Essay: Should Abortion Be Legal

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¶ … Abortion be Legal:

Abortion has become one of the most controversial topics in the modern society since it's permitted in some countries and prohibited in others. In the United States, the issue received much attention following the Supreme Court's decision in Roe v. Wade case that legalized the practice in the country. While the ruling has continued to receive much support, abortion is still a major controversial issue in America that has attracted huge debates in the recent past. The controversy has contributed to the emergence of pro and anti-abortion groups that have raised divergent opinions. Generally, the debate on whether abortion should be legal continues to segregate Americans after the U.S. Supreme Court declared it an essential right in 1973. The controversy has elicited varying arguments from pro-choice and pro-life groups.

Arguments in Support of Abortion:

The proponents of abortion, who are commonly known as pro-choice argue that the procedure is a fundamental right that should not be restricted by either governmental or religious authorities. Therefore, pro-choice activists and groups believe that this fundamental right overshadows any claims of the right of a fetus or embryo. They have also argued that pregnant women are likely to choose unsafe illegal abortions in the absence of a legal option.

However, different points have been raised among the pro-choice activists since some of them believe that the procedure should be used as the last option whereas others support unlimited access to abortion regardless of the existing circumstances ("Should Abortion Be Legal?" 2013). The other arguments raised by these activities include accepting the procedure in situations like incest, rape, or when it places the life of a woman at risk. In essence, pro-choice activists derive their support for this practice from the 1973 Supreme Court ruling that declared the procedure a fundamental right.

Arguments against Abortion:

Most of the prominent pro-life or anti-abortion organizations and activists base their arguments on religious ideology because they are composed of different mainstream faith groups. These activists have continued to state that women deserve empowerment rather than abortion. Therefore, women should be given more support and options that enable them to choose life despite of the underlying circumstances. They argue that the murder of a fetus or embryo is wrong and cannot be justified by any circumstance. They compare abortion to killing any child at any stage of development, which is morally unacceptable. According to these activists, there is no difference between killing an unborn child and killing a person ("Should Abortion Be Legal?" 2011).

The basis of pro-life arguments is that abortion should be considered as murder because it primarily involves the killing of an innocent human life. it's scientifically proven that the life of an individual starts at fertilization, which implies that abortion is killing a human. Moreover, doctors who perform an abortion break the Hippocratic Oath in which they are required not… [END OF PREVIEW]

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