Study "Music / Musicians / Instruments" Essays 111-165

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Listening to Music on Worker Case Study

… This study is also aimed at evaluating the impact of these emotional responses to music on the productivity and quality of work of employees with the personal stereos.

During this trial, the participants carried the personal stereos during their working hours and were paged randomly once after every four hours for the three-week period. During the paging process, the workers were expected to record their present activity in a response booklet. The main goal of recording their present activity was to identify the daily emotional experiences related to music and the impact of these experiences on the quality of work and productivity of the employees.

The study is based on the fact that people's minds tend to wander during which individuals focus on the imperfections of life. Music is used as a tool of recollecting a person's thoughts to the current moment because melodious sounds help in motivating the release of dopamine in the reward segment of the brain (Padnani par, 4). The biological effect of music is similar to the effects of eating a delicacy, smelling a pleasant aroma, and staring at something attractive or appealing. Therefore, music breaks the person out of thinking in one way or direction during wandering that is usually a product of unhappiness, boredom, and stress brought by life's issues.

According to the findings of the study as the large retail company, approximately 50% of the recorded episodes or pagings were associated with listening to music. The examination of these recorded emotional experiences indicated that listening to music enhanced an individual's psychological arousal. The resultant psychological arousal contributed to improved quality of work and productivity of the employee. This is primarily because the music experience enhanced the workers alertness, positivity, and ability to focus on the present moment. Furthermore, the study indicated that there was a 10% increase in productivity for the workers with personal stereos.

Discussion:

Based on the findings of the study, listening to music enhances worker productivity by promoting positivity, alertness, and focus on the current task. As a result, workers complete their tasks quickly as they become creative through developing better ideas while the music improves their moods. The positive mood originating from listening to music enables workers to examine the various options associated with their respective tasks and choose the most effective ones in accomplishing those tasks. However, there is need to be more careful and setting limits to listening to music during work hours since it can also contribute to decrease in productivity. Actually, the ability of music to enhance productivity is dependent on the type of work being done and the employees' working styles (Magloff par, 1). Furthermore, the ability of music to enhance productivity depends on whether employees are permitted to choose their own music since different kinds of music have varying effects on workplace productivity.

In conclusion, listen to music has proven to contribute to improved worker productivity, especially if it results in pleasant moods, improved alertness and focus and positivity. However, this practice can… [read more]


Concert Review: "Jazz Legends: Arturo Essay

… Here, Sandoval's career flourished" (Gullard 2012). Without prior knowledge of this history, however, the viewer would not be cognizant of the tune's special meaning for Sandoval. There is little interaction with the audience in terms of wordplay, and the music is allowed to speak for itself. Except for Sandoval's bright shirt, the other musicians are not particularly dressed up for the concert.

However, even if a listener were unaware of the name of the song or Sandoval's personal relationship with Gillespie, he or she would be able to perceive some 'ghosts' of Dizzy's music. It is during this piece that Sandoval is at his most showy during the performance. He plays notes in rapid succession, some impossibly high, others impossibly low, and leads the band on a cacophonous roll. He puts down the trumpet at one point to engage in a bit of wordless 'patter' singing that is not characteristic with the rest of the concert, but embodies the type of 'big band' style that defined Dizzy Gillespie's career. Using his tongue and teeth as well as his voice, the audience breaks into gales of laughter and applause until finally Sandoval allows the band to take over again and the music returns. This shows an artist at the height of his confidence and powers, to allow for such 'out of the box' thinking in terms of how to present a song. Evoking another famous artist shows a great deal of confidence on the part of Sandoval as well as respect, and Sandoval rises to the challenge he has set for himself.

The main trumpet solo of "Nights in Tunisia" yields another striking example of allowing the trumpet to 'talk' to the audience. Sandoval's fingers fly; there is a crescendo of rapidly-escalating notes. Sandoval thanks the audience, generously and warmly, but briefly, as he begins to play the softer warmer sounds of the song's conclusion. The song does convey a sense of what a night out might be -- anticipation, excitement, followed by a quiet, peaceful end. The final notes ebb away as gently as a sunset. The mood is more restrained than "Blues for Dizzy" and the song is more elegant in its presentation. The contrasting songs show two sides of Sandoval's character -- one the consummate performer and entertainer (like Dizzy) the other the consummate musician.

Although less well-known for his jazz piano, Sandoval is an equal virtuoso at this instrument. "I Remember Clifford" features him beginning on the piano, caressing the keys in a solo. The tune is meditative rather than ostentatious. The audience is more restrained as this song plays, but is clearly listening attentively as Sandoval sways gently with the music as he plays.

"Rene's Tune" marks a complete change of pace. Sandoval introduces it with characteristic brevity -- suddenly the drums just begin. The beat is Latin in sound and makes the listener want to dance. Sandoval plays the drums seemingly without effort, and switches just as naturally and confidently to the trumpet. After the… [read more]


Music Therapy in the Classroom Research Paper

… ¶ … music therapy in the classroom. This is accomplished through studying the lasting effects and comparing these findings with other sources. Once this occurs, is when we can see how this will help to improve student achievement scores.

Over… [read more]


Music and the Internet Essay

… All of this in a device the size of a pack of cards."[footnoteRef:5] This fact can only help move us, music, and the digitalized transfer of music forward, as many download more and more, faster and faster, and as more… [read more]


Concert Unlv Chamber Orchestra Conductor(s): Tara Krysa Book Report

… Concert UNLV Chamber Orchestra

Conductor(s): Tara Krysa and Rachel Waddell

Location: Beam Music Center, 4505 S. Maryland Parkway, Las Vegas, NV 89154

Cost: Free, open to the public

Haydn Symphony #104; I. Adagio-Allegro, II. Andante, III. Menutto and Trio, IV Spiritoso

Vivaldi Concerto for Guitar in D Major, Ricardo Cobo soloist; I. Allegro guisto, II. Largo, III. Allegro

Music- Perhaps the best way to describe this music is that it was easy to listen to and to understand. It was a small orchestra, apparently a Baroque orchestra, so the audience really had the opportunity to hear all the musicians. And the pieces chosen were presented in such a manner that the listener could understand the tune or theme, and follow it through the music. One thing really stood out during the production -- the musicians seemed to be having a musical dialog with one another, playing off the melody and harmony, trading it back and forth. Perhaps this is a characteristic of the type of music or the composer, but it was if the orchestra was having a conversation within itself, especially on the Haydn. The violins would "talk," the woodwinds answer, one of the flutes or oboes would whistle a small tune, and the cellos would comment. It was very entertaining and enjoyable, but I think it would be more so on the second or third hearing of the piece so that one would know a bit more about what was going to happen, or what to listen for.

The other general comment about the music that made it more real was that it was not "perfect." It was good, but even my relatively untrained ear could hear a few mishaps; hitting a not early, etc. However, this did not detract from the experience, but rather enhanced it because one could close their eyes and believe they were sitting in a Baroque Hall listening to men in wigs perform what was, for them, cutting edge music.

