"Mythology / Folklore / Science Fiction" Essays

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Masculinism in Science Fiction Term Paper

Term Paper  |  8 pages (2,595 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 3


First World culture as depicted in the novel is thoroughly corrupt and decadent, since 'jacking' technology allows people to live out the experiences of others, which often involve violent death, rape, orgies, warfare and car crashes. There are many stores that sell these experiences, which are called "feelies" for the benefit of those who can longer feel any emotions except… [read more]

Evolution in Science Fiction Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (592 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


This analysis of "The Myth of the Ant Queen" can explain the process of evolution within the throes of science fiction writing. In order to understand evolution, one must take into account the way in which the writers view living beings. Any sentient civilization will want to continue its progress, and the ant colony is but one of many sentient groups that try to survive and adapt in order to breed into the next generation. Other writers have picked this idea up, and even the likes of Nathaniel Hawthorne and Greg Bear dominate their science fiction stories with this idea of evolution within intelligent, aware beings.

Nathaniel Hawthorne's short story "Rappaccini's Daughter" highlights the survival of Beatrice, the beautiful daughter of Dr. Rappaccini. Hawthorne illustrates Beatrice's adaptation inside gardens filled with poisonous plants, and in order to survive within the venomous environment, Beatrice herself becomes an evolved, poisonous organism. The poisonous plants embrace Beatrice's change, and protect her from the non-poisonous plants. In the same manner, Greg Bear's Blood Music showcases the sentient reaction of lymphocyte-inspired biological computers. After injecting these computers into his own bloodstream, Vergil Ulam's creations proceeded to replicate and rapidly evolve, breeding into a self-aware society that overtook Ulam's bodies. Once again, survival and evolution become key ingredients in the storytelling.

It is clear that evolution is an important aspect in order to understand the inner workings of organisms in a science fiction environment. Writers keep this in mind, and, just like the worker ants and the ant queen, these writers produce societies, colonies, or groups of sentient beings that illustrate the need to continue an ongoing system. And in order for this system to work, it must evolve.… [read more]

Fantasy and Science Fiction Assessment

Assessment  |  4 pages (1,118 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0



Chadbourn (2008) believes that "the more rational the world gets, the more we demand the irrational in our fiction." Although fantasy has been the mainstay of most of the world's literary traditions -- from the mythologies in sacred texts to the eerie universe of the European folktale -- the 20th century has witnessed an incredible flourishing of both science fiction and fantasy. Chadbourn (2008) calls it an "unprecedented fantasy boom." Granted, books in general are more widely available and distributed now than they were before the industrial revolution. Still, the popularity of science fiction and fantasy do reflect general social trends. For one, science fiction is a product of the post-industrial world, one in which science is viewed as both a blessing and a curse. The roots of gothic and horror literature such as Mary Shelley's Frankenstein weave in the natural mistrust of scientific advancement with fantasy motifs and imagery. Moreover, both science fiction and fantasy allow authors to explore themes that might not be possible in a realistic literary setting. As Chadbourn (2008) puts it, "The genre starts at the point where science ends." Finally, fantasy and science fiction do offer arousing alternatives to the predictable, materialistic mindsets of hard science.

A seminal work of science fiction, Jules Verne's 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea uses the sciences of marine biology and ocean navigation as a jumping-off point. The giant squid, massive shipwrecks, and the ruins of Atlantis portray the seas as a frightening and formidable place. The fantasy threats that Verne creates in 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea are technically unnecessary given that traversing the ocean presents very realistic problems, evidenced by the narratives of historical sailors. What makes 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea and similar novels so captivating is that they border on the real so closely that the line between fact and fantasy becomes blurred. In this sense, the Nautilus and its adventures become hyperbole for an ever-increasingly complex world.

Moreover, Verne understands the potency of the fantasy and science fiction genres for exploring universal themes. Like Homer's Odyssey, Verne uses the seafaring journey as a springboard to discuss broader issues such as the search for self-fulfillment and independence. The impossible elements that Captain Nemo encounters are those that develop his character. Nemo's adventures illuminate his motivations, which are squarely human.

Verne also presents exploration itself as inherently treacherous. This is a theme far more present in modern fantasy than the fantasy of Homer's age because of the role exploration played in the course of human history. Exploration is linked with greed and self-aggrandizement, as Nemo is not necessarily concerned with making the world a better place. Furthermore, novels like 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea show that the knowledge that science brings is not necessarily a sign of social progress. Scientific exploration can reveal dangers that would have been better off remaining in the depths of the sea.

When Verne published 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea, giant and powerful submarines like the Nautilus were objects of… [read more]

Science Fiction Film Comparison Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (1,081 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


These scientists use their decidedly advanced intelligence in order to create artificial life. However, despite positive intentions, the repercussions of the scientists' work are the very real potential for the destruction of human lives. In both films, the actions of the scientists imperil humanity by acting against the greater good despite what may have been good intentions.

Robots are part of the plots of both films. In The Day the Earth Stood Still, alien Klaatu has a solid metal robot sidekick who serves as a kind of bodyguard. Gort, the robot, has the ability for violence but only in the defense of others. There are more robots like Gort have been made and if the world continues to explore space and has anything but peaceful intentions, then the other creatures on other planets will intervene. The robot is physically stronger than either humans or even the remarkable alien. At the center of the film I, Robot is the inclusion of machines with artificial intelligence into the daily existence of human beings. According to the plot of the film, robots must abide by the three laws of robotics: 1) a robot cannot harm a human being or allow a person to be harmed through inaction, 2) a robot must obey orders given to them by human beings unless it violates the first law, and 3) a robot must protect itself unless doing so violates the first two laws. The question at the heart of the story is what the human beings should do if robots decide that they no longer wish to follow these three laws. By definition, the robots are stronger or smarter or swifter than human beings and if creations with artificial intelligence did choose to destroy humanity, it would be unlikely that people would be able to thwart the enemy for very long. After destroying the evil robot, the humans and the good robots get to co-exist which is a happy ending. Yet, this resolution is only a matter of luck. Some would argue that by creating entities which are designed to be stronger than human beings and have the ability to think and learn can only lead to disaster. Both films have robots who are stronger and more capable than humans, creations which could act violently and destroy lives and yet the screenwriters allow the human beings to live possibly happily ever after.

The Day the Earth Stood Still and I, Robot are two very different films. The older film is about the dangers of human technological progression as is the newer. Both films deal with the issue of human beings and their curiosity. Scientists explore questions and come up with answer which sometimes lead to positive ends and sometimes lead to negative ones. This is a very technological age and people are not as distrustful of scientific progress as they once were. This is perhaps not for the better because both movies show the possible repercussions of too much dependence on technology as well as showing… [read more]

Science Fiction Films on September Essay

Essay  |  7 pages (2,269 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


As for the machines, they have been designed to "free mankind from menial and hazardous tasks, yet their existence implies the threat on non-human control."[footnoteRef:13] For this reason they are not allowed to live on earth at all but only in the space colonies, where they are used for a wide variety of purposes, from fighting machines to sex slaves.… [read more]

TV Genre- Science Fiction Case Study

Case Study  |  2 pages (572 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


TV Genre- Science Fiction

Ever since the advent of television as the new technology in the mid-20th century, it has shaped popular culture and strongly influenced and revolutionized the way society think about its future and further development. Indeed, 'predicting' the course that human society will take in the next years to come has been an emergent theme that is mirrored and depicted in different ways through television.

A TV genre that best reflects society's need to know and shape the future of humanity is science fiction. This genre is defined as a "literary fantasy involving the imagined impact of science on society" (Princeton University, 2010). Science fiction as a TV genre did not lose its appeal to audiences, as it has proven itself, time and again and through different kinds of programs and shows, it constantly brings with the mystery of the unknown and the appeal of knowing the future -- at least, from the perspective of the show or program.

In this discussion of the science fiction genre in TV, three popular TV shows in three different periods are analyzed based on their depiction of scifi and its role or effects to society. The Twilight Zone, Quantum Leap and the X-Files are considered top-rating and among the most popular scifi shows in the 1960s, 1980s and 1990s (to 2000), respectively. This analysis discussion posits that these scifi shows reflected society's attitude towards technological progress and development of the period, and to a certain degree, documents the level of scientific and technological progress and capabilities of human society of that time.

This mirroring of society's attitude towards technological progress and development is apparent in the focus of these scifi TV shows. Specific examples of these…… [read more]

Science Fiction Television as a Genre Essay

Essay  |  5 pages (1,661 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


Science Fiction Television

As a genre, science fiction is medium that allows imaginary elements that are largely possible/probably within scientific laws, imaginative speculation, or building upon principles that are unproven but might be likely at some future time. It has been called "the literature of ideas," and is largely based on alternative possibilities or, as in the case of the… [read more]

Science Fiction a Definition Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,409 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Bernard Marx of Brave New World is as close to a hero as Huxley's novel is willing to have, and Marx is callous, clever, and mainly interested in bedding the main female protagonist, even though he occasionally questions his society's values. In Slaughterhouse Five, the novel's initial setting depicts the main protagonist in 1968, where he is married and has… [read more]

Mythology Folklore and Nationalism in Creating Irish Identity Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  10 pages (3,378 words)
Bibliography Sources: 10


Mythology, Folklore

Irish myths and legends and the movement for Irish independence 'All the great English writers were Irish.' Even before the Irish independence movement of the 19th century, Anglo-Irish writers such as Oliver Goldsmith, George Bernard Shaw and Oscar Wilde were famous for using the language of the oppressive English and improving upon it to create great works of… [read more]

Scifi Emiko and the New Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (629 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


She creates an identity in opposition to the oppressive culture in which she dwells. Her identity has been entirely, and literally, created for her by others. Emiko is "wound up" because she has been toyed with, played with, and manipulated since her creation. The symbolism of being a windup girl also pertains the fact that her destiny is wound up with those around her. Her power is palpable, and Emiko is even more powerful in her humility. The fact that Emiko is unaware of her potency makes her the ultimate postmodern science fiction hero. Emiko therefore subverts and transcends her underclass status in a way that is marvelously graceful.

Her killing of Somdet Chaopraya is a pivotal point in The Windup Girl, for the events but also for Emiko's character development. The event also plays on the symbolism of windup doll. Emiko was wound up spiritually and emotionally by the time she met Somdet Chaopraya. Having numbed herself, tuned out and turned off to the world, and especially to predatory men, Emiko springs to life like a jack in the box. A Tarantino-esque scene unwinds from that point forward, providing the reader with a cathartic and transformative figure.

The Windup Girl is a classic science fiction novel on many levels. Its ready reflection on the relationship between science and society permeates every page, and is in fact the theme behind windup girls themselves, the Seed Bank, and all other aspects of the book. The novum in The Windup Girl. are carefully chosen to support the main themes, and are never inserted in an arbitrary manner because they have a direct bearing on how readers of the novel already live. For example, Monstanto already maintains seed banks and the results of genetically modified organisms have yet to be seen.


Bacigalupi, Paolo. The Windup Girl. Night Shade,…… [read more]

Blade Runner and Wall-E: In Depth Contrasting Critiques Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (2,105 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


At the time of the film, the earth can no longer sustain life but technology (Wall-E) is the only thing attempting to sustain what is left. Humans can and they should restore the mess on earth, and with the help of a robot they no doubt will clean it up and sustain it. In effect, Wall-E is resurrecting some of the technologies that were abandoned by the people who left the planet: an abandoned truck, a pendulum clock, a singing bass and a mechanical egg beater. In the end the automated spaceship is abandoned and the love interest between Wall-E and EVE (an advanced robot) opens the door for technology becoming a savior for the reshaping of the earth.

Wall-E and Blade Runner -- Futurity and Nostalgia

Wall-E Futurity -- if future generations can anticipate a planet like Wall-E works in, it is going to be a depressing situation indeed. Future generations should see the film in the sense that this kind of ecological catastrophe must be avoided at all costs.

Wall-E Nostalgia: Murray and colleague note that there is nostalgia associated with Wall-E, because the nostalgia (longing) for human artifacts is a powerful driver in the film. The film draws on three types of nostalgia, according to Murray: a) it explores Wall-E's movements "from tragic to comic ecological hero"; b) images of nature are both "eco-collective" and "individual"; and c) there is an environmental adaptation that links with nature.

Blade Runner Futurity: If what is portrayed in the film is the future of Los Angeles -- and by inference, the planet -- then humans are in deep trouble. It's as simple as that; humans need to be better stewards of the environment or certainly things will continue to deteriorate.

