Study "Nutrition / Diet / Eating" Essays 56-110

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Breast Feeding the Relevance Research Paper

… If for example not nearly enough calcium is absorbed at morning meal then a mid early morning treat of cheese may be provided to off- set the distinction. Young children will likewise become 'stuck' on a particular food and not… [read more]

Self-Aware of Their Eating Habits Research Paper

… From this point-of-view, there can be little concern regarding moral issues in the use of animals to help people, if proper attention and care is given to the needs of the animals as well.

3. Bonobos through their way of behaving, walking, and mostly understanding human language, do resemble to human behavior. Although there are still a lot of studies to be concluded to actually consider them as being the ancestors of human evolution, it is important to view the way in which these animals can exercise their learning capacities and how they can evolve. At the same time, it represents an exercise for the human mind as well because it allows humans to better interact with perhaps the most resembling to human kind animal.

4. Sexual evolution is essential for every primate because it represents the connection between past generations and future ones. It is in the nature of every animal and human to reproduce on a natural way. This is largely because the sexual reproduction depends on a variety of aspects that attract mates and pairs. For most animal species, the reproduction depends on finding the mate with the best characteristics particularly because of the need to reproduce as best as possible and to transmit the best genes to the next generations.

5. Tumai, as the Skull was named, is possible to have been a biped and represent indeed the link between the animal and the human species. The evidence presented by the scientists are sufficiently compelling to lead to such a conclusion, from the shape of the skull to the teeth that proved certain eating habits to the shape of his eyes that determined a vertical position of the head in order to look straight.

6. The scientific community is rather united because all information appears throughout the world and information must be shared for the advancement of science of human kind. This is why when a discovery is made it is shared among all scientists and the knowledge of all of them contributes to evolutionist theories. The advancement of science can only be done through communication and sharing of knowledge.

7. Cloning is a rather debated subject from both a moral and ethical perspective. However advanced science is at this point and will continue to evolve in time, it should be limited to its benefic effects on human kind and not interfere with the natural way of civilization. Should cloning be accepted for medical reasons, such exercises may become uncontrollable and negative effects of science may eventually end up harming civilization rather than helping it.

8. This has been a very interesting course that helps in providing a more complex view of the past and ancient times of human kind. It enables the accumulation of information about human ancestors as well as geographical conditions in order to better understand where people are coming from. Also, through the information acquired in this course, there is a clearer understanding of the tremendous evolution human kind has made along… [read more]

Producing a Healthier Biscuit: Evidence Essay

… A healthy body weight is an important factor in the general promotion of health and reducing cancer.

Other dietary nutrients may be more significant in reducing the risk of cancer. For example, "dietary guidelines that target obesity as well as fat and calcium intake could be more important than fiber (Dietary fiber, 2012, Ministry of Health). The one conclusive association regarding the health benefits of fiber is that it does reduce constipation, which is important for general digestive comfort and the prevention of other gastrointestinal diseases. "This laxative effect accounts for the role of dietary fiber in conditions such as hiatus hernia, diverticular disease and hemorrhoids" (Dietary fiber, 2012, Ministry of Health).

Current dietary fiber intakes of Australians

"In Australia, the National Nutrition Survey of 1995 indicated that 45% of dietary fiber comes from breads and other cereal foods, 10% from fruit and 30% from vegetables" (Dietary fiber, 2012, Ministry of Health). The majority of fiber of Australians thus already comes from soluble fiber in the form of bread products. Like most persons in the industrialized world, Australians have been criticized for having insufficient fiber in their diets, and urged to increase the amount through increased consumption of fruits, vegetables and whole grains.

Whether or not there is strong evidence for benefits of more dietary fiber in Australian's diets

The Australian Ministry of Health suggests that every woman consume at least 25g of fiber in their diet and every man consume at least 30g in his diet (Dietary fiber, 2012, Ministry of Health). However, any health claims regarding the benefits of increased fiber must be made cautiously. The association between a high fiber diet and lower rates of diabetes and cholesterol may be related to a correlation, rather than causation, between the types of persons who eat high-fiber diets and better health outcomes. Or it may be related to the fact that fiber is useful in weight control and thus has a beneficial effect in an indirect fashion. Fiber does have benefits in increasing satiety and also for its laxative properties. Having fiber in the diet is clearly important to some degree, but despite the official figures released by the Ministry of Health, there is no clear indication that the 25-30g fiber per day is adequate to ward against cancer and many chronic diseases (Dietary fiber, 2012, Ministry of Health).

Almost all biscuits will contain some form of sugar and carbohydrate, and making health claims for a biscuit is problematic in this respect. Eating biscuits as a health food may not be suitable for all persons, such as diabetics or people seeking to lose weight. Even if there is a trace amount of fiber in the cookie, it is unlikely to be as significant as in a piece of fruit, vegetable, or even a bowl of cereal. Thus, creating a 'healthy biscuit' rather than focusing on taste and the 'treat' aspect of eating a biscuit may be a dubious proposition. A whole wheat oatmeal biscuit could be tasty and higher… [read more]

Eating Disorders According to Himmel Essay

… Finally, genetics might be more similar than different. For instance, Day, Ternouth & Collier (2009) point out that anorexia, bulimia, and obesity might share a similar genetic component.

Eating disorders include anorexia and bulimia, and both of these are classified as psychological disorders. Obesity is usually not classified as a psychological disorder. With anorexia, the person may be a perfectionist who uses food as a means of self-control. With bulimia, the person goes to two extremes of binging and purging. Neither anorexia or bulimia symptoms may be present in a person with obesity. Some people with anorexia never overeat, and therefore, anorexia has a completely different manifestation than obesity. Anorexic people are usually skinny, because the ideal physiology for the person is skinny. Obese people are, by definition, not skinny at all. With both eating disorders and obesity, the person may become obsessed with body image and has a distorted body image. In fact, this same factor can be shared among obese people. Some obese people have a distorted body image, by believing that their weight is just "big bones." Therefore, the underlying factor of distorted body image may be shared in common. There are also psychological risk factors that eating disorders have, such as low self-esteem, frequent exposure to media images for dieting, and a history of abuse. These risk factors are shared in common between obese people and those with eating disorders (Day, Ternouth & Collier, 2009).

