Annotated Bibliography: Adoption Rationale for Annotated Bibliography Selections

Pages: 4 (1166 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 6  ·  Level: College Junior  ·  Topic: Children  ·  Buy This Paper

¶ … Adoption

Rationale for annotated bibliography selections: With the increase in international adoptions over the past decade, it is important to look at the emotional and behavioral issues that are often manifested. Adoptive parents and educators must be aware of the risk factors that may be associated with adoptees. Understanding the causes of the problems, including genetics, pre- and post-natal care, and length and nature of pre-adoptive care, can help in the planning of education and behavior management programs. The articles selected examine recent literature on this topic.

Balbernie, R. (2010). Reactive attachment disorder as an evolutionary adaptation.

Attachment & Human Development 12(3), pp. 265-281.

Behaviors associated with reactive attachment disorder (RAD) may be a function of adaptation rather than a mental health issue. RAD is most often observed in institutionalized children, but some fostered and adopted children may also exhibit characteristics of the disorder. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) describes RAD as a form of "markedly disturbed and developmentally inappropriate social relatedness in most contexts." Understanding how and why RAD occurs may help adoptive parents better cope with a child when they realize s/he is not deliberately selfish, scheming and distant. The child's survival instinct has taught him, from a very early age, what to expect from adults the child looks to for care. The positive conclusion reached by the authors, following a review of the literature, is that even small children grossly deprived in the infant and toddler years of affection and mothering can benefit from normal family relationships after adoption.

Hawk, B., and McCall, R. (2010). CBCL behavior problems of post-institutionalized international adoptees. Clinical Child & Family Psychology Review 13(2), pp. 199-

As the number of international adoptions increases, researchers are interested in the developmental outcomes of the adoptees. Results, to date, have been inconsistent because of the variety of backgrounds from which the adoptees have come. Hawk and McCall reviewed eighteen studies that used the Child Behavior Checklist. According to their findings, post-institutional children have more behavior problems, and more likely to have problems that manifest in adolescence. The researchers discussed their findings in terms of early deficient experiences, including caregiver interactions.

Juffer, F., Palacio, J., Le Mare, L., Sonuga-Barke, E.J.S., Tieman, W., Bakermans-

Kranenburg, M.J., Vorria, P., van Izendoorn, M.H., and Verhulst, F.C. (2011). II.

Development of adopted children with histories of early adversity. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development 76(4), pp. 31-61.

The authors report on seven longitudinal studies focusing on the development of adopted children. Children with and without experiences of early adversity were considered, as were biological effects and the supportiveness of the adopted family. The authors concede that pre-adoption adversities play a significant role in emotional and behavioral issues experienced by adoptive children, but post-adoptive influences are equally important. Key factors include interactions both within and outside the family and the child's growing understanding of being abandoned, then adopted. Race may also be a consideration, particularly when a child is bi-racial or adopted by a family of a race different from his/her own.

Minnis, H., Green, J., O'Connor, T.G., Liew, A., Glaser, D., Taylor, E., Follan, M. Young,

D., Barnes, J., Gillberg, C., Pelosi, A., Arthur, J., Burston, A., Connolly, B., and Sadiq, F.A. (2009). An exploratory study of the association between reactive

attachment disorder and attachment narratives in early school-age children.

Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry 50(8), pp. 931-942.

Although Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD) is documented in psychiatric classification systems, there still has not… [END OF PREVIEW]

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