Blade Runner Nostalgia: The only application to nostalgia that an alert viewer could imagine would be if somehow new leaders could emerge in time to apply reason and ecological good judgment before the country falls into a social malaise.


The world of Wall-E has improved over the 700 years he has been trying to clean up the mess left when humans departed. In Jane Bennett's book, The Enchantment of Modern Life: Attachments, Crossings, and Ethics, the author describes "enchantment" in terms of a person needing not just to love himself, but to love life "before you can care about anything." A person must be "enamored with existence and occasionally even enchanted in the face of it" before he is able to donate "scarce mortal resources to the service of others" (Bennett, 2001, Chapter 1). In Wall-E's case, he has in fact become somewhat enamored with his emerging, evolving existence and is indeed making a contribution in the service of others. Wall-E symbolizes the hope of the future after humans have pretty much trashed the landscape of earth, which is, in a way, what humans are doing today as global climate change is rapidly altering the planet in impactful ways.

Works Cited

Bennett, Jane. The Enchantment of Modern life: Attachments,… [read more]

Utopias Explored: The Time Machine Essay

Essay  |  8 pages (3,503 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 3


Deckard travels to Seattle to interview Rachel, who eventually fails his test. This is explained to Deckard as Rachel lacks normal empathy because of being raised in space. Later, Deckard verifies that Rachel is indeed an android -- a Nexus Six, or top of the line model. This, and his own feelings of self-doubt about the humanity of "retiring" another… [read more]

Science Fiction Film Repo Men Essay

Essay  |  7 pages (2,066 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


Repo Men (2010) is a postmodern science fiction/horror film set in the not-too-distant future in which technology has developed to the point where life extension through the use of artificial organs has become commonplace, at least for those with money or good credit ratings. Those who are unable or unwilling to pay their bills to The Union that has a… [read more]

Fantasy or Science Fiction Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (590 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0



Mark Chadbourn's (2008) assessment of the popularity of fantasy and science fiction is somewhat true. According to Chadbourn (2008), fantasy has surpassed "its former powerhouse cousin, science fiction" to become "the biggest genre in publishing." The trend, claims Chadbourn (2008), is directly related to an increasingly rational worldview. "The more rational the world gets, with super-science all around us, the more we demand the irrational in our fiction," (Chadbourn 2008). While this may be true, fantasy is the root of all fiction. Chadbourn (2008) admits that "A search for the origins of fantasy will usually have academics muttering about Beowulf, the Epic of Gilgamesh or Homer's the Iliad." Moreover, "all stories were fantasy" at some time, depicting "gods and monsters and supernatural artifacts with humanity caught in the middle," (Chadbourn 2008).

Before the Age of Enlightenment, most stories were oral. Up until the 20th century, most people did not read, let alone write. The stories that were told were deliberately fantastical because they captivated minds and permitted escapism. The realistic literature that emerged in Europe after the Age of Enlightenment was a domain of the upper classes. Fantasy stories were the stuff of the masses: the folktales and other oral traditions that have always been a part of cultures around the world.

The 20th century saw major social and political changes. Public education enabled more people to read and write. Therefore, the 20th century was a time of literary flourishing for all genres, including science fiction and fantasy. The popularity of fantasy is nothing new; it has always been the epicenter of fiction.

Chadbourn is absolutely correct about the role fantasy plays in the modern world. The reason why fantasy has surpassed all other genres, including science fiction, in sales is partly related to…… [read more]

Wind -- Science Fiction Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,267 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


The conflict of the book addresses their relationships with the dead, as well as living beings with one another and the natural environment. The book's title come from an oft-repeated song, "Farther west than west, / Beyond the land, / My people are dancing / On the other wind."

Characterizations: Alder and Ged

In the person of Alder, the book takes an ordinary man and gives him the power to engage in important work for his land. He is already proficient in magic, but the death of his wife infuses what in Earthsea is merely ordinary conjuring power of mending with a new vitality and strength. This gives Alder access to the world of the dead and infuses his mending power with a spiritual new force. It also gives him the ability to understand the plight of the dragons, the people with whom earth has sundered their covenant.

Yet in the form of Ged, the book takes a magical character of great power and makes him into an ordinary person, a man who has given up his formerly great powers, because he now believes they are futile. Thus, although it takes place in a magical world, the characters that should be heroic in conventional mythical tales, like the husband retrieving his wife from the dead, the noble king, and the warrior Ged, are often full of self-reflection and doubt about the nature of their powers. Ged doubts the nobility of the wizardly path and value of magical power itself. Even Alder's ability to access new levels of power comes not from wizardly lore, but from an ordinary life event, the death of a loved one.


The book hinges upon an unbalance that has occurred between two people, and natures and humans. For instance, Orm Irian, the dragon that is also a woman, speaks of her people's anger against humans, whom they believe have stolen a part of the dragons' realm. This relates to human impingement upon the environmental world. The breaking of the covenant between two species creates a larger unbalancing of all of the different creatures of the world, and thus severs the proper connections of the world of the dead and the living. Although this covenant may be magical in the book, it may be extrapolated to a real-live severance of humans and the environment.

The motifs of division between the dead and the living, and two living beings are thus both intertwined in the almost-forgotten agreement by which dragons and humans, once a single people, divided themselves in two. Only when the two come together again can the world become one.


Ethics have always been a central concern in Le Guin's writing. "While avoiding 'moralizing' and preaching simple solutions to serious moral problems,"writes Tony Burns, "Le Guin writes as a 'moralist': as someone who -in the manner of the ancient Greeks, the young Marx and anarchists such as Kropotkin-considers humans as being by nature ethical animals, and who, as a result, has an overriding interest… [read more]

Women Science Fiction Writers Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,458 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


.. [and who] will surely be punished for it by being taken less seriously than if she had taken the trouble to write badly."

Davidson says "Generally, Piercy is right." In Barr's introduction to her book, she details how and why she decided to take up work as a feminist science fiction critic; she said she realizes that "foot binding… [read more]

Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka Posthuman Change Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (696 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka

Posthuman Change in a Postmodernist World: Gregor Samsa's Transformation in the Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka

In the story the Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka, readers are confronted with the sudden transformation of the seemingly normal character of Gregor Samsa. Prior to his metamorphosis, Samsa is a typical individual working for his family, a somewhat selfless individual who struggles and sacrifices for the survival of his family. However, when his transformation occurred, numerous "truths" were revealed to him. First is that his family, whom he loved and sacrificed for dearly, were not willing to make the same sacrifice for him when he needed their understanding as he morphed from being a human to being a roach. Second, he realized that he will only continue to evolve, and that there is no turning back or no way to transform him back as a human. And lastly, he came to acknowledge that in his metamorphosis, he will either embrace the change and thrive in it, or reject this change and, like before, sacrifice himself and choose death instead. The story ended with Samsa choosing the latter option.

While the Metamorphosis is considered classic literature, it has the characteristics of a science fiction, which can be considered revolutionary and innovative in Kafka's time. What makes Kafka's work a strong illustration of science fiction is that Samsa experienced "posthuman" change, a term that demonstrates the "fast acceleration of human change," giving humanity a glimpse of the future in the present time (Clarke, 2005, p. 170). The metamorphosis by itself reflects the principle of science fiction, which takes into account "what if" scenarios into the future: what if indeed, humanity eventually evolves to creatures like Samsa, roaches that are generally detested by humanity itself?

In addition to accelerated posthuman changes, Kafka's work is considered science fiction work because it also subsists to the principles of postmodernism, wherein the concept of "Being" is continuously asked, interpreted, challenged, and re-interpreted again (Johansen, 2005, p. 4). Combining the elements of posthuman change and postmodernist thought in the Metamorphosis, it can be said that indeed,…… [read more]

Godzilla ) Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (667 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


At the beginning of the film, a ship is destroyed in a mysterious explosion and a salvage team is sent to investigate, but their ship is also blown up. On Odo Island, three survivors from these ships report that a giant monster was responsible, while fishermen report that they are unable to catch anything. This is when an old man first mentions the name of Godzilla, an ancient Japanese legend about a dinosaur that lives in the ocean. That same night, during a typhoon, Godzilla actually comes ashore and destroys some houses, and a scientific team is sent from Tokyo to investigate. They discover that Godzilla is a radioactive monster that has been disturbed by the recent hydrogen bomb tests in the Pacific, and has already destroyed a number of ships in retaliation. Although the Japanese navy drops depth charges on the monster, conventional weapons do not seem to have much effect, which is when the scientists turn to Professor Serizawa.

At first the scientist denies that he has created a new weapon, but the truth is that he does not want the world to know about it since it could cause the extinction of all life on earth. He shows his fiance Emiko what it can do, by testing a small sample in a fish tank and turning every living thing into a skeleton. Emiko is horrified and agrees to say nothing about the weapon, although shortly afterward Godzilla comes ashore twice and destroys Tokyo. With the city in ruins and Godzilla still sitting at the bottom of Tokyo Bay, Serizawa agrees that the weapon must be used, but he makes sure that he will die with it. He goes to the bottom of Tokyo Bay in a diving suit and places the device near Godzilla, but then cuts his own air hose and remains in place when it detonates. Godzilla is reduced to a skeleton and sinks to the bottom of the bay, although he returned many times in…… [read more]

George Melies's Movie "A Trip Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (603 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


¶ … George Melies's movie "A trip to the moon" is considered to be the first example of science fiction cinema in history. First of all, the movie's theme is an event which, at the point that the movie was made at, was a future event. Indeed, in 1902, humanity only dreamed that, at some point, it could actually send a spaceship to the Moon and safely lend a human being there. The theme of a trip to the moon was part of a number of science fiction writing, most notably Wells and Jules Verne and was eventually put into Melies's cinematographic representation.

At the same time, the storyline in Melies's movie is set outside everyday reality, as science fiction stories generally are. In order for his characters and actions to evolve, they are sent to the Moon, at that point an element definitely outside everyday realities (it had never been reached before, it only presented itself as a celestial body). The movie, in fact, fulfills several potential criteria for the settings: it is set in the future (the action could not be performed at the time the movie was created), it was set in a different world (on the Moon) and in space, which was not known or researched at that point.

This brings another characteristic of science fiction works present in Melies's creation as well: the existence of scientific objects and advanced technology with which the characters generally interact in order for them to fulfill their mission. In the case of Melies's movie, these technological advancements abound, starting with the initial mean of getting into space (a huge cannon, a space capsule) and continuing throughout the movie.

It is certainly not only the scientific and technological objects that make the movie a science fiction one, but also many of…… [read more]

Star Trek the Next Generation Essay

Essay  |  1 pages (483 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Star Trek: The Next Generation

"the Measure of a Man"

A robot may not harm a human being, or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm.

A robot must obey orders given to it by human beings, except where such orders conflict with the First Law.

A robot must protect its own existence, as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Law.

("The Three Laws of Robotics "Asimov 1942)

Artificial Intelligence (AI) by its nature may never achieve that reality of human sentience, primarily because it is not "Organic" Intelligence but "Artificial" by design. Human beings are born and grow into the world, as do most natural creatures, they become part of the environment. This connection creates a bond that could not be experienced by a robot that is built and not grown. The Three Laws above have become synonymous with AI in the minds of many, these laws, or something like them, must be programmed into a robot in order to create a safe "tool" for mankind to use. They are safeguards and not instincts.

However, that being said, what if one was faced with a Data who has "some" of the characteristics of a human being and has the ability to improve and evolve from its original programming, just like a human being? However, Data also has characteristics that are robotic, senses that are merely data input and digital, a mind…… [read more]

Science Fiction Film Genre Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (2,723 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


In the background to this major plot is her relationship with Palmer Joss, a religious scholar, and the tragic story of her father's death when she was eight.

Just like Close Encounters of the Third Kind, the film fits into the science fiction genre because it is not based on a current reality. The contact with aliens is the background… [read more]

Greek Mythology - Atlas Thesis

Thesis  |  2 pages (707 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 4


Greek Mythology - Atlas

Mythology can be defined as the human attempt to explain the world. The earliest attempts at creating myths were generally based upon the fear of the unknown, according to Hamilton (15). The dark unknown was filled with danger and death, and both mythology and ancient religion reflect this.