There are similarities and differences between eating disorders and obesity. The three most important similarities between eating disorders and obesity include the genetic component, distorted body image, and psychological issues leading to a dysfunctional relationship with food in some way. The three main differences between eating disorders and obesity include the manifestation of the behaviors in the body (skinny vs. fat), the fact that many obese people might not have a psychological problem and could only have a biological issue, and finally, the different types of self-image issues. The main difference in self-image is that anorexia and bulimia lead to a feeling that one is too fat; whereas with obesity, the person might not believe that they are fat when they really are. There are many similarities and differences between eating disorders and obesity, including responses to treatment. Eating disorders and obesity sometimes respond to the same types of treatment interventions, such as the Twelve Step Program. Many experts believe that it is more important to focus on the similarities between eating disorder and obesity than the differences.


Day, J., Ternouth, A. & Collier, D.A. (2009). Eating disorders and obesity: Two sides of the same coin? Epidemiological Psychiatry 18(2): 96-100.

Himmel, S. (2009). You must be hungry. Psychology Today. 18 Sept, 2009. Retrieved… [read more]

Dietary Analysis Creative Writing

… Overall the protein levels over the course of the three day period seem to indicate that the standard American diet includes far too much meat, and too little vegetables and fruit. The Dietary Reference Intake for protein, by contrast, is estimated at 5 1/2 ounces -- so obviously a sandwich with a name like "Double Quarter Pounder" should be an obvious red flag in terms of its needless dietary excess. This was one easily noticed way in which my own diet could be improved -- the replacement of much of the meat intake with more vegetable and fruit would bring my diet substantially closer to the Dietary Reference Intake levels for all of these types of food.

It is worth noting, however, that if just this one sandwich is a clue to a culture of overeating, it also demonstrates that there are certain aspects of this diet which are healthy. Obviously overeating is not a good policy, but it does also seem to rule out the prospect of most kinds of vitamin or mineral deficiency -- there was no risk of my diet, as it exists, failing to meet the target for most of the vitamins and minerals listed. Again, to make reference to the McDonald's hamburger which was the single most outrageous item in my food record, it is worth noting that this one burger contains in itself twice the recommended daily dosage of Vitamin B12. Obviously an excess of Vitamin B12 is not dangerous (in the way that the excess of fat calories or cholesterol in the burger would be) but it also indicates that the diet basically consists of overkill. If I were to give myself a solid prescription for improving my diet, though, it would probably consist in trying to cut down substantially the level of meat intake -- perhaps even to the point of vegetarianism. However, with such a radically curtailed dietary palette, it would become important to watch the vitamins and minerals -- it is possible that the risk of shortage (which is not currently there, basically because of the level of overeating indicated by my records) would arise with a vegetarian diet, though.

It is also worth noting that the eating patterns might also be improved here. My dietary record indicates three meals a day, but very often the dinner comes substantially later than the lunch -- often later at night, which is why there is "fast food" on there. It is worth suggesting that more frequent and smaller meals would probably improve a lot of things about this diet -- it seems like the buildup of hunger may very well prompt the overeating which is the most significant problem in my dietary records. It's also worth noting that this would be an easy and convenient way of getting the greater amount of… [read more]

Which Approach Is More Effective for Weight Loss a Low-Carb Diet or a Low-Fat Research Paper

… Low-Carb Diet or a Low-Fat Diet

Which approach is more effective for weight loss: a low-carb diet or a low-fat diet?

[Cincinnati State Technical and Community College]

When people plan to choose to lose weight, one of the most difficult… [read more]

Food Practice Essay

… The mushrooms were from China. The tofu was made in the United States, presumably with American soybeans. Also in the dish there were Sichuan peppercorns from China, American-grown ginger, garlic, spring onions, one American tomato, soy sauce, black bean paste… [read more]

Eating Behaviors in First Year Research Paper

… (Anderson et al., The freshman year…, 2003) The vast majority of weight gained during freshman year is gained during the first semester. During the fall semester of the American academic year, there are a great deal many holidays in that… [read more]

Nutrition Gastric Surgery Article Review

… Nutrition

Bariatric Surgery and Nutritional Consequences

The prevalence of obesity is on its way up and is often associated with a number of co-morbidities, including type 2 diabetes mellitus, coronary heart disease, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, sleep apnea, pulmonary dysfunction, ischemic stroke, knee arthrosis, gallbladder disease, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis and certain types of cancer. Bariatric surgery has been shown to be the most successful long-term treatment for morbid obesity, reducing obesity-associated co-morbidities (De Luis et al., 2009). But for all the good that it brings it can lead to serious nutritional deficiencies in those who undergo it.

Biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) is a mixed and complex operation that has shown the best long-term results regarding weight loss. BPD can be considered a very good bariatric operation. It is well-known that as difficulty increases in bariatric surgery, effectiveness also increases, but risk of secondary effects and possible complications may also go up. A good knowledge of this technique in early follow-up and of its possible complications is important for the patients. The severity of the postoperative nutritional deficit depends on several factors, including the preoperative nutritional status, the type of bariatric procedure performed, the incidence of postoperative complications, the capability to modify eating behavior as well as conformity with regular follow-up and prescribed vitamin and mineral supplementation (De Luis et al., 2009).

In a study done by De Luis et al. (2009) the researchers set out to describe clinical results and nutritional complications in morbidly obese patients with BPD. The results showed a high loss of body weight and an improvement in the prevalence of co-morbidities in patients having undergone BPD. However, blood levels of a number of micronutrients and vitamins decreased during the follow-up and different rates of deficiencies were detected.

Loss of weight in the patients was important, amounting to 29.3% at 6 months and 61.5% at 3 years of follow-up.

