Army Reserve Retention Impact Literature Review

Pages: 5 (1450 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 10  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Military


Forced reductions have caused multiple deployments on Reservists. Reenlistment has become an increasing issue as the various Reserve branches' overall annual attrition rate is 25% with the Army Reserves at the highest proportion at 30% (Lakhani, 1995).

After deployment, 26% of Reservists plan to leave the Army compared to 18% at enlistment (Lakhani, 1995). Many senior Reservists are high level professionals who have education and experience to contribute to the service (Lakhani, 1995). These valuable soldiers are more likely to leave due to the various financial and family burdens placed on them during deployment.

Sub-Problems and Supporting Information

Many things can cause retention impacts. Some of them are:

Family - Deployed soldiers have missed out on significant impacts on the lives back home. Children are born and grow without daily input from their parent; loved ones pass on, lives change.

Morale and Health - Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) has been occurring at a rapid rate and acts as a multiplier to other issues for a returning combat soldier.

Financial Burdens -- Loss of income during deployment.(add period)

Civilian Employment - Not all jobs are guaranteed. Promotions may be lost, job structures change, locations move, and jobs are eliminated.

Social Aspects -- Not able to make time for social events or spend time with friends

Technical and Other Terms

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United States Army (USAR) - Is the Federal Reserve force of the United States Army. Together, the Army Reserve and the Army National Guard constitute the Reserve Components (RC) of the United States Army.

Retention - The ability to keep a service member within the organization. (period)

Operational stress injuries (OSI) - Injuries caused by operational stress and trauma have always been a part of warfare. These are the wounds not caused "by a direct enemy projectile or explosive," as one textbook says, but those that injure the mind or the spirit. These wounds too can be fatal.

TOPIC: Literature Review on Army Reserve Retention Impact Due Assignment

Active Component (AC) - Full-time soldiers who are enlisted with Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marines. The scope will be primarily on the AC Army unless otherwise stated.

National Guard (NG) - State-run military service on a part-time basis.

Army Reserves (AR) - Federal run military service on a full time basis.

Post-Traumatic Stress Syndrome (PTSD) - Is a severe anxiety disorder that can develop after exposure to any event that results in psychological trauma. (period)

Phenomena - As with other plurals of Latin or Greek origin, like media and criteria, there is a tendency to use the plural PHENOMENA as a singular (This phenomena will not be seen again), but such use occurs infrequently in edited writing. The plural form phenomenas, though occasionally seen, has even less currency.

Mobilization - Is the act of assembling and making both troops and supplies ready for war.

Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act (USERRA) - to protect the civilian employment of non-full time military service members in the United States called to active duty. (period)

Imminent Danger Pay - Danger Pay is additional compensation above basic compensation for service at designated Danger Pay posts where civil insurrection, terrorism, or war conditions threaten physical harm or imminent danger to all U.S. Government civilian employees.

Deployment - Is the movement of armed forces and their logistical support infrastructure around the world.

Family Separation Allowance -- Is payable when a military member is forced to be away from his/her dependents for longer than 30 days, due to military orders. (period)

Hardship Duty Pay - Compensates service members assigned to areas with extraordinarily arduous quality-of-life conditions. (period)

Hazardous Duty Incentive Pay - A special pay of $150 per month, for performing hazardous military duties. (period)

Combat Zone - An area where military combat is taking place. (period)

Post-Deployment Health Reassessment (PDHRA) - Designed to identify and address health concerns, with specific emphasis on mental health, that have emerged over time since deployment.

Israel Defense Forces (IDF) -- Are the military forces of the State of Israel. (period)

Passion for Research

As a twenty-two-year Army veteran, having served on active duty, deployed two times and currently serving as the Detachment Sergeant in a Reserve unit, I've seen many hardships. As my tenure with the Army continues to grow, so have my civilian career and my family. I am no longer a young single soldier with only myself to be responsible [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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How to Cite "Army Reserve Retention Impact" Literature Review in a Bibliography:

APA Style

Army Reserve Retention Impact.  (2011, February 2).  Retrieved August 2, 2021, from

MLA Format

"Army Reserve Retention Impact."  2 February 2011.  Web.  2 August 2021. <>.

Chicago Style

"Army Reserve Retention Impact."  February 2, 2011.  Accessed August 2, 2021.