"Mythology / Folklore / Science Fiction" Essays

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Storytelling Human Beings Are Naturally Term Paper

Term Paper  |  8 pages (2,822 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


.. " A character's true motivation can only be learned when "we strip aside the conventional representation of a character and push them to act under pressure." (pg. 100)

Imagine two characters, one a female housewife and the other a male doctor, arriving at the scene of a burning bus with children inside. Do they act and try to help… [read more]

1939 by Robert L Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (674 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Rudolph immediately finds a friend in fellow-misfit Herbie, and instead of striking out on his own like the ugly ducklings before him, Rudolph and his friend strike out to find an entire island of misfits. Furthermore, instead of just being accepted by a group of misfits, Rudolph works to make sure that the misfit toys are accepted by children and that they lose their marginalized status. This reflects the American folklore history of outsider as hero. Where other societies and groups may have the best examples of their societies as their folk heroes, such as a beautiful swan in the classic ugly ducking tale, American folk heroes are celebrated because of their differences.

In addition, the story of Rudolph encompasses the American pioneer spirit. One of the central characters is a Yukon explorer, who aids the hero and his sidekick on their quest. Furthermore, unlike many folk tales that end with the death of the monstrous antagonist, Rudolph and Herbie transform the Abominable Snowman from a terrifying threat to a docile pet-like creature. American folk heroes, such as Pecos Pete and Paul Bunyan, go up against nature and rather than conquering it, transform nature from an enemy into an ally.

Because Rudolph is not only a classic example of the timeless misfit tale, but also encompasses American ideals and traditions, it is an important work in any study of folklore. An important aspect in the study of folklore is examining how folklore is transformed into fables and tales that then become part of a culture's traditions. By examining which elements of timeless themes are embraced by individual cultures in their folk traditions, a pattern emerges, revealing the ideals and values of the culture. Because Rudolph may be the most prominent folk-icon to develop wholly in America, and because that development occurred rapidly and recently, the study of Rudolph the Red-nosed Reindeer is actually the study of the American folk tradition. Therefore, Rudolph should be the subject of…… [read more]

Personal Definition Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,978 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Bloom writes, "Early black heroines are invariably exemplary, characterized by their self-sacrifice and by their tireless labor for the collective good." Yet, Alice Walker defines her heroes in terms of realism and power. They overcome and survive the circumstances of their births. Survivalist is another word for Alice Walker's heroes. I believe that Walker's heroes fit into the parameters of my definition. They have intent to succeed and they overcome incredible hardship to further their purpose. Their sacrifice is selfless, designed to forward the fate of those around them, if only to suffer so the others do not have to.

From the meaning of hero in ancient times to the label and connotation of the word hero today, one can trace a common connotation. Hero means different. In Greece, one recognized a hero as a brave, strong man whose metal was tested by incredible challenge. He persevered for the good of his quest to achieve his goal. If he failed, his effort was still heroic. He was remembered for his intent as well as his achievement. He was different from ordinary men. He suffered great challenges and achieved greater glory. When Gods disappeared from the meaning of the word, heroes became mere mortals. They are still different from the rest of us. They are among those who overcame the temptations of the day, whose intents and actions are noble. Sir Gawain fought the Green knight believing he would die. He was a hero whose intent was to defend the honor of his king by going to his death.

Gould suggests that every hero becomes such because of his fifteen minutes of fame. This writer believes a hero to be more. Walker endows her heroes with tenacity, a will to succeed and a purpose. White finds heroism in the consistency of effort, diligence and exacting perseverance.

A find heroism in the rise of one to meet the expected or unexpected challenge, in the understanding of the sacrifice, and the willingness to risk when all others remain silent. I do not require my heroes to have super powers. Nor do I require them to be honest or noble. My heroes take themselves and their circumstances and reach beyond them.

At some point in time, they look past themselves toward a goal that will, in their estimation, better the lot of others and in some manner, they force themselves to act.

Works Cited

Ayto, John. Arcade Dictionary of Word Origins: The Histories of More Than 8000 English Language Words. New York: Arcade Publishing.1980 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=98103788

Bloom, Harold, ed. Alice Walker. New York: Chelsea House, 1989. http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=91053230

Strunk, William, and E.B. White. "The Elements of Style." American Greats. Eds. Wilson, Robert A. And Stanley Marcus. New York: PublicAffairs, 2000. 72-73.… [read more]

Old Man With Enormous Wings Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (975 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


In Marquez's story, the local priest Father Gonzago writes to the Vatican for their opinion on the winged man. They respond with questions, but appear to dismiss his questions generally. This might seem odd. However, if one looks at worldwide reports of miracles (such as weeping Mary statues, stigmata sufferers, the existence of a girl in a coma who can heal people, or sightings of the Virgin or Christ), then one will notice that the Catholic Church has consistently sent inquiries into the subjects with a skeptical eye, and does not generally accept the truth of these miracles. That it would do the same to an angel with parasites in its wings only makes sense.

So this story is at least socio-culturally realistic in its portrayal of how people in one area might respond to the appearance of a winged man; even apart from that, however, the tale struggles to retain its basic earthy realism. There is nothing wrong with humans noticing and believing that most things which happen will have some physical reality and explanation, and to aid in this Marquez makes sure that his winged man has the realistic traits one would expect of a winged figure. If there were indeed winged people or angels who were inhabiting earth, one would expect them to follow basic laws of nature. So their wings should have parasites, they should be heavy when wet (unless specifically adapted for water), and they should be exceptionally large compared to the body of the individual. A human with wings would indeed have to have wings so large that if they were very wet and injured or missing their most functional feathers (as if accidentally clipped from a storm) that person might be unable to rise from the mud or to fly again for a long time. Likewise a winged individual would have muscle configurations and a body build such that an inspector of them would report "They seemed so natural on that completely human organism that he couldn't understand why other men didn't have them too." (Marquez)

In conclusion, it seems safe to say that even if this story is very improbable (there is no evidence to suggest that some ancient winged Norwegians exist somewhere in the world), it is at the same time very realistic. The description of the appearance, physical complaints, and even personality of a winged man is very convincing. Just as real to human experience are the descriptions of how villagers and the wider religious world might respond to such a phenomenal appearance as that of an aged winged…… [read more]

Artistic 'Techniques' Art Becomes Reality Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (596 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Now he will haunt others too.

The script was written in a series of coffee shop all-nighters, caffeine and sugar and sleep depravation becoming language as I dictated the screenplay to another. Like the oral myths of singing bards and holy shamans, the story came to life as I spoke it to another, and became all at once concrete and fluid as he put it down on the page, his own interpretation of what I had said adding to the energy of it. Each photograph used n the film carefully taken using shadows and obscure angles to cause of a sense of unrest and unavoidability as they sit upon the back wall of the room which represents the boy's mind. The painting -- ah, a masterpiece in itself -- the oil tarps found deep in the woods wrapped around bones and furs of long abandoned and forgotten hunting trophies, stained with the "Warning: Toxic" paints of landfills and garbage piles and the maddening lead-filled house paint found in a storage cellar miles from civilization. Red, red, red, black. Night falls, the generators cough into compliance to our demand for electricity, and the lights glare into his eyes as my own words flow through his lips. Between frames of film later drawings of ancient rites and back alley longings will be interspersed. Perhaps the audience will be deft enough to catch it, or perhaps the drawings of India Ink and sweat will only seep into their subconscious as they watch. This is my body, the paints and film canisters and darkrooms of a thousand sleepless nights waiting for this moment when my art would become reality. Drink of it.… [read more]

Personalities Who Have, by Their Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (881 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


The chosen comic book character to be reflected upon here is that of "Garfield" the cat. What the two characters represent in the comic strip is the alter ego of man, his inner thoughts, motivations, masked feelings, and uncounted everyday life dilemmas. As an art form the comic strip sublimates the mysteries of everyday man into metaphoric form giving rise to the needs of common man. The dialogue between Jon and Garfield is a reflection on life, exemplary of the storm of human experience, and a cultural expression. Comic book writers, in creating their own histories, characters, and legends, present their material on the basis of current contemporary thought. As such that which the writer expresses in comic book form is the alter ego of those who read the material. The comic book character often becomes our "shadow self."

Comparisons made between comic book characters and the self permits us to become a part of the mindset of the character, good or bad. Further, the transference of self permits us to associate with similar personalities as well as learn about our own personality. Without even giving much thought to the possibility of resembling a Jon or Garfield, the reader has, through situational identification, compared the self with reference to three important human behavioral dimensions; namely, how we perceive the self, how we would like others to perceive us, and how we think others perceive us (Cooley, 1902). To those reading the comic strip "Garfield" there exists an abundance of self character comparisons, a great deal of introspective reflection, and a means whereby the mind, according to Jung is "...not a tabula rasa..." But the collective consciousness of mankind (Laszio, 1958).

Comic strips or books permit present the reader not only to make personality type comparisons but also permit the reader to search for meaning through the expression of someone who might possibly represent the self. They allow the reader to explore parts of themselves and to evaluate situations that have political, economic, religious, cultural significance, or simply fascinate them. Further, and only if temporarily, comics offer explanations of truths, the survival of humanity, and even peculiarities of nature. Comics exist as the ultimate comparison of the self to the largest character around us - the world.


Cooley, Charles Horton, (1902). Human Nature and the Social

Order. New York: Scribner's.

C.G. Jung, Psyche and Symbol: A Selection from the Writings of C.G. Jung, edited by Violet S. de Laszio (1958).…… [read more]

Holes by Louis Sachar Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (2,233 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


He is a man of power and the power comes from and through his music. The bard, his human and elven friends fight modern greed, hatred and corruptness. This battle involves elves and half-elves who have disguised themselves to fit into modern day San Francisco. They also battle secret government agencies which is kidnapping people with psi abilities. The whole… [read more]

Angels and Fairies Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (824 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Mostly benevolent in nature, they are few tales of malicious acts practiced by fairies (The Fairy Faith, 2001). According to some beliefs, fairies were renowned to tempt humans to the islands where they dwelled. These islands were magical places where it was always springtime, no one got old or ill, and everyone was happy.

However, once a person entered, they were trapped there forever. They have also been known to have a reputation for kidnapping newborn babies and leaving a changeling in their place. To protect against this sort of behavior, parents were encouraged to lay a pair of the father's pants over the babies crib or hang an open pair of scissors above it. Horseshoes, crosses, bells, and four leaf clovers were other things believed to have protected one against fairy mischief.

Pixies, goblins, Changelings, Banshees, and Leprechauns are only some of the many varieties of fairies existent in various cultures (The Fairy Faith, 2001). On the other hand, angels only have one type but have many different duties. For example, many believe that angels have been sent out as divine messengers to humans to instruct, inform, or command them (MSN Encarta, 2003). An angel can function also as a protective guardian, as a heavenly warrior, or even a cosmic power. Like fairies, the line between a good angel and a bad angel, or demon, is thin. In this light, angels are broadly described as personified powers mediating between the divine and the human.

In conclusion, there are many similarities and differences between angles and fairies. Fairies are the guiding spirits of locations on earth. There are fairies attached to entire regions, such as the Pacific Northwest, and there are other fairies attached to a small area, such as a school.

Angels are the guiding spirits of the Heavens, and represent energy sourced from God. Angels are tasked as intermediaries between spirits and bodies. An angel's main purpose is helping people accomplish their soul's purpose here on Earth. There is a hierarchy -- some angels serve overall purposes such as the evolution of all mankind and other angels serve components of the purpose, such as the evolution of a person.


Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia. (2003). Angels. MSN. Retrieved from the Internet at http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761565749/Angel.html

Walker, John. The Fairy Faith. History of Fairies. 2001. Retrieved on the Internet at http://www.thefairyfaith.com/intro3.html… [read more]

Power of Myths Case Study

Case Study  |  4 pages (1,254 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


For example, modern man is still in awe of important and powerful personalities, such as sport celebrities, pop stars, political bigwigs and almost everyone who is above the normal herd. A good example of modern day mythological figure is Nazi tyrant, Adolf Hitler. His life explains how mythology still plays a role in our lives and how we are still surrounded by shadows of ancient heroes. Hitler can be compared to Oedipus who rose to heights of fame and success only to later cause his own demise and collapse. Like Oedipus who arrogantly declared, "I am, myself, world-famous Oedipus," Hitler also saw himself in the same light. The reason why I believe Hitler contains some very important mythological elements is because he was one of those who had completed forgotten God and were looking for power and force within themselves. According to Campbell, this was one of the essential features of mythological characters. He writes: "There's a transcendent energy source.... That energy is the informing energy of all things. Mythic worship is addressed to that. That old man up there has been blown away. You've got to find the Force inside you. [Your life comes] from the ultimate energy that is the life of the universe." while most of us today believe in the existence and power of God, mythological figures like Oedipus and others had little t do with that One Supreme Power. They felt they had god-like powers and could do anything and thus they depended on themselves only with occasional support from gods.

However their gods were not like our concept of God. To them, even God could be defeated with right kind of powers and strategies. This was exactly what Hitler appears to have believed. He wanted to rule the entire world and this ambition destroyed his life. But this over-dependence on one's self was what caused the ruin of both Hitler and Oedipus. As Choragos says in the closing speech: "Men of Thebes: look upon Oedipus. This is the king who solved the famous riddle And towered up, most powerful of men. No mortal eyes but looked upon him with envy, Yet in the end ruin swept over him." In exactly the same manner, Hitler became famous when he was able to win a large part of adjoining areas through his military strategies and might. No one could dare challenge his authority but ultimately he was also ruined because of some fatal flaws of character just like Oedipus. His connection with myths was acknowledged by Hans Juergen Syberberg in his film Our Hitler (1978): "Devil and eternal tempter of democracy, or hypnotized medium of the world's masses, or tool of capitalist exploitation and social explosion...a last memory of distant myths" (Syberberg 1984, 36-37) Thus we can safely conclude that indeed myths are still very powerful because of what they represent. They have a great deal to offer to the modern man provided he understands their worth and seeks to unearth their meaning.


Campbell, J.… [read more]

Superheroes Ruba Superhero Shows Term Paper

Term Paper  |  10 pages (2,655 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


While Batman's story is fictional, his character is also portrayed as human, and thus, his character can b applied in real life because of his all-too human qualities and character.

Spiderman, as Peter Parker, was not bestowed with the wealth and fortune that Bruce Wayne had; however, he possesses an extraordinary ability of immense strength and agility because of the… [read more]

Don Quixote, a Gaunt, Middle-Aged Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (557 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


However, unlike the sharp Robin Hood, Quixote causes much harm at first, as his imagination does not allow him to see things as they really are. For example, when Quixote sees a simple forest, he exclaims, "That you see over there, with long arms, is the great giant

Brocabruno, of mighty strength, who seized the great Mameluke of Persia.(p. 736)" He wants to fight this imagined force but he is really just fighting trees.

