. Furthermore, Macduff did so without much personal gain, without any ambition…… [read more]

Philosophy His Arms Opened Term Paper

… In tandem with the desert tonal vibration, the talons of a crow darted past. He had lost his way, acted mischievously, visited a former lover while the rest of the murder went home to roost. I respected the crow; his sheer blackness suggested he knew something of the Other World, could shift between them effortlessly, simply by willing it so. His feathers brought with them memories, though to me they meant nothing. Crow tried his best to communicate through raucous caw caw but he failed every time to capture more than my attention. I felt inferior here, in the presence of creatures wiser than I.

Roughness and spike penetrated my brain as it coursed past the cacti: their flowers deceptive and alluring, luring greedy eyes to their succulent flavors and then searing through skin and flesh. The hummingbird, though, the hummingbird knew better. She whirred right where she should, hovering squarely in the center of her nectar-bearer, just as I bathed in the light at the center of the Universe. While asleep I thanked the desert in my dreams.… [read more]

Othello the Audience Term Paper

… In Act III, scene 3, Iago leaps at the opportunity to frame Desdemonda and Cassio. His machinations in Act II scene 3, including the added bonus of the stray handkerchief, cause the naturally passionate Othello to believe that his wife is cheating on him.

Othello does overreact and to his discredit, believes Iago without properly confronting Desdemonda or Cassio first. However, as a newlywed man already prone to passion and adventure, Othello can be forgiven his reactions. In fact, Shakespeare sets up Othello to be the tragic hero who was manipulated by the cold-hearted and cruel villain Iago. Othello demands if Iago: "Make me to see't; or at the least so prove it," (III.iii.407). The audience can easily sympathize with Othello's reluctance to confront his wife directly, for Othello keenly senses his encroaching rage. Not knowing why Iago might lie, Othello naturally trusts him. Iago takes full advantage of Othello's weakened mental and emotional state, and aims directly at the Moor's masculinity to goad him on: "Are you a man? have you a soul or sense? -- " (III.iii. 418).

Othello's reaction to the news that Desdemonda might be having an affair is a reaction born of love and jealousy, a reaction both natural and understandable under the circumstances. Othello probably could have handled the situation with more calmness and composure, but Iago is still more responsible for the downfall of the title character and of all the others who perish in the play. Iago orchestrates the entire situation, goading every character on and ruthlessly killing anyone who comes in his way. Furthermore, Iago is only motivated by hatred and bitterness toward both Cassio and Othello, who by the time he sees the handkerchief has lost all sense of reason. Iago consciously and deliberately plots Othello's destruction as well as that of Cassio. "And practicing upon his peace and quiet / Even to madness ... Knavery's plain face is never seen till us'd," (II.i. 312-314).…… [read more]

Reliablism and Bonjour's Objections Term Paper

… However, although it goes contrary to the theory of process reliabilism, our non-sensory common sense indicates to the balanced mind, this coincidence does not mean that he is not crazy -- even if the senses prove him right, in this one instance, this does not mean that Norman is clairvoyant.

The only possible way to refute Norman's clairvoyance within a process reliabilism framework is to state that ordinarily people do not have access to information in this form, but usually accumulate it through the senses, and thus clairvoyance is not a true sense subsumed within the thesis' framework, because it seems to be particular to Norman's ability to make predictions regarding the president. Bonjour suggests however, that neither the senses that apprehend external causal behavior nor the purely internal sense of clairvoyance is really a reliable and verifiable source of evidence, alone, despite this rationalization -- really it is our non-sensory common sense that attempts to rationalize away Norman's convictions, rather than the sensory or re-occurring predictive data required for reliabilism. Merely because something reoccurs to our internal or external senses does not mean it is true, if the predictive mechanism…… [read more]

Contracts Scenario on June 15 Term Paper

… The two could have entered into an agreement whereby the buyer had a certain amount of time to change his or her mind, but this was not the case in the aforementioned offer.

"Be mindful that you can take back or withdraw an offer at any time before the other side has agreed to the deal. This is called retraction (proving that you have withdrawn the offer before the other side accepted may present a problem). On the other hand, changing your mind after you have signed or agreed precludes retraction. Absent compelling reasons for not holding up to your end of the bargain, you will be a party to a contract." ("Contracts," 2004) As there is no proof of acceptance in this case of the initial offer, however, the buyer Bronson is in the clear and can keep his mower to the chagrin of Mason and Peters.

Works Cited

"Contracts." (2004) Retrived at November 23, 2004 at…… [read more]

Othello Shakespeare Uses the Soliloquy Term Paper

… This ability is not fundamentally a bad or evil trait, it is Iago's use of this ability that makes him a character with poor moral fiber.

Iago's use of allusion to manipulate other characters based on assumption also shows how short minded and possibly stupid he is. In this passage, we are told of the immediate plan but he does not take into consideration the possible outcomes if his plan works. He is not guaranteed to receive the desired result, which is to be promoted, and foolishly neglects to take that into consideration.