The most frequent side event found was incisional hernia, related to open surgery and high BMI. In previous studies, the incisional hernia rate has ranged from 5 to 30%. Glycemia, plasma lipid levels and blood pressure became normal 6 months after BPD, while patients were still overweight. All the patients could quit their hypoglycemic and hypolipemic drugs. With other type of bariatric surgery, such as gastric bypass, depending on the intestinal length, the normalization of these parameters is lower. This type of surgery has been shown to have a direct effect on glycemic status (De Luis et al., 2009)

In is well-known that bariatric surgery often leads to patients experiencing long-term side effects that negatively influence their metabolism and quality of life. These side effects include: vomiting, diarrhea, osteoporosis, anemia and malnutrition. All of these side effects either lead to nutritional deficiencies or are consequences of such deficiencies. Bariatric surgeons have long wanted to find an operation that result in steady weigh loss that was simple, had only minimal risk and gave the patients the freedom to consume most foods in order to maintain nutritional sufficiency (Vassallo et… [read more]

Eating Disorders Understanding the Reason Research Paper

… Some of those being a step parent joining the family, or the addition of a new member such as a sibling into the family (LeGrange, Lock, and Loeb, 2009).


In this retrospective example one group of women a year… [read more]

Obesity Among Adolescent Girls in Saudi Arabia 14 18 Aged Essay

… Saudi Arabia Obesity: Adolescent Girls

Obesity is one of the most serious public health problems of the 21st century. Although the patterns of obesity differ between developing and developed countries, obesity rates are generally on the increase worldwide. According to… [read more]

Obesity Among Adolescent Girls in Saudi Arabia Essay

… Adolescent Obesity in Saudi Arabia

Obesity in Saudi Adolescent Girls

Obesity is a serious health problem in any population, but it is of special concern in younger individuals. The longer a person is obese, the longer that person has potentially… [read more]

Eating Disorders Research Proposal

… However, one common criticism of this and other studies of eating disorders is that even the designation between 'full blown' and 'subclinical' eating disorders can feel somewhat arbitrary. The DSM-IV has extremely specific, numerical criteria for what constitutes an eating… [read more]

Nutrition During the Infancy and Toddler Hood Essay

… Nutrition During Infancy and Toddlerhood

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) (2010) adequate nutrition during infancy is essential for lifelong health and well-being. Malnutrition can be linked to 35% of the disease burden for children under five. Adequate infant and toddler nutrition is vital to improving child survival and promoting healthy growth and development. The first two years of a child's life are particularly important, as optimal nutrition during this period will lead to reduced morbidity and mortality, to reduced risk of chronic diseases, and to overall better development. In fact, optimal breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices are so critical that they can save the lives of 1.5 million children under five every year.

Pediatric Nutritional Recommendations

Infants should be exclusively breastfed for the first six months of life to achieve optimal growth, development and health (World Health Organization, 2010). Thereafter, to meet their evolving nutritional requirements, infants should receive nutritionally adequate and safe complementary foods, while continuing to breastfeed for up to two years or more.

Cow's milk is not recommended during the first 12 months of life (Allen & Myers. 2006). However, fortified cow's milk is an important dietary component of a toddler's diet because of its high-quality protein, calcium, and vitamins A and D. Calcium is involved in bone growth, tooth development, and muscle contraction, and it may play a role in the regulation of blood pressure and body fat. One study showed that children who consumed milk with the noontime meal were the only group to meet or exceed 100% of the daily Dietary Reference Intake for calcium (i.e., 500 to 800 mg). Two or three servings of milk or dairy products per day are recommended to meet these requirements. Some toddlers are poorly weaned from an all-milk diet and consume more than the recommended number of servings; this "milk diet" is high in fat and total calories and inadequate in iron.

Dangers of Malnutrition

The World Health Organization defines malnutrition as the cellular imbalance between supply of nutrients and energy and the body's demand for them to ensure growth, maintenance, and specific functions. Malnutrition affects virtually every organ system. Children are most vulnerable to the effects of malnutrition in infancy and early childhood. Malnutrition is globally the most important risk factor for illness and death, contributing to more than half of deaths in children worldwide.

Energy is essential for all biochemical and physiologic functions in the body. Dietary protein is needed to provide amino acids for synthesis of body proteins and other compounds that have various functional roles. Micronutrients are essential in many metabolic functions in the body as components and cofactors in enzymatic processes. Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM), first described in the 1920s, is observed most… [read more]

Nutrition Analysis a Food Diary Was Kept Essay

… Nutrition Analysis

A food diary was kept for a three-day period for the purpose of determining nutritional quality of the daily diet and making recommendations for improvements to support a healthy lifestyle. The subject of the nutrition analysis is a twenty-eight-year-old female in good health standing five feet one inch tall and weighing one hundred forty-five pounds. Analysis of the diet and averaged results yield the following information about food consumption:

Actual Consumption

Recommended Consumption

Total calories (Kcals)

Protein (gm)

Carbohydrates (gm)

Fiber (gm)

Total Fat (gm)

Saturated Fat (gm)



Cholesterol (mg)


Vitamin a (mcg RAE)

Vitamin C (mg)


Vitamin E (mg)



Thiamin (mg)



Calcium (mg)

Phosphorus (mg)


Magnesium (mg)

Iron (mg)



Zinc (mg)



Selenium (mcg)


Potassium (mg)

Sodium (mg)


The average calorie count for the three-day period was nearly double what is recommended. The subject will steadily gain weight without a reduction in calories and/or the incorporation of calorie-burning activities into the daily routine. If the subject walks for an hour a day at a moderate pace of four miles per hour, it is possible to burn 400 calories a day. Other activities could easily be incorporated into the day (e.g., taking stairs instead of an elevator, parking the car further from the destination and walking) so that the subject could reduce net calorie intake without having to make as many cutbacks on food intake. The calorie requirement for this individual is relatively low because of her height, age and gender; a daily multivitamin would also help her meet nutritional needs without upping food intake over recommended levels.

The subject consumed nearly twice the recommended amounts of protein and carbohydrates. Since both contain four calories per gram, the subject could make significant cuts in protein and carbohydrate consumption to reduce calories. She consumed, on average, fifty-five more grams of protein than needed per day; eliminating the extra protein could save 220 calories a day. Eliminating excess carbohydrates could save 512 calories. These savings would bring the average daily calories consumption down to 1,373, only 303 calories above recommended intake. Walking less than an hour would offset the difference.

