Study "Mythology / Folklore / Science Fiction" Essays 331-385

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Harry Potter, the Deathly Hallows Essay

… The owner of Deathly Hallows was the master of death (Rowling, 2007).

Harry Potter has to finish the job at hand and returns to Forbidden Forest where his death is being celebrated by Death Eaters and Lord Voldemort. Lord Voldemort and his army moves towards Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry. Hagrid has Harry's body along with him. Neville Longbottom gives an inspirational speech about fighting till the last breath. This inspires Harry Potter to announce his return to everyone's surprise. The duel commences again. Meanwhile, Lord Voldemort is just as shocked as rest of the magical community as to his return from the dead. Professor Dumbledore advised Harry Potter to die first in order to be victorious. Harry Potter dies and comes back to life. Reaching an implausible conclusion, Lord Voldemort says that he got lucky again somehow. Harry Potter replies "It was no mere accident that I didn't fight, survived and came back to fight again." In one way, Harry Potter is shown as Jesus Christ who dies and resurrects to save the mankind again. The analogy is uncanny (Rowling, 2007).


Harry potter is up against Lord Voldemort who is the darkest wizard the magic world has ever seen. But before he faces Lord Voldemort in the epic conclusion, he has to accomplish seven tasks and ensure they are done and dusted. These tasks are too tedious and unexpected. The time on the line is nearing its end. Harry Potter is all about rising up to the challenge against an opponent. In the book, Harry does die but comes back from the dead. Harry willingly sacrifices his own life for others. He goes to great lengths to save his friends. He is a savior for the magic community defeating the dark lord and facing his fears himself.


Duffy, E. Sentences in Harry Potter, Students in Future Writing Classes. Rhetoric Review. 2002, 21 (2): 170 -- 87.

Hooke, S.H. The Bible. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1982. Print.

Rowling, J.K. Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (Book 2). New York:…… [read more]

Rowling's Series of Fantasy Novels Essay

… This in turn would bring on the question of whether or not parents should allow their children to read the series and even if someone who is a devoted Christian should. "Reading Harry Potter is a disputable matter because we are not debating whether it is ok for Christians to practice witchcrafts or cast spells." (Neal 2-89)

While the Christian position on Harry Potter would be easy to observe by considering Deuteronomy 18:9-14, the matter is more complex than this. Reading Harry Potter from a Christian perspective can involve having to interpret its messages rather than to take them literally. The previously mentioned question of "What would Jesus do?" is somewhat irrelevant in this context, as this question is probable to make it possible for some readers to be able to interpret the text.

It would be wrong to assume when considering Jesus' perspective with regard to the Harry Potter series. "Jesus might show love and acceptance to the kids who love Harry Potter, never looking down on those who read the books nor casting a sideways glance of disapproval at a kid who wears a Harry Potter T-shirt." (Neal 2-92) Such thinking makes it possible for someone to realize that Christianity as a whole is based on interpretations and that taking things literally can have terrible results (especially when considering Christian history).

The idea of love is certainly one of the most powerful Christian parallels that one can find in the Harry Potter series. The "Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince" text emphasizes that "it is impossible to manufacture or imitate love." (Rowling) This expression, when understood from a perspective involving Harry Potter, leads to the conclusion that similar to Jesus, Harry felt true love and that he had the capacity to experience its power. The protagonist's love goes further than traditional depictions of love, as he is willing to give his life in order for his friends to live. Sacrifice is a dominant idea throughout the books and is generally meant to have readers refrain from treating the texts superficially. This is a person who does not hesitate to suffer in order to save others, thus being very similar to Jesus. "The entire series is about learning, and -- as he learned about power and weakness -- Harry also learns about sacrifice." (Bell 124)

Harry Potter is a character who knows the difference between right and wrong and in spite of his humanly hatred for Voldemort, he cannot refrain from acknowledging the events that led to his enemy's suffering. The fact that his scar enables him to experience Voldemort's emotions further contributes to making it possible for him to understand that this particular character's soul is struggling to survive as a moral individual.

Dumbledore is perhaps one of the characters that most displays Rowling's tendency to create parallels between her books and the Bible. This particular character is constantly concerned with showing others the power of love and how it can assist an individual in overcoming all problems… [read more]

Successful Storytelling? Term Paper

… Many times, I did nothing but just lie there staring blankly into the dark, recollecting upon the events that had taken place during the day, in fact as the holiday progressed the thinking session filled more time than the sleeping… [read more]

J.K. Rowling Was Unemployed When She Wrote Essay

… J.K. Rowling was unemployed when she wrote the first Harry Potter book. Today, she is a billionaire. If that does not grab your attention, nothing will. She enjoys the material success most people crave, but also the artistic success, in that her stories are loved by billions. This is how it happened.

Rowling came from humble beginnings. She publishes her biography on her own website, There is no year of publication and no author attribution on this website, though since Rowling is a writer she may well have written it herself.

She was born in 1965 in England, and went to school in Wales

She studied French and Classics

After school, she worked for Amnesty International and other low-level jobs.

She moved to Portugal and taught English as a second language.

E. She began writing Harry Potter on a train from Manchester to London, and outlined the plots for all the books and started the first novel in the subsequent five years

F. She married, the marriage ended, and at that point she moved to Edinburgh where the first book, Harry Potter & the Sorcerer's Stone was completed.

G. The first book was published in 1997.

II. Success came quickly after publication for Rowling, and the Harry Potter books have had a profound impact on pop culture since their release.

A. According to Thomas (2013), writing in the State Press, Harry Potter is a literary and financial juggernaut

1. People were brought back to reading

2. Rowling became the first author to become a billionaire from writing

3. According to Scholastic, the publisher of Harry Potter, books sales have totaled $7.7 billion, as cited on

B. With so many people having read Harry Potter books, the characters and storylines are well-known in Western culture.

C. Harry Potter has influenced an entire generation of young people, the same way Star…… [read more]

Bremen Town Musicians Ludwig Karl Research Paper

… The fact that the thieves come to associate the four animals with a witch demonstrates that one should not be judged with regard to his or her physical appearance. As long as people have a limited understanding of an individual, they can associate it with a series of personalities ranging from a harmless creature to their worst nightmare.

6. The donkey is motivated by the fact that he is no longer considered important by his master. He realizes that it would be pointless for him to try and stay at the farm, as this would most likely end in him dying without having achieved anything in its life. To a certain degree, one can be inclined to believe that the donkey sees an opportunity and takes advantage of it, as it does not simply run away because he fears death. This is an animal that is concerned about achieving something and that is not going to accept the imminent idea of death before he learns more about life.

The dog is concerned about earning his living, as he cannot return to his master because he would kill him and as it cannot simply stay and hope that it is going to find food without going through great efforts in order to do so. It too is disappointed with its master on account of the attitude that he employed.

The cat fears that it is going to be drowned if it does not leave her master and thus decides that anything can be better than death. The prospect of leaving to Bremen with controversial companions does not seem that bad when compared to the idea of death. "The cat thought it a capital idea, and went with them." (Mulock Craik 146) The fact that the cat is unhesitant about joining this group makes it possible for readers to understand that it did not actually have a lot of options. It basically needed to choose between being drowned by its master or about dreaming about a magical life alongside of individuals that had experienced similar suffering and that were determined to push the limits of reality in an attempt to demonstrate that they could be much more valuable than one might have been inclined to believe.

The rooster wants to continue on living because it considers that his abilities are valuable and because it wants to feel positive about what it is doing. It is well-aware of the fact that his master simply wants to treat his guests, but it feels that it would be in its best interest to take on life on his own, regardless of the perils that he might encounter.

7. Cooperation is a dominant idea in "Town Musicians of Bremen," taking into account that the animals eventually manage to be successful in their endeavor as a result of cooperating. Cooperation typically emerges in conditions when individuals find themselves in a similar situation and are thus united by their status. They gradually come to realize that their goals… [read more]

Bad Term Paper

… But, at the same time, it demonstrates their willingness to face the possibility of an youngster's death and thus their uncaring for who ever "wins" the lottery.If the morals in "Child's Play" can be somewhat more easily justified, we cannot say the same for what it implies in "The Lottery." Of course, someone drawing on all of the hypothesizes, may very well and in cause suggest that any of those villagers could have just as well leave and settle some place else. The fact that they didn't suggests that they conformed to the rules the village lived by and thus assumed the consequences of its tradition. However, this tradition seems to be accepted so long as one does not pick the "winning ticket" himself. We see that in Tessie as well who acknowledges that "it isn't fair" only upon her arbitrary selection. The casualness of how people retrieve this event is expressed by Mrs. Delacroix, a hypocrite herself, when she tells Tessie to "be a good sport" when the latter contest her sacrifice. To what concerns us, this act of murder is not morally justified. There is enough evidence in the story to imply that people knew what they were doing and thus acted in complete awareness. Tradition itself can no longer support such actions that become evidence more of…… [read more]

Metamorphosis" by Kafka and "The Dead Research Paper

… ¶ … Metamorphosis" by Kafka and "The Dead" by James Joyce

Comparison/contrast on "The Metamorphosis" by Kafka and "The Dead" by James Joyce

The Metamorphosis by Kafka is a story that strikes any reader as something that is more than any entomological fantasy story. Franz Kafka's story earns its status as among the greatest literary works because of several factors. It is an awesome piece of fantasy work, from the abrupt and unexplained transformation of Gregor to the story's plot and juxtaposition of every day's happenings, making the story have fantastic elements that make it compellingly enigmatic. The dead by James Joyce is a story depicting the ever-great affair held annually at the misses Morkan's. The Morkan sisters and their nieces throw the dance party during Christmas and every family member along with friends attends (Joyce 2). It is a lively story centering along the premise of affection and loss of love. It is out of the ordinary romanticism stories written.

The two stories develop through a similar plot, with some aspects of comparison that make them equally similar. The writers, that is James and Kafka exhibit several similarities in the course of the work. It is clear from the plot and mainstream of the story that the two writers have a certain view of love and loneliness. They exhibit their views on love, relations and loneliness. For instance, as the story by Kafka unfolds, Gregor is a sales man. His aim is to become a great merchant as his father was. In the process of conducting his sales adventurers, he alienates himself from his family, friends and even himself. Therefore, he becomes lonely and spends his time alone. This could be the possible cause of his transformation into a bug, although he does not explain. Thus, even before his transformation, Gregor was lonely. After his transformation, he becomes lonelier and hence starts longing for love. Similarly, in the Dead by James, the story focuses around Gabriel and Gretta Conrey (Reiner 7). Gretta during the party at the Morkan's is happy with her husband, Gabriel until she hears the song the Lass of Aughrim (Joyce 5). It reminds her of her former boyfriend, Michael Furey, whom she loved much. However, he died for her while he was only seventeen years. Therefore, James Joyce tells of a story of love and the loss of love hence, loneliness. Therefore, the two writers write story line along a similar main theme.

