Abolitionist Movement Black Africans Helped Research Paper

Pages: 10 (3408 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 6  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: American History


However, in 1830 black leaders differed on the best strategies that they were to use in struggling against slavery and discrimination after they started meeting frequently in national conventions. A section like Henry Highland Garnet and David Walker were for the idea of slaves to revolt and overthrow their masters while Paul Cuffe and Russwurm were for the idea that a major modern black within Africa. But through the support of the white American Colonization Society in 1822, black Americans were able to establish Liberia in West Africa, (Morgan, Edmund, 2003). But as time passed by black leaders considered themselves as American and they had a feeling that their problems could be solved through more struggle while they were at home.

When slavery was extended to new territories, it created a subject of national political controversy, this is because already Northwest Ordinance of 1787 had prohibited act of slavery within the Middle West. As time went by, Missouri Compromise of 1820 started a policy that was to incorporate the same number of slave and Free State into the Union. However, all the territories were opened to the slavery by the Comprise of 1850, the Kansa-Nebraska Act of 1854, and Supreme Court's Scott Decision of 1857.

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Towards the end of 1850s, there was fear by the North of a full control of the nation through slaveholding interests which made the South to be certain that the North had intentions of destroying their way of life. The fact that the Northern adopted the 1850 federal fugitive slave act, made the Southerners very bitter. This had been alarmed by raiding Harpers Ferry, and West Virginia which was led by white abolitionist John Brown in 1859. On Abraham Lincoln elected as the president on the antislavery platform of the new Republican Party, the Southern succeeded from the Union that Union and came up with a Confederacy.

Frederick Douglass

TOPIC: Research Paper on Abolitionist Movement Black Africans Helped Assignment

He has been named as the father of the civil right movement. Through his brilliance, eloquence and determination the American nation was shaped. Through his efforts he was able to be an abolitionist, orator, human rights and women's rights, journalist, author, social reformer and a publisher. Douglass continuous commitment to freedom, made him dedicate his life to attaining justice for every American, especially African-Americans, minority groups, and women. His vision for the future America was inclusive nation strengthened by diversity and free of discrimination.

At one time he became a president advisor. According to Abraham Lincoin Douglass was the most meritorious man of the nineteenth century. He happen to be appointed in several offices. During Rutherford B. Hayes' administration, he served as U.S. Marshal of the District of Columbia and he was appointed as the District of Columbia Recorder of Deeds by President James Garfield. In the year 1889, he was appointed the U.S. minister to Haiti by President Benjamin Harrison. Later he got an appointment to be secretary of the commission of Santo Domingo by President Grant. All through his appointments he had hope that this would open doors for the African-Americans, it took many more years for them to follow his footsteps.

From slavery, Frederick Douglass was able to rise to the point of being the leading African- American voice of the nineteenth century. When he was still at tender age, he came to know that the only key to freedom was his ability to read. On realizing this all his efforts was turned to achieving freedom. Through interacting with black preachers Frederick Douglass was able to teach in Sabbath School in Baltimore. At this time he was able to refine his writing, speaking and reading. He managed to escape from north to get his freedom; together with his wife they settled in New Bedford, Massachusetts where he joined the abolitionist movement, (Patrick E. Horn, 1881).

He became a compelling force in the anti-slavery movement. Being a man of moral authority, he developed into a charismatic public speaker. Because of his being a charismatic public speaker, he was hired as a speaker for the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society by William Lloyd Garrison. His work as an abolitionist saw him meeting other notable abolitionists of the nineteenth century such as Abby Kelly and Wendell Phillips. He as well established a close relationship with John Brown and the family; however they came to disagree because of the violent tactics that was dramatically displayed in Brown's raid on Harper's Ferry in 1859 by Brown. After slavery was abolished at the close of civil war, Douglass now changes to focus on complete integration of the Africa-American into economic and political life of the United States.

Douglass came to establish his own weekly abolitionist newspaper, "the North Star"; it turned to be the major voice of African-American opinion. As time went, using his periodical titled "the Douglass Monthly" he was able to recruit black Union solders for the African-American Fifty-Fourth Massachusetts Volunteers. Both his sons were among the regiment and saw combat. He tried hard to maintain the hard-won advances of African-Americans. But as the twentieth century approached, the progress made at the time of reconstruction eroded.

Up to the last years of Douglass life, he spent on supporting the rights of women. The early nineteenth century's antislavery crusade acted as a training ground for the suffrage movements of the women. Although he actively supported the women's rights movement, he too believed that the first people who were supposed to receive suffrage first are the black men. In showing how much he supported women, he got involved in the first feminist convention at Seneca Fall in July of 1848; here he became much responsible in passage of the motion to support female suffrage.

While working together with other abolitionists as well as Elizabeth Cady Stanton, he signed the Declaration of Sentiments which turned to be the manifesto of the movement. Through his newspaper, he wrote quotes which were meant to support the rights of women. Even his death was after attending Women's Council meeting to show how dedicated he was towards his work up to the ends of his life, (Travis T., McDonough, GA, 1989).

William Lloyd garrison

William Lloyd garrison is considered as a reformer, when he was 25 years, he joined the Abolition movement. He was also associated with the American Colonization Society which was an organization which was for the idea that free blacks should migrate to a territory that was to the West coast of Africa. As much as a section advocated for granting of freedom to slaves, many of them supported relocation as way of reducing the number of blacks in the United Sates so that institution of slavery be met.

He became the most known abolitionist in the United State during the time of American Civil War. Most of the slave owners came to despise him. He was even placed for a five thousand dollar bounty on his head for whoever who was to bring him to the state for prosecution by the Georgia legislature. White Southerners often sent him death threats. Most of the Northerners as well came to disagree with his message. He was often being attacked by the mob when he was giving speeches. However, he did not give up his hope as he continued with fighting for an end to slavery, (James Brewer, 1992). He kept on urging President Abraham Lincoln to make the Civil War to end slavery and even congratulated the president when the president issued the Emancipation Proclamation in September 1862. He wanted equal rights for Africans-American with white people.

Garrison is well-known for his genius of universal Emancipation. He started writing for Benjamin Lundy of the Quaker Genius of Universal Emancipation newspaper and even become a co-editor with Benjamin Lundy when he was in Baltimore, Maryland. Having experience as newspaper editor and a printer, he got opportunity to revamp the layout of the paper thus setting Lundy free to spend much of his time in travelling as an anti-slavery speaker.

Though at first he was sharing gradualist views of Lundy, he was working for the Genius, he was convinced of the need of demanding for immediate as well as complete emancipation. Among his famous regular features that he introduced when he was at the Genius was "The Black List" which was a column that was continuous printing short reports of barbarities of slavery such as murders, whipping, kidnappings. For example, among his Black List columns, one of them reported Newburyport, Massachusetts, ones Francis Todd who was a shipper from Garrison's home town happen to be part of the people who were practicing slave trade and just before long his ship had shipped slaves from Baltimore to New Orleans. This made Todd to file suit for libel against Garrison and his partner. In addition state of Maryland added criminal charges against Garrison and this led to… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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