Concert Experience -- We found out from the conductors a few facts about the pieces, which I thought was great at a venue like this. Symphony…… [read more]


Music in the 21st Century Essay

… " The song's lyrics tell of a bored woman, annoyed by pestering calls of a lover who will not leave her alone as she drinks and dances (presumably with someone else) in a club. The video is far more outrageous,… [read more]


Marketing Music on Social Media Essay

… Users collect Swag Bucks and trade them in for "all sorts of prizes ranging from Kanye tee shirts and hoodies to big screen televisions and iPods" (Martell, p. 3).

On West's blog, he features music videos from bands he likes,… [read more]


American Popular Music Term Paper

… Music

An American popular music classic, "Blue Moon" has been covered countless times. The most famous version is arguably the one performed by Elvis Presley but both older and newer recordings offer unique interpretations. The original "Blue Moon" was written… [read more]


Ethics of Punk Essay

… ¶ … Punk/Punk?

Punk rock has had a very tumultuous and rebellious history, continuously being redefined by political and social issues. The genre, dating back to the 1970s, attained recognition among the disenfranchised youths of America, as well as, England. The two major punk rock meccas of the time were located in New York and London. Since it's inception, the definition of punk, and the distinction between "Punk" and "punk" has changed drastically, though some may contend that the message conveyed remains the same. The difference between "Punk" and "punk" may be analyzed through the composition of songs such as "Anarchy in the U.K." By the Sex Pistols and "American Idiot" by Green Day.

Notable differences between "Punk" and "punk" are evident in the lyrical message and musical genres represented in the music. "Punk" music has generally been considered to have anti-establishment undertones and convey a political and/or social message advocating rebellion. It has also been considered to defy convention, promote non-conformism, and calls for people to take action. "Punk" has also maintained a "do-it-yourself" attitude, and explores existing music genres and styles, and creates new genres in the process. Conversely, "punk" is self-indulgent, commercial, and conforms to existing and accepted music genres.

"Anarchy in the UK," is a rousing song by the Sex Pistols that comments on the country's social and political status. The raw intensity of the song, Rotten's maniacal laughter at the beginning, and the crunching sound of the guitars drive the song forward, angrily decrying the political state of the U.K. In the 1970s. The song calls for action, regardless of what the individual's wants. Rotten proclaims that he has the ability to exploit his message through various means, "How many ways to get what you want/I use the best, I use the rest/I use the NME/I use anarchy." Rotten embraces the media who is willing to give him a platform to speak out on and propagate his message. Furthermore, Rotten, and the Sex Pistols, are willing to sacrifice their reputations (as well as their record contract) in order to convey…… [read more]


Panpipes the Musical Instrument Research Paper

… Child Care Facility

There are few instruments are as primal or ancient as the panpipes. Indeed, other than percussion instruments, the panpipes are perhaps the most ancient instrument in current use. Furthermore they are one of the best instruments for facilitating understanding how sound is made. For this reason, there is much research about the panpipes. This paper will focus on three aspects of panpipes, the history of the instrument, the cost and manufacture, and the physics.

As previously mentioned, the instrument currently known as the panpipes is ancient. Its origin is unknown, considering that it was first created well beyond the veil of written history. Acclaimed panpipes teacher and historian Mr. Costel Puscoiu argues that primitive man "probably accidentally discovered sound production by blowing a pipe, stems of plants (reed or bamboo) or animal bones" ("History of Panflutes"). Over time this single flute became multiple reeds bound together to create several different notes. The instrument has been found across Eurasia (and even in Meso-America), but an approximate estimation of where it was originally created cannot be made. Due to its vast spread, the panpipes more than likely were created at different times at different places. Regardless, the panpipes eventually fell out of use as more sophisticated instruments became available. The jaunty notes of panpipes were replaced by the haunting tones of the clarinet and other "modern" instruments. In modern times the panpipes have achieved a degree of popularity as niche musicians pick it up and make it their own.

Since there is very little demand for the instruments, panpipes are usually handmade. Indeed, the appeal to many musicians is the personal nature of the instruments. The simplistic nature of panpipes makes for ease of creation. This fact, combined with cheap materials, results in a relatively inexpensive instrument. A quick internet…… [read more]


Johann Sebastian Bach Research Paper

… Bach

J.S. Bach: Overview and Listening Experience Reflection

Most Important Compositions

Among Bach's most significant composition, Blanning (2008) argues that the Good Friday mass St. Matthews Passion is thusly considered for the complexity of its double choir and double orchestra requirements. (p. 84) Bach's Toccata and Fugue in D Minor is an exemplary piece of organ music that continues to be used in cinema and pop culture today. His Passacaglia and Fugue in C minor is also an organ work whose dexterity of interwoven passages is perhaps unrivaled for the instrument. The Goldberg Variations are a collection of harpsichord words that legend has it were composed to help soothe an insomniac king to sleep. (Wikidpedia, 1) A Fifth work is the collection known as The Well Tempered Clavier, which will be discussed in greater depth here below.

Most Significant Contributions:

Among Bach's most significant contributions, Classical Net (2010) cites the composers fluidity between national schools of music, therefore creating music with appeal to German, French, Italian and English audiences. This contribution would be supplemented by Bach's compositional precision, with a mathematical organization marking his work and that of those whom he would influence. Another compelling contribution would be rendered through Bach's instrumental familiarity with the organ, harpsichord, viola and violin, which allowed him to creation compositions with an intimate familiarity for each instrument. At yet another level, his specific prowess with the organ makes his compositions for this instrument among the most definitive. And importantly, Bach contributed an enormously prolific body of work to the ecclesiastical canon of classical music.

Significant Facts:

Among the details of his biography that might interest us, Bach was born in Eisenach in what is now Germany (Wikipedia, 1). Born in 1685, he would be educated in instrumental playing by his father.…… [read more]


What Are the Affects of Black Gospel Music on Worshipping in Today's Church? Thesis

… ¶ … Black Gospel Music on worshipping in todays Church?

In this paper we present the various effects of Black Gospel Music on worshipping in the contemporary church scene. We analyze the role played by music in the church as… [read more]


Role of Music in My Life Essay

… Role of Music in My Life

Music is considered to be life for many. Music plays a crucial role in the life of several persons. Music modulates them and encourages them to be refined. Music is very crucial for humanity.… [read more]


Violin Stringed Instruments of Some Sort Term Paper

… ¶ … Violin

Stringed instruments of some sort or another have been around for millennia. There is evidence that the ancient Egyptians knew how to achieve a range of pitches using strings of varying lengths on the same instrument. For… [read more]


Life and Music of One Composer Term Paper

… ¶ … Mozart

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart wrote many forms of music in his lifetime. Mozart composed most of his work with great ease and this is shown in the extensive amount of compositions he has written. He composed over 150 musical works between 1782 and 1785. The compositions Mozart composed was a wide range of varieties including: operas, church music, vocal and choral music, orchestral music, chamber music, piano music, and organ music. Hayden told Leopold Mozart, Mozart's father that his son was, "the greatest composer known to me in person or by name; he has taste and, what is more, the greatest knowledge of composition" (Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, 2010). Influenced by his father, who was a writer on violin-playing influential treatise, Mozart showed expertise at playing the violin and the keyboard at an early age and from there was writing composition.