Like the Incredible Hulk, a comic book character who changed his entire appearance and state of mind when he got angry, Quixote's character is constantly sitting between a state of madness and a state of sanity. Both characters may be difficult for some audiences to identify and sympathize with yet Quixote's character seems more human. He simply gets too carried away with his perception of chivalry. One of his greatest displays of chivalry is seen when he tells Dulcinea, "I ask of my lady that I may be allowed to serve her, that I may hold her in my heart, that to her I may dedicate each victory and call upon her in defeat, and if at last I give my life, I give it in the sacred name of Dulcinea.(p. 1128)"

The character of Don Quixote can be compared to so m any other heroes, both of past and present times, because he is representative of the quest of every individual trying to find value and meaning in life: "I know who I am and who I may be if I choose"…… [read more]

Betrayal and Atonement in Narnia Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,881 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


The fact that Aslan does this reinforces the view that Edmund's sin is meant to symbolize the sins of all mankind, and just as Jesus took those sins on his own head by atoning for them, so does Aslan follow the same course. The betrayal would be far worse if Edmund had undertaken it entirely on his own, as Judas did, but Lewis does mitigate the offense by making Edmund seem enchanted and under the spell of the Witch.

The theme of betrayal and atonement is an oft-repeated one in fiction and in the West usually refers back in some way to the Christian story of Jesus atoning for the sins of all humankind. Lewis retells the story in a new form for young readers and uses this to lead into other biblical material reshaped as myth in the other six books in the Narnia series. Lewis's narrative could easily be over-analyzed and has been by some critics, but the essential meaning is clearly such as could be grasped by a young reader who would have little understanding of or interest in the sort of hair-splitting indulged in by many critics.

Works Cited

Attebery, Brian. The Fantasy Tradition in American Literature: From Irving to Le Guin. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1980.

Brennan, Matt. "The Lion, the Witch and the Allegory: An Analysis of Selected Narnia ChroniclesThe Lion, the Witch and the Allegory: An Analysis of Selected Narnia Chronicles." Into the Wardrobe - Papers (November 1998), http://cslewis.drzeus.net/papers/lionwitchallegory.html.

Lewis, C.S. The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe. New York: HarperCollins, 1950.

Lewis, Naomi. "C. S. Lewis: Overview." In Twentieth-Century Children's Writers, 4th ed., Laura Standley Berger (ed.), 1995. Gale Group: Literature Resource Center.

Lindskoog, Kathryn Ann. The Lion of Judah in Never-Never Land: The Theology of C.S. Lewis Expressed in His Fantasies for Children. London: Eerdmans, 1974.

Myers, Doris T.C.S. Lewis in Context. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 1994.

Ross, Linda. "C. S. Lewis: Overview." In Twentieth-Century Young Adult Writers, 1st ed., Laura Standley Berger (ed.). New York: St. James Press, 1994. Gale…… [read more]

Classic Story A&ampp, John Updike Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,735 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


And he is quite honored and pleased, much as Paris was, and quite willing to accept his situation.

Sammy plays the fool as so many have before, over beauty, but he dresses it in nobility and justifies the righteousness of his ways. That Aphrodite has sway over all by way of her beauty is a given that is accepted without question. Certainly if her brother Apollo were to walk in with all his beauty and receive such treatment from the owner of the shop it is unlikely that would have make a difference to Sammy or spurred him on to action. And that here is what beauty does, it spurs the hero to action. But unlike stories of old when that action had meaning, here at the end of the story, Sammy is left with his principles and his confused desire but little else. As Paris said in the Iliad, "We don't get to choose what the gods give us, you know, And we can't just toss their gifts aside.' (Homer, p 52) For romantics like Paris and Sammy there is no choice when the goddess presents herself.


Homer. Iliad Translated by Stanley Lombardo Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing 1997

Lightbown, Ronald. Sandro Botticelli. 2 vols. Berkeley: U. Of California P, 1978. Luscher,

McFarland, Ronald. Studies in Short Fiction. Volume 20 (1983): 94-100.

Updike, John. Pigeon Feathers, and Other…… [read more]

Myth to Reality the Hidden Term Paper

Term Paper  |  8 pages (2,548 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Both served as illustrations to the illiterate or semi-literate. Many of the animals used had quite specific meanings. The fox, for example, had been employed since antiquity to denote covetousness, thus its use by Aesop and La Fontaine in the "Fox and the Grapes." (Partridge, 1958) Many of the two fabulists' images were so instantly recognizable by contemporaries that they… [read more]

Myths and Fables in Pygmalion Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,277 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Sexing the cherry uses the fable of twelve dancing princesses to convey almost the same message. Since Winterson is known for her feminist streak, it is only natural that she couldn't use this particular fable in its original form. She has twisted the story and takes the readers on a ride to the world of imagery and imagination when she extends the story of twelve dancing princesses a little further to find out what happened to them after they had gotten married.

A discovered that my own life was written invisibly, was squashed between the facts, was flying without me like the Twelve Dancing Princesses who shot from their window every night and returned home every morning with torn dresses and worn-out slippers and remembered nothing. I resolved to set a watch on myself like a jealous father, trying to catch myself disappearing through a door just noticed in the wall. I knew I was being adulterous; that what I loved was not going on at home. I was giving myself the slip and walking through this world like a shadow. The longer I eluded myself the more obsessed I became with the thought of discovery" (Sexing the Cherry)

The writer imagines what life was like for the princesses once they got married. In his time and space transcendental experiences, Jordan gets to meet the twelve princesses and discovers that they all had left their husbands because they never found any happiness with them. This is when Jordan falls hopelessly in love with one of the sisters who doesn't respond in kind and appears to be very elusive. The twelve princesses were not living with their husbands anymore and were happier than ever in each other's company. The story has also been given a modern touch by introducing the support of feminism in the princesses who defy the laws of the society and decide to love without the support of any male figure. This was an essential part of the whole storyline and it is important to know that Winterson has used fables only to convey to her readers the importance of her message that females are better off without men because the latter were simply incapable of providing a productive partnership. This may appear to be a rather harsh message but this has been stand of Winterson on the issue of heterosexual relationships.

While Shaw's play used mythology keeping in view the Victorian English society and its norms, Winterson has not imposed restrictions of time and space. Though her novel is initially set in 17th century England, it spans three centuries and the characters moves back and forth in time. But since the novel itself was written in the last decade of the 20th century, the writer did not feel any need to impose any kind of restrictions on her work as far as narrative style, language or plot were concerned. It is more important to keep in mind the time period in which the two works were written… [read more]

Winner Not a Winner? Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,746 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+



Beauchamp, Gorman. "Lawrence's The Rocking-Horse Winner." Explicator 31.5 (1973): Item 32.

Becker, George Joseph. DH Lawrence. New York: F. Ungar, 1980.

Burke, Daniel. Beyond Interpretation: Studies in the Modern Short Story. Troy, NY: Whitston, 1991.

Consolo, Dominick P. The Rocking-Horse Winner. Columbus, OH: Charles E. Merrill, 1969.

Emmett, V.J., Jr. "Structural Irony in DH Lawrence's The Rocking-Horse Winner." Connecticut Review 5.2 (1972): 5-10.

Harris, Janice Hubbard. The Short Fiction of DH Lawrence. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1984.

Hoffman, Frederick John. The Achievement of DH Lawrence. Norman: U. Of Oklahoma P, 1953.

Hough, Graham. The Dark Sun. A Study of DH Lawrence. Harmondsworth, Middlesex: Penguin Books Ltd., 1956.

Junkins, Donald. " The Rocking-Horse Winner: A Modern Myth." Studies in Short Fiction 2.3 (1964): 87-9.

Kearney, Martin F Major Short Stories of DH Lawrence. New York: Garland Publishing, Inc. 1998.

Koban, Charles. "Allegory and the Death of the Heart in The Rocking-Horse Winner." Studies in Short Fiction 15.3 (1978): 391-96.

Lawrence, DH The Tales of DH Lawrence in Two Volumes, Vol. II. London: William Heinemann Ltd., 1934, Republished 1971.

Martin, W.R. "Fancy or Imagination? The Rocking-Horse Winner." College English 24 (1962): 64-5.

Moore, Harry T. The Life and Works of DH Lawrence. New York: Twayne Publishers, 1951

Niven, Alastair. DH Lawrence: The Writer and His Work. New York: Scribner, 1980.

Spilka, Mark, ed. DH Lawrence: A Collection of Critical Essays. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1963.

Thornton, Weldon. DH Lawrence: A Study…… [read more]

TANF Recipients Successful Transitions Methodology Chapter

Methodology Chapter  |  4 pages (1,279 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


Preliminary Methodology for Action Research Program

Determining the most effective way to enable Work First Family Assistance Program (WFFA) or Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program participants to transition off social services requires the researcher to answer the following questions: What are the characteristics of participants who effectively transition off of the program? What barriers exist which inhibit an effective transition? Do participants that do transition off find work that enables them to remain above the poverty line?

Programs such as TANF can be evaluated through either a quantitative or a qualitative methodology or using a mixed method approach which combines both types of research. Quantitative data would involve assessing and comparing the demographic characteristics of program participants, including those which remain on the program for as long as they are permitted to do so and those who manage to transition off effectively. The benefit of quantitative data is that it provides hard, objective evidence of program strengths and deficits. While there may always be anecdotal examples, from the perspective of program evaluation, it is important to isolate specific factors which have contributed to success or failure that can then be generalized to the larger population. For example, one study of former TANF participants found that "just 40% of them had jobs that paid at least $7.50 per hour and had health insurance benefits" after leaving the program (Hildebrandt & Stevens 2009). Even if participants transition out of the program, they may still be vulnerable to recidivism if they do not have adequate job skills.

Quantitative comparisons also allow researchers to survey a wide range of users, which can contribute to greater accuracy because of the size of the demographic pool surveyed. Significant barriers in previous studies of TANF participants in the past have suggested that "limited education, poor health, lack of transportation, learning disabilities, substance misuse, domestic violence, and risk of economic hardship" are particularly onerous barriers to success (Hildebrandt & Stevens 2009).

However, quantitative research has its limits. Successful participants may have more exterior social support to ease their transition not revealed in quantitative data about the program. Program elements may not be the reason for their success. Talking to participants in the form of focus groups or doing a case study of a specific woman involved in the program might yield unexpected insights not apparent from previous research.

Of course, qualitative and quantitative research do not have to be used in isolation. In fact, combining the two in social science research can be extremely useful. "Qualitative interviews may be used as an exploratory step before designing more quantitative, structured questionnaires to help determine the appropriate questions and categories. Conversely, interviews may be used after results of more standardized measures are analyzed to gain insight into interesting or unexpected findings" (Sewell 1998). Quantitative research, even though it makes use of the scientific method and strives to be objective, is not accurate if it asks participants the wrong questions to elicit useful information. Also, it can be limited… [read more]

What Does Nationstate Tell Us About Politics Chapter Writing

Chapter Writing  |  2 pages (827 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Play NationState and tell (why you made the choices you did and what were the results). Play the game through the issues and politics section. If you want to continue to the regional and world assembly sections, you can

One of the most striking aspects of the NationState game is the extent to which its decisions have parallels in the real world, although the decision-making options offered by NationState are often considerably more extreme versions of actual political debates. For example, a much-discussed decision offered to states that provoked a great deal of debate on the message boards attached to the game was the option of allowing corporations to run for office. A number of people that allowed this option noted that this considerably increased the social inequalities of their societies, as might be expected. However, some people experienced a decrease in political corruption due to the fact that the previous political regime had actually been more corrupt than the CEOs in power which replaced it. While government spending on the defense industry increased there was also a subsequent rise in pacifism as a counterweight to this. Civil rights and expenditures on public health were actually expanded and improved upon although the obesity rate was still not affected.

The question of granting political rights to corporations is obviously rooted in the recent controversy in the U.S. over the U.S. Supreme Court decision in Citizens United, which effectively allowed corporations and other conglomerates to donate to political campaigns as part of their free speech as if they were actual human beings. Technically corporations are fictional persons under the law but this has usually been assumed to be for tax purposes; only until recently was this taken seriously. In regards to my own decision-making in the game, I was largely influenced by my own political beliefs in the real world. This may have been a mistake because the ways in which different decisions played out were often unexpected and very different than one might assume from viewing politics in traditionally liberal or conservative terms.

Part 2: Based on your game play and the issues discuss one or two things would you recommend to improve representative democracy in the U.S. and what one or two things do you prize and want to keep the same? (And most importantly support your answers with reasons why you believe what you do. Use credible websites as sources, rather than books or whatever).

It is often said that 'an ill…… [read more]

Congressional Power as Per Constitution Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,296 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Powers of Congress

Within the system of the U.S. government, Congress represents the legislative branch, in contrast to the President (the executive) and the court system (the judicial). In essence, Congress is charged with making laws. There are two parts to Congress, the House and the Senate. The first type of powers that the Congress has are the enumerated powers. These are the powers that Congress has that specifically derive from the Constitution.

Expressed Powers

The expressed powers of Congress are outlined in Article 1 of the U.S. Constitution. Section 8 is where these powers are written. The section is written clearly, so it would be perfectly reasonable to explain the expressed powers simply by quoting, but in this instance they will be paraphrased. Congress has the power to collect taxes, excises and other similar levies, and these are used to pay for the debts of the government. Congress has the ability to borrow money on the credit of the United States.

Congress has the power to "provide for the common defence and general welfare of the United States." This is sometimes interpreted specifically as Congress having the express power to wage war, but common defence and welfare is not nearly the same thing as waging war on foreign soil where the U.S. is not threatened, though Congress does have the power to declare war. Congress may have interpreted this clause as referring to the interests of the U.S., but that is not what is in the actual Constitution. Congress does have the specific power to raise armies and navies. This supports the idea of the draft, for example, because Congress has the power to raise armies, thus it has the Constitutional right to draft people into those armies, though the Constitution does not specifically mention the means by which this task can or should be performed.

There is also the power to punish piracy and felonies on the high seas (usually the Coast Guard) and generally this is done through the Department of Defense. In practice, the executive branch tends to run the Department of Defense, but this is funded through Congress and many of its powers ultimately fall to Congress under the Constitution. There are a few other clauses dealing with militias and national security. Congress specifically has the right to raise militias, suppress insurrection and to execute the laws of the union. Essentially, if Congress wanted to run a national police force, it has the constitutional right to do so, though it typically allows each civil jurisdiction the right to manage its own police. This is an important issue in the policing field because the idea of a national police force has been subject to considerable discussion in recent years.

