Research Proposal: Academic Research

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[. . .] There were also job redundancies in enterprises and organizations that caused a large number of youth (29% of cases) to lose their jobs. Only 23% lost their jobs due to personal circumstances. Most women lost their jobs due to personal circumstances (generally marriage and birth) as well as job cuts whilst men largely lost their jobs due to labor shedding, inadequate salaries, and contract termination.

It is not that the youth are overly dependent or lazy about finding jobs. All studies found that many of the unemployed youth are desperate and seek almost any measure in finding jobs. The 2005 studies reported that around one-third of surveyed unemployed youth responded that they would accept any job, another third only sought for jobs that corresponded to their specialty, whilst the rest of the job seekers were seeking permanent employment on a contract basis.

The problem seems to be mostly in the national institutions and socio-economic circumstances rather than in the youth themselves. Even the SES reported that it could offer jobs to only 31% of the youth (, 2010). It was faced with inadequate opportunities and was bungled down by a bungling awkward system of working and bureaucracy. In most of the cases too (63%), the unemployed refused the position. Employers rejected the SES candidacy in 17% of the cases, whilst 45% of cases where match fell through were lack of skills and qualifications needed for job. Employers were more likely to reject those who had a specialty than those who lacked the specialty, and were twice as likely to reject women as men (, 2010). Given the reputation of the SES, the unemployed youth were reluctant in visiting it using it largely for receipts of unemployment benefits and monetary assistance. This may explain rejection of jobs offered by the SES most of which offered a lower level of income than the unemployment benefits that the recipient was already receiving.

Only 9% enrolled in the training courses offered by the SES whilst only one-quarter of registered unemployed youth received job search assistance. The WorldBank (2010) study was not the only one to conclude that the services offered by the SES were inadequate.


Armenia has the largest youth unemployment rate of all countries in the developing and developed world. The reasons seem to consist not so much in the youth themselves but rather in conditions that are inherent in the country. All studies from 2001 upwards discovered that there is a mismatch between the skills offered in the vocational and academic institutions and those needed in the labor market. Industries are unwilling or unable to hire graduates of vocational and technical education institutions and even those who do find a job are shortly after released due to their lack of skills and qualifications. The lack of experience, consequently, leads to difficulty in finding another job. There is also a lack of vocational counseling resources, whilst the vocational institutions themselves are not in touch with the corporations. Furthermore, even those institutions that are responsible for helping youth such as the SES fail due to bungling and awkward systems and to hackneyed programs.

The youth are educated although level of education does indicated greater opportunity for employment. Nonetheless, the key reason for high and growing youth unemployment seems to be the lack of mismatch between specialty and labor market. A large number of youth possess specialties in fields that are already glutted. These youth lack the money to change vocational direction, are uninterested, or lack the knowledge that they have to do so.

There are a number of problems caused by this syndrome of high unemployment amongst the youth not least of which is the continuing rise of migration. Various studies (e.g. Roberts, 2010 and "Youth Career Trail," 2007 -- a UN Development program) have tried to recommend solutions; none so far has worked. This last intensive study occurred in 2005. The author of this research study intends to discover whether interventions implemented since then have decreased any of the problems pointed out by the World Bank's study. The dependent variable therefore will be unemployment amongst youth in Armenia, whilst the independent variables will be the offerings of the SES and vocational as well as academic intuitions -- to see whether any of their programs have improved since the 2005 World Bank study and whether they are more efficacious in narrowing the gap between learning and skill and labor need. This is the intent of this research. The limitations in this study include the fact that it does not possess the resources needed to conduct such a wide-scale and intensive complex investigation. It will, therefore, have to focus on a sample of people in a more limited manner.


*Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2009

CIA (2012) World Factbook Snapshot of Global Youth Challenges (2012)

WorldBank. Org. Armenia. (2010) Chapter V. Youth Employment and Unemployment

*Index Mundi, 2012

Social science in the Cauccasus. (November 27, 2007)

Koettl, J Isil Oral and Indhira Santos1(2011) Employment Recovery in Europe and Central Asia

Roberts, K (2010) The New East European Model of Education, Training and Youth Employment Journal of Education and Work, 14, 3

I Matter Armenia (2012) Labor Dynamics in Armenia / Youth Unemployment

YouthBank. Armenia

"Youth Career Trail," ( 2007)


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Cite This Research Proposal:

APA Format

Academic Research.  (2012, November 25).  Retrieved July 15, 2019, from

MLA Format

"Academic Research."  25 November 2012.  Web.  15 July 2019. <>.

Chicago Format

"Academic Research."  November 25, 2012.  Accessed July 15, 2019.