1st World War (WWI) Term Paper

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[. . .] Indeed, its creation of a spirit of antagonism among nations is also a noted and significant contributor to choices made before the war (Ross 18). The period prior to 1914 was marked with increasing imperialism as nations sought to expand their power and wealth by increasing control and territorial coverage (Ross 18). Parts of Asia and Africa were in contention by most European powers because of their strategic importance in resource acquisition. The increase in competition for these territories led to antagonism, which increased confrontation that would later help push the nations into war in their hope to superimpose and extend their dominance to the territories under contention (Ross 19).

Consequences and Outcomes of World War One

The primary consequences and outcomes of WWI included loss of lives, destruction of property, and downturn in economic activity. Millions of people died as a result of the war itself as well as the diseases and hunger that followed the war. The war also led to property destruction with most nations experiencing serious economic problems as a result of the costly nature of the war. Other immediate outcomes of the war included the signing of various treaties that would later re-shape the map of Europe (*****). The first treaty was the Treaty of Versailles, which led to Germany's surrender of some territories to various nations. The Treaty of St.- Germain (1919) was also as a result of the war. Effectively, this treaty destroyed the Austria-Hungary Empire (*****). As a result, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia were created, and Hungary and Austria separated. Another treaty imposed by the Allies - The Trianon Treaty - led to further loss of Hungary's territory. The Allies also imposed other treaties such as The Treaty of Sevres (Turkey) and the Treaty of Nevilly (Bulgaria). These treaties were meant to define the new balance of powers attained after WWI (*****).

The decline of empires is one clear outcome of WWI as the Austria-Hungary and Ottoman Empires collapsed. New political frameworks also emerged after the war as monarchies such as those in Russia and Germany gave way to Republics. The war is also noted as being one among the possible causes of demand for independence among colonies due to the growth of nationalistic tendencies. This would later lead to the decline of power among the great European Imperialists. The shifts in power, re-shaping of nations and leadership are perhaps some of the pronounced immediate consequences of the war (*****).

Other clear outcomes of the war as I have pointed out elsewhere in this text included economic downturns across nations and socio-political developments and changes at a global scale. Inflation also rose in most nations with economies such as Germany being severely impacted due to imposed reparations. Most European nations such as Britain also fell into great debt. On the social front, the role of women changed significantly as they started becoming more active and productive especially in business. Indeed, women had taken over most business establishment because men had been away at war. Labour laws also developed as mass production and mechanization increased in various industries. On the political front, leadership preferences changed as people started preferring republics over the monarchical systems. The war also led to the need for association of nations as spelled out by President Wilson Woodrow, in what would later set a precedent for the development of the League of Nations. This would later create focus towards global peace (*****). Technological growth is also one among the few positive outcomes of WWI. Advances in research were later to spearhead the development of mechanization and mass production, thus improving lives. Transport, communication, and mass production benefited greatly from these new developments (Collins 352).

Though debatable, WWI is often cited as a possible cause of WWII. Should this indeed be the case, it could be termed one of the worst outcomes of WWI. Notably, the reparations and give up of territory led to a lot of resentment amongst affected nations. The seemingly unfair treaties and imposition of reparations could have increased strife that may have created room for the challenges that later led to WWII.

Works Cited

Collins, F. Ross. World War One. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO, 2008. Print.

Howard, Michael. The First World War. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2003. Print.

Kelly, Martin. Top 5 Causes of World War 1. 5 January, 2013. Web. 27 Sept. 2013.

*****. Consequences of World War… [END OF PREVIEW]

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