Congress has the express power to regulate commerce, both with foreign nations and among the states, as well as with the Indian tribes. This is the commerce clause that is often invoked in matters of trade -- where the trade is between states, it is Congress that… [read more]

Conventional Literary Criticism Pertaining Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,607 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


Furthermore, it alludes to the large degree of confusion she has in interpreting that act. She is unsure whether or not it means that there is an ongoing relationship with her husband and her best friend, or not. The allusion to her husband merely groping the "nearest" buttocks is representative of the wide range of possibilities Sally conceives of to explicate this action. Thus, the novel ends with Sally more confused and doubtful about herself and her standing with her husband than ever before, which is a far cry from the happy ending of Perrault's story.

In summary, the Bluebeard fairy tale provides a framework for several points of comparison that Atwood creates with her own work to prove her own message that for real women, fairy tale circumstances do not necessarily equate to happiness. Atwood makes deliberate deviations in terms of plot, character, and point-of-view to provide this alternative, more modern meaning of a fairy tale existence for women/wives. These dissimilarities help to emphasize the fact that women need much more than merely wealth, a husband, and a fairly tale domicile to reside over. They actually need reassurance and fulfillment and, perhaps most of all, a concerned, doting love that they can replicate. Without these needs, the fantasy of a fairy tale is just another aspect of their life that reflects a greater debauchery.

Works Cited

Atwood, Margaret. Bluebeard's Egg. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1983. Print.

Hermansson, Casie. "Found in Translation: Charles Perrault's 'Bluebeard' in the English Eighteenth Century. University of Toronto Quarterly. 76(2), 796-807. 2007. Print.

Lyons, Bonnie. "Bluebeard's Egg and other Stories." Studies in Short Fiction. 24(3), 313-313. 1987. Print.

Merli, Carolyn. "Hatching the Posthuman: Margaret Atwood's "Bluebeard's Egg." Journal of the Short Story in English. 48. 2007. Web. http://jsse.revues.org/780

Ridout,…… [read more]

Tales and Nursery Rhymes Children Research Paper

Research Paper  |  2 pages (619 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


" The rhyme says,

Peter Peter pumpkin eater,

Had a wife and couldn't keep her;

He put her in a pumpkin shell,

And there he kept her very well. (Alchin, 2009)

Peter has a problem keeping his wife and his solution is to kidnap her and keep her contained. This is clearly an example of wife abuse. In the past, women did not have many rights, so even if a woman wanted to leave her abusive husband, there weren't many options available to her.

In regards to fairy tales, Cinderella and Red Riding Hood, are stories that with deeper analysis reveals violence and abuse. The story of Cinderella is widely known. The fact that Cinderella suffers at the hands of her stepmother and step sisters, suggests child abuse. She endures consistent verbal and emotional abuse throughout the story until she is saved by the prince. Red Riding Hood, is another story focusing on violence against women. The Big Bad Wolf, eats the grandmother and also attempts to murder Red Riding Hood. These dark tales actually have an effect on children. Davies, Lee, Fox and Fox (2004), found that nursery rhymes had more incidence of violence and children responded with episodes of violence.

Nursery rhymes and fairy tales in this day and age are meant as innocent stories to tell our children. However, a closer examination of these stories is needed before exposing children to these dark tales. Children deserve an explanation that these stories are fiction and are not the best examples of human behaviors.


Alchin Linda. (2009). Nursery Rhymes lyrics, origins and history. Retrieved 04 February 2014 from http://www.rhymes.org.uk/index.htm

Davies, P., Lee, L., Fox, A., & Fox, E. (2004). Could nursery rhymes cause violent behaviour? A comparison with television viewing. Archives of…… [read more]

Heroes Hercules Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (2,080 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1




Hercules is known as a hero in the Greek mythology. He is famous for his bravery and strength with which he carried out his adventures. The Greek hero Heracles is known as Hercules in the Roman language. Hercules had a human mother, Alcmene who was the wife of the general of Theban, Amphitryon, but his father was god… [read more]

Einstein's Dreams Alan Lightman's Novel Book Report

Book Report  |  2 pages (793 words)
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" The reader knows what Lightman is talking about and is thus free to interpret time with an understanding of his or her own God.

Love and time are also topics of some of the stories. One of these is dated 19 April 1905. A man is unsure about a woman he is seeing, and he has an opportunity to try each of three scenarios to see how the relationship will work. Almost anyone would welcome such an opportunity, as it would be some assurance against later heartache!

All the stories are fantasy, and some are not even logical. In the story dated 26 April 1905, Lightman describes houses in the mountains, some of which are built on stilts half a mile tall. It is not logical. There is only one building in the world that is approximately half a mile tall, and it was completed in Dubai in 2009. The cost of such tall houses would be prohibitive; almost no one could afford to live in them. People could not easily go in and out of their houses and they could not easily buy supplies. Travel up and down these great heights would be impractical. Another story that defies logic is the one dated 8 May 1905, which discusses the end of the world. If the world truly ended, as it did in the story, no one would be left to write the story.

It is difficult to imagine living in any of the worlds Lightman has created. Given a choice to live in any of them, one of the most encouraging is the one dated 27 June 1905. A man is tortured by an embarrassing memory from his school days, awakening one morning to find the memory meaningless. He goes on to live an enjoyable and prosperous life. It would be a great gift to be able to let go of the past that easily and not let it affect the future.

Lightman's book, Einstein's Dreams, is a thought-provoking fantasy. It makes one consider some of the biggest questions in life, including love, God, and one's own place in the world. All of these questions are framed with different ideas about time. One might be able to define time easily before reading the book, but afterwards, the reader is left with questions and new ideas, making a definition of time more elusive…… [read more]

Euripides' Tragedy of "Hippolytus": Phaedra Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (863 words)
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Phaedra's actions are not solely due to her own free will but also because of the influence of forces upon her beyond her control. Phaedra immediately contemplates suicide as the only honorable way out of her dilemma. The Chorus, representing the will and feelings of ordinary people, are shocked by her emotions just as she is shocked by them herself.

Phaedra might be a pitiable figure for her feelings but when she does eventually take her own life she leaves a suicide note unjustly blaming Hippolytus for her actions, saying the chaste young man raped her. Theseus automatically gives credence to Phaedra rather than his son. The Chorus, who knows all, would like to tell Theseus the truth: that this is Aphrodite's doing and Hippolytus is innocent, but because an oath is a serious thing in ancient Greek society they cannot and must remain silent. However, even despite this fact, it is hard not to feel some sympathy for the woman, given that the affection she feels does not seem solely due to her own perversity, but because of Aphrodite's indomitable will. A common theme in Greek tragedy is that the gods are fully capable of driving human beings into a state of madness (also seen in works such as the Bacchae). In this play, Phaedra is driven into a state of madness, first in a manner that transgresses a major social taboo and then to actually attempt to destroy the man she loves when she cannot have him, while she destroys herself. She knows that her actions are not rational and purses them out of compulsion, as noted in her dialogue with the Chorus.

After Phaedra kills herself, Theseus is duped into using his own powers to extract revenge from his son: Poseidon his granted him three wishes and he uses one of those wishes to slay Hippolytus. Ultimately, Theseus, even more so than Hippolytus or Phaedra suffers as a result of the implications of Aphrodite's actions upon the mortal sphere. Phaedra merely loses her own life and Hippolytus dies a relatively innocent victim. Theseus is forced to live on, knowing that he murdered his own child, not because he was under the spell of a god or goddess but because of his own hubris and wrath. The ultimate purpose of the actions of Aphrodite is not to restore a new moral order, but to affirm the needed balance of power between the gods. Morality is meaningless -- even though none of the actors in the tragedy are flawless, all of them suffer consequences far greater than they deserve.… [read more]

Sir or Madam Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (626 words)
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I have written various stories conceived of as comics since I was in high school.

In terms of professional experience, I have completed many graphic arts projects for various clients through my own independent graphic arts company, Enigma, which I concentrate on between military deployments. I have provided illustrations for other independent comic book creators, such as Wendy and Richard Pini during the early stages of their Elfquest series. I was able to provide cover art for a few episodes of DC comics on a freelance basis. My involvement with the military enables me to access the latest tools and equipment used for graphic design. As such, I am proficient in a number of different programs including DreamWeaver, Quark, Photoshop, and many others.

Lastly, I would like to mention that while I was still in college at NYU I was able to secure an internship at Marvel Comics for the final two years of my study. I worked approximately 25 hours a week primarily as an editorial assistant. My responsibilities included various aspects of researching proofreading, and collaborating in editorial meetings regarding plot twists for a number of the titles including Wolverine and the X-Men. As such, I am thoroughly familiar with many of the production demands that are required to produce a comic series every month. The fact that I am able to both script as well as design the graphics for my artwork enables me to supersede much of the waiting time that takes place between writers and artists.

Due to my experience in this field, I believe I am an excellent candidate for MegaCorp's position of comic book series creator. I have attached my resume and writing samples per your request, and look forward to discussing this matter with you…… [read more]

Versions of Macbeth Act Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (956 words)
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I found it to be so childish that I thought it was disrespectful to the source material. The witches, dressed in their schoolgirl clothing, seemed so immature that the Shakespearean English seemed out of place and was stripped of all of its powers. This was magnified by the director, Geoffrey Wright's choice to have them desecrating a cemetery, which seemed childish and pointless. I was reminded of one of those horror-movies spoof films; like the witches were going to leave the cemetery, go use some drugs, and then engage in a gratuitous sex scene before using a Ouija Board to conjure a demon that would eventually kill them. To me, it would be difficult to find a less appropriate way to film MacBeth.

The 1971 version of MacBeth directed by Roman Polanski, was the most appealing to me. I understand that the trend for directors who tackle Shakespeare is to set it in different time periods and that this practice, in many ways, reflects the conventions that occurred at the time of Shakespearean theater. However, I find those modern settings distracting, and feel that they take away from most Shakespearean plays, which do not translate well into a modern setting that does not believe in the reality of magical elements. Without a major rewrite to the plot, it is difficult to imagine a telling of MacBeth in a modern setting that has the element of truth, though I found the movie Scotland, PA, which abandoned Shakespeare's dialogue, to be one of the most compelling modern retellings. When the story is not redone in a significant way, I like my Shakespeare to be as I imagine it while reading it. Shakespeare's stage directions say that the witches are in a "desert" or desolate place, with a storm brewing, and that is how the 1971 picture surrounded it. Moreover, at the introduction of the play, it is impossible to tell whether the witches are malevolent and what their references to MacBeth may mean. Polanski's version of the scene captures that ambiguity. The witches are represented by a very typical mythological version of three female witches as the stages in a woman's life cycle- one young and beautiful, another in middle age and unattractive, and the third an old woman. I found it to be very appealing in setting a realistic potentially supernatural overtone. These witches were clearly engaged in a ritual, which they believed had power, but whether or not they had a supernatural power was yet to be seen. As a result, it was, far and away, my favorite of the three versions of the play.


Howard, G.C. (2011, November 9). Act 1 Scene 1 of MacBeth- 1971, 2006, and 2010.

Retrieved September 25, 2013 from YouTube website: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=clG8ha2D26g

Shakespeare, W. (Unk.). The Tragedy of MacBeth. Retrieved September 25, 2013 from http://shakespeare.mit.edu/macbeth/full.html… [read more]

Odysseus Was Indeed the Favorite Hero Literature Review Chapter

Literature Review Chapter  |  2 pages (582 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Odysseus was indeed the favorite hero of ancient Greece, why was that so? What are the qualities and actions of Odysseus that made him a beloved hero in Greece? Why was he so special in his era? These questions will be answered in this paper.

Why was Odysseus likely the most cherished hero in ancient Greece?

Gill writes in About.com (a New York Times publication) that Odysseus was "mortal and not a demigod like Achilles and Hercules" (Gill, 2013). Odysseus also was not given to commit "atrocities and adulteries," and moreover, according to Gill, Odysseus was a smart leader, and apparently did not cheat on his wife (although that can't be proved). Greek society admired him because he was courageous without being arrogant, Gill continues, and when it came to Greek virtues ("Courage, Wisdom, Humility and Justice"), Odysseus upheld all of them (Gill, p. 1).

In the spiritual and physical sense Odysseus was a hero to the Greek people (www1.union.edu). Why a hero in the physical sense? He wandered around the land for perhaps twenty years and while doing so he faced "extremely dangerous creatures and people" (www1.union.edu). The argument can be made that Homer would not have put Odysseus through the incredible encounters that he went through if Homer hadn't intended to show what a remarkable hero he was.

Also, in the spiritual sense, Odysseus was a hero to Greek people because he was faithful to his family and to his wife. During his travels, he is kept alive by the knowledge that he has a loving wife and son that are waiting for him back home (www1.union.edu). Another reason why he is respected is that he faced down immortality two times during his wandering. The difficulties and challenges he…… [read more]

Epic Heroes Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,322 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


Epic of Gilgamesh and The Odyssey as Examples

The qualities of a hero outlined previously in the definition entails a summary of very common heroic qualities that have been part of the qualities displayed by historical hero figures. Such two historical figures who have been immortalized in the historical context due to their epic nature are Odysseus from the historical tale 'The Odyssey' and the other being Gilgamesh from the 'Epic of Gilgamesh'. These tales tell the story about both the heroes, where Odysseus, a common human, is seeking to get to his home from Troy after the Trojan War throughout the tale, detailing his adventurous journey back home. The tale of Gilgamesh, on the other hand, explains his efforts and actions that he takes to achieve immortality as he possesses super human powers.

The two heroes, Gilgamesh and Odysseus, had truly displayed actions of epic nature and were successful in displaying the true nature of a hero, i.e. To display that they were ultimately the better men, in the end. Accordingly, the qualities of a hero involve being brave and courageous against the evil forces and to be able to defeat the evil. In the story of Gilgamesh, he and his companion, Enkidu, learn about a monster in the forest, Humbaba, a ferocious giant, who has been terrorizing the people of Gilgamesh. Gilgamesh then decides to defeat the monster Humbaba. 'Gilgamesh listened to the word of his companion, he took the axe in his hand, he drew the sword from his belt, and he struck Humbaba with a thrust of the sword to the neck, and Enkidu his comrade struck the second blow. At the third blow Humbaba fell.' (Kovacs). With the aid of his companion, Gilgamesh is able to defeat and kill the monster Humbaba using his super strength.