Literature Review

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was part of the Classical period of classical music and was a major innovator of classical music and the achievements, it would undertake.

Mozart was born in 1756 in Salzburg and was the only living son of Leopold Mozart, a musician of his own merit. He was playing the keyboard and the violin by the age of four years old as well as composing by the age of five years old. The Archbishop of Salzburg provided the funding for the family to travel to Paris and London between 1763 and 1766. Mozart was commissioned in Italy from 1771 until 1773 to compose operas. In 1971, Mozart composed an opera, Idomeneo, for the Elector of Bavaria in Munich and lived the ten years in Munich enjoying his independence without any security or stability in his life living off the flow of his commissioned work.

Mozart married in 1782 to the younger sister of a previous love interest broken up by his father. Leopold Mozart was often criticized for exploiting his son for financial gain but there is no doubt to the guidance he had in Mozart's success. "While it is very common for great composers to come from musical backgrounds and receive encouragement and help in their young lives, Mozart's musical debt to his father is unmatched." Mozart died in 1797 from a serious illness.

Mozart's music is from the classic era which includes the composer, Joseph Hayden. Mozart' violin concertos were written when he was nineteen years old. They were most likely written to showcase his expertise as a violinist but Mozart stepped down from the position he held within the Salzburg court and was replaced by Antonio Brunetti, an even nore skilled violinist. Speculation has suggests that Violin Concerto No 4 and No5 were composed so physically demanding so that they could showcase the skill of Brunetti. It was written in allegro, followed by andante cantabile and ended with rondeau: andante grazioso. Allegro tempo is defined as a fast or brisk and lively. The definition for andante cantabile is flowing…… [read more]


Music Concert Review Essay

… Music Concert Review

Orchestra: Houston Symphony, Hans Graf Conducting

http://www.houstonsymphony.org/media/MozartsJupiterSymphonyProgramNotes.pdf

Stravinsky -- Symphonies of Wind Instruments -- This is a concert work written in 1920 for a brass and woodwind ensemble. It is a short piece, one movement, and lasts about 10 minutes. It is dedicated to the memory of Claude Debussy, although uses a number of Russian folk themes. One can tell it is separated into three parts -- three different tempi, three slightly different styles.

Mozart -- Symphony #41 in C Major, K.551 (Jupiter) -- No one knows if the Jupiter Symphony was performed while Mozart was still alive, but it was composed as the last set of three during the summer of 1788. The nickname was not penned by Mozart, but by an impresario of the time in an early arrangement for piano. It is a traditional classical symphony; four movements, but is a bit more robust and complex than his earlier works.

Harbison -- Fanfare for Foley's -- John Harbison is an American composer with a few controversial issues in his past. The Princeton University faculty booed his M.A. performance piece and Walter Piston, famous teacher and composer, told the young Harbison that he should not even think of being a composer (Anthony, 2001). The Fanfare is similar to Aaron Copland's Fanfare for the Common Man, and was commissioned specifically for the Houston Symphony to honor an historic Houston monument, Foley's Department Store.

Poulenc -- Gloria- This work, a setting of the Roman Catholic Gloria in excelsis Deo was commissioned in 1961 to honor the conductor Sergei Koussevitzky of the Boston Symphony (and others). It is scored for large orchestra, chorus, and a significant soprano role in six parts. It is a grand piece, chromatic yet tonal, but still edgy and ethereal (Gutman, 2001).

Reviews- Stravinsky -- This piece is bright, with tons of coloration but, characteristic of Stravinsky, it is the unexpected rhythms and the pieces of tonal melody woven into the overall fabric of the piece that keeps the short piece exciting. It one listens carefully, you can hear the folk tunes traded off between the instruments but, just short of a classical cadence, go off into a completely different direction.

Mozart…… [read more]


Documentary Filmmaking About the World of Popular Music Term Paper

… ¶ … Home

A Martin Scorsese Picture

Martin Scorsese captured the culture and times of the 1950's and 60's America in the documentary "No Direction Home." Similarly, Bob Dylan captured the times in his poetry and songwriting displayed in the film. He later came to the understanding of how timeless these songs really were and are. "Blowing in the Wind" and "Don't think twice its Alright" are as important today as they were when they were conceived. Bob, a modern day prophet, wrote songs about the changes to come in this world, "The Times they are a Changing" "Masters of War" and "Hard Rain" are examples of this pretense.

The Scorsese documentary tracks Dylan from his childhood home of Hibbling, Minnesota in 1950 where he was known by his birth name "Robert Zimmerman," to the streets of Greenwich Village in New York City in the 1960's. From his initial inspiration listening to the Grand Ole Opry and such acts as Hank Williams, and Johnny Ray on an old mahogany radio to the center of the artistic movement in America, where artists, sometimes referred to as Bohemians made themselves at home. At the center of this scene was Washington Square Park, where poets and musicians would spend their days writing and performing to the people in the park so they could get the word out through "word of mouth." It was here that people would come and see them play in the evening at one of The Village's many coffee houses which were also known as "Basket Houses." Beat Poets and Performers would pass around a basket during their set and this was how they would get paid enough to eat and might and on a good night, even be able to sleep under some clean sheets.

Dylan performed in those…… [read more]


Music History Term Paper

… Wagner: His Time and Beyond

Composer, conductor, theatre director and essayist Richard Wagner lived during a vibrant time for German culture: the romantic era. Among his contemporaries were some of that country's greatest and most influential thinkers, like Nietsche, Marx,… [read more]


John Coltrane Retrospective: Jazz Performance Term Paper

… John Coltrane Retrospective: Jazz Performance

For my chosen performance, I listened to a local jazz band perform a reworking of some of John Coltrane's arrangements of American standards, like "My Favorite Things." At first the stated aim of the performance surprised me, given that I had always thought of jazz as improvisational. This performance was supposed to encapsulate the past, rather than showcase original works. However, there are many different ways of improvising in jazz. In this case, the band may have looked over the musical arrangement of Coltrane, and perhaps listened to his performance. The performance was a celebration of jazz styles from a different era, but still felt fresh and new. This is partially a testimony to Coltrane's genius and partially a tribute to the passion of the band to embody it.

The band tried to recreate Coltrane's approach, although there must have been some improvisation or reworking involved: I had heard most of the arrangements before and there were some slight variations in tone and cadence, versus what I hard heard on a recording. Clearly, the band still put a bit of its own 'spin' on the arrangement. The performance was relatively casual. The band was not made up of full-time professionals, but rather of people who played semi-professionally during their spare time. It took place during the day at a local community center, and most of the audience members were older. The main aim of the concert was to share music that the band members enjoyed. The music, however, did have a smoky and sensuous tone to it. I had rarely seen a soprano saxophone being played, but because this was Coltrane's signature instrument, it was very prominent in the music.