Hamilton however notes that this changed with the advance of Greek civilization. Civilization at the time meant that the world was no longer mysterious or dark. Human beings gained the faculty of knowledge and the ability to explore and investigate. According to the author, this was a time during which human beings became the center of the world for the first time. The Greeks demonstrated this by creating gods and goddesses "in their own image" (Hamilton 15); something that had not been done in mythology before.

This idea reiterates Ken Dowden's (53) assertion that the purpose of myth is to establish "people, places and things." Investigating the mythology of ancient Greece therefore connects Western society not only to the cultural paradigms of that time and culture, but also how these impact society today. In this way, human beings can connect with the roots of the cultural paradigms within which we live today.

The story of the Titan Atlas is an example of Greek mythology that survives to date. According to Mike Dixon-Kennedy (58), Atlas was born as a second-generation Titan. He was the son of Iapetus and Clymene, and his brothers were Prometheus and Epimetheus. He was also the father of the Pleiades, Hyades and Hesperides. Atlas's name appropriately means "much enduring."

The myth behind Atlas dates from the war between the Titans and the gods. According the Greek mythology, the Titans were the first rulers of he earth. The Olympian Gods engaged in a battle with the Titans to take over the earth's rulership. While the gods banished most of the Titans after defeating them, a few remained. Atlas was one of them. For his leading role in helping the Titans in the war, Atlas was punished by the task of holding the sky on his shoulders. This task itself…… [read more]

Humanity Essay

Essay  |  5 pages (1,841 words)
Style: Turabian  |  Bibliography Sources: 10


¶ … Humanity

One very interesting aspect of the human experience is the manner in which certain themes appear again and again over time, in literature, religion, mythology, and culture -- regardless of the geographic location, the economic status, and the time period. Perhaps it is the innate human need to explain and explore the known and unknown, but to… [read more]

Art Spiegelman's Maus and the Literary Research Paper

Research Paper  |  8 pages (2,242 words)
Bibliography Sources: 13


Spiegelman's Maus And The Literary Canon

Spiegelman's Maus

Spiegelman's Maus and the Literary Canon

Upon examination of the evolution of the Graphic Novel, one discovers that amusing drawings have been around forever. But the rise of the newspaper industry in the late nineteenth century was the force that brought comics into everyday American households. From newspaper funny pages rose magazines… [read more]

Satisfaction Guaranteed by Isaac Asimov Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (770 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Satisfaction Guaranteed by Isaac Asminov

The 20th century was the big exploitation of human creativity where technological fantasy was concerned. This started in the late 19th century with futuristic writings such as Jules Verne's, that pictured the many possibilities for human discoveries and inventions, but had a major increase in the first half of the 20th century, when practically every day new inventions appeared, more and more amazing and sophisticated.

The story Satisfaction Guaranteed by Isaac Asimov is one of the many examples of the futuristic world where robots are the main tool to help humans. The conception of the perfect robot, that everyone envisioned in the middle 20th century, was a flawless copy of the life human model. They where conceived in human looks and activities, replacing workers, servants or helpers with robot characters that would almost become alive. Sometimes they even displayed human characteristics, such as emotions, that a real machine would never be able to have. In the story Satisfaction Guaranteed the robot tries to help the human character to feel better about herself, by flirting with her. This is supposed to be part of his program, but the human character, Claire, can not help mixing emotions.

Perhaps the real dream that propels this kind of stories in fiction is not reaching to what humans can create, but rather what humans will never be able to create: the emotional link between people and technology. Today, half a century later, it is plain to see that this kind of robots could be built any time and will probably circulate in the market sooner than we imagine. But the fact that they befriend the people they work for, and that a human could fall in love with a robot, as it happens to Claire in the story, is very unlike in real life. The very real side of the story is the first reaction humans have about the whole situation. At first, Claire does not like the idea of having a robot in the house. She refuses to accept the company of this character because he is not human. But as the story unwinds, she gradually accepts him and changes her attitude towards him. It is the typical story of the outcast that is rejected at first, only because he is unfairly misunderstood. Afterwards…… [read more]

Storytelling a Tale of Fictitious Research Paper

Research Paper  |  6 pages (1,740 words)
Bibliography Sources: 8


The Evolutionary Reason for Stories

Evolution is a very philosophical concept besides being considered as a branch of the scientific community. Towards questions, like, is there any purpose acquired by evolution? And what is the reason behind our existence? The evolutionists are still open. Here, the idea of purpose is considered to be a relative ending than an absolute ending, a meaning or reason than a finale, which depicts that a purpose is carried by evolution (Holcomb III, 1996). One can say that evolution is a story, and a purpose is carried by a story, similarly, the way many philosophers used the proof style to explain abstract concepts in the past.

Therefore, a purpose is carried by evolution. The idea that purposes are acquired by stories is the idea which is not satisfying to some people. To do something determination, resolution, and intention, the fact or action of meaning or intending is what defines the purposes within this context.

To a state of being a symbolic end or for a continual state of being, a reason can be acquired by a story. For example, through storytelling, the reason behind a physical characteristic of leopard was aimed to be explained by people in ancient stories, like, "the reasons behind spots on a leopard." To give death or even life, life questions are tried to be answered by different religions that on a larger scale have arisen throughout… [read more]

Ancient Astronauts Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (1,102 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


Ancient Astronauts

Adherents of the Ancient Astronaut thesis believe that intelligent extraterrestrial beings have visited Earth in antiquity and made contact with humans in certain points of our history. This encounter -- they emphasize -- can be evidenced from aspects such as religion, ancient culture, and technologies. A derivative of this thesis is that many, if not all, of the humans in existence today are products of the original extra-terrestrials who populated the earth in a pre-historic period. We were either created by them or born from them, possibly in a process that was described by Thomas Gold, a professor of astronomy as a "garbage theory" where humans spawned form extra-terrestrial waste.

A sub-theory states that much of our human knowledge, religion, and culture may have originated from these extra-terrestrials who built (or supported human in building) many of the marvels on Earth such as the pyramids in Egypt or the Moai stone heads of Easter Island (Lieb, 1998). Adherents of this view have amassed an arsenal of reasons to support their point, but few academicians if any accept them. Scientific research has not found any conclusive evidence and all assertions of ancient astronauts remain unsupported.

Argument for Ancient Astronauts

Advocates for ancient astronauts categorize their arguments into three factors:

1. Religion:

Several of the world's religious texts have passages that may indicate allusion to extra-terrestrials. The Ramayana, for instance, has gods and avatars who travel from place to place in flying vehicles, whilst the Book of Genesis, (chapter 6 verses 1 -- 4) mentions "sons of God [who] went to the daughters of humans and had children by them" - the word 'Nephilim too is obscure and is explained by the apocryphal Book of Enoch to refer to a group of 200 "angels" who, ancient astronaut theorists believes, were extra-terrestrials.

The Book of Ezekiel too has a description of winged creatures flying in the Chariot of God who looked like humans. Some of the ancient astronaut theorists believe that Ezekiel had seen spaceships. They also believe that these extraterrestrials had helped the Hebrews carve the Ark of the Covenant and possibly help create some of the miraculous events of the Bible. In fact, a Presbyterian minister claimed that Jesus was an extraterrestrial, citing (John 8: 23) and other biblical verses as evidence.(Colavito, 2005).

2. Culture

Theorists have said that certain cave paintings such as those seen in Wondjina in Australia and Val Camonica in Italy resemble extra-terrestrials. Representation too of flying saucers have said to be existent in medieval and renaissance art (Sprezzatura.it. 2002-11-23) .

The ancient Nazca Lines in Peru are ground drawings that illustrate animals and humanoid figures and can be seen from great heights. This latter fact causes some theorists to remark that they were likely transmitted from instructions by ancient astronauts who abetted the Peruvians in drawing them and that the longer and wider lines on the ground may have been runaways for the spacecraft (Onagocag.com. 1982-08-07.). Similarly, theorists have drawn on the discovery of… [read more]

Pan's Labyrinth the Movie 'El Term Paper

Term Paper  |  15 pages (4,266 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


Magic & Mimesis

In the background of pot-Civil War Spain, Pan's Labyrinth is the tale of Ofelia. Ofelia is a young girl who along with her mother Carmen goes to live with her step father Vidal who is the fascist Captain. With the progression of Carmon's difficult pregnancy, Captain Vidal wishes that his son must be born where his father… [read more]

Themes in World Literature Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (782 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Hero as a Model of Behavior

In the course of human history, one of the interesting things about past literature is the way the heroic appears again and again. In fact, this appearance becomes an archetype in that we see very similar themes in literature, religion, mythology, and culture. This is perhaps because as humans we have the need to explain and explore the unknown, but also because we tend to psychologically need a guide through the complexities of life. The idea of the hero as a role model for behavior, in fact, is so tied to human culture that one need only look at popular culture -- television and motion pictures for certain, to epitomize the need for particular story themes to remain popular. Whatever the genre -- science fiction, fantasy, western, war, even politics -- the classic nature of human values become clear when one continues to see the character traits of the hero through a series of tasks, through personal and character flaws, and finally through the triumph of the human spirit and the restoration of good (until the next story) (Voytilla).

One of the major functions of myth, then, is to establish models for behavior. The figures often described in myth are sacred and are the worthy role model for humans. Myths then not only entertain, they function to uphold current societal and cultural attributes that are considered valuable. We find this in a number of themes in some of the great works of the past: Home's Iliad and Odyssey, Beowulf, and The Canterbury Tales. There are, of course, numerous themes in common in these class works, but the theme of the quest, revenge, personality flaw and redemption help us understand the way each culture thought about the human experience, and indeed how it is eerily similar to our contemporary culture (Campbell and Moyers).

In each of the abovementioned works, the idea of "quest" is at the very heart of the plot. Beowulf must quest to free the Kingdom from Evil, the entire Homeric epic is one of questing, not only from Helen's return, but throughout the Ancient Aegean - the Gods could not make it easy, could they, to journey far and retain much? Chaucer certainly found reasons to quest: for love, for morality, and pining back into Ancient Greece in The Knight's Tale, to win…… [read more]

Travel Kurt Anderson Investigates Different Perspectives Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (995 words)
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¶ … Travel

Kurt Anderson investigates different perspectives on the concept of time travel. While opening with the necessary discussion of time travel in the context of science fiction and fantasy the discussion quickly evolves to include more widely accessible concept of time travel not specifically as transportation but rather as a means of connecting tangibly with the past. The general theme of the broadcast is that anyone and indeed everyone can be a time traveler to some extent. This discussion comes full circle in the course of the five-minute long broadcast when Kurt begins talking about his own experiences as a time traveler of sorts and the events and places in his life which allowed him to connect tangibly to the past.

The idea that the past is not in fact past is one which is rather comforting in an age moving forward so rapidly that even a decade out of date may as well be a century. The concept that time travel can only be a myth, something used to travel to the extreme past or future is one which has fueled the imagination of countless writers and producers throughout time. This fascination with the ability to immerse oneself in a time period either long since past or still yet to come is related most likely with a desire to feel connected to a time which has been idealized or holds special relevance to an individual.

The ability to connect to times past, and perhaps given that ability connect to what may come is an important part of developing individual identity. Increasingly we find ourselves without such connections. It is impossible to relate back to a specific culture without being inundated and diluted by other world cultures. As technology improves the globalization of developed countries precludes individuals from developing traditional ethnic and familial identities distinct from the identity of the region in which they live.

Listening 2: The Great Gatsby

In this hour long broadcast Kurt discusses the various thematic elements in the famed novel by F. Scott. Fitzgerald "The Great Gatsby" and the reasons such a seemingly dark novel is so synonymous with Americana. Including an interview with one of the actors who is responsible for bringing the work to life on the stage, Kurt investigates not only the greater thematic elements of the plot but also the development of the characters within the short novel. Specifically the dark underbelly of human nature even when it appears that someone has everything they ever could have wanted. The fact of the matter though, and what perhaps is the most significant message of the book is that often the pursuit of goals be they material or abstract, can often blind us to the genuine roots of the desire for whatever it is.

