Agency Administration Thesis

Pages: 7 (1991 words)  ·  Style: APA  ·  Bibliography Sources: 5  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Sports - Drugs

Criminal Justice Agency Administration

Drug Enforcement Administration (dea)

The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) is a United States Department of Justice law enforcement agency whose task is to suppress the sale of recreational drugs by enforcement of the Controlled Substances Act of 1970 and is an agency that shares concurrent jurisdiction with the FBI in matters of enforcing narcotics control. The headquarters of the DEA are located in Arlington, Virginia. Headquarters are responsible for the development of the "strategic objectives, management policies and operational protocol for the agency." (U.S. Department of Justice, 2007)

This study will be conducted through a qualitative review of extension literature relating to the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) and will be interpretive in nature.

DEA AGENCY ADMINISTRATION

The Drug Administration Agency was formed from the Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs of the U.S. Department of the Treasury and the Bureau of Drug Abuse Control of the United States Department of Health, Education and Welfare. The Drug Enforcement Administration was created by President Richard Nixon in July 1973 through an Executive Order for the purpose of establishing a "single unified command to combat and all-out global war on the drug menace." (U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration, 2008) Programs and Operations of the DEA include those as follows:

Asset Forfeiture

Aviation

Cannabis Eradication

Computer Forensics Program

High Intensity Drug Trafficking Areas

International Drug Enforcement Conference (IDEC)

Money Laundering

Operations Pipeline & Convoy

Diversion Control

Organized Crime Drug Enforcement Forces

Southwest Border Initiative

State & Local Task Forces

Forensic Sciences

Foreign Cooperative Investigations

II. DEA MISSION

The mission of the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) is "to enforce the controlled substances laws and regulations of the United States and bring to the criminal and civil justice system of the United States, or any other competent jurisdiction, those organizations and principal members of organizations, involved in the growing, manufacture or distribution of controlled substances appearing in or destined for illicit traffic in the United States; and to recommend and support non-enforcement programs aimed at reducing the availability of illicit controlled substances on the domestic and international markets." (U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration, 2008; 1)

III. PRIMARY RESPONSIBILITIES

The primary responsibilities of the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) are those as follows:

Investigation and preparation for the prosecution of major violators of controlled substance laws operating at interstate and international levels;

Investigation and preparation for prosecution of criminals and drug gangs who perpetrate violence in our communities and terrorize citizens through fear and intimidation;

Management of a national drug intelligence program in cooperation with federal, state, local, and foreign officials to collect, analyze, and disseminate strategic and operational drug intelligence information;

Seizure and forfeiture of assets derived from, traceable to, or intended to be used for illicit drug trafficking;

Enforcement of the provisions of the Controlled Substances Act as they pertain to the manufacture, distribution, and dispensing of legally produced controlled substances;

Coordination and cooperation with federal, state and local law enforcement officials on mutual drug enforcement efforts and enhancement of such efforts through exploitation of potential interstate and international investigations beyond local or limited federal jurisdictions and resources;

Coordination and cooperation with federal, state, and local agencies, and with foreign governments, in programs designed to reduce the availability of illicit abuse-type drugs on the United States market through nonenforcement methods such as crop eradication, crop substitution, and training of foreign officials;

Responsibility, under the policy guidance of the Secretary of State and U.S. Ambassadors, for all programs associated with drug law enforcement counterparts in foreign countries; and Liaison with the United Nations, Interpol, and other organizations on matters relating to international drug control programs. (U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration, 2008; 1)

IV. ORGANIZATION of the DEA

The following chart illustrates the organization of the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA).