Because the performance was a homage and not an original…… [read more]


How and Why Young People Listen to Music Thesis

… Society and Culture -- Music Habits

Music is one of the most common human activities and is evident throughout human cultures everywhere on earth. It has a long history of cultural and religious significance and still plays a fundamental role… [read more]


African-American Influence in American Popular Music Essay

… Music

The influence of American Americans on American popular music has been evident for decades. The purpose of this discussion is to trace African-American influence within all styles of American popular music from swing to the present. The research will explore stylistic features: call and response, metric schemes (two-step and four-beat), instrumentation, features of rhythm, and delivery.

No discussion of African-American influence on popular music can began without discussing gospel music. Gospel music including encompassing Negro spirituals are the foundation of every type of music that has evolved in popular music. One of the most evident influences of gospel, have to do with the tradition of call and response. Remnants of call and response can actually be seen today in the sphere of hip hop. This can be seen when a rap artist is performing and sends out a call and demands a response back from the audience.

Swing music is a form of jazz that was developed in the 1930s. Musicologists seem to vary in the way they define swing music. According to Web (1937) "swing is individual improvisation against a formal rhythmic background." Blues writing has a distinctive pattern in which the first two lines of a stanza are similar but not identical and the last word in the third line of the stanza rhymes with the last word in the first stanza. For instance, the first stanza of "Rising High Water Blues" reads,

"Backwater rising, Southern peoples can't make no time

I said, backwater rising, Southern peoples can't make no time

And I can't get no hearing from that Memphis girl of mine (Jefferson)."

A great deal of Blues music contains 10-12 beats or syllables per lyric line. However, some contains more or less. Blues influenced music such as R&B which combines some of the elements of the blues.

In addition the Gospel, Swing and Jazz, soul music has also greatly influenced American popular music and American culture in general. Soul music developed as a natural outgrowth of gospel. Although it is similar to R&B in that people who sing R&B tend to have soulful voices, there are some distinct differences in sound. Soul music relies heavily on the voice-that is the voice is emphasized and in some instances there is very little instrumentation. The music is often recorded acoustically with just a guitar or piano. In addition, it is important to note that this music also evolved out of the Black power movement and tended to be filled with message associated with Black pride and social and political consciousness. According to Scheurer, soul music provided a foundation for the evolution of various types of American popular music.

The influence of African-American Music of popular music has continued throughout the years. Rhythm and Blues is a prime example of the influence of Black Music on popular music. Rhythm and…… [read more]


Music Review of Christmas Term Paper

… Each song was played in a different chord providing for a rich, deep sound. It created a since of joy and excitement in the air. It made the listener not only hear the music, but feel it as well.

"Joy to the World," "Hark! The Harold Angels Sing," and "Hallelujah" were played several times with a mixture of balance and technique, making them very strong and powerful songs. The choir was also included in these selections which created a feeling of Christmas. Many members of the audience not only listened to these songs, they also sang with the choir. The beautiful sounds of each song penetrated the auditorium making the feeling of Christmas come to life. The voices mixed with the variation of instrumentation of the orchestra was enjoyed by each member of the audience.

In conclusion, it was the mixture of tone, balance, and technique that made the "Christmas on the Heights" concert at Boston College a huge success. The audience enjoyed all of the 18 song selections played and their behavior was that of pure appreciation. At the completion of the concert, a standing applause was given. A small reception was offered for the members of the choir, the orchestra, and the audience after the concert. During the reception, the audience commented on the orchestra and congratulated the members of the choir and orchestra on their grand performance.

It was a night filled with magical Christmas music that set the tone for the Christmas season for all in attendance. Overall, this concert was superior as it showcased the true talents of all of the…… [read more]


Music and the Counterculture Thesis

… Music and the Counterculture

Music has long been an expression of the society within which the particular kind or genre of music originated in. There is a distinct musical expression that can be identified with most cultures at any given… [read more]


Popular Music Essay

… Pop

Subdivisions of Popular Music: Country, R&B and Hard Rock

Popular music is a catch-all idiom for the general gamut of music which is neither folk nor classical, but which is instead composed, recorded and produced with the intention of being consumed by an audience. Naturally, audiences are widely segmented in term of taste, which will vary heavily across race, age, gender, ethnicity and region, to name just a few features that help to define genre.

It is thus that popular music is splintered into infinite subdivisions. Though these do not necessarily constitute hard and fast rules into which every example of popular music fits neatly and without deviation. However, some general subdivisions do help us to understand the way that the pop music market is segmented according to demographic interests. Some of the broadest popular music categories due for consideration are Country Music, R&B and Hard Rock.

Country Music, history known as Counter & Western (c&w) is a market that caters to the Southern and Midwestern regions of the United States in particular. Elements of this genre include a fashion which reflects a 'cowboy' aesthetic, which features singers in denim, cowboy hats, boots and pick-up trucks. These stylistic conceits are accompanied by a sound that is best characterized by its 'twang.' This is a quality both of vocal accent and guitar or pedal steel bending that reflects the rural traditions present in the music of such historical figures as Roy Acuff, Bob Wills and, thereafter, Hank Williams, Willie Nelson and Johnny Cash.

With figures such as Cash, the genre would take a step closer to the rock music that would increasingly come to define the dominant incarnation of popular music from the 1950s through to the 1990s. During this period, the most successful country music would retain the above-noted aesthetic and artistic elements, and would still contemplate themes specific to the genre concerning dysfunctional love, alcoholism, gambling, traditional American values and patriotism. In spite of this, the most successful country music would also sound as much like rock music (albeit distinctly mainstream in its conventions) as country music. Examples such as the wildly popular Garth Brooks and, consequently, Shania Twain, Toby Keith and Taylor Swift, would come to reflect the blurring of lines between the country genre and rock music. In the above-noted examples, it is increasingly clear that the notion of a 'country' subdivision is more a concept of marketing targets than artistic distinctions.

As noted in the discussion above, rock music would be the primary medium for popular music during the second half of the 20th century. This could be roughly (and admittedly unempirically) book-ended by the arrival of The Beatles in America in 1964 and the suicide of Kurt Cobain in 1994. In the periods before and after, a genre once called Rhythm &…… [read more]


Jazz CD Essay

… Nostalgia in Times Square album is a grand tribute to one of jazz's finest bass players. The second track on the album is Mingus' "Moanin'," and is the most energetic of the collection. A veritable army of musicians receives credit on the track for their work in the multilayered, textural work of progressive-modern big band jazz. Of particular note on "Moanin'" is Ronnie Cuber, baritone saxophone player who opens, carries and punctuates the song. Trumpeters Randy Brecker, Ryan Kisor, and KAck Walrath also shine, as do the triple whammy of trombonists, Art Baron, Frank Lacy, and Dave Taylor. Chris Potter, Craig Handy, and John Stubblefield offer tenor saxophone interludes, and Steve Slagle slips in some alto. Honoring the great Mingus himself, the big band bass line is carried steadily by Andy McKee and Marvin "Smitty" Smith completes the rhythm section.

