Term Paper: Avant-Garde Concept in Modern Art

Pages: 2 (677 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 0  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Art  (general)  ·  Buy This Paper

¶ … avant-garde concept in modern art, and how various artists and movements attempted to achieve social and artistic changes.

Avant-garde in art refers to a small group of painters who formed their own "Salon" after being refused acceptance by the official Paris Salon that exhibited the works of established and up-and-coming painters of the 1860s. The "refues" created the Salon des Refuses that exhibited their artworks that had been rejected by the Salon. Some of the artists who exhibited at the Salon des Refuses included Camille Pissarro, Paul Cezanne, edouard Manet, and James McNeill Whistler, who would all go on to have successful careers as Impressionist, modernist, naturalist and other types of artists. Avant-garde came to mean breakthrough or progress and reform, and each of these artists fought for their artwork to be accepted by the population and critics, but they also fought for social reform and change in their own society.

Avant-garde may have begun in the 19th century, but it continues through the 20th century, and can also refer to anything outside the normal art world. For example, some people consider graffiti to be modern day avant-garde art. In the 20th century, painters such as Picasso and Dali, who dabbled in modern arts like Cubism and Dadaism were considered avant-garde artists. Throughout artistic change, those leaders of change were the avant-garde artists who would someday become accepted and admired.

Through their art, they changed what was accepted in the art world, but they also made social commentaries about what was happening in society. For example, in 1938, Picasso painted "Guernica," an emotional reaction to the bombing of a Spanish Basque town by Nazi bombers. The painting has remained one of his most famous and well-known, as much for its depiction of the destroyed town and some of the victims as for its staunch and clear stand against the brutality of the Nazis. These artists were not afraid to stand up for what they believed in, and they wanted to change society to become a better… [END OF PREVIEW]

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Avant-Garde Concept in Modern Art.  (2005, June 29).  Retrieved July 22, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/avant-garde-concept-modern-art/15491

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"Avant-Garde Concept in Modern Art."  Essaytown.com.  June 29, 2005.  Accessed July 22, 2019.