Term Paper: 1948?" it Will Inform

Pages: 7 (2305 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 1+  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: History - Israel  ·  Buy This Paper

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[. . .] Some of the most popular films were "Hamlet," "Macbeth," with Orson Welles, "The Naked City," "Oliver Twist," and "The Fallen Idol." Popular songs included "Nature Boy," "Buttons and Bows," and "All I Want for Christmas is my Two Front Teeth." Television soared in popularity as more homes got TVs, and some of the most popular shows were "Howdy Doody," the "Philco TV Playhouse," "Toast of the Town," the "Kraft Television Theatre," and "Meet the Press" ("Highlights," 2004).

Sports

Olympic sports were at the forefront of 1948. The Winter Olympic Games took place in St. Moritz, Switzerland, and the Summer Games took place in London. Germany and Japan were not invited to attend the games, but Italy did attend. The games were the first in twelve years, as they did not take place during World War II. In the Winter Olympics, American skater Dick Button won the gold medal for the United States, (he was the first American to win a figure skating title), and he was the first skater to perform a double axel jump (Wikipedia, 2004). (Today, male skaters routinely perform quadruple axels, and females routinely perform triple axels.) At the Summer Games, the United States took 38 Gold, 27 Silver, and 19 Bronze medals, more than any other participating nation. Dutch athlete Fanny Blankers-Koen became the darling of the Games when she won four gold medals on the track, and for the first time, India and Pakistan participated as independent nations in field hockey (Wikipedia, 2004).

Aside from the Olympic Games, there were many other memorable moments in sports in 1948. William HG France established the National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) in February, and famed pony "Citation" won the Triple Crown, taking the Preakness, Belmont, and Kentucky Derby in May. Baseball lost one of its all-time greats when Babe Ruth died on August 16, 1948, of throat cancer. In the World Series, the Cleveland Indians bested the Boston Braves, and famed boxer Joe Louis hung up his gloves for the last time during the year.

Family

American families were having some of the best times of their lives in years, but there were some problems, too. Workers faced inflation and labor strife, and President Truman inaugurated the draft in reaction to the Cold War with the Soviet Union, so draft-age men faced another draft just when they thought the war was over. Families were moving to the newly created suburbs in record numbers, and the "good life" was on its way. In fact, there was such a demand for housing, people were increasingly looking to alternatives, and trailers became a viable alternative to traditional homes during this time, as one historian notes. "Indeed, the rush to buy trailers was so great by 1948 that, according to one estimate, trailers supplied housing for 7% of the American population, a remarkable figure even if exaggerated given the fact that only ten years earlier, year-round trailer living was virtually unheard of (Hurley, 2001, p. 212).

As more families moved to the suburbs, more mothers began to work, and they became quite captivated with convenience foods and timesaving devices around the home. A food critic named Duncan Hines recognized this and created a company to make prepackaged cake mixes ("Highlights," 2004). This was the beginning of a trend in the food industry that led to many other innovations, and led to many more meals being eaten outside the home, too. The McDonald brothers recognized this, and created walk-up food service in 1948 at their popular hamburger stand outside Los Angeles. Before, carhops had serviced customers, but the faster-paced lifestyle demanded quicker food service, and the brothers complied (Hurley, 2001, p. 96). Later, their hamburger stand would turn into one of the biggest franchises in the world under the leadership of Ray Kroc, an enterprising shake-machine salesman who bought out the brothers and went on to fame and fortune (Hurley, 2001, p. 96).

In conclusion, 1948 was a year of growth and transition for the world. Americans were living better lives after World War II, but live was not all rosy, there were problems with the economy, labor unrest, a renewed draft, and many other issues facing American families. 1948 brought change, renewed conflict, and marked the end of an era. America was ready to step into the 1950s and beyond.

References (17 April 2004). 1948. Retrieved from the Wikipedia Web site: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1948

Author not Available. (2004). 1948 in History. Retrieved from the BrainHistory.com Web site: http://www.brainyhistory.com/years/1948.html21 April 2004.

Author not Available. (2004). Highlights of 1948. Retrieved from the BabyBoomers.com Web site: http://www.babyboomers.com/years/1948.htm21 April 2004.

Author not Available. (2004). IBM Archives: 1948. Retrieved from the IBM.com Web site: http://www-1.ibm.com/ibm/history/history/year_1948.html21 April 2004.

Author not Available. (1999).… [END OF PREVIEW]

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