"Moanin'" is relatively a straightforward jazz piece with a 4/4 time signature. However, the walking bass line and especially the many layers of horns and woodwinds add depth and complexity. McKee plays a dedicated walking bass line throughout the song. Twice during the song, the band stops, proving how tight the rhythm section is together with the rest of the big band. The sheer number of horns might signal cacophony. Yet at no point do the collection of horns and saxophones sound like dead birds. The musicians are skillful, deft at what they do. The baritone sax carries the main melody almost throughout the whole tune, as if it were a vocalist. When the baritone takes a break, the much softer sounds of the alto sax come in at the middle for a delightful melody. All the while the rhythm section remains steady. The drummer keeps time on the cymbals, riding the high hat quite a bit. However, he uses the kick drum to open the song.

Repetitive elements link the song together, which enhances the listening experience.…… [read more]


Music Lacks Attention in United States Essay

… ¶ … Music Lacks Attention in United States

Consider the idea of "world music," which is defined by David Byrne (1993) as encompassing everything except "Western" music. Then, in Byrne's context, most Americans know very little about the sounds of… [read more]


Tragedie De Carmen Thesis

… Tragedie De Carmen

La Tragedie de Carmen

La Tragedie de Carmen is a reworking of the French composer Georges Bizet's famous opera by the great, radical theater director Peter Brooks. The Chicago Opera Theater staged Brook's production at the Harris Theater in a modern-dress adaptation, set during the Spanish Civil War. The production was designed to be more accessible to modern audiences, and to replicate the intensity of the first staging of Carmen. The problem with staging Carmen is twofold -- on one hand, many audience members know the music very well, particularly the "Toreador Song." On the other hand, some people are so unfamiliar with the conventions of opera they may see the medium as irrelevant and be reluctant to come, see, and enjoy the work, even though it was originally meant to be a popular work of entertainment. La Tragedie de Carmen tries to make opera seem as gripping and vital as a suspense film, and takes the passions and the violence of the work seriously by stripping the opera to its bare bones. The chorus numbers are eliminated to bring the psychology and the relationships of the main characters to the forefront, and all but the most essential, plot or character-driven songs are cut or radically shortened.

For example, the love song of Jose, Carmen's lover, is punctuated by his murder of Zuniga, the military office who ordered Jose to take Carmen to prison. When Escamillo enters and sings his "Toreador Song" the music seems ironic and ghoulish at the same time, not simply a showpiece tune about the glories of boxing. Also, by emphasizing the violence of the soldiers, and the boxers, this production makes Carmen herself seem like less of an exotic gypsy and part of a generally violent world -- it takes her story seriously, in other words, instead of just making it seem like the story of a bad gypsy who seduces a 'good' man. No one is 'good' in this production -- even the virtuous…… [read more]


Karl Hass Was a Well-Known Musician Research Proposal

… ¶ … Karl Hass was a well-known musician and author, and this book is famous in the music world. It describes classical music for the non-musician, so they can appreciate and understand the nuances of classical music and more fully enjoy it.

"Inside Music" looks at all aspects of classical music, from the composers to the orchestra and the instruments that make it up. His explanations are clear and easy to follow, and he writes with a lively style that makes the book enjoyable to read. For example, he writes, "Now we have gained the status of a gourmet, having access to a huge spice box of instrumental flavors, as well as to the spacious orchestral kitchen equipped with many tools to combine them" (Haas 197). The book is full of analogies and descriptions like these, showing the author's command of the language and understanding of his topic. In the early sections of the book, he introduces the instruments, and gives example drawings of them, along with musical notation so the reader can familiarize himself or herself with the "language" of music, and be familiar with the various orchestra instruments and what purpose they serve in the orchestra.

He also gives recommendations for the beginner to begin building their own music library, and he chronicles the history of music, and how it related to certain points in history. (Such as how it related to the impressionist artistic movement, and how it formed in America.) Thus, the book is really a history book and a commentary rolled into one. It literally covers every aspect of music from its early roots to its place in society today, as well as serves as an introduction on how to enjoy and collect classical music. Therefore, the book really serves two diverse markets, which is probably why it has remained popular for so long. It serves someone who wants to learn more about classical music so they can enjoy it more, but it serves the reader who wants to…… [read more]


Soloist: Lost Dream, an Unlikely Friendship Essay

… ¶ … Soloist: Lost Dream, an Unlikely Friendship, and the Redemptive Power of Music

For reporter Steve Lopez, helping a mentally ill musician is anything but a 'solo' effort

Reporter Steve Lopez's book the Soloist: A Lost Dream, an Unlikely… [read more]


Music and History Thesis

… Music

Michael Tilson Thomas, the musical director of the San Francisco Symphony, describes Igor Stravinsky's 1913 "Rite of Spring" as a "burst of creative power that shook music to its foundations," (2006). Alsop (2007) similarly notes that "Rite of Spring"… [read more]


Classical Musical Performance Review and Reflection Witnessed Thesis

… Classical

Musical Performance Review and Reflection witnessed a performance on August 29, 2008 of the musical group known as the "Cosmos Trio." The Cosmos Trio was founded in 2004 by Katherine Borst-Jones, Mary Harris and Jeanne Norton. These three performers… [read more]


Elvis Presley: Leading the Music Industry Thesis

… Elvis Presley: Leading the Music Industry of the 1950s and 1960s -- then going astray

When Elvis Presley came to the forefront of popular music, the type of music geared to teens was, in many ways, still relatively tame. There… [read more]


People and Cultures of Africa Essay

… African Culture

Music is integral to both public and private lives. From ritual dances to evocative vocal harmonies, the traditional music of Africa continues to uplift listeners. In the public sphere, music has become a huge multinational business and yet at its street level music remains an essentially social event. Informal gatherings of young people singing, rapping, or playing instruments reflects the roots of African music. More formal bands, whether professional or amateur, are direct extensions of the way musicians practiced and performed a thousand years ago. Music is central to all aspects of American public life: from commercial jingles on television to church choirs. The integration of music into all features of public life also stems from the ancient traditions of Africa. As a commodity, though, music has raised serious questions about intellectual property and its ownership: issues that were not present in traditional African communities.

In our personal lives, music is crucial. The music industry depends on millions of consumers who value music as being essential to life: not as a luxury but as a necessity. Many people cannot dream of a day spent without hearing tunes. The iPod is a ubiquitous…… [read more]


Music History Contemporary Essay

… ¶ … Music History

John Cage (1912-1992)

John Cage was an American composer born in 1912 in Los Angeles and studied alongside Henry Cowell, Adolph Weiss, Arnold Schoenberg and Richard Buhlig. In 1938, the first prepared piano piece "Bacchanale" was composed by Cage. Cage and a group of musicians and engineers made the first music ever recorded on magnetic tape in 1951. Cage was the receiver of a Guggenheim Fellowship as well as an Aware from the National Academy of Arts and Letters for "having extended the boundaries of music through his work with percussion orchestra and his invention of the prepared piano." (Guttman, 1999) in 1978 and then again in 1988. Cage is the author of Silence (1961) a Year From Monday (1968) as well as many others writing throughout his life.