The subject's intake of fiber, at an average of fourteen grams, was nearly half of what is recommended. The subject could boost fiber intake significantly by consuming certain fruits and vegetables. One avocado, for example, has 10-13 grams of fiber. They are also high in fat; the subject's fat consumption is currently within acceptable range but she is not looking to add additional calories, so avocados should be limited to once or twice a week. Other vegetables high in fiber are sweet potatoes, carrots… [read more]

High-Protein Diets and Colon Cancer Research Paper

… 001) reductions in fecal butyrate concentrations for the HPMC and HPLC diets, respectively. The reduction in butyrate concentrations would force epithelial cells to use alternate sources of energy, and lower the anti-inflammatory, anti-proliferative, anti-apoptotic, and anti-neoplastic activities normally present in a carbohydrate-balanced diet.

N-nitroso compound concentrations in fecal matter were increased by 3.6- (p < 0.001) and 5.4-fold (p < 0.001) for the HPMC and HPLC diets, respectively, as was the pH of the fecal-extracted water. These diet-induced changes suggest that high-protein low-carbohydrate diets increase the prevalence of compounds linked to colon cancer. Subjecting fecal extracts to high performance liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry produced a large amount of information. Overall, the most significant findings were a significant decrease in plant-derived indoles and phenolic compounds and their derivatives. Changes in bile acid concentrations showed no clear pattern. The authors interpreted this data as being consistent with high-protein low-carbohydrate diets decreasing the concentrations of cancer-protective metabolites and increasing those posing a hazard.

Overall fecal bacteria counts were lower in both high-protein diets (p < 0.012). Importantly, the prevalence of the butyrate producer Roseburial Eubacterium rectale were significantly (p < 0.001) reduced in subjects on the HPLC diet, which may explain the 50% reduction in fecal butyrate concentrations. The prevalence of the butyrate producer Faecalibacterium prausnitzii was unchanged and could therefore be one of the primary sources of the butyrate detected. The authors suggested that the decline in Roseburial E. rectale counts may have been driven by the increased pH and the reduction in fiber associated with the HPLC diet.

The authors concluded that the more moderate high-protein diet (HPMC) was able to maintain a relatively healthy profile in terms of butyrate concentration and bacterial diversity. This conclusion implies that less severe high-protein diets may help maintain a healthy intestinal environment, while still experiencing significant weight loss. This conclusion though, is undermined by the dramatic increase in N-nitroso compounds and phenyl acetic acids (PAA) detected in the fecal matter from subjects on the moderate high-protein diet. These compounds and their derivatives have been linked to an increased risk of colon cancer (reviewed by O'Keefe et al., 2007; Russell et al., 2011).


One of the main limitations of this study is the small sample size (N = 17), which may have prevented reaching statistical significance for some of the data derived from HPMC samples. Age is a contributing factor in colon cancer (O'keefe et al., 2007), and thus colon health, and it would have been interesting to see if stratification by age would have produced any interesting results, but the authors failed provide any information about the age of the subjects. The subjects were screened for recent anti-biotic use and a history of gastrointestinal problems, but the results may have achieved greater significance if the subjects were first acclimated to the same diet over a longer period of time, and with a defined probiotic dietary component. This type of approach could have established a more equivalent baseline intestinal environment across all subjects,… [read more]

Nutrition Physical Activity and Obesity Nexus Research Paper

… Nutrition, Obesity, And Physical Activity Nexus

The population of the United States is a much less healthy and fit than their preceding generations. Once the healthiest of modern societies, the U.S. has fallen below dozens of other nations in measures… [read more]

Nutrition Synthesis Essay

… Nutritional Evaluation and Planning

In what ways is your current diet healthy?

My current diet is only healthy in that it not excessively high in caloric intake. Approximately 1,700 calories per day for a relatively active young person of my height, weight, and bodily composition is not, in and of itself, a problem. Likewise, my protein, vitamin, and other micronutrient consumption levels are adequate although I could benefit from reducing my sodium intake, and from increasing my water and potassium intake for optimal health and fitness.

In what specific areas could your diet could use improvement?

The biggest problems with my current diet are that I consume excessive amounts of fats in general and saturated fats in particular and that I do not distinguish adequately between complex carbohydrates and simple carbohydrates. Ideally, I should reduce my consumption of fats much more; I should reduce my consumption of poly-saturated and transfats to an absolute minimum; and I should make sure that I consume a healthy amount of complex carbohydrates (especially those that are also high in dietary fiber) while reducing my consumption of all simple carbohydrates to an absolute minimum.

I also tend to go without eating for too long because of my schedule. As a result, I have less will power to restrict my food choices to those that are most beneficial; I am more prone to eating irresponsible snacks when I am confronted with the temptation; and I tend to overeat during meals. Ideally, I should be making arrangements to snack healthily during the day or to pack healthy meals so that I can avoid going for long periods without eating or succumbing… [read more]

Diet and Heart Disease Public Health Policy Research Proposal

… Diet and Heart Disease Public Policy

Identify a current public health policy (at the national/federal or state level) that pertains to your chosen topic.

Over the last several decades, the obesity / overweight epidemic is becoming a major challenge that… [read more]

Eating Behaviors, Weight Loss Methods, and Nutrition Essay

… ¶ … Eating Behaviors, Weight Loss Methods, and Nutrition Practices Among High School Wrestlers

The article begins by explaining that wrestling is a sport that requires some necessary components, which include endurance, muscular strength, flexibility and motor conditioning. In conjunction… [read more]

Diet and Heart Disease in Exploring Research Paper

… Diet and Heart Disease

In exploring the impact of diet on heart disease it will be important to consider the theoretical perspective of the health belief model (HBM) which is the most commonly used model in health promotion and education.… [read more]

Synopsis of Major Diets to Lose Weight Creative Writing

… Popular Diets

In contemporary society, one of the most visible issues facing Americans, and indeed, most of the developed world, is obesity and the link between diet and health. Medical doctors, scholars, researchers are all in agreement that there is… [read more]

Nutrition Tropical Creme Desert Bars Great Taste Essay

… Nutrition


Great taste, lactose free, no sugar added

Market Share - Ice cream is a $60 billion dollar industry dominated by 2 global giants, Nestle with about 18% market share, and Unilever with about 15%. Research shows that ice cream sales are rising about 3% worldwide, and in Europe, the world's largest market, over $22 billion in frozen desserts were sold (Scott and Flanagn, 2007). In the United States, the frozen desert industry boasts about $20 in annual sales. The industry is dynamic, yet a larger number of smaller "mom-and-pop" producers are finding superb niche in the market. Even a slight market share stands to make millions, and often unique packaging and formulas offer regional providers more flexibility than the national or global organizations ("U.S. Market for Ice Creme," 2002). Add to this the wave of health-food, low sugar, low fat, product extensions and one will see it is quite possible to profitably introduce a new frozen desert into the market.

