Art and Humanities Term Paper

Pages: 4 (1454 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: ≈ 3  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Art  (general)

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The Age of Baroque followed the Renaissance, and while the art was still deeply religious in nature and supported by the Catholic Church, the style was changing again. By the end of the Late Renaissance, art had settled into the "Mannerism" style, and Baroque was an attempt to get away from this type of art that was technically very correct and detailed, but was considered to be overly dramatic, followed a formula, and was overly stylized. Baroque was an attempt to become more traditional, emotional, and spiritual with the artworks. Two of the most influential and memorable artists of the Baroque period were Rembrandt, and Peter Paul Rubens, and it is their artworks that would certainly be found in the Age of Baroque time capsule.

Rembrandt was probably one of the most noted Baroque painters, and his works exhibited a naturalism and subtle lighting that was superb. Using the canvas to illustrate lighting and natural light became much more popular during the Baroque era, and Rembrandt was a master at this technique. Another art historian notes,

Closely related to the symbolic use of light to express inner illumination is the Baroque painter's ability to suggest consciousness and the life of the mind through a kind of personal radiance. This luminosity, which we might call the light of the soul, is seen in its richest and most poetic form in the portraits of Rembrandt (Martin, 1977, p. 16).Download full Download Microsoft Word File
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Term Paper on Art and Humanities From the Assignment

Perhaps the artist's most well-known works are his many self-portraits, which show him aging from a young artist to an old man. However, many of his best works were religious and were etchings or line drawings, rather than oil paintings. His "Adam and Eve" is entirely representative of the work of this time, and would be an excellent inclusion in the time capsule, because it illustrates there were many forms of art by the Baroque period, and not all were oil paintings or watercolors. Rembrandt's etchings were quite popular and commercially successful, and he made a decent living by selling them. "Adam and Eve," even though it is in black and white, still shows the great attention to detail of Baroque artists, and Rembrandt uses skillful shading to evoke the image of light playing over the couple. It is a beautiful drawing, and would certainly pique the interest of future cultural anthropologists. It represents the cultural patterns of the time because art still often represented religion, but it was becoming more commercial too, and Rembrandt painted popular topics that would appeal to the citizens, and not just religious leaders and rich patrons. In addition, it reflects how the world was becoming more sophisticated and demanding. They wanted better art, people were becoming even more educated, and their art was no longer one-dimensional, but three-dimensional and much more realistic.

Peter Paul Rubens, like Rembrandt, was one of the most famous Baroque painters. They are both from Northern Europe, which shows how art was spreading. No longer just an Italian phenomenon, the Renaissance had spread throughout Europe, and more people were taking up painting. Rubens is most known for his richly detailed nudes and portraits that included incredible detailed landscapes and people. One of his best may be "Venus and Adonis," and this would be the piece included in the time capsule. It is well-known, but it is also quite representative of the Age of Baroque. It is ornate, but it is also concerned with lighting and natural details. The two figures are nude, and it is clear that Rubens had a distinct understanding of the human form and body. The figures are clutched in an embrace beneath a tree, and animals and a cupid also are present in the painting. This painting represents the gradual turn away from only religious topics, and shows how Baroque artworks were sanctioned by the Church in many cases, but artists were also becoming more commercial and painting topics they enjoyed, rather than simply topics they were hired to create. This shows the rich detail of the Baroque world, and shows how the world and art had matured from Renaissance times.

References

Cole, B. (1987). Italian Art, 1250-1550: The relation of Renaissance art to life and society (1st ed.). New York: Harper & Row.

Martin, J.R. (1977). Baroque. New York: Icon.

Murray, P., &… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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