Additionally, in the course of the story, the two writers show how the process of recovering from loss of love and finding love can be tasking. For instance, the writing by Kafka indicates how Gregor goes about the relations with his relatives and the community around him. The story shows the aspects of communication within the Samsa family, hence developing relationships within the family and friendship ties. Gregor is only close to his sister at first (Theater 1). Therefore, through the story, we get the story on developing relations in the family.… [read more]

William Shakespeare's Macbeth Term Paper

… William Shakespeare's Macbeth

Introduction to Shakespearean Tragedy

William Shakespeare has worn the crown of the greatest dramatist of the world for many decades. Shakespeare used his words to bring characters to life; characters that lived within a common reader, from… [read more]

Goddard's Masculin Feminin Research Paper

… ¶ … Goddard's Masculin Feminin

As a prominent and influential part of "La Nouvelle Vague" or "The New Wave," Jean-Luc Godard has tried to depict, in'MasculinFeminin', the political and social youth counter-culture that was present and developing in the 1960s… [read more]

Intertextuality / Little Red Riding Essay

… When Kohlver asks "who the hell are you?" she responds inviting him to understand her allegorically: "I am every little girl you ever watched, touched, hurt, screwed, killed" (Hard Candy 2005).

Nonetheless it is worth noting the way in which Hard Candy does resemble the ur-text versions of the Red Riding Hood story, despite being a postmodern intertextual work. It is worth noting that, like Perrault's version of "Little Red Riding Hood," Hard Candy is a strongly moralistic film. Perrault, of course, makes his fairy tales into safe reading for children by means of attaching a moralistic way of reading to the text already. He tells the story, then he gives the moral. For Little Red Riding Hood, Perrault offers the following moral:

Moral: Children, especially attractive, well bred young ladies, should never talk to strangers, for if they should do so, they may well provide dinner for a wolf. I say "wolf," but there are various kinds of wolves. There are also those who are charming, quiet, polite, unassuming, complacent, and sweet, who pursue young women at home and in the streets. And unfortunately, it is these gentle wolves who are the most dangerous ones of all. (Perrault 53)

It is worth noting here that the "wolf" Perrault refers to is more allegorically recognizable as a man in the moral than in the story proper. In other words, Perrault is already halfway to suggesting that the Big Bad Wolf, a literal predator, should be understood as a more metaphorical kind of predator -- like the older man talking online with an underage girl, played by Patrick Wilson in Hard Candy. In some sense, Patrick Wilson matches Perrault's description of the 'gentle wolf" who pursues a young woman "at home" -- he is "the most dangerous" sort of predator because he does not seem obviously predatory.

The disconnect in Hard Candy lies in determining whether or not Little Red Riding Hood would be justified in turning, pre-emptively, into a predator herself. It is worth noting here that Perrault's version of the story, however, is about a girl who gets eaten. She is not rescued at the end of the story. The Grimm version of the tale allows for Little Red to survive the wolf by being rescued by the huntsman, an adult male with an axe. The shift in meaning is readily apparent -- a woman need… [read more]

Proposition the Contention That Psycho Term Paper

… Hitchcock's deliberate use of wordplay and irony suggests that a purely realistic, surface interpretation of Norman Bates' murder is not justified, given the fact that Norman is named 'Bates' and the fact that he 'baits' Marion Crane into his trap, as well as his fascination for killing and stuffing birds (and Marion is named after a 'Crane.') However, the brutality of Marion's murder belies a purely ironic interpretation.

The goal of the author was to explicate to the audience two different interpretations of Psycho. It is possible to view both interpretations in isolation and see Hitchcock's plays on words and plays on audience expectations of how characters are supposed to behave as evidence that Psycho is pure comedy, and the horror unintentional. It is also possible to read the subject matter, given the suspense of the film, as inherently serious.

But Psycho may be so effective because it is at once a very serious film, with real-life parallels but also a film imbued with Hitchcock's classic humor. It may be difficult to laugh aloud, as one might at a pure parody, yet it is also hard to take Norman's mother-fixation and the framing of the tale fully seriously. There is poignancy to Marion's death and the portrayal of Norman as well, which also calls into question a comedic interpretation. To fully understand the subtly of this argument, the audience of the essay should have seen the film to fully understand the essay, but do not have to be experts in film theory.… [read more]

Crucible Dearest John Creative Writing

… They do not really matter. Only Elizabeth does. Right? If I had not accused Elizabeth what would then have happened? You came to me before because she was domineering and nagging and simply not the right kind of wife for you. You, the greatest of men, came to me and asked to lay with me. I gave you my virginity and soiled my body with lust. Then you went and told the court about us! How could you do that? Very well for you, trying to get your wife out of trouble but now all the men in this village think of me in terms of what you and I did. They think I'm a harlot, a strumpet. Your admission in court has forever sullied my name. Not only that but you told them that I was dishonest. You called out my actions in front of the court and could have gotten me into jail or even onto the hangman's scaffold. For that I should be furious with you, but I'm not. I forgive you for that because I know you only told them because you did not want Elizabeth to die. She is the mother of your present children after all and I know you felt the need to defend her because you are so good. Elizabeth is no good for you John. You have to see that. I mean she is still the nagging, haughty, cold and off-putting woman that she once was. Yet you chose her over me back then. That hurt so much but I tell myself it's okay because you and I both know the truth. You went back to her to honor your marriage vows, to do the right Christian thing. But after she hangs we can be together, you and I. You will see maybe I was right and she was a witch after all. That would explain why you went back to her, why you tell me you love her when we both know that you don't. Wouldn't that be odd, if she turned out to be a witch? You'll see! We will get married and raise our own family and everything will be wonderful.

But no you are in prison too now because of that horrid Mary Warren. I'm so sorry about that. Had I known Mary would do such an awful thing to you perhaps I would not have been so hard on her in the courtroom. I cannot believe she called your name. You! She knew how much I loved you and you think she might have spared me this pain and suffering. I am in so much sorrow that I have no choice but to leave Salem forever. Because of this my life here is ruined. No one will ever look at me again without wondering if what you said is true and they even doubt about the witchcraft and demon worshipping. They think I lied and then they will try to blame the deaths on me when… [read more]

Sexual Freedom and Adolescent Rebellion Essay

… They likely believe that their son should do and say whatever it takes to hold a job, no matter how bad. "Sammy, you don't want to do this to your Mom and Dad," says Lengel. The fact that his act is one of personal rebellion is rooted in Sammy's language when he bridles at Lengel's statement that the girls need to follow store 'policy. "Policy is what the kingpins want." Sammy is frustrated with the regimentation of a life based upon rules and wants 'out' -- the girls are likely more of an excuse and a motivator, rather than the 'cause' of his actions, in contrast to what his parents seem to think.

However, as liberated as Sammy may regard himself, he is still a teenage boy in a story set in the 1960s, and his objectifying view of the girls is hardly 'liberating' or enlightened in any positive, feminist sense. He may identify with their proud stand against Lengel, but he also takes a dismissive view of female intelligence. "Do you really think it's a mind in there or just a little buzz like a bee in a glassjar," he asks, and he makes fun of women customers with "six children and varicose veins mapping their legs." It is questionable if the girls took a stand about something that was not sexually-related that he would feel so strongly about standing up for them in a chivalric fashion. The reason for Sammy's jaded perspective upon women may partially be due to the fact he spends so much of the day dealing with bored housewives, like the woman whom he accidentally overcharges in the first scene of the story: "a witch about fifty with rouge on her cheekbones and no eyebrows." Sammy either sees women as unattractive 'witches' or as sexually desirous objects.

Sammy relates to the girls as objects, primarily viewing them in terms of their physical appearance. There is no clue that he sees them having the same aspirations, thoughts, and frustrations as himself. Sammy clearly sees girls as 'other' beings in a manner that underlines his immaturity. He also automatically assumes that Queenie is the leader of the three girls, given her beauty, and assumes that the heaviest of the three is not the instigator. He says the taller, awkward girl is merely kept around to make the other two look better, relatively speaking. The idea that girls might have 'real' female friendships is not entertained. And that is why at the end of the story Sammy cannot find the girls -- they have symbolically vanished from his life, given that they were always a fantasy in terms of the way he conceived of them.

Sammy's desire to look like a hero to Queenie is rooted in his desire to be of Queenie's class and not have to work in a place like the A&P, as well as to win Queenie's affections. However, despite Sammy's underdeveloped view of women, his action is not purely sexually motivated. It is… [read more]

Popular Culture Term Paper

… The film discusses all of the old television shows and how they have, over time, redefined what working life is like. Through the shows themselves and through the advertisements that are the means for having the shows, the working class is dumbed down and prodded into the consumerism that now exists. Jhally also talks about how advertisement in an article he wrote called "Image-Based Culture." In the article he says that "The further integration of first radio and then television into the advertising / media complex ensured that commercial communication would be characterized by the domination of imagistic modes of representation." He is talking about how advertisements and the media have infiltrated people's lives until they are conditioned to them. The process has been a long one and has encompassed every type of media. Now, with computers, it is even simpler to completely tie the working family down to the consumerist society that has been created.

The real issue is that not only has this consumerism invaded people's lives, but it has become so prevalent that it is changing the way children are socialized. Kornreich, et al., talk about the influence of siblings in setting gender roles for their younger brothers and sisters, but has become much worse recently. Socialization into little boy and little girl roles is not as dangerous a metamorphosis as the role that corporate America wishes them to occupy. The My Twinn website and all of the accessories offered illustrates the issue very nicely. At a time when parents are just recovering from the financial crisis and trying to get ahead again, they are faced with a culture that will not allow them to peacefully put a few dollars in the bank so that they can have a stable future. No, the parent has to watch as their children are consumed by the ever-snowballing effect that has been created by the influx of media into everyone's lives. It is unfortunate that the website could not have just sold the dolls and been happy that they are producing a product that little girls will fall in love with as they always have with their dolls. They have to go all Disney, and overload the senses with the extra products that can be purchased. It is a sad commentary on society.