Never in his speech does he mention that he must work very hard to ensure that he will be promoted in Cassio's place, he assumes that by destroying Cassio, he will automatically be awarded the prize (promotion). He does not take into account that Cassio may have been promoted because Iago is not capable of the job and that getting rid of Cassio may not be his only roadblock. His own stupidity and lack of foresight may be the real issue.

The tone used in this passage also lends evidence to the nature of Iago's character. The way in which he makes fun of the trusting nature of Desdemona and the vulnerability of Cassio and Othello is entirely void of warmth and compassion for the other character's vulnerabilities. Iago proclaims his plan to the audience and conveys a feeling of pride for the details, pride in his ability to manipulate and capitalize on the other's vulnerabilities and give no thought to his complete disregard for the destruction of not only a marriage but for three other lives entirely.

The dramatic function of this speech is two fold. The first purpose is to inform the viewer of Iago's evil plan and to cement the story line. The second purpose is to provide the audience with an understanding of Iago's major character flaws. This is accomplished in an attempt to make the reader understand how Iago can actually…… [read more]

Video Tape Physical Features Term Paper

… Here also a sticker can be placed to reveal the contents of the tape. Next to the indentation appears a letter and number value, such as "E-180" to indicate the length of the tape. Beneath these letters there is a square hole. Inside this hole is a square, the same color as the rest of the casing. This is attached by one of its sides. If this is a rented or bought tape, the square will be absent, and an empty square hole is left.

The back of the video tape consists of a number of rectangular and round holes. Most of these are right underneath the earlier mentioned flip top. The flip top is attached at the front, while it opens towards the back of the tape. There are two round holes halfway down the tape, through which the back of the plastic spools can be seen. Only the white spools are visible, while the tape is covered with the casing. The visible part of the spools is circular, with holes inside, but not entirely through the spools. They are therefore in the form of a cup with a bottom when viewed from the back of the tape. The sides of these "cups" are furnished with a number of bars to provide a rough surface.

Also on the back of the tape can be seen five screws that hold the tape together. In this case the screws are black, although undoubtedly the color may vary. The texture of the casing also varies considerably. The lower back of the tape is quite rough, consisting of little raised rectangles. The top half is however smooth, while the front is less rough than the lower back, but also consists of small squares, providing a surface that is not entirely smooth. The sides and top are smooth, as is the tape itself. A video tape therefore is rectangular with a number…… [read more]

Dr. Faustus by Christopher Marlow Term Paper

… Faustus takes the audience through his agonizing last hour with him, noting when his last hour on Earth is half up, and then tries a new interpretation of time, redefining eternity to something more in his favor. He wants to negotiate with God to shorten his sentence to a thousand, or a hundred thousands years. He realizes far to late the enormity of eternity.

In this scene we see that Faustus has never really understood time. Living only for the moment, he seemed to think he could play with his powers today and get down to serious work tomorrow. Faustus wanted to be remembered for all time as a learned man, and does not seem to realize, even at the end, that he has squandered his 24 years. He will be remembered for a short time as a source of amusement by people who are easily amused, not for his achievements.

Although desperate for a way out of his destiny in the last hour of his life, however, he still cannot focus on a plan of action. He didn't understand a span of 24 years, but he understands one hour all too well. Perhaps he believes he is not worthy for God's last-second redemption, but he appeals to God and Lucifer in the same sentence. That puts appeals to both very close together in time and shows that even as he faces eternity in Hades, he is still ambivalent about whether he wants to repent or not.

All Faustus can do in the last hour of his life is watch the time left to him slip away, just as he…… [read more]

Inferno, Canto 12 by Alighieri Term Paper

… Just as Theseus managed to outwit the beast with a clue to the labyrinth, Dante outwits the beast with his own wits, and learns that violence is not always solved by more violence. This knowledge will also guide him along the rest of his journey. Just as Lucifer represents the ultimate evil in the story, and Beatrice represents the ultimate good, there are many other references to good and evil throughout, and the Minotaur is another of these references. Dante learns violence and anger are also evil, and do not serve us in our lives. God does not employ them, and so we should not either. Violence just causes more violence in the end, and the Minotaur is the proof of this, as he angrily jumps from side to side in his blind rage, never managing to achieve his purpose. In fact, he ends up looking rather silly, and this is another lesson for Dante, the rage, and violence of anger often simply make the person look ridiculous and inept. He "cannot go" anywhere and this makes him all the more ludicrous and incompetent in his job.

Another analogy also fits the image of the bull that gains strength in the last minutes of life, and fits the image of the Minotaur, half bull, and half man. Bulls are notoriously violent, they charge at the least little thing, and are not known for their brains. They are also hopelessly lost outside of their element, as the "bull in the china shop" analogy clearly shows. Thus, this "bull man" that is the Minotaur can be overcome when it is outside its element, where it is no longer comfortable. Remove this ultimate beast from its position in the labyrinth, and you will have the upper hand, as Dante and his guide discover. Therefore, the Minotaur serves yet another purpose in Dante's growing knowledge as he moves along the pathway toward Paradise. The Minotaur shows that the violence of the Minotaur is a result of his environment and his comfort level, and if these are removed, the Minotaur is vulnerable. This is a valuable lesson in life, for it shows how even the most violent among us use their environment as a shield to hide their vulnerability.