The work of Gutmann (1999) states that he personally knew John Cage, although be it briefly, when he was an undergrad at Wesleyan University, and that the music department at the university "lauded him as a guiding genius while others disparaged him as a negligible buffoon." (Guttman, 1999) in fact, it is stated that his performances "were more 'happenings' than concerts, and could range from seemingly random events to a lecture about his beloved wild mushrooms." (Guttman, 1999) Cage was "always happy and gentle, alive with awestruck wonder of the world, and especially fascinated by its sounds." (Guttman, 1999) the work which Cage entitled 4'33" was an interesting piece in which the musician played only very little music and which was "inspired by Cage's visit to Harvard's anechoic chamber, designed to eliminate all sound; but instead of promised silence Cage was amazed and delighted to hear the pulsing of his blood and the whistling of his nerves." (Guttman, 1999)

II. WILLIAM ALWYN (1905-1985)

William Alwyn was born in 1905 in Northampton to a grocer and into a family that had no musicians however, all in the family "shared a passion for literature and the visual arts." (Culot, 1985) Culot (1985) shares that Alwyn wrote in his autobiography: "We all shared father's literary enthusiasm and his less-knowledgeable interest in art...but neither he nor the others had much feeling for music. In this I was alone." (Winged Chariot: William Alwyn autobiography, 1983) Alwyn additionally states that he "was not cut out to be a provincial grocer" and that instead his time was divided "between music, poetry and painting." (Culot, 1985) Upon his father's death Alwyn states: "The need for money was urgent so I took the first reasonably paid job that came my way, the position of music master at a residential private school…… [read more]


Beethoven Moonlight Sonata and Vivaldi Spring From the Four Seasons Thesis

… Beethoven, Moonlight Sonata and Vivaldi, Spring From the Four Seasons

The Moonlight of a Young Dancer's Life: A Short Story Inspired by Vivaldi's "Spring" and Beethoven's "Moonlight Sonata"

Exposition

Ludwig Van Beethoven's "Moonlight Sonata" and Antonio Vivaldi's "Spring" movement from… [read more]


Music and Religion Term Paper

… Sacred Music in Religion

In the words of one prominent scholar, sacred music "appeals to the inner self" and connects oneself "with a deeper source of existence. The repetitive chants and rhythms in sacred music creates a positive attraction" while… [read more]


American Indian Music Being Influenced by the European Model Has Sadly Lost Its Originality Term Paper

… Native Music

Native American music made in European forms is missing many of the elements that made it unique. The vocalizations and instrument sounds represented the world around them. Complex rhythmic structures spoke to the rhythms of life. Costume and… [read more]


Rock Music and Drugs and the Influence They Had on the Baby Boomer Generation Term Paper

… Rock Music and Drugs

Rock Music, Drugs, and the Baby Boom Generation

The "Baby Boom" generation is known as those individuals born in the years immediately following the Second World War. After the men returned home from the front to their homes in the United States, the general feeling of optimism and security that prevailed on the homeland encouraged people to begin starting families. Babies were born in huge numbers, giving rise to what social scientists would refer to as a "baby boom"; hence the name Baby Boom generation.

The baby boomers came of age at a time of economic prosperity and a general sense of optimism. All of that began to change in the late 1960s and 1970s, however, with America's increasing involvement in the war in Vietnam. At this point, many of the baby boomers were still in their teens or just beginning to enter adulthood. In 1963, after the assassination of President John F. Kennedy, much of that optimism that the baby boomers had grown up with was beginning to dissipate as the succeeding president, Lyndon B. Johnson, increased America's involvement with the Vietnam War. Popular music also began to change with the arrival of the British Invasion - namely, the English rock groups the Beatles and the Rolling Stones, whose sexual lyrics and outlandish behavior shocked the older generation of Americans. Popular culture would never be the same again.

As the 1960s wore on, there was a shift from traditional rock n' roll to art rock. This was brought about largely owing to experimentation with drugs in the music scene of those years. This experimentation would forever alter the landscape of rock n' roll as we know it today. Whereas in the first half of the 1960s, the Beach Boys were releasing singles like the poppy "I Get Around" and the Beatles were unleashing hits like "A Hard Day's Night," by the middle of the decade a shift was already under way in both bands' sound; in 1965, the former would release "Pet Sounds," while the latter would put out such strange melodies as "Michelle" and "Norwegian Wood." Rock n' roll was no longer merely "fun"; it now had a serious message to transmit to the masses.

The more experimental side of rock n' roll in the late 1960s was abetted no doubt by the widespread usage of drugs like marijuana and LSD among both musicians and fans. The 1960s gave birth to a drug counterculture, the sheer scale of which has never been seen…… [read more]


Aboriginal Music Term Paper

… Aboriginal Music

The Aboriginal cultures of people groups around the world are both fascinating and intriguing. The aboriginal culture of Australia is no exception to this rule. This is particularly true of the music of Aboriginal Australians. The purpose of… [read more]


Music Therapy Term Paper

… Music therapy has become more accepted in recent years as a form of dealing with stress, illness and facilitating better overall health in all age groups. A working definition of music therapy is, "...a branch of health care designed to… [read more]


Music Industry Reflects American Popular Culture Term Paper

… Music industry reflects American popular culture with more than just sound waves. Using the tools of television and movie media, the music industry delivers a comprehensive package designed to sell records and concert tickets. More than that, the music industry's marketing tactics reflect and also shape American cultural values. For example, gender, female sexuality, and sexual relationships are all depicted explicitly in music videos. The overt display of sex in music videos is accompanied by explicit lyrics and together the messages inform the psycho-social development of young people in America. However, the music industry delivers more than just messages reflecting human sexuality and interpersonal relationships in America. The industry reflects cultural values related to work, money, ethics, customs, etiquette, and gender roles.

Even before the television became a common household item, the music industry reflected popular culture. For example, the early blues artists were often signed by big record labels in the early 20th century. Those blues artists reflected life in the Deep South, life as an African-American living in poverty only a generation or two after the Civil War. The music industry therefore helped preserve an important part of American history by helping blues musicians record their music. As blues evolved into rock and roll and other types of sounds like rhythm and blues (R&B), different types of jazz, soul, and funk, the recording industry also captured those sounds on vinyl and later onto magnetic tape. Reflecting the burgeoning youth culture in America, the music industry gave a voice to rebellious teens.