Works Cited

Class Dismissed: How TV Frames the Working Class. Dir. Loretta Alper. Prod. Sut Jhally. Media Education Foundation. 2006. Film.

Fiske, John. Understanding Popular Culture. London: Routledge, 1990. Print.

Jhally, Sut. "Image-Based Culture: Advertising and Popular Culture." The World and I, 1990. Article.

Kornreich, Jennifer L., Kimberly D. Hearn, Giovanna Rodriguez, and Lucia F. O'Sullivan. "Sibling Influence, Gender Roles, and the Sexual Socialization of Urban Early Adolescent Girls." The Journal of Sex Research 40.1 (2003): 101- 113. Print.

My Twinn. The My Twinn and My BFF Website. 2012. Online.

Witt, Susan D. "Parental Influence…… [read more]

Brainstorming Ideas Track B: Comic Term Paper

… The discordance between the textual Cinematic Narrative of The Walking Dead, and the more subtly detected Cinematic Subtext is particularly jarring once it has become readily apparent, and a close reading of the original comic book material indicates a variety of racially charged subtexts simmering beneath the surface. African-American characters are mistrusted by their peers, appear most abundantly during scenes set in a state prison institution, and are deployed almost interchangeably by the writers and artists in lieu of genuine character development. By recreating the world of a zombie-ridden Atlanta through a more culturally objective lens, the opportunities to skewer these vapid rhetorical devices would prove plentiful.

3. What would be a possible "take-home" message for your comic book (as in what do you want the readers to take out of your comic book after they finish visiting it)?

If you were going to tell the story behind this take-home message in a sentence or two, how would you tell it?

I would hope that after comparing my repurposed version of The Walking Dead to the original print and television material, readers would form a better understanding of how preconceived bias can irrevocably alter the creative vision. Any creator is naturally influenced by his or her own worldview and personal philosophy, and combined with external pressures from TV networks, financiers, or even the audience, an unintentionally distorted view of the world can easily take shape. The ultimate significance of The Walking Dead and its insistence on focusing solely on its White characters is debatable, but I can only hope that an alternative version of the comic book which more accurately portrays the situation will inform this debate.

4. What type of comic book format will you be working with? Online digital, hand drawn, computer software, other?

Why are you going to use this specific format (think about how they will fit into your comic book narrative AND comic book design)?

The original comic book version of The Walking Dead featured hand drawn images accompanied by written script, and the full impact of the parody effect would only be achieved by replicating this medium. By reimagining key scenes from the original comic book and inserting African-American characters in place of their White counterparts, the juxtaposition between the original artwork/narrative combination and my own would prove to be particularly effective. To build on this rhetorical strategy, I could also include slides of the original comic book version alongside my redesigned concepts, which would serve emphasize my overall theme that The Walking Dead suffers from a regrettable "whitewashing" of its characters and narrative.

5. Other ideas?

Additional research illustrating contemporary critics' objection to The Walking Dead and its portrayal of minority characters could also be included with the overall project, to further emphasize that this is an issue which has not escaped mainstream notice.

In my version of the comic book, the central protagonists would remain the Grimes family, but Rick, Lori, and Carl would be represented by an African-American family which would… [read more]

Cotton Mather Was an Ardent Essay

… In fact Mather even claimed that the first generation Puritans conquered the devil's territory and the Puritans of his present time were slowly undoing the work laid by their predecessors.

In the introduction he states: "Wherefore the Devil is now making one attempt more upon us; an attempt more difficult, more surprising, more snarl'd with unintelligible circumstances than any that we have hitherto encountered; an attempt so critical that if we get well through, we shall soon enjoy Halcyon Days with all the Vultures of Hell trodden under our feet." arguing that witchcraft is not a local problem but has grown more common and widespread. The innocence that was once common among the people vanished and everyone could be accused of witchcraft. This wrestling of whether to denounce everyone at the same time want to warn everyone creates a struggle within the writing that perhaps Mather himself dealt with at the time.

Witchcraft to Mather was a scape goat for him to blame everything that didn't go accordingly to his idealogy. Cotton Mather did indeed believe strongly in the existence of witchcraft, but in the document from chapter 8 of Colonial North America and the Atlantic World -A History in Documents, Mather attempts to understand the occurrence of such perceived events and the change he deemed in some way evil from the Puritans around him using witchcraft to explain away his uneasiness with the evolving society around him. "New England was a True Utopia" is a marker for his nostaglia of the olden days and his discontent with his present time.

The document was a means of expression for Mather to describe his distaste with the world around him and cast suspicion on others to change and bring back a world he deemed pure and true. Unlike the others around him, Mather did eventually begin to seriously question his beliefs in witchcraft and realize that some of his own behavior could have been seen as unholy through his "outline" of what…… [read more]

Night Lights: A Functionalist Approach to Popular Term Paper

… ¶ … Night Lights: A Functionalist Approach to Popular Culture presents a detailed explanation of various important related phenomena in human societies. Specifically, it details the ways that rituals are important in society and it illustrates the extent to which popular culture shapes the perceptions and expectations of individuals through the socialization process and the many ways that popular culture teaches us to idolize certain types of individuals and certain attributes of individuals. While the chapter focuses substantially on the role of sports in American society, it touches upon a much broader sociological phenomenon: namely, that we come to perceive as normal whatever we are exposed to in our societies. Because of this phenomenon, it can be very difficult to maintain a more objective view. In his 2012 Time article, "The Party of No," Michael Grunwald details the story of the congressional Republican opposition to President Obama throughout his first presidential term. In my view, future historians will regard this period of American history as the tail end of the "era of political parties," precisely because the phenomenon of cultural relativism as expressed through rituals and functionalist sources of perceptions of reality make it seem "normal" to us that allegiance to political parties would dictate legislative and governing agendas in American society.

Reading Response #2

Chapter 2 of Friday Night Lights: A Functionalist Approach to Popular Culture…… [read more]

Tempest Shakespeare Term Paper

… However, at the end of the play Prospero does relinquish his powers and therefore, even though Shakespeare took a controversial aspect of his contemporary society, he may have satisfied the views despite their position on the issue. Shakespeare may have also been tailoring the story to depict a political issue for another reason. He often uses his plays as a source of dramatization to depict different political issues of the day often to political suggestions to King James. Again the same theme is also present in Solibo Magnificent as the author positions the reader in the middle of two world views as the police investigate the murder; one which believes in magic and the other that does not.


There is no doubt that European colonialism had a significant influence on Shakespeare and the play The Tempest. Some academics believe that much of The Tempest was inspired by actual events that surrounded the colonization of the new world and events that transpired near Jamestown, Virginia. Several of the ships that were headed towards Jamestown and carrying officers disappeared on their voyage and the passengers were presumed dead. However, they were found some time later in Virginia and had experienced a ship wreck of the coast of Bermuda. It is possible that stories of the event had some influence on the writing of the play.

However, the colonial themes run much deeper than a source of possible inspiration for the setting of the story. For example, Prospero is a European who is of Noble status and lands on a remote island. Prospero subsequently has power on the remote island due to his use of magic and the threat of force. This is undoubtedly the same way the indigenous population must have felt in the United States when the foreigners arrived. Even though it wasn't actually magic that they possessed, the ability to command advances in technology would have been indistinguishable from magic from the colonialist.

There are also many other such inferences that could be made such as the contrasts between the so-called civilized and savage characters in the play. For example, Caliban was referred to as a savage and a deformed slave who was something less than human. This was similar to the thoughts that were prevalent among the colonialists and there Indian encounters. Ignorance in the understanding of another culture can often produce such an attitude; a problem even in today's world.

The police brutality and treatment of the people of a different culture in Solibo Magnificent also represents something of a colonial mindset. As opposed to truly understanding a different culture, it is easily dismissed as something uncivilized and crude. When some views another peoples as something less than human, uneducated, or as a savage then it is much easier to perform cruel and evil acts. Such stereotypes and perceptions work to dehumanize the oppressed and allow for cruel acts to be forced upon them as opposed to trying to appreciate…… [read more]

Othello as Tragic Hero Research Paper

… Because of Othello's insistence on siding with Iago and by giving in to his accusations, Desdemona is left without marital or moral support from her husband and ultimately contributes to her own death, finally admitting that she was the only person that was to blame for her untimely death (Shakespeare, 1603, 5.3.3453).

Unlike classical Greek tragedies in which supernatural forces have a hand in the destiny of the tragic hero, Othello and those around him "bring about their own destruction, though aided and abetted by external circumstances -- if a wife and friend can be called external" (Boas, 1955, p. 17). The external circumstances in Othello, the Moor of Venice include Iago's maniacal manipulations, which cause Othello to distrust and eventually murder Desdemona. Othello recognizes his mistakes far too late, yet asserts that he "one that loved not wisely, but too well;/Of one not easily jealous, but being wrought/Perplex'd in the extreme" (Shakespeare, 1603, 5.2.3711-13). In keeping with Aristotelian tragedy constructs, Othello, like other tragic heroes, recognizes too late his mistakes and has to accept the consequences of his actions. This acceptance further contributes to Othello's characterization as a hero; unlike Iago who only makes things worse when before he is apprehended by publically murdering his wife, Othello willingly gives himself up to the proper authorities.

Moreover, Othello, the Moor of Venice gives the audience an opportunity to experience a sense of catharsis. Regardless of the tragic ending in which the hero, Othello, and innocent bystander, Desdemona, are killed because of Othello's hamartia, justice prevails because despite Iago's many attempts to claim the position of lieutenant as his own, he fails miserably to do so; Iago not only fails to claim the position, but he also loses everything in the process -- his wife, his liberty, and his life. Iago is not only responsible for Emiliana's death, but he also attacked Cassio, murdered Roderigo, attempted to trick Brabantio into killing or banishing Othello, and contributed to Desdemona's death. Additionally, Emiliana loses her life not only because of her husband's meddling, but also because she contributed to Iago's nefarious plan. The audience is given a sense of justice through Iago's apprehension, prosecution, and execution. Moreover, Othello's suicide allows the audience to see that he was sorry for everything that he did and that the guilt would not allow him to go on living.

