"Nutrition / Diet / Eating" Essays

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Health and Nutrition -- Diet Plan Proposal Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (653 words)
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Health and Nutrition -- Diet Plan Proposal

The objective of this project is to outline a dietary plan that will enable the subject to reduce excess body weight, lower body fat percentage, and maintain that diet for the long-term. In principle, that requires establishing fundamental principles of healthful nutrition that are effective from the weight-loss perspective but not so drastic or difficult to maintain that the diet will only be capable of being sustained for the short-term, resulting in the typical yo-yo weight loss and gain cycle that is characteristic of fad diets such as the Atkins Plan or South Beach Diet. Ideally, this diet plan will provide more of a lifelong approach to nutrition and ideal weight maintenance than a "diet" in the sense that it is intended only as a temporary solution to solve an acute problem of necessary weight reduction.

Principles

This nutritional plan will be based on the several fundamental principles. First, there is no point to any diet that is incapable of being sustained over a lifetime because losing weight and regaining it repeatedly is actually worse than remaining overweight for a longer period of time before finally losing the excess body weight. That is mainly because whenever a person loses a large amount of weight, a substantial portion of that weight is not fat but also muscle and other tissues. However, whenever one regains excess weight, especially in a short amount of time, virtually all of that weight is fat. As a result, a person who repeatedly loses weight and then regains it again actually increases his or her body fat percentage during every phases of that cycle.

Second, a diet that requires severe calorie restriction or the complete (or nearly complete) elimination of entire classes of foods (such as carbohydrates) cannot possibly be sustained over a lifetime. Third, a serious effort to reduce excess body weight and to maintain a healthy body weight cannot be implemented on a periodic…… [read more]


Health Concerns in the Food and Beverage Essay

Essay  |  5 pages (1,396 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

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Health Concerns in the Food and Beverage Industry

The need of appropriate labeling

Good nutrition means eating food containing the right nutrients and calories that are needed for proper growth and functioning of the body. A healthy person is noted to be active, alert as well as happy. It is important for a nation to ensure that its citizens are well fed in order for the industries to work. A well feed nation is a happy and prosperous one. Issue to do with food safety and security must be addressed in order to realize good nutrition in all the citizens. In this paper we debate on an issue of health value, that is -should the FDA administer regulations on nutritional value offered in menus?

Health concerns in the food and beverage industry

Obesity has increasingly been a concern in the food and beverage industry. This is due to the serious health problems that are caused by Obesity. The ever rising number of obesity patients as well as the level of severity of the condition is noted to be a great concern to various health bodies. In the U.S., obesity has increasingly been cited as a serious health issue. In fact obesity in the U.S. is noted to be among the world's highest rates (Jackson n.d).

In 2010, the Center for Disease Control reported very high number of people with obesity. About 35.7% of American adults are obese while 17% of the American children are obese (CDC 2010). This disease cost the government and the tax payer a lot of money. The direct medical cost attributed to obesity as well as the indirect economic loss for instance is estimated to have been between $51.64-$99.2 billions this figure soon increased to $61 billion and then $117 in the year 2000 (Wellman & Barbara,2002). The obesity related medical expenditure is noted to have reached about $75 billion (CDC 2004).

NIDDK (2010) noted that two-thirds of all adults in the U.S. are either overweight or obese.

EIRIS (2006) noted that law makers, consumers and health groups have increasingly linked the consumption of certain food and beverages with the prevalence of obesity. Changes in the regulatory environment, consumer resistance and litigation are noted to be the key potential risks.

Studies have indicated that even though the number of positive steps taken to prevent obesity is high, the main foods and beverage producers are not doing a lot in the management of the obesity risks. They are noted to never take full responsibility for cases of obesity. Food and beverage manufacturers are noted to general fail to clearly publish the obesity related targets as well as the Performance Indicators (KPIs).This makes it extremely difficult to assess the various strategies as well as achievements taken in this course.

Most food and beverage producers have therefore adopted a proactive approach that entails the application of the following strategies.

1. The development of products that are healthier

2. The reduction of the single portion sizes

3. The provision of… [read more]


Nutrition What Is Nutrition? Good Essay

Essay  |  6 pages (1,532 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

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(Barverman) Although no specific diet exists to guarantee cancer prevention, studies show a low-fat diet high in fruits, vegetables, and fiber may help reduce the risks. In addition, these dietary recommendations are similar to those for heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, and weight management.

CONCLUSION

Good nutrition means eating foods each day that will give us the vitamins, minerals, and other things we need to keep our bodies strong. It means eating foods that give us enough calories to have a healthy body weight. It means getting enough protein to keep our bodies built up and repair any damage it may have.

Poor nutrition is just the opposite, and it can lead to a myriad of health problems. It is important to learn how to eat right to maintain a healthy mind and body. The benefits from good nutrition include possibly living longer, living happier, and being more mentally and physically fit.

Bibliography

Shapiro Kendrick, A., Kaufmann, R. And Messenger, K.P. Healthy Young Children. National Association for the Education of Young Children, 1995.

Null, Gary. The Complete Guide to Health and Nutrition. Doubleday, 1984.

Fuller, Cook. Nutrition: Annual Editions. Dushkin, 1990.

Braverman, Eric R. The Healing Nutrients Within. Keats Publishing, Inc., 1997.

Pfeiffer, Carl C. Mental and Elemental Nutrients. New Canaan Publishing, 1975.

Matsen, John.…… [read more]


Eating Disorders Contain a Series of Situations Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (2,014 words)
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Eating Disorders contain a series of situations that have a mania with food, weight and appearance to the extent that a person's well being, rapport and daily actions are badly affected. Eating disorders are prevalent and can have an influence on people of all ages and sexes, but it mainly affects young women. It is projected that in the United… [read more]


Eating and Cholesterol Term Paper

Term Paper  |  22 pages (6,237 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

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¶ … Eating Habits and Developing High Cholesterol Levels

Coronary heart disease (CHD) remains the leading single cause of death in the United States today, and elevated serum cholesterol is widely recognized as being the risk factor responsible for myocardial infarction and CHD death; furthermore, a growing body of research supports the acceptance of hypercholesterolemia being as a causal and… [read more]


Weight Obesity Is a Deadly Problem Research Paper

Research Paper  |  2 pages (636 words)
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Weight

Obesity is a deadly problem. According to the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, "unhealthy weight gain due to poor diet and lack of exercise is responsible for over 300,000 deaths each year." The goal of this informative and instructional project is to improve the overall health and well-being of American children. Rates of preventable problems like obesity are deplorably high, and the root cause of overweight and obesity is poor nutrition. Obesity is a public health issue, a personal health concern, and is also becoming a financial issue given the unnecessary burden placed on our health care system. "The annual cost to society for obesity is estimated at nearly $100 billion," (American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 2008).

Good nutritional habits begin with education and awareness, and end with changes in lifestyle and practice. Therefore, the proximate goal of the project will be to raise awareness about nutrition and impact public policy related to childhood nutrition. Ultimately, changes in public policy should lead to changes in eating habits. Changes in children's eating habits will in turn lead to reduced rates of obesity.

The purpose of this project is to teach the basics of healthy eating. Healthy eating will be defined in terms of the content of food, the quantity of food, and the context in which food is consumed. We will achieve the purpose of this project by designing a workshop on healthy eating. This workshop will include not just the target population of elementary aged students. Target populations also include the parents of those children, educators, and politicians.

Children who are obese are likely to become obese adults, which spells future health problems. "Studies have shown that a child who is obese between the ages of 10 and 13 has an 80% chance of becoming an obese adult," (American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 2008). Poor eating habits and a lack of…… [read more]


Carbohydrates & Nutrition the Term "Simple Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (1,787 words)
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¶ … Carbohydrates & Nutrition

The term "simple carbohydrates" refers to B. monosaccharides and disaccharides.

Those with lactose intolerance usually can consume all the following except

milk shakes made with skim milk.

You are on a diet, eating less than 50 grams of carbohydrate per day. The claim made in the educational materials is that carbohydrate is the main culprit… [read more]


Nutrition for Adolescent Term Paper

Term Paper  |  7 pages (2,169 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

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Nutrition, Health and Adolescence

There are one billion adolescents world-wide, and how effectively they cope with the perils of growing up will be a crucial element in whether humanity can surmount the challenge of the next Century." UNICEF. (Nutrition in adolescence - Issues and Challenges for the Health Sector.)

The nutritional requirements for adolescents and the concern that this has… [read more]


Chocolate: Behind Its Bad Rap Term Paper

Term Paper  |  50 pages (13,679 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

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Public health officials often suggest that individuals over the age of 40 take a baby aspirin a day to reduce their risk for stroke and heart attacks. In the United States, it is estimated that millions of individuals take aspirin on a daily basis for its cardio-protective effects.

Scientists have also found that the flavonoids in chocolate may augment the… [read more]


Outstanding Fact: Americans Love Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (809 words)
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It is for all of these reasons that a safe and effective diet can work wonders for people struggling with weight issues. A balanced, healthy diet can lead to weight loss, more energy and a much more positive outlook on life. Just by having someone ask you if you have lost weight can take a person with low self-esteem and turn him or her into a person who becomes happy with themselves, how they look, and how they feel.

Another great benefit of dieting is improving the quality of life. As an overweigh adult there may be many quality of life issues that tend to haunt you apart from the health and self-esteem issues. People look at you funny as you walk down the street. You are told that you have to buy two seats on an airplane because you will not fit comfortably in one seat. You can't play a game of catch with your son because you are out of breath just from bending over to pick up the ball. You hate shopping because they never have anything at the regular stores in your size and you have to go to the big and tall section of Wal-Mart. All of these are examples of how quality of life can be effected daily due to weight struggles. With weight loss you begin to notice that you can play with your son a lot longer then you used to be able to. You aren't getting quite as many strange looks on the street. You finally feel comfortable flying. These are the things that make up every day life. A well maintained diet and exercise program will help you have the quality of life that you longed for.

There are so many dangers when dieting. Eating disorders can develop. Young women have unrealistic views of how they should look and diet in unhealthy ways. A health, well thought out diet can be a miracle for those who really need the help. With the right doctor, a wonderful support group of family and friends, and the desire to take better care of yourself, the right diet and a change in lifestyle is a really wonderful thing.

U.S Department of Health and Human Services. The Surgeon General's Call to Action

To prevent and decrease overweight and obesity. [Rockville, MD]: U.S.

Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Office…… [read more]


Japanese Live Longer Than Americans? Term Paper

Term Paper  |  10 pages (2,734 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

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"It is a staggering fact," she writes, "that in the last decade, soda eclipsed coffee and tap water combined as the American beverage of choice." (Akst, 2003)

Though there is consumption of soda pop in many other cultures including Japan, the numbers in the United States are staggering. The simple removal of 50-60% of the consumable sugared, caffeinated and carbonated… [read more]


Childhood Obesity and Its Affects Term Paper

Term Paper  |  18 pages (7,029 words)
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Among all teens, low levels of self-esteem were linked with feelings of loneliness, sadness, and nervousness. This often led the obese children to use tobacco and alcohol. Psychiatrists also said that parents who insist on strict diets might be contributing towards a poor self-image as the child may be feeling that he or she is incapable of running his or… [read more]


Obesity in Los Angeles County Essay

Essay  |  7 pages (3,241 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 10

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Note the similarity in percentages between those with no High School and those at or below the federal poverty level. Also note the decrease in obesity rates as education and income increase (Los Angeles County Public Health, 2003). Further, when we track populations over time based on ethnicity, we do see that obesity is rising across the board, but at… [read more]


Case Study Key Points Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (626 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3

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Also, additional lab tests from this current evaluation and before he was admitted for the placement of the stent showed signs that would suggest a diagnosis of android obesity, as he had high levels of cholesteral, including an LDL level of 200. Previous lab testing from earlier visits shows a diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes. Triglycerides were also high, at 250. Ultimately, this resulted in a diagnosis of hypercholesterolemia. Because of these diagnoses, the patient is currently on Atenolol (Tenormin XL) -- 50mg QD, Atorvastatin (Lipitor) -- 10mg QD, Metformin (Glucophage) -- 50mg BID, and Acetylsalicylic Acid (ASA) -- 81mg QD.

This case presents a clear need for intervention that would establish stronger ppatient education for cardiovascular system health and prevention of future cardiac problems. Currently, the patient has limited knowledge about new treatments and lifestyle intervention choices he can make to improve his overall health condition. This essentially puts him at risk for not applying intervention methods as efficiently as if he were more knowledgeable regarding how they could help his current and future condition. The patient would benefit dramatically from increased knowledge on nutrition, diet, exercise, and other lifestyle interventions. He needs to reduce saturated fats and cholesterol in his everyday diet dramatically. Moreover, increasing his support system would help make him more accountable for his progress regarding the implementation of such lifestyle choices. Joining a support group with his wife would help increase the size and effectiveness of his support network so that his decisions to make lifestyle changes would ultimately be more impactful.