The cultural revolutions taking place during the 1960s were undoubtedly aided by the recording industry. The music industry presented American folk musicians like Bob Dylan who blended beatnik sensibilities with the roots of American rock. Music started…… [read more]


Concert Report the Dresden Philharmonic Orchestra Performed Term Paper

… Concert Report

The Dresden Philharmonic orchestra performed at the Adrienne Arsht Center for the Performing Arts (Knight Concert Hall) on February 20, 2008 at 8 PM. In celebration of the 200th anniversary of Ludwig van Beethoven's Fifth Symphony, the orchestra… [read more]


Role That Patronage (Royal, Ecclesiastical, Private) Played Case Study

… ¶ … role that patronage (royal, ecclesiastical, private) played in the lives of musicians and the repertoire that was composed / performed. At least three different types of case studies should be examined in terms of their most significant musicians-in-residence,… [read more]


Samba Music Term Paper

… Music

Samba Music

The Samba originated as a folk dance in Brazil, where it is called the folk Samba or the Batuque. It has become the national dance of Brazil, and it is danced during Carnival as a festival dance. One writer notes, "The Samba is danced as a festival dance during the street festivals and parades. When one sees pictures of people dancing at Carnival in Rio, it is the Samba. A Samba dancer is known in Brazil as a Sambista" (Baker, 2007). The music for the Samba is very quick, with about 100 beats or 50 measures per minute, and the rhythm is always "joyful and contagious" (Baker, 2007). It is the format of many top 40 songs such as "La Isla Bonita" by Madonna. Another author notes, "Samba is basically a musical construction made with a binary time and a syncopated rhythm. On the top of this basic form all types of samba are formulated" (Yami, 2002). It is very important to note that there are numerous variations on the basic Samba rhythm, from rock to many local variations.

The basic Samba is usually played on a variety…… [read more]


Baroque Piece Chosen: Pachelbel's Cannon Term Paper

… Baroque

Piece Chosen: Pachelbel's Cannon in D Major

Genre: Canon

Composer: Johann Pachelbel

Era: Baroque -- composed around 1680

Composer's dates (born-died): 1653-1706

What country is the composer/piece from? Austria

Tell something interesting about this composer's life or compositional style

This piece is well-known for its chord progressions. Pachelbel was a very popular composer during his day, perhaps because his music was clearer and less complicated than other Baroque composers who have since eclipsed him in his fame after his death, like Bach ("Canon in D," Answers.com, 2007). A canon "is when a piece of music is imitated and repeated. First one instrument or vocal starts with a piece of the melody," and the other instruments take up this melody and repeat the musical sequence throughout the work (Helander, 2007).

Was this piece composed for a particular event? For a particular person? Other reason?

This piece is often played at weddings today, although it was not composed for this purpose. Also, "the progression chords of Pachelbel's Canon can be found in many modern songs" including "Let it Be" by the Beatles and "We're not gonna take it," by Twisted Sister (Helander, 2007).

Musical Description

Description of musical elements from your chosen piece/movement:

Melody: Stately, repetitive

Rhythm, Meter: The same sequences are repeated rhythmically.

Harmony: The same two-bar bass line and harmonic sequences are repeated over and over throughout the piece, with variations.

Texture: The canon makes use of no counterpoint like inversion, diminution, and augmentation ("Canon in D," Answers.com, 2007).

Tempo: Fairly consistent

Dynamics: Little marked dynamics

Instruments: Composed for three violins and a basso continuo and an instrument known as a gigue, now no longer used.

Mood: Calming, restful.

Sources of information, stated in complete citation form

Canon in D." Answers.com. 11 May 2007. http://www.answers.com/topic/canon-in-d

Helander, Stefan. www.last.fm11 May 2007. http://www.helander.se/stefan/pachelbel/

The Concert Experience

What was your overall reaction…… [read more]


Music Dance Term Paper

… Reggae Music

In 1968, a new form of music, blended from a religious movement, Rastafarian, and numerous musical influences such as rhythm and blues, rocksteady, African, and ska, emerged in Jamaica and spread quickly throughout the world. This music, known… [read more]


Music Term Paper

… Music

Were it not for the title of the song, it would not be difficult to envision what Aaron Copeland had in mind when he wrote "Fanfare for the Common Man." With medieval trumpet calls and grand gongs permeating the composition, it is certainly a "fanfare." However, most fanfares culminate in the arrival of some dignitary like a king or queen. The pace of the music would change upon that individual's arrival, signifying his or her superiority over the rest of humanity. When listening to "Fanfare for the Common Man," I expect that dignitary to arrive. When the three minutes are over and the nobility hasn't shown up, the title of Copeland's piece becomes outstandingly clear and makes "Fanfare for the Common Man" a masterpiece. Copeland managed to take a fanfare and make it subtle and subdued, bringing out the dignity in the common person without falling into either a sense of inferiority or superiority. The piece becomes surprisingly emotional as a result, as if it actually is a celebration of all that is dignified in the human spirit.

The title of the piece therefore illuminates one of the composition's noticeable features: the lack of a traditional crescendo. While the piece does intensify, it does not reach a specific point of climax. This is not to say the "Fanfare" doesn't go anywhere because it does progress through several stages including key changes. Moreover, Copeland adds layer upon layer to the basic structure of the song until ends. If this piece were a fanfare for an uncommon man, Copeland would have had the piece progress through stages that offered a more distinct climax and denouement. The piece might have changed in character or tone entirely: perhaps shifting away from the core set of triplets and involving an entire orchestra's input.

As it is, "Fanfare for the Common Man" can be divided into several stages, becoming…… [read more]


Beethoven's Ode to Joy and Mozart's Symphony Number 25 Term Paper

… Music

What Makes Music Great

Roger Ebert said "great film is one that, every time you go back to it, you always find something new, something you missed before," and that certainly applies to a good piece of music as well. Why? Because classical music, as this class has shown, is complex, with many different themes, instruments, and melodies weaving together throughout a piece to create a complex whole. For example, even in a relatively simple piece such as Beethoven's "Ode to Joy," there are still several different melodies or rhythms in the piece, and it is written for several different instruments to explore different harmonies and effects. Thus, every time a person listens to a piece like this, they have the opportunity to discover new "joys" about the "Ode to Joy." Picking out a different instrument's part, and a countermelody here and there, is just one of the ways composers add diversity to their music, and with so many different instruments and musical parts, there is always something new to see. Just as if Ebert sees depth and meaning in films, there is depth and meaning to music that cannot be fully appreciated in just one or two listenings.

Ebert's criteria applies to great music because great music is more than one simple melody and chord progression. Even the "Ode to Joy" proves this, but other works indicate the complexity of the music as well as the skill of the composer. Mozart's works illustrate this quite well, and is one of the reasons they have remained so popular today. For example, in the Symphony Number 25, the piece can be light and bouncy, and then turn complicated and gloomy. Just when you think you know where it is heading, it seems to turn in another direction. There are strings, horns and other instruments blended together, and each listening gives a different view of these many different instruments and the notes they play. Mozart's works have wonderful melodies that are "pleasant and tuneful" ("Features"), and this is one of them. It is a great piece of music because it has depth and variety, and because it can sound different each time a person listens to it, if they listen for different things. It is complex, and that is the most important element…… [read more]


Music History Baroque vs. Classical Style Melody Term Paper

… Music History

Baroque vs. Classical style

Melody: In contrast to Classical music, Baroque music primarily tries to create a feeling of continuity rather than tell a story through a developing, evolving, or shifting use of melody. In Baroque pieces, the opening melody will be heard over and over again in the course of the piece. Many Baroque melodies are quite ornamental and elaborate while Classical melodies are much less adorned, and much easier to play and to remember ("Characteristics of Baroque Music," Thinkquest.org, 2007; "Characteristics of Baroque Music," Thinkquest.org, 2007). This greater simplicity allowed Classical composers to play with the use melody more within the different movements of the piece.