In spite of the constant conflict that Othello faced throughout his career, he was too blind and arrogant to consider that his enemies were not only located on the field of battle, but that they also resided among his own men. It is Othello's inability to recognize the danger lurking in his own environment that led him down such a tragic path. Moreover, Othello has no one to blame but himself because despite Iago's manipulations and insinuations, he never forced Othello's hand and ultimately, Othello should have realized that he was victim of a strategic attack, much like those he battled against were victims of a carefully planned… [read more]

Superhero Is No Easy Feat Term Paper

… Wayne's investigative skills allow him to track down various criminals including his parents' murderer. Lastly, Batman's ability to adapt to his environment allow him to react quickly to his enemy's advances without compromising his advantage over them. This ability to adapt to an environment also allows a superhero to adjust his or her approach to a particular situation. Wayne is able to demonstrate this skill in the final film of Nolan's trilogy, The Dark Knight Rises during his escape from the prison Bane has banished Wayne to. Through observation and preparation, Wayne is able to determine the obstacles that previous prisoners faced in attempting to escape the prison and adjusted his approach accordingly.

Unlike other superheroes, Batman/Wayne does not possess any inherent supernatural abilities and must rely on other characteristics to be a superhero. Among these other characteristics are a heightened ability to learn, heightened athleticism, and the ability to carry on a secret-identity. Wayne has mastered a wide variety of martial arts, a variety of skills, and is quick to adapt and integrate new technology to his Batman duties. Additionally, it can be surmised that Wayne possesses an eidetic memory that enables him to retain a large amount of information. Furthermore, Wayne's heightened athleticism enables him to successfully carry out his Batman duties with reduced injuries and a quick recovery response time. Lastly, like many other superheroes, Wayne has the ability to successfully carry on a secret double life.

Other characteristics that contribute to Batman's success are dependent on Wayne's access to certain technologies. Because Wayne was not born with any supernatural abilities that aid him in his fight against crime, he has to rely on external factors such as armor, weapons, and technology. This is facilitated through the Wayne family's immense wealth that allows Wayne to continuously create, innovate, and replace his equipment as needed. Without this advantage, it is unlikely that Wayne would have manifested Batman to fight crime in Gotham…… [read more]

Movie Theater as a Popular Culture Activity Term Paper

… ¶ … Movie Theater as a Popular Culture Activity

Going to the cinema has always been a part of my life. As a child, I would go with my family to see films on the weekends, and as I grew older, I would go with my friends almost every Friday or Saturday night. Seeing the latest films was a popular culture experience. It had a very important meaning in my life: it allowed me to bond socially with my peers. We could talk about actors and actresses, directors and writers. There were independent filmmakers who introduced new narrative styles into movies and we could follow their evolution over the years. Going to the movie theater was also a way to understand life and myself in relation to the world around me. Some films, I learned, had more artistic merit than others. Some were labors of love for directors like Terrence Malick and Paul Thomas Anderson. Others were "guilty pleasures," like the Expendables. Understanding the difference between a film that was meant to entertain and enlighten and a film that was meant merely to entertain through spectacle helped me see that while going to the cinema was a pop cultural event, it could sometimes translate into a high culture exercise.

Richard Hamilton defined pop art as being mass-produced for a mass-audience, transient, expendable, low cost, youthful, witty, sexually gimmicky, glamorous, and big business (Johnson 723). If this is pop art, pop culture could be called a culture or society that embraces pop art. Certainly the cinema may be understood as a house of pop art, and going to the cinema as participation in popular culture.

Forces such as family, peers, and media have, of course, influenced my desire to go to the movie theater. My reasons for attending, however, are not always the same as those with whom I go. My friends may desire to see a movie simply to pass time. But I derive an aesthetic pleasure out of attending, even if it is a silly action film. I look for scenes or shots of artistic merit. I listen to the film score. I observe the direction and ponder how it might have been done in other ways. Considerations like this may elevate the experience from one of popular culture to one of high culture because my orientation is toward high culture in the first place. I perceive from such a vantage point. On the other hand, for people like my friends or my family, going to the movies is little more than a way to pass the time with popular entertainment. They rarely attempt to see the popular culture experience from the perspective of high culture.

And yet even such a reflection does not do justice to the idea of going to the theater as a participation in popular culture (that can also be one in high culture). Stephanie Meyer's Twilight books and films, for example, have been hugely successful (a fact most obviously seen in the film adaptations… [read more]

Alfred Hitchcock's Fascination With Psychology Research Paper

… Many of the character interactions depend on a series of sets; Iris and Miss Foy, Iris and Gilbert, Iris and the two Italians, Miss Foy and Dr. Hartz. Additionally, these interactions and the focus on duality is further emphasized by Hitchcock focusing on these relationships and interactions in each shot; many shots feature two characters interacting with each other.

Hitchcock also seamlessly integrates Soviet Constructivism and elements of Grierson's Documentary Realism into each film. Through Soviet Constructivism, Hitchcock injects these films the social and political message of the dangers of espionage, especially in matters of national security. Furthermore, Hitchcock uses these films to create a link between the public and state through these issues.

While Hitchcock's commentaries on espionage and psychological constructs may have been more artistic than social, he highlighted the dangers that were posed by foreigners and those that were willing to betray their countries for personal gain. These issues became even more important as tensions between European countries grew, especially in the years leading up to World War II.

Works Cited

The 39 Steps. Dir. Alfred Hitchcock. United Kingdom: Gaumont British, 1935. DVD.

Dirks, Tim. "Thriller-Suspense Films." AMC Filmsite. Web. 24 September 2012.

"Hitchcock and Psychoanalysis, 1." Catholic…… [read more]

ESP the Term ESP (Extra Term Paper

… In response to Bem and Honorton's (1994) findings Milton and Wiseman (1999) conducted a meta-analysis of 30 controlled studies from seven different facilities that used the Ganzfeld method. Meta-analysis is considered a more powerful statistical procedure than single study designs because it combines the results of many studies. The results of the meta-analysis failed to confirm that the hit rate in all of these studies was above chance. Moreover, in reanalyzing Bem and Honorton's results it was found that the 33% hit rate was not statistically significant.

Susan Blackmore, a researcher in England who was at first a believer in ESP but after many years of research found no evidence for it, ran a series of controlled studies of the Ganzfeld method (Blackmore, 2001). She never found any evidence for ESP. Her conclusions, along with many others indicate that the research supporting ESP is flawed because:

1. The subjects who choose correctly above chance never can tell when they choose correctly or when they did not choose correctly. If ESP is really present in these people it would be an unconscious process, which is inconsistent with what psychics and supporters claim.

2. Subjects that who score above chance are not able to repeat their performance either in different studies or on different occasions. This is more consistent with a cluster illusion or normal runs of hits that occur in chance events.

3. Finally, larger studies and meta-analyses consistently find that there is not better-than-chance accuracy in these studies. Therefore no ESP ability is demonstrated.


Bem, D., & Honorton, C. (1994). Does psi exist? Replicable evidence for an anomalous process of information transfer. Psychological Bulletin, 115, 4-18.

Blackmore, S. (2001). What can the paranormal teach us about consciousness? Skeptical Inquirer, 25, 22-27.

Gilovich, T. (1991). How we know what isn't so: The fallibility of human reason in everyday life. New York: The Free…… [read more]

Personality Traits Do Leaders Essay

… Larger organizations have vast, untapped markets in which they can sell their products. For example, corporations such as GE and Wal-Mart have been able to revitalize their fortunes by selling to the developing world. The European Union nations have created a zone in which there is a free flow of labor and goods across national borders. A small entrepreneur that creates a great product in his or her basement can sell it online all over the world.

On the other hand, the existence of global conglomerates can also reduce competition. Because organizations like Wal-Mart can now sell at vast economies of scale, it is more difficult for small producers to compete with them. National tastes are also growing more homogenized. Fast food companies like KFC and McDonald's now have international followings. American movies can be seen all over the world. While this can expand people's consciousness of what it means to be free, what it means to be a woman or a man, or what it means to be a citizen when cutting-edge films are shown, it can also be highly limiting as American popular culture dictates beauty standards and what it means to be successful in a fairly regimented way abroad.

Within organizations, too, there are many challenges posed by globalization and diversity. Unity is essential as organizations strive to fulfill their core values and missions and diverse organizations must find a way to make such values culturally translatable to many countries and to the worldviews of employees with different backgrounds, while still honoring the multinational and culturally pluralistic nature of the company's composition.


Spawn. (2012). Home of Todd McFarlane Toys.… [read more]

Parable of the Prodigal Term Paper

… The older son stays the course and continues to work his father's fields, remaining true to his family duties, living righteously, and obeying his father's wishes. The bitterness he feels upon his younger brother's return is natural and understandable, as he justifiably feels slighted by the plentiful celebration given by his father in honor of the son's return. The lesson he is forced to learn is much more subtle and it aligns perfectly with the overall message of the Holy Bible. When the father tells his oldest son "you are always with me and everything I have is yours," he is paraphrasing the words of Jesus himself, who tells his disciples that if they are faithful, He will always be with them. The father's exhortation that "we had to celebrate and be glad, because this brother of yours was dead and is alive again; he was lost and now he is found" shows that the true reason for celebrating the prodigal son's return lies in his ultimate salvation. The father knows that his son has been to the brink of heathenism and apostasy, and with God's grace and the vagaries of fate, he has returned to the fold and renewed his commitment to faithful living. The lesson for the older son is that, while he remained faithful all the while, obeying his father and working the herds, he was merely doing what is right and just, and God has no need to celebrate those who live as…… [read more]

Hero Essay

… In the film, he refuses to be put on the sidelines, so to speak, and used to simply garner support and sell war bonds. He recognizes that he has unique attributes that are better suited for actual combat. Likewise, men and women in the armed forces put their lives at risk in order to secure freedoms not only for themselves, but also for people, which may be oppressed by dictatorial governments. These men and women knowingly and unselfishly give everything of themselves for their country and their beliefs. Even though their lives are in constant danger, the acknowledge and accept the risk, which is heroic in and of itself.

Lastly, in order for a person to be considered heroic, they must be able to return home. A hero must never act in a manner that is considered to be corrupt or dishonest because acting such a manner will immediately cast them from being considered a hero. In Captain America: The First Avenger, Steve Rogers constantly puts his well-being in danger for the sake of others and seemingly sacrifices his life to safe countless others. Just like fictitious heroes, the men and women of the armed forces put their lives at risk to protect themselves and others. Unfortunately, and even more tragically than in fictitious depictions of heroes, the deaths of these men and women has a greater impact on society because people know that these heroes gave everything for their country, including their life.