The heroic quality of being showing courage, intelligence and being witty in the times of trouble have also been displayed by the two heroes, Gilgamesh and Odysseus. During his journey, Odysseus uses his intelligence and brave decision making skills on several occasions to handle difficulties he faces on the way back home. Whilst, Gilgamesh is a demi-god and possesses supernatural powers, Odysseus does not possess any such power. He therefore, considering his human form, shows strength and intelligence in tackling the problems he encounters. When Odysseus and his men are trapped in the cave of the Cyclops, he analyses the situation and only then he acts in the most intelligent manner. Knowing that the cave door can only be opened by the Cyclops himself, he does not kill him, but instead gets the one-eyed monster drunk with wine until he passes out. Then Odysseus damages the only eye of the monster and goes into hiding. 'As for myself I kept on puzzling to think how I could best save my own life and those of my companions; I schemed and schemed, as one who knows that his life depends upon it, for the danger was very great. In the… [read more]

Argument About Theme of the Talented Mr. Ripley Essay

Essay  |  8 pages (2,723 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Talented Mr. Ripley

That Patricia Highsmith's 1955 novel the Talented Mr. Ripley engenders so many differing opinions in its readers is a testament to complexity and nuance Highsmith gives to the character of Tom Ripley. From the start, Tom is a con man, whose specialty lies in telling people exactly what they want to hear. In many regards this ability… [read more]

Transmedia Characters Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (784 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


¶ … Harry Potter as a transmedia character, i.e. how he appears in different forms of media.

In Lev Grossman's, the magicians, we have a prototype of another Harry Potter. Almost. This Harry Potter, called Quentin, is much older, has had no prior destiny to be an elect magician per se (although he, too was born with the gift), seemed to fit in more with the 'human race' than Harry Potter did (although we get the feeling that he too was a 'nerd') and has his adventure ending in a tragedy, where Quentin loses his girlfriend.

The original Harry Potter actually was a more loveable and possibly morally hygienic figure to many people than this Quentin is. Both are realistic. Both come across as individuals who have initial problems with their identity and seek, at least initially, to conform. Both appear to seek to please others and to feel poor confidence in their skill as student-magicians. Both try supremely hard in school to win the approval of teachers and students and to fit in.

Here the similarities end. Harry Potter seemed to have a more loyal relationship with his friends and relations. Mistreated by his relations, though he was, he still returns to them every vacation and is not unpleasant to them. He is also a better friend than Quentin is, being more sociable and less taciturn and self-centered. Quentin, in contrast, does have parents and these parents -- we are told little about them -- but they seem settled middle-class people who care about him and his education. Quentin, too, was extracted from a school where he had friends. The fact that he could leave his friends and his family, without even wishing to return to his parents and bade them goodbye -- without even, in fact, keeping in touch with them through the many years that he was in the school does not reflect well on this more adult, more self-occupied 'Harry Potter'.

This Harry Potter too engages in sexual exploits than the younger one does not. He uses Alive and is then disloyal to her. This Harry Potter possesses a certain level of grittiness and self-absorption that the other lacks. Had Quentin emerged instead of Harry Potter, I doubt than he would have had the same level of popularity.

Harry Potter too seems to be a greater philosophical commentary…… [read more]

Irresistible Rise of Harry Potter Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (612 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


They have drawn many people into bookstores who would not otherwise go there, not only to buy the books, but also to buy the chocolate frogs, trading cards, games, and other bits of culture that make up 'Harry-mania.' Harry Potter is not the first children's series to capitalize upon children's delight in consumerism, and it does offer the by-product of reading as a side effect, as well as the ability to experience a new culture for many non-British readers.

Harry has also proven to be a boon to bookselling as a whole, which has struggled recently, given the availability of other attractions online. In an age when people surf the web to find free sources of information, people were still lining up at midnight to get the first Harry books, in hardcover no less. They were drawn to the collective, communal experience of book buying and book reading in a manner that was thought to be antiquated.

And interestingly enough, in many of the books, conspicuous consumption is mocked by the author (the Defense Against the Dark Arts professors, who are some of the silliest and least effective characters in the book are arrogant published authors, for example) (Blake 75). It is possible that readers are able to have a certain sense of irony about their fascination with everything Harry, and one does not 'have' to buy all of the associated aspects of Harry's manufactured world to read the books. Should the impulse of children to 'be' Harry with some manufactured help be regarded with such suspicion? Or is it merely a way to encourage them to become better readers, a harmless way of encouraging them to adopt good…… [read more]

Transmedia Characters Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,322 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone Explication

Quote 2 Rowling

"To the well organized mind, death is but the next great adventure," and so death is not to be feared, but rather accepted as a natural part of life (Rowling 297). The last chapter of Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone really nails down a very existential theme, one which allows the text to allude to prior literary works but also to remain relevant enough to be able to transcend into a cinematic context. Here, Harry is exposed through Dumbledore's wise words to the concept that death is not the end of a journey, but rather the beginning of a whole new journey.

All mortals will eventually die. That is, in fact, what constitutes the definition of a mortal in the first place. This quote comes from Dumbledore to explain to the agitated Harry as he rests in the hospital the reason for destroying the sorcerer's stone. Dumbledore's partner, Nicolas Flamel, had previously sought the stone in order to achieve ever lasting life, and to avoid the impending death that was to come. However, the stone clearly became a danger to others, as Voldemort, Harry's nemesis, sought it as well to return to his former state and undoubtedly cause mayhem and distress for all parties involved. As such, Dumbledore and Flamel make the wise decision to destroy the stone, even if that means Flamel will die with it. Harry does not understand this decision at first, as he does not want Flamel to die. Dumbledore tries to explain to Harry that death is just a natural part of life itself, and that pursuing such a selfish aim at the expense of other's safety would constitute as a more unorganized strategy, similar to Voldemort's attempts to remain alive -- which are ultimately thwarted at the end of the first novel in the iconic series. Essentially, this means an ultimate death sentence for Flamel; yet, he is seen as having a more organized approach, and thus will be able to enter in to the next journey that is death. See, death is not something a good, honest individual should fear. Rather it is feared by those who are selfish, evil, and to those who refuse to accept the truth of their mortality. For them, death is a horror. Yet, for those who have lived a good life, it is just another journey along the road. Dumbledore is trying to reassure Harry that Flamel made the right decision and that he is not to be worried about because the rational nature of his decisions in life will lead him to have great adventures in death. This is starkly contrasted with the irrational image of Voldemort who holds such a grudge against Harry and the obsession with returning to life in his former glory. As Flamel accepts his own mortality in a healthy and rational manner, he is saved from the fate that befell Voldemort, to never be able to rest and to obsess… [read more]

Levine Centers on Popular Culture Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,620 words)
Bibliography Sources: 7


In actuality popular culture enabled invention of new technologies and techniques as was seen in animation and film with the use of color. "we think it connects the newly industrialized versions of leisure found in the nineteenth century such as circuses with the more commodified forms of the mid-twentieth century such as animation" (5)

Lastly and fifth, popular culture is more than just aesthetics. A multitude of historians have difficulty wrapping their minds over popular culture not just being about aesthetics. Their shallow beliefs and interpretations of popular culture keep them from fully realizing its worth.This inability to transcend the shallow beliefs given to popular culture had made it increasingly hard for historians to take popular culture seriously enough to understand the dynamic relationship that exists between the audience and the expressive culture with which they interact. They fail to realize history uses popular culture to express its significance. "As a model of historical engagement, reality history creates meaning via the lived experience of ordinary people as they encounter the past through privation and hardship." (3)

To conclude, overall popular culture needs to be re-evaluated. It is an important identifier of history. It is something that can educate and invigorate interest in the past and present. It is a marker for past eras and a juggernaut for innovation.


1 Brookover, Sophie, and Elizabeth Burns. Pop Goes the Library: Using Pop Culture to Connect with Your Whole Community. Medford, N.J.: Information Today, Inc., 2008.

2 Danesi, Marcel. Popular Culture: Introductory Perspectives. Lanham, Md: Rowman & Littlefield, 2008.

3 De Groot, Jerome. Consuming History: Historians and Heritage in Contemporary Popular Culture. London: Routledge, 2009.

4 Foster, George M. "What is Folk Culture?." In American Anthropologist, 159-173. 1953.

5 Franz, Kathleen, and Susan Smulyan. Major Problems in American Popular Culture: Documents and Essays. Australia: Wadsworth Cengage Learning, 2012.

6 Jameson, Fredric, Michael Hardt, and Kathi Weeks.…… [read more]

X Men First Class Movie Reaction Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (729 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


¶ … Men first class movie reaction

One of the principle points of consideration in X-Men: First Class, is whether or not mutants can get along with everyday representatives of humanity. A thorough analysis of this film reveals that there can be amicable relations between both mutants and humans, mutants who do not look like humans can still be humans, and that normal human beings can treat mutants as equals.

Due to the effects of mutation, many of the characters in this film have powers and abilities that set them far and beyond those of conventional people. Whereas some such mutants believe that this difference gives them the right govern the fate of people (such as Sebastian Shaw), others do not ascribe to this philosophy and seek to protect humankind from such mutants. A good example of an individual mutant who is beneficent towards humanity is Charles Xavier. Xavier spends the duration of this film training other like-minded mutants to help them defeat the machinations of Shaw (Ebert). He devotes much of his personal time and resources towards doing so because he believes in the inherent good in humanity. In fact, Xavier even sacrifices his own physical body towards this cause -- near the end of the film he is paralyzed in his attempts to stop Shaw from starting a nuclear war between the United States and the Soviet Union (Bradshaw). His heroism in actually succeeding in this goal is a good indication of the fact that mutants and humans can peacefully co-exist. His efforts to put the needs of humanity before his own personal needs prove that not all mutants are evil, and that some are willing to work with humankind in sharing the earth.

This movie also alludes to the notion that regardless of how mutants look, they can still actually be humans. An excellent example of this fact portrayed within X-Men: First Class is the fate of Hank McCoy. McCoy is a brilliant scientist whose intellectual propensity demonstrates the best of humankind in this respect. Yet he also has abnormally sized feet that make him look different than average people do. Still, McCoy is one of the most respected governmental workers…… [read more]

Sir Gawain and the Green Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (738 words)
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However, while Beowulf is admired for his brute strength, which at times appears to be supernatural, Gawain is not imbued with any supernatural attributes, but rather is more human and relatable. Furthermore, Beowulf is focused on his accomplishments, which revolve around the defining battles of his life: defeating Grendel and his mother, and defeating the dragon at the end of his life. On the other hand, Gawain is not a seasoned warrior as Beowulf, and is more humble, which is one of the reasons he volunteers to engage in a beheading game with the Green Knight. Gawain argues, "I am the weakest, well I know, and of wit feeblest;/And the loss of my life would be least of any" (354-355). Through this statement, Gawain demonstrates that his heroic qualities transcend his feats and are also evident in his character.

Within Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, the tale within the tale allows the reader to further comprehend the dualities that need to be constantly overcome by heroes in order to remain chivalrous and honorable. Not only does Gawain reject the maid's advances, he was able to demonstrate self-control. Furthermore, by keeping his word to Bertilak and exchanging his spoils with him, Gawain demonstrates that he is a man of his word.

At the end of the story, Gawain is irrevocably changed as he not only survives his quest and fulfills his agreement, but deals with the consequences of betraying the Green Knight. While he left Camelot a proud man on a quest, he returned a changed man. He was not only informed of Morgan le Faye's role in setting up the challenge -- and the possible intention of having her brother, Arthur, killed -- but he also recognizes his cowardice at not revealing to Bertilak the spoils of the third day, a gift from Lady Bertilak that was intended to protect him. However, Gawain recognizes that he must make amends for his error and resolves to wear his "badge of false faith…on my body till I breathe my last," which in turn, became a badge of honor (2509-2510).… [read more]

Aphrodite and Venus Term Paper

Term Paper  |  7 pages (2,249 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


She is not helpful to anyone, and she seems to cause the people she associates with no end of pain. Even the people who are compared to her in beauty, Helen and Penelope, are seen as tragic figures because they have the beauty of Aphrodite and inspire the same madness that she does. Helen is the cause of a great… [read more]

Media Urban Legends Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (639 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


My classmates' works cited are similar to mine, in that they contain a mixture of credible academic sources and some questionable Internet sources. The latter are easy to locate.

4. The paragraphs in Neal Gabler's essay are remarkably well-formed, evenly spaced, and evenly sized. The author structures his argument beginning with a clincher story, and then he progresses through an introduction to what urban myths are and how they are like modern fairy tales. Without veering from the argument, the author comes up with the thesis that urban legends are like dark, meaningless fairy tales because unlike traditional fairy tales, urban legends offer no hope for resolution. They are only built on fears. Gabler's structuring makes it easy to read the essay, even though it goes on two pages, which is a lot for an Internet article. By the end, there is a sense of closure and Gabler has made his point rather than leaving the reader wondering why I wasted my time.

I can learn a lot from Gabler's essay. My paragraphing is more uneven than Gabler. Some of my paragraphs are long, nearly a page long. Other paragraphs are only a few sentences. Cleaning this problem up might make my writing as easy to read as Gabler's. If I want my writing to flow, I need to understand what makes a good essay flow well. Transitions are another matter, because I have become good at paying attention to where I begin and end each paragraph. Rather than orphan an idea, I make sure that idea is smoothly transitioned into the next paragraph. If my classmates wish to give me feedback on how I can improve my paragraphing, I would appreciate that. However, it is now something that I am aware of in my writing.… [read more]

Oedipus the King Sophocles' Play Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,369 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Oedipus the King

Sophocles' play Oedipus the King is widely regarded as one of the best examples of classical Greek drama, and for good reason. Oedipus is a classically tragic figure, doomed to fulfill a deadly prophecy despite his best efforts to avoid it. However, the very thing that makes Oedipus the King the Greek tragedy par excellence is precisely what sets it apart from other tragedies, both past and present, because the play's position regarding free will and human fate is far more nuanced than one might expect based on the usual tropes of drama and tragedy. While Oedipus does fulfill all the requirements of a tragic hero, complete with the hubris that ultimately causes his fall, the play does not argue for the kind of fatalism and determinism that characterizes many dramatic plays. Instead, the Oedipus the King suggests that fate is ultimately the product of free will, rather than the controlling structure within which will is exercised, because in the end it is Oedipus' actions that determine his fate, and not an overwhelming, possibly divine force. By examining the circumstances of Oedipus' birth and abandonment, his conversation with Tiresias, and his decision to blind and banish himself, one is able to see how Oedipus' fate is not the result of an immutable determinism, but rather the almost-random dictates of free will. Ultimately, the tragedy of the play comes not from humanity's inability to escape its tragic fate, but rather humanity's apparent tendency to run headlong towards it.

Before examining Oedipus' story in detail, it is necessary to first account for the seemingly supernatural elements of the play. Obviously, it appears difficult to argue that some kind of supernatural fate does not rule in the universe of Oedipus the King, because the story relies heavily on oracles, prophecies, a seemingly supernatural plague, and even a magical creature in the form of the Sphinx. However, one need not accept the presence of a divine (for lack of a better word) fate in order to account for these features, because they can actually help reinforce the argument that fate is ultimately the product of free will.