References

American Heart Association. (2007). Patient-teaching for cardiac nurses. Nursing, 37(10), 14-16.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2012). Preventing High Blood Pressure: Healthy Living Habits. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/bloodpressure/healthy_living.htm

John Hopkins Medicine. (2014). High Cholesterol (Hypercholesterolemia). Heart & Vascular Institute. Retrieved from http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/heart_vascular_institute/conditions_treatments/conditions/high_cholesterol.html… [read more]


Diabetes Type II in Adults Term Paper

Term Paper  |  12 pages (3,731 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 9

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Diabetes Type II in Adults

CONFRONTING a DREAD DISEASE

Insulin is a hormone released by the pancreas to bring glucose to the cells so the body can use it for energy (University of Maryland Medical Center 2008). If this does not happen, the body has nothing to use for its functions. Diabetes develops. There are many types of diabetes. The… [read more]


Digestive System, Chewing, and Mechanical Digestion Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,447 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4

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Such reactions can produce muscle loss and put extra strain on the kidneys as the body works to dispose of unused protein by-products" (Hawk 2003). In general, adults should aim to eat a diet composed 40-60% of carbohydrates (Hawk 2003). Carbohydrates are classified as 'simple' or 'complex' and in general it is better to consume complex carbohydrates such as whole… [read more]


Role of Nutrition Essay

Essay  |  5 pages (1,891 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5

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Her meat, poultry, fish etc. intake is also adequate and in line with the AGTHE. However, the problems lies in the amounts of dairy and legumes that she consumes. The AGTHE suggests that women falling in the aforementioned age bracket should consume at least 4-7 servings of vegetables and legumes. She doesn't take in any extra foods. But an allowance of 0-2.5 servings of extra foods is given to women in the AGTHE. Being older, at the age of 45, Person B. needs to take up more of the dairy products in order for her bones and teeth to remain strong. Being a teacher, she doesn't require too much energy to carry on through her day. She should thus increase the portions of dairy, and legumes that she consumes. She can also risk increasing her meat and poultry consumption to provide her with necessary proteins.

Conclusion:

The purpose of this case study was to evaluate the eating habits of an average Australian. It involved test subjects keeping a record of their typical diets on particulars days. It involved participants from different genders with different occupations and lifestyles. From the results of this case study we can conclude that the eating habits of an individual are affected by their educational background, their line of work, their gender and of course by their individual and separate preferences. We have to note that certain changes must be made in the diet routine of Person A to ensure that he doesn't contract any diet-related chronic disease in the future. This includes more breads, water and vegetables and lesser meat and oils. Person B. should on the other continue with her diet plan as usual and add a bit of snack and poultry to mix it up a bit.

Works Cited

Ageing, D. o. (1998). Australian Guide to Eating Healthy. http://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/content/E384CFA588B74377CA256F190004059B/$File/fd-cons.pdf.

Carol Rees Parrish, M.R. (August 2003). Nutritional Assessment: Current Concepts and Guidelines for the Busy Physician.

Institute, M.O. (June 2012). Obesity in Australia.

Institute, N.H. Obesisty. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/guidelines/obesity/ob_gdlns.pdf.

U.S Department of Health and Human Services. (n.d.). What are overweight and obesity. Retrieved from National Heart Lung Blood Institute: www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/obe… [read more]


Calorie Diet Plans Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (717 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 2

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Nutrition low calorie diet (LCD) is prescribed for weight loss or maintenance. Two sample diets suggested by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI) can be considered low calorie diets: one is a 1200 calorie and the other a 1600 calorie diet. Usually a low calorie diet will include traditional foods but made with fewer calories than they usually are. For example, chicken without the skin would be included in a low calorie diet whereas a full calorie diet might allow for the consumption of skin because of its high fat content. A low calorie diet may vary depending on how much weight loss is necessary, the person's gender, or how much the individual weighs.

A low calorie diet is less severe than a very low calorie diet (VLCD). A VLCD may contain 800 or fewer calories per day, many or most of which may consist of meal replacement drinks ("Very Low Calorie Diets"). A VLCD is only recommended in certain situations, such as when immediate weight loss is necessary for health reasons. Extremely obese individuals might benefit from a VLCD but the diet is usually only used under doctor's supervision.

Either of the low calorie diets offered by the NHLBI can benefit overweight individuals and the obese. Severely obese individuals or those with a body mass index greater than 30 may be candidates for the VLCD ("Very Low Calorie Diets"). Moreover, individuals with diseases like diabetes or high blood pressure who also have a high body mass index might want to consider using a VLCD to mitigate problems associated with their condition. However, persons who are overweight but healthy and not obese should rely on one of the suggested low calorie diets to lose weight instead of the more extreme VLCD.

Doctors generally evaluate each patient for suitability for either the LCD or the VLCD. Eating plans like two "Traditional American Cuisine" low calorie plans can help an individual lose weight at a moderate pace, thereby preventing side-effects and encouraging new lifestyle habits. Similarly, the more rapid loss of weight associated with the VLCD may motivate an obese person to continue with behavioral and lifestyle changes…… [read more]


Dieting and Eating Disorders Dieting in Obese Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (688 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1

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¶ … Dieting and Eating Disorders

Dieting in obese women does not increase binge eating and actually increases self-esteem. These are the findings of the latest study from the Department of Psychiatry, Weight and Eating Disorders Program, run by the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. The study was conducted by Thomas Wadden, Gary Foster, David Sarwer, Drew Anderson, Madeline Gladis, Rebecca Sanderson, RV Letchak, Robert Berkowitz and Suzanne Phelan, and was published in the September, 2004 issue of the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

Much of the thinking that links dieting behavior to uncontrolled eating is based on research done with moderately overweight people, who were often already showed signs of eating disorders. There was no research to show what effect following different diets would have on women with more weight to lose. The tendency was to believe that restricting caloric intake would create feelings of deprivation and make it more likely for an eating disorder to develop.

The authors of this study set out to investigate whether different diets, with different levels of caloric restriction, would lead to an increase in eating disorders, specifically binge eating. They also wanted to investigate whether being on a diet made women feel more depressed, and lowered their self-esteem. This was an important question for developing the optimal health result. On the one hand, the obese women had a lot of weight to lose. On the other hand, the health benefits of losing the weight could be counterbalanced by negative health impacts, such as uncontrolled eating, or more serious depression.

This research into dieting and eating disorders looked at 123 obese women. The women were randomly divided into three different groups, and each group was given a different diet to follow. One group of women was put on a diet that consisted of 1000 calories per day, in the form of meal replacement shakes, and one meal of a frozen entree and salad. The second group was allowed to eat whatever food they wanted, as long as their total daily calorie intake stayed between 1200 and…… [read more]


Atkins Diet Metabolic Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (2,083 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

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Atkins Diet Physiology: Metabolic or Not?

In this study, we examined the effects of a high fat/low-carbohydrate diet on body weight and composition, in comparison to the effects of a calorie-reduced, fat-restricted diet. We conducted this particular study in an effort to answer the question of whether weight loss occurs because of a metabolic advantage, where the body begins to… [read more]


Diet Plan (Anemia) Nutrition Creative Writing

Creative Writing  |  2 pages (485 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1

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pretzels, raw broccoli and celery sticks.

Afternoon snack

Yogurt, 12-15 whole grain crackers.

Dinner

2-3 oz. Veggie, chicken patty or occasional real beef hamburger on a whole wheat bun, spinach salad, 1 cup skim milk, 1 cup brown rice, margarine or butter to taste.

Snack

Frozen Yogurt 1 cup (not after 7pm).

SAMPLE MEAL PLAN -- DAY 2:

Breakfast

8 oz. skim milk, 2 slices whole grain toast with jam and butter, 4 oz. orange juice, 1 hardboiled egg.

Snack

1 apple and 2 graham crackers.

Lunch

6 oz. low fat fruited yogurt, 2 oz. hummus on whole grain pita bread, banana, 1 oz. spinach dip with carrots and snap peas, 4 chocolate chip cookies, 1 cup water.

Afternoon snack

1 cup low sugar cereal with 8 oz. skim milk.

Dinner

2.5 x 2.5 piece of spinach lasagna, tossed salad with dressing, 1 piece buttered garlic bread, 1 cup water or 100% fruit juice.

Snack

8 oz. skim milk, 1 cup ice cream (not after 7pm).

SAMPLE MEAL PLAN -- DAY 3

Breakfast

1 serving citrus fruit, ae cup Total raisin bran cereal, 1 hardboiled egg, 1 slice whole wheat toast with 1 teaspoon margarine, 1 cup apple juice.

Snack

1 cup nonfat yogurt

Lunch

3 ounces tuna fish with 1 teaspoon mayonnaise, 2 slices whole grain bread, 1/2 cup carrots, 1 cup water.

Snack

1 kiwi fruit

Evening Meal

4 ounces chicken, 1 medium…… [read more]


Preamble: Josephine Attributes Her Eating Disorder Case Study

Case Study  |  4 pages (1,542 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

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PREAMBLE: Josephine attributes her eating disorder to dislike for the unhealthy food that her mother prepares and to her job as salsa instructor that demands that she regulates her weight. She sometimes eats only one meal per day, forcing herself to, occasionally, vomit when she eats too much junk or fried food and is overly concerned with her weight level… [read more]


Nutrition Intake Daily Recommended Servings Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,992 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1

SAMPLE TEXT:

3mg to 2mg. On day one, I consumed 2.496mg of vitamin B6. (banana 0.7 mg + turkey 0.644 mg + salmon 1.152mg = 2.946mg) On day two, I consumed 1.652mg of vitamin B6. (salmon 1.152mg + mahi 0.5mg = 1.652mg) I consumed adequate amounts of this B. vitamin.

Folate

Folate (a form of vitamin B9) is important in the production of red blood cells and a healthy nervous system. It is also essential in the production of DNA and brain functioning. It is especially important for women who are going to be having children. The recommended daily intake of folate is at least 400 mcgs to 600 mcgs. On day one, I consumed 186.3mcgs of folate (banana 22.5mcg + turkey 9.8 mcg + salmon 60mg + pasta 94 mcg = 186.3mcgs) On day two, I consumed 153.7 mcgs of folate. (salmon 60 mcg + Rice 92 mcg + salmon 1.7 mcg = 153.7 mcgs) I am not consuming enough folate and should increase my intake of folate-rich foods.

Calcium

Calcium is needed for proper muscle contraction, blood clotting, nerve functioning, and bone health. If your body does not have enough calcium, it will take calcium from bones, which will make them break easily. Not having enough calcium also leads to sleeping problems. The daily recommended intake of calcium is 1000mg. On day one I consumed 34.5 mg of calcium (banana 7mg + Turkey 1.5mg + Salmon 26mg = 34.5mg) On day two, I consumed 434.5mg of calcium. (Salmon 26mg + yogurt 400 mg + Mahi 8.5 mg = 434.5mg) I am consuming far too little calcium, and should probably switch to a more calcium-enriched soy milk, as well as increasing all foods with calcium. I am at a high risk of developing bone density problems if I do not increase my calcium.

Magnesium

Magnesium is needed for healthy bones, cell production, nerves and muscles, and energy production. It is also important for insulin and the absorption of different vitamins. Not enough magnesium can lead to fatigue, nervousness, insomnia, heart problems, and other health problems. The daily recommended intake of magnesium is 310 to 420mg. On day one, I consumed 113mg (banana 43mg + Turkey 17mg + Salmon 53 mg = 113mg). On day two, I consumed 188mg (Bread 80 mg + Salmon 53 mg + Mahi 55mg = 188mg). I am not consuming enough magnesium, and combined with the low levels of calcium intake, I am at an increased risk of developing osteoporosis.

Iron

Iron deficiency has been linked to problems ranging from behavioral problems to immune system weakness. The daily recommended intake of iron is between 10mg to 15mg. On day one, I consumed 3.505mg of iron (banana 0.4 mg + Turkey 2.5 mg +Salmon 0.605 mg = 3.505mg). On day two, I consumed 1.755mg (Salmon 0.605 mg + mahi 1.15mg = 1.755mg). I am not consuming enough iron and should increase my consumption of iron-rich foods such as dark…… [read more]


Justification and Evidence for Nutrition Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (2,203 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

Two cups of fruit and that of 2-1 / 2 cups of vegetables daily are being recommended for a requirement of 2,000-calorie intake, and this can be changed to higher or lower levels based on the calorie level. This level is still low when compared to what is possible. The advice is to select various fruits and vegetables daily. (Executive… [read more]


Dietary Nutrition Analysis Assessment

Assessment  |  5 pages (1,800 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0

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My challenges are the fact that the supplements taste horrible and I am tired a lot making it hard to get motivated. My tiredness is from the diabetes. I ride my bike 30 minutes at least 5 times a week, if not more. The bike says I burn 320 calories each time, give or take. My plate says I burn 916, but I do not believe it. I would like to incorporate a strength training program, such as lifting weights.