Heroes on film help the masses understand the qualities that make a person heroic in real life. There are countless men and women that go out of their way to save others and often put their lives at risk in the process. Without these men and women, it is likely that our society would be a much more divided and corrupt place.… [read more]

Psycho Is a 1960 Horror-Thriller Research Paper

… Beginning with a medium shot, Hitchcock creates a seemingly innocent environment as Marion proceeds to take a shower. However, hidden behind an opaque shower curtain lurks Norman ready to attack -- after all, he has been keeping a watchful eye on his victim through a peephole in the wall. Hitchcock focuses the action in the scene through a series of close up shots that focus on the different aspects of the murder, from the initial stabbing to Marion's final grasp at the shower curtain before she succumbs to her wounds. As the close up shots progressively get closer, an extreme close-up on Marion's mouth as she lets out a piercing scream draws the viewers attention to the scream, visually, as opposed to the action that is taking place. Additionally, an extreme close up on Marion's eye, after she has died, with the camera pulling back and rotating creates a dizzying effect, which contributes to the surreal and unexpected nature of the homicide.

The scene in which Norman's mother's corpse is found by Lila, Marion's sister, also has a profound effect on the film. The scene's stark lighting insinuates that there is something hidden and which is yet to be revealed. As the camera pans from a slightly high angle following Lila down a series of steps, it becomes evident that she is walking towards something that will reveal information regarding her sister's disappearance. As Lila walks through the door into the room where Mrs. Bates's corpse is hidden, the lighting is much brighter, which helps the viewer understand that something is going to be revealed about Norman, although it is unclear exactly what. The camera angle in this scene is focused slightly upwards, looking up at Lila. As the camera focuses on Mrs. Bates, whose back is turned to the camera, Hitchcock utilizes low angle shots to show that Mrs. Bates is being viewed from Lila's perspective. As Lila approaches Mrs. Bates, the camera angle remains low, however, the shots appear to be more and more centered on Mrs. Bates, transitioning from a medium shot to a close up. As Lila hits the single light bulb that illuminates the room, the movement of the light creates a sense of disorientation, which is visually emphasized as the viewer first sees Norman dressed up as his mother.

Hitchcock's use of camera angles -- never seeming to be focused on a level plane -- creates an ominous atmosphere of distortion, disorientation, and foreboding. Through his use of high and low camera angles, Hitchcock toys with the concepts of dominance and submission; there are rarely any shots, if any, in which Marion is shown to be in a dominant position as the camera appears to be continuously focused at a low angle. Additionally, his careful use of lighting helps to highlight the evil that lurks within Norman's psyche and also creates a sense of foreboding and continuously threatens the viewers' preconceptions.

Works Cited

IMDB. "Psycho (1960): Did You Know?" Web. 19 June 2012.

Psycho.…… [read more]

Rob Reiner's 1987 Film Film Review

… In fact, patriarchy stands in the way of the romance that develops between Buttercup and Westley. Their romance is egalitarian and truly romantic. On the contrary, the relationship between Humperdink and his chosen bride -- the titular "princess bride" --… [read more]

Chaucer Both Shakespeare's Hamlet Essay

… Hamlet's insistence on Claudius's guilt leads him to stage a "mousetrap," a means by which to expose the lies told and lived by his uncle and his mother. The Murder of Gonzago is the means by which to evoke the emotions of the false king: to present to the audience the universal truth in absence of hard, forensic evidence. Hamlet's perceived insanity engenders even more sympathy, making him a figure who transcends the boundaries of culture and time. It is frustrating that Hamlet has to resort to embarrassing himself in order to expose the truth. The fact that the supernatural realm is where the truth actually lies becomes a central motif in Hamlet. The King's ghost possesses the truth, but the audience does not know for sure whether the ghost is in Hamlet's mind as a manifestation of grief and stress; or whether the ghost bears witness to the murder of its former incarnate self. The mousetrap becomes the means by which to divulge the truth, which is yet another rich and paradoxical layer within the play. First a ghost, and then a fictionalized performance of the murder, are the arrows pointing to the truth of what really happened in Denmark.

A lack of universal truths does not plague either Chaucer's Canterbury Tales or Shakespeare's Hamlet. In Canterbury Tales, Chaucer in fact creates a rich tapestry of events that ultimately does transcend time and provide universal truths about human behavior, humor, and moral sensibility. There are no absolute rights or wrongs; people behave in a rather animalistic fashion even when they know better. The same is true for the characters in Shakespeare's Hamlet. In Hamlet, the title character drives himself insane in the search for universal and absolute certainty.

Work Cited

Chaucer, Geoffrey. The Canterbury Tales.

Shakespeare, William. Hamlet.

Volve, V.A. Chaucer and the Imagery of Narrative: The First Five Canterbury Tales.… [read more]

Oedipus's Tragic Flaws Oedipus Rex Term Paper

… What is more, neither he nor Laius was given the full prophecy but only a portion of a whole. It can also be argued that Oedipus's ignorance was predestined and that the gods intentionally made it so that truth would destroy Thebes and the Theban royal family.

The third of Oedipus's tragic flaws causes him to be arrogant and a braggart even after he defeats the Sphinx, saves Thebes, and ascends the Theban throne (line 1435-1441). He is unwilling to listen to anyone that would suggest that he is the cause of Thebes's present crisis. Furthermore, he threatens and mocks Tiresias after he called him to the palace because he is not getting the answers he wants. In the heated exchange between the soothsayer and king, Oedipus eggs Tiresias to mock his skill at solving riddles and boasts that decryption is his best skill; in turn, Tiresias tells Oedipus that it is this skill that will lead to his demise (line 534-536). Because he is too stubborn to listen to Tiresias during this initial interrogation, Oedipus untangles the messy web of his parentage too late, which leads to Jocasta committing suicide and him gouging his eyes out.

Oedipus never had a chance of escaping these events as supernatural powers had prophesized everything that was going to happen. However, the tragic flaws that Oedipus exhibits are character traits and there is no evidence to support that supernatural powers had any influence on his character. It is the character flaws that Oedipus has that make it easier for prophecies to be fulfilled, but they do not influence whether or not a prophecy will be fulfilled. In the end, Oedipus must suffer the consequences of his hubris and must learn to live with what he has done and accept what will happen in the future.

Works Cited

Sophocles. Oedipus Rex. Web. Accessed…… [read more]

Country/Culture China Africa Korea Great Book Report

… 2) Have the children turn over their papers, hand out boxes of crayons and have the children draw and label their own families as though they are Ancient Chinese people.

b. Tuesday: Chinye: A West African folk tale (Onyefulu & Safarewicz, 1994)

i. Reading/Vocabulary/Geography

1) Create large, colorful chart based on the above chart but limited to this story. The chart will hang on the wall for the children to see.

2) On world map (left on board from yesterday), place a Nigerian flag on Nigeria.

3) Create large cardboard images of Ancient Nigerian dress for men, women and children. The images will hang on the wall for the children to see.

4) Read the story to the children.

5) After reading, ask "What did we learn yesterday about fairy tales?" Have children raise their hands and answer; write their answers on the board as they give them.

6) Ask what we learned from Chinye (looking for moral of story). Have children raise their hands and answer; write their answers on the board as they give them.

7) As which other fairy tales remind them of Chinye (guiding them to Yeh-Shen and Cinderella). Have children raise their hands and answer; write their answers on the board as they give them.

8) Hand out pieces of paper and pencils to the children. Have them… [read more]

Manga a Comparison of Shoujo Essay

… The number of manga magazines and comic books that had shoujo subject matter increased dramatically from the 1950's on. The form became almost as big a seller as the shounen books and magazines that were targeted at boys.

As mentioned, shounen manga is a form that is targeted at boys and young men. The subject matter of this type of manga is sometimes drastically different from that of shoujo manga, but some will still deal cursorily with relational and emotional topics. The difference is that the relationships and emotions are more often based around the camaraderie found in battle sequences or athletic playing fields. The form is also less flowery than shoujo manga which means that the drawings themselves are less complex. The producers of this type of animation have found that boys are more interested in the story than they are the artistry, and the girls see the artistry as a large part of the story. Psychologically this can be seen in the greater complexity of communication that girls demonstrate over boys. Women see subtle cues in the drawing, as they do with all nonverbal communication, that men are less adapted to noticing. Thus, the animation targeted at the boys is less complex, but the stories offer more action than that designed for young women.

Shounen animation has also gone through some distinct changes as the form has matured and been marketed to different parts of the world. Following World War II, some of the boys' magazines depicted graphic battle scenes and sexual content that was deemed inappropriate for young readers. This over-the-top animation was regulated because of a few isolated incidents in which noted criminals declared that they were somewhat influenced by shounen manga. The form has also matured from the original block structure of the original to resemble more of a Western artistry. Because of the influence of the Walt Disney studios, manga, which is heavily marketed to Western countries, mirrored some of the techniques used by those artists. This has given rise to a style that is easily distinguishable from the original drawing.

Shoujo and shounen manga are not very different in artistic form, but they are greatly different as far as story type and targeted audience. Both originated from the wood block art that had been practiced in Japan for centuries also. Both forms have become popular in the Western world due to the unique visual appeal and the story…… [read more]

Beauty and the Disney Beast Term Paper

… Poor Beauty. Poor Beast. Poor us."

First, the profitability tale. One cannot and should not disregard this fact because it underlies the moral message of all Beauty and the Beasts. Originally, La Belle's father sold her soul to the Beast.… [read more]

Nature in Troilus and Cressida Essay

… This is a wisecrack using "core" to refer to the Greek "kora," which means a crust of bread, as well as a "core" of a lesion. Shakespeare is purposely conflating "botch" (meaning mistake) and a "batch" of bread as well saying that as part of a batch, he was stale. By "nature" he meant genitalia. This double entendre is really saying that Thersites is a wrong, old venereal lesion (Rubinstein, 65). Later, Thersites later curses Patroclus as a "water-flies of nature," which presumably meant feces-eating maggot (line 22, Rubinstein). Then after Patroclus and Ajax stomp off, Thersites rants about Menelaus, calling him "both ox and ass," presumably both mean and stupid. These are all clever uses of Nature as an insult.