I consider myself a Gatsby aficionado having read the book several times. As noted in the broadcast though one significant factor of the work is that, with every reading there is a new facet,…… [read more]

May Flower Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  7 pages (2,199 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 3



In human history many events change the course of nations, not intentionally, certainly not at the exact time of action, but later, as events domino from each other into what becomes a mythological event captured in writing, art, popular music, and even the heritage of a nation. One such event, the 1620 voyage of the Mayflower, depositing English Separatists… [read more]

Young Adult Literature Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,397 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Controversy Over the Harry Potter Book Series

Since the initial publication of J.K. Rowling's book series based on the character of Harry Potter some eight years ago, much social controversy has arisen, mostly due to Rowling's use of sorcery and the occult in the adventures of Harry, a so-called practicing wizard steeped in the "black arts." A good deal of the controversy seems to have originated within the religious community which considers Rowling's Harry Potter series with much suspicion because of the author's alleged literary design to introduce impressionable young minds to the art and practice of magic, witchcraft, sorcery and the occult through the predicaments and situations encountered by Harry Potter.

Fantastic Literature:

One of the most controversial aspects of Rowling's Harry Potter book series is her use of supernatural fantasy which, according to E.F. Bleiler, generally "demands from the reader a certain degree of imagination and a capacity for detachment from everyday life" (1973, p. 12). For many of the young adult readers of Harry Potter, this literary genre is obviously not a part of the real world and deals exclusively with things that are non-existent except in the imagination, such as "black magic" and the supernatural world of ghosts, demons and various mythological beings. And unlike science fiction, supernatural fantasy is not based on science but pure imagination which requires the reader to suspend their disbelief. Yet for some readers, this type of fiction can be very disturbing and can bring about changes in one's attitudes and beliefs toward reality which may, under the right circumstances, create undesirable actions and behaviors that can lead to a disruption in the life of the reader.

The plots in most supernatural fantasy, such as those in Rowling's Harry Potter book series, are usually set in times and places that are very different from reality and are often filled with situations which the main protagonist, in this case Harry Potter, has to overcome in order to move ahead in his/her life. As Jill P. May points out, supernatural fantasy often deals with "ghosts, demons, witches, sorcerers, various beasts, charms, spells, curses and other devices" (1995, p. 67), all of which prompts the reader to fantasize about the world that Harry Potter lives in as an up and coming warlock under the power of the "black arts." For the most part, the ability to fantasize is a major component of young adulthood and allows the child to experience things that do not exist in reality which expands the child's ability to think cognitively and to understand that the supernatural is nothing to be afraid of nor concerned with. But again, certain readers may develop the belief that fantasy is truly part of reality which may blur their abilities to distinguish between what is real and what is unreality.

Critical Theories on Young Adult Literature:

According to prevailing critical theories, books such as the Harry Potter series must "confirm one's own life experiences, illuminate and gain insight into those experiences and vicariously expand… [read more]

Tale an Intergalactic Space Mission Term Paper

Term Paper  |  7 pages (1,889 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Two days later the Nefertiti landed on Dirgon. The Dirgonians officially welcomed travelers and tourists, even political missions such as theirs. However, Dirgon evolved into an isolationist culture that grew increasingly more suspicious of Earth's intentions to create an inter-galactic coalition.

When the Nefertiti arrived, its crew was generously greeted with the ritual customs that Dirgonians had practiced for millennia.

'We have much to gain from a federation of planets," Reeftart finally disclosed the purpose of their mission.

Jane anxiously looked up from her day bed, on which she relaxed while a Dirgonian masseuse helped her release the tension she accumulated during the long space journey.

"I know," said the Dirgonian Queen, Elaine. "I believe I have persuaded my husband to comply with your desire to manifest this vision of space community."

Elaine spoke the word "community" as if it were the first time she had ever said it. "We Dirgonians are a practical people. While we resent the implications of a federation in that it will diminish our independence, we also see that there are few alternatives. We do not wish to go to war for our beliefs, so I sincerely hope that we can reach some sort of agreement that is beneficial to all parties."

Jane called out from her bed, "That is all we want too, Elaine! Actually our mission is only to obtain your cooperation in a collective scientific exploration program. We share our knowledge with you, and you with us. From there, all of us in the galaxy can benefit and thrive. We have no intention whatsoever to influence your political or cultural realities."

The Queen of Dirgon approached Jane, who rose from the massage table with a smile and an extended hand. When the two women shook hands, they solidified the first formal bond between Dirgon and any foreign planet. And it required no treachery, trickery or deceit. Reeftart appeared relieved and later confessed to Jane that he had planned on lying to the Dirgonians.

'I guess Glastia was wrong," said Reeftart, to Jane's delight.

Two years later the Interglactic Scientific Exploration Federation (ISEF) was fully operational, enabling all member planets to share raw materials and natural resources as well as scientific data. Twelve planets joined, far more than they had…… [read more]

Salman Rushdie Term Paper

Term Paper  |  12 pages (3,835 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Given the subject matter of the book, this aspect has garnered criticism from others.

Rushdie's portrayal of India and Indian's might be seen as guilty of stereotyping in his use of magic realism and the implication that India can only be described in terms of disunity, fantasy and irrationality, precisely those terms used by the orientalists to 'keep the natives… [read more]

Humanities Interdisciplinary Chapter Writing

Chapter Writing  |  2 pages (508 words)
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¶ … Hybridity and Post-Human Anxiety in 28 Days Later," we now live in a post-human age, a concept which is causing increasing anxiety for more and more people. The concept of the 'post human' raises such questions as 'are we humans -- or machines' and 'what is the difference between humans and other animals?' Technology invades our bodies more and more, spanning from scanners to artificial limbs, even to the iPods we plug into our ears 24/7. The boundary between the human and the animal has likewise been collapsed through technologies such as cloning and interspecies organ donation. Humans seem more like machines (or animals, as we learn more about the evolutionary process) and machines seem more human. The cyborg, once assumed to be a creature of science fiction has thus now become the reality (Rogers 121). However, while some people find this scenario delightful -- one professor is quoted as saying "I was born human…but this was an accident of fate" others are afraid (Rogers 122).

This also calls into question traditional disciplinary boundaries as 'the humanities' (once thought to be separate) from other disciplines. As well as disciplinary boundaries being blurred between science and technology, there is also an increasing confusion between genre differences such as horror and science fiction. Simply put, because so much of what seems to lie in the future fills us with horror, we are inclined to view science fiction and horror as the same. Indeed, many of the most popular subjects of current horror films (zombies)…… [read more]

Japanese Animation Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (669 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Animation is more commercial now, but the production remains an art form. Many artists of Japanese animation work from home or in independent studios. We see the influence of the art form everywhere -- CGI features, digital masterpieces such as Avatar, and even the work of Pixar has some resemblance and reference in Japanese animation (Halsall, 2010). Most notable is anime's influence in modern video games and virtual reality features. Japanese animation has become a signature of the country and one of its best exports. According to the Japan External Trade Organization (2003), Japan exports approximately 4.35 billion dollars of ACG (Animation-Comic-Game) to the United States - four times the volume of steel exports to the America (Lamarre, 2002). Japan also contributes more than sixty percent of the global animation market share. Animation is estimated for ten percent the country's GDP and is its third largest business following industry and agriculture. It is a very important part of the everyday lives of the Japanese and a treasured form of entertainment.

My introduction to animation has been inspiring. I am impressed with the creativity of the art form and eager to learn more about the production process. I enjoy anime because of its artistic value, but also because of its wonderful story telling. Anime uses actual plots and story lines that continue through the duration of the feature. In that sense, the genre is more like live action film -- a stark difference from American cartoons. Characters are always well-rounded and I can appreciate the actual slaps, kicks and punches of a good anime duel. In general, there is a certain realism reflected in the art form. In addition, the idea that you can escape your circumstances always shows up as a theme; it is possible to create our own lives and destinies. I look forward to more of this type of inspiration as I learn more about the genre of anime.


Halsall, J. (2010). Anime Goes Mainstream. School Library…… [read more]

Dominican Fantasies, Written and Unwritten Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (1,151 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Of course, some of the famous fantasy narratives discussed in The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao like Lord of the Rings do feature unlikely heroes. The Lord of the Rings tells the tale of an unlikely hero (a hobbit named Frodo) who goes on a great quest to liberate the world from evil. But heroes do not need to look for mountains to climb or dragons to slay as they do in fantasy narratives, suggests Diaz. Oscar is a hero of a different kind, on his own quest narrative. He is interested in the characters of science fiction novels because they seem to offer him alternative 'ways of existing in the world,' even though the characters of the genre are often less interesting and more formulaic than Oscar himself. Diaz always underlines the fact that Oscar's love of science fiction is a search for 'self.' "One day he walked into the Game Room to discover that the new generation of nerds weren't buying role-playing games any more. They were obsessed with Magic cards!...No characters or campaigns…All the narrative flensed from the game…it just wasn't his thing" (Diaz 269-270).

Oscar is looking for a character in fiction to better define himself in reality as well as escape from reality, Diaz suggests, but unfortunately science fiction provides less breadth and depth than can be found in Oscar's unique soul. According to the New York Times critic, "in creating Oscar, Diaz has used one stereotype to subvert another. Not all Dominican men are macho peacocks, and not all sci-fi, anime and Dungeons & Dragons fanatics are white boys. That this may be an obvious point doesn't diminish the skill and flair with which Diaz brings it home" (Scott 2007).

What is unique about the way in which Diaz presents Oscar's tale is the way he exposes the limits of science fiction, as well as its imaginative possibilities for outsiders. On one hand, science fiction can be very exciting for misfit nerds who see themselves as thwarted by society and in need of an escape and an outlet to prove themselves. It seems to offer limitless possibilities. But on the other hand, science fiction is also quite limited by the prejudices of its creators, as Oscar discovers when he feels shut out of fully participating in this world of fantasy and nerds because of his Dominican heritage. For science fiction authors, it is easier to imagine a ring 'that will rule them all' than a boy like Oscar.

In the novel, science fiction and fantasy symbolizes the limits of culture as well as formulaic fiction to truly encompass the human condition. Oscar lack of sexuality makes him a pariah amongst Dominicans and even when the quest narrative of his life ends in a bloody martyrdom back on Dominican soul, this is not fully recognized as a hero's journey in science fiction 'nerd' terms. People like Oscar who exist outside of the lines of fiction are often invisible, buy Diaz's book seeks to dignify… [read more]

French New Wave Cinema Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,198 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


And that meant because he's walking up to a shack that has an alien in it with a whole story that we've written with those guys distilling their fluid and I'm like, "that's interesting you just said that the supporting alien character is a gangster." But if it works, we keep going," (Neill Blomkamp to Meredith Woerner). [footnoteRef:7] [7: Meredith Woerner, "Five Things You Didn't Know About District 9."]

3. "All of my dialogue, all of my actual lines are improvised. There's a script but Neill works within a structure. "This is what neebds to happen in the scene -- go there, evict the guy, pull the guy outside, go inside and see the computers." And then I'll work with Jason and improvise and keep throwing stuff, throwing different options."[footnoteRef:8] [8: Brian Tellerico, "Interview with Sharlto Copely Star of District 9," Videohound's Movieretriever, accessed November 13, 2012, http://www.movieretriever.com/blog/404/interview-with-sharlto-copley-star-of-district-9]

iii. Characters are odd and often act on a whim

1. In the film, the Wikus's actions and behavior are reactionary. This is further evidenced and supported through the improvised dialogue.

2. Additionally, Wikus is characterized as an indifferent bureaucrat who happens to be married to Tanya, who is the daughter of Piet Smith (Louis Minnaar), an MNU director.[footnoteRef:9] [9: District 9, Directed by Neill Blomkamp]

iv. Use of unnatural jump cuts.

1. District 9's editing incorporates documentary style interviews intercut with traditional film narrative and editing. The film is initially presented to be a documentary until the concepts of aliens is introduced into the film.

v. Shooting on location, natural lighting, and direct sound recording.[footnoteRef:10] [10: Craig Phillips, "French New Wave," Green Cine, accessed November 13, 2012, http://www.greencine.com/static/primers/fnwave1.jsp.]

1. This element of French New Wave is facilitated through District 9's documentary style, which extends beyond the interviews that are incorporated into the narrative.

2. Element of documentary influence can be attributed to Alain Resnais, who made documentary films at the beginning of his career.[footnoteRef:11] [11: Ibid.]

3. The aftermath of Wikus' infection is captured on film as though a documentary was being created. Staging is kept at a minimum and Wikus' actions and behavior, much like the character's dialogue, is largely improvised.