Rhythm: Baroque works are characterized by continuity of rhythm. Rhythmic patterns heard at the beginning of the piece are reiterated many times throughout the piece. The music sounds like it is pushing forward in an uninterrupted fashion, in contrast to the more flexible use of rhythm in Classical music ("Characteristics of Baroque Music," Thinkquest.org, 2007; "Characteristics of Baroque Music," Thinkquest.org, 2007).

Harmony: Because of the frequent use of polyphonic texture, the use of two different melodic lines that imitate one another, harmony is an important characteristic of Baroque pieces. The more continuous and similar uses of melody and rhythm in Baroque music means that Baroque harmonies are less varied than in Classical pieces ("Characteristics of Baroque Music," Thinkquest.org, 2007; "Characteristics of Baroque Music," Thinkquest.org, 2007).

Texture: Baroque music makes frequent use of polyphonic texture, where two or more melodic lines compete for the listener's attention, while Classical music is basically homophonic or singular in texture and melody.

Form: Classical works tend to favor forms that allow for many different movements, such as the sonata. Classical forms usually reach a kind of dramatic climax followed by a resolution. Classical works also have a more articulated internal structure. Baroque forms tend to have clear breaks and a single mood within pieces, with contrasts established only through different works ("Musopen: Music History Baroque," Musopen, 2007)

Dynamics: Dynamics are very clear in Baroque music, almost jarring to the listener. Baroque dynamics are called terraced dynamics, because they often have a slight pause, almost like stepping up or down a step and gradual changes are almost nonexistent in Baroque music. Classical music makes a much wider use of in-between dynamic changes ("Characteristics of Baroque Music," Thinkquest.org, 2007; "Characteristics of Baroque Music," Thinkquest.org, 2007).

Discuss the Sonata Allegro Form

When and how it is used: The Sonata Allegro form developed during the Classical era. It is a three part form, known as an ABA structure. The first part is called the exposition, the second section, the development of material from the exposition, where the melody…… [read more]


Amadeus Mozart Term Paper

… Mozart and Salieri

Throughout the film "Amadeus," the two characters are consistently shown in opposition to each other - from their music to their demeanor. It is clear to see that culturally and ideally, the men were far different from each other. The scene where Mozart is introduced is classic in that it clearly illustrates the basic social and cultural differences between the two at once. For example, Salieri is refined to the point of austerity, even in his dress, while Mozart is opulent and flamboyant (even vulgar) in every way. Salieri says to himself, "Why would God choose an obscene child to be his instrument?" ("Amadeus"), and that sums up the cultural differences between the two men. Salieri has dedicated his early life to God's work, which was common during the time, while Mozart seems to have anything but God on his mind. To Mozart, his gods were his music and his father. This indicates the importance of religion in society was changing. Music was showing that, as well. Both of these men compose religiously inspired music, but other, classical music as well. Religion is not the only reason Mozart composed, it simply came to him with the melody, while for Salieri, he was always hoping for God's approval (until he became a disbeliever, at least).

Salieri is an excellent of the logic and reason of the time. No emotions move him, while Mozart is nothing but emotions running out of control. Their music indicates this difference as well. Salieri follows the rules, and creates works that are popular, but not everlasting. Mozart, on the other hand, cannot follow the rules, but creates masterpieces that are classics in every sense of the word. The two men indicate how important it was to "fit in" in classical society. Mozart did not, and was not considered successful during the time, and Salieri did everything he thought was correct, but he has been forgotten while Mozart lives on.

Another important aspect of the culture of the time was the changing emphasis on language.…… [read more]


Use Ideology Consumption and Globalization Three Theories to Discuss Pop Music Term Paper

… POPULAR MUSIC is the obvious link to the mass consumer culture. It represents a challenge for any claims as to its transformative potential and capacity for resistance. The revolutionary forces must follow the lead of various cultural theorists, who support… [read more]


Elvis Presley Term Paper

… Elvis and Black Music

The Influence of Black Music and Culture on Elvis Presley

Ongoing celebration of the music and (still ever-expanding) musical legacy of larger-than-life American rock' n roll icon Elvis Presley (January 8, 1935-August 16, 1977) even a… [read more]


Music of the 1960s Term Paper

… Music of the 1960s

Whenever the decade of 1960s is discussed or analyzed, it is almost impossible to ignore the popular music of the period and the profound impact it had on Western society -- an effect that continues to be felt to date. In this essay, I shall discuss how the popular music evolved in the sixties and the ways in which it influenced the society.

The 1960s was a time of change; it was a period when the baby boomers came of age, and challenged the conventional "wisdom" of the older generation by embracing free-sex, drugs and outlandish fashions, confronted racial injustice, and opposed the unjust war in Vietnam. All of these changes and pressing concerns of a disgruntled youth and a counter-culture lifestyle were reflected in the popular music of the time. Some people have even gone as far as to suggest that the music of the sixties did not just reflect the changes but was in fact responsible for the youth culture and societal behavior of the time. In any case, there is little doubt that music was in the forefront of a number of influential movements in the sixties. Martin Luther King's Civil Rights movement for example, was in the words of one writer, "clearly a sing-in as well as a sit-in campaign" (Rodnitzky, 105) and it is difficult to imagine that the civil rights marches would have been as emotionally stirring without the singing of anthems such as "We Shall Overcome."

Even before the use of music by the civil right movement for change, American folk music had a tradition of "protest" and socially relevant songs. Woody Guthrie, for instance, roamed the American landscape during the Great Depression in the 1930s and sang about the poor, the plight of migrant workers and America's natural beauty. Before the start of the 1960s, however, protest folk music had been pushed into the background due the anti-Communist hysteria and the purported links of folk music with the political left. Western popular music at the time consisted of little more than catchy melodies and lightweight "boy meets girl" themes.

At that point in time, young folk singers such as Bob Dylan entered the arena and filled the vacuum by providing socially relevant music that the Western youth was yearning for. In songs such as "Oxford Town," "Masters of War," "A Hard Rain's a-Gonna Fall" and "Blowing in the Wind," released in 1963, he commented on issues that were close to…… [read more]


Propaganda in Pop Music Term Paper

… Communications - Pop Music

Propaganda in Popular Music

Propaganda exists in more than government publications and specific public relations pieces. Propaganda and mass persuasion are present in all forms of media, including "pop" music. Though most people are not aware… [read more]


Music Education the Benefits of Music in Schools Term Paper

… ¶ … Music in the coming years have increased manifold. The Scientific Research has proven Music as a strong medium, which can incorporate mathematical skills and personal attributes into an individual. Music has generated positive impact on the learning capabilities… [read more]

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