Assessment Tool Assessment

Pages: 8 (2197 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 8  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: Doctorate  ·  Topic: Family and Marriage

¶ … road is not just the road; the road is the way that you walk it." -- Juan Ramon Jimenez

Because not all changes affect all family members, and alterations in one individual are not going to influence the rest of a person's family, it seems families can use whatsoever techniques to ease smooth performance. Then, what is the meaning of family and how family therapists aid families when difficulties do arise? A family is a collective of persons, and family therapists have certainly been dealing with people within families. Therefore, it is rather difficult for family therapists or counselors to deal with the family as it needs observing people as characters and as part of a whole. With that said, in assessing the family of the father and son in the scenario, it is very important that they are properly assessed in order to get to the root of the problem.

Family Genogram

The whole point of using the genogram is to get to know the patient by getting a better understanding of their family background. Evaluating the family using systemic method allows health care suppliers to learn about the ways in which family members interrelate, what are the family prospects and standards, how operational is the member's communication, which makes resolutions and how the family is handling with the life time stressors (Hockenberry & Wilson, 2007).

Purpose

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In family therapy, a genogram will be used to study and record the correlation repetitions between Jeff and his son Roger and the individual characteristics of the father and son that make up these arrangements that are happening in their association with each other. As a therapist, they will use the genogram to make a suitable evaluation of the relationship patterns among Jeff and Roger and where involvement may be required to support the family decrease their dysfunction and/or problematic state of affairs that brought them into therapy in the first place. Using the genogram with Jeff and Roger would be effective since it will be able to depict the emotional relation between the father and son. It will also be useful to analyze the root of the problem between the two.

Assessment on Assessment Tool Assignment

It can be a positive tool because the genogram will go beyond a traditional family tree by allowing Jeff and Roger to analyze their hereditary patterns and psychological issues that interrupt relationships in their family past. It will be positive for them because it will quickly recognize and understand numerous prototypes in the patient's family history which could possibly have an influence on Jeff and Roger current state of their mind. However, this can be negative for Roger and Jeff because the information that will be provided by the individual generating the genogram is subjective, prejudiced by that person's perspectives or memories. This can every so often produce the genogram's material to not be completely correct and hence uncooperative to the individual as the patterns needed to regulate the individual's current mental health situation can be distorted.

Clients Additional Information

Additional information that the therapist made need to assess proper evaluation would be finding out rather or not if there have been any diagnoses of severe stress or adjustment disorder in the family. Also would want to gather information regarding their relationship with other family members.

Five Critical Questions

1. How would you describe your family Migration?

Migration history. If there is any migration history. The therapist needs to know why the family migrated. What were they looking for, (survival, venture, wealth)? What were they leaving behind (e.g., religious or political persecution, poverty)? Therapists need to be very aware to migration pressures and ethnic identity conflicts as they are to other strains in the family's past or history (Hernandez & McGoldrick, 2005). Measuring such factors is vital for controlling whether a family's dysfunction is a "normal" response to a high degree of cultural stress or whether it goes outside the bounds of transitional stress and needs expert intervention. The pressures of migration can at times be "buried" or overlooked. The cultural heritage before migration may have been suppressed or forgotten, however it can still influence the family's viewpoint, if only faintly, as they try to adapt to new circumstances (Lund, Zimmerman, & Haddock, 2002). Numerous immigrant groups have been forced to give up their ethnic heritage and thus have lost a part of who they are. The results of this concealed history may be all the more influential for being influential. Families that have experienced devastation and trauma and within their own society

Before even starting the procedure of immigration will have an intensely more hard time regulating to a new life than those who traveled for adventure or financial improvement. Particular areas to investigate concerning migration include things like Premigration history or Post migration history and culture shock.

2.) What are your connections as a family to the community if any?

Connections to community are important. How able are family members' in keeping together friendships? How available are friends, religious organizations, neighbors, schools, physicians, community institutions, and other social service and healthcare resources, counting therapists? when family associates move away sometimes the stresses of adaptation are likely to be harsh, even many generations after immigration. The therapist should study about the community's ethnic system and, when applicable, inspire the rebuilding of informal social influences through letters, family visits, or by the structure of new social networks.

3.) Are there any language barriers that run in the family? Family members differ in how rapidly they change, how much of their tradition they preserve, and the rate at which they learn English. Are there differences in language skills and acculturation within the family that may have led to conflicts, power imbalances, and role reversals, particularly when children are compelled to interpret for their parents or just do things in general?

4.) Are there any particular Belief systems, religion, or spiritual beliefs that you have? What are the main beliefs that establish the family? What is their typical worldview, and are they prepared by particular methodical myths, rules, spiritual beliefs, or family secrets? What is the history of the family's religious beliefs and practices, including changes in belief? What has been the impact of intrafamily religious dissimilarities or those between the family and the neighboring community? Have any family members left their religion? How did other family members respond to this change if it occurred?

5.) What is you cultural heritage? What is the ethnic and racial background of family members? Have they lived in an ethnic reserve or community, or in a public in which they were observed as foreigners? Have their religious and spiritual beliefs reinforced or reduced their acknowledgment of their ethnic inheritance?

Parent Strategies: Operant Conditioning

As a therapist, it is important to teach Jeff as a parent that he can involuntarily contribute to a child's disobedience and unconstructiveness by being too invasive and by constantly executing their own agenda.

Classical Conditioning is an exercise tool that is utilized to generate a connection among two stimuli. It attaches a false incentive with a natural incentive so that the artificial incentive begins to generate in the same reply as the natural stimulus. The consequence can be negative or positive. In this case, negative and positive are not expressions that are qualitative meaning a bad one or a good consequence. Positive is any effect that is something enhanced or started. Negative means that something is taken away or finished. Both can be observed as either bad or good to the trainee.

So, how can Jeff apply these things to his parenting? As he begins looking at the things Roger does, he needs to look at the behaviors that he wishes to see or to amplify and reinforce those. Jeff would be taught that he would want to look at behaviors that he would want to end or lessen and punish those. Jeff would be shown that this can be achieved both by totaling things to the child's setting and by removing things from the environment. It is obvious that it is Jeff's desire to decrease his son's behavior; he will do this by unsuspectingly increasing it by poor use of these approaches. For instance: When a mother would count to three the child will obey after she mentions "three." This is not growing the child's obedience to the parent. It is lessening it by teaching the child to observe the number "three," not the directive. In other words, the punishment is not being related with the parents command, but somewhat with the number three. This would be like preparing a dog not to sit when the owner says sit, but rather to sit after they start counting to three. Jeff would learn from this short example If you count to three every time you tell the dog to sit, the dog connects the number three with the wanted behavior and not the real command term "sit."

For Jeff to understand these values of training will help him to… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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