Firstly, the magical Sphinx need not diminish the importance of free will, because a fantastic creature can exist independent of a larger supernatural hierarchy. Furthermore, while it is implied that the plague is a result of Oedipus' killing of Laius and marrying of Jocasta, plagues can quite obviously occur for natural reasons, and in fact, history has shown that human beings tend to attribute plagues to supernatural retribution, even when they are really caused by mundane factors such as poor hygiene, contaminated water, or any other number of completely natural reasons. Finally, the oracles themselves can even be regarded as relatively "natural" actors, because even though they appear to have supernatural knowledge of the future and past, in reality they are basing their predictions on naturally available knowledge, and the veracity of their predictions only comes true when individuals choose to act on them.… [read more]

Education - Reading Violence Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (820 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


" Hansel and Gretel have a woodcutter for a father, working class, and as such he has anxiety over having enough work to feed his family. The children are poor and malnourished. They are probably weak and underweight. They are children that essentially are lured by a strange woman deep into the forest where she offers them food in the shape of giant edible residence. The children realize the whole ordeal is in fact a trap by a witch who regularly lures children into traps so that she can cannibalize them or otherwise use their bodies as part of her witchery. To save their own lives, the children commit murder. In cartoons meant for children in the U.S., children are not committing murder. They do however commit violence against others, objects, and sometimes themselves. In American there are frequent media representations of children lured into trap by adults they believed they could trust. Thus in some ways, the caliber of violence differs from current standards and in some ways the violence is comparable.

Rumpelstilkskin is a story about another poor single father and his beautiful daughter. The father, desperate from his poverty stricken existence, lies to the king and makes outrages claims about the abilities of his daughter. His deception ultimately gets his daughter in mortal trouble and her fate as well as the fate of her child ends up in the hands of a mythical creature called a manikin. If she does not guess his name, this creature will successfully extort her for the child. She must ultimately result to trickery and surveillance to get the information she needs and she does. More now in dramatic television series, whether soap operas or prime time dramas, both of which teenagers and children are strong demographics, depict adults who put their children in harm's way because of the own failings or selfish needs. There are still less graphic depictions of family present on television, yet there is an increase in realistic depictions of imperfect parents who may abuse their children in some way as a means for profit or gain. Is there too much violence in the Brothers Grimm tales? Apparently, there is just as much violence in the lives of children in their time as ours. Perhaps the tales do more than scare children, they prepare them for life.


Carnegie Mellon University. (2012) Grimm's Fairy Tales. Available from http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~spok/grimmtmp/. 2012 June 03.… [read more]

Hamlet in the First Act Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (690 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 2


In both the soliloquy in Act I, scene ii and in Act II, scene ii, Hamlet expresses his tendency towards emotional and psychological breakdown. Both scenes suggest Hamlet's self-hatred. In Act I, scene ii, Hamlet is overtly suicidal. He states, "O, that this too solid flesh would melt, / Thaw, and resolve itself into a dew! / Or that the Everlasting had not fix'd / His canon 'gainst self-slaughter! O. God!" (I, ii,131-134). Hamlet wishes that there were no taboo against self-slaughter because he envisions self-annihilation as a feasible means of dealing with the trauma. Ironically, the scene hints at the possibility that Hamlet would have made a poor successor to his father's throne; he comes across already as being emotionally unstable as well as indecisive. In Act II, scene ii, Hamlet's emotionally unstable character is also evident. He begins the soliloquy by stating, "O, what a rogue and peasant slave am I!" And later refers to himself as a "dull and muddy-mettled rascal," (II, ii, 309; 327). Hamlet then questions, "Am I a coward?" (II, ii, 331). Given the way he chooses to confront Claudius -- passively aggressive in nature -- the answer to Hamlet's rhetorical question might indeed be yes.

Therefore, Hamlet seems to not have changed much at all between Act I and the end of Act II. Both passages have the same distraught tone. Hamlet uses allusions to Greek mythology because Greek mythology and epic poetry are replete with tragic figures. Hamlet perceives intense pathos in his situation. Yet instead of dealing with the tragedy of his father's death in a levelheaded way, Hamlet succumbs to emotional breakdown. His first reaction is to be depressed and suicidal; his wish for self-annihilation is expressed clearly in the soliloquy in Act I, scene ii. Claudius' reign is too overwhelming for Hamlet. Hamlet has no recourse; he does not know how to prove Claudius's treachery and thus in Act II, scene ii he resorts to using a play to "catch the conscience of the King," (II, ii, 367).

Work Cited

Shakespeare, William.…… [read more]

Sherman Alexie's Book, the Lone Essay

Essay  |  6 pages (2,175 words)
Bibliography Sources: 6



"The Trial of Thomas Builds-the-Fire"

In this story, Thomas Builds-the-Fire is on trial. A man in a BIA suit explains Thomas's "history," which is described as "a storytelling fetish accompanied by an extreme need to tell the truth. Dangerous" (93). However, we soon learn, this storytelling fetish has been silenced for two decades. Apparently, the strength of these stories is so powerful their mere existence is enough to cause worry. Thomas Builds-the-Fire may have been silent, but the stories remained alive within him.

His recent rumblings have begun to cause alarm, however, for "recently Thomas had begun to make small noises, form syllables that contained more emotion and meaning than entire sentences constructed by the BIA" (94). A single syllable spoken by Thomas Builds-the-Fire can have a significant impact on those who hear it. This has been the case with Esther, the wife of the tribal chairman David WalksAlong. Alexie relates the information that "a noise that sounded something like rain had given Esther courage enough to leave her husband" (94). This is a power that must be reckoned with. It appears that these stories must be silenced. Hence, Thomas Builds-the-Fire is behind bars, soon to be on trial, with charges to be determined.

The blur between reality and fantasy here is more clearly portrayed in this story than in the two previous stories. It becomes more and more difficult to distinguish between what is real and what is imagined. The literal world of Thomas Builds-the-Fire's imprisonment is very real, yet the crime for which he is imprisoned is not. It is, in essence, imagined, as we see when the council members try to devise the charge on which they will prosecute him. They don't really have a charge, but when Thomas is under oath defending himself, he "admits" to killing two soldiers in cold blood. Yet is Thomas actually Thomas, or is he Wild Coyote? And on a deeper level, Alexie asks, through the character of Thomas, "Is that real justice or the idea of justice?" (100). By the end of the story, the line between reality and fantasy, between the notion of justice and the actual application of justice, has been completely blurred. The end of this story is such a bizarre stretch of justice that it is, in fact, almost comical. As Matthews has noted, "A key characteristic of Alexie's writing is his irony, surfacing in dark humor buoyed by his exquisite sense of timing" (2006).


This paper has tried to demonstrate the interweaving of the literal and the metaphorical imagery of Sherman Alexie's prose by focusing on three stories from Sherman Alexie's book, The Lone Ranger and Tonto Fistfight in Heaven: "Every Little Hurricane," "What It Means To Say Phoenix, Arizona," and "The Trial of Thomas Builds-the-Fire." It has shown how the juxtaposition of the literal and the metaphorical is introduced in the first story, and how the frequency of this juxtaposition increases until the lines are practically blurred by the time we come… [read more]

Cultural Review Film and Culture Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (769 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 3


In fight club, the character realizes that his existence means nothing and that whatever meaning that he used to define his life by, was truly meaningless in the end. He began to take a rather reductionist approach to the problem of the meaning of life. Furthermore, despite his hard work and determination, there is little chance of avoiding death and the world will go on as if he never existed. This existentialist dilemma is also present in the archetype as well as in all three villains. While in Fight Club the main character goes through a psychological transformation, in Star Wars and Frankenstein the character actually goes through a physical transformation as well. The only physical transformation in the Fight Club story occurs within the character's own mind as they have a mental projection of their self as another character; who in the movie is played by Brad Pitt.

The inner struggle of the villain archetype can also be illustrated by Darth Vader who is said to be destined to be that strongest Sith of all times. In "Star Wars: A New Hope" they say that "Darth Vader is mostly machine now, more than human." The character begins to take a megalomaniacal path, in which he becomes power-hungry in his character, which also corresponds to his evolution from human to machine and descent into the quintessence of evil. Many parallels can definitely be drawn to the story of Frankenstein in this descent.

All three characters, as well as their archetypical predecessors, are destroyed by the taste of power, and that power eventually destroys their identity and their humanity; which can be either a physical or mental phenomenon (or both). The underlying theme is the idea that one is never satisfied with what they already have and makes the characters pursue a Machiavellian quest for power. All three characters are content to control their environment fully and to this end they exert brute force. The archetypical villain uses fear in order to maintain obedience from their victims. This also sets the stage for the hero's quest in which they become the one character who is able to overcome the fear of the villain's shadow and restore the goodness of humanity in the…… [read more]

Compare and Contrast the Artworks Nike of Samothrace and Coatlicue Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,345 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


¶ … artworks "Nike of Samothrace" and "Coatlicue"

Goddesses Alike

Upon initial examination, an abundance of differences can be found between the pieces of art known as "Nike of Samothrace" and "Coatlicue." Each artistic representation is from a different culture, the former of which is Greek while the latter is Aztecan. A wealth of dissimilarities can be found between those two cultures, including several centuries difference in the time period in which the works were approximately created (Nike is believed to have been erected in the second century B.C. while scholars estimate Coatlicue to have been finished no earlier than the late 15th century) and in the actual renderings of the subjects. However, as was the case with most historical art pieces dating back to the Renaissance and beyond, both works depict religious figures, which each happen to be female and played a significant part of the culture and religious beliefs of the citizens in the epochs in which they were composed. Therefore, it is of immense interest to compare the setting, the subjects, and the symbolism depicted in each work, to understand what these pieces meant to their respective cultures.

There is a graceful simplicity to be found in Nike of Samothrace, which is evident in its marble composition and coloring. Currently located in the Louvre Museum of Paris, this statue (which is missing its head and hands) illustrates the winged goddess of victory. Nike's genealogy is fairly important to this work of art and to her prominence (Curators) within Greek artwork as a whole, and is both a point of similarity and dissimilarity with the Coatlicue. The Greek goddess was the daughter of two of the Titans (the gods who were believed to have reigned before the Olympians overthrew them) named Pallas and Styx, and her immediate family was populated by other gods who personified traits such as strength (Kratos), rivalry (Zelos), and force (Bia). Due to her role in the ensuing war between the forces of Zeus and those of the Titans, Zeus bestowed upon Nike her representation of victory, which became related to all sorts of competitions whether they were in sports, conventional battle, or even in (literary) arts (Curators).

The genealogy of Coatlicue is also highly significant to the Aztecan culture that revered her. Quite simply, she is the mother of everything, representative of the earth and therefore symbolic of both life and death and most of what happens in between these two states. She is regarded to have engendered the stars, sun and the moon, as well as her own gods and goddesses, including her son Huitzilopochtli and her daughter Coyolxauhqui. Similar to the legend of Nike, Coatlicue was also engaged in conflict with her immediate family, who were supposed to be "outraged" by the fact that "she was magically impregnated by a ball of feathers" (Robles & del Castillo). However, whereas Nike was pitted in the role of usurper by aiding Zeus to overthrow the Titans, Coatlicue was, in a sense, the usurped… [read more]

Dark Knight Research Paper

Research Paper  |  2 pages (627 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


Christopher Nolan Technique

The British-born director Christopher Nolan brings a very specific essence to his films. One can trace it from Memento (2000) to Insomnia (2002) to Batman Begins (2005), the Prestige (2006), the Dark Knight (2008), and Inception (2010). Nolan pulls together several different threads for his tapestries: psychological manipulations (Memento is about a man who has no short-term memory and must overcome this handicap to find the killer of his wife; Insomnia is about a sleep-deprived detective with a troubled conscience; Batman Begins illustrates the complex psychological framework of the Batman myth; Inception takes a deep and intricate journey into the layers of the mind), the elegant look of the film noir genre, and the contemplative feel of the philosophical -- weaving them all into a unique film experience. Nolan's oeuvre is one that reveals a director who is not afraid to strip away the layers of human emotion and psychology to expose the good and bad elements that compose the human heart. His work is also characterized by an increasing devotion to the spectacular, with each film seemingly attempting to outdo the previous one in terms of special effects and imagination.

This devotion to topping himself is one reason "Inception resonated with a global audience" (Rosenstock 114). Nolan devotees (won from his earliest film Memento and on through to the Dark Knight) knew that the director was going to deliver a psychologically-driven suspense film that would be packed with stellar dream-like special effects. Indeed, the emphasis on dream-like worlds, power, control, reinterpretations and illusions permeates all his films. As Adrian Gargett states in an essay on Memento, "The film proposes an ironic reinterpretation of the private-eye genre in which the conventional pattern of heroic self-determination played out by Leonard Shelby is contradicted by a self-conscious critique of the formula carried by the film's structure, a critique that sees the hero's…… [read more]

Red Badge of Courage Realism Research Paper

Research Paper  |  3 pages (990 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


He is supposed to fight for his country and go to war with bravery in his heart and no fear. Yet, war is not glamorous nor is it thrilling. Like most things, the reality of war and the Civil War in particular, is devastating. On the same page, Crane writes: "Awake he had regarded battles as crimson blotches on the pages of the past" (5). The fantasy of war is beautiful and in theory anyone would be willing to perform the ultimate sacrifice for their country. However, in truth the history of the world is filled with blood. Each statistic in a history book was once a living, breathing person, much like young Henry.

Eventually Henry does return to the battlefield, once more prepared to take on the position of heroism. Once again, he has bought into his childhood fantasy of glory and evolution and set aside his fears of the reality of his situation. At various portions, young Henry concludes that he is a man and yet at other times he is still a child (Crane 130). This too is a very realistic psychology for a man at war. In certain moments it is easier to believe in the fallacy of the patriotic ideal. However, like a fever which passes with time, the zeal for war and battle passes and the fear of death once again takes on the premier importance.

Each of Henry's fantastic experiences becomes briefer than the one that preceded it until finally all he feels is anger and a jaded perception. Where as a youth he was once hopeful, he now sees only death. The reasons he fights are no longer important; only that he indeed does fight. This is the epitome of realistic fiction. A young man is initially full of ideals and he fights because he believes in his country. At the end of the story, the narrator says of Henry, "He was a man. So it came to pass that as he trudged from the place of blood and wrath his soul changed" (134). However, with the passage of time the reasons why the man must fight become secondary to the realism of his situation. Whether he believes in the flag is superfluous; he either fights or dies.

Stephen Crane's The Red Badge of Courage is about a young man who is put in an all too-common position. He is faced with either having to kill someone or to be killed himself. Any person who is forced to make such a decision would be psychologically confused. This is a realistic exploration of how young one man would react. His emotions are true to life and that is what makes Crane's story so brilliant. Although it is neither pro-war or anti-war, The Red Badge of Courage does take a position: that all men have fear inside their hearts and that each must deal with this fear in their own way.

