Art Italian Renaissance Term Paper

Pages: 5 (1456 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: ≈ 4  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Art  (general)


Italian Renaissance Art

This report is a summary and a comparison between two works from one of my favorite Italian Renaissance artists. The works were taken from the 1987 Harper & Row book called "Italian Art, 1250-1550: The Relation of Renaissance Art to Life and Society" by Bruce Cole. The two works compared are "Venus and Mars" and "The Story of Nastagio degli Onesti (third episode)" each by Sandro Botticelli.

Sandro Botticelli, born Alessandro di Mariano Filipepi in Firenze in 1445 and passed away in the same community in 1510, was an Italian Renaissance painter of great distinction. His work was of the Florentine school and has been considered one of the better painters out of the Florentine Renaissance. "Botticelli was born in Florence, the son of a tanner. His nickname was derived from Botticello ("little barrel"), either the nickname of his elder brother or the name of the goldsmith to whom Sandro was first apprenticed. Later he served an apprenticeship with the painter Fra Filippo Lippi." (Botticelli, Sandro)

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His style is very personal and has a sense of melancholy. His works are known to focus on sumptuous still life. Historians have discovered that he worked with Antonio del Pollaiuolo who influenced Botticelli's strong sense of line. Known as dedicated and ambitious, Sandro Botticelli had his own workshop by 1470. "Botticelli. He spent almost all of his life working for the great families of Florence, especially the Medici family, for whom he painted portraits, most notably the Giuliano de' Medici (1475-1476, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.). Adoration of the Magi (1476-1477, Uffizi, Florence) was painted on commission (though not for the Medicis), and contains likenesses of the Medici family as well as a likeness of himself." (Botticelli, Sandro)

TOPIC: Term Paper on Art Italian Renaissance Art This Report Is Assignment

Botticelli's influence revolved around religious subjects but his influences were also closely tied to the successes and troubles of the Medici family. His history "As part of the brilliant intellectual and artistic circle at the court of Lorenzo de' Medici, Botticelli was influenced by its Christian Neoplatonism, which tried to reconcile classical and Christian views. This synthesis may be the theme of two larger panels commissioned for Medici villas and now in the Uffizi, Primavera (1478?) and Birth of Venus (after 1482)." (Botticelli, Sandro) When the Medici family was expelled from Florence in the 1490s by a Dominican monk who preached austerity and reform, Botticelli's subsequent works reflected a more intense religious devotion.

II. Images

Venus and Mars

Cole, xx)

The Story of Nastagio degli Onesti (third episode)"

Cole, 31)

III. Works

The first work by Sandro Botticelli is titled "Venus and Mars" Botticelli completed this work in approximately 1485. Historians have not yet distinguished the exact data or month but it has been confirmed that the year is correct. The work is currently being displayed in the National Gallery, London, England. The work's dimensions are sixty-nine point two (69.2) by one hundred seventy three point four (173.4) centimeters. Botticelli used egg tempera and oil on poplar to complete this masterpiece.

The second work by Sandro Botticelli is titled "The Story of Nastagio degli Onesti (third episode)." Botticelli completed this work in approximately 1483. Again, historians have not yet distinguished the exact data or month but it has been confirmed that the year is correct. The work is currently being displayed in Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain. The work's dimensions are eighty three (83) by one hundred forty two (142) centimeters. Again, Botticelli used egg tempera and oil on poplar to complete this second masterpiece.

IV. Subject Matter:

This particular work has a plethora of art and historical information that is relevant. "Venus and Mars" was completed before the fall of the Medici family and therefore shows less religious zealousness. The work could even be considered religious satire for the time period it was done in. In "Venus and Mars," Botticelli's shows an inherent wit and a strong sense of humor which became less prevalent after the fall of the guardian Medici clan. His later works are much more serious expositions of the subject.

In this work, one can see that a waiting Venus and some playful satyrs are indiscreetly playing war games with Mars's armor and lance. All in the work seem to be poking fun at Mars who was obviously the god of war but in this particular day was overly exhausted. "Mars, god of war,… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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APA Style

Art Italian Renaissance.  (2004, November 15).  Retrieved October 22, 2021, from

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"Art Italian Renaissance."  15 November 2004.  Web.  22 October 2021. <>.

Chicago Style

"Art Italian Renaissance."  November 15, 2004.  Accessed October 22, 2021.