4. District 9 is different from other contemporary hand-held films, almost exclusively horror films, such as Paranormal Activity and The Blair Witch Project because even though the film is formatted like a documentary, the production value remains high.

vi. Provides a commentary on social issues

1. In District 9, issues of institutionalized discrimination, reminiscent of apartheid, are major issues.

a. Discrimination in District 9 against extraterrestrials is based solely on species.

b. Species discrimination also influences social stratification. Regardless of a human's social position and role, the extraterrestrials are regarded to be subhuman and thus are placed at the bottom of the social hierarchy.

c. District 9 as a continuation of Godard's work in Alphaville[footnoteRef:12] [12: Ibid.]

i. Like Alphaville, District 9 combines science fiction and the concepts of investigation and unwarranted persecution.

1. The element of science fiction… [read more]

Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao Essay

Essay  |  5 pages (1,730 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


¶ … Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao

Sometimes there are those novels in the world of literature that will challenge how everyone is viewing a host of: different events and their underlying meanings. In the narrative The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao, it discusses how the events of the past can have an impact on the lives of many… [read more]

Evolution Essay

Essay  |  1 pages (367 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Life on Earth began to dwindle and congregate into only a few cities across the globe. After telephoning several major cities, Ares finds humans only in San Frisco (formerly San Francisco). When he arrives, he finds that humans' physiognomy has evolved into larger heads with larger eyes, and that "they never grew old," they only died at the end of a couple thousand years (Campbell). But while humans' lives were becoming so protracted, the life around them faltered as they "destroyed all forms o life that menaced" them (Campbell). It started with disease and insects then spread to harmless plants and animals. Perhaps worst of all in this devolution over millions of years, men lost their instinct of curiosity. At this point in Earth's history and evolution, humans had begun also to stagnate, to stop studying, to stop learning, and to stop evolving, instead relying on the machines to move them through life.

Works Cited

Campbell, John W. "Twilight." Ralph Nader Library. American Buddha, n.d. Web. 27 April

2011. .… [read more]

Magic Realism Latin American Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (826 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


Meaning, on a canvas what is meant to be seen as something mundane with a concurrent magical meaning, may be viewed as something that is just mundane. Artists who paint with a magical realist intent do not necessarily show the fantastic as do surrealists such as Salvador Dali, so the subtlety often confuses what the intent of the work actually is. For example, a bridge may signify promise because on one side is a stark, poor little town and on the other is a bright country setting with cavorting unicorns and smiling fairies. Many Latin American artists would try to paint a picture of how poor villagers lived, and the promise that could be had with proper government and economic prosperity. Unfortunately, the vision the artist has for the picture may fall short because every person sees symbolism differently. However, it is the perfect medium for writers because they can show the symbolism without compromising the realism of the portrait they are trying to paint.

The problem with magic realism has always been the definition. Although the one used above seems to capture the spirit of the genre, many would disagree with how that definition portrays the topic. There is a great deal of controversy among different people when trying to explain exactly what magic realism is and what it is not. The conflict lies with the different critics of the genre and some of the writers who have used what they would term magic realism their life's work. Of course, there is also the conflict between the different people who have tried to define the work and those who say that magic realism cannot be properly contained within a strict academic framework. First it is necessary to examine the different issues that arise because people do not agree on what the form actually is.

The first issue is that realism does not explain all that can occur in a given situation. This can be seen in the fact that multiple perspectives are operating at the same time within the same frame of reference. Different people see the same scene from each individual's unique perspective. This is the beginning of magic realism (Rios, 1999).


Cowan, K. (2002). Magic realism. Retrieved from http://www- english.tamu.edu/pers/fac/andreadis/474H_ahapw/Definition_Magic.Realism.htm l

Rios, A. (1999). Magical realism: Definitions. Retrieved from http://www.public.asu.edu/~aarios/resourcebank/definitions/… [read more]

Faery Handbag One of the Newer Subgenres Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,163 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Faery Handbag

One of the newer subgenres of science fiction and fantasy is the feminist, posing questions about women's roles in society. This subgenre tends to explore how society constructs certain gender roles and what those roles mean, how gender defines social and political power, sexual politics, and exploring utopian and dystopian futures to find comment on societal direction in general.

Science fiction and fantasy serve as important vehicles for feminist thought, particularly as bridges between theory and practice. No other genres so actively invite representations of the ultimate goals of feminism: worlds free of sexism, worlds in which women's contributions (to science) are recognized and valued, worlds in which the diversity of women's desire and sexuality, and worlds that move beyond gender (Helford, 2006, 191).

One such exploration into juxtaposition between our world and the world of magic is called magical realism. For the contemporary reader, magical realism is a genre in which magical, or some would say illogical, scenarios and events appear in a relatively normal setting. The power of this genre seems to be the juxtaposition of the two elements -- magic and realism -- in that in an everyday, somewhat banal, setting; one does not really expect magic, the unexpected, the delightful, to happen without a logical explanation. Contrary to many critical explanations, the basic idea of this juxtaposition is not simply to entertain, but as a genre to provide a greater insight into the possibilities of both the human and divine -- of the belief that not everything that happens can, or should, be explained rationally and that as advanced a being as we are, there are still things to learn about the universe. Witness a famous Arthur C. Clarke's "Third Law" -- "Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic" (thinkexist.com).

Kelly Link's the Faery Handbag, is one such journey, albeit a short one. The story is told from the point-of-view of Genevieve, a young woman living near Boston who has a mildly eccentric grandmother, Zofia, from exotic Baldeziwurlekistan. Grandmother has a special possession, a handbag, several hundred years old according to Zofia, which may contain some magical characters, and may not. We aren't too sure about Grandmother Zofia, even less so when Jake, Genevieve's boyfriend, snatches the bag to find out if the stories are indeed true.

Feminist Themes and Motifs: One of the strongest themes in feminist science fiction is that of power. Power is not necessarily the hierarchical definition most used in regular literature, however. Grandmother Zofia transcends time and place with the special qualities of her handbag -- be that magic or fantasy. Genevieve is the central female character, and the plot revolves around her ability to manage the real and fantasy worlds. Also, the object of all the action is the handbag itself -- which tends to be a feminine symbol:

The farery handbag; it's huge and black and kind of hairy. Even when your eyes are closed, if feels black. As black ever gets, like if you touch… [read more]

Kindred the Device of Time-Travel in Butler Research Paper

Research Paper  |  6 pages (1,949 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5



The Device of Time-Travel in Butler's Kindred

The institution of slavery is often thought of as a relic in our shared past. As Americans, this is an aspect of our history that we remember with shame and disgust, but also with distance and complacency. In our reflection on the iniquities which were so regularly visited upon the African and… [read more]

New Music Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  2 pages (577 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 2


Libby Larsen's Compositional Style And Audience Impact As Observed In An Introduction To The Moon

If Larsen's compositional style was to be summed up in one word, it would have to be retro-experimental. Granted, this is not precisely one single word, and it must be acknowledged that Larsen group up during the space race and spent her early childhood in the 1950's world of science fiction "B" movies, making her work somewhat less "retro" than a younger composer's work in the same vein might be considered. Yet the fact that this An Introduction to the Moon still so clearly and purposefully evokes the era of Larsen's birth despite having been composed in 2006 absolutely adds a retro aspect to the piece. Many of the sounds -- oddly phrased flute solos trailing off into nothingness, subtly discordant brass that builds in a way reminiscent of Richard Strauss' "Also spracht Zarathustra," uniting the piece with Kubric's masterful 2001: A Space Odyssey -- recall the science fiction films of the fifties and the television shows of the sixties, especially Star Trek. Despite the strong roots in the past of American popular culture that Larsen evokes in this piece, however, the sense of wonder and strangeness with which space and the outer-lying bodies -- even the nearest of these bodies, the Moon -- were viewed seems entirely fresh in this piece; it is still new and experimental. Thus the succinct "retro-experimental" description.

Even the wide range of instrumentation and spoken text that Larsen uses in the piece serve to make it strangely less varied, and more unified in its attempt. Each individual voice and texture in the piece, intellectually and musically, fits neatly with the others. The discordance that Larsen strives for…… [read more]

Creative Risk Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  1 pages (423 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Creativity is the Motivation was still in high school when I wrote what I thought was a science fiction master piece. I really thought my writing was on a level of par excellence with the great science fiction writers. I was really quite full of myself. I sent the short story to the one place I was convinced it would be well received, praised for its original theme, and my story telling ability. Everyday, I would go straight home to check the mail for the response from the science fiction magazine. When the letter finally arrived, I went to the quietest place in the house, my room. With the door closed, I opened the letter. I think what most surprised me, was that it was so short. Just a few lines, thank you, but no thank. It said something like, "not for us." I really had not expected a rejection letter.

My initial reaction was a sense of embarrassment. There is really no way, I think, to prepare for your first rejection letter. I put the manuscript away. It was a long time before I got over the sense of embarrassment. It would be along time before I would look at it again, but not a long time before I would…… [read more]

Junot Diaz Short Story Evaluation Thesis

Thesis  |  8 pages (2,603 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 3


Junot Diaz: The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao

The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao hails as Junot Diaz's greatest creation. In this book, Diaz details many facts of Dominican life that are often absent from the minds of the rest of the world. Diaz relies on his own memories of childhood and a vast repository of historical knowledge… [read more]

Dragon Song Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (741 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0



Metaphor, "the coast was bare as rock" (14). Imagery, "The Red Star again spun close to Pern, winking with a baleful red eye" (McCaffrey xii). Simile - "And since the old auth had a memory like a seine net" (47). Hyperbole - {Hoping that she wouldn't pull down the Cliffside and bury the queen, clutch and all" (56). Personification - "When the little queen saw Menolly putting the eggs in the sack, she began to have hysterics" (56). All of these literary devices add texture and depth to the novel, and make it more than just narration. They illustrate the characters and make the novel more interesting to read.

Vocabulary - Telepathic (noun) - "Men and women with high empathy ratings or some innate telepathic abilities were trained [...] (x). It means to communicate without using the senses, like speech. Fosterling (noun) - it means a foster child, not a "true" child. "Yanus had told Elgion that a fosterling had undertaken the task" (43). Nebulous (adjective) - cloudy, misty, or lacking form. "Even something nebulous as fog" (63). Unorthodox - (adjective) "Her unorthodox behavior had waned" (64). It means not conventional. Imperious - (adjective) it means overbearing or domineering. "Squeaking an imperious command to her followers" (72).

Menolly - "So, Menolly took her sleeping furs and a glow and went to one of the unused inner rooms where no one would find her" (63). She is a loner, and can get along on her own. "Curling around her hand as she spread oil on their softer belly side" (91). She is kind and gentle, and cares about others. She'd a little pipe among her things, a soft, whispery reedpipe, and she began to play it" (15). This shows she loves her music, and she is a good musician, an important part of the story.

The Little Queen - "The little queen's furious complaints" (56). The author wants to make the little queen seem almost human, so she gives her human qualities. "The queen marshalling her bronzes to position her eggs just right" (57). She is a leader, and this shows it. "She squeaked shrilly at the others." (89). She is a leader, but she has a fiery temper, too.…… [read more]

Sir James Barrie Peter Pan Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,491 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 3


¶ … J.M. Barrie and his "Peter Pan" stories. Specifically it will discuss the character Peter Pan in the play "Peter Pan, the Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up" compared to the same character n "The Little White Bird." Peter Pan, one of the world's best-loved characters, is a boy who never grows up, and never wants to grow up. Written… [read more]

Slaughterhouse Five Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (1,006 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Slaughterhouse Five

Vonnegut's Slaughterhouse Five is a postmodernist text which focuses on war and on mankind's potential for cruelty. The narrative leaps from historical accounts of the bombing at Dresden, for example, to science fiction reports of Billy Pilgrim's time traveling and of his adventures on Tralfamadore.

The nameless narrator of the story is one of the main characters in the book. Despite his playful and, at times, absurd manner of storytelling, I think that he should be given an award for his humanism. His voice is very particular and wise, despite the easy, matter-of-fact tone he takes up. His account of the events is filled with his anti-war sentiment and with the feeling that one cannot actually talk coherently about war and death. The narrator's conclusion is that there is nothing intelligent to say about a massacre, hinting thus at the absurdity of war. Also, each time the narrator mentions death in his story, he feels compelled to add, "So it goes," a phrase that, as he claims, belongs to the inhabitants of Tralfamadore and that is used to convey the idea that death is unimportant and that it does not really exist. This device emphasizes the need to escape the unacceptable idea of definitive or permanent death. Also, through his ironical and playful tone the narrator manages to unmask the incredible cruelty of war and at the same time its absurdity, which often goes unquestioned and is accepted as such.