Works Cited:

Crane, Stephen. The Red…… [read more]

Evolution of Batman From the Character's Earliest Term Paper

Term Paper  |  14 pages (4,714 words)
Bibliography Sources: 10


¶ … evolution of Batman from the character's earliest depictions on film and television through to the most recent adaptations by Christopher Nolan. The purpose of this paper is to illustrate the ways in which Nolan's Dark Knight has distinguished the Batman character from previous adaptations. It will also show how Nolan has elevated the superhero genre by depicting the… [read more]

Aphrodite and the Gods of Love Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (1,424 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Aphrodite and the Gods of Love is the first ever exhibition devoted to the Goddess Aphrodite in the United States. Aphrodite (Venus), one of the most compelling of the ancient divinities, personifies female beauty and human love. The exhibition at the Museum of Fine Arts (MFA), Boston, tells the story of Aphrodite's influence in the daily lives of the ancient… [read more]

Salem Witch Trials -- Theories Research Paper

Research Paper  |  8 pages (3,412 words)
Bibliography Sources: 8


Nevertheless, the concluding paragraph of the text seems to weaken this reproving statement in endorsing "the detection of witchcrafts." Therefore, in Bernard Rosenthal and Perry Miller's views, the courts translated the letter as Mather's seal of appreciation for the trials to continue. Maybe Cotton's most self- negative act inside the eye of the public was his publication of the book… [read more]

Hero's Journeyv Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (671 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Rooster learns that Cheney's gang is hiding in a cabin. The three plan to surprise Cheney. Rooster and Mattie go first. Rooster kills two men. LaBoeuf arrives later and, before Rooster can warn him, LaBoeuf is ambushed by Cheney and the rest of his gang. Rooster rescues LaBoeuf, and their bond becomes stronger. This scene is the sixth stage in the hero's journey, where Rooster's allies and enemies are clearly shown.

Days later, Rooster is in a gun battle with Cheney's gang. It is a dangerous place, as Campbell prescribes in the seventh stage of the hero's journey. Rooster is alone because Mattie and LaBoeuf are in the mountains, trying to deal with Cheney. They watch Rooster take the reins in his teeth and single-handedly ride into battle against the gang.

Cheney captured Mattie when she was alone for a few minutes at the river. Mattie manages to shoot him. She kills him, but the kickback from her gun makes her fall into a deep crevasse. She is rescued, but not before she is bitten by a rattlesnake.

Rooster is afraid Mattie will die. He faces the supreme ordeal, which is the eighth stage in the journey. Even though it is Mattie whose life in danger, it is a supreme test for Rooster. He rides with Mattie on her horse to the nearest town, which is hours away. When the horse collapses from exhaustion, Rooster carries Mattie in his arms the rest of the way to town. It shows how Rooster has changed from someone who did not like Mattie and only cared about himself. He respected Mattie's courage and determination. He understood that doing everything possible to try to save her life was the right thing to do.

The reward is the ninth stage in the hero's journey. In the end, Rooster was rewarded by knowing Tom Cheney was brought to justice. More importantly, he learned to respect and care for another person. Saving Mattie's life was the ultimate reward.… [read more]

Salem Witchcraft Trials Research Paper

Research Paper  |  2 pages (716 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Salem Witch Trials

This case involves a woman named Mary Parker who was accused of performing witchcraft upon several citizens within her community. The formal accusers, the ones who came forward and testified in court to the accusations against her, were Sarah Phelps, Hannah Bigsby, Martha Sprague, John Westgate, William Barker, Mercy Wardell, John Bullock, and Samuel Shattuck. There were several others who either witnessed or accused Mary Parker but did not testify in court. Their accusations and witness statements were part of the testimony of those who actually testified in court. These included Mercy Wardell, Sarah Churchill, William Barker, Timothy Swan, and Mary Warrin.

As for the charges against Mary Parker, she was "accused of acting witchcraft upon Martha Sprague and Sarah Phelps." Beside these two women, she was also accused of acting witchcraft upon Mercy Wardell, Timothy Swan, Mary Warrin, John Westgate, and John Bullock. Mary Parker was accused of using witchcraft to inflict painful fits upon, Martha Sprague, Sarah Phelps, Mercy Wardell, Sarah Churchill, Hanah Bigsby, and Mary Warrin. William Barker said that Mary Parker admitted to him she was in league with the devil, while John Westgate accused her of using witchcraft to send a "black hogge… with open mouth as though he would have devoured me at that instant…." When he fell while trying to run away, his injuries were blamed on Mary Parker's witchcraft skills. Samuel Shattuck accused her of bewitching his son, causing the boy to "shreek out as if he had bin tormented."

Witchcraft is currently not the usual subject of a American criminal case, but it is important to remember that in the 1690's, witchcraft was considered a real thing. That being said, a modern look at the case would indicate that she was not guilty of witchcraft, nor of any actions that may have contributed to the so-called fit's the victims said they were subjected to. The record indicated that one of the accusations against Mary Parker was that "she recovered all the afflicted out of their fitts by the touch of their hand." Modern science is extremely advanced, but even modern researchers have not discovered anyone who…… [read more]

Antigone as Tragic Heroine in Sophocles' Play Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (1,077 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Antigone as Tragic Heroine

In Sophocles' play Antigone, the titular character, like her father Oedipus, may be seen to fulfill the requirements to be considered a tragic hero or heroine in the Aristotelian sense, but only if one is willing to expand the concept of the tragic flaw beyond the common notion of hubris or pride. This is not an instance of changing a definition to fit a particular phenomena, however, because Antigone's tragic flaw suits her particular character as a tragic heroine in the same way that hubris works as a tragic flaw for a tragic hero. In short, Antigone's flaw is her over-investment in the standards of the patriarchal society in which she finds herself, and in particular her superstitious insistence on burial rites for her brother at the expense of her own life. However, before considering how Antigone's character flaw ultimately leads to her own downfall, one must consider the other facets of her character which reveal her status as a true tragic heroine.

Antigone obviously fulfills some of the more basic requirements for tragic heroism, as she is the daughter of the former king (albeit a disgraced one) and niece to the current ruler, Creon. Furthermore, her nobility of character is revealed in her inability to let her sister Ismene die in her place, when she tells her "Don't try to share my death or make a claim / to actions which you did not do. I'll die -- / and that will be enough" (lines 624-6). It is worth noting that only Antigone's attention to her sister's life is mentioned here as evidence for her noble character, because her devotion to her brother after his death is actually an instance of Antigone's own tragic flaw, rather than evidence of her generosity or nobility of character. This is due to the fact that as a woman in a markedly patriarchal society, Antigone's flaw could never be the kind of hubris or pride seen in male heroes, because she actually has little to be proud of. Instead, her flaw is in her support of and reliance on these male-dominated social standards, and this unwarranted devotion to the corpse of her brother leads to her inevitable death.

Although readers have undoubtedly been tempted to side with Antigone in her argument with Ismene regarding the former's decision to bury their brother, one must acknowledge that at this point in the story, Antigone is still under the influence of her tragic flaw, and thus her arguments must be read with an eye towards tragic irony. Thus, when she harshly tells Ismene that she will "do my duty to my brother -- / and yours as well, if you're not prepared to. / I won't be caught betraying him," she is actually revealing the extent of her ignorance and fantasy (56-58). Polyneices is already dead, and even if the birds and worms have not yet started feasting on his corpse, the fact remains that the person that Polyneices is gone and… [read more]

Doppelganger in Harry Potter Novels Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (1,022 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


Doppelganger in Harry Potter Novels

The battle between good and evil has been a timeless reality and has been evident in various works be it in written, oral or visual forms. These works may be fictional or based on real life but the lesson remains therein that good and evil are inseparable and always try to best one another. Most people like to believe that the good is often the victorious amongst the two but there are times when evil triumphs in both reality and fiction. J.K. Rowling's Harry Potter novels exemplify the fight between what is right and what is wrong with the main protagonist Harry Potter as the good guy while his nemesis Lord Voldemort is evil personified. The side to where each of them belongs to is the major difference between the two. They are similar though because both of them are great wizards in the world they represent and both would stop at nothing to destroy each other. Consequently, in the fight between Harry Potter and Lord Voldemort, they seem to be doppelgangers because of detailed similarities they have. Each of the seven novels of Rowling has presented the similarities to the point that in one of the books, Rowling wrote that the young Potter may be the heir of Slytherin in the same way as how Lord Voldemort deemed himself such "honor."

Harry Potter and Lord Voldemort may have lived separate lives and belong to different generations where the former belongs to the present young and upcoming generation while the latter is with the older generation. There are parallels in their lives though especially in the part where both of them where orphaned at a young age. Harry though had the "fortune" to live with close relatives -- the Dursleys, albeit he was treated more like an outsider and an indentured slave. Lord Voldemort as the young Tom Riddle grew up in the foster system until he gained admittance to Hogwarts. As young lads not yet in their 11th year of life, Harry and Voldemort never knew they were wizards until it was revealed to them when they turned eleven years old. Even though they did not know they were wizards during their childhood years, they have both been experiencing "weird or strange" occurrences in their lives that they could not explain especially when they feel angry or frustrated.

Perhaps one of the evidence that points to a major similarity between Harry and Voldemort was when the former bought his first wand at Ollivander's. Since the wand chooses the wizard and not the other way around, Mr. Ollivander told Harry that, "It is very curious indeed that you should be destined for this wand when its brother why, its brother gave you that scar."

Thus, Harry's wand had the same phoenix feather as that of Voldemort's and this phoenix feather originated from one and the same source making Harry and Voldemort equal in terms of their wands' capabilities. In yet another similarity although there was… [read more]

Arabian Nights Research Paper

Research Paper  |  5 pages (1,822 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


Arabian Nights and the Supernatural

As Bruno Bettelheim states in The Uses of Enchantment, the fables depicted in Arabian Night are of a specific character that has been shown to be part of the universal nature of stories of enchantment. For centuries such stories have been woven into the fabric of various cultures and civilizations for a multitude of reasons,… [read more]

Narrative Analysis Sue Monk Kidd Essay

Essay  |  6 pages (1,790 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Living among the werewolves, then, Little Red Riding Hood may well find that a male dominated society remains in place, even if this is no longer a human society or based on the traditional Christian religion.

Lily Owen's future prospects were probably considerably brighter than those of the Little Red Riding Hood character, although in their own way both young women found ways of escaping societies and family situations they found intolerable and finding alternative communities. In the original story, Little Red Riding Hood would most likely have married the hunter who killed the werewolf and lived respectably ever after, but Carter's ending was more interesting and inventive. She becomes the wife of the handsome young wolf, although even wolf society remains paternalistic and patriarchal. Nevertheless, she assumed rightly that such a life would probably be an improvement over tending herds of goats, eating rancid cheese and marrying some dull, abusive husband. Lily might well have ended up marrying the young black man, who intended to study to be a lawyer, and in South Carolina of 1964 such a match was still literally against the law. For most whites of that time, she could have done no worse if she had really run off with a werewolf, but in both stories the love choices of the female protagonists were socially and culturally forbidden. In fact, Lily has crossed the boundary from the white to the black world, just as Little Red Riding Hood ended up joining the demons, witches, werewolves and outlaws of the forest.


Carter, Angela. The Company of…… [read more]

Ethics of Spider Man Research Paper

Research Paper  |  4 pages (1,491 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


His trials and tribulations are foundational to the character, and steeped in normative ethics. One example can be found in another prayer sequence where Peter and "God" discuss why bad things happen to good people: PETER PARKER (thinking): Me and God, we have this little game. We're still working out the finer details, but it basically works like this: He… [read more]

Arts and Healing: A Group Assessment

Assessment  |  2 pages (933 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 5


The majority of the work in personal mythology is connecting with a certain presence of being and connecting with yourself at the deepest levels possible so the context in which this work is being done is quite important. This is also the room in which we ate our meals.

Outside of the whole group being together, we had smaller rooms, designed in the same way for our subgroups. There was an even mixture of ethnicities, languages, and family stories in the room but everyone held at least a high school diploma, 30 had college degrees, and 18 had graduate degrees (or in current pursuit of one), including all 6 of the leaders/facilitators. The ages of participants ranged from 26-52 and the leaders were between the ages of 57-74. Everyone's socio-economic status was somewhere in the middle class range, some a little lower or higher than others. The work of personal mythology requires a certain depth of vulnerability, transparency, and courage that even the most normal self-help, therapy, or growth groups do not; thus, everyone had to find those points and push even further beyond what they believed their boundaries to be. Interestingly, no one had a problem with this and I believe that is because (a) NO ONE knew each other coming into the weekend and NO ONE lived close enough to one another to overlap; (b) NO last names were used in the course of the weekend unless a participant chose to divulge; and (c) the facilitators were amazing.

In this case, everyone had an equal responsibility to share and participate and the process was equally intense for everyone. Ward (2009) says that much of the work done in groups today evolves without much attention to the details of group dynamics and practical methodologies but this group was very different than anything I've ever experienced.

Critical thinking questions

1. Can new possibilities for positive group dynamics and practice emerge when people opt into something that they know (ahead of time) is going to be extremely intense, requiring a depth of courage and engagement that they would not normally exert?

2. Do people generally participate with greater cooperation and interest when they choose to be a part of something (even just normal things and not something particularly intense)?

3. Are there times in which it is not helpful for everyone to take on such an equal role despite differences in their stories, abilities, education, etc.…

4. Can experiences like this one be possible if you put people who do not opt in (are mandated) into the mix?


Feinstein, David & Krippner, Stanley. (1997). The mythic path: Discovering the guiding stories of your past -- Creating a vision for your future. New York, NY: G.P. Putnam's Sons.

Ward, D. (2009). "Groupwork"…… [read more]

Arthur Miller / Lorraine Hansberry Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (1,740 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


Intriguingly, Miller's play -- which is about white Americans -- has to reach for Africa to give some sense of what Willy's daydreams are like (in this case, related to the story of his "successful" brother, Ben):

BEN: William, you're being first-rate with your boys. Outstanding, manly chaps!

WILLY (Hanging onto his words): Oh, Ben, that's good to hear. Because sometimes I'm afraid I'm not teaching them the right kind of -- Ben, how should I teach them?

BEN (Giving great weight to each word, and with a certain vicious audacity): Wiliam, when I walked into the jungle, I was seventeen. When I walked out I was twenty-one. And by God, I was rich! (He goes off into darkness around the right corner of the house)

WILLY: & #8230;was rich! That's just the spirit I want to imbue them with! To walk into a jungle! I was right! I was right! I was right! (52)

Obviously Ben appears as a sort of hallucination, which is presumably why he speaks in the tones of Theodore Roosevelt ("outstanding, manly chaps"). But the portrayal of Ben is meant to be symbolic and metaphorical: he is able to walk into the "jungle," which is "dark and full of diamonds," and emerge a rich man. What Ben… [read more]

Blade the Movie 1998 Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (580 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Blade: A conflict of self

Blade, the 1998 film based on the Blade graphic novels, provides insight into a conflicted protagonist as he tries to identify his place and function in the world. Blade, portrayed by Wesley Snipes in the film, is a human-vampire hybrid that is on a self-appointed quest of protecting humanity from vampires. Blade draws upon several literary themes and tropes, and plays homage to ancient Greek tragedy while incorporating elements of Romantic literature. While revenge is a driving factor in the film, Blade grapples with his identity and embodies characteristics of a hero, "the Other," and of a reluctant vampire.