I could take my supplements on a schedule with juice or a spoonful of applesauce to cover the taste. My supplements could be taken on a schedule with meals and at bedtime, depending on how many times a day they are supposed to be taken. I could add 15 minutes of exercise every day for two days until I increase my time to one hour a day. I could ride my bike for 30 minutes and then lift weights for 15 minutes for the two days, then 30 minutes after that. I could get up an hour earlier every day to exercise early. Or, I could implement my exercise in the evening around already existing schedules. I could even implement some additional exercises when studying or doing homework. Leg and arm stretches can exercise the muscles while studying assignments. While reading for assignments, I could lay on my back and do leg lifts as I read to exercise my leg and thigh muscles.

A one day meal plan could be 1/4 cup of low fat cottage cheese with a serving of fruit, such as 1/2 cup of mixed berries, with an eight…… [read more]


Nutrition and Pregnancy: Eating Right Term Paper

Term Paper  |  7 pages (1,966 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

Some of the guidelines consist of:

Start with a healthy diet

Add about 300 calories daily: To support the growing fetus, increase one usual servings of basic foods.

Fruits and vegetables: Four or more servings a day are recommended.

Breads, rice and pasta: Four or more daily servings are recommended, especially whole-grain or enriched breads and cereals.

Milk products: Four or more daily servings are recommended. Yogurt, cottage cheese, custard and cheese can substitute for milk.

Meat, poultry, fish, eggs, beans and nuts: Three or more daily servings. One egg equals one serving.

Foods to avoid

Too much caffeine appears to significantly lower birth weight and contribute to anemia in mother and fetus.

Drinking alcohol during pregnancy can harm the fetus. Heavy drinkers (four drinks or more per day) can give birth to deformed, underweight babies with fetal alcohol syndrome (Pregnancy, 1999).

Those crazy cravings

Ice cream, fruits, sweets, pickles; expectant mothers often get sudden urges for certain foods, and occasionally giving in to these cravings poses no problem (Pregnancy, 1999).

Some pregnant women develop pica, a craving for nonfood items such as soil, coal and cigarette ashes.

Weight gain during pregnancy woman of normal weight should gain about 30 pounds. Underweight women should gain about 34 pounds, overweight woman only 20 pounds (Pregnancy, 1999).

Recommended gain: 3 to 4 pounds in the first three months, 3 to 4 pounds per month for the rest of the pregnancy (Pregnancy, 1999).

Each year hundreds of thousands of women become pregnant in this nation. For many years the medical community has been aware of the importance of nutrition to a pregnancy and has set guidelines of how it wants expectant mothers to eat. Following the food pyramid guidelines and taking prenatal vitamins assures that the mother is doing everything she can nutritionally to help her baby develop healthily. Exercise in moderation is also a plus when it comes to a pregnant woman. It allows her to stay in shape and healthy which in turn provides the baby with a healthy development environment.

Nutrition and exercise are vital elements to a healthy pregnancy and as each baby comes into the world ready to take their place in society, the proper preparation during their development helps determine how much living they will get to do.

References

Kerry Hillard, Table For 2/Nutrition News For Baby And One: E-ting Well., Baby Talk, 11-01-2000, pp 83.

John Davenport, A Tragic But Telling Legacy., Newsweek, 09-27-1999, pp 53.

Christopher Weems, Tips To Be Fit: Pregnancy, Exercise & Nutrition., Atlanta Inquirer, 06-29-1996, pp PG.

Author not available, PREGNANCY AND NUTRITION: 'One are what one eat' takes on specialmeaning when eatting for two.., The…… [read more]


Eating for A's: A Delicious 12-Week Nutrition Book Report

Book Report  |  2 pages (580 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1

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Eating for a's: A Delicious 12-Week Nutrition Plan to Improve Your Child's Academic and Athletic Performance

Alexander Schauss, Arnold Meyer, Barbara Friedlander Meyer

Year Published: 1991

Publisher: Pocket Books

Thesis Statement and Literary Introduction

This book report reviews the work of noted author and doctor, Dr. Alexander Schauss, et al., in his work "Eating for a's: A Delicious 12-Week Nutrition Plan to Improve Your Child's Academic and Athletic Performance." This book was originally published in 1991, in collaboration with Barbara Friedlander Meyer and Arnold Meyer. In this report, an overview of the book's general concept will be given, followed by a background of "why" the book was written. Additionally, the particulars of the program will be highlighted, touching upon the week by week guidelines of the dietary changes that the program requires. Salient concepts are then discussed, drawn from the major ideas that the author incorporates into the book, including scrutiny of the conversational tone the authors take with the intended reader, a note on children's intake of sugar, and the relationship between the diet, the brain, concentration, and improvements in academics and athletics. Finally, this report will offer a conclusion as well as a comment on the efficacy of these types of approaches espoused by nutrition books such as "Eating for a's."

Concept and Background

At a glance, the concept of the book "Eating for a's" is founded on the idea that a diet that is both complete and rich in nutrients will improve a child's academic and athletic performance. The basis for this hypothesis that the author(s) used for the book lays in the outcome of the largest nutrition study ever conducted, involving 800,000 students of all grade levels and demographic profiles, in 803 schools. The study was…… [read more]


Nutrition and Cancer Thesis

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¶ … NUTRITION & CANCER RATES

There are many studies which suggest that nutrition is inextricably linked to cancer rates and many of those studies with their findings will be reviewed during the course of the present study. Reports of how the food industry goes about procuring and processing food for the mass public reveal that never more than before… [read more]


Sports Nutrition Proposal Contemporary Sports Nutrition Consumers Thesis

Thesis  |  4 pages (1,154 words)
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Sports Nutrition Proposal

Contemporary sports nutrition consumers not only include bodybuilders and hardcore athletes, but also "weekend warriors," and soccer moms, according to Pete Maletto (2008), senior food scientist. "Nutrition Business Journal (NBJ), Boulder, CO, estimates that the $22 billion sports nutrition industry will experience sales growth of more than 5% a year over the next five years and approach $29 billion by 2013" (¶ 2). Maletto (2008) reports that approximately 20 years ago, protein powders, weight gain supplements, and amino acid tablets ranked as the most popular products sports nutrition enthusiasts were things like weight gainers and protein powders, and maybe for the really cutting-edge folks, amino acid tablets. Today, total nutrition sales, which include health foods, vitamins, and numerous related products, reportedly exceed $90 billion annually. Sports nutrition, however, encompasses more than food and supplements, Tracy R. Ray, and Rachel Fowler. (2004) point out in "Current issues in sports nutrition in athletes." The sports nutrition "field" also spotlights "the energy, nutrient and fluid needs of athletes, assessment of body composition, strategies for weight change, special nutrient needs during training, competition, and recovery, and the use of supplements and nutritional ergogenic aids" (Ray, & Rachel, 2004 Fowler, ¶ 1).

In light of current considerations relating to sports nutrition, the researcher proposes to explore this "field."

Hypothesis: When an athlete or other individual increases his/her knowledge about sports nutrition, then he/she will simultaneously begin to improve his/her physical potential.

Health Campaign: Athletes and other individuals who need to improve their physical potential need coaches, trainers, and mentors knowledgeable about sports nutrition. These coaches, trainers, and mentors need to teach, train, and target appropriate information toward helping those they coach, train and mentor.

Additional points from the five articles used for the above one page synopsis:

Greg Shaw, Greg Cox, and Janelle Barnard (2007) report in "Sports nutrition: case studies 2":

Keeping pace with daily fuel requirements to sustain quality exercise, while creating an energy surplus to allow for muscle mass gain is a major challenge for most athletes. (Answers section, ¶ 1)

The article "Sports nutrition vital for athletes" (2005) stresses: "Most athletes do not consider sports nutrition as part of their training."

In "Definition and Outcome of a Curriculum to Prevent Disordered Eating and Body-Shaping Drug Use." Diane L. Elliot, Esther L. Moe, Linn Goldberg, Carol a. DeFrancesco, Melissa B. Durham, and Hollie Hix-Small purport: "Coaches have been referred to as the missing link in health promotion, as their contact with student athletes is estimated at 150 to 200 hours during a sports season."

Mark J. Tallon, PhD, is chief science officer of NutriSciences, a London-based consultancy firm specialising in health-claim substantiation, product development and technical writing, states: "A study conducted by AC Nielsen in the UK in 2006 reported that 60 per cent of consumers preferred to get health benefits not from fortified foods, but from foods that are as natural as possible."

In "Current issues in sports nutrition in athletes," Tracy R. Ray, and Rachel Fowler (2004)… [read more]


Nutrition as a Means of Increasing Productivity Within a Workplace Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  15 pages (4,735 words)
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Nutrition as a Means of Increasing Productivity Within a Workplace

Nutrition: Current Dynamics and Economics

With the changing dynamics and demands of the business world it is important to alter the necessities provided to the employees. One of the recent focuses on an important necessity has been the nutritional intake of the employees within the workplace. This is the focus… [read more]


Diet and Activity Plan Thesis

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Diet and Activity Plan

What I have learned

Beginning this class, I believed that my diet and nutrition habits were acceptable because I know that eat healthier than many of my contemporaries. In addition, at 6'3" and 210 pounds, I certainly appear within the normal range. However, my BMI is 26.2, which places me in the overweight BMI range. I… [read more]


Weight Loss and Detoxification Essay

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Weight Loss & Detoxification

Nutrition Today:" Transcript

Weight loss and detoxification -- Dr. Anne-Louise Gittleman vs. Dr. Elon Haas

Interviewer: Dr. Gittleman, you call your diet plan the 'Fat Flush Plan,' and Dr. Haas, you say that detoxification can lead to weight loss. How is it possible to flush fat from your system? I always thought the only way to lose fat was to shrink your fat cells through diet and exercise. Surely if you follow a low-calorie diet and you expend more energy than you take in you will lose weight, regardless of whether you are following a detoxification program.

Gittleman: My program is not just a low-calorie diet program. That is a misnomer. It is meant to address the misconception that most people have about weight gain. Weight gain is not caused by eating too much and exercising too little.

Interviewer: It isn't? But isn't your plan a low-calorie diet? According to one diet review site, the diet you prescribe during the first phase of your plan, the Two-Week Fat Flush only contains 1,100 calories a day, which is followed by the Ongoing Fat Flush where dieters eat 1,500 calories a day, well under the prescribed 2,000 FDA recommended allotment for women and the 2,200 calories a day suggested for men.

Gittleman: I believe weight gain is caused by eating the wrong type of foods, not eating too much in general. Eating too many processed foods leads to water retention, liver toxicity and excess insulin production. The average, modern diet is very nutrient poor, given that unless people are careful they find themselves eating mass-produced, animals, dairy products, vegetables, and refined grains. People are too busy and stressed out today to eat properly, which also encourages fat storage because of elevated hormonal levels, and the modern fear of eating fat actually leads to an unbalanced diet that leads to more fat production. Environmental toxins, artificial dyes and preservatives, even prescription drugs slow the metabolism. That is why during the first phase of my Fat Flush Plan, I have my patients take flaxseed oil and fatty acid supplements. During the first phases of the detox, they eat no carbohydrates although good, unrefined carbohydrates are re-introduced later in the diet.

Interviewer: Dr. Haas, do you agree with this approach?

Haas: I do agree that people lead toxic lives today, filled with too much sugar, smoking, drinking (coffee and alcohol) as well as too many processed foods. I also think that fasting, like what is advocated with the famous 'Master Cleanse' diet can be helpful. In fact, I think that doing the week-long Master Cleanse of lemonade, salt water flushes, and maple syrup is ideal as a seasonal biannual occurrence, in the autumn and in the spring (Haas 2008:6). I am most concerned about allergenic responses and symptoms of toxicity because of allergic reactions to environmental chemicals.

Gittleman: Weight loss cannot be overlooked, because obesity is a clear symptom of exposure to toxic chemicals in the environment. Weight loss is an… [read more]


Basic Human Nutrition Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (913 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1

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Nutrition

From a nutrition perspective (not an ethical one) please explain whether a vegan diet or an omnivorous diet is best for our health. Be sure to address benefits, pitfalls and possible solutions for the pitfalls of each diet.

No two vegan or omnivorous diets are equal because no two individuals will eat the same foods whether vegan or omnivorous. Also, the effects of vegan vs. omnivore diets will be differ depending on the individual, his or her current state of health and his or her genetics. Therefore, it is impossible to determine absolutely whether one diet is preferable from a nutritional standpoint. Both can be beneficial when proper nutritional guidelines are followed. Balance is a key to solid nutrition whether vegan or not. Vegans must take care to acquire enough vitamin B12 and calcium from their diets. Protein is itself relatively easy to consume from vegetarian sources but animal products do offer nutritionally available calcium, B12 and other essential nutrients that are tougher to find from plant foods or even from dietary supplements. Therefore, vegans should supplement their diet when possible and take care to consume those nutrients that might be missing. Vegans do have distinct advantages over their omnivorous counterparts in terms of less cholesterol consumption. Also, vegans would tend to gravitate toward healthier food choices in general: those that are less processed.

Omnivores need to beware of eating too much processed foods, which are cheap and easy to consume but which are detrimental to overall health and well-being. When meats and other animal products are consumed with moderation and from fresh, organic sources when possible, an omnivorous diet offers a wealth of nutritional benefits. Omnivores who choose their foods wisely, avoid processed or fast foods, and who eat high-quality animal products in moderation are likely to enjoy good health.