Dante's journey cannot be too easy, or he will not appreciate what he has gained, and so he must face beasts such as the Minotaur and Lucifer to make his journey mean something. This is the ultimate purpose of the simile, the Minotaur, and the labyrinth it guards. Dante must gain knowledge throughout his journey, as we all must gain knowledge in our journey through life. His journey cannot be too difficult, or he will give up, and never be saved, but it cannot be so simple that his eventual victory is degraded and actually means little in the long run. The Minotaur provides just one aspect of the danger and violence Dante needs to overcome, and it is sufficient to challenge him, so his victory… [read more]

Madam Knight Well, Mr. John Term Paper

… John return'd and ask'd mee about mee travills. His eyes were coal in color and when he smil'd he look'd to be like ye drunken guests at ye Lodg. He told mee I had Courage to seek out on a Journy such as ye one that lay beefore mee, and we discuss'd ye Details of ye Journy. He impress'd to mee that he was Intelligent and I began to feel bless'd that a man such as he would Accommodate mee.

Ye Hostess continue'd to wressill with unruly guests who enjoy'd too much ye fine Spirits and John's attention was pull'd to yet anoyer Incident. ye drunk customer stumbled and spoke in Disrespect to My Hostess and to John, who did not take kindly his remarks. John held his Compsure and did try to Reason with ye customer. I beelive that customer was ye least of Gentlemanness that I have witness'd. He was Cantankorous, fists swinging and Punching John, who was put out of Countenance with him and with a tight clenched fist hit ye Unruly customer Precisely there on ye center of his Ruddy face. Wailing came from customers onlooking and My Hostess again Gasp'd and covered her Lipps with her hand again. With a Frightened look, ye drunken customer Stopp'd beefore falling there to ye floor. Kind John brac'd his Fall, and proceeded to drag him to the door. In my mind, I did Ponder ye Safety of ye Lodg but kept clos'd my Lipps in ye midst of ye Evening's excitment.

John dispos'd of the Unruly customer and appear'd weary but happy to accompany me.

We stepp'd out of the Lodg where ye air blew so cold I shiver'd. John sais to mee that we shold and prepared for this Journy and I…… [read more]

IQ Scores. Consult Relevant Information Term Paper

… However this has nor been proven to be an accurate measure, i.e. By factor analysis on a variety of high range tests. So this type of reliability scoring is flawed mathematically.

Therefore if we take two measures that are correlated with each other, both of which have reliabilities in the.80s, the corrected correlation after assuming the reliabilities are 1.25 which is likely to be at least somewhat suspect. This is considered imperfect data and the range can be restricted by problems in distributions of grades and by narrow ranges in abilities of participants.

The scale most used for IQ scores is using a total population of 100 and a standard deviation of 16. Any prior scores to be used have to be converted to this scale, if they are not already expressed as such. Therefore, data used for determining multiple IQ scores can be deceiving and may not be statistically valid…… [read more]

Blood Pressure High Term Paper

… The cuff may be a little tight and uncomfortable at first, but this should quickly subside. Once the cuff has inflated, it will start to slowly deflate. You will hear beeps as it is deflating, so don't be concerned. Once the cuff is completely deflated, the monitor will show what your blood pressure an pulse are. It is important to remember that one blood pressure reading alone does not mean you have high, low or normal pressure. You really need to take for several days, at the same time each day, to help determine what your regular blood pressure is.

After taking your blood pressure, you should contact your doctor about any abnormal readings. The normal blood pressure is 120/80, but don't be concerned if yours is a little higher or lower since things like time of day, temperature and amount of stress you're under can affect it. By monitoring your blood pressure periodically, you may be able to detect any problems before you become a victim of…… [read more]

Bee-Keeper and the Bees/Paraphrased Term Paper


There was once a beekeeper that looked after a number of beehives together. We call such a collection of hives an apiary.

The beekeeper kept his bees for their honey, but like all good beekeepers he never took all the honey from the hives, but always left some for the bees.

One day a thief waited until the bee-keeper had gone off for his lunch and all the bees were out of the hives looking for pollen, from which they could make honey.

The thief was very greedy. He broke up the hives and took every scrap of honey that he could find. Then he ran off with it.

When the beekeeper came back he saw what had happened. He was very upset.

"My poor bees!" he cried. "What will they do when they see their hives broken and all their honey stolen? I must try to put things right before they get back."

He set out to do this. He was just picking up the pieces of one of the broken hives when a swarm of bees returned. They saw all the damage and the broken honeycombs, which had once held their honey. They also saw the beekeeper standing over their ruined home. They thought that he must have destroyed it.

BZZZZZ! They were very angry. They attacked the poor beekeeper and stung him again and again.

It's not fair!" he shouted. "You let the man who stole your honey go free but you sting me your friend and…… [read more]

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