Ancient Civilizations Contributions to Modern Society Research Paper

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Ancient Civilizations Contributions to Modern Society

The ancient period is the historical era determined by the convention. It includes the studying of the past life activities and events. The modern is the contrary of the ancient. However, it is imperative to realize that for there to be the present, it was a process of development. History shapes the lives, practices and beliefs of people through long periods of influential civilizations

Civilization is characterized by advancements in the system of writing, cities as well as social classes. The inventions of the early civilizations, for example, ancient Greece, china, Mesopotamia and classical Rome have remarkably shaped the current world that we inhabit. Among the labels that define the transitions is "Late Antiquity." This is the period that ranges from the third to the seventh centuries.

The "Late Antique" period is when the Roman Empire adopted Christianity, and Constantinople took over the control of the empire; before Italy came to be the dominant force in the realm

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. This phase also marked the underpinning of Islam. It is the time that Mohammed became a defining force in the road to establishing Islam principles and thus the birth of the religion. Nonetheless, there was worship of several gods in this time. The geographical development of territories was much large, with empires and kingdoms controlling vast land regions. Moreover, learning and literacy was quite scattered. The education was simply by experiences and local learning gatherings conducted for the elite. Thus, the ancient era marked the start of the modern society to a large extent.

In transiting from one era to the next period, it is not defined to happen on a singular day. It is a process that has no clearly defined breaking point. As such is the case, the beginning of the medieval period slightly overlaps the "late antique" period. It is marked more or less from the fifth to the fifteenth century. This is a long period that saw the end of the ancient and beginning of the classical renaissance era. The middle era is marked by the coming into dominance of Christianity

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. This is the time that Christianity took root in most of the regions. The polytheistic worship also is equally significant in this period. However, it is significant to note that the change of the form of worship was evolutionary rather than it revolutionary. It is the period that saw the allowing of Christians worship with the empire and the later elimination of the pagan and imperial cults. Catholicism took root in this period, causing people to abolish their traditions and the learning system of the ancient. The period was also marred by a retrogressive development of the failing of the learning system introduced in the ancient period.

During the medieval time, the various Empire faced many rebellions from within themselves. This saw the fragmentation of the large and well established empires into smaller political entities

. Most of the boundaries of the European countries were designated during this period. The middle era is also marked by several developments that are still taking root in the developing modern world. Such practices developed in this middle period include the formation and ascend of the universities. The rule of law was established in the middle era as well as several ecclesiastical reforms. The tourism industry also was born in this time. Additionally, there were several literature works such as comedies, tales and songs that were recorded in the period of the middle ages. Trade treaties and alliances among the various political deities were established to regulate the trading practices of the regions of Europe.

The time ancient era is also used in the other regions other than Europe and Middle East to mean the period before their conquest. However, in relation to history, the period of the ancient and medieval era were influenced by certain leading forces. These forces include the regions of Greek, Persia, roman and Mesopotamia

. This is the period that saw these powers of change take root and establish various beliefs and activities among the people. These are the activities that have played a noteworthy task in defining the modern society. Each of these forces had its remarkable influence and practice that they fostered in their rule.

The ancient Persia was a vast geographical region, covering the larger current Middle East, from the Indian Ocean to the Persian Gulf and the north East Indies. The current Egypt was also part of the region

. The Persian Empire owes her rise to the great leadership of Cyrus the Great. Their practice of rule was fully monarchy with an exceptionally strong army.

The Mesopotamia is the region that lies along the great river of Euphrates. It is a particularly fertile region that whose principle recognition in history is the advent of agriculture

. The region was a highly endowed political power. Consequently, there were several conquest attempts to control the region from various powers. Nonetheless, the region still remains as the starting point of the modern agriculture. T is the place in which mechanized farming practice was invented and consequently developed before spreading to the other regions. Mesopotamia is also famous for the ancient city of Babylon. There was also practice of the Judaism religion and other religions. Mesopotamia is the greatest contributing power towards the advancement of the agricultural practices of the modern world.

Another powerful deity that has a considerable contribution in the modern world is that of Greek. Greek is a civilization that lasted to the end of the "late antique." It is a region that faced stiff wars from the Persian Empire. It is a region that has a lot of impact on the philosophical field. The Greek people were exceptionally learned people and well endowed in knowledge. They all sought knowledge profusely, with several of the first formal schools having their roots in the Greek region. These ancient people, consequently, are credited for many inventions and developments that are much more developed currently. They are accredited with the development of the writing styles as they introduced the Greek alphabet from modification of the Phoenician alphabet

. The people of Greece also are had an elite class of merchants that developed in the seventh century. This class of merchants is accredited with the development of the coin age monetary system. Divisions among the poor and the rich due to land shortage are also traced in this region. The emergence of the modern city design occurred in this period.

The other force worth noting in the process towards the modern era is the Roman. The Roman Empire was established in the present day Italy. The several rivers, mountains and the fertility of the region contributed to a notable extent the development of the empire. The gladiator sport was a key entertainment sport, as dangerous as it was

. Thousands of young men enrolled and were trained in notable schools to fight to the death.

Roman society played a key role in developing inventions and practices that are still practiced currently. These include the government structure, the development of the law and legal structures, politics and engineering inventions, literature, quality architecture, religion, technology advancements, the society and language

. Rome formed the first government organization that is similar to the modern day republics. The expanse of their architectural and technological inventions is stunning. The making of roads and large palaces, monuments and public facilities also developed in Rome.

The Ancient Civilizations and inventions have all significantly and remarkably improved and changed the society over the years. The chronology of how these ideas and inventions that shaped the modern world is, therefore, exceptionally noteworthy learning. Among all the greatest and most influential developments in the society is that of the alphabet. It has its origin from the Phoenician people, who were phenomenal in developing and fostering education systems. Other contributors to the development of the alphabet are the Asiatic and the Greek who developed on the Phoenician alphabet. This led to the founding of the at hand day alphabet. Imagine how it would be; having to use symbols and pictures to write, with all these technological advancements today.

The Egyptians, who are part of the Persian Empire, are accredited for the invention and development of the modern day wheel system

. The wheel was remarkably pivotal innovation in the history of the world. The Egyptians used their knowledge of mechanics to develop the wheel, adding spokes for stability and support. The wheels spread through to the roman world, and the later modern world. Today, the wheel system that we use is way advanced and thus making them look so beautiful and comfy.

The Greek government brought with it a lot of contribution in the modern world. The main three contributions being the current system of government practiced in most nations. The Greek government is the first ever recorded and known democratic government. The voting system was developed in Greece

. The only modification today is that the current voting… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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