2. Indicate TWO reasons why manufacturers hydrogenate their lipid-rich products. Provide ONE example of a hydrogenated food product, as well as a suitable healthy non-hydrogenated substitute for that product.

Manufacturers hydrogenate their lipid-rich products for several reasons, such as to make a lipid-rich vegetable oil solid at room temperature and easier to spread on breads or for baked goods. Another key reason to hydrogenate lipid-rich products is to lengthen shelf life, as hydrogenated fats deteriorate slower than if the same fat was not hydrogenated. Margarine is a common example of a hydrogenated food product, and its most suitable alternative spread is butter, which although high in saturated fat is wholesome and not hydrogenated. If animal fat is to be avoided, then olive oil is a suitable alternative to margarine for spreading on bread.

3.What is meant by the statement folate can mask a B12 deficiency? Be sure to describe the relationship between folate and…… [read more]


Nutrition Plan Get Healthy Plan Combination Term Paper

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Bibliography Sources: 3

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Nutrition Plan

Get Healthy Plan combination of positive eating habits and an active physical lifestyle are tantamount to a long and healthy life. Those who conscientiously pursue a sound, nutritional diet and regularly engage in athletic activities will significantly improve their opportunities at longevity, immuno-resistance and even emotional well-being. Therefore, the formulation of an effective personal health plan is an… [read more]


Diet to Achieve Weight Loss Essay

Essay  |  12 pages (4,424 words)
Bibliography Sources: 12

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¶ … diet to achieve weight loss has become a common thought in the minds of overweight individuals. As the obesity epidemic continues to sicken industrialized nations, people think that crash diets, food deprivation, and starvation are the answer to reaching weight loss goals. To achieve a weight loss goal and maintain a healthy weight is not the result of… [read more]


Vegetarianism Many People Tend to Be Drawn Research Paper

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Vegetarianism

Many people tend to be drawn to vegetarianism through different sorts of motives. A section of us are in need of living healthier lives, live longer and prevent ourselves from being obese. Others have turned to be vegetarians because they are in need of conserving the Earth's natural resources, or some love animals and their ethics do not allow… [read more]


Atkins Diet America Term Paper

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5 mg, 1.7 mg and 20 mg respectively. [Healthnotes INC] Atkins dieters derive these and other minerals from the prescribed multivitamin supplement 'Basic #3 Formula'. It is to be noted that the Atkins diet program is not self-sufficient and hence the dependence of supplementary vitamin dosages is a life long necessity.

Atkins Program strongly recommends regular aerobic exercises (5 times a week) as a general rule. Weight bearing exercises are also indicated to strengthen the bones and improve the muscle tone. Since chances of cholesterol buildup are a bit higher in the Atkins diet, regular aerobic and weight bearing exercises are part of the diet regimen. The recommended plan is to start with aerobic exercises and include weight training later on once the endurance level is increased. Most of the recipe information pertaining to the Atkins nutritional approach program is freely delivered on the internet. There are a variety of Atkins brand products, lunch and dinner products and different supplementary products to choose from. So the individual may either follow the recipe and prepare the food at home or buy Atkins brand products. Hence, cost of following the program may depend on the choice of the dieter.

Risk Factors

There are definitely health risks associated with the Atkins diet program. The fundamental change in food composition and consequent metabolic process carries a risk of electrolyte imbalance in our body. As Gail Frank, PhD, nutrition professor at California State University states, "Fruits and berries are much more indicative of early man's eating pattern than eating only protein, and we haven't changed all that much physiologically."[Charlotte E. Grayson]. High protein diet is known to cause the condition of acidic urine, which depletes calcium from the body. The result of calcium loss is a bone degeneration condition known as Osteoporosis. Developing kidney stones is another major risk for Atkins dieters. [Kathy Goodwin] It is also well-known that animal proteins are toxic in nature compared to vegetable and fruit sources and hence Atkins diet is not a healthy approach [Dan Rutherford] Further, the assumption that increased carbohydrates is the cause for overweight condition may itself be ill founded, as for instance, Japan as a nation where carbohydrates forms the major diet, has a very low obesity rate.

Conclusion

Atkins diet has created a revolution in weight management. There is no question of doubt that the diet has great success as an effective weight management program and even improved certain health aspects. However, a diet that is continuously dependent on supplements and which drastically limits the intake of natural foods such as fruits and vegetables is seriously questionable. Fruits not only supply vitamins but also include a variety of Phytochemicals, which are essential for bolstering the immune system and preventing chronic diseases. Though Atkins weight management program is a definitive way to loose quick pounds it entails potential health risks. Recent research findings that single vitamins are not easily assimilated by the body only adds to our concern of living on a supplemented diet. An… [read more]


3-Day Diet Plan to Lose Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (823 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

However, should a dieter wish to have a snack, he can have a combination of 1 sugar-free gelatin and 1 fruit, or 1 sugar-free gelatin and 1 vegetable, to eat. Fruits that contain vitamin C would be useful because it can help in quickening of the digestion process. Different kinds of fruits must be taken for every snack. This is in accordance to what we previously mentioned that a food variety can create a positive reaction to our digestive system.

In general, the 3-day diet contains basic nutritional foods. This diet plan has just enough amount of foods to allow a dieter sustain a day without having to lack energy for his body. For breakfast, the juice, coffee, or tea provides the body with an instrument to digest the foods that the body will take for the day. The slice of toast and peanut butter is a good source of carbohydrates. The cheese, on the other hand, provides the bones with just enough calcium without having the need to take milk for the 3-day diet. Milk should be avoided in the 3-day diet because it is a rich source of fat and calories. The apple and banana that are suggested for breakfast can provide more nutrition to the body that helps in the digestion process.

For lunch, the tuna, which is a kind of sea foods, is another important type of food that we everyone must eat. Hence, this is included in our diet plan. Again, it must be noted though that just enough amount should be eaten during the course of diet. Part of lunch is a source of carbohydrates such as the crackers and toasted bread. Black coffee or tea is again a part of our diet meal for lunch to help one's body digest the food he eats.

For dinner, part of the diet includes proteins. Protein is a very important nutrition that our body must not lack. Even if a person is on a diet, protein must not be excluded in the body's food intake. This is because protein is a good source of energy that our body consumes. Moreover, fruits and vegetables, which are good sources of nutrition in liquid form helps a faster digestion. And finally, low-fat vanilla ice cream is an important part of our 3-day diet because it creates a caloric reaction that also helps in our food digestion.

Bibliography

Diet.

Retrieved on May 15, 2005, from the Internet.…… [read more]


Nutrition the Familiar Food Pyramid Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,818 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

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Nutrition

The familiar food pyramid, introduced by the U.S. Department of Agriculture in 1992, consists of the six basic food groups. In the first are fats, oil, sweets and sugars; in the second are meats and other protein sources; milk and other dairy products in the third; fruits in the fourth group; vegetables in the fifth; and bread, rice and… [read more]


Mcdonald's Diet Plan Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (394 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1

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This will be complimented by a game that encourages consumers to learn more about nutrition, and the nutritional content of McDonald's food. By collecting scratch-off game pieces with the correct answer to different nutrition questions, return business to that increases financial revenue for the company will also be encouraged in a healthy manner.

Lastly, the woman who lost weight on the diet will be featured in a series of advertisements, stressing that real people can lose weight on McDonald's. The woman's life as a busy soccer mom will also come into sharp focus -- the consumer will gain the added value of time and money, without sacrificing its health

McDonald's thus can reposition itself in the fast food market once again against competitors such as salad-selling Wendy's or Burger King's new veggie options. It can show that it is still a caring, family friendly company that brings families closer together and gives them more time to spend together, time not spent over a hot stove.

Works Cited

Konrath, Jill. (2005) "How to Write a Strong Value Proposition." Sideroad. Retrieved 27 Aug 2005 at http://www.sideroad.com/Sales/value_proposition.html… [read more]


Current Controversial Legislative Proposals Related to Foods and Nutrition Term Paper

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Obesity and Fast Food

Fast Food And Obesity

The rate of increase in obesity in America is morbidly high. According to many studies and well documented causes of obesity, it was found that obesity is directly correlated with higher consumption of fast food items. One recent report indicates that "Fast food emphasizes primordial preferences for salt and fat...This may promote overeating."(CNN) There are several other reports citing similar results. This indicates that obesity is indeed connected with fast food consumption which leads to only one logical conclusion: we must urge fast food companies to either increase the nutritional value of their food items or make them less dense in terms of fast contents and calories. As Jeffrey et al. (2006) report: "...nutritional analysis of products sold in "fast food" restaurants indicates that they are typically high in energy density, which provides a plausible mechanism through which they might promote excess energy intake"

It is thus important that fast food consumption be restricted in people at risk. But as long as this type of food is easily available, it is impossible to restrict people's intake. For this reason, we need to have legislations that would help instill a sense of social responsibility in these companies. Since the proliferation of fast food cannot be controlled through ordinary means, it would only be in the best interest of people if lawmakers and judiciary urged companies to become more responsible in the food they prepare and the people they cater to. There must be a law limiting the fat content in fast food and this kind of food must not be served to kids who are most vulnerable to developing had eating habits since they do not know about nutritional value or lack of it thereof.

It is interesting to note that while these fast food items are hugely popular among teens and young adults, they have very little nutritional value, if ay at all. This means that while a certain portion of their regular calorie intake is coming from consumption of fast…… [read more]


Diet Analysis Since the Conception Term Paper

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Diet Analysis

Since the conception of the food pyramid by the USDA (United States Department of Agriculture) in the 1960s and its inception in 1992, "the familiar, black triangle, found on the majority of boxes of foods at the supermarket, has been an expected sight to our generation" (Greene). It is the icon of nutrition for an entire country, and… [read more]


Nutrition the Food Service Industry Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (1,847 words)
Bibliography Sources: 6

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Nutrition

The food service industry has long relied on meeting customer needs, in particular with respect to taste and speed of service. However, as tastes change and new trends emerge, the food service industry must change with the times. One of the major trends today is towards nutrition. This change manifests itself in a number of different ways. One example… [read more]


Overeating Poor Eating Behavior Research Paper

Research Paper  |  8 pages (2,589 words)
Bibliography Sources: 8

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Overeating / Poor Eating Behavior

Your definition of health

Health refers to the level of metabolic and functional efficiency of living things. In human beings, health means the general condition of the mind of a person. This normally refers to being free from injury, pain, or illness. According to the World Health Organization, health is the state of complete mental,… [read more]


Overeating Poor Eating Habits Research Paper

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Overeating and Poor Eating Habits: Learning to Make Healthy Choices

Obesity has reached near epidemic levels in many Western nations, including the United States, and increasingly sedentary lifestyles are further contributing to the incidence of poor eating habits. Young people in particular are at high risk of becoming obese due in part to poor eating habits. To determine the extent… [read more]


Healthy Diet Habits: Lifetime Importance Essay

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Bibliography Sources: 4

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¶ … Healthy Diet a Habit for a Lifetime

Attention

When one eats and utilizes natural foods, it improves the ability of being at ease with everyday life. This enhances the chances of living a much healthier, happier, and longer life. In the modern day life, the food type we consume must be of quality because we are exposed to… [read more]


Omniverous vs. Vegan Diet Omnivorous Term Paper

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OMNIVEROUS vs. VEGAN DIET

Omnivorous vs. vegan

A low-carbohydrate, high protein omnivorous diet vs. A low-protein, low fat vegan diet:

What is superior for diabetics?

The vegan diet has become extremely fashionable, thanks to endorsements by celebrities and Bill Clinton's much-publicized weight loss following heart surgery, which he attributed to his vegan diet. The escalating obesity epidemic in America and… [read more]


Dieting Makes You Fat:" Old Essay

Essay  |  5 pages (1,649 words)
Bibliography Sources: 6

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One very interesting study even determined that adolescents who drank whole 'white' (non-sweetened milk) despite the fact that milk is caloric, had lower body weights than diet soda drinkers. This "suggests that the use of low-calorie soft drinks is a marker for more general dietary behaviors and weight concerns…Adolescents who consumed little or no white milk gained significantly more weight than their peers who consumed white milk" (Vanselow, Pereira Neumark-Sztainer & Raatz 2009). Dieting behaviors, an unhealthy relationship with food, and self-regulation followed by uninhibited eating were all associated with diet soda consumption, versus drinking the non-diet product of milk.

These findings do not mean that public health experts should utterly abandon attempts to regulate and improve the public's eating behaviors. However, it does indicate that health, rather than weight loss alone should be the focus. Furthermore, a fixation on weight can lead to increased anxiety and stress, rather than effective self-regulation. Dieting in the traditional sense seems to be a lose-lose proposition for both the individual and reducing the obesity rate for society overall as well.

