Term Paper: Agriculture and Less Developed Nations

Pages: 3 (908 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 1+  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Agriculture  ·  Buy This Paper

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[. . .] Attitudes Towards Change

Undeveloped countries are many times resistant to change for a number of reasons. There is "cultural resistance; many of the cultivators are poor and extremely risk adverse, feeling the risks outweigh the gains; and many of the peasants are unable to afford new production technology (Cypher, 331-365)."

Hidden Potential and High-Yield Seeds

Many economists debate the argument that there is "hidden potential in the agricultural sector, due to the assumptions concerning the ineffectiveness of peasant cultivation (Cypher, 331-365)."

Many landowners hoped that using high-yield variety of seeds would reduce poverty in underdeveloped countries, however "peasants are being driven out of rural areas due to a drop in prices as crop supplies increase (Cypher, 331-365)." Another downside to these crops is they are more prone to pests and disease, resulting in the destruction of most or all of the crop once infected. Peasants in these areas can not afford the risks, "which widens the rural income divide (Cypher, 331-365)."

Capitalist

The land in underdeveloped nations used to be considered a social status, but is now a capital asset and economists feel "the rate of return on the land must be maximized (Cypher, 331-365)." Capitalist may create additional dilemmas by "substituting capital for labor, and expelling peasants from small plots and their status as intermittent farm laborers. An increase in crops can result in displacement of peasants from their regions (Cypher, 331-365)."

Industrialization

There has been a link between "corporations of advanced industrialized nations and the agrarian sectors of less developed countries (Cypher, 331-365)" for over 40 years. Corporations are controlling cattle ranchers in some sectors, thus allowing the restaurant business in highly developed nations to impact good agricultural land, and lead to a "land intensive form of production. This industrialization contributes to deforestation, land degradation and environmental pollution- ranging from soil erosion to global warming (Cypher, 331-365)."

When there is an ill-defined policy concerning use of land in underdeveloped countries, "either at the governmental or national level, environmental problems from the overuse of resources are likely to arise, creating vicious cycles of desertification, famine and increasing poverty. This problem is known as tragedy of the commons (Cypher, 331-365)."

Conclusion

Although many citizens of underdeveloped nations live in rural areas and have a low income, they are able to earn a living. Industrialization of these areas has been shown to create a number of problems such as deforestation, erosion and global warming. The peasant's jobs are often replaced by new technology, increasing unemployment and poverty levels. The suggestions for change are generally the result of good intentions for these underdeveloped countries, however the outcome may actually create worse conditions for these people.

Works Cited

Cypher, James M., James L. Dietz. Agriculture and… [END OF PREVIEW]

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Agriculture and Less Developed Nations.  (2003, December 6).  Retrieved May 20, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/agriculture-less-developed-nations/4988294

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"Agriculture and Less Developed Nations."  Essaytown.com.  December 6, 2003.  Accessed May 20, 2019.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/agriculture-less-developed-nations/4988294.