Organizational Chart of the DEA

Source: Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA)

The Operations Division contains the headquarters offices of the DEA responsible for the support of operational activity both inside and outside of the United States. The Office of Operations Management, Office of Diversion Control, Office of Financial Operations and Special Operations Division support "specialized DEA investigative activity and developing promulgating agency policy. The Office of Operations Management is involved with foreign offices and activities mainly by generating management policies and coordinating formal working agreements with international law enforcement counterparts." (U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration, 2008; 1) the Office of Diversion Control provides assistance to foreign offices in activity relating to awareness and movement involving precursor chemicals. Initiation of policy and coordination of matter involving investigation of money laundering is conducted by the Office of Financial Operations while the Special Operations Division is responsible for coordination of intelligence in relation to pen registers and communications intercepts for both foreign and domestic offices. Finally, the DEA's Office of Aviation is managed by the Operations Division and is located in several international locals including Columbia and Mexico. The DEA is headed by an Administrator who is appointed to his or her position by the United States President and then approved by the U.S. Senate. Assistants to the Administrator include:

1) Deputy Administrator;

2) Chief of Operations;

3) Chief Inspector;

4) Assistant Administrators for the Operations Support Division;

5) Intelligence Division; and 6) Human Resources Division. (U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration, 2008; 1)

Other senior staff to the DEA are the Chief Financial Officer and the Chief Counsel.

The Drug Enforcement Administration maintains 21 domestic Field Divisions with 237 Field Offices and 80 Foreign Office in 58 countries and employs over 11,000 individual which includes 5,000 special agents. The Drug Enforcement Administration has a registration system which is uses to authorize medical professionals, researcher and manufacturers access to "Schedule I" drugs and those who are Authorized Registrants are appointed a DEA Number which is used in tracking controlled substances.

The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) "is the lead Federal agency for the enforcement of narcotics and controlled substances laws and regulations. The agency's priority mission is the long-term immobilization of major drug trafficking organizations through the removal of their leaders, termination of their trafficking networks and seizure of their assets." (Policy Office of National Drug Control Policy, 1999; 1) There are three primary goals of the DEA program as follows:

Educate and enable America's youth to reject illegal drugs as well as the use of alcohol and tobacco;

Increase the safety of America's citizens by substantially reducing drug-related crime and violence; and Break foreign and domestic sources of supply. (Policy Office of National Drug Control Policy, 1999; 1)

The work entitled: "The Drug Enforcement Administration's International Operations" published by the U.S. Department of Justice (2007) states "In order to combat the highest priority drug trafficking organizations, the DEA must extend its operations to other countries where major drug traffickers live and preside over illegal operations. As a result the DEA has 751 employees in 59 other countries who work with foreign law enforcement agencies, as well as with other U.S. agencies operating in the international arena to accomplish its mission." (U.S. DOJ, 2007; 2) the following figure shows the DEA international office locations throughout the world.

DEA International Office Locations

Source: U.S. Department of Justice (2007)

According to the U.S. Department of Justice report, the DEA "has divided its foreign offices into seven regions that were established based upon the trafficking trends and environments of the various countries." (2007) Regional Directors manage these regions and have the "overall responsibility for the activities of DEA Country Offices and Resident Offices in multiple locations." (U.S. Department of Justice, 2007) the following chart illustrates the percentage of investigative work hours by case type for DEA Foreign Office Special Agents and Intelligence Research Specialists for the period beginning October 2005 through the middle of July 2006.

DEA Foreign Office Special Agents and Intelligence Research Specialists % of Investigative Work Hours by Case Type (October 2005 to Mid-July 2006)

Source: U.S. Department of Justice (2007)

The strategic plan of the DEA is one which is "tied to DOJ's Strategic Goal II" for the purpose of enforcing federal laws and representation of the rights and interests of the American people." (U.S. Department of Justice, 2007) the DEA's strategic plan is one that is inclusive of operational goals and measures for use in the evaluation of its achievements and for providing a "description of the means and resources believed necessary to accomplish these goals." (U.S. Department of Justice, 2007; 12)

The planning process of the DEA is such that the "agency-wide strategic document is supposed to be complemented by performance plans for DEA components" however, the DEA failed to make the requirement of its foreign regions and offices to prepare annual performance plans for the years 2004, 2005, and 2006. The result, according to the Department of Justice is stated to be that the DEA "foreign regional management employed disparate planning strategies and evaluated performance inconsistently." (U.S. Department of Justice, 2007; 18) This assessment states that the DEA foreign office managers are in need of a tracking system that be standardized for use in "prioritizing and tracking investigative lead with assistance… [END OF PREVIEW]

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