Works Cited

Amber, R. Standish, et al. "Dieting And Unhealthy Weight Control Behaviors During

Adolescence: Associations With 10-Year Changes In Body Mass Index." Journal Of Adolescent Health 50.1 (2012): 80-86. CINAHL Plus with Full Text. Web. 27 Oct. 2012.

Dulloo, A., Jacquet, J., & Montani, J. "How dieting makes some fatter: from a perspective of human body composition autoregulation." Proceedings Of The Nutrition Society, 71.3 (2012), 379-389. CINAHL Plus with Full Text. Web. 27 Oct. 2012.

Savage, JS, L Hoffman, and LL Birch. "Dieting, Restraint, And Disinhibition Predict Women's

Weight Change Over 6 Y." American Journal Of Clinical Nutrition 90.1 (2009): 33-40. CINAHL Plus with Full Text. Web. 27 Oct. 2012.

"Theories on yo-yo dieting unwind." Tufts University Diet & Nutrition Letter, 1210 (1994), 1-2.

CINAHL Plus with Full Text. Web. 27 Oct. 2012.

Vanselow M, Pereira M, Neumark-Sztainer D, Raatz S. "Adolescent Beverage Habits And

Changes In Weight Over Time: Findings…… [read more]


Nutrition and Age Related Macular Term Paper

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This is the reason why people with a higher density of macular pigment have a reduced risk of macular degeneration in their old age ("Macular Degeneration Could Be," 2004, p. 13). It is, therefore, necessary to eat fresh or frozen vegetables for ingesting lutein (Mogk & Mogk, 2004).

Vitamin B

The supplemental use of folic acid and B. vitamins can… [read more]


Health Plan for Life Research Paper

Research Paper  |  4 pages (1,271 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4

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Though these goals seem relatively easy to do for someone perhaps more experience with a set schedule of diet and exercise, for me they will be quite difficult. Therefore, in this next section, I would like to discuss the actions I will take to meet each goal, and the anticipated setbacks and difficulties that I will probably encounter. According to the section Guidelines for a Healthy Diet, and the food pyramid in this section, an individual should have anywhere from 3-5 servings of vegetables and 2-4 servings of fruit a day. Due to this, I have made these two my goals; however, due to the fact that I am not really accustomed to eat fruit and vegetables so often, this will be quite a struggle for me. Though I will be able to achieve my water goal and my lunch goal, I will have to work hard and constantly remind myself to eat fruit and vegetables instead of other salty or sugary snacks. In order to do this successfully, I will note it in my calendar and will also note it on my fridge so that I can see it in multiple places when I look. [2: Sources provided by customer, document titled Guidelines for a Healthy Diet. ]

Another obstacle might be presented in motivating myself for exercising so many times a day. Indeed, now I exercise only 2-3 days a week, but due to my new schedule I will have to be very organized indeed about my exercise, and vary it as well. However, my main motivator for exercising (just as it is for diet), will be not having chronic diseases and illnesses that are related to an inactive lifestyle, such as chronic disease, such as obesity and cardiovascular disease or diabetes. Thus, my main source of motivation in this respect will be the health risks that could ensure from the non-application of the above stated goal model with respect to both exercise and diet, but especially with regards to exercise. [3: Sources provided by customer, document titled Nutrition, Fitness and Physical Activity.]

Next, I would like to describe how I would measure my success. It is important to notice here that another motivator would be looking forward to measuring this success. This can be done by recording weight, but also by analysing general well-feeling and differences in physical feelings from prior starting the diet and exercise. I would also like to note that it is important that I will both exercise and follow my diet, for one will not work without the other. Thus, success will also be measure through how well I can follow both. Another measure of success will be my daily diary. For this, I could use an electronic application on my phone, which can help me record and measure my daily intake of food and my physical activity by counting calories for me. Such applications can be downloaded on most smart phones. I will also keep a written diary, recording how I feel… [read more]


Vegetarianism Verses Meat Eating Diet Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (939 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

Yet most meats, when cooked, produce an array of benzenes and other carcinogenic compounds. Cancer is infinitely easier to prevent than cure.

Vegetarian diets often contain fewer calories than diets that include meat. This type of diet also contains less saturated fat and smaller amounts of a fatty substance called cholesterol than most meat-eaters do. Lower dietary levels of saturated fat and cholesterol result in lower levels of cholesterol in the blood. Medical research indicates that a high level of cholesterol in the blood is associated with heart disease. Some studies have shown that vegetarians in the United States are healthier and live longer than other Americans.

You can get all the needed vitamins and minerals from a vegetarian diet that includes dairy products or eggs. Nondairy calcium sources include tofu processed with calcium sulfate; green leafy vegetables such as collard greens, mustard greens, and kale; and calcium-fortified soymilk and orange juice. Your body absorbs heme iron, which is found in meat, better than non-heme iron, found in plants. However, eating foods high in vitamin C during the same meal increases the absorption of non-heme iron (Murphy, 2002). The addition of yeast and tempeh should also be included in the diet to prevent a deficiency in the vitamin B12. Most vegans take vitamin B12 tablets to obtain this nutrient. A dietician can tell you if your diet is too low in vitamins and minerals. Advice will also be given on how to correct your diet if it does not have enough vitamins and minerals (Sorgen, 2002).

There are many benefits to eating a vegetarian diet. There is no nutrient necessary for optimal human functioning that cannot be obtained from plant food (Refior, 2002). Animal foods are higher in fat than most plant food, particularly saturated fats and plants do not contain cholesterol. The foods that are allowed on this diet are low in saturated fat and are beneficial for the prevention of cancer. A vegan will also more likely have lower levels of cholesterol, which will help to reduce the possibility of a stroke or heart attack. While some may think this type of lifestyle is difficult to maintain, there are many recipes and options available to prevent dining boredom while living a healthy lifestyle.

Works Cited

Brody, Jane. "Vegetarianism." World Book Online Americas Edition, Retrieved December 5, 2002 at http://www.worldbookonline.com/ar?/na/ar/co/ar582020.htm

Garell, Dale. (1991). Nutrition. Chelsea House Publishers, New York.

Lawrence, H. (2001). "The Macrobiotic Diet in Cancer." The Journal of Nutrition. (131)

Lykins, Terri. (1994). "Vegeterians get Less Fat, More Fiber by Avoiding Meat, Poultry.

Knight-Ridder Tribune News Service.

Murphy, Dee. (Feb., 2002). "The Great American Meatout." Current Health, (28) 23.

Refior, Tiffany. Retrieved December 5, 2002 at http://vegetarian.about.com

Sorgen, C. (2002). "The Raw Meal Deal." http://my.webmd.com/content/article/1671.53588

Yount, Lisa. (1991). Cancer.…… [read more]


Nutrition Tropical Creme Desert Bars Great Taste Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (633 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2

SAMPLE TEXT:

Nutrition

TROPICAL CREME DESERT BARS

Great taste, lactose free, no sugar added

Market Share - Ice cream is a $60 billion dollar industry dominated by 2 global giants, Nestle with about 18% market share, and Unilever with about 15%. Research shows that ice cream sales are rising about 3% worldwide, and in Europe, the world's largest market, over $22 billion in frozen desserts were sold (Scott and Flanagn, 2007). In the United States, the frozen desert industry boasts about $20 in annual sales. The industry is dynamic, yet a larger number of smaller "mom-and-pop" producers are finding superb niche in the market. Even a slight market share stands to make millions, and often unique packaging and formulas offer regional providers more flexibility than the national or global organizations ("U.S. Market for Ice Creme," 2002). Add to this the wave of health-food, low sugar, low fat, product extensions and one will see it is quite possible to profitably introduce a new frozen desert into the market.

Target Group- Lactose intolerant individuals who might also be concerned with sugars in their diet; diabetic and heart conscious individuals -- but caloric count is a tad high. Likely target women 34-55 or retired women; might be marketed with coconut shell (see above) to increase novelty and market share. Target group would appreciate the novelty, and be willing to pay more to have lactose free desert option. Estimates range that as humans age, their lactose intolerance increases (witness products such as Lactaid). By the targeted age group, at least 47% of the population is expressing some lactose intolerance, and by age 70 almost 90% (National Institute of Health, 2010). Thus, marketed properly, the market share actually grows up per year since more people are growing older, but older folk are living longer.

Product/Packaging Nutrition Claims- the formula for the new desert would consist of 2 parts coconut milk, 1 part almond…… [read more]


Diet and Heart Disease Public Health Policy Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  4 pages (1,323 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4

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Diet and Heart Disease Public Policy

Identify a current public health policy (at the national/federal or state level) that pertains to your chosen topic.

Over the last several decades, the obesity / overweight epidemic is becoming a major challenge that is affecting two thirds of adults and one in three children. Where, the condition would remain fairly stable during: the 1960's and 1970's. Then, between the 1980's and early to mid-2000's, this number would skyrocket as the amount adults (affected by obesity) would increase from just 13.4% (in 1980) to 34.8% of the population. ("Surgeon General's Vision for a Health and Fit Nation 2010," 2010) This is significant, because such large increases in the number of obese adults and children will mean that: diabetes, heart disease as well as hyper tension are medical conditions, which are becoming increasingly common. Once this occurs, it can mean that the underlying amounts of health care services will increase and it can have an impact on the productivity of the nation. As overweight and obese individuals would miss more work days, because of having to deal with the lingering effects of the condition. In the State of Mississippi these numbers are higher than the national average. Where, obesity has been known to increase the mortality rate in the state for: diabetes, heart disease and other conditions. Evidence of this can be seen by looking no further than, the state's mortality rate in comparison with the rest of the United States. As Mississippi, has been consistently above the national average, by at least 30% (since 2002). ("House Concurrent Resolution Number 6," 2008) This is important, because it shows how on the national and state level, the obesity epidemic is affecting a number of different individuals. Where, the total amount of cases has been consistently increasing at an alarming rate. When you put these two elements together, this highlights how the number of obese adults and children is consistently increasing, despite efforts to reduce the rate by a variety of organizations.

Outline the objectives of the current policy

There are a number of different factors that are contributing to the large number of obesity cases being reported the most notable include: poor diet, a lack of physical exercise, genetic factors, metabolism, culture and behavior. This is important, because one or a combination of these different factors has been contributing to the disease. As a result, various government programs have been introduced to increase awareness and reduce the number of cases. The most notable includes: creating healthy home environments for families / individuals, eliminating unhealthy choices that many individuals will face on daily basis (i.e. soda / candy vending machines in schools), promoting healthy food choices / increased physical activity, creating healthy schools / child care settings, creating healthy work environments, working with the medical establishment / community organizations and limiting the amount of non-physical activity. This is significant, because it highlights how the government is attempting to address the problem by increasing funding and coordination. Yet,… [read more]


Eating Behaviors, Weight Loss Methods, and Nutrition Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,310 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1

SAMPLE TEXT:

¶ … Eating Behaviors, Weight Loss Methods, and Nutrition Practices Among High School Wrestlers

The article begins by explaining that wrestling is a sport that requires some necessary components, which include endurance, muscular strength, flexibility and motor conditioning. In conjunction with this a wrestler also has to maintain a specific weight classification, which may pose to be a difficult thing to do. Extreme weight loss has negative effects on the body. Various methods have been researched regarding how wrestlers cut weight; often a combination of the methods of food restriction, deprivation of liquids, and thermal dehydration. The reading describes a study in which over 80% of 528 high school wrestlers reduced food intake to reduce their weight. 32% of the wrestlers explained that food intake restriction is used rather often as a means of weight lose. The second study discussed in the article explains that wrestlers in the upper weight class used fluid restriction and dehydration for weight loss in contrast to the wrestlers in the lower weight classes whom incorporated food intake restrictions in conjunction with the methods used by the upper weight class. Additional methods that were mentioned that too are used include vomiting, laxatives, and diuretics in an attempt to control weight.

Another aspect of these extremes to control weight discussed in the article, include the negative impacts that these forms of weight loss have on the body. Researchers indicate that such methods can cause a negative impact on body composition. These methods of weight loss can cause renal failure, electrolyte imbalances, and issues with thermal regulation, nutrient intake and eating behavior issues, testosterone levels, muscular strength, and fluctuations in metabolic rate. Researchers have also realized that wrestlers tend to know less about nutrition than participants in other sports; college wrestlers lacked a solid understanding of basic nutrition. The reading also states that there is not a lot of research regarding the nutritional and eating habits of athletes.

One study in the reading discussed a study done on 17 prep school wrestlers, looking at the pre-event meal analysis. The study found that the mean calorie intake before a game was around 1,517 kcal. The study went further to explain that the majority of the calories consumed were through sources of junk food i.e. soda, chocolate and candy. The study concluded by making an association between binge eating and episodes of high caloric intake. Statistically the article indicates that on average 12% of high school wrestlers have reported that they have often had episodes of binge eating. The results found from the above mentioned research is stated to affirm that wrestlers have more of a tendency to have eating disorders because of the lack of knowledge associated with good nutrition and poor eating habits. However it is also mentioned that there are no studies that evaluate this association.