Target Group- Lactose intolerant individuals who might also be concerned with sugars in their diet; diabetic and heart conscious individuals -- but caloric count is a tad high. Likely target women 34-55 or retired women; might be marketed with coconut shell (see above) to increase novelty and market share. Target group would appreciate the novelty, and be willing to pay more to have lactose free desert option. Estimates range that as humans age, their lactose intolerance increases (witness products such as Lactaid). By the targeted age group, at least 47% of the population is expressing some lactose intolerance, and by age 70 almost 90% (National Institute of Health, 2010). Thus, marketed properly, the market share actually grows up per year since more people are growing older, but older folk are living longer.

Product/Packaging Nutrition Claims- the formula for the new desert would consist of 2 parts coconut milk, 1 part almond… [read more]

Principles of Equine Nutrition Basic Nutrients Too Much or Too Little Salt Thesis

… ¶ … Equine Nutrition -- Review of the Basic Nutrients -- Too Much or Too Little: Salt

Salt deficiency and excess: Why the right balance of salt is so critical for equine health

Salt is an essential nutrient for both… [read more]

Eating Disordered Mothers Influence to the Cause of Unhealthy Eating Behavior on Daughters Research Proposal


The literature review in this work is conducted for the express purpose of reviewing information and previous studies which examine whether mothers with eating disorders project unhealthy… [read more]

My Diet Analysis Research Proposal

… Daily Diet

My Daily Diet Analysis

Healthy eating and ensuring that one receives the proper nutrition is much more complicated than many advertisers suggest. It is not as simple as watching calories, cutting fat or carbohydrates, or boosting levels of… [read more]

Vitamin C And Nutrition Thesis

… Vitamin C and Nutrition

The objective of this work is to research Vitamin C in regards to nutrition and to discuss the articles reviewed for this purpose discussing the similarities and differences in the articles.

Naidu (2003)

The work of… [read more]

Effects of Nutrition and Cardiovascular Disease Thesis

… Nutrition and CVD

Cardiovascular disease or CVD is a disorder affecting the heart or the body system of blood vessels (American Association for Clinical Chemistry 2009). Most cases of CVD are usually attributed to obesity, high blood pressure and high… [read more]

Nutrition Information Research Proposal

… Nutrition Information Sources

The last nutritional information that I received was from the nightly news: it was the warning about salmonella in pistachios. The information is credible because it was on multiple news stations and also in the newspapers. I changed my diet by throwing out the small bag of pistachios that I had and I made sure none of the foods I purchased recently contained pistachios in the ingredient lists.

Generally, I do not relay on word-of-mouth sources for reliable nutritional advice,

(especially at the gym), because there is absolutely no guarantee of its accuracy. I have overheard ridiculous conversations in the gym about nutrition, some of which came from personal trainers and other gym employees who are supposed to know something about the topic. For one example, I have heard a trainer tell someone not to eat at night because food eaten before bed "turns to fat" more than food eaten at other times. My doctor confirmed that this is not… [read more]

Nutrition Diabetes Affects About 23 Thesis

… Nutrition

Diabetes affects about 23 million -- almost 8% -- of the American population (American Diabetes Association). Many Americans may be unaware that they have the condition. Most Americans with Diabetes have Type 2 Diabetes. Type 2 Diabetes is the… [read more]

Personalized Nutrition and Exercise Plan Thesis

… Personalized Nutrition and Exercise Plan

One of the marvels of the modern world is the fact that we can anticipate health problems and take steps to mitigate or even prevent them altogether. Scientific and nutrition research has identified the optimal… [read more]

Basic Human Nutrition Essay

… ¶ … Nutrition

What Was Eaten

One strawberry/chocolate flavor pop tart

One can of Diet Rite soda

One glass of water

One corned beef sandwich with two slices of wheat bread, three slices of corned beef, one slice of Swiss… [read more]

Impact of a High Fat High Calorie Diet on Depression Anxiety and Energy Levels Term Paper

… ¶ … High-Fat, High Calorie Diet on Depression, Anxiety and Energy Levels

The methodology of a study is particularly important, because those who read the study must be able to understand what the researcher did, and those who want to… [read more]

Managing Arthritis With Nutrition Term Paper

… Managing Arthritis With Nutrition

Nutrition and arthritis

In order to address the question of whether the management of arthritis can be facilitated by nutrition instead of a reliance on conventional medication, the term arthritis and its concomitant conditions must first… [read more]

Importance of Proper Diet and Exercise and Obesity Epidemic in America Term Paper

… ¶ … Diet

Attention Step

Obesity is one of America's biggest problems. People in America of the most prominent problems that young and adults, men or women face. In the nutritionist's point-of-view, obesity having 20% more of the should be… [read more]

Nutrition in Preventive Medicine Term Paper

… ¶ … nutritional site that is designed to advise readers about the importance of eating healthy foods. The writer explores the website and provides feedback as to its reliability. There was one source used to complete this paper.

This website… [read more]

Weight Loss Term Paper


The United States has been criticized by doctors, researchers and government officials as being one of the fattest and unhealthy countries in the world. Our population currently faces numerous problems regarding health issues, weight loss,… [read more]

Nutrition Most People Respect Real Expertise Term Paper

… Nutrition

Most people respect real expertise. However, expertise has a different meaning to most people when it comes to medicine than it might for some other field, such as engineering. An engineer does his or her work and leaves. If the engineer builds a bridge, that bridge stays up for decades without any further intervention except occasional safety checks.