Blade is reminiscent of ancient Greek tragedy and revenge tragedies. In Blade, like in Greek tragedy, a subplot reveals that Blade is essential to Deacon Frost's plan of resurrecting an ancient blood god known as the Magra. It has been prophesized that Blade's blood is the key ingredient for helping to resurrect the Magra; Blade's role in the resurrection of the Magra was foretold in the Erebus codex which the vampires revere. Much like revenge tragedies, Blade's motives are influenced by a wrong committed towards him early on in his life, in this case, a wrong committed towards his pregnant mother before he was born. The beginning of the film provides the audience insight as to the nature of Blade's power; his pregnant mother was bitten by a vampire, mutating Blade at a genetic and sanguine level. Because of this change, Blade was born neither human nor vampire, but rather a hybrid of the two. This distinction is reminiscent of Greek tragedy; Blade is neither mortal nor immortal, but rather a demi-demon, who possesses the supernatural qualities of those that he has vowed to destroy.

Blade…… [read more]

Dierks Bentley Prodigal Son's Prayer and the Bible Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,500 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


Dierks Bentley's "Prodigal Son's Prayer" and the Bible

The prodigal son is such an iconic story that even those without a strong foundation in the Bible know the basics of the story. A wandering child, somewhat of a disgrace, returns home. He is greeted with open arms, though he fears that he will be treated with disgrace. However, the story… [read more]

Greek Concept to Movie Film Review

Film Review  |  2 pages (962 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Fifth concept is HUMANISM. Was this seen or practiced anywhere in the movie? No. everyone was seen working for their own personal interests and agendas. If anyone had thought about the situations at hand in a humane way, if Menelaus had considered forgiving or negotiating with his wife, this horrible war would not have happened. If Pride had not shadowed the minds of young heroes and kings a lot of lives would have been saved. If only they had shown humanity towards each other.

Following HUMANISM comes, PUNISHMENT. The Greeks believed that if someone did them wrong, they should be returned with the same tragedy. Also known as "an eye for an eye" so when Agamemnon was away fighting the Trojan War, he found out that his wife had taken a lover. As he was sailing home, his wife was plotting his murder to revenge her daughter's murder. The goddess Cassandra had foretold his that his wife was going to kill him but he didn't believe her and continued any ways. A 'murder for a murder' took place when his wife stabbed him with an axe.

The seventh concept is, HOSPITALITY. This was depicted perfectly in the movie, when in the beginning troy and Sparta finally found peace an after years of conflict. When the king Priam had sent his sons to cement their friendship, the Greek culture of hospitality was shown beautifully and perfectly.

Followed by HOSPITALITY is CANNIBALISM. It is strictly prohibited and punished, however, in the movie it's shown, sticking true and classic to the original fable. When Agamemnon got home, and his wife's lover helped her in killing him. She is shown feasting on him, as her revenge for killing her daughter. However it was not over done with blood and guts, but sticking close to the original story.

The concept discussed in this movie is, RESPECT FOR THE DEAD. The movie is based on an epic merciless war, so it is already understandable that there were killings everywhere. But what was to be noted was that some important personalities who were killed, were shown to have gotten there proper burial. Also as a complete opposite, some weren't shown any mercy and were just thrown away for animals to feast one.

Troy, has greatly depicted the true Greek culture and there traditional concepts and beliefs, without over doing anything and sticking close to the original fable, it has proved to be priceless adherence of Greek mythology and is a true story of a historic war.


Walter Benjamin "The Task of the Translator" vol 1: 1913-1926. Marcus Bullock. Pg. 256-259

Roman Jacobson "The World of Movies, Media and Multimedia: language, history, theory" Pg. 26-266.

James Monaco "How to Read a Film" 3rd edition, Pg.…… [read more]

White Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,650 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


Of course, the story is not explicit about her relations with Dwarfs, which seem to be perfectly innocent and chaste, but she is sleeping in all their beds and acting as the mistress of the household and perhaps as a concubine. She is both their wife and domestic servant, but this was not a formal marriage. In the end, her only salvation from sin and death is the Prince, who marries Snow White and returns her to the patriarchal family so "she can now fulfill her role as a woman and begin the cycle of reproduction" (Alba, p. 50).

Snow White was a folk tale, collected by the Grimm brothers during their travels through Germany in the 19th Century, which means that it had been passed down in oral traditions from centuries in the past. Although it has been considered edited and rewritten over the years, and altered for film, television and animated versions, the basic assumptions about women in the story reflect the values of a feudal, authoritarian, patriarchal society. That was the only one that the Grimms and the people telling the stories they recorded would have known. As an authority figure, the evil Queen was harsh, cruel and unjust to those below her in age and status, and basically had to be Number One., even if it meant that her stepdaughter had to die. She comes across as a witch or devil figure and is punished accordingly. Snow White, on the other hand, always fulfills her duties as a daughter and wife, even though she was been treated unjustly. Her reward at the end is to become a princess and queen again, while watching her stepmother justly put to death for her crimes.


Gaspar de Alba, A. (2005). "Malinche's Revenge" in Romero, R. And A.N. Harris (Eds) Feminism, Nation and Myth: La Malinche. Houston, TX: Arte Publico Press.

Gilbert, S.M. And S. Gubar (1994). No Man's Land: The Place of the Woman Writer in the Twentieth Century. Yale University Press.

Grimm, J. (1865) "Little Snow White" in German…… [read more]

Children's Literature Timeline Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (1,482 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


On this score, we might leap ahead to compare Hoffmann with someone like Dr. Seuss (Theodore Seuss Geisel). The Cat in the Hat was written as part of a campaign to produce educational literature for the youngest readers, with a simple vocabulary that had been selected in advance by a panel of education experts. Seuss promptly took what is essentially… [read more]

Carroll / Burnett Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,587 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Part of that interpretation is learning how real life differs from the stuff of books -- and in some sense, both Alice and Mary learn to "read" situations and tell the difference between the two over the course of the novels. Yet as novelists, both Burnett and Carroll subvert expectations of their genre. Burnett sidesteps issues of Gothic (such as sexuality, violence, or the supernatural) in favor of a wholesome philosophy of unity with nature (which conveniently heals the characters of her book). Meanwhile for Carroll the romantic sense of nature is absent: by depicting a world in which (to recall an example from the eighth chapter) the Queen can demand the re-coloring of the roses in her garden -- promptly attended to by footmen with paintbrushes -- the idea of a numinous nature which can either destroy (as in the Gothic) or heal (as in The Secret Garden) is simply absent from Carroll, who is more interested in taking apart the logical inconsistencies, or simply the logical construction, in the rules established for everything from polite behavior to formal mathematics. If both Carroll and Burnett are writers of fairy tales, it is worth noting that Burnett attempts to lead her readers in the direction of optimism and health (despite including hints of a genre, the Gothic, which ordinarily includes neither) whereas Carroll seems to lead his readers in the direction of imaginative liberation (despite his obsession with logic and rules).

Works Cited

Bloom, Harold. Lewis Carroll's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland: Modern Critical Interpretations. New York: Chelsea House, 2006. Print.

Burnett, Frances Hodgson. The Secret Garden. New York: Frederick Stokes, 1911. Print.

Carroll, Lewis. Alice's Adventures in Wonderland.…… [read more]

Movie the Fall Research Paper

Research Paper  |  3 pages (964 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3



What does the FALL tell us about stories? What do we learn about stories from the film? What questions does it raise? And what answers does it propose?

The film, "The Fall," uses different elements of storytelling beginning with the "long, long ago" at the start of the film. We meet Roy (Lee Pace), a paralyzed stuntman in a hospital bed, and a little Romanian girl, Alexandria (Catinca Untaru), who is a patient in another wing. She doesn't speak or understand much of English, however, the two are able to communicate with each other via Roy's storytelling. Roy tells her a story about a handful of adventurers that are trapped on an island, the prisoners of Governor Odeous who is -- like his name implies - odious. The film reenacts the story as Roy tells it. Essentially, while Roy is telling the story, the audience is seeing it through Alexandria's eyes, which is quite fantastical.

Director Tarsem Singh uses aspects from the hospital throughout Alexandria's interpretation of Ray's story. This gives the film a very childlike storytelling quality in which the audience can reference other movies that use these elements -- for example, "The Wizard of Oz." In the "Wizard of Oz," people from Dorothy's real life back in Kansas are characters in her fictional and fantastical world (i.e., the scarecrow, the cowardly lion, and the tin man). Another film that uses similar elements is "Pan's Labyrinth."

"The Fall" also employs mixing aspects of reality with fantasy, which gives it more of a darker feel sometimes (especially towards the middle to end of the film). Two films that comes to mind is "Gulliver's Travels," and Gilliam's "The Adventures of Baron Munchausen." Through this mixture of fantasy and strange reality, the Tarsem manages to conjure up images that leave an indelible lasting impression on the audience. This is another way in which Tarsem is able to capture the audience. The use of powerful imagery is a way to bring people into a story and it doesn't matter whether or not the storyteller and the audience speak the same language. Tarsem seems to be telling us that stories are universal and storytelling is something that takes imagination and not necessarily just words. Stories can be broken down into visual elements in film -- through use of plot and character (dialogue as well, but a story can be sufficiently told with just the elements of plot and character (Block 2).

There is a definite juxtaposition between the scenes where Roy is telling his story to the young girl and the way that the fantastical scenes are done. Even the acting is different, which is one way to emphasize the story part of the film. Roy and the girl interact in quite natural ways while the recreated story is overacted and even campy. This is often the distinction between adult stories and children's stories. For…… [read more]

Could Aliens Have Built the Pyramids Research Paper

Research Paper  |  3 pages (929 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3



The Egyptian pyramids at Giza are among the most perplexing monuments on the planet. As with the ziggurats and the pyramids of ancient Central America, the Giza structures seem practically impossible to construct without modern machinery. As one Web site points out, "a group of modern scientists attempted to build a pyramid out next to the real one using modern technologies, and after something like 100 days, succeeded in building one about 1/40 of the size of the real one," ("Aliens Built the Pyramids"). Furthermore, the pyramids seem to have been constructed according to ancient astrological alignments that may have implied communion with extraterrestrial entities. The architects also seem to have advanced knowledge of engineering and geometry that could foreseeably have been imparted from a non-human source. No archaeologist is absolutely certain how or even why the pyramids were built, which is yet another reason for speculation about possible extraterrestrial intervention. After all, theories as to how the pyramids are founded on circumstantial evidence alone. Although the archaeologists have the upper hand in terms of the credibility of their evidence, it is remotely possible that extraterrestrials were involved somehow in the construction of the Egyptian pyramids.

There is no proof that aliens did not build the pyramids, so it would be irresponsible to eliminate the possibility of extraterrestrial intervention. No archaeologist or scientist can prove beyond a shadow of a doubt that extraterrestrials did not visit Egypt and build the pyramids. No alien skeleton or DNA has ever been found on location at Giza but extraterrestrials with the capacity to travel through space and/or time might also be immortal or simply too intelligent to leave behind traces of their presence. Egyptian mythology and paintings do not rule out the presence of alien beings on Earth. "ancient Egyptian writing often talk of beings from the sky, the sky opening and bright lights coming down to teach them technology and give them wisdom. Many pictures and symbols resemble UFO's and aliens," ("The Great Pyramids Built by Aliens or Egyptians?"). Pharaohs were considered semi-divine in a way that could suggest they viewed themselves as alien beings superior to the primates on planet Earth. A vast and mysterious universe certainly boasts more life forms than those that exist in the Milky Way. No scientist can definitively dismiss the existence of extraterrestrial beings; therefore, the alien theory cannot be completely discounted.

Aliens may have provided the technological and managerial power behind the construction of the pyramids. The pyramids would be an engineering feat in the 21st century of the common era, let alone four thousand-plus years ago. The individual stones in the pyramids weigh a minimum of a ton, some up to eighty tons; the average weight of the stones is more than two tons (Guardian's Egypt). Ancient…… [read more]

Commencement Speech Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (650 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


JK Rowling

The Fringe Benefits of Failure

Author J.K. Rowling, famous for her mega-successful Harry Potter children's book series, gave the commencement address at Harvard University in June, 2008. Her speech was funny, endearing and profound, and the audience gave her a standing ovation.

Several things make Rowling a good speaker. In her very first sentences, she admits her own fear about public speaking and used self-deprecating humor to put herself and her audience at ease. Rowling acknowledged her position as a popular fiction author, joking that she felt as if she were at the "world's largest Gryffindor reunion," a reference to Harry Potter's House at Hogwart's School of Magic. Both she and her audience were in on the joke, and she had successfully cracked the ice. Rowling also admitted that she could not remember a single word of the commencement address she heard 21 years previously, so why worry?

Rowling's speech hit upon two themes; the unexpected benefits of failure and the importance of imagination. Before she was a successful writer, Rowling failed spectacularly. Her marriage was short lived, she was a single mother, and she was very, very poor. Her and her parent's worst fears had come true. "By every usual standard," she says, "I was the biggest failure I knew." Rowling had no way of knowing the eventual success that awaited her, and she admits that those were very dark days in her life. So what are the benefits of failure? According to Rowling, failure strips away everything inessential. "I was set free because my greatest fear had been realized," she says. "Rock bottom became the solid foundation on which I rebuilt my life," she says.

Rowling's tale of her own failure is inspirational because we all know about her current successes. If a poor single mother working as a research assistant can find time to curry away and write her novels, longhand, which of our dreams is too fragile to survive…… [read more]

JM Barrie's Peter Pan Either Book Essay

Essay  |  9 pages (3,135 words)
Bibliography Sources: 6


Peter Pan

Is Peter Pan really only a children's story -- or is it, as Michel W. Pharand states, "…also a surprisingly -- often shockingly -- adult story" (Pharand, 2007, p. 227)? After reading through the fifteen essays in the book J.M. Berrie's 'Peter Pan' in and Out of Time: A Children's Classic at 100 (Donna R. White and C.… [read more]

Salem Witches Witchcraft Has Been a Popular Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (1,839 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


Salem Witches

Witchcraft has been a popular subject of discussion throughout many different societies throughout the world and religions. Many people have a belief in witchcraft, but choose to believe that it is something negative and even evil. In the United States (and throughout the world), witchcraft is practiced as a Pagan and Wiccan religion. This religion, or way of… [read more]

Homer's Odyssey Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,371 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


Homers Odyssey

Homer's Odyssey continues in the spirit of divine intervention the Iliad has set forth. The gods, mighty characters that dispose of human lives as they fancy, are far from perfect creatures, destined to see that divine justice is made above all else. The world of gods in Greek mythology is far from perfect and the divine world in the Odyssey illustrates that.