Act V, Scene II has one main reference to Nature, when Troilus talks about how Cressida betrays him, and how he feels torn about it. The divisions between how he feels are "wider than the sky and earth" (line 175), and yet cannot hear any point as thin as a spider's thread. He resolves to cut down Diomedes like a hurricane (lines 197-202). Again, it is Troilus who resorts to the Nature analogy, and he still uses it positively.

Later, in Act V, Scene III, Hector refers to his honor as keeping "the weather of my fate," which means the direction; good or bad (line 32). Later in the scene, Troilus refers to Cressida's words as changeable wind (line 121), showing his disillusionment in Cressida's character. Act V, Scene IV has no references to Nature in it. Act V, Scene V has a couple: Ajax is as slow as a snail, the enemy soldiers die like small boats before whales, Hector cuts down Greek soldiers like a scythe through straw (lines 23-30). Nestor is the speaker, and as is usual with the Greek leaders, he speaks negatively. In Act V, Scene VI Hector refers to the Greeks as beasts, which is a negative assessment of their character. Act V Scene VII has Thersites calling people by beasts as insults (line 12). In Act V, Scene VIII Achilles calls someone else a "putrefied core," meaning a rotten venereal disease lesion (line 3), and speaks of his sword as a living thing (line 6). Then, he tells Hector that it is an "ugly" night for his death (line 9). Act V, Scene IX has no Nature references. In Act V, Scene X, Troilus says, "Let him that will a screech-owl aye be call'd" (line 20), meaning someone that speaks with a screech-owl's voice should be called to handle it.

As the play develops, it gets progressively grimmer and less allegorical, with only the occasional dirty joke to lighten it up. One could say that Troilus's youth leads him to expansive declarations of love in which he regularly nature similes in a positive way. However, the Greek leaders are consistent in their negative use of nature metaphors, both in terms of bawdy soldier jokes and in terms of foreshadowing the coming events.… [read more]

Lesson Before Dying Ernest Gaines Essay

… However, she is also distraught over how Jefferson's defense attorney treated him. She says, "Called him a hog" (Gaines 12). The defense attorney, in trying to save Jefferson from the death penalty, compares the young man to a hog. The attorney says that Jefferson is an animal and beneath common humanity.

Also, Miss Emma is the catalyst for what will become Grant's change of attitude and call to action. Early in the novel, Miss Emma laments over Jefferson's verdict even though she believes him to be innocent of the crime. Reflecting on this, she says, "You don't have to do it" (Gaines 13). This simple statement explains the whole problem of racism in the American south. It really didn't matter if Jefferson had been actually responsible for the crime he was accused. There was no way that an all-white jury was going to acquit him. There could have been eye witnesses that declared another man the culprit and it wouldn't have mattered. Justice for African-American defendants simply was not a reality during the time period.

The third female character that has a major impact on the males of the story is Vivian. Her basic function in the story is as Grant's love interest. She begins as something of a "B story." That is to say, Vivian's initial purpose is as a distraction for the protagonist and the reader from the main thread of the novel. However, as the novel continues, she becomes more important in Grant Wiggins' life. Consequently, she also becomes more important to the main storyline. Grant himself thinks of Vivian at first only as a woman. In this capacity, her purpose is to please the male character. Grant has already been controlled by his aunt and by Miss Emma into doing things that he did not wish to do. So, he sees his interactions with Vivian as a way of reasserting his masculinity. Vivian is not as strong it seems as the older two women. She has a former husband who she fears. Therefore, Grant not only gets to feel like a masculine man by bedding her, but he also gets to fulfill the fantasy of the knight in shining armor who is protecting the damsel in distress from the villain.

As the story progresses, Vivian's role within the story changes. Instead of meeting Grant's physical needs, she becomes a catalyst for an emotional change. The most important scene with Vivian is when she is at the sink making a salad. Here she is performing a classically female responsibility, the preparation of food. Grant is the dominating being at the start of the scene. He has decided how much care and consideration he will give the various people in his life, including Vivian. However, at this point in the story, Vivian has developed feelings for Grant that are deeper than a mere sexual attraction. In this capacity, she is able to see that Grant is the type of person who cares more about himself and his own… [read more]

Comparison of Hamlet and Macbeth Term Paper

… ¶ … Hamlet and Macbeth

Hamlet vs. Macbeth

Shakespeare's plays "Hamlet" and "Macbeth" are both tragedies and are two of the most frequently played theatrical productions in all of history. The protagonists in the two plays are tragic heroes, considering… [read more]

Bluebeard the Story Essay

… She is to die not because her husband happens to be a serial killer, but because she defied his orders and opened the locked door. Dworkin says that all women who act in the fairy tales are at fault for anything negative that befalls them. A reader would learn this lesson from the story. Had the wife not opened the door, then her husband would not have been compelled to murder her.

The second critic is Alison Lurie. In her book Don't Tell the Grown Ups, the author describes how some people feel as though fairy tales are not and were not intended for children's audiences. She also talks about the gendering of the female and how the males use this tendency in fairy tales to exploit women and to somehow brainwash them into behaving in a way that is subservient and submissive (Lurie 18). However, she states, this is more because of the Victorian aesthetic than the actual perspective of the storytellers. Most of the stories that are told today have been filtered through the lens of Victorianism, which was a culture wherein the male was dominant and the female was expected to stay home in the domestic sphere. The stories we know today are not only skewed to the masculine, but have been sterilized to remove some of the darker or more feminist qualities (Lurie 22). Some of the scariest tales or the versions which celebrate the ingenuity and bravery of the female have been lost.

In the Bluebeard story, the protagonist is not a particularly hard-working or mistreated young woman, as one sees in Cinderella or the like. Rather she is relatively comfortable and marries beneficially to help herself and her family financially. Where most stories end in a marriage, Bluebeard essentially begins with one. In many versions of the story, as has already been said, the bride dies at the end which reaffirms the position that wife must be obedient; an idea that very well may have only come along with the Victorians. However, in this version of the story, the wife does not die. Instead, her curiosity is essentially rewarded. She does not live with the oppressive murderer anymore but instead has become financially stable enough to function as a matriarch to the rest of her family.

A wife of the 17th century, approximately the time of the writing of the story, would have been expected to be unquestioningly obedient of her husband in all things. This story would be an educational tool then to girls about the possible repercussions for abandoning that job. The two critics do an excellent job of showing how the concept of feminism and the oppression of men can be read into the story of Bluebeard, but it can also be discerned that the author is celebrating female independent thought.

Works Cited:

Dworkin, Andrea. "Onceuponatime: The Roles." Woman Hating. New York: Dutton. 1974.


Lurie, Alison. "Folktale Liberation." Don't Tell the Grown Ups. Little Brown. 1990. Print.

Opie, Iona and… [read more]

Parables of Jesus Essay

… Parables

An Analysis of Two Parables

If, as St. Paul tells us, Jesus' sacrifice on the cross was not for all men, then he died in vain. Yet not all men consider themselves to be in need of redemption. What is the correct view we should have of ourselves? St. Augustine supplies us with the answer in his treatise On Nature and Grace: "If, however, Christ did not die in vain, the human nature cannot by any means be justified and redeemed from God's most righteous wrath -- in a word, from punishment -- except by faith and the sacrament of the blood of Christ." This paper will look at two of Jesus' parables, Luke 15 and Luke 18, and show how they are related to the idea of redemption.

The Lost and Found parable of Luke 15 is actually three-fold: first it deals with the lost sheep, then the lost coin, and then the lost son. Each is found in the end and is a cause of rejoicing. The most telling of these stories, however, is the last one -- in which the good son displays jealousy and calls into question the goodness and justness of his father, who kills the fattened calf for the prodigal son who has returned. The father's explanation is a reflection of the goodness and justness of God: "My son, you are always with me, and everything I have is yours. But we had to celebrate and be glad, because this brother of yours was dead and is alive again; he was lost and is found." The sin is not celebrated -- rather, the turn away from the sin -- the humility with which the turn is affected -- the knowledge that all depends upon the mercy of the Father. If we keep in mind what St. Augustine says, we can argue that the prodigal son has realized that nature (inheritance) is not enough to secure happiness -- thus, we are dependent upon some higher power to bring us back into the light -- into happiness -- into the family -- into the fold.

Likewise, the parable of the Pharisee and the tax collector let's us know which attitude is the better to take when confronting the Lord. The Pharisee has a superior attitude: he thanks God for not making him like the tax collector, who is despised by men, who is a sinner, who is inferior.…… [read more]

Theme and Narrative Elements in the Short Story Essay

… ¶ … Narrative on the Secret Life of Walter Mitty (James Thurber)

The theme of this story by James Thurber would at first seem to be that this middle class American male is hen-pecked and escapes into his daydreams as a way to survive the nagging of his wife. That potentiality certainly enters into the picture upon first reading of the story. Thesis: upon careful reading and investigation it would seem more likely to view the theme as a classic portrayal of the American "everyman," the little guy who can never do what he would like to achieve so he does the next best thing -- he dreams of the success that he can never achieve.

Walter Mitty is bored to death with his life, even though he and his wife are not wanting for food, clothing, or shelter. But there is something missing. He is living a middle class life in which day after day he confronts the boring repetition of the previous day. No wonder he daydreams and fantasizes about lives and careers he will never be able to achieve.

Two literary elements that are worthy of mention here are characterization and setting. Readers have a good idea about the characters right away, given that the story begins with Walter fantasizing that he is piloting a Navy hydroplane. He is so locked into that daydream that when Mrs. Mitty speaks to him Walter "…looked at his wife, in the seat beside him, with shocked astonishment. She seemed grossly unfamiliar, like a strange woman who had yelled at him in a crowd." Any person that could drive a car and while driving, enter into a fantasy daydream and be so deeply involved in the fantasy that his own wife riding in the car with him comes as a shock.