Nutrition, however, has to be an ongoing concern for anyone paying attention to his or her health. A person could have excellent nutrition in January of one year but by July be facing significant nutritional challenges because of illness, changes in income, or other life changes that interfere with eating a healthy and balanced diet that contains neither too few nor too many calories.

This means that just having a degree is not enough for a nutritionist. Nutritionists must be able to relate to people well, evaluate that person's lifestyle, and spot issues that could interfere with the person eating… [read more]

Dash Diet an Intake Plan Term Paper

… (The DASH Diet -- Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension and Weight Loss)

The DASH diet was initially intended to control the blood pressure and not the weight, but with a few alterations, the weight objectives can also be attained. As fruits and vegetables by nature have low fat and calories than one's usual amount of snack items, they can actually load one up without providing those extra calories which are not wanted. The important part about the DASH diet is that one need not have to spend a great deal of money in diet medications, books, or products and one need not have to waste all the time fixing hard to follow special foods or recipes for oneself. The whole family can take this diet, and all the things required are available in any local grocery store. (For a Healthier You, DASH!)

Here are some of the measures that would help one into the DASH plan slowly: a) Slowly raising the portion of fruits and vegetables to eight a day and trying new ones at a meal or having them as snacks. It is essential to note that the serving sizes of fruits and vegetables are not as huge as one imagines. b) Increasing and drinking more milk and adding more of low or nonfat dairy products to the daily food. If one has a problem of lactose intolerance, then it is better to have lactose free milk or lactase pills. c) It is advisable to use food labels to select products which are low in total fat, saturated fat, cholesterol and sodium. d) It is necessary to note that processed foods have huge quantities of concealed sodium, fat, and/or cholesterol. e) It is also essential to use only half the quantity of margarine, butter, or other condiments which one uses. f) Reducing one's meat intake and trying one or two vegetarian meals every week. g) And finally, using fruit as an alternative for a dessert. (For a Healthier You, DASH!)


DASH Diet. Retrieved from

Accessed 15 October 2005

Definition DASH diet. Retrieved from

Accessed 15 October 2005

Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH). Retrieved from

Accessed 15 October 2005

For a Healthier You, DASH!. retrieved from

Accessed 15 October 2005

The DASH Diet -- Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension and Weight Loss.

Retrieved from

Accessed 15 October 2005

The DASH Diet. Retrieved from

Accessed 15 October 2005

Tsang, Gloria. High Blood Pressure Diet - the DASH Diet.… [read more]

Marketing Channels and Methods Term Paper

… "What is the right strategy to follow in a highly competitive market in which demand is relatively flat?" stated one executive recently. "The answer for us is to identify what our niche is in the market. For us, it is… [read more]

Nutrition Is the Study of the Organic Term Paper

… Nutrition is the study of the organic process by which an organism assimilates and uses food and liquids for normal functioning, growth and maintenance and to maintain the balance between health and disease (Nutrition pp). Today, it is common knowledge… [read more]

Diet and Exercise Term Paper

… ¶ … diet and exercise. There are sixteen references used for this paper.

Americans are becoming more and more obese, which can lead to serious and potentially fatal health risks. It is important to explore diets and the role that… [read more]

Nutrition Industry a Person Term Paper

… Food Service Management is related with the supervision of the food service department of hospitals, schools, nursing homes, etc. Their job is to plan healthy menus, purchase foods, plan and supervise food service delivery system and to train the staff.… [read more]

Diets and Young Women Term Paper

… Then the plan gradually begins to add some of these items back into the diet. The first two weeks may be so difficult that many dieters do not stick with the plan long-term.

The Atkins diet is so popular that a whole industry of low-carb foods has grown up around it. However, this low-carbohydrate diet is so restrictive, that it is difficult to stay on for any length of time, and it cuts out nearly all fruits, grains, and sugars, especially in the initial stages of the diet, so it is quite difficult to maintain, and it is quite expensive, since it relies heavily on proteins, such as meats and cheeses. This diet is not concerned with fat, and it might be perfect for those people who do not enjoy a lot of vegetables and fruits in their diet. However, it is quite restrictive, and cuts out so many foods that nutritionally, it is not sound, or even desirable to stay on it for a long period.

The cabbage soup diet is quite popular because it helps a person lose quite a bit of weight in a short amount of time, and it is relatively easy to stay on for a week. This diet combines low fat and high-fiber to accomplish weight loss, and it might help lead the way into a longer lasting diet plan. However, the diet only lasts a week, and it is quite restrictive in terms of what you can eat. It is not meant for long-term weight loss, and so, it is not nutritionally sound. This diet may be fine to lose a few extra pounds, but it should not be considered a nutritional lifestyle.

The ideal weight for a person is not what the media portrays. The ideal weight for a person is a weight they can maintain comfortably, that makes them feel good about themselves but does not put their health at risk, and that allows them to live a healthy lifestyle. This can differ from person to person, and it is not reed thin, it is, most of all, healthy. Young women today do not see weight as a health issue, it is an issue of how they look to others, and this idea that ultra-thin is the best weight is creating havoc with women's bodies and their emotions. [read more]

Weight Watchers Diet System Term Paper

… (Alexander et al.)

The Adkins Diet Plan

Another popular diet trend today is the Adkins Diet, which is vastly different from the Weight Watchers system. This diet plan was founded in 1972 by the now deceased Dr. Robert Atkins, who… [read more]

Diet as an Effective Treatment Term Paper

… Excessive amounts of a particular vitamin or mineral and a substantially low amount on the other nutrients needed by the body can trigger serious health illnesses to develop. Overnutrition usually develops as a result of an individual's lifestyle, wherein alcoholism, smoking, and eating patterns and habits alter the body's proper functioning. Like undernutrition, the elderly also become vulnerable to overnutrition, which is one common result of aging. Subsisting to alcoholism and/or smoking can result to high blood pressure or cholesterol, which can lead to heart diseases. Similarly, "fad diets" and other new forms of food diets that deprive an individual from receiving equal amounts of essential vitamins and nutrients in the body often result to an instability in the body's supply of nutrients. Improper food diets lacking vegetables and fruits or meat and protein-rich foods can eventually lead to the development of chronic illnesses (Beers and Berkow 2003). Overnutrition is mainly characterized by "abdominal findings," which often concerns the internal organs in the body affected by the following lifestyles enumerated a while ago. However, one of the most evident effect and symptom of overnutrition is the alteration of one's behavior, such as the development of increased anxiety, depression, and/or irritation (Grigsby 2002).