Research in the reading further state that on average 4 to 8% of bulimia cases are seen in high school subjects; one of the characteristics associated with those susceptible to… [read more]


Diet and Heart Disease in Exploring Research Paper

Research Paper  |  4 pages (1,347 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5

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Diet and Heart Disease

In exploring the impact of diet on heart disease it will be important to consider the theoretical perspective of the health belief model (HBM) which is the most commonly used model in health promotion and education. The HBM claims that health behavior is determined by personal beliefs about the disease and the specifics surrounding prevention and treatment (Glanz, Lewis, & Rimer, 1997). The four facets of this model involve this personal perception and include perceived seriousness, perceived susceptibility, perceived benefits, and perceived barriers (Glanz, Lewis, & Rimer, 1997). This theory will be integral in exploring the relationship between diet and heart disease as it will allow the researcher to not only explore the medical aspects but also the role of the individual in diet and heart related care.

Article 1: Dietary restriction and fibre supplementation: oxidative stress and metabolic shifting for cardiac health

Objective of the Article

This article is based on the premise that the first course of action in the prevention of heart disease is dietary modification. This study seeks to identify if there is a correlation between consuming a diet enriched in fiber and oxidative stress in cardiac tissue. Previous studies have shown that dietary fiber has been integrated into dietary programs as a manner by which glucose serum and cholesterol can be lowered (Diniz et al., 2003). Yet the impact of dietary fiber on functioning, as well as, the effect of fiber enriched eating on oxidative stress in cardiac tissue has not been fully explored through research and therefore are the focus of the current study.

Methodology Employed

Researchers utilized 40 male Wistar rats which were randomly divided into groups by random computer sampling. Each group of rats was fed different diets depending on their grouping: control, fiber enriched diet, and the dietary restricted. While all diets provided sufficient nutritional values they differed in their amount and concentration of fiber. Results were measured through the obtainment of body mass each week and at week 6 the rats were fasted and sacrificed (Diniz et al., 2003). The body of the rat was then studied to determine what impact if any the introduction of dietary fiber had on heart disease, particularly oxidative stress.

Conclusions of the Study

The results of this study showed that the rats with fiber added to their diet had increased body mass. Researchers were able to identify a direct link between dietary fiber and metabolic responses (Diniz et al., 2003). In fact, these results were more significant than that of food consumption alone. In terms of cardiac functioning, dietary fiber was found to increase glycogen concentrations which increases cardiac viability. Further, dietary fiber was found to stop the development of oxidative disease in the cardiac tissues (Diniz et al., 2003).

Article 2: Dietary iron as a risk factor for myocardial infarction:

Public health considerations for Nova Scotia

Objective of the Article

The present study seeks to determine if the amount of dietary iron can result in myocardial injury. Many recent… [read more]


Synopsis of Major Diets to Lose Weight Creative Writing

Creative Writing  |  3 pages (1,062 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

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Popular Diets

In contemporary society, one of the most visible issues facing Americans, and indeed, most of the developed world, is obesity and the link between diet and health. Medical doctors, scholars, researchers are all in agreement that there is a complete link between what we eat and drink, and the consequences to our overall health. One need only look in the newspaper, magazines, grocery store aisles, or pop-up ads to see thousands of ads for diet pills, diet aids, etc. -- one need only look at the increasing demographic of vitamin and supplement stores and offerings to see that American's are rabid for something to bring quick results and better health (Fumento, 1998). Are there negatives to healthful eating? Certainly none that are medical -- but, in our society of fast food, it is more expensive to eat right, fresh vegetables, hormone free meat, low sugar beverages all are a bit more expensive that the high-carbohydrate, fast foods so popular (Robbins, 1998).

Eating right involves two things: a balanced approach to nutrition and the proper mindset to utilize the proper foods in the proper amount. The balanced approach to nutrition does not require depriving oneself of everything one likes -- it simply indicates that we eat in moderation, and, when possible, try to include more fresh fruits and vegetables, limit processed foods and sugars, eat whole foods, limit alcohol, and most especially limit sugary drinks and candies with only processed empty calories and very little nutritional value. For example, on a given day Americans drink 12 gallons of soft drinks per week, totaling vast amounts of sugar -- is this healthful? (Valentine, 2002). Many even call this America's "other drinking problem," and enough soft drinks are produced for every person in the United States to have 52 gallons per year. ("Strong Evidence Links Soft Drink Consumption to Obesity."

Second, humans need a balance between protein, fats and carbohydrates. There are many "quick fix" diets that promise rapid weight loss by eating all grapefruit, no carbohydrates, all carbohydrates, etc. The truth of the matter is that a balanced, limited portion menu, with limited amounts of alcohol is the most nutritious and healthful way of eating. Fats are necessary in the human body to lubricate cells, improve blood health, ease inflammation, and stabilize the heart. Carbohydrates help cell metabolism, provide numerous trace minerals and vitamins, and are essential for proper blood chemistry. Proteins are necessary to fuel amino acids and are essential for bone growth, neurological health, and to fuel the body. In addition, there are hundreds of minerals, vitamins, and substances that at smaller levels, contribute to the overall health of the body ("The Nutrition Source").

For most Americans, the perception of nutrition is a diet. In fact, most Americans do believe they are overweight, and almost 67% of Americans are on a diet 2-3 times per year. 62% of adults and 34% of children are overweight or obese, and yet, if any of the diets worked, why would people… [read more]


Nutrition Physical Activity and Obesity Nexus Research Paper

Research Paper  |  13 pages (5,299 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

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Nutrition, Obesity, And Physical Activity Nexus

The population of the United States is a much less healthy and fit than their preceding generations. Once the healthiest of modern societies, the U.S. has fallen below dozens of other nations in measures of the health of populations, including some countries whose progress into modernity was largely funded by the U.S. throughout the… [read more]


Nutrition Synthesis Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (548 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0

SAMPLE TEXT:

Nutritional Evaluation and Planning

In what ways is your current diet healthy?

My current diet is only healthy in that it not excessively high in caloric intake. Approximately 1,700 calories per day for a relatively active young person of my height, weight, and bodily composition is not, in and of itself, a problem. Likewise, my protein, vitamin, and other micronutrient consumption levels are adequate although I could benefit from reducing my sodium intake, and from increasing my water and potassium intake for optimal health and fitness.

In what specific areas could your diet could use improvement?

The biggest problems with my current diet are that I consume excessive amounts of fats in general and saturated fats in particular and that I do not distinguish adequately between complex carbohydrates and simple carbohydrates. Ideally, I should reduce my consumption of fats much more; I should reduce my consumption of poly-saturated and transfats to an absolute minimum; and I should make sure that I consume a healthy amount of complex carbohydrates (especially those that are also high in dietary fiber) while reducing my consumption of all simple carbohydrates to an absolute minimum.

I also tend to go without eating for too long because of my schedule. As a result, I have less will power to restrict my food choices to those that are most beneficial; I am more prone to eating irresponsible snacks when I am confronted with the temptation; and I tend to overeat during meals. Ideally, I should be making arrangements to snack healthily during the day or to pack healthy meals so that I can avoid going for long periods without eating or succumbing…… [read more]


Nutrition Analysis a Food Diary Was Kept Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (899 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

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Nutrition Analysis

A food diary was kept for a three-day period for the purpose of determining nutritional quality of the daily diet and making recommendations for improvements to support a healthy lifestyle. The subject of the nutrition analysis is a twenty-eight-year-old female in good health standing five feet one inch tall and weighing one hundred forty-five pounds. Analysis of the diet and averaged results yield the following information about food consumption:

Actual Consumption

Recommended Consumption

Total calories (Kcals)

Protein (gm)

Carbohydrates (gm)

Fiber (gm)

Total Fat (gm)

Saturated Fat (gm)

OK

<24.6

Cholesterol (mg)

OK

<300n
Vitamin a (mcg RAE)

Vitamin C (mg)

75

Vitamin E (mg)

6.13

15

Thiamin (mg)

1.5

1.1

Calcium (mg)

Phosphorus (mg)

OK

Magnesium (mg)

Iron (mg)

15.9

18

Zinc (mg)

12.2'

8

Selenium (mcg)

55

Potassium (mg)

Sodium (mg)

1500-2300

The average calorie count for the three-day period was nearly double what is recommended. The subject will steadily gain weight without a reduction in calories and/or the incorporation of calorie-burning activities into the daily routine. If the subject walks for an hour a day at a moderate pace of four miles per hour, it is possible to burn 400 calories a day. Other activities could easily be incorporated into the day (e.g., taking stairs instead of an elevator, parking the car further from the destination and walking) so that the subject could reduce net calorie intake without having to make as many cutbacks on food intake. The calorie requirement for this individual is relatively low because of her height, age and gender; a daily multivitamin would also help her meet nutritional needs without upping food intake over recommended levels.

The subject consumed nearly twice the recommended amounts of protein and carbohydrates. Since both contain four calories per gram, the subject could make significant cuts in protein and carbohydrate consumption to reduce calories. She consumed, on average, fifty-five more grams of protein than needed per day; eliminating the extra protein could save 220 calories a day. Eliminating excess carbohydrates could save 512 calories. These savings would bring the average daily calories consumption down to 1,373, only 303 calories above recommended intake. Walking less than an hour would offset the difference.

The subject's intake of fiber, at an average of fourteen grams, was nearly half of what is recommended. The subject could boost fiber intake significantly by consuming certain fruits and vegetables. One avocado, for example, has 10-13 grams of fiber. They are also high in fat; the subject's fat consumption is currently within acceptable range but she is not looking to add additional calories, so avocados should be limited to once or twice a week. Other vegetables high in fiber are sweet potatoes, carrots…… [read more]


Principles of Equine Nutrition Review of the Basic Nutrients Too Much or Too Little Salt Thesis

Thesis  |  5 pages (1,619 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 5

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¶ … Equine Nutrition -- Review of the Basic Nutrients -- Too Much or Too Little: Salt

Salt deficiency and excess: Why the right balance of salt is so critical for equine health

Salt is an essential nutrient for both horses and humans. What is commonly referred to as salt (such as table salt) actually consists of the chemical bond… [read more]


Eating Disordered Mothers Influence to the Cause of Unhealthy Eating Behavior on Daughters Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  10 pages (2,983 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 8

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¶ … MOTHERS WITH EATING DISORDERS PROJECT UNHEALTHY EATING HABITS ON THEIR DAUGHTER?

The literature review in this work is conducted for the express purpose of reviewing information and previous studies which examine whether mothers with eating disorders project unhealthy eating habits on their daughters. Toward this end a great deal of literature is reviewed and findings of the studies… [read more]


My Diet Analysis Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  5 pages (1,556 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 1

SAMPLE TEXT:

Daily Diet

My Daily Diet Analysis

Healthy eating and ensuring that one receives the proper nutrition is much more complicated than many advertisers suggest. It is not as simple as watching calories, cutting fat or carbohydrates, or boosting levels of antioxidants. Though all of these are important considerations in developing a dietary plan, it is only in combination along with… [read more]


Vitamin C And Nutrition Thesis

Thesis  |  5 pages (1,399 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 3

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Vitamin C and Nutrition

The objective of this work is to research Vitamin C in regards to nutrition and to discuss the articles reviewed for this purpose discussing the similarities and differences in the articles.

Naidu (2003)

The work of Naidu (2003) entitled: "Vitamin C in Human Health and Disease is Still a Mystery?: An Overview" states "L-ascorbic acid (C6H8O6) is the trivial name of Vitamin C" ( ) Ascorbic acid is stated to be "widely distributed in fresh fruits and vegetables. It is present in fruits like oranges, lemons, grapefruit, watermelon, papaya, strawberries, cantaloupe, mango, pineapple, raspberries and cherries. It is also found in green leafy vegetables, tomatoes, broccoli, green and red peppers, cauliflower and cabbage." (Naidu, 2003) Ascorbic acid is "one of the most important water soluble vitamins" and it is essential for "collagen, carnitine and neurtransamitters biosynthesis." (Naidu, 2003)

Historically it is related that those who voyaged the sea "developed a peculiar disease called scurvy when they were on sea. This was found to be due to eating non-perishable items and lack of fresh fruits and vegetables in their diet. A British naval Physician, Lind documented that there was some substance in citrus fruits that can cure scurvy. He developed a method to concentrate and preserve citrus juice for use by sailors. British Navy was given a daily ration of lime or lemon juice to overcome ascorbic acid deficiency. Ascorbic acid was first isolated from natural sources and structurally characterized by Szent-Gyorgyi, Waugh and King. This vitamin was first synthesized by Haworth and Hirst. Currently ascorbic acid is the most widely used vitamin supplement through out the world." (Naidu, 2003)

While the majority of plants and animals "synthesize ascorbic acid from D-glucose of D-galactose…" and most of animals produce "relatively high levels of ascorbic acid from glucose in liver" it is stated that humans, as well as guinea pigs, apes, and fruit eating bats "can not synthesize ascorbic acid due to the absence of the enzyme L-gulonolactone oxidase." (Naidu, 2003)

Recommended average daily intake levels sufficient in meeting ascorbic acid nutritional requirements are 90 milligrams per day for men over the age of 19 and 75 milligrams per day for women over the age of 19. Individuals who smoke should consume approximately 120 milligrams each day to "maintain cellular saturation and optimum risk reduction of heart disease, stroke and cancer in health individuals." (Naidu, 2003)

Naidu reports that there is absolutely no evidence that exists that supports the idea that excess doses of Vitamin C are toxic and as well there is no evidence to clearly link excess Vitamin C to formation of kidney stones, pro-oxidant effects or excess iron absorption. Vitamin C is however, know to be very beneficial in preventing and relieving symptoms of the common cold. Vitamin C is vital in would healing processes and the healing and regeneration process since Vitamin C "stimulates collagen synthesis." (Naidu, 2003) In fact, Naidu (2003) state that the recommendation to hasten the process of healing calls for… [read more]


Effects of Nutrition and Cardiovascular Disease Thesis

Thesis  |  4 pages (1,303 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 3

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Nutrition and CVD

Cardiovascular disease or CVD is a disorder affecting the heart or the body system of blood vessels (American Association for Clinical Chemistry 2009). Most cases of CVD are usually attributed to obesity, high blood pressure and high cholesterol, too much smoking and alcohol use, and low vegetable and fruit intake (Perspectives in Health 2007). It is believed that a combination of treatment and education is the best approach to CVD. Singling out smoking as a major cause, former Pan American Health Organization Director George Allayne pointed to tobacco taxation as a most cost-effective intervention for this disease. He also said that cost-effective medical treatments should include angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, beta blockers, off-patent statins and aspirin. A polypill, which incorporated many medications, for long-term use was considered ideal. But education should cap all efforts. Health care workers must assiduously follow clinical guidelines. Patients must be educated on the importance of following their medical regimens and doctor's orders (Perspectives in Health).

