African-American Studies Chapters 9-12 Essay

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Instead Lincoln's primary objective was the preservation of the Union, and he employed whatever strategies he could to accomplish that. One of those strategies was emancipation, with Lincoln planning to use it to hasten the end of the war and result in restoring the Union. Lincoln clearly prioritized the Union above emancipation when he declared that his "paramount object & #8230;is to save the Union... If I could save the Union without freeing any slave I would do it" (as quoted in Chapter 11, p. 273). Lincoln claimed that he personally wished that "all men, everywhere, could be free" (as quoted in Chapter 11, p, 273), but he was willing to tolerate slavery, racial inequality and maltreatment of blacks, all of which would lead to some skepticism about his views of Blacks.

The Emancipation Proclamation freed only the slaves in states that had seceded and were still in rebellion. The effect of the Proclamation was indeed to shorten the war by eliminating the possibility of aid from Britain or France and by undermining the Confederacy's ability to continue fighting the war (Chapter 11, pp. 274-276).

Question #5: In addition to fighting, what other roles did Blacks take on during the war? What does this tell us?

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Blacks participated in a number of non-combat roles during the war by serving as spies, messengers, guides and liberators. Robert Smalls freed himself and 15 other slaves by sailing a Confederate supply ship to freedom beyond the Charleston harbor. Harriet Tubman was responsible for organizing a spy ring and an expedition that destroyed plantations and freed nearly 800 slaves in South Carolina. Other Blacks transmitted military intelligence, provided sketches and maps of Confederate fortifications, and served as guides (Chapter 11, pp. 286-287). Clearly Blacks showed courage, dedication, and cunning in their efforts to advance the Union cause and secure their own freedom and the freedom of others.

Works Cited

Bordewich, F. (2005, July 27). Underground Railroad: Myth & reality. Retrieved January 18, 2012 from:

TOPIC: Essay on African-American Studies Chapters 9-12 Discuss Assignment

Scholastic Inc. (2012). Myths of the Underground Railroad. Retrieved… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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How to Cite "African-American Studies Chapters 9-12" Essay in a Bibliography:

APA Style

African-American Studies Chapters 9-12.  (2012, January 18).  Retrieved July 28, 2021, from

MLA Format

"African-American Studies Chapters 9-12."  18 January 2012.  Web.  28 July 2021. <>.

Chicago Style

"African-American Studies Chapters 9-12."  January 18, 2012.  Accessed July 28, 2021.