In spite of their superiority over all men, the gods are presented in the two Homeric epics as characters subjected to emotions and possessed by feelings and desires similar to those men are. In the Odyssey, when human characters are rising through their actins to the virtues of gods, they are often characterized as "godlike." It is, in fact, the humanity that lends its attributes to the Greek Pantheon and Zeus, Athena, Poseidon, Helios or Circe become representations of human behavioral patterns. For example, "the actions of Poseidon and Helios in the Odyssey recall the ruthlessness of the gods of the Iliad…The divine background of the Odyssey shows little change: the gods, like human kings and overseers, may show favor to certain selected mortals, and may at times even feel under some ill-defined obligation to step in and exercise their authority in support of the just cause, but this is not their normal or perennial preoccupation."

As seen from the Iliad, the role gods play in the development of the epic is not that of overseeing that justice is done in the human world. Gods may be at times on the side of just causes, as Rutherford explained, but this is often a transitory phase in their interference with the human world. Their seeking for justice is more related with their favoring a certain character than with their overall attitude or character.

When considering the divine characters in the Odyssey, Jenny Strauss Clay points out that the Muse the poet is praying at, at the beginning of the epic, a goddess herself, is above all the one being able to know every detail of past actions of men and gods alike. Not only are Muses able to know the past in detail, but they are also able to distinguish between mortals and gods, even when the latter are not meant to be recognized. The author is thus empowered by divine inspiration from the Muse to know everything related to the human as well as the divine world.

Although, the world of gods appears to be far less perfect than their divine character should make it, some times, Homer describes the place of their dwelling, mount Olympus, as closer to what the monotheistic religions of the our age are envisioning as "heaven": "clear-eyed Athena passed away, off to Olympus, where they say the dwelling of the gods stands fast forever. Never with winds is it disturbed, nor by the rain made wet, nor does the snow come near; but everywhere the upper air spreads cloudless, and a bright radiance plays over all; and there the blessed gods… [read more]

Critical Thinking About Heart of Darkness Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (691 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


Heart of Darkness

Mr. Kurtz and the Absence of Method

Before Kurtz went insane, he was not only the best ivory agent the never-named trading company of Heart of Darkness ever produced; he was considered "the emissary of pity and science and progress, and the devil knows what else" (Conrad 1902, p. 94). But at some point, the devil overcame all the pity and science and progress -- a moral collapse rendered even more disturbing by its resemblance to recent abuses of power.

Indeed, the post-Abu Ghraib psychology of evil sheds new light on Conrad's much-discussed parable of civilization and its limits. Kurtz embodied the "system" of the company and European civilization to an exquisite degree as a gifted organist, a splendid orator and writer, a "universal genius" (Conrad 1902, p. 98). But in the absence of active moral supervision, alone in his upriver Inner Station, he indulged all the worst and most savage impulses of human nature. Marlowe attributes this degeneration to Kurtz' isolation from society, its laws, and the threat of punishment:

How can you imagine what particular region of the first ages a man's untrammelled feet may take him into the way of solitude -- utter solitude without a policeman -- by the way of silence -- utter silence, where no warning voice of a kind neighbor can be heard whispering of public opinion? These little things make all the difference" (Conrad 1902, p. 126).

Cut off in this way from censure (Gerrig, Zimbardo, Desmarais & Ivanco 2009, p. 339) and given the prospect of substantial rewards for capturing ivory, he exercises his power in monstrous ways.

However, what is most chilling about this particular monster is the way his colleagues in the Company only condemn his crimes when his exercise of power -- his "method" -- becomes an impediment to their long-term interests. As the manager frets inappropriately to a Marlowe sickened by his trip up the river, Kurtz is only guilty of impatience, inefficiency, and perhaps indiscretion:

He did not see the time was not ripe for vigorous action. Cautiously,…… [read more]

Violence in Fairy Tales Research Paper

Research Paper  |  5 pages (1,663 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


¶ … Tale Violence

Violence in Fairy Tales: Just or Unjust Desserts?

The role of violence in children's entertainment remains controversial. While studies have extensively charted the negative impact of exposure to violent imagery in video games and television programming, specialists in the field of fairy tale literature -- from the Brothers Grimm to contemporary critics -- have been relatively… [read more]

Personal and Political Issues in Superhero Comics Especially the Cold War and Urban Crime Term Paper

Term Paper  |  8 pages (2,225 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


Comic Book/Cold War & Crime

In the earliest years of human civilization, they were called gods. They lived forever, and each had a special role or power. Although at times they interacted with the humans on earth, there was no denying that their ultimate rule. In modern American times, these superheroes do not rule over humans, but they do "rule,"… [read more]

Salem Witchcraft Trials Essay

Essay  |  6 pages (1,596 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 1


Salem Witchcraft Trials

In one satirical movie on the ugly episode of witchcraft, a judge asks two witnesses for their views on why they think the accused woman is a witch. The responses are worth paying attention to because they reveal the flimsiness of the entire episode. One man says, "She turned me into a newt. I got better." The… [read more]

Structure and Function in Harry Potter Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (929 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 2


¶ … Ritual Magic of Rites of Passage in J.K. Rowling's Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone

Magic, or at least the human belief in it, is at least as old as human civilization. It is the most basic form of explanation of and attempts at interaction with the natural -- and the supernatural world, and yet magic rituals, beliefs, and rules can be just as complex and integral to a culture or society as any more extensively developed religion. In recent times, magic has been taken out of the realm of the fundamental cultural phenomenon, and through fiction has provided another way of understanding our own culture. The stories in the Harry Potter series, for instance, provide a way of looking at coming of age from a magical perspective. Rites of passage have always had a strong presence in worlds of magic, and the world of J.K. Rowling's Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone is no exception.

Harry Potter is marked -- physically, emotionally, and fatefully -- from the time he is one-year-old, in what can only be seen as an obscure and uncommon -- entirely singular, in fact -- Rite of Passage. Voldemort's murder of his mother, who died protecting Harry, left a mark and some sort of connection between Harry and his nemesis, as well as setting up the infant with a special path in life. The magical rule in operation here is similar to the "sympathetic magic" noted by Frazer in early cultures (Geertz 8). Though Harry did not ingest anything or even consciously participate in the ritual, he was altered in an important way by a transfer of power and spirit that took place on the night his parent's died and Voldemort's curse backfired. It was this unwitting rite of passage that created the Harry Potter readers know, and the ushered in a very specific life for the boy.

The rites of passage in Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone appear throughout the novel, but another fairly large one occurs at the very end of the book, as Harry comes to grips with the events that formed his first rite of passage detailed above. Harry must overcome the loss of his parents in order to grow into the next stage of his life, but this comes with an acceptance of their memory rather than a denial of his loss. The Mirror of Erised and the photo album Harry receives makes this presence far more real in the magical world than in the world outside the fiction; the "ancestor soul" that supplements the Western concept of the single soul in many magic-practicing cultures is rendered explicitly corporeal here (Harris 18). Harry's rite of passage in this sense allows his soul to become complete, or allows all of its components to…… [read more]

Heroic Archetypes: Hamlet, Oedipus, Beckett's Tramps Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (1,138 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 0


Heroic Archetypes: Hamlet, Oedipus, Beckett's Tramps, And The Hero Of The Future

The Shakespearean hero Hamlet is seemingly the paradigmatic tragic hero of what is perhaps the most famous play ever written. Hamlet is nobly born, as Rosencrantz and Guildenstern remind him, and as Polonius reminds Ophelia when he says that Hamlet is a prince "out of thy star" (2.2). Hamlet's fatal tragic flaw is usually depicted as his indecision in not revenging himself upon Claudius soon enough. Hamlet creates various 'roadblocks' to his goal, such as refusing to kill Claudius at prayer and staging a play to see if his father's ghost is telling the truth while he gauges the king's reaction. Hamlet also shows the characteristics of intelligence and ability to appreciate the irony of his fate like a classic tragic hero.

Hamlet may also be classified as a kind of sub-species of tragic hero, a 'revenge' hero, in which the central character is bound to revenge the death of a loved one. Hamlet engages in an elaborate deception to conceal his motivations. He is ostensibly bound by a supernatural force to take revenge, and must dissemble to achieve his ends of vengeance. The angry, assured, mourning or mad persona Hamlet presents at different times to the court is very different than the sarcastic but honest, doubting self he presents to the audience and Horatio.

But Hamlet is not an ideal type of a tragic hero or a revenge hero. Unlike the typical tragic hero, he does not seem ambitious -- he does not try to kill Claudius until forced to do so by the ghost. When Rosencrantz says: "Why then, your ambition makes it [Denmark] one [a prison]; 'tis too narrow for your mind," Hamlet responds "O God, I could be bounded in a nut shell and count myself a king of infinite space, were it not that I have bad dreams" (2.2). Internal rather than external states are more important to Hamlet -- he hates hypocrisy and those who "seem" or "smile" but who are really villainous (1.2; 1.5).

Hamlet is angry at the lack of respect shown to his father after death, but he frequently doubts the existence of the supernatural, the plot device on which his heroism depends. His famous monologue "To be or not to be" speaks of the 'perchance' nature of dreaming; his scene in the graveyard, shortly before his own death exhibits his belief that humans return to dust, nothing more (5.1). Thus even though Claudius may be guilty, it is never certain if the ghost is really 'true' given that the ghost is only visible to those sympathetic with Hamlet's cause: revenging himself upon Claudius brings about the destruction of the Danish throne, rather than truly makes the world more just. Horatio says that Hamlet's death has meaning, but it is uncertain if Fortinbras will be able to appreciate what that meaning is, and Hamlet is accused of "treason" by the court before he dies (5.2).

Unlike a tragic hero,… [read more]

Persuasive vs. Directive Communication Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (687 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 1


Persuasive vs. Directive Communication



Mary Jones

Team Leader


Most people think that Halloween parties are just for kids. But you might be surprised to find out that Halloween could also be fun and, not to mention, beneficial for a working adult like you. Not only will you establish good camaraderie with your officemates, you will also get a chance to show off your creativity and impress people. Not to mention, you will have a chance to gain benefits for yourself as well.

The upcoming Halloween party offers activities in which you will have to mingle with our officemates. This is good for our team because we will be able to share thoughts and ideas about something outside work. Furthermore, you will also have the chance to meet people from other departments. You may be surprised to stumble into people in the office that has the same interests as you do. Also, you can get to know your bosses up-close and personal!

You will be able to impress people with your costume too. For example, the way you made your costume may reflect how you can be creative on actual projects in the future. Also, the higher ups will be impressed if we, as a team, are united in a common theme, such as characters from FAIRY TALES. This will show them that we are all good team players!

Management will be awarding the best costumes (individual/team) with cash prizes. So don't miss this chance to show off all the creativity you've got. By giving your best, you will increase your chance to win the best costume (individual) award. And by doing so, our team's chance to grab the award for the best costume (team) award also increases. Furthermore, aside from the money, you will also win the approval of your bosses through this.

So mark your calendar this coming Saturday, on the 31st of October. Come to our Halloween bash in a FAIRY TALE costume like Prince Charming, Evil Step Sister, or Fairy Godmother, and…… [read more]

Ford Motor Company and Accounting Research Paper

Research Paper  |  4 pages (1,506 words)
Style: Harvard  |  Bibliography Sources: 2


Ford Motor Company and Accounting

It is in the nature of humans to wonder about the unknown and search for answers. At the foundation of nearly every culture is a creation myth that explains how divine inspiration created the world, nature, and humanity. Within each culture, creation mythology provides the very basis of fundamental structure -- who are we? From… [read more]

Stephen Crane Once Upon a Time Essay

Essay  |  7 pages (2,578 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 10


Stephen Crane

Once upon a time: The fable of Crane's 'naturalistic' "The Open Boat" and the life lesson of the Blue Hotel

When Stephen Crane "found himself floating in a dinghy for thirty hours after The Commodore, the steamship he was on, wrecked on its way to Cuba," he was inspired to write one of his most famous short stories,… [read more]

Goblet of Fire International Relations Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,276 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


These aspects of human nature when it comes to multiculturalism, though somewhat apparent in the scenes at the Quidditch Cup, are far more important during the Triwizard Tournament. The main foreign characters that are introduced in the novel are Karkaroff and Viktor Krum from Durmstrang, and Madame Maxine and Fleur Delacour from Beauxbatons.. Rowling is careful not to mention any nationality or country of origin for either the schools or these particular characters (it is known from the Quidditch Cup that Krum is Bulgarian, but this does not necessarily apply to the Karkaroff or to Durmstrang). At the same time, it is entirely obvious that Beauxbatons is a French school, and the Durmstrang is located somewhere in Eastern Europe, with its distinctive Slavic/Germanic flavor. The immediate reaction is, again, sensationalistic, and this is aided by the modes of entrance chosen by the two foreign schools.

It is clear that the Triwizard Tournament is a competition, with each school displaying a huge amount of pride and even standoffishness that is never made overtly nationalistic, but carries clear overtones of cultural disparity. At the same time, the exotic nature of the foreigners has its effects on the other characters. Ron is basically speechless anytime he is around Fleur, and even the stoic Hermione is initially won over by Viktor Krum's foreign mystique. The wonder and amazement expressed at the foreigners diminishes somewhat as they are known better, and Rowling actually manages to show the similarities of the different cultures involved in the tournament by highlighting their reactions to the extreme competitiveness of the tournament.

All cultures cheat, and Rowling does not shy away from this fact. Each of the champions in the Triwizard tournament receives aid from the adults accompanying them, and no one (except the honorable Harry Potter) is surprised by this. The cheating that occurs is one of the earliest and strongest bonds of similarity drawn between the various cultures, as though Rowling were letting the similarity be seen through humorous foibles in order to allow for a somewhat more relaxed guard about one's own culture. Knowing how alike different cultures are in negative ways might allow them to see positive ways in which they are similar, too.

Ultimately, Rowling's message is that progress is made through increased international cooperation, and that adversity is best met with an acceptance and utilization of diversity. As Dumbledore puts it, "differences of habit and language are nothing at all if our aims are identical and our hearts are open" (Rowling 723). During both the Quidditch Cup and the Triwizard Tournament, the various cultures depicted were in competition with each other. Despite this, they still managed to find areas of commonality with each other that allowed them to connect on more than just a superficial and sensationalistic level. When things take a darker turn, and there is a real-world problem to be faced, the spirit of competition is subdued by the need for increased cooperation. Much of the novel deals with the need for… [read more]

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