Organic Pollutants Cause CVD

Studies showed that exposure to persistent organic pollutants or POPs can be another cause of CVD (Ha et al. 2007). POPs are lipophilic stable chemicals, which can accumulate in adipose tissue. Eventually, they become a lasting toxic body burden. Findings of the studies revealed that exposure to these pollutants increases atherogenic serum lipid levels in both man and animal. They damage the endothelial cells through oxidative stress. The rise of serum lipid levels and the damage to endothelial cells combined to pose the risk of CVD. Another study conducted in other areas contaminated with POPs found that residents had a higher incidence of coronary heart disease and acute myocardial infarction. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention conducted the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys in 1999-2000 and 2001-2002 with 889 participants (Perspectives in Health).

CVD-Depression Link

Medical experts predicted that ischemic heart and cerebrovascular diseases would be the leading causes of death in the world (Kamphuis e al 2007). Studies showed that depression is linked to the CVD in those with the disease and in the general population without it. The assumption on the connection was drawn from the low intake of n-3 FAs, EPA and DHA. These nutrients are all found mainly in fish. The Zutphen Elderly Study was conducted on 332 men, aged 70-90 who did not have CVD or diabetes in 1990. Their diets and demographic characteristics, educational levels and lifestyles were also examined. The study found that roughly 22% of them exhibited mild-to-severe depression symptoms at the time of the study. A follow-up 10 years later found that 170 or 52% of them had died, 92 or 28% of CVD. The findings suggested that an increased intake of n-3 FAs could reduce the risk of depression and, consequently, of CVD (Kamphuis et al.).

N-3 Fatty Acids and CVD

Increased consumption of N-3 fatty acids, mainly from fish, could reduce coronary artery disease, several studies said (Erkkila et al. 2003). A five-year Finish cohort study of the European Action on… [read more]


Nutrition Information Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  1 pages (326 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 0

SAMPLE TEXT:

Nutrition Information Sources

The last nutritional information that I received was from the nightly news: it was the warning about salmonella in pistachios. The information is credible because it was on multiple news stations and also in the newspapers. I changed my diet by throwing out the small bag of pistachios that I had and I made sure none of the foods I purchased recently contained pistachios in the ingredient lists.

Generally, I do not relay on word-of-mouth sources for reliable nutritional advice,

(especially at the gym), because there is absolutely no guarantee of its accuracy. I have overheard ridiculous conversations in the gym about nutrition, some of which came from personal trainers and other gym employees who are supposed to know something about the topic. For one example, I have heard a trainer tell someone not to eat at night because food eaten before bed "turns to fat" more than food eaten at other times. My doctor confirmed that this is not…… [read more]


Nutrition Diabetes Affects About 23 Thesis

Thesis  |  4 pages (1,281 words)
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Nutrition

Diabetes affects about 23 million -- almost 8% -- of the American population (American Diabetes Association). Many Americans may be unaware that they have the condition. Most Americans with Diabetes have Type 2 Diabetes. Type 2 Diabetes is the inability to properly metabolize glucose and produce insulin. Type 1 Diabetes is also the body's inability to metabolize or produce insulin, "a hormone that is needed to convert sugar (glucose), starches and other food into energy needed for daily life," (American Diabetes Association). Type 2 Diabetes is usually preventable and caused by lifestyle and dietary habits. Type 1 Diabetes is usually passed down from generation to generation and is diagnosed in young children.

Diabetes is related to a number of health problems, including oral health problems. According to the American Dental Association (ADA) diabetes is related to "tooth decay, peridonatl (gum) disease, salivary gland dysfunction, fungal infections, lichen plantus and related skin diseases, infection and delayed healing, and taste impairment." The reason why diabetes can increase oral health hazards is that persons with diabetes cannot metabolize glucose properly and therefore saliva has a high amount of bacteria in it. That bacteria causes tooth decay and gum disease (ADA). Persons who do not brush and floss their teeth regularly are at an even greater risk for developing oral health problems. When teeth are not brushed and flossed regularly, a plaque builds up and later hardens into tartar. Tartar is a calcification, a hard substance that is difficult to remove except by an oral health professional. When tartar builds up on teeth, it can cause inflammation of the gums and infections (ADA). Preventing gum disease and tooth decay depends both on diet and also on hygiene habits.

Oral health is only one of the possible effects of having diabetes. Diabetes also causes other health problems such as heart disease. Managing diet and especially intake of sugar helps diabetics manage their symptoms and improve overall health. Persons diagnosed with diabetes should avoid refined sugars and simple carbohydrates in favor of small amounts of natural sweeteners and complex carbohydrates. The American Diabetes Association recommends eating as many fruits and vegetables as possible, but not too many starchy vegetables like potatoes, corn and peas. Fruits and vegetables are best eaten fresh, because canned and frozen vegetables contain additives like salt and sugar that can exacerbate the condition of diabetes. Starchy vegetables are healthy in small portions and best when fresh, too.

Eating fresh fruits and vegetables is important for the diabetic's overall health, and can also prevent diabetes in individuals who might be at risk. One reason why eating fresh fruits and vegetables improves the health of diabetics and reduces their risk for complications is that those foods are satisfying. Eating large quantities of fresh fruits and vegetables helps people feel good about what they are eating and become more likely to eat less unhealthy processed foods. Processed foods are the ones that contain the highest amount of sugars, sodium, and chemical additives. Those are… [read more]


Personalized Nutrition and Exercise Plan Thesis

Thesis  |  4 pages (1,427 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 4

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Personalized Nutrition and Exercise Plan

One of the marvels of the modern world is the fact that we can anticipate health problems and take steps to mitigate or even prevent them altogether. Scientific and nutrition research has identified the optimal diet and exercise regimes for persons of different age groups, genders, and conditions. While it is unfortunate that some conditions,… [read more]


Basic Human Nutrition Essay

Essay  |  6 pages (1,730 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3

SAMPLE TEXT:

¶ … Nutrition

What Was Eaten

One strawberry/chocolate flavor pop tart

One can of Diet Rite soda

One glass of water

One corned beef sandwich with two slices of wheat bread, three slices of corned beef, one slice of Swiss cheese, and 8 quarter sized pickles

One can of diet Pepsi

One small cookie dough Blizzard from Dairy Queen

One… [read more]


Impact of a High Fat High Calorie Diet on Depression Anxiety and Energy Levels Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,426 words)
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SAMPLE TEXT:

¶ … High-Fat, High Calorie Diet on Depression, Anxiety and Energy Levels

The methodology of a study is particularly important, because those who read the study must be able to understand what the researcher did, and those who want to replicate the study need to be able to do so without becoming confused about the researcher's goals, ideas, and beliefs.… [read more]


Managing Arthritis With Nutrition Term Paper

Term Paper  |  8 pages (2,209 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

Managing Arthritis With Nutrition

Nutrition and arthritis

In order to address the question of whether the management of arthritis can be facilitated by nutrition instead of a reliance on conventional medication, the term arthritis and its concomitant conditions must first be explored. In general arthritis is a condition that is caused by the "...breakdown of articular cartilage. "(Payne, Mowen, and… [read more]


Importance of Proper Diet and Exercise and Obesity Epidemic in America Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,270 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4

SAMPLE TEXT:

¶ … Diet

Attention Step

Obesity is one of America's biggest problems. People in America of the most prominent problems that young and adults, men or women face. In the nutritionist's point-of-view, obesity having 20% more of the should be and/or ideal body weight. So, why is obesity considered as a major problem of the Americans? The response can be explained better by the statistics related to obesity.

In America alone, obesity is already considered an epidemic as it has affected, and continuously affecting millions of its populace. The recent statistics reveal that (Middleton, 2006):

Million Americans are overweight, 40 Million are considered obese and 3 Million are considered morbidly obese

Eight of every 10 Americans are found to be overweight

More so, other studies disclosed that at the start of the millennium (from 2000 to 2001) the rate of obesity has started to gradually increase. In fact, it started from 19.8% and moved higher to 20.9% of the population of American adults. Same studies also prove that among the American adult population, 34% of the people that fall under the ages 20-74 are overweight and 27% are considered obese (CDC, 2002).

Because of this data, there is really a string need for the American people - males or females, young and adults - to be informed of the importance of proper diet and exercise so that the increasing rate of obesity will be gradually stopped. This is also the very reason why students, teachers and everybody should all be interested in knowing how to maintain healthy lifestyle not only for their own benefits but also for the chance of sharing the knowledge to other people.

Need Step

Problems on degenerative diseases has long been affecting the entire U.S.. The table below presents the magnitude of the problem of degenerative diseases in the United States as of 1980 (and this is based on the statistics of 1980 alone, how much more if oday's data will be looked upon?

Hypertension 160/95 or above Hypertension 140/95 to 160/95

Cardiovascular Diseases

Causes 54% of deaths

Heart attacks every year

New Diabetics every year

Surgery for Gallstones every year

Cancer Deaths every year

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Osteoporosis

New Cases with Strokes every year

Major Degenerative Arthritis (over age 50) (Crane, 2002).

There are several factors that contributed to these problems.

These are: poor diet and nutrition; sedentary lifestyle; chronic stress; destructive habits; environmental pollution; internal pollution; and genetic expression. The first two reasons have been proven to be the highest factor affecting degenerative health.

Satisfaction of Needs

With regards to poor diet and nutrition, government and university studies revealed that at least 95% of all Americans have at least one nutrient deficiency in their diet. Most U.S. citizen are dependent on the convenience of gust getting and eating manufactured foods. It should be noted that such manufactured foods do not support good health (http://www.connecticutcenterforhealth.com/health-factors.html#sec1,2004)..

They do not eat nearly enough vegetables and fruits, and consume an extremely high amount of fat, animal products, and refined… [read more]


Nutrition in Preventive Medicine Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,061 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 1

SAMPLE TEXT:

¶ … nutritional site that is designed to advise readers about the importance of eating healthy foods. The writer explores the website and provides feedback as to its reliability. There was one source used to complete this paper.

This website offers a wide range of advice with regards to eating nutritionally balanced meals. It is does little to explain the scientific elements of why a person should eat well, but does allude to the idea that if one eats well one will be healthier and live a longer life.

This article and research conclusion was originally published by the New York Department of Aging and focuses primarily on the topic of nutrition for those who are aging. While everybody ages when people begin to enter their senior years their health often becomes more fragile than it had been in the past and at the same time their appetite begins to decrease (Nutrition and Aging Well (http://agingwell.state.ny.us/eatwell/index.htm#articles).

This creates a possible climate for deteriorating health that can be exacerbated by not eating properly.

One of the things this site offers is an area for eating tips. Within this area the site provides helpful hints and guidance about how the person can make healthy choices in his or her everyday eating habits (Nutrition and Aging Well (http://agingwell.state.ny.us/eatwell/index.htm#articles).

Here are some tips for healthy eating at home, work and elsewhere. To help you get started, try some of these ideas (Nutrition and Aging Well (http://agingwell.state.ny.us/eatwell/index.htm#articles)."

Some of the hints include adding bananas or berries to breakfast food. This is a good tip for the elderly because it is not unusual for people in this age bracket to become malnutrition and this tip will help them to remember to put some fiber and fruit in their diet each day (Nutrition and Aging Well (http://agingwell.state.ny.us/eatwell/index.htm#articles).