Billy Pilgrim is the main character in Slaughterhouse Five. Although seemingly a regular, unexceptional man, Pilgrim is a very interesting character. His main particularity is that of being able to see things differently than most of the people. The first thing that the narrator tells about Billy is that the latter has become somehow "unstuck in time": "Listen: Billy Pilgrim has come unstuck in time."(Vonnegut, 13) as such, he is able to travel back and forth in his own life and witness everything in a random order, as if he were an actor of his own destiny. Pilgrim's views of war are not very dissimilar to those of the narrator himself. Billy's award would be the recognition of his activity as an optometrist, in a figurative way. Billy Pilgrim's training as an optometrist authorizes him to prescribe corrective lenses to his patients. However, more than his matter-of -fact activity, Pilgrim symbolically tries to change people's vision of reality: "He was doing nothing less now, he thought, than prescribing corrective lenses for Earthling souls. So many of those souls were lost and wretched, Billy believed, because they could not see as well as Ws little green friends on Tralfamadore."(Vonnegut, 16) He does this by opening a new view of time and death primarily. His awkwardness and his inadequacy as a soldier are obvious all through the account of his experiences: "He didn't look like a soldier at all. He looked like a filthy flamingo."(Vonnegut, 19) the comparison with a "filthy flamingo" is significant, as it offers a romantic view… [read more]

Lottery" With "The Ones That Walk Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (750 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


¶ … Lottery" with "The Ones that Walk Away from Omelas"

Both Shirley Jackson's short allegory "The Lottery" and Ursula Le Guin's narrative "The Ones that Walk Away from Omelas" address the theme of how certain cultural injustices are ignored by the citizens of their respective societies. The residents of the town in "The Lottery" do not like the fact that a random member of the town must die on a regular basis, so that the land will continue to prosper. However, they do not question that this barbaric practice is required and if it does not, they will lose everything. In Le Guin's tale, the dwellers of the fantastical land of Omelas permit the suffering of a single idiot child so that their paradise can continue.

Although the stories are works of fantasy and science fiction, respectively (one is deals with cultural myths in an apparently contemporary but remote and rural context, the other deals with scientific and human societal advances in the future) the two narratives highlight how, in American society, people who prosper ignore the suffering of everyday individuals. A person's prosperity, such as their ability to wear attractive and cheap clothing, may be dependant upon the oppression of women who labor under sweatshop conditions but because this ugly truth is not frequently highlighted in the media and because it seems remote, it is easily ignored. The tone of the stories, which is matter-of-fact rather than judgmental of the protagonists, makes this theme seem even more disturbing. The reader is forced to be outraged, rather than the people in the stories who accept the oppression.

However, in contrast to Jackson's narrative, some people are capable, in Le Guin's tale, of feeling disgusted by the treatment of the solitary child. They are the ones who walk away from Omelas. Also, Le Guin suggests that even those who stay do apprehend, on some level, the horror of what is being done. The narrator says the suffering of the child gives the culture of the land a certain compassion and depth that would otherwise be lacking. In contrast, the residents of the town of holding Jackson's lottery seem to take a certain savage glee as they begin the stoning, and the random choice of one…… [read more]

Literary Analysis on the Ones Who Walk Away From Omelas by Ursula K. Guin 1974 Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (392 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1



Literary Response: "The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas"

Ursula LeGuin's short story "The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas" is a science fiction narrative set in the future, depicting a paradise of peace and harmony beyond the contemporary reader's wildest dreams. In LeGuin's fantasy world, there is no king, no discord. The people are wise and mature, and not coarsened by evil. In fact, LeGuin writes, arguing with the reader's presumed assumption: "The trouble is that we have a bad habit, encouraged by pedants and sophisticates, of considering happiness as something rather stupid. Only pain is intellectual, only evil interesting" (2). The people of Omelas are generous and curious, even though they do not suffer. They use just enough technology to make life pleasant (washing machines and public transport) but reject technology that enslaves people and makes life too hurried and ugly, like cars.

There is one awful thing about Omelas, however -- the creation of the entire society rests upon the suffering of a single child. If the child were to be treated kindly, then everything would fall, and the people of Omelas would no longer have their Eden. "Theirs is no vapid,…… [read more]

Social Customs in "Bloodchild" Octavia Butler Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (363 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Social Customs in "Bloodchild"

Octavia Butler's "Bloodchild" is a science-fiction futuristic fantasy with a foundation in what people see as "normal" social roles and customs. In fact, the story explores the results when traditional social roles are reversed. The protagonist in this story, Gan, is a human being living in an alien world where the male humans give birth to alien grubs. First, the roles are reversed in this story, with the humans serving insects and men bearing children. This goes against traditional social customs and indicates how different roles are not so different when situations are unusual. It shows the adaptability of humans to adverse and extraordinary conditions, and what a species will do when survival is at stake.

There is another reversal in this story, and that is the insects are dependent on the humans for their own survival. This is another reversal of social customs and traditional roles that makes the story more interesting and effective. Gan grows up and matures as the story continues; he discovers the differences between the Tlic's and the humans, and how dependent…… [read more]

Never Ending Story Term Paper

Term Paper  |  12 pages (3,563 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 6


¶ … Neverending Story

Wolfgang Petersen's 1984 film The Neverending Story or Die Unendliche Geschichte was based loosely on the fantasy novel by Michael Ende. The movie which provides the viewer with a plethora of special effects deviates greatly from the book, yet it is entertaining and a bit of cinema history in itself. The movie brought together two well-known… [read more]

Martian Chronicles Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (618 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Mart Chron

Ray Bradbury's the Martian Chronicles

In Ray Bradbury's the Martian Chronicles, the story of "The Martian" one of the last Martians poses, as long dead loved ones of the human colonists. The paragraphs below will explore how the Martian's ability to shift shape and identity amongst the colonists due to their personal desires and how this literary idea reflects the changing times in which Bradbury wrote this novel.

Like so many men and women after the Second World War, the Martian represents a person without a country or identity due to the loss of its own culture because of Human influence. This is a common theme worthy of exploration by many writers of this time not just science fiction writers. This theme clearly acts on many levels to emphasize man's inhumanity to man. This comes across really strongly as the colonists start to fight over the Martian. Still it is the Martian's ability at first to bring hope and happiness to the colonists that makes this story so compelling. Mr. LaFarge says, "Tom, if that's you, if by some chance it is you, Tom, I'll leave the door unlatched" (Bradbury 152). Maybe this represents the hope Bradbury felt for a changing world society where people are treated as equals. Possibly it is the selfish hope that through the collective character of the colonists like the LaFarges that they can regains what they have lost from the old world experience by taking advantage of a new world and its people. This is not unlike the role of England claiming the new colony of America. This becomes more apparent as the Martian feels trapped by the feelings it absorbs from the Earthlings and tries to express the situation to Mr. LaFarge in the form of Tome "I don't know how to explain it to you, there's no way, I…… [read more]

Harry Potter and the Sorcerer Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (580 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Rowling's underlying philosophy here seems to be that one must

3. What psycho-social issues does the text evoke and how do these issues fit with the development of children for whom the text is age-appropriate using Piaget's cognitive development or Erikson's eight stages of development?

Psycho-social issues the text evoked would include those mentioned within Erickson's fourth and fifth stages of development in particular, of all eight stages possible. In terms of Erickson's eight stages of socio-emotional development, children reading Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone would most likely be in either the fourth ("Accomplishment/Industry vs. Inferiority") stage or the fifth ("Identity vs. Role Confusion") stage of development, that is, Middle Childhood/Elementary or Adolescence.

In Erickson's fourth stage, the child "learns to do things well or correctly in comparison to a standard or to others" (Huitt). That would echo the comparisons made between Harry and his cousin Dudley before Harry ever enters Hogwarts. For example, Dudley's parents, because they are so partial to their son over their nephew, are blind to the fact that Harry does many things better than Dudley, e.g., motor coordination; self-sufficiency; motor skills, but Harry nevertheless knows, objectively speaking, that he in fact does many things better than Dudley (likely the Durleys know this too, although they will not admit it). In Erickson's fifth stage, the child "Develops a sense of self in relationship to others and to own internal thoughts… [read more]

Modern Fantasy Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (945 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


¶ … Fantasy

Peter Pan: Resurrected

From Victorian Theatre & Literature to Modern Fantasy on the Big Screen

The 2003 movie version of Peter Pan, directed by P.J. Hogan, is the closest retelling of Sir James Barrie's original novel and play that has been made. However, it still remains a unique story with elements that clearly distinguish it as a modern version of this fantasy. The world of Neverland as created by Barrie and retold by Hogan is perhaps the epicenter of all fantasy, as it is a representation of the collective imagination and creative spirit that is shared by all children. The fantastical elements in this tale are heightened by the elements of Barrie's original language that is retained, combined with the stunning visuals of Hogan's creative visual team. In this story, the eternal child-spirit, Peter Pan, comes to Victorian London to sweep three Darling children away from their mundane life and go on an adventure to the dream-world of Neverland. After teaching them to fly, Peter takes them beyond time and space to his world. There is a clear distinction between the "primary" world of London that correlates to our own reality, where the Darling children attend school, the father works an office job, and the mother worries about social niceties. The "secondary" world of Neverland, however, is far more colorful and exotic; they encounter Fairies, Pirates, Indians, wild Neverlife, and Peter's pack of rogue Lost Boys. The Darling girl Wendy falls in love with Peter, and their stormy relationship leads to the near downfall of Peter's pack. In the end, youth triumphs over the "old, alone, and done for" pirates. However, Peter's pack of Lost Boys choose to return to London with the Darling children to grow up, and Peter is left alone, for he is the only eternal child.

This tragic Victorian children's fantasy can be considered modern for several reasons. The original story was written only about 100 years ago, however some changes that were made to the story for this movie version clearly identify it as a modern fantasy. First, in the original play and novel, Wendy was a very passive character, embodying the ideal "mother" for the boys as Victorian standards would insist. However, as Hogan has portrayed Wendy's character for modern audiences, she is far more proactive and independent. In this telling, Wendy carries a sword and faces foes along side the boys, rather than being as sheltered. The feminist elements of modern womanhood are very prominent. Additionally, in Barrie's story, Wendy does not consider becoming a pirate, whereas Hogan has her consider "joining the dark side" so to speak, and having a semi-romantic relationship with Hook. This reveals both the modern focus on a woman's place in society, as well as another modern element. Together with the very absurd modern addition of Hook…… [read more]

Gulliver's Travels" by Jonathan Swift Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,746 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


They leave responsibility behind to enjoy life, and the authors' commentary seems to indicate that if humankind becomes so selfish as to only think of themselves, then society, and certainly the family unit, will suffer.

In conclusion, family ties are an important part of society, and they can be a very important part of developing your self and your self-awareness. In these two novels, the characters ignore and neglect their families on their own voyages of self-improvement and self-indulgence. The authors seem to be saying that while journeying to find yourself is admirable and even desirable, that returning home again is just as desirable, and one should learn from one's adventures, but understand that home and hearth is an important part of the learning process, too. These two men both return home too late -- they have learned too much, and they have altered their lives forever. Thus, neglecting the family while searching for yourself may be something a man must do, but in the end, he must return home to be truly enlightened, and truly satisfied.


Shelley, Mary Wollstonecraft. Frankenstein Or, the Modern Prometheus. New York: Collier Books, 1961.

Swift, Jonathan. Turner, Paul, ed. Gulliver's Travels. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 1998.

Williams, Kathleen. Jonathan Swift and…… [read more]

Darwin's Children: Book Review Bear Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (660 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


The emotional needs of political and social groups, rather than facts determined by scientific realities thus control Darwin's Children.

How this book could be used in a sociology class

This novel could be used in a threefold capacity. From a political and sociological point-of-view of a teacher, the book's internment component means that a teacher could use it as an excellent springboard to discuss the internment of Japanese-Americans in America, Jews in Nazi Germany, and other instances where governments have specifically reacted out of fear against their own people, people whom have been suddenly deemed aliens, strangers in their own land. The stateless nature of the virus children provides an excellent political parallel with these historical examples.

The literary example of the internment also raises the question of the purpose of science fiction in the classroom. Science fiction, this book suggests, allows individuals to discuss issues not simply in terms of their political and social consequences, but in more abstract terms of alienation and internment, rather than just focusing on, for instance, anti-Semitism or anti-Asian sentiment as localized historical and sociological phenomena. Fiction in general also allows students to identify with aspects of history on a personal and emotive, rather than a purely intellectual and cerebral, levels.