It is evident that malnutrition is a prevalent health disorder that can result to death if it goes undetected or no immediate and proper medical intervention is used. In America, overnutrition occurs in almost 1.1 million Americans through obesity and overweight conditions (AHA 2003). On the other hand, undernutrition is prevalent in 13 million American children as a result of food insufficiency due to improper food diets (Guarino 2002). Thus, an effective treatment must be used to solve the increasing problem of malnutrition not only in the U.S., but in the whole world as well. Among the solutions offered to prevent malnutrition, subsisting to a proper food diet remains to be the most effective and feasible solution to malnutrition. A guideline to obtain information of the proper food diet is through the Food Guide Pyramid, which lists the proper foods in appropriate amounts needed by the body. The Food Guide Pyramid lists and locates foods needed most by the body in the base, while the least nutritious foods are located in apex or on top of the pyramid. The proper food diet using this source lists breads and cereals as the primary sources of the body's energy; fruits and vegetables take the second place in the food hierarchy; and meats and protein-rich food ranks as third (Medical Encyclopedia 2003). It can be observed that as the hierarchy goes up the pyramid, the amounts of food needed for each level decreases, suggesting that the body needs more of the first 2 levels (bread, cereals and vegetables and fruits) than the other higher levels (meat and fats, oil, and sweets). Through a proper food diet like the Food Guide Pyramid, the human body will become healthy and resistant to illness and diseases, and problems of malnutrition can now be prevented… [read more]

Nutrition and Cognitive Learning Term Paper

… In an effort to address the problem of low nutritional levels, many students have implemented school breakfast programs, building coalitions to improve the school nutrition and physical activity environment, teaching nutrition curriculum, and adding more physical activity for children, using… [read more]

Risk Factors for Mr. Jablonski Term Paper

… 5 ounces nuts; 1 tablespoon or 1/2 ounce seeds;

1/2 cup cooked dry beans

Fats & oils teaspoon soft margarine; 1 tablespoon lowfat mayonnaise;

2 tablespoons light salad dressing; 1 teaspoon vegetable oil

Sweets per week tablespoon sugar; 1 tablespoon jelly or jam; 1/2 ounce jelly beans; 8 ounces lemonade

Source: National Institute of Health

The diet changes required for treating Mr. J's hypertension are more or less the same as for reducing his LDL cholesterol except that he has to reduce his salt intake to less than 6 grams per day. It is always difficult to make drastic changes in any long-time habit specially one's diet. However, Mr. J would have to be bluntly told about the absolute necessity of a diet change. Only a bit of 'shock therapy' about his condition is likely to convince him to change.

Lab and Clinical Tests

Mr. J would have to have his LDL cholesterol, and blood pressure monitored regularly. In addition it is advisable that he gets his triglycerides, HDL cholesterol, VLDL, and blood-sugar (glucose) levels monitored. This is because he already has elevated LDL cholesterol and hypertension, while he is a potential candidate for diabetes. The rest of his lipid profile also needs to be monitored.

Benefit of Losing Weight

Mr. J would benefit from weight loss as this would lower his high LDL cholesterol level, reduce his high BP, help control his cigarette smoking and, as a result, reduce his risk of getting CHD or a heart attack. (He would also look and feel better!) In order to lose weight one must burn more calories than one's intake, and physical activity results in burning of calories. For example a person weighing 200 pounds (Mr. J's weight) who eats the same amount of calories but walks briskly for 1 1/2 miles a day would lose approx. 14 lbs. In one year. Other ways in which Mr. J would benefit from a weight loss program are the development of a stronger heart and lungs through increased physical activity.

Nutrition Considerations after a Heart Attack or Stroke

During the first week following a heart attack, it is advisable to take several small meals, low in salt and to avoid cold fluids. The same dietary plan as described for prevention of CHD and stroke are subsequently applicable in a post heart-attack situation. However, the nutrition considerations for Mr. J, if… [read more]

Diabetes Mellitus (Dm) Term Paper

… Recommend testing for ketones in all urine samples from patients with type 1 DM who exhibit persistent, rapid, and marked fluctuation in their degree of hyperglycemia.

DKA is acute metabolic changes in the body due to lack of insulin or poor response to insulin due to stress or illness. It is characterized by hyperglycemia, ketosis, and acidosis, leading to osmotic diuresis and dehydration.

Since Kusuf also has been diagnosed with Ketosis and Acidosis, the key to treatment of DKA is volume repletion, insulin therapy, and specific metabolic corrections.

One of the first steps in managing type 1 DM is diet control. According to the ADA policy, the diet treatment is based upon nutritional assessment and treatment goals. Diet recommendations should be made in view of the patient's eating habits and lifestyle.

Diet management includes education about the timing, size, frequency, or composition of meals to avoid hypoglycemia or postprandial hyperglycemia. All patients on insulin should receive a comprehensive diet plan that includes a daily caloric intake prescription; recommendations for amounts of dietary carbohydrate, fat, and protein; and how to divide calories between meals and snacks. A professional dietitian should be involved to create the individual diet plan.

In these patients, the caloric distribution is important; a recommended distribution consists of 20% of daily calories for breakfast, 35% for lunch, 30% for dinner, and 15% for late evening snack.

The minimum protein requirement for good nutrition is 0.9 g/kg/d (range = 1-1.5 g/kg/d), but a reduced protein intake is indicated in cases of nephropathy.

Fat intake should be limited to 30% or less of the total calories, and a low-cholesterol diet is recommended.

Patients should consume sucrose in moderation and increase their fiber intake. In some cases, midmorning and midafternoon snacks are important to avoid hypoglycemia.