Of course Walter is speeding because in his fantasy dream, he is going fast. The characterization of Walter is strong in this passage. Also, his wife nags him to do this and do that, while seeming to be concerned about his health. He resents the nagging and rebels against it by pretending to put on his gloves and as soon "as she had turned" and entered the building, he took those gloves off. By this point early in the short story, readers understand the Walter Mitty character fairly well. Next, he's a surgeon in the operating room, but…… [read more]

Cultural Superstition Essay

… Chinese Superstition

There are many superstitions that my grandparents tell me about. They range from such things as if a dog howls at night it means someone has died to if a baby cries for no apparent reason it means there are ghosts around or if you have a dream about snow it means your parents have died. One superstition that they tell me about has to do with the number eight, which in Chinese is a very lucky number. The reason for this is that in Chinese, the word for eight, "ba," sounds similar to another word in Chinese, which means wealth, "fa," in native dialects. Therefore, whenever Chinese people who believe in such a superstition receive something like a bank account that has 8's in it, or a phone number, or an address, or a license plate, or anything of the sort, they count themselves very lucky. In the same way, they say the number four is unlucky because it sounds like a word that means "death."

I do not think it is such a bad thing to know about the superstitions of my culture. In fact, I think knowing them lets us all have a little fun with life. Why should we not interpret signs as fortuitous or as warnings? They are not necessarily to be taken seriously, but they allow one's thoughts to dwell on things that are mysterious, and they let the imagination play.

When I asked my grandparents where they learned this superstition, they said they had always been aware of it, from the earliest times in their lives. They were raised in China, so they knew a lot of Chinese superstitions. Each of them even knew ones that the other did not, so to hear one say, "Oh, I had never heard of that one," was amusing.

My grandparents do not seem to have been much affected by such superstitions -- at least not by the luckiness or unluckiness of numbers. It seems to be one that is neither detrimental nor beneficial -- just something that people talk about among themselves. People are always talking about things to make the time passing, making up stories or talking about how unlucky or lucky they are.

Since the origin of this superstition is mostly lingual, I can understand why it started. I can also understand the superstition about ghosts and babies crying…the Chinese can be very spiritual and very aware of the dead and the supernatural and the interaction of the dead with the living. It is a part of the Chinese culture and I can perceive it in my family.

I do not judge these superstitions as bad, either. Some think they are, in fact, very special. Some Chinese who have become Christian do not believe in such superstitions, which I think is fine. Christianity has its own explanations for mysterious things, and for other mysterious things it has no explanation. Some Chinese Christians hold on to their superstitious beliefs just because they have… [read more]

Beowulf the Hero Essay

… Beowulf is one of the oldest known written poems in Old English, dating from the 8th to the 11th century. Its actual authorship is unknown, hence the 300-year estimate of publication, and was probably, like the Homeric epics, the result of centuries of oral tradition. It is epic in nature, over 3,000 lines, and also has several complex plot and character developments, with both and literary tradition that likely dates back to the tribal cultures of Northern Europe during the Imperial Roman Empire (Tolkien 127). In the poem, Beowulf, a Geat clanenemies

hero, battles three of his tribe: Grendel, who has been attacking the resident warriors of a mead hall called Heorot in Denmark; Grendel's mother; and an unnamed dragon. Beowulf's final confrontation after he has become King of Geatland (modern Sweden). In this battle, he is fatally wounded, giving the final and ultimate sacrifice of his life, to his clan, his country, and his people. To honor him, he is buried in a mound of earth set with stones called a tumulus, a way to ensure that his epic nature will forever be remembered (Hiett xi-xiii).

The emphasis on Beowulf, again, like the Iliad and Odyssey, is on heroic tendencies rather than royal bloodlines. Most cultures have a Beowulf -- like story, just as most cultures have a flood and creation story. This is likely because each society has similar needs to explain and explore both the natural and supernatural worlds. Set into this structure is also an ethical/moral tome, biblical in many ways, and advice of keeping true to task and the faith of goodness:

Beloved Beowulf best of warriors,

Avoid such evil and seek the good,

The heavenly wisdom. Beware of pride!

Now for a time you shall feel the fullness

And know the glory of strength, but soon

Sickness or sword shall strip you of might,

Or clutch of fire, or clasp of flood, or flight of arrow, or bite of blade,

Or relentless age; or the light of the eye

Shall darken and dim, and death on a sudden,

O lordly ruler, shall lay you low. (1758-1768).

Poems like Beowulf, and the Iliad…… [read more]

Young Goodman Brown Research Paper

… It also explains the theme of guilt, fear, and loss of faith in the face of the devil.


The great interest that scholars and students and others have shown in Young Goodman Brown over the years can be expected to continue for many years to come. That is not just because of Hawthorne's reputation as a brilliant author, but because when old religious values and shaky Christian faith are in juxtaposition set in a dark scary forest where bizarre things happen, there are going to be myriad interpretations of what that all means. When a walk in the woods becomes a frightening, nightmarish confrontation with characters that at once seem familiar and also ghoulish, and the result is a loss of faith in everything, readers have a story that is wide open to fascinating interpretations.

Works Cited

Harmon, Meghan. "Between Gloom and Splendor: An Historical Analysis of Hawthorne's 'Young Goodman Brown,'" in Theory Into Practice: An Introduction to Literary Criticism,

Ed. Ann B. Dobie. Florence, KY: Cengage Learning, 2011.

Hawthorne, Nathaniel. "Young Goodman Brown." Literature Across Cultures. 4th ed. Ed.

Sheena Gillespie, Terzinha Fonseca, and Anthony P. Pipolo. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 2005.

Kallay, Katalin G. Going Home Through Seven Paths to Nowhere: Reading Short Stories by Hawthorne, Poe, Melville, and James. Manchester, UK: Akademiai Kiado, 2003.

Moores, D.J. "Young Goodman Brown's 'evil purpose':…… [read more]

Japanese Anime/Manga a Division Term Paper

… However, cross-dressing females are not lost in contemporary shojo culture, what with works such as Bisco Hatori's Ouran High School Host Club and Hisaya Nakajo's Hanazakari no Kimitachi e (For You in Full Blossom), both of which have the main… [read more]

Raymond Carver's "Gazebo Essay

… This is most abundantly demonstrated in "What we talk about..." There, the four characters sit around the kitchen table and, drinking gin, discuss love. Mel, the cardiologist, insists that true love represents spiritual love. Terri, his wife, recalls the physical abuse of her ex-husband and defines that as love. Mel, in turn, confesses his fantasy of murdering his ex-wife due to her financial dependence on him. Nick, the narrator, and Laura, new lovers, believe that nothing can destruct their love. The story concludes by Mel reminiscing about an elderly couple injured in a car crash whom he attended in the hospital. Still in love after many years, their sole wish was to see each other. Affected by this story, the characters muse on the impermanence of love, and down their gin with a different perspective of their marriage.

Analysis of the concept of 'love' in this story reveals the same elements as those in 'Gazebo': the discussion of the four people overtly centers on love, but when we dissect the topic, we find, instead, the themes of deception, hostility, violence, and pain. In one case, love is equated with physical abuse; in another it is related to fantasies of murder. In all cases, love is seen as passion. Mel equates love with spirituality, a characteristic that is in an utterly different orbit, whilst true love, that of the empathy shared between the elderly couple, seems so rare that it effects the characters deeply.

The characters in "What we talk about.." are in a higher professional class than Holly and Duane of the Gazebo story. Nonetheless, their discussion, too, has to occur against the backdrop of gin. In both cases, alcohol glazes over the pain of the impermanence and emptiness of their existence. It doesn't do its job.


Carver, R. What we talk about when we talk about love: stories. New…… [read more]

Spiegelman and Miller in Dark Presentation Essay

… Spiegelman and Miller in Dark Presentation

In this short essay, the author will compare Spiegelman's "In the Shadow of No Towers" and Miller's "Dark Knight Returns" as depictions of an urban center like Gotham City. Like their human counterparts, the… [read more]

Why the TV Show the Simpson's Had Such an Impact on Pop Culture Essay

… Simpsons

When the Oxford English Dictionary opted to include "d'oh" as a new entry in 2001, it was clear: The Simpsons had made their mark on history. The Oxford English Dictionary, which is "widely considered the leading authority on the English language," is not the only arena in which the Simpsons has proved to be an enduring cultural icon (Libaw 2001). There are several reasons why Matt Groening's the Simpsons has had such a dramatic impact on popular culture, not least of which is the fact that its writers were brilliant throughout much of the show's production. On the sheer basis of quality comedy production, the Simpsons deserves to endure. The ability of the Simpsons to influence popular culture to the extent to which it has goes beyond the show's production value and quality of writing. For one, the Simpsons elevates satire to a new high, showing what is wrong with American society in particular. The show begs viewers to have a sense of humor about what are actually serious issues, and encourages an intelligent but lighthearted worldview. Moreover, the Simpsons has the ability to transcend cultural boundaries even though many of the show's best jokes contain specifically American cultural allusions. The Simpsons combines highbrow and lowbrow humor in ways that appeal to a diverse viewing audience. Corporate marketing has also capitalized on the Simpsons fame; marketing cannot be ignored as a factor influencing why the show has such a strong impact on popular culture. The Simpsons has had a strong impact on popular culture for all these reasons: intellectually poignant satire; cultural commentary cloaked in humor; diverse and strong characterization; and ironic but effective marketing.

The quality of satire in the Simpsons is nearly unparalleled in television history, which is one of the reasons the show has had a strong influence on culture -- popular and otherwise. A "sophisticated viewer," according to Armstrong (n.d.) will watch the show and "engage in media and cultural analyses," (p. 12). Yet what makes the Simpsons remarkable is that even an unsophisticated viewer will find the show funny. The Simpsons is not a show that focuses only on highbrow humor that appeals to intellectuals; the Simpsons succeeds because the blends highbrow with lowbrow in ironic and playful ways. Although the Simpsons goes out of its way to make fun of Christianity, some Christians recognize the value of the Simpsons in promoting the religion's core doctrine (Couchman n.d.). The level of satire achieved on the Simpsons is so lofty that it forces viewers to self-reflect in ways other shows do not.

The cultural commentary explored on the Simpsons is therefore every bit as powerful as that which would be tossed about in academic circles. The Simpsons has already made its way into school curriculums, as a means to illustrate everything from popular culture to political apathy (Armstrong n.d.). Cultural commentary cloaked in humor is difficult to execute well, as too often the humor takes a back seat to the commentary or vice-versa. On the… [read more]

Tezuka and Miller -- Compare and Contrast Essay

… Tezuka and Miller -- Compare and Contrast Cartoon Styles

The comics produced by Japanese artist / writer Osamu Tezuka are so very different from the comics produced by American artist / writer Frank Miller that contrasting the two styles is a worthy endeavour. A great deal of research and writing has been employed in contrasting the difference between Japanese comics and American comics in other written materials. For this paper, using the Miller / Tezuka productions as examples, specific comparisons are offered. The aspect of comics that makes comparisons and contrasts will be made in the context of Tezuka's "Buddha" comic juxtaposed and contrasted with Miller's "The Dark Knight Returns."

