Research Paper: Albert Einstein and Winston Churchill

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[. . .] In the 1920's, Einstein also took upon the construction of the unified field of theories, although he continued to work on the probabilistic interpretation of quantum theory, and he persevered with this work in America. He contributed to statistical mechanics by his development of the quantum theory of a monatomic gas and he has also accomplished valuable work in connection with atomic transition probabilities and relativistic cosmology (Paul. 1996).

Albert Einstein was a receiver of many honorary doctorate degrees in science, medicine and philosophy, from many recognized universities of Europe and America. The 1920's and 30's he gave many lectures in Europe, America and the Far East and was awarded fellowship and membership is almost all the universities he visited. He received awards for his contribution in the field of science and physics including Copley Medal of the Royal Society of London in 1925, and the Franklin Medal of the Franklin Institute in 1935. Einstein's gifts inevitably resulted in his dwelling much in intellectual solitude and, for relaxation; music played an important part in his life. He married Mileva Maric in 1903 and together they one daughter and two sons; however their marriage dissolved in 1919 and in the same year he ended up marrying his cousin Elsa Lowenthal who died in 1936. He died on April 18, 1955 at Princeton, New Jersey in 1905.

Publications:

Einstein's researches are, of course, well chronicled and his more important works include Special Theory of Relativity (1905), Relativity (English translations, 1920 and 1950), General Theory of Relativity (1916), Investigations on Theory of Brownian Movement (1926), and The Evolution of Physics (1938). Among his non-scientific works, About Zionism (1930),

Why War? (1933), My Philosophy (1934), and Out of My Later Years (1950) are perhaps the most important.

Contribution:

Both Albert Einstein and Winston Churchill have contributed in the society in relation to their own area of expertise. Below we will analyze their respective and significant contribution in the field of science and politics.

Sir Winston Churchill:

Winston Churchill led England with a "bull dog" spirit which also represented the mood of all of Britain during the Second World War. His attitude towards tackling the situation was same during the bad times for instance, Dunkirk or even the good times where inspirational victories were seen such as the Battle of Britain. Before officially entering into politics, he was a war correspondent in the Boer war. There Churchill was held as a prisoner, shortly after his capture he escaped and took part in the relief of Ladysmith.

After his entrance into politics and the way he climbed up his way into the main Second World War domain is nothing less than a maverick. Between 1908 and 1910, Winston Churchill was appointed him the president of the board of trade. His major accomplishment in this sector was to establish labor exchanges which were the need of the hour for Britain at that time. Later when he was promoted to the position of home secretary, he used his position and troops to maintain law and order during the miners' strike in South Wales. He also used a detachment of Scots Guards to assist police during a house siege in Sidney Street in East London in January 1911. Throughout his career many have criticized him for his use of military in simple police operation, but to his defense "I would do anything to maintain law and order." In 1911 when he was made the first Lord of Admiralty, he showed great interest in modernization. He was an early supporter of using planes and other forwards weapons for combat (David. (1991).

However he did not retain his post as the Lord of admiralty much longer, when in 1915 Britain experienced the failure of Dardanelles campaign. It was Churchill's idea for the expedition to the War Council and as a result he was held responsible for backfiring. Hence he was dismissed and was made the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. This proved to be a demotivation for him, considering in the recent past he had acquired such high posts, hence he joined the army. During a good part of the 1920's and early 30's Winston Churchill remained outside the government and spoke openly about its lack of policy towards India, all this while Hitler was gaining aggressive ground in Europe.

Second World War:

The lack Neville Chamberlain, the leader of the government to take any action against hitlers aggression both disgusted him and outraged him. Amidst all the drama, Winston Churchill was back in the government and was made the head of admiralty. On May 10th 1940 Winston Churchill was made the prime minister of Britain, the role he played during the second world war as a prime minister, to date has been remarkable and significant. No leader has been able to take his country out of crisis the way Winston Churchill was able to. For many people in Britain, Churchill's stand against Nazism summarizes the reason for the war (CnR. 1984). His speeches engulfed people with his own motivation and have now become legend, "Hitler knows that he will have to break us in this island or lose the war. If we can stand up to him, all Europe may be free and the life of the world may move forward into broad, sunlit uplands. But if we fail, the whole world, including the Unites States, including all that we have known and cared for, will sink into the abyss of a new Dark Age, made more sinister, and perhaps more protracted, by the lights of perverted science. Let us therefore brace ourselves to our duties, and so bear ourselves that, if the British Empire and its Commonwealth last for a thousand years, men will say, "This was their finest hour." (Churchill in his speech on June 18, 1940) whether it was 'fighting on the beaches' or his salute to the men from Fighter Command who took on the Luftwaffe in the Battle of Britain: "Never in the field of human conflict, was so much owed to so few." Churchill not only supported his nation in the time of war but also provided the political support for "commando units" who were sent to disrupt the German military movement (TCEC. 1990).

During the war, Churchill was active in organizing meetings with other wartime leaders He met FD Roosevelt, the American president, on nine occasions between 1941 and 1945; he had five meetings with the Russian leader Stalin between 1942 and 1945. Despite his popularity as a war time leader Winston Churchill lost the general election to Clement Atlee. His wife to support him said that might be a "blessing in disguise" to which Churchill replied "very well disguised." Few people can match Winston Churchill's international status as a leader. Having won a Nobel Prize for Literature in 1953, he became an honorary American citizen in 1963 -- an honor confirmed by Congress (Hugh. 1996).

Albert Einstein's contribution in science:

Albert einstiens major contribution lie in field of physics where he answered a lot of questions for scientists and left many questions that they are now working on. His two major contribution in the field of physics and quantum matters are the two theories he proposed one "the special and general theory of relativity" and two "photons and quantum theory" (Hugh. 1996).

The Special and General Theories of Relativity: When Einstein first started working on the theory of relativity, his work only dealt with the systems in uniform and unaccelrated motion in relation ot one another, which is now referred to as the theory of relativity, among various results, this theory produced results if two subjects are moving with great speed in respect to each other will disagree about measurements of length and time intervals made in each other's systems. The theory also proposed that the speed of light depends on the mass of a body, hence mass and proving that mass and energy are equivalent. Later in 1911 he proposed the equivalence of gravity and inertia, thus in 1916 he completed his general formula of the relativity theory, which proposed that gravity is the determiner of the curvature of a space-time continuum. . He then began work on his unified field theory, which attempts to explain gravitation, electromagnetism, and subatomic phenomena in one set of laws; the successful development of such a unified theory, however, eluded Einstein.

Photons and the Quantum Theory: In addition to the theory of relativity, Einstein is also known for his contribution in the field of quantum. He postulated that light photons, upon which his photoelectric effect is based, develop the quantum theory of specific heat. Although being a leading… [END OF PREVIEW]

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