Also, Yasaf should begin to exercise regularly. Exercise is an important aspect of diabetes management. Patients should be encouraged to exercise regularly. Educate the patients about the effects of exercise on the blood glucose level. If patients are planning to participate in rigorous exercise for more than 30 minutes, they may develop hypoglycemia. To prevent hypoglycemia, they either can decrease the insulin by 10-20% or can have an extra snack. These patients must maintain their hydration status during exercise.

If Yasaf follows these steps than he will have a greater chance of deterring his diabetes from complicating his life in the future. Though common in young children of his age, and especially among white children, such cases can be detrimental to mental health as well as the obvious physical symptoms. Such a diagnosis, for Yasaf and for… [read more]

Children Health and Diet Essay

… ¶ … healthy menu for the following groups.




Among the simplest ways to demonstrate our care for children is feeding them safe and healthy food (Benjamin, 2012). This is crucial for the following reasons (Benjamin, 2012):

Through… [read more]

Environmental and Genetic Factors Causing Obesity and Hypertension Essay

… ¶ … Nutrition: Water, Mineral Functions, and Obesity

Understanding Water and Mineral Functions

Diet/Lifestyle to help one cope with high blood pressure

High blood pressure, also referred to as hypertension describes the pressure in an individual's artery more than it… [read more]

Disorder of Carbohydrate Digestion: Nutrition and Human Physiology Essay

… Nutrition and Human Physiology: A Disorder of Carbohydrate Digestion

Why the small intestine is better suited than the other gastrointestinal tract organs to carry out the absorptive process

The small intestine is a section of the gastrointestinal tract that is… [read more]

Can the Ketogenic Diet Help Brain Cancer Patients Research Paper

… Cancer affects millions each year worldwide. Some attribute it to diet; others attribute it to environmental factors. Meaning, some may say the toxins in processed food can lead to a higher risk of cancers while others say exposure to chemicals… [read more]

Treatment of Obesity Literature Review

… An increasingly moderate protein intake with exercise can generate similar health benefits to a high protein diet with exercise (Arciero, 2008, p.762). However, the effectiveness of the moderate protein intake with exercise requires high-intensity exercise training in order to result in improved body composition and insulin sensitivity. As compared to moderate protein intake with no exercise, a modest protein intake with exercise contributes to major decreases in hip and waist circumference that result in reduced abdominal obesity and lesser risk of insulin resistance and other metabolic syndrome (Meckling and Sherfey, 2007, p.751).

High Protein Diet with Exercise

Arciero (2008) states that previous research findings have reported that high-protein diets with exercise mitigate the decrease in lean body mass that is usually linked to dietary weight loss (p.763). A high protein diet and high-intensity exercise regimen contributes to greater decrease in abdominal and total body fat and other disease risk factors as compared to moderate protein and moderate-intensity exercise program. The high-intensity exercise program either provides extra energy deficit resulting in weight loss or prevent increase in resting metabolic rate that is always associated with hypocaloric diets (Meckling and Sherfey, 2007, p.750). Wycherley et al. (2012), argues that high protein diet with exercise contributes to indicators of strength and aerobic capacity in obese and overweight men (p.322).

Possible Benefits of Consuming High Protein Diet

These research articles demonstrate some possible benefits of consuming high protein data including greater reductions in total and abdominal body fat as well as some disease risk factors. The other benefits include improvements in body composition and insulin sensitivity, reduced lean body mass, and metabolic changes that generate clinical benefits.

Possible Adverse Effects of High Protein Diet

One of the probable adverse effects of high protein diet is significant lean mass loss and compromised resting metabolic rate, which may enhance risk factors for other medical problems. Secondly, individuals may find it difficult to sustain energy reduction and dietary fiber intakes, which may hinder weight loss and other clinical benefits associated with high protein intake.


Overweight and obesity has developed to become major health issue attributed to various factors such as the imbalance between energy intake and expenditure. While various treatment programs have been developed to address these risk factors, lifestyle programs are considered as the most effective because of the role of physiological and behavioral factors in contributing to obesity. Studies have demonstrated that exercise and diet are the main components of these programs since they contribute to significant weight loss, improved body composition, and preserved lean mass. While different protein intakes contribute to different results when combined with different exercise programs, a high-protein diet combined with moderate-intensity exercise training program is regarded as the ideal treatment approach.


Arciero et. al. (2008). Moderate Protein Intake Improves Total and Regional Body Composition

and Insulin Sensitivity in Overweight Adults. Metabolism Clinical and Experimental, 57, 757-765.

Layman et. al. (2005, May 7). Dietary Protein and Exercise Have Additive Effects on Body

Composition during Weight Loss in Adult Women.… [read more]

Dance and Bones Essay

… , 2011). Disordered eating and amenorrhea also combine to create "synergistic effects in decreasing bone mineral density," (Friesen, et al., 2011, p. 31). Low bone mineral density increases the risk of bone fractures in both sexes, making dietary health and nutrition awareness particularly important to professionals hoping to maintain a long and successful career. It is worth noting that Caucasian women are at a greater risk for low bone density and other RED-S factors vs. African-American women. Still, all dancers should be made aware of the consequences of disordered eating on their health and their career.

The three most important ideas dancers can learn from literature on RED-S include the importance of self-awareness, balance, and evidence-based nutrition. What professional dancers need to know is how to maintain equilibrium while also remaining competitive. Regular hormonal testing may help identify at-risk populations, such as those with persistent menstrual irregularities. Eating disorders have a number of different etiologies, including psychological causes that may extend beyond the realm of dance instructors. As Mountjoy et al. (2014) notes, dancers who resist recommended changes to diet may have psychological issues impeding their ability to intake the necessary nutrients bones need to restore themselves. Dance is an especially stressful sport for bones, due to the load-bearing factors and repetitive stress associated with the movement. Dietary considerations also come into play with professionals intending to maintain a specific aesthetic in their physique. Nutrition awareness can coincide with professional dancing, so long as dancers remain aware of the dangers associated with disordered eating and hormonal irregularities.


Friesen, et al. (2011). Bone mineral density and body composition of collegiate modern dancers. Journal of Dance Medicine and Science 15(1).

Hoch, et al. (2011). Association between the female athlete triad and endothelial dysfunction in dancers. Clin J. Sport Med 21(2), 119-125.

Mountjoy, et… [read more]

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