Contrasts in Presentation

Japanese comics (also known as Manga), are more exaggerated in their presentation than American comics are, and this is true with the comparison between Tezuka's work and Miller. Japanese comic are more stylized, more original, more surreal when they need to be, and one could say American comics tend more towards realism. Normally Manga comics are printed in black and white and the comic frames are smaller than American comic frames. The Manga comics can in fact be half the size of the frames of American comics, and this holds true with Buddha vs. Dark Knight. American comics are almost always printed in full color, and this too is true in Miller's comic book vs. Tezuka's book.

Another big difference between Japanese comics and American comics has to do with the size of the book in which the comics are presented. The Buddha work is presented in several volumes, running into thousands of pages, but American comic books may be only thirty or so pages long. The American comic book can be done by one person (artist / writer) but generally the American comic is done in assembly-line format. One person writes the story, another pencils in the sketch, a third person takes pen to paper, another person might be the one to add the dialog (doing lettering) and still another talent adds color to the frame. That said, in Japan (and with Tezuka) the great majority of the work is completed by the same person.

Meanwhile, Miller's story of course involves a fictional superhero (Batman) who is created when a real bat emerges from a the ceiling of a cave to cast a shadow over the future Batman, Bruce Wayne. The fictional value of Batman is strictly related to entertainment, which revolves around the concept of style. The frames are in color and the style Miller uses is full color, with fairly realistic characters and scenes. The story is dramatic, the scenes are near realistic and the characters (with the exception of Batman) are posed to stand out in the frame; they look like (or somewhat like) people that everyone has seen or has known at one time.

In Buddha, the characters are more tightly woven into the image in that frame and the scenes are surreal in many instances, not landscapes and other scenes that… [read more]

Interpretation of the Parable of the Good Samaritan Research Paper

… ¶ … Parable of the Good Samaritan

Perhaps as no other, the Parable of the Good Samaritan has been influential in the Western world for millennia. For instance, a number of countries and many states have so-called "Good Samaritan" laws… [read more]

Ethnographic Films Capturing Their Souls When Polaroid Essay

… Ethnographic Films

Capturing Their Souls

When Polaroid discontinued its instant film in 2008, one of the most disappointed constituencies was police agencies. Crime scene investigators had for years depended on Polaroids to document what had happened for court cases because… [read more]

Pop Culture Every Day Term Paper

… Pop Culture

Every day I come into contact with the emblems and elements of American popular culture, whether I like it or not. Walking down the street, I see the golden arches that signify a McDonald's is nearby. I shudder to think of what garbage people are putting into their mouths. Then I see KFC, Burger King, Wendy's, and the list of American fast food chains metasticizes. There is no way to avoid the ubiquitous fast food signs, logos, and advertisements on billboards, bus benches, and store windows. Then there are the retail stores selling clothes that are made in China but bearing an American label such as the Gap, Banana Republic, and larger stores like Macy's. Then there are the hideous culprits such as Wal*Mart and Target, which seduce consumers by their low, low prices on junk. The popular culture of America is shopping and rampant consumerism. Even the arts have been packaged as the lowest common denominator, no longer creative expressions but solely means of propelling the consumer engine. So horrible has American popular music become that I cannot even listen to MTV anymore unless there is a special show or concert. Otherwise, I have lost touch with American popular music because my ear drums cannot handle the bombardment of badness. Movies have, however, retained some of their entertainment value although much of what comes out of Hollywood is not worth wasting ninety minutes of my time on. Finally, American popular culture is disseminated and propagated by the American media. American popular culture has an impact on my decision making in that I am more aware of the difference between what I really want and what marketing departments tell me.

When it comes to food and drink-related decisions, American popular culture has encouraged me to think more critically about what I put into my body. American popular culture has until fairly recently dominated the discourse on eating. The poor suffer the most because fast food is marketed as a means to load up on the maximum amount of calories for the least amount of money. Having seen one too many obese people and watched people die of heart disease and diabetes, I have sworn off all American fast food. I cringe to think that people still eat McDonald's, especially knowing how much sodium and artificial flavorings are in the fake sandwiches. The mass consumption of meat is destroying the environment too. Knowing what I do about fast food has turned me off completely, which is why American popular culture has impacted my decision-making. The impact on my decision-making is the opposite of what the corporate marketing departments would like. Rather than sell me on the latest bun-free chicken burger that uses slabs of pre-fabricated reconstituted chicken, KFC has effectively ensured that I will never patronize one of their "restaurants" ever again. American popular culture in the guise of fast food has driven me to make healthy choices regarding what I eat. Now I make sure to cook my… [read more]

Subversive Elements in Stadust Essay

… Subversive Elements in Stadust

'Once, upon a time' carries with it an intense excitement and anticipation found in few other phrases. From our earliest years we are taught that those words lead to magic, adventure, and danger around every corner. It leads to lands where dwarves drink amongst giants, where frogs are princes, and every little girl is a princess. This is a land of plenty; this is a land in jeopardy.

Alison Lurie eludes to this in her essay "Folktale Liberation." Both radical liberals and conservatives are hypercritically examining fairy tales out of context. They are twisting the stories and turning them into subversive battlegrounds where liberals and conservatives seek to outdo each other with the most extreme interpretation of an old wives tale.

Much of what we know about the history of fairy tales comes from the written recordings made by the Brothers Grimm. All in all, they collected roughly six hundred stories although the modern American cannon of fairy tale was shaped largely by Walt Disney (Lurie, 19). The fairy tales of Disney do not accurately reflect the fairy tales of Grimm. They're often simpler, less violent, represent so-called traditional values, often put women in submissive roles, and always have a happy ending. Grimm's originals are dark, very explicit, and end with the death of a main character. What is a first-time parent supposed to read before bed? What is the DVD for family night? Simple. The movie Stardust.

Released in 2007 to sub-par reviews, Stardust tells the story of Tristan, a young shop boy in pursuit of an aristocratic young bride, and Yvaine, a fallen star. Tristan promises his love that he will cross the wall and retrieve the star, unaware it's a beautiful young woman. He finds Yvaine and attempts to bring her back home, ever dutiful to his love. A envious witch and a greedy prince chase after Tristan and Yvaine, taking them all across the land. At one point they meet a cross-dressing lighting pirate that sails them back towards Tristan's home. The story ends when Tristan battles the evil witch and her two sisters and falling in love with Yvaine, and they lived happily ever after.

To a child, Stardust suggests that an adventure awaits those who seek it. Tristan and his father are the only two characters to cross 'the wall', a literal wall outside of their victorian England town. The cross-dressing pirate, Shakespeare, played by Robert D'Niro states that he's been on an adventure for thirty years and hasn't regretted it. Stardust does an excellent job at making reality seem boring and uninteresting. It also tells a child that within every little boy or girl there's really a princess. One day they'll be discovered and a great and magnificent crown will be placed upon their head. Insignificant to an adult but to a…… [read more]

Preparations for Thanksgiving Holiday Essay

… ¶ … Thanksgiving Holiday

The Marketing of a Holiday: Welcome to Thanksgiving

It is as if all the frustrations of slow sales in our local grocery stores and shops have found a release in Thanksgiving and the upcoming holiday season. A recent trip to the local grocery store made it clear that the full product and media blitz is on in force, from the turkey-monogrammed cookies and cupcakes all the way down to use-once lighters with dancing turkeys on them. Looking to make up for last time, the local retailers have gone into overdrive to sell literally anything that can be remotely associated with the holiday.

It is impressive from a purely promotional standpoint to stand back and watch their selling strategies unfold and how well orchestrated they are. From e-mail blasts, to inserts in our local newspaper, to the hand-outs and one store even hired a greeter just for the holidays, the promotional strategies are all aimed at driving up foot traffic. One local store is offering $25 in gift certificates for every $150 spent in the store in one visit before Thanksgiving. This is designed to capture all the shopping done for the big feast many families are planning to have at home.

Another approach stores are taking is to use all available senses to get the customer completely into the experience of the holiday before they buy anything. Using scents and smells, and offering free samples of pumpkin cookies and cider, staying open longer hours and stocking the front of their store with Thanksgiving decorations, the local drug store has transformed itself into a celebration of the holidays. This store is offering free prescriptions for six months if a person moves from their existing pharmacy to this one. They are…… [read more]

Peter, Wendy and the Victorian Research Paper

… Since she is the only girl with the lost boys, she can be appreciated much better. However, at one point when the boys are building her a house Wendy asks for stereotypical items taught to young girls at early ages.… [read more]

Sleepy Hollow Washington Irving Essay

… ..How often was he appalled by some shrub covered with snow, which, like a sheeted spectre, beset his very path!" (19-20). Ichabod Crane is a fraud who is so self-deluded that he believes he can marry Katrina Van Tussel, the daughter of the wealthiest land owner around simply because he desires it. At a feast at the Van Tussel mansion, Washington writes, "He rolled his great eyes over the fat meadow lands, the rich fields of wheat, of rye, of buckwheat, and Indian corn, and the orchards burthened with ruddy fruity, which surrounded the warm tenement of Van Tussel, his heart yearned after the damsel who was to inherit these domains, and his imagination expanded with the idea how they might be readily turned into cash" (21-22). This did not come to pass and on the night he met the horseman, Ichabod Crane was forced into the knowledge that this goals of his was not to be. He is a man controlled by impulse and delusion and having to face his failings is a very difficult thing.

It is important to note the characteristics of the protagonist, to know who it was who was riding past the church that night when he encountered the Headless Horseman. Ichabod Crane rode into the forest, nearing the bridge that the horseman called home. "The night grew darker and darker; the stars seemed to sink deeper in the sky, and driving clouds occasionally hid them from his sight" (42). His imagination becomes consumed with all the ghost stories he had heard that night and now he must ride alone through the dark. It seems that everything around him is conspiring to build up his sense of fear…… [read more]

Close Analysis on in the World of Men Term Paper

… ¶ … Men

"in the World of Men": The Practicality of the Way

In religion or philosophy, there are certain teachings and concepts that can be confusing. They are difficult to understand because they are abstract ideas defined with abstract… [read more]

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