Another emotional aspect of the novel is the estrangement of the novel's children from their parents. Thus, from a sociological perspective, the children's plight has parallels with the difficulty of all adolescent's attempts to extract themselves from their parent's generational grasp and forge a new identity. The fact that these children are mutated provides an additional and poignant resonance to the conflict between the generations, as is best exemplified by the conflict between Stella and Kaye. The scientist profession of the mother and the marginal status of the daughter highlights the conflict between religion and science across the ages, and provides an additional parallel between the conflict of many gay teens and their heterosexual parents as…… [read more]

Metropolis, Directed by Fritz Lang Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (360 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Little light filters down to the little people of the city, giving much of the film and dark and brooding look. Their lives are dark, just as the underground is dark. Lang knew how to manipulate light, and used it quite effectively in this film. Modern science fiction films often use the same dark, brooding quality to heighten the sense of drama and tension, such as "The Matrix," and "Blade Runner." Brakhage seeks "absolute realism" in his films, thereby turning them into magic. Lang tried to project stark realism in his film, and created magic, long before Industrial Light and Magic came along. "Metropolis" is a classic film that altered the way the public viewed films, and filmmakers wove their craft, and Brakhage seems to have missed one of the best films to ever create magic.

Works Cited

Brakhage, Stan. "Metaphors on Vision." Film and Reality: A Historical Survey.…… [read more]

Dreamed of Creating Magic Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,956 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


In April of 2002, Ray Bradbury was granted another honor; he became on of the few writers to earn a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame (Rayl). His star sits at 6644 Hollywood Boulevard.

These aren't the only awards, Bradbury's work has been included in the 1946, 1948 and 1952 Best American Short Story collections. He has been awarded the "O. Henry Memorial Award, the Benjamin Franklin Award, the World Fantasy Award for Lifetime Achievement, the Grand Master Award from the Science Fiction Writers of America, the PEN Center USA West Lifetime Achievement Award, among others. (About Ray)" He has also been nominated for an Academy Award for his animated film Icarus Montgolfier Wright, and has won an Emmy Award for his teleplay of The Halloween Tree. Throughout the years five of his novels have been made into movies, and many dramatic presentations have been made from his works, many of which he adapted himself. He wrote for years on both Alfred Hitchcock Presents and The Twilight Zone Television Shows.

Ray Bradbury is an extraordinary man, now at nearly 82 years old he isn't even thinking about stopping. When asked, he tells you of his rules for life: the hell with it, and never give up. "Fill your life and don't notice the incapacities. You can't give up. Ever! Ever!," he says (Eyman). He certainly believes it. In the last two years he has finished "four novels, a couple of screenplays and two books of poetry."

Works Cited

About Ray Bradbury." June 18, 2002. http://www.raybradbury.com

Biography of Ray Bradbury." June 18,2002. http://www.gradesaver.com/ClassicNotes/Authors/about_ray_bradbury.html

Eyman, Scott. "Q&A with Ray Bradbury." Palm Beach Post. Sunday March 10, 2002.

Fat Chucks Index." May 21, 2002. June 18, 2002. http://www.fatchucks.com/z4.bb.html

Hartlaub, Joe. "Ray Bradbury." The Book Report Inc. 1999. June 18, 2002. http://www.bookreporter.com/authors/au-bradbury-ray.asp

Jepson, Chris and Johnston, Chris. "Ray Bradbury." Ray Bradbury Online http://www.spaceagecity.com/bradbury/bio.htm

Ochse, Weston. "Ray Bradbury Gets a Hollywood Star." 2002. June 18, 2002. http://www.feoamante.com/FeoNews/articles/bradbury_star.html

Ray Bradbury, Sharp as a Tack After Stroke." November 12, 1999. June 18, 2002. http://www.space.com/sciencefiction/bradbury_stroke_991112.html

Rayl, AJS. "Hollywood Honors Ray Bradbury- Beloved Author, Society Advisor- With a Star." The Planetary Society. April 3, 2002. June 18, 2002. http://www.planetary.org/html/news/articlearchive/headlines/2002/HollywoodHonorsRayBradbury.htm

Sipos, Tim. "Ray Bradbury On Mel Gibson's Fahrenheit 451, Preaching Science, And The Universe." Hollywood Investigative Reporter.com. April 22, 2002. June 18, 2002. http://www.hollywoodinvestigator.com/2002/bradbury.htm.

Stewart, Emily. "Review of Ray Bradbury's Martian Chronicles." Misfits. 2001. June 18, 2002. http://www.misfit.org/views/2001/03/estewart20010302.htm

The Ray Bradbury Page." Testerman's Sci-Fi Site. June 18, 2002. http://www.testermanscifi.org/BradburyPage.html

Wilson, Mark. "Fahrenheit 451." Science Fiction Weekly. 1998-2002. June 18, 2002. http://www.scifi.com/sfw/issue174/classic.html

Writer Ray Bradbury kicks off fall Assembly Series" Washington University. June 18, 2002. http://record.wustl.edu/archive/1996/08-22-96/3436.html… [read more]

Allegory and Idealism in Michael Term Paper

Term Paper  |  8 pages (2,604 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+



The fact that the stronger creatures overpower the weaker ones illustrates the perfect allegoric symbolism for the business world. Those who are large and strong merge, sometimes by force, with the smaller businesses of the world.

The dinosaurs had not hurt anybody for the four years before the weekend of The Lost World. This might be because they had… [read more]

Monolithic Theories of Myth Essay

Essay  |  5 pages (1,499 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


¶ … Monolithic Theories of Myth

Much of what is known about Ancient Greece and Rome has been ascertained via the artifacts which those cultures have left behind them. These artifacts include artwork in the shape of pottery and statuary, and even architecture. One of the more lasting impressions of life within these societies exists in the form of the… [read more]

To What Extent Were Roman Myths About Their Gods Influenced by Greek Mythology Essay

Essay  |  5 pages (1,730 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


¶ … Greek Mythology on Roman Mythology

Because of the similarities between Greek and Roman mythology, many people assume that Greek and Roman gods are identical and their religious beliefs were the same. Ironically enough, the author's first real exposure to the fact that there are critical, very important differences between Greek and Roman mythology came, not as the result… [read more]

Egyptian Mythology Essay

Essay  |  11 pages (3,642 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 11


The unity of Egypt and the foundation of the first Egyptian dynasty by King Menes is the first historical event that is recorded. The Egyptians were pioneers of recording historical events and after them; the trend was followed by different people in the world. (David A. 283-292)

These Egyptian myths help us understand Egypt at that time. In Egypt, the… [read more]

Greek and Roman Greek Mythology Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,318 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


Icarus's father created a labyrinth and was imprisoned in it. He crafted 2 pairs of wings; one from feathers and other from wax. He warned Icarus for not flying close to the Sun as the wax wings will melt. Icarus did not listen to his father and died once the wings melted. Similarly Tony was also warned by his mom, he created a labyrinth around himself. He thought that he could escape using money and power but he was killed by his own and very close gang members.

Part B: Greek Mythology -- Theoretical Approach for Understanding Myth

Greek mythologies can be better explained using a theoretical approach. Part B of this essay is based on a discussion of strengths and weaknesses of the mythic heroes of the modern movies discussed in Part A.

"Not only do films provide great illustrations of concepts and methods, but they also convey a more profound representation of the major type of modern hero shared by companies and the dominant producers of myth in our societies" (Fournout). In the modern society there is no believer of Odin or Zeus and also there is nothing that constantly reminds us of the mythologies. Movies like "Atlantis" and "Hercules" were produced as a direct effect of mythology. Mythology is a form of literature present in ancient civilizations. We have no historical background of myths; also there is no ecological function. All the fantasies of genre have their roots in the mythology. We cherish the tales of Perseus and Hercules as we view them as heroes. They were the ones, who overcome many odds and accomplished impossible tasks. Researches show that western mythologies have greatly created superman heroes as compared to the Eastern mythologies.

The movie "Jason and the Argonauts" represents tale of a hero, who was a loyal son and to get back the kingdom of his father he strives to get the Golden Fleece. His effort and heroism was supported by the goddess lo love, who wishes o marry him. Jason when came back, gets to know that his father has been killed and his loving mother died of this grief. He then fights to get back the thrown. Jason had the qualities of hard work and determination. He could go any extent to prove himself as a loyal son. The character did not depict any weaknesses to the viewers.

The movie Scarface (1983) was about a violent gangster, Tony, the king of organized crime world. He seeks pleasure in money and power. He cheats his boss and flirts with his girlfriend. He then overtakes the entire mob business and enjoys pleasure with the girl and money, both. His character depicts a person, who is weak from the inside and believes that everything is possible through money and power. He trusts his gang members and later gets killed by them. He realizes that nothing remains forever; neither money nor the power.

Scarface's story was inspired by the Greek mythology of the Icarus., who did not listen… [read more]

Modern and Contemporary Realistic Fiction Thesis

Thesis  |  2 pages (683 words)
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Modern Fiction Qs

Modern fantasy necessarily has a moral. This is clearly seen in all both Harry Potter and the Lovely Bones: Harry must forego his personal desires for the greater good; Susie and her family must move past their grief or be destroyed by it. There is also a great deal of wish fulfillment, which leads to the willing suspension of disbelief. Despite the horrors and loss that occur in these books, there are fantastical elements that make these worlds exciting for the reader to inhabit.

Realistic fiction such as Belle Prater's Boy involves elements that are often extreme, but fully plausible. That is, everything in such a story is possible, however improbable. The value for young adult readers is found at least partially in a less personal way of dealing with very personal issues. The loss of a parent by whatever means, for instance, finds and echo in Belle Prater's Boy; the grief and anger dealt with in the novel can allow a young reader the opportunity to deal with similar emotions in a displaced and less painful way.


The controversy in teaching Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone is found almost entirely in religious objections. The books is predominantly about witchcraft, and though this magic is not evil within the context of the novel a strict reading of the Bible interprets any attempts at magic inherently evil. With this issue aside, it could also be claimed that the "good vs. evil" argument in the book is overly simplistic. This constitutes a misreading of the book, however, as there is nothing straightforward about this issue in the novel. Harry is tempted to evil many times, and good characters become involved in foolish and questionable acts (a fact which becomes more pronounced as the series progresses); it is not simply a struggle of good vs. evil, but a struggle for the good to remain good. This book makes it clear that being good is neither easy nor especially rewarding. Professor Quirrel represents the anti-Harry more than Voldemort in…… [read more]

King Must Die Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (1,024 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


¶ … King Must Die by Mary Renault first issued in 1958, and is a valuable example of historical fiction. Throughout the book, Renault ventures to create a plausible account, based on archeological findings and real information, for the widely known myth of Theseus and the Minotaur of Crete. In this sense, she begins a first-person narration, recounted from the hero's perspective, of the many events which serve to form Theseus as a capable leader up to the age of nineteen.

The present work's focus is to enlist the aspects which pertain to Renault's attempt to foray into the realm of Greek legends in realistic terms, and the manner in which she translates the ancient Mediterranean civilization in her literary onset.

As the legend of the Minotaur has it, Theseus is most memorable for killing the Minotaur, a supernatural monster imprisoned in an underground labyrinth by the king of Crete, and fed on people. Allegedly, these were captured slaves, driven into the maze as unwilling sacrifices to the creature, and were given the option of finding their way out before being found and devoured. Being the young and bold heir of Athens, Theseus volunteers to be taken captive and brought to Crete as offering to the Minotaur. Aided by king Minos's daughter, Ariadne, he enters the labyrinth with a ball of thread that helps him find his way back after bravely slaughtering the evil creature.

Mary Renault took the myth of Theseus and the Minotaur and constructed a novel starting from the historical circumstances which may have surrounded it. In fact, she used Plutarch's biography of Theseus, together with early 20th century archaeological discoveries such as the excavation of Knossos and thoroughly researched everything that has been discovered by archaeologists or anthropologists, to propose a sensible characterization of Theseus and develop a series of adventures that are literarily appealing as well as historically realistic.

The King Must Die achieves the major accomplishment of steeping deeply in the transitional mindset of the Mycenaean period in which the stories take place, where Crete held the hegemony over the Aegean Sea, and the Mediterranean area as a whole was barely emerging from the practice of fertility cults and going through radical religious and political transformations. Specifically, the matriarchal society model of human development was shifting into a culture where multiple sky-gods were favored, and men as gender took the autocratic stage.