Wouldn't it be easier to eat something if it was right in front of you? An easy way to make fruits and vegetables more accessible to you is to make sure you buy them. Make sense, right? So when you go grocery shopping, hit the produce section first. Then keep bowls of fruit on the kitchen table and counter. Now that you've bought them, eat them (Nutrition and Aging Well (http://agingwell.state.ny.us/eatwell/index.htm#articles)."

The above passage is not a very helpful passage as in today's America most people are already aware of the need for fruits, grains and other natural foods without being reminded of the need. In addition the passage does not advise the reader about which fruits and vegetables might be the best choice to purchase at the store.

The site is somewhat condescending in its communication style until one gets into some of the links provided and then sees the more detailed and higher level information that is provided to them.

This site has several strengths and weaknesses. One of the most important strengths that it has is its reader friendliness. The site is easy to maneuver around and the text is written in easy to understand relatively simple… [read more]


Eating Disorders Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  4 pages (1,370 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 5

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However, one common criticism of this and other studies of eating disorders is that even the designation between 'full blown' and 'subclinical' eating disorders can feel somewhat arbitrary. The DSM-IV has extremely specific, numerical criteria for what constitutes an eating disorder -- such as binging and purging at least twice weekly over three months for bulimia. Rates of clinically-identified bulimia would be much higher if the limits were raised to once a week (Ford 2003). The requirement of amenorrhea or cessation of menstruation for anorexics is an irrelevant diagnosis for males and can result in lower diagnostic rates for boys and men for the disorder. Additionally, even young women who are on the pill and artificially menstruate because of hormonal supplementation alone may be excluded simply on this basis (Ford 2003).

It should also be noted that even though eating disordered literature and hospital admissions focus on anorexia nervosa, and to a lesser extent bulimia, Bing Eating Disorder (BED) affects around 2% of the population, at a comparable rate to other EDs. The degree to which there has been an increase in BED is even more difficult to measure than anorexia, given that BED was only identified as disordered behavior and classified in the DSM very recently. The rapid increase in obesity does suggest, however, that the disorder is increasing given that being overweight is one of the primary symptoms of the disorder.

Perhaps the most significant finding has been in twin studies, comparing manifestations of all of the major eating disorders in twins. One study of the Australian Twin registry found that 59% of variance is genetic and 41% is non-shared environment related regarding eating disorders (Ford 2003). This supports the notion that the media, including dieting literature, cannot be entirely blamed for the rise in eating disorders. Conversely, however, it also underlines that subclinical and clinical symptoms can be environmentally related, given the clear impact of non-shared environmental factors in eating disordered behavior.

No clear causal factor has emerged as 'the' reason for the increase in eating disorders; rather it seems that a constellation of genetic and environmental factors can contribute to the development of EDs. However, the evidence does suggest that a preoccupation with thinness and past engagement with 'extreme' dieting behaviors does increase the risk of an individual's likelihood of exhibiting ED-related behavior, even if the full-blown illness is not manifested. One of the most comprehensive studies to date was the Australian Longitudinal Study of Women's Health on 14, 686 female adolescents. The study subjects were "randomly selected from the National Medicare database, with over-sampling from rural and remote areas, [and] responded to a questionnaire seeking dieting and health information…High frequency of dieting (rather than dieting per se) and earlier dieting onset were associated with poorer physical and mental health (including depression), more disordered eating (bingeing and purging), extreme weight and shape dissatisfaction and more frequent general health problems" and one in five women with a BMI below 18.5 (underweight) admitted to going on a diet… [read more]


Nutrition During the Infancy and Toddler Hood Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (905 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3

SAMPLE TEXT:

Nutrition During Infancy and Toddlerhood

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) (2010) adequate nutrition during infancy is essential for lifelong health and well-being. Malnutrition can be linked to 35% of the disease burden for children under five. Adequate infant and toddler nutrition is vital to improving child survival and promoting healthy growth and development. The first two years of a child's life are particularly important, as optimal nutrition during this period will lead to reduced morbidity and mortality, to reduced risk of chronic diseases, and to overall better development. In fact, optimal breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices are so critical that they can save the lives of 1.5 million children under five every year.

Pediatric Nutritional Recommendations

Infants should be exclusively breastfed for the first six months of life to achieve optimal growth, development and health (World Health Organization, 2010). Thereafter, to meet their evolving nutritional requirements, infants should receive nutritionally adequate and safe complementary foods, while continuing to breastfeed for up to two years or more.

Cow's milk is not recommended during the first 12 months of life (Allen & Myers. 2006). However, fortified cow's milk is an important dietary component of a toddler's diet because of its high-quality protein, calcium, and vitamins A and D. Calcium is involved in bone growth, tooth development, and muscle contraction, and it may play a role in the regulation of blood pressure and body fat. One study showed that children who consumed milk with the noontime meal were the only group to meet or exceed 100% of the daily Dietary Reference Intake for calcium (i.e., 500 to 800 mg). Two or three servings of milk or dairy products per day are recommended to meet these requirements. Some toddlers are poorly weaned from an all-milk diet and consume more than the recommended number of servings; this "milk diet" is high in fat and total calories and inadequate in iron.

Dangers of Malnutrition

The World Health Organization defines malnutrition as the cellular imbalance between supply of nutrients and energy and the body's demand for them to ensure growth, maintenance, and specific functions. Malnutrition affects virtually every organ system. Children are most vulnerable to the effects of malnutrition in infancy and early childhood. Malnutrition is globally the most important risk factor for illness and death, contributing to more than half of deaths in children worldwide.

Energy is essential for all biochemical and physiologic functions in the body. Dietary protein is needed to provide amino acids for synthesis of body proteins and other compounds that have various functional roles. Micronutrients are essential in many metabolic functions in the body as components and cofactors in enzymatic processes. Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM), first described in the 1920s, is observed most…… [read more]


Obesity Among Adolescent Girls in Saudi Arabia Essay

Essay  |  8 pages (3,430 words)
Bibliography Sources: 30

SAMPLE TEXT:

Adolescent Obesity in Saudi Arabia

Obesity in Saudi Adolescent Girls

Obesity is a serious health problem in any population, but it is of special concern in younger individuals. The longer a person is obese, the longer that person has potentially to suffer the negative health consequences of being overweight or obese. Thus when children or adolescents are obese, this condition… [read more]


Obesity Among Adolescent Girls in Saudi Arabia 14 18 Aged Essay

Essay  |  17 pages (6,273 words)
Style: Harvard  |  Bibliography Sources: 80

SAMPLE TEXT:

Saudi Arabia Obesity: Adolescent Girls

Obesity is one of the most serious public health problems of the 21st century. Although the patterns of obesity differ between developing and developed countries, obesity rates are generally on the increase worldwide. According to Speiser, et al. (2005), 250 million people, literally 7% of the world's current population is obese. In Canada, 40 to… [read more]


Eating Disorders Understanding the Reason Research Paper

Research Paper  |  5 pages (2,249 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3

SAMPLE TEXT:

Some of those being a step parent joining the family, or the addition of a new member such as a sibling into the family (LeGrange, Lock, and Loeb, 2009).

Retrospective

In this retrospective example one group of women a year prior to episodes of bulimia were reviewed by gaining insight of the types of comments often made to them during… [read more]


Nutrition Gastric Surgery Article Review

Article Review  |  3 pages (992 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2

SAMPLE TEXT:

Nutrition

Bariatric Surgery and Nutritional Consequences

The prevalence of obesity is on its way up and is often associated with a number of co-morbidities, including type 2 diabetes mellitus, coronary heart disease, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, sleep apnea, pulmonary dysfunction, ischemic stroke, knee arthrosis, gallbladder disease, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis and certain types of cancer. Bariatric surgery has been shown to be the most successful long-term treatment for morbid obesity, reducing obesity-associated co-morbidities (De Luis et al., 2009). But for all the good that it brings it can lead to serious nutritional deficiencies in those who undergo it.

Biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) is a mixed and complex operation that has shown the best long-term results regarding weight loss. BPD can be considered a very good bariatric operation. It is well-known that as difficulty increases in bariatric surgery, effectiveness also increases, but risk of secondary effects and possible complications may also go up. A good knowledge of this technique in early follow-up and of its possible complications is important for the patients. The severity of the postoperative nutritional deficit depends on several factors, including the preoperative nutritional status, the type of bariatric procedure performed, the incidence of postoperative complications, the capability to modify eating behavior as well as conformity with regular follow-up and prescribed vitamin and mineral supplementation (De Luis et al., 2009).

In a study done by De Luis et al. (2009) the researchers set out to describe clinical results and nutritional complications in morbidly obese patients with BPD. The results showed a high loss of body weight and an improvement in the prevalence of co-morbidities in patients having undergone BPD. However, blood levels of a number of micronutrients and vitamins decreased during the follow-up and different rates of deficiencies were detected.

Loss of weight in the patients was important, amounting to 29.3% at 6 months and 61.5% at 3 years of follow-up.

The most frequent side event found was incisional hernia, related to open surgery and high BMI. In previous studies, the incisional hernia rate has ranged from 5 to 30%. Glycemia, plasma lipid levels and blood pressure became normal 6 months after BPD, while patients were still overweight. All the patients could quit their hypoglycemic and hypolipemic drugs. With other type of bariatric surgery, such as gastric bypass, depending on the intestinal length, the normalization of these parameters is lower. This type of surgery has been shown to have a direct effect on glycemic status (De Luis et al., 2009)

In is well-known that bariatric surgery often leads to patients experiencing long-term side effects that negatively influence their metabolism and quality of life. These side effects include: vomiting, diarrhea, osteoporosis, anemia and malnutrition. All of these side effects either lead to nutritional deficiencies or are consequences of such deficiencies. Bariatric surgeons have long wanted to find an operation that result in steady weigh loss that was simple, had only minimal risk and gave the patients the freedom to consume most foods in order to maintain nutritional sufficiency (Vassallo et…… [read more]


Nutrition Industry a Person Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (1,060 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

Food Service Management is related with the supervision of the food service department of hospitals, schools, nursing homes, etc. Their job is to plan healthy menus, purchase foods, plan and supervise food service delivery system and to train the staff. Once you know your interests, you can choose the specialization area. (About the Profession: Dietetics)

For the long-life of health of children, good nutrition and physical activity are important. Recently the Type 2 Diabetes, one of the most severe health problems of overweight and fat children has gone up. Children often go without breakfast due to busy schedules, long bus rides, and lack of resources. Schools must search for alternate breakfast services to meet the varying requirements of the student population. This can include serving breakfast in the classroom, serving breakfast after the first period or during the class changes. Children's eating habits and physical activity types have changed over the last 3 decades. High-fat foods and children's liking to these foods has contributed to increased obesity. Good nutrition is associated with willingness to learn and academic success, reduced behavioral problems, and decreased emotional problems. It also helps in scoring more marks, math and reading percentile scores, class participation and decrease in absence and lethargy. Nutrition education is an important part of most major health promotion and disease prevention programs. (Nutrition services: an essential component of comprehensive health programs)

Nutrition education professionals are answerable and responsible for the nutrition uprightness at schools and for executing nutrition education standards. They also offer guidance for the expansion of polices, programs, and services that incorporate nutrition services into the educational atmosphere. Dietetics professionals and nutrition education professionals have the education and knowledge to guide us to a call to action toward the growth of the school as a community center in giving valuable nutrition services to enhance the health and welfare of our country's children. A career in nutrition offers a person huge scope for professional development, complete satisfaction of serving humanity as how to lead a healthy life and will remain to be a long-time career as nutrition is a part of human being. A healthy human body free from diseases need not be a gift for few as nutrition professionals ensure that it is possible for every one to have a healthy body. Hence, nutrition will continue to be a most sought after profession for mankind. (Nutrition services: an essential component of comprehensive health programs)

References

"About the Profession: Dietetics" Retrieved from http://www.shrs.pitt.edu/cdn/about/about.html Accessed on 23 February 2005

"Dietetic Professionals are Registered Dietitians (RD) and Dietetic Technicians, Registered (DTR)" Retrieved from http://www.eatrightohio.org/dietitians.html Accessed on 23 February 2005

"Nutritional consultant -- Home study program" Global College of Natural Medicine. Retrieved from http://www.gcnm.com/courseNC.htm?src=overture Accessed on 23 February 2005

"Nutrition services: an essential component of comprehensive health programs" (2003) Journal of American Diet Association. Vol: 103; pp: 505-514. Retrieved from http://www.eatright.org/Public/GovernmentAffairs/92_8243.cfm Accessed on 23 February 2005

"Welcome to Jersey Nutrition & Dietetic Service" (June, 2004) Retrieved from http://www.health.gov.je/dietitians/dietitians.asp Accessed on 23 February 2005… [read more]


Diet and Exercise Term Paper

Term Paper  |  12 pages (3,822 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

¶ … diet and exercise. There are sixteen references used for this paper.

Americans are becoming more and more obese, which can lead to serious and potentially fatal health risks. It is important to explore diets and the role that exercise plays in them, as well as how age affects a person's metabolism.

Understanding Diet

Diet is "food and drink… [read more]

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