Animals for Research Because it Is Cruel Term Paper

Pages: 4 (1388 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: ≈ 2  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Animals

¶ … animals for research because it is cruel to the animals and this research can be accomplished in other ways. Using animals for research purposes in the scientific and medical communities has been an accepted practice for years, but it has come under fire as more people understand just how inhumanely these animals are treated. The animals cannot speak up for themselves, so animal rights activists do it for them, often in graphic and vocal ways. Using animals for research is wrong, because it is cruel and it harms animals that have no way to defend themselves. Animals should only be used for research in very specific situations, such as when the animal is not at all harmed by the research.

What is animal research? Simply put, it is the use of caged, laboratory animals for medical and scientific research. The research is eventually used to develop new products, new medical breakthroughs, and a deeper understanding of medical conditions - hopefully to find a cure or a better way of treating the disease or affliction. However, animals are also used in research for chemicals, beauty products, and just about anywhere scientists would not think of using humans as "guinea pigs." Instead, they use the guinea pigs themselves, and this is what animal rights activists actively protest. However, most people only have certain mental images of what goes on in an animal research lab. Dr. Larry Carbone, an animal research veterinarian notes,

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Research uses of animals vary widely. Some animals are used to produce cells or tissues for use in test tubes and tissue culture. This may be as simple as humanely euthanizing an animal to collect cells and organs. Or it could require several months of immunizing a rabbit to collect blood samples rich in antibodies. Some projects require complicated surgeries, as when surgeons and immunologists work together to develop organ transplant procedures or to study organ rejection (Carbone 24).

Term Paper on Animals for Research Because it Is Cruel Assignment

While there are many forms of research, one of the most chilling aspects of this research is that the animals are commonly killed at the end of the project, when they are of no further scientific use to the scientist. Carbone continues, "at the end of such a long procedure the animal may either be awakened from anesthesia or, more likely, euthanized" (Carbone 25). This is perhaps the most disturbing aspect of animal research - the animals serve only one purpose - scientific, and when the scientists are through with them, even healthy animals are euthanized rather than given another chance at life.

Unfortunately, animals are not only used and abused in scientific research. They are also often used in other forms of sociological and psychological research. For example, in the 1950s through the 1970s, according to author David DeGrazia, a researcher in Wisconsin studied primates and how total isolation and maternal deprivation affected them. Some of his experiments included isolating newborn chimpanzees from all external stimuli. He also subjected babies to "monster mothers" who were cloth replicas of chimps that rejected the babies in a variety of ways, from "one that ejected the infant with a spring, and another that suddenly emitted sharp spikes" (DeGrazia 99). The researcher maintained this was necessary to understand what deprivation and isolation did to young children, but the author continues, "John Bowlby, a leading researcher in this [same] area, had concluded that prolonged deprivation of maternal care had profoundly negative effects on young children. Rather than using monkeys to learn about human children, Bowlby had studied refugees, war orphans, and institutionalized children" (DeGrazia 100). Thus it can be seen that in many areas, the use of animals for research is not necessary, and creative and enterprising scientists can find other, more humane ways to accomplish the same goals.

There is even more compelling evidence that animal research is harmful and even lethal to the animals used in experiments. Author DeGrazia continues, "Furthermore, we must remember that in animal research particular benefits are only possible and hoped for, whereas the harms to animal subjects are immediate and certain. (Thus, countless experiments harm animals without yielding benefits)" (DeGrazia 105). This shows that as with most research, at least… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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