Furthermore, Renult's novel amply describes the manner in which pre-Indoeuropean queens' temporary consorts were ritually sacrificed again and again as a symbol for the dying and rising god of vegetation, and for the sake of the kingdom's future when their term ended. Persephone of Elesius, who makes Theseus her consort, informs him that "the law is that the king must die" (Renault 37), thereby clarifying the tradition that the novel's title is also inferred from. In this general context, Theseus might be perceived as the embodiment of transformation and the symbolic leading agent of change: "One should go like a man, not… [read more]

Greek Mythology and Feminine Divinity Essay

Essay  |  5 pages (1,958 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


In many instances, Hesiod gave names that unmistakably showed the goddesses' power. In fact, these goddesses did not merely control these aspects of life; rather, the goddesses were these aspects of life, such as: night, day, order, justice, peace, fate, doom, death, sleep, indignation, deceit, friendship, age, strife, blame, woe and the destinies. Furthermore, when the goddesses' names did not make their power obvious, Hesiod explained their power. According to Hesiod, the very reason that he could sing of gods and goddesses was that the persuasive and powerful Muses had given him that gift. Also, Demeter is called a "bright goddess" who is "all-nourishing." Most of the goddesses in Theogony were also wily and favored their children over their husbands, who were castrated or tricked into eating a cleverly disguised rock. Other goddesses who stayed loyal to their husbands used immense power to help them: every day, Day pulls Brightness over the Earth with her chariot, then Night pulls Darkness over the Earth with her chariot. No matter who had the goddesses' loyalty, the many goddesses in Hesiod's Theogony were wily, powerful and pretty much a match for a god.

The Homeric Hymn to Demeter shows the limitations and domestication eventually forced on goddesses by Greek mythology. When Demeter's daughter, Persephone, is kidnapped and raped by Hades and Zeus allows it, Demeter can do nothing directly against Hades or Zeus. Instead, Demeter is grief-stricken, withdraws from Olympus and goes to earth, where she becomes a wet nurse for a human's newborn son. Demeter does retain power over humans and still rules the harvest; however, she is powerless to force Hades or Zeus to release her daughter. In addition, after Zeus persuades Hades to release Persephone, Demeter cannot change the fact that Persephone must return to Hades for part of every year. Contrasted with Theogony, we see a considerably weaker, more limited and more domesticated role for a female deity. The Homeric Hymn to Apollo also shows a weaker, more limited and more domesticated role for goddesses. Here, many goddesses are reduced to helping Leto deliver her child, then washing and clothing the child. Even Hera, Zeus's wife, is limited in fighting a god because she can do nothing to stop Zeus' repeated affairs or to harm Zeus directly. The best she can do against him is to vow not to have sex with him and to stay away from Olympus. Nevertheless, Hera retains power in that she is still able to give birth to a child -- though a horrible one -- without Zeus. By comparing Theogony and the Homeric Hymns to Demeter and Apollo, we can readily see that Greek mythology limited and domesticated a previous notion of feminine divine power.… [read more]

Greek Mythology Is a Collection of Stories Term Paper

Term Paper  |  7 pages (2,211 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 5


Greek Mythology is a collection of stories by ancient Greeks about their gods and heroes (World News 2007). These stories include myths of the origin of the world, an attempt to understand and interpret the universe and the origin of the world in human terms. Many of these stories have passed down from ancient times and in more than one… [read more]

Jay Mechling Has to Say About Folklore Essay

Essay  |  6 pages (1,658 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


¶ … Jay Mechling has to say about folklore, students, folklorists, mediating structures and megastructures.

Before discussing megastructures and mediating structures, the first thing Jay Mechling makes clear in his essay (p. 340, Folk Groups, Folklore Reader), and he is one-hundred percent accurate in his assessment, is, that there is a built-in prejudice within the public's understanding of "folklore"; indeed,… [read more]

Mythology Is Important Term Paper

Term Paper  |  9 pages (2,714 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


More sophisticated mythology on the other hand often includes significant conflicts and losses for the good side. In order to deal with conflicts between opposing parties, mythological stories are often used as guidelines for the right way to do this.

The myth of justice for example is particularly prevalent in the stories of King Arthur and his Knights of the… [read more]

Irish Folklore Introduction &amp History Term Paper

Term Paper  |  7 pages (1,826 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


"While you had the shamrock, it kept every enchantment and devilment from you, and when you parted with it, you became as big a fool as the others" (Colum, 395).

The shillelagh is a symbol of the greatness of the Irish oak tree and oak forests. In a column written over 100 years ago by Crofton Croker in the Dublin Penny Journal, explains the importance of the shillelagh to Irish culture. " ... For an Irishman cannot walk or wander, sport or fight, buy or sell comfortably, without an oak stick in his fist. If he travels, he will beg borrow or steal a shillelagh" (Colum, 397). The shillelagh, we are told, was named after a great oak forest in the eighteenth century. The symbolism of the shillelagh is another example of the love the Irish people have for their land and for the products that are grown from it.


Irish folklore is still very prevalent in today's society. It does not something that is practiced on a daily basis; it is kept alive in Irish literature. In Irish literature, it is common to find a connection between current society and Irish folklore through its words and symbolism and the use of mythology and folklore. The creativity of the tales and the proud nature of the Irish people to preserve this cultural staple are largely responsible for the continued life of Irish folklore in contemporary society.


Colun, Padraic. Ed. (1962) A Treasury of Irish Folklore. New York: Crown Publishers, Inc.

Curtin, Jeremiah. (1890). Myths and Folklore of Ireland. Boston: Little, Brown, and Company.

Glassie, Henry. (1998) Irish Folk History: Tales from the North. Philadelphia: University of Philadelphia Press.

O'Sullivan, Sean. (1974) The Folklore of Ireland. London: B.T. Batsford, Ltd.…… [read more]

Functions of Myth Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (2,362 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


If the dance is performed correctly, the Hopis believe it will bring rain (O'Kane 196-205). The Snake Dance is an excellent example of myth in its purest form, as it is the physical acting out of only one of the most important and vital Hopi myths. The myth relates directly to the health and well being of the community, and… [read more]

Storytelling Review of Literature Term Paper

Term Paper  |  16 pages (4,632 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


This conclusion, however, is countered studies. These include research done outside the purview of feminism. Psychologist Richard Meth (1990), for instance, writes as young as three or four years old are able to select toys and games that are considered masculine. In contrast, girls the same age had a less rigid sense of what was considered appropriate masculine and feminine… [read more]

Mythology Overall, I Do Not Believe Assessment

Assessment  |  1 pages (335 words)
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Overall, I do not believe there is one singular example of a goddess in Greek mythology that fully represents the confrontation of female power and male power. A combination of the myths to me, seems to be more accurate and more fully encompasses the dynamic and tense struggle between male and female power in the illustrious mythology of the Greeks. Artemis, Athena, and Hera together epitomize the full spectrum of power and even the contradictions in power and personality of the female Greek god.

The myths of these women show how women can be powerful, connected to the earth, connected to physical & mental prowess, as well as connected firmly to the feminine, what is domestic, and the family. The combination of these goddess myths also show the spectrum of emotion of women (good and bad) as well as how women are symbols of sexuality, fertility, and virginity. These women are both independent and autonomous, but are also connected to or interdependent with men, with respect…… [read more]

Beowulf in the Epic Poem Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,253 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1



In the epic poem Beowulf, the three supernatural beasts function as symbols of man's anxiety towards his environment. it's too easy to forget that in the Anglo-Saxon era, (around the 5th century, C.E.), the environment was much wilder and far more hostile than the environment of luxury and comfort that human beings are used to now. Much of that hostility revolved around how man had a great deal of difficulty surviving. Day to day survival wasn't easy, not even for the rich. Securing food and adequately nutrition was dependent on hunting, fishing and farming: all of those options have one element in common: they are all based in uncertainty. Homes were incredibly flimsy, there was no electricity and even candles were reserved just for the rich. Wolves lived on the perimeter of villages and they had to be warded off from preying of domestic animals or livestock, or even humans, such as small children. Clearly based on these stark facts regarding the sheer challenge presented by day-to-day life, one could see how there would be an underlying tension that acted as the foundation beneath human interactions and human interaction with one's environment.

This anxiety is apparent in the first appearance of Grendel in the text. Grendel drags off thirty or so sleeping heroes of war and consumes all of them savagely. Consider: "When the sun was sunken, he set out to visit/the lofty hall-building, how the Ring-Danes had used it/for beds and benches when the banquet was over./Then he found there reposing many a noble/Asleep after supper; sorrow the heroes, / Misery knew not." This stanza demonstrates the opportunistic quality of Grendel and juxtaposed with the innocent and quiet slumber of the soldiers. In the Anglo-Saxon era, it is no doubt that people had been murdered by predators during soft and peaceful slumber; setting the scene in this manner was a reflection of that occurrence and that fear. This stanza is a pure reflection of the fear of the era: the fear of being preyed upon.

Furthermore, the description of Grendel imparts this character with distinctly diabolical qualities and a strong sense of cunning. Grendel is a sign of evil incarnate. "The monster of evil/Greedy and cruel tarried but little, / Fell and frantic, and forced from their slumbers/Thirty of thanemen; thence he departed/Leaping and laughing, his lair to return to,/With surfeit of slaughter sallying homeward." This description of Grendel both reflects the senselessness of the slaughter, the underlying fear of being killed senselessly by a predator and of the primitive conception of good and evil. One could argue that members of a society which fear monsters are generally ones which have extremely dichotomous notions of right and wrong. The sheer appearance of Grendel and all she does is clearly representative of that. In that sense, she's an extremely simple character: Grendel is evil and she kills with no mercy, creating simply devastation, because that is simply what evil beasts do.

If one were to compare that to mythological… [read more]

Oates' Story Essay

Essay  |  5 pages (1,654 words)
Bibliography Sources: 12


They were the "echo of a song from last year " -- this is no longer the newness and vigor of the music mentioned at the beginning of the story, rather music has become stale and passe. Connie, the allusion seems to say has become old too.

Oate's story is one that makes an impact and lodges itself in your mind. Whether cautionary tale or one that is fantasy with psychological implications, Oates' Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been? leaves a message to all people everywhere, regardless of age, never to follow a stranger. That the man is a rapist and child-molester seems to be clear from his actions and form his telling Connie what he will do to her. That he may also kill her seems to be implied in the last sentence ("the vast sunlit reaches of the land behind him and on all sides of him -- so much land that Connie had never seen before and did not recognize except to know that she was going to it" -- an implication of infinity) and from Connie's fears that she may never see her mother or her bed again. . The story is replete with multiple meanings, and that, together with the skillful way in which it is written makes it one that has an enduring impact.


Oates, JC Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been? Retrieved from:


Kurkowski, CJ. A Psychological Analysis of Connie: A Feminist Viewpoint of "Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?" Retrieved from:


Quirk, Tom. "A Source For "Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?" "Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?" Ed. Elaine Showalter. New Brunswick: Rutgers UP, 1994. 81-89.

Urbanski, Marie Mitchell Olesen. "Existential Allegory." "Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?" Ed. Elaine Showalter. New Brunswick: Rutgers UP, 1994. 75-79.… [read more]

Epic of Gilgamesh Research Paper

Research Paper  |  7 pages (3,483 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


Epic of Gilgamesh is literature, history, and an insight into the basis for human civilization. It is an epic poem from Ancient Mesopotamia, thought to be one of the first areas in which humans urbanized. Most scholars believe it was a combination of Sumerian legends and poems gathered into a longer Akkadian epic, but it is among the earliest known… [read more]

Critique and Assessments on Children's Literature Assessment

Assessment  |  6 pages (1,855 words)
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American children walk into a library, and they immediately run to the children's department where they can normally find thousands of nonfiction, fiction and story books depending on their age. They can walk into a bookstore, such as Barnes and Noble, and find hundreds of books with not only words, but with activities, experiments, pop ups, music, toys. Any type… [read more]

Villains Throughout Myth Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  7 pages (2,075 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 1


Myth Villains

The Common Characteristics of Villainy: An Examination of Dastardly Traits from Early Mythology

There are many wildly different sets of mythologies and individual myths in existence today; every human culture has some set of fundamental beliefs that is largely dependent on a common mythology. The differences in these mythologies, just like the differences in the cultures that produce… [read more]

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