American Domestic Terror Groups and International Essay

Pages: 5 (1694 words)  ·  Style: APA  ·  Bibliography Sources: 5  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Terrorism

¶ … American domestic terror groups and international terror groups forging common ties? Who are their common enemies? Please provide examples to support your answer. Also, you are encouraged to draw from independent sources to construct your answer.)Download full Download Microsoft Word File
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TOPIC: Essay on American Domestic Terror Groups and International Terror Assignment

Domestic terrorist organizations in the U.S. are rooted in right-wing ideologies and standards, which is inherently similar in nature to European and other foreign right wing terrorist movements. Terrorism on the right is rooted in European reactionary movements (e.g., fascist, National Socialist or Nazi) that developed between WWI and II in Europe. They tend to be interested in single issues, often against a particular race or other subculture (like a religion or political party is considered by them to be inferior to their own ideologies. They are also fundamentally nostalgic, in the sense that they seek to reinvent earlier "golden eras" that whether they existed or not are seen by them to hold values and standards that are superior to those of today. Finally, foreign and domestic terrorist groups also tend to be moving in toward the same trends as foreign (right-wing) terrorist movements, the move away from "bloodless violence" toward random acts of violence that may create "collateral damage" (the death of innocents) and they are also similar to foreign domestic terrorist movements in that they are often disorganized and populated by youth gangs and thugs, who are increasingly willing to perpetrate crimes and violence to attempt to create revolutionary change, that is more reflective of their own ideologies. Common enemies are institutions, for the most part and most commonly governments who they see increasingly distant from their own feelings of plight. Included in this theme is the concept of scapegoating, where the ideology blames the outsider group for the ills of the modern environment, in the case of white supremacists anti-Semitism and extreme racism pervade, as does the idea that these groups are involved in conspiracies that have corrupted the modern world and should be eliminated. For example, as the United States economy struggles, extremists target immigrants, particularly Mexican immigrants, as the reason for job losses or other economic hardships while similarly, in Germany, guest workers from Italy, Spain, Greece, Turkey, Morocco, and Portugal invited during the 1950s for the World War II recovery effort are the frequent target of rightist violence. (Martin, 2007, p. 248)

2.(to what extent has the internet become a tool for domestic terror groups? Where would you strike the balance between freedom of speech and communication via the internet and inciting and organizing violence? How aggressive should law enforcement authorities monitor the activities of suspected domestic terror groups on the web (i.e. what should they do)? Would your position remain the same if you knew that federal authorities would then be empowered to enhance their monitoring of you?)

Technology is a changing trend in domestic and foreign terrorism as these organizations are bridging together to form a less disorganized central ideology, something that extreme right wing terrorism has never seen prior to this century. They are using technology to spread beliefs, indoctrinate and communicate with followers of their ideas all over the world. (Hulnick, 2004, p. 33) Additionally and almost more importantly technology has become a new venue for traditional crime perpetration where organizations are not only organizing and fundraising on the internet but they are planning crimes and perpetrating cybercrime, sometimes in the for of hacking and virus spreading but also to commit frauds and raise funds illegally to support their cause. "cybercrime and identity theft. Federal law enforcement officials report that terrorists have turned to such crimes to finance and support their activities." (Daniels, 2002) This is also a transitional and difficult time for law enforcement, and the judicial system as the growth of the internet has almost outstripped the legal and judicial systems as laws do not exist to answer the dos and don't of enforcement issues with regard to cybercrime. Surveillance exists but no one is really sure what is acceptable as evidence and what is not and how much the government can or should do to surveill content when it is inflammatory and dangerous. This leaves innocent people, expressing their freedom of speech afraid and terrorists almost uncontrolled on the media.

3. (Explain how domestic terror organizations rely heavily on common criminal activities to conduct their business. What are some of the common crimes most associated with domestic terrorism? Please provide examples.)

Common criminal activities such as drug trafficking, identity theft, monetary fraud, mail fraud, racketeering, armed robberies, bank robberies, gun and other arms trafficking, and of course violent coercion and criminality for the purpose of fear mongering and social control, are all aspects of the modern terrorist subsystems. According to Hamm, an expert on domestic terrorism common terrorist criminology includes; "motor vehicle violations, immigration fraud, and manufacturing illegal firearms to counterfeiting, armed bank robbery, and smuggling weapons of mass destruction." (2005, p. iv) These acts according to many inside these groups are justifiable to both reject the institutions they are attempting to overthrow and weaken them, while also in many cases raising money and awareness of their beliefs, causes and ideologies. Prison indoctrination is also becoming common theme in terrorist groups, as young men and women go to prison and are then indoctrinated into violent terrorist groups and ideologies, the way they once were gangs. Gangs in fact are reforming along terrorist standard in some cases, as race and/or religious specific ideologies are becoming the most essential aspects of ideology in and out of prison.

Jose Padilla, who was captured by federal agents while trying to re-enter the United States with plans to blast a radiological dispersion device, a so-called "dirty bomb," became involved in radical Islam after serving time in a Florida prison. Some criminal justice experts point to these cases as evidence that prisons are fertile ground for terrorist groups. While corrections officials rightfully encourage worship by inmates of the religion of their choice, they also must work to ensure that American prisons do not become terrorist recruiting centers. (Daniels, 2002, p. 66)

It is also reported that Osama Bin Laden himself had strong ties in fraud and drug trafficking crimes to support his cause and that the Al Qaeda operatives that perpetrated his mission on September 11th committed several acts of identity credit fraud to support their lives in the U.S. (Daniels, 2002, p. 66)

4.(Describe the most significant findings or information contained in the Hamm report. What is significant about the findings you have identified? What implications for the criminal justice system are embedded in the findings you have identified? Explain.)

The Hamm report stresses that there has been a decrease in state sponsored organized terrorism, which likely do in large part to a reduction in international tolerance for abiding terrorist organizations. The decrease in secondary funding of terrorist organizations ahs resulted in an increase in these organizations using traditional crime to support their causes. Probably the most interesting finding is that Hamm observes that his; "main finding of the study is that the most successful method of both detecting and prosecuting cases of terrorism is through the pursuit of conventional criminal investigations." (2005, p. vi) This finding implies that traditional and even local law enforcement will need to become responsible for understanding, recognizing terrorist operations that are imbedded in acts of conventional crime. The way this might be most effectively developed is through the expansion of so called "gang units" who specialize in "street knowledge" and can similarly learn to recognize and pursue terrorists as well and in the best case scenario refer them to federal agencies when crimes and information warrants such actions. This stand is logical in that gang trends are verging on terrorism and the two are intermingling entities in many cases.

5. (Based on information learned in this course, as… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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