Term Paper: Arab-Israeli Conflict the Year 1973

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Arab-Israeli Conflict

The year 1973 marked the first time Arab nations publicly acknowledged the existence of the state of Israel and ended a period of conflict that had begun with the establishment of the Jewish state in 1948. The years between 1948 and 1973 were marked with an almost constant struggle between Israel and its Arab neighbors in which Israel consolidated, and even expanded its territory. However, this expansion was challenged in 1973 in a surprise attack by Egypt, Syria, and Jordan. Although caught off guard and almost overwhelmed, Israel tenaciously fought on and eventually defeated its Arab enemies. This conflict precipitated a number of changes on both sides which allowed for peace negotiations to begin. The 1973 Yom Kippur War ultimately cemented Israel's existence in the mind of the Arabs and completed the establishment of the Jewish nation that had begun in 1948.

"Consolidation" is the best term to describe the Israeli view toward warfare and combat. Israel began in 1948 as a patchwork of isolated and vulnerable outposts surrounded by enemies and, for the sake of its own existence, needed to consolidate its territory and construct a nation with stable, defensible borders. On the other hand Israel's Arab neighbors, which surrounded and outnumbered the small Jewish enclave, "sought to drive the Jews from Palestine" and annihilate the state of Israel from existence. (Black 2005, p.125) From 1948 to 1973 a series of conflicts erupted between the Arabs and Israelis in which Israel managed to survive overwhelming odds, expand its territory, and establish itself as a viable nation.

In the years following the end of the Second World War the world was… [END OF PREVIEW]

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Arab-Israeli Conflict the Year 1973.  (2014, January 2).  Retrieved November 21, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/arab-israeli-conflict-year-1973/1658804

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