Anatomy and Physiology Essay

Pages: 3 (976 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 5  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Anatomy


Such thyroid hormones are transported throughout the body within serum that is bound to carrier proteins, with an exceedingly small percentage existing as a free hormone within the body. Essentially, the thyroid uses hormones to both regulate the body's metabolic rate and heat production; it works in raising the number of receptors in blood vessels in a manner that aids in the regulation of blood pressure and additionally promotes tissue growth.

In viewing the ability for TH to affect the body via passage through the thyroid, it enters a cell and attaches to receptor sites in various locations. Within the cytoplasm, it connects mainly with the mitochondria present in an area, where it helps to control cellular metabolism through a process called oxidative phosphorolation (Steinberg 3). During this process, the mitochondria present use oxygen to generate energy and heat is released as a byproduct of the reaction that takes place. It is in this manner that the thyroid plays a significant role in controlling the body temperature and food metabolism -- both rooted in its role in stimulating the activity of mitochondria present within the body.

Download full Download Microsoft Word File
paper NOW!
In situations where thyroid hormones are not able to successfully act within the context of the body, the capacity for medical issues to arise from such an absence in hormone distribution escalates significantly. For instance, as synthesis and secretion of the thyroid hormones depend on the presence of iodine and tyrosine as well as the maturation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid system, any interruption of this development, as occurring with premature delivery, results in inadequate production of thyroid-stimulating hormone and thyroxine, which can lead to a variety of physiologic conditions within the body (Kirsten 12).

TOPIC: Essay on Anatomy and Physiology of the Assignment

As seen, this tiny gland located within the body plays a much larger role than one could ever imagine upon first glance. The capacity for every cell within the human body to be affected by such a gland is an aspect of the thyroid that is essential to better understand research surrounding this particular gland along with the health issues an under-performing or over-performing thyroid may have on the body's metabolism and other aspects of the body's daily functions.

Works Cited

Anraku, Tsubasa, Nakao, Nobuhiru, Ono, Hiroko, and Yamamura, Takashi. "Thyrotobin

in the Pars Tuberalis Triggers Photoperiodic Response." 2008. Nature, 452(7185): pp. 317-324.. Web. Retrieved from: ProQuest Database.

Ayoub, Macram, Christie, Benjamin, Duggan, Daniel and Herndon, Mark. "Thyroid

Abscess: Case Report and Review of the Literature." 2007. The American Surgeon, 73(7): pp. 725-729. Web. Retrieved from: ProQuest Database.

Fleseriu, Maria and Skugor Mario. "Anatomy and Physiology of the Thyroid Gland." Ed.

William D. Carey. Current Clinical Medicine, 2nd ed. New York, NY: Elsevier. Print.

Kirsten, D. "The Thyroid Gland: Physiology and Pathophysiology." 2000. Neonatal

Network, 19(8): pp. 11-26. Web. Retrieved from: ProQuest Database.

Mareib, Elain. Human Anatomy and Physiology, 7th ed. San Francisco, CA: Pearson.


Steinberg, Michelle. "The Thyroid Gland: Anatomy and Physiology," Web.… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

Two Ordering Options:

Which Option Should I Choose?
1.  Download full paper (3 pages)Download Microsoft Word File

Download the perfectly formatted MS Word file!

- or -

2.  Write a NEW paper for me!✍🏻

We'll follow your exact instructions!
Chat with the writer 24/7.

Anatomy and Physiology Organ Systems Are "Composed Essay

Anatomy and Physiology of the Cardiovascular System Term Paper

Heart Identify the Basic Anatomy and Physiology Essay

Anatomy of the Kidney University of Michigan Term Paper

Questions Concerning the Study Term Paper

View 200+ other related papers  >>

How to Cite "Anatomy and Physiology" Essay in a Bibliography:

APA Style

Anatomy and Physiology.  (2011, November 1).  Retrieved July 27, 2021, from

MLA Format

"Anatomy and Physiology."  1 November 2011.  Web.  27 July 2021. <>.

Chicago Style

"Anatomy and Physiology."  November 1, 2011.  Accessed July 27, 2021.